There are no translations available.

CESSEZ-LE- FEU PERMANENT EN LIBYE

FACE A LA TURQUIE CONQUERANTE

Les belligérants en Libye ont conclu un accord de « cessez- le-feu permanent » avec effet immédiat dans le cadre de leurs discussions sous médiation des Nations unies à Genève, a annoncé vendredi l'ONU, qui salue un « tournant pour la paix ».

Elle se disait confiante pour la conclusion d'un cessez-le-feu. Stephanie Williams, médiatrice de l'ONU pour la Libye, est parvenue à obtenir un accord de paix, vendredi 23 octobre, après cinq jours de discussions à Genève. Les parties en conflit, le gouvernement d'entente nationale (GNA), reconnu par la communauté internationale, et les autorités de l'Est alliées du maréchal Khalifa Haftar, ont signé un cessez-le-feu « national et permanent ».

Retransmis en direct sur Internet, la signature de l'accord, organisée dans la salle du Palais des Nations unies de Genève, a duré une dizaine de minutes, et a été suivie d'une salve d'applaudissements. « Les parties libyennes sont parvenues à un accord de cessez-le-feu permanent dans toute la Libye. Cet accomplissement représente un tournant important vers la paix et la stabilité en Libye », a indiqué la Mission d'appui de l'ONU en Libye (Manul).

Un chaos politique depuis 2011

Depuis la chute du régime de Mouammar Kadhafi en 2011, la Libye est plongée dans le chaos politique où deux autorités se disputent le pouvoir : le gouvernement d’accord national (GAN), installé à Tripoli et reconnu par l’ONU, et un pouvoir incarné par le maréchal Khalifa Haftar, qui règne sur l’Est et une partie du Sud.

En avril 2019, le maréchal Haftar avait lancé une offensive contre la capitale mais au bout de quatorze mois de combats meurtriers, ses troupes, malgré le soutien de l’Egypte, des Emirats arabes unis et de la Russie, ont subi une défaite cinglante face aux forces pro-GAN, aidées militairement par la Turquie. Les combats ont fait des centaines de morts et poussé à la fuite des dizaines de milliers de personnes. Depuis, les rivaux libyens ont retrouvé le chemin du dialogue et plusieurs rencontres ont eu lieu depuis septembre. Pour la population, épuisée par les combats et les divisions, ce cessez-le-feu permanent est une lueur d’espoir.

La question des revenus pétroliers

Dès mercredi, les belligérants avaient convenu, en Suisse, de rouvrir les principales voies terrestres et les liaisons aériennes internes. Pour la population, épuisée par les combats et les divisions, c'est une lueur d'espoir qui permettra aux familles de pouvoir se retrouver après des mois de séparation forcée. Après une offensive lancée entre avril 2019 et juin 2020 par les pro-Haftar pour s'emparer, en vain, de Tripoli, les principales voies terrestres ont été coupées entre les villes de l'Est et de l'Ouest et les liaisons aériennes intérieures interrompues.

Les deux parties avaient aussi convenu d'accroître la production de pétrole, en demandant, selon Stephanie Williams, à leurs commandants « de travailler avec le représentant de la National Oil Corporation (NOC, la compagnie publique) pour proposer une restructuration des gardes des installations pétrolières ».

Traditionnellement sous l'autorité du ministère de la Défense, ces gardes sont devenus membres de groupes armés aux allégeances changeantes.

Depuis la levée, en septembre, du blocus imposé par les pro-Haftar à ces sites, la production pétrolière de la Libye, qui dispose des réserves les plus abondantes d'Afrique, a repris et est en nette progression. Khalifa Haftar avait accepté de lever le blocus à condition d'obtenir un partage équitable des recettes. Le blocage depuis janvier a causé plus de 9,8 milliards de dollars (8,2 milliards d'euros) de pertes de revenus, selon la NOC.

« Route longue et difficile »

Ces dernières semaines, les négociations inter-libyennes se sont accélérées en vue de définir, à Genève, les conditions d'un cessez-le-feu durable.

« La route a été longue et difficile par moments. Votre patriotisme vous a permis d'avancer et de parvenir à un accord de cessez-le-feu », a pointé l'envoyée de l'ONU pour la Libye.

« J'espère que cet accord contribuera à mettre un terme aux souffrances du peuple libyen et nous espérons qu'il permettra aux personnes déplacées et aux réfugiés, à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur du pays, de retourner chez eux et de vivre en paix et en sécurité », a-t-elle dit.

Si l'Union européenne salue « une très bonne nouvelle », la Turquie, acteur clé dans ce dossier; se montre plus sceptique. « L'accord de cessez-le-feu de ce jour n'a pas été conclu au plus haut niveau mais à un niveau moindre », a ainsi déclaré le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, à des journalistes à Istanbul.

« Pour moi, (cet accord) semble manquer de crédibilité », a continué le "sultan" Erdogan. Une affirmation de mauvaise augure.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

 ALERTE SUR LE NOUVEAU MISSILE GEANT DE

 KIM JONG UN  EN COREE DU NORD


La Corée du Nord a fait sensation le week-end dernier... et suscité des inquiétudes de l'autre côté du Pacifique.

En effet lors d'un défilé militaire spectaculaire, le leader Kim Jong Un a porté la plus grande attention au missile balistique intercontinental (ICBM) géant dévoilé par la Corée du Nord. Ce dernier constitue une menace explicite adressée au système de défense antimissile des Etats-Unis mais également un défi implicite pour Donald Trump, selon des experts.

Posé sur un tracteur-érecteur-lanceur qui a paradé sur la place Kim Il Sung - du nom du fondateur du régime - à Pyongygang, il a constitué l'apogée de ce défilé nocturne sans précédent.

Les experts, unanimes, ont souligné qu'il s'agit du plus gros missile mobile à combustion liquide au monde, très probablement conçu pour transporter un missile à plusieurs têtes (MIRV). Pour Jeffrey Lewis, du Middlebury Institute, cela vise « clairement à éprouver le système de défense antimissile américain en Alaska ».

« . Si le ICBM comporte trois ou quatre ogives, a-t-il expliqué, les Etats-Unis devront dépenser environ 1 milliard de dollars (740 millions d'euros) pour avoir 12 à 16 missiles intercepteurs pour chaque missile »

La longueur de ce missile est estimée à 24 mètres et son diamètre à 2,5 mètres, ce qui, selon le spécialiste Markus Schiller, permet de transporter 100 tonnes de carburant.

Mais petit bémol : ce ICBM est cependant si grand et si lourd qu'il est pratiquement inutilisable, a souligné l'expert et certains spécialistes de la Corée du Nord pointent régulièrement que les engins exposés par Pyongyang lors des défilés peuvent être des maquettes et que rien ne prouve qu'ils fonctionnent tant qu'ils n'ont pas été testés.

Peu de temps avant d'être investi président des Etats-Unis en 2017, Donald Trump avait tweeté que la Corée du Nord « n'arriverait pas" à développer une arme pouvant atteindre le territoire américain. » La première année de son mandat, qui a vu le Nord lancer un ICBM pouvant atteindre cet objectif, a été marquée par une série d'échanges d'insultes entre M. Trump et M. Kim avant un rapprochement diplomatique historique. Les négociations sur la dénucléarisation de la Corée du Nord sont au point mort depuis l'échec du sommet d'Hanoï en 2019.

Cet ICBM est la preuve que le Nord a continué à développer son arsenal militaire tout au long du processus diplomatique, estiment les experts, ce qui donne à Pyongyang plus de poids pour exiger un retour à la table des négociations.

« Qu'on le veuille ou non, la Corée du Nord est une puissance nucléaire et est probablement la troisième puissance nucléaire capable de frapper les villes américaines, troisième après la Russie et la Chine », a déclaré Andrei Lankov du Korea Risk Group.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS UNE METROPOLE CHINOISE ENTIERE DEPISTEE APRES 6 CAS DE COVID-19

La crainte d’une résurgence de l’épidémie plane en Chine après la découverte de six cas de Covid-19 à Qingdao. Dans sa bataille contre la résurgence de l’épidémie de coronavirus, la Chine ne laisse rien passer. Pas moins de 9 millions de personnes sont soumis à des tests PCR à compter de ce lundi 12 octobre à Qindgao sur la côte est du pays. La campagne de dépistage fait suite à la découverte de trois cas asymptomatiques ce week-end. Et ce lundi matin, les autorités sanitaires rapportent 12 nouveaux cas liés également à un hôpital de la ville.

Le pays où le nouveau coronavirus a fait son apparition fin 2019, avait assuré avoir depuis plusieurs mois endigué l’épidémie sur son sol grâce à de stricts contrôles, au port du masque généralisé, aux mesures de confinement et aux applications de traçage. commerciaux. »

Les quelques nouveaux malades recensés chaque jour, étaient pour la quasi-totalité des Chinois revenus de l’étranger et placés en quarantaine dès leur arrivée. Mais les cas découverts à Qingdao sont d’origine locale Les premiers cas de contamination ont été découverts lors d’un contrôle avant hospitalisation pour d’autres pathologies dans un hôpital spécialisé dans les maladies pulmonaires de la ville portuaire où sont traités les voyageurs positifs au Covid-19.venant de l’étranger. Les autorités ont donc décidé de recourir à un dépistage massif de tous les habitant de la métropole de 9 millions d’âmes. La ville n’avait pourtant pas relâché sa vigilance : masques et QR code santé sont requis dans les transports, les restaurants et les centres.

Des millions de personnes testées en 5 jours

Des tentes, des tables, des rubans de scotchs pour délimiter les files d’attentes. Des combinaisons blanches en ville... le spectacle ne surprend plus les réseaux sociaux. À chaque nouveau foyer en Chine, les autorités sanitaires testent massivement les populations.

143.000 personnes ont déjà été dépistées pour tenter d’identifier les cas contact ainsi que le foyer de contamination qui reste encore inconnu à ce jour. La mairie a annoncé une campagne massive de dépistage dans cinq districts de Qingdao « sous trois jours » et de la totalité de la ville « sous cinq jours ».

La ville de la célèbre bière « Tsingtao »

Ville brassicole et balnéaire, Qingdao est connue dans le monde entier grâce à sa célèbre bière « Tsingtao » (ancienne transcription de son nom). La brasserie y a été créée sous la domination coloniale allemande (1898-1914).Chaque année, en été, de nombreux touristes se pressent à Qingdao à l’occasion de la fête de la bière, la plus importante manifestation du genre en Chine.

Dans un pays globalement débarrassé du Covid-19, les amateurs de bière s’y étaient ainsi retrouvés en août, tombant les masques pour trinquer.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COMBATS MEURTRIERS

 ENTRE L'ARMENIE ET L'AZERBAIDJAN

 DANS LE HAUT-KARABAKH

LAzerbaïdjan, pays turcophone à majorité chiite, réclame le retour sous son contrôle du Haut-Karabakh, province montagneuse peuplée majoritairement d’Arméniens, chrétiens, dont la sécession, en 1991, n’a pas été reconnue par la communauté internationale.

Après des semaines de rhétorique guerrière, l’Azerbaïdjan a annoncé avoir lancé dimanche une « contre-offensive » majeure en réponse à une « agression » arménienne, usant de son artillerie, de blindés et de bombardements aériens sur la province qui lui échappe depuis la chute de l’URSS et une guerre qui a fait 30 000 morts.

Cette province arménienne rattachée à l’Azerbaïdjan a proclamé son indépendance à la chute de l’URSS, en 1991.

Elle est désormais au centre d’un conflit régional.Pour le troisième jour consécutif, des combats meurtriers ont eu lieu, lundi 28 septembre 2020, entre les forces du Haut-Karabakh, soutenues par l’Arménie, et les troupes d’Azerbaïdjan, dans la région séparatiste du Haut-Karabakh, peuplée de 150 000 habitants, majoritairement arméniens.

L’Arménie et l’Azerbaïdjan, deux anciennes républiques soviétiques qui s’opposent depuis des décennies au sujet de cette zone de 4 400 kilomètres carrés , se disputent cette enclave du Haut-Karabakh.

Sachant que les musulmans d’Azerbaïdjan et les chrétiens d’Arménie ne s 'entendent pas, Staline, le dirigeant de l’URSS jusqu’en 1953, lui-même caucasien, avait créé une enclave azérie en Arménie. Et une enclave arménienne en Azerbaïdjan.C’est cette enclave, le Nagorny Karabakh, que les deux pays se disputent depuis 30 ans.

Donald Trump a déclaré qu’il regardait la situation de très près. L’escalade des combats au Haut-Karabakh est « très préoccupante », et toute ingérence est « inacceptable », a déclaré le porte-parole du chef de la diplomatie européenne, Josep Borrell.

Puissances régionales en concurrence

Un conflit majeur impliquant l’Arménie et l’Azerbaïdjan pourrait entraîner l’intervention des puissances en concurrence dans la région du Caucase : la Russie et la Turquie.

M. Borrell a dit avoir pris connaissance des accusations sur l’implication de « milices syriennes » proches de la Turquie et « d’autres forces » au Haut-Karabakh, prenant soin d’ajouter : « Nous n’avons pas vu des faits pouvant justifier ou soutenir ces allégations. »

Le Kremlin, qui se positionne en arbitre dans la région, livre des armes aux deux pays et, depuis près de trente ans, est jusqu’ici parvenu à éviter une guerre ouverte;

La Turquie a annoncé qu’elle soutiendrait l’Azerbaïdjan, son allié traditionnel. L’ambassadeur d’Arménie en Russie, cité lundi par les agences de presse russes, a accusé la Turquie d’avoir déplacé environ 4 000 combattants du nord de la Syrie vers l’Azerbaïdjan pour prendre part aux affrontements dans le Haut-Karabakh. L’Azerbaïdjan a démenti cette affirmation.

Plusieurs dirigeants étrangers ont appelé à un cessez-le-feu immédiat, et le Conseil de sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations unies (ONU) se réunit en urgence mardi soir, pour tenter d’éviter une guerre ouverte entre Erevan et Bakou qui risquerait de déstabiliser la région et d’y entraîner les puissances régionales, la Turquie et la Russie.

Une centaine de morts

Depuis dimanche, les forces de l’enclave séparatiste du Haut-Karabakh, soutenue politiquement, militairement et économiquement par l’Arménie, et celles de l’Azerbaïdjan s’affrontent dans les combats les plus meurtriers depuis 2016. Le bilan officiel s’établit mardi à 98 morts, dont quatorze civils : dix en Azerbaïdjan et quatre côté arménien. Mais les deux camps affirment chacun avoir tué des centaines de militaires ennemis.

Loi martiale

La Russie, la France et les Etats-Unis – les trois médiateurs du conflit au sein du Groupe de Minsk – ont appelé sans succès à un cessez-le-feu et à des négociations. Mardi, la chancelière allemande, Angela Merkel, a fait savoir qu’un « cessez-le-feu immédiat et un retour à la table des négociations lors de deux entretiens téléphoniques séparés avec les dirigeants d’Azerbaïdjan et d’Arménie.

Tous les efforts de médiation depuis près de trente ans ont échoué à régler ce conflit et le Haut-Karabakh est régulièrement secoué par des flambées de violence.

Les deux Etats ont décrété la loi martiale dimanche et l’Arménie a décrété la mobilisation générale. L’Azerbaïdjan impose un couvre-feu dans une partie du pays, notamment sa capitale.




Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UNE VICTOIRE DIPLOMATIQUE DE DONALD TRUMP

LES ACCORDS ENTRE ISRAEL ET DEUX PAYS DU GOLFE

C'est la signature événement, cette semaine à Washington, par le premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahou et par les chefs des diplomaties de Bahreïn et des Émirats Arabes (EAU) sous l'égide des USA des « Accords d'Abraham » comme les a baptisés Donald Trump qui mérite d'être soulignée.

Les deux pays ont annoncé le 13 août une normalisation de leurs relations, jusque là officieuses. Les Emirats sont ainsi devenus le premier pays du Golfe à changer le statut de leur relation avec Israël, et le troisième du monde arabe, après l'Egypte en 1979 et la Jordanie en 1994. Mais contrairement à ces deux pays, les Emirats n'ont jamais mené de guerre conte Israël. Ces accords organisent donc la reconnaissance d'Israël par les deux pays du Golfe en échange d'une suspension par Israël de son projet d'annexion de territoires en Cisjordanie

Des échanges commerciaux à la clé

Les analystes israéliens évoquent quant à eux des relations avec à la clé des échanges commerciaux. Depuis l'annonce de l'accord, parrainé par les Etats-Unis, Israël et les Emirats ont multiplié les échanges téléphoniques entre ministres et Abou Dhabi a abrogé ce weekend une loi vieille de 48 ans sur le boycott d'Israël. Ce début de normalisation montre en effet une volonté d'accroître les relations commerciales dans plusieurs domaines comme la recherche et la lutte contre la pandémie de Covid-19.Israël pourrait bénéficier d'un pays riche en hydrocarbures tandis que les Émirats arabes unis pourraient investir en Israël dans les domaines de la sécurité, dans le tourisme et dans les hautes technologies. Il est même aussi question de négocier des procédures de visas. Pour les EAU, dont les échanges sont déjà fructueux avec l’Arabie saoudite ou encore l’Irak, il s'agit aussi de renforcer son influence dans la région.

Des conséquences géopolitiques pour le Proche-Orient et pour le processus de paix israélo-palestinien

D’après Israël, cela pourrait ouvrir la voie à un réchauffement avec d’autres pays et à de nouveaux accords, potentiellement avec Oman et Bahreïn. Ces deux pays ont d'ailleurs salué d’accord, ce qui témoigne aussi d’une volonté de contrecarrer l’influence de l’Iran et de la Turquie au Proche-Orient.

Dans le cadre d'une tournée la semaine dernière au Moyen-Orient, le chef de la diplomatie américaine Mike Pompeo s'était rendu au Soudan, à Bahreïn et à Oman, pour tenter de convaincre d'autres Etats de la région de suivre l'exemple émirati.

Benjamin Netanyahu s'était quant à lui déjà entretenu ces derniers mois avec des dirigeants du Soudan, du Tchad et d'Oman.

Ces nouvelles relations géopolitiques israélo-arabe débouche donc sur une large reconnaissance d’Israël, et Benyamin Nétanyahou n’a pas manqué de féliciter Donald Trump.

Mais quel impact pour le Proche-Orient ?

L'accord de normalisation conclu entre Israël et les Émirats arabes unis a d’ailleurs été immédiatement condamnée par l’Iran, qui y voit là un coup de poignard dans le dos des Palestiniens, et par les Palestiniens eux-même. .

« Nous disons au régime bahreïni et aux Émirats que cette normalisation est une trahison totale de la cause palestinienne et des espoirs de la nation arabe", a affirmé Ahmad al-Medalal, un responsable du Jihad islamique. ». « Il n'y aura aucune paix, sécurité ou stabilité pour quiconque dans la région sans la fin de l'occupation et le respect des pleins droits du peuple palestinien », a affirmé le président de l'Autorité Palestinienne Mahmoud Abbas, au pouvoir en Cisjordanie occupée, territoire séparé de Gaza.Le Jihad islamique, second groupe armé de la bande de Gaza, après le Hamas, a indiqué dans un communiqué, diffusé peu après les tirs de roquettes, que ces accords « injustes » allaient « pousser » les « forces de la résistance à poursuivre le jihad ».

Le processus de paix israélo-palestinien

Jusque-là, la paix avec les Palestiniens étaient considérée comme l'étape préalable à toute normalisation des relations entre Israël et le reste du monde arabe et musulman.

Mais l'Etat hébreu est parvenu à progressivement inverser l'équation née de la position commune de la Ligue arabe de 2020 pour convaincre des pays arabes de normaliser leurs relations avec Israël, sans attendre une paix durable avec les Palestiniens.

Le rôle des États-Unis

L’accord servirait aussi le plan américain (Jared Kushner) pour faire barrage à l’idée d’une solution à deux Etats en Israël, avec en toile de fond l’idée de former un front commun contre l’ennemi commun : l'Iran chiite .A Washington, le président américain Donald Trump n'a en effet pas manqué d' évoquer « un nouveau Moyen-Orient » et le Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu a estimé que les accords pouvaient « mettre fin au conflit israélo-arabe ».

« À défaut de s’entendre avec ses voisins, l’État hébreu a choisi depuis dix ans de mener une politique secrète de rapprochement avec des pays arabes en but avec l’expansionnisme des chiites iraniens. « Les accords signés entre l’État hébreu et deux pays du Golfe persique, les Émirats arabes unis (EUA) et Bahreïn, sont pour les Israéliens qui entrent de nouveau en confinement l’espoir d’un changement de paradigme.

L’ouverture du vaste espace aérien saoudien et peut-être demain la mise en place de relations diplomatiques avec la principale puissance sunnite régionale pourraient sortir le pays de son statut insulaire.  (…) c’est le début d’une normalisation, la fin d’un isolement. », analyse Thierry Oberlé dans le Figaro.

A suivre.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS UNE RENTREE DES CLASSES MASQUEE DANS LE MONDE ENTIER

Des millions d'enfants ont repris le chemin de l'école, masque sur le visage et consignes de précaution au programme pour éviter que les établissements scolaires ne deviennent des foyers de propagation du virus.

En Europe, les petits Français, Belges, Russes et Ukrainiens ont retrouvé les salles de classe mardi, après leurs camarades allemands, nord-irlandais ou écossais. La rentrée scolaire a été en revanche repoussée d'une semaine au 14 septembre en Grèce, tous les citadins n'étant « pas encore rentrés de vacances », a annoncé la ministre de l'Éducation grecque, Niki Kerameus.

Dans les écoles françaises, le port du masque est obligatoire pour les enseignants et les élèves à partir de 11 ans. En Grèce il sera exigé dès la maternelle.En Espagne, où la rentrée s'échelonnera entre le 4 et le 15 septembre selon les régions, c'est dès six ans que les enfants devront porter le masque à l'école, et à tout moment.

En Belgique la Première ministre Sophie Wilmès a jugé « fondamental » que les enfants puissent reprendre une vie scolaire « aussi normale que possible », justifiant le maintien de la rentrée ce 1er septembre.

Une opinion partagée par le gouvernement britannique, pour qui les bénéfices d'un retour à l'école -cette semaine en Angleterre et au Pays de Galles- sont plus importants que les risques potentiels.

Dans certains pays, les enfants sortiront par rotations en récréation, pour éviter des cours bondées.

En Russie, cette rentrée a été marquée par l'annonce le même jour du franchissement du pallier du million de contaminations au plan national.

Sur le front économique, après l'Inde lundi, le Brésil a dévoilé mardi une chute historique de son PIB au 2e trimestre, une dégringolade endurée par presque toutes les grandes économies mondiales à la suite de la pandémie de Covid-19. Seule la Chine échappe à la récession.

Le PIB brésilien « est à présent au même niveau que celui de fin 2009, au cœur de la crise financière internationale », a expliqué l'Institut de statistiques IBGE.

La seule éclaircie dans la grisaille est venue de la deuxième puissance économique mondiale: la Chine a évité la récession en endiguant l'épidémie. Le PIB y a rebondi de 11,5 % au deuxième trimestre, après une chute de 10 % au premier.

L'Allemagne s'attend pour sa part à une récession moins mauvaise qu'attendue en 2020, a estimé mardi son ministre de l'Economie Peter Altmaier.

« Nous sommes face à une évolution en V », une reprise rapide succédant à une profonde chute, a-t-il ajouté, brandissant devant les caméras un graphique montrant la courbe de la croissance.

A Hong Kong, où une campagne de dépistage massif a débuté mardi, plus d'un demi-million de personnes se sont déjà inscrites pour bénéficier d'un examen gratuit.

« Ca aidera Hong Kong à émerger sain et sauf de la pandémie et permettra la reprise des activités quotidiennes », a assuré la cheffe de l'exécutif hongkongais pro-Pékin Carrie Lam.

Mais le concours de médecins et de laboratoires de Chine continentale a alimenté rumeurs et inquiétudes relatives à la surveillance étroite des citoyens par Pékin.

Le Portugal a lui lancé mardi son application de traçage du Covid-19 permettant de prévenir les personnes ayant croisé récemment quelqu'un qui a été testé positif au Covid-19.

Au niveau mondial, la pandémie affiche un bilan officiel de plus de 25,5 millions de cas, un chiffre certainement sous-estimé, notamment dans des pays comme l'Inde, qui enregistre désormais le plus de nouveaux cas par jour. Au moins 851.321 personnes ont perdu la vie.

Les Etats-Unis, où la réponse sanitaire reste fragmentée et inégale d'un Etat à un autre, ont de leur côté dépassé les six millions de cas.

Le bilan américain, de plus de 183.602 morts, est appelé à dépasser les 200.000 morts au cours du mois de septembre, selon les modèles épidémiques, même si la Maison Blanche cherche à limiter le nombre de tests pour minimiser l'épidémie.

Côté recherche, des scientifiques canadiens se penchent sur un aliment, le fruit du palmier açaï, dans leur quête pour un traitement contre les symptômes les plus sévères, car il réduit les inflammations.

En Autriche, le gouvernement a indiqué que les premiers vaccins contre le coronavirus pourraient être administrés au début de l'année prochaine et concerneraient prioritairement les personnels de santé.

Mauvaise nouvelle en revanche pour le laboratoire français Sanofi, qui a annoncé mardi que l'essai clinique international de phase 3 qui testait l'efficacité de son médicament Kevzara dans le traitement des formes sévères de Covid-19 n'avait pas donné de résultats concluants.

En attendant le vaccin et face aux restrictions de mouvement prises par certains Etats membres, la Commission européenne prône une meilleure coordination.

Elle a mis en garde mardi le gouvernement hongrois, qui a refermé les frontières du pays en raison de la pandémie, contre toute discrimination basée sur la nationalité, et a rappelé l'importance de « l'intégrité de l'espace Schengen »".

Du côté de l'Amérique du Sud, le Pérou est désormais le pays détenant le triste record mondial de mortalité due au coronavirus, avec 87 décès pour 100.000 habitants.

« On manque d'hôpitaux, de centres de santé, de médicaments, de laboratoires. Beaucoup de gens meurent chez eux par crainte de venir à l'hôpital ou parce qu'il n'y a pas de lits ou de respirateurs", se désole le président de la Fédération des médecins péruviens, Godofredo Talavera.

Au Brésil, qui reste le deuxième pays le plus frappé derrière les Etats-Unis, avec près de 121.000 morts, un célèbre chef indigène, le cacique Raoni Metuktire, infecté, est hospitalisé.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS DE NOUVELLES RESTRICTIONS MONDIALES

La pandémie provoquée par le nouveau coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) a fait plus de 800 000 morts dans le monde depuis la fin de décembre 2019. Près de 23,5 millions de cas d’infection ont été officiellement diagnostiqués dans 196 pays et territoires.Coronavirus : les mesures de restriction se multiplient dans le monde

Les restrictions se multiplient partout dans le monde.

Face à un rebond du nombre de cas, les restrictions se multiplient sur tous les continents. Séoul a étendu dimanche à l’ensemble du territoire sud-coréen les mesures déjà en vigueur dans la région de la capitale, fermant plages, restaurants, bars karaoké et musées, ainsi qu’en suspendant les rencontres sportives à huis clos. A partir de lundi, le masque est obligatoire dans les lieux fermés et les quartiers très fréquentés de Séoul.

Depuis dimanche, les quelque 2 millions d’habitants d’Asuncion, la capitale du Paraguay, et de ses banlieues ne peuvent plus se déplacer librement que de 5 heures à 20 heures dans le cadre d’une « quarantaine sociale » prévue pour durer jusqu’au 6 septembre.

Le rétablissement de certaines mesures ne va pas sans heurts ni crispations. De stricts contrôles sanitaires instaurés au cours du week-end par Vienne à la frontière slovène ont ainsi provoqué d’immenses encombrements et suscité la colère de la police slovène et l’inquiétude de la Croatie.

Plus tragique, l’arrivée de la police venue faire respecter le couvre-feu sanitaire en vigueur à Lima, la capitale du Pérou, a entraîné une bousculade dans une discothèque, qui s’est soldée par la mort de treize personnes ce week-end, dont onze étaient infectées par le coronavirus.

L’autorisation élargie du traitement au plasma.

Donald Trump a annoncé, dimanche, l’autorisation en urgence de la transfusion du plasma sanguin de personnes guéries du Covid-19 à des patients hospitalisés. La transfusion de ce plasma – qui contient des anticorps – vise à permettre aux malades d’éliminer plus vite le virus et de limiter les dégâts sur l’organisme.

Le président américain a qualifié l’annonce de « percée historique » pour le traitement du Covid-19, de nature à « sauver un nombre considérable de vies ». Mais l’agence américaine du médicament (FDA) autorisait déjà la transfusion de plasma de personnes remises du Covid-19 sous certaines conditions, dans le cadre d’essais cliniques ou pour des malades en situation désespérée. Dimanche, la FDA a rappelé qu’il n’existait pas, pour l’heure, de preuve formelle que l’utilisation de plasma était efficace.

Le traitement au plasma a déjà été autorisé en France, en Autriche, en Suisse, à Cuba ou en Chine. Une société polonaise de biotechnologie, Biomed Lublin, a annoncé, la semaine du 17 août, le lancement de la première phase de production d’un médicament contre le Covid-19 à base de plasma de mineurs guéris.

Rebond en Italie et en France

Touchée de plein fouet en mars par l’épidémie, l’Italie est confrontée depuis plusieurs jours à une nette reprise de la circulation du virus favorisée par les déplacements et les activités estivales des vacanciers. Selon le dernier bilan publié dimanche, 1 210 nouveaux cas ont été recensés dans le pays en l’espace de vingt-quatre heures. Un tiers des cas enregistrés dans la région de Rome sont liés à des séjours en Sardaigne.

En dépit de cette brusque hausse de la courbe de contagion, le ministre de la santé italien, Roberto Speranza, s’est voulu rassurant dimanche, jugeant que la situation était sous contrôle et en excluant un reconfinement général de son pays. Au niveau local toutefois, l’inquiétude grandit. Le président de Campanie (autour de Naples) a ainsi suggéré de limiter de nouveau les déplacements entre régions d’ici à la rentrée.

En France le département des Bouches- du- Rhône est placé sous surveillance prêt à un reconfinement si nécessaire. Selon les derniers indicateurs cités lundi par la préfecture de PACA, le taux d’incidence du virus est de 145 pour 100 000 à Marseille et de 110 pour 100 000 dans le département des Bouches-du-Rhône, contre seulement 33 pour 100 000 de moyenne nationale.

Si la situation l’impose, le reconfinement ciblé fait partie des scénarios envisagés au plus haut sommet de l’Etat.

La semaine dernière, Emmanuel Macron indiquait lui-même dans un entretien à Paris Match que toutes les possibilités étaient à l’étude. « On ne s’interdit rien », affirmait le chef de l’Etat.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE POINT SUR LE CORONAVIRUS ET LA  SITUATION DEGRADEE EN FRANCE

Alors que le port du masque contre le coronavirus devient obligatoire dans les entreprises en France, le pays voit son nombre de cas progresser. Il est de 2.238 en 24 heures portant le total des cas à 16.129 sur la semaine, selon les chiffres publiés mardi par la direction générale de la santé (DGS). Les hôpitaux français ont admis 185 nouveaux patients atteints de Covid-19 au cours des dernières 24 heures contre 234 lundi. Au total, 4.823 personnes sont hospitalisées pour une infection au Covid-19.

28 patients ont par ailleurs été admis dans des services de réanimation, contre 34 lundi. Au total, 380 personnes se trouvent en réanimation pour une infection au coronavirus .

30.451 personnes sont décédées en France depuis le début de l'épidémie (soit 22 décès depuis lundi), dont 19.940 au sein des établissements hospitaliers et 10.511 en établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux - un chiffre qui vient d'être actualisé et le sera à nouveau dans une semaine. Le pourcentage de tests positifs continue à augmenter, à 3% contre 2,9% lundi et 29 nouveaux foyers de cas groupés (clusters) ont été détectés, a aussi indiqué la DGS, qui recommande toujours activement le port du masque et les respect des autres gestes barrières comme le lavage des mains et la distanciation physique dès qu’elle est possible.

Le « vaccin prometteur » de l'Australie

L'Australie s'est assurée d'obtenir un vaccin «prometteur» grâce à un accord passé avec le groupe pharmaceutique suédo-britannique AstraZeneca qui est en plein développement de produit. L'Australie fabriquera le vaccin et l'injectera gratuitement à sa population, assure son Premier ministre.

L'Iran prévoit de son côté d'acheter le premier vaccin mis au point par la Russie contre le coronavirus, sous réserve de l'approbation de l'OMS. Et un vaccin chinois sera bientôt testé au Pakistan et en Arabie Saoudite pour sa troisième phase d'essais cliniques (sur un grand échantillon d'humains). Développé par le laboratoire chinois CanSinoBio et l'Institut chinois de biotechnologie de Pékin, il a déjà été testé en Chine, en Russie, au Chili et en Argentine.

Le point dans le monde

La pandémie du nouveau coronavirus a fait au moins 774.832 morts dans le monde depuis que le bureau de l'OMS en Chine a fait état de l'apparition de la maladie fin décembre, selon un bilan établi par l'AFP à partir de sources officielles mardi. Plus de 21.936.820 cas d'infection ont été officiellement diagnostiqués dans 196 pays et territoires.

Les États-Unis sont le pays le plus touché tant en nombre de morts que de cas, avec 171.679 décès pour 5.480.487 cas recensés.

Viennent ensuite le Brésil avec 109.888 morts, le Mexique (57.023), l'Inde (51.797) et le Royaume-Uni (41.369).




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld


There are no translations available.

LES MOINS DE CINQUANTE ANS

 PROPAGENT LE CORONAVIRUS

Le coronavirus en Asie-Pacifique se propage actuellement par des personnes de moins de cinquante ans qui parfois ne savent pas qu’elles sont contaminées, a indiqué l’OMS mardi, mettant en garde contre une «nouvelle phase» de l’épidémie.

Les personnes asymptomatiques ou n’ayant que de légers symptômes du Covid-19 risquent d’infecter des personnes âgées ou vulnérables, a indiqué Takeshi Kasai, le directeur de la région du Pacifique occidental de l’OMS lors d’un point de presse virtuel.

«L’épidémie est en train de changer. Les personnes d’une vingtaine, trentaine et quarantaine d’années sont de plus en plus à l’origine de la menace», a-t-il dit. «Beaucoup ne savent pas qu’elles sont infectées, n’ayant que de légers symptômes, voire aucun». «Nous n’observons pas une simple résurgence. J’y vois un signal que nous sommes entrés dans une nouvelle phase de la pandémie en Asie-Pacifique», a poursuivi M. Kasai.

Deux tiers des infections au Japon concernent des personnes âgées de moins de quarante ans, selon les données de l’OMS sur la phase actuelle de contagion. C’est également plus de la moitié des cas aux Philippines eten Australie.

«Nous devons redoubler d’efforts pour empêcher le virus d’atteindre les populations vulnérables», avertit M. Kasai.

Des pays où l’épidémie était maîtrisée comme la Nouvelle-Zélande, le Vietnam et la Corée du Sud ont détecté de nouveaux clusters, ce qui a forcé les gouvernements à imposer à nouveau des mesures de confinement et de distanciation sociale dans les villes.

Le recours à des mesures ciblées dans la région est jugé encourageant car il a permis de réduire l’impact économique et social des mesures de confinement et est plus acceptable à long terme, selon M. Kasai.

La menace perdurera toutefois «tant que le virus circulera et que nous ne sommes pas immunisés contre lui» a-t-il averti.




Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld

WHAT TO THINK OF THE FIRST RUSSIAN VACCINE

AGAINST COVID-19

VLadimir Putin announced Tuesday, August 11, 2020 the development of the "first vaccine" against the coronavirus, of which more than a billion doses have already been ordered by 20 countries.

Has Russia found something to protect us from Covid-19 ?

Vladimir Putin announced on August 11 from his official residence with these words:

"This morning, for the first time in the world, a vaccine against the new coronavirus was recorded".

"I know it is quite effective, that it gives lasting immunity!"

The president said, even specifying that one of his own daughters had "participated" in the vaccine trials.

Vladimir Putin hailed the "specialists" behind "this very important first step" for his country and "for the whole world", adding that the vaccine had "passed all the necessary tests", reports the press agency Russian private Interfax *. According to the Kremlin, the population will have access to this vaccine from "January 1, 2021".

For its part, the World Health Organization (WHO) reacted cautiously to the announcement made after less than two months of clinical trials.

Indeed clinical trials, carried out in a very short time and on less than a hundred people, make specialists skeptical.

WHO spokesperson Tarik Jasarevic recalled that "The prequalification of any vaccine goes through rigorous procedures" to ensure its safety and effectiveness.

Officially named "Gam-Covid-Vac" and renamed "Sputnik V" in reference to the first artificial satellite launched by the Soviet Union in 1957, with a "V" for "vaccine", this project carried by Russia was developed by the national center for epidemiology and microbiology Gamaleya, located in Moscow, reports the state register of pharmaceuticals.

According to the Russian Ministry of Health and information gathered by the American health authorities, the components of this vaccine administered intramuscularly are derived from adenoviruses, normally responsible for gastroenteritis or even mild respiratory infections. A process used by other injection projects against Covid-19, such as that of the University of Oxford.

Thanks to two successive injections, the immunity of the vaccinated people would last "up to two years", supports the Russian Ministry of Health.

Thanks to the registration of the vaccine in the State Register of Russian Medicines, Moscow wishes to start its industrial production in September to start a massive vaccination campaign the following month.

For now, Russia intends to vaccinate as quickly as possible health professionals, teachers and other groups deemed at risk, as well as "tens of thousands of volunteers."

Faced with these prospects, "Spountik V" also arouses envy abroad.

Twenty countries (located in Latin America, the Middle East and Asia) have already ordered more than a billion doses of vaccines.

The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) is also planning to establish a humanitarian assistance program to ensure vaccine access to developing countries.

However, this accelerated marketing plan is causing concern among observers.

Anne Goffard, a virologist at the Lille University Hospital, speaks by saying:

"I am appalled by this kind of announcement!"

"The development of this vaccine is taking place outside of scientific debate. I have not seen an article presenting the vaccine strategy adopted or the results of clinical trials carried out."

"At what stage of the evaluation of the vaccine ?".

Faced with the very low number of people mobilized for these tests, doubt hangs over the credibility of the Russian project. In its list of the 28 candidate vaccines submitted for clinical trials, the WHO only places the Gamaleya center project in phase 1, while six research programs have already reached the third phase of trials.

Christian Lindmeier, another spokesperson for the WHO, recalled August 4, 2020, the need to go through "all the stages" of testing to ensure that a vaccine works.

Svetlana Zavidova, Executive Director of the Association of Clinical Trial Organizations (Acto) wonders:

"Why do all organizations follow the rules except Russian organizations ?"

Seriously have little doubts about the effectiveness of the vaccine, it would be more catastrophic than anything to make people believe that the vaccine works, if it does not or if it is dangerous.

Some may no longer want to be vaccinated, when we need it !!




Pamela Newton for DayNewsWorld

SINABUNG SUMATRA VOLCANO ALERT

Eruption since Monday, August 10, 2020, the Indonesian volcano Sinabung, located on the island of Sumatra, has created a huge cloud of ash that he planned to 5,000 meters.

So far no injuries or deaths have been reported but authorities have warned of possible lava flows and increased activity at the crater which continues to rumble.

Its activity has intensified over the past few days with two small eruptions over the weekend.

Armen Putera local manager of the Indonesian Vulcanology Center issued the following alert:

"It's an alert and avoid the red zones located near Sinabung"

The authorities, however, maintained the state of alert at the crater at its second highest level. No one lives in the immediate vicinity of the volcano to which access is prohibited.

A thick layer of ash, however, covered small communities established near the volcano during the eruption since Monday.

Rencana Sitepu, the chief of Namanteran village, specifies that some crops had been destroyed by the fallout from the volcano.

The coronavirus pandemic has made the job of disaster management officials difficult, with frightened and panicked residents breaking social distancing rules.

The previous eruptions of the Sinabung volcano which had awakened in 2010 after 400 years of sleep.

After a period of calm, another eruption occurred in 2013 and since then he has been very active. Sixteen people died in 2014 and seven in 2016.

In 2018, more than 400 people were killed when a tsunami triggered by a volcanic eruption suddenly swept across the southern coasts of Sumatra and the western end of Java.

Let us hope that the current situation which does not deplore for the moment any victim remains .....!!!




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE CARGO A L'ORIGINE DE L'EXPLOSION A BEYROUTH QUALIFIE DE BOMBE FLOTTANTE

Le Rhosus - c'est son nom - a fait escale dans la capitale libanaise en septembre 2013 . Ce cargo a quitté le port de Batumi, en Géorgie en 2013 en direction de Biera, au Mozambique. Il n'est jamais arrivé à bon port, et aurait fini dans les profondeurs du port de Beyrouth. C'est sa cargaison qui a, en toute vraisemblance, explosé mardi , faisant au moins 145 morts et 5.000 blessés et dévastant une partie de la capitale libanaise. Dans ses cales, 2750 tonnes de nitrate d'ammonium. Un sel blanc, inodore, utilisé comme base de nombreux engrais mais aussi, parfois, d'explosifs.

D'après le « New York Times », le bateau est vieux - entre 30 et 40 ans -, en mauvais état, des brèches laissent entrer de l'eau, et une mutinerie éclate au début du voyage à propos de salaires impayés.

L'équipage bloqué onze mois

Le Rhosus ne devait pas faire escale à Beyrouth. Mais le capitaine du bateau Boris Prokochev raconte aujourd'hui à plusieurs médias qu'Igor Gretchouchkine l'a appelé pour lui demander d'y récupérer du matériel de chantier à livrer en Jordanie. Il manquerait d'argent pour payer le passage du canal de Suez. Le capitaine avait de toute façon refusé de transporter ce matériel. Mal arrimé il a endommagé les portes des soutes et aurait pu mettre en danger le bateau, racontent le maître d'équipage et le capitaine à Reuters.

Le Rhosus n'a finalement jamais quitté le port de Beyrouth : il s'est vu interdire de reprendre la mer après une inspection. Il a ensuite été abandonné par son propriétaire, un citoyen russe vivant à Chypre. Igor Grechushkin a déclaré la banqueroute de ce bateau, rapportent plusieurs médias russes. Son équipage serait resté plusieurs mois à bord avant que la cargaison de nitrate d'ammonium ne soit finalement déchargée. Les tonnes de produit ont ensuite été stockées dans les entrepôts du port de Beyrouth.

Le nitrate d'ammonium se trouvait «dans le hangar 12 du port», consacré aux marchandises saisies, précise même Badri Daher, directeur des Douanes du Liban, auprès de L'Orient-Le Jour , avant d'expliquer : il y avait «un entrepôt de feux d’artifice» juste à côté. Les conditions exactes de l'explosion ne sont pas connues, mais elle aurait pu être déclenchée par des travaux de rénovation en cours dans le port.

Pourquoi une cargaison aussi dangereuse est-elle restée six longues années stockées sans précaution dans le port de la capitale libanaise ?

Les autorités du port, les services des douanes et des services de sécurité se rejettent aujourd'hui la responsabilité.

Alertes des douanes

La justice aurait été alertée à plusieurs reprises de la dangerosité de ce chargement, en vain, explique le directeur des Douanes. En 2014, Mikhail Voytenko, un expert russe du trafic maritime, alertait: le Rhosus était une «bombe flottante». Le directeur des douanes de l'époque, Shafik Merhi, demande cette même année de l'aide pour sécuriser le stockage de la cargaison dans une lettre soulignant une situation «d'urgence». Selon Al-Jazeera, il aurait ensuite envoyé cinq nouvelles missives les années suivantes. Trois options sont proposées :

exporter la marchandise, la confier à l'armée ou la vendre à une société privée libanaise. Ces lettres adressées à des juges sont restées lettre morte, et aucune des options proposées pour gérer la marchandise n'a été mise en œuvre. Le nitrate d'ammonium est resté dans l'entrepôt du port de Beyrouth, jusqu'à cette double explosion le 4 août.

Des plaintes répétées sur des odeurs qui émanaient du hangar auraient poussé la sûreté de l'Etat, un des plus hauts organismes de sécurité au Liban, à lancer une enquête sur la cargaison en juin 2019. L'enquête signale « des matières dangereuses qu'il est nécessaire de déplacer » mais aussi des fissures dans l'entrepôt à colmater. Des ouvriers étaient justement en train d'effectuer des travaux de soudure dans un hangar, quelques heures avant le drame. Ces travaux, selon des sources de sécurité et plusieurs médias, pourraient avoir été à l'origine du drame

Le port de Beyrouth, surnommé «la Caverne d'Ali Baba et des quarante voleurs» en raison des soupçons de corruption qui pesaient sur sa gestion, est géré par les autorités publiques. Le nouveau premier ministre libanais, face à une population qui a immédiatement exprimé sa colère et sa défiance envers les autorités, a promis que «tous les responsables de cette catastrophe en paieront le prix».

Détention de 16 fonctionnaires

Seize personnes ont été placées en garde à vue dans le cadre de l’enquête sur l’explosion qui a endeuillé Beyrouth mardi, a rapporté jeudi l’agence de presse libanaise ANI.

Le juge Fadi Akiki a déclaré que les autorités avaient jusqu’ici interrogé plus de 18 individus et responsables du port et des douanes impliqués dans des travaux de maintenance dans l’entrepôt où la déflagration s’est produite.

Il s’agit de « responsables du conseil d’administration du port de Beyrouth et de l’administration des douanes, et des responsables des travaux d’entretien et des (ouvriers) ayant effectué des travaux dans le hangar numéro 12 », où étaient stockées les tonnes de nitrate d’ammonium, a précisé le procureur militaire Fadi Akiki dans un communiqué.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld


EXPLOSION IN BEIRUT

Terrible explosion Beirut provisional toll at least 73 dead and 3700 injured !

A double explosion rocked the city this Tuesday, August 4, 2020 at around 6:10 p.m. local time, in the port area of ​​the Lebanese capital of Beirut, devastating buildings and leaving at least 73 dead and 3,700 injured.

Bodies lying on the ground, carcasses of cars and flattened warehouses, Beirut scenes of devastation, sowing panic in the Lebanese capital is bruised.

In the streets, soldiers evacuated stunned residents, some covered in blood, their T-shirts around their heads to heal their wounds. Volunteers helped others find assistance.

The buildings shook and the windows were smashed for miles around. The breath was felt as far as the island of Cyprus about 210 km away.

It's a human catastrophe inside.

There are corpses on the ground and ambulances taking the bodies away.

The two explosions caused significant damage to the Presidential Palace of Baabda, located about fifteen km from the center of Beirut, glass shattered and windows and doors blown out.

The port sector has been cordoned off by the security forces, which only allow civil defense, ambulances with screaming sirens and firefighters to pass.

This drama intervenes and adds to the distress of the Lebanese.

Indeed, this country is experiencing its worst economic crisis in decades, marked by unprecedented monetary depreciation, hyperinflation, massive layoffs and drastic banking restrictions, which have fueled social unrest for several months.

For the moment of undetermined nature, its explosions open all the hypotheses for the moment.




Pamela Newton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA BASILIQUE SAINTE-SOPHIE A NOUVEAU TRANSFORMEE EN MOSQUEE

Le Conseil d’Etat turc vient de valider la proposition du Président Erdogan de changer une nouvelle fois le statut de Sainte-Sophie, l’un des plus beaux monuments d’Istanbul datant du Vie siècle. La Cour a expliqué que dans les actes de propriété au nom de la Fondation Mehmet Fatih, du nom du sultan ottoman qui a conquis Constantinople au 15ème siècle, Sainte-Sophie était inscrite comme une mosquée et que cette qualification ne pouvait être modifiée.


D'abord convertie en mosquée après la prise de Constantinople

Œuvre architecturale majeure construite au VIe siècle par les Byzantins qui y couronnaient leurs empereurs, Sainte-Sophie est un site classé au patrimoine mondial par l'Unesco, et l'une des principales attractions touristiques d'Istanbul.

Après la prise de Constantinople par les Ottomans en 1453, la basilique Hagia Sophia avait été convertie en mosquée, flanquée de quatre minarets et avait connu quelques transformations intérieures au fur et à mesure des conquêtes de l’empire ottoman.

Le XXe siècle naissant, la jeune république turque, résolument laïque de Kemal Ata Turk l’avait transformée en musée, soucieux de «l'offrir à l'humanité», et permettant d’y contempler à la fois un Christ Pantocrator et le sceau du Prophète Mahomet et de nombreux califes ottomans.

Réactions offusquées

Plusieurs pays, notamment la Russie et la Grèce, qui suivent de près le sort du patrimoine byzantin en Turquie, ainsi que les Etats-Unis et la France, ont notamment mis en garde Ankara contre la transformation de Sainte-Sophie en lieu de culte musulman.Mais le président islamo-conservateur Recep Tayyip Erdogan n'en a cure.

L'Eglise orthodoxe russe a regretté vendredi que l'«inquiétude» de «millions de Chrétiens» n'ait pas été entendue par la Turquie. «La paix et la concorde entre les religions sont des questions extrêmement fragiles et complexes et qui ne peuvent supporter des décisions irréfléchies et purement politiques», a ajouté le porte-parole de l'Eglise russe, cité par l'agence Ria Novosti.

De son côté, Athènes a qualifié cette décision de «provocation envers le monde civilisé».

«Le nationalisme dont fait preuve le président (turc Recep Tayyip) Erdogan ramène son pays six siècles en arrière», a estimé dans un communiqué la ministre grecque de la Culture Lina Mendoni. «Sainte-Sophie est un monument appartenant à toute l'humanité, indépendamment de toute croyance religieuse», a rappelé la ministre grecque de la Culture.

Mais le président turc a choisi de passer un nouveau cap dans la réislamisation de la Turquie.




Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PEKIN INAUGURE SON BUREAU POUR LA SECURITE NATIONALE A HONG KONG

Une semaine après l'entrée en vigueur de la loi sur la sécurité nationale, imposée par Pékin, la Chine a inauguré son bureau de défense de la sécurité nationale à Hong Kong, mercredi 8 juillet 2020.

Celui-ci permettra, pour la première fois, à ses agents du renseignement d'opérer ouvertement sur le territoire.

L'ouverture en grande pompe du quartier général de ce bureau symbolise ainsi le contrôle croissant que Pékin entend exercer sur ce centre financier mondial.

L'emplacement de ce bureau, installé dans un hôtel, est tout aussi significatif :

il domine le parc Victoria, lieu de rassemblement depuis des années des manifestants prodémocratie. Chaque année au mois de juin, ces derniers s'y retrouvent à l'occasion de la veillée en souvenir des victimes de la sanglante répression de Tiananmen.

Ce quartier général abritera des agents du renseignement chinois chargés d'enquêter et de poursuivre les personnes accusées d'avoir porté atteinte à la sécurité nationale à Hong Kong. Ces agents ne sont pas soumis aux lois de la ville dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions.

Tout l'exécutif hongkongais, Carrie Lam en tête, ont célébré son ouverture :« Avoir une loi à suivre est le point de départ de la sauvegarde de la sécurité nationale. Nous devons nous assurer que la loi sera appliquée strictement et que quiconque enfreindra la loi sera tenu responsable ». L'appareil de renseignement chinois sera un « partenaire important » pour aider à préserver la sécurité nationale, a souligné la chef de l 'exécutif lors du discours d'inauguration de ce bureau. Mardi, Hong Kong a annoncé un élargissement considérable des pouvoirs de la police hongkongaise en matière de surveillance.

Une chape de plomb sur l'ancienne colonie britanique

La loi adoptée la semaine dernière par le régime communiste de Pékin vise à réprimer la « subversion », la « sécession », le « terrorisme » et la « collusion avec les forces étrangères ». La Chine l'a imposée en réponse au mouvement de contestation lancé l'an dernier contre le pouvoir central dans l'ancienne colonie britannique. Elle constitue le changement le plus radical pour Hong Kong depuis sa rétrocession par le Royaume-Uni à la Chine en 1997.

Les militants prodémocratie redoutent qu'elle n'ouvre la voie à une érosion sans précédent des libertés et de l'autonomie dont jouissaient jusqu'alors les habitants du territoire. Les militants pro-démocratie manifestent, malgré la peur, contre cette loi. Plusieurs ont déjà été arrêtés.

La nouvelle loi sur la sécurité nationale, en vigueur depuis le 30 juin 2020, à Hong Kong pèse désormais comme une chape de plomb sur l’ancienne colonie britannique.

« La Chine fait désormais la loi dans le territoire, au grand dam des militants pro-démocratie, contraints pour certains de s’exiler. », explique le sinologue Jean-Philippe Béja, directeur de recherche au CNRS.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS ACCELERATION DE LA PANDEMIE

DANS LE MONDE AVEC PRES DE 532 000 MORTS

Même si elle s’est stabilisée en Europe, l’épidémie, qui a fait près de 532 000 morts, est toujours en pleine expansion dans une grande partie de la planète.

Les États-Unis sont le pays le plus touché avec 129.891 décès. Suivent le Brésil (64.867), le Royaume-Uni (44.220), l'Italie (34.861) et le Mexique (30.366), dont le bilan dépasse désormais celui de la France (29.893).

Flambée aux Etats-Unis et en Amérique latine

Aux Etats-Unis notamment, le nombre de nouveaux cas a connu une flambée spectaculaire ces derniers jours. Le pays a recensé près de 40.000 cas et 234 nouveaux décès au cours des 24 dernières heures, selon un dernier bilan publié dimanche par l'université Johns Hopkins . Certains Etats ont dû réintroduire des restrictions d’urgence. Quatre Etats américains – Californie, Arizona, Texas et Floride – représentent aujourd’hui la moitié des nouveaux cas. Par ailleurs, Nick Cordero, célèbre acteur de Broadway âgé de 41 ans, est décédé dimanche après avoir combattu la maladie pendant 95 jours, a annoncé sa femme.

La situation sanitaire est également préoccupante en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes, actuel épicentre de l’épidémie, où le nombre de cas d’infection (2,7 millions), dont la moitié au Brésil, dépasse désormais celui de l’Europe. L’Organisation panaméricaine de la santé (OPS) a prévenu que le bilan dans la région, dont la partie australe vient d’entrer en hiver, pourrait dépasser 400 000 morts d’ici octobre, en l’absence de mesures sanitaires renforcées.

Reconfinement en Australie

En Australie également,le nombre de cas de contamination à Melbourne, capitale de l’état de Victoria, a bondi ces derniers jours, forçant les autorités à instaurer des règles strictes de distanciation sociale et à confiner 300 000 habitants de la banlieue nord. Pour tenter d’endiguer la progression de la maladie, les autorités ont décidé de fermer la frontière entre les deux États les plus peuplés de l’île-continent. La décision entre en vigueur partir de mardi, et pour une période indéterminée. Une première en 100 ans, la frontière ayant été fermée pour la dernière fois en 1919, lors de l’épidémie de grippe espagnole.

Explosion des cas en Inde

L'Inde a annoncé ce lundi avoir recensé un total de près de 700.000 cas de Covid-19 depuis le début de l'épidémie, devenant le troisième pays du monde le plus touché en nombre de contaminations, devant la Russie.Selon le ministère indien de la Santé, un total de 697.358 cas d'infection au nouveau coronavirus ont été recensés depuis le début de la pandémie, dont quelque 24.000 au cours des dernières 24 heures, pour 19.963 décès

Des milliers de visons contaminés abattus aux Pays-Bas

Des cas de Covid-19 ont été signalés chez des visons dans 20 élevages aux Pays-Bas depuis le début de l'épidémie. Le ministère de l'Agriculture a indiqué ce lundi, qu'il procédait depuis début juin à l' abattage de ces petits mammifères dans les élevages contaminés.

Les autorités ont établi en mai que deux employés d'élevages avaient «très probablement» contracté le Covid-19 via des visons. Ces deux cas sont susceptibles d'avoir été les «premiers cas connus de transmission» du nouveau coronavirus de l'animal à l'homme, selon l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS).

« Sans unité nationale et solidarité mondiale (…), le pire est à venir, avait déclaré le directeur général de l’OMS le 29 juin. Nous avions averti que ce virus allait surprendre même les pays développés, et ça a été le cas. »




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA CHINE PROCEDE A DES ARRESTATIONS

 A HONG KONG

Moins de 24 heures après l’entrée en vigueur de la loi sur la sécurité nationale imposée à Hong Kong, la police a procédé, en vertu de ce texte,. aux premières arrestations de Hongkongais rassemblés pour marquer le 23e anniversaire de la rétrocession de l’ex-colonie britannique à la Chine. Parmi les quelque 370 personnes arrêtées mercredi par les forces de l’ordre, dix l’ont été pour violation présumée de la loi sur la sécurité nationale.

Cette loi, promulguée mardi par le président chinois Xi Jinping, permet de réprimer quatre types de crimes contre la sécurité de l’Etat : subversion, séparatisme, terrorisme et collusion avec des forces extérieures. Dans certains cas, la loi prévoit que la justice chinoise soit compétente et inflige des peines allant de 10 ans d’emprisonnement jusqu’à la prison à vie pour les auteurs des crimes les plus graves. Les agences de sécurité chinoises pourront étendre considérablement leur surveillance, et superviseront la police locale.

Cette législation fait craindre à l’opposition hongkongaise un recul des libertés inédit depuis la rétrocession à la Chine par le Royaume-Uni de ce territoire en 1997.

Pour beaucoup de Hongkongais qui se sont mobilisés depuis des années pour obtenir un peu plus de démocratie, la nouvelle loi de sécurité nationale imposée par l’Assemblée nationale populaire à Pékin marque la fin de Hongkong en tant que cité libre. La région administrative spéciale avait jusqu’à présent le privilège d’être la seule ville de Chine où les libertés individuelles étaient protégées.« Pour les membres de la petite minorité qui menace la sécurité nationale, cette loi sera un glaive suspendu au-dessus de leur tête », a averti le gouvernement chinois.

Or la Chine, en 1984, la Chine avait signé une déclaration avec les Britanniques où elle s'engageait notamment jusqu'en 2047, à maintenir ce fameux haut degré d'autonomie qui est remis en question aujourd’hui.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS

A PANDEMIC THAT IS ACCELERATING

While several countries have entered phase decontainment, WHO urges caution One million cases of coronavirus was detected in only eight days in the world. The Covid-19 pandemic "continues to accelerate," warned on Monday the Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

“We know that the pandemic is much more than a health crisis, it is an economic, social and, in many countries, political crisis. Its effects will be felt over decades, "he added, during a virtual conference organized by the emirate of Dubai. The warning of the head of the WHO comes as many countries have entered a phase of deconfinement to revive their economies.

Last week, the head of WHO had described this new phase of "dangerous", saying that, despite the need to get out of containment, the virus continued "to spread quickly" and remained "deadly". "It took more than three months for the first million cases to be reported, the last million cases being reported in just eight days," he said on Monday.

The WHO chief also called on governments and societies to prepare for possible future pandemics that could occur "in any country at any time and kill millions of people because we are not not prepared "

"We do not know where or when the next pandemic will occur, but we do know that it will have a terrible impact on life and the world economy," warned Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

The Covid-19 pandemic has killed at least 465,300 people worldwide since China officially reported the disease's onset in December, according to reports by AFP from official sources on Sunday. The United States is the most affected country, with at least 119,959 deaths, followed by Brazil (50,617), the United Kingdom (42,632), Italy (34,634) and France (29,633).

The new coronavirus has infected more than a million people in Brazil, South America being the current epicenter of the pandemic with more than 20,000 deaths in Mexico, more than 8,000 in Peru and more than 1,000 in Argentina.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

AUSTRALIA VICTIM OF A CYBER ATTACK

OF A STATE ACTOR

The Australian is the target of an extensive cyber attack a "state actor" that targets government computer systems, administrations and companies, said Friday his prime minister.

Scott Morrison organized an emergency press conference in Canberra to warn his fellow citizens of the "specific risks" to which they found themselves exposed. "Australian organizations are currently being targeted by a sophisticated state actor," he said.

According to him, "this activity targets Australian organizations in a wide range of sectors, at all levels of government, the economy, political organizations, health services and other operators of strategic infrastructure".

According to Australian media, the list of suspects is very small, among the states with expertise in this area (apart from Western countries, China, North Korea, Iran, Israel or Russia) . They were looking at China, which imposed punitive tariffs on some Australian exports in May.

Scott Morrison's government had angered Beijing by calling for an independent international investigation into the origins of the coronavirus pandemic, and by denouncing aggressive and dishonest Chinese diplomacy. China responded by discouraging its nationals from Australia as a destination for tourism and study, threatening further reprisals, and sentencing an Australian to death for drug trafficking.

According to the Australian intelligence and electronic security agency, the attack was designed so that it could not be determined. For this purpose, the authors used cyber attack software already existing on the dark web and freely accessible, according to the same source.

These include "exploit codes" that target vulnerabilities in older versions of Microsoft, Telerik, SharePoint, and Citrix products, as well as Webshell software, which, after being downloaded, remains on corrupted servers. These attacks also used "phishing" techniques, which consisted of sending emails containing files and Web or Office 365 links.

The Prime Minister urged institutions and businesses to "protect themselves". “We encourage organizations, particularly those in health, strategic infrastructure and essential services, to use experts and put in place technical defense systems. "

Australia is part of the powerful intelligence alliance known as the “Five Eyes” with the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and New Zealan.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS TOWARDS A SECOND WAVE IN CHINA


Nearly 200 new cases of Covid-19 have been reported in Beijing since the disease re-emerged in the Chinese city, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced on Monday June 15, 2020.

A new cluster has appeared last week around the wholesale Xinfadi meat and vegetable market in the Fengtai district, southwest of the Chinese capital.

This makes the Chinese authorities fear the possibility of a second wave, when the country had not spotted a significant outbreak for more than 50 days.

"Even countries that have demonstrated the ability to suppress Covid-19 transmission must remain alert to the possibility of a resurgence" of the virus, warned WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus during 'a virtual press conference.

This rebound in Covid-19 disease in Beijing has led to new confinements of residential areas and additional screenings. Sports and cultural sites have also been closed.

While China has been accused by Donald Trump of having lacked transparency on the Wuhan pandemic that appeared at the end of 2019, Beijing this time shows its desire not to minimize the gravity of the situation.

Beijing is "at war" against the Covid-19. We are taking action "as in wartime," Fengtai officials announced on Saturday June 13.



Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

RESURGENCE OF THE COVID-19 EPIDEMIC IN CHINA ? ELEVEN DISTRICTS IN CONTAINMENT IN BEIJING

Should we fear a resurgence of the Covid-19 epidemic in the country where it started ?

Eleven residential neighborhoods in southern Beijing are subject to containment due to the appearance of a new outbreak of coronavirus in a nearby market, authorities announced on Saturday (June 13th).

Several dozen residents of Beijing have indeed tested positive for the coronavirus, confirming the emergence of a new outbreak of contamination in the Chinese capital, where emergency containment has been ordered in eleven neighborhoods. Seven cases of Covid-19 contamination have been identified in the vicinity of the Xinfadi market, including six on Saturday, according to health authorities.

Residents of eleven neighborhoods in Fengtai District have been ordered to stay at their homes when most of the cases are believed to be linked to a local meat market, local officials told a media briefing.

Fear of a new epidemic

A first case of Covid-19 in Beijing in two months was announced Thursday, a person who went to Xinfadi market last week and had not left the city recently. These new cases raise fears of a resurgence of the epidemic in China, where the disease Covid-19 was ier, that the authorities had managed to control by strict quarantine measures.

These measures were lifted as the number of contamination cases declined and the majority of cases recorded in recent months were residents living abroad and tested positive on their return to China.

The market closed by the authorities

Among the six new cases announced on Saturday are three workers at Xinfadi Market , the region's largest wholesale market. According to its website, more than 1,500 tonnes of seafood, 18,000 tonnes of vegetables and 20,000 tonnes of fruit are traded daily

The market was closed by the authorities, as was a seafood market visited by one of the infected people, so that disinfection and sample collection operations could be carried out.

Xinfadi meat market president told Beijing News that the virus had been detected on boards used to cut up imported salmon, but health officials ordered a city-wide inspection of the fresh and frozen meat, poultry and fish, in supermarkets, storage warehouses and catering services. Large supermarket chains, including Wumart and Carrefour, removed the salmon from their stalls on the night of Friday to Saturday in Beijing, while ensuring that the other foodstuffs were not affected, reports the daily Beijing Daily.

A "mechanism of war"

Fengtai district officials announced on Saturday that they would set up a "war mechanism" to deal with this new wave of contamination.

The quarantine of the sector was accompanied by a wider strengthening of sanitary measures: nine schools and kindergartens were closed in the vicinity of the Xinfadi market. The return of students to primary schools in Beijing was also postponed from Friday, June 12.

Sports events are suspended in the capital and other Chinese regions, and inter-regional travel is again prohibited.

The Beijing National Theater and the Yonghe Temple immediately announced their closur.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

ECOLOGICAL DISASTER IN THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC

Russia puts all its efforts for several days to clean the huge quantity of oil being spilled in Arctic river.

One of the diesel tanks of a thermal power plant belonging to a subsidiary of the mining giant Norilsk Nickel collapsed last week, causing a leak of 20,000 tonnes of oil.

The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations in the Krasnoiarsk region said on Friday that "the progression of hydrocarbons has been stopped. They're not going anywhere. ”

Emergency state

This pollution is considered by ecological organizations as the worst ecological accident due to hydrocarbons in the region.

Russian President Vladimir Putin also stepped up to the plate on Wednesday, declaring a state of emergency and publicly beating local officials, including the president of the Norilsk Nickel subsidiary, who has been slow to react. The company denied any failure.

Viatcheslav Starostine, an employee of the thermal power station which belongs to NTEK, a subsidiary of the metal giant Norilsk Nickel, was placed in provisional detention for one month, a court of the city of Norilsk told the agency TASS.

Intervention on "difficult terrain"

Rescuers are hard at work to try to limit the damage, in a context made complicated by the difficulties of access to the site and the shallow depth of the river, which prevents operations by boat.

According to the Russian Marine Emergency Service, specializing in these accidents, the reinforcements deployed in this very isolated and marshy area of ​​the Far North are facing a complex challenge. “There has never been such a leak in the Arctic before. You have to work very quickly because the fuel is dissolving in water, ”said service spokesman Andrei Malov.

According to him, six containment ramps were placed on the river to block the flow of pollution to the lake, while fuel is pumped to the surface. "It is difficult terrain and everything that must be transported can only be transported by all-terrain vehicles", he stressed, the fuel collected must be stored on site until winter in special containers. The Minister of Emergency Situations, who visited the site to monitor the progress of the rescue operations, assured that "200 tonnes of fuel and lubricants have been collected" so far.


Climate change at stake

According to Norilsk Nickel, the tank was damaged when the pillars embedded in the permafrost that had been supporting it "for 30 years" started to sink, an accident that could be attributed to the melting of the pemafrost due to climate change.

Russia on Friday ordered a review of all risky infrastructure built on the cast iron permafrost. "In order not to repeat such situations involving risky infrastructure located in permafrost areas prone to melting, the Prosecutor General of Russia Igor Krasnov ordered (...) in-depth checks of the infrastructure concerned", a indicated the Prosecutor's Office in a press release.

"Decades" to restore the ecosystem

One of the plant's diesel tanks collapsed last week, causing more than 20,000 tonnes of oil to leak. The ecological organization Greenpeace Russia claims that the accident "is the first on this scale in the Arctic" and compared it to the sinking of the Exxon Valdez off Alaska in 1989. The Ambarnaïa river, affected by this leak joined the Piassino lake, itself the source of a river of the same name which is capital for the Taimyr peninsula, a strategic region where Russia extracts precious metals, coal and hydrocarbons.

Russian Fisheries Agency spokesman Dmitri Klokov told TASS news agency that it would take "decades" to restore the ecosystem. "The scale of this disaster is underestimated," he said, adding that most of the fuel had flowed to the bottom of the river and already reached the lake.

Norilsk Nickel, one of the world's leading producers of nickel and palladium, is not in its first ecological accident: in 2016, one of its factories accidentally spilled chemicals in a river in the far North, already tinging it with red.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

THE POPE CALLED TO A COMPANY

FAIR AND FAIR

The  Pope Francis called in a video message to a "more just and equitable society." "Everything will be different" after the global pandemic of novel coronavirus, which humanity will emerge "better or worse," warned Pope Francis , in a message on Saturday evening. He called for a "fairer and more equitable society".

“When we get out of this pandemic, we will not be able to continue doing what we were doing, and as we were doing.

No, everything will be different, "said the Sovereign Pontiff, in a video message in Spanish on the occasion of the feast of Pentecost." From the great trials of humanity, among which this pandemic, we will emerge better or worse. It's not the same thing. I ask you: how do you get out of it? Better or worse? " he launched.

“We need the Holy Spirit to give us new eyes, to open our minds and our hearts to face the present moment and the future with the lesson learned: we are one humanity. Nobody runs away alone. No one, ”assured Pope Francis.

Put an end to poverty

“We know it, but this pandemic that we are living has made us experience it in a much more dramatic way. We have before us the duty to build a new reality ", while" today, the world suffers, the world is hurt, (…) especially among the poorest who are rejected "." Great trials of humanity, among which this pandemic, we will emerge better or worse. It's not the same thing. I ask you: how do you get out of it? Better or worse? " he launched.

In mid-March, the Pope created an interdisciplinary reflection group to work for a year on a more virtuous post-Covid 19 world, in all areas. He also announced "a special year Laudato Si", five years after the publication of this very social encyclical on ecology, denouncing in scathing terms the exploitation of men and nature.

On Saturday afternoon, the Pope attended a prayer in the Vatican gardens in the presence, for the first time in almost three months, of nearly a hundred faithful, all broadcast worldwide.



Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS A NEW COLD WAR CHINA-UNITED STATES

Since the resumption of diplomatic relations in the 1970s, the United States and China have carefully avoided direct confrontation. But since Donald Trump's arrival at the White House, the clashes between the United States and China have multiplied and the initial trade showdown has turned into a multifaceted conflict. Beijing is no longer just seen by Washington as a rival, but as an adversary. Donald Trump made this clash an electoral argument in the service of his re-election next November.

The commercial showdown

In the spring of 2018, the United States engages in a merciless trade war with China. Washington wants to put an end to the Chinese's violation of intellectual property rules and unfair competition which their companies provide in many sectors where they benefit from state aid and loans.

This war is materialized by reciprocal punitive customs duties on hundreds of billions of dollars of goods. Unprecedented in size and duration, it curbs investor appetite and slows growth, including in China and the United States.

On January 15, Donald Trump and Chinese Deputy Prime Minister Liu He concluded a truce. The Chinese promise to increase by 200 billion dollars over two years their purchases of American products in order to reduce the trade deficit of the United States, great demand of the White House. For its part, the Trump administration is committed to halting any further increase in customs duties. The agreement also contains provisions relating to the protection of intellectual property and the conditions for technology transfer. This truce still lasts.

However, the serenity of trade exchanges contrasts with the violence of the showdown that is played out between the two powers over the management of the pandemic.

The "Chinese virus"

Indeed Donald Trump has found another workhorse: the coronavirus

While on January 25, a month after the detection of the first cases of coronavirus in China, Donald Trump hailed Beijing's "good job" in managing the epidemic, four months later, President Trump castigated the management of the pandemic by China going as far as to tax the latter of "biological Chernobyl", qualifying the virus of "Chinese virus" and the Chinese of. "Lying clowns".

For several weeks, the tenant of the White House has repeated that the heavy toll of the Covid-19 - more than 362,000 dead worldwide, including 102,201 in the United States - could have been avoided if China had acted responsibly from the appearance of the virus in Wuhan city.

Donald Trump accuses Beijing of having concealed the appearance of the "Chinese virus" as well as the scale of the epidemic. He goes so far as to assert that China is responsible for a “world mass slaughter”, after having hidden an alleged accident in a virology laboratory in Wuhan, which is believed to have been the cause of the pandemic. Meanwhile, the FBI and the US Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency have accused Beijing of spying on American researchers who are working on finding a coronavirus vaccine, treatments and new tests.

A campaign of “slanders” retorts China, which accuses Washington of looking for a scapegoat and suggests that the virus may have been imported into its territory by American soldiers, during the October 2019 World Military Games in Wuhan.

In Washington, Republican senators are introducing a bill in mid-May that empowers President Trump to impose sanctions on China if Beijing does not provide a "full account" of the Covid-19 pandemic. On May 21, China warns that it will take "retaliatory measures" if the United States implements this threat and that it will respond "at each insult."

WHO a "puppet of China"

A collateral victim of these unprecedented tensions between the two countries, the World Health Organization (WHO) could only measure the extent of the damage on Friday. Donald Trump has carried out his threats to cut ties with the UN agency because of relations deemed too close to Beijing. Appearing in the rose garden of the White House, Donald Trump announced just yesterday, the May 29, that the WHO had not carried out the reforms it had requested at the beginning of the month and that, moreover, the proceeding had been the subject of pressure on behalf of the Chinese authorities so that it induces the world over when the virus was discovered by Chinese authorities.

"China has total control over the World Health Organization, even though it only pays $ 40 million a year compared to what the United States paid, which is about $ 450 million a year . We have detailed the reforms it needs to make and have engaged directly with them, but they have refused to act, ”said Donald Trump. Accusing the WHO of being a “puppet of China”, where the epidemic began at the end of 2019, the President of the United States, Donald Trump, had given him, on May 19, a month to obtain significant results. The American president criticizes the World Health Organization for having ignored reports on the emergence of the virus and for being too lenient with the Chinese authorities in their management of the pandemic. May 29,he "put an end" to relations between the United States and the WHO and cut him off when his country was by far the main contributor to the international organization.

The weapon of Hong Kong

The Cold War, Donald Trump also acted on Friday, May 29, with another gesture of mistrust vis-à-vis Beijing. The President of the United States will thus launch the process of revoking the exemptions granted to Hong Kong, due to the questioning of his special status by the Chinese authorities. "This decision will have an impact on all the agreements that we have with Hong Kong, "said Donald Trump, who described the attacks against autonomy conceded in 1997 by the Chinese authorities as" a tragedy for the people of Hong Kong, for China, and for the whole world ". territory to China by the British Crown.

This autonomy was to extend for half a century. Beijing "did not keep its word",assured the president after the green light given to a national security law by the Chinese Parliament. "China has replaced its promised formula" one country, two systems "with" one country, one system "," he added. Since the start of the pro-democracy protests a year ago, the former British colony has been an issue in the geopolitical battle between China and the United States.

But the pro-Beijing government of Hong Kong warned on Thursday May 28 that "all sanctions are a double-edged sword that will harm not only the interests of Hong Kong but also significantly those of the United States."



Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES

ON THE EDGE OF THE COLD WAR

The Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs denounced, without naming him, the multiple spikes launched by Donald Trump on the management of the health crisis by China. Between the two countries, the tension is only exacerbating.

China and the United States are "on the brink of a new Cold War," Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi warned on Sunday of renewed tensions with Washington over the Covid-19 epidemic. which tarnished the holiday celebrating the end of Ramadan in the Muslim world.

The first patients with the new coronavirus were reported at the end of last year in the Chinese city of Wuhan. It has since spread across the planet contaminating at least 5,300,000 people and killing at least 340,000.

Donald Trump has regularly accused the Chinese authorities in recent weeks of having delayed communicating crucial data on the severity of the virus which he believes could have been halted and of not wanting to shed light on the origin of the virus.

The White House tenant went so far as to raise the possibility of asking Beijing to pay billions of dollars in reparations for the damage caused by the epidemic. Washington is also pressing for the opening of an international investigation.

In response, China said it was "ready" on Sunday for international cooperation. But such cooperation must refrain from "political interference," warned Wang Yi.

"In addition to the devastation caused by the new coronavirus, a political virus is spreading in the United States", regretted in front of the press the chief of Chinese diplomacy, without naming the American president.

"This political virus takes every opportunity to attack and defame China," he lambasted."




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

CHINA HONG KONG PUT ON

WITH ITS NATIONAL SECURITY LAW

The Chinese parliament, in annual session in Beijing since Friday, May 22, 2020, is seized of a "national security" bill for Hong Kong, which will allow Beijing to directly manage pro-democratic disputes.

According to the newspaper South China Morning Post, the text would prohibit secession, foreign interference, terrorism and all seditious activities intended to overthrow central power in the former British colony.

This text comes after a year of violent protest that Beijing wants to stifle by all means in the former British colony.

"This is the end of Hong Kong and the end of the" One country, two systems "principle," said Dennis Kwok. There would be only one country, China, and one system, the one imposed by Beijing.

Hong Kong executive chief Carrie Lam said she was ready to "cooperate fully" with Beijing to enforce this national security law that justifies the intervention of the Chinese parliament in Hong Kong's constitutional affairs ( in violation of the local Constitution) by the violence that occurred last year.

It is not the first time that central authorities have attempted to impose such legislation in Hong Kong. Article 23 of the “Basic Law”, which has served as a Constitution for the semi-autonomous territory for two decades, provides that the region adopts a law prohibiting “treason, secession, sedition (and) subversion” .

However, the clause was never applied. A large part of the Hong Kong population sees it as a threat to their freedoms. The last attempt to implement article 23 in 2003 had failed in the face of monster protests in the streets of Hong Kong.

Pro-democracy political circles in Hong Kong, on the other hand, expressed their indignation and anger at the announcement of this security law.




Joanne Courbet for Daynewsworld

CORONAVIRUS SHADOW AREAS

From Washington to London via Paris. China received a round of harsh criticism on Thursday, questioning its management of the epidemic. Westerners are concerned about Beijing's gray areas on the origin of the coronavirus. Speculation about the possible unnatural origins of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, has been revived.

The Washington Post revealed on Tuesday April 14 that US diplomatic telegrams had alerted in January 2018 about security breaches at the National High-Level Biosafety Laboratory in Wuhan.

This new research center was opened in 2017 to conduct research at the so-called P4 level, i.e. on the most dangerous pathogens. However, American officials from the embassy's environment, science and health sections, who then met the scientists from the Chinese research center, note that the latter "seriously lacks properly trained technicians and investigators to operate safely." this high security laboratory ”.

They called on the United States to provide more assistance to the laboratory, on the grounds, writes the Washington Post, "that research on bat coronavirus is important, but dangerous." Asked Wednesday April 15, 2008 about a Fox News report, reporting growing suspicions within the US administration of an accidental leak in this laboratory, Donald Trump replied:

"We are investigating this horrible thing that happened very thoroughly. »In an interview with the site Pourquoi doctor? , April 16, Professor Luc Montagnier, Nobel Prize winner in Medicine in 2008, explains that he does not believe that the Covid-19 comes from contamination in a wildlife market in Wuhan.

"He is a beautiful legend, it is not possible. The virus is coming out of a Wuhan laboratory, ”he says. "The Wuhan city laboratory has specialized in these coronaviruses since the early 2000s. They have expertise in this area," he says. The professor explains having analyzed "in the smallest details" the sequence with his mathematician colleague Jean-Claude Perrez.

"We were not the first, since a group of Indian researchers tried to publish a study which shows that the complete genome of this coronavirus [has] sequences of another virus, which is HIV, the AIDS virus "He explains.

The researcher says that the Indian research group had to retract after its publication. He asserts that "scientific truth always ends up emerging". According to him, the HIV sequence was inserted into the genome of the coronavirus in an attempt to make an HIV vaccine.

The Washington Post and Fox News cite anonymous sources. The latter express their concern about a potential accidental leak of the virus.

According to the television channel, the "zero patient" at the origin of the epidemic could be an employee of the institute, contaminated, who would then have unintentionally disseminated the pathogen elsewhere in Wuhan.



Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

WHY WASHINGTON CUT FOOD AT WHO ?

The war against the coronavirus made its first collateral victim. As the number of people affected by the Covid-19 epidemic explodes, the World Health Organization (WHO) and its director general, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, are under fire from critics. Accused of being acquired in Beijing, the organization would have aligned itself with Chinese theories and would have delayed sounding the alarm about the dangerousness of the virus.

On social networks, the diverted images of a Doctor Tedros blindfolded by a Chinese flag or kept on a leash by President Xi Jinping have been widely shared.

Additional blow of the club, in a Tweet published on April 7, the American president, Donald Trump, accuses the organization of having been "completely planted". By reluctant to admit cases of human-to-human contamination, the WHO is said to have contributed to making Covid-19 a global pandemic, approaching 2 million confirmed cases and causing more than 110,000 deaths, including more than 22,000 in the United States.

Donald Trump, a great contemptor of multilateral organizations, did not need more to end the financial participation of the United States in the organization. The American President indeed announced, Tuesday April 14, 2020, in reprisal, in the rose garden of the White House, the freezing of American financing. "Today, I am ordering the suspension of funding for the World Health Organization while a study is conducted to examine its role in mismanaging and concealing the spread of coronavirus," said Donald Trump since the White House gardens.

Washington first WHO donor

The blow is heavy because the Americans are the biggest contributors to the WHO budget, both in terms of their quota and additional payments for specific projects. This contribution represented 17% of the budget of the World Health Organization in 2017, i.e. 400 to 500 million per year.

The freeze, assured Donald Trump, will remain in effect until the conclusion of "a study to examine the role of WHO in the mismanagement and concealment of the spread of the coronavirus". The "very thorough" study commissioned by Donald Trump could thus last between 60 and 90 days.

WHO accused of being complacent with China.

It is a trial in incompetence that "Potus" is doing at the WHO. "The world has received lots of false information about transmission and mortality" from the Covid-19, he launched in a long and violent indictment. Donald Trump criticized the WHO for aligning itself with China's positions, which the White House accuses of having initially concealed the gravity of the virus when it first appeared there in December. Which, the Republican president argued, prevented the epidemic from being contained "at its source with very few deaths".

The UN agency and its Ethiopian boss, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, elected in 2017 with the support of Beijing, are also accused by the Americans of having complacently validated official Chinese figures relativizing the scale of the epidemic. Figures and balance sheets that have since been openly questioned.

The President also pointed out that the United States contributes 400 to 500 million dollars a year to the organization, against about 40 million dollars "and even less" for China. He felt that his country had the "duty" to demand accountability.

Donald Trump was particularly annoyed by WHO critics of his decision in late January to ban travelers from China from entering the United States, a measure including the White House tenant is still proud, assuring that it has slowed the arrival of the virus. "If WHO had done its work and sent medical experts to China to objectively study the situation on the ground, the epidemic could have been contained at its source with very few deaths," said the president, implicating complacency of the organisation's management vis-à-vis the Chinese authorities.

The wrath of Donald Trump against the WHO is not unfounded according to several experts, including François Godement, adviser for Asia at the Montaigne Institute, or the sinologist Marie Holzman. "We can ask questions about the functioning of the WHO within which China exercises a very strong power since the passage at its head of Margaret Chan", she underlines in the daily Liberation, with reference to the Chinese doctor who chaired the agency between 2006 and 2017.

"Haro on the Director of WHO"

The fire was already smoldering in the words of several republican hawks. Some, like senators Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, even claim the head of the director general of the Geneva-based organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, whose Trump Trumpet circles emphasize that he was a member of the Ethiopian Communist Party. Which makes them, in their eyes, an indisputable ally of Beijing.

The tenant of the White House however refused to demand the resignation of the director general of the WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, demanded in the United States by certain elected republican.

Trump administration under fire

But the American president also faces violent criticism in his country, which has become the epicenter of the pandemic, concerning the belated recognition of the danger posed by the Covid-19. He is accused of not having taken into account the notes of the intelligence agencies, as well as the recommendations of his Minister of Health in the month of January.

More than 26,000 deaths in the United States

The United States indeed recorded a dark record Tuesday with more than 2,200 additional deaths from the virus in twenty-four hours, the heaviest daily toll recorded by a country, according to the count of Johns-Hopkins University. This brings the American death toll to 25,757 dead in total over more than 600,000 contaminations.

In the midst of the American presidential campaign and by sanctioning the WHO, Donald Trump plays on traditional criticisms of the Republican Party.

For their part, "the Democrats accuse Trump of having failed on the Covid crisis. Trump, on the other hand, is trying to blame Dr. Tedros, "according to analysis by Richard Gowan of the International Crisis Group.

"WHO must be supported"

The UN secretary general immediately condemned, saying that this was "not the time to cut funding for WHO operations," which "must be supported because it is absolutely essential to the efforts of the world." to win the war against the Covid-19 ". There will always be time to study afterwards" how did all those who were involved in the crisis, "said Antonio Guterres in a statement.

The secretary general of the United Nations also indicated that "the moment must now be united for the international community, in order to work together in solidarity to stop this virus and its devastating consequences".

Furthermore, paradoxically, “The United States shoots itself in the foot because other countries will fill the void. In a global health crisis and a pandemic, the United States will lose its voice, ”predicted Lawrence Gostin, director of the WHO Center for Public Health and Human Rights.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS A UNIQUE EASTER SUNDAY

Since its appearance in China, the Covid-19 epidemic has killed at least 107,064 people worldwide, including more than 20,000 in the United States. At the start of this Easter weekend, hundreds of millions of Christians, confined to their homes like half of humanity, began unprecedented celebrations, without worshipers, in particular on the immense Saint Peter's Square in Rome, usually black with people.

For the most important feast of the Christian tradition, the commemoration of the resurrection of Christ, according to the Christian religion, it is on screen that the faithful will follow the Easter masses of a confined Pope Francis.

In Jerusalem, for the first time in more than a century, the Holy Sepulcher where Christ was buried, according to Christian tradition, is closed to the public throughout the weekend.

"Lord, do not leave us in the darkness and in the shadow of death, protect us from the shield of your power", murmured the pope, during the traditional rite of the "Way of the Cross" broadcast in Mondovision from a place Saint-Pierre empty Friday evening.

Sign of hope in this sacred week, the bishop of Cremona in Italy, cured of the coronavirus, spent Good Friday with those who treated him, outside this hospital.

The country most affected: the United States

Since its appearance in China in December, the Covid-19 epidemic has killed at least 107,064 people worldwide. If the epidemic is now globally contained in China, the country announced on Sunday 97 new "imported cases" of contamination the new coronavirus, that is to say due to people arriving from abroad, a level never reached since the beginning of March and the publication of this count. Faced with this phenomenon, China closed its borders at the end of March to almost all foreigners.

The new imported cases are therefore mainly the result of Chinese returning home. The health authorities of Shanghai reported Sunday the arrival by the same flight from Russia of 51 infected people, all Chinese.

Besides the United States, the results of the pandemic have worsened in France (more than 13,000 dead) and in the United Kingdom, where a thousand people died in one day. The number of deaths caused by the covid-19 pandemic also tripled in eight days in Belgium with 3,019 deaths recorded. Brazil surpassed 1,000 deaths on Friday. The timid downward trend in hospital pressure in several countries, however, shows that confinement is starting to pay off. And Spain (nearly 16,000 dead in total) announced Friday its lowest number of daily deaths since March 24, with 605 deaths.

" Deadly resurgence "

No question of lowering the guard. The British government has urged respect for containment despite a sunny weekend.

Containment has been extended in Ireland and Italy until early May. And Turkey, which also deplores a thousand dead, confined 31 cities throughout the weekend.

As some European countries prepare for the end of containment, in the wake of China, the World Health Organization (WHO) has stressed that too rapid lifting of restrictions "could lead to a deadly resurgence" of the pandemic .

Experts also warn. "The worst scenario would be a kind of victory party with everyone on the street kissing and congratulating themselves," warns David Lalloo, director of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.

To minimize the risks of post-containment, the German government is preparing to launch a mobile application, inspired by Singapore, to facilitate the individual monitoring of cases and the identification of contamination chains, while the exploitation of data from smartphones arouses a lively debate.

While humans are confined, animals continue to enjoy them. After dolphins in the canals of Venice or ducks in the streets of Paris, whales have reappeared off Marseille, along the French coasts of the Mediterranean.

For American astronaut Jessica Meir, who will find an earth upset next week after seven months aboard the International Space Station (ISS), "it's pretty surreal to see what is happening on the planet below us".

"I'm afraid of feeling more isolated on Earth than here".......




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

BACKTRACKING VIA THE SMARTPHONE OR THE ABANDONMENT OF PRIVACY ?

The use of a citizen tracking application using smartphones is being studied closely by the government. However, this technology raises questions related to the protection of personal data.

For the Minister of the Interior, there is no doubt:

if an application helps to fight against the Covid-19 pandemic in France by signaling to smartphone owners that they have been near a patient, it must be used.

Christophe Castaner said that "all available intelligence is necessary and will be used".

"Tracking is part of the solutions that have been adopted by a number of countries so we have chosen to work in conjunction with them to look at these solutions," he added.

I am convinced that if they make it possible to fight against the virus and if, obviously, they respect our individual freedoms, it is a tool that will be retained and supported by all French people. ", Sunday April 5, 2020.

Telephone operators have the ability to track each user. And in order to fight against the spread of the coronavirus, such a tracking application would allow citizens to be informed if they have been, during their travels, near a patient of Covid-19, in order to be test in stride.

Several countries, such as China, Taiwan and South Korea, collect GPS information from their citizens' phones to locate infected people and enforce containment measures.

This effective practice is problematic, however: such data collection is prohibited within the European Union due to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a text that governs the processing of personal data.

The use of a citizen tracking application using smartphones is being studied closely by the government. However, this technology raises questions related to the protection of personal data.

For the Minister of the Interior, there is no doubt:

if an application helps to fight against the Covid-19 pandemic in France by signaling to smartphone owners that they have been near a patient, it must be used.

Christophe Castaner said that "all available intelligence is necessary and will be used".

Tracking or tracing

"Tracking is part of the solutions that have been adopted by a number of countries so we have chosen to work in conjunction with them to look at these solutions," he added.

I am convinced that if they make it possible to fight against the virus and if, obviously, they respect our individual freedoms, it is a tool that will be retained and supported by all French people. ", Sunday April 5, 2020.

Telephone operators have the ability to track each user. And in order to fight against the spread of the coronavirus, such a tracking application would allow citizens to be informed if they have been, during their travels, near a patient of Covid-19, in order to be test in stride.

Several countries, such as China, Taiwan and South Korea, collect GPS information from their citizens' phones to locate infected people and enforce containment measures.

This effective practice is problematic, however: such data collection is prohibited within the European Union due to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a text that governs the processing of personal data.

The Singapore city-state model

France favors another technology. Besides geolocation via 4G terminals or via GPS, Bluetooth, which is used to connect your phone to headphones for example, countries more concerned with individual freedoms can use another technology that does not reveal your location.

This is the process used by the Singapore government for its TraceTogether application from March 20, 2020.

Phones equipped with the application connect to each other within a radius of a few meters, allowing the application to identify possible patients nearby, then send an alert if necessary. Each telephone also keeps in memory the list of crossed telephones for twenty-one days. Thus, when a user becomes ill and enters their health status in the application, an alert is then sent to all of the registered users to encourage them to be tested. This application has been offered in open source and made available to States wishing to share it with their fellow citizens.

Singapore is now being emulated. France and several other European countries seem convinced that this tool could allow them to stop the pandemic. A European project, called Pan-European Privacy Preserving Proximity Tracing (PEPP-PT) has been set up.

However, if this can feed the reflection, far from technology, the city state which had only few cases until then, and was until now a "dissident" of containment, has finally announced ... a containment on Friday April 3.

And what about public freedoms ?

You should also know that in France the epidemiologists are already at work: a contact tracing mission would have been entrusted to the doctors of Public Health France to contain the epidemic of Covid-19 coronavirus! To date, a dozen epidemiologists are said to be investigating at the headquarters of the Agence Santé Publique France in Saint-Maurice (Val-de-Marne) and each case positive for Covid-19 coronavirus in France would trigger an investigation launched to find who has contaminated this patient. !

You should also know that "the eternal" In all transparency "did not prevent the executive from claiming at first the absolute uselessness of wearing a mask rather than recognizing a blatant lack of equipment requiring the strictest rationing , before arriving at "In all transparency" a discourse to say the least distant from the initial peremptory assertions " !, as the researcher Yannick Chatelain rightly recalls in Contrepoint.

"In terms of public freedoms, what is put in place temporarily can sometimes have a temporality with the appearance of" Temporality-Perennial ". I want to prove this by solutions for mass technological surveillance - which is highly offensive to public freedoms and private life - deployed under the intelligence law. "reminds us of Yannick Chatelain.

Vigilance therefore remains rigorous and topical with regard to the tracking methodology, in the service of health risk management, any collection of data that could pose a problem as regards respect for individual freedoms.



Sandra Stac for DayNewsWorld

A HORRIBLE PERIOD FOR THE UNITED STATES

The United States is preparing for a horrible time.

US President Donald Trump warned on Saturday evening that the United States would be entering "a horrible period" with "many deaths."

Americans hit hard by coronavirus pandemic that killed more than 63,000 people worldwide, preparing for the worst, Donald Trump said on Saturday April 4 that the country was entering "a period that will be truly horrible ", With" very bad numbers ".

"This will probably be the hardest week," said the American president during a briefing in the White House, when the number of confirmed cases of contamination on the American territory already exceeds 300,000 and there are already have had more than 8,000 deaths.

"There are going to be a lot of deaths," he added, announcing the dispatch of thousands of additional soldiers to the most affected states, including a thousand in New York.

According to American specialist Anthony Fauci, adviser to Donald Trump and member of the White House crisis cell, there is little doubt that the new coronavirus is transmitted by air when "people are just talking, rather than talking only when they sneeze or cough ”.

White House scientific experts expect the disease to kill between 100,000 and 240,000 Americans, even if containment orders are followed.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

FOR THE MANDATORY PORT MASK FOR ALL

I need not generalize the wearing of the mask to the whole population?

This assertion of the French government has just been denied by the Academy of Medicine. This Friday the Academy of Medicine indeed recommends the compulsory wearing of the mask for all, including for models less perfected than that of the caregivers. The mask should even be made compulsory for outings during the confinement period and when it is lifted, she says.

“It has been established that people in the incubation period or in a state of asymptomatic carriage excrete the virus and maintain the transmission of the infection. In France, in this context, the general wearing of a mask by the population would constitute a logical addition to the barrier measures currently in force, ”estimates the Academy. According to the director general of the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, George Gao.

"Many affected individuals are asymptomatic, or do not yet show symptoms: with a mask, you can prevent droplets carrying the virus from escaping and infecting others," he argues in an article in the Science magazine cited by Le Monde

However, in a situation of “mask shortage” as currently in France, the priority of allocation of surgical masks or FFP2, more protective, must go to professionals and health structures, underlines the Academy. Who "recommends that the wearing of a general public mask, also known as an alternative mask, be made compulsory for the necessary outings during the confinement period".

But failing to have masks available to the population "the National Academy of Medicine recommends that the practical indications for the manufacture of such a mask be widely brought to the attention of the population", she continues, referring to online tutorials, such as that of the French Society of Sterilization Sciences. The Academy also considers that during the future lifting of the containment of the population, "the compulsory wearing of a mask [...] should be maintained", in the context of "maintaining the barrier measures currently recommended until the control of the circulation of the virus evidenced by the absence of new cases declared during a period of 14 days.

Roll on the masks  !!!




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

THE RESPONSIBILITY OF GOVERNORS

IN THE HEALTH CRISIS

At a time when the epidemic is affecting the whole world, discontent is mounting against states accused of mismanaging the crisis. Complaints are starting to be made.

Many researchers knew of the inevitable epidemic, as evidenced by the creation last year of the Lancet Infectious Diseases Commission on Preparedness for Emerging Epidemic Threats.

Confinement too late, lack of tests, minimization of the seriousness of the pandemic: the discontent rises against governments accused of not having sufficiently protected their populations, at a time when the coronavirus now affects almost the whole world.

"People who could be saved are dying because they cannot be admitted to intensive care," says Sara Chinchilla, a doctor in a Madrid hospital. "There is not enough money, not enough tests, not enough protective equipment (...) everyone in the hospital is enormously exposed" denounces Andrew, a psychiatric intern in New- York.

On both sides of the Atlantic, the influx of sick people in hospitals with insufficient space and the shortage of protective equipment are at the heart of criticism in countries where the deaths from the coronavirus number in the thousands.

Pinned upstream management

The management of the authorities upstream of the epidemic is pinned: in Spain for having authorized very late large gatherings, in France for its shortage of masks, in the United Kingdom for the very late awareness of Prime Minister Boris Johnson, recently tested positive who "shook everyone's hand" in hospitals in early March.

As of March 6, the International Journal of Medicine (JIM) wondered in a forum about "suspicions of unpreparedness" which "are increasing" in France. At that time when only two deaths were recorded in the country, the article already pointed to "worrying" situations of shortage of FFP2 masks evoking the "denial" of the authorities. Four weeks later, an airlift has just been put in place to import a billion masks, mainly from China. "The time will come for responsibility, this time will come, it is legitimate and democratic", had to recognize French President Emmanuel Macron, calling on everyone to show "humility".

Prosecutions

At the end of this crisis, the threat of a sanction of the governors in the ballot boxes could thus become reality. Starting with the United States, which is due to elect its president at the end of the year. "It is too early to draw conclusions, but this crisis could cause more harm than good for Trump. Its management was slow and clumsy, "said Charles Kupchan, who teaches international affairs at Georgetown University in Washington. Difficulties that could also be experienced by his Brazilian ally Jair Bolsonaro, who speaks of "psychosis" and outrightly rejects the doctrine of containment. A risky strategy in terms of health that worries a part of Brazil where the word "dismissal" is spoken by parliamentarians from the opposition or from the center.

But beyond the political fate of the rulers, the question of legal proceedings is also beginning to emerge. In France complaints have been made against members of the government for manslaughter. "The multiplication of appeals is a sign that citizens remain vigilant," points out constitutionalist Dominique Rousseau, even if the chances of succeeding in these procedures remain slim, according to several magistrates.

Democracy

One question fuels the debate: was it possible to take drastic measures of containment earlier ?

A delicate mission in a democracy without the support of a large part of the population.

"If opinion is not convinced by gravity, if the scientific corpus is relatively divided, it is difficult for you as a political decision maker to create a consensus", underlines Carine Milcent, researcher and specialist in health systems. "The figures that were announced by China at the start were not scary and many people wondered at the time why we were doing so," she recalls.

Voices are also raised in China to denounce the total lack of transparency of the authorities on the actual assessment of this epidemic, raising fears of a figure much higher than the 3300 deaths announced.

"The lack of information at the beginning of the spread of the virus by China had even more impact than the underestimation of the balance sheet," says Charles Kupchan.

“Governments on both sides of the Atlantic have taken a long time to relax. But if China had sounded the alarm earlier, these countries could have had a better response and been better prepared, "he said.

And even in the countries cited as an example, such as South Korea which was able to curb the epidemic at the cost of liberticidal measures such as the digital tracing of the contaminated, the method is not easily transposable.

“Western democracies did not want to take these measures because they are extremely invasive. It is a level of state surveillance with which they are not comfortable, ”concludes Jeremy Shapiro, expert at the European Council on Foreign Relation.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE WORLD IS LIVING ITS WORST CRISIS SINCE 1945

According to a report this Wednesday, the Covid-19 killed 30,000 people in Europe and the United States risks becoming the new epicenter of the pandemic. The new coronavirus has killed more than 42,000 people around the world, three-quarters of them in Europe, and the pandemic, described by the UN as the worst crisis humanity has faced since 1945, is now threatening to overwhelm the United States.

Second country in the world most grieving by the pandemic, Spain announced Wednesday to have recorded a new daily record of 864 dead in 24 hours, passing the mark of 9000 dead.

Two months after the detection of a first case of contamination in the country, Spain still fears that the intensive care units which are already working at the limit of their capacities will be submerged.

Since the pandemic began in December in China, more than 830,000 cases have been officially declared worldwide, more than half of them in Europe, 186,000 in the United States and more than 108,000 in Asia. To curb the spread of the pandemic, more than 3.75 billion people, or 48% of the world's population, are called or forced by their authorities to stay at home.

Containment gradually lifted

In China, while confinement is gradually being lifted in Wuhan, the cradle of the pandemic, the first steps in the open air of the inhabitants are devoted to depositing on the stone tombs the urns containing the ashes of their loved ones.

"Silent massacre"

Elsewhere, we are feverishly watching for the peak in the mortality rate, heralding a decline and a reduction in congestion in the intensive care unit. In Italy, the country with the highest number of deaths (more than 12,400 in just over a month), confinement begins to produce "encouraging" results after three weeks.

But the peninsula still counted 837 new deaths in 24 hours, and Italian doctors are now worried about convalescents, who leave the hospital as soon as their life is no longer threatened, even if they are still contagious.

Some are sent to centers, which take in elderly people. In spite of the strict protective measures decreed, doctors speak of “a silent massacre” in these structures.

"In a war like this, we cannot allow ourselves to be exposed to the appearance of new centers of contagion which risk transforming these convalescent centers into viral bombs which spread the virus", warns Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi , president of the Italian Geriatrics Society.

240,000 deaths expected in the United States

Nearly 500 patients have also died of coronavirus in French hospitals in the past 24 hours, a new record increase since the start of the epidemic, which brings the total toll to 3,523 deaths. Iran surpassed him on Wednesday the 3000 death mark. But it is the United States, where nearly three-quarters of Americans now live confined, who risk becoming the new epicenter of the pandemic. President Donald Trump has asked his fellow citizens to prepare, like Europe, for "very, very painful" weeks.

A total of 4076 deaths were recorded Wednesday, a figure doubled in three days, announced the American University Johns Hopkins, whose assessments are authoritative. Over 40% of these deaths have been recorded in New York State.

The White House presented its projections: according to it, the disease should make between 100,000 and 240,000 deaths in the United States with current restrictions, against 1.5 to 2.2 million without any measure.

Severity of the situation

One proof among others of the seriousness of the situation: the commander of an American nuclear-weapon carrier infested by the coronavirus met with refusal from the Pentagon when he asked for authorization to evacuate his crew, trapped on the island of Guam, in the Pacific.

"Unprecedented recession"

Russia announced on Wednesday that it had sent a plane loaded with humanitarian aid to the United States.

For the head of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, to note that the Earth was experiencing its "worst global crisis since the UN was founded" 75 years ago. It is, he said, "the combination of a disease threatening to everyone and an economic impact leading to an unprecedented recession in the recent past."

There is now a risk of a "food shortage" on the world market due to the disruptions linked to Covid-19 in international trade and food supply chains, warned agencies dependent on the UN and the WTO.




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD

 IN CONTAINMENT MODE

A quarantine of countries are concerned by measures of containment even if sometimes the word was not spoken by cowardice.

The Kingdom has evoked a "voluntary confinement" but the army patrols the streets to call to order the citizens who are still walking. A situation that reminds of that of France, where President Emmanuel Macron asked his fellow citizens to stay at home, while never making sure to never say the word "confinement".

Like France and Morocco, around thirty countries have asked their inhabitants not to leave their homes: Italy, Spain, China ...

In South America (Venezuela, Peru) and also in the Middle East (Lebanon, Israel), States are also implementing more or less similar measures.

Some have "only" restricted the movement of their fellow citizens, for example by closing schools like in Niger for example, shops like in Switzerland or places of worship, in Algeria for example.

Some of these countries, like Portugal or Germany, could also announce more stringent measures in the hours or days to come.

In some states, initiatives have been taken at the local level without being followed up in the rest of the country.

This is for example the case in New York, in the United States, which experiences confinement with closed schools, public places and shops.

Currently, at least 227,000 people have been infected with the coronavirus worldwide, according to a report by the American Johns Hopkins University.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

SOME NOTES OF HOPE

ON CORONAVIRUS BACKGROUND

The February 10, US President Donald Trump said that "by April, or during the month of April, heat in general kills this kind of virus [Covid-19]".

Monday March 16, force was for the American president to declare that the epidemic would last until "July, August, or something like that". Despite this mess of communication, the President of the United States preferred, it seems, to favor optimism. Isn't influenza, for example, a seasonal phenomenon, the arrival of spring leading to a significant drop in the number of cases?

Doesn't Covid-19 seem to be spreading more slowly in countries of the southern hemisphere, like in Africa?

A 48% drop in Covid-19 contagion by summer?

But, can we compare the flu and the coronavirus Covid-19?

The mode of transmission (by microdroplets) is in any case identical. However, when it is hot, these droplets tend to evaporate more quickly, which limits transmission. A study by the Chinese university of Beihang published on March 3, 2020 on the scientific site SSRN modeled the contacts between the patients of the big Chinese cities crossed with meteorological data.

She concluded that "high temperature and high relative humidity significantly reduce the transmission of COVID-19". Researchers estimate that the reproduction rate should drop by 48% between March and July. The heat would only slow the progression of the virus.

China would have "practically contained" the coronavirus

Chinese President Xi Jinping said on March 10 that the country had "practically contained" the virus.

As proof: on March 10, only one case of local Covid-19 was reported in Wuhan, the focus of the epidemic. 20 new cases were also identified, but all were imported by people who entered China.

The Covid-19 pandemic, caused by the Sars-Cov-2 virus, started in Wuhan (Hubei province of China) in December. The number of people affected in this country - 81,130 officially registered cases - is beginning to stabilize, suggesting a ebb of the epidemic in this region of the world. The containment measures implemented in the country have proved effective.

Rapidly identified virus, search for a vaccine ...

The first patients affected by the coronavirus were identified in late December 2019 in China. On January 7, 2020, the virus was identified, and three days later, its genome was sequenced, which made it possible to quickly begin research to find a treatment. As of January 13, 2020, a test to detect the virus was also made available.

The international scientific community is looking for a vaccine or a drug against Covid-19 and several clinical trials are underway around the world.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS AND STATE OF EMERGENCY

IN THE UNITED STATES

A casual accused of Donald Trump on Friday, March 13, 2020, showed great firmness. As travel restrictions from Europe to the United States took effect on Saturday March 14, Donald Trump declared a state of emergency.

"To unleash the full power of the federal government's resources, I officially declare a national emergency," he said at a press conference from the White House rose garden.

This announcement in fact unleashes "the full power of the federal government's resources to fight the coronavirus crisis", as he explained himself at a press conference.

State of emergency: $ 50 billion available

This device will allow the federal state to release up to $ 50 billion to fight against the coronavirus, which has infected nearly 2,000 people and caused 43 deaths in the United States.

These funds should be used to finance screening tests, medical equipment and temporary care facilities.

The president called on the American states to "immediately set up emergency centers", and on the hospitals to activate their emergency preparedness plans "to meet the needs of the Americans".

The "Stafford Act": "Up to $ 50 billion" in aid to states and local communities

Donald Trump also activated Friday a 1988 law, the "Stafford Act", which allows the US Agency for Emergency Management (FEMA) to help states and local communities in the event of a "disaster". Fema had more than $ 42 billion in federal funds at the end of February, but the President has spoken of funds of up to $ 50 billion. In a letter, Democrats elected to Congress asked him on Wednesday to activate this device to finance up to 75% of screening tests, medical equipment, temporary care structures ... for states to pay the 25% remaining

In terms of public health, Donald Trump urged every state and every hospital to immediately create emergency operations centers to help the entire population. By also using another law passed in 1976, the “National Emergencies Act” , Donald Trump extended the powers of the Minister of Health so that he relaxed the regulatory framework to give “maximum flexibility” to hospitals (on the number of beds, length of stay, etc.) and improve patient coverage. A battery of measures which is added to the travel restrictions, which affect the 26 European countries.

150 million people infected ?

Authorities expect an explosion in the number of cases as soon as the tests become widely available: projections transmitted to the Senate speak of 70 to 150 million Americans who could be infected, in a country of nearly 330 million inhabitants .At Trump's side, a group of business leaders, giant retailers Walmart or Target to Walgreens or CVS pharmacy chains, have succeeded each other at the desk to remind them of their "commitment" to help the country cope with crisis.

The CEO of Walmart, for example, has announced that it will make “portions” of its parking lots available to set up screening centers. "An extraordinary public-private partnership," said Vice President Mike Pence. Celebrating their "genius", the American president even shook the hands of half a dozen of these leaders ... against all odds. And after at least two people who were with him on Saturday at his home in Maralago have tested positive, the president announces that he would probably be tested "soon".

Social measures

The American House of Representatives also approved a package of measures aimed at mitigating the impact of the coronavirus on the country's economy on Saturday, by a large majority.

The lack of universal health coverage weakens the United States against the virus. With knives drawn in the middle of the presidential campaign, Republicans and Democrats finally managed to come to an agreement, as President Donald Trump had encouraged them to do. Adopted by 363 votes to 40 by the House of Representatives, controlled by the Democrats, the text must now be examined by the Senate, with a Republican majority, then be signed by Donald Trump to enter into force.

According to Ms. Pelosi, the text provides "free screening for anyone who needs to be tested, including those who do not have insurance", as well as an "emergency" sick leave, with "two weeks leave and up to three months of family or medical leave ”.

The bill also provides easier access to unemployment insurance and food stamps, especially for children deprived of school to prevent the spread, and frees federal funds to finance the "Medicaid" program, covering the health of the lowest income Americans.

The support plan was announced on Monday by Donald Trump, who made the economy one of his main campaign arguments.

Economic support and strategic oil reserves

Friday, the American secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin had assured that the administration intended to help in priority to the small and medium-sized enterprises which are most vulnerable because of the very strong slowdown of the activity.

He also promised federal aid for student loans, which were a heavy burden for American workers in their early career years. In addition, the strategic oil reserves of the United States will be increased to their maximum. The president said he had "asked the energy secretary to buy large quantities of crude oil for storage in the United States at very low prices".

Steven Mnuchin nevertheless wanted to reassure, saying that the coronavirus posed a “short-term” economic problem and that the situation is this time very different from “the financial crisis (of 2008, note) which we did not know when it would end” .

"But we will overcome that and the economy will then be stronger than ever", he had anticipated, "the economy and the markets will be stronger, later in the year".




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS ALSO ATTACKS YOUNG PEOPLE

IN SERIOUS FORMS

According to some doctors, the epidemic is more serious than expected so that concern has grown in the hospital world. Some doctors say today that the coronavirus epidemic which France and a good part of the world are facing is "more serious than expected". A more contagious and deadly virus than expected.

Contrary to the initial assumption, which consisted in saying that the elderly were the most vulnerable to Covid-19, healthy thirties and forties are also affected.

Is coronavirus more dangerous than we thought ?

Doctors warn of the danger of Covid-19, including in young populations

Up until now, fears have focused mainly on the elderly or those already suffering from chronic diseases and respiratory disorders, to whom Emmanuel Macron asked Thursday evening "to stay as much as possible in their home".

Young people affected !

But in reality, even thirties and forties without pathology before are likely to experience severe symptoms if infected. Patients without high comorbidity present with severe forms of infection (reactive, inflammatory forms). The rapid spread of the virus logically leads to an increase in the number of people to be placed in intensive care.

"We must prepare for a second wave that will affect, a little later, younger people, a priori less exposed to the disease, but that will also need to be treated," said the head of state Thursday, March 12 2020 in his televised address. On February 10, the Director General of Health, Jérôme Salomon pointed out that the Covid-19 is not "a gripette". "It can give serious forms on people not that old," he explained during a press point.

According to a study by the Chinese Center for Disease Prevention, the death rate from the virus among people over 80 is 14.8% and 0.2% among patients 30 to 39 years old.

The circle of patients has greatly expanded to the point that doctors consider the need to quarantine the whole of France inevitable.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

MARCH 8 WOMEN'S DAY WORLDWIDE

In the background of coronaviruses, many women around the world have beaten the pavement to have their rights respected. From Pakistan to Belgium via Central Asia, thousands of women and men demonstrated on Sunday on International Women's Rights Day. However, many rallies have been canceled due to the coronavirus epidemic.

In Turkey, however, for the second year in a row, the government had banned all rallies for International Women's Rights Day. Several hundred of them who wanted to demonstrate were dispersed by the police with tear gas.

"Long live the feminist struggle" could be read on the sign of a demonstrator. In Italy, a country paralyzed by the coronavirus epidemic, President Sergio Mattarella in a video message "paid tribute to the women, and there are many of them, who work in hospitals .. in the" red zones "(in quarantine) to fight the spread of the virus. "

In Pakistan, a thousand women defied Pakistan's ultra-patriarchal society in Islamabad in several cities, shouting "Give me what is mine" and "We want freedom".

In a society dominated by men and where women are still shot, stabbed, strangled, stoned or burned for “spoiling the honor” of their family, the rare demonstrations in favor of women's rights are generally not welcomed. .

Conservatives in Islamabad threw sticks and stones at demonstrators, injuring some and forcing others to take shelter until police intervened. "Considered the property of men."

Demonstrations demanding more rights for women have also taken place in other cities in Pakistan. There were also a thousand in Karachi, and several hundred in Lahore, demanding "Give me what is mine" and "We want freedom".

On Twitter, the day was dominated by both the hashtags "Happy Women's Day 2020" and "MyStarMyChoice".

In neighboring Afghanistan, only a handful of women took to the streets to demonstrate.

In Sudan, women had been at the forefront of the protests that led to the fall of Omar el-Bashir. Eleven months later, dozens of Sudanese activists expressed their disappointment before the Ministry of Justice in Khartoum.

In Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz police arrested dozens of female demonstrators - officially to protect them - after masked men attacked them. The assailants tore down their signs and threw eggs at them before fleeing.

In France, in Paris, feminist activists displayed a banner at the foot of the Pantheon, proclaiming "To women, the grateful matrie". Other demonstrators had disguised themselves (work blue and red scarf) as "Rosie the riveter", "icon of all the invisible workers".

At 3:40 p.m. - the theoretical time when women stop being paid given the gender pay gap - they threw off their household gloves, a way of protesting against inequalities in wages and the distribution of household tasks. Forty activists from the feminist feminist movement led a flash action Sunday, March 8, 2020, place de la Concorde in Paris. , and placards and smoke bombs in hand, they denounced the “patriarchal pandemic” in force according to them in the world.

In Spain, a purple tide in Madrid, but less massive than in 2019 due to fears linked to the coronavirus: around 350,000 women took to the streets of the capital to defend their rights. Tens of thousands have also mobilized in major cities across the country.

And rather than being afraid of the new coronavirus, many demonstrators have recovered and diverted the global epidemic with other slogans such as "We are tired of satisfying the machismovirus".

"Patriarcavirus", could also be read on the health mask of a demonstrator, while the hashtag #patriarcavirus "went viral on Twitter after its dissemination by a feminist collective in Madrid this week.

In Chile “A rapist on your way”, the performance of the Chilean collective LasTesis, which has become a world anthem against violence against women, was the big star of the parade in Santiago, which gathered between 125,000 and 500,000 demonstrators, according to the figures police and organizers.

The procession over 4 km stopped several times so that the demonstrators could resume the sung choreography which denounces the failings of the institutions in the fight against male chauvinist violence.




Kate White for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS EMERGENCY MEASURES AROUND

 THE WORLDAND QUARANTINE IN ITALY 

Over 15 million people in quarantine

The country most affected by the coronavirus in Europe has taken drastic measures, similar to those taken in China, against the virus.

Unprecedented measure in Europe, more than fifteen million inhabitants of northern Italy were placed in quarantine on Sunday to stem the epidemic of coronavirus which spreads there. It affects more than 100,000 people worldwide.

The entries and exits of a vast area in the north of Italy, going from Milan, economic capital of the country, to Venice, mecca of world tourism, are now strictly limited, according to a decree published on the government website.

This draconian measure, taken in the European country hardest hit by the epidemic, is similar to that implemented in the Chinese province of Hubei where the epidemic started in December (56 million inhabitants in quarantine).

In the Lombardy region and in fourteen Italian provinces, all cultural, sporting or religious events are prohibited, and discos, cinemas, cinemas, theaters, pubs, dance schools and other similar places must also close until April 3, according to the decree

Another symbolic measure: Pope Francis will do his Sunday prayer on video, not in public, the Vatican said.

First dead in Latin America

The accelerated spread of the virus is considered "very worrying" by the World Health Organization (WHO): in total, 94 countries are now affected by Covid-19, which has killed more than 3,500 people worldwide.

Latin America deplores his first death, a 64-year-old man who died in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The island of Malta and Paraguay have announced the first contamination. The Maldives archipelago has detected its first two cases among the staff of a luxury hotel on an island 150 km from the capital Male, and Bulgaria has also identified two first cases.

In Italy, more than 1247 cases have been recorded in the last 24 hours as well as 36 new deaths, bringing the death toll to 233. The Italian government has decided to send 20,000 people as reinforcements to its hospitals, which will allow increase the number of intensive care beds from 5,000 to 7,500.

Emergency state

Fifth most affected country, France has sixteen dead and 949 cases. China announced 27 new deaths on Sunday, bringing the total death toll to 3,097 in the country.

With more than 7000 cases, South Korea is the most affected country outside of China. This is followed by Iran, where 21 new deaths and 1,076 infections have been recorded in the past 24 hours, bringing the total to 145 deaths and 5,823 cases of contamination.

In the United States, the virus was detected on 21 people aboard the Grand Princess, a cruise ship maintained off the coast of California after the discovery of symptoms in several of its 3,533 passengers and crew members, according to the vice- US President Mike Pence.

Two people also died of coronavirus in Florida, the first American victims outside the West Coast. On the East Coast, New York State has declared a state of emergency to speed up the fight against the disease.

In China, the collapse of a hotel requisitioned as a quarantine site against the coronavirus in the east of the country has killed at least four people, according to the authorities.

Concerns about the economic impact of the epidemic in China, where activity remains largely paralyzed, were heightened on Saturday by the announcement of a 17.2% collapse over one year in the country's exports in January and in February. What fuels concerns about global growth, of which the Asian giant is a crucial engine.

Canceled events

Reflection of the authorities' concern, sporting events and rallies continue to be canceled or postponed: the Barcelona marathon scheduled for March 15 will finally be held October 25. Hungary has canceled the celebration of the national holiday on March 15 in Budapest. In Canada, the Women's World Ice Hockey Championships, scheduled to take place from March 31 to April 10, have been canceled.

In Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, Ryad decided to reopen the esplanade surrounding the Kaaba, the holiest place in Islam, located in the heart of the Great Mosque in Mecca. In addition, thirteen countries have closed their schools: 300 million students worldwide are out of school for several weeks.

Many countries are taking inadmissibility or quarantine measures for travelers from affected countries.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

THREE SAUDIAN PRINCES ARRESTED FOR TRACTION

A new twist in the soap opera of the ascension to supreme power of Mohammed Ben Salman, the crown prince of Saudi Arabia.

According to several media outlets, including the New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, three prominent members of the royal dynasty were arrested. Prince Ahmed ben Abdelaziz al-Saoud, brother of King Salman, as well as the monarch's nephew, Prince Mohammed ben Nayef, were arrested at their homes after being accused of treason, reports the Wall Street Journal citing anonymous sources. The New York Times also reported on the arrests, adding that Prince Nayef's younger brother was also arrested.

Sources say they have been incarcerated in a camp in a desert area since Friday. They are accused of having "established contacts with foreign powers, notably the United States, in order to carry out a coup," according to one of the sources. The Saudi authorities did not immediately react to this information.

The three members of the royal family - prominent figures for two of them, likely to overshadow the Saudi number two - would thus be accused of treason, a charge punishable by death or at least long years of imprisonment.

This decision illustrates a clear strengthening of the grip on power by the very powerful crown prince Mohammed Ben Salman, known as "MBS".

Who are these princes accused of conspiracy ?

Mohammed Ben Nayef, known as "MBN", is the most famous of the three neutralized royal dignitaries. Former Saudi counterterrorism chief and former interior minister, praised for his iron fist in the face of the Al-Qaida attacks in the 2000s, he passed for the natural successor of Salman, his uncle, when he he became king in January 2015. MBN "more or less lived under house arrest, with the travel ban. In June 2017, when Prince Mohammed bin Salman was appointed crown prince, Prince Nayef was Minister of the Interior. At the time, Saudi television channels showed Prince Mohammed kissing the hand and kneeling in respect to Prince Nayef.

Ahmed Ben Abdelaziz Al Saoud, the other high-ranking prince, is the king's last living brother. Coming like him from the famous line of Soudaïri, he was an ephemeral Minister of the Interior in 2012. In his seventies, Prince Ahmed had returned to the kingdom from London after the outbreak of the Khashoggi scandal. Shortly before his return in October 2018, Prince Ahmed had launched, according to a video widely disseminated on the internet, demonstrators protesting against the involvement of Saudi Arabia in the conflict in Yemen: "What is the family has to do with that ?

Certain individuals are responsible, (…) the king and the crown prince ”.

International critics

These are the most recent measures of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who regularly asserts his power a little more by the imprisonment of religious and militant leaders, as well as princes and important businessmen. In the fall of 2017, under cover of corruption charges, he had sealed off in the suites of the Ritz-Carlton in Riyadh nearly 200 businessmen, ex-ministers and members of the royal family. These dignitaries had been released after several weeks, in exchange for a large part of their assets and their renouncement to play the least important role on the economic and political scene.

This method has earned King Salman's son many criticisms. Internationally, the most vivid were after the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the premises of the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul in October 2018.




Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld

RUSSIAN-TURKISH FIRE AGREEMENT

After several days of intense fighting that caused a humanitarian catastrophe, the Russian and Syrian air strikes stopped, this Friday, in the province of Idleb.

Agreed the day before in the Kremlin between the two heads of state, the agreement entered into force on Friday in the last pocket of the rebellion in north-western Syria.

Moscow and Ankara have planned to set up a “safety corridor” six kilometers deep on either side of this highway, a buffer zone of 12 kilometers wide in total along the strategic M4 road which connects The attacker in northern Syria.

This strip of land, supposed to be rid of the rebels who largely control it, will be furrowed by joint Russian-Turkish patrols from March 15.

It is also stipulated that the return of refugees should be facilitated as much as possible as well as access to humanitarian aid. The two sides also reaffirm their attachment to the territorial integrity of Syria.

Agreement must end weeks of heavy fighting around Idleb, the last bastion of rebels and jihadists in northwestern Syria where Turkey intervened against Bashar al-Qatari forces Assad, supported by Russia.

"Our goal is to prevent the humanitarian crisis from getting worse"

The violence has caused a humanitarian catastrophe, with nearly 500 civilians killed and around one million people displaced towards the Turkish border. "Our objective is to prevent the humanitarian crisis from worsening," said Recep Tayipp Erdogan in Moscow, warning, however, that his country "reserves the right to retaliate with all its strength and everywhere against any attack by the regime" in Damascus .

Vladimir Putin hoped that this text would serve as "a solid basis for ending the fighting in the de-escalation zone of Idleb" and for "stopping the suffering of the civilian population".

The intensification of the fighting in Idleb had led to diplomatic tensions between Russia, an ally of the Syrian regime, and Turkey, which supported the rebels, posing a risk of direct confrontation between these two countries which imposed themselves as as main international actors in the Syrian conflict.

But this agreement appears as minimalist as precarious.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

HISTORICAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN

THE UNITED STATES AND THE TALIBANS

Eighteen years after the entry into war of the United States following the attacks of September 11, 2001, an agreement was signed this Saturday in Doha (Qatar), providing for a total withdrawal of foreign troops within 14 months. For Washington, it is a question of distancing itself from a conflict that is getting bogged down, and for Donald Trump, in the middle of an electoral campaign, to respect the 2016 promise to bring the troops "home".

But who won the war in Afghanistan?

In the eighteen years of conflict, the conditions for signing an agreement have gradually diminished on the American side. "We urge the Afghans to seize the chance for peace," Donald Trump said on Friday. "If the Taliban and the Afghan government manage to honor their commitments, we will have a clear path to end the war in Afghanistan and bring our soldiers home," he promised.

The text provides for the gradual withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan and the opening of peace negotiations with the Afghan government. The United States and the Taliban signed a historic agreement on Saturday February 29 in Doha, Qatar. It was signed after a week of "reduction of violence" in Afghanistan, prior to the signing of the agreement.

The "reduction of violence" for a week, requested in good faith and as a test to the Taliban leaders, was the last suspensive condition. Mostly respected, it enabled the formal signing of a text under the watchful eye of thirty countries, which had sent their representatives. The Afghan government, for its part, sent only a small delegation to "make contact" with the Taliban.

Total withdrawal in 14 months

The agreement provides "a timetable for a withdrawal of troops that is both conditional and gradual," said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in recent days. While the American troops stationed in Afghanistan are around 13,000, their number will be reduced within 135 days to 8,600, the level reached at the start of Donald Trump's mandate. They were up to 100,000 at the peak of 2010.

The total withdrawal of all foreign forces from Afghanistan is expected "within 14 months of the signing of the agreement".

In return, "the Taliban will not allow any of its members, or other individuals or groups, including Al Qaeda, to use Afghan soil to threaten the security of the United States and its allies," said the agreement. , which also plans to release prisoners and lift sanctions, outlines the agreement. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on the Taliban in Doha to "keep the promise of a break with Al Qaeda." The United States "will not hesitate to cancel the agreement" if the Taliban violate it, he said.

Towards an Afghan government

This agreement also marks the launch on March 10 of an inter-Afghan peace negotiation guaranteeing the permanent cessation of fighting. The agreement thus provides for peace negotiations between the Islamist insurgents and the government in Kabul, starting March 10. An Afghan government must take over. Washington thus puts an end to the longest conflict in its history.

Counterparties demanded from the Taliban too weak

But, according to some analysts, the counterparties requested from the Taliban are not strong enough. Some observers believe that the Trump administration concedes too much for too little. However, this assures that the anti-terrorist guarantees provided by the insurgents respond to the primary reason for the American intervention, the terrorist attacks of 11-

Trump's realpolitik

The agreement was however sealed between two “tired” parties, according to the expression, Tuesday, of the American secretary of state Mike Pompeo but also of Sirajuddin Haqqani, number two of the talibans, as he wrote in a tribune published by the "New York Times" ten days ago.

The United States spent more than 750 billion dollars (680 billion euros) on this war from which nearly 2,000 GIs never returned. It is from this "endless war" that Donald Trump wants to emerge, in order to "bring the guys home," and fulfill one of his campaign promises. According to the United Nations (UN), between 32,000 and 60,000 Afghan civilians have been killed in the conflict.

In addition, in December, analysis of documents of the American administration by the "Washington Post" showed the gap between the reality on the ground and the public display of progress "hiding evidence that the war was impossible to win". In this light, the peace agreement could be interpreted as proof of the realism of Trump's policy.

A risky bet

If the invasion of Afghanistan, decided by Georges W. Bush following the attacks of September 11, 2001, had driven the Taliban from central power, it never succeeded in unifying the country.

However, since Washington's relationship with the Afghan government has become distorted, the agreement effectively deems the Taliban and Kabul to be responsible for discussing their conditions of cohabitation.

A difficult bet, recognize themselves Mark Esper and the American Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who spoke in recent days "the hard work of reconciliation".

If Washington thus puts an end to the longest conflict in its history with not a State but a simple insurgent movement, the bet remains risky, however.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS UPDATE ON THE EPIDEMIC AND PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES

Today there are more than 82,000 confirmed cases worldwide and more than 2,800 deaths. Fifty countries, from five continents, are affected.

If China was until recently the only global center for coronaviruses, the risk of spread has considerably increased with the emergence of new source countries such as South Korea, Italy and Iran.

More than 78,000 people have so far been infected in China, 2,744 of them deadly, but the number of new infections is declining there, while it is increasing in dozens of other countries (more than 40 dead in nearly of 2,900 confirmed contaminations), according to a report given Wednesday evening by the World Health Organization (WHO).

With 82,164 people infected and 2,801 dead worldwide, the new Covid-19 coronavirus now concerns fifty nations. In Europe, more than fifteen countries are affected today (Denmark, Spain, France, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Greece, Croatia, Romania, North Macedonia, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia). Algeria, Brazil and Pakistan have also recently announced that they have identified cases of contamination.

But, apart from mainland China, where the epidemic started in December in the province of Hubeï, it is especially in three new countries - South Korea, Italy, Iran - that the concern is strongest.

China: 78,497 cases, 2,744 deaths

78,497 cases of contamination are now counted. Health officials said they identified 433 new infections on Wednesday, a figure now lower than daily infections elsewhere in the world. Furthermore, in mainland China, since the appearance of viral pneumonia in December, 2,744 people have died, including 29 in the last 24 hours, the lowest figure since January 28

South Korea: 1,766 cases, 13 deaths

505 new infections were confirmed on Thursday, bringing the total number of people infected since the start of the epidemic to 1,766. South Korea is the second center of contagion behind mainland China. The death toll currently stands at 13. Most of the cases of Covid-19 in South Korea are linked to the Shincheonji Church sect of Jesus, a faithful sixty-year-old man who attended four religious services before being diagnosed.

Authorities have started checking the health of more than 210,000 members of the Shincheonji Church of Jesus, and the number of cases is expected to increase further. This religious movement is now at the heart of the spread of the virus in the peninsula and is linked to more than half of the cases recorded.

While Seoul has raised the alert on the virus to its highest level, the United States and South Korea announced Thursday a postponement of joint military exercises because of the epidemic.

Italy: 374 cases, 12 deaths most concerned in European countries

Italy announced on Wednesday February 26 its 12th death due to the coronavirus. The latest victim is a 69-year-old man who died in Emilia-Romagna. All the people who died in Italy from this coronavirus were elderly and most of them already suffered from health problems. The country now has 374 infected people.

While Italy is increasingly seen as a platform for disseminating Covid-19, several governments are encouraging their nationals to postpone their trips and not to go to the affected Italian regions. Italy's neighbors, however, decided to keep their borders open, despite the spread to Tuscany, Sicily and Liguria.

Iran: 245 cases, 26 deaths

The latest assessment of the epidemic outbreak linked to the new coronavirus in Iran amounts to 245 cases of contamination and 26 deaths. Apart from mainland China, where the virus emerged last December, Iran is the country in which the number of deaths attributed to this virus is the highest.

Restrictions on free movement in the country have been imposed since Wednesday for people infected or suspected of being. Many schools, universities and cultural or sports centers have been closed and many events postponed.

Most neighbors of the Islamic Republic have implemented travel restriction and containment measures. In Iraq, authorities announced that schools, universities, cinemas and cafes will be closed on Thursday until March 7, when the first case of coronavirus was reported in Baghdad, after five other cases counted on Iraqi soil.

The coronavirus epidemic is definitely no longer a Chinese problem. The cases of contamination are declared everywhere in the world and in particular in Europe.

France: 18 cases, 2 deaths

An 18th case of infection with the new coronavirus was registered on Wednesday 26 February in France. It is the wife of a patient hospitalized in Annecy, whose contamination had been reported Tuesday evening, announced the Minister of Health Olivier Véran. "His health is not a cause for concern," said the minister, adding that no other positive diagnosis of Covid-19 was reported on Wednesday.

Of the 18 known cases in France of Covid-19 infection since the end of January, a French and a Chinese died in Paris, 11 other patients are cured and 5 are hospitalized.

The French patient who died on the night of Tuesday to Wednesday was a teacher at a college in Crépy-en-Valois in Oise, according to the Minister of National Education. The 60-year-old may not have traveled to an area affected by the coronavirus, the ministry said, "He had Covid-19 but died of a massive pulmonary embolism." He had been "tested in emergency" Tuesday, February 25, "in a very serious state," said Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon, adding that an investigation had been launched in "emergency" to find out more. The first in emergency "Tuesday, February 25" in a very serious state, "said Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon, adding that an investigation had been launched in" emergency "to find out more. The first death recorded in France, an 80-year-old Chinese tourist, was the very first death recorded in Europe.

The 50-year-old daughter of this deceased Chinese tourist, contaminated by her father and hospitalized in Bichat, was declared cured. The other 10 people who were also healed on French territory mainly returned from trips to Asia: 6 British people who stayed in Singapore and then in Haute-Savoie were hospitalized in Grenoble, 1 Chinese tourist was taken care of in Bordeaux, 1 doctor Parisian had been infected by a Chinese patient, and a Chinese couple, now healed, were traveling to France.

Still 28 returnees in quarantine

Since the start of the epidemic, nearly 500 people have been quarantined in France after being repatriated from Wuhan. Their return came in four waves. Three planes chartered by France arrived on January 31, February 2 and February 21 with French and foreign nationals on board. A flight operated by the British with French on board arrived on February 9 after a stopover in London. Arrived on January 31, February 2 and February 21 with French and foreign nationals on board. A British-operated flight with Frenchmen arrived on February 9 after a stopover in London.

Some foreign passengers returned directly to their country, others were placed with the French in quarantine. They were confined for 14 days, the maximum incubation time for the virus. Only the fourth wave of 28 Frenchmen left in quarantine, arriving on February 21 in Calvados. According to ARS Normandie, none of them had any symptoms and “almost all” of them had negative test results.

The first six cases, identified at the end of January, were Chinese or Franco-Chinese nationals, having contracted the disease in their country or through contact with a person returned from China. One of them did not survive. The following six cases of contamination were a group of Britons, all infected by a person returning from Singapore, during a stay in a chalet in Contamines-Montjoie, in Haute-Savoie. A second wave of patients was declared this week, with six new confirmed cases, including one death. One infected in China, three cases infected following stays in Lombardy - the area most affected by the epidemic in Italy - and two cases in the Oise, the origin of the contraction of the virus is still unknown.

E. Macron puts himself on the front line: "We have before us an epidemic". "We have before us an epidemic" that we will have to "face at best", said Thursday French President Emmanuel Macron, the day after the announcement of the first French death, a 60-year-old teacher from 'Oise, who had not traveled to a risk zone.

Forty countries in the world, fifteen in Europe

In Europe, Denmark, Spain, France, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Greece, Croatia Croatia, North Macedonia, Finland , Sweden, Norway and Estonia are now affected, that is to say more than fifteen countries. Several countries have advised their citizens not to go to the affected regions of Italy, including Spain, Britain, Austria, Hungary, Ukraine, Luxembourg, the Czech Republic and Romania .

Around the world, fifty countries are now affected, according to the count of John Hopkins researchers. This is particularly the case in Pakistan, a country bordering on both China and Iran, where deaths are the most numerous. Islamabad announced its first two cases on Wednesday. With one case, Brazil is the first country in South America to be affected. The patient, a sexagenarian from Sao Paulo, had stayed in Italy, the most affected European country.

Coronavirus Advances in America and Africa

The coronavirus arrived in Latin America. A first case of contamination was confirmed Wednesday in Brazil for a patient from Sao Paulo (South-East), 61 years old, having stayed in Italy from February 9 to 20. The country currently has 20 suspected cases of Covid-19 contamination, twelve of which are people who have traveled to Italy.

Africa is not spared. An Italian who arrived on February 17 in Algeria has become the second infected person on the continent, after a first case in Egypt.

With the epidemic spreading, drastic measures are increasing worldwide

Relatively spared so far, the United States is ready to respond to the epidemic on "a much larger scale", assured Donald Trump on Wednesday. The President has raised the possibility of imposing restrictions on travelers from Italy and South Korea. The United States is already imposing an entry ban on foreign nationals who have visited China in the past two weeks.

Saudi Arabia suspends pilgrims' entry

In order to prevent the arrival of the Covid-19 epidemic, Saudi Arabia for its part suspended "temporarily" the entry into its territory of pilgrims going to Mecca. The measure concerns the Oumra, a pilgrimage that attracts tens of thousands of Muslims every month.

Japanese government temporarily closes schools

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe called on Thursday to temporarily close all primary, middle and high schools in the Archipelago, from March 2 until the spring break (which usually starts in late March), to avoid the spread of the new coronavirus.

Beijing imposes quarantine on certain travelers

Even China, which confines more than 50 million people in Hubei province, epicenter of the epidemic, is now worried about cases "imported" from other countries. Beijing announced on Wednesday that people arriving from states "severely affected" by the coronavirus should now be placed in quarantine for 14 days. The Covid-19 appears to have already peaked in China, where the number of new daily deaths continues to drop.


This data is based both on data provided by news agencies and on that collected by a research team from the American John Hopkins University.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

RISK OF PANDEMIC WITH CORONAVIRUS

The multiplication of new cases of coronavirus outside of China reinforces the alarm call of the WHO on the risk of propagation of the epidemic, estimate Sunday experts, by calling to reinforce vigilance. The world must prepare for a "possible pandemic", according to the director general of the WHO Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus who considered "very worrying (...) the sudden increase" of new cases in Italy, South Korea and in Iran. South Korea, the second most affected country with 763 cases of contamination, raised the level of alert to the epidemic "at the highest".

Towards a pandemic

The Covid-19 coronavirus today affected four new countries in the Middle East, Kuwait, Bahrain, Iraq and Oman, announcing the first cases of people infected with the virus and specifying that they were returning from neighboring Iran having registered 12 deaths.

Italy is now the most affected country in Europe since the start of the viral pneumonia epidemic.

The President of Veneto Luca Zaia said he was "concerned" that the zero patient had not been found, which proves for him that "the virus is much more ubiquitous than we thought".

The WHO also recognizes that "the rapid increase in cases registered in Italy over the past two days is worrying," according to a spokesperson.

"What also worries us is that we have not been able to identify in all cases clear epidemiological links such as trips to China or contacts with a confirmed case".

The country now has 219 cases of infected people, according to a latest report from the Italian public health services, Monday, February 24 at midday. A fifth person died from the disease.

Northern Italy is therefore preparing to live in days of anxiety and restrictions, after a sudden and spectacular outbreak of cases of contamination with the new coronavirus in three days. The Italian government has indeed adopted a very strict decree-law placing eleven cities in isolation, including ten in the perimeter of Codogno.

Some 52,000 people are in containment zones. On Sunday, the Veneto also decreed the interruption of the festivities of the famous Venice carnival, which was to end on Tuesday, and the postponement of sporting events (in particular matches of the Italian championship) as well as the closing of schools and museums. In Lombardy, in the Milan region, schools, universities, but also museums, cinemas and theaters will be closed.

But the zero patient is still nowhere to be found, the zero patient being the first person in an epidemic to have been contaminated by a pathogen - here the new coronavirus - and then to have transmitted the disease. Italy is currently looking for the patient who introduced Covid-19 to its soil, in order to trace the course of the epidemic, and to understand the spread of the disease in order to better contain it.

The transition to community transmission "

"This is called the transition to community transmission", explains Professor Arnaud Fontanet, head of the "epidemiology of emerging diseases" unit at the Pasteur Institute (France).

"It makes control much more difficult and it suggests a risk of introduction from places other than China. "

This is how cases reported in Lebanon and Canada are believed to have originated in Iran. As for the indigenous infectious focus in Italy, scientists are struggling to identify the contamination process of "patient 1" at the origin of the spread.

"What is happening in Italy and South Korea could happen anywhere in the world," warns Professor Sridhar.

Doctor Nathalie MacDermott, of King's College London, also evokes "very worrying" developments, in particular the difficulty of identifying an individual at the origin of the last epidemic foci.

Transmission by an asymptomatic individual,

"This suggests a transmission by an asymptomatic individual, or with few symptoms," said the specialist, who considers "imperative that other countries take these situations into account and strengthen their surveillance of people from affected regions they present or not symptoms ”and focus on containing the outbreaks of indigenous infection.

This specialist also points to the appearance in the new countries affected of “chains of transmission from undetected cases”, even if he nuances, while awaiting precise data on the subject, the role of epidemic “drivers” asymptomatic cases.

But for him too the consequences to be drawn are clear: "There must be increasing vigilance, the authorities must strengthen surveillance", whether on indigenous cases or possible imports from epidemic outbreaks. But this virus is certainly contagious, but much less than that of measles, and with a mortality rate of 2.5, much lower than that of influenza.

Cured blood to treat the sick

While the prospect of a vaccine is still far away, the Chinese authorities asked the recovered people to donate their blood in order to extract the plasma to treat the sick. The plasma of former patients infected with Covid-19 disease indeed contains antibodies that could reduce the viral load in severely affected people, according to an official of the National Health Commission.

This virus is certainly contagious, but much less than that of measles, and with a mortality rate of 2.5, much lower than that of influenza. A reassuring message from the doctors.




 Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS: 1900 DEAD AND ECONOMIC BRAKE

The balance sheet of the new coronavirus reached 1,886 dead Tuesday in mainland China and several large global companies, including the American Apple and the Australian mining giant BHP, said they feared a brutal impact on their activities and their results.

In mainland China, 98 new deaths were recorded on Tuesday, including 93 in Hubei province, the epicenter of the epidemic where 1,807 new cases of contagion were also recorded.

Outside Hubei, only 79 new infected people were counted Tuesday, against 890 on February 4. Chinese authorities, who have cordoned off Hubei to try to contain the epidemic, see this sharp decrease in the number of new patients as a sign that the spread of the virus is being controlled.

"All the scenarios are still possible"

WHO was reassuring: outside of Hubei province, Covid-19 disease "affects a very small proportion of the population" and its mortality rate is currently only around 2% .

"The measures must be proportionate to the situation, taken on the basis of evidence and elements of public health," said its director, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, to the press, stressing that "zero risk does not exist".

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, however, warned on Monday against over-optimism.

“Trends can change when new populations are affected. It is too early to say that this decline will continue. All scenarios remain possible, "he told reporters.

Cured blood to treat the sick

While the prospect of a vaccine is still distant, the Chinese authorities asked on Monday those healed to donate their blood in order to extract the plasma to treat the sick.

The plasma of former patients infected with Covid-19 disease indeed contains antibodies that could reduce the viral load in severely affected people, according to an official of the National Health Commission. Eleven patients hospitalized in Wuhan, the epicenter of the epidemic, received transfusions last week.

To better counter the epidemic, the Chinese government also announced Tuesday an exemption from punitive customs duties which it imposed within the framework of its trade war with the United States on certain American medical equipment. Equipment used to transfuse patients or measure blood pressure will therefore be exempt from March 2.

The number of infections amounts to at least 72,300 cases in mainland China and around 900 have been reported in around 30 other countries or territories.

Chinese dissident arrested

Xu Zhiyong, an anti-corruption activist who has already served four years in prison between 2013 and 2017, was arrested on Saturday, Amnesty International said. He had been on the run since December after participating in a meeting of opponents in the southeastern city of Xiamen. On February 4, he called for President Xi's resignation, criticizing his handling of the trade war with the USA, protests in Hong Kong and the Coronavirus epidemic. "Medical supplies are lacking, hospitals are overwhelmed and many infected people are not detected," he denounced, referring to a "mess".

The infernal closed-door of the liner Diamond Princess in quarantine

The main source of contamination outside of China remains the liner Diamond Princess, which was quarantined in early February in Yokohama Bay near Tokyo, after a positive test on a cruise ship landed in Hong Kong. Its more than 3,700 passengers had been ordered to stay in their cabin for two weeks, but that did not prevent the spread of the virus: at least 454 people were infected, including 99 cases revealed Monday. This brings to 542 the total number of cases noted on this ship immobilized near Yokohama (suburb of Tokyo), on 3,700 passengers and crew members initially on board. Other test results are expected later.

As critics mount the management of the liner, several countries have begun to evacuate their nationals stranded on the ship, more than 300 Americans have been repatriated by air to two military bases, in California and Texas, where they have started a new quarantine on Monday for 14 days, the maximum supposed duration of incubation.

Among those evacuated, 14 learned during the operation that they were contaminated, announced the State Department. They were isolated from other passengers on the planes. When they arrived, part of them were transferred to a university hospital in Omaha, Nebraska and placed in solitary confinement. Meanwhile, at least 40 infected Americans aboard the liner are hospitalized in Japan, according to Washington. A handful of Americans refused to leave the ship.

Other countries, including Australia, Italy, Canada or Great Britain, as well as the territory of Hong Kong, have announced that they want to evacuate their citizens from the Diamond Princess.

Stalked passengers

Elsewhere, concern is mounting over the 1,200 passengers on another liner, the Westerdam, who disembarked in Cambodia on Friday after having undergone - for some - a rapid medical examination and are now being tracked by the company that is trying to find them.

If the WHO had already pronounced against the brutal restriction of travel, the United States, Australia and New Zealand in particular have prohibited the entry on their territory to foreigners who have recently visited China - including obviously many Chinese. Trade conferences, sports competitions and cultural events have been canceled or postponed, while a large number of airlines have suspended flights to mainland China. Thus the Beijing motor show, scheduled for April, postponed sine die, just like a Chanel parade scheduled for May in the Chinese capital.

The World Health Organization (WHO), however, has again stressed its opposition to any "general measure".

Economic repercussions envisaged

The Chinese Parliament is considering postponing its plenary session, the annual high mass of the communist regime, announced the news agency China. This session was scheduled to open on March 5.

The Chinese Central Bank further reduced the cost of funding commercial banks on Monday to support the economy crippled by the epidemic.

Large global companies also fear falling demand. Apple announced on Monday that its second-quarter revenue forecast is unlikely to be met due to the epidemic in China, a crucial country for the U.S. company.

And Australian mining giant BHP has predicted a sharp drop in global demand for oil, copper and steel in case the epidemic is not brought under control by March.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE INVASION OF THE DESERT LOCUST IN THE HORN OF AFRICA OR A COMING HUMANITARIAN CRISIS

Apocalyptic vision: Swarms of billions of locusts fly and destroy everything in their path. Since early January, they have already ravaged Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. The swarm is now rampant in Uganda. After Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya, Uganda was in turn invaded, Sunday, February 9, by swarms of locusts that attack the crops. In recent weeks, thick clouds of hungry insects have melted over the Horn of Africa, where the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has estimated that only one of these swarms covered an area of ​​2,400 km2 - the area of ​​Luxembourg.

Inestimable damage to the national emergency

Harmless when solitary, the locust moults, when a swarm forms, in voracious animal, which attacks any green vegetation. According to the FAO, the swarm of 2,400 km2 is made up of 200 billion people, who therefore consume 400,000 tonnes of food per day.

Capable of traveling 150 km per day, these insect clouds follow the prevailing winds and concentrated in late January in central Kenya and the southern half of Ethiopia. On February 10, the first insects were reported in Uganda and Tanzania. Many swarms are also found on the border between India and Pakistan. Two countries, Somalia and Pakistan, have declared a national emergency to deal with the situation.

In the Horn of Africa, farmers had already harvested their fields before the arrival of swarms. But pastoralists, who had already suffered three years of drought, were hit hard by an invasion that destroyed the livelihoods of their animals. If the threat of locusts has not been brought under control by the start of the next planting season around March, farmers could see their fields wiped out.

According to FAO, Ethiopia and Somalia had not seen swarms of locusts of such magnitude in 25 years, and Kenya had not faced a locust threat of such strength for 70 years. years.

How to explain this invasion ?

The Desert Locust, called “desert locust” in English, is native to the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Oman and Yemen. An area whose coasts were hit by two cyclones

in 2018. This significant precipitation favored the growth of vegetation and created the ideal conditions for the reproduction of insects.

The United Nations urged the international community on Monday to take immediate action to prevent the locust invasion from turning into a humanitarian disaster in the Horn of Africa, where countries in the region are engaged in a race against the shows to control the infestation.

A "really serious" threat to the UN

Locusts are a "really serious" threat in the Horn of Africa, Mark Lowcock, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator, told reporters at the UN headquarters.

“There are 30 million people in the affected countries - Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia - who are already in serious food insecurity. At present, 10 million of them are also in areas affected by locusts, "he said.

"If we don't get this over the next two, three or four weeks, we're going to have a really, really serious problem," he said.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recently appealed for US $ 76 million to control the spread of locusts. To date, barely $ 20 million has been received, said Lowcock.

“We simply cannot afford another major shock in a region where there is already so much suffering, vulnerability and fragility. That is why we must act quickly, "he said.




Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS: THE PANGOLIN POTENTIAL MISSING CHAIN ​​IN THE EPIDEMIC

Researchers at the University of Agriculture in southern China have identified pangolin as "a possible intermediate host" that facilitated the transmission of the virus, the university said in a statement, without giving further details. An animal that harbors a virus without being sick and can transmit it to other species is called a "reservoir". In the case of the new coronavirus, it is certainly a bat: according to a recent study, the genomes of this virus and of those which circulate in this animal are identical to 96%.

An intermediate host

But as the bat virus is not equipped to attach itself to human receptors, it undoubtedly passed through another species to adapt to humans, called "intermediate host".

The pangolin is a small mammal from 30 cm to 80 cm living in the tropical and equatorial regions of Africa and Southeast Asia, belonging to the toothless insectivore family and whose elongated body is largely covered with scales, which also earned him the name "scaly anteater".

Flesh prized by Chinese and Vietnamese gourmets

In Chinese and Vietnamese gastronomy, pangolin meat is very popular and restaurateurs are ready to spend sometimes tens of thousands of euros to get it.

Aphrodisiac virtues ...

It is also and especially for its scales that this anteater is hunted, harboring many curative virtues (cancer, acne) and aphrodisiacs. Certain parts of their bodies are also used to make ornaments - their leather, used to make belts or wallets - and even to make bullet-proof vests.

As a result, the pangolin is the most poached mammal in the world, even more than the elephant or the rhino. Almost 100,000 pangolins are victims each year in Asia and Africa of illegal trafficking.

Questioned

Other scientists believe, however, that the pangolin is implicated without absolute certainty. These elements are "not enough" to conclude, tempered a British scientist, Professor James Wood. "The evidence for the involvement of pangolin has not been published in a scientific journal", an essential criterion for accrediting this hypothesis, he commented. "We would have to look at all the genetic data to know the degree of proximity between the pangolin viruses and humans," added another British scientist, Professor Jonathan Ball.

In his dictionary "Superfluous for the use of the elites and the wealthy", the humorist Pierre Desproges had described the pangolin as the animal which "resembles an upside down artichoke with legs, extended from tail to tail sight of which one begins to think that in fact, ridicule no longer kills ».




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS LI WENLIANG GIVEN THE ALERT AT THE PRICE OF HIS LIFE

Wenliang was killed Thursday by the WHO and the Communist Party newspaper before state media announced he was in "critical condition". The hospital welcoming him finally declared his death in the evening.

The hospital that supported the 34-year-old ophthalmologist, who had been one of the first in China to alert to the new coronavirus before being infected with 2019-nCoV, announced his death after several hours of confusion. The man died at 2:58 a.m. in Wuhan Central Hospital, according to a message from the establishment on the Chinese social network Weibo.

“In the fight against the epidemic of pneumonia due to the new coronavirus, our ophthalmologist Li Wenliang was unfortunately infected. He died despite all our efforts to bring him back alive. We are in mourning, ”confirmed the establishment, ending several hours of macabre uncertainty.

After the announcement of his death Friday, on the Chinese social network Weibo, the tribute messages pour in "He gave the alert at the cost of his life", "You were the ray of light at night".

This Thursday, WHO said on Twitter "deeply saddened" by the death of this man, continuing: "We must all celebrate the work he has done".

Alert launcher

As rumor of a mysterious virus spread in Wuhan last December, Li Wenliang shared his suspicions in a private conversation with colleagues who graduated from medical school via Chinese WeChat messaging on December 30. 2019. The doctor said in particular that seven people appeared to have contracted a disease similar to SARS - the respiratory disease that has spread in China and in a dozen countries, and caused hundreds of deaths in the early 2000s. patient was quarantined "in the hospital where he worked in Wuhan," he wrote, according to the Washington Post, urging colleagues to "be careful."

Arrested for "spreading rumors"

Badly took it from him. Li Wenliang and seven other doctors in the private group where they were chatting were summoned by the Chinese authorities and investigated for "spreading rumors" and "severely disrupting social order" on January 1. Questioned for several hours, he was forced to sign a report acknowledging that he "disrupts social order", details Le Monde.

From the start of the epidemic, the Chinese authorities therefore try to control information about the virus. Wuhan police on the Weibo social network say they have taken "legal action" against people who "published and shared rumors online", "causing a negative impact on society". The following day, the information is taken up by the channel CCTV, the state television, which does not specify that the eight people accused of "spreading false rumors" are doctors, explains Le Monde.

He was one of the first to sound the alarm about this new coronavirus which has, today, killed more than 560 and infected more than 28,000 people.

Chinese doctor Li Wenliang is now a national hero, facing local officials accused of hiding the beginnings of the epidemic

Chinese authorities in the sights

At the end of January, the Chinese Supreme Court published an unusually critical article towards the police, whose zeal to track down "rumors" would have delayed awareness of the new disease. Wuhan police were pinned there for arresting eight people - including Dr. Li - accused of talking about an outbreak of SARS the day after Beijing reported the first cases of the new coronavirus to WHO. Rarely, the Supreme Court rehabilitated whistleblowers on January 28. She concedes that "the information provided by the eight people [including Li Wenliang] was not fabricated," reports Le Monde. The Court considered it useful to alert in good faith about the appearance of a new disease

The Chinese government felt compelled to react only late in January. President Xi Jinping indeed stresses the need to quickly share information with the rest of the world, on January 20 only. On the same day, the results of the Wuhan authorities were increased to 198 cases and the transmission between humans was confirmed.

Director of Human Rights Watch (HRW), Kenneth Rotha, denounced the "elimination" of reports on the virus in China during the first days of the epidemic, as well as Beijing's efforts to silence the criticism of him on social media. “The time is now for total transparency, even if it is embarrassing, because public health must come before the preservation of a particular political power. Unfortunately, this is not Beijing's approach, ”he said.

Emotion and anger after his death

On the group of private messages WeChat, the reactions of meditation and anger mix. "Let all these officials who fatten themselves with public money perish in the snow," carried away a surfer, in a comment promptly deleted by the censors. Another republished images from central China television announcing the doctors' arrest in December.

If the authorities have allowed criticism of local officials to pass in recent weeks, comments published since the doctor's death have attacked the authoritarian nature of the regime.

On Weibo, the hashtag "We want freedom of expression" was widely shared defying the taboos of censorship, before being blocked.

Many Internet users circulate the song of Les Misérables Do you hear the people sing?, Hymn of the pro-democracy demonstrators in Hong Kong.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

WHO REQUESTS TO GET ALERT

AGAINST CORONAVIRUS

The World Health Organization (WHO) has asked countries around the world to be alert and take action to combat the current epidemic of coronavirus. WHO will decide today whether or not governments around the world should consider the current 2019-nCoV epidemic "a public health emergency of international concern." "

This name has only been used for certain epidemics: in particular, those of the so-called H1N1 flu

"Swine" in 2009, that of the Zika virus in 2016 and the Ebola virus between 2014 and 2018. Meanwhile, its director of emergency programs, Michael Ryan, yesterday called on the whole world to "be on the alert" and "To act" to protect populations from this disease.

170 dead and 8000 cases

The current death toll stands at 170 dead in China and nearly 8,000 cases of people with proven infections around the world. A fifth person was hospitalized in France. If the number of contaminations recorded outside of Chinese territory remains low at present, it would be likely to increase and widen the epidemic.

WHO experts have indeed recalled the confirmation of "human-to-human transmission" in three countries other than China. In Germany, Japan and more recently in Vietnam, sick people from one way or another from Wuhan have infected local people without prior contact with China.

Repatriations and activity sessions

Among the countries which organized repatriation flights for their nationals present in Wuhan or in his province of Hubei, only three Japanese citizens recently returned to their country showed symptoms of the infection. After the Americans and the Japanese it's time for the French to leave Wuhan, cut off from the world for a week. France has planned to repatriate around 350 Europeans, including 250 French on two consecutive flights, the first of which should arrive in Paris at the end week. Social life takes a hit

Beyond Wuhan, in the rest of China, where the Lunar New Year holidays have been extended until February 2, most of the residents, frightened, desert shopping centers, cinemas and restaurants.

The American coffee chain Starbucks and the Swedish furniture giant Ikea have announced that they will close half of their businesses.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

AN AMERICAN PEACE PLAN FOR THE NEAR EAST ?

The President Donald Trump unveiled his peace plan for the Middle East on Tuesday 28 January. Donald Trump presented his peace plan to the White House on Tuesday, tracing a "path" towards a two-state solution supported by the United Nations: the creation of a Palestine alongside Israel.

"My vision presents (...) a realistic two-state solution," said the White House tenant, referring to a "win-win" project for Israelis and Palestinians.

Jerusalem will remain "the indivisible capital of Israel," he said, proposing to create a capital of the Palestinian state confined to the outskirts of East Jerusalem. In addition, the White House plan would grant Israel sovereignty over the Jordan Valley, a large strategic area of ​​the occupied West Bank where the Israeli army has just strengthened its presence.

Displaying his optimism about the future of this "very detailed" project, Donald Trump estimated that it could allow to take "a big step towards peace".

Benjamin Netanyahu hailed with force "a historic day"

A vision that is not shared by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, who said that this plan will "not pass". Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, a Palestinian enclave of two million people geographically separated from the West Bank, also rejected the American proposal.

This plan indeed gives serious guarantees to Benjamin Netanyahu.

Among the many sensitive points of this plan is the granting of Israel sovereignty over the Jordan Valley. A strategic area of ​​the West Bank "vital" for Israel, according to Benjamin Netanyahu who announced that the Hebrew state would "apply its sovereignty". The UN then stressed that it was sticking to the borders defined in 1967.

The future Palestinian state would only see the light of day under several "conditions", including "a clear rejection of terrorism," said Donald Trump, who then tweeted a map of the two states, with in particular a tunnel linking the West Bank to the Gaza strip.

Pounding his conviction that the Palestinians deserve "a better life," Donald Trump also warned them. He said he had sent a letter to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas urging him to take "an historic opportunity", and perhaps "the last", to obtain an independent state. "I explained to him that the territory planned for his new state would remain open and without development" of Israeli settlements "for a period of four years," he said.

Based on a "two-state" solution in which Jerusalem would remain an "undivided capital" and the Palestinian territory would see its size double, the White House project seems to align itself above all with Israeli security concerns.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

SYMPTOMS AND MEASURES FACING CHINESE CORONAVIRUS

Appeared in China at the end of December in the city of Wuhan, the 2019-nCoV coronavirus has already killed nearly 41 people in China and continues to spread. France is in turn confronted with the virus, with three cases detected in Paris and Bordeaux.

Symptoms

The coronavirus is a respiratory virus. The main symptoms resemble those of the flu: high fever, headache, pain in the joints and muscles. Secondly, they are accompanied by respiratory distress: coughing, sputum and shortness of breath, up to pneumonia which can be severe in the most severe cases. The incubation period for the coronavirus would be "around seven days, between two and twelve days", according to the indications of the Minister of Health, Agnès Buzyn.

Mutation and transmission of the syndrome

The mutation rate of Coronavirus is high, being present in many animal species. Its easy circulation from one species to another very often leads to death, and infection from animal to man. In humans, a simple handshake and any other close contact can be an element of Coronavirus transmission, which can also be done by air: by coughing or sneezing. Finally, this virus is very easily transmitted from one person to another, and from one species to another. At the moment, no vaccine is available.

Measures to take in case of potential contamination

As a priority, you must contact the Samu Center 15, reporting the symptoms and, if there are any, specify whether a recent stay was made in China.

Please note, do not go to your doctor or to the emergency room, to avoid any potential new contamination. Contaminated people will be taken care of and directly hospitalized in an isolation room as is currently the case in Bordeaux, the time to carry out screening tests. In a few hours, the virus can thus be identified and an epidemiological investigation launched. Everyone who has been in close contact with infected patients is identified in order to limit the spread of the virus.

Prevention gestures

The best way to prevent contamination by the 2019-nCoV virus is to behave as if you were having a seasonal flu episode. The “barrier measures” are effective, explains the Ministry of Health: coughing in your elbow (and not in your hand), using disposable tissues, and above all washing your hands regularly and carefully. You should also take your temperature regularly. Like the flu, the coronavirus is also much more dangerous for people who are vulnerable or at risk.

Authorities forced residents of Wuhan to wear a medical mask in public places. Wearing a mask can indeed help patients to limit the transmission of the coronavirus. The World Health Organization recommends covering your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing to prevent the spread of the infection. In France, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs invites travelers who have visited Asia and who must come into contact with other people to wear a surgical mask "in the event of symptoms of respiratory infection".

Unlike other countries, France has not implemented border control measures for passengers coming from China, with temperature controls by thermal camera. "The World Health Organization has not wished to declare a public health emergency of international concern, so there is no specific recommendation today intended for travelers," Agnès Buzyn said Friday after leaving the Council of Ministers. Otherwise, precautionary messages are broadcast on the planes and posters have been placed at international airports.

In China, 18 cities including Wuhan, epicenter of the epidemic, are the subject of a gigantic sanitary cordon which affects 56 million people, to prevent the virus from spreading.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

75TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RELEASE OF AUSCHWITZ WITH THE LEADERS OF THE WORLD IN ISRAEL

Never the small country of 9 million inhabitants had hosted a gathering of such magnitude, on the occasion of the World Holocaust Forum.

The arrival of forty heads of state and government arrived Wednesday, January 22, in Jerusalem for the World Holocaust Forum which was held this Thursday, January 23, 2020 at the Yad Vashem memorial.

The Holocaust cannot be used to justify "division" or "contemporary hatred," French President Emmanuel Macron said on Thursday during commemorations in Jerusalem of the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi camp.

"No one has the right to summon their dead to justify any contemporary division or hatred," said the president. “For all those who have fallen oblige us to the truth, to memory, to dialogue, to friendship. ".

In front of hundreds of guests including forty foreign leaders, Emmanuel Macron wondered:

"What more beautiful symbol than to see us here all united and united, to do useful work to fight against denial like resentment or speeches of revenge".




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS QUARANTINE OF THREE CITIES AND CANCELLATION OF THE CHINESE NEW YEAR IN BEIJING

T he New Years holiday starts Friday for a week. Pekingese usually gather on this occasion by the hundreds of thousands in parks to attend the traditional dances of the lion and the dragon.

However, three Chinese cities are quarantined to "stop the spread of the virus"

The city of Wuhan, the epicenter of the start of an epidemic of coronavirus pneumonia - a cousin of that responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 -, was quarantined on Thursday 23 January. The city has 11 million inhabitants, some of whom have already returned to their families for the New Year celebrations, which begin Friday, January 24. A similar decision was made in Huanggang, a city of 7.5 million people, and in Ezhou, both located 70 km east of Wuhan.

All public transport (trains, planes, buses and metros) were suspended, and the highways leading to these cities were cut. Residents can no longer leave the city "without special authorization" or go there. Travel agencies have canceled all trips planned until February 8, according to the official news agency Chine nouvelle. According to the French Embassy in Beijing, around 500 French people are permanent residents in Wuhan, which hosts several large French companies, such as PSA-Peugeot-Citroën.

For their part, the Chinese authorities have also decided to close the Forbidden City in order to contain the spread of the virus. Beijing has announced the cancellation of Chinese New Year festivities in the capital. The Forbidden City, China's most famous historic monument, will also close its doors as of Saturday "in order to avoid contamination linked to the gathering of visitors," the museum announced in a press release.

The new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has already claimed seventeen lives and 570 people are infected in China, according to the latest official count. But a study by Imperial College London estimates that the number of cases across the country could reach 4,000 today.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

AFTER GREEN AND SAND STORM FIRES FALL IN AUSTRALIA

Several regions of Australia experienced dramatic weather over the weekend and Monday, January 20, 2020. A dust and sand storm, severe thunderstorms and a hailstorm caused significant damage to Canberra, in the State of New South Wales and the State of Victoria. Thunderstorms accompanied by hailstones fell on Monday in parts of eastern Australia after “apocalyptic” sand and dust storms over other areas already affected by the fires that have ravaged the country for several months.

Severe hailstorm on Canberra

The capital Canberra was the victim of hailstorms sometimes as big as golf balls ... In a video, ABC News explains that hailstones the size of "golf balls" caused significant damage to parked cars, but also in the windows and roofs of dwellings. Power outages and tree collapses have also been reported, according to the Canberra Times.

Very heavy precipitation in the State of Victoria

Melbourne, capital of the state of Victoria (south), also suffered a very severe thunderstorm on Sunday evening.

Monday afternoon, all matches played outside in the city as part of the Australian Tennis Open had to be postponed due to heavy rain. This first stage of the Grand Slam had already seen last Tuesday and Wednesday his qualifications complicated by very poor air quality due to the smoke from the fires.

In Victoria, where fires are still burning, the rains were greeted with relief, but authorities also warned of the risks associated with the heavy rains. Prime Minister of Victoria Daniel Andrews explained that this posed particular dangers for people operating heavy vehicles to access the areas affected by the fires. The risk of landslides is also real in mountainous areas where the vegetation cover has burned.

So firefighters this time had to respond to flood calls in places like here in Sydney. These heavy rains led to very localized flash floods in the states affected by the fires, Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland.

A “spectacular” dust and sand storm

And more spectacular still, this Sunday, a gigantic wall of dust and sand raised by strong winds also fell on a part of New South Wales. Residents of the city of Dubbo, 400 km north of Canberra, described the darkness in broad daylight. The winds that accompanied this sandstorm also left damage behind them ... They tell ABC News they were surprised by the sandstorm, when the forecasts had warned them to prepare for a violent storm and to heavy precipitation.

This humidity also offers a respite in the fight against fires on the East Coast. But authorities have warned that the forest fire season is far from over.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

TSAI ING-WEN'S TAIWAN VICTORY IS A SLAP FOR BEIJING

"Tsai Ing-wen's victory is a slap in the face of Beijing because the Taiwanese did not give in to the intimidation," said political analyst Hung Chin-fu of Cheng Kung National University in Taiwan.

The victory of Tsai Ing-wen, the outgoing president of Taiwan, is a snub for Beijing because China clearly supported its opponent, the Kuomintang candidate, Han Kuo-yu, who was leading the race a year ago.

But it was before the events in Hong Kong that made the Taiwanese people aware of the risks of a rapprochement with Beijing. Tsai Ing-wen campaigned against Beijing's authoritarianism.

Tsai Ing-Wen's Victory

With 57.1% of the vote, the outgoing president exceeded her performance in 2016, garnering 8.1 million votes, a score unmatched since free elections were held in Taiwan, an island of some 23 million inhabitants.

With a record voter turnout of 74.9%, 63-year-old Ms. Tsai won a landslide victory over the Kouomintang (KMT) candidate, populist Han Kuo-yu, mayor of Kaohsiung, the big city in the south of the island, credited with 38.6% of the vote.

Tsai Ing-wen also allowed his party, born from the fight against the dictatorship of the single party imposed by Tchang Kaï-chek, to keep its majority in the Parliament, which has only one Chamber, at the end of the legislative elections which stood at the same time as the presidential election. The Progressive Democratic Party DPP won 61 seats out of 113 of the Legislative Yuan. The KMT wins three seats, to 38. Another legislative fact: the emergence as the third force of the Assembly, with only five seats, of the brand new party created in summer 2019 by the current mayor of Taipei, Ko Wen-je, the Taiwan People's Party (TPP).

Lapidary reaction and warning from China

The Chinese learned of the outcome of the presidential election in Taiwan through a simple paragraph announcing the victory of the outgoing "leader", Tsai Ing-wen. Under this lapidary dispatch, the comments are revealing: several Internet users simply ask "why?" ".

The answer is embarrassing for Chinese power and they will not read it in the state press, because officially in China, Taiwan, which nevertheless has all the characteristics of a sovereign state, is still a renegade province, which must be taken back by force if necessary.

It is not only Taiwan as a Taiwanese identity, but it is also from an ideological point of view, a democratic regime which opposes a People's Republic of China which has long put forward the fact that reunification was inevitable. , but who today sees his arguments defeated by the good results of Tsai Ing-wen.

In the aftermath of the election, the Chinese Foreign Ministry issued a minimalist statement saying that "whatever happens (...) the facts do not change: there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is part of China, "said Geng Shuang, a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In addition, a comment was published by the new China agency this morning: Tsai is not called president there, but "directing", or "leader". And the text accuses his party of having used tactics of intimidation, cheating and buying votes. The editorial ends with a warning: if the Taiwanese leader persists on the path of independence, this will only accelerate her "disillusionment", understand, the annexation of Taiwan. For the Global Times, a daily with a nationalist tone, these tensions are "orchestrated" by Tsai Ing-wen and his party "to arouse fear among the Taiwanese towards the continent".

Cyberattacks, aircraft carriers -

Beijing "will he continue his firmness towards Tsai Ing-wen or opt for a more flexible approach (...) that's the big question", wonders Joshua Eisenman, political analyst at Notre Dame University in the USA.

Cyberattacks, investments in the island's media to obtain a more favorable image, even demonstrations of military force cannot be ruled out, says a specialist. Already at the end of December, Beijing sent the “Shandong”, its first aircraft carrier of 100% Chinese design, to the Taiwan Strait.

"Taiwan has shown the world how much we love our free and democratic way of life and our nation," Tsai told reporters when she announced her victory.

Washington quickly congratulated the re-elected president. "Under his leadership, we hope that Taiwan will continue to serve as a shining example for countries fighting for democracy," said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

Garett pour Skyport for DayNewsWorld

CIVIL AIRPLANES SHOT DOWN BY MISSILES

Iran has confessed and admits an "unforgivable error".

The Iranian military has admitted that it "mistakenly" shot down a Boeing 737 taking off from Tehran on Wednesday January 8.

It is not the first time that a civilian airliner has been shot down in mid-flight. Since 1973, six similar disasters have occurred. Small summary:

February 21, 1973

A Boeing 727 of the Libyan Arab Airline company, operating the Tripoli-Cairo connection, was then shot down by the Israeli fighter over the Sinai desert: 108 of the 112 people on board were killed. The Boeing had gone astray, and was "intercepted" over the peninsula, at the time occupied by Israel. According to authorities, the plane had refused to land.

September 1, 1983

Another case of an airplane having inadvertently deviated from its route, and another Boeing, this time of the 747 type. A South Korean aircraft of the Korean Air Lines (KAL) shot down by the Soviet fighter over the Sakhalin Island. The 269 passengers and crew members are killed. Moscow will not recognize its responsibility until five days later, under international pressure and after a conviction by the United Nations Security Council.

July 3, 1998

Iran Air flight 655, which takes off on July 3, 1998 from Bandar Abbas, in southern Iran, will never see Qatar, its destination. While crossing the Strait of Hormuz, the Airbus A300 was shot down by the American cruiser USS Vincennes, causing the death of 290 people, including 254 Iranian nationals. The crew of the USS Vincennes, the said frigate, will claim to have mistaken the Airbus for a hostile Iranian fighter. Tehran will finally receive compensation from the United States of $ 101.8 million.

October 4, 2001

Less than a month after the attacks of September 11, 2001, during military maneuvers in Crimea, the Ukrainian army shot down a Tupolev aircraft from Sibir Airlines. 78 people are killed, including many Israeli nationals who have come to visit their families in Russia. It explodes in mid-flight over the Black Sea, less than 300 km from the Crimean coast (in the south of Ukraine). A week later, Kiev will recognize that the disaster was caused by the accidental firing of a Ukrainian missile.

March 23, 2007

This early spring is fatal to an Ilyushin belonging to a Belarusian airline, hit by a rocket shortly after taking off from the Somali capital Mogadishu, then in the grip of a civil war, killing 11 people. Ironically, the plane was carrying Belarusian engineers and technicians who had come to repair another plane ... hit by a missile two weeks earlier.

July 17, 2014

Latest major incident: July 17, 2014, while a Malaysia Airlines Boeing 747 connecting Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur flew over the Donetsk region in eastern Ukraine, it crashed near the village of Grabovo . At the time, the Ukrainian army and the pro-Russian separatists accused each other of having shot down the plane on which 298 people were on board, none of whom survived. International investigators establish in May 2018 that the plane was shot down by a Soviet-designed BUK missile from the 53rd Russian anti-aircraft brigade based in Kursk, in southwest Russia. In June 2019, they announced that they would prosecute three Russians and one Ukrainian for murder, whose trial will begin in March 2020 in the Netherlands.

More than five years after the tragedy, many questions remain unanswered.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE UKRAINIAN BOEING 737 SHOT DOWN BY AN IRANIAN MISSILE SHOT

The Boeing 737 crashed Wednesday January 8, 2020 shortly after takeoff, causing 176 deaths. Iran has apologized, while stressing the responsibility of "American adventurism" in this disaster.

"The internal investigation of the armed forces concluded that regrettably missiles launched in error caused the crash of the Ukrainian plane and the death of 176 innocent people," wrote President Hassan Rohani on Twitter.

"In a crisis situation, the flight took off from Tehran Imam Khomeini airport, and as it turned, [it seemed to be approaching] a sensitive military center," the Iranian armed forces said in a statement. . "Under these conditions, following an unintentional human error, the plane was hit," added the general staff, immediately promising that "the person responsible" for this shooting would be brought before the military justice.

"Unforgivable error"

Iran "deeply" regrets this tragedy, "a great tragedy and an unforgivable error", also declared the Iranian president, while his foreign minister, Mohammed Javad Zarif, had already presented a little earlier "regrets, apologies and condolences ”to the families of the victims and to the countries concerned.

A total reversal, since again on Friday, the Iranian Civil Aviation Organization affirmed "that one thing [was] sure, this plane was not hit by a missile".

"American Adventism"

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Washington was also responsible for the tragedy, however. "Human error in times of crisis caused by American adventurism has led to disaster," he said on Twitter. The accident occurred on Wednesday morning January 8, while Tehran was on high alert for fear of reprisals by the American army. A few hours earlier, Iran had fired missiles against two bases housing American soldiers in Iraq, to ​​avenge the assassination of General Ghassem Soleimani by an American drone strike in Baghdad on January 3.

Canada calls for "transparency" and "full investigation"

Analysis of the device's black boxes is expected in the coming weeks. In the meantime, videos of the explosion in flight as well as the impacts identified on the cabin of the aircraft prompted many observers to accredit the hypothesis of a missile launch.

After the recognition of the Iranian authorities, Russia called on Tehran to learn from its mistake.

"If the deciphering of the black boxes and the investigation work do not find that the Iranian army did this intentionally and that there are no logical reasons for this, the incident must be closed.

With the hope that lessons will be learned and measures taken by all parties, "said the chairman of the Parliament's Foreign Affairs Committee, Konstantin Kossatchev, quoted by the Interfax news agency.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

UKRAINIAN BOEING CRASH 737 AND

IRANIAN MISSILE SHOOTING

Lots of questions but one certainty. Canada assured Thursday, January 9, that the Boeing 737 which crashed this Wednesday near Tehran, was probably shot down by an Iranian missile.

The disaster, which resulted in the deaths of 176 people including 63 Canadians, occurred shortly after Tehran fired missiles at bases used by the US military in Iraq.

The disaster came hours after a ballistic missile salvo ordered by the Islamic Republic against US military installations in Iraq.

Reprisals against the assassination, in Baghdad, five days earlier, of the Iranian general Ghassem Soleimani, commander of the force of the Revolutionary Guards, in an American strike.

A crash with dramatic consequences which is the subject of speculation that the authorities hope to lift with a "thorough investigation".

"We have information from multiple sources, including our allies and our own services," which "indicates that the plane was shot down by an Iranian surface-to-air missile," Justin Trudeau said at a press conference. .

"It may not have been intentional," he added.

Without being so explicit, US President Donald Trump had earlier expressed his "doubts" on the thesis of the mechanical problem. "I have the feeling that something terrible happened," he said, referring to a possible "mistake".

A video of about twenty seconds

An investigation in which Donald Trump has already promised to participate.

It must be said that the American services already seem well informed about the tragedy, distilling it drop by drop from Thursday several details.

In particular the capture of an Iranian radar signal locating the plane.

Then, a few seconds later, the location by American satellites of two short-range missiles, fired from the ground and approaching the plane before exploding.

The American services also intercepted a communication between Iranians, confirming that missiles made crash the Ukrainian plane.

Another argument on which Canada relies: a video of about twenty seconds, which would show the moment when a missile strikes the device.

The sequence was widely broadcast on social networks. In the images, we can see a luminous object rapidly climbing towards the sky and striking what appears to be an airplane.

The video, which could not be formally authenticated, has been published by several media, including the New York Times on its website. On the video published by the New York Times, we see "a small explosion which seems to occur at the moment when the missile touches the plane but this one did not explode completely.

The plane continued to fly for several minutes before turning back to the airport, ”analyzes the media.

To accredit the thesis of a missile launching, accidental or not, the Canadian authorities also place great hopes in the study of the black boxes of the device.

Fifty Ukrainian experts investigate Tehran

About fifty Ukrainian experts arrived in Tehran on Thursday to take part in the investigation and in particular to decipher the black boxes of the aircraft. Some confusion reigns over the fate of these black boxes, crucial for the investigations to come.

Kiev is examining various working hypotheses, including an anti-aircraft missile launch, the explosion of a bomb placed on board, or a collision with a drone.

President Volodymyr Zelensky on Thursday declared a day of national mourning, promising to establish the truth about this drama. Ukraine has also asked for "unconditional support" from the UN. About fifty Ukrainian experts arrived in Tehran to take part in the investigation and in particular the decryption of these boxes.

Despite the evidence against it which has accumulated in recent hours, Iran is sticking to its position. "One thing is certain, this plane was not hit by a missile," Ali Abedzadeh, president of the Iranian Civil Aviation Organization (CAO), said on Friday.

The crash is the deadliest involving Canadians since the 1985 bombing of an Air India Boeing 747 in which 268 Canadians were killed.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AUSTRALIE DES SNIPERS VONT ABATTRE 10 000 DROMADAIRES SAUVAGES

Des dromadaires trop nombreux.

L’Australie serait désormais le pays comptant la plus vaste population de dromadaires sauvages au monde, avec certaines estimations officielles faisant état d’un million de bêtes dans les étendues désertiques du centre.

Mais du fait de la sécheresse, ces animaux, introduits dans les années 1840 par les colons, s’approchent de plus en plus des localités de l’intérieur du pays pour y trouver de l’eau.

L’immense île-continent a vécu en 2019 son année la plus chaude et la plus sèche, ce qui a non seulement entraîné de dramatiques feux de forêt, qui font toujours rage dans certaines régions, mais aussi des pénuries d’eau dans nombre de localités.

Des troupeaux « extrêmement importants », en quête d’eau et de nourriture, menacent les réserves des villages, en plus de provoquer des dégâts et de constituer un danger pour les automobilistes.

En raison de ces menaces qu’ils constituent pour les populations, dix mille dromadaires sauvages vont donc être abattus par des snipers depuis des hélicoptères.

« Ces troupeaux exercent du fait de la quête d’eau des dromadaires une pression sur les localités aborigènes des territoires de l’APY et les activités pastorales », a expliqué dans un communiqué le comité exécutif des territoires de l’Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY), en Australie méridionale.

Des sources d’eau contaminées

Le ministère de l’Environnement de l’État, qui soutient cet abattage, a expliqué que la sécheresse posait aussi « de graves questions de bien-être animal » car nombre de bêtes sont mortes de soif ou se sont blessées entre elles en se précipitant vers des points d’eau. « Dans certains cas, des carcasses d’animaux morts ont contaminé d’importantes sources d’eau et des sites culturels », a dit une porte-parole du ministère.

Ces campagnes courantes en Australie.

Ce type de campagnes de gestion des populations de dromadaires sont courantes en Australie. Entre 2010 et 2014, elle a même été encadrée par un programme fédéral, l’Australian feral camel management project.

La pratique d’abattage massif d’animaux sauvages est relativement courante en Australie, qui compte de nombreuses espèces nuisibles introduites par l’homme. Un programme prévoit notamment l’abattage de quelque deux millions de chats sauvages à l’horizon 2020.

En 2015, plus d’un million de kangourous avaient été tués sur l’ensemble du territoire.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

REPRESAILLES CONTRE REPRESAILLES

LES ETATS-UNIS ET L'IRAN

L'ATTAQUE DE DEUX BASES AERIENNES AMERICAINNES

Après l’escalade verbale, voici les premiers tirs. Au moins une douzaine de roquettes se sont abattues dans la nuit de mardi à mercredi sur deux bases irakiennes où sont postés des soldats américains, a confirmé le Pentagone. De son côté, la télévision iranienne affirme que Téhéran avait tiré « des dizaines » de roquettes en riposte à la frappe américaine qui a éliminé le général Soleimani la semaine dernière.

Le commandement militaire irakien a annoncé dans un communiqué que 22 missiles se sont abattus sueux bases, entre 1h45 et 2h15 heure locale, « 17 sur la base aérienne d'Aïn al-Assad (...) et cinq sur la ville d'Erbil, qui ont tous touché des installations de la coalition » internationale anti-djihadistes emmenée par les Etats-Unis.

Le Pentagone a pour sa part annoncé que plus d'une douzaine de missiles avaient été lancés. « Vers 17h30 le 7 janvier, l'Iran a tiré plus d'une douzaine de missiles balistiques contre les forces militaires américaines et de la coalition en Irak », a indiqué Jonathan Hoffman, porte-parole du ministère américain de la Défense dans un communiqué.

« Il est clair que ces missiles ont été tirés depuis l'Iran et visaient au moins deux bases irakiennes hébergeant des militaires américains et membres de la coalition à al-Assad et Erbil », a-t-il précisé.

Ces attaques interviennent en représailles à la frappe américaine qui avait visé et tué le général iranien Qassem Soleimani le 3 janvier dernier à Badgad.

Représailles « proportionnées » pour l’Iran

Après ces raids, revendiqués par Téhéran, les dirigeants américain et iranien ont semblé vouloir calmer le jeu rapidement.

Les Etats-Unis ont peut-être « coupé le bras » du général Ghassem Soleimani, mais l’Iran ripostera en leur coupant « la jambe » au Moyen-Orient, a ensuite déclaré le président iranien, Hassan Rohani.

« Nous les avons giflés [les Américains] au visage hier soir » avec une frappe de missile, « mais l’action militaire ne suffit pas », a aussi affirmé dans un discours à la nation le guide suprême iranien, l’ayatollah Ali Khamenei. « La présence corrompue des Etats-Unis dans la région devrait prendre fin », a-t-il ajouté, en estimant qu’elle avait causé la guerre, la division et la destruction.

« Tout va bien », a réagi sur Twitter Donald Trump

Selon CNN et ABC, il n’y aurait pas de victime côté américain.Le locataire de la Maison-Blanche semble même vouloir désamorcer le conflit en revenant sur sa menace de frapper des sites culturels iraniens.

L’Iran a affirmé via sa télévision d’Etat qu’il s’en tiendrait là si les Etats-Unis ne ripostaient pas. Le ministre des Affaires étrangères Javad Zarif a, dans la foulée, assuré qu’il s’agissait d’une « réponse proportionnée » et que l’Iran ne voulait pas « d’escalade ou la guerre ».

« Nous conseillons au peuple américain de rappeler les troupes américaines [déployées dans la] région afin d’éviter de nouvelles pertes et de ne pas permettre que la vie de ses soldats soit davantage menacée par la haine toujours croissante du régime » américain, ajoute l’armée iranienne dans un communiqué.

L’un des chefs du Hachd Al-Chaabi, milice irakienne pro-Iran, a menacé mercredi les Etats-Unis d’une « riposte » qui « ne sera pas moins importante que la réponse iranienne ».

Des attaques jugées « dangereuses » par Londres, Berlin...

Israël a mis en garde l’Iran en cas d’attaque contre l’Etat hébreu. « Quiconque nous attaque recevra une riposte retentissante », a déclaré le premier ministre, Benyamin Nétanyahou, qui a qualifié Ghassem Soleimani de « terroriste en chef » et d’« architecte » de la « campagne de terreur » au Moyen-Orient.

Boris Johnson, le premier ministre britannique, a condamné l’attaque « contre les bases militaires irakiennes accueillant les forces de la coalition » – incluant 400 militaires et un millier de civils – et appelé Téhéran à « une désescalade urgente ».

L’Allemagne a aussi condamné « le plus fermement l’agression » et les tirs de missiles, a déclaré la ministre de la défense allemande, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. « Il s’avère maintenant décisif que nous ne laissions pas cette spirale croître encore », a-t-elle souligné sur la chaîne de télévision publique ARD, précisant qu’il appartenait « avant tout aux Iraniens de ne pas provoquer de nouvelle escalade ».

La Chine, qui est l’une des parties à l’accord sur le nucléaire iranien signé en 2015 et l’un des principaux importateurs de brut iranien, a aussi appelé à « la retenue ».

Ces frappes iraniennes intervient un surviennent peu plus de 24 heures après un cafouillage des Etats-Unis, leur commandement militaire affirmant se retirer du pays conformément à un appel du Parlement et le Pentagone démentant.

Plusieurs Etats membres de la coalition ont déjà retiré des soldats, par crainte de nouvelles attaques à la roquette, dont une quinzaine ont déjà visé des bases où sont postés les militaires de la coalition depuis fin octobre.

Une symbolique forte

"C’est la première fois que la République s’attaque directement par des moyens conventionnels et en son nom propre à des installations militaires américaines. Toute la doctrine de pression sécuritaire menée par Téhéran face à ses adversaires dans la région, qu’il s’agisse des Etats-Unis, d’Israël ou des monarchies du Golfe opposées à Téhéran, consiste traditionnellement à faire porter la responsabilité des actions hostiles à des groupes non étatiques alliés à la République islamique. Malgré sa portée militaire limitée, l’opération menée par les gardiens de la révolution iraniens est porteuse d’une charge symbolique forte", analyse  un confrère.

L'allocution de Donald Trump

Donald Trump s'est exprimé mercredi depuis la Maison-Blanche, entouré notamment du secrétaire d'État Mike Pompeo, du vice-président Mike Pence et de hauts responsables du Pentagone. Il a martelé que l'Iran n'obtiendra «jamais » l'arme nucléaire.«Tant que je serai président des Etats-Unis, on ne permettra jamais à l'Iran d'obtenir l'arme nucléaire», a affirmé Donald Trump. «Depuis 1979, les États ont toléré le comportement destructeur de l'Iran. Cette période est révolue. L'Iran a été le principal parrain du terrorisme dans la région. Nous ne permettrons jamais à l'Iran de représenter une menace», a-t-il ajouté, se félicitant de l'élimination du général Qassem Soleimani.

De plus il a invité les Européens à quitter l'accord sur le nucléaire iranien«L'accord sur le nucléaire expire rapidement et va permettre à l'Iran d'obtenir le bombe atomique. Il est temps que la France, la Russie, la Grande-Bretagne et la Chine reconnaissent cet état de fait», a insisté le locataire de la Maison-Blanche. Il a enfin demandé à l'Otan de s'impliquer «beaucoup plus» au Moyen-Orient.

«Le monde civilisé doit envoyer un message fort et unifié en disant : “votre campagne d'atrocités et de meurtres ne sera plus tolérée dorénavant”», a-t-il prévenu.

Pamela Newton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PLUSIEURS MORTS AUX FUNERAILLES

DU GENERAL SOLEIMANI

Plusieurs personnes ont été tuées dans une bousculade ce mardi à Kerman (sud-est de l’Iran) lors des funérailles du général Qassem Soleimani, auxquelles participe une immense foule, a-t-on appris de source officielle. Quarante morts ainsi que 190 blessés seraient à déplorer .

« Malheureusement, un certain nombre de personnes […] ont perdu la vie », a déclaré sur la télévision d’Etat, Pir Hossein Koulivand, chef du service national des urgences iraniens.

Les habitants de Kerman se sont rassemblés en masse, réclamant vengeance aux cris de « Mort à l’Amérique » après l’assassinat du général Qassem Soleimani, qui doit être enterré dans l’après-midi dans cette ville du sud-est de l’Iran. Le centre de la ville natale de l’officier était envahi par une marée humaine semblable à celles ayant déferlé dimanche et lundi à Téhéran et dans les autres villes où les cercueils du général et de ses compagnons d’armes tués avec lui ont transité pour un hommage populaire.

Chef de la Force Qods, unité d’élite chargée des opérations extérieures des Gardiens de la Révolution (l’armée idéologique iranienne), Soleimani était l’architecte de la stratégie de l’Iran au Moyen-Orient. Il a été tué vendredi par une frappe de drone américain devant l’aéroport de Bagdad.

Le processus d' « expulsion des Etats-Unis de la région a commencé », a lancé à la foule de Kerman le général de division Hossein Salami, commandant en chef des Gardiens de la Révolution. « Notre volonté est ferme. Nous disons également à nos ennemis que nous allons nous venger, et que s'ils (frappent de nouveau) nous mettrons le feu à ce qu'ils adorent », a-t-il dit sur un ton énigmatique. "Eux-mêmes savent bien de quels lieux je parle".

Le Parlement iranien a pour sa part adopté ce mardi en urgence une loi classant toutes les forces armées américaines comme « terroristes ».

Depuis la mort de Soleimani, le monde entier redoute une nouvelle déflagration majeure au Moyen-Orient.

Pamela Newton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

FIN DU MORATOIRE NORD COREEN ANNONCE

PAR KIM JONG UN

Kim Jong-un annonce la fin du moratoire nord-coréen sur les essais nucléaires et promet une action "choquante" contre les Etats-Unis.

"Nous n'avons aucune raison de continuer unilatéralement à cet engagement", a-t-il dit, et a averti que "le monde verra dans un proche avenir une nouvelle arme stratégique que la Corée possède".

Le leader nord-coréen Kim Jong-un a annoncé mercredi la fin du moratoire sur les essais nucléaires et le test de missile balistique intercontinental et a promis une action "choquante" contre les Etats-Unis, qui ont réagi avec modération.

"Nous n'avons aucune raison de continuer unilatéralement à cet engagement", a déclaré Kim Jong-un aux dignitaires du parti au pouvoir, cité par KCNA. "Le monde sera témoin dans un proche avenir d'une nouvelle arme stratégique que la Corée du Nord possède."

Kim Jong-un a déclaré en 2018 que la Corée du Nord n'avait plus besoin d'essais nucléaires et d'essais de missiles balistiques intercontinentaux.

Au cours des années précédentes, la Corée du Nord a effectué six essais nucléaires et lancé des missiles capables d'atteindre l'ensemble du continent américain.

L'annonce de mercredi menace de ruiner les efforts diplomatiques des deux dernières années. Le président américain Donald Trump a souvent mentionné que Kim lui avait promis de ne passer aucun test.

"Nous avons signé un contrat qui parle de dénucléarisation. C'était la phrase numéro un de la" dénucléarisation ", elle a été faite à Singapour. Je pense qu'il est un homme de parole", a déclaré Trump à propos du premier sommet historique entre les deux dirigeants, à Singapour. en 2018.

Mais les négociations nucléaires entre les deux dirigeants sont au point mort depuis l'échec du sommet entre Kim et Trump à Hanoi en février.

Avant une session plénière du comité central de son Parti des travailleurs, Kim a clairement indiqué que son pays était disposé à continuer de vivre sous des sanctions internationales pour préserver sa capacité nucléaire.

Pas de discours du Nouvel An

"Les Etats-Unis soulèvent des demandes contraires aux intérêts fondamentaux de notre Etat et adoptent un comportement de bandit", a-t-il déclaré, cité par la KCNA.

Washington "a effectué des dizaines d'exercices militaires conjoints (avec la Corée du Sud) que le président (Trump) avait personnellement promis d'arrêter", ont envoyé des équipes militaires dans le sud et intensifié les sanctions contre Pyongyang, a-t-il ajouté "Nous ne vendrons jamais notre dignité", a-t-il dit, promettant "une action choquante pour payer [aux Etats-Unis] le prix de la douleur subie par notre peuple".

Comme Trump, le secrétaire d'État américain Mike Pompeo a réagi avec modération. "Nous voulons la paix, pas la confrontation", a-t-il déclaré à CBS. "Nous espérons que ... le président Kim prendra la bonne décision et choisira la paix et la prospérité au lieu des conflits et de la guerre", a également déclaré Pompeo à Fox News.

Une présence d'essais nucléaires en Corée du Nord.

Le ministère sud-coréen en charge de l'unification a déclaré qu'un test d'arme stratégique "ne contribuerait pas aux négociations sur la dénucléarisation".

Pour la première fois depuis 2013, Kim n'a pas prononcé son discours traditionnel du Nouvel An mercredi, un moment clé du calendrier politique de la Corée du Nord.

Selon des analystes, le dirigeant nord-coréen a décidé d'omettre ce message pour éviter d'avoir à admettre des erreurs dans sa politique diplomatique avec Washington.

Pendant des mois, Pyongyang a appelé à une réduction des sanctions internationales qui lui sont imposées pour ses programmes d'armes nucléaires et de missiles balistiques, mais l'administration Trump estime que la Corée du Nord doit faire des gestes plus concrets avant d'obtenir une flexibilisation.

"Jeu géopolitique dangereux"

Pour Harry Kazianis, chercheur au Center for the National Interest, un institut basé à Washington, "Kim Jong-un joue un jeu géopolitique dangereux."

"La Corée du Nord, pour ainsi dire, a placé un ICBM (missile balistique intercontinental) dans le temple de Donald Trump dans l'espoir d'obtenir les deux concessions qu'il souhaite le plus: un assouplissement des sanctions et une garantie de sécurité", a estimé Kazianis.

"Il parie que la menace d'une nouvelle démonstration de sa capacité à attaquer le territoire américain avec une arme nucléaire poussera les Etats-Unis à faire plus de concessions", a expliqué le chercheur.

Il semble peu probable que cette stratégie soit efficace, car il est très possible que Washington réponde par "plus de sanctions, une plus grande présence en Asie de l'Est et plus de menaces de" feu et de fureur "sur le compte Twitter de Donald Trump."

Le secrétaire général de l'ONU, Antonio Guterres, a exprimé son espoir que Pyongyang "ne reprendra pas les essais nucléaires".

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

IRAK LE DEVERSEMENT DE HAINE DE

ZEINAH SOLEIMANI

La fille de Soleimani avertit les soldats américains de la région de "se préparer" et des cris de "mort en Amérique" retentissent lors des funérailles du général.

Le général tué par les États-Unis, Kassem Soleimani, a eu des funérailles au sommet des iconographies iraniennes les plus en vue. Au cours des quatre dernières décennies, depuis la Révolution qui a renversé le Shah, l'aversion pour Washington de Téhéran  s'est déversée avec en tête l'ayatollah Khomeiny, chef de file de cette vague de fureur populaire, lors des funérailles du général. Une haine venant d'Iraniens d'horizons les plus divers.

"Le général Soleimani a choisi de combattre le terrorisme, l'État islamique, les talibans et Israël en dehors de nos frontières pour assurer la sécurité au Moyen-Orient et en Iran", explique Elahe, une jeune femme récemment arrivée des États-Unis pour une visite familiale, mais qui a rejoint ce matin des millions d'Iraniens qui affluaient vers l'Université de Téhéran et  l'avenue centrale Enghelab. "Nous venons de dire que nous aurons peut-être nos différences internes, mais au final, nous sommes une nation unie", ajoute-t-il.

Telle a été la réussite de Donald Trump, qui a ordonné la mort du stratège iranien en politique étrangère - et l'un de ceux qui ont le plus affronté les intérêts américains dans la région - juste après avoir demandé au Premier ministre irakien d'agir en tant que médiateur avec l'Iran. L'estime du peuple iranien envers Soleimani, le leader iranien le plus estimé dans les sondages, a même amené de nombreux détracteurs du système à se resserrer face à ce qu'ils perçoivent comme une menace étrangère majeure.

Les funérailles se sont passées dans une nation habituée à pleurer chaque année l'aîné de ses martyrs chiites, l'Imam Hussein. Pas par coïncidence, les références religieuses entremêlées de chants politiques plus explicites tels que "ni engagement ni reddition, vengeance!"

Dans l'homélie, le chef de la Force Quds, l'aile des opérations spéciales des Gardiens de la révolution, a été élevé au rang de martyr national. Si Hussein était martyir en défendant l'islam, Soleimani défendait l'Iran.

Les élégies chantées, manifestation traditionnelle du deuil religieux, ont marqué l'apogée. Alors que des dizaines d'orateurs disséminés dans les rues entourant l'Université ont publié le récital de Sadiq Ahangaran, l'un des récitants les plus célèbres - connu pour le faire dans la tranchée où Soleimani a combattu en Iran - Guerre d'Irak des années 80 - des milliers d'Iraniens se sont réunis pour des pleurs inconsolables.

Le guide suprême  a récité la prière devant les six cercueils de ceux tués par un drone de Washington. Hormis celui de l'Irakien Abu Mahdi Muhandis, qui portait celui du pays voisin, les autres étaient couverts du drapeau de l'Iran. Khamenei a fondu en larmes sur les restes de son homme de confiance.

Dans un environnement où la douleur et la fureur alternaient, la fille de Qassem Soleimani étaient celle qui avait prononcé les mots les plus durs.

"Crazy Trump, ne crois pas que tout est fini avec le martyre de mon père", a déclaré Zeinab Soleimani avec défi.

Aux parents de soldats américains stationnés dans la région, la progéniture leur a recommandé de "se préparer".

Avec en fond le chant de la «mort en Amérique», chanté avec ardeur en particulier après le rejet de l'accord nucléaire par Trump, donnant lieu à la crise actuelle, la fille du général a prédit un «jour noir» pour les États-Unis....

Pamela Newton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

INCENDIES DEVASTATEURS EN AUSTRALIE

ET LE MESSAGE DE LA REINE ELIZABETH II

Triste bilan après un samedi particulièrement dévastateur en Australie. Les incendies qui ravagent le Sud-Est du pays depuis plusieurs mois ont fait une nouvelle victime et ont encore causé des destructions. L'émotion est très vive dans le pays et au delà au lendemain d'une nouvelle journée particulièrement violente sur le front des incendies, marquée notamment par un 24ème décès.

« Nous sommes en territoire inconnu », a déclaré Gladys Berejiklian, la Première ministre de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud. « Nous ne pouvons pas dire que nous avons déjà vécu ça. Ce n'est pas le cas », a-t-elle dit. Et de prévenir: « Plusieurs villages qui n'avaient jamais connu la menace des feux de forêts risquent d'être complètement anéantis ».

L'état d'urgence a été décrété dans le sud-est de l'île-continent, qui est aussi sa zone de peuplement la plus dense, et ordre a été donné vendredi à plus de 100.000 personnes d'évacuer dans trois Etats.

Face à la gravité de la crise -une superficie équivalente à deux fois la Belgique est partie en fumée- le Premier ministre Scott Morrison a annoncé samedi la plus importante mobilisation militaire jamais réalisée, à savoir l'appel de 3.000 réservistes de l'armée pour prêter main forte aux pompiers volontaires exténués.

Le dévouement des pompiers, dont trois ont perdu la vie en combattant les flammes, a été salué dans tout le pays, et même au-delà.

Le deuil de la Reine

La reine Elizabeth II a envoyé dimanche un message de condoléances au gouverneur général d'Australie, son représentant dans le pays, dans lequel elle se dit « profondément attristée » par les incendies, et remercie les services d'urgence « qui mettent leur propre vie en danger » pour aider la population. .

La chanteuse Pink et l'actrice Nicole Kidman promettent 500.000 dollars

Des personnalités se sont par ailleurs engagées ou ont recueilli des millions de dollars pour soutenir les pompiers et les communautés touchées par les incendies, à l'image de la chanteuse américaine Pink qui a tweeté samedi qu'elle faisait un don de 500.000 dollars américains.Ou de l'actrice australienne Nicole Kidman qui a fait cette même promesse de don. « Le soutien, les pensées et les prières de notre famille accompagnent tous ceux qui sont touchés par les incendies partout en Australie », a-t-elle écrit sur Instagram. « Nous donnons 500.000 dollars aux services d'incendie qui font et donnent tous beaucoup en ce moment ».Sur Instagram, Dacre Montgomery, l'acteur de la série Stranger Things a aussi posté un message pour inciter les personnes à donner.

Un répit ce dimanche ?

Au lendemain de conditions météorologiques catastrophiques, dimanche a offert un répit relatif, avec des températures moins élevées et des précipitations dans certaines zones des Etats de Victoria et de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud. Cela devrait permettre aux autorités de reprendre le contrôle de certains brasiers, et d'évaluer plus précisément les dégâts dans certaines régions.

Inondation, pollution et cambriolages.

Ces incendies ont des conséquences induites parfois désastreuses.

Nombre de localités demeuraient sous la menace de feux échappant à tout contrôle, notamment autour de la ville d'Eden, en Nouvelle-Galles du Sud, près de la démarcation avec le Victoria.

Dans cet Etat, 150 feux continuaient de brûler, dimanche. A Cooma, plus dans l’intérieur des terres, la crise des feux s’est doublée d’une inondation quand un énorme château d’eau renfermant 4,5 millions de litres s’est effondré, entraînant une coulée de boue dans certaines maisons.

Air Visual, site indépendant mesurant la qualité de l'air, plaçait dimanche Canberra en tête des villes les plus polluées au monde, devant Delhi et Kaboul, et ce en raison des fumées émanant de brasiers non loin

La police multipliait par ailleurs les patrouilles dans certaines régions rurales affectées par les feux, en raison d'informations faisant état de pillages et de cambriolages dans des propriétés affectées.

Dans ce contexte, Scott Morrison a malgré tout annoncé la création d'une Bushfire Recovery Agency, une agence qui devra, pendant les deux prochaines années, aider les sinistrés.

La situation météorologique va en partie devenir plus favorable ces prochains jours. Dans la région de Melbourne par exemple, il fait ce dimanche une vingtaine de degrés de moins que samedi.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

QUELLE VENGEANCE POSSIBLE POUR L'IRAN

CONTRE L'ATTAQUE DES ETATS-UNIS ?

Téhéran a promis «une dure vengeance au bon endroit et au bon moment» pour venger la mort de Soleimani. Vendredi près de l'aéroport de Bagdad, une attaque de drone américaine a tué Soleimani, le chef de la Force Qods des Gardiens de la révolution, chargée des opérations extérieures d'Iran, et Abou Mehdi al-Mouhandis, l'homme de l'Iran en Irak. L'escalade entre les Etats-Unis et l'Iran s'est poursuivi ce samedi. Une nouvelle frappe américaine a visé, samedi 4 janvier, les soutiens de l'Iran en Irak. Il y a eu « des morts et des blessés » dans ce raid aérien contre un convoi du Hachd al-Chaabi, coalition de paramilitaires pro-Iran désormais intégrés à l'Etat irakien, au nord de Bagdad, a indiqué une source policière.

La Suisse, qui représente les intérêts des Etats-Unis en Iran en l'absence de relations diplomatiques entre les deux pays, a affirmé vendredi que son représentant avait «transmis un message que les Etats-Unis l'ont chargé de remettre» à l'Iran, sans préciser sa teneur.

Cité par le site de la télévision d'Etat iranienne, le contre-amiral Ali Fadavi, commandant en chef adjoint des Gardiens de la Révolution, l'armée idéologique d'Iran, a affirmé que Washington avait dit «si vous voulez vous venger, vengez-vous proportionnellement à ce que nous avons fait».«Une dure vengeance». Les Américains ne sont pas en position de «décider» de la réponse de l'Iran et doivent s'attendre à une dure vengeance. Cette vengeance ne se limite pas à l'Iran», a-t-il dit, assurant que les alliés de l'Iran au Moyen-Orient sont «prêts à concrétiser cette vengeance».

L' Irak au cœur d’une lutte d’influence entre les Etats-Unis et l’Iran

Au cœur d’une lutte d’influence entre les Etats-Unis et l’Iran, l’Irak a jusqu’à présent évité une confrontation ouverte entre ses deux parrains rivaux. Depuis le retrait unilatéral américain de l’accord sur le nucléaire iranien en 2018 et le rétablissement des sanctions, c’est dans le golfe Arabo-Persique que les deux Etats se défient. Une série d’incidents, qui s’est soldée par le siège de l’ambassade américaine à Bagdad par des milices chiites irakiennes liées à l’Iran, les 31 décembre 2019 et 1er janvier 2020, ont fait voler en éclat ce fragile statu quo.

La démonstration de force des milices pro-iraniennes, qui dominent les unités de la Mobilisation populaire (MP), a ravivé à Washington le spectre des attaques contre ses ambassades à Téhéran, en 1979, et à Benghazi, en Libye, en 2012. Fustigeant les raids américains contre des installations des Brigades du Hezbollah (Kataeb Hezbollah) en Irak et en Syrie, qui ont fait 25 morts dans les rangs de la milice dimanche, des milliers de membres de la Mobilisation populaire ont pénétré mardi dans la zone verte, sans interposition aucune des forces qui gardent le quartier ultra-sécurisé.

Mais de quels moyens dispose réellement l'Iran pour venger la mort de Soleimani, le chef de la Force Qods des Gardiens de la révolution ?

Un front uni se constitue autour de Téhéran

Depuis l'annonce de la mort du général iranien, un front uni semble se constituer autour de Téhéran. cette attaque de Washington ayant un effet rassembleur en Iran. En effet des groupes de différentes sensibilités font front commun face à l'ennemi américain.

D'où une véritable recrudescence de groupes pro-Iran, dont certains se sont même réveillés pour l'occasion. C'est notamment le cas de l'armée du Mahdi, une milice chiite affiliée à la République islamique d'Iran, qui sévissait au début des années 2000 en Irak, lorsque les Américains occupaient le pays. L'organisation, considérée comme terroriste par les Etats-Unis depuis avril 2019, possède des forces armées capables d'une riposte lourde. Moqtada Sadr, le chef de cette milice, a demandé à ses soldats de se « tenir prêts », peu après l'annonce de la mort de Qassem Soleimani.

« En tant que chef de la résistance patriotique irakienne, j'ordonne à tous les moudjahidines, particulièrement à ceux de l'armée du Mahdi, de la Brigade du jour promis et à tous les groupes patriotiques aguerris de se tenir prêts à protéger l'Irak. » Le Hezbollah s'est déclaré prêt à répondre à l'appel de Téhéran, ainsi que le groupe Jihad islamique palestinien (JIP) et le Hamas. Un officiel du Hamas, Bassem Naim, a publié un message sur Twitter dans lequel il estime que la mort du général iranien « ouvre la porte à toutes les éventualités dans la région, sauf le calme et la stabilité ». Abu Hamza, l'un des porte-parole du groupe, a juré que leur « alliance de résistance ne sera pas défaite, que nous ne serons pas brisés ».

Pour «mener des guerres par procuration »

Si l'Iran sait qu’elle ne fait pas le poids dans le cadre d’un conflit militaire direct avec les Etats-Unis leur présence est partout dans la région : en Irak, au Yémen, dans le détroit d'Ormuz...L'Iran livrera probablement des 'proxy wars' (des 'guerres par procuration', sur un territoire voisin) selon une spécialiste. L'Irak a ainsi de fortes chances d'être le théâtre de ces affrontements. Bagdad a d'ailleurs dit redouter « une guerre dévastatrice » sur son sol, après le raid qui a tué l'homme-clé de l'influence iranienne au Moyen-Orient, mais également son premier lieutenant irakien Abou Mehdi al-Mouhandis, numéro deux du Hachd al-Chaabi, groupe paramilitaire irakien. Proche militairement des Etats-Unis et de l’Iran, l'Irak se retrouve pris entre deux feux : une prise de position, dans un sens ou l'autre, serait dommageable pour le pays.

Menacer la sécurité du détroit d'Ormuz

Hormis l'Irak, l'autre endroit stratégique dont dispose l'Iran, c'est le détroit d' Ormuz. Téhéran peut, s'il le souhaite, influer sur la sécurité et la fluidité des échanges. Plus de 30% des hydrocarbures utilisés dans le monde y transitent . Si l'Iran n'envisagera probablement pas un blocage du détroit, la sécurité peut en revanche s'y trouver fortement perturbée. Téhéran dispose en effet de missiles à proximité, dont il pourrait se servir contre la flotte américaine qui transite par Ormuz.

Depuis mi-novembre déjà, la frégate française Courbet, composée de 180 marins, assure dans le détroit d'Ormuz la sécurité maritime et lutte contre les trafics qui alimentent les caisses des réseaux terroristes. Washington a lancé, également en novembre, sa propre opération (dénommée "Sentinel") pour protéger le transport maritime dans les eaux du golfe.

L’Iran pourrait lancer une vague de cyberattaques .

Ce pays a déjà montré ses capacités à mener des cyberattaques de grande envergure, notamment contre des entreprises américaines. En mars 2019, des hackers iraniens avaient volé plus de 6 TB de données à l’entreprise américaine Citrix.

Cette même attaque visait en réalité plusieurs services gouvernementaux tels que le FBI, la Nasa ou encore l’Agence des Communications de la Maison Blanche.

L’Iran a déjà mené des cyberattaques malveillantes contre d’autres pays, notamment les installations pétrolières et les bureaux du gouvernement de l’Arabie saoudite. De plus, le gouvernement américain est convaincu que l’Iran a installé des logiciels malveillants sur des installations industrielles aux États-Unis, notamment sur des barrages.

Même si l’Iran n’a pas autant de ressources que les États-Unis en matière de cyberdéfense, il est évident que le pays pourrait lancer des attaques dans les jours qui viennent. En effet, le pays a un service de renseignement très compétent et très puissant. Au même titre que la Chine, la Russie et la Corée du Nord, le gouvernement américain considère que l’Iran fait partie des quatre nations les plus dangereuses en matière de cybersécurité. Le groupe de hackers le plus connu est IRIDIUM.

Donald Trump ne voulait pas de guerre avec l'Iran, on lui reprochait en cela d'être trop faible. « Il a voulu taper du poing sur la table en faisant le pari que l'Iran n'aurait pas les moyens de faire des représailles massives après cette attaque et cet assassinat ciblé.», analyse Loïc de La Mornais.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES INCENDIES MONSTRES EN AUSTRALIE

DES CONSEQUENCES DEVASTATRICES

La situation pourrait durer « des mois ». Voilà ce qu'a annoncé le Premier ministre australien, Scott Morrisson, le jeudi 2 janvier alors que le pays est en proie aux flammes depuis septembre.

Les incendies ont déjà ravagé plus de 5,5 millions d’hectares soient plus que la surface d’un pays comme le Danemark.18 personnes ont perdu la vie, une vingtaine est portée disparu et des milliers d’habitants ont dû fuir leur logement.

Près de 4 000 d’entre eux, vivant dans la cité balnéaire de Mallacoota, se sont retrouvés bloqués sur la plage et évacués. Au total, selon une estimation de chercheurs de l'université de Sydney, 480 millions d'animaux sont morts à cause des incendies. Et la situation ne semble pas du tout s’améliorer.

Près d'un demi-milliard d'animaux touchés

Depuis le mois de septembre dernier, quelque 480 millions d'animaux (mammifères, oiseaux et reptiles) ont subi les conséquences directes et indirectes des incendies dans l'Etat de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud, selon une étude de l'université de Sydney. Près de 30 % des koalas, ces marsupiaux endémiques symboles de l’île, pourraient avoir été tués dans l’Etat de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud. « Beaucoup de ces animaux ont sans doute été tués directement dans les flammes, précise l'université sur son site, tandis que les autres sont morts par la suite faute de nourriture et d'abri, et en raison de la prédation des chats sauvages introduits et des renards roux. »

Les incendies auront donc des effets profonds et durables sur l'écosystème et la biodiversité du sud de l'Australie. « Sur le long terme, la reconstruction des populations de nombreuses espèces locales va être un défi. Un grand nombre d'entre elles ont été indéniablement affectées par ces feux », résume le chercheur Chris Dickman, sur 7 News.

Des tempêtes pyrocumulonimbus  « dragons cracheurs de feu »

Les incendies, qui ont peu à peu fusionné, sont si importants qu’ils génèrent leur propre météo. Ils forment des pyrocumulonimbus, des nuages surnommés « dragons cracheurs de feu » par la NASA. Ceux-ci provoquent des orages géants, peu chargés en pluie mais avec un fort potentiel de création d'éclairs. Ceux-ci vont créer de nouveaux incendies en touchant le sol. Ce phénomène, rare, devrait se multiplier avec le réchauffement climatique.

« Ce que nous savons sur les conditions de ces tempêtes pyrocumulonimbus est qu’il faut un temps chaud, sec et venteux », explique le Dr Mike Fromm, spécialiste, au Guardian. « Si ces facteurs s’intensifient avec le changement climatique, il est raisonnable d’anticiper un risque supplémentaire de telles tempêtes de feu », prévient-il.

Les glaciers néo-zélandais touchés par les fumées

Alors que dans la capitale australienne la qualité de l’air est devenue la plus mauvaise du monde, les conséquences de ces incendies hors normes traversent les frontières. La fumée a atteint les côtés de la Nouvelle-Zélande, a plus de 2 000 km de l’Australie. Ce nuage de fumée a teinté les glaciers, habituellement d’une couleur blanche éclatante, d’un marron terne. Le glacier Franz Josef en Nouvelle-Zélande a pris une coloration ocre en raison des fumées, comme en témoignent plusieurs photographies prises le 1er janvier et partagées sur les réseaux sociaux. Des images du glacier Tasman noyé dans une brume brune ont aussi été diffusées.

Ce phénomène fait craindre aux scientifiques une accélération de la fonte des glaciers concernés. En effet, ces brumes sont susceptibles de modifier l'albédo des glaces, c'est-à-dire leur capacité à renvoyer l'énergie solaire. Une coloration plus sombre amoindrit la réfraction des glaces blanches, ce qui augmente également la température moyenne. Voici pourquoi l'ancienne Première ministre néo-zélandaise, Helen Clark, écrit que le dépôt de cendres australiennes sur les glaciers risquait « d'accélérer leur réchauffement ». Selon Andrew Mackintosh, ancien directeur du Antartic Research Center, cet événement pourrait augmenter la fonte des glaciers de 20 à 30% cette saison. Cet effet induit par les poussières ne devrait pas se prolonger au-delà d'un an, mais la possible répétition des incendies pourrait à terme jouer un rôle dans la disparition des glaciers néo-zélandais.

L'Australie, un des pays les plus émetteurs de gaz à effet de serre par habitant

L'Australie est habituée aux feux de forêts lors de l'été austral, mais cette année, ils ont été particulièrement précoces et violents en raison d'une période de sécheresse prolongée. Lundi, dans l'État d'Australie occidentale, les températures ont atteint 47°C. Elles ont dépassé 40°C à travers tout le territoire.

Le Premier ministre conservateur Scott Morrison a admis tardivement un lien entre ces incendies et le changement climatique mais s'est refusé à revenir sur sa politique favorable à l'industrie minière du charbon.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

INCENDIES HORS DE CONTROLE EN AUSTRALIE

Une centaine de foyers actifs dans l’État de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud dont la capitale est Sydney et l’Etat le plus peuplé d’Australie avec 5 millions d’habitants, une cinquantaine dans celui, voisin, du Victoria , et d’autres encore en Australie-Occidentale et en Tasmanie… L’Australie brûle, toujours ravagée par des feux de forêts meurtriers, en particulier dans le sud-est du pays-continent.

Depuis septembre et le début de la saison des feux de brousse, ces incendies ont englouti 5,4 millions d’hectares- soit une zone plus vaste que les Pays-Bas-, détruit 1.300 habitations, tué 17 personnes… Et 480 millions d’animaux.

Des facteurs climatique et météorologique réunis

Les vents et fortes températures font craindre le pire sur le front des incendies.

De plus la sécheresse qui a frappé l’Australie l’hiver dernier a fait chuter très bas la teneur en eau des végétaux qui sont des plus inflammables.

Et la chaleur extrême - plus de 40°C en ce moment en Australie –, va encore diminuer d’un cran la teneur en eau des végétaux, ce qui accroît grandement leur inflammabilité.

Une autre raison expliquant l’importance de l’extension des feux et leur vitesse de propagation est qu’ils se nourrissent du « bush ».

Couvrant 800 000 km2 de l’Australie, soit une fois et demi la surface de la France, ce peut être une savane (brousse) herbeuse et broussailleuse ou bien des forêts d’acacias, de Melaleuca et d’eucalyptus avoisinant les 10 mètres de haut.

Des feux hors de contrôle

Ces départs de feux sont précoces dans la saison – on n’est qu’au début de l’été austral –, violents et longs. Ils sont favorisés par des températures records supérieures à 40 °C (jusqu’à 45 °C), la sécheresse ainsi que des vents soufflant en rafales d’est en ouest. Un nouveau pic de chaleur est attendu samedi 4 janvier, un élément favorable à la progression des incendies.

Les flammes sont reparties de plus belle ces derniers jours. Au point que, ce jeudi, la Nouvelle-Galles du Sud est passé de nouveau en état d’urgence pour la troisième fois. Dans une zone côtière au sud de Sydney, les touristes ont 48 heures pour évacuer.

Dans la zone côtière de 200 kilomètres de long, depuis la pittoresque ville de Batemans Bay (200 kilomètres de long, depuis la pittoresque ville de Batemans Bay à environ 300 km au sud de Sydney) vers le sud et l’État de Victoria. Il s’agit de la plus importante opération d’évacuation que la région ait jamais connue. Les évacuations forcées sont autorisées à compter de ce vendredi et pendant sept jours.

Les autorités australiennes s’attendent en effet à un samedi noir sur le front des incendies, en anticipant des rafales de vents soutenues et des températures supérieures à 40°C. Quant au Premier ministre australien, Scott Morisson, il a évoqué, toujours ce jeudi, la possibilité que cette situation perdure des « mois ».

Evacuation et convoi d'aide humanitaire

Le directeur adjoint du service des pompiers de L’État, Rob Rogers, a mentionné que les pompiers étaient incapables d'éteindre ou même de contrôler les incendies en cours. « Le message c'est qu'il y a tellement de feux dans cette zone que nous ne sommes pas en capacité de les contenir », a-t-il déclaré à ABC.

« On doit juste s'assurer qu'il n'y a plus personne sur leur chemin. » Les autorités n’ont pas encore pu entrer en contact avec tous les habitants des régions rurales les plus isolées.

Des navires et avions militaires ont été déployés pour convoyer de l'aide humanitaire et évaluer les dégâts dans les régions les plus isolées. Un navire de la marine est arrivé jeudi matin dans la cité balnéaire de Mallacoota, où des personnes se sont réfugiées pendant des heures sur la plage pour échapper aux flammes qui ont atteint la ville.

Cette crise sans précédent a donné lieu à des manifestations pour demander au gouvernement de prendre immédiatement des mesures contre le réchauffement climatique qui serait, selon des scientifiques, un facteur favorisant ces incendies plus précoces, plus longs et plus violents que jamais.

Le premier ministre, Scott Morrison, qui a renouvelé son soutien à la lucrative mais très polluante industrie du charbon australienne, est très critiqué.

Le 2 janvier, il a donné sa première conférence de presse depuis ce regain des incendies, assurant « qu'absolument tous les efforts » sont déployés pour venir en aide aux habitants les plus touchés.

Jenny Chase  pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA MORT DU GENERAL SOLEIMANI TUE

PAR LES AMERICAINS OU L' ESCALADE

DES TENSIONS ENTRE LES ETATS-UNIS ET L'IRAN

Le président américain a ordonné de tuer le très puissant général iranien Qassem Soleimani à Bagdad en Irak. C'est Donald Trump lui-même qui a décidé de cette intervention. « Sur ordre du président, l'armée américaine a pris des mesures défensives décisives pour protéger le personnel américain à l'étranger en tuant Qassem Soleimani », a indiqué le Pentagone dans un communiqué.

« La prochaine étape était de cogner encore plus fort, il l'a fait »

Une escalade des tensions entre l'Iran et les Etats-Unis

Cette personnalité iranienne a été tuée dans un bombardement américain en Irak. Un événement qui prend racine dans un contexte de brusque accélération des tensions ces derniers jours, sur fond de mésentente tenace entre les deux pays.

Depuis plusieurs semaines, la tension est en effet montée d'un cran dans la région entre l'Iran et les Etats-Unis. Un sous-traitant américain a été tué la semaine dernière, après une série d'attaques contre la personnel diplomatique et militaire américain sur place, avant que l'ambassade des Etats-Unis à Bagdad ne soit prise pour cible mardi par des partisans de milices irakiennes pro-Iran.

Depuis l'élection de Trump en 2016, plusieurs épisodes de tension avaient déjà éclaté dans cette région du Moyen-Orient. En juin dernier, après la destruction par l'Iran d'un drone américain, Donald Trump avait lui-même reconnu avoir ordonné une frappe militaire… avant de l'annuler, dix minutes seulement avant l'opération.

Le général  Qassem Soleimani : l’architecte de la stratégie régionale du régime de Téhéran

L’attaque ciblée perpétrée la nuit dernière par les forces américaines contre le général iranien Soleimani est un nouveau choc dans tout le Moyen-Orient.Car l’homme visé était beaucoup plus qu’un général, c’était l’architecte de la stratégie régionale du régime de Téhéran, l’un des hommes clef du régime des Mollah

« Un combattant qui a forgé, depuis l’intervention américaine en Irak en 2003, la stratégie régionale du régime iranien. Pour reprendre pied en Irak en soutenant les milices chiites qui ont profité du chaos laissé par les Américains. Pour renforcer le poids du Hezbollah au Liban, où il fut très actif durant toute la guerre de 2006 entre l’armée israélienne et les forces du Hezbollah. Celui du Hamas palestinien. Des milices au Yémen, et surtout des groupes armés ayant permis le maintien de Bachar el Assad en Syrie », selon un confrère.

Le fiasco irakien des années Bush a fait un vainqueur : l’Iran . Le pays des Mollahs a pu étendre son influence dans toute la région. Et l’artisan de cette montée en puissance n’était autre que le symbole des Gardiens de la Révolution, Qassem Soleimani.

Vers une déstabilisation du Moyen-Orient

La mort du chef de la force Quods des Gardiens de la Révolution est donc un « casus belli » pour toute la région. D'ailleurs le régime iranien a déjà annoncé que la vengeance serait au rendez-vous. Une multitude d’acteurs vont vouloir participer à la « vengeance » iranienne contre Washington le Grand Satan américain. Les formes qu’elle peut prendre sont multiples. De l’attaque ciblée contre des intérêts américains dans la région ou ailleurs dans le monde à une stratégie d’embrasement dans un ou plusieurs pays.

Si la réaction de Téhéran ne s'est pas fait attendre, tout le monde se demande comment les dirigeants américains vont gérer la suite.

L' Amérique de Donald Trump n'est plus celle des années 2000 : sur le repli et hostile aux instruments du multilatéralisme elle risque donc de se retrouver encore plus seule qu’en 2003,lors de son intervention en force qui avait divisé les Européens et contraint Paris à s’opposer à son allié américain.

De plus les équilibres des forces à l’international ont changé. La Turquie se considère autorisée à intervenir en Syrie, et maintenant en Libye, sans consulter le moins du monde ses alliés de l’OTAN. L’Iran, en outre, est un fournisseur important de la Chine en hydrocarbures.

La guerre en Syrie a renforcé le partenariat avec la Russie qui a mis en garde vendredi contre les conséquences de cette opération américaine qualifiée par Moscou de « hasardeuse » et synonyme d’un « accroissement des tensions dans la région ».

La question d'un éventuel conflit majeur à venir  dépend de la réponse donnée par l'Iran  après la mort de Qassem Soleimani . Par des attaques contre des navires dans le Golfe Persique ou par une épreuve de force classique en attaquant les États-Unis avec des missiles sur les bases américaines présentes dans le Golfe persique...

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

CARLOS GHOSN A REQUEST TO ARREST INTERPOL...

Lebanon has received a request for the arrest of Interpol for Carlos Ghosn, who arrived in Beirut on Monday after fleeing Japan.

Carlos Ghosn has indeed joined Lebanon on Monday after an incredible flight. He would have passed through Turkey before joining Lebanon.

"It was I alone who organized my departure. My family played no role ”

He would have organized his escape himself. The ex-boss of Renault-Nissan Carlos Ghosn affirmed Thursday to have organized "alone" his departure from Japan where a trial awaited him for financial embezzlement, towards Lebanon, denying any implication of his family.

"The allegations in the media that my wife Carole and other members of my family played a role in my departure from Japan are false and untrue," said Carlos Ghosn, in a short statement.

"It was I alone who organized my departure. My family played no role, ”he insists. During his press conference, the former CEO will perhaps say a little more about his spectacular escape from Japan, which continues to raise questions, in particular because he was under the surveillance of the Japanese authorities, the police, parquet, and even a private company mandated by the manufacturer Nissan.

The former auto mogul is the subject of four indictments in Japan: two for deferred income not declared to the stock exchange authorities by Nissan, and two others for aggravated breach of trust.

A red notice issued by Interpol regarding Carlos Ghosn

"The public prosecutor's office (...) has received a red notice from Interpol concerning the Carlos Ghosn file," Lebanese Justice Minister Albert Sarhane said on Thursday.

But Lebanon is not forced to act

A "red notice" as the International Criminal Police Organization calls it, is issued at the request of a member country representing only a request for the arrest of a wanted person, so that the latter can be handed over to a other country. This notice cannot replace the justice of a State and oblige him to arrest the wanted person, it is therefore not binding.

Concretely, these international wanted notices are based on national arrest warrants, the information of which they contain is transmitted to the other members via a secure database. "The red notices concern the fugitives wanted in the context of prosecutions or so that they serve their sentence", can be read on the official website of the organization. "A red notice is to ask law enforcement agencies around the world to locate and make the provisional arrest of a person pending extradition, surrender or other proceedings judicial. "

Interpol only transmits a request from one country to one or more others. In the present case, the request for arrest made against Carlos Ghosn was probably made by Japan. In the event of an agreement on the extradition requests, Lebanon, where the ex-boss of Renault-Nissan takes refuge, should have "returned" it to the Japanese authorities. However, according to the Lebanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, there are no “judicial cooperation” or extradition agreements between the two countries.

And the Lebanese authorities had not already announced that Carlos Ghosn had entered "legally" in the country, with a French passport and a Lebanese identity card, according to a source at the presidency. For its part, had the General Security not ensured that nothing imposed "the adoption of procedures against him" or "exposed him to legal proceedings" in Lebanon. The Lebanese Foreign Ministry finally recalled that there were no "judicial cooperation" or extradition agreements with Japan. As each state is sovereign, Lebanon - where the law does not allow one of its nationals to be delivered to a foreign country - may therefore, legally, not comply with this request.

Carlos Ghosn has French, Lebanese and Brazilian nationalities.




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CARLOS GHOSN LA GRANDE EVASION

L'ancien chef de Renault-Nissan, assigné à résidence à Tokyo, accusé de corruption, s'est enfui à Beyrouth

Carlos Ghosn, c'est pour beaucoup la chute du roi de la mondialisation: des fêtes à Versailles à la prison du Japon.

L'ancien président de Renault Nissan, accusé de corruption, s'échappe par avion privé du Japon à Beyrouth

Une fuite digne des  films policiers pour échapper à la justice japonaise, qui interroge les autorités japonaises et risque de compromettre celles de la France.

L'évasion rocambolesque du Japon de l'ancien chef de Renault-Nissan Carlos Ghosn laisse beaucoup de questions en suspens sur la façon dont le plus célèbre prisonnier du Japon pourrait s'échapper sans que personne ne le remarque ou ne le reconnaisse: qui sont donc ses complices, pourquoi a-t-il choisi le Liban ?

En tant que destination ayant également la nationalité française et brésilienne, que va-t-il lui arriver maintenant et comment le gouvernement français, actionnaire de Renault et allié du Japon dans le G7, va-t-il gérer cette crise délicate ?

Ghosn, qui était assigné à résidence à son domicile à Tokyo (Japon) en attendant son procès, avait été libéré le 24 avril, après avoir passé 130 jours en prison. L'ancien chef de Renault-Nissan, le fils d'un Libanais installé au Brésil, a été inculpé pour avoir caché des revenus au Trésor japonais et pour abus de confiance aggravé. Il avait été arrêté le 19 novembre 2018.

L'ancien chef de Renault-Nissan s'est échappé du Japon et est arrivé à Beyrouth (Liban) dans un avion privé en provenance de Turquie. Pour l'instant, la façon dont il a quitté l'île est ignorée.

"Je suis actuellement au Liban. Je ne suis plus l'otage d'un système judiciaire japonais où règne la présomption de culpabilité, où la discrimination est généralisée et où les droits de l'homme sont méprisés. Et tout cela avec un mépris absolu des lois et traités internationaux que le Japon a ratifié et est obligé de respecter ", a déclaré Ghosn le 31 décembre dans un communiqué confirmant son évasion.

À l'heure actuelle, la manière dont l'ancien directeur a réussi à quitter le Japon sans être détecté par les autorités japonaises est inconnue. Carlos Ghosn n'a pu voyager avec aucun de ses trois passeports - français, brésilien et libanais - car son avocat japonais les avait comme condition de son assignation à résidence. Les services d'immigration japonais n'ont aucune trace de leur départ du pays.

L'ancien patron de Renault-Nissan est entré au Liban légalement. Il est né au Brésil et a grandi au Liban, le pays d'origine de sa famille, avant d'aller étudier en France.

Selon le journal Le Monde, sa femme, Carole Ghosn, aurait orchestré l'évasion de son mari. Si cela est vrai, on ignore comment sa femme a pu le contacter, la justice japonaise ayant interdit toute communication entre eux. Entre le Liban et le Japon, il n'y a pas de traité d'extradition.

Le gouvernement français dit avoir appris la nouvelle "par la presse". "Les autorités françaises n'ont pas été informées de son départ du Japon et n'ont aucune connaissance des circonstances de son départ", a indiqué le Quai d'Orsay, le ministère = des Affaires étrangères, dans un communiqué.

Le ministre français de l'Intérieur, Christophe Castaner, a pour sa part déclaré simplement que "personne, quelle que soit sa nationalité, ne devrait être exempté de la bonne application de la loi".

Carlos Ghosn a symbolisé pendant des années le succès d'un certain capitalisme français en sauvant Renault et en fusionnant avec Nissan.

Au Liban , pour certains, l'évasion de Ghosn ressemble au retour du fils prodigue.

Nul doute que l’ancien patron de l’Alliance Renault Nissan va continuer à se battre pour prouver son innocence.

« Je n’ai pas fui la justice, je me suis libéré de l’injustice et de la persécution politique », a confié par voie de communiqué  Carlos Ghosn à son arrivée sur le sol libanais.

A suivre .....


Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

MOSCOU DEPLOIE LE MISSILE HYPERSONIQUE AVANGARD

L'armée russe a mis en service les premiers missiles hypersoniques Avangard dans un de ses régiments. Cette nouvelle arme développée par Moscou peut atteindre la vitesse de Mach 20 (plus de 20.000 km/h).

C'est en mars 2018 que Vladimir Poutine avait lui-même dévoilé une nouvelle génération de missiles russes, le premier d'entre eux à entrer en exploitation étant l'Avangard, qui file selon Moscou à une vitesse Mach 20 et capable d'atteindre Mach 27, soit 27 fois la vitesse du son et plus de 33.000 kilomètres par heure. Il est également capable de changer de cap et d'altitude. Les missiles Avangard, testés avec succès en décembre 2018 ont une portée de 4000 km.Ces armes perceraient tout type de bouclier anti-missile« C'est un système de missile intercontinental, pas balistique. C'est l'arme absolue », s'était félicité M. Poutine en juin 2018.

« Je ne pense pas qu'un seul pays dispose d'une telle arme dans les années qui viennent. Nous l'avons déjà », avait-il ajouté.

Ce système fait partie d'une nouvelle génération de missiles capables, selon Moscou, d'atteindre une cible quasiment partout dans le monde et de surpasser n'importe quel bouclier antimissile existant, tel que le système déployé par les Etats-Unis en Europe.

«Le ministre de la Défense Sergueï Choïgou a informé le président Poutine la mise en service à 10h00 heure de Moscou du premier régiment équipé des nouveaux systèmes stratégiques hypersoniques Avangard», a indiqué le ministère dans un communiqué cité par les agences russes.

«Evénement fantastique»

M. Choïgou a «félicité» les militaires russes, jugeant que le déploiement des missiles était «un événement fantastique pour le pays et pour les forces armées». En décembre 2018, l'armée russe avait indiqué que le premier régiment de missiles Avangard serait déployé dans la région d'Orenbourg

La Russie a annoncé vendredi la mise en service de ses premiers missiles hypersoniques Avangard. Il s'agit de l'une des nouvelles armes développées par Moscou et vantées par le président Vladimir Poutine comme «pratiquement invincibles».

Ce système fait partie d'une nouvelle génération de missiles capables, selon Moscou, d'atteindre une cible quasiment partout dans le monde et de surpasser n'importe quel bouclier antimissile existant, tel que le système déployé par les Etats-Unis en Europe.

L'Avangard file selon Moscou à une vitesse de Mach 20. Il est capable d'atteindre Mach 27, soit 27 fois la vitesse du son et plus de 33'000 kilomètres par heure. Il est capable de changer de cap et d'altitude, le rendant «pratiquement invincible», selon le président russe.

«C'est un système de missile intercontinental, pas balistique. C'est l'arme absolue», s'était vanté Vladimir Poutine en juin 2018. «Je ne pense pas qu'un seul pays dispose d'une telle arme dans les années qui viennent. Nous l'avons déjà», avait-il ajouté, alors que les relations avec les Occidentaux sont au plus bas.

Missiles, drones, laser

Une autre arme vantée comme «invincible» par Vladimir Poutine, le missile lourd balistique intercontinental de cinquième génération Sarmat, doit être livrée aux forces armées russes en 2020. Le Sarmat n'aurait «pratiquement pas de limites en matière de portée» et serait «capable de viser des cibles en traversant le pôle Nord comme le pôle Sud».

Parmi les autres systèmes en développement figurent un drone sous-marin à propulsion nucléaire, des missiles hypersoniques destinés aux chasseurs russes ou encore un mystérieux «laser de combat».

L'annonce de l'arrivée des Avangard dans l'armée russe intervient alors que Moscou et Washington ont suspendu cette année leur participation au traité bilatéral de désarmement INF, datant de la Guerre froide.

La question de l'avenir du traité START de réduction des arsenaux nucléaires, qui arrive à échéance en 2021, est également en question.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PRIMAIRE EN ISRAEL OU UN REFERENDUM

SUR LE PREMIER MINISTRE

Les membres du Likoud de Benyamin Nétanyahou votent jeudi pour désigner leur chef lors d’une primaire réclamée par le principal rival du premier ministre israélien, Gideon Saar, déterminé à lui ravir le parti.

Le vainqueur de la primaire aura la lourde tâche de mener la campagne de la formation de droite pour les législatives de mars, les troisièmes en moins d’un an.

Les bureaux de vote ont ouvert à 9h locales, et les quelque 116 000 membres du Likoud sont appelés à voter jusqu’à 23 h.

À 18h, le taux de participation était de 30%, selon le parti. Les résultats devraient être dévoilés au petit matin.

Sur Twitter, M. Nétanyahou, 70 ans, a appelé ses partisans à voter en masse. «Le taux de participation est très bas, la victoire de la droite dépend de vous», a-t-il affirméIl a également publié sur Facebook une vidéo le montrant en train de téléphoner à des membres du parti pour les convaincre de voter pour lui.

«Il faut un changement»

En arrivant au bureau où il a voté près de Tel Aviv, Gideon Saar estime qu’il s’agit d’«un jour fatidique» pour le Likoud et pour Israël. «Nous pouvons gagner aujourd’hui et emprunter un nouveau chemin qui nous permettra de former un gouvernement fort et stable», a-t-il dit.

La primaire, aux allures de référendum sur la popularité de M. Nétanyahou dans ses propres rangs, a peu de chances d’être remportée par le député Saar.

Mais si elle aboutit à un résultat serré, ce sera un coup dur pour le premier ministre, à la tête du Likoud depuis 1993 – hormis six ans lorsque le parti était dirigé par Ariel Sharon – et chef du gouvernement le plus pérenne de l’histoire d’Israël.

Cette consultation intervient également un peu plus d’un mois après l’inculpation de M. Nétanyahou pour corruption, fraude et abus de confiance. De «fausses accusations» selon lui.

Suite à cette inculpation, des rivaux au sein du Likoud, en tête desquels M. Saar, avaient appelé à la tenue de cette primaire.

Le député Saar plus marqué à droite

M. Saar a été plusieurs fois ministre, avant de mettre sa carrière politique entre parenthèses en 2014 après avoir été écarté par M. Nétanyahou.

Si M. Saar est encore plus marqué à droite que le premier ministre, notamment sur la question palestinienne, il joue la carte du rassembleur au-delà de son propre camp, en misant sur ses relations avec des chefs d’autres partis.

Il pourrait aussi bénéficier du fait que le parti Bleu-Blanc de Benny Gantz s’est refusé de partager le pouvoir avec un premier ministre inculpé. En attendant, selon de récents sondages, un Likoud dirigé par M. Saar remporterait moins de sièges aux législatives que s’il était dirigé par M. Nétanyahou.

Toutefois, si M. Saar l’emporte à la primaire, des électeurs du Likoud pourraient se tourner vers d’autres partis de droite, ceux qui n’avaient pas atteint le seuil de 3,5% des votes pour entrer au Parlement lors des précédents scrutins.

Dans ce cas, le camp de droite pourrait potentiellement atteindre le seuil de la majorité parlementaire nécessaire pour former un gouvernement.

Pour M. Nétanyahou, il est essentiel de rester au pouvoir : la loi prévoit que tout ministre poursuivi pénalement doit démissionner, mais cela ne s’applique pas au premier ministre.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

UNITED STATES MONITORING

NORTH KOREA

Close to their spectacular rapprochement last year, the United States of Donald Trump and North Korea of ​​Kim Jong-un see their relations cool down as the end of the year approaches. Pyongyang has set an ultimatum for Washington.

US President Donald Trump said Monday that the United States is monitoring North Korea "very closely" ahead of an ultimatum set by Pyongyang in Washington for the end of the year. "I would be disappointed if something was in the works, and if it is, we will take care of it," he said. "We are watching North Korea very closely." Pyongyang has made a series of vehement statements in recent weeks, and has issued an ultimatum to Washington for the end of the year, promising him, for lack of progress in their discussions, a "Christmas gift" full of threats.

Another missile test?

Negotiations have stalled since the failure of the Hanoi summit in February between Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. The United States demands that North Korea immediately renounce all of its atomic arsenal, while the latter calls for the rapid lifting of at least part of the international sanctions that are strangling its economy. US Defense Minister Mark Esper said Pyongyang's speech "worrying" on Monday, and said it was "likely" that North Korea will try another missile before the end of the year if it is not satisfied progress in negotiations. The US envoy to North Korea, Stephen Biegun, earlier described from Seoul the Pyongyang demands as "hostile," "negative," and "unwelcome."

China, Russia call on UN to "adjust sanctions against North Korea"

For their part, Russia and China sent their partners on the UN Security Council on Monday a proposal "to adjust the sanctions against North Korea" according to the steps taken by this country towards a denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.

Contained in a draft resolution that surprised several diplomatic missions, the proposal also highlights the need to have "the most favorable approach" to the requested exemptions from sanctions with a humanitarian objective. Without detailing what Korea will have to do specifically to obtain a reduction in sanctions, the Russian-Chinese project calls for, to improve the standard of living of North Koreans, the stopping of several key provisions dating from 2016 and 2017 of the text, while welcoming "the dialogue between the United States and North Korea at all levels' in favor of a new relationship.

The two countries also call for "a rapid resumption of the six-party talks" (China, the two Koreas, the United States, Russia and Japan), launched in 2003 but from which Pyongyang withdrew in 2009.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

STRONG TENSIONS IN INDIA

BECAUSE

A REFORM OF NATIONALITY

India faces new protests against a citizenship law deemed discriminatory against Muslims, leading to violent clashes in New Delhi. Mostly concentrated in northeast India in recent days, resulting in the death of six people, the mobilizations spread, Sunday, December 16, at several campuses in the country, in response to violence earlier in the day within Jamia Millia Islamia University in the capital.

Police entered Delhi University Jamia Millia Islamia after the clashes to make arrests, although the institution said its students had not taken part in the unrest. In the large northern state of Uttar Pradesh, authorities cut the internet in several areas after protests in Aligarh, the headquarters of a large university and a large Muslim population.

The Citizenship Amendment Bill

At the origin of this protest movement, the "Citizenship Amendment Bill" (CAB), approved last week by the Indian Parliament, which regularizes refugees from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh and grants them nationality on religious criteria, with the exception of Muslims. This new law concerns religious minorities including Hindus and Sikhs. In north-eastern India, a mosaic region plagued by frequent inter-community clashes, protesters oppose the legislation on the grounds that it would cause an influx into their region of Hindu refugees from border Bangladesh.

For its detractors, this law is part of the will of the Hindu nationalist power to marginalize the Muslim minority in the country of 1.3 billion inhabitants. Muslims represent 14% of the population (just under 200 million people), They have been the regular target of the government since the coming to power of Narendra Modi (BJP) in 2014.

Interior Minister Amit Shah again called for calm on December 15, saying that local cultures in northeastern states are not threatened, while some fear an influx of immigrants from Bangladesh. "The culture, language, social identity and political rights of our brothers and sisters in the North East will remain," said Amit Shah at a rally in Jharkhand state.

Human rights organizations and a Muslim political party have appealed the law to the Supreme Court, arguing that it is contrary to the Constitution and centuries-old Indian traditions. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Rights de l'Homme called the text "fundamentally discriminatory".

"The vision of the Hindu nationalists is the counterpart of what exists in Pakistan, which is sad because India held to another model of democracy, a secular model where all religions have their place", deplores Mira Kamdar , author of the book India in the 21st century.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE CRISTIC FAILURE OF COP 25

The UN climate conference that ended on Sunday December 15, 2019 was not up to the climate emergency. The united countries adopted a minimum agreement, without agreeing on essential points because of the reluctance of certain states.

The carbon market and the effort of solidarity towards the most vulnerable countries are still sowing division among the 197 participating countries during this international high mass on climate organized this year in Madrid under the aegis of the United Nations.

The overhaul of the mechanisms of the carbon markets, essential for the proper functioning of the Paris Agreement, is still stalled. Australia, in particular, refuses to sacrifice its old carbon credits, inherited from the Kyoto protocol, on the altar of the new objectives for reducing CO2 emissions.

Discussions also stalled on the recognition of irreversible loss and damage caused by global warming. The rich countries, which bear historic responsibility for this phenomenon, are still reluctant to repair the damage.

Kristina Stege, the representative of the Republic of the Marshall Islands promotes a "High Ambition Coalition" to urge countries to table in 2020 their new plan to reduce greenhouse gases - the NDCs in the UN jargon.

Some 80 countries have pledged to raise this ambition, but they represent only around 10% of global emissions. Calls by many countries and the European Union, which is committed to achieving carbon neutrality in 2050, to adopt more ambitious targets have met with resistance from several major polluters, including Brazil , China, Australia, Saudi Arabia and the United States. In a joint statement, China, India, South Africa and Brazil stress that "the gaps before 2020 (...) must be assessed and filled, without transferring any burden to developing countries".

In addition, emerging countries such as Brazil and India, condition their future NDCs on increased aid to developing countries.

The Secretary General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio Guterres, said he was "disappointed". "The international community has lost an important opportunity to show greater ambition," he lamented, adding, "We must not give up. "

"These discussions [at the COP] reflect the gap between leaders on one side and the urgency shown by science and the demands of citizens on the streets," said Helen Mountford of the think tank World Resources Institute, saying that the spirit of the Paris Agreement was now only a "distant memory".

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

A MYSTERIOUS VERY IMPORTANT TEST

IN NORTH KOREA

North Korea conducted a "very significant" test from the Sohae satellite launch base, located on the west coast of the country, reported on Sunday December 8, 2019 the official press agency KCNA.

The result of this test will have a "significant effect" in changing the "strategic status" of North Korea, added a spokesman for the National Academy of Sciences of the North.

The agency did not give more details on the device or weapon tested.

At a summit in Seoul in September 2018, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un committed to shutting down the Sohae site, also known as Tongchang-ri.

In March, however, work on this base had been spotted by satellite with a view to "rapid reconstruction".

The denuclearization of North Korea seems to be moving a little further.

"The current situation on the Korean peninsula is serious," said U.S. and South Korean presidents Donald Trump and Moon Jae-in during a telephone conversation on Saturday December 7, 2019.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

NATO SUMMIT DESPITE DISSENSIONS A WILL OF COHESION IN THE DECLARATION

NATO's 29 members adopted a joint declaration on Wednesday, 4 December, after a 70th anniversary summit marked by major differences, declaring their "solidarity, unity and cohesion".

"Solidarity, unity and cohesion are fundamental principles of our Alliance," the 29 NATO members said Wednesday in a joint statement after the 70th Atlantic Alliance Summit in a golf course in Watford , in the suburbs of London.

A sentence far from innocuous while dissensions have emerged in recent months.

"NATO remains the foundation of our collective defense and the essential forum for security consultations and decision-making between Allies," the statement issued after a meeting recalls.

The text also notes the "threats" of "aggressive actions" of Russia, such as "terrorism in all its forms" while ensuring a "defensive" only alliance, which "poses no threat to any country". "The Allies are strongly committed to the full implementation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in all its aspects, namely nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and the uses of nuclear energy for nuclear weapons. peaceful purposes, "the statement said.

Dissents

In this final communiqué, for the first time, NATO recognizes the rise of China as a "challenge", for example evoking the issue of 5G.

Alliance members have been trying to preserve their unity for NATO's 70th anniversary, but there is still much disagreement and the appointment was also overshadowed by a precipitous departure from Donald Trump, who left United Kingdom without making a final press conference.

The American president was apparently very upset. It must be said that the 25 seconds of a video in which Dutch, Canadian, British Prime Ministers and Emmanuel Macron were assembled gave the impression that they were making fun of him.

At the end of this summit, the American press had only this video in the mouth. "The Canadian Prime Minister is a hypocrite," said Donald Trump stung before leaving the summit before everyone else.

Between dissent exposed and a Donald Trump vexed by a "hypocritical" Justin Trudeau, the 70th anniversary of NATO resembled a missed rendezvous despite the desire for cohesion of its members face challenges emerging three decades later the end of the Cold War.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

IRAN READY TO NEGOTIATE IF US LEAVE SANCTIONS

Iran's President Hassan Rohani said he was ready to "discuss and negotiate" with the United States over the nuclear deal. But on two conditions: to discuss in a strict multilateral framework, and if the United States lifts the sanctions that they reestablished against the Islamic Republic since their exit from the international agreement on the nuclear Iran.

"If they are willing to put aside the sanctions, we are ready to discuss and negotiate, even at the level of the leaders of the 5 + 1 countries," said Iranian President Hassan Rohani, referring to the six countries concluded this agreement with Iran in 2015 (China, United States, France, Great Britain, Russia and Germany).

He also recalled having already "explicitly" made this offer in the past.

"A cruel act of the White House"

Under the terms of the Vienna agreement, Tehran agreed to drastically reduce its nuclear activities, to ensure their exclusively civilian nature, in exchange for lifting some of the international sanctions that stifled its economy. The United States unilaterally came out of this pact in May 2018 before restoring the sanctions they had lifted against Iran, and that they have since ceased to harden.

"We are under sanctions. This situation is not our fault but is the result of a cruel act of the White House, "said Hassan Rohani. "We have no choice but that of resistance and perseverance against those who impose sanctions," the Iranian president added. "At the same time, we have not closed the door to negotiations," he said, however, strictly confining the framework of a possible dialogue with the United States to that of the format of stakeholders in the United States. Vienna Agreement.

The return of US sanctions, which has the effect of practically cutting Iran out of the international financial system and drying up its oil exports, has plunged Iran into a violent recession.

According to the International Monetary Fund, Iran's GDP is expected to decline by 9.5% this year.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

RESIGNATION OF THE IRAQI PRIME MINISTER AFTER TWO MONTHS OF VIOLENCE

The first victory of the demonstrators, who had been demanding for two months the "fall of the government" Iraq:

Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi announced on Friday the resignation of his government.

This is a direct response to a call for change by Iraqi Ayatollah Ali Sistani, tutelary figure of Iraqi Shiites, said the services of the prime minister.

The Iraqi Ayatollah Ali Sistani, in fact, called on the Iraqi Parliament, in his sermon Friday, November 29, 2019, to withdraw his confidence in the government, the day after one of the bloodiest days of the protests that lasted for two months in the country and whose balance sheet reaches nearly four hundred dead.

"The parliament from which the current government emerged is called to review its choice and act in the interests of Iraq, to ​​preserve the blood of its children and to prevent [the country] from slips into violence, chaos and destruction, "said this tutelary figure of Iraqi politics, in a sermon read Friday in Kerbala by one of his representatives, Ahmed Al-Safi.

This sermon was made the day after a day that saw about fifty young protesters killed by security forces in Nassyriah, in the south, the city where the prime minister comes from, and in Najaf, Shia holy city where the consulate Iranian was burned by young people angry at the influence of their neighbor.

Until now the clergyman had urged the political class to reform, considering the demands of the protesters "legitimate". For the first time the wise old man called on the government to fade away.

Revered by millions of Shiites around the world at the age of 89, Ayatollah Ali Al-Sistani remains the only authority in the country not yet fully delegitimized in the eyes of those who, since 1 October, are demanding in Baghdad and in the Shiite South "the fall of the regime"

The crackdown left more than 400 dead and at least 15,000 wounded in Baghdad and southern Iraq, a revolt unprecedented since the fall of Saddam Hussein.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

MANAGEMENT OF DETENTION CAMPS

OF THE OUIGOURS REVEALED BY "CHINA CABLES"

A close to the publication of more than 400 pages of secret documents on the internment of Uighurs last week in the New York Times, other documents were revealed Sunday by a consortium of journalists. They show the absolute control exercised by the Chinese regime in its huge detention camps in the predominantly Muslim Xinjiang region, where more than one million people are interned.

A series of directives attributed to the Chinese Party reveal the functioning of the Uyghur camps in Xinjiang. They give a new light, as described from inside the regime, on the policy of systematic repression of Muslims in Xinjiang led by Beijing .

Camps under absolute control of the Chinese regime

The latest revelations include a series of guidelines, approved in 2017 by the chief of security forces in Xinjiang, as well as intelligence reports showing how police are using artificial intelligence and data collection to target people to intern .

The guidelines qualify inmates as "students" to "graduate".

They describe with great precision how the guards must handle the daily life of the detainees, the prohibition to contact the outside world to the procedure to follow in case of illness. The detainees are constantly under video surveillance.

The guidelines include a points system to assess the "ideological transformation" of prisoners, their "respect for discipline" and their zeal to "study".

Denial of the Chinese Embassy

In London, the Chinese Embassy denied the authenticity of the published documents, calling them "pure falsifications" and "false information". "There is no document or order for so-called" detention camps ". Professional training and training centers have been set up for the purpose of preventing terrorism, "she said in a statement to The Guardian newspaper, which is part of the media that published the documents.

Detention of one million Muslims, most Uigur

More than one million Muslims, mainly ethnic Uyghur, are in custody in Xinjiang, according to figures from UN experts and human rights NGOs. These detentions are the result of a campaign of suppression against terrorism and Islamism launched in recent years by the Chinese government, in response to attacks attributed to Uighur independence activists. Chinese President Xi Jinping gave the order in 2014 to be "merciless" against terrorism and separatism in the region, according to documents internal to the communist regime revealed by the New York Times

Voices in China seem to be rising against the policy followed in Xinjiang, also condemned by Western countries.

Last month, the Uyghur intellectual Ilham Tohti, jailed for life for separatism, received the Sakharov Prize of the European Parliament.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

STRONG VICTORY OF PRO-DEMOCRATES

IN HONG-KONG

Cries of joy were heard in the streets of Hong Kong, where "Free Hong Kong" songs could be heard - one of the slogans of anti-government protesters. The pro-democracy movement has indeed won Sunday local elections after six months of anti-government protest, enamelled violence.

The Democratic camp has won more than half of the 452 seats on the district council, a first against the favorable candidates in Beijing. At 8:00 am (midnight GMT Sunday), according to local media reports, pro-democracy candidates had won a majority of at least 333 out of 452 seats, compared with about 52 for the ruling party.

An unprecedented participation

The election of district councilors, who deal with issues such as garbage or bus routes, is usually of little interest. The participation of only 47% in the 2015 elections, however, jumped this time to about 71%, reflecting the strong mobilization of Hong Kong. "The voice of public opinion sounds loud and clear (...) We hope that the government will be able to listen to the demands of the protesters," one of the candidates elected for the Democratic Party, Roy Kwong, told the South China Morning Post. , member of the Legislative Council. These elections were conceived as a sort of referendum on crisis management and protest by the pro-Beijing government.

Carie Lam under pressure

Some successful candidates have said that the outcome of the vote in the semi-autonomous region is a sign of support for the protest movement that could put pressure on Carrie Lam, the head of the local executive backed by Beijing. "It's the power of democracy. It's a democratic tsunami, "said Tommy Cheung, a former student protest leader who won a seat in Yuen Long District, near the Chinese border.

Hong Kong, shaken by anti-government protests since June, has had its biggest political crisis in decades. First meeting against a draft extradition law to mainland China abandoned since, protesters now claim more respect for democratic principles and an independent investigation into police violence. They also denounce Beijing's excessive influence, which they say goes against the principle of "one country, two systems" which led to the handover of the former British colony back to China in 1997.

"The performance of the pro-democracy camp will send a signal to Beijing," said Andrew Li, a 22-year-old protest student.

Hong Kong "is part of China" regardless of the outcome of Sunday's local elections, said Monday the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Alyson Braxton  for DayNewsWorld

OFF-STANDARD LOCAL ELECTIONS IN HONG KONG TO INTERNATIONAL ISSUES

The participation in the local elections was strong on Sunday morning in Hong Kong, where the prodemocracy movement wants to make its voice heard and increase pressure on the authorities of the former British colony, theater since June of unprecedented protest. Hundreds of thousands of voters went to the polls on Sunday, November 24, for local elections to select 452 members from 18 district councils who are competent in matters of daily life.

While in normal times this vote does not raise enthusiasm, this time it took the form of a referendum for or against Carrie Lam, the head of the executive and his government aligned with Beijing, who refuse to any concession to the demonstrators.

A strong participation

According to official data, the participation rate in the first three hours was almost three times higher than in the previous elections four years ago. A total of 4.13 million Hong Kong people are registered - out of a total population of 7.3 million - 400,000 more than four years ago.

District councils have always been dominated by a bloc of elected officials totally aligned with Beijing. But after a semester of anger on the streets, the pro-democracy protesters want to take advantage of this rare opportunity to express themselves at the polls to begin the domination of the "Pro-Beijing", and give a new breath to the protest.

Who can serve the pro-democracy cause.

If the pro-democracy militants win, they could get six seats in the Hong Kong Legislative Council and 117 seats in a 1,200-member college that elects the chief executive. In addition, some of next year's legislative candidates will come from District Councils. While the government has been making the threat of postponement of the polls in case of persistence of street violence in recent weeks, Hong Kong has seen the last few days a break in the demonstrations, so as not to mortgage. the holding of the poll.

A relative pause since continues the seat of the Polytechnic University (PolyU), where are cut radical protesters, and which had been the weekend before the theater of the most violent confrontation since June with the police force .

The United States and China follow with divergent interests these local elections. Against a background of trade war with China, the US Congress (representatives and senators) voted on Wednesday, November 20, almost unanimously, a resolution supporting the "human rights and democracy" in Hong Kong, causing anger from Beijing.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

BLOOD REPRESSION IN IRAN CONTINUED

AT THE EAMES PROVOQUEES

BY THE RISE OF THE PRICE OF GASOLINE

Since Friday, Iran faces a strong protest following the announcement of a 50% increase in fuel prices.

Totally unexpected, the announcement of the Iranian President has had the effect of a bomb. In a country hit hard by US sanctions, where inflation exceeds 40% and the economy is in recession (-9.5% expected this year by the IMF), the measure ignited the powder.

From Friday night, many users went down to protest in a dozen cities to express their dissatisfaction, a rare event in an Islamic Republic where demonstrations, although authorized by the Constitution, are severely repressed.

The movement of anger spread in about fifty cities, including Tabriz (North-West), yet unfamiliar with the demonstrations. According to a report by Iranian intelligence quoted by Fars news, 87,000 people took part in demonstrations in about one hundred cities in the country, mainly in the provinces of Khuzestan (South), Fars (South), Tehran and Kerman (center).

First protesting the rise in the price of gasoline, the protesters then extended their slogans to the regional policy of the Islamic Republic, shouting "Oil money was lost, it was spent for Palestine ! Criticizing Tehran's financial and military support for Palestinian Islamist Hamas and Islamic Jihad groups in the Gaza Strip.

Internet break

In the face of ongoing protests, the regime has decided to brutally stop Iranians from accessing the global network. The Iranian government has completely deprived the country of the Internet, cutting the grass under the feet of demonstrators, who use massively social networks to gather and communicate with each other, despite the existing government censorship. According to the NetBlocks NGO, which specializes in cybersecurity, Iran was the victim this week-end of an "almost total Internet shutdown".

The spokesman of the Iranian government assured that the country was only facing "some minor problems", but that the situation was "80% quieter" than the day before.

The repression was bloody.

After using tear gas to disperse the rallies, the riot police did not hesitate to use live ammunition. The clashes sometimes turned into a real battle between protesters and police.

No official record has been given of the number of victims. But according to the Iranian media, at least five people, including four members of the security forces, have been killed. However, several sources in Iran evoke the death of at least a dozen protesters, if not more.

The United Nations, meanwhile, dozens of deaths while the NGO Amnesty International mentions the figure of 106 shot dead.

The situation remains very difficult to assess across the country, due to the Internet shutdown, still largely inaccessible.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

OUIGHOURS IN CHINA REVEALED BY SECRET DOCUMENTS

Chinese official documents sent by a whistleblower in the New York Times reveal Beijing's high degree of coordination in suppressing Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang region.

Uyghurs are a Turkic and Muslim Sunni people living in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China and Central Asia. They represent one of the fifty-six nationalities officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. They are related to Uzbeks .

More than one million Muslims, mainly ethnic Uyghur, are in custody in Xinjiang, according to figures from UN experts and human rights NGOs. These detentions are the result of a campaign of suppression against terrorism and Islamism launched in recent years by the Chinese government, in response to attacks attributed to Uighur independence activists. Chinese President Xi Jinping gave the order in 2014 to be "merciless" against terrorism and separatism in the region, according to documents internal to the communist regime revealed by the New York Times

"Raft all who must be"

The more than 400 pages of secret documents disclosed offer a very rare glimpse of the mechanisms at work in Xinjiang.

The documents include a secret speech by Xi Jinping in 2014, in which the Chinese president calls for a "merciless" fight against "terrorism, infiltration and separatism", using "the weapons of the popular democratic dictatorship". ". This speech was distributed from 2016 to senior local officials to justify the repression, with the order to "round up all those who must be".

The Times highlights a note sent by Beijing to local officials to provide them with language to answer questions from Uyghur students who return home during the holidays and discover that their parents have disappeared. They will be told that these relatives have been sent "in training, in centers of training and concentrated education". Officials will have to add that these relatives did not commit a crime but were contaminated by the "virus" of extremism and must undergo treatment "before the disease degenerates". Students are also encouraged to keep quiet, as their behavior has an impact on the length of their relatives' detention.

Denials of Beijing

Beijing has repeatedly refuted criticism of its repression in the predominantly Muslim region, which has seen more than one million Uighurs, Kazakhs and other minorities sent to camps where they are often subjected to political indoctrination. China has organized camp visits, which it describes as voluntary "vocational training centers" designed to provide "students" with professional skills.

A policy of repression challenged

According to The New York Times, this huge leak suggests that the policy followed in Xinjiang is not unanimous within the Chinese power. Several local bureaucrats were purged for daring to criticize or challenge orders. In addition the documents were transmitted by a member of the apparatus, who expressed the hope that they prevent the regime, "to escape its guilt for the generalized detentions" in this region.

The policy followed in Xinjiang has also been condemned by Western countries.

Last month, the Uyghur intellectual Ilham Tohti, jailed for life for separatism, received the Sakharov Prize of the European Parliament.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS A NEW CONSTITUTION IN CHILE

After several weeks of social protest, the Chilean president accepts a revision of the Constitution..

The Constitution inherited from the military dictatorship of Pinochet (1973-1990) crystallizes indeed the demands of the movement against social inequalities for a month.

A referendum will finally be held on this issue in April 2020. The main Chilean political parties reached an agreement after a month of crisis, "for social peace and the new Constitution," announced Senate President Jaime Quintana, while the country has been shaken for almost a month by a violent social crisis.

After several hours of negotiations in Parliament, the government coalition and the main opposition parties have signed an "agreement for peace and the new Constitution" which provides for a referendum with two questions: one on the revision or not of the Constitution and the other, if any, on the method for writing it, explained Jaime Quintana.

This second question will have to determine which body will be in charge of the drafting of the new text, a "mixed constitutional commission" or a "convention or constituent assembly". The eventual election of the members of these drafting bodies for the future constitution will take place in October 2020, at the same time as the municipal and regional elections.

"A victory against violence"

"We are pleased to have reached an agreement that marks a victory against violence," said Jacqueline van Rysselberghe, President of the Independent Democratic Union (UDI, Conservative), a pillar of the coalition supporting President Sebastian Piñera. The agreement came in a Congress where no bloc has a two-thirds majority needed for a constitutional revision and after two months of violent popular protests, which have killed 22 people and injured thousands.

A tailor-made Constitution

If this movement of anger is born in response to the increase in the price of the metro ticket, it is the social inequalities that denounce the protesters above all: Chile has certainly managed, over the last three decades, to significantly reduce poverty but without touching the economic model inherited from the dictatorship, which makes the country one of the most inequitable on the planet.

The current Constitution, of which the far-right ideologue Jaime Guzman - who was assassinated by an extreme left-wing armed movement in 1991 - is the main architect, was made to measure so that the conservative sectors of society could maintain their position. power with especially high quorums for any change of background. It reflected the dictatorship's adherence to Milton Friedman's neoliberal economic theories, among others. The Constitution gives pride of place to the private sector. For example, it does not guarantee Chileans' access to higher education or a public pension system - now managed by private pension funds, which operate through individual capitalization. Since the return of democracy, the Chilean right has always slowed down the four shackles when it came to change the Constitution, and only margin changes were possible.

" What began with subway fraud ends with the beginning of a historic and unprecedented constituent process with, for the first time, citizen participation," tweeted journalist Lucía López.

The Constitution of the dictatorship dies and a democracy is born, "said the progressive senator and former Foreign Minister Heraldo Muñoz.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

CHAOS IN HONG KONG

Hong Kong remains paralyzed on Thursday, November 14, for the fourth day in a row, by pro-democracy protesters. Schools and universities remained closed and hospitals postponed non-urgent interventions.

Many roads are blocked by barricades made of bamboo, bricks and a stack of objects.

Many metro stations and bus lines are also closed, resulting in almost total paralysis in the city of 7.5 million people. According to the government, 70 people were hospitalized on Wednesday, two of them in critical condition.

The former British colony has been experiencing its worst political crisis since June since its return to Beijing in 1997.

And the determination of the demonstrators echoes the intransigence of the local executive and the Chinese central government. On the one hand, the police are firing tear gas and rubber bullets near the Hong Kong Polytechnic University where protesters are expected to gather, on the other hand students who have adopted a new week tactical, known as "the generalized outbreak" of increasing the number of small-scale actions to maximize the capabilities of the police and Wednesday have deployed a new arsenal against the police, including homemade catapults and bows and arrows.

"The rule of law in Hong Kong has been pushed to the brink of total collapse," police spokesman Kong Wing-cheung said on Tuesday.

Hong Kong, surrendered to China by the British in 1997, is a semi-autonomous region enjoying freedoms unknown in the rest of China, until 2047. But the Hong Kong people militant for democratic reforms accuse Beijing to increase his political hold.

Serious violence in recent days prompted Western powers, led by the United States and the United Kingdom, to urge Hong Kong executive Carrie Lam to find a compromise with the protesters.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

EAST OF AUSTRALIA  DESTROYED BY FATAL FIRES

At least three people died and dozens more were injured in fires ravaging the east coast of Australia.

Residents of the Sydney area have been facing a "catastrophic" situation for several days because of the risk of renewed fires.

High temperatures and strong winds, expected on Tuesday, are expected to fuel bush fires, prompting Prime Minister Gladys Berejiklian to declare a state of emergency for a period of seven days. Authorities have warned that lives and homes will be in danger. The largest city in Australia and its surroundings thus face the highest level of fire alarm ever issued.

In recent months, about 11,000 square kilometers - the equivalent of Jamaica or Kosovo - have been burned, according to the New South Wales Fire Department.

Some regions, already affected by the fires of recent days, are preparing to face this new threat.

Exceptional drought

Such fires occur every year on the huge island-continent during the spring and summer in Australia. If this start of the season is dramatic, scientists are worried for the next few months.

According to them, climate change and weather cycles generate high temperatures, strong winds and drought.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA MULTIPLICATION DES MURS DANS LE MONDE

Il y a 30 ans, lorsque le mur de Berlin ,surnommé le « mur de la honte », est tombé, il existait une douzaine de murs de séparation de ce type sur la planète. Trente ans après la chute du Mur de Berlin, le 9 novembre 1989, les murs frontaliers n'ont pas disparu.

La multiplication des murs dans le monde

Leur nombre est même en constante augmentation depuis les attentats du 11-Septembre aux Etats-Unis. On compte aujourd’hui entre 60 et 75 murs dans le monde, soit déjà construits, soit en cours de construction, définis comme des barrières non amovibles ancrées dans le sol. C'est plus du double de 2001.

Mis bout à bout, ces murs formeraient une ligne d'environ 40 000 kilomètres, soit la circonférence de la Terre.Et tous les continents sont concernés. En Asie, il y a le mur construit par l’Inde pour se couper du Bangladesh. C’est le plus long mur au monde, 3 200 kms ! En Afrique aussi, il y a de nombreux murs de séparation : entre le Maroc et l’Algérie, entre l’Afrique du Sud et le Mozambique, entre le Kenya et la Somalie, entre le Botswana et le Zimbabwe, etc.

Le mur change de nature au fil du temps

« L'attaque contre les tours du World Trade Center à New York a apporté le premier coup de griffe. Elle a eu pour conséquence un repli sécuritaire et l'augmentation du nombre de murs », indique Marc Galvin, responsable Global Challenge.

À la fin du XXe siècle, à travers le blindage de la frontière, une ligne de front se convertissait en frontière de fait et imposait une paix provisoire. Les murs en Europe étaient des séparations édifiées pour des raisons idéologiques, comme les deux Allemagne ou pour des raisons religieuses comme les murs entre quartiers catholiques et protestants à Belfast en Irlande du Nord ou à Chypre. Entrent dans ce cadre également la séparation entre les deux Corée, ou encore le mur entre l’Inde et le Pakistan au Cachemire. Mais les exemples sont relativement rares.

En ce XXIe siècle, par contre, les murs sont érigés pour contrer des flux migratoires ou une menace terroriste, à l'instar de celui entre les Etats-Unis et le Mexique, défendu par le président Donald Trump, ou entre la Hongrie et la Serbie, érigé par Viktor Orban, ou encore dans les enclaves espagnoles de Ceuta et Melilla.

Aujourd'hui, les murs constituent donc une réponse évidente à un danger réel ou fantasmé, apportée par un gouvernement qui veut montrer qu'il agit rapidement

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld

FRENCH PRESIDENT IN STATE VISIT IN CHINA

Emmanuel Macron, accompanied by the First Lady, is conducting this second visit to China from Monday, November 4, 2019 until Wednesday. A second visit during which trade and culture will be on the program.

A fair to show that China is open to imports

In Shanghai, the great economic metropolis of the east, where he arrives Monday evening, Emmanuel Macron will be welcomed by his Chinese counterpart at the Import Fair, a major trade event of which France is one of the "guests of honor "with 70 listed companies.

The economic players hope to sign some forty contracts in the agri-food, tourism and health sectors ... and to widen this range, France out of "romanticism", and of some industrial aspects like the Airbus, being seen by the Chinese "as a small European state, far behind Germany and England".

After ordering 300 Airbus aircraft in March, Paris is hoping to make progress on the project for a spent nuclear fuel treatment plant run by Orano (formerly Areva).

With this show China wants to be open to imports while this fair is held against the background of a trade war between Beijing and Washington, which Europe wants to avoid the costs

Inauguration of a Beaubourg branch

On Tuesday, Emmanuel Macron inaugurates the Pompidou Center West Bund Museum Project, the first branch of the Parisian museum Beaubourg to set up outside Europe. Works loaned by Beaubourg will be exhibited in this cultural institution with an area of ​​2,100 m2, designed by British architect David Chipperfield.

Emmanuel Macron will also have lunch with Chinese artists, and will be accompanied by the actor Guillaume Canet, who will realize the next film of the adventures of Asterix, Asterix & Obelix, the Middle Kingdom, in which the famous Gaulois will rub shoulders with Chinese culture.

A sixth meeting with Xi Jinping

Emmanuel Macron will spend several hours with the Chinese president, whom he will meet for the sixth time in nearly three years. "Xi Jinping attaches particular importance to this visit," which is "a new step in the bilateral relationship," says Zhu Jing.

On Tuesday, they will visit the Chinese and French pavilions of the Shanghai Fair, then the two couples will dine together in "a very Chinese place", echoing the dinner in France, in March, in a villa-museum of Beaulieu-sur-Mer , on the Azure Coast.

On Wednesday, Xi Jinping will receive the French head of state in Beijing for more formal talks - the sixth meeting in nearly three years - including pushing for a "Euro-Chinese agenda" for climate and biodiversity. They should also discuss international crises, such as the Iranian nuclear, a few days before the expiration on November 4 of Tehran's ultimatum to its partners in the agreement to help it bypass US sanctions.

As for human rights, "no taboo" ensures the Elysée. However, during his first visit to China, Emmanuel Macron was very discreet on this very sensitive subject.

"On human rights, there is a regular dialogue between China and France. Its role is to have constructive exchanges, not to criticize each other, "Zhu Jing warns, noting that" Hong Kong and Xinjiang are China's domestic affairs."

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

THE NEW CHIEF OF DAESH DESIGNATES

On Thursday Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurachi was named the new leader of Daesh, after the organization officially confirmed the death of its former leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

Daesh confirmed Thursday the death of its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, considered responsible for multiple atrocities and atrocities in Iraq and Syria and bloody attacks.

The name of his successor was also unveiled. This is Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurachi.

He had only rarely been mentioned among the potential successors of al-Baghdadi.

The chief judge of Daesh

The organization said the "Majlis al-Shura (the Consultative Assembly in Arabic, Ed)" had pledged allegiance to Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurachi as "commander of the believers" and new "Caliph of Muslims" ".

His name, "al-Qurachi", indicates that, like al-Baghdadi, the new leader of Daesh is a descendant of the Qurachi tribe, that of the Prophet Muhammad, a necessary pre-requisite to become "caliph".

The use of the "al-Qurachi" particle would indicate that Daesh is thus still seen as a "caliphate" while the territorial "caliphate" of Daesh was declared stricken from the map by the Americans last March in its latest collapse. Syria.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

TURCO-SYRIAN AGREEMENT OR RUSSIAN BUILD

OF PEACE IN AFRICA ?

Forty African heads of state are being received in Sochi, on the Black Sea coast, to strengthen economic and military cooperation, which is still rather limited. At a time when America is pulling out of Africa, Moscow wants to consolidate its influence in the region.

Also Vladimir Putin received on Tuesday Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a few hours before the expiry of the truce observed by Turkey against Kurdish militiamen in the north-east of Syria, that Ankara considers as terrorists linked to separatists in southeastern Turkey.

After seven hours of heated debate, the Turkish president and his Russian counterpart reached a "historic" agreement to withdraw the last Kurdish forces from a "security zone" to Turkish-Syrian.

The Russian and Turkish presidents on Tuesday agreed on a withdrawal of Kurdish forces from northeastern Syria, taking control of most of the area in the grip of a growing conflict between Ankara and Kurdish fighters. Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Vladimir Putin initially decided to deploy Russian and Syrian military patrols in the areas of the border strip bordering the area where the Turkish army unleashed a military operation in early October.

These patrols will aim to "facilitate" the withdrawal of Kurdish YPG forces and their disarmament in a "30 km deep" zone along the Syrian-Turkish border. Then, "150 hours" later, joint patrols, this time Russian-Turkish, will evolve in the area. Turkey will nevertheless retain control of the area between the city of Tal Abyad and that of Ras al-Ain. This is a 120-kilometer safety zone under its direct control, out of the 440 that it originally claimed.

But the reaction of Bashar al-Assad - also allied with Moscow - was not long in coming, who accused Recep Erdogan of "stealing Syrian territory" and surrendered - extremely rare - to the Turkish-Syrian border.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

POLITICAL DEAD END IN ISRAEL

Israeli Conservative Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who has been in power for 13 years, announced Monday that he was giving up trying to form a government.

"Not long ago I announced to the President (Reuven Rivlin) that I was returning my mandate," said Benjamin Netanyahu in a video posted on his Facebook account, addressing the "Israeli citizens."

The head of the Israeli government has acknowledged with gravity not having fulfilled the mission that had been entrusted to him on September 25, 2019 by Reuven Rivlin.

He said he had "worked tirelessly to establish a broad national unity government," which would have included his party - the Likud -, his nationalist and ultraorthodox partners, but also Benny Gantz. But in vain.

President Rivlin now mandated the centrist Benny Gantz, leader of the party Blue-White and main rival Netanyahu legislative elections in April and September, to try to form a government.

Benny Gantz, a former army chief, will also have 28 days to complete this task.

After the parliamentary elections of September 17, Benjamin Netanyahu and him stood shoulder to shoulder with respectively 55 and 54 elected to lead the next government, but without reaching the threshold of 61 deputies allowing them to form a majority government .

Benny Gantz, former army chief who entered politics just a year ago, will also have 28 days to complete this task.

If he fails to form a unity government, President Rivlin could ask a majority of MPs to nominate a candidate.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

JUSTIN TRUDEAU TOWARDS A NEW MANDATE

At 47 years old, Justin Trudeau no longer has the assets of youth and novelty that had helped bring him to power, to everyone's surprise, in 2015 against the Conservative Stephen Harper.

In four years of power and weakened by several scandals, the Liberal leader obtained a narrow majority on Monday, October 21, 2019.

According to television projections made public a few hours after the closing of the last polls, the Liberal leader won a second term after the parliamentary elections, but without winning an absolute majority that had hailed his sensational election in 2015.

The Liberals are expected to win nearly 160 of the 338 seats in the House of Commons when they had a comfortable 177-seat majority.

The victory of Justin Trudeau against the Conservatives of Andrew Scheer, 40, is therefore to relativize.

Conservatives of young leader Andrew Scheer led in just over 120 ridings, followed by Bloc Québécois (32) and New Democrats (NDP, left) with 25 seats.

As of today, Justin Trudeau begins discussions with these smaller parties for an alliance. The Conservative leader should particularly approach the New Democratic Party (NDP, left), Jagmeet Singh, one of the revelations of these elections, or the Bloc Québécois, independentist training led by the other revelation of the campaign, Yves-François Blanchet.

The first test of the future government will be the Speech from the Throne, in which the government submits its legislative program to the vote of Parliament.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

SERIES OF UNMEDIED ​​MEASURES

TO LEAVE THE CRISIS IN LEBANON

Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri issued an ultimatum to his government, to which the main political leaders responded, agreeing to no longer impose new taxes and a privatization program.

After a weekend of intense consultations with all political forces he drew up an economic "bailout" discussed Monday by the Council of Ministers.

The proceedings are taking place as the popular protest movement, triggered spontaneously by a government decision to impose a tax on calls made via Internet messaging applications, enters its fifth day.

The rescue plan prepared by Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri is a real break with past economic and financial policies.

It proposes a 2020 budget that does not include any new taxes and plans to put the banking sector to the tune of $ 3 billion.

He also promises an acceleration of the electricity sector rehabilitation plan, with the return of the power supply 24 hours a day next year. In addition, a whole series of proposals concerning leaders such as the halving of the salaries of ministers, deputies and the capping of emoluments of senior state officials and magistrates, a response to the accusation of corruption.

The plan, which also includes other measures described as "unpublished", has been accepted by the main parties and must be discussed on Monday, October 21 at noon by the Council of Ministers, which meets on Monday for the first time since the beginning of the crisis on the evening of October 17th.

But even before it was studied by the government, Druze leader Walid Jumblatt alleviated its impact and efficiency. The former ally of the Prime Minister said that Saad Hariri's proposals will not be accepted by the protesters. Renewing with the escalation, he demanded the departure of the government of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Gebran Bassil, son-in-law and dauphin of President Michel Aoun.

Moreover these measures will not be enough to calm the protest movement triggered Thursday which calls for the departure of the entire political class, deemed corrupt and unable to find solutions to the serious economic and social crisis that continues.

More than a quarter of the Lebanese population lives below the poverty line, according to the World Bank.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

LEBANON EVENTS UNDER THE CRISIS

ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL

In the evening of 17 October 2019, scenes of violence between protesters and security forces shook Lebanon, where an outburst of anger at rising taxes turned into a serious political crisis.

Scenes of violence

From north to south, from east to west of the country thousands of protesters paralyzed Thursday traffic by cutting the main arteries using dumpsters and burnt tires. The mobilization was even more important on Friday and the whole country was paralyzed. The day was peppered with many incidents that caused injuries in Tripoli in the north, the second largest city in the country. The footage broadcast live on all TVs showed scenes of incredible violence, which lasted much of the night from Friday to Saturday and caused dozens of injured demonstrators as security forces.

These rallies across the country, the largest protest movement in years, have mixed Lebanese of all faiths and social classes who demanded in unison the resignation of the government of Sunni Saad Hariri, Christian President Michel Aoun or the Shiite Speaker of Parliament Nabih Berri

The demonstrations were triggered spontaneously by a government decision to impose a tax on calls made via internet messaging applications. The government, in which are represented the main formations of the country, has backed down on its WhatsApp calls tax project, but the cancellation of this tax did not bring calm.

A difficult socio-economic context

Indeed the taxation of WhatsApp is the spark that set fire to the powder in a country plunged into a severe economic crisis where all the indicators are in the red: recession, unemployment, abysmal public debt (85 billion dollars, 150 % of GDP), chronic budget deficit, balance of payments deficit, etc. Added to this is a shortage of dollars in a country whose economy is backed by the greenback, which has caused the Lebanese pound to lose between 8% and 10% of its value on the black market, further weakening the purchasing power of the Lebanese pound. Lebanese.

In order to emerge from the crisis, the government has embarked on a policy of reducing public spending and increasing state revenue, which has resulted in lower social benefits and higher taxes. These unpopular measures were to be coupled with structural reforms demanded by the international community to kick off the projects of the Cedar Conference held in Paris in April 2018, during which Lebanon had obtained promises of aid of $ 11 billion.

It is in this difficult socio-economic context that the demonstrations broke out.

Towards a political crisis?

Surprised by the scale of the protest movement, the authorities appeared to be poor. Some politicians have supported the demands of the protesters, more to settle old accounts with the President of the Republic Michel Aoun and his son-in-law and Dauphin Gebran Bassil, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, than for the sake of fighting corruption.

At a press conference on Friday, Gebran Bassil accused "certain parties" without naming them, of wanting to plunge Lebanon into an economic war and deflect the "legitimate" protest wave from its objectives. "I [the protesters] understand and the worst is coming if the situation does not improve," he said, acknowledging the seriousness of the socio-economic situation.

The principal concerned, Saad Hariri, intervened Friday early evening. In a speech broadcast live on all television channels, the Prime Minister accused his government partners of obstructing the inevitable reforms to prevent an economic and financial collapse. He gave 72 hours to the members of the government coalition to support his economic reforms. "Our partners in the government must give us a clear and definitive answer, which is convincing for me, for the Lebanese and for the international community, to show that we have all opted for reforms, to put an end to waste and corruption", he said. "Otherwise, I will hold another speech in a very short time of 72 hours," he warned.

The explosion of street anger due to the deterioration of living conditions has transformed, in less than 24 hours, into a political struggle and, perhaps, into a government crisis.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

STATE OF EMERGENCY IN SANTIAGO OF CHILE

Chile's antiago was on Friday, October 18, 2019, the scene of violent clashes, between the police and demonstrators, which led the Chilean President, Sebastian Pinera, to declare a state of emergency in the country. capital city.

The Chilean President, Sebastian Pinera, has declared a state of emergency in Santiago and has given a soldier responsibility for ensuring security.

"I have declared a state of emergency and, to that end, I have appointed Major General Javier Iturriaga del Campo as head of national defense, in accordance with the provisions of our state of emergency legislation. Said Sebastian Pinera in a message to the government palace.

The increase in prices of metro tickets, from 800 to 830 pesos (1.04 euros) at peak times, after already a first increase of 20 pesos in January set fire to the powder.

Looting, fires, destruction of gates and turnstiles in the metro have multiplied.

In various parts of the city, protesters erected barricades and clashed with the police.

President Pinera called the protesters delinquents.

"This desire to break everything is not a protest, it's criminal," he said in a radio interview.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE DEATH OF FRENCH DJIHADISTS IN SYRIA

" We will have to take our responsibility as an international coalition to stop any resurgence of Daesh," said Emmanuel Macron on October 16, 2019.

Faced with the risk of dispersion of jihadists in the hands of Syrian Kurds, Jean-Yves Le Drian discussed this Thursday in Iraq the possible transfer and trial of jihadists in Iraq.

A risk of "dispersion" and resurgence of the IS

Since Turkey launched a military offensive against a Syrian Kurdish militia on 9 October, Europeans fear that thousands of jihadists detained by Kurds, including foreigners, will escape to give back to ISIS.

About 12,000 women and children of IS fighters are held in IDP camps in northeastern Syria. Apart from the Iraqis, 2500 to 3000 foreigners are among these prisoners. France has about 200 adults and 300 children in camps and prisons under Kurdish control.

Paris fears that jihadists imprisoned in Syria will benefit from the chaos created by the Turkish intervention to escape. Some could join the "dormant cells" to "recombine" while others might want to return to France, possibly to commit attacks. In case these jihadists do not escape, they will fall into the hands of the Damascus regime with the risk that Bashar Al Assad uses them as bargaining chips.

For judgments on the spot

France, like many other countries, refuses to repatriate these jihadists because of fears of attacks and the hostility of opinion, and wants them to be judged as close to where they committed their crimes . On 16 October, Édouard Philippe reminded senators: "Some of those detained in Syria by the Kurds have committed crimes in Iraq and may therefore, if necessary, be brought to court on the spot. "

The goal of Jean-Yves Drian would be to get Baghdad a transfer as soon as possible on his soil to judge them. It remains to agree on the financial compensation: in April, the Iraqis had advanced the figure of 2 billion dollars (1.8 billion euros) to judge all nationals of the member states of the international coalition.

The foreign minister wants to find with the Iraqi government "how to implement (a) adapted jurisdictional mechanism" to judge "in the best conditions" these fighters.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

TURKEY SUSPENDS OFFENSE IN SYRIA FOR 120 HOURS

Turkey and the United States have reached a five-day ceasefire agreement.

Turkey will end its offensive in Syria for five days after the withdrawal of Kurdish forces, US Vice President Mike Pence told Ankara.

To allow a withdrawal of Kurdish forces "under 120 hours, all military operations under Operation Source of Peace will be suspended and the operation will be completely stopped once this withdrawal is complete," said Mike Pence after four hours Negotiating with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

A temporary truce confirmed by Turkey in the wake. "We can stop the operation only when the Kurdish forces have withdrawn completely from the region," said Mevlut Cavusoglu, head of Turkish diplomacy.

Kurdish forces will have to withdraw from an area of ​​32 km deep which will serve as a "safe zone", leaving the field open to Turkey in this part of northern Syria.

The agreement actually achieves all the goals Turkey has set for launching its so-called offensive

"Source of peace" in the northeast of Syria, namely the control of an area 32 kilometers deep and 400 kilometers long by the Turkish army and its Syrian counterparts and the total withdrawal of Kurdish fighters.

Moreover Syrian refugees currently hosted in Turkey will be able to settle there as desired by the Kurdish authorities.

Mike Pence also said that President Trump would repeal the sanctions against Turkey after the end of the offensive.

A "big day" for Donald Trump. A great diplomatic step for Erdogan who will meet Vladimir Putin in Sochi on Tuesday, October 22, 2019, precisely in 5 days...

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

THE BIG WINNERS AFTER THE WITHDRAWAL

AMERICAN TROOPS OF SYRIA

The military withdrawal of American troops rebuffs the geopolitical maps of the region and makes great winners.

Turkey is of course benefiting from this situation, which penetrates largely into the border zone of about 30 kilometers deep, held by the YPG, preventing the creation of an autonomous Kurdish region.

Erdogan is also increasing its popularity by promising to resettle some of the Syrian refugees currently in Turkey on the conquered lands.

With the withdrawal of US troops in northern Syria, Bashar al-Assad is a big winner. Indeed the Kurds have been forced to turn to Damascus to hope to face the offensive of Turkey.

The Turkish forces have already conquered a territorial strip of about 120 kilometers, from the border town of Tal Abyad to the west of Ras al-Ain.

"We know that we will have to make painful compromises," but "between the compromises and the genocide of our people, we will choose life," FDS commander Mazloum Abdi told Foreign Policy magazine to justify the alliance.

The Syrian army deployed on Monday about 30 kilometers south of Ras al-Ain, where the Turkish soldiers and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), the main coalition of Kurdish and Arab fighters, clash.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is also a winner. Thanks to the agreement with the Kurdish militia it can now recover the north of the country, while the latter fighting against Daesh, had managed to unify their province along the border with Turkey, to form a territory representing 31% from Syria.

The power of Damascus will be able to recover on the Kurds large territories, in exchange for its protection.

The Syrian regime, drained financially, will also recover some of the oil revenues previously confiscated by the Kurds

The Russians intervened in Syria in September 2015 and allowed the leader of Damascus to repel the Syrian rebellion including Aleppo at the end of 2016, or Eastern Ghouta, near Damascus, in 2018.

And the withdrawal of the Americans from Syria, where many Russian bases are installed, consecrates the influence of Russia in this sensitive region of the globe and so rich in oil.

Iran shares with Moscow the satisfaction of seeing the Americans leave the region. Stakeholder with Russia and Turkey of the agreements of Astana on Syria, Teheran is thus also in the camp of the victors.

"The Kurds have failed to convert their territorial conquests in recognition of their demands, as these conquests were conditioned by the American presence," concludes Manon-Nour Tannous, specialist of the Arab world.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

CRISIS IN ECUADOR

INDIGENOUS ACCEPT TENDENT HAND

OF THE PRESIDENT

Ecuador's main indigenous organization agreed on Saturday to hold talks with President Lenin Moreno, who in turn declared a curfew in Quito over "intolerable" violence on the 11th day of an unprecedented social crisis provoked by economic reforms in exchange for an IMF loan.

Faced with the worst crisis of his term, the Head of State, elected in 2017, announced on Twitter the entry into force at 15:00 (midnight in Paris) of this measure in the capital and its surroundings, where he has also ordered the establishment of military control.He had already transferred on Monday, the seat of government in Guayaquil (southwest), while the state of emergency was decreed for 60 days and 74 000 military and police officers had been deployed.

"After a process of consultation with communities, organizations, peoples, nationalities and social organizations, we decided to participate in direct dialogue" with Lenin Moreno, said Saturday in a statement the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (Conaie)

.

Violent clashes in Quito

But at the same time, violent clashes continued in the capital, between protesters throwing stones and firing homemade rockets and police replicating with tear gas and rubber bullets.

In addition, hooded protesters set fire to the office of the Inspectorate General of Finance in northern Quito. Interior Minister Maria Paula Romo announced on Twitter the evacuation of the area so that "the rescue teams can fight the fire and take care of the staff inside." According to the prosecutor's office, 34 people were arrested.

Other attacks targeted the Teleamazonas TV station and El Mercurio newspaper in Quito.

The indigenous movement, the spearhead of the protest, hastened to deny any involvement in these attacks

"Outside the IMF"

On Friday, in a televised speech, the head of state called on indigenous leaders to "dialogue directly" in order to "find solutions" to the crisis triggered by his announcement of reforms, in return for a loan from the International Monetary Fund. (IMF) $ 4.2 billion.

In the evening, Conaie had initially refused, believing that this offer of dialogue "lacks credibility". She added that she would negotiate only once "repealed" the decree removing fuel subsidies, the most controversial measure.

The organization now accepts a meeting with the president to discuss the "withdrawal or revision of the decree", after more than a week of protests that have killed six, 937 wounded and 1,121 arrests, according to the office of the Defender of the People, a public defender of rights.

Blockages and strike movements

The natives - 25% of the 17.3 million inhabitants - reject the elimination of subsidies on fuel, which affects them with full force: constituting 68% of the poor in the country, they work mainly in agriculture and see to lift the cost of transport for the sale of their products.

Road blocks continued to paralyze a large part of the country on Saturday, while public transport was almost non-existent.

In addition, there were also several strike movements and blockades of oil wells in the Amazon, which has already forced Ecuador to suspend the distribution of nearly 70% of its crude output.

Lenin Moreno accuses his predecessor Rafael Correa (2007-2017), a former ally turned political opponent, of having "activated" a "destabilization plan" with the help of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro.

He received on Friday the support of Washington who, through his Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, highlighted the "efforts" of the Ecuadorian government "to institutionalize democratic practices and implement the necessary economic reforms».

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld

AT LEAST FIFTY-SIX DEATH

IN THE VIOLENT TIPHON HAGIBIS IN JAPAN

Typhoon Hagibis hit Japan on Saturday shortly before 7 pm, especially on the giant conurbation of Tokyo, with floods, wind gusts of up to 125 mph, and landslides. ground. Tens of thousands of people evacuated, following the instructions, more than 90 wounded and at least fourteen died. Ten people are still missing.

Half a million homes without electricity

A magnitude 5.7 earthquake broke out in Chiba, off the coast at 6:22 pm (11:22 am Paris time), without causing a tsunami.

The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) warned of landslides, high waves and floods. The "unprecedented" intensity of precipitation according to the JMA had pushed it to emit its maximum rainfall alert level, reserved for foreseeable disaster situations.

Several rivers have emerged from their beds, including the Tama River west of Tokyo bordering densely populated areas. Several alarms due to overflowing water have also resounded at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant (north). -est), devastated since the March 2011 tsunami, but Tokyo Electric Power has not reported a serious anomaly at this stage.

Nearly half a million households in the Tokyo area were without power on Saturday during the storm.

Rugby World Cup matches postponed

The storm also disrupted the organization of two sports competitions held in Japan: (France-England and New Zealand-Italy) and Sunday (Namibia-Canada) were canceled.In contrast, the match between Japan and Scotland , decisive for qualifying for the quarter-finals and threatened because of typhoon Hagibis, will be played as scheduled Sunday in Yokohama.

Japan is hit by twenty typhoons each year. Before Hagibis, Faxai had killed at least two people in early September and caused extensive damage to Chiba.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

TURKEY'S SOURCE OF PEACE OPERATION WILL HAVE SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES

Turkey 's offensive in northeastern Syria, launched on Wednesday (October 9th), provoked an international outcry and worries the international community, which fears disastrous consequences caused by the unilateral decision of Ankara.

1 ° The escape of jihadists

By fighting Kurds, Turkey is taking the risk of promoting the reorganization of the IS.

Indeed the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a group whose core is made up of Kurdish YPG) fought the Islamic State in Syria with Western air support. On the ground, it is therefore YPG which today manages the prisons in which the approximately 10,000 jihadists, including 2,000 foreigners, captured during the fighting, are locked up.

The Kurds of north-eastern Syria also have control of the camps housing about 80,000 family members of these jihadists and in which the jihadist ideology continues.

The security of these camps, which is already a problem, is of the utmost concern to the Europeans now that this offensive is under way.

Indeed, the Turks would have knowingly targeted these camps and prisons thus liberating jihadists voluntarily.

Moreover, the Kurds, mobilizing their energy on the resistance to the Turkish offensive, can no longer monitor the camps so effectively.

The proof is that this Sunday, October 13, 2019, 795 relatives of jihadists would have escaped the camp of Ain Issa, located in the north of Syria, in the region of Raqqa, announced Sunday, October 13 the Kurdish authorities.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH) confirmed that women and children from IS families, including foreigners, were among those who fled the camp. The NGO, based in London and working with a network of informants on the Syrian field, also confirms that the guards of the camp "left" it to go to support the Kurdish forces fighting the Syrian deputies, to ten kilometers of there. Bombings also targeted the area around the camp, said the Kurdish authorities and the OSDH.

2 ° The refoundation of the IS and new attacks

If the fall of the self-proclaimed caliphate was announced in March by the SDS, the jihadist group is trying to reform and maintains a presence in several parts of Syria through dormant cells.

Moreover, the hypothesis of a flight of some radical Islamists to other jihad lands is to be taken seriously, forty or so French jihadists had managed to leave the province of Idleb, Syria, to join other cells in South-East Asia, Afghanistan and the Sahel. And some imprisoned jihadists who could escape could also return to Europe ... to perpetrate attacks.

3 ° The buffer zone "a caliphate bis"?

At the end of this offensive, Ankara wants to create a buffer zone of 30 km long and 500 km wide between the Turkish border and Syrian areas controlled by Kurdish militia in the region, to re-implant two of the 3.5 millions of Syrian refugees present in Turkey. But for the Frenchman André Hébert, who fought in Syria alongside the Kurds against the jihadists, the creation of this buffer zone is tantamount to offering them "a caliphate bis, placed, this time, under the protection of NATO," denounces it in Humanity.

He accuses Turkish secret services of "turning a blind eye" on the passage of jihadists from Turkey to Syria. He added that "the groups on which Turkey relies to conduct this offensive are Daesh veterans and the al-Nusra Front [the Syrian branch of al-Qaeda]. ". The verse would already be in the fruit.

4 ° The fear of a new humanitarian crisis

Operation "Source of Peace" has thrown nearly 100,000 people on the roads. The death toll stands at a hundred dead ( 85 Kurdish fighters as well as 38 civilians) , according to the NGO Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH). World Food Program fears that already critical humanitarian crisis is worsening

. "Fears include, of course, the duration of the offensive and the strength of the latter and the impact on civilians," says his spokesman, Herve Verhoosel.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

ETHIOPIAN PRIME MINISTER ABIY AHMED

NOBEL PRIZE OF PEACE

The 100th Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopian Prime Minister, who succeeds Denis Mukwege, a Congolese gynecologist, a symbol of the fight against sexual violence, and Nadia Murad, Yazidi activist, ex-slave of the group. Islamic State.

Abiy is rewarded "for his efforts to achieve peace and for international cooperation, especially for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with Eritrea," said the Nobel Committee Chair Norwegian, Berit Reiss-Andersen.

The award also aims to "recognize all actors working for peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia and the regions of East and North-East Africa," she added. The Norwegian committee stresses in particular the role of Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki.

"Peace does not come from the actions of a single actor. When Prime Minister Abiy extended his hand, President Afwerki seized it and helped to formalize the peace process between the two countries, "he said.

Mr. Abiy said he was "honored" and "delighted" to receive this "prize given to Africa". "I imagine other leaders in Africa will think that it is possible to work on peacebuilding processes on our continent," said the young Ethiopian leader in a brief telephone conversation with the Nobel institutions, who put it online.

The son of modest villagers who became chief spy, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, Nobel Peace Prize winner 2019, initiated profound changes in Ethiopia. Since taking the reins of the country in April 2018, the forty-year-old has rocked a regime that has been anchored by more than 25 years of authoritarian exercise of power and has weighed on the dynamics of the Horn of Africa.

Barely six months after his inauguration, 43-year-old Abiy Ahmed had made peace with his Eritrean neighbor, released thousands of dissidents, publicly apologized for the violence of the security forces, and welcomed members of exiled groups described as "terrorists" by his predecessors. The reconciliation with Eritrea has been carried out in earnest. After a historic meeting on 9 July 2018 in Eritrean capital Asmara, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and himself ended a 20-year state of war between the two countries. enemy brothers. The end or at least the beginning of a new era after the death of over 80,000 people during the 1998-2000 civil war.

In addition to Eritrea, Abiy Ahmed has multiplied initiatives on the regional scene. He played an important mediating role in the Sudanese political crisis and tried to revitalize the fragile South Sudanese peace agreement.

More recently, he has developed his program to open a largely state-controlled economy. It now weighs all its weight for the legislative elections, which it promises inclusive, to be held in May 2020.

In doing so, warn analysts, the young leader has placed himself in a delicate situation: his flagship measures are too radical and too sudden for the old guard of the old regime and not ambitious enough and fast for a youth eager to change and future prospects.

Its opening also freed local territorial ambitions and old inter-communal disputes that led to deadly violence in many parts of the country.

The young leader has instilled a certain optimism in a region of the world where it is a rare commodity. "A breath of hope is blowing over the Horn of Africa," said UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres in September 2018. But the road ahead for a firm and final peace is still long, say analysts .

"The Norwegian Nobel Committee hopes the Nobel Peace Prize will strengthen Prime Minister Abiy in his important work for peace and reconciliation," said Reiss-Andersen.

It is both a recognition and an encouragement of one's efforts. We are aware that a lot of work remains »

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

THE TURKISH OFFENSIVE IN SYRIA INQUIRE

Turkey's offensive in northeastern Syria is officially launched.

Air strikes targeted several border towns. At least 15 people, including eight civilians, were killed on Wednesday during the Turkish offensive against Kurdish forces in northeastern Syria, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH). Thousands of civilians have fled, or are still trying to flee the areas bombed by the Turkish army.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced on Wednesday, October 9, 2019 the beginning of a new military operation, called "Source of Peace", against the Kurdish militia of the People's Protection Units (YPG), Syrian brother of the PKK, considered by Ankara as a "terrorist" group.

This attack is presented by Turkey as an operation intended to fight "against the terrorists of the Protection Units of the Kurdish people, and of the Islamic State group" - an action "in the name of the homeland", according to Türkiye. For the Daily Sabah, Turkey's offensive is "a question of national sovereignty", provoked by "the terrorist elements linked to the Kurdistan Workers' Party" (PKK), accused of "targeting the security of Turkey and the region".

"A safe zone", according to Ankara

Turkey would initially consider taking control of a 120-kilometer-long, 30-kilometer stretch of land stretching from Tal Abyad to Ras al-Ain. Eventually, Ankara intends to create a "security zone", a kind of buffer 30 km deep stretching from the Euphrates to the Iraqi border, 480 km.

According to Ankara, this zone would be used to accommodate some of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees in Turkey and to separate the Turkish border from the territories conquered by the YPG in Syrian chaos. It is meant to bring "peace and security" to Syria, according to Erdogan.

The procrastination of Donald Trump

This Turkish incursion into Syria was made possible by Donald Trump's desire to withdraw American troops from Syria. But Turkey is attacking an ally of the United States in Syria in the fight against ISIS. Even though the White House tenant admitted that the intervention was a "bad idea", the United States will not try to stop it, on the grounds that the Kurds, according to Donald Trump, did not " helped during the Second World War ", nor" helped in Normandy "!!

A real international outcry

Abroad, the Turkish offensive as the attitude of the American president, cause a real uproar. The outbreak of the offensive has been strongly condemned by several countries fearing chaos that could pave the way for the return of the Islamic State group in force and which casts uncertainty over the fate of the jihadists captured by the Protection Units. of the Kurdish people.

The European demanded the end of the offensive launched by Turkey. "She will not give results. And if Turkey's plan is to create a safe area, do not wait for EU funding, "said European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker.

The UN calls on Ankara to "spare civilians" and "exercise maximum restraint". The UN Security Council is scheduled to meet urgently and in camera on Thursday, October 10, at the request of its European members.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

TURKEY LAUNCHES OPERATION AGAINST KURDS IN NORTHERN SYRIA

What message does the White House want to send by issuing Sunday night the idea of ​​a general withdrawal of US forces from Syria?

The withdrawal of US troops from northern Syria

White House spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham reported Sunday evening in a statement by Donald Trump and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan. "Turkey will soon start its planned operation in northern Syria. The United States Armed Forces will neither support nor participate in the operation, and the US forces, after defeating the Islamic State's [IS] territorial "caliphate", will no longer be in the immediate vicinity, announces the spokesperson ..

On his Twitter account, Donald Trump refers to a general withdrawal of the thousand American soldiers deployed in the area protecting the Kurdish forces. The latter, allied with the United States, have fought against the IS.

But for Ankara, the Kurds are assimilated to terrorist groups because of their links with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

Two questions then follow after Donald Trump's tweet:

Is the United States abandoning the Kurds of Syria, who were the fighters, along with the Allies, of ISIS to their fate, while Washington was trying so far to set up an interposition mechanism to avoid a direct confrontation between Turks and Kurds.

Does Washington therefore allow Turkey to settle its dispute by arms against the Kurds of Syria?

Towards a Turkish offensive against the Kurds of Northern Syria?

Turkey said Tuesday it is ready to launch a new offensive in Syria against a Kurdish militia. Reinforcing the impression that an offensive against the People's Protection Units (YPG) was imminent, the Turkish Ministry of Defense indicated that "all preparations for an operation have been completed".

Turkey would initially consider taking control of a 120-kilometer-long strip of land stretching some 30 km from the cities of Tal Abyad to Ras al-Ain, according to Hürriyet. Eventually, Ankara intends to create a "security zone", a kind of buffer 30 km deep stretching from the Euphrates to the Iraqi border, 480 km.

According to Ankara, this zone would be used to accommodate some of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees in Turkey and to separate the Turkish border from the territories conquered by the YPG in Syrian chaos.

The warning of Donald Trump

But accused in his own camp of releasing US allies, President Trump had to reorient his speech Monday saying it would "completely destroy the economy of Turkey" if it "exceeded the limits".

"We are leaving Syria, but we have absolutely not abandoned the Kurds who are great people and wonderful fighters," he said Tuesday in a tweet. "We help the Kurds financially (and by providing them with weapons)".

US officials have sought to stand out from any military operation in Ankara and minimize the departure of US troops, citing the mere redeployment of 50 to 100 special forces. A senior State Department official said Monday that US forces, who control the airspace in northeastern Syria, had closed it to Turkish aviation. "We do not intend to change this in the near future," he said.

Still, this confusion is worrying the rest of the international community, the UN says Monday to "prepare for the worst" in case of a new humanitarian crisis in Syria, where the conflict has since 2011 millions of displaced and has cost more lives  370,000 people.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES HONGKONGAIS MANIFESTENT

CONTRE LA LOI ANTI MASQUE

Après quatre mois de manifestations à Hong Kong, la non-violence a cédé la place aux affrontements brutaux entre manifestants et police antiémeute.

Cela fait plusieurs semaines que de nombreuses manifestations violentes ont lieu à Hong Kong, des événements qui ont débuté en signe de protestation contre une loi d’extradition permettant à la Chine d’avoir son mot à dire sur le système juridique de la région.

Si au départ les rassemblements se voulaient pacifiques , depuis quelques semaines ils ont mené à de violents affrontements entre les manifestants et les autorités.

Une inexorable spirale de violence, qui a débouché, début octobre, sur des tirs à balles réelles de la part de la police, et des cocktails Molotov de la part des manifestants.

Vendredi dernier , face aux débordements, le gouvernement de Carrie Lam a voté une ordonnance d’urgence qui interdit « toute couverture faciale susceptible d’empêcher l’identification ».

Masques et vêtements portés par les manifestants, mais aussi maquillage aptes à tromper les systèmes de reconnaissance faciale tombent sous cette interdiction. Chaque personne qui ne respecte pas cette nouvelle loi s’expose à une amende d’environ 3 200 dollars et risque jusqu’à un an de prison.

« Nous pensons que la nouvelle loi aura un nouvel effet dissuasif contre les manifestants violents masqués et les émeutiers. Hong Kong n’est pas en état d’urgence, mais nous sommes en effet dans un moment très dangereux », a déclaré la cheffe de l'exécutif.

Alors que Carrie Lam espérait avec cette loi, une vieille loi d'urgence remontant à l'époque coloniale, provoquer un effet dissuasif, elle a au contraire raviver les violences. Des manifestations quasi quotidiennes ont encore dégénéré ces derniers jours en des affrontements entre policiers et radicaux, lesquels se sont en outre livrés à des actes généralisés de vandalisme.
Les Hongkongais ont bravé deux interdictions: celle de manifester sans permission préalable et celle de porter un masque. Une douzaine de personnes ont toutefois été arrêtées mardi 6 octobre, dont une fillette de 10 ans. Les deux premiers contrevenants à la loi antimasque, de 18 et 38 ans, ont été inculpés lundi matin et seront jugés le 18 novembre.

Un geste de défi de la jeunesse hongkongaise face aux autorités chinoises

Quelques dates:

9 juin 2019. Un million de personnes manifestent contre le projet de loi autorisant les extraditions vers la Chine.

12 juin. Des violences inédites font 79 blessés, un militant meurt en tombant d’un toit.

15 juin. La cheffe de l’exécutif local, Carrie Lam, annonce la suspension du projet. Le lendemain, près de deux millions de manifestants exigent sa démission.

1er juillet. 22e anniversaire de la rétrocession, des manifestants saccagent le Parlement local.

12 août. L’aéroport de Hong Kong envahi par les manifestants, les vols sont annulés.

4 septembre. Carrie Lam annonce le retrait définitif du projet contesté.

29 septembre. La police use de gaz lacrymogène, balles en caoutchouc et canons à eau contre des manifestants qui jettent des pierres et des cocktails Molotov.

1er octobre 2019. Un manifestant  blessé à la poitrine par un tir à balle réelle de la police.

Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ECOLOGIE

POURQUOI EXTINCTION-REBELLION LANCE-T-ELLE

UN APPEL MONDIAL ?

Pendant le mois d’octobre, l'organisation Extinction Rebellion lance un appel mondial à des actions non-violentes « en faveur du monde vivant ». Après avoir occupé un centre commercial samedi à Paris, l'ONG annonce deux semaines d'actions de désobéissance civile non-violente destinées à alerter les citoyens sur le réchauffement climatique et le risque d'extinction de l'humanité Avec pour but : mettre la pression sur la classe politique.

« Extinction Rébellion" exige que soient reconnues la gravité et l'urgence des crises climatiques.

Une mobilisation internationale

La France n'est pas le seul pays concerné par cette semaine de mobilisation. Des actions similaires auront lieu dans plus de 60 villes à travers le monde, notamment à Londres, Berlin, Melbourne, New York ou encore à New Delhi, en Inde. Des dizaines de blocages- dans des lieux souvent tenus secrets mais hautement symboliques- sont prévus à travers le monde, signe que le jeune mouvement international est en plein essor.

Le droit de désobéissance face à l'urgence ?

Ce mouvement revendique des militants blasés par les méthodes classiques d'une démocratie qu'ils estiment malade.

Né au Royaume-Uni en octobre 2018 sous l'impulsion de plusieurs universitaires - qui dénoncent l'apathie des politiques face à l'urgence climatique- le mouvement affirme rejeter toute forme de violence, mais encourage la désobéissance civile s'inspirant ainsi de la stratégie de lutte pour les droits civiques aux Etats-Unis ou celle des suffragettes. Car face à l'urgence du défi climatique seul ce mode d'action peut, selon eux, faire réagir les pouvoirs publics.

Le sablier, devenu leur emblème, symbolise d'ailleurs l'urgence qui justifie une certaine forme de radicalité. « L’argument des militants c’est que lorsque le gouvernement n’est pas fidèle aux engagements pour lesquels le peuple a voté, ils ont le droit de désobéir aux règles édictées par la société. », explique Sandra Laugier, professeure de philosophie à l’Université Paris 1 Sorbonne-Panthéon.

Une communication et visibilité efficaces

Les organisations n’hésitent donc pas à mettre en scène leurs actions, à inviter les médias et à soigner leur communication. D'autant que ce mode d'action bénéficie « d’une bonne réputation morale, selon Sandra Laugier. Surtout, elle sait jouer avec une image de vulnérabilité revendiquée, comme Gandhi et sa stature frêle. C’est pourquoi ces milieux mettent en avant des enfants », comme Greta Thunberg en Suède, 16 ans, Léah Namugerwa, 15 ans, en Ouganda, ou la Thaïlandaise de douze ans, Ralyn Satidtanasarn.

En juin dernier, ce sont plusieurs dizaines d'activistes qui s'étaient allongés dans l'enceinte du Musée d'histoire naturelle de Londres pour mettre en lumière les extinctions massives d'espèces. Toujours en  juin, c'étaient les mêmes qui avaient déversé des litres de faux sang sur les marches du Trocadéro à Paris, toujours pour dénoncer le déclin de la biodiversité.

Une instrumentalisation de l'écologie ?

Mais pour l'ancienne mininistre de l'écologie Ségolène Royal l'ONG instrumentaliserait l'écologie. « C'est une dégradation de l'image de l'écologie, de l'image de l'environnement. Cela risque de disqualifier toutes les actions pro-environnementales qui risquent d'être associées à ce type d'agressions et de violences », a-t-elle déclaré, lundi 7 octobre sur France-Inter.

« L'écologie c'est la paix donc la violence c'est le contraire », a-t-elle poursuivi.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'IRAK REPLONGE DANS LA VIOLENCE

CENT MORTS ET PLUS DE QUATRE MILLE  BLESSES

Depuis trois jours, des manifestations aux revendications multiples agitent la capitale Bagdad et plusieurs villes irakiennes. Un couvre-feu a été instauré par les autorités dans plusieurs villes.

Une mobilisation spontanée

A l'origine de la contestation l 'éviction du gouvernement du patron du contre-terrorisme, le général Abdel Wahab al-Saadi, héros national de la lutte contre l'Etat islamique, une décision perçue comme favorable aux factions pro-Iran en Irak. Mais les manifestants dénoncent surtout la corruption de la classe dirigeante, le taux de chômage élevé chez les jeunes ainsi que l'absence de services publics fonctionnels.

Il s'agit d'un mouvement spontané rassemblant toutes sorte de déçus du gouvernement d'Abdel Mahdi en place depuis le 25 octobre 2018, « pour la première fois sans drapeau, sans affiches et sans slogans de parti », selon le quotidien libéral Al-Bayina al-Jadid.

La réponse musclée des autorités

Face à ces manifestations spontanées, les autorités,ont réagi avec fermeté n'hésitant pas à tirer à plusieurs reprises à balles réelles sur la foule faisant huit morts à Nassiryia, dans le Sud du pays, quatre à Amara, deux autres à Bagdad, et autant à Kout, dans l'Est du pays et plus de 400 blessés. Malgré le couvre-feu décrété dans plusieurs villes les manifestants continuaient d'affluer dans la nuit vers les points de ralliement pour exprimer leur colère. Conscient du rôle des réseaux sociaux, les autorités ont coupé jeudi l'accès à Internet dans une grande partie de l'Irak.

Vers une escalade de la violence

Mercredi, le leader chiite Moqtada Sadr a appelé ses très nombreux partisans à rejoindre les manifestants pour des « sit-in pacifiques » et une « grève générale », faisant craindre une explosion de la mobilisation. En 2016, ils avaient déjà paralysé le pays avec des manifestations dans la capitale et avaient notamment forcé l'entrée de la Zone verte où siègent les plus hautes institutions irakiennes et l'ambassade américaine.

Aussitôt après, la municipalité de Bagdad a déclaré jeudi jour chômé pour les fonctionnaires, ce qui pourrait permettre aux forces de l'ordre de renforcer leur quadrillage de cette ville tentaculaire de neuf millions d'habitants et de resserrer l'étau autour des manifestants.

Craignant une escalade, l'ONU a appelé à la « retenue ».

Pour le président irakien Barham Saleh, « manifester pacifiquement » est « un droit constitutionnel » et « les forces de l'ordre sont là pour protéger les droits des citoyens ». La Commission des droits de l'Homme du Parlement irakien a, de son côté, dénoncé une « répression » dont « les responsables devront rendre des comptes ».

Dans un communiqué, la commission gouvernementale des droits de l'Homme a fait état de cent morts et plus de 4000 blessés depuis mardi. Quelque 500 personnes ont été arrêtées mais une grande partie ont été libérées. La plupart des manifestants tués l'ont été par balles, selon des sources médicales.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld

ONE YEAR AFTER ASSASSINATION OF THE JOURNALIST

JAMAL KHASHOGGI THE SAUDIAN PRINCE MBS ALWAYS NOT CONCERNED

Dismantled plastic dummies wearing armbands and press bibs.

A tribute gathering at 13:14 in front of the former Saudi consulate in Istanbul, the precise moment when, a year ago to the day, the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was crossing the door to never again come out and for which justice has still not been rendered.

A year ago, on October 2, 2018, the journalist Jamal Khashoggi - criticizing the Wahhabi kingdom and exiled to the United States in 2017 - was murdered in the precincts of the Saudi consulate in Istanbul where he was returned for the purpose of her marriage.

A commando of fifteen agents from Ryad was waiting for the journalist to end his life in gruesome conditions, as the Turkish investigation revealed. Khashoggi was reportedly killed by strangulation. His body was dismembered so that he could be dissolved and put in crates before being flown out of the country.

Very quickly, the accusations fuse against the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman who affirms, at the time, that Jamal Khashoggi entered the consulate but came out shortly thereafter, before recognizing that he was killed during a "fist fight".

On October 24, 2018, MBS reacts for the first time publicly: "This is a hideous and totally unjustifiable incident." Despite this stance, the image of the Saudi kingdom will continue to fade over the revelations.

The CIA will eventually accuse Crown Prince MBS of sponsoring the murder of the dissident journalist at the premises of the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul.

In November, Washington announces sanctions against Saudi officials. Germany, France and Canada are following suit.

On September 26, the US TV channel PBS reports quotations from "MBS" that he said in December 2018 to take responsibility for the murder, but assured that he only became aware of it after the fact . "I take full responsibility as leader of Saudi Arabia, especially that it was committed by individuals working for the Saudi government," he assured. The Wahhabi Kingdom is bringing 11 suspects to justice in a stalled trial.

Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Salman, whom Mr Khashoggi criticized in the pages of the Washington Post and many observers suspect of being the sponsor of the operation, was not concerned.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA CHINE PLIE FACE AUX HONGKONGAIS

PRO-DEMOCRATIE

Le président chinois Xi Jinping a promis, ce lundi 30 septembre 2019, de continuer à respecter l’autonomie de Hong Kong, alors que l’ex-colonie britannique, rendue à la Chine en 1997, est secouée depuis juin par des manifestations pro-démocratie.

S'exprimant lors d’une réception à Pékin à la veille de la célébration des 70 ans du régime communiste, Xi Jinping s’est engagé à poursuivre l’application du principe

« Un pays, deux systèmes » dans le territoire et à respecter son « haut degré d’autonomie »

Depuis plusieurs mois les Hongkongais descendent dans la rue: de violents affrontements ont opposé, pas plus tard que dimanche 29 septembre les forces de l'ordre aux manifestants prodémocratie.

Cette forte mobilisation inquiète Pékin à la veille de la célébration des 70 ans de la Chine communiste.

Une victoire pour les Hongkongais jaloux de leur statut.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

TENSIONS IN THE GULF

THE IRANIAN THREATS OF A TOTAL WAR

Iran's top diplomat, Mohammad Javad Zarif, said on Thursday that a Saudi or US riposte in Iran would lead to "total war," but said his country would not want war but would defend itself if needed.

This Saturday, September 21, the leader of the Revolutionary Guards, the Iranian ideological army, warned that any country attacking the Islamic Republic of Iran would see its territory become "the main battleground" of the conflict.

"Whoever wants his land to become the main battlefield, go ahead."

"We will never allow a war to encroach on the territory of Iran," he added in a martial tone. The warning comes as the US has announced not only new sanctions on the Iranian banking sector, but also the sending of military reinforcements to the Gulf, after attacks on oil facilities in Saudi Arabia have halved the Saudi oil production.

These attacks, led by Yemeni Houthi rebels but attributed to Iran by Ryad and Washington, have revived fears of a military clash between the United States and Iran.

But US President Donald Trump, campaigning for the presidential elections, has no interest in triggering a conflict showing itself less warring war.

Although he warned on Friday that "there has never been a more prepared country" than the United States, he has nevertheless praised the merits of restraint.

"It would be the easy way for me," "hit 15 major sites in Iran," "it would only take a minute," and "it would be a very bad day for Iran."

"But that's not what I prefer, if possible," he chained.

Tensions between the United States and Iran have steadily increased since the US unilateral withdrawal in May 2018 of the Iranian international nuclear agreement reached in 2015 followed by the reestablishment of heavy American sanctions against Iran.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

DISASTER CATASTROPHE OF FUKUSHIMA

THREE LEADERS ACQUITTED

Three and a half years after the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, three former leaders of the Tepco group, who operated the Fukushima nuclear power plant during the 2011 disaster, were acquitted by the Tokyo court on Thursday (September 19th).

Ksunéhisa Katsumata, president of the company from 2002 to 2012, and his two vice-presidents, Ichirô Takékuro and Sakaé Mutô, were facing five years in prison for "negligence causing death" for not taking into account reports tsunami risk exceeding the resistance capacity of the plant.

The prosecution of former leaders was based on the deaths of 44 patients at Futaba Hospital, a few kilometers from the plant, who had not been able to withstand the emergency evacuation in extreme bus that has long gone round before finding a base. For these elderly people, the test was fatal.

These three former managers of the operator of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, the only natural persons to be tried, pleaded not guilty. During the trial, Mr. Katsumata stated that he was not involved in day-to-day security decisions and that he relied on the work of his subordinates in charge of these matters. No work was therefore carried out to protect the site before the powerful earthquake, responsible for the tidal wave that engulfed the generating sets of the plant, stopped the cooling of the nuclear fuel and caused its melting.

However, the judge ruled that they could not be found guilty of the consequences of the nuclear disaster triggered by the tsunami that occurred on March 11, 2011. If the tsunami killed 18,500 people in northeastern Japan, nuclear accident itself did not have any casualties on the spot.

The Japanese state and Tepco have already been punished by the courts on several occasions, following numerous collective complaints and fined symbolically by a local court. Six months earlier, another instance had condemned both Tepco and the Japanese state for negligence in this case, but again, the fine had been symbolic.

In addition, Tepco has compensated the victims of the tragedy for years, receiving the money from a fund specially created and funded by the state and all Japanese electricity companies.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

LEGISLATIVES BENYAMIN NETANYANOU FRAGILIZED RESORT

Who is the prime minister for Israe ?

No winner emerged after the parliamentary elections in Israel. Likud, the party from which Benyamin Netanyahu emerged, won 32 seats, tied with the centrist party Kahol Lavan ("Blue-white") of Benny Gantz, former chief of staff of the army after the counting of 92% of the newsletters.

The "united list" of Arab parties would also get 12 seats and could establish itself as the third political force in the Knesset, followed by the Israel Beiteinou party of the former minister Avigdor Lieberman (9 seats).

The two major parties are far from the 61 seats needed to win a majority in Parliament.

The right-wing coalition of the prime minister gets 56 seats. The head of the Hebrew State has already announced that there will be no third election. So there is no choice left to the formations to make alliances.

Benyamin Netanyahu announced that he was waiting for official results, but was ready to form a coalition again. "In the coming days, we will begin negotiations for the establishment of a strong Zionist government," said the current Israeli prime minister. The Arab parties are excluded from the discussions, despite their high score, since the government can not rely on Arab anti-Zionist parties.

Benny Gantz announced, for his part, that he had already started negotiating to speak with "everyone". "Tonight begins the repair business of Israeli society. Unity and reconciliation are before us. He commented.

All eyes are turned to the former Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman, already qualified by some media as "king maker".

The latter defends the idea of ​​a government of national unity with Blanc et bleu and, why not, the Likud rid of the influence of ultra-Orthodox Jewish parties and Arab parties.

The centrists consider the proposal interesting but do not want to hear of a compromise with Benyamin Netanyahu because of his involvement for alleged corruption in three court cases. Benny Gantz, however, will have trouble forming a coalition without the Likud ...

Negotiations between the different formations of the country will be tight and each of the two rivals will have to try to convince the head of state Reuven Rivlin that he is best placed to form a coalition...

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'ARABIE SAOUDITE TOUCHEE AU COEUR DE SON ECONOMIE APRES L'ATTAQUE DE DRONES

SUR DES RAFFINERIES

En guerre avec les rebelles yéménites Houthi, l'Arabie saoudite a fait face, samedi15 septembre, à une attaque de drones armés qui ont visé deux installations pétrolières. L'attaque a frappé le site d'Abqaiq, à 60 km au sud-ouest de Dahran. Ce dernier abrite la plus grande usine de traitement du pétrole d'Aramco. L'autre site touché est celui de Khurais, à 250 kilomètres de Dahran, qui est l'un des principaux champs pétroliers de l'entreprise publique.

Suspension provisoire des deux sites

Même si les incendies provoqués à Abqaiq et Khurais ont «ont été maîtrisés», selon le ministère de l'Intérieur, le groupe pétrolier a dû suspendre provisoirement la production sur les deux sites touchés. Le retour à la normale n’est pas pas attendu avant «des semaines plutôt que des jours», a fait savoir dimanche une source au fait de la situation.

Or les installations d’Aramco temporairement mises à l'arrêt représentent 50% de la production totale saoudienne . Elles produisent en effet en temps normal 5,7 millions de barils par jour, sur une production totale saoudienne de 10,3 millions de barils par jour, selon le dernier rapport de l’Opep, soit 5 % de la production mondiale de brut.

Le ministre saoudien de l'Énergie, le prince Abdel Aziz ben Salmane, a par ailleurs indiqué que les explosions dues aux attaques ont également causé l'interruption de la production d'environ 56,6 millions de mètres cubes de gaz associé, extrait avec le brut. Conséquence : il faut s'attendre à une baisse de 50% en éthane et en gaz naturel liquéfié.

Le régime saoudien s'est pourtant voulu rassurant. «Une partie de la baisse (de la production) sera compensée pour les clients par les stocks», a indiqué le ministre saoudien de l'Énergie dans un communiqué. Cinq sites de stockage souterrains, pouvant contenir des dizaines de millions de barils, ont été construits dans plusieurs endroits du royaume pour une extraction en cas d'urgence.

Face à cette situation l’administration américaine s’est tout de même dite prête à exploiter les réserves pétrolières d’urgence des Etats-Unis si nécessaire pour stabiliser l'approvisionnement énergétique mondial, selon la porte-parole du secrétaire à l’énergie.

Une stratégie des rebelles yéménites qui rend l'Arabie saoudite vulnérable

En Arabie saoudite, les drones sont devenus les nouvelles armes des rebelles yéménites Houthis qui constituent une menace sérieuse pour l'Arabie saoudite ultra-dépendante du pétrole. ll s'agit en effet de la troisième attaque du genre en cinq mois contre des infrastructures du mastodonte pétrolier.

Ainsi le 17 août, les Houthis avaient annoncé avoir mené une attaque avec dix drones, « la plus massive jamais lancée en Arabie saoudite », contre le champ de Shaybah qui avait incendié une installation gazière. Déjà le 14 mai, les rebelles yéménites avaient revendiqué une attaque au drone contre deux stations de pompage et un oléoduc reliant l’est et l’ouest de la monarchie wahhabite.L’oléoduc avait alors dû cesser temporairement son activité.

D’après des experts, les attaques des rebelles yéménites montrent qu’ils disposent d’armes sophistiquées et constituent une menace sérieuse pour l’Arabie saoudite ultra-dépendante de son or noir.

« C’est une situation relativement nouvelle pour les Saoudiens », analyse Kamran Bokhari, directeur du Center for Global Policy, basé à Washington,  rappelant que les dispositifs de sécurité étaient plutôt conçus pour parer des attaques à la voiture piégée. « Pendant longtemps, ils n’ont jamais vraiment craint que leurs installations pétrolières seraient frappées depuis le ciel. »

Condamnation de plusieurs pays

Le président américain Donald Trump a fermement condamné ces attaques contre les infrastructures saoudiennes. «Des actions violentes contre des zones civiles et des infrastructures vitales pour l'économie mondiale ne font qu'aggraver les conflits et la méfiance», a pointé la Maison Blanche .

Le ministère français Jean-Yves Le Drian a également condamné des actions qui «ne peuvent qu'aggraver les tensions régionales et les risques de conflit» tandis que l 'Union européenne a pour sa part évoqué «une menace réelle pour la sécurité régionale».

Mike Pompeo accuse l’Iran qui dément

Le secrétaire d’Etat américain, Mike Pompeo,pour sa part, s’en est pris à l’Iran : « Téhéran est derrière une centaine d’attaques contre l’Arabie saoudite, tandis que [le président Hassan] Rohani et [son ministre des affaires étrangères, Mohamad Javad] Zarif prétendent s’engager dans la diplomatie, accuse-t-il sur Twitter. Au milieu de tous ces appels à une désescalade,l’Iran vient de lancer une attaque sans précédent contre l’approvisionnement énergétique de la planète. ».Le porte-parole des affaires étrangères iranien, Abbas Moussavi, a rapidement dénoncé « des accusations et remarques aussi stériles et aveugles [qui] sont incompréhensibles et insensées ». L'Iran a de son côté vigoureusement démenti. «Des accusations et remarques aussi stériles et aveugles sont incompréhensibles et insensées», a déclaré le porte-parole des Affaires étrangères iraniennes, Abbas Moussavi.

Le prince héritier d'Arabie saoudite Mohammed ben Salmane a affirmé que son pays avait « la volonté et la capacité de faire face et répondre à cette agression terroriste », au cours d'un entretien téléphonique avec le président américain Donald Trump.

Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DES DRONES ARMES ATTAQUENT DES INSTALLATIONS PETROLIERES EN ARABIE SAOUDITE

En guerre avec les rebelles yéménites, l'Arabie saoudite fait face à une nouvelle forme d'attaques. Ces derniers utilisent des drones armés pour viser des raffineries.

La télévision des Houthis, Al-Massira, a en effet fait état « d'une opération d'envergure contre des raffineries à Abqaiq et Khurais » dans l'est du royaume. L'attaque a ciblé deux installations exploitées par la compagnie saoudienne d'hydrocarbures Aramco dans la province orientale de Bugyag.Le site d'Abqaiq, à 60 kilomètres au sud-ouest de Dahra, abrite la plus grande usine de traitement du pétrole d'Aramco tandis que Khurais, à 250 kilomètres de Dahran, est l'un des principaux champs pétroliers de l'entreprise publique qui prépare son entrée en bourse.

En Arabie saoudite, les drones sont devenus les nouvelles armes des rebelles yéménites Houthis qui constituent une menace sérieuse pour l'Arabie saoudite ultra-dépendante du pétrole.

Si les autorités saoudiennes ont tenté de minimiser les conséquences de ces incendies, les attaques aux drones n'en rendent pas moins le pays vulnérable.

« Escalade militaire extrêmement inquiétante »

Les rebelles houtis, soutenus par l’Iran, grand rival régional de l'Arabie saoudite, revendiquent régulièrement des tirs de drones ou de missiles contre des cibles saoudiennes. Ils affirment agir en représailles aux frappes aériennes de la coalition menée par l’Arabie saoudite qui intervient au Yémen depuis 2015 pour soutenir les forces progouvernementales.

Ainsi le 17 août, les Houthis avaient annoncé avoir mené une attaque avec dix drones, « la plus massive jamais lancée en Arabie saoudite », contre le champ de Shaybah qui avait incendié une installation gazière.

Déjà le 14 mai, les rebelles yéménites avaient revendiqué une attaque au drone contre deux stations de pompage et un oléoduc reliant l’est et l’ouest de la monarchie wahhabite.

L’oléoduc avait alors dû cesser temporairement son activité.

L'émissaire de l'ONU pour le Yémen Martin Griffiths s'est dit «extrêmement inquiet à propos des attaques de drone [...] ce jour contre deux installations pétrolières majeures dans le royaume d'Arabie saoudite».

Il a jugé «la récente escalade militaire extrêmement inquiétante».

Le conflit au Yémen a fait des dizaines de milliers de morts, et trois millions de déplacés, d'après les Nations unies. Il s'agit de «la pire catastrophe humanitaire actuelle» selon l'ONU.

Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

RUSSIE

LOURD RECUL POUR LE PARTI DE POUTINE

On ne votait pas qu’à Moscou ce dimanche, au total 56 millions de Russes, soit environ la moitié des électeurs potentiels, se sont exprimés. Dans 16 régions du pays, il fallait aussi élire les gouverneurs lors de ces scrutins locaux.

Un lourd revers pour Poutine

Selon des résultats provisoires donnés par les agences de presse russes, le parti au pouvoir Russie unie a subi un lourd revers, dimanche 8 septembre, aux élections du Parlement de Moscou. Les candidats soutenus par les autorités ont en effet perdu dans au moins 20 des 45 districts de la capitale. Ils contrôlaient jusqu'à présent 38 sièges du Parlement.

Neuf anciens députés de Russie unie n'auraient pas été réélus, parmi lesquels le chef de la branche moscovite du parti, Andreï Metelsky, qui était élu depuis 2001.

Victoire des communistes

Les candidats communistes sont les grands gagnants de l'élection : ils remporteraient 13 sièges, contre cinq auparavant. Le parti libéral Iabloko aurait trois sièges, une candidate indépendante qu'ils soutenaient l'ayant aussi emporté. Enfin, le parti Russie juste, considéré comme faisant partie de l'opposition « tolérée » par le Kremlin, fait son entrée au Parlement moscovite avec trois députés.

L' opposition muselée mais entendue

Si ces élections ont suscité un vif intérêt, ce n’est donc pas pour leur pur enjeu politique. Mais bien parce que le pouvoir en place a pratiquement systématiquement rejeté les candidatures des membres de l’opposition pour manque de parrainages suffisants.

Alexeï Navalny et plusieurs de ces partisans faisaient partie de ces exclus ainsi que l’avocate Lioubov Sobol. Le principal opposant au Kremlin, Alexeï Navalny, avait appelé à « voter intelligent » en soutenant les mieux placés pour battre les candidats affiliés au pouvoir. Il semble avoir été entendu .

A deux ans des législatives, Navalny avait fait en effet de ce scrutin une étape essentielle de la bataille contre Russie unie, dont la cote est au plus bas depuis plus de dix ans en raison du mécontentement suscité par la hausse de l’âge de la retraite et la baisse constante des revenus.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

HONG KONG THREAT OF INTERVENTION CHINESE ARMY


The Chinese government said on Tuesday that it "strongly" supported Carrie Lam at the head of the Hong Kong Executive, after fleeing a recording in which she said she would resign if she had "the choice".

However, he threatened to intervene if the situation deteriorated

"Putting an end to violence and chaos, restoring order, are the most pressing tasks in Hong Kong," Chinese government spokesman Hong Kong and Macao spokesman Yang Guang Guangzhou told reporters. .

But "if the situation were to continue to deteriorate and plunge into chaos that would threaten national sovereignty and security beyond the control of the Hong Kong authorities, the central government would not sit idly by," warned the other. Hong Kong and Macao Office spokeswoman Xu Luying.

Ms. Xu even mentioned a possible intervention of the Chinese army.

The basic law of Hong Kong allows the Chinese parliament to declare a state of emergency in Hong Kong in case of unrest in the territory, she said.

And Beijing recalled that its garrison of several thousand men, based in Hong Kong, could intervene to restore order at the request of the local government.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

IRAN / ETATS-UNIS

EXPLOSION D'UNE FUSEE IRANIENNE ?

L'Iran aurait-il procédé au lancement raté d'un satellite ?

Donald Trump aurait-il diffusé une photo classée secret-défense ?

Deux interrogations à l'heure du bras-de-fer entre Washington et Téhéran sur le nucléaire iranien.

Le cliché de l'explosion apparente d'une fusée en Iran ou un "accident catastrophique"

L'Iran a dévoilé samedi un satellite non endommagé, quelques jours après l'explosion d'une roquette lancée lors du troisième lancement de l'année, que le président américain Donald Trump venait de dénoncer quelques heures plus tôt.

Dans un tweet, accompagné d'une photo, M. Trump a en effet affirmé que cet « accident catastrophique » s'était produit lors des « derniers préparatifs » avant le tir du « lanceur de satellite Safir sur le site de lancement N.1 de Semnan », dans le nord de l'Iran.

Mais les autorités iraniennes ont démenti tout incident sur leur site de lancement.

« J'adresse mes meilleures pensées à l'Iran et lui souhaite bonne chance pour trouver ce qui s'est passé », a écrit le président.

Le cliché- qui accompagne le tweet- en noir et blanc pris à basse altitude montre le pas de tir et ses environs immédiats après l'explosion avec des annotations décrivant les dégâts provoqués par l'incident. Sur une autre image venant de la société Maxar Technologies, en couleur mais moins précise car prise à plus haute altitude jeudi à 11H12 locale, on peut voir une colonne de fumée qui s'échappe du pas de tir.

Quel objectif politique Trumpien ?

Un responsable du ministère de la Défense a indiqué à la chaîne CNBC que le cliché diffusé par le président, qui serait pris avec un téléphone portable, avait été présenté lors d'une réunion des services de renseignement. Donald Trump avait justement vendredi un briefing à son agenda et il a tweeté son message depuis son iPhone.

« Nous avions une photo et je l'ai diffusée, comme j'en ai tout à fait le droit », a confirmé plus tard le président à des journalistes en quittant la Maison Blanche.

La diffusion de ce cliché, qui pourrait être classé secret-défense, a pourtant provoqué l'émoi dans la communauté du renseignement. En effet le locataire de la Maison Blanche pourrait bien avoir révélé un niveau de résolution encore inconnu des satellites espions américains ou que les services secrets ont pris depuis les airs. La diffusion « semble en décalage avec la politique américaine sur la publication de telles données », a commenté Allison Puccioni, ancienne militaire et spécialiste de l'imagerie satellite, affiliée à l'université Stanford.

Le nucléaire iranien en question

Le ministre iranien des Télécommunications, Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi, a démenti vendredi tout incident sur le satellite, sans se prononcer sur le lanceur.

« Apparemment, il y avait des informations sur l'échec de la troisième tentative de mise en orbite du satellite. En fait, Nahid 1 va bien, il est en ce moment dans le laboratoire », a-t-il expliqué, invitant les journalistes à visiter ce laboratoire et terminant son message par le mot-dièse « transparence ». Les deux précédentes tentatives de lancement, en janvier et février, avaient déjà échoué..

Plus tôt, dans un article sur Twitter, Jahromi a cependant déclaré à l'adresse du président américain : «Moi et Nahid 1 en ce moment. Bonjour, Donald Trump! ». Et avec une photo censée le montrer avec le satellite.

L'Iran assure et martèle que son programme de fusées est destiné à un usage strictement civil dans l'espace lançant depuis 2009 plusieurs satellites de fabrication nationale. Mais parce que les fusées utilisent une technologie proche de celle utilisée pour l'emport d'armes nucléaires sur des missiles balistiques de longue portée, Washington se dit suspicieux.

Washington s'est d'ailleurs retiré unilatéralement en mai 2018 de l’accord international sur le nucléaire iranien signé trois ans plus tôt.

L’administration Trump a renforcé les sanctions économiques sur l’Iran afin de l’obliger à renégocier le pacte de 2015  limitant son programme nucléaire. Un bras-de-fer entre Washington et Téhéran des plus préoccupants...

« Ni l'Iran ni aucun autre acteur hostile ne devrait confondre prudence et retenue de la part des États-Unis avec de la faiblesse », avait averti John Bolton en juin dernier.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

WEEK-END DE CHAOS A HONG KONG

Des centaines de manifestants prodémocratie tentent ce dimanche 1 Septembre 2019 de bloquer les accès de l'aéroport de Hong Kong, au lendemain d'une nouvelle journée de contestation, parmi les plus violentes depuis le début du mouvement.

Blocage des accès à l'aéroport

Des manifestants vêtus de noir, portant des masques et se cachant derrière des parapluies pour échapper à la surveillance des caméras, ont érigé des barricades au terminal d'autobus de l'aéroport.

D'autres tentaient une opération escargot sur l'autoroute menant aux terminaux aériens situés sur l'île de Lantau (nord-ouest).

Les opérateurs de l' « Airport Express », le train à grande vitesse reliant le huitième aéroport international le plus fréquenté au monde et le centre de l'ex-colonie britannique, ont annoncé en début la suspension du service, sans donner de justification.

Violents affrontements : cocktails Molotov, barricade incendiée

Hier samedi 31 octobre Hong Kong a de nouveau été le théâtre d’affrontements entre les manifestants pro-démocratie et les forces de l’ordre. Des milliers de militants ont en effet bravé l’interdiction de manifester et sont descendus dans les rues de l’ex-colonie britannique, au lendemain de l’arrestation de plusieurs figures du mouvement dans lequel cinq militants de premiers plans et trois députés ont été interpellés.

Ce samedi marquait également le cinquième anniversaire du refus par Pékin d'organiser des élections au suffrage universel à Hong Kong. Une décision qui fut le déclencheur du « Mouvement des parapluies » de 2014 marquée par l'occupation du cœur financier et politique de la ville 79 jours

Hong Kong a encore plongé dans le chaos avec de violents affrontements : cocktails Molotov, barricade incendiée et se sont invités dans le face à face tendu entre force de l'ordre et manifestants. Vers 18h heure locale, des canons à eau se sont mis à cracher de l’eau colorée en bleu. Selon le média indépendant Hong Kong Free Press, les policiers présents ont déclaré par haut-parleurs que cette eau serait utilisée pour identifier les manifestants, ainsi aisément reconnaissables, en vue de leur arrestation une fois la manifestation dispersée.

Pire crise depuis la rétrocession à la Chine

L'ex-colonie britannique vit depuis trois mois sa plus grave crise politique depuis sa rétrocession à la Chine en 1997, avec des actions quasi-quotidiennes, qui ont parfois dégénéré, pour dénoncer le recul des libertés et les ingérence grandissante de Pékin.

Mme Lam concentre l'ire des manifestants pour ne pas avoir formellement retiré son projet de loi controversé sur les extraditions qui avait été en juin l'élément déclencheur de la mobilisation.

La contestation a élargi ses revendications à la dénonciation de l'influence grandissante de la Chine sur sa région semi-autonome et au recul des libertés.

La manifestation, convoquée par le Front civil des droits de l'homme (FCDH) a organisé les plus grands rassemblements de ces derniers mois, notamment de celui du 18 août qui avait réuni 1,7 million de personnes selon les organisateurs, sans aucun débordement.

Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld

BIARRITZ THE G7 IN LOSS OF LEGITIMACY


Biarritz will be, for three days, from Saturday 24 to Monday, August 26, the center of the world. The heads of state or government of the seven most industrialized countries are brought together to discuss the major issues of the moment.

Around the table are expected alongside Donald Trump Herault "America first", the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Brexit champion, and the Italian Giuseppe Conte resigned since Tuesday, August 20 at night, ect

Less representative than the G20 that joined the major emerging countries in 2008, it drew strength from its relative cohesion. But it has been shattered since Trump's America exchanged its role as "leader of the free world" for the narrow defense of its interests.

Beyond the family photo, why such a summit in a context where divisions are particularly strong between member countries?

"The G7 needs to evolve. We must work today between leaders who have fewer points of agreement than they had a few years ago ... ", we recognize the side of the Elysee.

If France wanted to put forward a priority, namely the fight against inequalities, global warming, terrorism in the Sahel, the trade war with China, the Iranian nuclear will also be on the table.

Let no one expect a consensus between the great democracies! Place to coalitions with variable geometry, focused on specific open topics, in addition, to non-G7 countries.

In this complicated context, the G7 should end with a declaration rather than a final communiqué.

The summit of industrial democracies, cut off from Russia in 2014, is challenged in its role of world directorate.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PREMIER PAS VERS LA FIN DE LA GUERRE ENTRE UKRAINE ET LA RUSSIE

Un échange historique de prisonniers entre l’Ukraine et la Russie a lieu ce samedi 7 septembre, concernant 70 personnes en tout après l’arrivée au pouvoir en Ukraine de l’ancien comédien Volodymyr Zelensky en mai.

C'est le premier échange important de prisonniers depuis le début du conflit dans l'est de l'Ukraine en 2014.

Deux avions transportant 35 prisonniers de chaque côté ont décollé simultanément de Kiev et Moscou et ont atterri peu après midi.

Parmi les prisonniers ukrainiens en Russie figurent notamment les 24 marins ukrainiens arrêtés par les gardes-côtes russes en novembre 2018 au large de la Crimée, deux agents des services secrets ukrainiens SBU ainsi que des prisonniers politiques.

Dans cet échange figure également le cinéaste et militant Oleg Sentsov , de loin, la personnalité la plus emblématique.

Il avait été arrêté en mai 2014 en Crimée et condamné en août 2015 à vingt ans de prison pour « terrorisme » mais aussi

« trafic d’armes ».

Le réalisateur s' était fait connaître en 2018 par une une grève de la faim de 145 jours demandant la libération des prisonniers ukrainiens.

Du côté des prisonniers en Ukraine figurerait une majorité d’Ukrainiens. Parmi eux : le journaliste russo-ukrainien Kyrylo Vychynsky, directeur de l’agence de presse russe RIA Novosti à Kiev inculpé de « haute trahison » au profit de Moscou.

Des paramilitaires ayant participé au conflit dans le Donbass et des déserteurs de Crimée, militaires ukrainiens ayant rejoint l’armée russe lors de l’annexion de la péninsule, en 2014, feraient également partie de la liste.

Un suspect clé dans l’affaire du MH17

Le plus grand flou concerne Vladimir Tsemakh. Cet Ukrainien, commandant des séparatistes pro-russes, ancien de l’armée soviétique, a été inculpé de « terrorisme » par un tribunal de Kiev . Cette semaine, l’Ukraine l'a remis en liberté Volodymyr Tsemakh.

Ancien responsable de la « défense antiaérienne » des séparatistes de l’est de l’Ukraine, Volodymyr Tsemakh, 58 ans, est considéré comme un « suspect clé » dans l’affaire du Boeing MH17 de la Malaysia Airlines abattu en 2014 par un missile russe au-dessus de l’Ukraine, selon une lettre publiée mercredi et signée par 40 députés européens.

Ces 40 députés avaient appelé Volodymyr Zelensky à ne pas extrader Volodymyr Tsemakh vers la Russie, qui réfute farouchement son implication dans la catastrophe du MH17. Le Kremlin aurait exigé qu’il fasse partie de l’échange de prisonniers.

En marge du forum économique de Vladivostok, le président Vladimir Poutine avait annoncé cet échange à venir de prisonniers entre la Russie et l'Ukraine qu'il avait qualifié de «  bonne étape vers la normalisation [des relations russo-ukrainiennes] ».

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

EVO MORALES SAYS VICTORIOUS

PRESIDENTIAL IN BOLIVIA

On October 25, 2019, in Bolivia, incumbent President Evo Morales claimed victory in Sunday's presidential election. The head of state nevertheless left the door open to a possible second round if the final results went in this direction.

"We won in the first round," the outgoing president told a news conference, saying that the official count of 98% of the ballots gave him 46.83% of the vote, against 36.7% to Carlos Mesa .

That is, a gap greater than the 10 percentage points needed to win the first round.

"If we do not win with 10 percentage points difference, we will respect" the result, "if we must go to the second round, we will go," said the head of state, while the counting of the vote is controversial.

To avoid a second round, the candidate in the lead must obtain an absolute majority or at least 40% of the votes and 10 points ahead of the second.

The 59-year-old outgoing president, who is seeking a fourth term, said Wednesday he was sure to win against 66-year-old Carlos Mesa, who is calling for a second round to denounce fraud.

On Wednesday, a general strike was marked by incidents between supporters of both sides, including La Paz and Santa Cruz, the economic capital of Bolivia and opposition stronghold, in the east of the country, from where the general strike.

Some Bolivians, who denounced an "autocracy", did not accept the decision of Evo Morales, who has been in power since 2006, to run for a fourth term, despite the fact that voters voted against a referendum in 2016. In this referendum lost in February 2016, the population refused him to amend the Constitution to seek a fourth term.

The head of state, the first indigenous leader of Bolivia, called the general strike a "coup d'etat" hatched by the right.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

WUHAN COMES BACK AFTER CORONAVIRUS

Residents of the Chinese city of Wuhan (center), where the new coronavirus was identified in December, are allowed to return to work and public transport resumes after two months of confinement.

This lifting of restrictions comes at a time when the Ministry of Health did not announce on Monday any new case of contamination for the fifth consecutive day in this metropolis of 11 million souls cradle of the current pandemic.

Residents of Wuhan considered to be in good health can now move around the city and take the bus or subway on presentation of their identity card, authorities said.

They can also return to their workplace if they have a permit issued by their employer.

Finally, they are even allowed to leave Wuhan to go to other parts of the surrounding Hubei province if they test negative for Covid-19 and carry a medical certificate.

After two months of drastic confinement, life resumes its rights.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE SAOUDIANS FREE TO TRAVEL ABROAD WITHOUT THE PERMISSION OF A MAN

When several cases of foreign escapes of young Saudi women claiming violence against their "guardians" have hit the headlines in recent months, women have the right since August 20, 2019 to obtain a passport and travel abroad without the permission of a male "guardian".

The Saudi administration began "to receive applications from women aged 21 and over to obtain or renew a passport and travel outside the kingdom without permission," the passport department announced on Twitter.


The measure, which came into effect on Tuesday, is part of a broader program of societal reforms that undermines Saudi's "male guardian" system of assimilating women to minors all their lives by subjecting them to the arbitrary authority of their family. husband, father or other male relatives.

Liberalization measures

A reform that is part of a series of liberalization measures of the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman wishing to show a more open societal face of an ultra-conservative kingdom.

The most emblematic was that allowing women to drive a car since June 2018.

Other advances for Saudi women have been decreed: they can now officially declare a birth, a marriage or a divorce, and have parental authority over their minor children, prerogatives hitherto reserved for men.

Accompanied by a crackdown on "feminist activists"

But these few changes are widely criticized as "anti-Islamic" by the ultra-conservatives and are accompanied by a crackdown on dissent, including the arrest and alleged torture of more than a dozen activists of the cause women.

Indeed Loujain al-Hathloul, Hatoon al-Fassi, Aziza al-Yousef and at least seven other women were arrested, the first cases of detention being reported in May 2018, summoned and charged to the Criminal Court of Riyadh on March 27 latest. According to Human Rights Watch, these Saudi women are only being prosecuted for their militant activities. These statements by HRW corroborate information provided by Amnesty International on 14 March.

Above all, they radically contradict the statements of Mohammed bin Salman in an interview with Bloomberg in October 2018. The Crown Prince then said that these imprisoned women had collaborated with foreign secret services, including with Qatar and the United States. Iran, and that their activities of activism for the rights of the Saudi women were not in question.

The reforms announced come after a wave of repression of women's activists and also ten months after the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which provoked the emotion of the international community.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

ORGAN TRAFFICKING

DEPECTING A VIV DEPACES DETACHES ON

LIVING CHILDREN ?

The horror would have exceeded the fiction !!!

Recent visits by China 's head of state to Europe have revived controversy.

What about human rights / What about the rights of the child ?

The picture of this Chinese child with two holes of shells in place of the eyes then taunts the spirits.

Banal history in China ?

A 6-year-old kid was kidnapped by a woman for mutilation with both eyes torn off the skin and then sobbed a few miles away from home. It's easier than removing a kid's eyes to recover beautiful corneas ?

Misinformation or reality ?

Simple organ trafficking!

Little information, few statistics but the rumor would quickly become reality.

In fact, the Vice-President of the European Parliament , Edward McMillan-Scott , visits China in May 2006, collecting testimony testifying to forced organ harvesting from Falun Gong prisoners.

Also in 2006, an investigation led by international human rights lawyer David Matas and the former Secretary of State of Canada, as well as Crown Attorney David Kilgour , accused Beijing of taking the organs of Falun Gong against their will

Nearly 42,000 unexplained organ transplants between 2000 and 2005 would have occurred. Despite denials by the Chinese government and counter-investigations, these claims were confirmed by independent research in the wake.

But China would be just one example among many. Organ trafficking would involve all countries.

Humanitarian organizations are working in the field. Independent organizations are seizing this phenomenon.

International organizations are putting forward numbers. According to WHO, in 2006, 91 countries used 66,000 kidney transplants, 21,000 liver transplants and 6,000 heart transplants. In 2007 at WHO, Yosuke Shimazono would see the black market for transplantation as a widespread practice around the world.

Let's move on to "concrete" facts. In the Sinai, doctors from Cairo

"With operation tents and coolers" would torture the refugees who had fallen into the hands of unscrupulous Bedouins and would take organs according to a recent German journalistic source.

In India, young people would flock to sell their kidneys for a handful of rupees.

In Mexico, the Knights of the Temple Cartel, which dominates the state of Michoacán, north-west of Mexico, would already control all traffic to the United States, and many other traffic to India and Japan. China. It would also add to this criminal list, organ trafficking.

According to Father Alejandro Solalinde, a Mexican religious founder of the Hermanos en el Camino reception center (Brothers on the way), for migrants from all over Latin America, there are clandestine mass graves containing corpses without migrant organs. . "Europe is not spared either, the transfer of organs from the East to the West, in fact all countries are concerned.

UNO is risking more and more alarming figures: "An illegal organ transplant every hour in the world"

Of course, countries have a legislative framework.

"At the global level, the United Nations enacted in 2004 the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, which fights, among other things, against organ harvesting.

At European level, the European Parliament and the Council of Europe issue guidelines and recommendations on good practice, safety in organ donation and transplantation and the fight against organ trafficking. GRETA has established itself.

In 2010, Parliament issued a directive on standards of quality and safety of human organs for transplantation.

At the national level, the German government agency GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit), among others, supports projects aimed at combating human trafficking at the local level and helping victims. "

In vain since this illicit traffic would prosper.

Yes, these illegal extractions of human organs would be used for transplants on wealthy men and women. A kidney would cost on average a modest sum of 10 000 €

In January 2014, Mr. Rosenbaum, an American from New York, arrested by the FBI is accused of wanting to buy a kidney from an Israeli national to sell him 12 000 €.

In India, websites would offer kidney transplant packages for amounts between $ 70,000 and $ 160,000.

Kosovo was very early worried about local mafias involving politicians at the highest level.

A most lucrative trade at the hands mostly of mafias and criminal organizations already in the trafficking of drugs and human trafficking?

Because an infallible logistics organization is essential for this clandestine trade, certainly, but structured. The cartel of the Knights of the Temple would also be a sinister illustration. ?

Organ trafficking is medically very complex. It is necessary that the assassins benefit from a long chain of complicities. It requires surgeons, sophisticated technology, a cold chain, vehicles, planes, that can only be financed by an international mafia.

In many poor countries, many organ placement agencies have been established with intermediaries receiving huge commissions, in charge of recruiting donors in the villages. Lawless doctors would also benefit from this juicy traffic. Two doctors arrested in the state of Minas Gerais (southeastern Brazil) are accused of being part of an alleged "mafia organs". The latter allegedly illegally removed tissues and organs from patients.

Why this craze ?

The market would prove to be the most lucrative.

These horrible traffics would enrich the economy of these poor countries. But let's go beyond this fallacious reason! There would be a colossal market: rich countries and ruthless rich people from all countries.

And the imbalance between supply and demand of organs, the North-South economic disparity, the greed of unscrupulous traffickers, would explode the transplant tourism and organ trafficking in recent years.

Some would even count on an increase in organ trafficking and thus on an outbreak of skinning on living beings.

OMS Geneve Suisse DayNewsWorld 2019The World Health Organization (WHO), the European Parliament and the Council of Europe believe that this phenomenon of traffic is expanding and that it is necessary to put in place protective measures for the most vulnerable populations These crimes on living beings, children, sometimes cut up, would only amplify.

A Third World Review sounds the alarm. "The removal - post-mortem or in vivo - of third-world children's organs to cure the sick of the industrialized countries would be nothing more than a sinister metaphor for the vampiric cannibalism of world capitalism, it would be the reality of a clandestine trade certainly but very much alive. "

Few concrete means would seem really implemented to stem these unspeakable acts beyond comprehension. The actors mobilized in the field have few resources.

Statements of good intentions remain good but without any real effect.

The political and economic considerations would be far superior to the dignity of the human being, what I say, to the horror of this dismemberment of men and poor children in spare parts.

How to fight effectively ?

Inform public opinion of both donor and recipient countries. Plow the opinion up to a real awareness.

The sensational, sporadic and piecemeal information does not strike the consciences permanently. A challenge for humanity.

This awareness must first go through education in both "donor" and "recipient" countries.

In "The Book on Filial Piety" did not Confucius indicate that the body was "one" and "indivisible"? India disapproves in her religious beliefs of taking organs on corpses. Some beliefs in black African countries, however, claim that organs like the heart, kidneys, skull can cure impotence, infertility, AIDS. In Mexico the charismatic leader of the Templar cartel and his acolytes would eat human organs in their rites of initiation and enthronement.

In "recipient" countries, everything also depends on a collective awareness.

To fight and to denounce in body and scream! Legislating is not enough !! Reinforcing the laws would not be enough !!!

Return to non-market values ​​proves to be an unavoidable solution with the free and altruistic gift of the donor. Financial neutrality ensured during transplantation!

Another alternative is the use of artificial or bioartificial organs

Indeed, medicine is increasingly relying on biotechnologies to compensate for the failures of the human body's organs with ever greater promises. Has an artificial heart, the Carmat heart, been implanted by a French medical team ?

Without sinking into the myth of RoboCop, this medical feat gives hope in the field of transplantation.

Let us bet that the constant progress of medicine on artificial or bio-artificial organs will in a few years eradicate the scourge of the trafficking of human organs.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

HONG KONG DONALD TRUMP AGAINST

A NEW TIANMNEM

"I think it would be very difficult to reach an agreement if they are violent, (...) if it's another Tiananmen Square," said Trump..

A human tide in Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, a human tide invaded the center of the city, Sunday, August 18, 2019.

The protesters again denounced the interference of China. According to the organizers of the demonstration, the rally was a success: they were, according to them, about 1.7 million to parade on the streets of Hong Kong Sunday, August 18. This would be the second largest gathering since the start of the protest movement.

And everything went quietly in front of the local government offices while the Chinese military police were planning. This movement is peaceful.

The motivation of these supporters of democracy remains intact and they will demonstrate again next weekend.

A major failure of Xi Jinping

The demonstrations that have been going on for more than two months now in Hong Kong are a major failure for Xi Jinping in the conduct of his policy.

While the Chinese leader has officially defended the idea of ​​"a country two systems", does not seem in fact to want to respect this principle, as shown by its management of the crisis in the archipelago. "The facts proved that this principle was the best solution to settle the history issue of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as the best regime for maintaining long-term prosperity and stability.

For this purpose, the principles of "one country, two systems" "Hong Kong administration by Hong Kong", "Macao administration by Macanese", and the principle of a high degree of 'autonomy. Xi explained at the last Communist Party congress in October 2017. It is precisely because they feel that this principle is not respected that the Hong Kong people revolt against Beijing.

American pressure

But in the crisis in Hong Kong, the Americans are putting more and more pressure on China. President Donald Trump issued a clear warning in Beijing on Sunday, asserting that a crackdown on the Hong Kong protests similar to the Tiananmen Square revolt would hurt talks on a Sino-US trade deal.

"I think it would be very difficult to reach an agreement if they exert violence, (...) if it's another Tiananmen Square," Trump said, as hundreds of thousands of pro protesters -democracy have once again parade Sunday.

For him, the crisis must find a peaceful outcome.

"I would very much like to see this resolved in a humane way," he said, calling on Chinese President Xi Jinping to negotiate with the protesters.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

HONG KONG TO A NEW TIAN'ANMEN?

« Sunday's march should still bring together a million people. The Hong Kong people can not be beaten, "said pro-democracy MP Claudia Mo on Facebook.

Since the beginning of June, the former British colony has been experiencing its worst political crisis since its return to China in 1997, with almost daily demonstrations. Hundreds of thousands of Hong Kong protesters call for the abandonment of a controversial bill and more democracy.

Beijing, initially remote against the protest movement, has hardened these days the tone, going so far as to float the threat of military intervention by deploying in the border city Shenzhen its troops and armored. China has threatened Thursday not to remain "arms crossed" if the pro-democracy dispute was to degenerate.


Broader demands and new manifestations

Indeed, Hong Kong protesters have broadened their demands, adding the demand for genuine universal suffrage and an independent investigation into the police violence that occurred during the mobilization. At the same time, there were demonstrations of violence, between police and civilians, but also with members of the local mafia. We saw members of the triads hitting protesters.

Towards an intervention of Beijing ?

Chinese troops and armored forces are massed at the border but an intervention of the Chinese People's Army on Hong Kong territory, even if it is allowed by the Hong Kong Basic Law at the request of the Governor of Hong Kong, in this case Carrie Liam, does not seem to be considered.


Indeed, this decision, which is legally possible, is politically and economically very risky. And mainland China has other levers. Has it not already put pressure on companies by resigning, including the president of Cathay Pacific who announced his resignation on Friday? Rupert Hogg resigned, "assuming responsibility, as the company's executive, for recent events," Cathay said in a statement.

But Cathay's leaders were quick to reassure Beijing by distancing themselves from the pro-democracy mobilization of some of its 27,000 employees, promising to dismiss any employee supporting or participating in "illegal demonstrations."

The Hong Kong airline has also been targeted by the Chinese state media. "The Four Sins of Cathay Pacific Airlines," titled People's Daily, the press organ of the ruling Communist Party, lists actions of group personnel considered to be supportive of the protest movement. Calls to boycott the company have spread to social networks and the hasthag #BoycottCathayPacific appeared last week on the site Weibo generated until Wednesday more than 45 million views.

The images of military maneuvers are therefore rather a bully, but also a test of the international reaction.

The international silence and the tweet of Donald Trump

But Western democracies are reacting for the moment that very loosely facing the situation knowing that Hong Kong will officially return to China by 2047 at the latest.

In Washington this conflict comes against the backdrop of a trade war between the United States and China. Thursday, August 15, White House advisor John Bolton spoke of the Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989. A reference that does not pass, while China is threatening Hong Kong with military intervention.

In a Tweet, Donald Trump suggested to his Chinese counterpart to go face-to-face with the Hong Kong protesters.

Both the EU and the United States are challenging the parties in place to avoid escalating the conflict. Washington warned Beijing that any military intervention would be "a big mistake".

On the other hand, the EU has called both sides to "a broad and inclusive dialogue", through the voice of Federica Mogherini, the head of her diplomacy. "It is crucial to exercise restraint, reject violence and take urgent measures to defuse the situation," she said in a statement.

"The Hong Kong people can not be beaten"

Protesters called for rallies on Saturday at Hung Hom and To Kwa Wan, waterfront areas popular with tourists from mainland China, two unauthorized protests.

And the main event of the weekend is expected Sunday, a real test of the determination of the pro-democracy activists as that of the pro-Beijing authorities.

"Sunday's march should still bring together a million people. The Hong Kong people can not be beaten, "said pro-democracy MP Claudia Mo on Facebook.

The appeal was launched by the Civilian Front of Human Rights, a non-violent organization at the origin of the giant demonstrations of June and July.

If the police gave the green light to the gathering in a big park of the island of Hong Kong, it also prohibited to the demonstrators to parade in the street. This kind of ban has almost always been ignored by protesters in recent weeks, resulting in clashes with law enforcement.

Protesters this Saturday, August 17, who still parade in the thousands before dispersing in the early evening, prefer to keep their forces for a rally larger and unifying this Sunday. On June 16, there was a demonstration of two million people for seven million people ...

The solution can only come from a dialogue between Hong Kong protesters and the Beijing government.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

NUCLEAR ARMY RACE

BETWEEN RUSSIA AND THE UNITED STATES

Four days after the nuclear-related explosion that killed at least five people in the Far North, the Russian authorities on Monday acknowledged that the accident was linked to tests of "new weapons," promising to lead them "to the end." at the end ".

Missile to "unlimited range" ?

According to US experts the accident could be related to the test of the missile "nuclear burst" "Bourevestnik" ("storm bird" in Russian), one of the new weapons "invincible" praised by President Vladimir Putin in beginning of the year.

The Russian president had indeed caused a sensation last year and early 2019 by presenting the new generation of missiles developed by his country, "invincible", "undetectable" or "hypersonic". According to the president, the "unlimited reach" would be able to overcome almost all interception systems. The Kemlin leader has also threatened to deploy these new weapons to target "decision centers" in Western countries.

In spite of the death of at least five people and without being so precise, the Russian nuclear agency assured Monday to want to "continue the work on the new types of weapons, which will in all cases be pursued to the end".

According to the nuclear agency, its specialists provided engineering and technical support for the "source of isotopic energy" of the missile engine that caused the explosion, which occurred on a "platform". "seafarer" and who has thrown several employees into the sea.

The nuclear arms race

For his part, US President Donald Trump said Monday know "a lot" about the explosion, even ensuring that the United States had a similar weapon.

"The United States has learned a lot about the explosion of a defective missile in Russia," tweeted Donald Trump, mentioning the missile "Skyfall". "We have a similar technology, but more advanced."

An affirmation immediately belied by a respected expert. "That's weird. We do not have a nuclear-powered cruise missile program, "he said on Twitter, the American expert Joe Cirincione. "We tried to develop one in the 1960s, but it was too delusional, too infeasible," said the president of the Plowshares Fund, which advocates global denuclearization.

"Continue work on new types of weapons", according to Rosatom

The base of the Thursday crash, which opened in 1954 and specializes in missile testing of the Russian fleet, including ballistic missiles, is located near the village of Nionoska in the Far North. The closed city of Sarov, home to the main Russian nuclear research center, known as the code "Arzamas-16" during the Cold War, declared Sunday a day of mourning and the five killed specialists will be posthumously decorated after their funeral Monday.

"They took a double responsibility: in the development of unique technologies and equipment and taking the physical risk of performing unique tests," said Sergei Kirienko, a member of the presidential administration and former boss, at the ceremony. Rosatom, saluting "true heroes".

"We will fulfill the duties entrusted to us by our country. His security will be fully assured, "said Rosatom boss Alexei Likhachev, quoted by Russian news agencies.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

MALAISE IN HONG KONG

WHAT FUTURE FOR THE COUNTRY ?

The Hong Kong airport is Monday paralyzed by a sit - in gathering 5,000 protesters.

For four days now, the airport has been the scene of a peaceful sit-in of thousands of protesters seeking to raise awareness among travelers to their cause with songs and slogans explaining the meaning of the prodemocracy demonstrations that have been blazing the city since June.

More than 5,000 protesters gathered Monday at the Hong Kong International Airport, after a weekend marked by new clashes on the island. Hong Kong Airport has announced the cancellation for Monday 12 August of all flights departing and arriving due to the scale of a protest at its main terminal. "With the exception of departing departing flights and arriving flights that are already on their way to Hong Kong, all other flights have been canceled for the remainder of the day," the report said. airport authority in a statement.

This is an unprecedented decision for this internationally recognized airport for its efficiency, which in 2018 was the eighth busiest airport in the world, with 74 million passengers.

But after ten consecutive weekends of demonstrations in the territory, which was again enamelled of serious violence between radicals and police, the number of demonstrators increased significantly Monday at the airport, where they were more than 5 000, according to the police.

Born in early June of the rejection of a bill that would have allowed extraditions to China, the mobilization in Hong Kong has broadened its demands, now focused on denouncing a decline in freedoms and interference from China.

"One country, two systems" until when?

At the end of the 1984 agreement between London and Beijing which presided over its retrocession in 1997, Hong Kong enjoyed a semi-autonomy and freedoms that did not exist in mainland China and, in theory, until 2047 .

But in recent years, the Chinese power systematically interpreted restrictive texts governing the autonomy of Hong Kong. A draft law provides for the authorization of extraditions to China. Controversial, he has already provoked unprecedented protests in Hong Kong. But this bill presents serious risks in terms of human rights. Does not Hong Kong benefit from an autonomous judicial system ("One country, two systems," launched Deng Xiaoping), since 1997, when the former British colony was handed over to China ?

The former British colony, however, has been the scene of intense political unrest over the last decade due to the concern over Beijing's growing interference in its internal affairs, and the feeling that retrocession and the famous principle "One country, two systems" are no longer respected.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE CASHMERE A CRUCIAL CHALLENGE BETWEEN MUSLIM PAKISTAN AND HINDUISIAN INDIA

The government of the Indian Prime Minister announced on Monday (August 5th) the revocation of the constitutional autonomy of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

The autonomy of Kashmir since Independence.

After the departure of the British in 1947, the former colony was divided into two major entities: India, Hindu majority, and Pakistan, Muslim while the Hindu Maharajah of Kashmir, made the choice of the independence of this princely state populated in majority of Moslems.

But an armed conflict broke out between the two major countries of the India / Pakistan subcontinent for control of the territory. At the end of the war of 1947, a dividing line crosses Kashmir: to the south-east, Jammu and Kashmir - two-thirds of the territory - goes under Indian trusteeship, to the northwest, Azad Kashmir is integrated in Pakistan.

Since then, tensions between the two regional powers, both possessing nuclear weapons, have given rise to two open wars in 1965 and 1971.

For Islamabad, it is a matter of linking this Muslim-majority province to a Muslim state. According to the Indian speech