DO NOT TOUCH MY TV

CYRIL HANOUNA'S COMMENTS ON THE MURDER

DE LOLA DISPLEAS ARCOM

After Cyril Hanouna's remarks on the death of Lola, the C8 channel was given formal notice by the audiovisual supervisory authority.

It all started on October 18 on the set of the TPMP show. Cyril Hanouna spoke about the Lola case, this 12-year-old teenager brutally killed and found in a plastic trunk in the courtyard of her parents' home.

“If we have all the evidence, it's direct life. I am sorry. There is no alteration or non-discernment, ”said Cyril Hanouna on October 18 on the TPMP set. “This is the kind of case where, crazy or not crazy, she has to be in jail. It should not be treated, ”continued the star host.

Arcom notably criticizes the host for having repeatedly called for speedy trials and automatic life sentences in such cases.

Arcom, the audiovisual supervisory authority, announced Friday, November 18 the formal notice of the editor of the C8 channel following several sequences of the program "Touche pas à mon poste", hosted by Cyril Hanouna, concerning the murder of Lola, a 12-year-old girl killed on October 14 in Paris. The main suspect is a 24-year-old Algerian who was under an obligation to leave French territory (OQTF).

"The moderator, while the judicial investigation relating to this case was open, repeatedly made remarks relating both to the conditions in which the trial of the person charged was to be held and to its outcome, in particular with regard to the pain to inflict on him, than on his psychological profile . In particular, he has repeatedly called for speedy trials and automatic life sentences in such cases,” the organization wrote in a statement.

“The Autorité considers that these sequences, by their repetitive nature, reflect a breach by the publisher of the obligation to deal with moderation in an ongoing legal case, recorded in its deliberation of April 18, 2018 relating to honesty and the independence of the information and the programs that contribute to it. Arcom also notes that the host was able to express his opinion at length without a quick and effective contradiction being opposed to him, disregarding the obligation to respect the expression of the different points of view on the air on a subject lending controversial," adds Arcom.

Arcom has therefore put the publisher of the C8 channel on notice.

The circumstances of her death and the profile of the suspect, of Algerian nationality and under an obligation to leave French territory (OQTF), had generated strong criticism on the right and on the far right. Cyril Hanouna: “This is the kind of case where, crazy or not crazy, she must be in prison. She doesn't need to be treated. "Not aware of her actions?" It is a law that must also be revised. (…) Hearing this speech in France, I can't take it anymore, it's unbearable, and the laws must change, ”he concluded.

Asked about the host's position, the Minister of Justice, Eric Dupond-Moretti, had described it as "negation of the rule of law". "The rule of law protects us (...) and sweeping it away like that to arouse low instincts, to gain audience, ratings, it's something that personally, I cannot accept”, he declared in the program “C à vous” on France 5.

Little Lola, the rule of law did not protect her !!!

You do not have to give your opinion on me”, replied on TPMP Cyril Hanouna, repeating himself in favor of “direct life".




Pamela Newton for DayNewsWorld

DOES AGNES PANNIER-RUNCHER HAVE TO DO

WITH TAX HAVENS ?

The children of the Minister for Energy Transition are partners in a company set up by her father and based on funds partly domiciled in tax havens, reports the investigative media Disclose. “False and slanderous allegations”, defends Agnès Pannier-Runacher

The children of the Minister for Energy Transition Agnès Pannier-Runacher are partners in a French company set up by her father, a former manager of the oil company Perenco, based on funds partly domiciled in tax havens and not mentioned on the declaration of interests of the minister, reports the investigative media Disclose on Tuesday.

Questioned by Disclose, the Minister refers to her father concerning the origin of the funds, of which she says she does not know the investment strategy, and she notes that she does not "have to declare this structure", since the law does not require not to declare the interests of his children. This Tuesday, she notably has "false and slanderous allegations".

No dividend

The minister's father, Jean-Michel Runacher, created this civil society in France, named Arjunem, in 2016 as part of a transfer of assets, bringing it to it for around 1.2 million euros in shares, according to the investigation of Disclose. Four of her grandchildren are partners, including the children of Agnès Pannier-Runacher who were minors at the time, and for whom the minister signed as legal representative.

She explained in a detailed response that they were bare owners and therefore received no dividend today, Jean-Michel Runacher remaining the usufructuary, and that Arjunem was indeed “subject to French taxation”. According to Disclose, this heritage comes from hedge funds, based in Delaware, Ireland and Guernsey, and in which Perenco also held investments. The financial products are deposited in a bank in Luxembourg, confirmed Agnès Pannier-Runacher.

"It's not about my heritage"

Of the Arjunem company, the minister does not mention in her declarations to the High Authority for the transparency of public life (HATVP). The law obliges him to declare his direct participations and those of his spouse, but not those of his children. “It is not about my heritage, but that of my children who, themselves, have no power to manage the company to date”, replied Agnès Pannier-Runacher to Disclose.

"The HATVP guide leaves no ambiguity that I did not have to declare this structure," she said. On the origin of the funds, Jean-Michel Runacher “contributed fund units that have no connection with Perenco. These are investments acquired in the past through his personal investments,” she said, referring to her father “for more details.”

"Whatever the legal form of these funds, the unitholder pays the taxation of his country of residence", also said the minister, who also sees no conflict of interest between his ministerial duties and the activities of his father, a former manager of Perenco.

"I did not have to deal with files related to Perenco", which "exercises most of its activities outside France," she assures.

Certainly, but for the exemplary nature of the politicians in their commitment...




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

NICOLAS SARKOZY RUTHLESS ON THE REIGN OF EMMANUEL MACRON

It 's been six years since Nicolas Sarkozy has held no political office at the national level. Rare in the media, the former head of state came out of silence to give a long interview to the Journal du Dimanche.

Nicolas Sarkozy supported Emmanuel Macron in the 2022 presidential election and he does not regret it. "In the interest of France, the best possible decision was therefore to help President Macron." “Politics is never a choice of absolute value, always a choice of relative value. During this presidential election, the Republican candidate, Valérie Pécresse, achieved an extremely low score in the first round. “To be able to choose a candidate in the second round, he still had to be qualified. Or that he has a credible chance of being so, ”says the former President of the Republic. He recalls that François Fillon made 20% in 2017, Valérie Pécresse 4.7% in 2022.

“Sometimes I wish he would cross the Rubicon”

He does not give a blank check to the current president: “Does this mean that I agree with everything, or satisfied with everything? This is an other story ". And he believes that Emmanuel Macron can sometimes be tempted to “stop in the middle of the ford. These are the disadvantages of 'at the same time'”, tackle Nicolas Sarkozy. Even if it means giving advice to the current Head of State: "I would sometimes like him to cross the Rubicon more frankly, because France is today mostly on the side of the party of authority, of firmness, freedom. Call it centre-right, centre, republican right, it doesn't matter: the country's strategic axis is clearly there”.

The use of section 49.3 an admission of weakness

Nicolas Sarkozy recalls that he never needed to use this article to have a text adopted without the vote of the deputies. He understands that Emmanuel Macron uses it, given that he does not have an absolute majority, but he warns that the head of state will not be able to do so indefinitely. He calls on Emmanuel Macron to "make a political agreement in good and due form with all those of goodwill ready to form a majority in the best interests of the country".

Thus the pension reform

The former president recalls first of all that his pension reform which has lowered the retirement age from 60 to 62 years "brings in 20 billion euros each year, which is very useful to pay the pensions of retirees". He believes that a further decline in the retirement age is the only solution to guarantee France's pension system, otherwise "the old-age system will go bankrupt". 63, 64 or 65, he does not specify his choice. He nevertheless believes that the retirement age should be immediately raised to 63 years.

The murder of Lola, "an absolute drama"

“I learned with dismay what had happened to Lola. I, like any father of a little girl of the same age, thought that it could have happened to her, ”says Nicolas Sarkozy in the JDD. “Mad people, barbarians, men or women, have always existed. I would like us not to mix everything, ”continues the former head of state. He is virulent vis-à-vis the political controversy surrounding this affair. "Political exploitation is still just as stupid and counter-productive."

“The non-execution of decisions to leave the territory is not the issue. I would have been just as upset if this despicable act had been committed by a Frenchman, ”supports the former tenant of the Élysée. For him, “the death of Lola, whoever the criminal, is an absolute tragedy. But I want to add that if Lola were still alive, I would still be outraged by the non-execution of deportations to the border,” he added.

"In my day, OQTFs weren't at 6% execution"

In the case of the murder of Lola, the main suspect was concerned by an Obligation to leave the territory. “We should have been concerned about the non-execution of escorts to the border for a long time,” explains Nicolas Sarkozy, returning to his visit to the Élysée. “I changed the law. I was literally insulted during my five years in office by all the 'human rights' people because we went so far as to organize return charters to the countries of origin. »

Before pointing the finger at the balance sheet of “immediate successor”” implied François Hollande. “In my time, the OQTFs were not at 6% execution, even if there was progress to be made. "The legislative arsenal to fight against irregular immigration that we had put in place has been systematically dismantled by my immediate successor. Gérald Darmanin is right to demand more firmness", assures Nicolas Sarkozy.

The energy crisis: the result of an “irresponsible strategic choice”

Among the subjects discussed with our colleagues from the JDD, Nicolas Sarkozy spoke about the energy crisis that France is going through. If the country is threatened by power cuts this winter, for the former tenant of the Élysée, this risk “is the result of an irresponsible strategic choice, in complete rupture with the history of the Fifth Republic. All the presidents, including François Mitterrand (...) have supported nuclear power. Until François Hollande who, to seduce the ecologists, took the foolish risk of suspending the future of the French nuclear industry”, castigates Nicolas Sarkozy.

The war in Ukraine: we must "alas" be worried about it

The former head of state also discusses the war in Ukraine, and for him, it is necessary “alas! " to worry. “I would like someone to explain to me one day what it means to 'wage war without making it'”, he says. “If there is a concept that should require clarity, it is that of war and peace. Either we make war or we make peace. Combining the two doesn't make much sense. In any case, when they are used at the same time”, explains Nicolas Sarkozy.

The former head of state believes that Emmanuel Macron is right to keep in touch with Vladimir Putin and that France has a key role to play. “Europe and Russia are condemned to maintain relations of peace and good neighborliness. If we have achieved Franco-German reconciliation, we will be able to reconcile Europe and Russia. It is up to France to take the lead in this crisis”.

His trial in the wiretapping case

Nicolas Sarkozy will be tried on appeal in the so-called wiretapping case at the end of the year.

He recalls that all his accounts have been scrutinized in detail for ten years - including his mother's estate - but he intends "to prove that I have never betrayed the confidence of the French".




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

WHO IS RISHI SUNAK FAVORITE TO SUCCEED

TO BORIS JOHNSON IN THE UNITED KINGDOM ?

Since the resignation of the British Prime Minister last week, many personalities from the Conservative Party have declared themselves candidates to succeed “BoJo” .

Among them: the former Minister of Finance, Rishi Sunak, 42 ​​years old. This son of Indian immigrants who went through Oxford and Stanford is among the favorites alongside former defense minister Penny Mordaunt and current foreign secretary Liz Truss.

Unknown to the general public a few years ago, Rishi Sunak has managed to establish himself as a key figure in the party and is now in the lead.

Before starting his political career, the former Chancellor of the Exchequer had a successful career in finance. Returning to the American bank Goldman Sachs in the early 2000s as an intern, he finally landed a position as a junior analyst in the investment bank.

He then joined The Children's Investment Fund (TCI), one of the most prominent hedge funds in London, before launching a hedge fund, Theleme Fund, in 2010 with former partners at TCI. Rishi Sunak was also the director of Catamaran Ventures, a venture capital fund owned by his father-in-law. The fortune of the former minister would amount, according to the "Sunday Times", to 860 million euros.

Rishi Sunak only started his political career in 2015 when he was elected from North Yorkshire. In 2016, he did not hesitate to support, from the first hour, a Brexit camp still in its infancy. This risky choice attracts him the favor of Boris Johnson, who will bring him into the Treasury as soon as he enters 10 Downing Street in 2019.

Rishi Sunak was for more than two years Chancellor of the Exchequer, that is to say Minister in charge of Finance and Treasury. Appointed in February 2020 at just 39 years old, "Rish", as his friends call him, has established himself over the months as one of the heavyweights of the British government.

His relations with "BoJo" have not always been very cordial. The dissension between the two men reached its climax in the summer of 2021, when Boris Johnson criticized his "lack of political sense".

Rishi Sunak was, along with Sajid Javid (Minister of Health), the first government heavyweight to resign from the government on July 5, citing "fundamentally too different approaches" with Boris Johnson.

The resigning ministers notably criticized “BoJo” for his behavior in the “Party Gate” affair, these parties organized at 10 Downing Street while the British were confined to their homes. On July 8, the day after Boris Johnson's resignation, Rishi Sunak officially declared himself a candidate for the leadership of the Conservative Party and therefore for the post of Prime Minister.

Rishi Sunak is married to a wealthy Indian heiress. He met his wife, Akshata Murthy, while studying at Stanford. They married in 2009 in his wife's hometown, Bangalore. Akshata Murthy is the daughter of a very wealthy Indian businessman, Narayana Murthy. Co-founder of Infosys, he is one of the richest men in India. His fortune amounts, according to the magazine “Forbes”, to 3.5 billion euros.

Last April, Rishi Sunak's popularity took a big hit after 'The Independent' revealed his wife's tax status. This indeed benefits from the status of “non domiciled” (“non dom”, in English). This status would have allowed Akshata Murthy to be exempt from tax on his foreign income and thus avoid paying several million pounds of tax. These revelations had shocked the British, in a context of purchasing power crisis linked to galloping inflation.

Rishi Sunak who has just faced Liz Truss in a decisive political duel, will he succeed in prevailing over his rival? In the columns of the Daily Telegraph, which headlined Thursday "Advantage Truss", Rishi Sunak tried to counter the head of diplomacy on the ground of the legacy of Margaret Thatcher.

"My values ​​are Thatcherian, I believe in work, family and integrityé. "I am a Thatcherite, I compete as a Thatcherite, and I will rule as a Thatcherite."




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

INTERVIEW OF JULY 14, 2022

WOULD EMMANUEL MACRON DECENTRATE

TO THE RIGHT ?

After doing without the ritual of the interview for several years in a row, the President of the Republic has taken up the thread of tradition, thus responding to a requirement for unity in the face of the crisis. He therefore resumed Thursday with the traditional presidential interview on National Day, after the July 14 parade. Emmanuel Macron shared his perspectives for this new five-year term, and in particular on the war in Ukraine, issues related to energy and labor reforms.

The war in Ukraine

On July 14, the President of the Republic paid tribute at the start of the interview to all French soldiers, but also to fallen soldiers and their families. This military parade had a particular resonance in the context of the war at the gates of Europe. Faced with this high-intensity conflict, Emmanuel Macron announced that the government would propose a new military programming law, to plan state investments in armaments and increase its budget.

He also told the French that they had to be prepared "for what it lasts", and predicted very difficult months at the end of the summer and the beginning of the autumn. He recalled his support for Ukraine, and reaffirmed France's position, namely to try to stop the war without taking sides, and for that the only possible tool is to impose financial sanctions on Russia.

Energy

If France is not involved in the war in Ukraine, it will suffer the consequences, particularly on energy prices. Emmanuel Macron, who accused Moscow of using this gas as a "weapon of war", explained that France was in the process of diversifying its supply and replenishing its stocks. Emmanuel Macron did say that Vladimir Putin intended to "use gas as a weapon of war", and that we had to prepare for the scenario in which Russia will completely cut off its gas exports. If France only depends on it for 20%, the President of the Republic nevertheless calls on the French to be energy sobriety.

He indicated the preparation, with public administrations, local communities, companies, of a plan on energy sobriety. If the State secures energy stocks from other suppliers, and plans to reach 100% of its stocks by the fall, the Head of State invites all citizens to regulate their energy consumption to avoid any risk of cuts this winter.

Labor reform

One of the government's major milestones for this new five-year term is "full employment", because, according to the President of the Republic, "the best response to purchasing power is work". Moreover “There is no social model if there is no work to finance it”, declared the Head of State, who once again praised the value of work. "We must go further" on the reform of unemployment insurance, announces Emmanuel Macron, and this "as of this summer". He also cited the reform of the RSA, the promise of his presidential program: “They must commit, of course, those who receive the RSA. No one wants to stay at the RSA”. It therefore wishes to continue its policy which aims to support the unemployed towards employment on training, by conditioning certain aids to a professional activity, such as the RSA.

Emmanuel Macron also announced a series of reforms for the less to come: that of the vocational school, which should allow high school students to receive a small salary; continue the reform of unemployment insurance, the rules of which came into force last autumn and are due to expire on 31 October next. Finally, the president also wishes to pursue the apprenticeship reform already begun under his previous mandate.

Regarding wages, Emmanuel Macron encouraged employers to increase them, and announced discussions with all professional branches in the coming weeks, so that no worker receives less than the minimum wage.

Pension reform

On pensions, Emmanuel Macron has kept the same course since the start of the presidential campaign: “we have to work more and longer”, “I know that we have to work longer. We must carry out this reform.”, he hammered in front of journalists Anne-Claire Coudray and Caroline Roux.

Emanuel Macron. “What I am committed to is to say that we must gradually shift the legal retirement age to 65 by the 2030s.” Emmanuel Macron has his plan in mind: “I think that from the summer of 2023, we must have a first entry into force”.

With the Covid-19 crisis, the debt has increased, and the President of the Republic wishes to “return to budgetary seriousness”. For this, he refuses to raise taxes and to dig a little more debt, but wants France to work more.

Negotiations with the social partners should resume at the end of the summer.

“The discussion should start at the start of the school year. At the end of the summer, there will be a discussion with all the living forces of the nation on all subjects, continued Emmanuel Macron. There will then be work with the trade union and employer forces, then with the political forces in Parliament. »

“Are you afraid of spending a five-year term seeing your projects challenged? asked Anne-Claire Coudray. “No”, immediately replied Emmanuel Macron. Because for him in the National Assembly: “There is no majority against the government except with a baroque team”.

These two reforms, unemployment insurance and pensions, are likely to once again put the Republicans in difficulty, who will find it difficult to fight them. Emmanuel Macron tried to underline their contradictions when he was asked about the rejection, on the night of Monday to Tuesday in the Assembly, of the "health watch and security" bill, relating to the possible return of an anti-Covid health pass for entry into France. “You have LFI deputies with RN deputies and Les Républicains deputies who voted together, he underlined. I do not believe that the Republican deputies have made a commitment in front of their voters to vote with LFI and the RN to prevent a border pass from being put in place”

A baroque hitch ?

Mocking this "baroque coupling", Emmanuel Macron believes that the LR deputies in question "will have a hard time explaining to their constituents what they did the other evening". He wants to believe in a “night heat stroke” and is counting on the “collective wisdom of senators”, mostly on the right, to restore the anti-Covid measure.

The President of the Republic therefore calls for “responsible compromises” to implement a reform that he had to abort during his first five-year term.

“To follow the reasoning of Emmanuel Macron when the RN votes against a bill, the Nupes should vote for; and vice versa. It can onlybe a question of a rhetorical strategy, altogether not very skilful, but the indignation and the astonishment of the majority these last days seem to foretell a real misunderstanding of the new political situation. “, analysis in the Figaro Benjamin Morel, lecturer in public law at the University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas.

“With a divided majority, a strong opposition, mobilized unions, and a scalded opinion, embarking on this battle, in the midst of an economic crisis, makes a strange political sense. While in times of crisis the country needs unity, the president does not hesitate to put forward the most divisive themes”, still according to the academic.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

LEGISLATIVE A SERIOUS WARNING

FOR MACRONISTS

It is not a clap of thunder but a serious warning: the presidential coalition Together! (25.82%) is not guaranteed to obtain an absolute majority, Sunday June 19. Emmanuel Macron had called on the French to give him "a strong and clear majority" in order to win an absolute majority in the National Assembly, or 289 seats, for his second term.

However, the presidential coalition won by a short margin (25.75%), since “Together!” ahead of the left alliance, the Nupes (25.66%), by barely some 21,000 votes.

If the record abstention (52.49%) is also to be noted, the second round promises to be difficult for the President of the Republic, who would be forced to negotiate alliances to govern freely and pass his reforms.

This first round, which could have been a formality for Emmanuel Macron after his score in the presidential election, was therefore not the expected confirmation. “The absolute majority is not at this stage guaranteed to Together. The most likely, subject to the campaign, is that the presidential majority is relative, with less than 289 seats, even if an absolute majority of a few seats is still possible”, cautiously advances Mathieu Gallard, director of studies at the Ipsos Institute.

It is also the first time under the Fifth Republic that the party of the President of the Republic does not arrive in the lead in the legislative elections in the wake of the presidential election, or even declines between the two ballots.

In 2002, 2007 and 2012, the UMP, then the PS, had indeed exceeded, sometimes very largely, the bar of 30% of the votes in the wake of the election of Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy or François Hollande. This time, the outgoing majority is doing much less well than five years ago (La République en Marche and the MoDem had obtained 32.33% of the vote in 2017), and recorded 2 points less than the score of the outgoing president. only seven weeks ago.

Opposite Emmanuel Macron, we find a very high score for the Nupes which should become the second most important group in the National Assembly. With an estimate of 275 to 310 deputies elected for Emmanuel Macron, against 346 outgoing deputies, this is a real setback.

The question that has obsessed the Head of State's advisers since yesterday evening is whether he will obtain the 289 deputies, that is to say an absolute majority.

Reduced room for maneuver

If so, this absolute majority will not be overwhelming. Emmanuel Macron's main partners, François Bayrou and Edouard Philippe, will see their political weight mechanically reinforced. And it will be impossible to pass laws without them. Emmanuel Macron's room for maneuver will therefore be reduced in comparison with the previous five-year term.

And, without an absolute majority, that is to say in the case of a relative majority, not only Bayrou and Philippe will become essential to the president, who will be less free to move. But, in addition, Emmanuel Macron will have no choice but to reach out to other competing parties to try to have a majority. This opening is almost impossible in the direction of Nupes. It is therefore towards the Republicans, who could obtain between 40 and 60 deputies, that Emmanuel Macron will try to turn. In a way, a government of German-style coalitions...

Now opens an era with a stronger parliament, alliances of circumstances and a country more difficult to govern.

In the case of a relative majority

In the event that the coalition of the presidential majority does not largely win, or worse, if it is defeated in the second round of the legislative elections, the consequences would be multiple for Emmanuel Macron.

Two scenarios are then possible.

If “Together!” comes first, but without reaching 289 seats, Emmanuel Macron will have a relative majority in the National Assembly. The scenario would be complicated for the President of the Republic who would then have two options before him. The first would consist in playing the game of alliances and seeking the support of other political formations, in order to have an absolute majority to vote on the texts of law. Some members of the government consider in particular that there is a reserve of votes available on the side of the right.

The second option would be to govern "in a minority" while retaining the Prime Minister of his choice, who would undoubtedly remain Elisabeth Borne if she wins in her Calvados constituency. Emmanuel Macron could choose to govern "in force" by resorting to the controversial article 49-3 which allows the government to adopt a text without submitting it to the vote of the Assembly. The government would nevertheless expose itself to a possible motion of censure, which could bring it down on condition of bringing together a majority of deputies to vote for it.

In the case of cohabitation

The second scenario for Emmanuel Macron, judged as "catastrophic" by one of his supporters, would be the defeat in the second round of the legislative elections for his coalition. This would lead to a cohabitation with the appointment (traditional but non-compulsory) of a new Prime Minister who would naturally be the leader of the opposition, Jean-Luc Mélenchon.

This scenario, the least favorable for the President of the Republic, would deprive him of almost all of his powers. Emmanuel Macron would nevertheless retain the possibility of dissolving the National Assembly and calling new elections to try to recover his majority. A risky tactic that proved to be a loser for Jacques Chirac in 1997, sanctioned by voters and forced to live with Lionel Jospin for the last five years of his seven-year term.

According to OpinionWay's projections, Emmanuel Macron should obtain between 260 and 300 deputies, which gives him about a one in two chance of obtaining an absolute majority. ..For his part, Jean-Luc Mélenchon should be able to obtain between 170 and 200 seats, knowing that the Nupes candidates have few reserves of votes for the second.

Projections which will be confirmed this Sunday, June 19 on the occasion of the second round of the legislative elections, which could mark a turning point in the policy of Emmanuel Macron.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

LEGISLATIVE THREE UNEQUAL STRATEGIES

FOR AN UNCERTAIN RESULT

As the uncertainties about the outcome of the legislative elections on June 12 and 19 have never been so numerous and that obtaining a majority of deputies supporting the new elected president, Emmanuel Macron, today seems uncertain, it seems instructive to return to the strategies put in place by the three main political forces resulting from the presidential election. On the one hand to better understand and analyze the current situation when abstention looks set to be historically high for legislative elections. On the other, because the strategies put in place, which turned out to be very different from each other, should have a major impact on the outcome of the election.

The question of temporality

A few minutes after the election of Emmanuel Macron, Jean-Luc Mélenchon launched the legislative battle by insisting on the idea that these constituted the 3ᵉ round of the presidential election. He thus posed as the first opponent, without giving Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen time to rejoice or digest their results of the second round of the presidential election.

The weeks following Emmanuel Macron's election were dominated, in the media and in public opinion, by negotiations between left-wing parties and the establishment of the New Popular Economic and Social Union (Nupes ) while the National Rally rejected the advances of Reconquest! and that Marine Le Pen decided to go on vacation.

Emmanuel Macron seemed to openly agree to let go, arguing that there was a need for post-presidential election democratic breathing.

The idea was probably also to miss the media enthusiasm caused by this new union of the left. And to regain the initiative when appointing his or her Prime Minister when the time between the presidential election and the legislative elections is this year two weeks longer and a re-election generally provokes less enthusiasm than a first accession to power.

Very different positions

Emmanuel Macron's re-election as president has, by his own admission, positioned him as the president of all French people and inevitably limited his role and action as a clan leader.

While Jean-Luc Mélenchon's speech on the evening of the first round of the presidential election seemed to mark the announcement of a handover and a withdrawal, on the contrary we are witnessing a strategy of strong emphasis of the leader of La France Insoumise (LFI).

If this has prevented certain left-wing personalities from joining this union movement (Carole Delgas, José Bové, Yannick Jadot, etc.), this personalization undoubtedly aims to mobilize, during the legislative elections, voters who are above all seduced by the personality and the leadership of the rebellious chief during the presidential election.

By claiming the post of Prime Minister if the Nupes were to obtain a majority in the legislative elections, Jean-Luc Mélenchon positioned himself at the national level. From this point of view, his decision, criticized by his adversaries, not to stand again in the legislative elections finally allowed him to assume a position above the parties, which a local field campaign would undoubtedly have made more complicated. .

By running in the legislative elections, Marine Le Pen has chosen a very different strategy. Although a finalist in the presidential election, her candidacy positions her at a more local level and legitimizes the idea, which she herself defended, that Emmanuel Macron will necessarily obtain the majority to govern for five years.

Alliance strategies and dynamics

The different alliance strategies no doubt also explain the current uncertainties. If the establishment of Ensemble has given rise to some friction and some concerns from some of its members, it has only formalized and organised, with a view to a future term of office, support which was already stakeholders in Emmanuel Macron's candidacy for the presidential election.

Despite criticism and dissidence, the creation of the Nupes gave rise to a true alliance of coopetition, by bringing together forces which had on the contrary opposed and competed with each other. It can therefore claim a new unifying approach in comparison with the last presidential elections and refer to the electoral successes encountered by the leftist unions that preceded it (Popular Front, Common Program, Plural Left).

By refusing to ally with Reconquest! Marine Le Pen's National Rally took the opposite view of LFI's strategy of unity and failed to create, if we are to believe the polls and outside of important strongholds in the north, the dynamic that his qualification in the second round of the presidential election could have generated with a view to the legislative elections.

Alliance strategies and dynamics

In reality, the various polls dedicated to the legislative elections have not shown any significant change in terms of voting intentions at the national level since the situation of the opposing forces was made official.

Together and the Nupes are announced neck and neck around 27/28% in the first round, when the National Rally is between 19% and 21% and Reconquest! between 5% and 6%.

But the projections in terms of the number of deputies from the second round have on the other hand evolved and seem to show a dynamic in favor of Nupes while Together was announced as a large majority a few weeks ago. The union of the left project carried by Jean-Luc Mélenchon seems to seduce part of the left-wing electorate marked by divisions and the new absence, after 2017, of one of its representatives in the second round of the election. presidential.

But beyond this mobilization, it is above all the choice of Elisabeth Borne and the constitution of the new government that raise questions from a strategic point of view.

The crucial choice of the Prime Minister and the government

In 2017, Emmanuel Macron had chosen to appoint as Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, a politician admittedly little known to the general public but seasoned in electoral contests, to lead the battle of the legislative elections. And his second choice, during the reshuffle in 2020, was for a profile of a senior civil servant and technocrat, simply elected local, with Jean Castex. This decision seemed to give credence to the idea that it was necessary to appoint a political profile at the start of the five-year term in order to be able to rely on a personality accustomed to the harshness of a national electoral campaign.

By choosing to appoint Elisabeth Borne, whose CV is closer to that of Jean Castex than that of Edouard Philippe, Emmanuel Macron proceeded differently and took the risk of leaving the field open to Jean-Luc's media omnipresence strategy. Mélenchon and Nupes.

Elisabeth Borne and the Renaissance candidate of the 3ᵉ district of Côtes-d'Armor Olivier Allier on a market in Lamballe as part of the electoral campaign for the legislative ballot.

The appointment of the new government should make it possible to highlight the priorities of the new five-year term (ecology, purchasing power, etc.) and regain control from a media point of view. But the choice of Elisabeth Borne and the confirmation of several heavyweights in key positions did not help, despite some notable strokes of brilliance quickly tarnished by controversy (Pap Ndiaye at National Education or Damien Abad at Solidarity) , to trigger a new dynamic.

Emmanuel Macron's recent trips certainly testify to a desire to refocus the legislative elections around his project and his person in order to succeed in winning. Will this involvement be sufficient to obtain the majority and avoid cohabitation?

If the first-past-the-post system in two rounds of the legislative elections makes projection difficult and should theoretically favor the candidates placed in the center of the political spectrum, it nevertheless seems to give credence to the idea that the legislative elections have indeed become the 3ᵉ round of the French presidential election..


Article by Olivier Guyottot , teacher-researcher in strategy and political science, INSEEC Grande École, published in TheConversation



Simon Freeman for DayNewsWorld

A s the uncertainties about the outcome of the legislative elections on June 12 and 19 have never been so numerous and that obtaining a majority of deputies supporting the new elected president, Emmanuel Macron, today seems uncertain, it seems instructive to return to the strategies put in place by the three main political forces resulting from the presidential election. On the one hand to better understand and analyze the current situation when abstention looks set to be historically high for legislative elections. On the other, because the strategies put in place, which turned out to be very different from each other, should have a major impact on the outcome of the election.

The question of temporality

A few minutes after the election of Emmanuel Macron, Jean-Luc Mélenchon launched the legislative battle by insisting on the idea that these constituted the 3ᵉ round of the presidential election. He thus posed as the first opponent, without giving Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen time to rejoice or digest their results of the second round of the presidential election.

The weeks following Emmanuel Macron's election were dominated, in the media and in public opinion, by negotiations between left-wing parties and the establishment of the New Popular Economic and Social Union (Nupes ) while the National Rally rejected the advances of Reconquest! and that Marine Le Pen decided to go on vacation.

Emmanuel Macron seemed to openly agree to let go, arguing that there was a need for post-presidential election democratic breathing.

The idea was probably also to miss the media enthusiasm caused by this new union of the left. And to regain the initiative when appointing his or her Prime Minister when the time between the presidential election and the legislative elections is this year two weeks longer and a re-election generally provokes less enthusiasm than a first accession to power.

Very different positions

Emmanuel Macron's re-election as president has, by his own admission, positioned him as the president of all French people and inevitably limited his role and action as a clan leader.

While Jean-Luc Mélenchon's speech on the evening of the first round of the presidential election seemed to mark the announcement of a handover and a withdrawal, on the contrary we are witnessing a strategy of strong emphasis of the leader of La France Insoumise (LFI).

If this has prevented certain left-wing personalities from joining this union movement (Carole Delgas, José Bové, Yannick Jadot, etc.), this personalization undoubtedly aims to mobilize, during the legislative elections, voters who are above all seduced by the personality and the leadership of the rebellious chief during the presidential election.

By claiming the post of Prime Minister if the Nupes were to obtain a majority in the legislative elections, Jean-Luc Mélenchon positioned himself at the national level. From this point of view, his decision, criticized by his adversaries, not to stand again in the legislative elections finally allowed him to assume a position above the parties, which a local field campaign would undoubtedly have made more complicated. .

By running in the legislative elections, Marine Le Pen has chosen a very different strategy. Although a finalist in the presidential election, her candidacy positions her at a more local level and legitimizes the idea, which she herself defended, that Emmanuel Macron will necessarily obtain the majority to govern for five years.

Alliance strategies and dynamics

The different alliance strategies no doubt also explain the current uncertainties. If the establishment of Ensemble has given rise to some friction and some concerns from some of its members, it has only formalized and organised, with a view to a future term of office, support which was already stakeholders in Emmanuel Macron's candidacy for the presidential election.

Despite criticism and dissidence, the creation of the Nupes gave rise to a true alliance of coopetition, by bringing together forces which had on the contrary opposed and competed with each other. It can therefore claim a new unifying approach in comparison with the last presidential elections and refer to the electoral successes encountered by the leftist unions that preceded it (Popular Front, Common Program, Plural Left).

By refusing to ally with Reconquest! Marine Le Pen's National Rally took the opposite view of LFI's strategy of unity and failed to create, if we are to believe the polls and outside of important strongholds in the north, the dynamic that his qualification in the second round of the presidential election could have generated with a view to the legislative elections.

Alliance strategies and dynamics

In reality, the various polls dedicated to the legislative elections have not shown any significant change in terms of voting intentions at the national level since the situation of the opposing forces was made official.

Together and the Nupes are announced neck and neck around 27/28% in the first round, when the National Rally is between 19% and 21% and Reconquest! between 5% and 6%.

But the projections in terms of the number of deputies from the second round have on the other hand evolved and seem to show a dynamic in favor of Nupes while Together was announced as a large majority a few weeks ago. The union of the left project carried by Jean-Luc Mélenchon seems to seduce part of the left-wing electorate marked by divisions and the new absence, after 2017, of one of its representatives in the second round of the election. presidential.

But beyond this mobilization, it is above all the choice of Elisabeth Borne and the constitution of the new government that raise questions from a strategic point of view.

The crucial choice of the Prime Minister and the government

In 2017, Emmanuel Macron had chosen to appoint as Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, a politician admittedly little known to the general public but seasoned in electoral contests, to lead the battle of the legislative elections. And his second choice, during the reshuffle in 2020, was for a profile of a senior civil servant and technocrat, simply elected local, with Jean Castex. This decision seemed to give credence to the idea that it was necessary to appoint a political profile at the start of the five-year term in order to be able to rely on a personality accustomed to the harshness of a national electoral campaign.

By choosing to appoint Elisabeth Borne, whose CV is closer to that of Jean Castex than that of Edouard Philippe, Emmanuel Macron proceeded differently and took the risk of leaving the field open to Jean-Luc's media omnipresence strategy. Mélenchon and Nupes.

Elisabeth Borne and the Renaissance candidate of the 3ᵉ district of Côtes-d'Armor Olivier Allier on a market in Lamballe as part of the electoral campaign for the legislative ballot.

The appointment of the new government should make it possible to highlight the priorities of the new five-year term (ecology, purchasing power, etc.) and regain control from a media point of view. But the choice of Elisabeth Borne and the confirmation of several heavyweights in key positions did not help, despite some notable strokes of brilliance quickly tarnished by controversy (Pap Ndiaye at National Education or Damien Abad at Solidarity) , to trigger a new dynamic.

Emmanuel Macron's recent trips certainly testify to a desire to refocus the legislative elections around his project and his person in order to succeed in winning. Will this involvement be sufficient to obtain the majority and avoid cohabitation? If the first-past-the-post system in two rounds of the legislative elections makes projection difficult and should theoretically favor the candidates placed in the center of the political spectrum, it nevertheless seems to give credence to the idea that the legislative elections have indeed become the 3ᵉ round of the French presidential election.


Article by Olivier Guyottot , teacher-researcher in strategy and political science, INSEEC Grande École, published in TheConversation

LEGISLATIVE IN FRANCE

TOWARDS A DUEL BETWEEN TOGETHER! BY MACRON

AND THE NUPES OF MELANCHON

O n June 12 and 19, 2022, the French will elect their 577 deputies. “Third round” of the presidential election awaited by the oppositions, it will be decisive for all the political forces. Since the reversal of the electoral calendar in 2001, an elected president has never lost the legislative elections. But as the first round approaches, the macronists and Nupes de Mélenchon are neck and neck

According to the latest Elabe poll for L'Express and BFMTV, in partnership with SFR, LR would collect only 12.5% ​​of the votes at the national level, against 25% and 24.5% for the alliance of left-wing parties and the confederation bringing together LREM, the MoDem and Horizons. Are we moving towards a neck and neck between the macronists and the leader of the Insoumis, relegating the other formations to the shadows, including the National Rally ?

Will the LRs resist ?

After the berezina of PS deputies in 2017, will we attend the Saint-Barthélemy of outgoing LR deputies, wonders a journalist.

The Republicans "should indeed be the big losers" of these legislative elections. The party chose independence: a perilous line in view of the 4.8% obtained by Valérie Pécresse. Some of the 101 outgoing elected officials joined the Head of State and about fifteen candidates will benefit from special treatment by not having to face a representative of the majority. The others rely on their territorial roots. “Some of the incumbents were elected in semi-rural constituencies and won in 2017 against the triumphant Macronie, so there is no reason to be pessimistic”, indicates MEP Brice Hortefeux. LR will in any case not give voting instructions on the evening of the first round of the legislative elections if its candidates are not qualified, in the case of

An unfavorable voting method for the National Rally

Marine Le Pen, meanwhile, has somehow thrown in the towel despite her second place in the first round and her 13.2 million votes on April 24, only reappearing in recent days. It is that the ambitions of the RN, which refused to ally itself with Reconquest, the party of Éric Zemmour (finally candidate in Saint-Tropez), prove to be reasonable insofar as the voting method is very unfavorable to it. Self-proclaimed "candidate of truth", Marine Le Pen also repeats that the logic of the institutions wants the President of the Republic to obtain a majority. While she obtained 41.4% of the votes in the second round and more than 55% in 87 constituencies, she set herself the objective of obtaining at least fifteen elected members, which would allow her party to form a group to the Assembly.

Indeed, since the establishment of the five-year term in 2002 and the reversal of the electoral calendar - the presidential election is held just before the legislative elections and not the reverse, in order to give the President of the Republic a coherent majority in the Assembly national - the winner of the race for the Elysée has for the moment systematically obtained a majority to carry out his program. Enough to make the legislative elections ratifying the result of the presidential election.

Thus, in 2002, in the wake of his re-election against Jean-Marie Le Pen, Jacques Chirac regained a majority in the National Assembly. In 2007, Nicolas Sarkozy, elected against Ségolène Royal, also won the legislative elections. In 2012, François Hollande's victory was accompanied by a pink wave at the Palais Bourbon. As for Emmanuel Macron in 2017, he won the legislative elections with 308 elected deputies.

But is this mechanism about to break down for the first time? This is what Jean-Luc Mélenchon wants to believe, cleverly making this meeting the “third round” of the presidential election, he who now sees himself as Prime Minister. So what are the polls saying? On this point, the polls give the presidential majority and the Nupes neck and neck. Last Friday, the Cluster 17 institute placed Nupes in the lead (31%) ahead of Together! (27%), the RN (19%) and LR (10%). But according to an Ifop survey of May 31, it's Together! which would come out on top with 27% ahead of Nupes (25%) and the RN (21%). According to this poll, which confirms the trend of that published yesterday by the Harris Institute (26% and 24%), the marchers and their allies would thus obtain between 275 and 310 seats, against 170 to 205 for the Nupes and 20 to 50 for the RN.Emmanuel Macron could therefore not have it.

Towards a duel between the Nupes de Mélanchon and Together! by Macron

In this last straight line, the polls confirm this duel between the macronists united under the banner Together! and Jean-Luc Mélenchon, now at the head of Nupes, the New Popular Ecologist and Social Alliance which brings together LFI, EELV, the PS and the PC.

Because we must now reckon with this purely “electoralist” union that is the Nupes.

The deputies of the Nupes (New Popular Ecological and Social Union) could well find themselves in the majority in the hemicycle. The ex-socialist, who is not standing, has already achieved a feat by reconciling (more or less) four political parties: LFI, EELV, PC 4 and PS. “We are in the process of writing a political history of France,” he assured. Released in the lead on April 10 in 106 constituencies and in the majority in 43, he considers that this is "a good starting point". The projections give its candidates present in the second round in more than 300 constituencies. “The fact that the left has united and that it can thus claim to have many elected members, or even why not, a relative or absolute majority in the National Assembly,

What majority for Emmanuel Macron ?

In 2017, the head of state had managed to build a solid majority with 350 elected officials, including 308 LREM. He wants to repeat the feat. In the history of the Fifth Republic, haven't the presidents always won the legislative elections organized in the wake of their election? After endless negotiations, an agreement has also been reached between the partners who will leave under the Together banner. The majority party has reserved 400 constituencies and granted a hundred to its MoDem allies and 58 to Horizons, the party of Édouard Philippe. While more than a third of the 2017 candidates came from civil society and had no mandate, the 505 candidates already invested are moreover for the most part experienced,

But in the face of the polls and the offensive campaign of Mélenchon, Emmanuel Macron beats the ground again. After having waved the brown cloth during the presidential election, the head of state is waving the red cloth, multiplying the attacks against Jean-Luc Mélenchon, designated as the number one opponent. After two trips last week, to Cherbourg on health, then to Marseille on education, it is this Thursday, June 9, 2022, tomorrow, in the Tarn, in Gaillac, to discuss everyday safety. A visit that comes as the police are once again shamefully singled out and in the crosshairs of… Nupes. On Saturday, in Paris, the passenger of a vehicle whose driver on semi-freedom, without a license and under the influence of narcotics, refused to comply with a control, was killed by police fire. " I do not see how this puzzle of circumstances that is the Nupes can win," said Richard Ferrand, the boss of the National Assembly, confident.

The arbiter of the ballot: the strong abstention expected

After reaching a record in 2017, abstention will again be the arbiter of the ballot, on June 12 and 19. In fact, to remain in the second round, the candidates must achieve at least 12.5% ​​of the registrants. Which, in the perspective of a strong abstention, makes projections particularly difficult. According to the latest Ipsos Sopra-Steria survey for Cevipof, the Jean Jaurès Foundation and Le Monde published on Wednesday June 8, abstention could indeed reach between 52% and 56% on Sunday, with an average point of 54%.

A high abstention which will not be without consequence on the ballot since it will practically eliminate any possibility of a triangular and will therefore probably impose duels in all the constituencies... In 2017, already, there had been only one triangular , against 34 in 2012. “With this situation, we will only have duels in the second round”, also bets Gérard Grunberg, emeritus research director at the CNRS and director of the Telos site.

A low turnout, by promoting duels, could benefit the outgoing majority grouped under the Together! banner, more likely to benefit from the “useful vote”, that is to say the votes of voters wishing to block another candidate. "We can estimate that the majority candidate will arrive in the first two, with a few exceptions", predicts Jean Petaux, referring to the "fairly strong" expected mobilization of Emmanuel's electorate. In addition, the economic program of the Nupes being radical - Retirement at 60, increase in the minimum wage to 1,400 euros, blocking of the prices of basic necessities and a cookie-cutter formula like "the police kill", some could lean towards the macronists.

Anyway nothing is played in this duel between the Nupes and Together...




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SERIOUS MALFUNCTIONS AT THE STADE DE FRANCE OR THE DENIAL OF THE MACRON GOVERNMENT

How to explain the nightmarish evening at the Saint-Denis stadium on Saturday May 28, 2022 ?

The fault of the British supporters and the counterfeit banknotes maintained the Minister of the Interior Gérard Darmanin, before the Senate hearing committee. In a report to the Minister of the Interior, Didier Lallement barks in the same direction as his master announcing to seize the public prosecutor for "massive fraud with counterfeit notes".

According to him, between "30,000 and 40,000 people" showed up at the Stade de France without a ticket or with fake tickets, while the enclosure can only accommodate 80,000 people. The Paris police headquarters assures that the attempts of intrusion or use of counterfeit tickets were “generally” the act of “English supporters”.

There is outcry and indignation across the Channel. “Stade de Farce”, title in French the British newspaper The Sun, which does not take off. Police officers, present as British observers, were the first to be surprised by this communication from the French authorities. "The vast majority of England fans behaved in an exemplary manner, arriving at the turnstiles early and queuing." Liverpool club chairman Tom Werner wrote to the Sports Minister: “Your comments are irresponsible, unprofessional and totally disrespectful. […] These fans were treated like cattle […] and attacked by gangs. ".

The Liverpool club immediately called for the opening of an investigation "to determine the causes of these unacceptable problems". On Sunday, Britain's Secretary of State for Sport, Nadine Dorries, called on "UEFA to launch a formal investigation to find out what went wrong and why, in cooperation with stadium staff, the French police, the French Football Federation, the Merseyside Police [the Liverpool region] and Liverpool FC”. Apologies are requested. So what really happened ?

Counterfeit notes? “There were fake tickets and fake accreditations, we saw some, but in a very marginal way”, describes Pierre Barthélemy, lawyer for several groups of French supporters, present in Saint-Denis in Le Parisien. Ronan Evain, general manager of the Football Supporters Europe association, adds on France Inter that the fraudsters were "mostly young Parisians who came to try their luck around the Stade de France"

Contrary to what the Minister of the Interior has argued, the English supporters around the stadium were not Anglo-Saxon hooligans carrying counterfeit tickets. No desire to break or cause clashes among English fans who came to the Stade de France, unlike the usual actions of hooligans.

But it was a horde of young delinquents from the neighborhoods who were largely responsible for the mess that was created at the Stade de France. The number of 300 to 400 young people who looted personal effects and tickets for the match is mentioned. These young people also committed physical violence against the supporters present to enter the stadium. "We have undocumented thugs and city thugs who came opportunely to rob mainly Spanish and English spectators by stealing their personal effects, mobile phones and wallets and there were many thefts from vehicles parked around the Stade de France”, reported Matthieu Valet, spokesperson for the independent union of police commissioners to CNEWS.

In addition, Jérôme Jimenez, Ile-de-France UNSA Police spokesperson, indicated the majority presence of "people known to the police services" and many "minors". In total, 105 arrests and 48 police custody were made following the incidents. Only 2 Britons among them!! Reasons for their arrest: theft with a weapon, theft with violence, concealment, violence against persons holding public authority, violence in meetings, damage, attempted intrusion into the stadium, theft from the trailer.

The young rioters who came to provoke, to stir up trouble, to steal, thus confirm the “opportunity theory”. Aren't there frequent pickpockets and thefts near major sporting events ?

In addition, Seine-Saint-Denis, a department, many cities of which are part of the "republican reconquest district" system, has the highest crime rates in France, with nearly 145,000 crimes and offenses recorded in 2017 so how surprised by this delinquency?

A few days before the legislative elections, the minister's statement therefore seems above all very political. Not a single French authority proves capable of assuming the disastrous organization and not an official voice to blame the offenders that Seine-Saint-Denis for fear of displeasing some ... but at the cost of a shameless lie which only discredits political speech.

But would better organization have prevented this “ carnage ” ?

Yes without a doubt. The Stade de France is almost half the population of the city of Rennes or the 19th arrondissement of Paris. It is a city and its inhabitants who must settle in less than an hour in the stadium after having been partially searched, palpated, filtered, distributed.

The first mistake already lies in the fact of having accepted paper tickets, at least in part. It is already accepting that fraud can be organized as printers and software are today capable of reproducing and creating anything. This could only have delayed the entry and created grotesque situations in which jostling, impatience, vociferations and provocations took shape before being repressed.

Added to this, without a doubt, were the quite questionable choices of intervention, in the eyes of the public who crowded together and grew impatient. No hooligan, but supporters, certainly angry at not being able to enter the stadium, but also women, families, people of all ages. Added to these factors are transport strikes not anticipated by the organizers and the government, which could have provided alternative means.

These incidents, provided that everyone recognizes their responsibility for them, constitute a warning of what must be thought about, considered and implemented in a year (Rugby World Cup) or two years (Olympic Games 2024).




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE BORNE GOVERNMENT OR THE CALL OF THE FOOT  ON THE MELANCHONIST LEFT

It is a government marked by continuity, but more cynically marked on the left,announced yesterday afternoon by Alexis Kohler, the secretary general of the Elysée. If the first government of Elisabeth Borne welcomes 13 new recruits out of the 27 ministers, deputy ministers and secretaries of state appointed yesterday, the vast majority of key positions have indeed been entrusted to pillars of the last five-year term.

Admittedly, the appointments to the Quai d'Orsay of Catherine Colonna and to Culture of Rima Abdul Malak could be a novelty, but in fact they are nothing extraordinary: the former, a seasoned diplomat, has already been a minister twice under Jacques Chirac and the second was until then the cultural adviser to Emmanuel Macron.

In addition, the vast majority of the most important positions have been entrusted to ministers already in place or to experienced politicians. Indeed, to carry out the ecological planning, the tenant of Matignon has surrounded herself with two faces known to the Castex government. Amélie de Montchalin – ex-Public Service – who will be in charge of Ecological Transition and Territorial Cohesion and Agnès Pannier-Runacher (ex-Industry) who will lead Energy Transition.

As for the other sovereign ministries, except for Foreign Affairs, therefore, there again, Elisabeth Borne trusted the “elders” of the last five-year term. Thus, Bruno Le Maire was reappointed at the head of Bercy as Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industrial and Digital Sovereignty. The one who put in place “whatever it costs” at the height of the pandemic, then the recovery plan and who had the support of the bosses and the support of Brussels confirms his key role in the macronie. He is now number 2 in the government. In number 3, another essential of the last quinquennium the former Sarkozyist Gérald Darmanin remains indeed inside. Damien Abad, the former boss of the LR deputies in the Assembly, is the latest war prize. The deputy for Ain inherits the Ministry of Solidarity, autonomy and people with disabilities. Yet given as a starting point, Éric Dupond-Moretti also retains his functions in Justice, despite his indictment. Finally, Sébastien Lecornu, the former overseas minister, waspromoted to the Armies, in place of Florence Parly.

In addition, Olivier Véran left Health to Brigitte Bourguignon (former Secretary of State in charge of autonomy) and took over the Ministry of Relations with Parliament. As for Gabriel Attal, he was appointed to the Public Accounts. And it is Olivia Grégoire, (former Secretary of State for the Social and Solidarity Economy), who replaces him as government spokesperson. Close to Emmanuel Macron, Clément Beaune remains in Europe.

To the left of Mélanchon

This new government must also be read through its political balances.

Elisabeth Borne, through her career, must mark a leftward inflection. The Modem Marc Fesneau, the former Minister of Relations with Parliament, goes to Agriculture. Olivier Dussopt, the boss of Territories of Progress, the left wing of Macronie, is appointed Minister of Labor. He was previously in charge of the Budget. As for Franck Riester, the president of Agir, he remains in Foreign Trade. Christophe Béchu, the mayor of Angers and number 2 of Horizons - the party of Édouard Philippe -, has been appointed minister delegate in charge of local authorities.

Places also go to first-day walkers. Party boss Stanislas Guerini has been appointed Minister of Transformation and Public Service, the President of the Law Commission in the Assembly, Yaël Braun-Pivet, has been promoted to Overseas France. Amélie Oudéa-Castera, the former patroness of the Tennis Federation, reaches the Ministry of Sports.

The greatest turn to the left is embodied on the side of National Education in the replacement of Jean-Michel Blanquer, holding a strict secular line, by the historian Pap Ndiaye, "who is accused of to belong to "decolonial" thought, and to have declared a few years ago in an interview with Le Monde, that "there is indeed structural racism in France".

For the right, this appointment is above all a signal to a fringe of Jean-Luc Mélenchon's electorate…”, analyzes Anita Hausser, journalist, in her editorial Electoral cynicism and deconstruction in government at Atlantico.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

ELISABETH BORNE PRIME MINISTER

A CHOICE OF REASON

The appointment of Elisabeth Borne to the post of Prime Minister did not generate, this Tuesday, May 17, enthusiasm in the French press, which however welcomes the choice of a woman at Matignon. For the Iberian newspaper El Pais , the former Minister of Ecology is perceived more as a pragmatic choice, “who fulfills almost) all the conditions to be Prime Minister of France. "It is the choice of competence in the service of France, of a woman of conviction, action and achievement" soberly announced the Elysée in its press release, Monday afternoon.

The Head of State indeed wanted a profile "attached to the social question, the environmental question and the productive question". He also wanted to entrust the reins of government to a woman, thirty years after Edith Cresson, the only woman to have held the position in France until then. Minister since 2017 of the Philippe and Castex governments, this “techno” had been cited for several weeks to enter Matignon. Woman, on the left and with an environmental streak, the former boss of the RATP, aged 61, ticked many boxes wanted by Emmanuel Macron

"I think it's a very good choice, because she's a remarkable person, not because she's a woman," immediately reacted her distant predecessor on BFM. “She is sufficiently competent and experienced, and in addition, she is courageous, which is a very necessary virtue in this function”.

A former student of the Ecole Polytechnique (class of 1981), an engineer with a degree from the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Elisabeth Borne did not go through the ENA, the classic course for great servants of the State. She began her career in 1987 at the Ministry of Equipment, before joining various ministerial cabinets and being appointed prefect of Vienne and the Poitou-Charentes region in February 2013 – she is the first woman to hold this position. Her career in the senior public service earned her this image of "good technician", combining discretion and loyalty to the president.

If Elisabeth Borne cut her teeth in the ministerial mysteries, the polytechnician also rubs shoulders with the business world. In 2002, she was director of strategy for SNCF before joining Eiffage in 2007. But she is best known for her time at RATP, which she headed between 2015 and 2017.

She led two major reforms of the quinquennium

Elisabeth Borne joined the government in May 2017 as Minister in charge of Transport under the leadership of Nicolas Hulot, Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition. She impresses in this position by leading one of the first projects of the five-year term, the thorny reform of the SNCF.

With the arrival of Jean Castex at the head of the government, she changed her portfolio to that of the Minister of Labour, Employment and Integration. She is notably responsible for two major reforms, that of pensions and that of unemployment insurance. If the first does not succeed, the second comes into force in December 2021.

"Minister of impossible reforms made possible", according to the punchline of former Minister Castaner, the new tenant of Matignon will now have to demonstrate her ability to lead a government team.


Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

A WOMAN PRIME MINISTER IN MATIGNON ?

President is looking for the ideal woman to establish a professional relationship of trust. Already in 2017, Emmanuel Macron had mentioned his ambition to install a head of government in Matignon. Before sending Édouard Philippe there.

Required profile:

ecological fiber, social dimension, attachment to the "productive question", political experience and a sense of listening. The only certainty, believes his entourage :

it will be a woman. For the head of the Modem François Bayrou, an ally of Emmanuel Macron, you need a person, man or woman, who has “leadership, experience.

And you need a fairly great empathy with the President of the Republic "because" when the President of the Republic hates the Prime Minister things can only turn out badly, "he stressed to the Grand Jury on Sunday, citing the case of François Mitterrand and his Prime Minister Michel Rocard (1988-1991).

The women's card seems to be a major asset for Macron. Because 74% of French people are for it, according to an Ifop poll published in the JDD. Because installing a "Prime Minister", for the first time since Edith Cresson, the only woman in the entire history of the Fifth Republic to have held the post of head of government, from May 1991 to April 1992, would certainly be a signal strong.

And, also, because the Head of State knows that he must correct the image that his political system has offered up to now: that of a "boys' club", as he had shaken up one of his interlocutors during the debate “Face aux Françaises”, organized at the beginning of March by LCI and the magazine Elle.

The name of Catherine Vautrin emerges

After those of the Minister of Labor Elisabeth Borne and the former Minister of Health Marisol Touraine, the name that comes up insistently is that of Catherine Vautrin, former Minister of Social Cohesion of Jacques Chirac, who had given her support to Emmanuel Macron before the 1st round of the presidential election. Problem: this former LR MP, who campaigned against same-sex marriage in 2012 and 2013, bristles on the left.

"She is undoubtedly a woman of quality" but "is she ready to deny all the ideas she has defended for so long", criticized MEP LR Nadine Morano on Europe 1.

Also points to the name of the Vice-President of the Senate Valérie Létard, stamped "baby Borloo" for having started in politics in Valenciennes alongside the centrist Jean-Louis Borloo, before being Secretary of State in charge of green technologies in his ministry. of Ecology from 2009 to 2010, within the Fillon government. She also ticks the "social box" since she was Secretary of State for Solidarity in the same Fillon government from 2007 to 2009.

A casting intended to confirm or not the orientation that the Head of State intends to give for this start of the second five-year term, as important as the ability of the future Prime Minister to pilot the explosive pension reform, to support the ecological transition and even, above all this, to lead the battle for the legislative elections.

End of suspense at the end of the day...




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ERIC ZEMMOUR CANDIDATE IN THE LEGISLATIVE BATTLE

Will I go or won't go ?
The suspense is finally lifted. Eric Zemmour has finally announced that he will be a candidate in the legislative elections in the 4th district of Var. He will be present this Thursday evening at a meeting with activists in Cogolin in the Var.

It had been several weeks since the leader of Reconquest! cast doubt on his candidacy for the legislative elections. "It will be in Paris or in the Var," he said ten days ago. And it will be in the Var, in the 4th constituency, the only one where his party had not yet unveiled a candidate.

Eric Zemmour will make it official this Thursday evening on the land of Marc-Etienne Lansade, the mayor of Cogolin, former FN, and early support in the Var of the former journalist. It is also the stronghold of the outgoing Renaissance deputy, Sereine Mauborgne, candidate for re-election.

The choice to settle in the Gulf of Saint-Tropez is not insignificant, Eric Zemmour, "very attached to his Mediterranean roots" achieved his best scores in the presidential election in the Var. Moreover, "it is a region in which he has been coming regularly for 20 years" according to his entourage. In Saint-Tropez in particular, where it exceeded 22%, but also in Grimaud, Sainte-Maxime and Cogolin.

It is also in Toulon that Eric Zemmour had started the campaign to promote his book before launching into the presidential election.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

THE NUPES OR THE OPPORTUNIST ALLIANCE

LEFT FOR LEGISLATIVES

Ahead of the legislative elections in June, insubordinate France, Europe Écologie les Verts, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party are now forming an alliance in a New Popular Ecological and Social Union (Nupes). The national score obtained by the leader of LFI ( 21.95%) made his party the main political force on the left in the first round of the presidential election, far ahead of the other candidates appearing on this side of the political spectrum, namely Yannick Jadot (4.63%), Fabien Roussel (2.28%) or Anne Hidalgo (1.74%). Their three respective parties have joined the New Popular Ecological and Social Union, alongside La France Insoumise.

What changes the union of the left in the balance of power in the different constituencies? After insubordinate France, Europe Ecology, the Greens and the Communist Party, the Socialist Party finally joined the New Popular Ecological and Social Union on Thursday, May 5. An alliance formed by parties that hope to impose themselves in the territories and form, after the election, a majority in the National Assembly in June.

In an attempt to analyze the potential strength of this union of the left in each constituency, we immersed ourselves in the scores of the first round of the 2022 presidential election, adding up the results of the candidates of the four parties of Nupes, territory by territory.

Nupes gains ground in the South

On the basis of these results, the left alliance won in the south of the country, and collected a majority of votes in half of the constituencies in the area.

To compare, during the first round of the 2022 presidential election, the candidate of La France insoumise Jean-Luc Mélenchon came out ahead in the votes in the constituencies of the Ile-de-France region and the overseas territories.

Leading in almost half of the ridings

In the first round of the presidential election, it was Emmanuel Macron who most often came out on top in the territories (256 constituencies), ahead of Marine Le Pen (206) and Jean-Luc Mélenchon (104).

Thanks to this alliance, and if we stick strictly to the results of the presidential election, Nupes passes in front of the two candidates of the second round of the presidential election. The union comes first in 260 constituencies among the 566 of metropolitan France and the overseas territories, against 161 constituencies for Marine Le Pen and 145 for Emmanuel Macron.

Nevertheless, this remains a simple overview, because due to their historical local roots, the balance of power of the parties on the ground is different. It is also necessary to take into account the fact that the method of voting for the legislative elections is not comparable to that of the presidential election.

Deputies are elected by direct universal suffrage, by two-round majority voting and by constituency. To be elected in the first round, a candidate must obtain more than 50% of the votes cast. And in the second round, more than two candidates can present themselves, unlike that of the presidential ballot. The two who came first, and the following candidates, provided they had obtained a number of votes at least equal to 12.5% ​​of the number of registered voters.

However, "we cannot mechanically translate these votes from the first round of the presidential election into legislative votes", tempers Olivier Rouquan, political scientist, teacher-researcher in political science and researcher associated with CERSA (Center for Studies and Research in Administrative Sciences and Policies). But these projections can still shed some light on the possible weight of this alliance of the left during the next legislative elections.

Verdict next June.


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

LEGISLATIVE A MAJOR FINANCIAL ISSUE

FOR PARTIES

Behind the political issue of the legislative elections, which are being held on June 12 and 19, 2022, lies a major financial issue.

It is the results of this election which in fact determine the public aid from which each party will benefit for the next five years. Allocations which represent part of the financing necessary for the life of the parties.

However, some, such as Les Républicains or Europe-Écologie Les Verts are now "on the bone" after their debacle in the presidential election.

The rules: two envelopes and conditions

There are two public funding envelopes. When you vote for a legislative candidate, your vote will allow the candidate's party to collect, for five years, €1.64, even if he is not elected. One condition: his party must have won at least 1% of the votes in fifty constituencies in the first round.

To receive the most funding possible, the parties therefore have an interest in presenting as many candidates as possible, even without the hope of seeing them elected. This is also why each party is currently fighting to have a maximum of invested candidates.

Since 2017, La République en Marche has received, for example, 10.1 million euros per year, the National Rally 4.9 million euros.

Please note that financial penalties may apply if the parties have not respected the principle of gender parity in the presentation of candidates for the elections.

This is what happened to the Republicans, who lost 1.8 million euros on their first envelope of 3.9 million euros. Or to La France insoumise, which lost €252,000 out of €3.8 million.

Second envelope. After this election, the final number of parliamentarians, deputies and senators will make it possible to release an additional €37,400 per elected official and per year. With its 291 parliamentarians, LREM, for example, received 10.9 million euros, i.e. a total, over the two envelopes, of more than 21 million euros per year.

In 2020, the total amount paid to the parties amounted to 66 million euros.

Within the framework of a coalition, each wanting his share of the cake, the rules of the game of public aid lead to strange negotiations: a candidate can for example be invested under the name of a party (for the first envelope), and be attached to the group of his original party (for the second)…

Other financing

Public aid is not the only source of financing. The parties are also financed, in particular, thanks to donations from people, contributions from members and elected officials. Substantial sums: in total, 60.1 million euros in 2020.

Public aid is paid only to parties that have presented candidates. This does not favor the emergence of new parties. Unless relying on private donations.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

LEGISLATIVE

THE CRITICAL VOTING METHOD

The two-round single-member ballot and the high risk of abstention make small parties invisible. He forces them to make alliances to increase their chances.

The election of the 577 deputies to the National Assembly is by uninominal majority ballot in two rounds. Voting is by constituency, each corresponding to one seat. The seat is won by the candidate who obtains the most votes. The objective is to obtain an absolute majority of seats, ie 289 deputies.

Since 2002, the legislative elections follow the presidential elections. And usually voters give the newly elected president a majority in the National Assembly.

To be elected in the first round, the candidate must have obtained an absolute majority (50% of the votes plus one, representing at least 25% of those registered). Otherwise, a second round is organized and it is then the candidate who has obtained the most votes (the relative majority) who wins. But only candidates who have obtained 12.5% ​​of the votes of the number of registered voters can participate in the second round.

Benefits

This voting method offers the benefit of achieving clear majorities through candidates having obtained an (absolute or relative) majority of votes. Stop overrepresenting them. It generally has the virtue of giving the executive a solid basis for governing. It was moreover to put an end to the political instability of the Fourth Republic that General de Gaulle had reestablished, in 1958, the majority ballot for the election of deputies.

The inconvenients

This ballot eliminates, conversely, the other candidates, whether they have obtained 5% or 40% of the votes. This is why he is criticized for penalizing the smallest parties, established on the territory but benefiting from an insufficient number of voters to win. These rules of the electoral game therefore do not allow all political sensitivities to be heard.

Five years ago, the National Rally, little established and without allies, had obtained only six deputies and two relatives despite its 13.2% of the votes in the first round of the legislative elections. The abstention, which reached records, also weighs very heavily on the ballot.

To qualify for the second round, you must obtain 12.5% ​​of the votes of the number of registered voters. But with a 50% abstention, this amounts to having to win 25% of the votes cast in the first round. And with almost 58% abstention as in 2017? 29%.

The results

The vote and the level of abstention require alliances to be forged from the first round to increase one's chances. This is what the various political parties are currently actively working on.

Aborted reforms

The smaller parties have long been calling for a change in the voting system in the legislative elections. And the debate is reactivated this year, as was already the case in 2017.

Emmanuel Macron then promised to integrate a dose (15%) of proportional representation in the legislative ballot, "to reflect the pluralism of our political life". Text finally buried.

The election concerns the 577 deputies in the National Assembly.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COMMENT LE PEN ET MACRON SE PREPARENT

AU DEBAT D'ENTRE-DEUX-TOURS

La même affiche, mais pas de remake. Le second tour entre Emmanuel Macron et Marine Le Pen, dimanche prochain, se déroule sous des auspices bien différents. D’abord parce que le rapport des forces se révèle infiniment plus serré qu’en 2017. Certes, le Président compte aujourd’hui, dans les enquêtes d’opinion, une avance qui s’est précisée tout au long de la semaine . Mais cet écart, bien qu’au-dessus de la marge d’erreur, n’est plus suffisant pour lui assurer une réélection sans coup férir.

Cinq ans après le débat spectaculaire du printemps 2017, le président-candidat et la cheffe de file du Rassemblement national fourbissent à nouveau leurs armes. Le débat retour entre Emmanuel Macron et Marine Le Pen, mercredi à 21 heures sur TF1 et France 2, n’offrira pas la même physionomie qu’en 2017. À l’époque, la différence de niveau entre les deux finalistes était abyssale.

En cinq ans, l’écart entre les deux finalistes s’est considérablement réduit. La confrontation entre un candidat issu de l’arc républicain et une candidate d’extrême droite se rapproche désormais des scores des traditionnelles oppositions entre droite et gauche, au second tour, sous la Ve République.

Abandonnant la traditionnelle posture de dénonciation morale de l’extrême droite, Macron a assuré cette semaine vouloir livrer un combat « projet contre projet ». Il s’agit, en réalité, d’un autre type de confrontation : rejet contre rejet. Surfant sur les plus hostiles au sortant, dans le sillage des Gilets jaunes et des antivax, et en appelant à tous les déçus du macronisme, Le Pen tente d’organiser un référendum anti-Macron. Jeudi à Avignon (Vaucluse), elle a retourné au chef de l’État le compliment du « barrage », appelant à en ériger un contre sa réélection.

Quant au traditionnel « barrage » contre l’extrême droite, il a du plomb dans l’aile. Certes, hormis Éric Zemmour et Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, presque tous les candidats battus au premier tour ont appelé, au minimum, à ne pas voter pour elle.


Ironie de l’histoire : pour les deux finalistes, la principale réserve de voix se situe chez ceux qui ont opté pour Jean-Luc Mélenchon au premier tour. Alors même que, à leurs yeux, Macron et Le Pen constituent deux repoussoirs… Quelle proportion des 21,95 % de l’Insoumis se reportera sur le Président ?

Pour la première fois, une présidentielle se jouera non sur une adhésion minimale, mais sur un refus.


Sur le fond côté Macron: économie, diplomatie, avec bien sûr les relations entre Marine Le Pen et Vladimir Poutine, état de droit. La dénonciation morale de l’extrême droite ne semble pas à l’ordre du jour. Le Macron nouveau serait celui de l’association, de la concertation, du temps long. C’est du moins ce que promet le candidat de La République en marche s’il est réélu dimanche prochain. Remisé, le président pas encore quadragénaire qui, dès les premiers mois de son mandat, bouleversait le code du travail par ordonnances, supplantait l’impôt de solidarité sur la fortune (ISF) par celui sur la fortune immobilière (IFI), ouvrait la SNCF à la concurrence, le tout au pas de charge. « Conférence des parties prenantes » et « convention transpartisane » peuplent désormais le programme 2022 d’Emmanuel Macron. « J’écoute », « j’entends », répète-t-il en référence à ses déplacements de campagne, cherchant à incarner « cet “avec vous” [qui] est une nouvelle manière de faire », assurait-il encore mercredi sur TF1.  En défense, l’équipe du sortant s’attend à des tirs en rafale contre le « président de l’argent », sur l’« appauvrissement » des Français ou encore sur « la France d’en bas contre celle d’en haut ». D’où un impératif : se montrer empathique.

Dans le camp adverse, Marine Le Pen, mettra en scène sa sérénité . Sur le fond, Le Pen espère ouvrir une brèche sur le sujet de la réforme des retraites, afin de séduire l’électorat de Jean-Luc Mélenchon.La candidate RN « veut faire un gouvernement d’union nationale », dit-elle. Elle est censée montrer que Marine Le Pen est capable de « dépasser » son propre camp et de créer « l’ouverture », comme l’avait fait Nicolas Sarkozy en 2007, lorsqu’il avait fait venir Bernard Kouchner ou Frédéric Mitterrand dans le gouvernement de François Fillon. Marine Le Pen présidente suivra à la lettre la Constitution de la Ve République. Elle nommera dans un premier temps un Premier ministre, qui pourra d’ailleurs changer après les législatives. Charge à lui de présenter un gouvernement, que le Président approuve ou pas. »

Dès l’été, la candidate prévoit de faire voter deux collectifs budgétaires pour supprimer la redevance télé, pour instaurer une part fiscale pleine dès le deuxième enfant, pour rétablir la demipart fiscale pour les veuves et les veufs, et pour créer un impôt sur la fortune financière (IFF) dans le but de remplacer l’impôt sur la fortune immobilière (IFI). L’exonération de l’impôt sur le revenu pour les moins de trente ans et la possibilité pour les entreprises d’augmenter de 10 % les salaires jusqu’à trois fois le smic sans augmentation des charges patronales passeront par un référendum. Son  équipe de campagne sait que l’entre-deux tours ne tourne plus autour de la question du pouvoir d’achat, du prix de l’essence et de la retraite à 65 ans, mais plutôt autour d’une autre : comment entend-elle gouverner, si elle est élue ?

« Je vais diriger le pays en mère de famille », a-t-elle dit en marge d’un déplacement en Eure et Loir, comme l’a rapporté Le Figaro.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES ENJEUX DE REPORT DE VOIX

POUR SECOND TOUR DE LA PRESIDENTIELLE

Le résultat du premier tour laisse planer une fausse clarté sur l’issue du second.

Engagés dans une rude bataille pour un second tour à suspense, Emmanuel Macron et Marine Le Pen tentent d'élargir leur base électorale, notamment à gauche, du côté des électeurs très courtisés de l'Insoumis Jean-Luc Mélenchon, fort de ses 21,95 % des voix au premier tour. Quelle dynamique va présider pour les reports de voix au second tour ?

Le système majoritaire poussant à rétrécir le débat autour d’une opposition binaire, Emmanuel Macron l'aborde en se présentant comme le candidat de l’ouverture face à une extrême droite xénophobe et anti-libérale. Le président-candidat semble faire le pari qu’il pourra compter sur le rejet toujours majoritaire de leurs positions xénophobes et que ce clivage entre ouverture et fermeture lui sera donc favorable.

Suivant cette même logique, le peu d’accent placé par Marine Le Pen sur les enjeux d’immigration n’a pas empêché Éric Zemmour et Nicolas Dupont-Aignan d’annoncer qu’ils voteraient pour elle. Leurs électeurs sont nombreux à envisager de faire de même malgré des divergences en matière sociale. Elle peut de surcroît, au vu de l’attitude du numéro 2 de la primaire LR, Éric Ciotti, partisan d’une droite dure, espérer une part des voix recueillies par Valérie Pécresse.

Vers un nouveau Front Républicain ?

Cependant, ce cadrage n’apporte guère de réponses aux demandes de protection sociales exprimées dans les sondages et, sans doute, dans le vote de dimanche.

Le pari pourrait s’avérer risqué si les considérations d’ordre culturelles poussent les électeurs situés à droite vers Marine Le Pen, tandis que les programmes sociaux dissuadent trop d’électeurs de gauche de lui faire barrage.

Et dans le cadre d’une sorte de « tout sauf Macron », elle pourrait bénéficier de certains suffrages de Jean-Luc Mélenchon bien que ce dernier ait appelé à plusieurs reprises dimanche soir à ne « pas donner une seule voix » à l’extrême droite sans pour autant donner une consigne en faveur d’Emmanuel Macron. Selon Manuel Bompard, La France insoumise n'a « rien à négocier » avec Emmanuel Macron au second tour de la présidentielle. La drague à gauche du président sortant reposerait sur « une logique assez évidente », mais il faudra « davantage que de la communication » pour convaincre les électeurs de Jean-Luc Mélenchon, selon son ancien directeur de campagne invité sur France Info, qui a appelé le chef de l'État à abandonner sa réforme des retraites.

Une campagne ardue pour Emmanuel Macron

Face à ces deux blocs qu’unit leur commune hostilité au président-candidat, Emmanuel Macron ne dispose pas des mêmes ressources potentielles. Certes, aussi bien Anne Hidalgo que Valérie Pécresse, Yannick Jadot et Fabien Roussel ont fermement et clairement appelé à voter pour lui. Le candidat Macron est sur la posture de celui qui prétend incarner la raison, le combat pour faire barrage aux populismes. Et quand on voit les appels de Yannick Jadot, de Valérie Pécresse, voire de Jean-Luc Mélenchon (toutefois bien plus ambigu), il y a la volonté de recréer une forme de Front Républicain subliminal ou light. Mais les électeurs s’affranchissent de plus en plus des consignes de vote et l’Emmanuel Macron 2022 n’est plus tout à fait celui de 2017. Et pour cause : il est le sortant. Selon le politologue Bruno Cautrès. le président sortant est vu, par ceux qui ne l’aiment pas, « comme le président des riches à cause de son parcours de banquier et de haut fonctionnaire. Il est aussi vu comme quelqu’un qui ne sait pas bien où il va, de beaucoup trop opportuniste, qui pense avoir toujours raison, qui n’écoute pas les Français, qui prend les décisions par le haut… Il est même qualifié de monarque et voire de dictateur » par certains, souligne-t-il. Il lui faudra donc ferrailler dur pour amener à lui les électeurs de gauche qui auront voté Mélenchon afin d’éviter trop de déshonneur à leur camp. Reste à jouer sur la participation et susciter une dynamique parmi les abstentionnistes du premier tour.

Le président sortant va être le porteur de l’étendard du tout sauf Marine Le Pen tandis qu’elle sera la candidate du tout sauf Emmanuel Macron.




Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

EMMANUEL MACRON EN CAMPAGNE

POUR LE SECOND TOUR

Emmanuel Macron, cette fois-ci bien décidé à battre la campagne, a multiplié les déplacements et les échanges. Après un déplacement mouvementé dans les Hauts-de-France lundi, le président sortant se rend, ce mardi, dans le Grand-Est et notamment à Mulhouse. Sur place, Emmanuel Macron veut jouer la carte du candidat rassembleur en draguant les électeurs de Jean-Luc Mélenchon sur la question des retraites et ceux de la droite. Emmanuel Macron continue donc son opération séduction dans tous les camps alors que ,dans le même temps, il a reçu ce mardi 12avril 2022le soutien de Nicolas Sarkozy ou encore celui de Lionel Jospin.

De plus le président-candidat Emmanuel Macron se rend à Strasbourg pour investir le sujet de l'Europe, central dans son programme. Le candidat Macron va mettre l'accent sur son projet européen radicalement différent de celui de sa rivale Marine Le Pen. Le président-candidat est convaincu que ce thème est l’une des principales clés pour aller chercher les voix de droite et de gauche durant cet entre-deux-tours. Il veut défendre une Europe plus forte, développer une Europe de la défense en plaidant pour de plus grandes capacités militaires des États membres et en renforçant la coordination. Le candidat Macron souhaite également travailler à une autonomie énergétique de l’Europe.

Le projet de Marine Le Pen est, lui, diamétralement opposé à celui du président-candidat. Même si Marine Le Pen ne souhaite plus sortir la France de l’UE, ni sortir de l'euro comme elle le projetait il y a cinq ans, la candidate du RN veut consacrer la suprématie du droit français sur le droit européen, via un référendum. Pour elle, la souveraineté nationale est prioritaire. La députée du Pas-de-Calais souhaite aussi réinstaurer des contrôles aléatoires aux frontières, restreindre l’accès des citoyens européens aux droits sociaux et réduire de 25% la contribution française au budget de l’Union européenne.

Le chef de l'Etat se rend en périphérie de Mulhouse, dans un centre de rééducation pour y échanger durant une heure environ avec une quinzaine de soignants. A Châtenois, à quelques kilomètres, Emmanuel Macron rencontre des habitants et des commerçants pour évoquer la thématique chère à l'électorat de droite de la sécurité. Sur sa réforme des retraites, il s'est déjà dit prêt à bouger et évoque maintenant 64 ans au lieu de 65 comme âge de départ.

Une concession aux allures de reculade pour tenter de séduire l'électorat de Jean-Luc Mélenchon...

Il faudra cependant au président ferrailler dur pour amener à lui les électeurs de gauche qui auront voté Mélenchon afin d’éviter trop de déshonneur à leur camp...




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES RESULTATS DU PREMIER TOUR  MARQUE UNE RECOMPOSITION DU PAYSAGE POLITIQUE FRANCAIS

Les résultats du premier tour des élections présidentielles de 2022 confirment, à première vue, les rapports de forces issus du précédent scrutin. Emmanuel Macron (LREM) avec 28,4% des suffrages et Marine Le Pen (RN) avec 23,2% sont, comme en 2017, qualifiés pour le second tour – dans le même ordre qu’il y a cinq ans. L'historien Mathias Bernard fait part de son analyse dans The Conversation

Le même duel aura donc lieu au cours de deux élections présidentielles successives.

Cette stabilité est en grande partie liée à la notoriété des principaux candidats, déjà présents il y a cinq ans. Ces candidats ont su fidéliser un socle électoral auquel se sont agrégés, au cours des dernières semaines, des électeurs qui ont fait prévaloir un vote utile, de préférence à un vote d’adhésion.

Des votes utiles

Emmanuel Macron progresse de près de quatre points par rapport à 2017, alors même qu’il a, au cours de son quinquennat puis lors de sa campagne présidentielle, abandonné la position d’équilibre entre droite et gauche qui avait assuré son succès initial pour adopter un discours qui le situe clairement au centre-droit.

Cette évolution lui a aliéné une fraction de ses électeurs venus de la gauche, mais a permis d’attirer une partie plus importante des électeurs du centre et de la droite – le très faible score de la candidate LR Valérie Pécresse (4,7 %) en témoigne.

Marine Le Pen, quant à elle, enregistre une progression presque comparable et obtient un score jamais atteint par le FN puis le RN à une élection présidentielle. Elle aussi a bénéficié d’un vote utile et a ainsi pu largement surclasser la candidature d’Éric Zemmour qui, après avoir menacé son leadership, a finalement parachevé sa stratégie de dédiabolisation engagée il y a dix ans : en occupant le créneau de la droite identitaire, le candidat de Reconquête a en effet permis à Marine Le Pen de davantage investir les thématiques sociales qui ont favorisé sa progression au sein de l’électorat populaire.

Tout comme Marine Le Pen, Jean-Luc Mélenchon obtient, pour sa troisième tentative depuis 2012, son meilleur score à une élection présidentielle, bénéficiant lui aussi du soutien in extremis d’un électorat de la gauche modérée soucieux avant tout d’éviter un second tour opposant Emmanuel Macron à Marine Le Pen.

Une tripolarisation du champ politique français

Cette dynamique de vote utile, qui s’est enclenchée à peine un mois avant le scrutin, semble amplifier la restructuration du champ politique français autour de trois grands pôles

-Un pôle libéral, centriste et européen qui rassemble, à chaque élection nationale, un peu plus d’un quart des électeurs mais qui, grâce à la mécanique du scrutin majoritaire, parvient jusqu’à présent à dominer la vie politique.

- Un pôle populiste et identitaire, aujourd’hui dominé par Marine Le Pen et représenté par deux candidats dont le score cumulé (plus de 30 %) constitue un record historique pour l’extrême droite identitaire et populiste à une élection nationale en France : c’est donc ce pôle qui enregistre la plus forte progression au cours des cinq dernières années.

-Et un pôle de gauche radicale, dominé par La France insoumise, et qui, si l’on intègre les résultats des candidats communistes et trotskistes, rassemble un peu moins de 25 % des voix.

Cette tripolarisation conduit à marginaliser les deux forces politiques qui, depuis les années 1970, structuraient la vie politique française.

Le déclin des partis traditionnels : un air de déjà vu

Avec moins de 2 % des voix, le Parti socialiste confirme un déclin qui, en 2017, pouvait apparaître comme simplement conjoncturel. Son évolution rappelle aujourd’hui celle du Parti radical au début de la Vᵉ République : ce parti qui avait dominé la gauche avait alors été victime de la bipolarisation du paysage politique enclenchée par De Gaulle et n’avait survécu que grâce à un important réseau d’élus, surtout présent (comme celui du PS aujourd’hui) dans le sud-ouest de la France.

Le déclin de la droite traditionnelle est l’un des autres faits marquants de cette élection, puisque la candidate du parti Les Républicains a divisé par quatre le score réalisé il y a cinq ans par son prédécesseur. Ce résultat prolonge l’échec enregistré par LR lors des européennes de 2019 et souligne l’étroitesse de l’espace politique désormais occupé par ce parti, coincé entre le centre-droit macronien et l’extrême droite populiste de Marine Le Pen.

Des évolutions importantes depuis 2017

Il faut donc se garder de voir dans les résultats de ce premier tour une répétition de l’élection de 2017. La stabilité apparente des rapports de forces masquent des évolutions importantes.

1° La droitisation du paysage politique se poursuit. Elle se manifeste par l’irruption de la nouvelle droite identitaire d’Éric Zemmour, le repositionnement de l’offre politique proposée par Emmanuel Macron et la faible progression de Jean-Luc Mélenchon, qui ne compense pas l’affaiblissement du PS.

2°Les populismes continuent également leur progression, autour d’un discours qui, en cinq ans et sous l’effet d’un certain nombre de mouvements sociaux (les gilets jaunes notamment), s’est radicalisé : plus que jamais, la coupure entre peuple et élite se manifeste dans les urnes. Cette progression du populisme fragilise Emmanuel Macron, dont la position est moins favorable que ce qu’elle peut laisser paraître de prime abord.

3°Le président sortant obtient des scores comparables à certains de ses prédécesseurs qui n’ont pas été réélus pour un second mandat : Valéry Giscard d’Estaing en 1981 (28 % des voix), Nicolas Sarkozy en 2012 (27 % des voix). Il ne peut par ailleurs capter la volonté de changement qui avait en grande partie expliqué sa victoire il y a cinq ans.

La campagne de l’entre-deux-tours mettra ainsi en jeu deux projets antagonistes, deux visions de la société mais aussi une tension entre le « dégagisme », hostile au président sortant, et l’appel au barrage contre l’extrême droite, qu’ont lancé une majorité de candidats battus au premier tour.




Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES CONSEQUENCES ECONOMIQUES DE LA GUERRE EN UKRAINE POURRAIENT BENEFICIER A MARINE LE PEN

L’impact économique de la guerre en Ukraine pèse sur les électeurs français. La flambée des prix de l’énergie s’ajoute à l’inflation qui a accompagné la reprise de l’économie française après les confinements liés à la pandémie de Covid-19.

La stratégie « social-populiste » de Marine Le Pen – à savoir un positionnement à la gauche économique associé à une rhétorique populiste et nationaliste , mise en œuvre depuis dix ans par la présidente du RN, pourrait s’avérer un pari politique gagnant.

Les inquiétudes économiques s’imposent comme le thème dominant de la campagne. Selon les dernières enquêtes électorale du CEVIPOF , 58 % des Français déclarent que les prix et le pouvoir d’achat auront une influence importante sur leur vote en avril, soit une hausse conséquente depuis début mars. Comme ailleurs en Europe, les prix du carburant ont grimpé en flèche en France à la suite de l’invasion de l’Ukraine par la Russie, le blé, certaines métaux pourraient également fortement augmenter.

Les questions liées au pouvoir d’achat s’imposent dans la campagne

À la lumière de ces nouvelles données le résultat du premier tour de l’élection présidentielle dépendra en grande partie de la réponse des divers candidats aux questions de pouvoir d’achat, d’augmentation des prix et de protection des Français face à l’impact économique de la guerre.

Anticipant « une crise qui va s’installer », le gouvernement de Jean Castex a d’ores et déjà souligné l’importance de soutenir l’économie française en élaborant un plan d’urgence de « résilience ». Après le « quoi qu’il en coûte » pendant la pandémie de Covid-19, ce nouveau plan de 7 milliards d’euros est destiné à aider les entreprises et les ménages à faire face à la hausse des coûts de l’énergie suite aux sanctions économiques imposées par l’Occident à la Russie.

Si Emmanuel Macron semble encore dominer pour l’heure la bataille du premier tour avec un petit 24 % des intentions de vote , les préoccupations économiques sont devenues une des clés de la bataille pour la deuxième place.

A droite, des stratégies économiques divergentes

À droite, les stratégies économiques des trois principaux prétendants divergent. Pour l’essentiel, les grandes orientations de campagne de Valérie Pécresse, Éric Zemmour et Marine Le Pen ont été définies il y a plusieurs mois, bien avant le déclenchement de la guerre en Ukraine. Mais à l’approche du premier tour, la crise ukrainienne crée des opportunités différentes pour chacun de ces candidats.

Sur le plan économique, Éric Zemmour et Valérie Pécresse défendent un programme à tonalité libérale, marqué par la lutte contre l’« assistanat » chez le premier ou la réduction du nombre de fonctionnaires chez la candidate LR. Tous deux sont également en faveur d’un recul de l’âge légal de départ à la retraite – 64 ans pour E. Zemmour et 65 ans pour V. Pécresse –, une réforme qui continue d’être rejetée par près de 7 Français sur 10.

En pleine tempête sur les prix et le pouvoir d’achat, cette orientation libérale se heurte aux attentes qui existent, notamment au sein de l’électorat populaire, de plus de protection sociale, de santé et de redistribution .

Ces questions sociales sont précisément au cœur de la campagne de Marine Le Pen. Face à ses deux principaux concurrents à droite, la candidate du Rassemblement national a très tôt choisi une voie économique différente, mettant l’accent sur le pouvoir d’achat, la santé, la défense des services publics et la redistribution.

Avant même l’invasion de l’Ukraine par la Russie, la candidate du Rassemblement national avait promis un « choc de pouvoir d’achat » en s’engageant à « protéger notre peuple » et à « rendre leur argent aux Français ».

Ce discours à forte tonalité sociale a assez rapidement permis à Marine Le Pen de détourner l’attention de ses positions pro-russes et de son soutien à Vladimir Poutine dans le passé, pour recentrer sa campagne sur les conséquences économiques du conflit ukrainien sur la vie quotidienne des Français

Marine Le Pen ou la stratégie « social-populiste »

Plus encore, il permet à la candidate du RN d’asseoir sa crédibilité en tant que candidate du « pouvoir d’achat » auprès des catégories populaires et des classes moyennes les plus inquiètes de l’impact économique de la crise.

Une analyse statistique du projet présidentiel de Marine Le Pen montre que la composante de « redistribution » représente pas moins des deux tiers (66 %) de son programme économique : il s’agit là du pourcentage le plus élevé depuis la percée électorale du FN au milieu des années 1980. Ce premier pilier réunit toutes les mesures sociales ou économiques d’orientation keynésienne, fondées sur la demande, la protection sociale et la redistribution.

Le programme de Marine Le Pen propose, entre autres choses, des baisses de TVA, une hausse des salaires, des exonérations fiscales et la gratuité des transports pour les jeunes travailleurs. Cette offensive de redistribution tous azimuts sur le pouvoir d’achat et la santé a pour cibles prioritaires les catégories populaires et les jeunes actifs, qui constituent le gros des bataillons de l’électorat RN.

Autre cible : les retraités, qui demeurent, eux, moins enclins à soutenir le RN – seuls 13 % d’entre eux voteraient pour sa présidente. Aux séniors, Marine Le Pen promet la revalorisation des retraites et du minimum vieillesse, et la suppression des impôts sur l’héritage direct pour les familles modestes et les classes moyennes.

Parallèlement, le RN s’est éloigné de positions économiques plus libérales sur les fonctionnaires, la dérégulation ou le retrait de l’État providence.

Il a conservé, enfin, son ancrage de nationalisme économique (13 % du programme). Marine Le Pen continue de défendre la souveraineté économique nationale, le protectionnisme, le refus du libre-échange ou la préférence donnée aux entreprises nationales contre la libre concurrence de l’Union européenne.

Ce positionnement à la gauche économique, associé à la rhétorique populiste et nationaliste traditionnelle du RN opposant les élites économiques et politiques « mondialistes » au peuple, dessine les contours d’un « social-populisme » qui distingue aujourd’hui très clairement Marine Le Pen de ses autres compétiteurs à droite, y compris Éric Zemmour.

Le pari gagnant de Marine Le Pen ?

Tout au long du quinquennat d’Emmanuel Macron, Marine Le Pen s’est employée à cultiver son image social-populiste, rejoignant à plusieurs occasions les rangs de la gauche et des syndicats. Fin 2019, elle s’était fortement opposée à la réforme des retraites. En mars 2021, la présidente du RN avait également dénoncé la réforme de l’assurance-chômage par le gouvernement, demandant à Emmanuel Macron de mettre un terme à cette « saignée sociale ».

Les dernières enquêtes électorales confirme qu’il s’agit là d’un pari potentiellement gagnant : Marine Le Pen y recueille 22 % des intentions de vote , loin devant Éric Zemmour (10 %) et Valérie Pécresse (10 %).

En meeting à Saint-Martin-Lacaussade le 25 mars, Marine Le Pen a répété sa vision populiste du duel qu’elle espère livrer face à Emmanuel Macron, opposant les « gros » aux « petits », le « peuple » aux« élus ». « Entre Emmanuel Macron et nous, a-t-elle déclaré, c’est le choix entre le pouvoir de l’argent qui profite à quelques-uns, et le pouvoir d’achat qui profite à tout le monde ».

Défendre un programme social-populiste aux  préoccupations socio-économiques bien avant le déclenchement de la guerre en Ukraine, un pari gagnant pour Marine Le Pen ?




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

J-3 AVANT LA PRESIDENTIELLE

POURQUOI EMMANUEL MACRON EST-IL EN DANGER ?

Emmanuel Macron demeure le petit favori du premier tour, dimanche prochain, avec 4 points seulement d’avance sur Marine Le Pen, selon les derniers sondages. En tête avec 26 % des intentions de vote, Macron perd cependant 2,5 points en deux semaines (il pointait alors à 29,5 %), selon un sondage Ifop, et voit Marine Le Pen rattraper de son retard , dans le baromètre quotidien OpinionWay - Kéa Partners. Avec 22 % des intentions de vote contre 18,5 % il y a deux semaines, la candidate du RN a fortement réduit l’écart. Et l’inquiétude,chez les macronistes, sera démultipliée en cas de deuxième tour opposant les deux. Voilà pourquoi nombre de ses soutiens, dans la dernière ligne droite, s’inquiètent et non sans raison. « Il y a de quoi se faire peur, admet un ministre. Dans un contexte où l’idée que la victoire du Président est acquise s’est installée dans l’esprit de tout le monde, et où le deuxième tour se déroule en pleines vacances… Trump, personne ne l’avait vu venir. » .

Le MacKinsygate

Le scandale McKinsey continue de prendre de l’ampleur. Au pavé dans la mare politique s’ajoute désormais une affaire judiciaire. Le Parquet national financier (PNF) indique en effet dans un communiqué avoir ouvert le 31 mars une enquête préliminaire pour blanchiment aggravé de fraude fiscale à l’encontre du cabinet de conseil. La justice s’appuie sur le rapport de la commission d’enquête du Sénat, accusant les entités françaises du cabinet McKinsey d’optimisation fiscale, de telle sorte qu’elles n’auraient versé aucun impôt sur les sociétés entre 2011 et 2020.

Et la seule réaction du président-candidat Emmanuel Macron a alors été de mettre au défi ses accusateurs : « s’il y a des preuves de manipulation, que ça aille au pénal », a-t-il ainsi lancé lors d’une émission dimanche 27 mars 2022, sur France 3. Il a donc choisi la solution offensive, une attitude qui rappelle furieusement le « qu'ils viennent me chercher » dans l'affaire Benalla. Est-ce une réponse digne d'un président ? Tout le monde a vu ce qu'il en était de l'affaire Benalla. Aux tribunaux de trancher donc... Ces derniers jours d'ailleurs, le candidat et ses soutiens, dans chacune de leurs interventions, n’ont eu d’autre choix que de s’attarder sur cette affaire McKinsey. Multiplication des argumentaires, dont les comparaisons avec d’autres pays ou avec les pratiques des collectivités territoriales ; conférence de presse de deux ministres… Voilà une affaire qui réactive l’image d’un Président proche des puissants et des fortunés.

Le pouvoir d'achat

« La campagne a trouvé son thème : le pouvoir d’achat, qui écrase tout et structure tout », diagnostique Frédéric Dabi, directeur général de l’Ifop. 93 % des sondés estiment ainsi que ce thème aura un impact sur le vote des Français au premier tour de la présidentielle, et 74 % sur leur propre choix. Emmanuel Macron ne semble pas pâtir outre mesure de cette situation : c’est à lui que 21 % des Français font le plus confiance pour améliorer la situation, contre 17 % à Marine Le Pen.

A Dijon (Côte-d’Or), lundi, pour le premier déplacement de campagne du chef de l’État, c’est le pouvoir d’achat qui revenait dans les interpellations des habitants. « Avec 575 euros, on ne vit pas ! » « Est-ce que vous trouvez ça normal que je n’arrive plus à vivre de mes revenus ? » pouvait-on entendre. Et le sort des retraités n'a pas été traité convenablement sous ce quinquennat.

La montée des violences

L'ordre public et la sécurité demeurent des leitmotivs dans l'information. Pas un jour sans son horreur :les récents événements de Sevran (Seine-Saint-Denis), où un policier a fait feu et tué un homme il y a une semaine, et où des heurts ont éclaté dans la ville et les communes voisines, les heurs violents entre jeunes mineurs et police dans un quartier de Rouen, Vénissieux...Sans oublier le drame du jeune homme handicapé Jérémie Cohen écrasé par un tram après avoir fui un tabassage en règle par des jeunes voyous.

La révélation des circonstances de la mort de Jeremie Cohen, ce jeune homme de 31 ans percuté par un tramway après avoir été frappé par des jeunes à Bobigny (Seine-Saint-Denis), le 16 février, suscite l’indignation des candidats à l’élection présidentielle. C’est le candidat d’extrême droite Eric Zemmour qui a été le premier à réagir. Dans l’un de ses messages posté sur Twitter, lundi, il s’interrogeait au sujet de la mort de Jeremie Cohen : « Est-il mort pour fuir les racailles ? Est-il mort parce que juif ? Pourquoi cette affaire est-elle étouffée ? » Le soir, le père du jeune homme a expliqué sur BFM-TV avoir « demandé à Eric Zemmour » de l’aider à relayer l’information sur la mort de son fils. Les autres candidats à l’Elysée, à l’image de Jean-Luc Mélenchon, Fabien Roussel, Yannick Jadot ou encore Marine Le Pen, ont aussi réclamé que toute la lumière soit faite sur ce drame, évoquant le possible caractère antisémite des violences qui l’ont ciblé. Valérie Pécresse a notamment évoqué lundi un « lynchage ignoble, qui pourrait être de nature antisémite », et plaidé pour une « impunité zéro face aux barbares ».

Les troubles en Corse

Même problématique après les troubles en Corse consécutifs à la mort en prison d’Ivan Colonna, l’assassin du préfet Érignac, et mêmes attaques sur le déficit d’autorité de l’État sous ce quinquennat. L’attaque sur Yvan Colonna a en effet marqué le début d’une vague de violences sur l’île de beauté qui s’est embrasée progressivement sous le feu des cocktails Molotov. Dans ce contexte, après l’échec du Premier ministre à restaurer la paix par la décision de rapatriement du militant indépendantiste corse, c’est l’autonomie qui est envisagée cette fois par le ministre de l’Intérieur Gérald Darmanin pour répondre à « la gravité des événements » qui secouent l’île. Emmanuel Macron a dénoncé « une faute » après la mise en berne des drapeaux sur l’île par la collectivité territoriale. Mais les violences perdurent ...

L'image ternie du Président

Il se veut pensé en chef de guerre sur la brèche, mais l'image n'a pas imprimé. Personne par contre n'a oublié ses sorties et ses petites phrases, tout au long du quinquennat . Des « Gaulois réfractaires au changement » aux « gens qui ne sont rien », des « fainéants » au « pognon de dingue » en passant par le chef de l’État qui « traverse la rue » pour trouver du travail. Elles ont contribué à façonner l’image d’un Président arrogant, déconnecté et frappé d’hubris. Même s'il avait fait amende honorable.sur TF1, en décembre : « J’ai blessé des gens, je ne le referai pas. »,il n' a pu s'empêcher de récidiver à propos de l’affaire McKinsey. « Que ça aille au pénal », a-t-il lancé, bravache, réactivant le souvenir du fameux « qu’ils viennent me chercher », prononcé en pleine affaire Benalla. Selon la politologue Chloé Morin, qui s’est interrogée sur l’efficacité de l’administration dans Les inamovibles de la République (l’Aube) en 2020, l’affaire McKinsey représente un « point de fragilité qui peut coûter cher au candidat Macron » .

Les macronistes savent que cette polémique a plus de chances que les autres de s’installer dans le paysage.Viennent s'ajouter les rumeurs sur son patrimoine suite au travail du site Off Investigation sur le patrimoine du candidat qui peuvent entacher durablement sa campagne

« Elle entre en résonance avec le procès fait au macronisme : le monde de l’argent, la confusion public-privé, l’ancien banquier de Rothschild, le soutien des grands patrons », énumère un conseiller.

Une quasi- absence de campagne

Imagine-t-on un président sortant ne s’engager pleinement que lors des deux dernières semaines de la campagne ? Emmanuel Macron n’aurait guère eu le choix : l’épidémie de Covid-19, puis l’invasion russe en Ukraine l’ont contraint à conserver jusqu’au bout son costume présidentiel. Il en ressort plutôt que c'était un moyen de ne pas se lancer dans l'arène du débat pour prendre le moins de risques possible et préserver son avantage concurrentiel.

Sa première sortie de campagne, à Poissy (Yvelines) face à des participants triés sur le volet, avait d'ailleurs « donné l’impression d’une campagne Potemkine », soupirait alors un ministre. Pour le sprint final, Macron et son équipe enchaînent émissions télévisées et radiophoniques, conférences de presse, déplacements éclairs. Et un unique meeting d'auto-congratulation.

Et de conclure avec Jean-Michel Apathie qui s'est attardé sur la campagne d'Emmanuel Macron depuis le plateau de Quotidien. Le journaliste politique qualifie la performance du président-candidat de « lunaire ». « Au sens où il a habité sur la lune pendant cinq ans et il a démontré que revenir sur Terre c'était pratiquement impossible. [...] Il n'a pas su revenir nous parler », précise-t-il.

Et encore l'abstention...

L’abstention devrait représenter, une fois encore, le premier parti de France. Selon évaluation elle atteindrait 28 %, soit environ le niveau du premier tour de la présidentielle de 2002, et 13 millions de Français (sur 48 millions d’inscrits). C’est la première fois que la participation à un scrutin présidentiel redescendrait au niveau de ce fameux 21 avril, le plus mauvais cru de l’histoire de la Ve République en matière d’abstention, qui avait vu Lionel Jospin éliminé au profit de Jean-Marie Le Pen.

Sans surprise, les catégories populaires et les non-diplômés devraient davantage s’abstenir que la moyenne (33 %), de même que les moins de 35 ans (35 %). Quant à la proximité politique, on constate une abstention très élevée à gauche (31 %), alors que les partisans de La République en marche (16 %), de Reconquête ! (13 %) et du Rassemblement national (17 %) sont les plus mobilisés. Idem pour ceux qui avaient voté pour Le Pen (17 %) et Macron (20 %) en 2017. En achevant vendredi soir sa campagne de premier tour par une interview sur Brut, média en ligne prisé des jeunes, Emmanuel Macron parie à nouveau sur les réseaux sociaux, qui lui permettent aussi de s'affranchir des règles d'égalité de temps de parole. Avec cette émission, le président candidat échappe à la fois sur l'interdiction d'utiliser son compte personnel Twitter aux 8 millions d'abonnés et sur l'égalité du temps de parole à la télévision et la radio.

Et le programme dans tout ça ?

Si en 2017, il avait été accusé de ne pas avoir de programme, cette fois, son projet a été jugé peu créatif, mais aussi quelque peu répulsif. Ainsi ses propositions de repousser à 65 ans l’âge légal de la retraite ou le conditionnement du versement du RSA à une activité. Et quid des problèmes de sécurité et d'immigration incontrôlée qui polluent la vie des Français ?

Le président-candidat a tout de même ressenti le besoin de donner un petit coup de barre à gauche et de parler de mesures sociétales, dans son discours à la Défense mais aujourd’hui, jeudi 7avril 2022, d'indexer les retraites sur l'inflation...

N'a-t-il pas affirmé qu’il ne souhaitait « pas faire cinq ans de plus pour faire cinq ans de plus (…). Le monde a changé, il n’est pas le même qu’il y a cinq ans. Les engagements que j’ai pris il y a cinq ans, j’ai essayé de les tenir et je les ai tenus »?

Et pourtant les deux tiers des Français, eux, souhaitent changer de Président...




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'AFFAIRE MCKINSEY OU LE CAUCHEMAR D'EMMANUEL MACRON

Ce qu'il est désormais commun d'appeler « affaire McKinsey » émeut une partie de l'opinion, consternée par la supposée proximité entre Emmanuel Macron et un cabinet de conseil, soucieuse d'une saine gestion des deniers publics et inquiète de voir une partie des prérogatives stratégiques de l'État potentiellement sous-traitée à une entreprise privée américaine.

En effet mi-mars, un rapport sénatorial a dénoncé la « dépendance » du gouvernement français et des pouvoirs publics aux cabinets de conseil, ainsi que l'optimisation fiscale pratiquée par l'entreprise américaine, sous les yeux de l'administration fiscale. Jeudi 17 mars, un rapport sénatorial alertait sur le poids des cabinets de conseil dans la mandature actuelle.

Les élus du Palais Bourbon estiment à plus d'un milliard d’euros l’enveloppe allouée par le gouvernement à ces conseils en tous genres (pas uniquement McKinsey.) Ce chiffre a plus que doublé en cinq ans. A tel point que les journalistes de l’Obs Matthieu Aron et Caroline Michel-Aguirre évoquent un « putsch progressif, presque rampant, sans effusion de sang » mais qui « a changé la France » dans un livre-enquête publié en février dernier. Comment un cabinet de conseil a-t-il pu prendre une telle place au cœur de la gouvernance d'un pays ? C'est la question que pose le « McKinseygate »

Pour ces raisons le sujet du « McKinsey Gate » s’est immiscé dans la campagne présidentielle. Le Président français risque de traîner ce dossier comme un boulet jusqu'à l'élection présidentielle.

La stratégie de défense offensive d'Emmanuel Macron

À deux semaines du premier tour, le président-candidat Emmanuel Macron a ainsi mis au défi les accusateurs : « s’il y a des preuves de manipulation, que ça aille au pénal », a-t-il ainsi lancé lors d’une émission dimanche 27 mars 2022, sur France 3. Face à la virulence des réactions, le Président, tentant de se justifier pour éteindre la polémique, a donc choisi la solution offensive, en invitant ses accusateurs à régler le problème devant les tribunaux , une attitude qui  rappelle furieusement le « qu'ils viennent me chercher » dans l'affaire Benalla. Autre point commun d'ailleurs avec l'affaire Benalla, le Sénat a saisi la justice pour « suspicion de faux témoignage » dans le cadre de cette commission d'enquête à propos de Karim Tadjeddine, responsable du pôle secteur public de McKinsey. ..

Quid du cabinet international de conseil McKinsey ?

McKinsey est un cabinet international de conseil qui emploie près de 30 000 personnes dans 65 pays. Surnommée « La Firme », cette entreprise américaine a vocation à fournir du conseil et des recommandations à des acteurs privés et publics sur des thématiques très variées, au même titré que des entreprises comme KPMG ou encore Capgemi ; Ce cabinet a été mis en lumière par un rapport de la commission d’enquête du Sénat publié le 17 mars à propos de l’influence des cabinets de conseil privés sur les politiques publiques.

Les thématiques sur lesquelles le gouvernement a fait appel à McKinsey sont extrêmement variées. Cela va de la réforme du mode de calcul des APL (3,88 millions d'euros) jusqu'à la gestion de la campagne vaccinale contre le Covid (12,33 millions d'euros) en passant par l'organisation d'un colloque international commandé par l'Education nationale (496 800 euros) qui a finalement été annulé à cause du Covid. Un rapport en vue de préparer la réforme des retraites avait également été réalisé, pour 950 000 euros, alors que cette dernière a été reportée.

Une dépendance de l'Etat envers ces cabinets privés

Si le recours à ces cabinets est une réalité internationale systémique, depuis plus d'une décennie, le premier souci qui ressort de ce rapport sénatorial, rendu public le 17 mars et consultable par tous, concerne la place qu'ont pris les cabinets de conseil dans la fabrique des politiques publiques. Ils y décrivent des pans entiers de la puissance publique tombés sous l’influence de consultants, pour beaucoup issus de sociétés anglo-saxonnes. Ainsi, les sénateurs expliquent que « le recours aux consultants constitue aujourd'hui un réflexe », ces cabinets étant pour les sages « au cœur des politiques publiques ». À tel point que les parlementaires évoquent une situation de « dépendance » de l'Etat envers ces cabinets.

Explosion des dépenses...

Dans leur rapport, les sénateurs mettent également en avant l'explosion des dépenses liées au conseil dans les différents ministères. En 2021, ce sont plus d’un milliard d’euros qui ont été versés dont 893,9 millions par les ministères à plusieurs cabinets de conseil, pas seulement McKinsey. Ce chiffre a plus que doublé en quatre ans. En 2018, les dépenses des ministères pour des cabinets de conseil n’atteignaient « que » 379,1 millions d’euros.En 2021, le gouvernement Castex a ainsi dépensé la somme de 893,9 millions d'euros contre 379,1 millions en 2018, plus du double.

Doublée d'optimisation fiscale

Autre élément pointé par le rapport concerne la fiscalité, les parlementaires allant même jusqu'à parler d'un « exemple caricatural d'optimisation fiscale » . D'autant que la maison mère se trouve au Delawere, « considéré par l'OCDE et l'article 238-A de notre Code des impôts comme disposant d'un "régime fiscal privilégié" propre à focaliser l'attention française. « Le constat est clair : le cabinet McKinsey est bien assujetti à l'impôt sur les sociétés en France mais ses versements s'établissent à zéro euro depuis au moins dix ans, alors que son chiffre d'affaires sur le territoire national atteint 329 millions d'euros en 2020, dont environ 5% dans le secteur public, et qu'il y emploie environ 600 salariés ».

Pour des résultats d 'une « valeur ajoutée quasi-nulle, contre-productive parfois »

Une journée de consultant coûte en moyenne 1 528 euros à l'État, a calculé la commission d'enquête. Le rapport du Sénat met le doigt sur des missions payées très cher pour des résultats discutables

496 800 euros à McKinsey pour un colloque sur le métier d'enseignant (colloque finalement annulé)

558 900 euros au BCG et à EY pour une convention des managers de l’État, qui devait réunir 1 821 hauts fonctionnaires en décembre 2018 (annulée à cause des gilets jaunes puis de la crise sanitaire).

280 200 euros à Cap Gemini pour une mission visant à « structurer un réseau de professionnels soutenant les parcours de vie des personnes en situation de handicap ». Travaux jugés par la DITP d’une « compréhension limitée du sujet », d’une « absence de rigueur sur le fond comme sur la forme » et d’une « valeur ajoutée quasi-nulle, contre-productive parfois », mais travaux payés.

373 740 euros à Inop's en 2019 pour une prestation d’accompagnement à la transformation de la direction générale des entreprises (DGE). Prestation marquée selon la DITP par un « Manque de rigueur, une absence de pilotage par le manager », favorisant la restitution de « nombreux livrables d’une qualité irrecevable ». Prestation payée.

« Si l’expertise des consultants n’est pas remise en cause, leurs livrables ne donnent pas toujours satisfaction », lit-on dans le rapport. « Les productions des consultants ne donnent que rarement des résultats à la hauteur des prestations attendues. »

Des conclusions sans appel : selon le Sénat, les méthodes « disruptives », proches de celles des start-up, utilisées par les cabinets de conseils ne sont pas toujours adaptées à la fonction publique. Le rapport pointe aussi des travaux « inégaux » qui n’apportent pas toujours satisfaction et estime que les résultats pourraient être meilleurs et moins chers en s’appuyant sur des ressources internes.

 La commission d'enquête conclut  à ce propos : « On peut alors légitimement s’interroger sur l’intérêt que trouve l’État, au-delà des arguments convenus, à recourir à des consultants parfois peu expérimentés, mal encadrés, qui n’ont qu’une connaissance restreinte du secteur public et dont les livrables lui imposent parfois un important travail de correction ».

Et quid du rôle de la haute -fonction publique ?

« Avec le recours aux cabinets de conseil, on a d’abord un sujet de confiance et d’organisation de l’administration. La gouvernance d’Emmanuel Macron repose sur un paradoxe originel. Il s’agit d’un triomphe de la technocratie qui semble s’émanciper de la tutelle des politiques et des partis, du contrôle militant et du personnel politique. Emmanuel Macron, Alexis Kohler et nombre de ministres incarnent cela. », résume un analyste dans Atlantico « Le triomphe du monde d’après est surtout marqué par la victoire de jeunes technocrates brillants sur leurs aînés ayant suivi le cursus honorum politique classique. », poursuit-il.

Quel intérêt alors de recourir à ces cabinets de conseil ?

La « maîtrise de l’incertitude » ou soif de « réassurance »

Les dépenses de conseil dépendent fortement d’une autre dimension culturelle appelée « maîtrise de l’incertitude » (c’est-à-dire la mesure dans laquelle on cherche à réduire l’incertitude dans un pays). Les dépenses de conseil sont ainsi beaucoup plus élevées dans les pays où la volonté de maîtriser l’incertitude est forte, comme l’Allemagne ou l’Autriche, que dans les pays où elle est faible, comme l’Italie ou le Portugal. La France se situe entre ces extrêmes. En bref, les dirigeants font plus appel aux consultants pour se rassurer que pour résoudre des problèmes qui pourraient souvent être réglés sans aucune aide extérieure. Comme l’a bien résumé un consultant dans la revue McKinsey Quarterly :« Pour la plupart des dirigeants, une seule chose est pire que faire une erreur : être le seul à la commettre. » « Cette soif de « réassurance » semblerait également expliquer la popularité des consultants auprès de l’État français...

Opacité du système et des conflits d’intérêt : la campagne de 2017

L'opacité du système s’appuie par ailleurs sur la présence historique de consultants dans les différents écosystèmes de la macronie. Selon le magazine M, une dizaine de salariés de McKinsey ont participé à l’élaboration du programme d’Emmanuel Macron en 2017, et les allers-retours sont nombreux entre la « firme » McKinsey et la macronie. Face au tollé suscité par la publication de ce rapport sénatorial, McKinsey a tenu à rappeler qu'elle respectait « l'ensemble des règles fiscales et sociales françaises applicables ». Mais malgré tout, le Sénat continue de douter sur la véracité de ces déclarations et a annoncé vendredi 25 mars avoir saisi la justice pour « suspicion de faux témoignage ». Karim Tadjeddine est un proche d'Emmanuel Macron, artisan de sa campagne en 2017. Lors de son audition au Sénat, il reconnaît avoir mélangé les genres en utilisant son adresse McKinsey pendant la campagne de 2017 pour ses conseils de campagne. Il admet que c'était une « erreur »...

Pour qui travaille au fond McKinsey sur les deniers de l'État ?

Le rapport du Sénat ne tire aucune conclusion à ce propos, mais c'est une question qui se pose en filigrane à la lecture de ce rapport. Ce n'est qu'un des aspects de ce phénomène « tentaculaire » décrit par le Sénat

Un point de fragilité qui peut coûter cher au candidat Macron, selon Cloé Morin

Pour la politologue Chloé Morin, qui s’est interrogée sur l’efficacité de l’administration dans Les inamovibles de la République (l’Aube) en 2020, l’affaire McKinsey représente un « point de fragilité qui peut coûter cher au candidat Macron ». Les macronistes savent que cette polémique a plus de chances que les autres de s’installer dans le paysage. « Elle entre en résonance avec le procès fait au macronisme : le monde de l’argent, la confusion public-privé, l’ancien banquier de Rothschild, le soutien des grands patrons », énumère un conseiller.

Le candidat de Reconquête ! n’a d'ailleurs pas hésité mardi, sur Europe 1, à parler non seulement de la « soumission aux Etats-Unis » d’Emmanuel Macron mais également de conflit d'intérêt . « Je pense qu’on pourrait aujourd’hui, justement, accuser M. Macron d’avoir renvoyé l’ascenseur et d’avoir donné de l’argent public au groupe McKinsey, parce que les gens de McKinsey ont travaillé pour sa campagne électorale » de 2017, a-t-il accusé.

Une controverse qui arrive donc pour les macronistes au mauvais moment, en période d’égalité de temps de parole et au terme de plusieurs mois d’une politique étatiste et protectrice qui avait gommé l’image du « président des riches » et de seulement une dizaine de jours du premier tour..

La majorité craint que l’affaire ne pousse encore un peu plus haut la candidature de Marine Le Pen, dans un contexte de flambée des prix de l’énergie...

« Avec Emmanuel Macron, McKinsey, qui vous a coûté l’an dernier 1 milliard d’euros pour des missions bien floues, continuera à se gaver d’argent public, à ne pas payer d’impôts et à se permettre de mentir devant le Sénat ! », a-t-elle assuré brutalement à ses militants.


Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PRESIDENTIELLE  APRES LES MEETING-DUELS  

MARINE LE PEN ET ERIC ZEMMOUR 

AU COUDE-A-COUDE DANS LES SONDAGES

Alors que le duel se resserre entre Valérie Pécresse, Marine Le Pen et Eric Zemmour pour décrocher une place pour la deuxième place de la présidentielle, un nouveau sondage Ipsos Sopra-Steria pour franceinfo et Le Parisien Aujourd'hui-en-France montre une remontée des intentions de vote pour Éric Zemmour (+2 points) à 14% par rapport à la précédente étude, le 7 janvier 2022.

Les ralliements successifs à Éric Zemmour de personnalités venues du RN et de LR ont-ils un lien avec ce léger rebond du candidat de Reconquête! ?

Ainsi, à 64 jours du premier tour de l'élection présidentielle, les deux candidats d'extrême droite sont désormais à égalité puisque Marine Le Pen, candidate du Rassemblement national, descend à 14% (−3 points).environ 2 mois du premier tour de l'élection présidentielle, l'écart se resserre entre Marine Le Pen et Éric Zemmour.

Jusque-là, Marine Le Pen conservait une légère avance sur son rival, le candidat de Reconquête. Mais en gagnant 2 points d'intention de vote, Éric Zemmour se hisse aux côtés de la candidate du Rassemblement National pour obtenir un score équivalent : 14%. De fait, il semblerait que l'essayiste puisse bénéficier du vote de près d'un tiers de l'électorat Le Pen en 2017 (32%)

La proximité des deux candidats dans le sondage fait d'ailleurs écho à la temporalité commune de leur agenda : samedi, Marine Le Pen effectuait un grand meeting à Reims quand Éric Zemmour tenait un meeting à Lille. 4000 militants dans le premier, 8000 pour le second venu chasser sur des terres historiquement attachées au parti de Marine Le Pen.

Lutte fratricide à droite de la droite pour la présidentielle française ?

Éric Zemmour loue la « France qui travaille »

Éric Zemmour a consacré son meeting à louer la « France qui travaille » et à parler pouvoir d'achat. C'est sur ce thème cher à la droite et à la gauche, que le candidat de Reconquête! a décidé d'insister.

Sur les terres défavorisées du nord de la France, la promesse d'Éric Zemmour était claire : parler salaire et imposition. « Tous les candidats répètent en boucle qu'ils sont "le" candidat du pouvoir d'achat. Oui, je les écoute depuis des semaines, et en réalité, de la droite jusqu'à la gauche, ils disent tous la même chose : ils ne disent rien. »

Éric Zemmour déroule ses propositions, attaque Valérie Pécresse, et Emmanuel Macron, sur le pouvoir d'achat donc. Mais rapidement, son obsession migratoire revient au galop : « Savez-vous qu'en plus d'un hébergement gratuit, nous donnons à chaque demandeur d'asile pendant près d'un an une carte bancaire créditée de 430 euros par mois afin que celui-ci puisse dépenser tranquillement l'argent de vos impôts ? »

Galvanisé devant plus de 6 000 personnes, Éric Zemmour flatte son auditoire, sans jamais citer Marine le Pen.

« RSA, allocations familiales, aide au logement. Il n'est plus admissible que votre fiche de paie vienne financer l'assistanat des étrangers.»

« Dans le Nord, longtemps le « cœur industriel » du pays avec ses « générations d'ouvriers », « encore plus qu'ailleurs, l'assistanat est une insulte », a martelé le candidat Reconquête! devant ses partisans Il a consacré une bonne partie de son meeting de Lille à fustiger « l'assistanat » des « aides sociales », en promettant aux salariés de « la France qui travaille » une « prime zéro charge » au bon vouloir des employeurs.

Mélanger pouvoir d'achat et immigration, un cocktail savamment dosé par Éric Zemmour pour tenter de séduire de nouveaux électeurs, sur ces terres d'habitude acquises à Marine le Pen.

Dans un duel à distance, Marine Le Pen a tenu à marquer ses différences, à Reims, avec Eric Zemmour, indiquant avoir un « projet travaillé, réfléchi, complet ».

Macron comme adversaire de Le Pen

Son adversaire est clairement Emmanuel Macron, vu le nombre de fois que la candidate du Rassemblement national a prononcé le nom du président de la République. Il est responsable selon elle de la « régression »"d'une France « polytraumatisée », « abandonnée » et « ensauvagée ».

Devant 4000 militants, drapeaux bleu-blanc-rouge à la main et chantant à plusieurs reprises "On va gagner!", la candidate du RN a appelé à « briser le cycle du défaitisme » face à « un appauvrissement des Français » qui « n'est pas une fatalité » à ses yeux.

Marine Le Pen parle d'elle

Changement de ton au bout d'une heure de discours. Marine Le Pen quitte son pupitre, s'avance vers la foule, pour parler d'elle, de l'attentat contre son père quand elle avait 8 ans et de sa famille.

« Vous savez, j'ai connu la violence politique quand j'étais petite fille. À l'école. On m'a fait payer l'engagement de mon père. Et puis je suis devenue maman, vite, d'une famille nombreuse. Vite. Trois enfants en moins d'un an. Je sais la difficulté psychologique que ça représente d'être en même temps le papa et la maman. »

Marine Le Pen joue la carte personnelle comme jamais. Une tentative inédite pour distancer ses adversaires.

Elle a tenu à conclure son discours sur une note plus personnelle, exercice rare pour elle, évoquant son parcours et confessant « avoir parfois échoué », « être tombée » et « s'être toujours relevée ».

« Je vais vous dire quelque chose mes amis, l'argent magique n'existe pas. L'argent public, l'argent théorique, l'argent gratuit, leurs belles promesses, tout cela n'existe pas. Ils sont en train de vous acheter avec votre propre argent. », a martelé Eric Zemmour.

«  Notre adversaire à nous, c'est Emmanuel Macron, ça n'est pas Éric Zemmour, qui, je l'espère appellera à voter pour Marine Le Pen au second tour s'il est un patriote sincère, ce que je crois. », conclut Jordan Bardella.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PAGAILLE DANS UNE  GAUCHE FRANCAISE

SANS BOUSSOLE

 POUR LA PRESIDENTIELLE 2022

Christiane Taubira a remporté hier la Primaire populaire, organisée pour désigner un candidat unique à gauche.

Elle devance Yannick Jadot et Jean-Luc Mélenchon, qui avaient demandé à ne pas y être mêlés. Le résultat de cette investiture au jugement majoritaire avait l’allure d’un sévère rendu de copies pour une gauche mauvaise élève. Christiane Taubira, mention bien plus, Yannick Jadot, assez bien plus, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, assez bien moins, Pierre Larrouturou, passable plus, Anne Hidalgo passable plus,  Anne Hidalgo prend une claque de plus en terminant en cinquième position derrière Pierre Larrouturou, bien qu'elle ne participait pas officiellement au scrutin- Charlotte Marchandise, passable moins, Anna Agueb-Porterie, insuffisant.

Mais si ce scrutin, rejeté par les principaux candidats à gauche, a donné l’investiture à l’ancienne ministre de la justice pour l’élection présidentielle 2022, il ne parvient pas à rassembler son camp comme il avait l’ambition de le faire.

Le résultat de la Primaire populaire « change la donne » à gauche, se targue pourtant Christiane Taubira, après l'avoir remportée dimanche 30 janvier. « À gauche, c'est le plus large socle de légitimité en termes de désignation », a souligné la candidate à la présidentielle, en référence aux 392 738 personnes qui ont pris part au vote là où, par exemple, 104 772 personnes se sont prononcées au second tour de la primaire écologiste.

La Primaire populaire, cette initiative citoyenne qui voulait unir la gauche et l’écologie, n' a pourtant seulement débouché que sur une candidature de plus, celle de Christiane Taubira.

« Je suis une candidate de plus pour celles et ceux qui considèrent qu'un processus démocratique ça ne vaut strictement rien du tout, qu'un demi-million de personnes qui votent ça ne vaut rien du tout », s'est défendue Christiane Taubira après les propos, entre autres, d'Anne Hidalgo ou de son concurrent écologiste Yannick Jadot, qui a estimé après l'annonce du résultat que sa candidature en était « une de plus, exactement l'inverse de ce que souhaitait la Primaire populaire ».

L'ancienne ministre de la Justice avait elle-même avait assuré qu'elle ne « serait pas une candidate de plus » dans une vidéo mise en ligne le 17 décembre dernier, où elle annonçait « envisager d'être candidate ». Le perdant Jean-Luc Mélenchon, candidat de La France insoumise à l'Elysée, a jugé qu'en remportant le scrutin, « elle a enfilé la chaussure qui a été préparée pour elle »...

« Soit le peuple de gauche a définitivement abandonné toute velléité démocratique, soit l'aveuglement est devenu tel que les électeurs de gauche sont des zombies qui se mettent en mouvement en entendant le nom 'Taubira' », a taclé fort pertinemment  Abnousse Shalmani dans sa chronique de l'Express.  Préoccupant, non ?




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PRESIDENTIELLE 2022

MACRON EN FORTE BAISSE AU PREMIER TOUR

Emmanuel Macron perd environ trois points dans les intentions de vote au premier tour de l'élection présidentielle, selon une enquête menée par Elabe pour BFMTV, L'Express et SFR. Emmanuel Macron commence-t-il par pâtir de ses dernières déclarations ?

Après sa sortie de la semaine dernière - où il avait dit vouloir «emmerder les non-vaccinés (...) jusqu'au bout», la popularité du chef de l'État semblait stable dans plusieurs sondages. Mais une enquête d'opinion Elabe publiée ce mercredi par BFMTV, L'Express et SFR le met cette fois-ci en difficulté

Il perd environ trois points et se retrouve, en fonction de la candidature ou non de Christiane Taubira, à 22,5% ou 23% des intentions de vote.

C'est d'ailleurs dans ce dernier cas de figure que l'écart entre le chef de l'État et ses principales rivales se resserre le plus. Dans l'hypothèse d'un premier tour le 10 avril prochain sans l'ancienne Garde des Sceaux, Marine Le Pen et Valérie Pécresse seraient en effet à égalité avec 17% des intentions de vote. Quatrième, Éric Zemmour stagne quant à lui à 13%.

En cas de candidature, Christiane Taubira recueillerait 4% des voix et ferait particulièrement perdre des suffrages à Anne Hidalgo (2,5%), Yannick Jadot (6%), et dans une moindre mesure à Valérie Pécresse (16%).

Au second tour, le pas encore candidat Macron ne parvient pas à creuser un écart significatif, ce dernier se réduisant même.

Dans l'hypothèse où il devrait affronter Valérie Pécresse, les deux prétendants restent au coude-à-coude et sont donnés à 50-50. n cas de duel avec Marine Le Pen, s'il est toujours donné gagnant, Emmanuel Macron perd encore un peu de terrain.

Il l'emporterait avec 54,5% des voix si le second tour avait lieu aujourd'hui, contre 45,5% pour sa rivale.

*Échantillon de 1465 personnes représentatif de la population française et sélectionné selon la méthode des quotas appliquée aux variables suivantes: sexe, âge et profession de l'interviewé après stratification par région et catégorie d'agglomération. L'interrogation a été réalisée par internet les 10 et 11 janvier 2022.

Jamais l'écart, n'avait été aussi faible. Pour rappel, en 2017, Emmanuel Macron l'avait emporté avec 66,1% des voix.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

 VALERIE PECRESSE S'EMPARE DE LA LIGNE

 WAUQUIEZ-CIOTTI A DROITE TOUTE

POUR LA PRESIDENTIELLE

Une semaine après avoir remporté la primaire du parti Les Républicains, Valérie Pécresse a tenu samedi 11 décembre 2021 son premier meeting de candidate à l’élection présidentielle.

Au programme l’appel au rassemblement. « J’ai une bonne nouvelle : la droite est de retour »​, a-t-elle annoncé. Prenant soin de remercier ses précédents adversaires au sein de LR, « les quatre mousquetaires de la primaire » , qui ont fait le choix, en se ralliant à elle cette semaine « du panache, de la loyauté et de l’amitié »​ : leurs directeurs de campagne ont ainsi tous rejoint sa campagne.

Valérie Pécresse tient compte en effet des deux courants qui traversent son parti. Et elle ne modère pas ses propos dès lors qu’il sera question d’identité, d’immigration, de sécurité et d’insécurité, de « grandeur » ou de « décadence », ce week-end, lors d’une réunion à Paris des dirigeants et des cadres du parti. « Notre principal défi est de refaire nation. », assure-t-elle. « Nous avons une histoire à défendre, un héritage, un mode de vie. » ou encore « Il faut stopper l’immigration incontrôlée. », de petites saillies qui parsèment son discours. 

Pour séduire les partisans plus orientés à droite d’Éric Ciotti, finaliste malheureux de la primaire LR et proche de Laurent Wauquiez, Valérie Pécresse a promis de soutenir les forces de l’ordre, donner plus de moyens à la justice, en opposition, notamment à ce qu’elle appelle « l’immigration incontrôlée, l’intégration ratée, la mixité oubliée »​. « En France les femmes sont libres et lois de la République sont respectées. »

Elle avait déjà assuré lors du premier débat de la primaire que « l’immigration a un lien avec la montée de la violence et de la délinquance ». Ses propositions pour encadrer l’immigration sont construites sur base d’une loi constitutionnelle visant à mettre en place des quotas annuels d’immigration par métier et par pays et « votés chaque année au parlement ».

C'est que Laurent Wauquiez, ancien responsable des Républicains, en clamant haut et fort son indéfectible soutien à Valérie Pécresse, n’en a pas moins rappelé les principes auxquels il ne serait pas bon pour la candidate de déroger. Avec des soutiens, tel le président de la région Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Madame Pécresse est renvoyée direct dans les cordes de la droite radicale. Un positionnement de toute façon nécessaire pour récupérer des voix lui permettant de se qualifier pour le second tour de l’élection présidentielle.

Mais elle ne doute pas non plus qu'un tel positionnement ne doit être exclusif. Alors à elle de cogner, par allusions historiques, sur Éric Zemmouren se référant certes à de Gaulle- bien sûr-, mais encore au Chant des partisans, cette ode à la résistance-, mais surtout avec cette formule « Je ne choisis pas Pétain, mais les marins de l’Ile de Sein », les premiers Français à avoir répondu à l’appel du 18 juin et à avoir rejoint de Gaulle à Londres. Pour réussir, elle table également sur un programme économique « Fillon compatible » au libéralisme assumé.

Mais Valérie Pécresse sait encore que ce sera insuffisant. Et à elle aussi de contourner un autre obstacle, celui des électeurs de droite macron-compatibles.

Après s’en être pris par allusions à Marine Le Pen et à Eric Zemmour, Valérie Pécresse s'en est pris au président, l’homme du « déclin » et de « l’immobilisme », où le tout en même temps se paye par le quoiqu’il en coûte​...




Simon Freeman pour DayNewsWorld

THE ELECTION OF DAVID LISNARD AT THE AMF SOUNDS LIKE A CAMOUFLET FOR

 EMMANUEL MACRON

New “electoral” snub for Emmanuel Macron five months before the presidential election. Members of the Association of Mayors of France (AMF) have in fact led the 52-year-old Republican, David Lisnard, a staunch opponent to the head of state.

Faced with the winner, the UDI mayor of Sceaux led a list of elected macron-compatible with the added bonus of Edouard Philippe's desire to take advantage of this election to count his supporters and weigh on the future.

A very politicized election against the habits of the AMF since until then, the different political currents agreed in the name of the best interests of municipalities to influence national decisions.

This election therefore sounds like a referendum for or against the person of Emmanuel Macron. "By wanting to put the AMF back on the right track of his five-year term, Emmanuel Macron has transformed the ecumenical assembly into a counter-power", according to Maurice Bontinck in Charente libre.

In addition, this election only confirms the incomprehension between the Elysee and local communities. The municipal elections of 2020 did not make it possible to tip any large city into the hands of La République en Marche.

And the last regional ones were catastrophic for the majority, with the humiliating scores of certain ministers who left for the campaign ... LREM did not therefore succeed in establishing itself in the territories, testimony of the very vertical and solitary conception of power by the government. President of the Republic.

“The election of David Lisnard marks the Waterloo of macronism. All that will remain of the so-called new world will be contempt for the territories and the French, ”replied the deputy for the Alpes-Maritimes Éric Ciotti on Twitter.



Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

MAY 1ST VIOLENCE

ALEXANDRE BENALLA CONDEMNED

AT THREE YEARS IN PRISON WITH A FARM

With nearly three weeks of trial last September, the Paris Criminal Court rendered its judgment on Alexandre Benalla, tried for the violence of May 1, 2018 but also for the fraudulent use of his diplomatic passports.

The former Elysee mission manager was sentenced to three years in prison, including a farm with an electronic bracelet and a five-year ban on practicing in the public service, in particular for "willful violence in meetings", "port of 'prohibited weapon' and 'use of diplomatic passports' in the case of the violence of May 1, 2018.

The prosecution had required 18 months suspended imprisonment against Alexandre Benalla, now 30 years old.

Throughout the trial, he defended his innocence on almost all of the facts.

"The court judges that only a mixed sentence is likely to mark the gravity of the facts", explained the president of the court, Isabelle Prévost-Desprez, who underlines the "feeling of impunity and omnipotence" of the defendant.

"You have been invested with a certain power, real with regard to your functions, supposed because of your proximity to the President of the Republic", declared the president of the court Isabelle Prévost-Desprez while pronouncing the judgment.

"You have betrayed the trust placed in you by this appointment," she continued.

The court chose this sentence "in view of the seriousness of the multiple facts, the missions you carried out, which required rigor and exemplarity from you, your unbearable behavior in the social body".

Three other proceedings in progress

In addition to this trial, three other legal proceedings concerning him are still ongoing. One concerns suspicions of “corruption” in a contract between Vincent Crase's company, Mars, and a sulphurous Russian oligarch. A second concerns the mysterious safe he had at his home.

Finally, the third concerns suspicion of "false testimony" before the Senate commission of inquiry.

Lighter sentences for other defendants

During the trial in September, the prosecution requested suspended sentences of two to twelve months against his co-convicts, the ex-employee of En Marche! Vincent Crase and two police officers.

Vincent Crase, a 48-year-old reservist gendarme, was sentenced to two years in prison.

The two police officers from the Paris police headquarters, Maxence Creusat and Laurent Simonin, tried for having transmitted CCTV images to Alexandre Benalla, were respectively sentenced to a 500-euro fine and a three-month suspended prison sentence, without registration for the two in the criminal record.

Prolix at the helm, Alexandre Benalla had assured to have been "lawful, loyal, honest" and contested any "voluntary violence"...




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

FOR A WORK OF MEMORY BUT NOT

A SINGLE SENSE ON THE WAR IN ALGERIA

Emmanuel Macron added an additional stone to his memorial recognition project started since the start of his mandate to try to close the scars of the Algerian war.

Saturday, on the occasion of an official ceremony for the 60th anniversary of the massacre of Algerians on October 17, 1961 in Paris, Emmanuel Macron denounced "inexcusable crimes for the Republic". “France looks at its entire history with lucidity and recognizes the clearly established responsibilities. It owes it first and foremost to itself, to all those whom the Algerian war and its procession of crimes committed on all sides have bruised in their flesh and in their soul ”, explains a press release. of the Élysée. While in 2012, François Hollande admitted "a bloody repression", the Head of State therefore went even further by participating in the national tribute paid on the banks of the Seine, at the level of the Bezons bridge,borrowed 60 years ago by Algerian demonstrators who arrived from the neighboring slum of Nanterre at the appeal of the branch of the FLN installed in France.

The current tenant of the Elysée has also planned “three commemorative and emblematic days”. And this, after the release, last January, of the report by historian Benjamin Stora on colonization and the war in Algeria. Emmanuel Macron paid tribute to the Harkis on September 25. The commemoration of this Saturday is therefore the second for the Head of State, who will participate in a third in March, for the sixty years of the Evian agreements.

But this umpteenth repentance calls for some remarks that those responsible for the right have not failed to make.

Marine Le Pen has indeed castigated "repentance repentance" while the president of Debout France and presidential candidate of 2022, Nicolas Dupont-Aignan remarked that "Algeria spits on France and Emmanuel Macron does penance . The head of state must inspire pride and not the shame of being French. », He reacted.

Shouldn't memory work be done in both directions? France has the right to expect Algeria to also do its memorial aggiornamento instead of living on "its memorial rent", a remark made by the French president during an exchange with descendants of the protagonists of the Algerian war. - Words that had provoked the anger of Algiers who had, in response, recalled the same day its ambassador based in Paris and closed its airspace to French military planes the next day ...-

"Criminalizing our history is a mistake"

Also the deputy LR Michèle Tabarot considers that "our country does not have to submit to the memorial injunctions of the Algerian regime which multiplies the anti-France provocations". “Criminalizing our history is a mistake. One-sided repentance too, ”she scolds.

Some also insisted on the fact that certain other events were neither commemorated nor even mentioned by the President of the Republic. Thus the deputy of the Alpes Maritimes Éric Ciotti to remind: "We are still awaiting the commemoration by the president of the massacre of Oran of July 5, 1962 where the FLN massacred several hundred Pied-Noirs and Harkis loyal to France", a- he added. Same reproach of Senator LR of Bouches-du-Rhône Valérie Boyer who invites Emmanuel Macron to "go further on the missing, the recognition of the massacres of the rue d'Isly and d'Oran, the maintenance of French cemeteries in Algeria ... ”. And let's not forget to contextualize the events ...

“The duty to remember must prevail, but contempt for our History and this permanent one-sided repentance are unworthy. (...) To look at objective facts is to look at the whole of history. Including, therefore, the crimes committed by the FLN against the French in Algeria, ”she concludes, in a letter addressed to Emmanuel Macron and posted on Twitter.

One can rightly wonder if this “victim propaganda” denounced by the right is not also part of a strategy to differentiate itself from Marine Le Pen, political calculation in view of the presidential election ...

But more broadly let us recall that the transmission of memory does not pass through politics but indeed through history.



Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

FIN DE SUSPENSE POUR XAVIER BERTRAND

QUI PARTICIPE AU CONGRES DES REPUBLICAINS

Après plusieurs jours de réflexion, le patron des Hauts-de-France a décidé de se lancer dans la compétition que vont organiser Les Républicains pour désigner leur champion pour l’Elysée.

Lundi soir, sur le plateau du « 20 Heures » de TF1, Xavier Bertrand a donc officiellement sollicité le soutien des Républicains et accepté de se présenter au congrès du 4 décembre, aux côtés notamment de Michel Barnier et Valérie Pécresse.« Oui je participerai à ce congrès », a indiqué Xavier Bertrand , remerciant les Républicains « d'avoir écarté la primaire ». « Ce congrès, c'est la seule façon d'avoir le plus vite possible un seul candidat de la droite et du centre. J'ai deux certitudes : divisés, on est sûrs de perdre, rassemblés on peut gagner. Et je veux gagner. Je veux gagner pour le peuple de la droite et du centre, mais aussi pour l'ensemble des Français », a développé le président des Hauts-de-France.

Comment pouvait-il en être  autrement pour l'élu des Hauts de France  alors qu'Éric Zemmour continue de progresser dans les sondages et qu'Édouard Philippe, ex-LR , vient de créer son parti Horizons ? D'ailleurs Gérard Larcher, le président du Sénat, ne lui laissait pas le choix « S'il ne décidait pas de participer au congrès, il ne pourrait pas être le candidat de notre formation politique », avait-il clairement prévenu. Ses deux principaux concurrents Valérie Pécresse et Michel Barnier  rappelaient qu'il existait des règles pour porter les valeurs des Républicains. « Celles et ceux qui veulent proposer leur candidature pour porter le projet des Républicains et qui ont besoin de leur soutien doivent respecter la règle », répondait Michel Barnier dans les colonnes du Figaro, le 7 octobre tandis que Valérie Pécresse ajoutait de son côté : «  Je veux l'unité et je joue collectif depuis le début. Les Républicains ont fixé des règles du jeu que je respecte. Nous devons nous y plier. ».

Dans ce contexte, et après deux défaites de la droite à la présidentielle, beaucoup d'élus lui ont rappelé l'importance d'obtenir officiellement le soutien des Républicains à six mois de la présidentielle pour que la droite ne se livre pas un combat fratricide pour les présidentielles qui annihilerait toute victoire de leur camp. « Les adhérents ont dit non à la primaire, car ils ne veulent pas d’affrontement. (...) Je leur présenterai mon projet et ils diront qui peut l’emporter », s’est justifié l'élu des Hauts-de-France.

Xavier Bertrand doit désormais convaincre les adhérents LR, qui lui reprochent toujours son départ du parti en 2017, qu'il est le principal atout pour gagner la présidentielle. Le candidat sait que la tâche s'annonce compliquée. « Si une présidentielle c'était facile, ça se saurait ! », sourit le candidat. Il affrontera donc Michel Barnier, Valérie Pécresse, Eric Ciotti et Philippe Juvin.

Avec à la clé un soutien militant, un réseau d'élus et quelque 10 millions d'euros pour mener la campagne.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

MARINE LE PEN ENTERS A PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN UNDER THE SIGN OF "FREEDOMS"

The launching of Marine Le Pen took place this Sunday, September 12, 2021 in Fréjus, in front of the party executives gathered in the national council. The patroness of the National Gathering officially left, for the time of the presidential election, the reins of her movement to her dolphin: the young vice-president of the RN, Jordan Bardella to underline the overtaking by the candidate of her own party and go to the conquest of the French who no longer believe in it.

"Marine Le Pen will be a detached candidate for the presidency of the RN to bring together beyond," argues the future number one of the party, who will be 26 on Monday, pleading that the presidential election is "the meeting between a man or a woman and the French people ”. Already at the beginning of July Marine Le Pen had urged his activists to “seek victory” by continuing to “open” the party. In this regard, she appointed as campaign director a former prefect, Christophe Bay, who did not come from the partisan seraglio, unlike David Rachline, mayor RN of Fréjus, who held this position in 2017.

Also the RN candidate launched her presidential campaign under the sign of "freedoms", to find this new lease of life.

“Freedoms, cherished freedoms! », An expression inspired by La Marseillaise (where it is written in the singular), will be his campaign slogan on posters without the name Le Pen or that of the party.

"The president of French freedoms"

Marine Le Pen presented herself as "the president of French freedoms". “In France, the French have the right to live like French people. The delinquents will be put out of harm's way, French delinquents in prison, foreigners on the plane, ”she promised. Taking part in “the deafening silence of so-called feminists” about certain practices imposed by communities, she promised to free the women concerned from the “obscurantist yoke (of the) Taliban from within”.

"A choice of civilization"

The candidate affirmed that the 2022 presidential election "will not only be a choice of society, as the previous polls have been able to be, it will be a choice of civilization". According to her, only two alternatives are presented to the French: "either the dilution of France by deconstruction and (migratory) submersion, or the salutary leap that will bring France into the third millennium around the idea of ​​Nation". An immigration bill is due in October, which she has promised would go to a referendum to be passed if she gains access to the Elysee Palace.

In addition to the questions of immigration and security, which obviously hold a very important place in the program, the candidate has added ecology to it, under the theme of "the protection of our place of life". Marine Le Pen also wants to boost the birth rate, with a loan to young parents that they would no longer need to repay after the birth of their third child.

She also detailed several prominent wills, such as the nationalization of highways. According to her, this measure should make it possible to reduce tolls by 10 to 15% and limit the "spoliation of the French", she described in Figaro. One and a half billion euros should also return to the state budget, to finance a policy of regional development. Another strong idea is to privatize the public audiovisual sector. What "return to the French" 2.8 billion royalty, according to her. The overseas canals, the INA or Arte would be preserved.

A third candidacy tarnished, however, by the signals sent by Eric Zemmour on a possible presidential candidacy...




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

AGNES BUZYN EXAMINATION

TO ENDANGER THE LIFE OF OTHERS

After a hearing of more than nine hours, Friday September 10, 2021, before the Court of Justice of the Republic, the former Minister of Health, Agnès Buzyn was indicted for "endangering the life of others ”by the Court of Justice of the Republic.

Agnès Buzin was also placed under the status of assisted witness for "voluntary abstention from taking specific measures to combat a disaster".

Now representative of the World Health Organization (WHO), Agnès Buzyn, 58, was Minister of Solidarity and Health from 2017 to February 2020, when the pandemic worried the whole world, she left her post. to run for the City of Paris without success.

If this indictment for "endangering the lives of others" certainly created a dangerous precedent for the next ministers and testifies to a judicialization of the political, it also shows that "the political leaders are not au- above the laws ”, according to Jean-Philippe Derosier, professor of public law at the University of Lille in an interview with Les Echos.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE PROJET DES REPUBLICAINS

POUR LA PRESIDENTIELLE 2022

Les Républicains ont mis l'accent sur leur projet pour la présidentielle 2022 ce samedi 4 septembre 202 avec des universités d’été des jeunes LR au Parc floral à Paris. « Nous sommes de retour », a lancé le président de LR Christian Jacob après dix ans passé dans l'opposition. Plus de 1 500 personnes étaient inscrites pour ces universités d’été, deuxième édition pour le mouvement des jeunes de LR qui revendique plus de 10 000 membres.

Trois candidats Michel Barnier, Éric Ciotti et Philippe Juvin étaient invités aux tables rondes alors que la présidente de l’Île-de-France Valérie Pécresse, qui a quitté LR en 2019, s'est invitée suscitant un attroupement. Et de montrer qu'elle joue « collectif ». « Nous allons gagner car nos idées sont majoritaires et sont attendues par les les Français », a-t-elle insisté.

Contrairement à Xavier Bertrand, grand absent qui compte se lancer dans la course à l’Elysée sans passer par une éventuelle primaire. Il est pour l'instant le mieux placé dans les sondages.

Leur « projet pour la France » en vue de la présidentielle de 2022 présente trente propositions articulées autour des thématiques phares « protéger, libérer, rassembler ».

En matière de police, le projet s’attaque au cas des récidivistes avec la suspension des allocations familiales pour les parents de mineurs délinquants récidivistes et l’instauration de peines minimales pour les récidivistes et/ou quand la victime est force de l’ordre. Il prévoit aussi de lancer un plan de 25 milliards d’euros sur cinq ans pour les forces de l’ordre et la création de 20 000 places de prison. En plus, ce programme porte à 3 milliards d’euros le budget de la justice.

Concernant les retraites, le parti veut notamment porter progressivement l’âge de départ à 65 ans et mettre fin aux régimes spéciaux.

De nombreuses mesures en termes de fiscalité sont abordées dans ce plan : diviser par deux les impôts de production, permettre aux entreprises de fixer le temps de travail, exonérer de charges sociales pendant six mois le premier emploi d’un jeune, exiger le remboursement des aides publiques aux entreprises qui délocalisent…

Sur l’environnement, c’est un retour en arrière avec l’arrêt des fermetures des centrales nucléaires, le prolongement de la durée de vie des réacteurs jusqu’à 60 ans, ainsi que l’arrêt des subventions des secteurs éolien et solaire. LR souhaite lancer un plan hydrogène de 11 milliards d’euros (d’ici 2040) pour faire de la France le leader mondial.

Afin d’« éradiquer l’islamisme », les Républicains veulent fermer les mosquées radicalisées et inscrire dans la Constitution un « état de nécessité antiterroriste ». Un plafond annuel d’immigration serait également inscrit dans la Constitution. En outre, leur programme en matière d’immigration interdit les régularisations en cas d’entrée irrégulière et conditionne les aides sociales à cinq années de cotisations.

Autre investissement majeur annoncé (sur la santé) : le lancement d’un plan Alzheimer de 1,6 milliard d’euros sur 5 ans. Le programme de LR compte aussi mettre fin au collège unique et permettre l’apprentissage dès 14 ans, mais aussi instaurer un service à la nation obligatoire d’au moins quatre mois.

En quête d’un candidat

La droite se cherche toujours un candidat pour la prochaine présidentielle et les deux favoris ont quitté LR (ils ne se sentent donc guère liés par le projet de leur ancienne famille politique). « Chaque candidat a la liberté de présenter son projet. Mais il est bien évident que Les Républicains se tourneront vers celui qui reprendra le plus [le nôtre]», a assuré Christian Jacob. « La préoccupation des Français est de savoir notre capacité à gagner l’élection. ».

Reste à savoir si les LR vont organiser une primaire ...Rendez-vous pour le congrès prévu le 25 septembre 2021.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

FRANCE REGIONALS THE REPUBLIC ON THE MARKET

TAKES A SLAP

It's a first round that doesn't really look like what the polls predicted. More than 66% abstention, or two out of three French people who shun the ballot box! This is 17 points more than in the previous edition in 2015.

In a context of “abysmal” abstention, the candidates of the LREM majority will not be able to influence the second round.

The Republic in March "KO standing"

Eliminated in Hauts-de-France, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Occitanie, barely more than 10% in other regions: the lists of La République en Marche and its allies experienced a severe rout on Sunday evening , depriving the macronie of any possibility of being kingmaker. LREM wanted to be modest, hoping to garner 15% of the vote, perhaps even more in some regions, as some optimistic polls predicted. Alas: the presidential party convinced only about 10 of the voters. . Its candidates record such disappointing scores, sometimes under 10%, that they do not even allow themselves to be maintained and to play a role in the second round.

Worse: he was eliminated from the second round in Occitanie, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and especially in Hauts-de-France, where Minister Laurent Pietraszewski is announced between 7.3% (Harris Interactive) and 9.1% (Ifop) , despite the presence of four other members of the government on its list - Agnès Pannier-Runacher, Éric Dupond-Moretti, Gérald Darmanin and Alain Griset. Despite her five ministers, she recorded a bitter failure.

Another disillusionment: the Modem Marc Fesneau, the best Macronist hope to win a region, finished fourth in the first round. In Brittany, the battle of the heirs of Le Drian turns to the profit of the socialist rather than of the "walker".

Outgoing region presidents topped the list

Despite the abstention, the outgoing presidents can have a smile. The two main traditional parties are fully benefiting from the "leavers' bonus", which were in charge during the health crisis. This allows the right to hope to be able to keep its seven regions and the left its five in mainland France. On the right, Xavier Bertrand, Laurent Wauquiez, Valérie Pécresse, Jean Rottner or even Hervé Morin are now well placed to bere-elected. Just like on the left, Carole Delga in Occitanie or Alain Rousset in New Aquitaine.

In Brittany, while he was neck and neck with LREM, the socialist Loïg Chesnais-Girard takes the lead and could leave for a second term (especially in the event of an agreement with EELV). Within the left, the ecologists pull out their game when there was no outgoing PS: this is the case in Ile-de-France where Julien Bayou wins the small primary with Audrey Pulvar and Clémentine Autain.

Bertrand well placed for 2022?

With more than 41% of the vote in the first round, Xavier Bertrand can savor his victory and become essential on the right for the presidential election of 2022. He is undoubtedly one of the big winners of the evening. Xavier Bertrand, declared rival for the presidential election, comes out reinforced, with the added bonus of proof that he can alone, without the reinforcement of the macronists, beat the RN.

Gérald Darmanin, however, refuses to see a warning for the 2022 presidential election in the mediocre results of the presidential party in the regions. “I consider that the French answer the question asked: 'who do you want as president of the region? They responded. Let us not jump to conclusions about the presidential election. (...) When they vote for the President of the Republic, they will choose the President of the Republic, ”commented Gérald Darmanin.

The RN back?

Opinion polls promised the National Rally (RN) to come out on top in 6 of the 13 metropolitan regions while it only succeeds in one, in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA). He was announced high in the polls. While he had turned in the lead in six regions in 2015, he won this first round only in one region: Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.

Thierry Mariani, defector from the right, turns well ahead but does not widen the gap as much as announced; the second round promises to be tight. In Hauts-de-France, where Marine Le Pen had collected 40.6% in the last regional, Sébastien Chenu falls to around 24%. The abstention did not at all succeed in the party of Marine Le Pen which knows many disappointments. Recognizing that his constituents “did not come”,Marine Le Pen called "a start" for the second round.

How to explain these failures ? Do they want the abstention which would have affected the electorate of the National Rally more ( which was not necessarily the case until now ) ?

At the choice of the candidates ?

To the “trivialization” strategy desired by Marine Le Pen ?

For the one who is embarking on her third presidential candidacy, it is in any case an alert not to be overlooked.

Situation reversal

The majority candidates only cross the 10% mark - the minimum threshold to maintain themselves - only in 8 regions. Right and left, meanwhile, maintain their positions. Apart from PACA, all the outgoing region presidents came out on top.

The close match announced with the RN did not take place, the declared presidential candidate Xavier Bertrand can already establish his image as a man capable of beating the RN, "my one and only enemy", he declared . He reverses the balance of power with Marine Le Pen's party compared to 2015

It's a first round that doesn't really look like what the polls predicted.

The results of the 2021 Regionals of the first round shake up the presidential strategies of Macron and Le Pen. Until then, the negotiations of alliances, mergers or withdrawals will feed the chronicle until the filing of the lists Tuesday at 6:00 p.m., in particular in Paca, region where the RN is best placed.

“The abstention of 66% of the French now confirms a form of democratic fatigue, as if a growing part of the citizens, disillusioned by politics or policies, no longer considered it useful to vote. ".

If the slap is confirmed in the second round for the majority, the question of a government reshuffle could be asked, while Emmanuel Macron must present in early July the roadmap for the end of his five-year term, which he wishes "useful"

"Complaining is good, but voting is better", tried to mobilize Jordan Bardella on television, taking up the slogan of the RN candidates, from Mariani to Odoul via Chenu, in an attempt to mobilize their troops for the second round.



Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

PANDEMIC YELLOW VESTS

"WE REVIEW VERY AVERAGE TIMES"

ACCORDING TO EMMANUEL MACRON

In an interview with the magazine Zadig , the Head of State expands on the health crisis experienced by all for a year and a half and comparable, according to him, to the period of the Middle Ages. One year before the presidential election, Emmanuel Macron says he is "very confident" for the future.

If a year and a half after its appearance, the epidemic is still not absorbed, vaccination gives a glimmer of hope and allows politicians to draw the first lessons. In an interview with the magazine Zadig, the president also spoke about this epidemic and its consequences on French society. “This pandemic is the metaphor of our time.

We relive times with a very medieval background: the great jacqueries, the great epidemics, the great fears ... ", considers Emmanuel Macron, going further:" It was the time of great fears, of phenomena which forged a people, I would even say of the reinvention of a civilization. It is also a time of tensions that are affecting the country ”.

With the "yellow vests", "we rediscovered violence

Speaking of returning to a medieval era, the president also alludes to the yellow vests crisis, which preceded that of the Covid and which gave rise to demonstrations for several months on roundabouts and in the big cities of France. According to him, the social movement marked “a return of violence in society”, “one of the fundamentals of our old country, made up of jacqueries.” “We have rediscovered violence. Political and militant violence had existed for several years in our democracy, with the return of the black blocks in European demonstrations and then in France in 2016. With the 'yellow vests', it is a return of violence in society . We find one of the fundamentals of our return of violence in society. We find one of the fundamentals of our old country,made of jacqueries. "If no politician has been able to anticipate the formation of this protest movement, which will last nearly a year, Emmanuel Macron explains that he was not" surprised at what was happening ", seeing in the French" a very resistant ”but which“ flares up with anger ”.

France is not "an addition of minorities or resentments".

"France is a daily will, it is not a fixed identity", affirms Emmanuel Macron about "African immigration". "We must say to these men and women: you who are there by the cruelties of history, by the will of your grandparents, your parents or your own, you are a chance for our country" . In Seine-Saint-Denis, “all that's missing is the sea to make California”. And to praise the merits of 93: "I am going to describe to you, asking you to close your eyes, the youngest department in France, with two international airports, the most important French sports stadium and the largest number of start-ups. -up per capita. The only thing missing is the sea to make California… ”, assures the President of the Republic. According to him,Seine-Saint-Denis is at the same time "a lung", "a unique space of economic and social transformation" is a department where "all the French weaknesses are concentrated". It is in particular “the only place where we have assumed to be a country of immigration, which integrates, which raises the children born here as elsewhere.” “Our country needs, to live serenely, to build a story common and to take actions recognizing all these lives, all these memories ”, assures the President of the Republic.to build a common narrative and to take actions recognizing all these lives, all these memories ”, assures the President of the Republic.to build a common narrative and to take actions recognizing all these lives, all these memories ”, assures the President of the Republic.

The reform of the ENA is also mentioned, the Head of State defending it at all costs: “France's disease is not bureaucracy or centralism but corporatism. That is to say, interests that protect the inter-self. The ENA has allowed corporatisms to reconstitute themselves. ”According to him, it is necessary to“ select differently ”for the senior civil service because“ when one comes from a working-class background, and even more when one comes from the immigration, it takes five to six generations to reach even the middle of the social scale. It is enormous and, to be honest, discouraging. ”An ordinance must come to ratify the reform this Wednesday, May 26, replacing prestigious school ofadministration by the Public Service Institute (ISP) on January 1, 2022 while providing guarantees of independence to outgoing senior officials.

Emmanuel Macron also underlines the urgency to respond to the feeling of “dropping out” of a part of the population who expresses “the same concern about deindustrialisation, a feeling of injustice, an impression of democratic betrayal”.

In this long interview of twenty pages, devoted to "his vision of France" and the "carnal relationship" he maintains with the country, the Head of State assures him of having confidence in the future and the ability to recover. after a health and social crisis of this magnitude. “If we have collective energy and a vision, we will move forward. I think that we have the possibility of it ", estimates it, evoking" the capacity to embrace the future, to project (...) then decisive for the rebound which the country takes ". One year before the presidential election, Emmanuel Macron therefore displays a certain optimism, saying he has "the foreknowledge that we have this strength and this inspiration in us" and believes "a lot in the inspiration of the French people".

He ensures that his role "is, each time, to trace the right path, to put the right word there, even if I make mistakes, to allow that to happen".



Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

FRANCE

A NEW FORUM OF MILITARY

TO DENOUNCE THE THREAT OF CIVIL WAR

Valeurs Actuelles continues to be the spokesperson for part of the army. Two and a half weeks after a controversial first text, calling on Emmanuel Macron and the executive to defend patriotism, the weekly Valeurs contemporaine published, Sunday, May 9, 2021, in the evening, a new forum. This time, launched by active soldiers, it is open for signatures.

“Our elders are right on the substance of their text, in its entirety. We see violence in our towns and villages. We see communitarianism taking hold in public space, in public debate. We see hatred for France and its history becoming the norm. The first text had caused much ink to flow, the second risks driving the point home. "

“Take action, ladies and gentlemen. This time, it is not about custom emotion, ready-made formulas or media coverage. It is not a question of extending your mandates or conquering others. It is about the survival of our country, of your country ”, write the authors in this text addressed to the President of the Republic, to ministers, parliamentarians and general officers.

A first shocking platform on April 21

Current Values ​​had published, on April 21, a first shocking platform in which "twenty generals, a hundred high-ranking officers and more than a thousand other soldiers" called on President Emmanuel Macron to defend patriotism and said " willing to support policies which will take into consideration the safeguard of the nation ”. This text had triggered a lively controversy in the political class.

Seized by parliamentarians from rebellious France, the Paris prosecutor Rémy Heitz rejected the request to initiate proceedings against the authors and broadcasters of the platform because “no criminal offense” appears there. According to the Harris Interactive poll conducted for LCI, 64% of people questioned about the first forum had heard of this forum denouncing the "disintegration" of France due to "a certain anti-racism", "the Islamism and suburban hordes ”. In total, 58% of those questioned supported the soldiers who signed the platform, according to the poll, carried out on a sample of 1,613 people.

Still according to the same survey, 84% of French people questioned think that violence is increasing day by day and 73% of them believe that the country is crumbling. The supporters of the right and the far right seem more in agreement with the ideas of the signatories. In particular on the issue of security: for example, 93% of Republicans and 94% of supporters of the National Rally think that the laws of the Republic do not apply in some cities. And two-thirds of the panel believe that the signatories of the platform should not be punished.

"The generation of fire"

The authors of the second column say they have “recently entered the quarry” and specify that they cannot “legally” express themselves “with their face uncovered.” “We are from what the newspapers have called“ the generation of fire ”. ". Men and women, active soldiers, of all armies and of all ranks, of all sensibilities, we love our country. These are our only claims to fame, ”they write to introduce themselves.

“Afghanistan, Mali, Central African Republic or elsewhere, a number of us have experienced enemy fire. Some have left comrades there. They offered their skin to destroy Islamism to which you are making concessions on our soil, ”say the authors. “Almost all of us have known Operation Sentinel. We saw with our own eyes the abandoned suburbs, the accommodation with delinquency. We have undergone the attempts to instrumentalize several religious communities, for whom France means nothing - nothing but an object of sarcasm, contempt and even hatred ”.

While Emmanuel Macron appeared, as a sign of unity, with the chiefs of staff of the armies on Saturday, May 8 during the commemorations of the German surrender in 1945, the soldiers, confronted with the realities on the ground, continue to denounce "forfeiture", "communitarianism" and "Islamism" to which the executive would make "concessions."

According to the signatories, who rely on their experience of Operation Sentinel to justify their assessment of the situation in France, the civil war is "brewing.




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE GENERAL TRIBUNE "FOR A RETURN OF THE HONOR OF OUR GOVERNORS"

At the initiative of Jean-Pierre Fabre-Bernadac, some twenty generals, a hundred high-ranking officers and more than a thousand other soldiers signed an appeal for a return of honor and duty within the political class.

"For a return of the honor of our rulers". This column was featured on Wednesday April 21 in Current values ​​but was published on April 8. This forum calls on the political class to fight against “the disintegration” of France. "It is no longer time to procrastinate, otherwise, tomorrow, the civil war will put an end to this growing chaos, and the deaths, for which you will bear the responsibility, will number in the thousands", we can read. The letter from the soldiers, undated, is addressed to the "president", to the government and to parliamentarians, that is to say to all the representatives of the Republic.

"The hour is serious, France is in danger, several mortal dangers threaten it, write the generals. Our honor today lies in the denunciation of the disintegration which strikes our homeland. "This disintegration is based on three points:" a certain anti-racism ", which intends" to create on our soil a malaise, even a hatred between the communities ", but" it is the racial war that these hateful and fanatic partisans want " . Then disintegration "with Islamism and the suburban hordes", then finally with these "demonstrations where the power uses the police as auxiliary agents and scapegoats in the face of French people in yellow vests expressing their despair", "then that infiltrated and hooded individuals ransack businesses and threaten these same police forces ”.

The text had an echo and caused a stir in the political space. This platform calls out to the country's leaders one year before the presidential election. "Do not waste time and know that we are ready to support policies which will take into consideration the safeguard of the nation", they say in this forum of April 21.

Marine Le Pen quickly replied that she shared their analyzes and invited them to join the National Rally (RN). "I subscribe to your analyzes and share your grief," replied the president of the National Rally. The left rebels against this forum of soldiers and the appeal of Marine Le Pen. On Franceinfo Monday April 26, Agnès Pannier-Runacher, Minister Delegate in charge of Industry, "unreservedly condemned this platform of a quarteron of generals in Charente who call for an uprising". An “irresponsible” politicization of the armed forces, retorts Florence Parly, the Minister of the Armed Forces. At the Ministry of the Armed Forces, we are analyzing the list of signatories. If active soldiers appear there, they will be punished , they say.

The pre-campaign has indeed started. Let us not forget the bookstore success achieved last year by General de Villiers' latest book.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

BATTLE-BOTTOM ON

"DAILY SAFETY"

VIOLENCE, DELINQUENCY AND DRUGS IN FRANCE

While President Macron is in Montpellier on a visit on the theme of "daily security", a man was shot and wounded during a shooting on Monday, April 19, 2021, in the Beaux-Arts district.

On the eve of his visit to a Montpellier police station with his Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin, Emmanuel Macron gave an interview to “Figaro” on Sunday April 18.

Police, drugs, repercussions after the trial of the murderer of Sarah Halimi :

the head of state launched a new offensive on security, a key subject of the 2022 presidential election and assured himself to fight "for the right to peaceful life".

10,000 police recruitments confirmed by 2022

Emmanuel Macron had already announced the recruitment of 10,000 additional police and gendarmes by the end of his five-year term. It confirms this objective. "Each police district will have more police at the end of the five-year term than at the start, without exception." 4508 police officers and 1706 gendarmes have already been recruited.

The President of the Republic has promised to want to meet his objective of 10,000 additional police and gendarmes.

"Each French will see more blue on the ground in 2022 than in 2017. It reassures people, it deters delinquents," he announced.

"We will have in addition, from this year, 2000 police and gendarmes more" of which "most" will go "directly on the public highway".

Numbers and more numbers

Emmanuel Macron also announced the creation in Montpellier, where 50 additional police officers will come as reinforcements by the end of 2022, of a "war school with continuous training" for police officers as well as the modernization of their uniform and the replacement of the cap by a cap.

The President of the Republic is also counting a lot on the deployment of pedestrian cameras, within the framework of the “global security” law just adopted in Parliament: “They will change everything”, because they will help “prevent slippages” and “ inhibit violent people ”.

No "systemic police violence"

He also returns to “police violence”, and wants to be extremely clear: “There is no systemic violence by the police, it is false; there is no systemic racism in the police, that is wrong, any more than there is in the gendarmerie or in the state. ".

Emmanuel Macron had used the expression "police violence" in December to immediately contradict it.

"" If in all the polls, all the field surveys, young people tell you that they undergo face checks, tell them: 'no, there isn't, it's a feeling you have' , it is as crazy as going to explain to people: “you may feel insecure but it is not a reality”. ”"

Drugs as "economic matrix of violence in our country"

Regarding the proliferation of violent settling of accounts between gangs, Emmanuel Macron notes that drug trafficking “explodes” and “forms the economic matrix of violence in our country.” “Eradicating them by all means has become the mother of battles. , since drugs innervate certain separatist networks but also everyday delinquency, including in the small towns spared until now. Leaving no respite to drug traffickers is to reduce delinquency everywhere, ”he underlines He declared that 70,000 fixed tort fines have been drawn up since September. These fines of € 200 penalize the use of narcotics. President Macron recognizes a "sharp increase" in violence against people.

Regarding drugs, "France has become a country of consumption and therefore, we must break this taboo, launch a major national debate on drug consumption and its deleterious effects". But also a self-sufficient production country for cannabis.

Emmanuel Macron also said he wanted a change in the law so that the abolition of discernment caused by taking narcotics does not exonerate his criminal responsibility , after the decision of the Court of Cassation in the murder of Sarah Halimi, a Jewish sexagenarian. killed in 2017 in Paris. “Deciding to take drugs and then going 'like crazy' shouldn't take away your criminal responsibility in my view. On this subject, I hope that the Minister of Justice will present a change in the law as quickly as possible, ”declared the Head of State.

15,000 prison places confirmed

Also in his interview, Emmanuel Macron confirmed the creation of 15,000 new prison places under his five-year term. “We have already launched 7,000 and I will hold the 15,000 there too. We will do the remaining 8,000 in stride. As of this week, the government will present the action plan and the sites for these additional places ”.

The hallucinatory verdict of police attack in Vitry-Châtillon

But while the President of the Republic is paying a visit on the subject of security this Monday in Montpellier, the police are still as targeted in recent weeks, in particular by fireworks mortar fire. The trial of the Viry-Châtillon tragedy also delivered its verdict this weekend, causing incomprehension among many police officers. The Paris Assize Court in fact sentenced five defendants on appeal to terms ranging from 6 to 18 years' imprisonment and acquitted eight others. They were on trial for the violent assault on police officers in Viry-Châtillon in 2016 (throwing Molotov cocktails at police vehicles and assaulting injured police officers). A judicial shipwreck for the police.The thugs who lock up two police officers to burn them would they be "a wealth for the Nation ", as the Advocate General said at the trial? !!

Police unions have called for action, a demonstration on Tuesday, April 20 around noon.

The focus of criminologist Alain Bauer on CNews

Alain Bauer therefore addressed the delicate question of the penal response in France: the police and the justice must speak to each other as partners, recalls the criminologist. "The police consider the magistrates as lax and the magistrates consider the police and fascists. These two postures which aim to insult rather than construct a penal policy are important. (...) In France we do not know how to talk to each other and we consider ourselves as adversaries whereas we should rather be partners ”.

He also spoke about the anger of the police:

“They are extremely mistreated. If the state were a private employer, he would be in prison for not respecting labor regulations, ”according to the criminologist.

Faced with the exasperation of the French in the face of multiple insecurities, "destructuring of the model of the State" (according to Alain Bauer), Emmanuel Macron tries to regain control of the regal face to the right and the extreme right of Marine Le Pen.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

HARO ON "NON-MIXED RACISE" MEETINGS

A position that divides. The candidate of the socialists and the radicals for the presidency of the Ile-de-France region, Audrey Pulvar, has drawn the wrath of the right and the far right for having declared, during an interview broadcast on BFMTV on Saturday 27 March, that the "single-sex" meetings between people affected by racism did not "shock her deeply", and that it should be possible to ask white people who wished to attend "to be silent".

“If it turns out that a white woman, a white man comes to this workshop [for black and mestizo people], there is no question of throwing her away. On the other hand, we can ask him to be silent, to be a silent spectator. "

Audrey Pulvar, PS candidate for regional in Ile-de-France

Strong reactions

His comment aroused the ire of some elected officials, especially on the right.

“In my region, no inhabitant should be discriminated against for the color of their skin. There is no such thing as 'acceptable' racism ”, reacted on Twitter the current president of the Ile-de-France region, Valérie Pécresse.

“The whites must be silent. Audrey's shocking and shameful sentence #Pulvar. She must apologize to the Republic ”first commented the vice-president of the region Geoffroy Didier on the social network.

MP LR, relaying a video published by another vice-president of the region, member of the majority of Valérie Pécresse, Patrick Karam, launched hostilities. It is thus several figures of the right-wing majority in the region who have stepped up to denounce the remarks of the member of the majority of Anne Hidalgo in Paris.

On the far right, too, the reaction was almost immediate. The president of the National Rally, Marine Le Pen, even called for the intervention of justice against the elected. “The prosecution must bring charges for incitement to racial discrimination against Ms. Pulvar. We must put an end to this racist escalation on the part of a part of the extreme left which is freed from all legal, moral and republican rules ”she commented on Twitter.

Support left

Another reaction from the LREM deputy, Laetitia Avia. "You can ask a white woman or a white man to be silent." NO. The fight against racism does not pass through exclusion and discrimination, but through dialogue, which is the best weapon against prejudice, ”reacted the Parisian parliamentarian.

The boss of LREM deputies, Christophe Castaner, wanted to be more nuanced :

while recognizing words "at least clumsy", this historical macronist and former PS refused to "contribute to the hunt against it" and recalled that "this type of meetings are sometimes necessary to free a voice for a group that feels victim ”.

Support from Jean-Luc Mélenchon on the other hand, who had already refuted the controversy over the Unef a few days ago.

“Audrey Pulvar is not racist ! "

She just understood what a support group is.

Those who pounce on it, on the other hand, cannot hide their sexist and discriminating inclination. Public debate is collapsing.

Will the PS defend its candidate in Île-de-France ? Asked the leader of France Insoumis.



Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

QUID DU VOTE ELECTRONIQUE PAR ANTICIPATION

 A LA PRESIDENTIELLE DE 2022 EN FRANCE

VOULU PAR LE GOUVERNEMENT ?

Un petit amendement, glissé mardi par le gouvernement au projet de loi sur l’organisation de l’élection présidentielle de 2022, a provoqué la surprise au Sénat. Il permettrait, s’il était approuvé par le Parlement, de voter de manière anticipée à l’élection présidentielle de 2022. Des « machines à voter » seraient mises en place pour faciliter l'opération. Seuls certains bureaux, dont le nombre et l'emplacement seront définis par le ministère de l'Intérieur, permettraient aux électeurs de s'exprimer à l'avance. Quant à la date à partir de laquelle il sera possible de voter, elle sera « prévue par décret pris au plus tard le sixième vendredi précédent le scrutin ». par l’intermédiaire d’une machine à voter.

Pourquoi un vote par anticipation ?

Si elle est adoptée par les parlementaires, cette mesure constituera une première en France, alors qu'elle est déjà en place dans plusieurs pays (Allemagne, Suisse, Canada, Etats-Unis). Elle pourrait alors fournir une nouvelle arme contre l'abstention, qui a battu des records lors des dernières élections municipales. Depuis 2007 celle-ci ne cesse de progresser. Lors du dernier scrutin des présidentielles, en 2017, plus d’un Français sur cinq (22 %) inscrits sur les listes électorales ne s’était pas déplacé aux urnes au premier tour. Un Français sur quatre (25 %) ne l’avait pas fait au second tour pour trancher le duel Macron/Le Pen. En cause, en partie seulement, les vacances de printemps.

Comment ça fonctionnerait ?

Avec la mise en place du vote anticipé, tel qu’il est prévu par l’amendement du gouvernement, les électeurs pourraient commencer à voter une semaine avant le scrutin, pour le premier et le second tour. L’amendement le prévoit uniquement pour l’élection présidentielle. Pour se faire, des « machines à voter », électroniques, seraient installées dans les villes préfectures. Il faudrait donc s’y déplacer pour voter.

Logiquement, un électeur ne pourrait pas voter deux fois. Une fois son vote anticipé pris en compte, il ne lui serait plus possible de donner procuration et - évidemment - de voter le jour du scrutin.

L 'opposition contre

Mais l'avenir de cet amendement est très incertain, l'opposition ayant d'ores et déjà fait part de son désaccord. « Nous y sommes fortement opposés. D'abord, c'est un amendement, ce qui permet au gouvernement de passer sous le radar du Conseil d'Etat, et en dehors d'une discussion parlementaire approfondie. Ensuite, pour l'élection présidentielle qui est la clé de voûte de nos institutions, on ne peut pas faire les choses à la va-vite », a déclaré le président des sénateurs Les Républicains, Bruno Retailleau. Même son de cloche du côté du chef de file des Centristes, Hervé Marseille. « La majorité sénatoriale ne va pas déférer à un texte comme celui-là, dans les conditions dans lesquelles ça arrive. Ce n'est même plus du mépris », a-t-il dénoncé, qualifiant l'amendement d' « ovni ». Finlande, la Lettonie, la Norvège, la Suède et la Suisse.

Déjà voté en janvier à l'Assemblée nationale, le texte doit désormais être examiné par la commission des Lois puis être soumis en séance publique, jeudi, au Sénat.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld

50 TH ANNIVERSARY

DEATH OF GENERAL DE GAULLE

"General de Gaulle is dead, France is a widow”, declared Georges Pompidou, the one who had succeeded him.

On Monday, November 9, 1970, one of the most illustrious men of the 20th century disappeared.

By the fireside, in the library of his house in Colombey-les-deux-Églises, De Gaulle died in a few seconds.

Due to the health crisis affecting the country, the tribute to the 50 years of the death of General de Gaulle, Monday, November 9, 2020, was more intimate, but despite everything fundamental for Emmanuel Macron.

Charles de Gaulle died, leaving behind the image of a great head of state.

It was in Colombey-les-Deux-Églises in Haute-Marne that Emmanuel Macron was expected to pay tribute to the memory of the general.

A ceremony without an audience marked by sobriety.

The President of the Republic visited La Boisserie, the family home, and deposited a germ on the tomb of the deceased resistant before presiding over a military ceremony.

During this day, Emmanuel Macron tried, like General de Gaulle in his time, to unite the French around common objectives.

Today's ceremony has a strong symbolic significance, at a time when the Head of State regularly calls on the French to unity to overcome the current triple crisis:

"Health, economic and terrorist" big challenges therefore for the French head of state Emmanuel Macron.

To be continued.....




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

COVID-19: SEARCHES AT THE HOME AND OFFICE OF THE MINISTER OF HEALTH OLIVIER VERAN

Ministers and ex-ministers searched

Long planned, searches were carried out this Thursday morning at the homes and offices of Minister of Health Olivier Véran. The homes and offices of several political figures were searched on Thursday, October 15. This vast, unprecedented and spectacular search operation also concerns former Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, former Minister of Health Agnès Buzyn, the former government spokesperson Sibeth Ndiaye, as well as the Director General of Health, Jérôme Salomon. Other searches were carried out at the director general of Public Health France, Geneviève Chêne.

Searches ordered by the Court of Justice of the Republic

The searches are part of a judicial investigation opened by the Court of Justice of the Republic on the management of the coronavirus crisis, the Ministry of Health announced in a press release. At the origin of these searches is the Court of Justice of the Republic, whose investigating committee acts as an investigating judge and leads the investigations. A judicial investigation was indeed opened on July 7 for “abstaining from fighting a disaster”. It is based on article 223-7 of the Penal Code: “Anyone who voluntarily refrains from taking or initiating measures allowing, without risk for himself or for third parties, to fight a disaster likely to create a danger for security of persons is punished by two years ofimprisonment and a fine of 30,000 euros. "

"Abstention from fighting a disaster"

At first, there were complaints from relatives of Covid-19 victims or doctors. Nearly 90 complaints were lodged between March and June with the Court of Justice, the only body empowered to prosecute ministers.

Nine of these complaints gave rise to the opening of a judicial investigation in early July, with a central question: what did the ministers know when making their decisions, in particular on the effectiveness of the masks? Have they deliberately refrained from taking protective measures? Gendarmes and police immediately set to work to answer these questions.

Guest on BFMTV, Maître Arié Allimi, lawyer for the Inter-Urgences collective who had filed a complaint at the end of June with the Paris prosecutor's office with the constitution of civil party, develops the situation. The collective had already filed a complaint last March in the company of another, the C19 collective, for "abstaining from fighting a disaster", but wants justice to speed up its investigations.

“The reason for this complaint is to say that the government did not allow caregivers to protect themselves from a disease that it knew was coming and from which it knew the means to protect itself. This is the object of this complaint, there are administrative, political, but also criminal responsibilities, and the justice system is investigating to determine who is responsible, ”he explains.

"Caregivers have been contaminated"

The lawyer wished to recall the situation in which caregivers in France found themselves in the spring, when the health crisis was at its height on French territory.

“There are a number of caregivers who have been infected, some have had very serious after-effects, and others have died as a result of the Covid contamination. You also know that a large number of caregivers did not have the necessary equipment to protect themselves when they were in contact with infected people, in particular masks, gowns, etc. "

Three doctors, members of the C19 collective and supported by more than 600 members of the health staff, also lodged a complaint against the Minister of Health, by seizing the Court of Justice of the Republic. Their lawyer, Fabrice Di Vizio, estimated that "the government has not presented so far proof of orders or contracts for the necessary equipment" of protection, such as masks. These three doctors also filed a complaint against Agnès Buzyn and Edouard Philippe. Fabrice Di Vizio accuses them of having "refrained" from taking measures in time to stem the Covid-19 epidemic.

Computer equipment seized

It was the gendarmes of the Central Office for the fight against environmental and public health attacks and the Central Office for the fight against corruption and financial and fiscal offenses who carried out these searches.

The investigators were accompanied by computer specialists. It was a question of seizing and putting under seal computer equipment, learned France Televisions from sources close to the investigation. The members of the investigative committee of the CJR are looking for possible evidence (non-public reports, professional emails ...) showing the degree of knowledge the government had, for example alerts that it would not have taken into account. Masks are the most emblematic case.

Searches that raise questions

The investigation "is not there to define political or administrative responsibilities", had explained at the time the prosecutor Rémy Heitz, "but to bring to light possible criminal offenses" of national decision-makers (except the head of the State, not criminally responsible, and members of the government).

Several personalities reacted concerning the date chosen for these searches. These come to scramble government communication the day after President Emmanuel Macron's intervention, and the shocking announcement of nocturnal curfews in Île-de-France and in eight metropolises.

"It's not the emergency today, we have to fight against the second wave and I'm not convinced that we should waste time with that", reacted on BFMTV the president of the UDI, Jean- Christophe Lagarde, who does not believe "in the criminal responsibility of ministers in this affair". The deputy of rebellious France Eric Coquerel was also skeptical. “I do not find these searches to be opportune, there is a judicialization of political life. It's more a staging than anything else, ”he lamented on LCI.

A political drift of the French judiciary ? 




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CRISE D'IDENTITE AU LREM

 LE PARTI PAS EN ORDRE DE BATAILLE POUR

 LA PRESIDENTIELLE

Changement de visages à Matignon, au gouvernement, et au groupe LREM à l'Assemblée : la majorité a connu un vaste remaniement ces dernières semaines. Seul le parti avait jusqu'à présent résisté à cette «réinvention» prônée par Emmanuel Macron, pour sortir de la double-crise sanitaire et économique .Mais il s'agit d'affronter les 18 derniers mois de son mandat le cas dans les meilleurs conditions.C'est pourquoi Pierre Person, annonce son départ ce 21 septembre dans un entretien avec le journal Le Monde : il:quitte ses fonctions de délégué général adjoint du mouvement présidentiel, dont il estime qu'il ne produit plus d'«idées nouvelles» .

Pierre Person craint même que LREM ne soit pas en ordre de bataille pour la prochaine course à la présidence. «Le mouvement est resté dans sa logique de 2017, qui était de porter le projet présidentiel. Mais il ne produit plus d'idées nouvelles. Le travail dans ce domaine est insuffisant», assène-t-il .

Issu des rangs de la gauche, le député de Paris digère mal la récente droitisation de l'écosystème macroniste. «Le dépassement, ce n'est pas l'effacement. La promesse originelle était de dépasser les clivages, pas d'effacer nos différences. En ce sens, notre unité ne doit pas se résumer à l'unanimité ou à une synthèse molle», déplore-t-il.Le parti ne permet ni de faire vivre nos différentes sensibilités, ni de mener le rassemblement, ni de produire des idées neuves. Cela doit le redevenir. ».

Le centre de gravité du parti penche essentiellement à droite, pour coller à l’agenda d’un exécutif à la recherche d’une stratégie de réélection visant à siphonner l’électorat LR. « Résultat de cet alignement avec les orientations de l’Élysée : un malaise grandissant au sein de la majorité qui, mois après mois, voit des députés quitter le navire, soit pour renforcer une « aile gauche » émancipée, soit pour rejoindre les troupes du MoDem, dont le président de groupe Patrick Mignola a récemment multiplié les clins d’œil aux députés macroniste », avance un confrère du Huffpost.

« Je me suis heurté à une organisation trop repliée sur elle-même et qui ne tient pas assez compte de ses « marcheurs », de ses élus locaux ou de ses parlementaires », continue-t-il.

Avec sa démission Pierre Person appelle les marcheurs à un sursaut .

Interrogé sur son soutien à Emmanuel Macron pour la présidentielle de 2022, Pierre Person s'exclame : «Evidemment ! La raison de mon engagement dans ce mouvement, c’est la vision qu’il porte depuis 2017. Je serai à ses côtés pour tous ses combats. Mon départ vise justement à susciter une nouvelle dynamique. Le président a besoin d’un parti fort pour 2022.»

La ligne politique de LREM est pour le moins insaisissable sur de nombreux sujets !

Décidément rien ne va plus au parti "Des Marcheurs" !




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS LE POINT SUR LA PANDEMIE

 DANS LE MONDE

La pandémie de Covid-19 poursuit sa progression dans le monde, avec plus de 925.000 morts depuis l'apparition du virus en Chine, fin 2019.

Plus de 29,3 millions cas d’infection ont été officiellement diagnostiqués depuis le début de l’épidémie, dont au moins 19,5 millions sont aujourd’hui considérés comme guéris.

Les États-Unis sont le pays le plus touché, tant en nombre de morts que de cas, avec 194.081 décès pour 6.520.235 cas recensés, selon le comptage de l’université Johns Hopkins. Au moins 2.451.406 personnes ont été déclarées guéries.

Après les États-Unis, les pays les plus touchés sont le Brésil avec 131.625 morts pour 4.330.455 cas, l’Inde avec 79.722 morts (4.846.427 cas), le Mexique avec 70.821 morts (668.381 cas), et le Royaume-Uni avec 41.628 morts (368.504 cas) .Plus de 29.061.830 cas d’infection ont été officiellement diagnostiqués, depuis le début de l’épidémie, dont au moins 19.334.000 sont aujourd’hui considérés comme guéris.

Sur la journée de dimanche, 3.844 nouveaux décès et 253.832 nouveaux cas ont été recensés dans le monde. Les pays qui ont enregistré le plus de nouveaux décès dans leurs derniers bilans sont l’Inde avec 1.136 nouveaux morts, les États-Unis (494) et le Brésil (415). Israël, de son côté,a annoncé un nouveau reconfinement national.

Du Royaume-Uni à la France en passant par le Canada, les tours de vis sanitaires se multiplient dans le monde, en raison de la progression galopante de la pandémie de Covid-19, les gouvernements cherchant à tout prix à éviter un reconfinement aux conséquences économiques désastreuses.

Pékin reconfine une ville du Yunnan

Ainsi l'expansion de la pandémie de Covid-19 contraint par exemple la Chine au reconfinement de la ville de Ruili, dans la province du Yunnan, à la frontière avec la Birmanie, et a lancé un dépistage général des habitants après la découverte de trois cas de Covid-19. Les quelque 100 000 habitants de la ville doivent désormais rester chez eux et subiront un test de dépistage, a précisé la mairie, ajoutant qu’aucune entrée ou sortie de la ville n’est autorisée. Par ailleurs, les commerces de la commune sont fermés, à l’exception des supermarchés, des pharmacies et des marchés d’alimentation.

Depuis plusieurs mois, la Chine affirme avoir endigué l’épidémie sur son sol. Seuls quelques nouveaux malades sont recensés chaque jour, la quasi-totalité étant des Chinois revenus de l’étranger et placés en quarantaine dès leur arrivée.

La course au vaccin continue

Les potentiels vaccins contre le coronavirus actuellement en développement en Chine pourraient être disponibles pour le grand public dès début novembre, a déclaré lundi soir une représentante du Centre chinois de prévention et de contrôle des maladies. Quatre vaccins développés en Chine sont entrés dans l’ultime phase des essais cliniques (phase 3).Des doses d’au moins trois vaccins expérimentaux ont été proposées aux travailleurs essentiels dans le cadre d’un programme d’urgence lancé en juillet. La phase 3 des essais cliniques se déroule sans accroc et les vaccins pourraient être prêts pour la population en novembre ou décembre, a déclaré Guizhen Wu lors d’un entretien à la télévision publique. Elle a dit avoir elle-même reçu en avril un vaccin expérimental, sans préciser lequel, et ajouté ne pas avoir connu de symptômes anormaux au cours des derniers mois .

Près de 5 millions de contaminations en Inde

L’Inde a recensé plus de 83 000 nouveaux cas confirmés de contamination au cours des vingt-quatre dernières heures, un plus bas quotidien en une semaine, selon les données communiquées mardi par le ministère fédéral de la santé.

Le bilan dans le pays est désormais de 4,93 millions de cas et plus de 80 000 décès, dont 1 054 morts recensés au cours des dernières vingt-quatre heures .

En Australie, les 5 millions d’habitants de Melbourne reconfinés

Accalmie dans l’Etat australien du Victoria

Pour la première fois depuis deux mois, le Victoria, le deuxième Etat australien le plus peuplé, n’a rapporté aucun décès dû au Covid-19 au cours des vingt-quatre heures précédentes. Si 42 nouveaux cas de contamination ont été confirmés, c’est un nombre infime au regard du pic de plus de 700 infections supplémentaires signalées en août dans cet épicentre national de l’épidémie.

Ces données sont de nature à confirmer l’efficacité du confinement imposé aux près de 5 millions d’habitants de l’Etat pendant près de sept semaines pour endiguer la propagation du virus. Melbourne, la deuxième ville la plus peuplée d’Australie, se trouve en confinement prolongé jusqu’au 28 septembre. Les mesures ont toutefois été assouplies lundi du fait de la chute du nombre de nouveaux cas

Hausse des cas au Canada

La remontée des cas de Covid-19 au Canada ces derniers jours « devrait inquiéter tout le monde », a estimé lundi le premier ministre, Justin Trudeau, en appelant ses compatriotes à rester « extrêmement vigilants ». Le Canada a recensé plus de 1 300 nouveaux cas de Covid-19 au cours du week-end, niveau qui n’avait pas été observé depuis le début de l’été. Lundi, le Québec et l’Ontario, les deux provinces les plus peuplées et les plus touchées par la pandémie, dénombraient près de 600 nouveaux cas.

Le Canada recensait lundi 14 septembre 2020 plus de 137 000 cas depuis la mi-mars (dont 120 000 personnes déclarées rétablies). L’épidémie y a fait plus de 9 200 morts.

L 'Allemagne un exemple?

Contrairement à la France , l'Allemagne beaucoup d'Allemands sont restés chez eux cet été, limitant les risques de contamination. Les plus aventureux ont par ailleurs dû se soumettre à des tests de détection à leur retour en Allemagne, le gouvernement ayant étoffé la liste des pays classés à risque au fil de l'été, à mesure que les cas de coronavirus augmentaient rapidement dans les destinations chères aux touristes allemands.Outre les règles d'hygiène et de distanciation sociale, les autorités sanitaires ont très tôt mis en place un système de détection et de gestion des foyers d'infection pour les isoler plus rapidement. Pensé pour Ebola en Afrique, le logiciel de surveillance open source SORMARS (« Surveillance Outbreak Response Management and Analysis System), édité par le centre Helmholtz de recherche sur les infections à Hanovre, a notamment été adapté et mis à disposition des autorités de santé allemandes.

De plus Berlin mobilisera jusqu'à 750 millions pour accélérer le développement d'un vaccin. L'Allemagne a en effet annoncé mardi son soutien financier à trois entreprises allemandes en course pour développer un vaccin contre le coronavirus. BioNTech et Curevac devront ainsi recevoir respectivement 375 millions d'euros et 230 millions d'euros tout au long du développement de leur antidote, tandis que des discussions sont en cours de finalisation avec IDT Biologika.

La ministre allemande de la recherche, Anja Karliczek, a cependant souligné ne pas s'attendre àun vaccin avant  l'an prochain, la sécurité étant selon elle la priorité absolue.




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE TEMPS DES TEMPETES DE NICOLAS SARKOSY

 UN LIVRE SUR LE POUVOIR

Il est de retour... en librairie. Un an après son best-seller Passions- il s'est vendu à plus de 200 000 exemplaires -,Nicolas Sarkozy revient sur le devant de la scène ce vendredi 24 juillet avec un nouvel ouvrage, Le Temps des tempêtes. Un grand coup médiatique, à 600 jours de la prochaine élection présidentielle.

Il se dédouane pourtant de toute ambition politique : « Je ne suis pas en campagne. Ça ne me manque pas ! » a-t-il déclaré au Figaro qui publiait les bonnes feuilles de ce nouvel ouvrage.

Dans cet opus de 522 pages, majoritairement écrites pendant le confinement, l'ancien président y retrace ses deux premières années à la tête du pays, mêlant Histoire et son histoire.

Histoire(s) de crises

Fidèle à son tempérament, Nicolas Sarkozy aborde ainsi plusieurs des épisodes forts de sa présidence en évoquant la manière dont lui, l’homme, et pas seulement le président, a vécu les événements. Il revient principalement sur son action à l'international.:

la crise financière sans précédent, la crise entre la Géorgie et la Russie ou la libération des otages - comme Ingrid Bétancourt - À propos de la libération d’Ingrid Betancourt notamment, l’ancien chef d’État se remémore l’admiration qu’il eut pour les voyages dantesques de l’émissaire envoyé dans la jungle colombienne.

L'occasion aussi de brosser de petits portraits ciselés à sa façon des différents leaders internationaux, qu'il a fréquentés dès son entrée à l'Elysée :

Angela Merkel, Georges Bush - dont il fait un portrait plus flatteur qu'on ne l'imagine et qu'il a préféré finalement à Obama -, Vladimir Poutine, le Prince Charles, la reine d'Angleterre.... D’Angela Merkel, Nicolas Sarkozy retient surtout le courage, la détermination, la capacité de travail mais aussi la résilience, « à l’image de sa coiffure qui ne change jamais », s’amuse-t-il. Il dépeint aussi une chancelière gourmande qui préfère se priver des petits-déjeuners en chambre au profit des buffets mieux garnis...

Des règlements de compte avec ses rivaux

Mais pour la chroniqueuse politique Catherine Nay ce qui constitue « un agrément du livre » , ce sont les portraits que l'auteur dresse de certains de ses rivaux politiques, au vitriol. Des politiques français qu'il n'aime pas du tout comme Jean-Louis Debré, François Bayrou, Philippe de Villiers, Laurent Fabius, Dominique Strauss-Kahn et Alain Juppé. Premier visé et touché, le chiraquien Jean-Louis Debré. Leur détestation n'est un secret pour personne. « Il m'a toujours voué une haine tenace fondée sur une jalousie irrationnelle, mais assez fréquente chez cet homme. Sentiment au demeurant très étrange pour celui qui connut une carrière inespérée au regard de son peu d'intérêt pour les débats intellectuels ou programmatiques »

A propos de Daniel Cohn-Bendit, il dit « qu'il vivait dans sa bulle et n'était jamais confronté aux réalités du terrain ». De Dominique Strauss-Kahn, dont les ambitions présidentielles ont été emportées par l'affaire du Sofitel, alors qu'il présidait le Fonds monétaire international, Nicolas Sarkozy écrit : « Aujourd'hui, j'avoue ne plus trop savoir qui est ce DSK que j'ai propulsé à la tête du FMI.Si c'était à refaire, je ne le referais pas. »

Mais sa cible préférée reste François Bayrou, sur lequel il écrit deux pages et demie au vitriol : « Son tempérament profond le portait à une détestation de tous ceux qui avaient réussi là où il avait lui-même échoué. Emmanuel Macron en fera à son tour, avant la fin de son quinquennat, l'amère expérience. »Nicolas Sarkozy va jusqu'à comparer le maire de Pau à l'abbé Frollo, le trouble et pervers personnage de Notre-Dame de Paris qui prône la rigueur et la morale tout en pratiquant l'absolu contraire.

Quelques anecdotes personnelles

Au-delà de ces règlements de compte, l'ancien président consacre quelques pages à son divorce avec Cécilia, sa deuxième vie avec Carla Bruni, son mariage et la façon dont il a vécu ces épreuves personnelles. Dans ce livre tiré à 250 000 exemplaires, il amorce des mea-culpa lorsqu'il revient sur son célèbre « Casse toi pauvre c.. ». Il se reproche d'avoir été grossier, d'être tombé dans un « piège de débutant ». Mea culpa aussi lorsqu’il revient sur le discours de Dakar. En déplacement au Sénégal en juillet 2007, Nicolas Sarkozy avait choqué en évoquant un homme africain « pas encore entré dans l’histoire ». « C’était une erreur, comment le contester », écrit-il, treize ans plus tard.

Un livre sur l'exercice du pouvoir avant tout .




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES ANNONCES D'EMMANUEL MACRON

 CE 14 JUILLET 2020

Le président de la République a précisé, lors d’un entretien, ce « nouveau chemin » qu’il entend désormais suivre, entre épidémie, crise économique et lutte pour le climat.Cent milliards d’euros de plan de relance, masque obligatoire dans les lieux publics clos, volonté d’inscrire la lutte pour le climat dans la Constitution :

Le chef de l’Etat était interrogé par Léa Salamé et Gilles Bouleau, pour son premier entretien en direct depuis sa conférence de presse du 25 avril 2019, après les manifestations des « gilets jaunes ».

Interrogé sur les raisons pour lesquelles il avait décidé de renouer avec l’exercice de la prise de parole présidentielle le 14-Juillet, Emmanuel Macron a expliqué que « le pays a été profondément bouleversé et traumatisé, ajoutant :

« Je crois que ce 14-Juillet avait un tour particulier qui justifie cet échange. »

Une autocritique

Le chef de l'Etat a commencé par une autocritique sur sa manière de gouverner pendant ses trois premières années de pouvoir. « J'ai commis des erreurs », a-t-il déclaré, reconnaissant ne pas être parvenu à réduire les divisions qui fracturent la société. Rappelant avoir été élu « pour mener des réformes tambour battant », il a admis avoir donné l'impression aux Français qu'il réformait « malgré eux, comme pour adapter le pays à quelque chose (...) qui n'était pas juste ».

« Nous avons vécu une crise sociale avec les “gilets jaunes” qui a été la colère d’une partie du peuple français, qui (…) s’est dit : “Ce monde n’est pas fait pour nous. Les réformes qu’ils font, ce qu’ils nous demandent de faire n’est pas fait pour nous.” (…) Nous n’avons pas produit de résultats, on n’a pas été assez vite. »

Il a donc fait valoir sa volonté de passer par « davantage de dialogue social ».

Masque bientôt obligatoire « dans les lieux publics clos »

Questionné sur la reprise de l’épidémie en France, le président a reconnu que « nous avons des signes que ça repart quand même un peu » avant d’ajouter que « nous devons prévenir et nous préparer ». Il a rappelé l’importance de respecter les gestes barrières « J’ai demandé qu’on passe une étape au gouvernement et je souhaite que, dans les prochaines semaines, on rende obligatoire le masque dans tous les lieux publics clos. »

« Nous serons prêts » en cas de nouvelle vague épidémique, a-t-il assuré, précisant qu’il était opposé à un reconfinement généralisé du pays :

Le président a en effet assuré que le pays possédera assez de matériel médical, de tests, ou encore de médicaments en cas de seconde vague : « Nous avons à la fois les stocks et les approvisionnements qui sont sécurisés. »

Emmanuel Macron a dit vouloir permettre à tout Français de se faire tester, même sans prescription médicale. Si un vaccin contre le coronavirus était trouvé, « la France sera servie parmi les premiers pays », a déclaré le chef de l’Etat, alors que le groupe français Sanofi travaille à l’élaboration d’un vaccin contre le virus.

Un plan de relance d’« au moins 100 milliards »

Le plan de relance de l’économie française représentera « au moins 100 milliards d’euros », en plus des 460 milliards déjà engagés en mesures sectorielles et de soutien à l’économie depuis le début de l’épidémie, a annoncé Emmanuel Macron :

« On met avec ce plan de relance, en plus de cet argent déjà mis, au moins 100 milliards pour faire la relance industrielle, écologique, locale, culturelle et éducative. Je suis convaincu qu’on peut bâtir un pays différent d’ici à dix ans. »

Le chef de l’Etat assure qu’il fera tout pour éviter un « maximum de plans sociaux » grâce à « un plan de relance maximum ». Le président a dit avoir un « objectif à six mois » : « Tout faire pour éviter le maximum de plans sociaux, réduire leur importance avec les mesures d’urgence qu’on a pu prendre, (…) protéger. »Au-delà de la crise sanitaire, Emmanuel Macron a évoqué la situation économique et sociale.

Selon lui, il y aura « entre 800 000 et un million de chômeurs de plus à l'horizon du printemps 2021 ». Pour lutter contre cette « augmentation massive », le chef de l'Etat a estimé que la « jeunesse doit être la priorité ». Le chef de l'Etat a annoncé plusieurs mesures pour « ne pas perdre la bataille de l'apprentissage », et fustigé les entreprises « irresponsables » qui « préfèrent prendre des stagiaires plutôt qu'un contrat professionnel ou un alternant ».

Ainsi, un « dispositif exceptionnel d'exonération de charges » va être mis en place pour « un à deux ans » pour les jeunes gagnant jusqu'à 1,6 smic.

Pour accompagner les nouveaux diplômés notamment dont la recherche du premier emploi a été compliquée par la crise provoquée par le confinement, le président a également annoncé la création de 300 000 contrats d'insertion pour les jeunes les plus éloignés de l'emploi, un quasi doublement des effectifs du service civique avec 100 000 bénéficiaires supplémentaires par rapport aux 140 000 actuels, ainsi que 200 000 places dans des « formations qualifiantes supérieures ».

Gérald Darmanin défendu

Concernant la nomination de Gérald Darmanin, visé par une plainte pour viol, au ministère de l’intérieur, qui choque notamment les associations féministes, le chef de l’Etat a indiqué qu’il y a une « relation de confiance d’homme à homme », « d’un président de la République à un ministre nommé sur la réalité de ses faits », et s’est posé comme le garant des « principaux fondamentaux de notre démocratie » Emmanuel Macron a donc réitéré sa confiance envers le ministre, rappelant son droit à la présomption d'innocence.

« Je pense qu'aucune cause n'est défendue justement en bafouant les principes fondamentaux de notre démocratie », a-t-il asséné.

« Je le dis pour un ministre, comme je le dirais pour quelque citoyen que ce soit. Je suis aussi, de là où je me place, le garant de cette présomption d’innocence. »

La réforme des retraites : « Une réforme juste »

M. Macron a confirmé sa volonté de vouloir mettre en place la réforme des retraites :

« Je crois que cette réforme est juste. Il faut peut-être lui donner un peu plus de temps, mieux la concerter. (…) La retraite, c’est le patrimoine de ceux qui n’en ont pas (…). Nous devons regarder notre système de retraite en face. »

La lutte contre le réchauffement dans la Constitution

Emmanuel Macron veut inscrire « le plus vite possible » la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique dans la Constitution :

« La seule question sur laquelle il peut y avoir un référendum (…) est une réforme constitutionnelle, celle de l’article premier qui place l’objectif de lutte contre le réchauffement climatique, et aussi le respect de la biodiversité dans notre texte constitutionnel. (…) Je pense que c’est une avancée majeure. »Il est aussi question de « redévelopper le fret ferroviaire massivement » et de soutenir les trains de nuit et les petites lignes, « parce que tout ça, ça permet de faire des économies et de réduire nos émissions ».

Le président a rappelé son ambition de développer les primes à la conversion vers des véhicules moins polluants, ainsi qu’un plan pour « rénover massivement » les bâtiments. Avant d’évoquer la relocalisation de certaines industries en France, dans cette optique écologique :

« On peut redevenir une grande nation industrielle par l’écologie, parce qu’on ne va pas importer des matériaux de l’autre bout du monde, dont le bilan carbone est absolument abominable. On va re-produire dans nos régions parce que le numérique va nous permettre de produire de plus petites quantités, plus vite, grâce à l’impression 3D. »

Emmanuel Macron s'est dit « convaincu qu'on peut bâtir un pays différent en 10 ans ». « On doit trouver un chemin commun pour bâtir un nouveau modèle écologique, » a-t-il résumé.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE GOUVERNEMENT CASTEX

DANS LA CONTINUITE

Lundi, le secrétaire général de l’Elysée Alexis Kohler a dévoilé la composition du gouvernement Castex, avec une équipe de 16 ministres et 14 ministres délégués, et des secrétaires d’Etat qui suivront dans la semaine. Quasi trois quarts du casting choisi par Jean Castex faisait déjà partie du gouvernement d’Edouard Philippe si bien que l'on peut parler sans conteste de remaniement dans la continuité.

Face à la pandémie du coronavirus, Jean Castex s’appuie en effet sur une colonne vertébrale inchangée sur plusieurs portefeuilles stratégiques que sont la Santé, l' Economie, l'Education, les Affaires étrangères et les Armées. Gérald Darmanin, lui, succède à Christophe Castaner à l’Intérieur, tandis que la fidèle d’Emmanuel Macron Barbara Pompili s’installe à la Transition écologique. Enfin, la surprise du chef, c’est l’arrivée de la star du barreau Eric Dupond-Moretti à la Justice.

Ceux qui conservent leur poste

- Bruno Le Maire (Economie, Finances et désormais Relance)

- Jean-Yves Le Drian (Europe et Affaires étrangères)

- Florence Parly (Armées)

- Olivier Véran (Solidarités et Santé)

- Jean-Michel Blanquer (Education mais aussi Jeunesse et Sports, avec Roxana Maracineanu ministre déléguée aux Sports)

- Frédérique Vidal (Enseignement supérieure, Recherche et Innovation)

- Jean-Baptiste Djebbari (ministre délégué aux Transports, contre secrétaire d’Etat précédemment)

- Jacqueline Gourault (Cohésion des territoires)

Ceux qui changent de ministère

- Gérald Darmanin (Intérieur, en provenance des Comptes publics)

- Elisabeth Borne (Travail, Emploi et Insertion, qui arrive de la Transition écologique)

- Julien Denormandie (Agriculture et Alimentation, qui était en charge de la Ville et du Logement)

- Sébastien Lecornu (Outre-Mer et Territoires, en provenance des Collectivités territoriales)

- Annick Girardin (Mer)

- Marlène Schiappa (ministre déléguée chargée de la Citoyenneté, après l’Egalité entre les femmes et les hommes)

- Frank Riester (ministre délégué au Commerce extérieur et à l’Attractivité, en provenance de la Culture)

- Amélie de Montchalin (Transformation et Fonction publique, qui était secrétaire d’Etat aux Affaires européennes)

Les nouveaux

Il y a finalement peu de véritables nouvelles arrivées. La surprise, c’est la nomination d'une star du barreau Eric Dupond-Moretti à la Justice tandis que la fidèle d’Emmanuel Macron Barbara Pompili hérite de la Transition écologique et Roseline Bachelot de la Culture.

Le gouvernement Castex s’appuie sur dix ministres LREM, quatre étiquetés à gauche , une représentante de la droite et une du MoDem; Deux fortes personnalités que sont Roselyne Bachelot à la Culture et Éric Dupond-Moretti à la Justice. font leur entrée dans ce gouvernement qui vont « capter la lumière, pendant un temps », selon le journaliste Arnaud Boutet. Quant au reste du gouvernement, le président de la République a joué à « un jeu de chaises musicales ».Avec Jean Castex, ancien secrétaire de l’Elysée de Nicolas Sarkozy à la barre, Bruno Le Maire confirmé à l’Economie et l’ex-lieutenant sarkozyste Gérald Darmanin promu à l’Intérieur, le gouvernement penche plutôt à droite.

Emmanuel Macron fait ainsi le pari de la continuité avec un gouvernement de défense pour sortir de la crise du coronavirus.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA FRANCE DOIT-ELLE S'EXCUSER

POUR SON PASSE COLONIAL EN ALGERIE ?

La France a fait un geste fort d'apaisement en matière de mémoire en restituant vendredi les restes de 24 combattants algériens tués au début de la colonisation française au XIXe siècle.Ces crânes étaient conservés depuis le XIXe siècle dans les collections du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle de Paris.

Cette restitution offre une détente dans les relations entre l'Algérie et l'ancienne puissance coloniale, marquées depuis l'indépendance en 1962 par des polémiques récurrentes et des crispations. « Ce geste s'inscrit dans une démarche d'amitié et de lucidité sur toutes les blessures de notre histoire », a commenté vendredi l'Elysée.

Mais le président algérien demande un pas de plus dans l’apaisement. Abdelmadjid Tebboune a déclaré samedi attendre des excuses de la France pour la colonisation de l’Algérie. Il a surtout estimé que son homologue Emmanuel Macron était « quelqu’un de très honnête » susceptible de contribuer à ce climat d’apaisement.

« Des demi-excuses »

« On a déjà reçu des demi-excuses. Il faut faire un autre pas (…) On le souhaite », a-t-il demandé lors d’un entretien à la chaîne internationale France 24. « Cela va permettre d’apaiser le climat et le rendre plus serein pour des relations économiques, pour des relations culturelles, pour des relations de voisinage », a poursuivi le président en rappelant que plus de six millions d’Algériens vivent en France et qu’ils « peuvent emmener quelque chose là-bas et ici ».

Lors d’une visite à Alger en décembre 2017, le président français s’était engagé à restituer les restes humains algériens entreposés au Musée de l’Homme. La même année, mais avant son élection, il avait qualifié à Alger la colonisation de l’Algérie de « crime contre l’humanité ». La question mémorielle reste au cœur des relations volatiles entre la France et l’Algérie, où la perception est que la France ne fait pas assez pour solder son passé colonial.

Si la France peut se retourner sur son passé colonial mais surtout sur les atrocités de la guerre d'indépendance d'Algérie, les jeunes Français issus des anciennes colonies doivent-ils pour autant se considérer comme des victimes de ce passé ?




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE COUT DES ANCIENS PRESIDENTS

A L'ETAT FRANCAIS EN 2019

Des années après leur départ de l’Élysée, les anciens présidents conservent encore nombre d’avantages.

D’après les informations du quotidien La Lettre A, les dépenses de Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, ont atteint 646 000 euros en 2019, en nette baisse depuis un an (-10 %).

866 000 euros ont été consacrés à Nicolas Sarkozy en 2019, soit une hausse de 4 % au regard de l’année précédente.

Cette somme comprend le loyer et l’équipement de ses bureaux du VIIIe arrondissement de Paris ( 295 000 euros par an), ainsi que les rémunérations de ses collaborateurs et agents de service, estimées à 570 000 euros.

François Hollande, quant à lui, est parvenu à réduire son budget de 6 %, en 2019, qui s’élève à 756 000 euros. L’ancien président socialiste a installé ses bureaux rue de Rivoli pour un loyer d'environ 250 000 euros.

Bien que les chiffres révélés par Matignon jeudi 2 juillet 2020 n’incluent ni la retraite, ni le salaire de leur chauffeur et les dépenses de sécurité, la baisse de l’ensemble de ces coûts devrait se poursuivre. En effet; le décret du 4 octobre 2016 correspondant au soutien matériel de l’État.

Il a été modifié, permettant ainsi une limite de trois collaborateurs et d’un agent de service au-delà des cinq années qui suivent la fin de leur mandat.




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

JEAN CASTEX

NOUVEAU PREMIER MINISTRE FRANCAIS

Après trois ans en fonction, Édouard Philippe a quitté le gouvernement ce vendredi 3 juillet. Emmanuel Macron a nommé pour le remplacer son « M. Déconfinement », Jean Castex. Haut fonctionnaire, cet énarque de 55 ans, ancien secrétaire général adjoint de l’Élysée sous Sarkozy, est aussi un élu local, maire LR de Prades (petite bourgade des Pyrénées-Orientales), qui incarne une droite sociale.

Un  élu de terrain

Il est maire depuis2008 de la commune de Prades avec ses 6 000 et quelques habitants .Au premier tour des municipales de 2020, qui se sont déroulées le 15 mars dernier, il a d’ailleurs été réélu avec 75% des voix.

Un véritable plébiscite. Il est également conseiller régional et départemental dans le Languedoc-Roussillon. Il s’était présenté aux législatives de 2012, mais avait été battu par la candidate socialiste.

Un sarkozyste remplace un juppéiste à Matignon.

Profondément ancré à droite, Jean Castex a longtemps soutenu François Fillon, notamment aux dernières primaires en 2016. Sa carrière, il la doit à un autre ponte de l'ancienne UMP : Xavier Bertrand. En 2004, alors qu’il est ministre de la Santé de Jacques Chirac, ce dernier nomme Jean Castex directeur de l'hospitalisation et de l'organisation des soins, avant d'en faire son directeur de cabinet.

Un poste qu’il occupera ensuite au ministère du Travail jusqu’en 2008. En 2010, il est appelé par Nicolas Sarkozy à l’Élysée pour remplacer Raymond Soubie au poste de conseiller social. En 2011, Castex est même promu secrétaire général adjoint de l’Élysée.

Une nomination dans l'air du temps

La nomination de l'élu de Prades est dans l'air du temps. La crise sanitaire a révélé les faiblesses d'une France trop jacobine, trop « verticale » et bureaucratique, nommer un homme de terrain s'imposait. Mais en désignant Jean Castex, proche d’Édouard Philippe à bien des égards, Emmanuel Macron mise sur la continuité confirmant qu’il entend mener une politique plus à droite qu'à gauche. Lors de la passation des pouvoirs, vendredi dans la cour de l’Hôtel Matignon, le nouveau premier ministre a d'ailleurs revendiqué une « communauté de valeurs » avec Edouard Philippe, « ces valeurs démocratiques et républicaines ». En esquissant la suite, il a jugé qu’en raison de la crise sanitaire « les priorités devront évoluer, les méthodes devront donc être adaptées ». « Il nous faudra plus que jamais réunir la nation » pour poursuivre les réformes déjà engagées afin « que nous en [sortions] plus forts et plus solidaires ».

Le nouveau chemin pour les deux dernières années du quinquennat n’est pas un changement de cap, mais la redéfinition de grandes priorités dictées par les circonstances. Il s’agira d’investir massivement pour relancer l’économie, accélérer la transition écologique, sauver les emplois en ayant non moins massivement recours à l’endettement.

La composition du nouveau gouvernement pourrait rééquilibrer peut-être la balance vers le centre..




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UN REMANIEMENT DU GOUVERNEMENT FRANCAIS IMMINENT

Le paysage politique français va être modifié prochainement au lendemain d'une « vague verte » dans les grandes villes lors des élections municipales: le remaniement gouvernemental interviendra avant le mercredi 8 juillet. Le dernier Conseil des ministres de l'équipe actuelle aura lieu ce vendredi 3 juillet.

Il s'agit en effet pour Emmanuel Macron d'amorcer la dernière ligne droite de son quinquennat en donnant un nouveau souffle à son gouvernement, plus axé sur l'écologie.

Comme le veut l'usage, l'actuel Premier ministre Édouard Philippe va remettre la démission de son gouvernement, ce qui n'empêche pas Emmanuel Macron de pouvoir renouveler sa confiance au maire du Havre. Si par contre Édouard Philippe n'est pas reconduit, Jean-Yves Le Drian, actuel ministre des Affaires étrangères ou Florence Parly, ministre de la Défense, pourraient faire partie des potentiels candidats au poste.

Édith Cresson, sous François Mitterrand, avait été le première femme à occuper ce poste mais aussi la dernière. Nommer une femme serait un geste symbolique puissant pour le président. En mars 2017, Emmanuel Macron, alors en campagne, avait évoqué cette possibilité : « Je ne vais pas choisir un Premier ministre parce que c’est une femme. Je choisirai le Premier ministre le plus compétent, le plus capable, avec le souhait et la volonté que ce soit une femme. »

Christophe Castaner, fragilisé à son poste de ministre de l'Intérieur, pourrait hériter d'un autre maroquin tandis que .Nicole Belloubet tout comme Franck Riester à la culture ne seraient pas reconduits. L'avenir est aussi incertain pour Muriel Pénicaud au Travail, Christelle Dubos, aux Solidarités, Geneviève Darrieusecq aux Anciens combattants ou Frédérique Vidal à l'Enseignement supérieur, la Recherche et l'Innovation.

Pierre angulaire des deux dernières années du quinquennat, l'écologie pourrait également changer de visage pour s'incarner en Laurence Tubiana, qui gère la Convention citoyenne pour le climat . Les membres du parti écologiste Europe Écologie-Les Verts ont d'ores et déjà annoncé qu'ils refuseraient de participer au nouveau gouvernement.

 Après avoir perdu la majorité absolue à l'Assemblée nationale, le président de la République va en effet devoir récompenser ses alliés du MoDem et d'Agir, qui lui permettent de garder un poids important au Parlement.

Emmanuel Macron se retrouve ainsi face à un casse-tête.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CONDAMNATION SEVERE DU COUPLE FILLON

 DANS L'AFFAIRE DES EMPLOIS FICTIFS

C'est dans un climat tendu après les révélations de la juge Eliane Houlette- qui a récemment fait état de « pressions » procédurales de sa hiérarchie pendant l’enquête- que le tribunal correctionnel de Paris a rendu son jugement le 29 juin 2020. François Fillon, son épouse, Penelope, et son ancien assistant parlementaire Marc Joulaud ont été reconnus coupables, lundi 29 juin, de détournements de fonds publics, complicité et recel.

L’ancien premier ministre a été condamné à une peine de cinq ans d’emprisonnement, dont deux ferme, 375 000 euros d’amende et une peine d’inéligibilité de dix ans. En faisant « prévaloir son intérêt personnel sur l’intérêt commun » dans un but d’« enrichissement personnel », François Fillon, 66 ans, « a contribué à éroder la confiance » des citoyens, a souligné la présidente du tribunal, Nathalie Gavarino.

Penelope Fillon est condamnée à trois ans de prison avec sursis, 375 000 euros et deux ans d’inéligibilité. Entre 1998 et 2013, la discrète Galloise de 64 ans a perçu au total 613.000 euros net au titre de trois contrats d’assistante parlementaire.Pour le tribunal, ses contrats n’avaient « aucune consistance » et ne répondaient à « aucun besoin ».

Marc Joulaud, maire sortant de Sablé-sur-Sarthe, battu dimanche soir aux élections municipales mais élu au conseil municipal, a quant à lui été condamné à trois ans d’emprisonnement avec sursis, 20 000 euros d’amende avec sursis et cinq ans d’inéligibilité.

L’ancien premier ministre et son épouse font appel de cette condamnation.

« Cette décision, qui n’est pas juste, va être frappée d’appel (…), il y aura un nouveau procès », a ainsi annoncé devant la presse Antonin Lévy, conseil de M. Fillon. L’avocat de Penelope Fillon, Pierre Cornut-Gentille, a, lui, dénoncé une peine « sévère ».

« Il y aura un nouveau procès, c’est d’autant plus nécessaire que, depuis quelques jours, on commence enfin à comprendre ce que nous pressentons depuis 2017, les conditions ubuesques dans lesquelles cette enquête s’est déclenchée, les conditions scandaleuses dans lesquelles cette instruction a été ouverte, les conditions surprenantes dans lesquelles les investigations ont ensuite été conduites », a affirmé M. Lévy.

Cette affaire aux multiples rebondissements avait stoppé net la course en tête pour la présidentielle de François Fillon, le candidat de droite, parti favori dans les sondages, faussant l'élection présidentielle.




Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

VAGUE VERTE ET DEBACLE DE LREM

AU DEUXIÈME TOUR DES MUNICIPALES

Le scrutin a eu lieu dans 4.827 communes où les conseils municipaux n'avaient pas été élus au complet au premier tour, et quelque 16,5 millions d'électeurs étaient appelés aux urnes, soit environ 39 % du corps électoral. Les résultats avaient été acquis dès le premier tour, le 15 mars, dans 30.143 communes.

Dans cette élection municipales, les écologistes apparaissent comme les grands vainqueurs dans les métropoles françaises alors que le parti présidentiel a subi un lourd revers électoral sous fond d''abstention record.

Une abstention record :

Parmi les 16,5 millions d'électeurs appelés à voter, ils sont nombreux à avoir boudé le scrutin. Le taux de participation s'établit entre 40 % et 41 %, selon les estimations, contre 62,1 % en 2014. Cette abstention historique s'inscrit certes dans le contexte de crise sanitaire liée à l'épidémie de coronavirus, qui a freiné les électeurs, mais aussi d'une lassitude des Français face à la politique.

Percée historique des écologistes

Les écologistes ont été les grands gagnants de ce scrutin, engrangeant une série de victoires dimanche, avec notamment la conquête de Lyon, Montpellier, Bordeaux ou Strasbourg.

Si EELV a dû se contenter du rôle du lieutenant à Paris, derrière la socialiste réélue Anne Hidalgo, mais aussi à Nantes ou à Rennes, et que le parti a perdu d'un cheveu à Lille, ce sont bien des majorités écologistes qui s'emparent, ce 28 juin, de deux grandes métropoles, Lyon et Bordeaux, qui viennent s'ajouter à Grenoble, où le maire sortant Eric Piolle a été largement réélu. Les écologistes remportent ainsi une large victoire à Lyon, où Grégory Doucet, à la tête d'une coalition EELV-PS-PCF-LFI, arrive en tête, devant Yann Cucherat, poulain du maire sortant Gérard Collomb.

A Bordeaux, ils mettent fin à 73 ans de domination de la droite avec la victoire de l'écologiste Pierre Hurmic devant le maire sortant LR Nicolas Florian .« J'ai beaucoup de tristesse je n’ai rien à dire sur la stratégie, c’est la démocratie » a réagi Alain Juppé, ému, en sortant du palais Rohan. « Il y a une vague verte », a constaté lui-même l’ancien maire emblématique de Bordeaux.

Ils arrachent aussi Marseille grâce à Michèle Rubirola, à la tête d'une coalition de gauche, devant la candidate LR Martine Vassal et le candidat RN Stéphane Ravier, mettant fin à l'ère Gaudin.D'autres villes, et non des moindres, tombent également dans l'escarcelle des Verts dont. Strasbourg , Tours, Poitiers, Besançon, Annecy.

Débâcle de LREM

Par contre le second tour des municipales a tourné à la déroute pour la macronie.

Les candidats LREM, ou les maires sortants soutenus par la majorité, ont été balayés, comme à Strasbourg ou Bordeaux tandis que Lyon est devenu le tombeau du macronisme.

A Paris  qui avait plébiscité Emmanuel Macron à la présidentielle, Agnès Buzyn, la candidate de La République En Marche, a essuyé un sérieux revers. Comme au premier tour, ses listes sont arrivées loin derrière celles d'Anne Hidalgo et de Rachida Dati (Les Républicains), mais avec un score plus faible que le 15 mars (entre 13,7 et 16 %, selon les estimations). Son résultat dans le XVIIe arrondissement, où elle était tête de liste (13,02 %), ne lui permet pas non plus de devenir conseillère de Paris . Il en est de même pour Cédric Villani, le candidat dissident macroniste, qui ne siégera  pas même au Conseil de Paris n'arrivant que troisième dans le XIVe arrondissement. A Paris toujours, les deux femmes au gouvernement, soutiens de la Marcheuse Agnès Buzyn, ne parviennent pas non plus à devenir conseillères d'arrondissement. Dans le 14e, Marlène Schiappa, ex-conseillère municipale du Mans (Sarthe), deuxième sur la liste, voit sa candidature plonger à la quatrième place. Dans le 16e, Agnès Pannier-Runacher, septième sur la liste des Marcheurs, est battue (23,8%) à plate couture par Francis Szpiner (76,2%). A la défaite des candidats macronistes à Paris s'ajoute celle du secrétaire d'Etat Gabriel Attal à Vanves (Hauts-de-Seine), deuxième sur la liste des Marcheurs,qui voit sa candidature arriver en troisième position (19,9%). 

La victoire d’Europe Ecologie-Les Verts dans plusieurs grandes villes est un sérieux camouflet pour le président Macron dont le parti n'a pas su s'implanter localement après quatre ans au pouvoir.

« C’est à la fois une victoire de la gauche unie, et une victoire de l’écologie, que tout le monde va désormais essayer de s’approprier. C’est maintenant que commence la guerre pour l’appropriation de l’écologie, et pour savoir qui est “le plus écologiste” », analyse la sociologue Vanessa Jérôme, spécialiste de l'écologie politique en France.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

QUAND EMMANUEL MACRON  PORTERAIT ATTEINTE

 A LA SEPARATION DES POUVOIRS

Alors que le débat sur l’indépendance de la justice a été relancé par des « soupçons » de pression dans l’affaire Fillon, l’exécutif a été accusé mardi d’attenter à la séparation des pouvoirs après la mise au jour d’une note d’Emmanuel Macron dédouanant son bras droit Alexis Kohler alors qu’il était visé en 2019 par une enquête pour prise illégale d’intérêt .

L’an dernier, le président Macron a en effet transmis une lettre aux enquêteurs qui s’intéressait à Alexis Kohler, secrétaire général de l’Elysée, soupçonné de prise illégale d’intérêts. Une atteinte à la séparation des pouvoirs

L’exécutif a été accusé mardi d’attenter à la séparation des pouvoirs après la mise au jour d’une note d’Emmanuel Macron dédouanant son bras droit Alexis Kohler alors qu’il était visé en 2019 par une enquête pour prise illégale d’intérêt.

Dans cette attestation, dont l’association anti-corruption Anticor a récemment fait état et qui a été publiée mardi par Mediapart, le chef de l’Etat assure que M. Kohler n’est jamais intervenu, au moment où il était son directeur de cabinet à Bercy, dans des dossiers liés à l’armateur italo-suisse MSC avec lequel il entretenait d’étroits liens professionnels et familiaux.

La conclusion de Mediapart est sans détour : l’affaire Kohler a été classée sans suite après intervention d’Emmanuel Macron.

C’est parce qu’Alexis Kohler était soupçonné d’avoir dissimulé ces liens devant la commission de déontologie que le parquet national financier (PNF) avait ouvert une enquête le 4 juin 2018 pour prise illégale d’intérêts. Cette enquête avait été finalement classée sans suite en août 2019 peu après que la note du chef de l’Etat, adressée initialement à Alexis Kohler, a été envoyée par l’avocat de ce dernier au PNF.

Pour expliquer l’abandon des poursuites, les magistrats avaient alors assuré ne pas avoir pu « caractériser les infractions initialement suspectées » et l'affaire avait été classée sans suite. Mécontent du classement sans suite, Anticor a récemment tenté de relancer l’enquête visant M. Kohler en déposant une plainte avec constitution de partie civile.

Le président de la République est pourtant censé être garant de l’indépendance de l’autorité judiciaire ...




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

THE EXPLOSION OF THE LREM PARTY

Hard blow for the party of Emmanuel Macron. A ninth political group with "walkers" and ex "walkers" was "officially deposited" in the National Assembly on Tuesday, May 19, announced founding members. The Republic on the march (LREM) thus loses the absolute majority.

Called "Ecology Democracy Solidarity", this new group is "independent", "neither in the majority nor in the opposition", write in their political declaration the elected officials. Are notably in this group Matthieu Orphelin (close to Nicolas Hulot) or Cédric Villani or Aurélien Taché, who said on Sunday that he was leaving the presidential party.

The new group intends to contribute to "a strong ambition for social and ecological transformation".

"Responding to the ecological emergency, modernizing democracy, reducing social and territorial inequalities: we can do more and better in the National Assembly", say these deputies, for whom "after Covid-19, nothing should be left like before ".

With this ninth group, the La République en Marche group lost seven of its members or related parties and therefore had 288 elected representatives, just below the threshold of an absolute majority (289 seats) which it had previously held alone.

A strong symbol, even if the presidential camp can rely on the 46 MoDem and the ten elected officials Agir.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS SIXTY-THREE COMPLAINTS AGAINST MEMBERS OF GOVERNMENT

Sixty-three complaints against members of the government have been filed so far with the Court of Justice of the Republic to denounce their management of the crisis coronavirus, according to a tally announced Tuesday by Attorney General Francois Molins on RTL.

"There are exactly 63 complaints that have been filed with the CJR this evening," the only body empowered to judge acts committed by members of the government in their functions, said the attorney general at the Court of Cassation.

These complaints are currently being examined by the requests commission of the CJR, "which acts as a filter and will have to assess for itself the follow-up to be given to these 63 complaints". This commission, composed of ten high-ranking magistrates, can "decide either the classification without any follow-up or the transmission to the public prosecutor who would then be required to seize the commission of instruction which will act finally as an examining magistrate", a -he explains.

Members of government targeted

These complaints most often concern the Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, the two successive health ministers, Agnès Buzyn and Olivier Véran, as well as their justice counterparts, Nicole Belloubet, du travail, Muriel Pénicaud, and de interior, Christophe Castaner. "These complaints can come from very different horizons (...) from private individuals, unions, associations, doctors ... There are a few cases, with complaints on one page absolutely not motivated and others more detailed and more referenced, about twenty pages, "detailed the attorney general.

Doctors, unions, detainees among the complainants

Among the complainants are a collective of doctors and unions, such as the prison CGT or Vigi-Police. At least fifteen complaints have been made by detainees, according to a judicial source.

In parallel, dozens of complaints from individuals, groups or elected officials are being examined by the public health department of the Paris public prosecutor's office, either against X or against officials of the administration, in particular the Director General of Health. Jérôme Salomon.

"Manslaughter"

The complainants denounce, as the case may be, facts of "endangering the life of others", "manslaughter", "failure to assist a person in danger" or failure to take timely action to contain the epidemic .

The Paris public prosecutor's office must soon rule on their classification without action or on possible openings of judicial inquiries.

The Head of State, Emmanuel Macron, is criminally irresponsible for acts carried out in the exercise of his functions.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

ELECTION OF MAYORS BY MUNICIPAL COUNCILS ELECTED ON THE FIRST ROUND IN FRANCE

According to a government report to Parliament dated this Tuesday, May 12, 2020, the executive gave the green light to the installation advice municipal officials in the first round of municipal elections.

Édouard Philippe announced that they will take office on Monday, May 18.

After two months of waiting, the 431,739 municipal councilors elected in the first round on March 15, 2020 will officially take office on Monday, via a decree issued on Friday.

Between 23 and 28 May 2020, they will be able to elect the mayor and his deputies in 30,139 municipalities, out of around 35,000 in total.

An ordinance presented Wednesday in the Council of Ministers will detail the strict sanitary modalities recommended for the meeting of the municipal councils by the scientific council, guaranteeing in particular the respect of physical distancing. Elected officials will thus be able to meet outside the town hall in the event of a room that is too small.

Each municipal councilor may hold two proxies, and the quorum will be set at one third of the council's staff.

By May 23, the scientific council must give another opinion on the state of the epidemic and the possibility of organizing the second round and in the approximately 5,000 remaining municipalities.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

POLICY ON THE EVENT OF THE CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC

From the start of the crisis, on March 16, Emmanuel Macron urged politicians to unite in the fight against the coronavirus, urging "all political actors [...] to join this national unity", far from internal quarrels . This call to "build another project in harmony [...] with all the components of our nation", the President of the Republic reiterated during his speech on April 11.

Lack of " national unity" in the war against the coronavirus

However, the maintenance of the first round of municipal elections in full coronavirus was immediately subject to controversy. In the midst of a pandemic and when confinement was to be announced the day after the election, would it not have been wiser to postpone it?

“National unity cannot be achieved on the back of the French. This is why we continue to denounce the government's lies ”, summarizes the deputy RN for the North Sébastien Chenu. Even if the government tried to be as "transparent" as possible in its management of the health crisis, it was not immune to some lies that the opposition did not fail to emphasize .

So the wearing of the mask supposedly useless at the start to become mandatory today in public transport. Wasn't this lie supposed to hide the negligence of an executive ill-prepared to manage the crisis? The same was true for the shortage of tests when other European countries such as Germany were able to launch an extensive population screening from the start of the pandemic.

The former Minister of Health Roselyne Bachelot, accused of having over-reacted to the H1N1 flu by ordering more than 90 million vaccines, has not failed to take revenge. She defended the precautionary principle. "I was mocked but I am convinced, and the evidence proves it, that the theory of preparation, of maximum preparation, is the right one," she said.

Even the text on the “state of health emergency” is criticized by some opponents. The senatorial right has also announced that it will seize the Constitutional Council on the law of extension of this state of emergency and provides for a commission of inquiry on the health crisis in June.

The most severe crisis of confidence in European countries

While the executive multiplies the media interventions to try to eradicate the distrust of a part of the French, the confidence in the government to face the epidemic knows a drop in most of the polls. It is thus only 39%, according to an Ifop poll published Sunday, May 3, down 16 points compared to mid-March.

This distrust is based on a “feeling of deception” according to Frédéric Dabi, deputy director general of Ifop, evoking the government's hesitations on masks or screenings. France is also the European country most affected by this distrust. According to an Ipsos / Sopra Steria survey for Cevipof published on May 4, 62% of respondents in France say they are "dissatisfied" with government action compared to 26% in Germany, 39% in the United Kingdom, and 45% in Italy.

A group of caregivers has also filed a complaint against the Prime Minister and the former Minister of Health accusing them of having "refrained" from taking timely measures to stem the epidemic of coronavirus. "Agnès Buzyn told us wastes two decisive months "For Thierry Amouroux, spokesperson for the SNPI Professional Nursing Union, the shortage of masks is a" state scandal ". Complaints from associations have also been filed against Édouard Philippe, Olivier Véran or Agnès Buzyn for acts of "endangering the life of others", or "involuntary manslaughter" by associations at the Court of Justice of the Republic.

The weight of medicine in political decision-making

From the start of the pandemic Emmanuel Macron advocated "confidence in science" making decisions after consulting scientists. To do this, he set up on March 11 a scientific council made up of epidemic specialists and on March 24 a committee of researchers this time to work on treatments and screening.

“We are always listening to what scientists tell us. In the end, these are decisions that are not very political, they do not come under a doctrine or an ideology ”, explained about the wearing of the mask the Minister of Health, Olivier Véran, on April 30 on LCI. Major decisions such as the maintenance of municipal elections, the closing of schools and even confinement were based on medical expertise. But the political decision prevailed over medical expertise for the reopening of schools announced despite the contrary advice from doctors.

Debt explosion

While the executive has so far defended tooth and nail its liberal economic policy and advocated a drastic reduction in public debt, the pandemic has led it to take decisions contrary to its doctrine. In fact, to support the severely slower economy, the government has drawn aid for businesses and a partial unemployment plan. The 2020 budget has been corrected, up 110 billion euros on the expenditure side, including 24 to finance short-time working and 20 to recapitalize strategic businesses in difficulty. Enough to jump the debt, which should drop to 115% of GDP this year (+ 16 points), but not the politicians. Even the right, traditionally attached to the reduction of public spending, has approved this increase in debt.

A change in economic doctrine facilitated by the abandonment of the rules of budgetary discipline by the European Commission




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

WHY A LIMITING HEALTH EMERGENCY

INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS

Number of French people still take liberties with all the prohibitions set out. We have never seen so many joggers in the streets. In the markets, there are people and the safety distances of one meter are not necessarily always respected

The government therefore presented to the Council of Ministers on Wednesday an emergency bill providing for exceptional measures to fight against the coronavirus pandemic. And in particular a state of health emergency, limiting individual freedoms.

The Senate began, Thursday, March 19, 2020 in the late afternoon, the examination of the "emergency bill to deal with the Covid-19 epidemic" which will enshrine in our law a new legal regime d exception: "state of health emergency".

The government has indeed presented Wednesday, March 18 in the Council of Ministers a bill, establishing in particular the possibility of a "state of health emergency", on the model of the state of emergency activated after the attacks of 2015.

"We found it necessary to incorporate into the law the lessons of crisis management for three months," said Prime Minister Edouard Philippe after the Council of Ministers. If he confirmed that this state of health emergency was inspired by "the law of April 3, 1955 relating to the state of emergency", according to him the comparison stops there. It is not a question of taking "individual measures restricting freedom", but "general measures to face the epidemic which would become generalized". "To underline the sanitary nature of this new regime, we have not registered the new device in the law of 1955 but in the code of public health", added Edouard Philippe. So what is this state of emergency ?

State of health emergency

Article 5 of the bill specifies that “the state of health emergency can be declared on all or part of the metropolitan territory, of the departments of overseas, of the communities of overseas governed by article 74 of the Constitution in the event of health catastrophe, in particular of epidemic involving by its nature and its gravity, the health of the population ”. "The state of health emergency is declared by decree in the Council of Ministers", indicates article 6. The decree "determines the territorial district (s) within which it comes into force. Within the limits of these districts, the zones where the state of health emergency is applied are fixed by decree taken on the report of the same minister. "

These provisions essentially reproduce those already permitted, in other words, by the public health code, and more precisely its article L3131-1. An article which specifies that "in the event of a serious health threat calling for emergency measures, in particular in the event of the threat of an epidemic, the Minister responsible for health may, by reasoned order, prescribe in the interest of public health any measure proportionate to the risks run and appropriate to the circumstances of time and place in order to prevent and limit the consequences of possible threats to the health of the population ”.

The decree adopted by the Council of Ministers establishes a state of health emergency for a period of twelve days. Beyond that, the extension of the state of emergency can only be authorized by law

Restrictions

According to Article 10, "the declaration of a state of health emergency gives the Prime Minister the power to take by decree (...) the general measures limiting the freedom to come and go, the freedom to undertake and the freedom of assembly and making it possible to requisition all goods and services necessary in order to fight against the health catastrophe ”. Article 11 indicates the powers given to the Minister of Health, namely "to prescribe by reasoned order all other general measures and individual measures to combat the disaster".

Punishments

Article 15 of the bill specifies that "violation of prohibitions or failure to fulfill obligations" will be punished with "the fine provided for fines of the fourth class" (135 euros). "Failure to comply with the requisitions mentioned in article 10 (restrictions on freedom, editor's note) is punishable by six months' imprisonment and a fine of 10,000 euros".

Safeguards

Article 9 indicates that “the National Assembly and the Senate are informed without delay of the measures taken by the Government during the state of health emergency. The National Assembly and the Senate may request any additional information in the context of the control and evaluation of these measures. "

A scientific committee may also hold the government to account. Thus, according to article 13, “in the event of declaration of a state of health emergency , a committee of scientists is immediately assembled. Its President is appointed by decree of the President of the Republic. It includes two qualified personalities respectively appointed by the President of the National Assembly and the President of the Senate and qualified personalities appointed by decree. This committee periodically publishes its opinion on the measures taken pursuant to Articles 9 to 10.

To establish this state of health emergency, the government was inspired by the law of April 3, 1955 relating to the state of emergency. "But the only measures that we will take here will make it possible to face the epidemic …… All of them will be able to be subjected to the control of the judge and the parliamentarians" ", affirmed the Prime Minister, Édouard Philippe, at the end of the Council of Ministers .

The state of health emergency is in a way an "additional turn of the screw" after the containment measures announced Monday evening by the President of the Republic.

Of course, but how can we not question a government that has failed to anticipate and forced to send healthcare personnel to the front without masks or tests ?

To govern is also to plan !!!




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

THE CORONAVIRUS A THREAT FOR

MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS ?

Faced with the threat of the coronavirus, France is preparing for the transition to stage 3 of the state of alert, "inexorable", according to President Emmanuel Macron. Unlike stage 2, stage 3, that of the epidemic, no longer aims to halt the spread but to mitigate the consequences. If it provides for the suspension of certain public transport, the closure of schools in all or part of the territory, the restriction of gatherings and the mobilization of all the care sectors, exceptions will be provided for and the prefects and ministries will have to " put together a list of events considered useful for the life of the nation ”. What about the municipal ones ?

The Minister of Health announced Sunday evening the ban on the whole territory of all gatherings of more than a thousand people.

Municipal "a moment of democratic breathing"

The ballot will not be canceled. On March 5, after an interview with François Baroin, the president of the Association of Mayors of France, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner confirmed that the municipal elections would be maintained despite the progression of the epidemic.

“It is not up to the mayors to cancel the polls. The current situation allows me to say that the elections will indeed take place on March 15 and 22, "he said.

And Edouard Philippe to write Sunday, March 8 to local elected officials. “The elections constitute, in the life of our territories, a moment of essential democratic breathing. There is therefore no question of postponing them, ”the Prime Minister informed them.

Measures put in place

Measures will therefore be put in place to ensure the proper conduct of the vote. The “barrier measures” (do not kiss, do not shake hands, sneeze in your elbow ...) will be reminded by small posters in the polling stations. The queues must be “managed” in order to “limit situations of prolonged promiscuity.” “Other questions, relating to the contact areas made up of ballot papers, pens used for signing up, regular cleaning , if necessary, voting machines, and the cleaning of polling stations, could be the subject of additional recommendations ”, continues the Prime Minister.

Finally, "particular attention will be paid to powers of attorney", for people unable to travel "in particular for reasons related to the health situation", such as the elderly living in accommodation establishments for dependent elderly persons ( Ehpad) or people made vulnerable by diseases of the immune system.

An impacted electoral campaign

However, faced with the threat of the coronavirus, the candidates and the municipalities are organizing for the smooth running of the electoral campaign which is turned upside down. And first the meeting.

This is how Rachida Dati lowers her ambitions. Coronavirus requires. For her last meeting before the first round of the municipal elections gatherings of more than 1000 people are now prohibited, the candidate of the right to the City of Paris has certainly chosen to maintain her meeting but by limiting the number of people. Difficult to cancel it indeed, since it is Nicolas Sarkozy who is announced as the star of the evening.

The former Keeper of the Seals should not be the only one impacted by this new regulation decided by the government. Other candidates for municipal elections, in Paris and in several big cities, will certainly have to reduce the number of places in their next meetings.

David Belliard, EELV candidate in the capital, even preferred to cancel the one he had to hold on Thursday, March 12 at Bataclan.

Anne Hidalgo, meanwhile, cancels her meeting to make it a "virtual" one. The outgoing PS mayor, candidate for his re-election, announced to BFM Paris the cancellation of his meeting scheduled for Thursday March 12 at the Japy gymnasium, hall of the 11th arrondissement with a capacity of 1,500 seats.

Towards record abstention ?

More than four in ten voters would consider not going to vote because of the risk of contamination. Especially the elderly. So who will benefit from this abstention ?

Another problem: volunteer assessors should be scarce at polling stations, threatening the proper organization of the poll.

To counter each one's problems his remedy. In the Hauts-de-Seine, a third of the municipalities have set up electronic machines to vote. This should limit promiscuity during the vote and the count. In Mulhouse, which has become one of the most important centers of the virus in France, in addition to electronic machines, voters will be advised to go and soap their hands before and after the vote. In other municipalities, we are also organizing for more security, but the means are often less. Surgical gloves, machines disinfected after each vote, more signing pens…

What about online voting only allowed for French nationals living abroad in legislative elections since 2012 and consular elections since 2014 ?

It could be the longer term solution.......




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

RETIREMENT THE USE OF 49-3 A STRONG PASSAGE

The government made the decision on Saturday noon to use article 49-3 on pension reform. Prime Minister Edouard Philippe went to the National Assembly to announce it to the deputies. The decision was ratified mid-day Saturday during a Council of Ministers, just after a Defense Council devoted to the epidemic of coronavirus.

The Prime Minister went up to the rostrum to make this announcement, in order to "put an end to this episode of non-debate" with the oppositions and "to allow the rest of the legislative process to start," he said. to the applause of the majority and to the boos of certain members of the opposition, including François Ruffin and Ugo Bernalicis (LFI).

Right and left standing wind

Right, left and unions are standing up against the use of 49-3 announced on Saturday. On the right as on the left, nobody spared his words to denounce the surprise announcement of Edouard Philippe on Saturday evening in the hemicycle. "Government coup" for the Communist Fabien Roussel, "totalitarian impulses" by Emmanuel Macron for the leader of the Insubmissives Jean-Luc Mélenchon, "worst solutions", for the ecologist Yannick Jadot, "the most total cynicism" for the boss of deputies LR Damien Abad…

Even many deputies of the majority criticize the fact of not having been informed before the announcement of the Prime Minister.

Discomfort among LREMs

Once past the stupor, the majority was ordered to unite behind the executive. It is an understatement to say that the announcement of the use of 49-3, "learned by the press", annoyed more than one among LREM deputies. We feel a real discomfort with the Republic on the move. Since 2017, around twenty deputies have left the group with acceleration in recent months (The group has 300 members and relatives today compared to 314 after the legislative elections). There is discomfort about the content of the reform and especially the way it was managed. And for the municipalities then, in cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants, there are dissident candidates in about a third of them.

Recourse to article 49-3 of the Constitution will allow the adoption of the pension reform without debate or vote in the National Assembly.

Without debate or vote at the Meeting

Contested for more than a year, the pension reform project was indeed the subject of a battle of amendments to the National Assembly for a week.

Since the arrival of the text - and its more than 41,000 amendments - in public session on Monday, February 17, debates were tense between majority and opposition. By Friday, the 100-hour mark had been crossed and MPs were sitting this weekend. The calendar planned to go until March 6 and the truce linked to the municipal elections. This will not ultimately be the case. As expected, 49-3 will therefore be used to pass the bill without a vote.

The National Assembly had voted on Saturday morning article 7 of the reform project which plans to integrate special regimes (SNCF, RATP, Paris Opera ...) in the "universal" pension system by points. The debates will therefore stop with the Prime Minister's announcement and the use of 49.3.

Censorship motions

But the element of surprise, however, did not prevent the opposition from tabling two motions of censorship on Saturday evening, the first by LR, the second by the PS, the PCF and La France insoumise. To be considered, a motion must be signed by at least one tenth of the members of the Assembly, that is to say 58 deputies. They should be discussed next Tuesday but have no chance of succeeding since LREM alone has a very large majority in the National Assembly and can count on the support of the Modem.

The government therefore takes no risk in unsheathing article 49-3 to push through its pension reform!

A strong move

But usually, we use article 49-3 to discipline a recalcitrant majority. Here the use of this article just allows to pass this pension reform in force after a year of unsuccessful social consultation and while public opinion is still mainly against the project.

The sequence of pension reform is not over yet. On the street side, the unions are already considering new mobilizations in the face of recourse to 49-3 deemed "deeply scandalous" by the CGT and "unacceptable" by FO. On the Senate side where the right is the majority, the executive is preparing for another parliamentary battle.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

AN ECOLOGICAL DEMAGOGICAL TURN

AT EMMANUEL MACRON

Emmanuel Macron went to the Mont-Blanc massif on Thursday to "touch the finger" on the devastating effects of climate change.

A symbolic visit supposed to initiate the ecological shift of its five-year term but devoid of any new announcement.

In the early hours of the morning, the President of the Republic crossed the Mer de Glace for a long time. In a dark blue ski suit, he listened to the terrible climate inventory:

the ice is shrinking eight to ten meters per year, about two kilometers since 1850.

The glacier has lost 120 meters in thickness in a century. The most spectacular illustration of the impact of global warming in France.

In front of the alternation of gray rocks and bright blue ice, Emmanuel Macron lets go:

“I never imagined a cast so fast, it's impressive.

We realize how the non-decisions made it happen ”. "The glacier makes the invisible visible," notes glaciologist Luc Moreau.

"Climate emergency"

At the end of the morning, Emmanuel Macron delivered a fiery speech in Chamonix on the climatic "emergency", "the fight of the century" according to him. He said he felt here "our own vulnerability, the fragility of this landscape that was thought to be irremovable".

"We have to demonstrate that this strategy is compatible with economic progress because it is the strategy I believe in," he added.

Without a new announcement, he drew up the table of actions that he linked to ecological objectives, citing the revitalization of city centers to fight against urban sprawl, the law on recycling or even creation, announced the day before, new natural parks, including to protect Mont-Blanc.

biodiversity

In his speech Thursday, he said that the "fight for biodiversity is inseparable from the fight against global warming".

Some 60% of wild animals have disappeared in the past 50 years, the species disappear at a rate 1000 times higher than the rate of natural extinction, said Emmanuel Macron who also launched for the occasion the French Office for Biodiversity (OFB) .

With this trip, Emmanuel Macron wishes to make ecology one of the two priorities for his end of his five-year term, which is mired in pension reform. To open this chapter, he chaired an Ecological Defense Council on Wednesday at the Elysée Palace. The subject is unavoidable, including in the ballot boxes one month before the municipal elections.

Limit traffic

Emmanuel Macron was to have lunch in Saint-Gervais-les-Bains with local elected officials who heard him questioning the pollution in the Arve valley, caused by the passage of too many heavy goods vehicles and heating with wood.

On the spot, a demonstration against this pollution and the pension reform gathered 250 people, but it was dispersed before the arrival of Emmanuel Macron.

"Come to cry in front of the Mer de Glace when the agreements of the climate conferences are not respected and that the greenhouse gas emissions increase, it is parade, it is com '", tanced in the procession Pierre Delpy, energy advisor in an association.

An ecological turn more than demagogic ...... for the liberal convinced that he is !!!




Alyson  Braxton for DayNewsWorld

EMMANUEL MACRON LOWEST IN OPINION

Opinion studies worry the Élysée. While the majority and the government are committed to defending the presidential record, Emmanuel Macron remains low in opinion research.

Nearly two out of three French people (64%) believe that Emmanuel Macron is a "bad president", according to an Odoxa * poll for Le Figaro and franceinfo published Thursday February 6 on the occasion of the "1,000 days" of his entry into function. 32% of those questioned even consider him "a very bad president".

Those who have a bad opinion of him consider him 62% bad because of "his actions and the policy he led". And for 37% because of "his attitude, his tone and his communication", according to this survey with Dentsu Consulting.

The communication of the Head of State is judged particularly severely: 69% find it bad.

Regarding recent news, 73% of French people questioned consider "fairly serious" the rejection by LREM deputies of an amendment allowing 12 days of leave for parents who have lost a child.

The rejection by the Council of State of the first version of the pension reform project is also considered "fairly serious" by 57%, against 27% of a contrary opinion, the others having not heard of it.

This decline is also shared by the right-wing electorate, which criticizes the way the executive manages the conflict around pensions and yellow vests in particular.

At the top of the state, we therefore seek to communicate better. Those around him are thinking about the best way to finally get rid of the label of "president of the rich" by communicating around good results. One of the tracks therefore consists in multiplying trips in the field, by developing a presidential agenda only around good results.

But this communication is not always well controlled, sometimes because of the president himself. Last Thursday, Emmanuel Macron was in Angoulême to announce 5 billion of investment and hundreds of jobs, but opinion will have retained only his controversial photo with a t-shirt caricating the police violence.

Survey carried out online on February 5 and 6 among 1,002 people aged 18 and over, using the quota method. Margin of error from 1.4 to 3.1 points.


Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

RETIREMENTS, STRIKE AND ANGER OF MACRON

The 51st day of strike against the pension reform coincides with the examination, in the Council of Ministers, of the two draft laws which will then be submitted to the deputies. The bills relating to the establishment of a universal pension system have indeed been presented to the Council of Ministers.

The unions, mobilized for the 51st consecutive day, demonstrated and went on strike across France. The demonstrators were 1.3 million according to the CGT, including 350,000 in Paris while the authorities announced that more than 127,000 people marched in sixty cities outside Paris according to the police and the prefectures.

The next mobilization day is set for Wednesday, January 29, without the participation of the CFE-CGC.

Reacting to the social situation in France marked by the conflict over the pension reform, the Head of State vehemently denounced on the plane returning from Israel "the extraordinarily guilty political speeches" affirming that France has become a dictatorship, and thus justifying political and social violence: "Today has established itself in our society, and in a seditious manner, by extraordinarily guilty political speeches, the idea that we would no longer be in a democracy. That there is a form of dictatorship that has taken hold. ".

"Go into dictatorship, and you will see," continued the president at the microphone of Radio J.

"But go to dictatorship! Dictatorship is a regime where a person or a clan decides the laws. A dictatorship is a regime where you do not change the leaders, never. If France is that, try the dictatorship and you will see! Dictatorship justifies hatred. Dictatorship justifies violence in order to get out. But there is a fundamental principle in democracy: respect for others, the prohibition of violence, hatred to combat. "

After several punching actions in the previous days, Emmanuel Macron denounced "the acts of violence and the radicalism of certain blockages", calling "to the greatest firmness towards their perpetrators" according to remarks reported by Sibeth Ndiaye , government spokesperson, after the Council of Ministers. According to Mr. Macron, "all those who today remain silent on this subject are accomplices, today and for tomorrow, of the weakening of our democracy and our Republic".

Asked when he returned from Israel, where he participated in the commemoration of the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi camp on Thursday, the French president also clarified to a colleague his analysis of anti-Semitism , which he linked to the economic crisis and social.

"All Western democracies are experiencing a crisis, and it is a crisis that is exacerbated by the great contemporary fears," he said, citing digital transformation and climate change.

According to him, "anti-Semitism is the most advanced form, each time the most radical of fear of the other".




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

EXPLOSIVE FILE ON JEAN-PAUL DELEVOYE

THE RETIRED "MONSIEUR" RESIGNS

Put under pressure after the revelation of new omissions in his declaration of interests, the high commissioner responsible for pension reform, Jean-Paul Delevoye, finally decided to resign.

At the height of the social conflict surrounding the pension reform, an explosive subject for which Jean-Paul Delevoye is responsible, Mr. Retraite finds himself pinned on several conflict of interest cases. Qualified by the modest term of "forgetfulness", they are more than annoying.

Especially since the World revealed Saturday, December 14, the second version of the declaration of interests signed by Jean-Paul Delevoye, the High Commissioner for Pensions. The politician finally declared thirteen mandates, of which eleven are still active, instead of the three initially indicated.

It was not all voluntary, so the mandate to advise for IGS, a higher education group, brought him 78,000 euros in 2017. This is almost twice as much as in the first version of his conflict of interest declaration. interest!

After his role as administrator in insurance - with the training institute for insurers Ifpass - it was a position at the SNCF foundation that was singled out. The High Commissioner for Pensions has been sitting on the board of directors of the SNCF Foundation since 2016, in charge of the group's sponsorship actions, and then other mandates ...

Suspicions of conflict of interest with insurance, accumulation of functions prohibited by the Constitution and now a new breach of its declaration of interest obligations!

Faced with these serious shortcomings in the declaration of activities and irregularities in its declaration of interests, the High Authority for the Transparency of Public Life (HATVP) is expected to rule on Wednesday December 18 on the transmission to justice of the high dossier -pension commissioner, Jean-Paul Delevoye.

Did Jean-Paul Delevoye think that he could be above the law: namely above article 23 of the Constitution, which prohibits a minister from exercising a professional activity at the same time?

With a status equivalent to a minister delegate in the government of Edouard Philippe M. Delevoye should indeed have given the body guaranteeing the probity of public decision-makers a complete declaration!

Jean-Paul Delevoye, 72, was deputy for Pas-de-Calais in 1986, senator, mayor, mediator of the Republic, etc. He was also a minister under Chirac. In 1999, he ran for president of the RPR, but lost to Michèle Alliot-Marie. "However, Jacques Chirac had bet everything on the man he nicknamed - certainly affectionately - the" big cunt ".

"Because he is tall and because he is stupid," he would have explained himself quite simply. , can we read with a colleague.

"A reflection that Emmanuel Macron may also have done by reading the revelations" on the annoying "oversights" of Delevoye...

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

THE RISKED STRATEGY OF EMMANUEL MACRON TO "CROSS THE WALL OF DECEMBER 5"

In spite of the barely extinguished movement of the "yellow vests", the head of state is decided, with the ball in his head, to continue to reform by opposing the opponents of the pension reform. At the risk of rousing the anger of the street again. Emmanuel Macron knows it but, as he said during his trip to Rouen, he is "not even afraid". He polishes his strategy to "not face the wall of December 5".

To do this he beats the reminder of his troops .

Ten days before the strikes of the SNCF and the RATP, the Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, indefatigable marathoner, receives on two days the unions and the employers for a final lap of track. Bis repetita. Édouard Philippe had already received them in September. For the same reason. In the same format.

Sunday, he summoned the entire government to Matignon, to detail the official line and avoid polyphony at the top. On Tuesday evening, the head of government is to host a meeting of parliamentarians LREM and MoDem, along with the Minister of Health, Agnès Buzyn, and High Commissioner Jean-Paul Delevoye.

In addition the party En Marche is summoned to reactivate its members as it had done at the beginning of the crisis of "yellow vests". The Republic in March asks its leaders, its activists on the ground throughout France to give him their impressions.

A communication to extol the reform

The idea is to convince the public that the merger of the 42 existing pension plans into a single (point-based and career-based) system is "fair". High Commissioner Jean-Paul Delevoye acknowledged that there was a lot to do. And to add: "There are a number of untruths. Our fight is to be able to retricft these false truths upside down and to show how this project brings solidarity, generosity and solidity ".

Stigmatize the privileged special diets

In this war to prevent the public opinion to support the strikers as during the great strikes of 1995, the Head of State had, too, to go to the forefront qualifying the claims of employees benefiting from the special regimes demands "From another era". He exploits the only idea that puts almost all French people in agreement: it is not normal for railwaymen to retire before everyone else. By targeting these plans, which Richard Ferrand refers to as whiners, the government also wants to isolate them and avoid strikes by proxy or opportunity. Richard Ferrand, exhausted "a mobilization to maintain inequalities". "Attention to the image they can give, we could have the impression that they do a little corporatism," added, for its part, Elizabeth Borne.

But it is not certain that this bold strategy on the part of the government will succeed in defusing the mistrust of pension reform.

A risky strategy

Each passing day reinforces the mobilization of opponents of the pension reform. The call for the "unlimited strike" at the RATP and the "strike extendable" at the SNCF is coupled with a day of interprofessional strike decided by the CGT, Force Ouvrière, the FSU, Solidaires and four youth organizations. The left parties invite themselves to the processions, the extreme right too. According to a poll for La Tribune, Orange and RTL, six out of ten French people approve of the December 5th strike.

"The President of the Republic, who should be the president of all the French, tries to divide the French," thundered on Sunday, the Secretary General of the CGT, Philippe Martinez.

If Emmanuel Macron seems to want nothing to give on the reform project, the French still do not know the exact terms of the reform and are tired.

Because the vagueness and the hesitations have ended by making everyone doubt the relevance of this universal system.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

FRANCOIS BAROIN PRESIDENTIABLE

Go ? or not go ? . The question promises to be back in all directions by 2022. François Baroin, who chairs the powerful Association of Mayors of France (AMF), is considered a "safe haven" by several leaders of Republicans to carry the hopes of 'a right decimated in the next elections, including the presidential 2022. But the main interested Tuesday morning at Jean-Jacques Bourdin, did not show enthusiasm overflowing when the issue was raised.

"The post is not open, Emmanuel Macron is President of the Republic. It will be open in 2022, then it may be open in 2027, after it will open in 2032, "he first scanned.

The mayor (Republicans) of Troyes, François Baroin, did not say no to a candidacy for the presidential election, but "in quite exceptional circumstances".

In a hurry to unveil himself, an exercise he likes to avoid, the Mayor of Troyes finally answered that he would think of presenting himself "under very exceptional circumstances"

Baroin is worried about the "trap" of a duel announced between Emmanuel Macron and far-right leader Marine Le Pen in 2022, scenario that the President of the Republic is working to install in minds.

"The duality between Macron and Le Pen, between the National Front and En Marche, to accept it without saying anything, arms dangling, in a deafening silence (...) is to accept the alternation," reaffirmed the former minister.

"We lost two presidential elections. All is to start again. How to imagine talking about the incarnation if we do not talk about the substance? "Warned François Baroin, while Valérie Pécresse and Xavier Bertrand do not hide their ambitions for 2022.

"We must first get together, then we must work on the evolution of the country and try to provide answers, the incarnation will come (...) when the time comes. »

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

QUI EST DAMIEN ABAD

NOUVEAU PRESIDENT DU GROUPE LES REPUBLICAINS A L'ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE ?

Le député de l’Ain Damien Abad vient d’être élu nouveau président du groupe Les Républicains à l’Assemblée nationale, succédant ainsi à Christian Jacob,  devenu patron du parti de droite. Il veut incarner une droite « sociale, populaire, de progrès » qui reste « déterminée sur les questions de laïcité, d'immigration, de sécurité ».

A 39 ans, l'élu de l'Ain devient le plus jeune président de groupe du palais Bourbon, à la tête de la plus importante escouade de députés de l'opposition.

Damien Abad est député de l’AIN depuis 2012 et 3ème Vice Président de LR depuis l’élection de Laurent Wauquiez à la tête du Parti de la droite sociale et libérale. (Les Républicains)

A ce titre il est depuis longtemps présent sur les plateaux de TV ou dans les rédactions des groupes de Presse où il est invité régulièrement pour commenter l’actualité politique et donner son point de vue sur tel ou tel sujet du moment. Sa notoriété grimpe.

L’homme est jeune, souriant et habile ; il maîtrise tout à la fois, une fine rhétorique et une dialectique redoutable tout en entretenant d’excellentes relations avec les journalistes.

Le public a déjà commencé à découvrir cette nouvelle figure politique, atypique.

Damien Abad est en effet ce jeune député facilement reconnaissable, qui intervient souvent à l’assemblée nationale où il occupe physiquement un siège à droite et tout en bas des travées, siège qui a été aménagé spécialement dès le lendemain de son élection pour tenir compte de son handicap.

Damien Abad est en effet atteint d’une maladie rare, l’arthrogrypose, une maladie congénitale difficile à détecter in utero.

Les séquelles de la maladie lui donnent cette démarche dandinante qui lui a valu le capital de sympathie qu’il attire très régulièrement et qui en a déjà fait le héros du handicap. Les handicapés ont trouvé en sa personne, leur porte- voix.

Damien Abad est né le 5 avril 1980 à Nîmes (Gard) où il fit ses études secondaires au lycée Alphonse Daudet . Après son baccalauréat, il intègre Sciences Po Bordeaux dont il sort major, puis Sciences Po Paris en 2004.

Il échoue par deux fois au grand oral de l’ENA, qu’il abandonne pour se tourner rapidement vers la politique de terrain qui le passionne.

Il a une sensibilité centriste et c’est donc tout naturellement qu’il se tourne vers L’UDF et son Président de l’époque François Bayrou, lequel à l’occasion du Congrès de Lyon de janvier 2006, s’était proclamé dans une motion unique, votée largement ( !), « libre et indépendant » mais néanmoins partisan d’une alliance pré-électorale avec l’UMP.

Vite repéré par les patrons du Centrisme, il est, à partir de mars 2006 embauché comme collaborateur de groupe à l’Assemblée Nationale. Au sein des services du groupe UDF, Damien Abad se voit confier un poste de chargé d’études sur les questions budgétaires et fiscales, un domaine et une spécialisation qui lui serviront grandement par la suite dans ses fonctions électives locales.

Mais le Centre éclate en 2008 suite à la décision de François Bayrou de créer le Modem. Cependant, tous les centristes ne font pas le choix de suivre le « béarnais » et les députés (les ¾ des députés centristes de l’époque ne l’ont pas suivi) qui avaient décidé de soutenir Nicolas Sarkozy pour l’élection présidentielle de 2007, conviennent de créer le Nouveau Centre qui verra le jour en mai 2008 à l’occasion du Congrès de Nîmes (la ville de naissance de Damien Abad).

Et c’est à Nîmes qu’est élu à la Présidence du Nouveau Centre, Herve Morin, ancien lieutenant de François Bayrou (il fut son porte parole pour les élections présidentielles de 2002).

Mais Herve Morin avait dès 2007 anticipé et fait dissidence, l’occasion des élections législatives de juin, où il a présenté, sous les couleurs du Parti Social et Liberal Européen « des membres de sa famille et certains de ses employés ».

Pour avoir soutenu Nicolas Sarkozy, il fut dès lendemain des élections remercié et nommé en sa qualité de nouveau chef de file des Centristes/compatibles UMP, Ministre de la Défense dans le premier gouvernement Fillon. (Herve Morin fut confirmé à ce poste dans le second gouvernement Fillon).

Et c’est à partir de là, que va démarrer la carrière politique de Damien Abad, qui bien que candidat malheureux dans la 5ème circonscription des Yvelines (3,17%) en 2007 se vit désigner par le Nouveau Centre, en récompense de son sacrifice et de sa fidélité, à Hervé Morin, candidat en seconde position sur la liste conduite par Françoise Grossetete (UMP) pour la grande circonscription du Sud Est (laquelle regroupait les Régions Rhône Alpes et PACA) à l’occasion des élections européennes de 2009.

La voie était tracée, sous les augures d’un Hervé Morin qui amicalement l’interpellait alors comme ceci dans les réunions publiques Damien, si les petits cochons ne te mangent pas et si les gros te laissent, je présage que tu feras une belle carrière politique ».

Et jusqu’ici, les petits cochons ne l’ont pas mangé et les gros se sont écartés !

Depuis qu’il a été nommé vice président des LR, Damien Abad a entrepris une tournée des fédérations LR. Il laboure le terrain, rencontrant inlassablement les militants qu’il faudra mobiliser dès la rentrée de septembre pour animer la campagne.

Il a acquis également une solide expérience de terrain en occupant la fonction de Président du Conseil Départemental de l’AIN entre avril 2015 et juillet 2017. Il n’occupe plus cette fonction depuis l’interdiction du cumul des mandats avec une fonction exécutive, mais il continue à siéger en qualité de conseiller départemental.

A l’occasion d’un récent sondage, les Français ont désigné la droite républicaine comme le second opposant à Emmanuel Macron, derrière le Rassemblant National (RN) de Marine Le Pen (ex FN), ceci alors même que LREM peine à rassembler !

Damien Abad est probablement un choix avisé pour sortir la droite de l’ornière dans laquelle elle était encalminée depuis les élections présidentielles de 2017 et qui selon les propos de Damien Abad lui même « aurait compris … enfin…qu’elle devait sortir du sang et des larmes » et assurer tout son rôle d’opposant, clairement et humainement.

Clara Mitchell pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

c

 

FRANCE: CHRISTIAN JACOB PRESIDENT OF THE UMP

A nine-year-old member of the LR legislature, Christian Jacob was elected Sunday night as the new president of the Republican party with 62.58% of the party's vote, ahead of Julien Aubert and Guillaume Larrivé.

The activists preferred to trust a faithful to the history of the party, rather than two young deputies quadras who intended to embody the break with the return to a line right for Julien Aubert, nostalgic of the RPR and a right Liberal and national for Guillaume Larrivé.

This former agricultural unionist spotted by Jacques Chirac in 1988 and atypical course - he has only the BEPC in his pocket - will have to tackle the difficult task of rebuilding a political family today in tatters.

And to drive it until the next presidential elections of 2022. The task is titanic and complicated, and he knows it.

"Everyone knows the difficulty of putting back on track our movement which for seven years has lived so many critical periods. We will only succeed if everyone clearly agrees to put their personal ambitions and their egos aside to devote themselves exclusively to the preparation of our project alternation macronism. "Warned the former mayor of Provins who pledged not to run for president. A foot call to the lost sheep Xavier Bertrand and Valérie Pécresse?

But the next test will be that of the municipal, this appointment that should not miss the right that has an important territorial network of local elected officials from the blue wave of 2014. "It will be a moment of truth between macronism and the Leninism on one side and us on the other. "

To do this, Christian Jacob intends to put back to the heart of the debate the unifying priorities of restoring the authority of the state, the fight against "the poison of communitarianism and uncontrolled immigration", but also the fight against "the impoverishment of the middle classes and pensioners ".

After the debacle of 2017 and the rout of the European May, LR has more than ever an effective mediator to reconcile the different rights. Republicans seem to have found it.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

BAD CASTING AND CAMOUFLET FOR

EMMANUEL MACRON WHY THE CANDIDATURE OF SYLVIE GOULARD

COULD THERE BE ONLY REJECTED ?

The candidacy of the French Sylvie Goulard for the post of European Commissioner for the Internal Market was drastically rejected on Thursday, October 10, during a second hearing. Of the MEPs, 82 voted against his nomination, 29 for, and one abstained. Only Renew's liberals, whose Renaissance list of Emmanuel Macron's majority is the main formation, have all brought their voices

If the former French minister (Enarque, polyglot, expert of the European institutions), at first glance, had the ideal CV for the post of commissioner, she nevertheless dragged pots and pans behind her.

Indeed, the former MEP (2009-2017) is subject to two investigations, one from the French justice system and one from the European Anti-Fraud Office (Olaf). They concern the case of the allegedly fictitious jobs of MEPs from the MoDem, which led to his resignation from the government of Edouard Philippe on June 21, 2017, after a month of exercise. Or she refused to commit to resign if she had to to be indicted in the case of the fictitious jobs of the MoDem. One weight, two measures?

MEPs also had reservations about a possible conflict of interest regarding her work as a "consultant" between 2013 and January 2016 for the Berggruen Institute, while she was a member of the European Parliament. For these activities in the think tank founded by the billionaire US-German Nicolas Berggruen, she received "more than 10 000 euros" gross per month, said the Olaf.

Emmanuel Macron experienced this refusal as a snub. But to propose an application tainted by two cases was it not in itself risky?

Moreover, Emmanuel Macron wanted to impose for his commissioner a portfolio with ultra-broad skills, ranging from the Internal Market to Defense, through Space or Digital, with budgets of several tens of billions of euros. Such a portfolio would have given France a disproportionate power within the Commission. This is also what MEPs rejected this Thursday. The political groups advocate for a redistribution of powers.

The scathing refusal of MEPs to appoint Sylvie Goulard to the European Commission sounds like a personal affront to Emmanuel Macron and his excessive European pretensions.

The New York Times explains that with this rejection of Sylvie Goulard, the European Parliament wanted to "show the muscles", and reaffirm its intransigence in matters of ethics in politics against a France that had found nothing better to propose "A technocrat targeted by no less than two investigations into alleged financial malpractice".

"In a climate of increasing distrust of the political world, it is not so bad that the future commissioners, without any other legitimacy than the heads of state who appoint them, have to answer to the deputies. elected. ", Rightly concludes in Les Echos the journalist Lucie Robequain.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

THE PUNCHLINES OF THE FORMER PRESIDENT

JACQUES CHIRAC

In a forty-two year political career, former French President Jacques Chirac has left a number of memorable statements, including historical speeches, provocations, blunders and slippages.

Here is an anthology:

Our house burns

"Our house is burning and we are looking elsewhere. The mutilated, overexploited nature can no longer reconstitute itself and we refuse to admit it. [...] Earth and humanity are in danger and we are all responsible for it "(Johannesburg Earth Summit, 2 September 2002)

Rafle of the Vel d'Hiv 'Yes, the criminal madness of the occupant was seconded by the French, by the French State. [...] Fatherland of the Light and the rights of the man, land of reception and asylum, France, that day, carried out the irreparable. Missing her word, she delivered her proteges to their executioners "(Recognizing the collaboration of France with Nazi Germany during the Winter Velodrome Rally, July 16, 1995)

What do you want?

"What do you want? Do you want to go back to France? Is that what you want? Let them go, let them do. "(" What do you want? That I go back to my plane and I come back to France? That's what you want? Let them go, let them do it ") (Altercation with Israeli security services interposed between him and the Arab population in the Old City of Jerusalem, October 22, 1996)

Household

"What more does she want, this housewife? My balls on a platter? "(At a European summit, Jacques Chirac, then Prime Minister, does not know that his microphone remained open and gets carried away against his British counterpart Margaret Thatcher, February 1988)

Immigration

"Our problem is not foreigners, it's overdose. [...] How do you want the French worker who works with his wife and who, together, earn about 15,000 francs, and who sees on the landing next to a family with a father, three or four wives? , and a score of kids, and who earn 50'000 francs of social benefits, without naturally working! If you add to that the noise and the smell, well the French worker goes crazy! [...] And it's not to be racist to say that "(Dinner-debate with activists of his party, June 19, 1991)

The pug

"It is certainly not you, Mr. Fabius, who will destabilize me. Be nice to let me talk and stop intervening shortly, a little like the pug! (In October 1985, Jacques Chirac inflicts on Laurent Fabius, then Prime Minister, a daring reframing on the set of TF1)

Apples

"It's primarily because I like apples a lot, I'm an apple eater. (In 1995, he released a book, La France pour tous , whose cover depicts an apple tree.) Questioned about this choice by Alain Duhamel, Jacques Chirac simply explains it in this way.A sentence that will become the slogan "Eat apples" under the pen of Guignols de l'info, and which, according to some observers, will contribute to his victory in the 1995 presidential election.)

Far right

"I can not accept the banalisation of intolerance and hatred" (Justifying his refusal to debate with the president of the National Front (FN, extreme right) Jean-Marie Le Pen, his opponent in the second round of the election presidential election, 23 April 2002)

Travel paid in cash

"It's not that they are deflating, it's that they (sums) are pschitt, if you allow me this expression." (TV interview at the presidential palace, July 14, 2001)

A staggering story

"I am indignant at the process, indignant at the lie, indignant at the outrage ... There must be limits to the slander ... Today we are reporting a history that is staggering." (In September 2000, during of an interview on France 3, Jacques Chirac questioned on the occult financing of his party, the RPR, revealed by Jean-Claude Méry, a member of the central committee of the party.)

Sarkozy

"I decide and it executes" (Refocusing Nicolas Sarkozy, then his Minister of Finance, July 14, 2004)

"Sarkozy, have to step on him. And left foot, it brings good luck. "

Holland

"I can say that I will vote Holland!" (June 11, 2011 in Corrèze, about François Hollande, socialist candidate for the French presidential election of 2012 and while Nicolas Sarkozy is also candidate.The entourage of the former president will speak " of Corrèze humor »)

After two terms, ie twelve years at the helm of the country, Jacques Chirac gives his last official speech of President of the Republic. In this last emotionally charged address, the Head of State declares to the French:

"Not a moment, you have not ceased to live in my heart and mind. Not a minute, I have not stopped acting to serve this beautiful France. This France that I love as much as I love you.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE  REBELLIOUS PROCESS JEAN-LUC MELENCHON

The trial of Jean-Luc Mélenchon and five of his relatives opened on Thursday in the Criminal Court of Bobigny with the distribution of videos of the eventful search at the headquarters of LFI in October.

The search at the heart of the trial

The search at the heart of the trial was conducted at the Paris headquarters of LFI in the context of two investigations of the Paris prosecutor's office on the accounts of the 2017 presidential campaign and on the conditions of employment of assistants of MEPs from LFI, entrusted since then to examining magistrates.

Filming live on Facebook the search of his home, Jean-Luc Mélenchon had first denounced a "huge political police operation" before going with relatives at the headquarters of the movement.

In front of cameras, he had called his family to "break the door" to enter the premises.

He was also seen shaking up a representative of the prosecution, as well as a police officer trying to intervene.

Up to ten years in prison

"To accuse an insubordinate of crime of rebellion, it is a form of pleonasm," threw on Thursday at the helm Jean-Luc Mélenchon, tried with five of his relatives in Bobigny for rebellion and acts of intimidation, during the search at the headquarters of LFI in October.

The trial, scheduled for two days, opened in an electric climate, fueled by the repeated attacks of the leader Insoumis against justice. To the judge who asked him if he agreed to appear, Jean-Luc Mélenchon replied: "I do not think I have a choice, but yes".

Jean-Luc Mélenchon is being prosecuted for "acts of intimidation against a magistrate and a depositary of public authority, rebellion and provocation".

He incurs up to 10 years in prison, a fine of 150,000 euros and 5 years of ineligibility. Also present are MPs Bastien Lachaud and Alexis Corbière, MEP Manuel Bompard, President of the "People's Era" Association Bernard Pignerol and the press officer of LFI.

An oratorical contest between two tribunes

The leader of LFI, the first to be interviewed, said he felt "a sense of humiliation". The day of the search, on October 16, 2018, "the day began in an atmosphere of confusion, of amazement", with the search of several unsubdued militants, justified Jean-Luc Mélenchon, when the president of the tribunal Benoît Descoubes emphasized that the materiality of what he is accused of was established.

Jean-Luc Mélenchon pointed out that he was also afraid that the file of 500,000 registered on the LFI platform would be seized while he had a "moral responsibility vis-à-vis those who gave their name and address for support (his) presidential campaign ".

And he said he was again the victim of a "political trial": "I'm not talking about conspiracy, but about system effect".

To the questions of Me Eric Dupond-Moretti, one of the lawyers of the civil parties, the leader of France Insoumise could not help but retort: ​​"It is a classic technique, to cut small piece by piece the Questions. Go straight to the goal, be offensive! ", Jean-Luc Mélenchon told him.

Visibly annoyed, Eric Dupond-Moretti joked: "Here we are in a court, not in front of the court, with signs!" An allusion to the dozens of unsubdued activists who were waiting in court to support the defendants.

A duel between two high - colored characters, the media lawyer and the tribune who had started a muted war on social networks, on the eve of the trial.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

HARDENING MIGRATION POLICY WANTED BY EMMANUEL MACRON

The immigration debate was launched on Monday evening by Emmanuel Macron during his pot of re-entry with the parliamentarians of the majority "We are a land of immigration. This creates tensions, but it must be seen in the face, "argued the head of state.

"We do not have the right not to look at it in the face. (...) The left did not want to look at this problem for decades.

Popular classes have migrated to the far right. "

The president does not intend to leave the subject on immigration to the right and the extreme right in view of the next elections, municipal in 2020 followed by the presidential election of 2022.

One of the priorities of this second part of the quinquennium is to reconnect with the working classes after the crisis of "yellow vests" which has shaken the power. So the president on Monday called his majority and his government to the firmness on immigration, to avoid being "a bourgeois party" that ignores the opinion of popular classes seduced by the far right.

Because immigration concerns the French well and truly. According to an Ipsos Sopra-Steria study for Le Monde published Monday, September 16, 64% of respondents feel that "we do not feel at home as before" (+4 points since 2017), and 63% think that there are too many foreigners in France. How to respond to these concerns?

Right of asylum

Emmanuel Macron intends to act mainly on the right of asylum, a principle he reaffirmed but that he considers "diverted from its purpose by networks, people who manipulate". France recorded a 23% increase in asylum applications last year, after already increasing by 7.1% in 2016 and 17.5% in 2017.

With demands coming from Albania and Georgia, which are rising sharply, that the public authorities consider largely unfounded. 27% of applications were accepted, a stable figure compared to the previous year.

However, there is very little deportation at the border, so that the unsuccessful ones increase the number of illegal immigrants.

The restriction of AME

The debates in parliament will also focus on state medical aid (AME) to "control the costs and ensure that it goes well to people in distress," according to government spokesman Sibeth Ndiaye .

The AME, which represents a budget of some 943 million euros and covers more than 300,000 people, allows foreigners who are illegally resident and have been living in France for more than three months to benefit from access to healthcare.

A 2015 parliamentary report estimated that 70% of the MEA was for hospital costs related to serious illnesses, such as tuberculosis or HIV, and some deliveries. The government is thinking of restricting access to the MEA.

Two tracks seem to emerge: either via the criteria to be profitable, or via the number of treatments that can be reimbursed.

But to seize the subject of immigration is also to look at the problem of integration.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE REVIREMENT DE M. MACRON SUR LES RETRAITES POSE DE NOUVEAUX DEFIS

Le chef de l’État a annoncé qu’il préférait un accord avec les partenaires sociaux sur la durée de cotisation plutôt que sur un âge pivot de départ en retraite. Il s'agirait de demander aux salariés de travailler plus longtemps pour bénéficier de la retraite à taux plein. On augmenterait le nombre de trimestres nécessaires pour avoir sa pension, quel que soit l'âge.

Age d’équilibre ou âge pivot

Jusqu’alors les porteurs de la réforme penchaient plutôt pour un départ à la retraite à un âge d’équilibre à 64 ans avec surcote et décote en cas de départ retardé ou anticipé. Aujourd’hui, l’âge légal de départ en retraite est fixé à 62 ans.

Pour l’heure, « rien n’est décidé », a affirmé Emmanuel Macron. « Il y a certaines professions qui - si on fait les choses mécaniquement - seraient lésées : infirmières, aides-soignants, enseignants », a souligné le chef de l’État, selon qui « il n’y aura pas de réforme des retraites tant qu’on n’aura pas bâti une vraie transformation de ces professions. »

Une accélération du calendrier de la réforme Touraine

Aujourd’hui, les Français doivent cotiser 166 trimestres, soit 41,5 ans pour bénéficier d’une retraite à taux plein. Mais cette durée doit augmenter dans les années qui viennent : c'est la conséquence de la réforme de Marisol Touraine. La durée de cotisation doit atteindre 43 ans, c'est-à-dire 172 trimestres, pour les Français nés après 1973.

L'idée serait d'accélérer le calendrier de la réforme Touraine, pour demander de cotiser plus longtemps aussi aux salariés nés dans les années 1960. Une recette déjà utilisée par les gouvernements précédents.

Cela avantagerait deux catégories de personnes, par rapport au système envisagé jusqu'ici. D'abord ceux qui ont commencé à travailler tôt. Et ensuite ceux qui bénéficient de trimestres de bonification, comme les parents de famille nombreuse, qui n'auraient pas besoin d'attendre 64 ans.

Ce choix avantagerait les salariés qui ne font pas beaucoup d'études, et pénaliserait ceux qui ont une longue formation et qui commencent à travailler plus tard.

Des problèmes pour déterminer la durée de cotisation

Si le calcul des retraites se fait uniquement sur la durée cela peut poser deux problèmes, d’après une économiste féru sur la question.

Le premier concernera les personnes avec des carrières en pointillé. Ceux qui cumulent des petits boulots ou qui font une pause dans leur vie professionnelle pour élever des enfants devront, avec cette option, travailler plus longtemps pour percevoir une pension de retraite décente.

L’autre problème posé par un système basé uniquement sur une durée de cotisation concernera la pension de retraite minimum. A partir de quel moment estimera-t-on qu’une personne doit la toucher s’il n’y a pas d’âge d’équilibre ? Seul un âge d' « équilibre » pourrait déterminer le déclenchement de la pension minimum.

Beaucoup de questions auquel le gouvernement va devoir répondre dans les prochaines semaines. Emmanuel Macron a promis de « construire tous ensemble cette réforme », évoquant, « plus qu’une concertation », « une grande négociation », « un grand débat ».

Mais quid du déséquilibre financier ?

Si l'allongement de la durée de cotisation a été utilisée par bon nombre de gouvernements, le candidat Macron avait critiqué ces réformes techniques, en expliquant que lui, il allait faire beaucoup mieux. Car leur inconvénient, nous disait-il, c'est qu'elles ne règlent les problèmes financiers que pour un moment.

Macron tiendrait à cette réforme qui se voudrait inventive, juste, anticipatrice.

« Il veut persuader les jeunes qu'ils bénéficieront d'une retraite, sinon arrivera le moment où ils ne voudront plus cotiser ( ...)

Le système actuel est en outre défavorable aux carrières hachées, alors que les gens vont être de plus en plus mobiles. », explique Richard Ferrand !!! ???

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UN VIRAGE STRATEGIQUE

DANS LA REFORME DES RETRAITES

« Je veux que cette réforme incarne un changement de méthode », a martelé Emmanuel Macron.

Il est certain que la réforme des retraites fait partie des dossiers brûlants de la rentrée.

Mais pour éviter une rentrée houleuse alors que se préparent des mobilisations pour le 21 septembre à l’appel de FO et le 24 à l'appel de la CGT, le gouvernement fait montre de souplesse ne comptant pas souffler sur les braises laissées par le mouvement des Gilets Jaunes.

Si l'exécutif compte toujours avancer dans ses réformes, c'est donc avec une nécessaire concertation et en y associant l'ensemble de la société.

« On va la construire tous ensemble cette réforme », a-t-il assuré, évoquant, « plus qu'une concertation », « une grande négociation » car «rien n'est décidé » à ce stade, a-t-il affirmé.

Lundi soir, Emmanuel Macron a cependant indiqué sur France 2 sa préférence, dans le projet de refonte du système des retraites, pour un calcul des droits à la retraite lié à la durée de cotisation plutôt qu'à l'âge de départ .

Le président de la République a également reconnu que le système des retraites était en déséquilibre financier et qu’il faudrait remettre les finances d’aplomb pour 2025.

Ce à quoi a répondu le ministre de l'Économie, « l'important, c'est de réformer. ». « Nous devons tous travailler plus », estime Bruno Le Maire.

Pour le ministre, l'objectif doit aussi être de parvenir à l'équilibre du système en 2025.

« L'ambition doit être la même, le système doit être à l'équilibre en 2025, a-t-il déclaré. Il doit être plus juste. (...) Ce qui compte, c'est de refonder le système de répartition. »

« Nous devons tous, collectivement, travailler plus, a-t-il encore souligné. D'abord en baissant le chômage, ensuite en permettant aux jeunes de rentrer plus facilement sur le marché du travail », mais aussi en permettant aux plus de cinquante ans de retrouver du travail.

Le ministre a également insisté sur la nécessité d'une grande concertation avant toute réforme. « Il faut une réforme juste et acceptée par les Français, a avancé M. Le Maire. Vous ne passerez en force sur rien. C'est la réalité de notre démocratie, et c'est une bonne réalité. »

L'âge de départ à la retraite concentre une grande partie des débats autour du futur « système universel » des retraites prévu pour 2025.

Le haut-commissaire Jean-Paul Delevoye, qui a rendu ses préconisations mi-juillet, a recommandé, quant à lui, un « taux plein » à l'âge « pivot » de 64 ans, assorti d'un système de décote/surcote.

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DES INSULTES EN GUISE DE DIPLOMATIE

DU BRESIL A LA FRANCE ?


Le président brésilien Jair Bolsonaro aurait approuvé dimanche sur Facebook un commentaire offensant pour la première Dame Brigitte Macron, tandis qu'un de ses ministres traitait le chef de l'Etat français Emmanuel Macron de « crétin opportuniste ».

Jair Bolsonaro aurait réagi à un post se moquant du physique de la première Dame française en le comparant à celui de Michelle Bolsonaro (37 ans), rayonnante le jour de l'investiture de son mari. « Vous comprenez maintenant pourquoi Macron persécute Bolsonaro? », peut- on lire à côté de photos des deux couples présidentiels. « C'est la jalousie (...) de Macron, je parie », écrit l'internaute, Rodrigo Andreaça.

« N'humilie pas le type - MDR », aurait répondu en commentaire le président Bolsonaro en référence à son homologue français.

Ce post a-t-il été publié par le chef de l'Etat lui-même ? A un porte-parole du palais présidentiel de Planalto de répondre « Nous ne faisons pas de commentaire ».

Le président français Emmanuel Macron a déploré les « propos extraordinairement irrespectueux » du président brésilien.

Insultes

Dimanche également, Emmanuel Macron a été copieusement insulté sur Twitter par le ministre brésilien de l'Education, Abraham Weintraub. « Macron n'est pas à la hauteur de ce débat (sur l'Amazonie, ndlr). C'est juste un crétin opportuniste qui cherche le soutien du lobby agricole français », a écrit le ministre de l'éducation, en référence à l'opposition du président français à l'accord de libre-échange UE-Mercosur.

Le terme utilisé en portugais (« calhorda »), très loin des usages diplomatiques, n'a pas d'exact équivalent en français mais se trouve à la croisée de « tricheur », « crétin » et « connard ».

Olavo de Carvalho, écrivain et "gourou" de Jair Bolsonaro, exilé aux Etats-Unis, a de son côté forgé sur Twitter le nom de "Macrocon", au moment où la sphère bolsonariste se déchaîne contre le président français.

Ces attaques inédites marquent une très nette escalade dans les tensions entre Brasilia et Paris.

L'Amazonie a jeté de l'huile sur le feu d'une relation franco-brésilienne qui s'est tendue après l'arrivée au pouvoir à Brasilia du président d'extrême droite.

Jair Bolsonaro avait infligé un affront diplomatique fin juillet au ministre français des Affaires étrangères Jean-Yves Le Drian, en visite à Brasilia, en annulant leur rencontre.

Il avait posté sur Facebook un direct dans lequel on le voyait se faire couper les cheveux à l'heure prévue du rendez-vous, qui avait été annulé "pour des questions d'agenda".

M. Le Drian, qui avait rencontré des ONG brésiliennes souvent hostiles à Jair Bolsonaro, avait ironisé sur cette « urgence capillaire ».

Ces derniers jours, à propos de l'Amazonie, Jair Bolsonaro a accusé M. Macron d'avoir une « mentalité colonialiste » tandis que celui-ci l'accusait d'avoir « menti » sur ses engagements climatiques.

Des méthodes dignes des plus mauvais soaps politiques.

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

SAUVER LE G7 A TOUT PRIX 

PAR UN COUP D'ECLAT LA VISITE IMPROMPTUE DU

MINISTRE IRANIEN JAVAD ZARIF

A quoi sert le G7 ?

La légitimité du G7 reste à prouver après ces deux jours de raout des grandes puissances industrialisées qui ont mis au ban la Russie et préféré inviter des chefs d' Etats d'autres continents.

D'ailleurs de nombreuses rencontres se font bilatéralement au détriment du multilatéralisme.

Or le président français Emmanuel Macron, hôte de ce G7, veut à tout prix faire montre de son emprise sur le G7 de Biarritz.

Après avoir incendié le président brésilien Bolsonaro -grand admirateur de Trump- pour sa gestion des feux ravageant la forêt amazonienne quoi de mieux alors que d' inviter à Biarritz le ministre iranien des affaires étrangères, réformateur, Javad Zarif à Biarritz?

Mais une invitation en marge du sommet pour un entretien exclusif avec son homologue français Jean-Yves Le Drian, rejoint à la fin par Emmanuel Macron, ne risque-elle pas de dénoter, d'incommoder ?!

Pas sûr que le président Donald Trump encaisse le coup d'épée dans le dos sans coup férir !

Il a certes fait bonne figure devant les caméras du monde entier assurant que rien ne pouvait remplacer les approches bilatérales avec sa propre administration.

Mais en pleine escalade verbale et militaire contre l’Iran, Donald Trump a tout de même nié a priori tout droit au président français de négocier « au nom des Etats-Unis ».

Une mise en scène qui aurait ennuyé l'entourage de la présidence américaine...

Mais au- delà de ce vaudeville franchouillard,  faut-il  y voir la volonté de souligner la possible crise internationale face au déclenchement d’une possible guerre avec l'Iran ?

Le chemin de la négociation pour l'éviter ne serait-il pas alors des plus urgents ?

Un coup de projecteur capable peut-être d'initier un processus de désescalade salutaire de cette crise déclenchée par le retrait des Etats-Unis de l’accord international sur le nucléaire iranien signé par Barack Obama.

Mais attendons-nous à ce que Donald Trump active sa machine numérique à invectives dès son vol retour vers Washington face à un pari audacieux quelque peu prétentieux du Président français.

Un coup d'épée dans l'eau pour les Iraniens conservateurs dont ne fait pas partie Javad Zarif, le "côté souriant de l'Iran" !

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

CASE FRANCOIS DE RUGY OR THE TV SERIE OF THE SUMMER OF EMMANUEL MACRON

Here we are this summer again plunged into a scandal of Macronie! What better dreams for vacationers fond of political and financial scandals!

Wednesday morning, July 10, 2019, Mediapart revealed that François de Rugy, then president of the National Assembly, organized lavish private dinners at the expense of the taxpayer. With his wife, Séverine Servat de Rugy, he would have received several of their friends under the paneling of the hotel Lassay for evenings where the grands crus (500 euros the bottle) flowed and lobsters covered the tables.

François François de Rugy assumes and justifies himself. On the same day, Wednesday evening, another announcement falls. The journalist Fabrice Arfi of Mediapart reveals indeed in the wake that the minister's director of cabinet, Nicole Klein, still occupies a social housing in the XIVth district since 2001, while she did not work in Paris between 2006 and 2018 .

A situation that "deprived of housing one of the approximately 200,000 applicants for social housing in Paris, who wait for many years before obtaining an apartment," says Mediapart. The reaction of his boss François de Rugy was not long in waiting: she was dismissed without further trial, Thursday, July 11.

And a new revelation would tarnish the reputation of the minister. Thursday the 13th of July in the morning the De Rugy couple have made realize, according to Mediapart, more than 63 000 euros of work, always paid by the taxpayer, in their private apartments of the ministry. Of course the number 2 of the government was again quickly justified.

But wanting to extinguish the fire as soon as possible, two investigations were ordered by the government.

Emmanuel Macron still remembers the so-called "Benalla" case which began in July 2018 to be fueled until the spring of 2019. Each day brought its share of twists, as well in the columns of the World as in the other daily titles and weekly, which, as in the nineteenth century to Eugene Sue with The Mysteries of Paris published in the Journal des débats, kept the French in suspense.

Two open investigations that would clear François de Rugy

One is led by the services of the National Assembly and deals with the allegedly private dinners he organized at the Hotel de Lassay when he was its president. The other is headed by the General Secretariat of the Government (SGG) and concerns the work carried out in its former official residence of the Hotel de Roquelaure (VII), for an amount of 63,000 euros.

The result of these instructions should be unveiled Tuesday morning.

Part of the result of the investigations, however, transpired in the press that the famous dinners would all be "professional", thus clearing the former minister.

And what about the result of the inquiry organized by the Prime Minister's services on his job accommodation? He would be of the same ilk. The total bill of 63,000 euros is explained by the specificities of the building built in the eighteenth century and requiring specialized providers. These would be the conclusions of the inspection launched by Matignon and entrusted to the general secretariat of the government. The full report will be known on Tuesday.

Investigations by government-related services in place

"A joke," reacted on Twitter, Fabrice Arfi. "If the National Assembly has investigated De Rugy as she investigated Benalla, we know what to do," quipped the journalist Mediapart.

Especially when one dwells on the very nature of these two surveys, carried out by services related little or more to the power in place ...

"Besides, there is also the desire not to overwhelm him anymore. He has already paid a high price, "said a ministerial adviser according to Franceinfo. Especially since another file, much more sensitive, could potentially undermine Rugy: that of the payment in 2013 and 2014 of a portion of its contributions to EELV with its compensation representation fee (IRFM).

The beginning of a second "murderous summer" for Emmanuel Macron or late game ?

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

ABOUT POLICE VIOLENCE IN FRANCE

Nearly 300 people gathered on Friday, June 29, for an operation to block the Sully Bridge in Paris after a call for non-violent civil disobedience against "climate inaction".

The ecologist protesters of Extinction Rebellion, who were participating in a peaceful (but undeclared) rally to block a bridge in Paris on Friday, were dispersed manu militari by the police. Images of tear gas and dragged militants provoked many indignant reactions.

"Police, gently, we do that for your children! ".

About 300 activists of the group Extinction Rebellion organized, Friday, June 28, a blocking operation of the bridge of Sully, in Paris. This group, born in late 2018 in the United Kingdom, calls for non-violent civil disobedience against "climate inaction". They were quickly and violently dislodged by the police

Pacifist protesters dislodged by tear gas

Around noon, after blocking some streets of the 4th arrondissement, the militants joined the bridge of Sully for a "festive" event. The demonstration had not been declared officially, but the prefecture had been warned the day before the mobilization.

The intervention of the police was muscular: the police sprinkled with tear gas the militants.

A report was requested from the police prefect

Following this evacuation, Christophe Castaner asked a report to the Paris police chief on the "modalities" of the evacuation. "At the request of the Minister, a technical inspection was launched and a report was requested to the Prefect of Police on how to manage this operation of law and order made necessary to restore traffic in the heart of Paris," he said. said the Ministry of the Interior.

The blocking of the Sully bridge, which links the 4th and 5th arrondissements, hindered the traffic routes, while France was going through a period of heatwave and alternating traffic was imposed in the capital that day.

According to the police headquarters, the police intervened to "stop the obstruction of the traffic generated by this action". After asking the officials "several times to disperse" and "in the face of their refusal to leave the premises," summonses were made without more success, said the prefecture. "This rally was later dispelled by the police," said the administration, which states that two people were placed in custody for offense of obstruction of traffic.

Criticism of law enforcement by the government?

"When I saw that, I asked myself questions and watched the video as a whole," said Ecology Minister François de Rugy, asked about this episode on Sunday on BFMTV.

Government spokeswoman Sibeth Ndiaye was more vocal on LCI: "I believe the activists in question were participating in a rally that was neither declared nor authorized. But "it does not justify gassing in the face and with such proximity, of course," she added.

As a reminder, tear gas can not be used within one meter and only to disperse violent demonstrations and not peaceful demonstrations. The police response was disproportionate, it seems.

The use of legitimate violence against troublemakers?

As it has been in certain manifestations of the "Yellow Vests" so that the act XII "Yellow Vests" had been planned as a "white march" in Paris for the wounded demonstrators.

"Today, there are 2,000 of which a hundred seriously affected," denounced Maxime Nicolle, one of the figures of the dispute. This was confirmed by the militant group "Disarming them." They lost an eye after a shot of LBD, a hand after the explosion of tear gas grenades GLI-F4, or were wounded by shots of pounding grenade DMP . Among them, Jérôme Rodrigues wounded in the eye by a shot of LBD or fragments of grenade DMP, he who filmed the rally place de la Bastille.

As much as they are to be seen, they denounced the use of these weapons by the police at the same time as they denounced "police violence".

The French government, for its part, defended the need for these weapons to avoid violent direct contacts and more injuries between protesters and police.

"What I know is that if we take them away from our police, what's left of them? They still have the body-to-body or their service weapon. I do not wish that they use their service weapon, and I wish to avoid the body-to-body. ". The speech of the Ministry of the Interior is that if we suppress them, the police will have no choice but to resort to their firearms and that there will be deaths. And the Council of State, seized in urgency, to reject the requests for suspension of the use of the launcher of defense bullets (LBD), believing that the risk of violence made it "necessary to allow the police to resort to these weapons ". But this speech sounds wrong in comparison to what is happening in other democracies.

In 2016, the Catholic Association against Torture and the Death Penalty (ACAT), published a report investigating police violence in France, entitled "Order and strength": the human toll is already heavy. The 112-page dossier, based among other things on the work done by Ivan Du Roy and Ludo Symbille, already highlights between 10 and 15 deaths per year and calls into question the use of sub-lethal weapons (LBD, Taser) and Police detective techniques (folding, ventral plating) in this one.

Convictions of international bodies of the use of LBD

On 14 February, a group of experts from the UN Human Rights Council issued a ground-breaking communiqué on the subject, saying that "the right to demonstrate in France has been disproportionately restricted" while giving the figure of 1700 wounded.

On 25 February, the Council of Europe calls on France to suspend the use of LBDs.

"The injuries caused by LBD shots reveal a disproportionate use of force, as well as the maladjustment of this type of weapon in the context of law enforcement operations," noted the Commissioner of Human Rights. Man of the ECHR, Dunja Mijatovic, in a ten-page memorandum.

And finally, Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, has not failed to ask that France investigate police violence that has occurred during the Yellow Vest demonstrations since then. mid-November in a speech to the Human Rights Council in Geneva "We encourage the (French) government to continue the dialogue and urgently call for an in-depth investigation of all reported cases of excessive use of force Michelle Bachelet continued, putting France on the same list as Venezuela or Haiti.

The use of legitimate violence against troublemakers? Yet the same injury can be the result of legitimate and illegitimate violence

So much so that the parquet floor of Paris opened several preliminary inquiries

On Monday, 1 July, he also announced that he had opened a preliminary inquiry into "willful violence by a person in the custody of the public authority", in order to shed light on the conditions of this muscular evacuation. Being a "depositary of public authority" may also constitute an "aggravating circumstance" under Articles 222-12 and 222-24 of the Penal Code.

The subject of police violence must no longer be treated in the manner of the blunder, the exception, the accident, the slippage but not as part of an economic, political, social system, according to the researcher Mathieu Rigouste.

"What police, for what missions? What connections between the police and the government, what control of citizens over the police? "So the question arises.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

CASE OF NICOLAS SARKOSY WILL BE

JUDGE FOR CORRUPTION

For the first time under the Fifth Republic, a former president will be tried for corruption.

The Court of Cassation rejected Tuesday, June 18, the last appeals filed by Nicolas Sarkozy, his lawyer Thierry Herzog and the former high magistrate of the Court of Cassation Gilbert Azibert to avoid a trial for "corruption" and "trading in influence" .

The court has finally validated the referral to the criminal court of former President Nicolas Sarkozy, prosecuted including the "corruption" of a senior magistrate of the Court of Cassation in this case revealed by wiretapping. Messrs. Herzog and Azibert will also be tried for "breach of professional secrecy".

The secret phone of "Paul Bismuth".

In a document, the judges of the national financial prosecutor's office PNF ensured that the investigation of the judges had

"Highlighted heavy and concordant charges against MM. Azibert, Herzog and Sarkozy ", going so far as to compare the methods used by the former president and his lawyer to those of" senior offenders "including the recourse, to communicate confidentially, to the false identity of" Paul Bismuth "...

Investigators had realized that the former president, placed on tapping in another investigation, and his lawyer communicated via cell phones acquired under a false identity, including that of Paul Bismuth for Mr. Sarkozy. The former head of state is suspected of having attempted to obtain secret information from Gilbert Azibert at the beginning of 2014, via his lawyer Thierry Herzog, in proceedings concerning the seizure of his agendas in the Bettencourt affair in exchange for a boost for a prestigious position in Monaco.

But according to Me Jacqueline Laffont, the Court of Cassation would however "not dismiss the legal grounds" raised by the defense and left the court "the care to settle" ( Le Monde ).

According to her, "these legal issues therefore remain relevant, in particular that relating to the prohibition by the European Court of Human Rights to use retranscriptions of wiretaps with its lawyer against a litigant".

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

GENERAL POLITICAL SPEECH SOFT REFORMISM PROMISED BY EDOUARD PHILIPPE

In the National Assembly, the Prime Minister presented the calendar and method of the coming months, until the municipal elections of March 2020. He then obtained the confidence of the deputies by 363 votes to 163.

The situation of "emergency", which led to the election of Emmanuel Macron, continues after two years of office, said the Prime Minister in attacking his policy speech in the National Assembly. And to list the "economic", "social", "ecological" and finally "political" emergencies that determine the need to "stay the course set (...) to release the forces of our country and protect its citizens".

"We want to rebuild trust, by returning to the idea of ​​power, a guarantee of our greatness and our way of life, a France faithful to itself, a France that is hard-working, supportive and environmentally-friendly, drawing on what it produces. the source of social justice, "concluded Philippe.

1) Edouard Philippe promises the gradual end of special diets and says it will take longer to work. Employees will still have the opportunity to retire at age 62, but a break-even age will be offered with benefits for anyone who chooses this age of balance. The Prime Minister also ensures that the rules will be the same for everyone. The new system "will define an age of equilibrium and incentives to work longer".

2) Lower taxes

Household taxes will fall by 27 billion euros over the five-year period. Édouard Philippe announces a decline of 350 euros on average per household for the first installment.

The tax loopholes will be re-studied, the ministers of Bercy Bruno Mayor and Gerald Darmanin will reveal their leads in early July.

Édouard Philippe also confirmed that "the residence tax on the main residence will be completely removed for all French. "

3) Bioethics Act

The bioethical bill, including the LDC for all, will be adopted by the Council of Ministers in July and then examined at the end of September at the Assembly. "I am convinced that we can achieve a kind of serene, deep, serious debate, up to the demands of our country, which is my ambition anyway," the prime minister said.

4) Access to public services

"Maisons France services". Édouard Philippe hopes to see 300 open by January 1, 2020 and at least one by township by the end of the five-year period. Objective: to allow every French to have access to public services.

5) Financing the dependency

"Measures to support home care" of the elderly and "investments" in retirement homes will be included in the 2020 budget of Social Security, promised Édouard Philippe. He confirmed the presentation "at the end of the year" of a draft law on dependence.

The Minister of Solidarities and Health, Agnès Buzyn, will present "a bill that will define a strategy and programming of the necessary means to take care of dependence," he added. This reform "will be another great social marker of this five-year period, perhaps one of the most important".

6) Support for single-parent families

30,000 crèche places will be created for these families.

By June 2020, the government will put in place a new system to protect single people against the risk of unpaid alimony, "said the Prime Minister." By decision of a judge, or on request in case of incidents payment, the pensions will be automatically withdrawn by the CAF to be paid to their beneficiaries and it is the CAF that will trigger a recovery procedure in case of unpaid, "he said.

7) State Reform

Regarding the administration, the emphasis is on strengthening local authorities: "local services will be strengthened, and central governments reduced".

8) Reform of the institutions

Édouard Philippe opens the door to a postponement after the senatoriales of September 2020 if an agreement with the room proves impossible. "We will wait for the right moment and the will of the Senate, which may only come after the renewal of the Upper House in 2020," said the Prime Minister.

9) Migrants : combating abuse and holding an annual debate

Édouard Philippe pleads for European harmonization. "The number of asylum seekers has dropped by 10% in Europe but continues to grow in France by around 22%. If we are to welcome, we must control these migratory flows. In the coming months, France will embark on a plan for a complete refoundation of Schengen. The right of asylum is a treasure, we are devoting resources to it. "

Each year there will be a debate in Parliament on the country's migration policy. The first will be organized in September.

10) Reform the Islam of France

The head of government reaffirms the will of the state to fight against Islamism and pleads for a revamp of the Islam of France. "Islam of France must train imams in France who speak French and put an end to the system where many imams or chants are paid by foreign states".

11) "A new act of decentralization"

The Prime Minister wants to take measures to encourage the mayors' commitment, which will be presented in July. The project could go to the Senate in September. The head of government wants to "clarify the territorial mille-feuilles".

12) Fight against insecurity

Édouard Philippe intends to "fight against gratuitous violence". Interior Minister Christophe Castaner will issue a white paper on internal security this summer, a law must be passed in the wake.

The focus is on the fight against narcotics: "Over the next twelve months, our priority will be to fight drug trafficking. (...) It involves harassing sales outlets, neutralizing distribution ladders, knocking out network heads "

13) "Ecological acceleration"

"The next twelve months will be those of ecological acceleration," promises Édouard Philippe, who wants social housing to end the "energy sieves".

The head of the government wanted the draft laws on mobility and energy-climate to be adopted before the summer.

14) Reform of institutions : towards a postponement

Edouard Philippe opened the door postponing the review of institutional reform after the senatoriales of September 2020, calling however not to "resist the desire for change expressed by the French."

"We will wait for the right moment and the will of the Senate, which may come after the renewal of the Upper House in 2020," said the Prime Minister.

 

Mr. Philippe also recalled that "the President of the Republic has the ability to directly question the French [by referendum] on the reduction of the number of parliamentarians".
Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

POLITICAL CARICATURES ARE INDISPENSABLE TO FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

Following the publication of a controversial caricature, the American newspaper The New York Times took a radical step: it banned political cartoons. Cartoonist Plantu sees it as a threat to "the future of our democracies". "Humor and disturbing images are part of our democracies," says French designer Plantu. Founder of the Cartooning for Peace association, which criticized Tuesday the New York Times' decision to ban political cartoons from its international editions. "It's as stupid as asking children on Mother's Day to stop making drawings for their moms," said the cartoonist Le Monde history.

The daily said it had been thinking for a year to "align" the international edition to that published in the United States, which no longer includes political cartoons for many years. He intends to put this project into effect as of July 1st.

Controversy over caricatures

At the origin of this controversial decision was a caricature of comedian Antonio Moreira Antunes. In late April, the publication of a cartoon of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and US President Donald Trump sparked an uproar within the Jewish community and beyond. The head of the Israeli government was drawn in the form of a guide dog, wearing a necklace with a star of David, and kept on a leash by the blind American president with a kippah on his head. This caricature

The New York Times has announced Monday that it will publish more political drawings in its international edition, after a recent controversy related to a caricature deemed antisemitic. These drawings are already banned from its American edition for several years.

For me . Plantu the American newspaper has "flattened itself in front of the social networks by apologizing several times for having published a drawing", and he should "get back together" and say that he was "wrong to separate from the designers because we can not imagine newspapers without the images of opinion ".

Press drawing is a "fundamental human right" for Plantu

Through the association Cartooning for peace (created in 2006 with Kofi Annan), and with the NGO Reporters Without Borders (RSF), Plantu is leading a campaign for press design to be recognized by UNESCO as a human right. fundamental. He therefore expressed his solidarity with his colleagues working for the New York Times, including Antonio Moreira Antunes, whose caricature is at the origin of this controversial decision.

The mobilization of the cartoonists

It is on Twitter, and with pencils, that cartoonists have reacted to the controversy. Authors like Ménégol, caricaturist who collaborates notably with the Figaro, fought back on the social network. In his drawing, the emblematic letters of the New York title became sawtooth, cutting up a pencil. The cartoonist Glon amused himself by caricaturing Donald Trump with his advisor. "But why does not the New York Times ever talk about me again?", The US president wonders. "They stopped the political caricature, Mr. President," his neighbor replies.

"As we supported the cartoonist Antonio who was censored by the New York Times (...), the association Cartooning for peace supports the cartoonist Patrick Chappatte", one of the cartoonists of the American newspaper for twenty years. years, pointed out the draftsman. "We are worried about the future of our democracies and the freedom of opinion," he added.

Cartoonists worried about democracy

"Maybe we should start to worry," said Patrick Chappatte "And we rebel. News cartoonists are born with democracy and when liberties are threatened, so are they. "

For his part, the head of the editorial section of the New York Times James Bennet said on Twitter that the newspaper wanted to continue working in the future with Patrick Chappatte and Heng Kim Song, his other star designer, on other formats...

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

CLIMATE OBJECTIVE NEUTRALITE CARBONNE BY 2020

Under the Paris Climate Agreement, the signatory countries pledged to announce new efforts by 2020 to strengthen their national plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in order to contain the global rise in temperatures.

"There are 80 countries that have already told us to be ready" to rev up their ambitions, Luis Alfonso de Alba told reporters.

"But that does not mean they want to do it the scale we need," he said.

Target: carbon neutrality by 2050

The United Nations is pushing governments to reduce greenhouse gases by 45% over the next ten years and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

"We need to dramatically increase our ambition," said the UN climate envoy. "We are not talking about a gradual approach, but a drastic increase. ".

A total of 197 parties signed the Paris Agreement in 2015 following COP21, and 186 have since ratified it.

The United States of Donald Trump has decided to withdraw from the agreement, but this withdrawal will only be effective in 2020.

Luis Alfonso de Alba is organizing next September an ambitious summit on the environment in New York.

He was in Washington last week to meet with US officials. "Very positive" meetings, according to the UN envoy.

The United States is the second largest polluter in the world after China.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

ECOLOGICAL DEFENSE COUNCIL

AN OPPORTUNISTIC MOBILIZATION OF GOVERNMENT IN THREE DAYS OF EUROPEANS

AT three days of the European elections Emmanuel Macron unites the first Ecological Defense Council. This Council, whose creation, in the manner of the Defense Council, was announced on April 25th at the conclusion of the great national debate, is composed of the Prime Minister and twelve ministers. It aims to coordinate the government's environmental action and ensure their "priority" in public policies, says the presidency.

"It is a form of council of ministers, but dedicated entirely to the ecological transition.The priority indicated by the President of the Republic to the climate issue can not be the affair of a single minister, it brings together all the ministers the more concerned ", it is known in the entourage of the Head of State. The Prime Minister and the Ministers of Ecological Transition, Economy, Budget, Foreign Affairs, Agriculture, Territorial Communities, Health, Housing and Overseas are permanent members of this Council , lists the decree of the Official Journal.

Some announcements are expected as the probable abandonment of the project "Montagne d'Or", this open-pit gold mine in Guyana "incompatible with environmental requirements," according to Emmanuel Macron. The minister of ecological and solidarity transition, François de Rugy, must also go to Guyana in mid-June.

A series of other topics will be discussed, such as the reinforcement of protected natural areas, a trail evoked by the head of state after his meeting with the UN biodiversity experts in early May. The Council could also propose to curb the artificialisation of soils, to stop the reduction of agricultural land in favor of subdivisions, to set new plastic recycling targets or to specify the future law on the circular economy, expected at the beginning of July in the Council of Europe. ministers.

This Council will also have to take stock of the climate plan adopted in July 2017 and the biodiversity plan adopted in July 2018 and, more generally, monitor the "green" programs already announced, such as the cycling plan.

This staging of the declared voluntarism of the Head of State on environmental issues did not fail to elicit reactions from his critics denouncing an "electoral opportunism" to three days of voting in France for the European elections.

Has not his party, LREM, made the ecological transition a priority of its program for Europeans with the rallying of some headliners stuck in the environmental camp, like Pascal Canfin and Pascal Durand ?

The REM knows that the list of Europe Ecology-Greens (EELV) represents a threat likely to make the majority lose some valuable points ...

In addition, a day of international youth mobilization and numerous marches are announced, Friday and Saturday, in France and abroad.

No question for Emmanuel Macron to let the ecologists take back ground.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

LEAKS ON MEASURES EMMANUEL MACRON

I angry some of the retirees with the rise of the CSG. That is why the President must announce the reindexing of "pensions of less than 2,000 euros" on inflation in the short term, that is to say from 1 January 2020. "Pensions of less than 2,000 euros will be reindexed on inflation as of January 1, "according to this draft speech.

As a cost-saving measure, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announced at the end of August that the increase in retirement pensions would be capped at 0.3% in 2019 and 2020, an unpopular measure which was added to the effect of the rise in CSG for some retirees.

On December 10, during a televised speech, Mr. Macron had already announced the cancellation, for 2019, of the planned increase in the CSG for retirees receiving less than 2,000 euros per month.

A drop in "taxes of the middle classes" will be financed in particular by "the suppression of certain tax loopholes." Prime Minister Édouard Philippe had referred to the "fiscal exasperation" as the main lesson of the great national debate launched in early January.

Among the measures in favor of purchasing power, the text also mentions that the exceptional bonus of € 1,000 tax-free and without social contributions, decided at the end of December 2018, will be "perpetuated" and open to employers "every year".

Regarding the wealth tax, the President of the Republic refuses as planned to restore it immediately but announces an "objective assessment" of the controversial reform of 2017, pledging on this basis to "make all the changes and necessary corrections ".

It is also planned to abolish certain tax loopholes. All this will be a reality from the beginning of next year.

Emmanuel Macron explains that he no longer wants "no closure of school and hospital until the end of the five-year period", "unless the mayors ask".

Acknowledging that "many of our fellow citizens feel that their territory is abandoned," the Head of State wants to "ensure the presence of public services" and "open a new act of our decentralization", including with "more officials on the ground, with greater responsibility, "" and fewer officials in Paris to write standards or create rules ". Emmanuel Macron sets the new ceiling at 24 pupils per class, from the large section of kindergarten to CE1, including outside REP.

To respond to the pressing demands of the Yellow Vests and some oppositions such as France insubordinate (LFI), Emmanuel Macron is therefore "favorable" to that referendums of citizen initiative (RIC) "can be organized on certain topics of interest local".

He is also "in favor of making more accessible, by simplifying the rules", the referendum of shared initiative (RIP), provided for by the Constitution but extremely complicated to implement. The RIP was introduced into law in 2008 by Nicolas Sarkozy but the implementing decree was only promulgated in December 2014.

The text of Emmanuel Macron's speech also provides that "an agreement of 300 citizens drawn by lot" will be installed "next month", in May. She will be in charge of "working on the ecological transition and the concrete reforms to take". For the last two years, the constitution of a citizens' assembly dealing with ecological issues has been proposed many times.

Finally, the President wants a new act of decentralization designed with elected officials and forces to simplify the "millefeuille".

The President of the Republic said he was in favor, according to his draft speech, to the abolition of ENA (National School of Administraton), which he himself graduated in 2004. The Head of State is favorable to a change of "training, selection, careers by removing the ENA and several other structures," according to the speech of his speech. "We need an elite, decision-makers," says Emmanuel Macron, who wants "all our young people to be given their chances based solely on their merit and not on their social or family background," according to the document

The fire of Notre-Dame de Paris has certainly upset the agenda of the President of the Republic, forced to postpone its announcements of exit of the "big debate" to later. But the French are impatiently waiting for the president to clarify the measures envisaged and the mode of governance.

 

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

EMMANUEL MACRON AT MANEUVER

FOR THE GREAT NIGHT OF MONDAY

"It is a president of lightning who often referee at the last moment", according to a close of the president.

Prime Minister Edouard Philippe woke up for a week to curb the impatience of the French after the close of the great debate. Place tonight to the concrete answers of President Emmanuel Macron.

Emmanuel Macron will unveil, this Monday evening at 8 pm on television, "priority action projects and the first concrete measures" to respond to the great national debate and the crisis of "yellow vests", announced the Elysee, this Sunday evening.

On Wednesday, he will "make new announcements", "explain and detail" his major projects at a press conference at the Elysee. His first in France since the beginning of his quinquennium in May 2017, he had draped in an attitude of Olympian. Objective of this speech: to provoke a "blast" effect by speaking to the greatest number.

"It's a president of lightning who often referee at the last moment," said a close.

But the suspense that the president maintains for weeks on this intervention must meet the expectations of the French.

"In-depth changes will be launched" to mark "a new act", predict some. Others even promise "surprises" for Monday to revive a quinquennium in decline.

But had not Edouard Philippe slowed the ardor of some? The output of the great debate "will last a long time" and "will not be done in three announcements," he also warned late March. Before also warning that all the expectations, sometimes contradictory, French could not be satisfied. "Adding 66 million individual votes does not build a common project," he said in Saint-Brieuc.

The tracks are not lacking to come out of the top of this unprecedented impasse of power.

Some in advance seem excluded, such as the return of the ISF whose removal has earned him to be called "president of the rich." A track that evokes others makes dream some: that of the creation of a universal allowance ...

According to the Ifop survey, 88% of French want to reindex the small pensions on inflation, 87% want to force doctors to settle in medical deserts, 82% want a general decline in income tax and 80% remove the television fee.

It will have included measures to improve their purchasing power, for taxation and pensions. Because we are not mistaken: the trigger of the crisis of "yellow vests" is above all the increase of gasoline at the pump. "A Jacquerie of the 21st century" ?

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

QUE PROMET LE GRAND SOIR D'EMMANUEL MACRON ?

Edouard Philippe, qui joue le paratonnerre du Président, est à la manœuvre :

il a passé sa semaine à meubler le temps avant les grandes annonces d'Emmanuel Macron.

À l'Assemblée, Philippe a promis mercredi 9 avril 2019 des décisions « puissantes et concrètes » pour répondre au grand débat.
Des solutions « dont beaucoup devront être du sur-mesure », a-t-il jugé bon de préciser.

À la fin de son discours, le chef du gouvernement a annoncé que « sur les sujets qui devront faire l'objet d'une concertation, le président de la République fixera le cap ».

« Il nous appartient de passer du consensus sur le diagnostic au compromis et aux choix démocratiques qui font les grandes solutions », a-t-il renchéri, évoquant une phase à venir à laquelle participeraient syndicats, patronat et associations.

Mais il en faudra plus que pour le dialogue social se rétablisse avec les élus et tout particulièrement avec le Chef de l'Etat, sur qui colle toujours l'étiquette de Président des riches.

Car comment sortir du « grand débat » sans couac et avec succès ?

« Le président a conscience qu'il joue son va-tout », comme l'a indiqué un ministre, ajoutant que « si ça ne marche pas, on retombe dans des semaines de violences », abonde un ministre.

A Emmanuel Macron de jouer serré

Le chef de l'État devrait répondre en deux temps, d'abord à travers une allocution solennelle, puis avec des interventions médiatiques soigneusement calibrées. Et ce dans les jours qui suivent, mais pas plus tard que mercredi pour que les les annonces ne se télescopent pas avec la mobilisation des gilets jaunes du samedi qui suit.

Des bruits courent et des pistes se dessinent.

Au menu :

1° La potentielle création d' « service public de la pension alimentaire ». Nombreuses sont celles à ne pas toucher pour leurs enfants la pension de l'ex-conjoint. Grâce à ce nouveau service en cas de non-versement de la pension, l'État s'en porterait garant et se réserverait le droit de s'attaquer au conjoint fautif.

2° La création d'une Loi d'initiative citoyenne (LIC). À partir d'une pétition, une « conférence de consensus » serait organisée et en cas d'aboutissement, la proposition serait alors envoyée au Parlement, qui la soumettrait au vote.

3° Un impôt plus progressif

A l'étude, une plus grande progressivité de l'impôt sur le revenu semble actée.

4° Parmi les mesures plus symboliques, une « réforme » de l'ENA-et non sa suppression- est toujours sur la table.

Ce ne sera certainement pas le Grand soir. !!

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES PROBLEMES DE RECRUTEMENT

D' EMMANUEL MACRON

On ne compte plus les départs des conseillers d'Emmanuel Macron qui quittent le navire avant qu'il ne prenne l'eau.

Ils sont au nombre d'une douzaine à partir.  D'autres changent de poste: Stéphane Séjourné, ex-conseiller politique, devient candidat et directeur de campagne pour les européennes pour La République en marche.

Sibeth Ndiaye, conseillère presse, occupe désormais le poste de porte-parole du gouvernement.

Avec des assistants ou chargés de mission, ils étaient d'ailleurs une petite vingtaine à faire leur pot de départ lundi soir à l'Élysée. Et le Président aurait des problèmes de recrutement pour des postes restés vacants !

Certains sont aussi sous pression judiciaire.

Et voici que les trois plus proches collaborateurs d'Emmanuel Macron sont convoqués mercredi 10 avril par les juges chargés de l'affaire des passeports diplomatiques d'Alexandre Benalla.

A l'agenda des juges figurent Alexis Kohler, le secrétaire général de l'Élysée, Patrick Strzoda, le directeur de cabinet, et François-Xavier Lauch, le chef de cabinet du président, figurent.

La question est de savoir pourquoi Alexandre Benalla détenait encore ses passeports diplomatiques depuis son licenciement

Ces affaires peu glorieuses se multiplient dans l'entourage du chef de l'État qui avait pourtant juré de faire de la politique autrement ! De quitter l'ancien monde ! En ce moment, c'est plutôt le nouveau monde de ces presque quadragénaires peu exemplaires qui est mouillé dans les affaires.

Alexis Kohler est visé par trois plaintes de l'association Anticor, notamment pour conflit d'intérêt présumé. Il lui est reproché des liens familiaux avec l'armateur MSC, principal client des chantiers navals STX, où il représentait l'État au conseil d'administration.

Il avait déjà demandé à rejoindre MSC après le départ de Pierre Moscovici du ministère de l'Économie en avril 2014, mais s'était vu opposer un avis défavorable de la commission de déontologie de la fonction publique !.

Celle-ci arguait alors qu'Alexis Kohler était intervenu en 2010 auprès de STX France en donnant son avis sur un contrat conclu avec MSC, alors qu'il travaillait pour l'Agence des participations de l'État, un service à compétence nationale.Libération indique que Pierre Moscovici avait été « averti de ses liens familiaux » et avait « [pris] soin de l’écarter de tout dossier relatif à MSC » .

L'Express indique qu'après ce refus, comme directeur de cabinet d'Emmanuel Macron,« Kohler décide de ne pas traiter des sujets concernant STX, puisqu'il a été en pourparlers avec MSC et qu'il ne perd pas de vue une future embauche » .

Et l'affaire continue : on le retrouve fin mars 2017 participant à une réunion à Bercy en tant que représentant de MSC au sujet du rachat de STX France, MSC étant opposé à une reprise par le groupe public italien Fincantieri...

Gardons-nous bien de faire une liste à la Prévert, nous verserions dans l'ennuyeux. On achève bien les chevaux.

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

GREAT DEBATE SYNTHESIS AND DECEPTION

What should we expect from the synthesis of the great debate ?

After two months of consultations, Monday, April 8, 2019, under the glass roof of the Grand Palais in Paris, Edouard Philippe presents the report of the contributions.

Only 1.5 million contributions were posted on the website of the great national debate. The Opinion Way sounder has processed them to deliver an encrypted report. The sounder only dealt with closed questions, that is, questions that can only be answered with "yes" or "no"

Lower taxes

It is first and foremost the desire for greater justice and efficiency in dealing with the tax that has manifested itself. Several tracks are cited: that everyone pays income tax (34.7%), that taxation is reformed and simplified (28.2%), that the richest contribute more (27.8%), that the tax loopholes be removed (11.8%) and that the ISF is restored (10.3%). Of the respondents, 12.9% offer to reduce VAT on basic necessities.

The reduction of public expenditure

52% surveyed call for public services closer to home and more human since 49% of them have already given up an allowance because of too complicated administrative procedures.

In order to finance social expenditure, 52% are for the introduction of counterparts to the various solidarity allowances, the increase in working time (24%) as well as the decline in the retirement age (22%).

For the reduction of the deficit, public spending should be reduced, according to 75% of them, and especially State expenditure.

Less immigration

With regard to immigration, 10% are for a hardening of reception conditions, with quotas (9.3%) whereas 5.5% advocate the suppression of family reunion and the right of the soil, having a policy European Union.

The proposals that oppose immigration are more numerous than the desire to improve reception conditions (10%). Education and learning French is considered the most effective and fair integration tool (20%).

A reduction of parliamentarians and referendums at the local level

Regarding democracy, 69% demand that the white vote be taken into account while 57% want the vote to become mandatory. Referendums at the local level are claimed at 80%. And 42% wish to facilitate the use of the referendum of shared initiative (RIP), in particular by lowering the trigger threshold (14.4%) and by associating a citizens' initiative referendum (5.8%).

Contributors overwhelmingly (86%) favor a reduction in the number of parliamentarians and the introduction of proportional representation (42.2%) so that the different political sensitivities are better represented.

64% believe that the non-cumulation of mandates is a good thing whereas 53% want a transformation of the assemblies. If 86% of respondents voted against the administrative mille-feuilles, being attached primarily to the town (68%).

The French are very concerned about ecology .

A large majority of them (86%) believe that they can help protect the environment.

On the other hand, 55% think that taxes on diesel and gasoline will not change behavior. To finance the ecological transition, the general budget of the State and the ecological taxation should do it. And this funding should be distributed according to 69% of respondents between companies, administrations and individuals;

The synthesis will not solve everything and may disappoint. Why ?

The synthesis will serve as a working basis to enlighten those who decide by providing them with leads for the best possible decisions. To representatives of the people, elected officials, to make these decisions.

If the Great National Debate has been an exercise in participatory democracy it is indeed for representative democracy to take over. And the announcements will be made by the Head of State in the coming days.

Advertisements "neither" in the "denial nor" in the stubbornness "which are not likely to satisfy the most radical yellow jackets.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE DESCENT TO THE HELLS

OF EMMANUEL MACRON ?

As we know, the word of Emmanuel Macron has lost a lot of credit and for good reason. In a few days last week only.

Camouflets.

Whether it is her empathic commentary to the address of the septuagenarian wounded in the head during a demonstration of Yellow Vests on Saturday, March 23, 2019:

When he lodged a complaint about "violence in a meeting with a weapon by persons holding public authority against a vulnerable person", Emmanuel Macron hastens to exonerate the security forces responsible for dispersing a few demonstrators gathered in an unauthorized sector.

"This lady has not been in contact with the police," asserts the head of state in the columns of Nice Matin this Monday, March 25. However, the city prosecutor finally admitted Friday, March 29, 2019 " that a police officer has removed the arm to his right Mrs. Legay" during the dispersion "causing its fall".

Whether it's his closest adviser Ismaël Emelien until Monday, March 25th. It was he who made broadcast in mid-July 2018 via anonymous Twitter accounts a distorted montage to defend Alexandre Benalla, mixing images of CCTV obtained illegally and images of another scene of violence!

Or that it is still the fact of the prince dismounted by the Council of State.

"I will continue to open all positions, especially the administration of the senior civil service, to people of talent and merit from other horizons because it's a good thing," said Emmanuel Macron after the appointment in August 2018 of Philippe Besson, a close relation of the presidential couple, as consul general in Los Angeles thanks to a decree modifying the rules of recruitment.

Well, no, the Council of State decided otherwise! Cancellation of the decree since only career diplomats can occupy this type of post as always. So decided the institution against the executive who wanted to be all-powerful.

No wonder the head of state appears physically challenged. After so many camouflets the presidential speech is discredited.

Serial departures from the presidential cabinet.

And to this are added the successive departures of several of his closest advisers: the Elysian cabinet has been reduced to a trickle. Ismael Emalien left the ship for the release of his book. Nothing to do with the Benalla case, he swears. After the departure of Benjamin Griveaux, Mounir Mahjoubi - one for the municipal, the other for Amazon - and Nathalie Loiseau, named head of LREM list for European, the Elysee had to draw from its last reserves to replace them.

It would be close to burn-out, they say in well-informed spheres. He sighs, sighs that detonate with the public image of a dashing and confident head of state. And a colleague to tell the small sentences launched by his entourage. "He lost the tail of Mickey, he can not hang it," says one "It's not far from the burn-out," says the other. A "little hand" adds: "Fortunately it is made up, otherwise we would see how it is burst ...".

The head of state appears very much alone as the outcome of the great national debate is approaching which finally tires the opinion. He is a man exhausted by a very solitary exercise of power far from the official story, the "storytelling" that his faithful soldiers are hearing about the "extraordinary" intelligence of their hero. And the head of state has his share of responsibility in this hellish chaos this descent straight into hell. "If he disappoints, he is dead. And he will disappoint ... ", advances one of his relatives.

"I give him advice, but he does not hold back any. ", Indignant Nicolas Sarkosy.

If Nicolas Sarkozy appreciated the current president at the beginning of the term, the relations seem to have cooled down considerably since then. The former president criticizes the length of the great debate, or the last reshuffle made by the executive. He is also critical of the upsurge of anti-Semitic acts and the lack of strong action by the ruling power.

"The state must answer. I am sure he will do it. But it must be done now and with extreme firmness, "he said, according to Le Figaro. And slip to a friend on the same Macron: "I give him advice, but he retains none. It starts to force me. "

The verdict of Nicolas Sarkozy is also without appeal on the future of macronia. "It will end badly. ". And to conclude with Rachida Dati, the gunslinger: "It's Usain Bolt on the starting line. He is waiting for the pistol shot.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

NEW CASTING AT THE ELYSEE

After the departures of Benjamin Griveaux, Mounir Mahjoubi - one for the municipal, the other for Amazon - and Nathalie Loiseau, named head of list LREM for European, the Elysee announced the appointment of relatives of the first hour .

Sibeth Ndiaye, 39, current Press and Communication Adviser to the Head of State, has been appointed Secretary of State to the Prime Minister and Spokesperson of the Government.

In charge of Emmanuel Macron's press relations during his campaign, she followed the president after his inauguration.

Cédric O, 36 years old, economic adviser to the presidency of the Republic, obtains the digital secretary of state.

Supporting the head of state since 2017, he had been treasurer of his presidential campaign, then a member of the investiture commission of En Marche for the legislative elections.

The position of Secretary of State for European Affairs goes to Amélie de Montchalin, 33, MP (LRM) of Essonne and figure of the majority.

She is a member of the 6th constituency of Essonne since June 2017.

Economist and once close to the Republicans, she joined En marche in 2016.

From 2018 to 2019, she is first vice-president of the LREM group.

Two very close and one ex-Juppéist on the start, two very close and an ex-Juppéist at the finish.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BENALLA CASE

HARO ON THE FALSE MONTAGES VIDEOS

OF ELYSEE


On July 18, the Le Monde newspaper unveiled videos of Alexandre Benalla, at the time in charge of Emmanuel Macron's mission, violently striking a couple during a demonstration.

It was necessary at any price and at any price to contextualize the muscular intervention of Alexandre Benalla attacking a couple place of the Contrescarpe. Ismael Emelien, in charge of the crisis communication of the Elysee, to retaliate to exonerate the protected President.

To do this, he recommends using images of the drama and have them published on militant accounts and an anonymous account, @frenchpolitic held by a LREM officer Pierre Le Texier. The videos, which Alexandre Benalla has retrieved from the archives of the Paris Police Prefecture, are posted on these accounts.

The montage contains two videos. On the first, we see the molested couple throwing bottles at the police. On the second, we see a very agitated man who chases a member of the police with a chair. The first date was shot on the Place de la Contrescarpe - the day of the event - but the second was filmed at another place, in the evening ...

Ismail Emelien, who resigned from the Elysee Palace on February 11, was sworn in before the Senate Inquiry. Ismaël Emelien invited on France 5 March 28 to promote the trial does not fall from the sky (Editions Fayard) told the reporter questioning he did not know that the man on the chair had no connection with the student of the other video. "I do not know, I do not know who this gentleman is, I do not know if it's this one or not," he said.

As mentioned by Le Monde, Emmanuel Macron, as a lesson giver to the people, had denounced anonymous accounts on social networks:

"What I can do in the social network, now I do it in the street. Anonymity becomes a helmet, a hood, a mask, "he explained. For his closest advisors too !

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

CASE BENALLA OR SAVE THE PRESIDENT MACRON AT ELYSEE

Ismael Emelien is the special adviser to President Macron. He was auditioned by the General Inspectorate of the National Police (IGPN) on January 16th.

The latter admitted having asked a LREM employee to broadcast a video to "defend" the Elysee and the President of the Republic in the Benalla case.

The counter-offensive of the Benalla affair came from the Elysee, from the office of one of Emmanuel Macron's closest collaborators: Ismael Emelien.

This testimony, now on record, specifies the conditions under which CCTV images from the Paris police headquarters were broadcast, on July 19, via a Twitter account pro Macron, used by LREM but from unofficial way.

This sequence was supposed to mitigate the responsibility of Alexandre Benalla accused of molesting a couple, on the sidelines of the violence of May 1, 2018. It shows, in fact, the two young people throw projectiles against CRS.

Emelien confirms having organized this media response, but he assures that he ignored at the time the origin of these images obtained by Benalla, and deposited at his office at the Elysee, on the morning of the 19th.

According to him, they could come from a video found on the Internet, images of tourist webcams or private videoprotection.

It was above all to "ensure the defense of the President of the Republic."

The only idea that the adviser had in mind was to clear Emmanuel Macron.

"It was not, he said, to ensure the personal defense of Mr. Benalla, but that of the Elysee and the President of the Republic who were caught in part in this crisis. ".

Also according to his testimony, the advisor sends the sequence to Pierre Le Texier, in charge of the digital response for LREM, one of his relays in the party posting video on the account @Frenchpolitic.

Also according to the words of the special advisor. "In the late afternoon, I am alerted by the press service of the Elysee on the fact that journalists are questioning us about a video that would have been stolen in connection with Benalla. I am in doubt and I ask Mr. Le Texier to withdraw the publication, "says Emelien during his hearing.

According to his story, it is only then that he becomes aware of the origin of these images and the illegal nature of their dissemination. The video is then transmitted by the Elysee to the public prosecutor. And a dismissal procedure brought against Alexandre Benalla.

But Ismael Emelien is the specialist in digital strategy. So could he ignore that these images had been filmed by the police ?

It is the answer to this question that will determine whether we can blame him for the offense of "hijacking of images from a system of video surveillance and concealment of images from a system of videoprotection and concealment of violation of professional secret " .

A game of fools.


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

CASE BENALLA ACT II SCENE 2

THE BAL OF  LIARS

We have just learned that following a second application for release, Alexandre Benalla and Vincent Crase were released on February 26, one week to the day after their placement on February 19, 2019 in custody.

Alexandre Benalla slept since 19/02 at the prison of Health in Paris, while Vincent Crase had been placed in that of Bois d'Arcy (Yvelines) on the decisions of judges and a judge of Freedoms and Detention, confirmed by the Investigating Chamber of the Paris Court of Appeal.

Opposed to these decisions, their respective lawyers had filed, in the same Trial Chamber, in the form of a free trial, new applications for release which were thus examined on February 26, separately, the said lawyers considering that their incarceration was unjustified and unfounded in law.

Even if, we agree, deprivation of liberty must be the exception, we have been taken seriously by these successive twists and turns.

* Humorous illustration image
The Benalla affair, which for several weeks has caused a general panic at the Elysee, makes indeed more and more uncomfortable, especially since the publication on 20 February 2019 of the report of the Senate Inquiry Commission that those interested can read online (the report was published on the Senate website). It will be until March 21 to know if Gerard Larcher will file a complaint for the facts exposed.

The case is becoming surreal.

Recall !

Alexandre Benalla, the guardian angel of Emmanuel Macron (and often Brigitte) who had only to cross the street in the aftermath of the presidential elections of May 2017 to find a job in charge of missions doubled the duties of guard of the body and maid (?) is at the origin of what today appears to be a Macron affair and therefore a matter of state (see our previous editions).

It all starts on May 1, 2018. Disguised as a policeman, Alexandre Benalla wrestles in physical acts, violently, on opponents to Emmanuel Macron who came to protest on the Place de la Contre Escarpe in Paris. A video immortalizes the incident and this video circulates widely enough to become public and create the attention of the two parliamentary assemblies which then decide, one and the other, to set up Commissions of Investigations.

The Commission of Inquiry of the National Assembly "sinks" very quickly.Ses works are a fiasco of which its President, Yaël Braun Pivet, Deputy LREM, President of the Commission of Constitutional laws (lawyer by profession in the civil life) carries the entire responsibility. Yaël Braun Pivet has become the result of its events the emblematic figure of Parliamentarism Godillot that earned him the Prize Pan Pans awarded on January 10, 2019 by the Anticor Association.

At the same time, the Senate Inquiry Committee is resisting the pressures, continues on its merry way, investigates and questions with every turn. His works are broadcast publicly on the TV channel and the French (or foreigners interested in French politics) become "taped" listening to the revelations that arise hearing after hearing.

Following these revelations Alexandre Benalla and Vincent Crase are indicted on July 21, 2018 and placed under judicial control which makes them absolutely forbidden to meet and exchange.

A few months later, our colleague Médiapart published, on January 30, 2019, the audio recording of a strange conversation between the two men about secret appointments, erasing data on their respective laptops etc.

Médiapart states that these conversations were recorded on July 26, 2018 only a few days after the indictment of the two men; these recordings show that Alexandre Benalla and Vincent Crase violated their judicial control.

From then on, it was inevitable that the mechanics of a state affair would start and the crisis meetings would follow one another at the Elysee.

It is therefore because of the violation of their judicial control, of which Médiapart declares to hold certain evidence that the two men, summoned to the all nine Palais de Justice of Paris on February 19th, were placed in detention.

The two men have "languished" in prison since that date, leaving their respective lawyers to organize their defense and therefore to seek, in summary, liberty, again in front of the Trial Chamber of the Court of Appeal of Paris their release.

It is said that since then, Alexandre Benalla would be ready to "swing" Emmanuel Macron? In this antagonism of "rascals" it would be interesting to compose a new literary book titled "The revenge of Scapin".

But this path is not certain? The Elysee could continue to protect his dear "Benallou" by increasing pressure on the public prosecutor, Rémi Heitz, appointed November 8, 2018 in incredible conditions thanks to the stubbornness of Emmanuel Macron, which Rémi Heitz recognizes that it is today in a particularly uncomfortable situation. Yet it is he, who at the request of the Minister of Justice, Nicole Belloubet decided to search Médiapart ...

This last issue is indeed not impossible especially when we learn that Alexandre Benalla and Vincent Crase "were placed on February 19, 2019, the same day they were remanded for violation of their judicial control, in the same box and left 1:30 face to face .... the time they give their violins.

This huge mess was put on the account of "poor transmission of instructions from magistrates to police escorts" (in fact the @mail would not have been sent?). The TGI of Paris declined to comment, but a source familiar with the case called the situation ubiquitous!

As usual, for Christophe Castaner, the Minister of the Interior, the Benalla case is not a matter of state. The Minister claims to have questioned the possibility that the Médiapart recordings were made by a police service, whether they were judicial or administrative. He says he had checked!

For his part, our colleague Médiapart recalled that he was not an information office, but an information newspaper, which fights against the obstacles to the truth in this case or in others.

To protect its sources, Médiapart objected, as has just been indicated, to a search carried out as part of a preliminary investigation following a complaint lodged by Alexandre Benalla and Vincent Crase, "for breach of privacy of their private life (?) ".

As a result of this incident, Médiapart officially handed over a copy of the 7 unpublished recordings that Justice wanted to obtain by force.

The Benalla affair is not over.

The media, the parliament and the rustling of the web will be able to comment for a long time on what appears today as a sordid affair, symptomatic of what one can describe as the stables of Augias of the Presidency of the Republic.

And we must admit, these stables there, "they stink", as the system has been worm-eaten and perverse. The waving of the Macronist Republic will fill the atmosphere for a long time.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

EUROPEAN LIST LOSES DIRECTOR

HAYK SHAHINYAN COUNTRYSIDE

A while the list consisting of some jackets for European is contested by many demonstrators, the one who was to be the campaign manager, Hayk Shahinyan, announced on Monday on Facebook that he took the field.

The 29-year-old Lyonnais, who was to support Ingrid Levavasseur at the head of the Rally of Citizenship initiative, is personally challenged because of his past membership of the Young Socialist Movement

"I made the decision to withdraw from all my activities, return to Lyon, and take a week to analyze, think, prepare proposals, and take a step back. He writes in his post.

He writes that he is seized by "doubt", and evokes "the haste with which (he has) let himself be carried away in a different configuration from what he had been advocating for weeks".

This decision comes after the injury to the eye of Jerome Rodrigues during Saturday's demonstration in Paris.

Hayk Shahinyan speaks of "the serious wound of Jerome that I know and for whom I have a lot of respect".

It also lists "the accumulation of the seriously wounded", "the approach of a general strike" (Tuesday, February 5) and "many other parameters" that "create doubt".

However, he ensures not to give up his fight with yellow vests. "I have always been and I will always be a free man, whether I like it or not. I will not let go of the fight. Never.»

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

YELLOW VESTS OR A LIST TO THE EUROPEAN

A lot of people were calling for it but not really believing it.

A first list "yellow vests" led by Ingrid Levavasseur was announced in a statement Wednesday, February 23. entitled

"Citizens 'Initiative Rally" (RIC) - taking the acronym for the citizens' initiative referendum, one of the first demands of the "yellow vests" - the list is composed of ten names, in order to constitute a complete list 79 candidates by mid-February, the statement said.

To be included in the next European elections, the "Citizens' Initiative Rally" list must obtain the necessary funds from a minimum of € 700,000 to € 800,000. A call for donations has been launched.

Various profiles

If the call for applications on the list is open "to all citizens" as assured by campaign director Hayk Shahinyan, another known figure of the movement, the fact remains that it is reserved for "people who have made this mobilization since the beginning on the roundabouts, not technocrats, "adds the leader. Some personalities would have been refused on the list.

The first known name on this list is none other than Ingrid Levavasseur, a 31-year-old nursing aide in the Eure, who recently gave up on becoming a columnist for "yellow vests" on BFM TV, who received threats.

The top ten candidates are between 29 and 53 years old, and various professions (driver, lawyer, head of small business, housewife, civil servant).

For a third place in the European

According to an Elabe poll released on Wednesday, a list of "yellow vests" would be in third place, with 13% of the vote, behind La République en Marche and the National Rally, but ahead of Republicans and France Insoumise.

A burst of yellow vests "that would play the game of the LREM while harming the RN according to the survey

Far from wanting to make the policy of the empty chair, "yellow vests" intend to assert themselves as an independent force and weigh on the long term...

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

SYRIA: THE SENSE OF DONALD TRUMP OR

THE OTHER GEOPOLITAN ANALYSIS

On 21 November 2018, the Afghan Presidency, which reported that "the withdrawal of a few thousand military personnel would have no impact on the security of the country", gave substance to the assumption that Donald Trump was preparing to announce the return of the US military based in Afghanistan. Let us recall at this time that the US presence in Afghanistan was extended from 2016 to the end of 2018, a time needed to verify that the country would remain secure and free of Taliban. The official withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan was announced on December 20, the day after Syria.

However, what is important to remember is that it was from Syria that Donald Trump, first decided to withdraw, announcing the next day the withdrawal from Afghanistan.

But why build a link between the US presence in Afghanistan and Syria?

Donald Trump signed on December 23 the decree of withdrawal of the American troops from Syria, while giving himself 100 days to prepare this departure. Late Sunday night (23/12/2018) the US President indeed tweeted: "our troops are coming home! Adding that "this withdrawal would be slow and coordinated" ... and for good reason, we will see later ...

The entire international community has been speechless about this decision, which has been troubling US allies. But the US President's decision also provoked a shock, internally, in the United States itself, a shock such as this, led to the early resignation of the Secretary of Defense, General Jim Mattis and the envoy for the coalition international anti-Jihadist Brett McGurk, both opposed the withdrawal.

At the moment of these crucial decisions at the end of the year 2018, everyone immediately wondered who they would benefit from, and who, on the other hand, would be wronged because some dominoes will fall one after the other.

First of all, in our view, they are going to benefit the Americans themselves, the disappointed American, who are dissatisfied with the policies that have been in place since the end of the Cold War, policies that have not been successful despite the deployment of forces (military in particular) and considerable financial resources. Among American citizens, this decision will also and above all satisfy the electorate of Donald Trump who was waiting for the fulfillment of his campaign promises.

They will also benefit, perhaps, to the citizens of the world, the Syrian conflict being likely for many months, the slightest collision, more risky than the others, to lead to a globalized war (spread so far thanks to cold blood of Vladimir Putin and the good agreement between Washington and the Kremlin right now?).

Winning countries:

Russia (and its satellite state, Kazakhstan), China which since 2010 increasingly oppose their vetoes to the UN, but Iran too.

China and Russia had opposed their vets for several years at the UN because they were unhappy with what was happening in Central Asia.

Explanation! The main reason for the war in Afghanistan was to exclude China from a political equation that could link it to Iran, its long-time ally, from which it is separated by Tajikistan. The war in Afghanistan and its corollary, the US occupation, had the additional objective of controlling the oil and gas tap that came from Kazakhstan (rich in hydrocarbons). The pipelines go from Kazakhstan to India via Pakistan and then to China. These pipelines could be an alternative to supply China and India unable to obtain supplies in Iran in the event of war and the closure of the Straits. 'Ormuz (under the control of Iran).

From Kazakhstan, another pipeline crosses the Caspian Sea via Azerbaijan to head via Syria to the oil port of Ceyhan in the far south of Turkey, a few kilometers from the Syrian-Turkish border and beyond in Europe.

So what will happen concretely now after these decisions: the Resistance in Lebanon, Syria (liberated) Iraq, (partly liberated even if there is still an American presence), Iran, Afghanistan , Tajikistan and China will together form a direct line on the Mediterranean. China is a big winner.

Russia had already, via the Black Sea, since the Georgian affair of 2006 and the annexation of Crimea, access to the Mediterranean. It will nevertheless strengthen it, without having to cross all of Turkey systematically. The relations of Vladimir Putin with President Erdogan not being good, it will be any benefit for Russia ...

After the decisions of Donald Trump, China and Russia will henceforth have access to the "NATO" sea of ​​the Mediterranean, which remains under NATO surveillance, from Libya.

Iran, on the other hand, which has improved relations with Armenia, is no longer encircled and isolated because the bolt of Syria has just jumped this country no longer an obstacle. Iran will nevertheless have to manage the embargo initiated by the US alone.

But Iran has no border with Syria, will you say? It does not matter! Trade with Iran will pass through Turkey. In fact, Donald Trump spoke at length with the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a few hours before the famous tweet of December 23rd. It was at this point that the two leaders agreed to "agree to coordinate military, diplomats and other leaders of their countries to avoid a power vacuum that could result from the exploitation of the withdrawal. (2000 US soldiers) and the transition phase in Syria. Since then Turkey has been transporting military units (cannons, artillery batteries) to the border, President Erdogan having assured Donald Trump "in very strong terms, that he will eradicate what remains of the IS (the state djhiadist) already largely defeated.

Since (Christmas-25/12) Erdogan even invited Donald Tromp to Ankara (in 2019) "to tighten their relations and coordinate the withdrawal". Turkey had not raised before it should be noted, no protest against the decision of Donald Trump, which could foreshadow difficult times for the Kurdish minority, which has always fought loyally alongside the coalition. For them and for humanitarian reasons it will be necessary for the international community to watch! Very seriously!

But it is fair to learn that Kurdish fighters have appealed for help to the Syrian regime, revealing an unexpected reversal of alliance after years of ambiguous relations with Damascus. Bashar el Assad has just accepted this extended hand by reinforcing his troops around the city of Manbij located north-east of Aleppo, near the Turkish border.

But there are those who do not win the turn of the American Empire, and who have just lost their hegemonic situation in the Middle East, like Israel and its Prime Minister, "Bibi" (Benjamin) Netanyahu which, however, in an exacerbated political context, had nevertheless obtained a few months ago that the United States Embassy was closed in Tel Aviv and transferred to Jerusalem.

This was obviously necessary for Benjamin Netanyahu to save his head after many years of authoritarian rule when he did not move the peace process with the Palestinians with one inch ("Gaza is an open prison "once said Nicolas Sarkozy, unlikely to sympathize anti-Israel), and at the same time let the religious flourish and settlements unfold, all these options going against the general and national interests of the country (Israel has the highest poverty rate among developed countries).

Yet, if the pipeline from Kazakhstan were to be extended to Ashdod, an Israeli port on the Mediterranean coast, Israel could become less dependent on the Gulf countries and Saudi Arabia, which it has recently come closer to? The Israeli Prime Minister had to think about it?

Donald Trump has just revealed the new US geostrategy. We have confirmation that the US president no longer wants the US is still the world's policeman. "America first" order! Words now make sense. Donald Trump seems to have also demonstrated that he is a man of peace?

We saw before our eyes a blow of billiard with 4 or 5 bands, masterly!

But at this point will you tell me where are the interests of Donald Trump and America?

Concurrently, this unexpected decision by Donald Trump highlighted more than ever the failings of the American-Zionist complex, which proved powerless for decades, but which was supported so eagerly by Hillary Clinton during the presidential campaign.

The war that justified all wars has just been explained, suddenly and limpidement, and that does not militate in favor of Barack Obama and his camp. The camp of the Democrats who just imposed the "shut down" during the budget debate does not grow out at the end of this presentation. Peace in the Middle East is Donald Trump who could impose it!

But after the US withdrawal from Syria, many things will have to change and new principles emerge.

The Sino-Russian project backed up by Donald Trump's recent decisions should not break Israel. This is an important point, validated by China and Russia, which, by letting the Syrian link relax, will allow the US to implement another regional policy.

For it will be imperative to seek to rebalance trade relations in this sector, and beyond with the Far East.

The last piece of the puzzle that Donald Trump holds for it in his hands will most certainly be on the Straits of Ormuz, owned by Iran but around which permanently patrol the US warships that are still Iranian hostages. Iran has a window (border) on the Persian Gulf (or Arabian Sea) north of the Strait of Hormuz. This sea connects Iran to the Gulf countries where, as the British said, only the Iraq / Iran / Yemen triangle is capable of protecting oil.

However, since September 2014, under the guise of a religious war (Sunni against Shiites backed by Iran) which is in fact only a regional war of an economic nature, Yemen is engaged in a merciless conflict against the country. Saudi Arabia has savagely attacked and wants the attachment of this small state located south of the Arabian Peninsula. We understand why!

Both Saudi Arabia and Iran both wanted to control the area so far and financed the various belligerents engaged in a civil war where all the horrors were allowed. Having obtained the one and the other satisfaction as for the respect of their own interests, they will have to put an end to the sounds of boots and the din of the guns.

Moreover, we can better understand, through this geopolitical description, the why of the severe lesson administered by Donald Trump to the young Prince Mohamed Ben Salman following the Khashoggi affair. This case was a mess; the entire international community denounced the violent and inhumane behavior committed by Saudi Arabia in Yemen. It might hinder the implementation of the political project of the President of the United States. Saudi Arabia will now be forced to return weapons very quickly!

While visiting the US troops still stationed in Iraq, Donald Trump was right to make politics in his speech, if only to make his geostrategic project understood and emphasize that "the mission (his) had been accomplished" The US President has confirmed that he no longer wants, but really more than the US is still the world's policeman. "America first" order! Words come to make sense. On the other hand, one understands at the same time that Europe has been left to its fate (sad), all frontiers open, and it is not the critics "on the disloyalty of the US vis-à-vis its allies" that held Emmanuel Macron from Chad where he was at the same time that will change anything. Europe will be tomorrow alone facing her destiny.

The war is over in Syria but it may start in the Gulf where Donald Trump will have to secure the oil supplies of America and the West, without relying on the "Sheikhs" but while relying on the Iraq where US troops are still stationing. The new geostrategic challenges of the US will be in "this smallest part" of the world now. Let's hope that the sense of negotiation that Donald Trump seems to be showing will help him to avoid the resumption of arms in this part of the world.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THE TERRORIST FUSILLADE OF STRASBOURG BECOMES FOR DONALD TRUMP

ANOTHER REASON FOR WALL

"Another terrible terrorist attack in France. We will further strengthen our borders, "tweeted Wednesday morning President Trump.

Donald Trump definitely has his eye on French news and when he does not like to comment on it as for "yellow vests", he learns from it. So it was split on Wednesday morning a tweet for the least absurd. "Another terrible terrorist attack in France. We will further strengthen our borders "

. "Chuck and Nancy have to give us the votes so we have more Border Security! He continued. Chuck Schumer is the leader of the Democrats in the US Senate while Nancy Pelosi is expected to chair the House of Representatives in January.

Why? The fact is that the American president is in the middle of a discussion about the "wall" he wants to erect on the Mexican border to stem immigration.

And a stormy meeting between the US president and the Democratic leaders of Congress was held Tuesday in the Oval Office in the presence of journalists. And this about the wall on the border of Mexico promised by the latter in the countryside. "There is no border security without the w