There are no translations available.

LA TURQUIE OSE-T-ELLE MENACER L 'EUROPE ?


A quelques jours de la rentrée scolaire, alors qu' un hommage à Samuel Paty, décapité par un islamiste, doit être rendu, le président du conseil français du culte musulman (CFCM) Mohammed Moussaoui, semble rétropédaler sur l'application du droit d'expression en France. Selon Mohammed Moussaoui, la liberté de caricaturer ( Mahomet,NDLR) doit être mesurée en fonction du contexte dans lequel elle s'exerce afin de ne pas heurter. Il estime également que ces dessins ne doivent pas être présentés à l'école.« Pour préserver l'ordre public, il faut parfois renoncer à certains droits ».Il en appelle à la retenue.  « La volonté d'offenser délibérément les sentiments (des musulmans, NDLR) n'a pas lieu d'être dans un pays où la fraternité fait partie du triptyque. Il faut tenir compte du contexte dans lequel ce droit (la liberté de caricaturer, NDLR) s'exerce. Il ne s'agit pas de faire plaisir aux extrémistes, mais de respecter le devoir de fraternité », développe-t-il sur RMC. Il semble suivre en cela de nombreux autres pays musulmans qui aimeraient dicter leur volonté à Emmanuel Macron. Et tout particulièrement la Turquie qui se voudrait le chantre de l'islamisme.

En réponse l’hebdomadaire français a publié mardi 27 octobre au soir sur les réseaux sociaux la « une » de son dernier numéro, sur laquelle s’étale une caricature de M. Erdogan en slip, une canette à la main, qui soulève la robe d’une femme voilée en s’écriant : « Ouuuh ! Le Prophète ! », commente le chef d’Etat sur cette Une titrée : « Erdogan, dans le privé, il est très drôle ». Cette représentation peu flatteuse du dirigeant turc a suscité l’ire d’Ankara.



La santé mentale du Président Macron

Aussi le président turc Erdogan n'a-t-il pas hésité une fois de plus à mettre en doute la « santé mentale » du président français. Il a critiqué, samedi 24  et dimanche 25 octobre, avec virulence, l'attitude du président français envers les musulmans, après l'attentat de Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (Yvelines). « Tout ce qu'on peut dire d'un chef d'Etat qui traite des millions de membres de communautés religieuses différentes de cette manière, c'est : allez d'abord faire des examens de santé mentale », a notamment déclaré le dirigeant turc, dans un discours télévisé.

Erdogan en appelle même lundi 26 octobre à l'UE. « Les responsables européens doivent dire 'stop' à la campagne de haine qui est dirigée par Macron », a lancé Recep Tayyip Erdogan dans un discours virulent à Ankara. Pour le dirigeant turc, « une campagne de lynchage semblable à celle contre les Juifs d'Europe avant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale est en train d'être menée contre les musulmans ».Le président turc a également appelé, lundi, ses compatriotes à cesser d'acheter des produits français. Ce langage outrancier et inadmissible de la part d'un dirigeant ne fait qu'exacerber les tensions.

« L’outrage et l’insulte ne sont pas une méthode », a tonné l’Élysée

Heureusement Berlin et Rome ont condamné vivement les propos du président turc.

La chancelière allemande a vivement critiqué le discours de Recep Tayyip Erdogan sur la santé mentale d'Emmanuel Macron. « Ce sont des déclarations diffamatoires qui ne sont absolument pas acceptables », particulièrement dans le contexte du « meurtre affreux du professeur français Samuel Paty par un fanatique islamique », a dit Steffen Seibert, le porte-parole de la chancelière allemande. « Les propos adressés par le président Erdogan au président Macron sont inacceptables », a écrit Giuseppe Conte en français sur son compte Twitter, lundi 26 octobre après-midi. « Les invectives personnelles n'aident pas l'agenda positif que l'UE veut poursuivre avec la Turquie, mais éloignent au contraire les solutions. Pleine solidarité avec le président Emmanuel Macron », a ajouté le chef du gouvernement italien.

C'est que Recep Tayyib Erdogan a lancé depuis quelques temps déjà une stratégie de la tension avec la France ( cf la chronique de Hakim El Karoui «Erdogan et la stratégie de la tension» ) et ce n'est pas la première fois qu'il insulte le président Emmanuel Macron.- « L’outrage et l’insulte ne sont pas une méthode », a tonné avec raison l’Élysée . Dans un geste diplomatique rare et fort, Emmanuel Macron a rappelé samedi 24 octobre son ambassadeur en Turquie pour protester contre les «propos inacceptables», mais aussi contre «l’outrance et la grossièreté» du président turc, qui a mis en cause sa «santé mentale ».

La Turquie un pays en crise économique

Erdogan ne cesse pas de bomber le torse et de donner de la voix contre les Occidentaux alors que la Turquie sur le plan économique va mal : hyper-inflation, dévaluation express de la livre, difficultés à équilibrer la balance des paiements, doutes des investisseurs internationaux sur la qualité de la gouvernance économique du pays du fait de l’interventionnisme répété du président Erdogan auprès de la banque centrale pour ne pas relever les taux d’intérêt sont les données actuelles du pays.


De nombreux conflits sur le plan international

L’état de crise entre les deux pays que sont la France et la Turquie a pris racine il y a plusieurs années, notamment à la faveur de la crise libyenne ou des propos sur « la mort cérébrale de l’Otan ».

De plus au mois de juin un fait majeur a aggravé les relations entre les deux pays. En effet un incident a eu lieu entre une frégate turque et un navire français, la première ayant menacé le second alors qu’il tentait d’approcher un cargo battant pavillon tanzanien. Ce dernier était suspecté de livrer du matériel militaire en Libye malgré l’embargo en vigueur. La ministre Florence Parly a vivement dénoncé ce geste agressif, et la France a suspendu sa participation aux opérations.aux méditerranéennes.

Un autre événement est venu peu après remettre de l’huile sur le feu: l’intrusion de bâtiments turcs à la recherche de gisements d’hydrocarbures dans des eaux méditerranéennes revendiqués par Chypre et la Grèce. Très rapidement, Emmanuel Macron est monté au front. Cela lui a permis de « présenter la France - et lui-même - comme le défenseur des frontières et de la souveraineté de l’Europe face à l’affirmation croissante, sinon à l’agressivité de la Turquie », détaille le politologue Bruno Tertrais dans la revue World Politics Review. La crise dans les eaux grecques s’est muée dans en un échange de menaces de la part. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan,

Outre la situation en Méditerranée orientale, c’est sur le front libyen que Paris et la Turquie continuent de s’opposer. «Qu’on soit clair, les forces soutenues par la Turquie à Idlib depuis le début sont des groupes islamistes. Déjà, lors de l’intervention turque dans le Rojava il y a quelques mois, c’était des groupes islamistes qui se battaient. La Turquie s’en défend, mais elle a soutenu des djihadistes et a également mené des négociations avec Daech. Aujourd’hui, les masques sont tombés. Le fait que des réseaux djihadistes transitaient de la Turquie vers la Syrie, ce n’est un secret pour personne.», analyse pour sa part la chercheuse Myriam Benraad, spécialiste reconnue du Moyen-Orient, et interrogée par Sputnik. Ainsi les djihadistes de Daech sont chargés de lutter contre les Kurdes.

Aussi Recep Tayyip Erdogan n'hésite-t-il pas à remettre en cause l' accord de cessez-le- feu du 23 octobre 2020 obtenu de haute lutte à Genève. A des journalistes à Istanbul à propos de l'accord signé le 23 octobre à Genève, la Turquie, acteur clé dans ce dossier; se montre sceptique. « L'accord de cessez-le-feu de ce jour n'a pas été conclu au plus haut niveau mais à un niveau moindre », a ainsi déclaré le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan...

Karabach et les milices jihadistes.

Depuis la rentrée, la détente paraît s’éloigner encore un peu plus notamment au regard du conflit dans le Nagorny Karabach, entre l’Azerbaïdjan et l’Arménie.

Emmanuel Macron a ainsi notamment affirmé que des « jihadistes » avaient été envoyés depuis la Syrie dans le Karabach en soutien à l’Azerbaïdjan, ce dont s’est défendu Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Le pouvoir d' Erdogan dépend en effet des ultra-nationalistes turcs qui ont quelques obsessions géopolitiques.


Enfin, si les précédents points d’accroche se sont essentiellement polarisés sur le terrain diplomatique et des enjeux internationaux, c’est plutôt sur celui de la politique intérieure française que la tension franco-turque est récemment montée d’un cran.

Le projet de loi sur le séparatisme et « l'entrisme turc »

Le discours d’Emmanuel Macron début octobre sur le projet de loi sur le séparatisme a suscité l’ire d’Ankara, vu comme une « provocation » par Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Cela s’explique en partie selon Jean Marcou par la volonté du président turc de s’adresser à ses compatriotes à l’étranger, mais aussi d’inscrire sa position à l’international. « Ça tient aussi au positionnement que veut adopter la Turquie dans le monde musulman où actuellement, elle s’oppose à l’Arabie saoudite, aux Émirats, et donc cette volonté de leadership et de défense. Je crois qu’il y a à la fois la défense des Turcs de l’étranger voir possiblement la défense des musulmans (...) c’est un sujet qui a toujours été très, très sensible pour la Turquie. Dans la mesure où la loi sur le séparatisme pourrait avoir des conséquences pour la communauté turque, voire pour les musulmans turcs, effectivement Erdogan intervient », analyse-t-il.

S'ajoute à cela l'absence de condoléance de la part de la Turquie après la mort de Samuel Paty dans l’attentat de Conflans-Sainte- Honorine.

La Turquie, bien que pays non arabe,est "la marionnettes des Frères musulmans- dont est issu Erdogan- et qui partage avec les salafistes un projet impérialiste à l’échelle planétaire".

La Turquie d’Erdogan se sert de sa diaspora d’abord en Allemagne, qui n’ose s’opposer frontalement à elle, et maintenant en France pour étendre en Europe l'islam et s'attaquer ainsi aux valeurs de laïcité française !

Pas moins de 150 000 Turcs vivent en effet dans le Grand Est, principalement en Alsace et à Strasbourg . Les mosquées ( dont la mosquée de la Meinau accueillant 2500 fidèles),et écoles « islamo-turques » sont de plus en plus en plus nombreuses et il existe même une « faculté » de théologie au sein de l’université de Strasbourg. En outre, les projets de telles écoles se multiplient dans la France entière.

Ne faut-il pas parler alors d’entrisme turc «  où le nationalisme turc conjugué à l’islam rigoureux conduit à transformer l’école en fabrique de futurs ennemis de la République », selon l’édito de Michel Taube dans Opinion internationale.

Erdogan mobilise les islamistes contre la France

A quoi joue donc le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan ?

 « Je pense que Recep Tayyip Erdogan la joue à la fois sultan et calife. Sa stratégie est de chercher l'ennemi extérieur et de le vilipender de manière extraordinairement violente pour susciter une vague du nationalisme dans son pays. », conclut Michel Taube.

L'Union européenne s'est déjà inquiétée récemment d'un « risque de confrontation militaire internationale majeure » en Syrie et dit envisager « toutes les mesures nécessaires pour protéger ses intérêts en matière de sécurité » , et elle doit s'inquiéter aussi avec lucidité de cet « entrisme turc » qui ne cesse de croître en Europe.

La Turquie joue un jeu trouble envers les Européens qui pourraient cependant prendre des mesures de rétorsion envers ce pays.

Les revendications religieuses sont  aussi un moyen pour Erdogan de rehausser sa légitimité auprès d’une frange de la population conservatrice et de faire diversion par rapport à sa politique intérieure.





Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld


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DURCISSEMENT DES MESURES DANS

UNE EUROPE DUREMENT FRAPPEE PAR LA DEUXIEME VAGUE DE CORONAVIRUS

La deuxième vague de l’épidémie due au coronavirus frappe durement le continent européen, entraînant des records de contamination dans plusieurs pays, qui ont annoncé un durcissement des restrictions. L’Espagne doit ainsi décréter, dimanche 25 octobre, un nouvel état d’alerte, ouvrant la voie à l’instauration d’un couvre-feu dans plusieurs régions. L’Italie a également annoncé dimanche plusieurs mesures fortes, dont la fermeture des cinémas et théâtres.

Des chiffres en fonction de la politique de dépistage de chaque pays.

Sur l’ensemble du continent européen, le nombre des contaminations détectées s’approche des 8,7 millions et plus de 261 000 personnes sont mortes de cette maladie. Dont quelque 10 000 en Allemagne, un pays jusqu’ici relativement épargné mais désormais frappé de plein fouet par le rebond épidémique.

Dans le monde, la pandémie a fait au moins 1 151 077 morts depuis fin décembre, d’après un bilan établi à partir de sources officielles recueillies auprès des autorités nationales compétentes et des informations de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé. Les Etats-Unis présentent les bilans les plus lourds avec 224 906 décès portant le nombre total de cas depuis le début de la pandémie à près de 8,5 millions dans le pays. Le nombre de contaminations a connu samedi 25 novembre 2020 un record pour le deuxième jour consécutif, avec 88.973 nouveaux cas (79.963 la veille).

Le nombre de morts sur 24 heures reste lui globalement stable depuis le début de l'automne, avec entre 700 et 800 décès. Dans les Amériques, la Colombie (30 000 morts) est devenue le huitième pays à franchir officiellement le seuil du million de personnes déclarées positives, après les Etats-Unis, l’Inde, le Brésil, la Russie, l’Argentine, l’Espagne et la France. Le nombre de cas confirmés dépend cependant fortement de la politique de dépistage pratiquée dans chaque pays.

L’Italie va adopter de nouvelles restrictions, dont la fermeture des cinémas et théâtres, après la publication de chiffres record de nouvelles contaminations, ont annoncé les services du premier ministre, Giuseppe Conte.Cinémas, théâtres, salles de gym et piscines vont devoir fermer, tandis que bars et restaurants devront cesser de servir après 18 heures, selon ces mesures, adoptées en dépit des protestations publiques qui ont éclaté ces derniers jours, notamment à Rome.

Trois régions ont déjà adopté ces derniers jours un couvre-feu : celles de Rome (Latium), Milan (Lombardie) et Naples (Campanie). Au moins deux autres régions, le Piémont et la Sicile, leur emboîteront le pas dans la semaine.Dans la nuit de samedi à dimanche, des dizaines de manifestants d’extrême droite protestant contre le couvre-feu ont affronté les forces de l’ordre antiémeutes dans le centre historique de la capitale

Etat d’alerte en Espagne

M. Sanchez avait préparé le terrain dès vendredi en assurant que la situation était « grave », que « les prochaines semaines et les prochains mois » seraient durs, très durs et qu’il était « prêt à adopter toutes les mesures nécessaires » pour freiner l’épidémie. Deux jours plus tôt, l’Espagne était devenue le premier pays de l’Union européenne et le sixième au monde à dépasser le million de cas de Covid-19, le chef du gouvernement ayant même révélé vendredi que le nombre réel de personnes infectées par le coronavirus en Espagne était en fait supérieur à 3 millions.

Le nombre de décès est proche de 35 000. Le gouvernement de Pedro Sanchez doit ainsi décréter dimanche matin un nouvel état d’alerte, autorisant les restrictions, le deuxième dans le pays après celui proclamé en mars, et qui avait duré jusqu’en juin. Samedi soir, au moins neuf régions espagnoles avaient demandé au gouvernement central de proclamer l’état d’alerte, sachant que certaines zones géographiques ont déjà pris les devants avec des restrictions locales, comme Madrid, la Castille-et-Leon (nord), la région de Valence (est) et la ville de Grenade (sud).

Durcissement des mesures nationales à Bruxelles

En Belgique, les autorités bruxelloises ont décidé d’avancer à 22 heures le couvre-feu imposé dans le pays, et ont ordonné la fermeture des magasins à 20 heures ainsi que l’interdiction des activités culturelles et sportives à partir de lundi. Ce nouveau tour de vis va au-delà des décisions prises vendredi par le gouvernement pour l’ensemble du royaume et suit les mesures annoncées par les autorités de la Wallonie, particulièrement touchée par la pandémie.

L’est de l’Europe durement frappé également

Plusieurs pays de l’Est, où la situation se dégrade, ont imposé samedi de nouvelles mesures, à l’image de la Pologne, dont l’intégralité du territoire est désormais en « zone rouge », synonyme de nombreuses restrictions. En Slovaquie voisine, un couvre-feu nocturne est entré en vigueur samedi – il sera maintenu jusqu’au 1er novembre. Et en République tchèque, un autre pays limitrophe, où le taux de contamination et de décès est le pire d’Europe sur les deux dernières semaines, un confinement partiel est déjà instauré jusqu’au 3 novembre 2020.

Un confinement partiel s’applique aussi depuis samedi en Slovénie, dont le ministre des affaires étrangères, Anze Logar, a été testé positif, après avoir bouclé une tournée dans les pays baltes. Ses trois homologues dans ces Etats, qui l’avaient rencontré, ainsi que la chef de l’opposition biélorusse, Svetlana Tsikhanovskaïa, se sont placés samedi en quarantaine. Deux autres personnalités politiques d’Europe de l’Est ont annoncé leur infection, le président polonais, Andrzej Duda, et le maire de Kiev, l’ancien boxeur Vitali Klitschko.

Le président Donald Trump, en pleine campagne électorale, a promis l'arrivée imminente d'un vaccin, qu'il veut gratuit.

Son adversaire démocrate Joe Biden a également promis vendredi que le vaccin serait «gratuit pour tout le monde» s'il remportait l'élection présidentielle du 3 novembre.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
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DES MESURES DE RECONFINEMENTS DANS LE MONDE MAIS LA SUEDE COMME CONTRE-EXEMPLE

Dans l'espoir de « célébrer Noël correctement », l'Irlande et le Pays de Galles deviennent cette semaine les premiers territoires à reconfiner leurs populations en Europe, frappée par la deuxième vague et obligée de multiplier les restrictions pour contrer le Covid-19. « Si nous unissons nos efforts pendant les six prochaines semaines, nous aurons l'occasion de célébrer Noël correctement », a lancé le Premier ministre irlandais Micheal Martin. Le Pays de Galles (3 millions d'habitants) sera quant à lui soumis à compter de 18H00 vendredi à un confinement de deux semaines, mesure la plus dure instaurée au Royaume-Uni depuis la première vague de Covid-19 du printemps.

De son côté, le premier ministre Boris Johnson avait annoncé en septembre une batterie de nouvelles restrictions concernant l'Angleterre Tout comme l'Irlande et le Pays de Galles, la Belgique pourrait mettre en place un nouveau confinement dès la semaine prochaine « si la tendance ne s'inverse pas d'ici là », selon un porte-parole des autorités sanitaires belges le 21 octobre.

En Espagne, depuis le 2 octobre 2020, Madrid est officiellement reconfinée en partie, devenant ainsi la première capitale européenne reconfinée.. Désormais, les habitants de Madrid et de sa banlieue sont interdits de sortir de la ville sauf pour aller travailler, se rendre chez le médecin ou emmener les enfants à l'école.La région de Navarre sera elle partiellement bouclée à partir du 22 octobre, comme de plus en plus de villes espagnoles, à l'instar de Burgos, qui s'ajoute à la liste.

Trois municipalités du nord du Portugal sont ainsi reconfinées depuis le 23 octobre et les déplacements à travers tout le pays seront limités à la Toussaint

Le confinement n'est pas à suivre en Suède, selon l'Agence de santé

Mais face à cette 2ème vague de Covid-19, la Suède persiste dans sa stratégie, et même assouplit les contraintes. En effet alors que la deuxième vague de coronavirus déstabilise le reste de l'Europe, les autorités nordiques assument parfaitement la stratégie très particulière qu'elles suivent depuis le début de la pandémie et vont même jusqu'à.assouplir les quelques restrictions mises en place, y compris pour les personnes âgées, les plus à risque.Pourtant comme ailleurs le nombre de cas par jour ne cesse d'augmenter depuis la mi-septembre, 1 614 nouvelles infections ayant été relevées le 22 octobre.

Mais selon Johan Carlson, le directeur de l'Agence suédoise de santé publique, les confinements, couvre-feux et autres restrictions « ne sont pas une voie à suivre ». Un argument prévaut : Il s'agit de créer une situation où l'on peut vivre sa vie de manière assez normale compte tenu des restrictions.

Cette semaine, les autorités ont été cependant obligées de prendre des mesures plus fermes pour tenter d'éteindre, ou tout du moins de réduire, le gros foyer épidémique qui est en train de s'étendre dans la ville universitaire d'Uppsala, située à environ 70 kilomètres de Stockholm.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
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BREXIT DEAL OR NO DEAL ?

Les négociations entre Londres et Bruxelles sont-elles définitivement terminées ?

Au cours d'un point presse, Emmanuel Macron a annoncé que les Vingt-Sept se donnaient deux semaines supplémentaires pour trouver un accord post-Brexit avec le Royaume-Uni. « Nous avons autorisé les négociateurs à poursuivre les discussions pour les deux prochaines semaines », a déclaré le Président Français, ajoutant que « la Grande-Bretagne a davantage besoin d'un accord que l'Union européenne. »

De son côté, le porte-parole de Boris Johnson considère que la position de Bruxelles signe de facto la fin des négociations. « Les négociations n'ont pas lieu d'être si l'UE ne change pas de position, a-t-il lancé l'après-midi vendredi 16 octobre 2020 . L'UE a effectivement mis fin aux discussions hier. Cela ne sert à rien de discuter si l'UE ne change pas fondamentalement de position. »

Lors d'un sommet européen entamé la veille, l'UE a estimé que Londres était à l'origine de l'impasse des négociations sur leurs futures relations à partir du 1er janvier prochain, affirmant qu'il revenait à Boris Johnson de faire des compromis.De son côté, David Frost, principal négociateur britannique, s'est dit déçu et surpris par l'attitude de l'UE.« Aussi surpris par l'idée selon laquelle pour parvenir à un accord toutes les initiatives futures doivent venir du Royaume-Uni. C'est une approche inhabituelle dans la conduite d'une négociation », a-t-il réagi sur Twitter.

Deal or no deal ?

Le Royaume-Uni et l'UE ont officiellement divorcé le 31 janvier mais sont entrés dans une période de transition, le temps de trouver un terrain d'entente sur leurs futures relations, notamment commerciales.

Passé le 31 décembre, faute d'accord, ce sera un divorce « sec », le « saut dans le vide » que redoutent notamment les milieux d'affaires avec la perspective de rétablissements de droits de douane et de divergences réglementaires.« A moins d'un changement fondamental d'approche, nous allons vers la solution à l'australienne et nous devons le faire avec une grande confiance », prévenait, jeudi 15 octobre 2020, Boris Johnson, en référence à l'absence d'accord de libre-échange entre l'UE et l'Australie

Mais à en croire les médias britanniques citant des sources proches des négociations, David Frost, le négociateur en chef de Boris Johnson, estime qu’un accord est toujours possible et que deux semaines supplémentaires de pourparlers pourraient mener à une percée alors qu’un compromis sur la pêche semble émerger.

Toujours est-il que les Européens font bloc et ne veulent pas céder sur des points qui leur paraissent fondamentaux. Les Vingt-sept, dont les économies combinées pèsent quelque 18.400 milliards de dollars (15.700 milliards d'euros) contre seulement 3.000 milliards (2.600 milliards d'euros) pour le Royaume-Uni, continuent de penser qu'un accord est possible, à condition toutefois que Boris Johnson y mette du sien..

Points de blocage

Les négociations ont permis de rapprocher les points de vue sur des thèmes tels que la protection sociale des citoyens ou les transports mais elles achoppent toujours sur trois sujets principaux: les droits de pêche, une question primordiale pour la France, les questions de gouvernance - et notamment les mécanismes de règlement des litiges - et la garantie de règles du jeu équitables en matière de concurrence.

D’abord la mise en place de conditions de concurrence équitables qui permettent au Royaume-Uni l’accès à un marché de 450 millions de consommateurs. Il s'agit essentiellement de respecter des normes environnementales et sociales.

La question de la pêche est également essentielle pour plusieurs États membres, dont la France. « En aucun cas nos pêcheurs ne sauraient être les sacrifiés de ce Brexit. (...) Préserver l'accès de nos pêcheurs aux eaux britanniques (...) est un point important de cette discussion pour nous », a déclaré jeudi le président français Emmanuel Macron à son arrivée à Bruxelles. Le mandat du négociateur européen Michel Barnier est de préserver l’accès réciproque aux eaux européennes et britanniques même si les Européens sont plus nombreux à pêcher dans les eaux britanniques que l’inverse. L’enjeu est le maintien des activités de pêche pour les Français, les Irlandais, les Néerlandais, les Belges et les Espagnols et plus marginalement les Allemands.

Enfin, il faut des règles claires et mettre en place un mécanisme pour régler les différends. L’objectif est d'avoir une relation équilibrée, soutenable économiquement et politiquement.

Boris Johnson a déclaré à de nombreuses reprises être favorable à un accord, estimant toutefois que le Royaume-Uni était capable de transformer un « no deal » en succès.

« C'est le vent au large de nos côtes qui a soufflé dans les voiles de Drake, Raleigh et Nelson, et a propulsé ce pays vers sa grandeur commerciale. », avait déclaré Bojo en politique intérieure.

Boris Johnson semble donner du crédit aux propos d’Angela Merkel qui voit dans le Brexit le risque d’un concurrent commercial aux portes de l’UE...

Michel Barnier, le principal négociateur européen, a annoncé qu'il échangerait avec David Frost vendredi et qu'il se rendrait à Londres au cours du week-end. Il s'est dit prêt à négocier « jusqu'au dernier jour possible ». 

Un « no deal » ne risquerait-il pas de provoquer un vaste chaos en désorganisant totalement les relations commerciales entre le Royaume-Uni, l'Union européenne et le reste du monde, au moment où une « deuxième vague » de l'épidémie de coronavirus menace la fragile reprise de l'économie mondiale?




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

BORIS JOHNSON SUR LA SELLETTE CONVOQUE

LA GRANDEUR DU ROYAUME-UNI

POUR RECONSTRUIRE EN MIEUX APRES LE COVID-19

Depuis son retour aux affaires, le 27 avril, tous les clignotants sont au rouge pour Boris Johnson au point d'occulter son triomphe électoral du 12 décembre 2019...

C'est pourquoi le premier ministre britannique Boris Johnson a tenté de profiter du congrès de son parti pour réaffirmer son autorité. Il a beau avoir mené son parti à une victoire historique lors des élections générales de décembre 2019 et disposer d’une très large majorité à la Chambre des communes, sa gestion brouillonne de la pandémie de Covid-19 et son style de gouvernement sont en effet ouvertement critiqués.

Boris Johnson lui -même a eu le Covid

Le Premier ministre britannique affirme que les rumeurs à son sujet sur le coronavirus font partie d'une « propagande séditieuse ». Âgé de 56 ans et en surpoids, Boris Johnson avait passé trois nuits en soins intensifs en avril après avoir été contaminé par le nouveau coronavirus. Depuis, les interrogations sur les répercussions de la maladie sur sa santé sont récurrentes au Royaume-Uni .

Boris Johnson a perdu 12 kgs

« BoJo », comme il est parfois surnommé, a certes reconnu avoir été durement touché par la maladie en raison d’un « problème sous-jacent très commun: j’étais trop gros ». Disant avoir depuis perdu près de 12 kilos, il a assuré qu’il continuerait « ce régime, parce qu’il faut chercher le héros qui est en vous ».

Mais « Bojo » se défend d'avoir perdu son « mojo ».

« J’ai lu beaucoup de bêtises récemment sur comment le fait d’avoir moi-même été malade du Covid m’avait d’une certaine manière enlevé mon mojo », mélange de chance, confiance en soi et charisme ayant caractérisé son ascension, a déclaré le Premier ministre, connu pour sa verve et son tempérament bouillonnant, lors du discours de clôture au congrès annuel de son parti, qu’il dirige depuis l’été 2019.

« Des bêtises pour empêcher le Brexit »

« Ce sont, bien sûr, des balivernes évidentes, le genre de propagande séditieuse que l’on attendrait de gens qui ne veulent pas que ce gouvernement réussisse, qui voulaient nous empêcher de réaliser le Brexit et tous les autres engagements de notre programme », a-t-il ajouté lors de cette allocution prononcée en ligne, coronavirus oblige.

Baisse de popularité même au sein des Tories

Désormais, une frange des « Tories » lui reproche même son attitude à l’égard de l’Union Européenne. À tel point que ses adversaires commencent à évoquer son remplacement par le ministre des Finances, le jeune Rishi Sunak.

Même dans son propre camp, la tendance est à la défiance, voire à la rébellion. Alors que le soutien à la politique sanitaire du Premier ministre « s’est nettement dégradé au sein des membres du parti » selon une enquête réalisée par le site ConservativeHome, le ministre des Affaires étrangères Dominic Raab a appelé samedi les Conservateurs à l’unité.

« L’une des leçons que les Conservateurs tirent du coronavirus est que nous sommes plus grands quand nous travaillons ensemble que pris chacun individuellement », a-t-il déclaré lors du Congrès qui se déroule cette année uniquement en ligne en raison de la pandémie.

Dans un court discours, il a vanté les mérites de Boris Johnson sur le Brexit, l’environnement ou les droits humains. « C’est le Premier ministre qui a eu le courage moral d’imposer des sanctions » aux Russes, « c’est le Premier ministre qui va réunir le monde entier l’année prochaine à Glasgow »pour la COP26, a-t-il énuméré.

Selon une enquête réalisée par le site ConservativeHome, les membres du parti soutiennent de moins en moins les mesures de confinement contraint que Johnson impose localement. « Cette baisse de confiance fait écho à celle observée dans les sondages auprès du grand public et reflète la baisse de popularité du Premier ministre lui-même », a estimé Paul Goodman, rédacteur en chef de ConservativeHome.

Reconstruire le Royaume-Unis « en mieux »

Boris Johnson, même confronté à une crise de confiance dans son propre camp conservateur, ne s'en laisse pas conter et s’engage à reconstruire le Royaume-Uni « en mieux » après la pandémie

Car Boris Johnson continue d'avoir foi en sa vision

« La crise du coronavirus est un catalyseur du changement », a assuré Boris Johnson mardi, annonçant une « révolution verte » aux conservateurs et un pays qui deviendrait à l’horizon 2030 « l’Arabie saoudite de l’énergie éolienne ». Les jours précédents, il avait multiplié les apparitions casque de chantier sur la tête, cultivant une image de bâtisseur et de porteur de bonnes nouvelles, répétant le nouveau slogan de Downing Street, « Build back better » – « reconstruisons mieux », en français.

Le dirigeant promet une révolution énergétique verte, une réforme du système de protection sociale ou encore un accès facilité à la propriété.

En apparence saine avant la crise sanitaire, avec le quasi plein emploi, l’économie britannique souffrait en fait de « problèmes sous-jacents chroniques » que le dirigeant s’est engagé à résoudre, comme des infrastructures de transport « inadéquates », une pénurie de compétences ou le manque de logements abordables. « Nous ne pouvons désormais définir la mission de ce pays comme simplement rétablir la normalité, ce n’est pas assez », a-t-il martelé.

Le Premier ministre a promis mardi que « d'ici à 10 ans, l'éolien offshore alimentera en énergie chaque foyer » britannique. Pour s'assurer que la prochaine génération d'éoliennes est bien « Made in UK », l'Etat va investir dans les ports et les usines du pays.Boris Johnson n'a pas eu peur de convoquer l'histoire britannique et ses grands héros, mardi, pour annoncer à l'occasion de la conférence annuelle du parti conservateur un ambitieux plan de développement de l'énergie éolienne au Royaume-Uni.

« C'est le vent au large de nos côtes qui a soufflé dans les voiles de Drake, Raleigh et Nelson, et a propulsé ce pays vers sa grandeur commerciale. »

Boris Johnson semble donner du crédit aux propos d’Angela Merkel qui voit dans le Brexit le risque d’un concurrent commercial aux portes de l’UE...

« La stratégie du « Global Britain » n’est-elle pas assise sur l’idée que le RU avec ses points forts – la finance, le commerce, les services, la langue, le droit – pourrait devenir à terme une plaque tournante des échanges internationaux, à l’inverse d’une stratégie de repli sur soi ? », s'interroge Stéphane Madaule, économiste du développement.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld


There are no translations available.

LA PSYCHOSE DE LA PANDEMIE DE LA COVID-19 ENTRETENUE EN EUROPE

La pandémie provoquée par le nouveau coronavirus a contaminé officiellement plus de cinq millions de personnes en Europe, depuis l'apparition des premiers cas en décembre.

Au total 227 130 sont mortes du Covid-19 sur le continent européen.

Psychose de la pandémie ?

France

Dans son point hebdomadaire jeudi 24 septembre, Santé publique France fait état d'une « augmentation exponentielle des admissions en réanimation ».

599 personnes y ont été hospitalisées la semaine du 14 au 20 septembre, soit 40% de plus que la semaine précédente.

Cette même semaine, l'institut note une augmentation des principaux chiffres : nombre de cas, passages aux urgences, nouvelles hospitalisations et décès à l'hôpital ou en Ehpad.

Il y a eu 66.671 nouveaux cas confirmés la semaine dernière (+8%), 6.514 passages aux urgences (+21%), 3.657 hospitalisations (+34%) et 332 décès (+25%).

Santé publique France note par ailleurs une « hausse de la circulation du SARS-CoV-2 chez les 65 ans et plus ».

Autre point clé, le service public de santé estime que « l'augmentation des nombres de cas confirmés » est certainement sous-estimée, en raison de la « saturation des capacités diagnostiques ». Il évoque aussi une « probable sous-estimation du nombre de clusters » (foyers de contamination).

« On est toujours dans une phase ascendante de l'épidémie, quasiment tous les indicateurs sont en hausse », souligne vendredi Sophie Vaux, épidémiologiste à l'agence sanitaire. Ce qui a permis au gouvernement de Macron d'agiter le chiffon rouge :

Face à une remontée du taux d'incidence du virus dans la métropole d'Aix-Marseille, dans le sud-est de la France, et en Guadeloupe, dans les Antilles françaises, le ministre de la Santé Olivier Véran a annoncé mercredi des mesures très strictes dans ces deux régions, désormais placées en « zone d'alerte maximale »

La fronde des territoires contre Paris

Cela entraîne la fermeture totale des bars et des restaurants à partir de samedi. Les autres « établissements recevant du public » vont aussi être fermés, sauf ceux qui ont un « protocole sanitaire strict », comme les théâtres, les musées ou les cinémas.

Ces mesures ont suscité l'incompréhension et la colère chez de nombreux élus et responsables économiques et dresse les territoires les uns contre les autres ,et contre Paris.

Le président de la région, Renaud Muselier, a dénoncé une « punition collective extrêmement dure pour l'économie de nos territoires'. La maire de Marseille, Michèle Rubirola, a exprimé sur Twitter son « étonnement » et sa « colère ». « La violence des annonces » d'Olivier Véran « n'est pas acceptable », a déclaré son premier adjoint, Benoît Payan.

Les restaurateurs de la métropole Aix-marseille ont obtenu un délai de 24h supplémentaires et fermeront leurs portes dimanche soir pour deux semaines. Une décision qui a du mal à satisfaire les professionnels. Le ministre de la Santé Olivier Véran a une nouvelle fois justifié ce vendredi la décision du gouvernement lors d'une visite à l'hôpital de la Timone. Mais il a été la cible de toutes les critiques, et certains se disent même prêts à braver l'interdiction d'ouvrir

Outre Marseille et la Guadeloupe, onze autre métropoles, dont Paris, ont été placées en « zone d'alerte renforcée », ce qui implique notamment la fermeture des bars à partir de 22 heures et la limitation des ventes d'alcool.

Les rassemblements vont également être limités à 1 000 personnes, contre 5 000 actuellement. Cette mesure devrait concerner le tournoi de tennis de Roland-Garros, qui commence dimanche, avec quatre mois de retard, et avait déjà prévu de réduire sa jauge à 5 000 spectateurs.

Etudes épidémiologistes et comportements humains

Grâce à une modélisation, des chercheurs révèlent que la deuxième vague de l'épidémie de Covid-19 pourrait s'étendre jusqu'en janvier 2021 en Europe. En France, elle pourrait avoir lieu début octobre, autrement dit la semaine prochaine. Cependant, « il n’est pas possible de prédire l’ampleur de cette deuxième vague", explique le CNRS, avant d'ajouter que « les simulations effectuées soulignent l’importance des comportements humains pour ralentir la pandémie »

.Allemagne

Considérée comme un modèle dans sa gestion de la pandémie de Covid-19 en Europe, l'Allemagne est elle aussi sur le qui-vive face à une résurgence des nouvelles infections ces dernières semaines.

La Bavière est particulièrement touchée, et le Land a décidé de durcir ses restrictions à Munich, où le port du masque dans une partie du centre ville sera obligatoire à partir de jeudi.

Par ailleurs, l'Allemagne a étendu mercredi sa liste de régions à risque dans onze pays européens y compris la France.

Italie

En Italie, le port du masque sera désormais obligatoire 24 heures sur 24 dans le centre historique de Gênes, le grand port du nord-ouest, ont annoncé mercredi les autorités locales.

Royaume-Uni

Dans le pays le plus lourdement touché du continent européen, les nouvelles restrictions annoncées il y a deux jours par le Premier ministre Boris Johnson entrent en vigueur jeudi : les pubs et les restaurants, dans lesquels seul le service à table sera autorisé, fermeront dès 22 heures en Angleterre, et le télétravail sera à nouveau encouragé.

En pleine résurgence de l'épidémie, le gouvernement britannique lance jeudi en Angleterre et au Pays de Galles son application de traçage des cas de nouveau coronavirus, quatre mois après la date initialement prévue.

Espagne

En Espagne, près d'un million d'habitants de la capitale Madrid et de sa périphérie ont interdiction depuis lundi de quitter leur quartier, sauf pour des raisons bien précises comme aller travailler ou étudier.

Finlande

En Finlande, un programme pilote a débuté mercredi. Les passagers qui arrivent à l'aéroport d'Helsinki peuvent, sur la base du volontariat, se faire renifler par des chiens détecteurs de Covid-19.Le test se fait via une lingette passée sur le cou des passagers puis présentée à un chien.

La seconde vague pourrait s'étendre jusqu'en janvier 2021 en Europe mais aucune modélisation n'est cependant capable de prévoir l’intensité de cette deuxième vague, ni son taux de mortalité.




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UNE ENIEME REFORME 

 SUR LA POLITIQUE DE L'ASILE ET DE LA MIGRATION

VOULUE PAR BRUXELLES

Une semaine avant que la Commission européenne présente sa proposition de réforme de la politique de l’asile et de la migration le 23 septembre, sa présidente, Ursula von der Leyen a plaidé en faveur d’un « système européen de gouvernance de la migration » lors de son discours sur l’état de l’Union devant les députés européens mercredi 16 septembre.

Le règlement de Dublin décrié en période de crise

La crise migratoire de 2015 a montré les limites du dispositif, la fragilité du système, les dissensions entre États et la faillite de la solidarité entre Etats-membres.

Le règlement de Dublin, plusieurs fois amendé depuis 1990, confie en effet la responsabilité des demandes d’asile aux pays d’entrée des migrants dans l’Union européenne. Avec un double objectif : éviter, d’un côté, que les demandeurs d’asile soient renvoyés d’un pays à l’autre et empêcher, de l’autre, qu’une même personne abuse du système en présentant des demandes d’asile dans plusieurs États.Il s’agissait d’un premier pas instaurant des règles communes de coordination en matière d’asile avec l’idée, conformément aux accords de Maastricht, que les États délégueraient peu à peu leur souveraineté dans ce domaine au profit d’une politique européenne.

Mais lorsque plus d’un million de Syriens et d’Afghans fuyant leur pays sont arrivés en Europe en 2015, cette gestion, qui se voulait rationnelle, a montré qu’elle fonctionnait mal en temps de crise, en faisant porter une responsabilité disproportionnée aux pays d’entrée dans l’UE que sont notamment la Grèce et l'Italie.

Des projets de réformes avortés

« Je peux annoncer que nous allons abolir le règlement de Dublin et le remplacer par un nouveau système européen de gouvernance de la migration (…). Il y aura un nouveau mécanisme fort de solidarité », a-t-elle dit, une semaine avant la présentation par la Commission d’une réforme très attendue de la politique migratoire dans l’UE. Il y aura des structures communes pour l’asile et le retour. Et il y aura un nouveau mécanisme fort de solidarité », a encore précisé. la cheffe de l’exécutif européen Ursula von der Leyen, alors que les pays qui sont en première ligne d’arrivée des migrants (Grèce, Malte, Italie notamment) se plaignent de devoir faire face à une charge disproportionnée

Mais depuis lors, tous les projets de réforme, qui supposent l’unanimité des États membres, se sont heurtés à l’individualisme des États et ont échoué. Ainsi en mars 2016, la Commission avait proposé de faire du modeste Bureau européen d’appui en matière d’asile (EASO) une vraie agence européenne de l’asile chargée du statut des réfugiés pour tous les États membres, avec un recours possible auprès d’une cour d’appel européenne.

Même les mesures ponctuelles âprement négociées au cas par cas n’ont pas été respectées par les États membres. Sur les 100 000 relocalisations prévues depuis l’Italie et la Grèce de 2015 à 2017, à peine 35 000 l’avaient été.

Une réforme peut-elle voir le jour aujourd’hui ?

Une semaine après l'incendie volontaire par des migrants eux-mêmes du camp de réfugiés de Moria, sur l’île grecque de Lesbos, la chef de l’exécutif européen a demandé à tous les Etats membres de l’UE d’« intensifier leurs efforts » sur la question migratoire, ajoutant que l’ensemble de Europe « doit faire sa part ».« Les images du camp de Moria nous rappellent douloureusement que l’Europe doit agir dans l’unité (…). Si nous intensifions nos efforts, nous attendons de tous les Etats membres qu’ils intensifient eux aussi leurs efforts. La migration constitue un défi européen et c’est l’ensemble de l’Europe qui doit faire sa part », a-t-elle insisté.

Pour ne pas faire imploser l’UE, l’opposition aux migrants ayant fortement nourri l’euroscepticisme, Bruxelles va devoir trouvé une porte de sortie opérationnelle.

Mais en tout état de cause avec l'accord de tous les Etats-membres.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

A QUI PROFITE L'AFFAIRE NAVALNY ?

SES PREMIERES PAROLES

Son état de santé s’est nettement amélioré : une semaine après avoir été sorti du coma artificiel dans lequel il avait été plongé , l’opposant russe Alexeï Navalny a diffusé, mardi 15 septembre 2020, sur Instagram une photo accompagnée d’un message. Assis sur son lit d’hôpital, les yeux ouverts, en compagnie de sa famille, il écrit :

« Je ne sais encore presque rien faire, mais hier [lundi] j’ai pu respirer par moi-même toute une journée.

Ça m’a beaucoup plu, c’est un procédé étonnant et sous-estimé par beaucoup. Je le recommande. Vous me manquez. »

C’est sa première publication sur son compte – qui totalise 1,7 million d’abonnés – depuis son empoisonnement à la fin d’août. Alexeï Navalny a été victime d’un malaise le 20 août à bord d’un avion entre la Sibérie et Moscou après avoir bu du thé à l’aéroport. Hospitalisé dans un premier temps à Omsk, en Sibérie, il a été transféré le 22 août 2020 en Allemagne.

Des interrogations en Russie

Un laboratoire militaire allemand a conclu le 3 septembre à l’empoisonnement d’Alexeï Navalny, âgé de 44 ans, par un agent neurotoxique de type Novitchok, conçu à des fins militaires à l’époque soviétique, ce que Moscou conteste. Interrogé ce mardi 15 septembre 2020 à ce sujet, le porte-parole du Kremlin, Dmitri Peskov, a réaffirmé que la Russie était prête à faire la lumière sur cette affaire mais qu’elle avait besoin pour cela d’avoir accès à des informations détenues par l’Allemagne. Moscou refuse par ailleurs d’ouvrir une enquête criminelle sur l’affaire car les médecins russes affirment n’avoir identifié aucune substance toxique dans l’organisme de M. Navalny lorsqu’il a été hospitalisé en Sibérie.

La Russie affirme aussi n’avoir aucun stock de Novitchok. Ces stocks « ont été détruits en accord avec le protocole et les règlements de l’Organisation pour l’interdiction des armes chimiques » (OIAC), a déclaré le chef du renseignement extérieur Sergueï Narychkine, selon les agences de presse russes. Il a souligné avoir « beaucoup de questions pour la partie allemande » car « quand Alexeï Navalny a quitté le territoire russe, il n’y avait pas de substance toxique dans son corps ».

« La mention du novitchok par les officiels allemands le 2 septembre amène fatalement à faire un parallèle avec l’affaire Skripal à Londres. Comme les Britanniques en 2018, les Allemands ont fait savoir qu’ils ne pouvaient transmettre les résultats des analyses aux Russes, malgré une demande officielle des autorités russes.

En revanche, comme en 2018, l’affaire a pu être portée devant l’Organisation pour l’interdiction des armes chimiques et prendre une dimension internationale, sortant d’un cadre bilatéral, germano-russe en l’occurrence. », souligne la spécialiste Héléna Perroud dans son billet du 14 septembre 2020 (Geopragma).

Un chimiste militaire, Mirzayanov, qui avait fait défection après 25 ans d’ancienneté à l'usine d’armes chimiques située à Nukus, en Ouzbékistan où était fabriqué le fameux poison, aurait parlé du novitchok aux Américains... Et à Héléna Perroud de conclure « On peut dès lors se demander si le novitchok reste bien une spécialité strictement russe. Curieux que « de hauts responsables russes », s’ils avaient employé ce poison, l’aient sciemment laissé partir en Allemagne pour s’y faire soigner. ». Concernant l’état de santé du patient, leporte-parole du Kremlin, Dmitri Peskov, qui ne prononce jamais le nom de l’opposant, a dit, d’après les agences russes, que « tout le monde » serait « content » s’il se remettait.

Elections régionales du 13 septembre 2020

Toujours est-il qu'il faut replacer l'affaire dans son contexte immédiat. Pour les élections régionales du 13 septembre 2020, mobilisant 40 millions d’électeurs, appelés à voter pour élire des gouverneurs et des parlements régionaux, Navalny et ses partisans ont initié la campagne du « vote intelligent », pour faire barrage aux candidats du parti au pouvoir, Russie Unie. Ce premier message de l’opposant russe paraît au lendemain d’une victoire électorale symbolique à Tomsk, en Sibérie occidentale, où deux des partisans de M. Navalny sont entrés au conseil municipal, une première. D’autres ont été élus dans la troisième ville du pays, Novossibirsk, également en Sibérie occidentale. Notons également qu' à la veille de son malaise Alexei Navalni venait de réaliser des enquêtes filmées d’une trentaine de minutes chacune sur les « élites » politiques de Sibérie. Les deux premières, l’une sur Novosibirsk – « Qui a pris le contrôle de la capitale de la Sibérie et comment la libérer ? » – l’autre sur Tomsk – « Tomsk aux mains de la mafia des députés ». Les élections ont cependant mis les candidats du parti au pouvoir majoritairement vainqueurs.

Retour en Russie

Interrogée quant à un retour de M. Navalny en Russie une fois rétabli, sa porte-parole a répondu qu’« il n’avait jamais été question d’autre chose ». « Je comprends pourquoi on se pose la question, mais je trouve néanmoins étrange qu’on puisse penser » qu’il choisisse l’exil, a-t-elle commenté sur Twitter

A qui profite l’affaire Navalny ?

« Sur la scène internationale cette affaire risque d’affaiblir pour un temps la position russe, au moment où le pays est engagé sur divers fronts, de la promotion de son vaccin à la Biélorussie en passant par « l’Orient compliqué ». Elle renforce tous ceux qui ne veulent pas, sur le continent européen, d’un axe fort Paris-Berlin-Moscou.

Et très concrètement elle semble profiter, dans un premier temps, aux Etats-Unis. » qui cherchent notamment à récupérer le marché européen du gaz avec pour cible l'arrêt du gazoduc russe Nord Stream 2 reliant l'Allemagne.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ESCALADE DES TENSIONS ENTRE LA GRECE

 ET LA TURQUIE ET LA FRANCE

Dans un discours télévisé, le président turc Erdogan s'en est pris à Emmanuel Macron lui recommandant de « ne pas chercher querelle à la Turquie ».

Paris avait soutenu la Grèce demandant un arrêt de la politique de confrontation d'Ankara (Turquie). C'est une nouvelle étape dans le bras de fer entre la Turquie et la Grèce avec Paris au premier rang. : Athènes veut acheter 18 avions Rafale à la France. Le pays se dotera aussi de quatre nouvelles frégates et 15 000 militaires supplémentaires. C'est le Premier ministre qui l'a officialisé à la télévision samedi 12 septembre. Une déclaration qui va encore faire monter la tension entre les deux pays.

« M. Macron, vous n’avez pas fini d’avoir des ennuis avec moi. »

Le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a averti samedi 12 septembre son homologue français, Emmanuel Macron.« Ne cherchez pas querelle au peuple turc, ne cherchez pas querelle à la Turquie », a lancé M. Erdogan lors d’un discours télévisé, à Istanbul, en référence aux sévères critiques émises par le président français envers Ankara dans le cadre du conflit entre la Turquie et la Grèce à propos de la prospection pétrolière en Méditerranée. Il y a deux jours, Emmanuel Macron s'est montré très sévère avec le président turc. « Le gouvernement du président Erdogan a aujourd'hui des comportements inadmissibles », a-t-il assuré.

Depuis plusieurs semaines, un navire turc prospecte en effet en Méditerranée à la recherche de gisements de gaz. La Grèce accuse la Turquie d'effectuer ces recherches dans une zone qui lui appartient. La France soutient la Grèce. Elle a d'ailleurs déployé temporairement deux chasseurs Rafale et deux bâtiments de la marine nationale en Méditerranée orientale sur fond de tensions entre la Grèce et la Turquie autour de l’exploitation gazière, a annoncé jeudi 13 août 2020 le ministère français des armées.

Cette possible vente d'avions de la France à la Grèce risque d'accentuer la crise entre Paris et Ankara. Le président Erdogan a assuré au président français : "Monsieur Macron, vous n'avez pas fini d'avoir des ennuis avec moi. (...) Ne vous querellez pas avec le peuple turc", a-t-il menacé.


Veiller « au respect du droit international »

Emmanuel Macron a annoncé mercredi soir le renforcement temporaire de la présence militaire française dans cette zone et appelé la Grèce et la Turquie, toutes deux membres de l’OTAN, à se concerter davantage pour apaiser les tensions.

Le 23 juillet, le chef de l’Etat avait vivement fustigé les « violations » des souverainetés grecque et chypriote par la Turquie concernant l’exploration des ressources gazières en mer.« [La] présence militaire [française] a pour but de renforcer l’appréciation autonome de la situation et d’affirmer l’attachement de la France à la libre circulation, à la sécurité de la navigation maritime en Méditerranée et au respect du droit international », a précisé pour sa part le ministère des armées.

Athènes accuse Ankara de violer son territoire en effectuant des recherches énergétiques au sud de l’île grecque de 

Karpathos (Meis, en turc), mais la Turquie refuse d’admettre que ce petit territoire situé près de ses côtes limite son champ d’action. « Revendiquer une souveraineté maritime en se servant de l’île de Karpathos, située à deux kilomètres des côtes turques et 580 kilomètres de la Grèce métropolitaine, ne peut s’expliquer rationnellement », a ajouté M. Erdogan devant les responsables de son parti.

En réponse à cette « provocation », la Grèce a déployé des unités de la marine et de l'armée de l'air dans le secteur. Une escalade des tensions qui s'envenime d'autant plus que la France, soutenant la « souveraineté » grecque et voulant « faire respecter le droit international », a fermement condamné les agissements turcs et a renforcé mercredi sa présence militaire en Méditerranée.

Stratégie politique

La découverte ces dernières années de vastes gisements gaziers en Méditerranée orientale a aiguisé l’appétit des pays riverains et renforcé les tensions entre la Turquie et la Grèce, Ankara souhaitant notamment s’imposer dans la ruée vers les hydrocarbures et s’affirmer comme première puissance en Méditerranée orientale.

La situation s'est détériorée lundi 10 août après le déploiement d'un navire turc de recherche sismique, escorté par des bâtiments militaires, au sud-est de la mer Égée, riche en gisements. La marine grecque est également présente dans la zone pour « surveiller » les activités turques, d'après Athènes. Le Premier ministre grec Kyriakos Mitsotakis a assuré mercredi que la Grèce ne chercherait pas à aggraver la tension, tout en prévenant « qu'aucune provocation ne resterait sans réponse ».

Pour le spécialiste des mutations stratégiques en Méditerranée et au Moyen-Orient Jean Marcou, il faut en réalité voir au-delà du simple besoin en hydrocarbures : il est surtout question de stratégie. "La Turquie a toujours été tenue en dehors de ce grand jeu gazier, explique Jean Marcou. C'est à la fois l'un des pays avec le plus grand littoral, mais aussi celui qui a le plus de mal à accéder au contrôle des espaces maritimes, notamment à cause de Chypre et des îles grecques." 

Depuis 1974, l'armée turque occupe la partie nord de l'île. Dès lors, "la Turquie part du postulat que puisqu'il y a un Etat turc à Chypre, elle n'a pas besoin de négocier pour explorer ses eaux territoriales", explique Joëlle Dalègre, spécialiste de la Grèce contemporaine et de ses relations avec la Turquie.

De plus, les autres pays riverains de l'est de la Méditerranée essaient eux aussi de s'approprier des espaces maritimes, attirés par de potentielles découvertes de gisements. Face à l'alliance entre la Grèce, Chypre, Israël et l'Egypte, la Turquie se sent exclue. Elle veut montrer qu'on ne pourra pas se passer d'elle dans la zone.

Confronté dans son pays à une sévère crise économique, le président turc tente de s’illustrer sur la scène internationale et d’étendre son influence hors des frontières turques, en Syrie, en Libye, en Méditerranée.

Adepte du rapport de force, le «Reis» testerait les limites de ses adversaires. Il ne négocie que lorsque celles-ci sont atteintes, comme avec la Russie après une dramatique escalade militaire en février dernier à Idlib en Syrie, ou avec les Etats-Unis à l’automne 2019 après que Donald Trump avait menacé d’«oblitérer l’économie turque», selon le journaliste Jérémie Berlioux.

L'intervention en Libye, les offensives en Syrie, et donc l'exploration gazière : Ankara veut asseoir sa puissance et devenir incontournable en Méditerranée orientale.

Les excursions turques dans les eaux grecques sont d'autant plus symboliques que les navires portent chacun le surnom de grands sultans ottomans.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PROFONDE CRISE EN BIELORUSSIE

Le président de la Bielorussie Alexandre Loukachenko ne lâche rien, malgré un mois de contestation massive et le dernier rebondissement en date, l'arrestation de l'opposante Maria Kolesnikova.

Après l'élection, qu'Alexandre Loukachenko a clamé avoir remportée avec 80% des voix, des manifestations ont éclaté dans tout le pays pour être violemment réprimées. Le lundi 10 au soir, lendemain du vote, c'est le candidate Svetlana Tikhanovskaïa qui disparaît après avoir été retenue des heures au siège de la commission électorale pour se retrouver en exil forcée en Lituanie..Et c'est une suite d'enlèvements, d'exils forcés, d'intimidations qui s'ensuit pour les opposants au président Alexandre Loukachenko depuis un mois

Pourtant, dans une interview récente donnée à plusieurs médias publics russes, Alexandre Loukachenko a bien voulu reconnaître qu' « il était assis sur le fauteuil présidentiel depuis un peu trop longtemps » (26 ans !)  mais il estime être le seul en mesure de protéger les Biélorusses, il a plaidé pour obtenir le soutien de la Russie.

Un avertissement et des exils forcés

Il a même lancé ce qui résonne comme un avertissement : « Tout cela est très douloureux et même tragique pour moi, mais cela ne signifie pas que je renonce. Parce que je regarde tout cela avec philosophie, un jour il (Dieu) m'appellera là-haut. Mais maintenant, je dois protéger ce qui a été construit de nos mains, protéger les personnes qui l'ont construit, et elles sont une majorité écrasante. Si la Bielorussie tombe, le prochain sera la Russie » et il a ajouté « Si Loukachenko s'écroule, tout le système s'écroulera, suivi de tout le Bielorussie »


Un régime à l'agonie

En parallèle, l'opposante Maria Kolesnikova, a été arrêtée, officiellement pour violation des règles de franchissement de frontière. Enlevée lundi matin à Minsk, Maria Kolesnikova a été emmenée de force à la frontière entre le Bielorussie et l'Ukraine, mardi à l'aube, tout comme deux de ses collaborateurs du conseil de transition de l'opposition, mais séparément. Ses deux collaborateurs, Anton Rodnenkov et Ivan Kravtsov ont confirmé cette version après avoir rejoint la capitale ukrainienne: Maria Kolesnikova est l'une des trois femmes à avoir pris la tête de l'opposition pendant la campagne présidentielle. Elle est la seule restée au pays malgré les menaces, les intimidations et ce qui ressemble à une tentative d'exil forcée.

Multiplication des arrestations, citations à comparaître, ou peines de prison à l'encontre des opposants : le tour de vis des autorités bielorusses ne semble guère avoir de prise sur l'intensité du mouvement.

Exilée en Lituanie, la leader de l'opposition Svetlana Tikhanovskaïa dit ne pas avoir de nouvelles « de Maria Kolesnikova depuis plus de 24 heures » et affirme qu' »elle a été kidnappée » .

Puis d'ajouter : « Nous allons continuer à nous battre, nous sommes en train de gagner notre combat. Nos manifestations, nos grèves sont en train de produire leur effet. Ce régime est à l'agonie et le fait qu'ils kidnappent des gens montre qu'ils ont peur et qu'ils ne savent plus quoi faire »




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE VACCIN RUSSE SPOUTNIK V

 UN REMEDE CONTRE LE CORONAVIRUS

L'hebdomadaire britannique « The Lancet », référence mondiale de la recherche scientifique en médecine, a publié les résultats de deux essais pour le vaccin russe anti-Covid-19, menés en juin-juillet de cette année et impliquant 76 participants, qui ont montré que 100% des participants développaient des anticorps contre le nouveau coronavirus et que ceux-ci ne présentaient pas d'effets secondaires graves. Les premiers essais suggèrent que le vaccin Spoutnik V déclencherait une protection contre le coronavirus à plus long terme que celle des anticorps.

Le vaccin russe anti-COVID-19 « Spoutnik V » a produit une réponse immunitaire chez tous les participants lors des premiers essais cliniques, selon les résultats publiés vendredi par la revue médicale américaines The Lancet.

Les résultats des deux essais, menés en juin-juillet de cette année et impliquant 76 participants, ont en effet montré que 100% des participants développaient des anticorps contre le nouveau coronavirus et que ceux-ci ne présentaient pas d'effets secondaires graves, d'après The Lancet.

« Des essais de grande ampleur sur une période plus longue, comprenant une comparaison avec un placebo, et une supervision supplémentaire sont nécessaires afin d'assurer la sûreté et l'efficacité à long terme du vaccin », a ajouté la revue.

Lancement d'un essai clinique de grande ampleur

La Russie a accordé une autorisation réglementaire pour le premier vaccin anti-COVID-19 dès le mois août, devenant le premier pays à le faire.

Certains experts occidentaux ont néanmoins mis en garde contre l'utilisation du vaccin tant que tous les tests, approuvés au niveau international, et toutes les mesures réglementaires n'auront pas été menées à bien avec le lancement, la semaine dernière, d'un essai clinique de stade avancé de 40.000 personnes.

The Lancet a ajouté que les premiers essais suggèrent que le vaccin Spoutnik V déclenche une réponse de certaines cellules du système immunitaire, les lymphocytes T.

Celles-ci pourraient offrir une protection à plus long terme que les anticorps contre le coronavirus.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ALEXEI NAVALNY EMPOISONNE

PAR DU NOVITCHOK

C'est désormais officiel : l'opposant russe Alexeï Navalny, 44 ans, a été empoisonné par un agent neurotoxique. Le gouvernement allemand affirme détenir « la preuve sans équivoque » de l'utilisation de ce produit, semblable au Novitchok dont a été victime l'ex-espion Sergueï Skripal, près de Londres, en mars 2018.

Alexeï Navalny, l'ennemi numéro un de Poutine, dont les autorités ne prononcent jamais le nom, a perdu conscience le 20 août à bord d'un vol entre Tomsk et Moscou après avoir bu un thé à l'aéroport. Il est soigné depuis en Allemagne.

L’opposant russe a été « victime d’un crime » destiné à le « réduire au silence », a dénoncé la chancelière allemande, Angela Merkel, ajoutant que « de très graves questions se posent à présent, auxquelles seul le gouvernement russe peut et doit répondre ».

Laboratoire de l'armée allemande

Le gouvernement allemand est désormais affirmatif : le principal opposant au Kremlin Alexeï Navalny a bien été empoisonné par un agent neurotoxique. Des tests toxicologiques réalisés par un laboratoire de l’armée allemande ont apporté des « preuves sans équivoque » d’empoisonnement par un produit de la famille du Novitchok, a déclaré le porte-parole du gouvernement allemand, Steffen Seibert, dans un communiqué mercredi 2 septembre.

Redouté pour ses enquêtes consacrées à la corruption des élites et diffusées sur YouTube, Navalny compte de nombreux ennemis. Parmi eux, Evgueni Prigojine, à la tête d'une usine à trolls et d'une compagnie de mercenaires. Ce dernier a promis de « le ruiner, sauf s'il rend l'âme ».

Berlin demande des comptes à Moscou

Se disant « choqué », Berlin demande à la Russie des éclaircissements « urgents ». « Le ministère des affaires étrangères informera l’ambassadeur russe des résultats de l’enquête », prévient le gouvernement. L’Allemagne va en outre tenir informés « ses partenaires de l’Union européenne et de l’OTAN des résultats de l’enquête », poursuit-il. « Elle discutera d’une réponse commune appropriée avec ses partenaires à la lumière de la déclaration russe. »

« Seul l’Etat (FSB, GRU) a pu avoir recours au Novitchok. C’est au-delà de tout doute raisonnable », a estimé sur Twitter Ivan Jdanov, le directeur du Fonds contre la corruption d’Alexeï Navalny, citant les acronymes des services spéciaux russes. Il a par la suite relevé qu’il s’agissait d’une « substance toxique militaire ». « Cela montre clairement qu’une attaque d’une telle ampleur a pu être organisée par l’Etat », a ajouté le responsable de l’organisation anticorruption, spécialisée dans les enquêtes sur l’élite politique russe et l’entourage de Vladimir Poutine.

« Choisir du Novitchok pour empoisonner Navalny, en 2020, revient à laisser un autographe sur la scène du crime », a commenté Leonid Volkov, le plus proche lieutenant d’Alexeï Navalny, mercredi, sur Twitter.

La Russie prête à coopérer ?

La Russie se dit prête à coopérer« Nous sommes prêts et sommes intéressés à coopérer entièrement et à échanger des informations sur ce sujet avec l’Allemagne », a assuré le porte-parole du Kremlin, Dmitri Peskov, cité par l’agence de presse publique RIA Novosti.

Un scientifique russe, régulièrement présenté par la presse russe comme ayant participé à l’élaboration du Novitchok à l’époque soviétique, a pour sa part exclu que M. Navalny ait pu être empoisonné par cette substance, qui l’aurait tué.

« Autrement, il serait en train de se reposer au cimetière, voilà tout », a lâché Leonid Rink, selon l’agence publique RIA Novosti.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DES TESTS SUR L'HOMME DU VACCIN

CONTRE LE COVID-19 DE SANOFI ET GSK

Le laboratoire français Sanofi a lancé, jeudi 3 septembre, l’essai clinique sur l’homme pour le candidat-vaccin contre le Covid-19 qu’il développe avec le britannique GSK, à la suite d’essais précliniques « prometteurs ».

Le lancement de ces essais cliniques de phases 1 et 2 est « une étape importante et un pas de plus vers le développement d’un vaccin potentiel pour nous aider à vaincre le Covid-19 », a affirmé Thomas Triomphe, vice-président exécutif de Sanofi Pasteur, cité dans un communiqué.

Le candidat-vaccin, développé par Sanofi en partenariat avec GSK, repose sur une technologie à base de protéine recombinante que Sanofi a employée pour produire un de ces vaccins contre la grippe saisonnière et sur un adjuvant développé par GSK. « Les études précliniques révèlent un profil de sécurité et d’immunogénicité prometteur », selon le communiqué.

Un essai randomisé

Les laboratoires vont recruter 440 participants en bonne santé pour conduire cet essai randomisé, en double aveugle et contrôlé par placebo, qui permettra d’évaluer la tolérance et la réponse immunitaire du candidat-vaccin.« Nous attendons avec impatience les données de cette étude qui, si elles sont positives, nous permettront de passer en phase 3 [la dernière avant une éventuelle mise sur le marché] d’ici à la fin de l’année », précise dans le communiqué Roger Connor, président de GSK Global Vaccines.

Un milliard de doses en 2021

Les deux entreprises espèrent pouvoir présenter une demande d’homologation dans le courant du premier semestre de 2021, et ont augmenté leurs capacités de production « pour pouvoir assurer la fabrication d’un milliard de doses en 2021 ». « Sanofi et GSK s’engagent à mettre ce vaccin à la disposition de tous », assurent les laboratoires dans le communiqué.

Plusieurs pays ont d’ores et déjà réservé des doses du candidat-vaccin – 60 millions de doses sont notamment promises au gouvernement britannique, la Commission européenne en a réservé 300 millions, et les Etats-Unis 100 millions avec une option jusqu’à 500 millions de doses supplémentaires à plus long terme.

Le dispositif Covax

Selon le communiqué, « les deux partenaires prévoient également de mettre une portion significative de leur production totale 2021-2022 à la disposition de Covax ». Le dispositif Covax, destiné à acheter et à distribuer équitablement deux milliards de doses en 2021, a été monté à l’initiative de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS), de la Coalition pour les innovations en matière de préparation aux épidémies (CEPI) et de l’organisation Gavi, l’Alliance du vaccin.

Ailleurs dans le monde, d’autres candidats-vaccins sont à des stades plus avancés, notamment celui du laboratoire américain Pfizer et la jeune biotech Moderna, dont le candidat-vaccin est en « phase 3 » des essais cliniques sur humains, la dernière avant une commercialisation.

Sanofi développe parallèlement un deuxième candidat-vaccin à acide ribonucléique (ARN) messager en partenariat avec Translate Bio.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS: MANIFESTATIONS ANTIMASQUES

 A BERLIN ET PARIS

« Quand tout le monde vous ment en permanence, le résultat n’est pas que vous croyez ces mensonges mais que plus personne ne croit plus rien. Un peuple qui ne peut plus rien croire ne peut se faire une opinion. » (Hannah Arendt)


La « fête de la liberté et de la paix », qui a rassemblé 18 000 personnes, « libres penseurs », militants antivaccin ou encore sympathisants d’extrême droite, constituait le deuxième du genre en un mois.La police berlinoise a interrompu samedi 29 août la manifestation d’opposants au port du masque et aux mesures de restrictions contre la pandémie de Covid-19, faute de respect des gestes barrière par les quelque 18 000 participants.

« La distanciation minimum n’est pas respectée (…) malgré les demandes répétées » des forces de l’ordre, a déclaré la police, « c’est pourquoi il n’y a pas d’autre possibilité que de dissoudre le rassemblement ».

A peine entamée, la marche partie vers 11 heures de l’emblématique porte de Brandebourg avait dû faire halte sur l’injonction de la police .

« Fête de la liberté et de la paix »

Intitulé « fête de la liberté et de la paix », l’événement, qui rassemble « libres penseurs », militants antivaccin, conspirationnistes ou encore sympathisants d’extrême droite, constituait le second du genre en un mois et inquiète les autorités.La foule y est très mélangée, de toutes classes d’âge, y compris des familles avec de très jeunes enfants en bas âge. Les drapeaux de la paix arc-en-ciel et de l’Allemagne se côtoient, les manifestants ont aussi à plusieurs reprises crié « Merkel doit partir ! », le mot d’ordre du parti d’extrême droite Alternative pour l’Allemagne.

La municipalité de la capitale allemande avait d’abord interdit mercredi la manifestation pour « raison de santé publique » : l’impossibilité à ses yeux de faire respecter les distances d’au moins 1,50 mètre entre manifestants. Mais le tribunal administratif, saisi en référé par les organisateurs, leur a finalement donné raison vendredi.

L’initiateur de la manifestation, Michael Ballweg, un entrepreneur en informatique sans étiquette politique à la tête du mouvement Penseurs non-conformistes-711 apparu à Stuttgart, a décrit la tentative d’interdiction comme une « attaque contre la Constitution » allemande défendant le droit d’expression.

La « dictature » des mesures anticorona

Ses partisans s’insurgent contre la « dictature » des mesures autour du nouveau coronavirus ressenties comme une entrave à leur liberté. Ils exigent la chute du gouvernement d’Angela Merkel et de nouvelles élections en octobre 2020, soit un an avant la date prévue.

Plusieurs figures d’extrême droite avaient appelé à rejoindre la manifestation et s’étaient félicitées qu’elle puisse se tenir.

Plusieurs organisations de gauche ont quant à elles appelé à des contre-manifestations. Samedi, « il sera important que nous montrions qu’il ne peut y avoir de tolérance pour les racistes, les antisémites, les extrémistes de droite et les nazis », a asséné Anne Helm, dirigeante de la section berlinoise du parti de gauche radicale Die Linke.

Ce rassemblement intervient dans un contexte de grogne croissante dans l’opinion allemande à l’égard des restrictions liées à la pandémie. Et ce, même si l’Allemagne a plutôt mieux résisté que ses voisins, et que les restrictions pour lutter contre le nouveau coronavirus n’ont jamais été aussi strictes qu’en France ou en Italie par exemple.

Une reprise de la pandémie

Comme de nombreux pays européens, l’Allemagne est également confrontée ces dernières semaines à une reprise de la pandémie, avec en moyenne quelque 1 500 nouveaux cas déclarés chaque jour. Samedi, l’institut de veille sanitaire RKI a fait état de 1 479 nouvelles infections en vingt-quatre heures.La chancelière Angela Merkel a déclaré vendredi s’attendre à une évolution de la pandémie « encore plus difficile » dans les prochains mois.

Une première en France

Alors que près de 18 000 personnes ont manifesté à Berlin, entre 200 et 300 personnes se sont rassemblés au même moment à Paris pour protester contre le port du masque obligatoire aux cris de « liberté, liberté ! ». Une première en France.

Réunis à partir de 13h00 place de la Nation, ils ont notamment accusé le gouvernement de « manipuler les gens par la peur » et d’imposer le masque dans plusieurs grandes villes « sans aucune justification scientifique ».

À Paris, les manifestants ont rapidement été encerclés par plusieurs dizaines de policiers. Au total, 123 manifestants ont été verbalisés et une personne a été interpellée pour outrage et rébellion, selon la préfecture de police.

Des manifestants brandissent des pancartes proclamant « Stop au mensonge et à la corruption » ou « L’État profond ne passera pas ».

Un rassemblement aux multiples revendications

« Le masque, c’est la porte d’entrée vers la dictature mondiale. » : « On utilise le masque comme symbole de la muselière, c’est un test de soumission du peuple. Depuis des mois, on voit que les politiques en profitent pour faire passer des lois liberticides. » La jeune femme est l’une des animatrices du groupe Facebook « Nous sommes la deuxième vague », qui a relayé l’appel au rassemblement des « anti-masques », samedi 29 août à Paris.

Ceux qui refusent la 5G et les vaccins « forcés » côtoient ainsi ceux de quelques « faucheurs volontaires » ; des masques Anonymous frôlent un fourre-tout complotiste dénonçant le milliardaire américain d’origine hongroise George Soros et les « Big Pharma ».Tous se retrouvent cependant aux mêmes cris de « liberté, liberté ».

Un jeune homme déploie une banderole sur la tribune, laissant apparaître une citation de la philosophe Hannah Arendt, tellement actuelle qu’elle se retrouve brandie par tous les camps :

« Quand tout le monde vous ment en permanence, le résultat n’est pas que vous croyez ces mensonges mais que plus personne ne croit plus rien. Un peuple qui ne peut plus rien croire ne peut se faire une opinion. Il est privé non seulement de sa capacité d’agir mais aussi de sa capacité de penser et de juger. Et avec un tel peuple, vous pouvez faire ce que vous voulez. »




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld


There are no translations available.

L'OPPOSANT RUSSE NAVALNY

PROBABLEMENT EMPOISONNE, SELON BERLIN

L’opposant politique russe a été transféré samedi à Berlin, après un malaise dans un avion et une première hospitalisation jeudi à Omsk. Il est toujours dans le coma.Le porte-parole du gouvernement allemand, Steffen Seibert, a annoncé, lundi 24 août, que Berlin jugeait « assez probable », l’empoisonnement de l’opposant russe Alexeï Navalny.

« Il s’agit d’un patient qui, de manière assez probable, a été victime d’une attaque au poison », a-t-il déclaré à la presse « Le soupçon ne porte pas sur le fait que M. Navalny se soit empoisonné lui-même mais que quelqu’un a empoisonné M. Navalny et le gouvernement allemand prend ce soupçon très au sérieux », a fait valoir le gouvernement allemand.

 L’hôpital où il est soigné a lui aussi indiqué qu’il présentait « des traces d’empoisonnement » et que des séquelles du système nerveux à long terme n’étaient « pas exclues ».

L’opposant de 44 ans a été placé en réanimation à l’hôpital des urgences d’Omsk (Sibérie), jeudi dernier après s’être senti mal dans un avion. Son entourage avait immédiatement dénoncé un « empoisonnement intentionnel ». L’hôpital russe où a été admis l’opposant jeudi a donné son feu vert vendredi à son transport vers l’Allemagne, affirmant que son état était « stable », après s’y être initialement opposé.L’opposant est actuellement traité à l’hôpital de la Charité, l’un des plus réputés en Europe

Le refus initial de transférer Alexeï Navalny à l’étranger a été dénoncé par ses alliés comme une « décision politique » qui « menaçait la vie » de l’opposant. Son épouse, Ioulia Navalnaïa, avait, elle, dit ne « pas faire confiance » à cet hôpital public. Elle avait affirmé avoir été empêchée de voir son mari dans un premier temps, puis de parler aux médecins allemands.

Certains partisans de l’adversaire numéro un de Vladimir Poutine soupçonnent que le transfert a été retardé afin que le poison qu’il aurait ingéré devienne plus difficile à détecter.  Les médecins russes disent n’avoir subi « aucune pression ».




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ALEXEI NAVALNY AURAIT-IL ETE EMPOISONNE ?

L’opposant russe Alexeï Navalny a été hospitalisé en urgence, jeudi 20 août 2020 au matin, et se trouvait dans un état grave dans un hôpital de la ville d’Omsk, en Sibérie. Le médecin-chef de cet hôpital a confirmé que M. Navalny se trouvait dans un état sérieux. Inconscient, il a été placé sous respirateur artificiel.

Selon sa porte-parole, Kira Iarmich, il serait ensuite tombé dans le coma.Vladimir Poutine, est hospitalisé « en soins intensifs », a annoncé sa porte-parole sur Twitter, jeudi 20 août.

« Nous supposons qu’Alexeï a été empoisonné avec quelque chose de mélangé dans son thé.

C’est la seule chose qu’il a bue depuis le matin [à l’aéroport de Tomsk]. Les médecins disent que la toxine a été absorbée plus rapidement par le liquide chaud », écrit cette dernière.

L'an dernier, l'opposant Alexeï Navalny avait déjà fait état de soupçons d'empoisonnement à son encontre, démentis par un médecin, alors qu'il se trouvait en détention.

L'avocat de 44 ans, dont les publications anti-corruption sont abondamment partagées sur les réseaux sociaux, a déjà souffert d'attaques physiques dans le passé. Il avait notamment été aspergé dans les yeux par un produit désinfectant à la sortie de son bureau en 2017. Sa candidature à l'élection présidentielle de 2018 avait été rejetée en raison d'une précédente condamnation.

Navalny a par ailleurs purgé de nombreuses peines de prison ces dernières années pour avoir organisé des manifestations, au point que la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme condamne ses placements en détention de 2012 et 2014, qu’elle a jugés politiquement motivés.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ALLEMAGNE UN PROBABLE ATTENTAT ISLAMISTE

Selon l'état actuel de l'enquête, « il s'agit d'attaques ciblées notamment contre des conducteurs de motos et les déclarations du suspect après les faits laissent penser à une motivation religieuse et islamiste » mais « il existe également des indices d'une instabilité psychologique », a expliqué le parquet dans un communiqué. Selon plusieurs médias, l'auteur des faits est un Irakien de 30 ans qui a hurlé « Allah Akbar » en sortant de son véhicule, après avoir percuté plusieurs voitures et motos sur l'autoroute urbaine vers 18H30 locales (16H30 GMT).

« Que personne ne s'approche, sinon vous allez tous mourir ! », a-t-il aussi crié selon des témoins cités par le quotidien Bild, en menaçant de détenir un engin explosif. Il a été interpellé par les forces de l'ordre arrivées en nombre sur place. La police a alors interrompu la circulation sur cette autoroute très fréquentée pendant plusieurs heures, provoquant des bouchons monstres, afin de vérifier le contenu de boîtes suspectes laissées par l'homme dans son véhicule.

Camion-bélier

L'une des boîtes a été ouverte à distance par précaution avec un appareil de projection d'eau à très haute pression. Mais rien de suspect n'a été immédiatement trouvé.

Les autorités allemandes sont sur le qui-vive concernant la menace islamiste pesant sur le pays, particulièrement depuis un attentat au camion-bélier revendiqué par le groupe Etat islamique (EI) qui avait fait 12 morts en décembre 2016 à Berlin. Cette attaque jihadiste est la plus meurtrière jamais commise sur le sol allemand. Depuis cette date, les autorités allemandes ont déjoué une dizaine de tentatives d'attentats de ce type, dont deux en novembre 2019, selon la police.

Parmi ces tentatives en particulier, la police avait déjoué en juin 2018 un attentat à la "bombe biologique", suite à l'arrestation d'un Tunisien suspecté d'être lié à l'organisation Etat islamique. L'homme de 29 ans arrivé en Allemagne en 2015 a été condamné en mars de cette année à dix ans de prison pour cet acte et sa compagne à huit ans de réclusion.

Depuis 2013, le nombre d'islamistes considérés comme dangereux se trouvant en Allemagne a été multiplié par cinq pour s'établir actuellement à 680. Celui des salafistes est lui évalué à environ 11.000, soit deux fois plus qu'en 2013.

La chancelière allemande Angela Merkel a été souvent accusée, notamment par l'extrême droite, d'avoir contribué à ces attentats en ayant ouvert généreusement les frontières de son pays à des centaines de milliers de réfugiés et migrants en 2015.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

6000 ARRESTATIONS ET 2 MORTS DANS LES MANIFESTATIONS CONTRE LOUKACHENKO

 EN BIELORUSSIE

Trois jours après la réélection à la présidence du dirigeant autoritaire Alexandre Loukachenko, au pouvoir depuis vingt-six ans, les manifestations se poursuivent en Biélorussie. Plus de mille personnes ont été arrêtées par la police dans la nuit de mardi à mercredi et 51 blessées, a déclaré le ministère de l’intérieur, mercredi 12 août 2020.

Au troisième jour d’une contestation post-électorale violemment réprimée, les autorités affirment avoir affaire à des casseurs et à des provocateurs pilotés depuis l’étranger.

Un autre manifestant a trouvé la mort, ont-elles annoncé alors que deux manifestants sont morts depuis le début, dimanche, de ce mouvement de protestation

La police biélorusse a par ailleurs fait savoir qu’elle avait tiré à balles réelles sur des manifestants « agressifs », armés de bâtons en métal, qui protestaient mardi à Brest, dans le sud du pays, faisant, selon le bilan officiel, un blessé. Depuis dimanche soir, la police use de grenades sonores et de balles en caoutchouc pour disperser les protestataires, faisant plus de 250 blessés en trois jours. Chaîne humaine

Mercredi, à la mi-journée, des dizaines de femmes, vêtues de blanc et tenant des fleurs, ont formé une chaîne humaine dans le centre de Minsk pour dénoncer les violences policières. « L’amour ne s’impose pas par la force », était-il écrit sur une banderole.

Des médias antigouvernementaux ont signalé des actions similaires dans d’autres villes, sans que la police intervienne. Sur les réseaux sociaux, des appels à manifester mercredi soir circulaient.

Des centaines de personnes étaient aussi rassemblées devant un centre de détention de Minsk pour tenter d’avoir des nouvelles de proches probablement arrêtés. Quelque 6 000 personnes ont été arrêtées depuis dimanche, sans que l’on sache combien sont encore détenues.

Des événements choquants

« Pars, avant qu’il ne soit trop tard, avant que tu n’aies plongé les gens dans un terrible abîme, dans le gouffre d’une guerre civile ! Pars ! », a lancé la Prix Nobel de littérature Svetlana Alexievitch, s’adressant mercredi au président, dans une interview pour Radio Free Europe.

Au cours d’une discussion téléphonique, mercredi, avec le président russe, Vladimir Poutine, Emmanuel Macron a « fait part de sa très grande préoccupation sur la situation en Biélorussie et la violence opposée aux citoyens lors des élections ». « Il a souligné la nécessité de retrouver la voie du dialogue », a précisé l’Elysée.

« Les gens ont le droit de s’exprimer et d’exprimer leur désaccord, a fortiori dans le contexte d’élections, quand les libertés démocratiques devraient être maintenues, et non supprimées », a, pour sa part, déclaré la haute-commissaire de l’Organisation des nations unies (ONU) aux droits de l’homme, Michelle Bachelet. Elle a ainsi condamné la répression des manifestations et réclamé la libération des personnes arrêtées.

En déplacement à Prague, le chef de la diplomatie américaine, Mike Pompeo, avait plus tôt dans la journée soutenu les manifestants. « Nous voulons que le peuple biélorusse jouisse des libertés qu’il réclame, qu’il pense être dans son meilleur intérêt », a-t-il déclaré, lors d’une conférence de presse commune avec le premier ministre tchèque, Andrej Babis .

Les ministres des affaires étrangères des Etats membres de l’UE doivent se réunir vendredi, et Bruxelles a menacé de prendre des sanctions contre Minsk en raison des fraudes électorales et de la dureté de la répression.

Svetlana Tsikhanovskaïa réfugié en Lituanie

Une grande figure de la révolte biélorusse reste absente de ces manifestations. La principale opposante d’Alexandre Loukachenko Svetlana Tsikhanovskaïa, qui avait galvanisé les foules lors de la campagne présidentielle, a dû fuir et s’est réfugiée en Lituanie. Dans un message diffusé sur les réseaux progouvernement, elle a appelé à cesser le combat, ce qui fait dire aux observateurs locaux qu’elle a subi des menaces.

Dimanche, Alexandre Loukachenko a remporté un sixième mandat, avec 80,08 % des voix. Svetlana Tsikhanovskaïa n’a, elle, obtenu que 9,9 % des voix. Loukachenko, 65 ans, n’a jamais laissé d’opposition s’ancrer.

Un plan de médiation présenté

La Lettonie, la Lituanie et la Pologne, voisins de la Biélorussie, ont quant à eux présenté mercredi « un plan en trois points qui pourrait devenir un prélude à la médiation des présidents de la région pour résoudre la crise politique » en Biélorussie, a déclaré à la presse Gitanas Nauseda, le président lituanien.

Dans le cadre de ce plan, le président Alexandre Loukachenko devrait créer un « conseil national » réunissant des représentants du gouvernement et de la société civile, sous peine de sanctions de l'UE, libérer les manifestants détenus et « mettre un terme à l'usage de la force contre ses citoyens », a-t-il indiqué.

« Le président letton et le président polonais voient tous les deux favorablement cette initiative et accepteraient de servir de médiateur avec moi pour désamorcer cette situation », a-t-il ajouté.




Jennie Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA FIN DU  DERNIER DICTATEUR D'EUROPE

EN BIELORUSSIE ?

Au pouvoir depuis 1994, le président biélorusse Alexandre Loukachenko brigue ce dimanche 9 août 2020 un nouveau mandat. Mais Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, une jeune opposante inattendue, a mobilisé les foules malgré la répression.et pourrait créer la surprise

Le scrutin de dimanche, qui s'est ouvert à 8 h locales (5 h GMT) et doit se dérouler jusqu'à 20 h (17 h GMT), a été précédé d'un vote anticipé depuis mardi, qui a enregistré une participation de 41,7 % selon les autorités.

Le pouvoir biélorusse a redoublé d'efforts pour enrayer l'essor de Svetlana Tikhanovskaïa, arrêtant samedi la cheffe de son QG de campagne, interpellant brièvement le même jour une autre alliée de premier plan de l'opposante et dénonçant depuis fin juillet un complot d'opposants et mercenaires russes pour mettre le pays à feu et à sang.

Mais Svetlana Tikhanovskaïa, enseignante d'anglais de formation, âgée de 37 ans, a tenu bon, bien qu'elle ait « peur tous les jours », a-t-elle confié vendredi. « Merci de votre soutien et de votre confiance (...) réveillons-nous dans un nouveau pays », a-t-elle encore lancé à ses partisans dans une vidéo postée samedi, condamnant les arrestations des derniers jours et appelant à la vigilance face aux fraudes.

Amnesty International note qu'à l'approche de la présidentielle de 2020, « les droits humains sont attaqués de toute part » dans ce pays où la peine de mort est toujours en vigueur.

Trois femmes pour tenir tête à Alexandre Loukachenko

Avant l'émergence surprise de Svetlana Tikhanovskaïa, Alexandre Loukachenko, un ex-directeur de sovkhoze de 65 ans, a éliminé ses principaux concurrents au printemps et au début de l'été : deux d'entre eux sont incarcérés, un troisième s'est exilé. Trois autres candidats sont en lice, mais aucun n'a su mobiliser.,

Svetlana Tikhanovskaïa , la « Jeanne d'Arc biélorusse », comme elle est parfois surnommée, se présente, elle, comme une « femme ordinaire, une mère et une épouse » qui a remplacé au pied levé son mari, Sergueï Tikhanovski, un blogueur incarcéré en mai alors qu'il faisait campagne.Le régime n'a pas pardonné à ce vidéoblogueur ses critiques incendiaires contre le pouvoir. Ni, surtout, le fait qu'il cartonne avec sa chaîne YouTube auprès de la classe pauvre, travailleuse, qui passait jusque-là pour acquise à Loukachenko. Mais le pouvoir a néanmoins agréé la candidature de son épouse, sans doute jugée moins dangereuse. Qualifiée de « pauvre nana » par Alexandre Loukachenko, elle a su mobiliser alors même que la Biélorussie n'a jamais pu voir émerger d'opposition unie et structurée.

Pour cela, elle s'est alliée à deux autres femmes qui représentent, elles aussi, un proche emprisonné ou proscrit.

Maria Kolesnikova est l'ex-directrice de campagne de l'ancien banquier Viktor Babaryko, autre candidat à la présidentielle mis sous les verrous, pour des accusations de fraude et de blanchiment d'argent.

Veronika Tsepkalo, elle, est l'épouse d'un troisième détracteur du régime qui s'est exilé cet été avec leurs enfants à Moscou, en Russie. Les trois femmes, qui ont réussi à fédérer l'opposition à Alexandre Loukachenko, sont soutenues par des figures prestigieuses comme la prix Nobel de littérature 2015 Svetlana Alexievitch, elle-même biélorusse. Mais leur campagne n'est pas sans danger : Svetlana Tikhanovskaïa affirme avoir reçu des menaces qui l'ont conduite à exiler à l'étranger sa fille de 5 ans et son fils de 10 ans, dans un endroit tenu secret.

En cas de victoire, elle a promis l'organisation, dans six mois, d'une élection présidentielle libre et transparente, le retour, via un référendum, à la constitution de 1994, qui prévoyait des réels contrepouvoirs à celui du président [ainsi que la limitation du nombre des mandats], et la libération des prisonniers politiques.

Minsk a accusé Moscou de tentative de déstabilisation

Le vote de dimanche se déroule aussi dans une atmosphère de défiance envers Moscou, dont Alexandre Loukachenko est à la fois le plus proche et le plus turbulent allié.

Jamais en 26 ans les tensions n'ont été si concrètes : pour Alexandre Loukachenko, les « marionnettistes » du Kremlin ont l'intention de faire de la Biélorussie un vassal.

Fin juillet, 33 Russes, des mercenaires présumés de l'opaque groupe militaire privé Wagner, réputé proche du pouvoir russe, ont été arrêtés, accusés de préparer un « massacre » à Minsk. Alexandre Loukachenko les accuse d'avoir voulu le renverser, mais la Russie dément. Selon Moscou, les Russes arrêtés étaient en simple transit et ne sont « coupables de rien ». D'après la justice ukrainienne, la plupart de ces mercenaires auraient participé, aux côtés des séparatistes russes, à la guerre du Donbass, dans l'est de l'Ukraine (voisine de la Biélorussie).

Moscou a rejeté ces allégations, dénonçant un « spectacle » électoral

« Alexandre Loukachenko pousse l'idée un peu complotiste de l'ingérence russe pour récupérer la main sur la campagne présidentielle », s'alarme Olga Belova, spécialiste de la Biélorussie.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

FORMER KING OF SPAIN JUAN CARLOS SUPCONNE OF CORRUPTION GOES INTO EXILE

No details were made concerning the country where the former king, who had abdicated in 2014 against a background of scandals, will settle.

While allegedly suspected of corruption and under investigation by the Supreme Court, the former King of Spain Juan Carlos announced his decision to leave the country in a letter to his son, Sovereign Felipe VI, made public by the royal house on Monday August 3, 2020.

No details were made concerning the country or the place in which he will settle.

"Guided now by the conviction to render the best service to the Spaniards, to their institutions, and to you as king, I inform you of my considered decision to exile myself, at this time, outside of Spain. ", Wrote the former sovereign, considering having to make this decision against a background of" public repercussions of certain episodes of [his] past private life ".

He thus makes sure not to make the task more difficult for his son, he adds. In a press release from the royal household, his son lets it be known that he accepts his decision and thanks him.

This is not, however, an attempt to escape justice in his country, said the lawyer for the former monarch, Javier Sánchez-Junco Mans, specifying that Juan Carlos "intends to make available to cooperate in the investigation ”.

"Desert train"

At the beginning of June, the Spanish Supreme Court announced the opening of an investigation to shed light on a possible commission paid to Juan Carlos on the occasion of the contract to build a “desert train” between Medina and Mecca. A contract awarded by Saudi Arabia to a Spanish consortium for 7 billion euros, in 2011.

The file was opened in September 2018 following the publication in the press of recordings where the former mistress of Juan Carlos, Corinna zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, spoke about this commission.

By virtue of the immunity he enjoys, only the Supreme Court can seek to determine the responsibility of the former monarch, but only for acts committed after his abdication. Juan Carlos I left power in June 2014 in favor of his son Felipe, when the end of his reign was marred by various scandals, in particular suspicions about his close relations with the Saudi royal family.

Juan Carlos, now 82, was until the turn of the century a strong symbol of Spanish unity, appreciated for ensuring the peaceful restoration of democracy after the death of dictator Francisco Franco in 1975.




Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

VERS DES RECONFINEMENTS LOCALISES

 EN FRANCE

« On n’a pas encore gagné la guerre » contre le nouveau coronavirus. Dans un entretien accordé au quotidien le Parisien, le ministre de la Santé, Olivier Véran, a fait part de son inquiétude et appelé à la prudence, ainsi qu’au respect des gestes barrière, face à la nouvelle hausse des cas de contamination.

L’éventualité d’une reconfinement partiel ou de fermeture de certains bars et établissements nocturnes est ainsi à l’étude.

Le ministre de la Santé a par ailleurs indiqué que tous les tests nasaux PCR (Réaction en Chaîne par Polymérase, N.D.L.R.) seraient désormais intégralement remboursés, qu’ils soient prescrits ou non par un médecin. Olivier Véran a signé un arrêté en ce sens, publié samedi au Journal officiel.

L’arrêté, précise le ministre, « permet dès aujourd’hui à n’importe qui de bénéficier d’un test PCR entièrement remboursé, sans avoir besoin d’une ordonnance et sans avoir à se justifier de la démarche ou présenter des symptômes ».

Le seuil du millier de nouvelles infections par jour a été dépassé jeudi et vendredi, retrouvant un niveau comparable à celui de la fin du confinement en mai dernier. « On ne peut pas parler d’une deuxième vague mais une chose est sûre on voit, depuis quelques jours, le nombre de cas positifs remonter nettement alors qu’il baissait depuis treize semaines », constate Olivier Véran dans son interview au Parisien.

Une recrudescence des cas chez les jeunes

Le ministre de la Santé explique notamment cette hausse par une recrudescence de cas chez les jeunes. « Lors des campagnes de dépistage massif », on remarque « que les patients sont jeunes, plus jeunes que lors de la précédente vague. Le taux d'asymptomatiques est, lui, extrêmement élevé », dit le ministre.

« C'est le cas particulièrement en Ile-de-France où l'on voit arriver des jeunes qui ont été infectés sans qu'on sache comment », poursuit Olivier Véran.

« Sans doute que les personnes vulnérables et âgées ont conservé un niveau de prudence élevé alors que les jeunes, eux, font moins attention. C’est ce que l’on constate notamment lors de rassemblements festifs et surtout familiaux à l’origine de clusters », poursuit Olivier Véran.

« De plus, on a fortement augmenté le nombre de tests réalisés. Après le 11 mai on en faisait un peu plus de 200 000 par semaine, désormais, je suis en mesure de vous dire qu’on approche des 500 000 tests par semaine avec un taux de positifs de l’ordre de 1 à 1,5 % », ajoute-t-il.

Castex : « éviter le reconfinement général »

De son côté, le Premier ministre a aussi mis en avant l’idée d’un reconfinement, mais souhaite avant tout limiter les effets d’une telle mesure. « Ce qu’il faut éviter par-dessus tout, c’est le reconfinement général », une mesure qui serait « catastrophique » au niveau économique et social, a déclaré le Premier ministre Jean Castex samedi au quotidien Nice Matin, au sujet de l’épidémie de Covid-19.

« Nous savons maintenant ce que cela produit : une telle mesure brise la progression de l’épidémie, certes, mais au niveau économique et social, c’est catastrophique, y compris pour la santé psychologique de certains de nos concitoyens », a insisté le chef du gouvernement, dans un entretien publié par le quotidien régional sur son site.

« La priorité, c’est encore et toujours la prévention », insiste Jean Castex, en niant que ce terme de reconfinement soit « un mot tabou » et en rassurant sur la propagation du virus.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UN PLAN DE RELANCE EUROPEEN DE 750 MILLIARDS OBTENU AU FORCEPS

"Jour historique pour l’Europe ! ", s’est exclamé Emmanuel Macron sur Twitter.

Après cinq jours et plusieurs dizaines d’heures de négociations, le sommet européen de Bruxelles a finalement accouché d’un accord.

Malgré l’opposition initiale des pays dits « frugaux » que sont les Pays-Bas, l'Autriche, la Suède et le Danemark, les 27 pays membres de l’UE ont validé un plan de relance portant sur un emprunt commun de 750 milliards d’euros pour soutenir la récession historique liée à l’épidémie de coronavirus.

Dans le détail, 390 milliards d’euros de subventions seront allouées aux Etats les plus frappés par la pandémie. Pour ce faire, la Commission européenne va s’endetter au nom de tous les pays membres, qui devront rembourser.

Outre cette somme, 360 milliards d’euros seront disponibles pour des prêts, remboursables par le pays demandeur.

Ce plan de relance profite avant tout aux pays du Sud comme l’Italie et l’Espagne, considérés comme trop laxistes en matière de budget par les pays « frugaux ».

Nommés ainsi pour leur attachement à l'état des finances publiques et leur réticence à trop aider d'autres pays (souvent du sud) qu'ils accusent d'être des « cigales » et de n'avoir rien fait pour éponger leur déficit,ces pays du Nord souhaitaient limiter le plus maximum cette partie des « dons ».

C'est pourquoi le président du Conseil européen Charles Michel a dû revoir sa proposition initiale et leur fournir des gages, notamment en révisant à la baisse les 500 milliards de subventions prévues au départ.

« Quand l’Allemagne et la France se mettent ensemble, elles ne peuvent pas tout, mais si elles ne se mettent pas ensemble rien n’est possible. Nous avons réussi à franchir ensemble beaucoup d’étapes pour l’unité européenne », s'est félicité Emmanuel Macron lors d’une conférence de presse commune avec la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel.

En s'accordant pour octroyer des subventions aux pays les plus touchés par la crise du Covid-19, sur la base d'un emprunt commun aux 27, l'accord fait ainsi basculer l'Europe dans une forme de solidarité budgétaire, un pas vers une forme de fédéralisme.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DES SUJETS DE DESACCORDS

 SUR LE PLAN DE RELANCE EUROPEENNE

Les pays de l'Union européenne sont réunis pour tenter de sauver le plan de relance face à la crise économique causée par la pandémie de Covid-19. Mais, dimanche matin, les Vingt-Sept étaient en désaccord.

Les discussions se heurtent en effet à l'opposition du camp des « frugaux », c'est-à-dire les pays partisans d'une stricte orthodoxie budgétaire : les Pays-Bas, l'Autriche, le Danemark et la Suède, qui ont ensuite été rejoints par la Finlande. Angela Merkel n’a pas écarté, dimanche, le risque d’un échec dans les négociations sur un plan de relance post-coronavirus massif, sur lequel les pays « frugaux » sont très réservés « Il y a beaucoup de bonne volonté (...) mais il est aussi possible qu'aucun résultat ne soit obtenu aujourd'hui », a déclaré la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel.

« Je ne peux toujours pas dire si une solution sera trouvée », a déclaré Mme Merkel, dont le pays assure la présidence tournante de l’Union européenne (UE).

Des fonds contre des réformes

Sur la table des négociations, un fonds constitué par une capacité d’emprunt de 750 milliards d’euros pour relancer l’économie européenne, adossé au budget à long terme de l’UE (2021-2027) de 1 074 milliards d’euros. L’unanimité des 27 Etats membres étant requise, un compromis est particulièrement difficile .

.Une des options sur la table est de modifier la répartition entre prêts et subventions en augmentant la part des premiers à 300 milliards d’euros (contre 250 dans la proposition initiale) sans réduire la part des subventions directement destinées aux Etats pour soutenir leurs plans de relance. Les « frugaux » préfèrent nettement les prêts aux subventions. Mais Paris et Berlin refusent des subventions inférieures à 400 milliards.

Charles Michel a, par ailleurs, proposé un mécanisme permettant à un pays qui aurait des réserves sur le plan de réformes présenté par un autre Etat, pour obtenir ces aides, d’ouvrir un débat à 27, soit devant le Conseil européen (c’est-à-dire les dirigeants), soit devant les ministres des finances de l’UE. Une réponse au souhait du premier ministre néerlandais M. Rutte de voir ces plans nationaux validés par les Vingt-Sept à l’unanimité, ce qui offrirait de facto un veto à n’importe quelle capitale.

Les pays « frugaux » reprochent en effet à leurs voisins du Sud un laxisme budgétaire et le manque de compétitivité de leur économie. Mais ces demandes pressantes de réformes inquiètent Rome et Madrid, qui craignent d’être soumis à un programme de réformes (marché du travail, retraites…) imposé, comme la Grèce dans le passé.

Autre coup de pouce de Charles Michel pour vaincre les résistances : accroître certains « rabais » accordés aux pays qui versent davantage d’argent au budget de l’UE qu’ils n’en reçoivent. Ce serait le cas pour Vienne, Copenhague et Stockholm, mais pas La Haye ni Berlin dont les rabais restent inchangés.

Bras de fer sur l’Etat de droit

Outre ces sujets délicats, un autre pèse lourdement sur les discussions La Commission européenne a en effet proposé de créer un lien direct entre le versement des aides européennes prévues dans le fonds de relance et le respect de l'Etat de droit. Or la Hongrie, la Pologne et la Slovénie s'opposent à cette condition. La Hongrie est sous le coup d'une procédure dite « de l'article 7 », une procédure exceptionnelle pour risque de « violation grave » des valeurs de l'UE déclenchée par le Parlement européen. Plusieurs auditions ont eu lieu en Conseil des ministres pour parler de la situation en Hongrie mais aucune décision n'a été prise.

Le premier ministre hongrois, Viktor Orban, a ainsi accusé dimanche son homologue néerlandais de vouloir le « punir financièrement ». Selon M. Orban, la création d’un tel mécanisme exigerait « des semaines de négociations »

.« Le problème », estime un diplomate européen, est que les « questions fondamentales » de l’unanimité et de l’Etat de droit, qui risquent de faire échouer les négociations, « ne seront pas résolues juste avec un second sommet ».




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld


There are no translations available.

DEUX VISIONS OPPOSEES DE LA POLOGNE

 SE JOUE DANS LA PRESIDENTIELLE

Les Polonais sont appelés aux urnes ce dimanche, pour le second tour de l'élection présidentielle qui oppose le président conservateur sortant Andrzej Duda au maire libéral de Varsovie Rafal Trzaskowski,  europhile convaincu.

Deux candidats aux coude-à-coude

Soutenu par le parti conservateur et nationaliste Droit et Justice (PiS), le président Andrzej Duda fait face au maire de Varsovie, Rafal Trzaskowski, du principal parti d'opposition centriste Plateforme civique (PO). Au premier tour, le 28 juin, Andrzej Duda est arrivé premier, avec 43,5 % des voix, et Rafal Trzaskowski deuxième, avec 30,4 %.

Mais le soutien au chef de l’État a considérablement diminué depuis, y compris en raison des retombées de l'épidémie, qui ont plongé la Pologne dans sa première récession depuis la chute du régime communiste .Les derniers sondages pour le second tour font état de chances égales pour les deux candidats.

Le résultat de ce scrutin sera décisif pour l'avenir du gouvernement que ses détracteurs accusent de faire reculer les libertés démocratiques acquises il y a trois décennies à la chute du communisme.

« Deux visions de la Pologne »

Particulièrement populaire dans les campagnes et les bourgades,  le conservateur Andrzej Duda a promis de défendre les aides sociales populaires lancées par le PiS. Il  a mené une campagne polarisante, attaquant notamment les droits des personnes LGBT et rejetant l'idée d'indemnisations pour les biens juifs volés par les nazis et sous le régime communiste. Le gouvernement et ses médias publics, engagés dans la campagne en faveur d'Andrzej Duda, ont attaqué les titres contrôlés par des capitaux allemands, les accusant de « parti pris » après qu'un tabloïd du groupe Ringier Axel Springer eut critiqué le candidat Duda pour avoir gracié un pédophile.

C’est dans les grandes villes comme Varsovie, dont il est le maire, que Rafal Trzaskowski compte le plus de soutiens, dans cette population citadine plus jeune, plus ouverte, plus européenne. Parmi ces électeurs, beaucoup osent la comparaison avec Kennedy pour son éloquence et son visage séduisant.

Rafal Trzaskowski , lui, est favorable aux partenariats civils y compris entre personnes du même sexe. Sa décision de signer une déclaration de soutien aux LGBT a incité l'an dernier nombre de régions de l'est rural et le plus conservateur du pays à se proclamer « zones libres de LGBT ». En cas de victoire, il promet de faire marche arrière concernant les réformes controversées du système judiciaire qui ont mis la Pologne sur une trajectoire de collision avec le reste de l'Union européenne.

Le maire de Varsovie a tenté d'apparaître comme une figure à même d'unir une nation divisée, cependant de nombreux observateurs estiment qu'une période de querelles entre le parlement - où le PiS est majoritaire - et le palais présidentiel s'ouvrira si Trzaskowski est élu.

« Ces élections détermineront le sort de la Pologne pour l'avenir prévisible », a déclaré Adam Strzembosz, ancien président de la Cour suprême.

« Sera-t-il dominé et complètement soumis à un parti politique, avec toutes les conséquences d'un pouvoir de nature dictatoriale, ou bien arrivera-t-on à arrêter ce processus ? », s'est-il interrogé.




Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS: DEUX REGIONS A NOUVEAU RECONFINEES EN ESPAGNE

Samedi 4 juillet, les autorité espagnoles reconfine, en raison d'une recrudescence de contaminations au Covid-19, une zone autour de la ville de Lerida en Catalogne, comptant plus de 200.000 habitants.

Ce dimanche 5 juillet 2020 c'est au tour de quelque 70.000 habitants d'une région côtière du nord-ouest de l'Espagne qui sont à nouveau soumis à des mesures de confinement en raison d'une hausse de contaminations au nouveau coronavirus.

A partir de minuit, les habitants des 14 localités du comté d'A Mariña, en Galice, ne pourront pas sortir de la zone, se réunir à plus de 10 personnes, et la capacité d'accueil des lieux clos sera révisée à la baisse, selon les autorités sanitaires.

200.000 personnes reconfinées en Catalogne

Deux semaines après la levée du confinement sévère imposé au pays, il s'agit de la deuxième zone géographique à faire marche arrière. Samedi, a été reconfinée une zone dans la province de Lerida, en Catalogne (nord-est), comptant plus de 200.000 habitants.Une zone comprenant une quarantaine de municipalités. Trop de cas de coronavirus : plus de 4000 diagnostiqués.Huit foyers de contamination ont été identifiés, pour la plupart autour d'exploitations agricoles qui emploient des travailleurs saisonniers pour la récolte des fruits.

« Il est nécessaire de nous isoler pour éviter une augmentation exponentielle du nombre de cas », a expliqué le responsable sanitaire régional, Jesus Vazquez. Ces mesures ont été décidées pour au moins cinq jours, au terme desquels la situation sera réévaluée. L'Espagne est l'un des pays les plus affectés par la pandémie de nouveau coronavirus, responsable d'au moins 28.385 morts sur son sol. Mais les autorités estiment avoir réussi à contrôler la contagion après le sévère confinement de plus de trois mois de toute la population, levé le 21 juin. Elles surveillent néanmoins de près 50 foyers de contamination qui ont surgi un peu partout dans le pays.

Ce reconfinement coïncide avec la réouverture des frontières samedi aux ressortissants de 12 nouveaux pays, suivant les recommandations de l'Union européenne.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UNE PRESIDENCE A VIE POUR POUTINE ?

Les Russes ont validé à 77,9 % par référendum un bloc d'amendements qui, outre la question des mandats du président en exercice, introduisent aussi ses principes conservateurs dans la Constitution.La participation tournait, quant à elle, autour de 65 %.

Le doute n'a jamais pesé quant à l'issue du scrutin : la réforme a été approuvée par le législateur en début d'année et le nouveau texte de la Constitution est déjà en vente dans les librairies.

Vladimir Poutine avait, pour sa part, demandé mardi aux Russes de garantir « la stabilité, la sécurité et la prospérité » du pays, qu'il se targue d'avoir sorti du chaos post-soviétique. Pour la génération qui a connu la chute du communisme, Vladimir Poutine reste avant tout l’homme de la stabilité, et d’une certaine grandeur retrouvée sur la scène internationale.

« Une présidence à vie » ?

L'amendement le plus controversé accorde à Vladimir Poutine l'option de deux mandats supplémentaires à l'issue de l'actuel en 2024. Une nécessité, selon lui, car la classe politique ne doit pas se perdre dans « une quête de successeurs potentiels ». En l'état du droit, il aurait dû se retirer de la présidence en 2024, à l'issue du mandat actuel.

Ce changement lui permettrait de rester au Kremlin jusqu'en 2036, l'année de ses 84 ans. D'autres amendements renforcent certaines prérogatives présidentielles.

La révision introduit aussi dans la Constitution des principes conservateurs chers au président – foi en Dieu, mariage réservé aux hétérosexuels, enseignement patriotique – ainsi que des garanties sociales, comme l'indexation des retraites.

« Enorme mensonge »

Le principal opposant au Kremlin, Alexeï Navalny, a parlé, commentant ces résultats, de « falsification » et d'« énorme mensonge », appelant ses partisans à se mobiliser pour les prochaines élections régionales de septembre. La campagne du vote sur la réforme constitutionnelle n'a pas laissé de place à l'opposition pour s'exprimer dans un contexte de coronavirus et de presse aux ordres. Pour Alexeï Navalny, le référendum n'a d'autre but que de lui garantir « une présidence à vie » et les autres mesures ont visé à faire aller les Russes aux urnes.

« Vladimir Poutine est en train de faire de son pays un régime autocratique » selon un analyste.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UNE CONSTITUTION SUR MESURE

POUR VLADIMIR POUTINE

Malgré les risques sanitaires dus au coronavirus, les Russes votent pendant une semaine pour la réforme de la Constitution de 1993 que Vladimir Poutine a menée au pas de charge en six mois.

Adoptée par le Parlement, elle ne doit pas légalement faire l’objet d’un référendum mais le président russe a tenu à un tel plébiscite, arguant de l’importance du sujet.

Poutine à vie

La réforme autorise, dans u amendement clef, le président en exercice de rester au Kremlin deux mandats de plus, jusqu’en 2036, l’année de ses 84 ans. En l’état du droit, Vladimir Poutine aurait dû se retirer de la présidence en 2024.

Si dimanche 21 juin 2020 Vladimir Poutine a affirmé , à la télévision russe, ne pas avoir encore décidé s'il resterait au Kremlin après 2024 ou pas , il a tout de même suggéré qu'un changement à la tête de l'Etat n'assurerait pas la stabilité du pays.

«Autrement, je sais que dans deux ans au lieu de travailler normalement à tous les niveaux de l’État, tous les regards se mettront en quête de successeurs potentiels. Il faut travailler et pas chercher des successeurs», a-t-il martelé. Pour le maire de Moscou, Sergueï Sobianine, la réforme est nécessaire pour «garantir la stabilité, lever une incertitude». Outre la question des mandats, le président renforce également avec ce vote certaines prérogatives, comme les nominations et limogeages de juges.

Pour l’opposant numéro 1 au Kremlin, Alexey Navalny, ce vote relève d’une démarche populiste dont le seul but est de «remettre le compteur des mandats de Poutine à zéro, lui donner droit à une présidence à vie». «C’est une violation de la Constitution, un coup d’État», a-t-il proclamé en juin sur les réseaux sociaux.

Valeurs traditionnelles et patriotiques

Mais cet amendement clef ne figure sur aucune des nombreuses affiches du « oui » dans les rues de Moscou. Les thématiques mises en avant sur les affiches sont d'ordre sociétal. Ainsi la photo d'un enfant embrassant sa grand-mère rappelle que l'indexation des retraites fait son entrée dans la Constitution , celle d'une famille modèle symbolise la sauvegarde des valeurs traditionnelles grâce aux amendements faisant référence à Dieu et limitant le mariage aux hétérosexuels. Ces principes, censés fédérer les Russes, sont au cœur du système de valeurs patriotiques conservatrices du chef de l’État russe

Une campagne contre la réforme avortée

Du fait de l’épidémie et de l’absence d’accès des voix discordantes aux médias, la campagne contre la réforme n’a cependant jamais décollé. Les rassemblements prévus en avril à Moscou n’ont pu avoir lieu du fait du confinement. Le site «Niet» qui collectait les signatures de Russes opposés aux réformes a lui été bloqué par la justice, le forçant à se relancer sous un autre nom de domaine « dans certaines grandes villes comme Moscou et Ekaterinbourg, où la société civile fourmille de foyers d'opposition,et plusieurs régions d'Extrême-Orient et de Sibérie, qui se sentent oubliées et ont déjà voté contre le pouvoir en place, la marge de succès du 'oui' pourrait se révéler faible », explique la politologue Ekaterina Schulmann.

Risque de faible taux de participation

La réforme ne soulève toutefois pas l'enthousiasme des quelque 110 millions d’électeurs russes répartis sur les 11 fuseaux horaires que compte la Russie, appelés aux urnes.

En outre la popularité de Vladimir Poutine a souffert d’une réforme décriée des retraites et de la crise du coronavirus.De mai 2018 à mai 2020, son taux d’approbation mesuré par l’institut indépendant Levada est passé de 79% à 59%.

Mais les électeurs fidèles à Poutine le resteront, d'autant plus que beaucoup sont obligés d'aller voter, notamment chez les travailleurs du service public.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

REPATRIATION OF TEN CHILDREN OF FRENCH DJIHADISTS

Ten children French Djihadists who were detained in Syria Kurdish controlled IDP camps were repatriated to France on the night of Sunday to Monday, said the French Foreign Ministry. "France today proceeded to the return of ten young French minors, orphans and humanitarian cases, who were in camps in north-eastern Syria," he said in a statement.

“These children have been handed over to the French judicial authorities, and are now subject to special medical monitoring and treatment by social services. France thanks local officials in north-eastern Syria for their cooperation, which made this outcome possible.

The decision was taken in view of the situation of these particularly vulnerable young children and within the framework of the authorizations given by local officials, ”he said. No details were given on their place of arrival in France, nor on the circumstances under which they left Syria.


A legal and political puzzle

The Since the collapse of the Islamic State group in March 2019, France has brought 28 children in total from Syria. The fall of the IS caliphate proclaimed in 2014 marked the start of a legal and political puzzle for the international community. Some European countries such as Austria, Germany and France hesitate to bring in adult jihadists, considering them accomplices of IS and whose judgment they wish to see on the spot.

The situation is also complicated for the 300 or so children of non-orphaned French jihadists, for whom the mother's authorization is required.

In total, some 12,000 foreigners, 4,000 women and 8,000 children have settled in three camps for displaced people in the northeast, the vast majority in Al-Hol, according to Kurdish authorities.

Insistence of the United States

Kurdish officials have often called on the countries concerned to repatriate their nationals, saying that they cannot keep them for much longer. A call also regularly relayed by the United States, which worries about the risk of escape and dispersion of jihadists detained towards other theaters or for some towards Europe in order to carry out attacks there. Thirteen French jihadists, including Hayat Boumedienne, the partner of one of the perpetrators of the January 2015 attacks in France, escaped from the camps where they were detained, according to the Center for Terrorism Analysis (CAT)

In January, UN investigators also pleaded for the repatriation, at least of the children, in a "particularly precarious" situation.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

TERRORIST ATTACK IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

Saturday June 20, 2020 in the evening, three people were killed and at least three others seriously injured in a knife attack at Forbury Gardens to 19 hours in Reading located about 60 kilometers from London.

British police said on Sunday June 21, 2020 that they were now treating the attack as a "terrorist" act.

"The anti-terrorist section of the police can now confirm that the knife attack that took place in Reading last night was classified as a terrorist act," police said on Sunday, after initially dismissing the terrorist trail. .

"It was an atrocity," said Neil Basu, chief of the counterterrorism police, at a press conference.

A suspect was arrested and taken into police custody on Saturday shortly after the incident, according to police, a 25-year-old man living in Reading. Several British media outlets, including the Guardian and the BBC claim that he is a Libyan national. According to the Guardian, police raided an apartment in Reading on Saturday around 11 p.m. local time.

It would be the suspect's accommodation, the British daily believes.

Scotland Yard called those who witnessed the incident or had information about the suspect to contact the police, promising to "investigate continuously".

The investigation will in particular determine the motivations of the suspect, still unknown Sunday noon. However, the attack was "unrelated to the demonstration [of the anti-racist movement] Black Lives Matter that took place peacefully earlier today," said Neil Basu of Scotland Yard.

The events occurred near the place of the anti-racist rally, three hours after the end of the event, according to the police.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS AN IMPORTANT CLUSTER

IN AN OVER-RHINE SLAUGHTERHOUSE

Over-Rhine, new “clusters” are appearing, one particularly important, in Gütersloh, in North Rhine-Westphalia. In the largest slaughterhouse in Europe owned by the company Tönnies, some 730 employees have indeed tested positive for coronavirus, out of 1,100 tests carried out. "We see with these homes that the virus is not gone," responded Chancellor Angela Merkel.

The slaughterhouse was partially closed, the time to continue production in progress, before a complete closure of the establishment. Local media reports that city schools with nearly 100,000 residents and daycare centers have been closed as a precaution.

According to the head of the region, Sven-Georg Adenauer, the virus could have spread in the slaughterhouse, after the return of workers from eastern countries, especially Romania. Thanks to the reopening of the borders, some had traveled with their families in recent weeks before returning to Germany.

The country was previously relatively untouched by the coronavirus pandemic. But he had announced in May a tightening of his controls in slaughterhouses after the appearance of a cluster in a slaughterhouse last May 8.

Also in France, foci of contamination had been noted in slaughterhouses in Loiret and Côtes d'Armor.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

REOPENING OF EUROPE'S BORDERS DESPITE WHO'S CONCERN

The Europe, confident in slowing the epidemic coronavirus, will break down more of its restrictions on the movement of people and goods next week. This is the case of Germany, which reopens its borders on Monday, of Poland, or of Austria, which will no longer impose quarantine on entrants to its territory.

Spain, for its part, fears a resurgence of the disease when the border barriers are lifted ...

Fernando Simon, director of Spanish Health Emergencies:

“The solution is going to be surveillance, passenger responsibility and the responsibility of tour operators, airplanes, etc., to identify the sick, the really sick, to treat them and monitor them properly and their contacts. "

WHO sees with a rather worried eye the resumption of population movements, while the pandemic is at its peak in some States and has not even reached its peak in others.

Michael Ryan, Director of WHO Emergency Situations:

“Each country has different risks and chances at this point. And it is really up to national authorities to carefully study where they are in the pandemic.

"It continues to grow in many parts of the world. And we are deeply concerned because the health systems in some countries are in trouble and are under enormous pressure."




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

THE MURDER OF THE SWEDISH PRIME MINISTER

OLOF PALM RESOLVED

One evening in winter 1986, Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme was shot dead in the street for no reason. After many false leads, the investigators think they have finally found his murderer, this June 10, 2020. Thirty-four years later, the mysterious assassination of the Swedish Prime Minister would finally seem resolved.

On February 29, 1986, the Swedes awoke with terrible news.

During the night, their Prime Minister had been shot, shot in the back, and left for dead on a frozen sidewalk in Stockholm, his wife injured by his side. Olof Palme, a figure in the Social Democratic Party and head of government since 1982, was then 59 years old.

That evening, he went to the cinema with his wife, on foot, as they used to, and without bodyguards.

Coming out of the session, the drama had happened. At 23:21 hrs, two shots had pierced the freezing night: the first bullet had killed Olof Palme instantly, the second had missed Lisbeth Beck-Friis, his wife.

The murderer had passed out as mysteriously as he had appeared.

A few rare witnesses will recount having seen a man in his forties, measuring around 1.80 meters and wearing a coat. So much for the only portrait robot.

34 years after this assassination, the investigation seems finally resolved ... In any case, closed. On Wednesday June 10, Attorney General Krister Petersson, who has been in charge of the case since 2017, announced that he could "no longer move forward" in the investigations.

He considered that all the indications suggested that a certain Stig Engström was guilty. But since the latter died in 2000, he cannot be arrested. Without true admission, the file is therefore closed. The Swedes can thus turn the page on a sad chapter in their national history.

An employee not really model

Since the start of the investigation, the name of Stig Engström has come up regularly. But why would this 52-year-old graphic designer, employee of an insurance company, coldly shoot the head of government? If he was quickly suspected, it was because he was one of the first witnesses to arrive at the crime scene. He was then questioned by the police, who considered him unreliable, as his version of the facts was vague.

The real scenario would therefore have been like this: the night of the murder, Stig Engström had stayed late at the office and, on leaving, would have met Olof Palme and his wife. He would therefore have returned at the end of the cinema screening, would have followed the couple some time before shooting. His weapon, which has never been found, was allegedly supplied to him by a collector friend

But what was the motive for his crime ?

Stig Engström was particularly hostile to the policies of the socialist leader, Mitterrand's counterpart. But he was far from alone, which particularly complicated the investigation.

The long list of suspects

The investigation has indeed known many hiccups and other false leads. On the list of suspects, the CIA, the Swedish police themselves, the apartheid regime of South Africa and the Workers' Party of Kurdistan, of which 22 activists were arrested in 1987 in this case, were accused for a time....

It must be said that politically, Olof Palme was more than divisive. Ambitious and reformist, he was committed to decolonization and disarmament, against apartheid and the war in Vietnam. Which did not please everyone.

In July 1989, the case had experienced an incredible twist with the indictment of Christer Pettersson, a drug-addicted offender, who had been identified by Lisbeth Beck-Friis. Until his death in 2018, the latter will remain convinced that this man, later released and then died in 2004, was the culprit. In 2018, a new part of the investigation had therefore opened after the disappearance of the Prime Minister's widow.

If most of the witnesses to this tragedy are no longer there to judge this new conclusion, it seems that this time it will be final.



Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

BORIS JOHNSON'S THREAT AGAINST BEIJING

TO DEFEND HONGKONG

Tension is mounting between London and Beijing. In a column published on Wednesday by the London Times and the South China Morning Post, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson threatens Beijing to roll out the red carpet for Hong Kong residents if China continues to impose its law on national security, adopted by the Chinese National People's Congress but which remains to be finalized.

National security law or a restriction of freedoms.

The national security law provides for punishing separatist, "terrorist" activities, subversion, or even foreign interference in the Chinese autonomous territory.

Decided by Beijing after a wave of protests for freedoms in Hong Kong, the law has provoked international outcry and renewed unrest in this autonomous territory in southern China.

Opponents of Beijing's influence in the territory say the measure paves the way for an unprecedented regression of freedoms in the financial metropolis of 7 million inhabitants.

However, Beijing made a commitment during the retrocession to guarantee Hong Kong a large autonomy and freedoms according to the principle "one country, two systems".

“If China moves forward, Britain cannot, in conscience, shrug and move on; on the contrary, we will honor our obligations and provide an alternative, ”warns the British leader. "Many people in Hong Kong fear that their way of life - which China is committed to maintaining - will be threatened" by this law, wrote Boris Johnson, who "would restrict [freedoms] and substantially reduce [autonomy] ] ”From Hong Kong.

Overseas passports for British citizenship for 2.5 million Hong Kongers

If national security law is enforced, Boris Johnson warns British government will change immigration law to allow Hong Kong residents with "British overseas passports" to enter Britain without British visa for a period of 12 months renewable, and not more than 6 months. They would have a work permit "which could put them on the path to British citizenship".

Some 350,000 people in Hong Kong currently hold the "British overseas passport," which provides visa-free access to Britain for stays of up to six months, said Boris Johnson. An additional 2.5 million people would be eligible to apply for this document, which was issued to residents of the former British colony when it was returned to China in 1997.

Interference in Hong Kong affairs?

This position made Beijing react on Wednesday. China called on the UK to "immediately cease all interference" in Hong Kong affairs, calling for reprisals. "We advise the British side (...) to abandon their Cold War mentality, their colonial mindset, to recognize and respect the fact that Hong Kong was returned" to China, said Zhao Lijian , spokesperson for Chinese diplomacy.

"Britain is not trying to hinder the rise of China" in the concert of nations, assured the British Prime Minister. "Britain only wants Hong Kong to prosper under" one country, two systems "," he said.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE CANDMINGS SCANDAL DESSERT BORIS JOHNSON

Boris Johnson faces a catastrophic poll this Wednesday after his triumphant election in December 2019. A YouGov poll for the daily The Times shows that public support for the Conservative Party by Boris Johnson fell nine points in a week, now reaching 44%. The main opposition party, Labor, won five points at 38% over the same period.

In question: the scandal caused by the displacements of his principal adviser Dominic Cummings who did not respect the rules of containment in force in one of the countries most bereaved in the world by the pandemic of Covid-19.

In the headlines for five days, the storm caused by Dominic Cummings, considered the mastermind of the 2016 referendum campaign that led to Brexit, is wreaking havoc on public opinion.

Within the conservative camp, nearly forty deputies asked for his departure and a secretary of state resigned on Tuesday, explaining that he could not defend the councilor while some residents of his constituency "could not visit their loved ones sick because they followed government recommendations. ”

Explanations from Dominic Cummings, who said he went to his parents' home in Durham, 400 kilometers from London in the north of England, because he feared being infected by the coronavirus and was looking for a childcare solution for his child, have not convinced. His absence of apologies and regrets was particularly badly experienced, as well as a second trip by car, about forty kilometers from his parents' home.

The highly influential and controversial adviser received the support of Boris Johnson, who had twice appeared before the press personally to defend him.

But the successive polls show that a very large majority of the British believe that the adviser has broken the rules of confinement and that he should leave his post.

Even the Prime Minister's sister, Rachel Johnson, got involved, telling ITV on Wednesday that in place of Dominic Cummings, she would have admitted having "screwed up".

At a daily government press conference on Tuesday, a pastor asked the Minister of Health if the fines for those who failed to stay in confinement on child care grounds could be overturned. After indicating that it would examine the matter, the government finally turned back, to the disappointment of the clergyman. The case gives " the feeling that there are two types of rules, for those in power and the rest of us, " he told the BBC on Wednesday.

In total, more than 37,000 people who tested positive for Covid-19 have died, according to a report by the Ministry of Health published on Tuesday.

The count exceeds 46,000 deaths if we include unconfirmed but suspected cases, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

NO CONTAINMENT IN SWEDEN BUT HIGH MORTALITY

Sweden, distinguished by its flexible approach to the Covid-19 pandemic, said Monday it has recorded the deaths of more than 4,000 people in total, 90% were older than 70 years. Out of 33,843 confirmed cases, the Public Health Agency (APS) has recorded 4,029 deaths in this country of 10.3 million inhabitants. According to the Worldometer website, the death rate from the new coronavirus is 399 per million people in Sweden.

This rate is much higher than that observed in the neighboring Nordic countries of Norway (43 per million), Denmark (97) and Finland (56) which have taken containment measures. It is however lower than in Spain (615), the United Kingdom (542) or France (435).

No confinement but group immunity ?

In contrast to the often strict measures imposed in the rest of Europe, Sweden, whose population has never been confined, has kept schools (for children under the age of sixteen) open, cafes, bars, restaurants and businesses, asking everyone to observe the recommendations for social distancing and "take responsibility". The only restrictive measures: the ban on gatherings of more than 50 people and visits to retirement homes.

The Public Health Agency has indeed rejected the measures taken over a rather short period elsewhere, considering them too ineffective in relation to the impact they have on society as a whole. It considers its approach to be relevant in the long term by relying on group immunity.

90% of the dead were over 70

Anders Tegnell, an epidemiologist at APS, has repeatedly insisted that he believes tighter restrictions would not have saved more lives. Three-quarters of the Swedes who died in the Covid-19 were people cared for in medical establishments or at home. Anders Tegnell pointed out in this regard that a ban on visits to health centers had been issued in mid-March.

"I'm really not sure we could have done much more," he said this weekend in an interview with Swedish Radio, while acknowledging "the weakness of care for the elderly" highlighted by the coronavirus crisis, not hesitating to speak in this regard of "terrible situation".

Sweden excluded from free trade agreement this summer ?

With the arrival of summer, many countries are preparing plans to reopen the borders despite the persistence of the pandemic. In Scandinavia, however, Sweden could act as an outcast due to the still significant spread of the virus.

According to Anders Tegnell, who heads the Swedish Public Health Agency, the fact that there are more infections in the country could instead make its citizens less likely to get sick. A theory based on the idea that contracting the coronavirus guarantees future immunity, which is not certain according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

While various studies suggest that infected people have certain antibodies that WHO believes should probably "provide some level of protection", there is as yet no evidence of total immunity.

In addition, Sweden not only has a higher level of infection, but also has lower testing and traceability capacities than those of its neighbors. Currently, people with mild symptoms cannot be tested unless they belong to certain high priority categories, such as healthcare workers or caregivers, and there is no official application for searches for contacts like the one used in Norway.

This means that even if a higher percentage of Swedish residents are immunized against the virus by the summer, it could be difficult to identify who developed immunity and who did not, unless contact tracing and testing are not greatly strengthened ...

Sweden could therefore pay the price for its health policy regarding Covid-19 this summer by being excluded from free movement agreements.



Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

CONVICTION OF VOLKSWAGEN

IN THE DIESELGATE SCANDAL

The German justice condemned Monday Volkswagen to partially reimburse a customer who had bought a car equipped with a rigged diesel engine. This judgment could set a precedent for tens of thousands of other motorists

Almost five years after it broke, the rigged diesel engine scandal is approaching its judicial epilogue on Monday, with a decisive stop in Germany in the conflict between Volkswagen and tens of thousands of customers.

At the hearing in early May, the judges of the German Federal Court (BGH) opened the door to at least partial reimbursement of cheated customers, considering that the purchase of a car equipped with a rigged engine constituted a harm in itself.

In a ruling which is expected to influence tens of thousands of proceedings, the German Federal Supreme Court has ordered Volkswagen to reimburse part of an individual who bought a vehicle with a diesel engine rigged.

Historical crisis

This decision could influence the outcome of tens of thousands of reimbursement proceedings still in progress in Germany.

It would be the first notable legal setback for the automobile giant in Germany, in this scandal which plunged the German automobile industry, pillar of the country's economy, into a historic crisis from which it is still struggling to get out. But with an amicable agreement signed to avoid a mega-trial of German customers, and the end of a major criminal investigation, Volkswagen has already drawn a line under a large part of the dieselgate.

An example case

The Court was interested in the case of Herbert Gilbert, 65, who bought a used Volkswagen Sharan diesel in 2014, one of the 11 million vehicles in which the manufacturer admitted in September 2015 that he had placed fake software polluting emissions.

The Court of Appeal had ruled in favor of the retiree, ordering the manufacturer to pay 25,616 euros and to take back the vehicle (an amount lower than the purchase price of 31,490 euros because the judges took into account the loss of value due to use).

Volkswagen and the applicant appealed, the first because they believed that there was no need for a refund and the other to receive the full purchase price.

By equipping its cars with software capable of making them appear less polluting than they actually are, the German automobile group "knowingly and systematically deceived for several years" the authorities "with a view to profitability", explained the judge Stephan Seiters.

A scandal of 30 billion euros

What limit the financial impact for the automotive group, which the scandal has already cost more than 30 billion euros. Especially since the decision comes after the end in April of an unprecedented trial in Germany, similar to a "class action" in the United States bringing together hundreds of thousands of applicants.

Volkswagen to spend at least 750 million euros to compensate 235,000 customers under an amicable agreement, a sum that may seem small compared to the more than 30 billion euros that the scandal has already cost the manufacturer , mainly in the United States.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

"CORONA EVENTS" ALARMS IN GERMANY

Country less affected by the virus than its neighbors, Germany sees developing the "corona demonstrations" against the restrictions.

Angela Merkel is taking these “corona demonstrations” more and more seriously, which will again rally on Saturday across the country militants from the ultra-left, identity right or conspiracy opposing the remaining restrictions.

In Stuttgart alone, 5,000 people were allowed to beat the pavement, despite the ban on large rallies due to the pandemic, where the organizers said they wanted to gather 500,000 people.

Demonstrations are also expected, as already in recent weeks, in Munich, Berlin or Dortmund, under close police surveillance.

Protesters supported by the far right

The demonstrators, a heterogeneous assembly of extremist militants, defenders of public freedoms, opponents of vaccines, even anti-Semites, protest against the wearing of masks or the movement restrictions that remain after the deconfinement. Some even claim the right to be contaminated. Slogans like "We are the people" or "Freedom, Freedom! Refer to the protests that preceded the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.

Other protesters are from more recent xenophobic movements, demanding that "Merkel go" or denouncing the "false press". They are supported by the extreme right party Alternative for Germany (AfD) which hopes to surf these mobilizations to regain the ground lost during the peak of the pandemic; Chancellor Angela Merkel has seen its popularity soar due to management of the epidemic which has allowed Germany to be less affected than its neighbors. . One in four Germans say they understand these protests, according to a Civey poll.

Violence and anti-Semitism

Violence has already punctuated certain gatherings. On May 1 in Berlin, a team from the ZDF channel was violently attacked by a dozen people close according to the police of the ultra-left. In Prina, Saxony, a policeman was injured on the sidelines of a parade.

The chancellor herself judged these marches "alarming" to party leaders and accused Russia of being behind disinformation operations which would feed them, according to the popular daily Bild.

The "high level of aggressiveness" in these protests, in the words of government spokesman Steffen Seibert, worries the government team awakening the memory of the German Islamophobic movement Pegida.

Besides the violence against the police and journalists, two other aspects are of particular concern to the authorities. From the first demonstrations in Berlin, anti-Jewish messages were seen, accusing for example Rockefeller and Rothschild of having "invented the coronavirus" or comparing the wearing of the mask with that of the yellow star.

These demonstrations "constitute a reservoir in which anti-Semites, conspirators and negationists can find themselves," warns Felix Klein, government commissioner for the fight against anti-Semitism.

For Felix Klein, "it is not surprising that anti-Semitic theories are once again flourishing in the current crisis". "The Jews were blamed for the plague epidemics, they were accused of poisoning the wells," he recalls in the daily Süddeutsche Zeitung.

The other component is the success of conspiracy theories with a marked increase in the number of conspiratorial groups on Telegram or Youtube. Antivaccine theses are in vogue, as are fears linked to the development of 5G.

These drifts worry to the top of the state: the President of the Republic, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, left his reserve Thursday to warn that it was better to "wear a mask than an aluminum hat", traditionally associated in Germany with the conspirators.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

ITALY OPENS ITS DOORS TO TOURISTS OF THE EU

A near Spain and Greece it is Italy which is preparing to reopen its doors to EU tourists. The Italian government has indeed approved, Saturday, May 16, a decree authorizing trips to and from abroad from June 3.

The compulsory quarantine for foreign visitors to the peninsula will also be abolished.

These measures were announced after a Council of Ministers of almost ten hours around Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte.

They apply "while respecting the links deriving from the legal order of the European Union", specifies the press release, while the European borders of the Schengen area are currently closed, specifies a government press release.

These measures could evolve according to a possible "epidemiological risk", adds the text.

In Italy tourism is one of the main sectors of the economy and accounts for around 13% of the GDP. "The opening of the Italian borders to European citizens not only promotes tourism but also saves harvests with the return of around 150,000 seasonal workers from Romania, Poland and Bulgaria", also welcomed on Saturday Coldiretti, one of the main farmers' unions.

From June 3, it will also be possible for Italians to travel freely throughout the country, without any limitation, except in the event of a resurgence of the Covid-19 epidemic which left nearly 32,000 people dead on the peninsula. Confined since March 10 and authorized to travel only in their home commune only for health and work reasons, the Italians will again be able to move freely from May 18 within their region, according to the government press release.

France does not appreciate the “unilateral” decisions of some of its neighbors on the reopening of the borders. "The unilateral decision of Spain this week, of Italy announced this morning, does not support what we must do to work in solidarity," said Interior Minister Christophe Castaner on Saturday May 16. I will have the opportunity to exchange with my (Italian) counterpart over the weekend so that we can adapt our rules ”.

“It is essential that we can have coordinated decisions at European level, especially on infra-Schengen. This is not the case today, "said the Minister of the Interior.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

SETTING UP ON A GOOD WAY IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

The Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announced Thursday afternoon that France would however start his decontainment 11 May 2020. The possibility of a second wave of the epidemic continues to worry. Elsewhere in Europe, countries have already started their own and good news, it is going pretty well so far whether in Germany or Austria.

Germany, which had the capacity to massively test its population upon the arrival of the pandemic and had nearly 25,000 beds in intensive care, was less affected than France. Just over 7,000 people died of Covid-19 for a population of 83 million.

It began its deconfinement on April 20, 2020 by authorizing the reopening of stores with an area of ​​less than 800 square meters. The high schools reopened on May 4. Hairdressers too.

The deconfinement instructions are well respected by the citizens. There is no congestion in public transport, and where it is compulsory, in Berlin for example, the wearing of a mask was respected from the 1st day when the measure was applied in the German capital.

The number of new daily cases thus fell below 1,000, whereas there were more than 2,000 on April 19. And the rate of contagiousness (R0) remains under control for the moment and has even dropped, reaching today 0.65 against 0.8 at the edge of deconfinement. (the epidemic is considered to be contained when the R0 is less than 1).

Faced with these good results, Germany therefore decided to accelerate the deconfinement with the resumption of the German football championship in mid-May, as well as the reopening of restaurants and hotels.

In Austria, deconfinement also began gradually from April 14 with the opening of small shops and then on Saturday May 2, those of other stores. Many employees have returned to work, although teleworking remains encouraged, and the use of public transport has increased significantly. The number of new daily cases, however, is falling sharply. Austria went from 185 new cases on April 14 to 41 today with a reproduction rate of less than 1.

The government therefore decided on May 5 to continue relaxing the restrictions with the opening of. cafes and restaurants on May 15 and the return to school for almost all students on May 18. inhabitants.

If certain countries experienced a second wave, as in Asia, it would not be because of internal mismanagement of the deconfinement, but rather the fault of too rapid reopening of borders.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

UNCONTAINMENT ACCORDING TO COUNTRIES

 IN EUROPE

The European countries are fine-tuning their plan to get out of containment, a real global headache while awaiting the discovery of a vaccine or a remedy to curb the Covid-19 epidemic.

The pandemic, has made more than 200,000 deaths out of nearly 3 million infected worldwide, but is decreasing in the four most affected European countries. Which posted Sunday, daily death tolls down sharply: 288 deaths in Spain, 260 in Italy, 242 in France and 413 hospital deaths in the United Kingdom, the lowest number since the end of March.

The deconfinement already started by some European countries

As of April 14, Austria was the first country in the European Union to ease the containment it declared on March 16. Non-essential businesses of less than 400 square meters, as well as DIY and gardening signs, were able to reopen. The other stores will follow on May 1, with the exception of the hotel and restaurant sector, whose resumption of activity will be “in stages”, starting on May 15. In addition, wearing a mask is now compulsory, especially in transport.

The ministry of health judging the health crisis "under control", Germany also started, on April 20, its deconfinement. But, federalism obliges, this one will be implemented in a significantly different way in the sixteen Länder of the country. All businesses with an area of ​​less than 800 square meters have been able to reopen with strict slogans of "social distancing". The authorization also applies to car dealers, bicycle shops and bookstores, regardless of their size.

Considered as "service establishments where bodily proximity is inevitable", hairdressing salons will not reopen until May 4. Cultural places, bars, restaurants - except for deliveries -, play areas and sports fields also remain closed. Large gatherings, such as concerts or sports competitions, will remain prohibited until at least August 31.

Initially, it will only concern pupils at the end of the cycle - primary or secondary - so that those preparing for exams can take them as planned. On the other hand, the nurseries keep doors closed until further notice. Without imposing it, the German Chancellor recommended the wearing of protective masks in public transport and in stores.

In the Czech Republic, several shops have been able to reopen, provided that - as elsewhere - they impose distance rules. Gradually, the sectors of activity resume, giving a little breath to the economies, hitherto paralyzed by the epidemic of coronavirus. This timid restart even results in the return of joggers to certain parks, such as Sofia in Bulgaria.

The strategy is significantly different in Denmark where, after a month of confinement, the nurseries but also the nursery and primary schools were able to reopen on April 15. College and high school students will wait until May 10 to resume classes. Since April 20, hair salons, beauty salons, tattoo artists and driving schools have also been able to resume their activities. However, bars, restaurants and shopping centers remain closed and gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited.

Others are starting it this week

In Switzerland, some shops reopen on Monday April 27, 2020. In mid-April, the Swiss government announced a three-step easing of these measures. Schools, other stores, and markets should be able to reopen on May 11, and by June 8, vocational and secondary schools, universities, museums, libraries, and zoos should be around. classes goes hand in hand with the application of very strict hygiene measures, even if some parents do not say they are completely reassured

The confinement was less harsh there than in Spain. After six weeks locked up at home, the little Spaniards can since Sunday start playing again in the street, with a certain number of restrictions, like the absence of contacts. The confinement has been extended in the country until May 9 inclusive, and the government will present its easing plan on Tuesday. Some activities described as “non-essential”, such as industry or construction, had already been able to resume two weeks ago, after a fortnight of a forced shutdown of the economy.

Italy too must detail at the beginning of the week the measures it plans to put in place from May 4. In an address on Sunday, the head of the Italian government, Giuseppe Conte, drew the outlines of "phase 2" of the fight against the epidemic. The key to everything will be the respect of the barrier gestures decreed by the health authorities and the use of the mask. Schools will remain closed until September.

However, over the past week or so, businesses have been reopening, partially and very carefully, like bookstores, stationery stores and children's clothing stores. And, on Monday, Italian strategic companies gradually resumed, notably "productive and industrial activities more export-oriented", such as the automobile or fashion.

For its part, Norway has chosen to reopen schools on Monday for the little ones. One week after the opening of the barnehagers, which serve as nurseries and kindergartens, it is the turn of some 250,000 children aged 6 to 10 to return to school, in classes reduced to 15 pupils at maximum, after six weeks of "distance learning".

Conversely, Romania has abandoned the idea of ​​reopening nurseries, schools and higher education establishments before September, deeming it impossible to apply precautionary measures against the coronavirus, said the president on Monday, Klaus Iohannis…

Others are still working on their strategy

In France, it is Tuesday that the Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, will unveil his "national strategy of the deconfinement plan", which must begin on May 11, with in particular a gradual but controversial reopening of schools.

On Saturday, the Scientific Council conveyed its advice to the executive on the gradual end of containment. In the UK, Prime Minister Boris Johnson, himself struck by Covid-19, is back at 10 Downing Street. He called on the British to continue to maintain containment until at least May 7, 2020, although the pandemic curve is "starting to reverse" in the United Kingdom.


Faced with mounting pressure to outline a strategy of deconfinement, he said he understood the "impatience" of the population, called to stay at home since March 23, and promised decisions "in the days to come";



Simon Freeman pour DayNewsWorld

CONCERNING FIRE AROUND TCHERNOBYL

A major fire is raging around the Chernobyl exclusion zone. The fire was started by a young resident living near the Chernobyl area who said he set the grass on fire "for fun," police said.

More than 400 Ukrainian firefighters were fighting on Monday April 13, 2020 a major fire around the Chernobyl exclusion zone.

Ukraine has in particular mobilized water bomber helicopters to extinguish the disaster, which has been going on since April 4, 2020, sustained by strong winds.

Despite the scale of the fire, the Ukrainian authorities are confident. "The Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the storage sites for radioactive waste and the other crucial infrastructures of the exclusion zone are not threatened," said Volodymyr Demtchouk, a senior official of the Ukrainian emergency services, in a statement. video posted Monday on Facebook.

The worst fire ever seen in the area ?

But for its part, the NGO Greenpeace is much more alarmist. According to her, it is the worst fire ever observed in the Chernobyl exclusion zone, which forms a radius of 30 kilometers around the old power plant. Based on satellite images, the NGO claims that the fire is only "about 1.5 kilometers" from the arch covering the reactor which exploded by accident in April 1986.

For several days, the Ukrainian authorities have not given recent estimates on the size of the fire. According to Sergiy Zibtsev, director of the Regional Fire Monitoring Center in Eastern Europe, based in Kiev and linked to a United Nations program, the fire is "gigantic" and "unpredictable". "In the west of the exclusion zone, it has already covered 20,000 hectares according to our estimates," he said.

The director of an association organizing guided tours of the exclusion zone, Yaroslav Yemelianenko, told him on Facebook that the fire had reached the ghost town of Pripyat, evacuated after the disaster.

Radiation level

However, after the fire started, the acting head of the government’s environmental inspectorate, Legor Firsov, said that the radiation levels in the epicenter of the fire were well above standards. He then returned to his words.

One of the reactors at the Chernobyl plant exploded on April 26, 1986 contaminating, according to some estimates, up to three quarters of Europe. At the time, the USSR tried for several weeks to hide the incident before resolving to evacuate the area, still uninhabitable more than 30 years later.

What about official information today ? Ukrainian authorities say the fire did not increase the level of radioactivity.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

DECONFINING IN EUROPE BY ECONOMIC CHOICE?

In Europe, more than 75,000 people infected with Covid-19 have died. However, several States are already moving towards a relaxation of containment. They are currently following suit with China , which on Monday suspended containment measures in the city of Wuhan, the epicenter of Covid-19 contamination. Spain, Italy and Austria are already thinking about a gradual deconfinement, which they justify by a drop in the number of infections and hospitalizations.

A pilot in the EU, Austria began to emerge from its confinement on Tuesday with a careful reopening of its small shops and public gardens. In schools, the return to normal is not expected within a month. This weekend, Chancellor Sebastien Kurz took the floor to encourage the population to be responsible and reasonable, despite the relaxation of the measures because "this virus will accompany us for several more months".

Customers must however wear a mask. Austria has fewer than 400 Covid-19 deaths for a population of 9 million, comparable to that of New York City.

On Wednesday, it will be Denmark's turn to reopen nurseries and schools, but neither colleges nor high schools.

Germany is preparing "in stages". Germany is preparing to gradually lift the restrictions, taking advantage of a less dramatic situation than in other European countries. In its much awaited recommendations published Monday, the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina advocated a return "in stages" to normal if in particular the figures for new contaminations "stabilize at a low level" and if "hygiene measures are maintained ”. However, it is on the basis of the conclusions of this institution that Chancellor Angela Merkel must decide Wednesday, with the heads of the sixteen regional states, following the containment measures launched in mid-March and planned as is until 'to April 19.

The third country most affected by the coronavirus in the world, whose economy has been shutdown for two weeks, is easing its containment measures. Very hard hit with more than 18,000 dead, and strangled economically, Spain therefore resolved on Monday to allow workers to return to the factories and construction sites, under strict conditions, especially in industry and construction. But beware, not to lift containment for the rest of the population. Ten million masks were distributed by police and volunteers in the metros and stations. The Spanish nevertheless remain subject to very strict confinement.

In the United Kingdom , the country has "still not passed the peak" of the epidemic, noted the Minister for Foreign Affairs Dominic Raab, who provisionally heads the government in the absence of Boris Johnson, convalescent after being infected by the coronavirus.

The return to work, well under way in China after the lifting of containment measures, is far from being on the agenda in many other countries. However, residents are still encouraged to stay at home, health controls remain tight and arrivals and departures from this megalopolis are monitored.

In India , Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced Tuesday the extension at least until May 3 of the confinement of his country of 1.3 billion inhabitants, the largest population in the world subject to this kind of measure.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has indicated that it expects a record recession of 7.5% for the euro area and 13% for the United Kingdom for 2020...




Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

DECONFINING STRATEGY TO EACH HIS SOLUTION ?

The release of confinement will certainly be gradual, while the date of April 15 is no longer current, stressed Prime Minister Edouard Philippe to the fact-finding mission of the National Assembly.

Currently, " several teams " are working on possible deconfinement scenarios, including the Scientific Council, which, in a notice of March 23, estimated that the confinement " will probably last at least six weeks from its installation ", which corresponds to three contamination cycles. But this strategy of deconfinement remains a big unknown, while it has no precedent.

Many conditions for deconfinement

According to specialists, the peak of transmissions took place a few days ago, the peak of hospitalizations is being reached, before stabilizing. The peak of mortality could be reached within a week, 10 days. And as long as the population is not immunized, the simple lifting of containment will only restore the initial conditions which led to this epidemic and therefore lead to a rebound of the epidemic.

In addition, before considering deconfinement, the Scientific Council on the coronavirus recalls that this decision can only be taken after the government has ensured that certain "epidemiological indicators indicating in particular that the saturation of hospital services, and resuscitation services ” or “curbed ”.

A massive test campaign

Massive screening must take place before considering deconfinement. Olivier Véran, the Minister of Health, has promised a ramp-up of these rapid tests which will allow a certain result to be obtained in 10 minutes - while 5 million of them have been ordered by France. The Directorate General of Health indicates that screening capacity will be increased with "30,000 additional tests per day in April, 60,000 additional tests per day in May and more than 100,000 tests per day in June".

The objective of this massive screening campaign using serological tests, i.e. based on blood analysis: to detect people who have produced antibodies in response to the presence of the coronavirus and therefore to determine who is immune in the population. This is the strategyA successfully adopted by the South Koreans

A deconfinement by region ? By age ? By medical profile ?

So how to deconfine the population when the health situation has stabilized. The hypotheses put forward by the Prime Minister relate to a deconfinement "which would be regionalized or subject to a test policy, or based, who knows, on age group". In particular, the possibility that people over 60 or 70 years of age are the last to be able to break out of confinement.

"I am sure that if we do not match the deconfinement of screening in enclosed spaces, nursing homes, hospitals, prisons ...., we will not get out of it", warns Professor Eric Caumes, head of the infectious and tropical diseases at La Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital.

The doctor recalls that "chains of transmission" continue to form in these enclosed places. If breaking out of containment is "the real issue today", Professor Caumes stresses the importance of "testing, tracing" and recommends following the example of certain countries in Southeast Asia.

In order to anticipate any new chain of transmission, the question of travel remains crucial. “Tracing”, put forward by Professor Caumes, was notably implemented in South Korea to follow the movements of the sick. The geolocation data is transmitted directly by the telephone operators to the authorities. Anyone passing near an infected person is therefore alerted and can be tested.

This method seems difficult to apply in France, because it contradicts the protection of individual freedoms. Emmanuel Macron has set up a committee of experts responsible in particular for studying "backtracking practices which make it possible to identify people in contact with those infected with the Covid-19 virus" or even to support " the authorities' reflection on the doctrine and the capacity to carry out tests as well as on the advisability of implementing a digital strategy for identifying people who have been in contact with infected people ”.

The Prime Minister spoke on Wednesday of the possibility of "voluntary" tracing, via mobile phones.

Germany is studying the establishment of "immunity passports" for immunized people who could thus get out of confinement. "Immunized people could be issued a sort of vaccination card which could, for example, exempt them from restrictions," German epidemiologist Gerard Krause explains to the British daily The Guardian.

Even with the lifting of containment, many precautions will have to be taken. The barrier gestures must be respected for a few more months. The hypothesis of wearing a generalized mask is also raised.

But the big risk is to see a rebound in the epidemic after the release from containment. Scientists must agree on the necessary part of the immune population to claim collective immunity.




Britney Delsey for Daynewsworld

CORONAVIRUS

THE SOUTH COREAN STRATEGY SELECTED

IN GERMANY

With 389 deaths in some 52,547 cases, and a fatality rate of just 0.7%, the situation in Germany is far from being as dramatic as in other European countries. It is because she chose the proven South Korean strategy, namely: massive screening campaign, isolation of infected people and technological tracing to find and then test the people with whom they have been in contact.

Germany already practices, according to the authorities, between 300,000 and 500,000 screenings per week, a higher rate than many of its European neighbors, France in particular which reserves them only for patients with severe pathology. And the government of Angela Merkel does not stop there: a document of the Interior Ministry, which has just been revealed by several media, prescribes a strategy inspired by South Korea, with no less than 200,000 tests per day .

Now would be tested all those who think they have Covid-19, as well as all those likely to have been in contact with a patient, states this document. Currently, screenings concern people who are both sick and have been in contact with a positive person.

The document also considers geolocation, a tool used by Seoul, "inevitable in the long term" to allow the population to know the places where people tested positive are. South Korea can be an example "despite the cultural differences between the two countries, said Sunday in the daily" Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung "the head of the Robert-Koch Institute, responsible for piloting the fight against the epidemic in Germany , Lothar Wieler.

A lively debate has already started on this subject in Germany, where the question of the protection of private data is considered sacrosanct after two dictatorships in the 20th century.

By adopting this strategy Germany hopes to prevent a saturation of its hospitals, where the staff is lacking. But the departure of a large part of the 200,000 Polish, Ukrainian or Baltic carers who provide daily assistance to between 300,000 and 500,000 elderly people raises fears of a new health disaster.

However, Lothar Wieler has not ruled out that the country will end up experiencing an Italian situation, with overwhelmed hospitals.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT

ON THE FOOT OF WAR ?

2 606 peoples died in the Covid-19 hospital and the first political figure died on the night of Saturday to Sunday, Patrick Devedjian. The wave of the epidemic, "extremely high" [...] is sweeping over France ", had warned Edouard Philippe Friday March 27 by announcing the extension of the confinement until at least April 15.

At a time when millions of lives are at stake, at a time when heroes in white coats are giving body and soul, the government wanted, in turn, to show its total mobilization in its management of the crisis. “The fight is just beginning. The first fortnight of April will be even more difficult than the fortnight which has just passed ”.

This was hammered out by the Prime Minister on Saturday during a press conference with the Minister of Solidarity and Health Olivier Véran and several experts. France is in "a fight that will last", he added.

As patient evacuations continue, the resuscitation capacity will be increased to 14,000 beds or even 14,500 beds (compared to 5,000 at the start and 10,000 today).

A billion masks have been ordered, as well as 5 million new rapid screening tests. New measures have been taken towards nursing homes where frail elderly people reside.

Certainly the government has been mobilized since the first days of confinement.

"We have made every effort to do so in recent weeks," said the Prime Minister. The fact remains that this educational exercise on Saturday, March 28, 2020 quickly turned into an argument castigating the “lesson givers” who “know perfectly what to do”. The government faces many criticisms, partly from the opposition.

He will later have to answer for his management of the health crisis and his lack of preparation.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
 

CORONAVIRUS

CHOOSING BETWEEN LIFE AND DEATH

As new coronavirus infections multiply by hundreds every day, Italy is struggling to find enough hospital beds to treat the sick. Doctors are now faced with the dilemma of choosing between the life and death of their patients.

It is up to them to select those who receive life-saving treatment.

"If a person between the ages of 80 and 95 is in serious respiratory distress, it is unlikely that they will continue their treatment," doctor Christian Salaroli, head of the unit, told Corriere della Sera. intensive care unit in a hospital in Bergamo, in the north of Lombardy.

"These are terrible words, but which are unfortunately true. We are unable to attempt what you call miracles, ”said Salaroli.

The coronavirus is particularly deadly in Italy:

Italy has surpassed the 10,000 deaths caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, with 889 counted in 24 hours, announced on Saturday March 28 the Civil Protection. However, according to the United Nations, the country has the second oldest population in the world after Japan. These people are the ones who suffer the most from the disease once they are infected.

Earlier this month, the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Therapy (SIAARTI) released ethical guidelines for doctors who should get an intensive care bed "in exceptional conditions".

Rather than admitting patients on a "first come, first served" basis, SIAARTI advises doctors and nurses faced with "difficult choices" to focus on patients who are more likely to recover after intensive treatment .

Medical staff say they are "overwhelmed" by enormous emotional pressure. Dr. Salaroli told Corriere della Sera that the emotional burden of medical staff is "devastating", and that some members of their medical team are "overwhelmed" by the choices they have had to make.

“It can happen to a chief doctor as well as to a young doctor who has just arrived, and who finds himself forced to decide the fate of a human being. I repeat it out loud, ”he said.

"I saw nurses with thirty years of experience crying, people who had nervous attacks, who were trembling all of a sudden," continues Dr. Salaroli.

“It is not SIAARTI which offers to treat certain patients and limit treatment for others. On the contrary, it is emergency situations which [explain it] ”, the Italian Anesthesia Society justifies itself to justify life and death decisions.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

AND IF GOOD SENSE GUIDES OUR POLICIES

TO FIGHT COVID-19 ?

In a column in the "World", the doctor and biostatician Antoine Vanier answered professor Didier Raoult on the use of chloroquine as a remedy for Covid-19. He emphasizes the insufficiency of evidence of the efficacy of chloroquine against Covid-19 and the sufficiency of its argument. "Society does not have to follow you like a prophet, even if your intuition is correct"

And yet Professor Didier Raoult brought on Friday March 27 the encouraging results of a new study on the administration of hydroxychloroquine and an antibiotic to patients with Covid-19. A “relevant” association with regard to the study, according to the infectious disease specialist.

On Twitter, the infectious disease specialist relies on a new study posted online on the Marseille IHU website to "demonstrate the effectiveness of the protocol on 80 patients" with Covid-19 and "demonstrate the relevance of the association of the association of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin ”. According to this new larger-scale study, "in 80 hospitalized patients receiving a combination of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin we noted clinical improvement in all patients, one 86-year-old died and one patient 74 years old is still in the intensive care unit. "

Despite encouraging results, there are however dissonant voices concerning the use of hydroxychloroquine.

In detail, "a rapid drop in nasopharyngeal viral load was observed, with 83% negative on day 7 and 93% on day 8" in patients who received treatment. "This allowed patients to quickly get out of highly contagious neighborhoods with an average length of stay of five days, ”we can still read in this study.

"We believe that other teams should urgently assess the cost-effectiveness of this therapeutic strategy, both to prevent the spread of the disease and to treat patients as soon as possible before irreversible complications develop", concludes l author of the study.

Recently, the former mayor of Toulouse and former health minister Philippe Douste-Blazy also took a stand by calling in a video Emmanuel Douste-Blazy also took a stand by calling in a video Emmanuel Macron and Olivier Véran to allow "prescription chloroquine to patients before it's too late, ”as the world-renowned scientist from Marseille asks.

Far from wanting to be a “prophet”, the “world star” of microbiology, with a transgressive look, simply seems to make sense. "When you have a treatment that works against zero other treatment available, it is this treatment that should become the benchmark", he replies in Le Parisien, while denouncing, in a forum in the World "the scientific method" which "Took over on the bottom".

Far from chapel quarrels and conflicts of interest, it would not be time to think about saving lives. It is up to politicians to decide without giving in to collective emotion.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

CONTINUOUS TSUNAMI IN LONDON HOSPITALS

Public hospitals in London are facing a "continuous tsunami" of serious patients with the new coronavirus while having to compensate for an "unprecedented" proportion of suffering staff, assured Thursday an official of the British public health system.

After having "massively" increased the capacity of intensive care in recent weeks, hospitals in the British capital are facing "an explosion" in the number of "seriously ill patients", "a kind of continuous tsunami", said Chris Hopson on BBC Radio 4.

This tension is accentuated by the fact that the proportion of nursing staff absent due to illness is "30%, 40% and in some places even 50%", continued Chris Hopson, who speaks of an absence rate " unprecedented ".

According to the latest report published Wednesday, 463 people died of the new coronavirus in the United Kingdom and 9 529 were officially infected.

General containment of the population

Faced with the aggravation of the past few days, the government has decreed a general containment of the population and announced the opening next week of a temporary field hospital of 4,000 beds in a conference center in London.

The royal family is also concerned, Prince Charles having tested positive.

The policy of mass contamination did not seem to have achieved the results expected by Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

Field hospitals

Faced with the aggravation seen in recent days, the government has decreed a general containment of the population and announced the opening next week of a 4,000-bed field hospital in a conference center in London.

According to the British media, a dozen of these additional temporary structures could be set up all over the United Kingdom.

The objective is to avoid an Italian scenario, with overwhelmed hospitals, which would result in an increase in mortality.

"We hope that, perhaps in three weeks, the measurements will start to flatten the curve (of the number of cases of contamination)," commented on the BBC Neil Ferguson, a scientist who advises the government on the virus.

Economic measures

On the economic front, after having already announced unprecedented support measures for businesses and affected employees, Finance Minister Rishi Sunak is due to release measures to help the self-employed on Thursday afternoon, hit hard by the paralysis economy.

Ordering equipment from manufacturers

The executive asked the industrialists to reconvert their production, in a collective effort unprecedented since the Second World War.

To cope with the lack of respirators, the British authorities have ordered 10,000 from Dyson, announced Thursday this group known for its bagless vacuum cleaners. "This new device can be manufactured quickly, efficiently and in large quantities," according to a press release from the group.

To help fight the spread of the epidemic, some 560,000 people have registered as volunteers with the national health service.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

FOUR EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENTS

AGAINST CORONAVIRUS IN EUROPE

A European clinical trial was launched on Sunday in at least seven European countries to test four experimental treatments for the coronavirus.

It will include a total of 3200 patients, announced Sunday the French Ministry of Health.

"Under strict surveillance"

The four treatments tested on a large scale will be the following molecules: remdesivir, lopinavir in combination with ritonavir, the latter treatment being associated or not with beta interferon, and hydroxychloroquine, according to a press release from Inserm, l organization that oversees medical research in France.

"It is planned to include 3200 European patients including Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, the United Kingdom, Germany and Spain, and may be other countries including at least 800 in France, hospitalized for a Covid-19 infection in a medical department or directly in intensive care, "specifies the French Institute for Medical Research.

"A trial involves patients who are treated in a hospital environment under strict surveillance, and who have access to these molecules to test their effectiveness on the virus and on their clinical course," said Professor Salomon, director General of Health (DGS) in France during a press point. "It is very important to do it quickly and under these conditions."

"Baptized Discovery, it notably includes hydroxychloroquine," he confirmed.

Reserves on chloroquine

Since the appearance of the new coronavirus in China, Professor Didier Raoult, director of the IHU Méditerranée Infection in Marseille, has defended the use of chloroquine against the disease. He has raised reservations with many other specialists, who believe in particular that the trials he has conducted with 24 patients do not meet all the necessary criteria.

"This trial has led to interesting results which are also published today in the International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents", according to Professor Salomon.

This test will be “adaptive” and “very quickly ineffective experimental treatments can be abandoned and replaced by other molecules which will emerge from research”, underlines in the press release from Inserm Florence Ader, infectiologist at the hospital of the Cross -Rousse at the CHU de Lyon, which will pilot the project.

Another international clinical trial will be launched "under the aegis of the World Health Organization (WHO), called 'Solidarity'", says Inserm.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

THE NIGHTMARE SCENARIO FOR

GREAT BRITAIN FACING CORONAVIRUS

The United Kingdom recorded Tuesday evening 71 dead and 1,950 cases of contamination. But authorities have acknowledged that the actual number of cases is likely to be much higher. Boris Johson, had invited his compatriots to "take the blow", arguing that there were anyway, probably already "tens of thousands of cases in the country".
Until then, the strategy against covid-19 consisted essentially of isolating people with symptoms or returning from risk areas to ease the pressure on health services and promote the emergence of "collective immunity". A controversial strategy.

Bojo finally realized the gravity of the situation.

According to the British press, it was a report from Imperial College London, based on data from Italy, which convinced British leaders to change their approach.

According to this report released on Monday evening, the epidemic could kill up to 510,000 people in the United Kingdom and affect 81% of the population there, in the purely hypothetical case where no action had been taken.

A “submerged” health system

With the type of response that constituted the government's course of action until Monday, the researchers estimate that this country risked up to 260,000 deaths, due to a "submersion" of its health system.

Undermined by ten years of austerity, the British public health service, the NHS, has very few intensive care beds: two per 1000 inhabitants, compared to seven per 1000 in Germany.

With stronger measures reducing contact, the number of deaths could decrease to “a few thousand or tens of thousands”.

Stricter measures

Faced with this health risk, Prime Minister Boris Johnson has finally taken more stringent measures. He asked the population to avoid all "non-essential" contact and displacement. He also recommended the elderly and pregnant women to isolate themselves for three months. In the aftermath Tuesday morning, the United Kingdom advised against its nationals any travel abroad "not essential", initially to 30 days, highlighting the “unprecedented” restrictions on traffic imposed in the world.

These measures nevertheless remain less radical than those taken in neighboring countries, neither providing for the closure of schools, restaurants or performance halls, nor a formal ban on gatherings. However, they constitute a clear reinforcement compared to the controversial strategy adopted.

However, a petition calling on the government to close schools as soon as possible has collected nearly 645,000 signatures on the internet, well above the 100,000 threshold needed to call a debate in parliament. And on Twitter, the hashtag #CloseTheSchoolsNow ("Close schools now") is popular to avoid the worst.

"Every family will lose loved ones," warned Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Spread the word...




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

WHEN IS TOTAL CONTAINMENT ?

The France is rocking this week into a new phase in the fight against the Covid-19 epidemic. Emmanuel Macron is called to decide this Monday, March 16, 2020 the heavy question of a possible compulsory confinement of the entire population, as in Italy and Spain.

"The progression of the epidemic is worrying," said Jérôme Salomon on Monday, who asked all French people to mobilize.

The assessment of the coronavirus epidemic in France rose to 127 dead, according to a new assessment given by Public Health France, Sunday March 15 in the evening.

5,423 cases have been detected and 300 people are already hospitalized in intensive care. “The situation of the epidemic in France is very worrying.

It deteriorates very quickly. It is a very rapid epidemic. We see that the number of cases now doubles every three days, "said Monday March 16 on France Inter Jérôme Salomon, the Director General of Health (DGS).

"It shows an extremely worrying situation,"

he added.

Alarming scientific estimates

A group of scientists has released alarming estimates of what the worst-case epidemic could do, reports Le Monde. Thus, these ten epidemiologists appointed by Emmanuel Macron "to enlighten the public decision" relayed the figure of 300 to 500,000 deaths, based on the highest probable transmissibility and mortality assumptions and in the absence of any measure prevention or containment.

Given the measures already taken "the models suggest that this may be enough to stem the first wave of the epidemic, but it very much depends on the behavior of people and how they will apply these instructions", explained Simon Cauchemez , the epidemiologist of the Institut Pasteur, who presented the models.

When is the containment ?

If the government has already urged the French on Sunday to comply with the instructions to curb the spread of the coronavirus after an unprecedented increase in deaths and contaminations in the country, the French seem not to have perceived the seriousness of the situation, braving some the rules imposed. Contrary to a widely held idea until then, "serious forms are reported in adults without previous pathologies" and not only "in elderly or frail people", warns the Directorate General of Health.

The executive has finally decided to close all "non-essential" public places since midnight Saturday. On Monday, other more stringent measures could be announced by the President of the Republic during the television address tonight. . And this for a long time, as already decided by Italy or Spain.

Because the health issue is heavy, hospitals fearing that they will not be able to cope with an influx of infected patients.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

WHAT IS ERDOGAN PLAYING THREATENING EUROPE WHILE ASKING FOR NATO ASSISTANCE

AND RISK OF CONFRONTATION WITH RUSSIA ?

After the death of 33 of his soldiers in Idlib, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan finds himself back to the wall and turns to the West, between threats and calls for help.

An air strike in fact killed at least thirty-three Turkish soldiers in Idlib, in northwestern Syria, on Thursday, February 27, the largest loss suffered by Turkey in a single day since its first military intervention in Syria in 2016. The Turkish Defense Ministry said that reprisal strikes by Ankara had "neutralized" 309 regime soldiers.

This is a serious escalation in the fighting between the Turkish-backed Syrian rebellion and the loyalist forces of Bashar Al-Assad supported by the Russian air force.

The air strike, a "precision" shot according to Turkish military experts, hit a two-storey building in Balyoun, a town in the Idlib province, where Turkish soldiers had taken refuge after a bombardment, on Thursday. on their convoy, dispatched as reinforcements to the area to help rebel groups.

After such a severe setback, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan finds himself back to the wall and turns to his Western allies, between threats and calls for help.

Turkish threats to Europeans

Turkey has thus announced that it has activated its ultimate means of pressure on Europeans: to trigger a massive influx of Syrian refugees to Europe. These threats made on Thursday evening, following an extraordinary security council chaired by the Head of State, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, on the night of Thursday to Friday. "We will no longer detain those who want to go to Europe," said a Turkish official on condition of anonymity on Friday morning. A Turkish official said on Thursday evening that police, coast guards and border guards had been ordered not to prevent refugees from reaching Europe by land or sea. "All the refugees, including the Syrians, are now invited to enter the European Union," said the official, saying that the burden was "too heavy to bear for one country."

According to several Turkish media reports, groups of migrants in Turkey were heading to the borders with neighboring European countries on Friday. State television TRT and the private channel NTV showed groups of dozens of people portrayed as migrants walking along a road to the border with Greece, loaded with bags. About 300 Syrian, Iraqi and Iranian migrants have arrived in the province of Edirne, bordering Greece

Shortly after this announcement, Greece announced that it had stepped up its patrols on the border with Turkey. According to a Greek police source, the number of patrols has been doubled and a call for general mobilization has been made internally. "Everything is under control, there is no reason to worry," said the source.

In the past, Turkey has repeatedly threatened to "open the doors" of Europe to migrants, observers see it as a way to put pressure on the countries of the European Union still traumatized by the migration crisis of the summer 2015. Several hundreds of thousands of people, mostly fleeing conflicts in the Middle East, then traveled to Europe in transit through Turkey.

But at the same time Turkey calls for NATO help

Turkey invokes, as it has previously done, Article 4 of the founding treaty of NATO, which provides that a member country may request consultations of the whole Council as soon as it considers that its integrity territorial, its political independence or its security are threatened. Ankara was already in contact on Thursday with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. The latter condemned, during a telephone conversation with the head of Turkish diplomacy Mevlut Cavusoglu, the "indiscriminate air strikes by the Syrian regime and its Russian ally". At the same time, he "urged all parties to de-escalate this dangerous situation".

It is not the first time that Turkey has invoked Article 4 to initiate a meeting of the North Atlantic Council following Syrian "threats". It did so in particular in 2012 and during these consultations, NATO had approved at the time the deployment of Patriot surface-to-air missiles at the Syrian-Turkish border.

The North Atlantic Council will therefore meet Friday at the request of Turkey, communicates NATO, following strikes (Syrian, according to Ankara) which killed thirty Turkish soldiers Thursday in the province of Idleb , in northern Syria. The 28 other member countries of NATO will therefore be consulted on the Syrian situation, while Ankara replied at night by bombing positions of the regime of Bashar al-Assad, according to the Turkish head of state.

But who are these rebels that Turkey supports ?

Islamist groups ?

According to researcher Myriam Benraad, a recognized specialist in the Middle East, and questioned by Sputnik, this is what remains of the rebellion in Idlib:

“Let me be clear, the forces supported by Turkey in Idlib from the start are Islamist groups. Already, during the Turkish intervention in Rojava a few months ago, it was Islamist groups that were fighting. Turkey denies it, but it supported jihadists and also conducted negotiations with Daesh. Today, the masks have fallen. The fact that jihadist networks were transiting from Turkey to Syria is no secret to anyone. ”

"In fact in Idlib, the Muslim Brotherhood and the jihadists - belonging to around fifteen rebel groups - are fighting against Bashar al-Assad. These groups constitute two major coalitions. On the one hand, there is the FLN, National Liberation Front : a coalition of rebel groups which officially denies any link with terrorist organizations, but which are affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood and Turkey, like their leader, Fadlallah el-Haji. Hayat Tahrir al-Cham (HTS), better known as the Al-Nusra Front, of which Turkey is said to have played a role in the formation. A group affiliated with Al-Qaeda, generally recognized in the West and elsewhere as a terrorist group. "


What is Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan playing for ?

For Alexandre Del Valle, specialist in relations between Europe and Turkey and in the Arab-Muslim world, and questioned by Sputnik: "This is part of a broader strategy, it is not just Idlib that is concerned . Erdogan tried to negotiate with Moscow and the United States a sort of unspoken protectorate throughout northern Syria bordering on Turkey, a protective band. The aim of this strategy is to rehouse Arab Syrian refugees, who are still three million, in this area. Refugees that the Turkish population does not want to see any more because they are rather hostile to the Arab populations. This would allow him to kill two birds with one stone: he would have sent all the Syrian refugees home, and, at the same time, he would have prevented the Kurds from returning to northern Syria. "

Turkey is playing a troubled game against Europeans who could, however, take retaliatory measures against this country. And who could perhaps also ally themselves with Russia in this conflict...




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

THE DOUBLE ATTACK IN HANAU OR THE RESURGENCE OF EXTREME-RIGHT TERRORISM IN GERMANY

A man opened fire on Wednesday evening against two shisha bars in Hanau, killing nine people.

Two hookah bars targeted

The first shooting targeted a hookah bar, the Midnight, around 10 p.m. Police say at least one person was seriously injured at the first site. Witnesses, quoted by local media, reported hearing a dozen shots. Three people were killed outside this first hookah bar.

According to the police, the author (s) then left the place by car in the direction of the Kurt-Schumacher Platz, in the district of Kesselstadt.

A second shooting then took place in another bar, the Arena Bar.

The shooter rang the doorbell and shot people present in the smoking area, killing five people including a woman, according to information from Bild, adding that the victims were of Kurdish origin. Probably "xenophobic" motivation according to the prosecution federal. The suspect, Tobias R., was found dead Thursday morning at his home alongside another lifeless body. A manifesto and a video in which he talks about "peoples to be eliminated" were also discovered.

The "poison" of racism

Angela Merkel castigated Thursday, February 20, the "poison" of racism in Germany after the attacks that left nine dead in Hanau, near Frankfurt, linking this act to other far-right attacks committed in the country.

“Racism is a poison, hatred is a poison. And this poison exists in our society, from the acts of the NSU to the murder of Walter Lübcke and the assassinations of Halle, "said the Chancellor, referring respectively to the series of murders and attacks by a neo-Nazi group in the 2000s, the murder last June of an elected pro-migrant, then the attack on a synagogue which left two dead in October.

"We oppose with force and determination all those who are trying to divide Germany", she added, insisting on "the rights and dignity of each person in our country", without distinction "of origin or of religion ”. Acknowledging that it was "too early" to shed light on this crime, "there are numerous indications that the author acted on far-right, racist ideas, hatred against people of different origins, beliefs or appearances ”.

"The AfD is the political arm of far-right terrorism"

Political reactions multiplied in the morning of Thursday condemning this atrocious crime.

The mayor of Hanau announced the holding of a vigil in tribute to the victims, Thursday late afternoon, as well as the availability of a register of condolences in front of the town hall. A rally is also planned in Berlin at the end of the day at the Brandenburg Gate.

European Commission President and former German Minister Ursula von der Leyen said she was "deeply shocked" by the shootings. Some officials clearly make the link between this violence and the climate maintained by the far-right AfD party. Like Social Democrat Michael Roth, Secretary of State for European Affairs:

“The milieu at the origin of acts like those of Hanau is ideologically nourished by fascists like Björn Höcke [head of the AfD in Thuringia]. Hatred of democracy, racism, anti-Semitism, hatred against Gypsies and Islamophobia thrive on fertile land. For this, I maintain my position: the AfD is the political arm of far-right terrorism. "

The shooting which took place in Hanau in Germany, Wednesday evening, could have been committed by a militant of extreme right German. This is one of the most likely leads according to the first elements of the survey.

If this hypothesis were confirmed, it would rekindle the fear of seeing extreme right-wing terrorism active in Germany.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

AGNES BUZYN FOR THE MUNICIPALS OF PARIS

"I GO TO WIN"

The former Minister of Health said that she was very busy with the pension reform and the health crisis that required her full ministerial commitment. Obviously, Emmanuel Macron was able to convince his minister that the crisis that the Republic is going through is much more serious than those of the coronavirus and the hospital combined.
The Elysée and the En Marche device ! have agreed on the name of Agnes Buzyn.

But once again Macronie reasons more power than general interest ...

The LREM party above all! The ministry is to activist Buzyn what family is to “grivois” Griveaux.

Benjamin Griveaux in person had he not welcomed last Thursday the "sense of the general interest" of the Minister of Health Agnès Buzyn, who would not be a candidate for municipal elections in Paris.

"She is a committed minister, she is facing a major crisis which is that of the coronavirus," explained the man who had been trying for weeks to enroll him on his list in the 15th arrondissement. The role of the Minister of Social Affairs and Health at these times is to be at the forefront. "

Did the Minister of Solidarity and Health not herself repeat until recent days that her responsibilities did not leave her the opportunity to engage in this battle ?

In the midst of a public hospital crisis, when the debate on pension reform began on Monday and the coronavirus epidemic is still far from over, these reservations had been well understood.

But here Paris is well worth one more betrayal ...

Because four weeks before the poll, twelve days before the deadline for filing the lists and due to a dark vaudeville 2.0, the presidential party no longer had a candidate in the capital .

Faced with the crisis, Emmanuel Macron wanted an "indisputable personality" capable of bringing everyone together. It was first necessary to please the partners MoDem, UDI and Agir and above all to be an antidote to divisions so reach out to Cédric Villani. Then it was imperative a woman who could face the two strong personalities that are Dati and Hidalgo.

The image of Agnes Buzyn is however not very good on the right. In the latest Ipsos-Le Point barometer, 20% of François Fillon's voters expressed a favorable opinion on the action of the Minister of Health and 54% an unfavorable opinion The reputation of the candidate LREM therefore remains low even if François Bayrou told him has often said often "that doctors are made for politics, because they know how to listen and give comfort", confided the person in October 2019, recognizing herself well in this profile.

And to the 57-year-old hematologist to assert valiantly "having always adored politics".

Take it to the capital for the one who warned Sunday evening February 16, smiling, "I'm going to win", is not won in advance.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

LIGHTNING IN GERMANY

ANGELA MERKEL'S DAUPHINE THROWS IN THE SPONGE


The political earthquake continues in Germany. Angela Merkel's designated runner-up, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, announced Monday February 10, 2020 to renounce his successor and want to give up the presidency of the conservative party, learning from the political crisis opened by an alliance with the extreme right in Thuringia .

In the midst of a national political crisis surrounding a regional alliance with the far right, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer said in the morning at a meeting of the leadership of the Christian Democratic Party CDU that it "does not have aim to be a candidate for the German Chancellery ”.

At a meeting this morning, she notably justified her decision by the events in Thuringia and the temptation of a fringe of the party to ally with the far-right movement Alternative for Germany (AfD).

She explained that "part of the CDU has an unclear relationship with the AfD" but also with the radical left party Die Linke, even though it itself clearly rejects any alliance with either of them. these formations.

AKK, elected in December 2018, has never succeeded in winning the presidency of the CDU. It was particularly criticized after the surprise alliance formed last week between CDU elected officials from Thuringia and the far right to elect a new leader for this regional state.

She was criticized for not holding her party, torn between opponents and supporters of cooperation with the AfD, especially in the states of the former GDR, where the far right is very powerful and complicates training regional majorities.

Insofar as the candidacy for the chancellery must go hand in hand with the presidency of the party in his eyes, AKK has consequently decided to renounce in the coming months this presidency. However, she must keep her post as Minister of Defense.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT IRON ARM BETWEEN THE TWENTY-SEVEN

AND THE UNITED KINGDOM

On Friday evening from the EU, the United Kingdom must now redefine the modalities of its relationship with the 27 and agree with the European bloc on the new architecture of their relationship, in particular commercial. The head of the British government , Boris Johnson, presented his vision, explaining that his country would "leave its pupa" European and take off to the rest of the world.

Breaking out of European rules

The British Prime Minister certainly said on Monday February 3 in his 30-minute speech that his country would not make any “unfair competition” to the EU after Brexit

"We will not do any unfair competition, whether commercial, economic or environmental," said the conservative leader, pledging not to lower European standards.

But at the same time, Boris Johnson has signaled to the Europeans his unyielding intention to break free from EU rules after Brexit rejecting any alignment with European rules as the price of a free trade agreement with Brussels: " Are we going to insist that the EU does everything like us as a free trade price ? Of course not. "

“I see no need to force us into an agreement with the EU. We will restore our full sovereignty over our borders, immigration, sovereignty over our borders, immigration, competition, the rules governing subsidies, supplies, data protection. "

He also said that cooperation with Europeans in defense and foreign policy would "not necessarily require a treaty".

Boris Johnson also presented this Monday, February 3, 2020 his vision of the place of the United Kingdom in the world. The United Kingdom is looking for new partners, on the side of its historic American ally but also in Asia-Pacific. British Foreign Minister Dominic Raab announced on Sunday that he will travel to Japan and Australia next week to negotiate trade deals and explore "international" opportunities. For his part, US President Donald Trump has been dangling for several months a “magnificent” bilateral trade agreement to his historic ally. Its chief diplomat Mike Pompeo, visiting the United Kingdom on Thursday, insisted with London on the "enormous benefits" of their post-Brexit rapprochement.

The Brussels proposals

For its part, the EU warned London on Monday against any temptation to compete unfairly, and said it was ready to negotiate "a very ambitious trade agreement". This agreement will aim in particular to eliminate all customs duties and all quotas on goods traded with the continent, a proposal never seen on the part of the EU with its partners, said the EU chief negotiator for the Brexit, Michel Barnier. He also warned that the EU would not accept the emergence of a deregulated economy on its doorstep that would enjoy "unfair competitive advantages".

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, however, warned that the level of UK access to the European single market would depend on its level of alignment with EU rules.

"The closer the UK wants to be to [the rules], the easier it will be to access the single market, but nothing is free (…), I think it is a question of fairness to respect the rules" , she stressed, recalling that the political declaration, which accompanies the withdrawal treaty, was signed by Boris Johnson. If the British want an advantageous customs agreement opening up the European market to its products, they will therefore not be able to completely free themselves from Community standards and thus create a deregulated and unfair competitor at the gates of the Union.

Boris Johnson's ambitions differ greatly from those of the European Commission.

Nine roundtables will be held by October "to do the maximum" by the end of the transition period, scheduled for time in late December 2020

Words from both sides that suggest an intense showdown over their future trade relationship ... The United Kingdom intends to dearly defend its interests in its future trade negotiations.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

TERRORIST ATTACK IN LONDON REVENDIQUE

The city ​​of London once again hit by a terrorist act. Several people were stabbed in the Streatham district of London's south bank of the Thames on Sunday February 2, 2020, police said on Twitter.

The authorities have referred to an act "linked to terrorism".

The suspect was killed. "The incident was quickly declared as a terrorist act and we believe it is linked to Islamism," the authorities added in a statement.

Two people were stabbed and "three people were injured," police said, adding that a man was in a life-threatening emergency. The other two victims, women, are out of danger.

Police said they shot the man who stabbed several people. "We can confirm that the man who was shot by the police has been declared dead," said the police.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson thanked the emergency services, adding that his thoughts were with "the injured and all those affected."

The Islamic State group (IS) claimed responsibility for a knife attack carried out the day before in London on Monday, which left wounded, according to Amaq, the propaganda organ of the jihadists. The assailant in the Streatham district of south London yesterday (Sunday) is among ISIS fighters, "Amaq said in a statement. "He led the attack in response to calls to target nationals of countries of the international anti-jihadist coalition," said the statement shared on the Telegram channels of the jihadist group.

The British capital has been bereaved several times by terrorist knife attacks in recent years. The last before that of Streatham took place at the end of November on the London Bridge and had made two victims. The perpetrator of the attack claimed by Daesh was a former prisoner for terrorist acts released half-time.

Since then, the government of Boris Johnson has announced measures to increase penalties for perpetrators and prohibit their early release.

In the draft, which is to be studied in Parliament, it is expected that those convicted of acts considered terrorist will be imprisoned for at least 14 years.



Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

WITH THE BREXIT HERE IS THE IDENTITY CARD

OF THE EUROPE OF 27

With the formalization on Friday of the departure from the United Kingdom, the European Union will lose one of its most powerful and emblematic members. A historic turning point that transforms the face of the EU on many levels. Identity card of this "Europe of 27"

Friday, the United Kingdom will no longer be part of the European Union. After almost 70 years of constant enlargement, the area of ​​political and economic cooperation has lost one of its most powerful members. An unprecedented and historic moment.

Going from 28 to 27 member states, the European Union has changed considerably, be it demographic, strategic or economic.

Here is the new identity card for the "Europe of 27".

13% fewer inhabitants

With 513 million inhabitants in 2019, the European Union ranks third among the most populated areas in the world, far behind the Chinese (1.4 billion) and Indian (1.3 billion) giants

By losing the 66 million citizens of the United Kingdom, the European population will fall by 13%, to 447 million inhabitants. Sufficient, however, for the EU to retain its place on the podium, ahead of the Americans (328 million inhabitants).

Still the world's leading maritime power

With 4.476 million km², Europe has always been a small thumb in terms of area. A size that places it in seventh position in the world. Losing the United Kingdom and its 243,000 km² or 5.5% of the total, the EU will maintain this seventh place with an area of ​​4.233 million km², just between Australia and India.

The loss will be greater for the maritime territory. With 25.6 million km², the European Union is by far the largest maritime power in the world, ahead of the United States (12.2 million). Without the 6.8 million km² of the United Kingdom, it will find itself amputated by a quarter of its maritime space but will retain first place with 18.8 million km². Largely thanks to France and its 10 million km².

Second economic power in the world, for now…

With a GDP of 18.750 billion dollars in 2018, the European Union is, according to figures from the International Monetary Fund, the second economic power in the world, trailing the United States (20.500 billion). By losing the United Kingdom and its 2.828 billion dollars of GDP, or its second economy, the European Union is cut by 15% of its economic power.

With a GDP of around 16 trillion dollars, the EU-27 retains its status as the world's second economic power but finds itself under the threat of China which recorded 13.4 trillion dollars of GDP in 2018 and which enjoys much more dynamic growth than that of the Old Continent. Lost industrial jewels

The cradle of the industrial revolution, the United Kingdom now has some of the most powerful companies in the world. Thus the European Union will lose with BP and Shell (however co-managed with the Netherlands), two of the largest oil groups in the world. In the insurance sector, it is an emblematic player, Prudential, founded in 1848, which is leaving the EU, as is the world number three in distribution, Tesco.

In the aeronautics sector, it is Rolls-Royce, one of the largest engine manufacturers in the world, which leaves the European Union, as well as the telecommunications giant Vodafone, the world's third largest mobile operator in number of subscribers. Finally, Unilever, the world's fourth largest player in food and body care products, is also one of these companies, even if, like Shell, it is a Dutch-British company.

Note however that the loss of these flagships of the industry is above all symbolic because the Brexit agreement will allow these companies to trade with the European Union under favorable conditions.

Finance: bye bye la City

If it lost its title of first financial place in the world in 2018, passing behind New York, the City of London remains an emblematic place of the sector. Financial services in the UK employ 1.1 million people, almost half of them in London alone. In all, the finance sector brought 132 billion pounds to the British economy in 2018, which represents 6.9% of its GDP, according to data from the British parliament.

With Brexit approved, the first financial center of the European Union is now Frankfurt, which ranks 15th globally, followed by Paris (17th), according to the 2019 ranking of the British thinktank Z / Yen. However, it is difficult to assess the impact of the “loss” of the City for the European Union , as many establishments have announced transfers of assets and personnel from the United Kingdom to the continent. But in what proportions? On this, the blur remains total

First world tourist destination

According to figures from the World Tourism Organization, the European Union alone captures 50% of the sector with 713 million international visitors. The EU can boast of having the two most visited countries in the world, namely France (86.9 million tourists in 2017) and Spain (81.8 million).

With 37.7 million visitors, the United Kingdom ranks seventh in the world, but accounts for only 5.3% of European tourism.

A figure all the more low as the uncertainty linked to Brexit makes flee the tourists from the treacherous Albion. Attendance thus fell by 7.7% in the second quarter of 2018.




AbbyShelcore  for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT GOOD-BYE TO BRITISH MEMBERS

The European Parliament ratified the withdrawal treaty on the terms of the divorce between the United Kingdom and the European Union on Wednesday 29 January in Brussels. Without this ratification, there would have been a hard Brexit on Friday January 31 at 11 p.m. London time.

This historic vote took place this Wednesday at 6 p.m. after a two-hour debate with 621 votes in favor, 49 against and 13 abstentions. Brexit will take place.

It was the last major step in ratifying the agreement, three and a half years after the Brexit referendum in the UK.

" It's only a good bye "

On February 1, the United Kingdom leaves the European institutions. More MEPs, more ministers in the Council of the European Union, more European Commissioner. English will certainly remain one of the official languages ​​of the EU, but the 73 British MEPs are no longer allowed to sit from 1 February 2020.

Immediately after the vote, which sealed the departure of British MEPs, a number of elected officials joined hands in the hemicycle and sang the Scottish song "Auld Lang Syne" (This is only a goodbye), some brandishing scarves in the colors of the British and European flags.

"We will always love you and we will never be far", promised European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen to departing MEPs during a pre-election debate. "We will miss you," she said. The result was expected, far from the uncertainties that took place during the votes in the last three years in the British parliament in Westminster.

Michel Barnier, EU Brexit negotiator, said he was "very touched, to tell the truth, at the end of this debate which was very moving and serious. The United Kingdom has chosen to leave the Union democratically. We will continue to regret this vote, but we have respected it. If the treaty which is subject to this vote has a quality, it is to organize the departure from the United Kingdom in an orderly manner, "he recalled at the meeting. “Brexit has countless human and social, technical and legal, financial and economic consequences, and it is not over. We with this treaty provide legal guarantees for citizens and their rights. "

First departure from an EU member state

This vote closes a process where the European Union loses for the first time a Member State, which is moreover one of the largest and richest countries in the bloc. With the departure of 66 million inhabitants, the EU will see its population increase to around 446 million. Its territory will decrease by 5.5%.

The transition period which opens will see few concrete changes and launches the negotiations around the future statute of the United Kingdom with the European Union.

A crucial and delicate period since without an agreement reached on December 31, 2020, the country will become a third State and the trade rules instituted by the WTO will have to apply.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT CHANGES AS OF FEBRUARY 1, 2020

The Brexit will take place at midnight on Friday, 1,317 days after the British decision to leave the European Union. What will change on February 1, 2020?

With the ratification of the withdrawal agreement, the United Kingdom will leave the Union in an orderly fashion on midnight on January 31, 2020. It will no longer be a member state of the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community from 1 February 2020.

A so-called “transition” period then opens, according to the conditions set out in the withdrawal agreement.

During this transitional period - which is scheduled until 31 December 2020 but which can be extended by one or two years - it is European Union law which applies to the United Kingdom.

This transition period provided for in the withdrawal agreement will give everyone time to prepare for the implementation of the withdrawal agreement and to anticipate the future relationship between the EU and the United Kingdom, which has yet to be negotiated. .

During this 11-month transitional period, London and Brussels will negotiate their future relationship, which in particular will help citizens, businesses and administrations to adapt to the withdrawal from the United Kingdom.

Some practical changes will however take place between now and then.


1 ° 66 million fewer inhabitants -

Friday at midnight (23:00 GMT), the European Union will for the first time lose a member state, which is one of the largest and richest countries in the bloc.

With the departure of 66 million inhabitants, the EU will see its population increase to around 446 million. Its territory will decrease by 5.5%.

If the UK ever decides to return, it will have to go through the usual membership procedure.

2 ° The institutions -

In Brussels, the withdrawal of the Union Jack from the European Parliament will symbolize a very real change: the United Kingdom leaves the EU and becomes a "third country".

None of the 73 British MEPs elected in May will sit. 46 seats will be reserved for future member states and 27 will be redistributed.

London will no longer have the right to present a candidate for a post of European Commissioner. There was no longer any British representative in the European executive, Boris Johnson having refused to propose one in the new Commission.

The British Prime Minister will no longer be invited to European summits, nor will members of the government attend ministerial meetings.

As citizens of a foreign country, the British will no longer be able to aspire to civil servant posts in Brussels. Many of them, however, acquired dual nationality in order to be able to stay.

On the other hand, the United Kingdom, the second largest contributor to the EU budget after Germany, will continue to pay until the end of the transition.


3 ° Transition period for expatriates

According to the United Nations, around 1.2 million British citizens live in an EU country, mainly in Spain, Ireland, France, Germany and Italy.

According to the British statistics office, 2.9 million nationals from the 27 EU countries live in the United Kingdom, or around 4.6% of the population. Under the withdrawal agreement, expatriates living in on either side of the Channel before the end of the transition period will retain their rights to reside and work in their host country.

European citizens residing in the United Kingdom must register to benefit from these rights. For Britons living in the EU, the procedures differ from country to country.

Freedom of movement will apply until the end of December 2020. Details of the reciprocal rights will be negotiated after Brexit.

This will however change for British nationals in France from the date of withdrawal: British nationals residing in France will no longer be able to participate in the election of the representatives of France in the European Parliament nor, either, in the municipal elections. They will no longer be able to vote or stand for election. The nationality condition (being a national of a Member State of the European Union) provided for by article 2-1 of the law of July 7, 1977 relating to the election of representatives to the European Parliament and article LO 227- 1 for the municipal elections will no longer be filled and British nationals will therefore lose their right to vote for these elections. British nationals who also have French nationality are therefore not affected by the above. The current mandates can go until their term.

4 ° Negotiations -

The UK has already spent several years negotiating the terms of its departure with the European Commission task force headed by Michel Barnier.

But negotiations will enter a new phase after Friday.

The UK will however remain subject to EU law and the EU Court of Justice until the end of the transition.

Michel Barnier is in discussions with the member states to define a negotiating mandate for the future relationship, in particular at the commercial level.

Unlike the agreement between the United Kingdom and the Commission, ratified by the member states and the European Parliament, the trade agreement may need to be endorsed by more than 30 national and regional parliaments.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

NEW PUTIN GOVERNMENT WITH HEAVY WEIGHTS

The Russian President Vladimir Putin appointed his new government on Tuesday evening, heavyweights Sergei Lavrov and Sergei Shoigu keeping their foreign and defense portfolios.

"I sincerely wish you success (...) the whole country has an interest in it," said Vladimir Putin during a meeting with all the members of the cabinet, alongside Prime Minister Mikhaïl Michoustine, according to remarks which were broadcast to the television.

Besides MM. Lavrov and Choïgou, the Minister of the Interior Vladimir Kolokoltsev and that of the Energy, Alexandre Novak, keep their strategic positions.

Vladimir Putin surprised January 15, 2020 at his annual address to Parliament by announcing a series of upcoming constitutional revisions. His announcement was followed by the resignation of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and his government.

He had in the process appointed the boss of the taxman, Mikhaïl Michoustine, as the new head of government, then published without waiting for details of all the constitutional amendments which must be examined at first reading on Thursday.

Echoing the president, Michoustine promised the Russians "real changes" before parliament last week, including an increase in living standards, when the popularity of his predecessor had plummeted in the face of the economic difficulties encountered by the Russians .

Michoustine promises “changes”

The main mission of the government of Mr. Michoustine, an efficient technocrat who transformed a heavy and corrupt fiscal bureaucracy into a modern and efficient administration, will be to implement the major projects defined in 2018 by Vladimir Poutine.

"National projects" to modernize Russia

Intended to modernize a Russia with an anemic economy, these "national projects" representing investments of 25.700 billion rubles - 375 billion euros at the current rate - must by 2024, date of end of the current mandate of Putin, reaching almost all sectors: digitization, ecology, education, roads, culture, demography, health.

The change of government and the constitutional revisions carried out at the run of race revived the conjectures on the political future of Vladimir Poutine, 67 years old.

The amendments to the basic law provide inter alia for an increased weight of the Parliament in the appointment of the Prime Minister, and strengthen the role of the Council of State, a body which today is consultative.

Vladimir Putin seems to organize after 2024, leaving the maximum number of doors open to preserve his influence in the country he has been piloting for 20 years.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

REFORMS OF THE RUSSIAN CONSTITUTION OR THE FUTURE OF VLADIMIR PUTIN

The Prime Minister of Russia Dimitri Medvedev presented President Vladimir Putin with the resignation of his government on Wednesday 15 January. A surprise announcement after a speech by the head of state announcing constitutional reforms.

“We, as the government of the Russian Federation, must empower the president of our country to take whatever action is necessary. This is why (...) the government as a whole is resigning, "said Dmitri Medvedev, according to Russian agencies.

Dmitry Medvedev, a close friend of Vladimir Putin, said he was resigning following the president's decision to make "fundamental changes to the Russian constitution", reforms which he says are changing "the balance of power" executive, legislative and judicial.

Reforms of the Russian Constitution

Vladimir Putin had proposed to organize a referendum on reforms of the Russian Constitution to strengthen the powers of Parliament, while preserving the presidential character of the political system which he has piloted for 20 years.

The main measure announced aims to strengthen the role of Parliament in the formation of government, giving it the prerogative to elect the Prime Minister whom the president will then be "obliged to appoint". Currently, the Duma confirms the choice of the Head of State.

According to him, it is a "significant" change for which he judged Russia to be "ripe". The two chambers of Parliament are today dominated by pro-Putin forces and never oppose the wishes of the Kremlin.

What political future for Putin?

These announcements during the Russian president's annual speech before Parliament and the political elites fueled questions about his future after 2024, at the end of his mandate.

Dmitri Medvedev served from 2008 to 2012 as Russian President, Vladimir Putin having to cede the Kremlin for a term due to constitutional restrictions, taking over the head of government. In 2012, the two men switched roles.

The Russian president, whose fourth term ends in 2024, has opened up tracks on his personal project.

In his 1.5-hour speech, Vladimir Putin proposed to transfer part of the presidential power to the Duma (the lower house), which would appoint the Prime Minister and the government. The head of the executive could not oppose these choices.

"Russia must remain a strong presidential republic , " insisted Putin, however, adding that the head of state would remain at the head of "force structures" (armies, intelligence services, etc.). It would retain the power to dismiss the Prime Minister, ministers and judges of the constitutional court and the supreme court. Furthermore, the Head of State would no longer be authorized to carry out more than two mandates in total and not just consecutive

Strengthening the powers of governors

The Russian president also proposed to reinforce the power of the governors, gathered in a council of State, which would profit from an increased role and whose statute would be introduced into the constitution.

Vladimir Putin could choose to occupy the head of this body once he has left the Kremlin, this position allowing him to retain his influence on state affairs.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ATTAQUE MEURTRIERE AU COUTEAU A VILLEJUIF

UN ACTE TERRORISTE ?

Il n'est pas à exclure que le parquet antiterroriste se saisisse du dossier «si ce n'est dans les heures qui viennent du moins dans les jours qui viennent», a prévenu samedi 4 janvier la procureure de Créteil lors d'une conférence de presse. D’après Laure Beccuau, le jeune homme qui a agressé au couteau des passants la veille dans un parc de Villejuif a mené son attaque aux cris «d'Allah akbar».

L'attaque s'était déroulée vendredi 3 janvier peu après 14 heures dans le parc départemental des Hautes-Bruyères puis sur la commune de l'Hay-les-Roses.

Un homme a agressé à l'arme blanche plusieurs personnes ce vendredi à Villejuif. L'attaque au couteau a fait au moins trois victimes. Une personne a été tuée, deux autres ont été blessées. Selon le maire de L'Haÿ-les-Roses, la personne tuée est un homme originaire de Villejuif. Sa compagne fait partie des blessés.

« On doit dénombrer trois victimes, un décédé et deux personnes dont l'état est en cours d'examen dans différents hôpitaux du Val-de-Marne » a déclaré au cours d'une conférence de presse vendredi Laure Beccuau, procureure de la république de Créteil. « Il y a un autre décédé qui est le mise en cause », a-t-elle précisé.

« Dans son périple meurtrier le mis en cause a tenté de s'attaquer à d'autres victimes qui ont réussi à l'éviter ».

Les policiers sont intervenus après des appels de témoins au 17, le numéro d'urgence de police secours, autour de 14h.

L'auteur est mort neutralisé par au moins trois tirs de policiers sur place.

Les motivations de l’assaillant restaient inconnues vendredi après-midi. Sur une photo prise sur place , on le voit étendu sur le bitume, pieds nus, vêtu de ce qui semble être un habit noir de type djellaba.

L’homme souffrait de « troubles psychologiques » et n’était pas connu pour radicalisation, mais des « éléments liés à la religion » ont été retrouvés dans ses effets, a-t-on appris de sources concordantes;

Pour l'instant c'est le parquet de Créteil qui a été saisi, l'enquête a été confiée au service départemental de police judiciaire du Val-de-Marne. Des représentants du parquet antiterroriste sont sur les lieux du drame, mais ce dernier n'est pas saisi.

Des nombreuses auditions, notamment celles des victimes et de nombreux témoins, doivent avoir lieu .

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

RENONCEMENT D'EMMANUEL MACRON

A LA RETRAITE DE PRESIDENT DE 1955

Alors que la France entre dans son 18e jour de mobilisation contre la réforme des retraites, Emmanuel Macron a annoncé qu'il renonçait à sa future retraite de président de la République, à laquelle il a droit depuis la loi de 1955.

Le chef de l'Etat, qui a fêté ses 42 ans ce samedi, a également décidé de ne pas siéger à l'avenir au Conseil constitutionnel dont les anciens présidents sont membres de droit à vie, avec une indemnité de 13.500 euros.

C'est l'article 19 de la loi du 3 avril 1955 qui permet aux anciens chefs d'Etat de disposer d'un régime de retraite spécifique. Une rémunération à hauteur d'environ 6.2220 euros bruts par mois, cumulables avec d'autres revenus.

Ce montant n'est soumis à aucune condition d'âge ni durée de mandat, ni plafond de revenus.

Si Emmanuel Macron aurait pu en profiter dès la fin de son mandat, il a préféré y renoncer par anticipation car «il estime que cette loi de circonstance a vocation à être normalisée [...] Nous sommes dans une ère où les élus doivent être exemplaires», a confié l'un des conseillers du président au Parisien.

Selon l'Elysée, «il n'y a pas de volonté d'affichage mais seulement «une volonté de cohérence» de la part d'Emmanuel Macron. La présidence rappelle qu'il avait démissionné de la haute fonction publique le jour même de sa déclaration de candidature à la présidentielle en novembre 2016.

A la place, «un nouveau système sera créé dans le cadre du futur régime universel par points» pour les pensions des chefs de l'Etat.

Selon l'Elysée, la cohérence veut que la loi de 1955 ne s'applique plus à aucun président à l'avenir. La décision de ne pas siéger au Conseil constitutionnel relève elle aussi d'une certaine cohérence puisque la mesure figure dans le projet de réforme constitutionnelle qui attend encore de voir le jour.

Des deux prédécesseurs de M. Macron, François Hollande a renoncé de lui-même à y siéger alors que Nicolas Sarkozy a démissionné du Conseil constitutionnel en 2013 suite à l'invalidation par cette instance de ses comptes de campagne pour l'élection présidentielle de 2012.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

GENERAL STRIKE AND BLACK TUESDAY IN FRANCE

Mobilization against the pension reform in France could reach a peak Tuesday, December 17, 2019 in the street at the call, for the first time, of all unions.

On the 13th day of an unlimited strike in transport, public and private employees are expected in numbers in the processions of this third day of protest against the universal pension system by points.

The show of force on December 5, 2019, with 806,000 demonstrators according to the Interior Ministry on the streets on the first day of the conflict, will serve as a reference, more than the mobilization in net decline of a week ago with 339,000 demonstrators .

One datum could panic the counters: the presence of all the unions in the demonstrations, in Paris as in the regions. The processions will see railroad workers, teachers, civil servants, lawyers, striking magistrates ... But also interns, doctors and carers mobilized throughout France to demand more means for the hospital. The unions in the demonstrations, in Paris as in regions ...

The CGT, Force Ouvrière, CFE-CFC, Solidaires and FSU unions will march to demand the outright withdrawal of the project, trying to take advantage of the difficulties of the executive. The government is indeed weakened by the resignation Monday of the architect of the pension reform plan, Jean-Paul Delevoye, discredited by suspicions of conflict of interest.

In the same processions but behind their own banners, the organizations of the reformist camp, the CFDT (first union in France), the CFTC and the Unsa, will parade not against the principle of a merger of the 42 existing regimes into a universal system , but to improve the content of the project.

And above all to refuse the introduction from 2022 of an “age of balance” fixed at 64 years to encourage the extension of contributions and guarantee the balance of accounts. "Changing all the rules is anxiety-provoking enough not to add financial measures from 2022," argued CFDT leader Laurent Berger.

Even deprived of its "retirement gentleman", the executive seems to want to move forward to prevent the challenge from settling in the reformist ranks.

In the wake of the day of mobilization, Prime Minister Édouard Philippe intends to receive the representative union and employer organizations for bilateral meetings on Wednesday, followed by a “multilateral” on Thursday.

Garett Skyport  for DayNewsWorld

PROJECTS OF ATTACKS RELEASED IN VIENNA IN AUSTRIA

The worst was certainly avoided in Vienna.

The Austrian authorities foiled a plan for attacks, one of which was to hit a Christmas market in Vienna.

The public prosecutor's office in charge of the investigation was not available for comment on Monday.

Three men of Chechen origin are said to be involved in this affair.

One of them, aged 24, was influenced by the ideology of the Daesh group.

The young man, spotted after an anonymous tip, was already in prison after two attempts to reach Syria and IS.

He communicated with his two alleged accomplices using a cell phone, in violation of prison rules.

His mates, aged 25 and 31, were imprisoned late last week.

The head of the network would have intended to attack the Christmas market in front of Saint Stephen's Cathedral in the center of Vienna, between Christmas and New Year.

Other potential targets could have been Salzburg (west), but also cities in Germany, France and Luxembourg, according to the Austrian agency

A plan of attacks foiled in Austria and in several neighboring countries. The head of the network would have intended to attack the Christmas market in front of Saint Stephen's Cathedral in the center of Vienna, between Christmas and New Year.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

BORIS JOHNSON'S CRUSHING VICTORY

IN LEGISLATIVE ELECTIONS

"A strong new mandate to achieve Brexit" for Boris Johnson.

Nothing stands in the way of Brexit anymore. Prime Minister Boris Johnson is victorious this Friday in the legislative elections, according to the first projections, with an overwhelming majority giving him the free hand to leave his country of the European Union on January 31.

The conservative party should indeed exceed the threshold of 360 seats (absolute majority at 326), gaining almost 50 seats compared to 2017. This would be an advance never seen since 1987, during the party's third consecutive victory under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher.

Re-elected Member of Parliament for Uxbridge and South Ruislip, in the Greater London Area, with a score up from the previous election in 2017, the Prime Minister welcomed on Friday that he had obtained "a new strong mandate for achieve Brexit ”.

Labor Party Debacle

On the other hand, the big victory of Boris Johnson is synonymous with humiliating defeat for Labor Jeremy Corbyn whose party obtains 203 seats (against 262 in the last elections). The defeat was deemed "extremely disappointing" by his right-hand man John McDonnell, who attributed it on Sky News to "the fatigue of Brexit". The British Labor Party is paying a heavy fuzzy message on Brexit - the party promised to renegotiate the divorce agreement then to organize a referendum, a very radical program and above all, the very degraded image of its leader, Jeremy Corbyn, accused of not having seriously fought against rampant anti-Semitism in the party. Saying himself "very disappointed" with the result of the previous day's legislative elections, the head of Labor announced that he would "not lead the party to the next elections".

Scotland towards a self-determination referendum?

But if Boris Johnson largely dominated the legislative elections on Thursday, beyond Hadrian's Wall, in Scotland, it was the supporters of "Remain" who celebrated the victory. The “Scottish National Party”, the independence party to which the Scottish Prime Minister belongs, has indeed won 43 seats out of about sixty in total granted to Scotland. The record score of the Scottish National Party therefore pleads for a new independence referendum in Scotland that Nicola Sturgeon is calling for. "There is now a mandate to give the people of Scotland the choice of their own future," the head of the local executive said on Sky News. “Boris Johnson may have received a warrant to get England out of the European Union. It has absolutely no mandate to get Scotland out of the European Union. Scotland must have the choice of its own future ”. But in theory, it remains dependent on the decision of Boris Johnson, who is opposed to any referendum on self-determination.

And even if a referendum were to be organized, its outcome is not certain. In 2014, the Scots had already expressed themselves on the subject and 55% of them had refused a divorce with the rest of the United Kingdom, even if in June 2016 62% of the Scots voted against Brexit. A europhilia that the separatists appropriated ...

"A clarification" for the European Union

France welcomed the results of the legislative elections, saying that this result should allow a "clarification" on the Brexit agreement, commented the Secretary of State for European Affairs Amélie de Montchalin. "This should allow a clear majority" in the British Parliament, which must decide on the negotiated agreement between London and the EU providing for a divorce on January 31, she said.

"We will wait to see what the official results will be but we will give a strong message tomorrow", reacted the new president of the European Council Charles Michel. "We are ready for the next steps, we will see if it is possible for the British parliament to accept the withdrawal agreement and take a decision," he continued.

"Get Brexit done" is now more than a slogan. Unless there is a twist, Brexit will be recorded.

A second agreement

But it is not that simple. The divorce agreement deals with urgent matters, such as expatriate rights, the British bill and the fate of Northern Ireland. But there remains a second agreement to be concluded. Equally complex, it will have to detail the future commercial relationship between the two parties. In other words, future customs duties, health, social and environmental standards, or even British participation in European programs like Erasmus.

London and Brussels have agreed to an eleven month transition period. A period of time deemed "very ambitious" by the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, at the European summit today.

Michel Barnier, in a recording released by The Independent yesterday, considered it "unrealistic".

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

STRIKE IN FRANCE VIEW FROM ABROAD

"Do not go to France" this is what can be read in the headlines of several foreign newspapers.

And for good reason :

France would experience a "general strike" as the country would be used to with this revolutionary and volcanic spirit that characterizes the French.

But what are they disputing who makes them take to the streets, burn cars, set fire to street furniture and break shop windows?

Wasn't the weekly movement of Yellow Vests enough for them?

From La Repubblica to the Financial Times via the Die Welt, it is clear that France has a long tradition of strikes, a country crossed by regular outbursts of discontent paralyzing the whole country.

Always, one and the same photo: a protester with a face painted like the Joker.

But it is especially the incomprehension which dominates. In many countries the legal retirement age has long been fixed at 65 or 67 years.

So nothing to whip a cat with the reform carried by the French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe!

The foreign press as a whole has no compassion for these strikers who live in a welfare state.

For the Washington Post the judgment falls like a knife "And practically no Western country redistributes as much wealth as France. ". It is said and without appeal.

And a questioning, a suspense, on the future of Emmanuel Macron facing this new crisis.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

LEGISLATIVES AU ROYAUME-UNI :

BREXIT OR NO BREXIT

The British voted on Thursday, December 12, 2019 for the legislative elections with the Brexit issue at the center, which complicates the situation.

They will know by 4:30 am if Boris Johnson is re-elected or not in his riding of Uxbridge.

Will the British have a government that can bring Brexit to completion by January 31 ?

At 22:00 Greenwich, just as the polls close, three television networks (BBC, ITV, Sky) will broadcast a single poll conducted at the exit of the polls by the institute Ipsos-Mori.

This one should give at least one trend.

If Boris Johnson has an absolute majority, he is likely to try Brexit on January 31st.

But it is not at all sure, according to the latest polls, that he can have an absolute majority. In this case, we leave for a parliamentary block.

If Jeremy Corbyn, Labor, wins, which is unlikely, he promises a second referendum, but he says he will not vote on his own vote.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

SANNA MARIN PREMIER MINISTRE DE FINLANDE

ET PLUS JEUNE DIRIGEANTE DU MONDE

Sanna Marin, 34 ans a été désignée, le dimanche 8 décembre 2019, chef du gouvernement finlandais par les sociaux-démocrates.

Jamais son pays n’avait été dirigé par une personnalité politique aussi jeune.

Sanna Marin, originaire de Tampere, une ville industrielle du sud-ouest de la Finlande, a connu une ascension fulgurante en politique.

A seulement 27 ans, elle avait présidé en effet le conseil municipal de sa ville natale avant de devenir ministre des transports.

Sanna Marin a remporté l’élection de dimanche de justesse face au dirigeant sortant, Antti Rinne, démissionné mardi.

Ce dernier avait perdu la confiance du Parti du centre, partenaire au sein de la coalition au pouvoir, à cause de sa gestion d’une grève postale alors que l'État finlandais soutenait un plan de baisse des salaires.

Sanna Marin prend donc les rênes du pays dans un climat social tendu.

De nombreux secteurs économiques vont se mobiliser, dans la chimie, le bois et le pétrole. Ils exigent une revalorisation des salaires.

Le parti social-démocrate dont est issue Sanna Marin a promis d'en finir avec l'austérité des gouvernements précédents.Un premier test pour la jeune Première ministre

Elle devra prêter serment ce mardi devant les parlementaires finlandais .

Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld

TERRORIST ATTACK OF LONDON ASSAILLANT ALREADY CONDEMNS FOR TERRORISM RELEASED

Usman Khan, 28, wore an electronic bracelet when he took action on Friday, killing two people.The man who killed two people on Friday during a "terrorist" knife attack in London Bridge, was a 28-year-old prisoner convicted of terrorism, the chief of British anti-terrorism, Neil Basu, said on Saturday.

"This individual was known to the authorities, having been convicted in 2012 for terrorist offenses. He was released on parole in December 2018, "said the police chief in a statement. He was sentenced to 16 years in prison for belonging to a group that wanted to commit a bomb attack on the London Stock Exchange and set up a terrorist training camp in Pakistan. killed two people on Friday during a "terrorist" knife attack in London Bridge, before being shot dead by police.

An electronic bracelet

According to police, Usman Khan participated in a conference on Friday at Fishmonger's Hall, a building on the north end of the London Bridge, where the attack began. He then continued on London Bridge, before being arrested by members of the public and then shot by the police, five minutes after she was called at 1:58 pm.

The Times newspaper reported that the man was wearing an electronic bracelet when he took part in the University of Cambridge's conference on the rehabilitation of prisoners.

"A mistake to allow violent criminals to get out of prison early"

Before the start of a meeting of the government's Crisis Committee ("Cobra") in the evening, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said he had "long ago" stressed that "it is a mistake to allow violent criminals to get out of prison. early prison ".

Election campaign suspended

This attack, described as "terrorist" and occurred in the same place where an attack had already taken place in 2017, less than two weeks of early parliamentary elections in the United Kingdom, took the life of a man and a woman. woman.

The attack, also a few days before a NATO summit in London Tuesday and Wednesday many heads of state, has turned the election campaign for the December 12 elections.

The Conservative, Labor and Liberal-Democratic parties temporarily put it in brackets.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

THE BLACK FRIDAY

This year Black Friday falls on November 29th.

In Canada and the United States Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving.

It is a little kickoff of the period of end-of-year purchases that are offered by the various firms in promotion.

That day for the Americans is a day where we must consume in every sense of the word.

A little historical explanation of the name of the black Friday: the day after Thanksgiving the traders wrote in black ink on the notebooks where they kept their account of the turnover of the year every day and no longer in red ink as they usually did.

That day, since there were promotions on the small notebook the turnover of the day written in black was the biggest turnover of the year. Black Friday in the United States and Canada grew from the 1970s.

Even though this expression appeared in the 1960s ...
This event crossed the continents and arrived in France . For 65% of the French this event kicks off Christmas shopping.

According to a study, this weekend the French should spend 6 billion euros!

For information last year in the United States Black Friday has generated $ 4 billion worth of online sales in the United States.

Ladies ladies this weekend warm up the blue card many promotions are available at Amazon, galleries Lafayette, Spring, Apple, Auchan Cdiscount, Fnac Groupon in all shopping centers

Darty SfR Sephora Yves Rocher but also discounts to restaurants are expected with the commercial cities on the Internet La Fourchette, Uber Food etc ...

I leave you I go shopping for Christmas presents.

Mia Kennedy for DayNewsWorld

TERRORIST ATTACK IN LONDON

A knife attack occurred on early Friday afternoon near the London Bridge in London. The suspect was shot dead, said the deputy commissioner of the London police. Several people were injured, some seriously.

This is a terrorist attack, confirmed Scotland Yard.

London police were called at 13:58 local time (14:58 in Paris) for a stabbing attack in a building near the iconic London Bridge.

The suspect was quickly neutralized by being shot. "The suspect, a man, was wounded by bullets by armed London police officers and I can confirm that the suspect died on the spot," Neil Basu, a police chief with counterterrorism, told the press.

The number of casualties is still unknown, but Sadiq Khan said some were "seriously injured. In the early evening, Scotland Yard said:

"Due to reports that the suspect may have had an explosive device, specialists also visited the scene and large safety cords were put in place to ensure that there were no more explosive devices. danger to the public. However, for the moment we believe that the device that was attached to the suspect's body is a dummy explosive device. Officers continue to carry out meticulous searches in the area to ensure there is no threat to the public. "

The police ask anyone with pictures or video to send it immediately for the purpose of the investigation.

The attack came two years after a terrorist attack on the same site in June 2017, killing eight people and injuring fifty others. It was one of the attacks claimed by the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group that hit the UK that year.

"We will remain united and determined in the face of terrorism. Those who try to attack us and divide us will never succeed, "the mayor of London continued, calling his residents" vigilant ».

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

A DEGREE OF VIOLENCE INEDIT IN FRANCE

The National Intelligence Coordinator, Pierre Bousquet of Florian, delivered this Thursday, as part of the exhibition dedicated to the internal security of States (Milipol), his analysis of the current development of French society.

And the statement he makes is, to say the least, alarming:

"There is a sharp deterioration of social relations in Western societies," he said.

Referring to "increasingly vehement populist postures", he believes that we are facing "a form of general ensauvage of our society with a degree of violence and a rapid rise to hatred that we never had before. previously known.

Multiform threats

France is "not the only one concerned", and jihadism is not "the only ideology" worrying.

In this context, he mentioned several points of "major attention" for services: ultra-narrow and ultragauche, but also "radicals of all kinds".

According to him, this includes all groups distinguished by speeches

"More and more violent, that is to say the antispecies, the autonomists, the identities, tomorrow perhaps a radical margin of ecologist movements ..."

He finally mentioned "a fourth category to which we must be attentive, the States".

If "we have not found a real state terrorism against our interests in recent years", "it is not excluded that an expelled state can resort to this type of extremes.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

ANNIVERSARY MANIFESTATION OF YELLOW GILETS POLLUTED BY BREAKERS

The demonstrations of "yellow vests" gathered 28,000 people Saturday throughout France, including 4,700 in Paris, according to the Ministry of the Interior.

The last equivalent participation dates back to Saturday, March 9, with 28,600 people in France.

For its part, the movement gave an overall estimate of 39,530 participants this Saturday, November 16, 2019, according to the "Yellow Number".

The demonstrations gave rise to 254 arrests including 173 in Paris, according to Christophe Castaner who distinguished the "movement of origin" and the "thugs" "come into battle" Saturday.

Distinguishing the breakers from the "original movement", the Interior Minister announced the figure of 254 arrests Saturday.

He notably announced an arrest in the case of the police who persecuted have to take shelter in a launderette. A man, suspected of having participated Saturday in Paris in the attack of a launderette in which two policemen had taken refuge, was placed in custody

For its part, the Paris prosecutor's office reported Sunday at 10am of 155 custody, 8 of which concern minors. "The original movement of the yellow vests is an expression of a deep anger that we had to hear and which we had to answer. At the same time there is this violence that has joined the movement, "lamented the Minister of the Interior. "On the one hand, there is the legitimate demand for democratic justice, social justice, and justice in the face of a territorial divide, and at the same time we saw very quickly, as early as 24 November last year, the violence coming and punctuating. systematically most of these gatherings, "he detailed.

"Ultragauche" and "ultrajaunes"

For the anniversary of one year of the movement, Saturday in Paris, "what we saw is few protesters but thugs, brutes who had come to fight, do battle with the police, prevent the firefighters from acting and sometimes saving lives, "he said. While he was shown images of thugs attacking the statue of Marshal June in Paris, the Minister of the Interior explained that "they do not attack the monument of Marshal June, they manufacture weapons . They break the marble plates because they are well aware that they are dangerous and they use them as missiles against our security forces.

Among the "300 breakers", there were Saturday "people who come from the ultra left some of which are known and also these ultra yellow radicalized over the weeks that wear iron."

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

RE-DISPATCH BY TURKEY OF FOREIGN DJIHADISTS

President Reccep Tayyip Erdogan is carrying out his threats using jihadists detained by his country to put pressure on their countries of origin. Also Monday, November 11, the Interior Minister he said have returned some of them, American and European including Islamic State in their country of origin, previously detained in the country. An American has already been fired, and ten Germans should be fired within a week. On the French side, 11 jihadists will be sent to France shortly. These are four radicalized women and seven children. Some of them had left France and joined Syria in the first months of ISIS's constitution to accompany, join and marry French jihadists.

Among them, figure Amandine Le Coz, native of Domont in the Val-d'Oise. Party since 2014 in Syria, she had married two jihadists. There is also Sarah Ali Mehenni, a native of Aude, who, at the age of 17, joins the ranks of Daesh. The exact date has not been communicated.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said last week that more than 1,150 foreign jihadists are currently imprisoned in Turkey. However, Turkish Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu warned: "We will not be able to keep them until the end of time (...) We are not a hotel for Daesh members".

A Turkish political decision

The decision made by Ankara is very political. Confronted with a delicate domestic situation, both politically and economically, Recep Tayyip Erdogan chose climbing. Faced with the lack of support, even strong criticism, including Emmanuel Macron, for his offensive in Syria the Turkish president has decided to press: also before his visit to the White House Wednesday, November 13 he returns the day before to Americans one of their nationals. And he does the same with Frenchmen and Germans after Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel accused him of "taking the risk of creating an unsustainable humanitarian situation" and "helping Daesh to re-emerge in the region". President Erdogan also holds another lever of blackmail, that of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees present in Turkey.

The Caseneuve protocol signed in 2014

At the Quai d'Orsay, it is recalled that this return is not the first, and especially that it is organized in a precise framework, in place for five years. This is the Cazeneuve protocol, signed between Paris and Ankara in 2014, which allows a close collaboration between Turkish and French intelligence services.

Under this protocol, the French authorities are warned upstream and evicted persons escorted by French police on board regular lines. Ankara must also communicate to Paris the list of French nationals in its detention centers. 300 people have already been expelled on 1 October 2018, including 84 children and 74 women.

Upon arrival in France, these 11 jihadists will be immediately taken into custody and interrogated by the intelligence services while their children are placed. Then justice to decide.

If they are detained, they will join a detention unit. "Depending on their degree of radicalization, their ability to proselytize and their dangerousness, they are incarcerated either in isolation, or in the neighborhood of care of radicalization (QPR), or in conventional detention.

Many voices are rising in France, particularly in the judicial world, to demand that the French involved in the activities of the terrorist group in Syria or Iraq be repatriated. "It takes a political will to repatriate," argued less than a month ago the investigating judge David De Pas, coordinator of the antiterrorist pole of the Paris court. According to the magistrate, France incurs a "risk of public security" by refusing to take judicial responsibility for its jihadists.

But the French authorities, like those of other European nations, are reluctant to recover, especially for security reasons and because this measure would be unpopular in public opinion.

The official doctrine is therefore based on case by case.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'ESPAGNE RISQUE A NOUVEAU DE PLONGER

DANS L'INSTABILITE

Pour la quatrième fois en l'espace de quatre ans et la deuxième fois en l'espace de sept mois les Espagnols sont retournés aux urnes. Le Premier ministre socialiste, Pedro Sanchez, n’étant pas parvenu à établir une majorité depuis le printemps, a été contraint de convoquer de nouvelles élections législatives. Mais les résultats de ce nouveau scrutin ne vont pas pour autant régler la crise institutionnelle. Si la droite arrive en deuxième position, le parti d'extrême droite Vox fait une impressionnante percée.

Le Premier ministre socialiste sortant Pedro Sanchez est certes arrivé ce dimanche en tête des législatives mais sans obtenir une majorité claire pour mettre fin au blocage politique qui mine le pays depuis 2015. En effet il ne compte plus que 120 députés contre 123 après le précédent scrutin. Le parti d'extrême droite Vox , par contre, est devenu la troisième force politique du pays ayant plus que doublé son nombre de sièges avec 52 élus.Vox, parti ultranationaliste, a capitalisé sur la crise en Catalogne qui a dominé la campagne après les nuits de violences ayant suivi la condamnation mi-octobre de neuf dirigeants indépendantistes à de lourdes peines de prison pour la tentative de sécession de 2017.

Les conservateurs du Parti Populaire (PP, 88 sièges) ont eux redressé la barre après le pire résultat de leur histoire en avril (66 sièges) tandis que la gauche radicale de Podemos (35 sièges) a perdu sept députés et que les libéraux de Ciudadanos ont subi un camouflet avec seulement10 députés contre 57 en avril.

Pedro Sanchez devra, une nouvelle fois, se contenter d'un gouvernement qui ne pourra pas s'appuyer sur des députés acquis à sa cause et négocier des appuis au cas par cas pour adopter un budget ou faire voter des lois.

Le résultat de ces élections augure d'une poursuite de l'instabilité politique.

.L'Espagne est plongée dans une instabilité politique qui dure depuis 2015 et qui semble aujourd'hui inextricable.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

POURQUOI LES COMMEMORATIONS DU 30E ANNIVERSAIRE DE LA CHUTE DU MUR DE BERLIN

NE SONT-ELLES PAS VRAIMENT UNE FETE ?

Ce 9 novembre, Berlin a commémoré les 30 ans de la chute du « mur de la honte ». Cet événement historique, précurseur de la fin du bloc soviétique, avait réunifié une capitale divisée pendant près de trois décennies. Un anniversaire important, dans un contexte géopolitique tendu, pour lequel les autorités de la ville et les associations berlinoises ont organisé de nombreuses manifestations.

Point culminant de la célébration du 30e anniversaire de la chute du mur, la journée du 9 novembre qui a débuté avec le discours du président allemand, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, sous la porte de Brandebourg. La chancelière Angela Merkel a pris ensuite la parole dans la Chapelle de la réconciliation, un lieu symbolique pour les Berlinois, en présence de plusieurs représentants de pays d'Europe de l'Est.

L'artiste américain Patrick Shearn a confectionné pour l'occasion une immense banderole en papier de 150 mètres de long, composée de milliers de vœux. Il fera voler son installation en fin d'après-midi au-dessus de la porte de Brandebourg, avant que ait pris place un grand concert symphonique qui viendra clôturer la journée.

Les clubs de Berlin, ville pionnière en terme de musique électronique, ont ensuite pris le relais pour poursuivre les célébrations jusqu'au petit matin.

Des commémorations sobres

Mais ces commémorations marquent un anniversaire, celui des 30 ans de la chute du "mur de la honte" mais pas une fête.

Parfum de retour de la guerre froide, montée des nationalismes… L’Allemagne et l’Europe célèbrent cette semaine en effet les 30 ans de la chute du Mur de Berlin dans une atmosphère pesante, loin des espoirs nés de la fin du Rideau de fer.

Signe des temps, l’Allemagne a prévu un programme politique minimum pour cette commémoration, dont le temps fort est prévu samedi.

Il y a dix ans, pour les 20 ans de la chute du Mur le 9 novembre 1989, des dirigeants de la planète entière s’étaient déplacés, y compris ceux des quatre forces alliées de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale, pour faire tomber un modèle de mur devant la Porte de Brandebourg à Berlin.

Pas de grand geste samedi, l’heure a été à la gravité.

Vers une nouvelle guerre froide ?

En effet si la chute du Mur et du Rideau de fer ayant divisé l’Europe d’après-guerre avait fait, à l’époque, espérer une ère de détente et d’unité, de désarmement, l’extension partout du modèle des démocraties libérales, aujourd'hui le vent semble avoir tourné.

’Union européenne accuse des pays libérés il y a trente ans du glacis communiste, comme la Hongrie ou la Pologne, de remettre en cause à présent l’État de droit, partout la tentation nationaliste est perceptible dans les opinions. En Allemagne, et particulièrement en ex-RDA, l'AfD, parti anti-migrant, connaît aussi un succès inquiétant...

Et sur le plan géopolitique, « la guerre froide est de retour » selon le secrétaire général de l'Onu Antonio Guterres, qui soulignait l'an dernier que « les mécanismes et garde-fous qui permettaient jadis de gérer les risques d’escalade ne paraissent plus exister ». Les États-Unis sont ainsi sortis du traité de désarmement INF signé pendant la guerre froide, ouvrant la voie à une nouvelle course aux armements dirigée contre la Russie, qui place ses pions partout où Washington se retire comme au Moyen-Orient, mais surtout la Chine.

Mike Pompeo, secrétaire général du Département d’État américain le sait pertinemment qui a prévu lors de ces commémoration qu’il s’agirait de discuter de « la nécessité d’une implication renforcée face aux menaces grandissantes venues de Russie et de Chine ».

Des discours pour  la liberté et la démocratie loin des égoismes nationaux

La chancelière allemande, Angela Merkel, a en effet exhorté, samedi 9 novembre, l’Europe à défendre « la liberté » et « la démocratie » de plus en plus contestées. « Les valeurs qui fondent l’Europe, la liberté, la démocratie, l’égalité, l’Etat de droit et la préservation des droits de l’Homme ne vont de soi » et « doivent toujours être défendues », a-t-elle assuré dans la chapelle de la Réconciliation, un des lieux de mémoire de la division de la ville du temps du Rideau de fer.

« A l’avenir il convient de s’engager » pour défendre les valeurs de l’Europe, a ajouté la chancelière. « Le Mur de Berlin appartient à l’Histoire et nous enseigne qu’aucun mur qui exclut les gens et restreint la liberté n’est assez haut ou long qu’il ne puisse être franchi », a aussi souligné Angela Merkel, originaire elle-même de l’ancienne Allemagne de l’Est communiste, la RDA, et qui a entamé sa carrière politique dans le sillage de la chute du Mur de Berlin. « Cela vaut pour nous tous, à l’Est comme à l’Ouest », a-t-elle jugé.

Le président allemand, à son tour, a exhorté, samedi 9 novembre, les Etats-Unis de Donald Trump à faire preuve de « respect »  à l'égard de leurs alliés et à tourner le dos à « « l'égoïsme national », lors des cérémonies des 30 ans de la chute du Mur de Berlin. Alors que que ces festivités s'annonçaient comme consensuelles, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, dont le rôle est honorifique mais qui est considéré comme l'autorité morale du pays, a mis les pieds dans le plat en soulignant à cette occasion la dégradation des relations transatlantiques ces dernières années.

Et c'est devant la mythique Porte de Brandebourg, symbole jusqu'en 1989 de la « division de l'Allemagne », que Frank-Walter Steinmeier a décrit dans un discours le rôle prépondérant des Etats-unis, le « bras fort de l'Ouest », dans la fin du Rideau de fer il y a trois décennies.

« Nous, les Allemands, nous devons beaucoup à cette Amérique. A cette Amérique en tant que partenaire dans le respect mutuel, en tant que partenaire pour la démocratie et la liberté, contre l'égoïsme national. C'est ce que j'espère aussi à l'avenir », a asséné Frank-Walter Steinmeier. Une allusion claire à l'administration actuelle à Washington.

« La politique mondiale suit une pente extrêmement dangereuse », a mis en garde Mikhaïl Gorbatchev dans son dernier livre en forme de testament politique.

Joanne Courbet  pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA TURQUIE RENVOIE DES LUNDI

LES DJIHADISTES ETRANGERS

DANS LEUR PAYS  D'ORIGINE

Le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan a affirmé hier que plus de 1150 membres de l'Etat islamique étaient actuellement incarcérés dans les prisons turques. Ce vendredi le ministre turc de l’Intérieur a affirmé qu'à partir de lundi les membres étrangers du groupe Etat islamique (EI) détenus dans les prisons turques seront renvoyés dans leur pays.

« Nous vous disons que nous allons vous les renvoyer. Nous commencerons à partir de lundi », a déclaré Süleyman Soylu, cité par l’agence de presse étatique Anadolu. Sans plus de précision.

Le sort des combattants djihadistes de Syrie

Ankara appelle régulièrement les pays européens à reprendre leurs ressortissants qui ont intégré les rangs de l’EI en Syrie, mais ceux-ci sont peu enclins à les récupérer, notamment pour des raisons de sécurité et d’impopularité.

Lundi, Süleyman Soylu avait déjà déclaré que la Turquie renverrait les combattants étrangers de l’EI dans leurs pays même si ces derniers leur retiraient leur nationalité. Le ministre turc avait accusé plusieurs pays européens, comme les Pays-Bas et la Grande-Bretagne, de déchoir certains de leurs ressortissants de leur nationalité pour empêcher Ankara de les expulser. «Ils ont trouvé une solution facile (...) Ils disent : "Je l'ai déchu de sa nationalité, débrouillez-vous." C'est inacceptable de notre point de vue. C'est totalement irresponsable» .Mais reste à savoir comment la Turquie pourrait s’y prendre pour renvoyer une personne dans un pays dont elle ne serait plus techniquement une ressortissante.

Les conséquences de l'offensive turque en Syrie

Longtemps soupçonnée d’avoir laissé les djihadistes traverser sa frontière pour rejoindre la Syrie après le début du conflit qui déchire ce pays depuis 2011, la Turquie, frappée par plusieurs attentats commis par l’EI, a rejoint en 2015 la coalition antidjihadiste.

Mais Ankara a été accusée ces dernières semaines d’affaiblir la lutte contre les éléments dispersés de l’EI en lançant, le 9 octobre, une offensive contre la milice kurde des Unités de protection du peuple (YPG)​, fer de lance du combat contre l’organisation djihadiste et alliées des pays occidentaux. Dans le cadre de cette incursion, stoppée après la signature d'accords avec les Etats-Unis et la Russie, les forces turques ont mis la main sur des membres de l'EI qui avaient été faits prisonniers par les combattants kurdes. Selon plusieurs pays, comme les Etats-Unis, d'autres prisonniers de l'EI se sont échappés de prison en Syrie en profitant du chaos causé par l'offensive turque. ,

Mercredi, le président Recep Tayyip Erodgan avait déclaré que la Turquie avait capturé l’épouse d’Abou Bakr Al-Baghdadi, le chef de l’EI tué par un commando américain fin octobre.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

VERS UNE MORT CEREBRALE DE L'OTAN

ET UNE  PERTE DE PUISSANCE DE L'EUROPE ?

L'Otan est « ​en état de mort cérébrale ​», a déclaré Emmanuel Macron dans un entretien publié jeudi dans The Economist. Le désengagement des États-Unis - qui «nous tournent le dos» - sur la scène internationale contraint les Européens à «réévaluer la réalité» de l'Alliance atlantique aujourd'hui, juge Emmanuel Macron qui appelle à «rouvrir un dialogue stratégique» avec la Russie.

Le président français estimant que l’Europe est « ​au bord du précipice ​» dans le cadre géopolitique actuel, invite donc ses partenaires à « se réveiller » afin de conserver le « contrôle de la destinée du continent ».

L' exemple de la Turquie en Syrie

Le chef d'Etat français s'appuie pour justifier son pessimisme sur les événements récents en Syrie. « ​Nous assistons à une agression menée par un autre partenaire de l’Otan qui est la Turquie, dans une zone où nos intérêts sont en jeu, sans coordination. Il n’y a pas eu de planification ni de coordination par l’Otan. D’un point de vue stratégico-politique ce qui s’est passé est un énorme problème pour l’Otan. ​»

"En octobre, Donald Trump a annoncé le retrait des forces spéciales américaines laissant ainsi le champ libre à la Turquie pour pénétrer en Syrie et y défaire nos alliés du PYD kurde. La France n’a pu que protester. Le point de vue de la Turquie, membre de l’Otan depuis 1952, est radicalement différent ​: pour Ankara, ses alliés – dont la France – auraient dû la soutenir contre ses ennemis – le PYD lié au PKK, considéré par le gouvernement turc de « terroriste »– et non les armer."

« Un pavé dans la marre » qui a fait réagir Berlin, Washington et Moscou

C'est un« un pavé[ lancé] dans la marre », à la veille du 30e anniversaire de la «fin» de la guerre froide lors la chute du mur de Berlin, qui n'a pas manqué de faire réagir plutôt négativement nos alliés, d'autant qu' Emmanuel Macron a fait une fois de plus cavalier seul en faisant cette déclaration à l'insu des autres Européens. Fin août, les mêmes avaient déjà appris de la sorte qu’Emmanuel Macron entendait bâtir une nouvelle « ​architecture européenne de sécurité et de confiance ​» avec la Russie de Vladimir Poutine .

Les Européens ont sévèrement réagi doutant de cette «nécessité pour l’Europe de repenser sa sécurité indépendamment des Etats-Unis» et se méfiant de cette «main tendue vers la Russie».

A la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel de commenter immédiatement ces propos qu'elle taxe de « radicaux » : «Je ne pense pas qu'un tel jugement intempestif soit nécessaire, même si nous avons des problèmes, même si nous devons nous ressaisir», a-t-elle déclaré. Pour elle aucun doute : « l'Otan reste la pierre angulaire de notre sécurité ​». Le secrétaire général de l'Otan, Jens Stoltenberg, a, de son côté, estimé que l'Alliance restait «forte» et que les États-Unis et l'Europe «travaillaient ensemble plus que nous ne l'avons fait depuis des décennies».

Le secrétaire d'État américain Mike Pompeo , quant à lui, a jugé, lors d'une conférence de presse à Leipzig (Allemagne), que l'Otan, restait «historiquement un des partenariats stratégiques les plus importants». Il en a profité cependant pour rappeler l'exigence de Donald Trump (qui avait lui-même qualifié l'Otan d'organisation «obsolète» en janvier 2017) aux pays membres de l'Alliance de mieux «partager le fardeau» de son financement.

Seule la Russie a réagi positivement.« Ce sont des paroles en or. Sincères et qui reflètent l’essentiel. Une définition précise de l’état actuel de l’OTAN », a écrit, de son côté, la porte-parole de la diplomatie russe Maria Zakharova sur sa page sur Facebook, commentant les propos sur l’OTAN de M. Macron .

Trois défis majeurs pour l' Europe

Le sommet de l’Alliance atlantique qui  se tiendra à Londres les 3 et 4 décembre, et célébrera son 70e anniversaire, devrait s'emparer de l'urgence à réfléchir sur le positionnement géostratégique de l'Europe dans un monde où trois risques, selon Emmanuel Macron, menacent cette dernière :

qu’elle ait « oublié qu’elle était une communauté », le « désalignement » de la politique américaine du projet européen, et l’émergence de la puissance chinoise « qui marginalise clairement l’Europe ».

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

BREXIT ANTICIPATED LEGISLATIVE ELECTIONS

A BET FOR BORIS JOHNSON

On October 29, 2019, after three failed votes in recent weeks, Boris Johnson finally managed to secure an early general election scheduled for December 12th.

It was a plebiscite of the deputies he got: 438 for, 20 against. The British will therefore be called to the polls for the third time in three years (after the 2016 referendum and the 2017 general elections) if the Lords accept the government proposal on Wednesday.

Early legislative elections that could leave Boris Johnson - not having a parliamentary majority so far - stalemate In case of victory, the current tenant of 10 Downing Street could indeed adopt the EU agreement he got. But it is possible for the opposition to unite to question the Brexit.

In a very volatile political context, the opposition could unite to derail its strategy, or even challenge Brexit. The Labor Party, the main opposition party, wants to obtain a new agreement with the EU and submit it to a referendum, a rejection then going to cancel the divorce.

The Scottish independence party SNP is also in favor of a new referendum, while the Europhiles of the Liberal Democrats want to cancel Brexit altogether.

In fact, these elections will turn into a referendum for or against Boris Johnson who has emerged as the champion of the exit of the EU. The latest polls give the Conservatives 10 points (35%) ahead of Labor (25%).

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT LABOR ACCEPT ANTICIPATED ELECTIONS

Labor, the main opposition party in the United Kingdom, has on Tuesday, October 29, agreed to hold early elections that Boris Johnson will attempt to win in Parliament today, Chief Jeremy Corbyn announced. .

Their conditions "fulfilled"

"Our condition to exclude an exit without agreement is now fulfilled", with the postponement of the date of the Brexit granted by the European Union, said Jeremy Corbyn in front of senior members of the party, promising to launch "the most ambitious and the most radical for a real change that our country has ever seen ".

Labor, fiercely opposed to an exit from the European Union without a deal, wanted to wait for Brussels' confirmation of the Brexit postponement until 31 January 2020.

MEPs are expected to vote this afternoon on a law by Boris Johnson that sets the date of early elections.

On Tuesday, however, the House of Commons rejected the government's text calling for elections on December 12, the approval of which required a two-thirds majority. With the rallying of Labor, the horizon seems clear for the passage of the text.

The elections may not be held on December 12, the date rejected by the Commons, but a day earlier, the 11, reported Tuesday the BBC. According to the channel, Boris Johnson would be willing to accept a compromise motion tabled by the Liberal Democrats and the Scottish nationalists of the SNP.

The convening of early parliamentary elections would be only a first step on the still tortuous path of the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union, as recalled the lost bet of Theresa May.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ATTACK OF THE MOSQUE OF BAYONNE

TWO INJURED

The Bayonne mosque was on Monday the target of shooting causing two serious injuries from an octogenarian, ex-National Front candidate known for his "verbal excesses", arrested after the fact.

The suspect was placed in custody for "attempted assassinations," said the Bayonne prosecutor Marc Bride in a statement. According to the prefecture of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, "at 3:20 pm, a man tried to burn the door of the mosque of Bayonne.

Surprised in his attempt by two people, the man fired at them "and on leaving, set fire to an automobile. According to the prosecutor, the man was in possession of a can of gasoline. According to the mayor of Bayonne, who went immediately to the place, "two people were preparing the room for the prayer of 16:30".

The man threw an incendiary device on the side door of the mosque. The two people went out and were touched, one on the neck, the other on the thorax and the arm, he said.

President Emmanuel Macron, who received at the Elysee the heads of the French Council of the Muslim Faith (CFCM), strongly condemned the attack claiming that "the Republic will never tolerate hatred."

The mayor of Bayonne, Jean-Rene Etchegaray, said on his side on Twitter that the "Bayonnais (were) solidarity with the Muslim community, victim of a bombing as cowardly as odious." The Secretary of State to the Minister of the Interior, Laurent Nuñez, who went there in the evening to meet with Muslim leaders and police, said that "to attack a place of worship, a mosque to the faithful, it is an odious act that we obviously condemn with a lot of firmness. It is an act that can not have a place in our Republic which guarantees the freedom of cults and beliefs ".

The two victims, seriously injured by bullets, aged 74 and 78, were operated on and were in intensive care Monday night. The prognosis "is reserved for one of them", according to the prefecture.

The judicial police have been seized of the investigation.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT REPORT ACCORDS UNTIL JANUARY 31, 2020

The 27 countries of the European Union have finally granted a postponement of the UK's exit date until 31 January 2020, announced the President of the European Council Donald Tusk.

A period of three months

After some hesitation, especially from the French government, the Europeans finally gave the green light on Monday, October 28, to a Brexit postponement to January 31, 2020. A "flexible" postponement: the United Kingdom may leave the European Union (EU) sooner if it is ready, if the Johnson government succeeds in having the law of application in national law of its agreement with Brussels finally adopted in the British Parliament.

"The 27 have agreed to accept the UK's request for a flexible Brexit postponement until January 31, 2020," Donald Tusk said on Twitter. He specified that this decision will be formalized by a written procedure.

Non-negotiable conditions

The text is accompanied by a political declaration in which the EU justifies its decision, excludes any renegotiation of the agreement and calls for the appointment of a British European Commissioner for the new Van der Leyen Commission, as long as the United Kingdom did not leave the EU. An obligation with no major political consequences for London since the new college of commissioners to take office this early November, will not be ready before, at best, December 1 after the rejection of three applications (including that of the French Sylvie Goulard) by the European Parliament ...

Early elections

The 27 have decided not to wait for the decision of the British MPs, who must vote on Monday afternoon on the holding of early elections in December wanted by Boris Johnson. "The EU does not want to be in reaction but wants to keep up the pressure for the ratification of the exit agreement," said a diplomatic source.

To secure the holding of parliamentary elections on December 12, the British Prime Minister will need two thirds of the vote in the House of Commons on Monday afternoon.

The Conservative Prime Minister, who no longer has a majority, has already failed twice in September in his business of calling a ballot.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

PUSH OF THE EXTREME RIGHT

DURING A REGIONAL POLLING IN GERMANY

The far right party AfD doubles its score

The German far-right, represented by Björn Höcke, recorded another strong increase in a regional poll on Sunday, which confirms the decline of traditional government parties like that of Chancellor Angela Merkel.

According to the estimates of public television channels, the Alternative for Germany (AfD) would come in second place with 23% to 24% at the regional election in Thuringia, in the former Communist East Germany, doubling its score compared to the previous election in 2014, and even ahead of the conservative party of Angela Merkel, down sharply with 22% of the vote, which would represent its worst result in the Länder of the former GDR.

This score is all the more noteworthy for the anti-migrant and Eurosceptic movement, the AfD, which was achieved despite criticism targeting this party after the recent anti-Semitic and xenophobic attack that killed two people, committed by an activist. neo-Nazi in Halle, in the neighboring regional state of Saxony-Anhalt.

The leader of the AfD in Thuringia, Björn Höcke, figurehead of the most right wing of the movement, was accused of having prepared the ideological ground for the acts of Halle, where a massacre in a Synagogue was narrowly avoided by its statements against the German culture of repentance for Nazi crimes.

For example, he described the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin as a monument of shame. Angela Merkel, herself a regular target of the ultra-right for her generous policy of welcoming migrants in 2015 and 2016, urged after the bombing of Halle extremists to watch their "words" that can "turn into acts »

Die Linke in the lead

The election of Thuringia, a regional state of two million inhabitants, confirms the continuous progress of the far right in each ballot since 2015, mainly in the former GDR. Already in September, the AfD had overtaken in the East the 20% mark in two elections, in Saxony and Brandenburg. It is weakest in the west of the country.

In Thuringia, the current head of the regional government, Bodo Ramelow, a member of the radical Left (Die Linke), came in first, with around 30% of the vote, according to the television, a higher score than he had registered five years earlier. This former trade unionist has built his success on a very pragmatic policy, where he does not hesitate to privilege topics dear to conservatives, such as security, and to move away from the most radical slogans of his party in Berlin.

However, it will be difficult for him to stay in power because his two current coalition partners, the SPD Social Democrats and environmentalists, have fallen sharply, to around 8% and 5.5%, respectively, and are no longer able to support him. provide a majority. And at the same time, the conservative party refuses to govern with both the radical left and the extreme right. This could block any major coalition formation.

Fallback for traditional parties

For the CDU and the Social Democrats, this election is yet another disappointment likely to weaken a bit more the federal government of Angela Merkel, where these two formations are coalition partners but show more and more their disagreement, as most recently on Syria and Turkey.

This retreat is a disaster for the SPD in particular, which fights for its survival at the national level and must decide in December which course it chooses, along with its future president: stay in the coalition or not.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

EXHUMATION OF FRANCISCO FRANCO

Francisco Franco, the winner of the bloody civil war (1936-1939) who led Spain with an iron fist until his death in 1975, was exhumed on Thursday, October 24, of his monumental mausoleum near Madrid.

The Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez had made the transfer of the remains of the "Caudillo" a priority upon his accession to power in June 2018, so that this mausoleum could no longer be a "place of apology" of Francoism.

He must join his wife.

After the exhumation, the coffin of the dictator was carried by eight members of his family including his great-grandson Louis de Bourbon.

He is transferred from the "Valle de los Caidos" mausoleum, located about fifty kilometers from Madrid, to the Mingorubbio cemetery where his wife rests in the north of the Spanish capital.

It is "a great victory of dignity, memory, justice and reparation, and therefore of the Spanish democracy," welcomed the Spanish Prime Minister on Wednesday.

Promised for the summer of 2018, the operation was delayed by more than a year by the successive lawsuits of the dictator's descendants.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

EMMANUEL MACRON HAS A SPEECH IN

HALF TINT ON IMMIGRATION AND

THE SAIL IN MAYOTTE

Emmanuel Macron arrived in Mayotte on Tuesday, where he wanted to bring "extremely concrete answers" to the difficulties of the archipelago, especially on illegal immigration.

In a letter to Emmanuel Macron last week, the Collectif des Citoytes de Mayotte (at the origin of the social movement of 2018) underlines "that illegal immigration is increasing at an accelerated pace, threatening the fragile equilibrium we had and is degrading. the environment, the education system, the health system and urban planning. "

According to a recent survey by the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE), 48% of the 256 000 inhabitants of Mayotte are indeed foreigners, 95% of Comoran origin, the two islands of the Indian Ocean n being separated only about 70 km away.

Launched in August and put in place by the government, Operation Shikandra, which targets 25,000 repatriated to the Comoros by the end of this year, is not enough to stem immigration.

If the president assured that "there was no inevitability" and that it was not a question of yielding to "an irenism (attitude of understanding vis-à-vis the other, Ed) who would like to close the eyes and not to see that there is a subject and that there is a clandestine immigration that poses a problem ", he also affirmed that he would never" question the right of asylum ".

Asked about the veil, Emmanuel Macron promised to be "intractable" on the subject, but wants to avoid "divisions". He again called on the French to "fight against communitarianism and radicalization", but refused to take a firm stand on the question of the veil.

"These are important debates, you have to have them without it being a response to a provocation of an elected representative of the RN or the humiliation of anyone," he added.

Emmanuel Macron promised to return to this debate "in a peaceful way when I consider that it is the right moment, as I did on immigration".

"We sometimes tend to confuse the debate on secularism that has a framework, that of 1905, and the question of Islam," he added.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT BREAK OF THEATER IN THE BEDROOM

COMMONS

Days after the agreement reached between the Boris Johnson government and its 27 European counterparts, the House of Commons met on Saturday, October 19, from 10:30 am to 5 pm (French time).

In an electric atmosphere, Boris Johnson urged British MPs to vote for the divorce agreement.

But the Prime Minister was disavowed by a member of his own, the Conservative Oliver Letwin, who passed - 322 votes to 306 against - an amendment singularly complicating his plans.

This amendment compels Boris Johnson to request a postponement of Brexit until all the legislation necessary to implement the agreement he has won in Brussels has been adopted.

The government was therefore forced to send a letter requesting the postponement under a law, but Boris Johnson would not have signed it remaining fiercely opposed to a postponement.

The head of the government sent a second letter, signed the latter, to specify that he did not want this deadline.

In this letter, Boris Johnson explains that he was legally compelled by the "Benn Act" to request the postponement after the vote of the British deputies.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SPAIN SCENES OF URBAN GUERILLA

IN BARCELONA

The frantic demonstration by Catalan separatists against the condemnation of their former leaders by the Spanish justice system to heavy prison sentences has gathered more than half a million people on Friday in the streets of Barcelona.

It began in a festive mood before escalating into the evening with clashes between activists and law enforcement, causing scenes of chaos in the center of the city.

These tensions follow the heavy sentences of nine to thirteen years of imprisonment imposed on independence leaders on Monday, October 14, 2019 by the Supreme Court.

The latter were indeed tried for having organized on 1 October 2017, despite the prohibition of justice, a referendum of self-determination enamelled of police violence.

On October 27, 2017, they proclaimed the independence of Catalonia voted by the Catalan Parliament. Former head of the region, Carles Puigdemont, who has been living in exile in Belgium since October 2017, is subject to an international arrest warrant.

Urban guerrilla scenes

Numerous fires were lit, especially in the Plaza Catalunya at the top of the famous Ramblas, the destroyed street furniture and the barricades erected in many streets by hundreds of masked or helmeted demonstrators, shouting "the streets will always be ours". The police also used a water cannon against them.

500 people injured since Monday

Barcelona has already experienced urban guerrilla scenes from Tuesday to Thursday, but of less intensity than this Friday night. The violence marked a turning point for the separatist movement, which has always boasted of being non-violent.According to a report by Interior Minister Fernando Grande-Marlaska, before the violence escalated in the evening, 128 People have been arrested since the beginning of the independence mobilization on Monday while 207 policemen were wounded.

In total, according to emergency services, nearly 500 people have been injured since the beginning of the week in the region including 60 Friday night in Barcelona.

General strike

With the slogan "Liberty", columns of tens of thousands of separatists left Wednesday five cities in the region to reach Barcelona.

The separatists also organized a general strike whose effects were evident in this rich region weighing one fifth of the Spanish GDP.

In Barcelona, ​​the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia closed its doors while the Liceu opera canceled its performance on Friday. Most of the stands of the Boqueria market, and many shops were closed. Barça-Real Madrid has been postponed. Car maker Seat has shut down its Martorell plant near Barcelona which employs more than 6,500 people.

Less than a month away from the fourth general election in four years in Spain, these troubles have put the government of the Socialist Pedro Sanchez under pressure from the right that calls for exceptional measures to restore order.

From Brussels, Mr Sanchez replied that the state could not "be led to overreaction", while assuring that there would be "no impunity for acts of vandalism".

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

A NEW BREXIT AGREEMENT

White window above the Brussels Parliament.

Boris Johnson announced on Thursday, October 17, on Twitter "an excellent new agreement" of Brexit with the European Union

Shortly after the British Prime Minister it was the turn of Jean-Claude Juncker, the President of the European Commission, to declare "We have an excellent new agreement to regain control. Now the Parliament should get Brexit on Saturday to move on to other priorities, such as the cost of living, the NHS, crime and the environment.

When there is will, there is an agreement. We have one! It is a balanced and fair agreement for the European Union and the United Kingdom and it is a pledge of our commitment to finding solutions. "

The 27 countries of the European Union have approved the new Brexit agreement with London. We are waiting for two parliaments (British and European) to vote.

But the Labor Party has already called on MPs to "reject" this agreement, making it unlikely that Parliament will adopt the text, which is also opposed by the Northern Ireland Union Party DUP, which is allied to the government. This agreement "will not bring the country together and must be rejected. The best way to solve Brexit is to give the people the last word in a popular vote, "Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn said in a statement. The adoption of this agreement in the United Kingdom therefore seems already compromised ...

What does the agreement provide?

British province, Northern Ireland remains on the customs territory of the United Kingdom, under the protocol concluded this Thursday. If products from third countries enter Northern Ireland and remain there, then British customs duties will be applied. On the other hand, if goods from third countries are destined to enter the EU, via Northern Ireland, then the UK authorities will apply the EU's customs duties. It is the British customs who will check the products when they enter the province and apply the customs code of the Union.

Northern Ireland, however, remains aligned with a limited set of EU rules, notably those relating to goods, for example the health rules for veterinary checks, those on agricultural products and the state aid scheme. .. If the United Kingdom establishes free trade agreements with other countries, Northern Ireland will benefit.
Controls, both customs and regulatory, will be between the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland. There will therefore be no return of the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, member of the European Union, and the Good Friday peace agreement will be respected.

A mechanism has also been found for VAT.

This is the second agreement reached between London and Brussels to implement the result of the British referendum of June 2016. The first, negotiated by Theresa May, had been rejected three times by the British Parliament.

If the House of Commons refuses to ratify the agreement, then Boris Johnson will have to ask for a postponement as required by the law, even though he promised a British exit from the EU "no matter what " October 31.

"Brexit is the school of patience," admitted Thursday Michel Barnier, negotiator for the European Union.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SCENES OF VIOLENCE IN CATALONIA

AFTER

THE CONDEMNATION OF INDEPENDANTISTS

The tension does not descend in the north-east of Spain and the Catalan separatists do not flee. The pro-independence groups have held numerous rallies in front of governmental representations in the main cities of the region.

Forty thousand people demonstrated in Barcelona, ​​9,000 in Girona, but also in Tarragona. Clashes in the Catalan metropolis between independence and law enforcement also occurred.

Protesters receive instructions from the mysterious "Democratic Tsunami" organization, which on Monday called for the blockade of the airport on social networks and couriers.

These tensions follow the heavy sentences of nine to thirteen years of imprisonment imposed on independence leaders on Monday 14 October by the Supreme Court.

The latter were tried for having organized on 1 October 2017, despite the prohibition of justice, a referendum of self-determination enamelled of police violence. On October 27, 2017, they proclaimed the independence of Catalonia voted by the Catalan Parliament. Former head of the region, Carles Puigdemont, who has been living in exile in Belgium since October 2017, is subject to an international arrest warrant.

In Madrid, the government denounced the "widespread violence" in Tuesday's demonstrations. "A minority wants to impose violence in the streets of Catalan cities, especially in Barcelona, ​​Tarragona, Girona and Lleida," wrote the government of Socialist Pedro Sanchez.

"It is obvious that we are not facing a peaceful citizen movement but [facing a movement] coordinated by groups that use violence in the street to break the coexistence in Catalonia," he added.

Protest marches will start on Wednesday from five Catalan cities to converge in Barcelona on Friday, day of "general strike" and mass demonstration, convened by large independentist organizations, National Assembly Catalan (ANC) and Omnium cultural.

"Let's make Catalonia a new Hong Kong", can you read on social networks.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

WIDE VICTORY OF CONSERVATIVES IN POLAND AT LEGISLATIVES

The Poles voted on Sunday 13 October in the parliamentary elections for the populists in power. The Law and Justice Party (PiS) retains its absolute majority with 45.16% of the votes in the Polish parliament, which gives it 239 seats out of 460 at the "Sejm", the Diet which is the lower house, at the end of this election, according to the figures published on Monday, October 14, 2019 in the morning.

On the eve of the general elections (Diet and Senate) that took place on October 13 in Poland, both the outgoing majority and the oppositions agreed on one point:

it would be the largest since 1989 because it would not only determine who would govern for the next four years, but also the model that the country should adopt in the long term.

As it happens :

either a "Western liberal democracy" in line with the profile advocated by the EU, or a system based on strong power, a powerful welfare state, and values ​​centered around the family and the nation.

The overwhelming victory of the PiS (Law and Justice Party, conservative) shows that the Poles have mostly chosen the second alternative, that of a powerful welfare state. With 43.8% of the vote, Jaroslaw Kaczynski's supporters, the PiS strongman, once again secured an absolute majority in the Diet and even improved by 6.2 points compared to their 2015 score.

In the opposition, the Liberals of the Civic Platform (PO) and its allies would get 26.10%, ie 130 deputies (eight seats less than in 2015). The left-wing Lewica party would reach a score close to 12% (43 deputies) and returns to Parliament after four years of absence. The extreme right of Konfederacja gets 6.4% of the vote and enters for the first time in parliament. This party is an anti-system, ultra-liberal, Europhobic and nationalist right-wing alliance, built around the controversial former MEP Janusz Korwin-Mikke

Regarded as Poland's most influential politician, Kaczynski polarized society by attacking sexual minorities and rejecting Western liberal values, with the tacit blessing of the influential Catholic Church, and this strategy paid off.

Several factors have thus ensured the success of the PiS. Starting with real social measures taken for four years, including the allowance of 500 zlotys (about 120 euros) granted for each child from the second, the increase in salaries of civil servants, as well as the lowering of the age of the retirement (65 for men, 60 for women), previously increased by PO.

The second factor contributing to the success of the Conservatives is the stand against globalization and a liberal Europe making concessions. Also Kaczynski is part, alongside the Hungarian Viktor Orban, populist European leaders advocating a Europe of nations and refusing any federalist development of the European Union.

Finally, the third factor lies in the networks and the narrow mesh of the PiS: the Church, but also many unions, such as Solidarnosc, who have invested in the campaign.

The pro-PiS head of state, Andrzej Duda, is likely to run for a second term in the spring. And it is unlikely that the presidential election, scheduled for next spring, reverses the trend.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

ANTISEMITE ATTACK IN GERMANY

On Wednesday, the day of Yom Kippur, the great Jewish religious holiday, a 27-year-old German, portrayed as Stefan B. by the media, burst heavily armed outside the gates of the synagogue of Halle, 170 km southwest from Berlin.

Dressed in a military jacket, wearing a helmet surmounted by a camera filming the assault, he intended to commit carnage in the building where were gathered about 80 faithful.

He was prevented from doing so only by double-locked doors for safety, which resisted his shotgun fire.

The man with the shaved head acted alone, apparently improvised enough.

And especially inspired by the staging of the Australian right-wing extremist responsible in March for the attack on mosques in New Zealand that had left 51 dead.

His film was also broadcast on the internet.

Chancellor Angela Merkel and all the German leaders condemned this act.

But this time the Jewish community does not want to stop there, in a context of continuous rise of anti-Semitic acts in the country, coming from the far-right circles but also for a part of Muslims among the migrants who have arrived in the country since 2015.

Last year, anti-Semitic acts of all kinds in Germany increased by almost 20% compared to 2017, to 1,799, according to police statistics.

The neo-Nazi movement is at the origin of a good part of them, against the backdrop of the continued rise of the far-right political in Germany, which wants to end the culture of national repentance for the horrors of the Third Reich.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

ATTACK AGAINST A SYNAGOGUE IN GERMANY

At least two people were killed Wednesday in the middle of the street in Halle, in the east of Germany, in an attack on the Yom Kippur, a synagogue and a Turkish restaurant, one of the alleged perpetrators of the shooting has been arrested.

Two others were seriously injured by gunshot and admitted to the city's university hospital for surgery, a spokesman said

Max Privorozki, president of the Jewish community in Halle, told Spiegel that the perpetrators tried to enter the synagogue with 70 to 80 people. According to him, the security measures at the entrance made it possible to "resist the attack. "

An attack on Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel described the shooting as "bombing". The Chancellor follows "the unfolding of the events after the attack in Halle" and expresses "solidarity with all Jews for this feast day Yom Kippur," said spokesman Steffen Seibert on Twitter.

The shooting is an "anti-Semitic attack" probably perpetrated by a sympathizer of the movement of "extreme right", said the German Minister of the Interior Horst Seehofer

The specter of a far-right anti-migrant

The attack comes months after the murder in Hesse of Walter Lübcke, a pro-migrant politician elected by Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservative party (CDU). The main suspect is a member of the neo-Nazi movement.

This case has created a shockwave in the country, where the anti-migrant far right chain of electoral successes. It has awakened the fear of a far-right terrorism like that of the small group NSU, responsible for the murder between 2000 and 2007 of a dozen migrants.

There have been a number of violent precedents: a knife attack against Cologne Mayor Henriette Reker in 2015, and two years later against Altena Mayor Andreas Hollstein. Both are barely surviving. Both defended a policy of generous reception of migrants, as Walter Lübcke.

Or the murders perpetrated by the German neo-Nazi group NSU, responsible for the murder of a dozen immigrants in Germany in the early 2000s.

"A new RAF"

Germany is confronted with "a new RAF [Rote Armee Fraktion]", a "brown RAF", believes the Süddeutsche Zeitung, in reference to the far-left terrorist group Fraction arme rouge, active between 1968 and 1998.

More than 12,700 right-wing extremists considered dangerous are identified by the authorities.

German authorities are also on the alert after several jihadist attacks in recent years. The deadliest was in December 2016, when a Tunisian, Anis Amri, ran into a Christmas market in Berlin with a stolen truck, killing twelve people.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

JUDICIAL TSUNAMI IN THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO

The case begins to make a great noise and to worry the Prince of Monaco Albert II himself, because never a certain "qualified mafia" would have approached so close to power.

Everything starts on February 26, 2015 with the arrest in Monaco of the Swiss businessman Yves Bouvier, accused by Dimitri Rybolovlev, owner of the AS Monaco Football Club, for having scammed him of 1 billion euros. euros on occasion.

The case should have been heard in Switzerland where the transaction took place. But Rybolovlev did everything to impose Monegasque territorial jurisdiction, "convinced that it would be settled more easily".

But it was not counting on the clumsiness of the lawyer of the Russian oligarch whose expertise of the mobile phone and its SMS (reconstituted) brought to light complicities with the Monegasque police.

It is from the beginning of the era of suspicion that accredits the thesis already issued but never verified so far, too close proximity of the Russian clan with local authorities.

Naturally Rybolovlev immediately defended himself for using his largesse to bribe the most prominent local authorities (perhaps even mere underlings).

But the worm is installed in the fruit and Frank Michel, the lawyer Yves Bouvier quickly filed several complaints for fraud but also for corruption.

It is in this context that appears in 2016 Judge Edouard Levrault, described on the Rock as a White Knight of Justice.

Like most magistrates who instrumentalise on the Rock, Edouard Levrault is a French magistrate, appointed in the Monegasque Justice Department by voice of detachment. This has been the rule since time immemorial. The secondment lasts 3 years and can be renewed once for 3 years, except for personal reasons, the detachment is systematically renewed and the magistrate thus named can remain in office for 6 years in total on the shores of the Big Blue.

But here, when he arrived 3 years ago, Judge Levrault came across the Ribolovlev cases and his investigations led him to a fine line of elites from the Monegasque state, all of whom were involved in more or large scale in the case and in related affairs gloomy.

In 3 years, he has "charged" (this is the term used on the Rock) a former Minister of the Interior, Paul Masseron; the Divisional Commissioner of the Judicial Police, Christophe Haguet, as well as his wife and son; the Chief of the Judicial Police and his deputy, a former Director of Public Security, Regis ASSO, and a former Attorney General!

Oops! Just that ! According to Judge Levrault, these people would all be closely involved in the Rybolovlev scandal.

Judge Levrault has even asked for additional orders against Messrs ANSELMI, MARANGONI, KLARIC who would have taken advantage of the weakness due to the illness of Prince Rainier III of Monaco.

Even more surprising, the lawyer of Prince Albert II is Maître Thierry Lacoste, condemned by the Court of Cassation to 3 years of reprieve for malpractices

Annoyed, irritated, even exasperated, the Director of the Judicial Services (the equivalent of the Minister of Justice) Laurent Anselmi has signified June 24 the end of his detachment at the end of 3 years, the unfortunate Edouard Levrault, this you have understood in complete rupture with the habits which regulated the nominations in the Monegasque magistracy. But Edouard Levrault had become too embarrassing!

Prince Albert II would not even have been aware of this decision, which nevertheless created a clash with France, which immediately threatened retaliation and blocking of future appointments.

To calm the game and pledge of goodwill, Prince Albert II has dismissed Laurent Anselmi and appointed a certain Robert Gelli in his place.

All of this, at this point, could be summed up as a classic Palace affair.

Except that ! A collective, which recalls in each of his press releases his attachment to the Prince, to the immense respect they bear to the late Prince Rainier III and the Princess Grace who made the greatness of Monaco, calls for quick and severe sanctions, the characters mentioned above all belonging to Masonic lodges very influential on the Rock "or according to them no longer rules the rule of law".

This group, which calls for the reinstatement of Judge Edouard Levrault, intends to rule out any diplomatic crisis with France and any crisis with the Vatican, Catholicism being a state religion, constitutionally. As proof, the solemn audience for the re-entry held in the Palace of Justice hall, nestled at the top of the Rock, was preceded by a Mass of the Holy Spirit celebrated in the nearby Cathedral.

But the knives have not returned to the locker room and the collective ensures to hold (and have put under protection) thousands of documents all more compromising than each other.

To be continued…..

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

RASSEMBLEMENT DE SOUTIEN AU TERRORISTE MICKAEL HARPON OU L'APOLOGIE DU TERRORISME

Hadama Traoré, « candidat des banlieues » aux dernières élections européennes, souhaitait organiser un rassemblement de soutien à Mickaël Harpon ce jeudi 10 octobre devant son domicile de Gonesse (Val-d'Oise). Face à l'indignation, le rassemblement a été interdit, a annoncé le ministre de l'Intérieur Christophe Castaner.

« La manifestation prévue à Gonesse en soutien à l'assassin de la préfecture de police est une infamie et une insulte à la mémoire de nos policiers. Je me suis entretenu avec le préfet du Val-d'Oise : le rassemblement va être interdit. ».

C'est dans un tweet publié ce mercredi aux alentours de 9h30 que le ministre de l'Intérieur Christophe Castaner est venu clore la polémique.

La classe politique dans son ensemble réclamait l'interdiction du rassemblement de soutien à Mickaël Harpon par la préfecture du Val-d'Oise.

La sénatrice LR Jacqueline Eustache-Brinio estime qu'il s'agit « d'une manifestation de soutien au meurtrier », organisée par « un militant communautariste qui s'est déjà illustré par les propos les plus infâmes sur les forces de l'ordre ».

« Aujourd'hui, il faut des actes. On ne peut pas comprendre qu'on accepte une manifestation de soutien à un homme qui a tué quatre policiers », a martelé Éric Ciotti, qui présidera la commission d'enquête parlementaire sur la tuerie de la préfecture de police.

En effet, une semaine après l'attentat de la préfecture de police de Paris qui a fait quatre morts, une manifestation de soutien au tueur devait se dérouler devant son domicile de Gonesse (Val-d'Oise). Hadama Traoré, « candidat des banlieues » lors des dernières élections -avec son mouvement « La Révolution est en marche », créé en janvier 2017- a lancé cette idée ignoble sur Facebook.

Il souhaitait « communiquer différemment sur Mickaël »qui « n'est pas un terroriste ». Hadama Traoré, affirme que « Mickaël Harpon n'était pas un extrémiste religieux mais un Aulnaysien du 93 », une personne « discriminée » dans son travail à cause de son handicap.

Aussi invitait-il « toutes les communautés persécutées » à « faire la guerre ensemble aux politiques et aux médias ».

« J'ai demandé à ce que les propos odieux tenus par son organisateur soient dénoncés au procureur de la République, sur le fondement de l'article 40 du code de procédure pénale », a déclaré Christophe Castaner.

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

IMMIGRATION IN FRANCE DEBATES

TO PARLIAMENT

If immigration is only in the fifth position of the priorities displayed by a third of French people, behind purchasing power, health, the social protection system and the environment according to an Odoxa poll of 1 October 2019, however, remains a major concern for the right-wing electorate.

Emmanuel Macron is aware of this and explains to parliamentarians his majority and his government. "We do not have the right not to look at it in the face." An invitation not to let the theme to the right hard and especially to the "far right".

So the executive decided to tackle this explosive issue one year after the enactment of the Asylum & Immigration Act.

The parliamentary debate on immigration is scheduled for Monday, October 7, 2019 in the National Assembly and the following Wednesday in the Senate. It "aims to put the migration policy in an overview with factual elements," said Matignon Thursday.

The executive has made several findings without appeal, mainly "the sharp increase in asylum applications" in France, while the movement seems to be running out on a European scale. According to the executive, "total immigration increases in France" with 250,000 titles of valid stays. Not counting rejected asylum seekers who are not returned to the border.

Is the French policy of asylum too generous?

How is it that part of the immigration comes from countries deemed safe like Georgia or Albania?

Does the State Medical Aid (MEA) health care basket only correspond to what is needed?

Is there a stricter framework for immigration with the introduction of quotas as the right wants?

So many questions that promise a heated debate between a left criticizing the "electoral" aims of the head of state and a right wishing a hardening of migration policy.

Emmanuel Macron, fine tactician, knows that he must give satisfaction to the left and right, he who preaches the method of "at the same time". "I believe in the truth 'at the same time' on migration policy too. It is human and effective, "he said.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT THE ULTIMATUM OF BORIS JOHNSON

At 29 days from the date scheduled for Brexit, the schedule is very tight to find a divorce agreement. The situation in Northern Ireland is one of the main stumbling blocks in the negotiations with the EU.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Wednesday (October 2nd) proposed a plan to leave the European Union in Brussels with an alternative on the fate of the Irish border.

This plan, which replaces the backstop decried from the previous agreement, provides that Northern Ireland belongs to the same customs area as Great Britain.

On the other hand, it provides that the British province retains EU regulations for all goods, not just agricultural, during a transitional period, which may be renewed if Northern Ireland so wishes.

So there would be some kind of two borders: customs controls between the two Ireland and regulatory controls in the Irish Sea, which separates Great Britain from its northern Irish province. According to London, this proposal makes it possible to avoid physical customs controls at the border.

These proposals have been described as "a reasonable compromise" by Boris Johnson in a letter to the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker published by his services.

The objective of this new offer is to avoid a brutal exit to end three years of a saga around Brexit, which plunged the United Kingdom into a deep political crisis.

Boris Johnson's offer sounds like an ultimatum. Boris Johnson warned that in the event of a rejection of his plan, the UK would leave the EU on 31 October "whatever happens".

With or without agreement, then, while a law, recently passed in the House of Commons, theoretically prevents him from leaving without agreement with Brussels.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LEGISLATIVES EN AUTRICHE

SEBASTIAN KURZ GRAND FAVORI

Après une crise politique inédite, l’Autriche est retournée, dimanche 29  septembre 2019, aux urnes pour des législatives anticipées et mise sur le chancelier sortant, Sebastian Kurz, pour un nouveau départ.

Malgré le scandale de « l'Ibizagate », qui a pulvérisé son premier gouvernement formé avec le parti d’extrême droite FPÖ, son parti conservateur (ÖVP), est crédité d'une avance de 15 points devançant de loin ses deux rivaux au coude-à-coude le FPÖ, parti d'extrême droite, d'un côté, et SPÖ, parti social-démocrate, de l'autre qui se disputent la seconde place. Nul doute que le jeune prodige de la politique autrichienne de 33 ans retrouve son fauteuil de chancelier .

La grande inconnue après la victoire annoncée de Sebastian Kurz reste le choix du parti avec lequel il fera alliance pour gouverner. A la différence de 2017, Sebastian Kurz « a trois options possibles de coalition qui toutes lui déplaisent ».

La première, renouer une alliance avec l’extrême droite, le FPÖ, qui s’est doté d’un nouveau chef, Norbert Hofer, après la brutale disgrâce de son prédécesseur, Heinz-Christian Strache à l'origine du scandale. Mais le parti nationaliste, fondé par d’anciens nazis dans les années 1950, sent le soufre aux yeux de nombreux élus conservateurs.

Deuxième option : une alliance avec les sociaux-démocrates. Mais Sebastian Kurz n'a cessé de critiquer leur immobilisme quand ils étaient aux affaires.

Un troisième scénario: une alliance avec les écologistes et les libéraux, deux formations en progression grâce à leur positionnement clair sur l’environnement. Sebastian Kurz, de son côté, a promis que l’Autriche afficherait un bilan carbone neutre en 2045. Et cette semaine, son parti s’est joint à toutes les autres formations du pays – à l’exception du FPÖ – pour décréter l’état d’urgence climatique.

Sebastian Kurz va devoir choisir miser à nouveau sur la question migratoire ou tenter le pari du climat, les deux sujets arrivant respectivement en première et en deuxième place de ses préoccupations.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

JACQUES CHIRAC DAY OF NATIONAL MOURNING MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

The former President of the Republic Jacques Chirac, who had been suffering for many years, died "very peacefully, without suffering" and surrounded by his family Thursday morning September 26, 2019 at his home, rue de Tournon in the center of Paris , the city of which he had been the mayor for 18 years before going to the Elysee, in 1995.

A day of national mourning was decreed on Monday, and a solemn service will be given that day at 12 o'clock in the Saint-Sulpice church in Paris.

Days of national mourning had already been decreed after the deaths of presidents Charles de Gaulle in 1970, Georges Pompidou in 1974, and François Mitterrand in 1996.

The date and place of the funeral have not yet been communicated.

A popular tribute to former president Jacques Chirac, who died Thursday, will be held in Paris Sunday, September 29, 2019, on the eve of the national day of mourning decreed by the authorities, we learned Friday from his family.

Those who wish can come to sign the golden books at the Elysee.

The burial, in a strictly private setting, should take place Monday at the Parisian cemetery of Montparnasse, where already rests his daughter Laurence, who died in 2016, added the family of the former head of state.

Our confreres

"Goodbye" (Le Figaro)

Without fuss »(Release)

"So French" (Le Parisien)

the French press, in many special editions, celebrated Friday, September 27, 2019 "what was" the politician during his career of half a century.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

DEATH OF FORMER PRESIDENT JACQUES CHIRAC

The 22nd President of the French Republic, Jacques Chirac, passed away at the age of 86 on Thursday 26 September. "President Jacques Chirac died this morning among his family. Peacefully, "said his son-in-law, Frédéric Salat-Baroux, husband of Claude Chirac.

Two decades after his accession to the Elysee, he had left the political scene but remained in the polls the president

"The most sympathetic of the Fifth Republic" in the eyes of the French.

Born November 29, 1932 in the fifth arrondissement of Paris, he had been physically weakened in recent years. Jacques René Chirac was President of the Republic for 12 years, after winning the presidential election against Lionel Jospin on May 7, 1995, before being re-elected on May 5, 2002 against Jean-Marie Le Pen.

A political career of exceptional duration

Jacques Chirac experienced a rapid rise quickly becoming a major political actor of the Fifth Republic. He began his political career in Corrèze where he became a municipal councilor of Sainte-Féréole in 1965 before becoming a member of the 3rd constituency of Corrèze in 1967.Then he began a ministerial career from 1971 (Relations with Parliament, Agriculture then Interior before becoming Prime Minister in 1974, under the chairmanship of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing) .Jacques Chirac then leaves the executive to access the mayor of Paris in 1977, before returning as prime minister during the first cohabitation of the Fifth Republic with François Mitterrand in 1986 and to reach the supreme office in 1995.

His Elyos mandates will remain marked by his "no" to the second Iraq war, the end of the military conscription, the recognition of the responsibility of the French state in the Nazi crimes, the passage to the quinquennium, the cry of alarm ("Our house burns") in the face of environmental degradation, a first major victory over the absurd road mortality.

Head of State, Prime Minister, Minister, Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac will have held the highest office of the Republic during a political career of exceptional duration, more than forty years.

Figure of the French right, he has successively been a member of the UDR (1971-1976), the RPR he created (1976-2002) and the UMP (2002-2007). He ended his career in public life as a member of the Constitutional Council, a privilege reserved for former French Heads of State, where he has not sat since 9 December 2010.

The tributes of politics across divides and around the world

Men and women politicians of all stripes greet the memory of the former president died Thursday at the age of 86 years. The reactions to the death of Jacques Chirac

François Hollande greets "a fighter". The former Socialist President paid tribute Thursday afternoon to "a fighter" who "had been able to establish a personal connection with the French." Between Jacques Chirac and François Hollande, both enarques, Correzians and former presidents, a special bond had been woven over a complex history.

Nicolas Sarkozy: "It's a part of my life that disappears today". The former president, Minister of the Interior during the second term of Jacques Chirac, expressed his "deep sadness" after the announcement of the death of him who "embodied a France faithful to its universal values ​​and its role history "and" never gave up on our independence, as well as on its deep European commitment ".

Alain Juppé loses a long-time friend. Prime Minister between 1995 and 1997 and favorite lieutenant of Jacques Chirac, the former mayor of Bordeaux welcomed his death with "an immense sadness". "For more than 40 years, I have lived with Jacques Chirac an exceptional relationship of loyalty, trust, mutual friendship that was not only political but personal first," writes Alain Juppé.

For the leader of the deputies the Republicans, Christian Jacob "the Gaullist family loses one of its greatest inspirers". "My immense sorrow is worthy of the respect, admiration and affection I felt for him," he adds.

For Anne Hidalgo, "Paris is in mourning". The mayor of Paris hailed a "statesman out of the ordinary". "For us Parisians, he will be our mayor forever, passionately loving his city and its inhabitants," she said.

Marine Le Pen remembers "a great lover of overseas" and the President "able to oppose the madness of the war in Iraq."

German Chancellor Angela Merkel honors "a formidable partner and friend", European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker regrets that "Europe loses one of its leading figures, France a great man State, and me a faithful friend. "

Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri greets one of the "greatest men" in France.

In Moscow, President Vladimir Putin, who worked with him as head of state between 2000 and 2007 and had already professed his admiration for him, regrets a "wise and visionary leader who has always defended the interests of his country" .

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson salutes "a formidable political leader who shaped the destiny of his country", before addressing his condolences "to his family, his family and the French people".

Back to his biography in brief

- November 29, 1932: birth in Paris

- 1967: Member of Parliament for Corrèze (re-elected until 1995)

- 1968-1971: Secretary of State for the Economy and Finance. In May 68, participates in the Grenelle negotiations with President Pompidou

- 1971-1974: several times minister

- 1974: Prime Minister Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. In 1976, he resigned and founded the RPR (Rassemblement pour la République)

- 1977: elected mayor of Paris, re-elected twice

- 1978: launches "the call of Cochin" (against the European policy of the government)

- 1981: beaten by VGE in the first round of the presidential election. Mitterrand elected

- 1986: Prime Minister of the first cohabitation

- 1988: beaten in the presidential election by Mitterrand

- 1995: elected president (against Lionel Jospin)

- 1997: dissolves the Assembly but the left wins the legislative elections. Appoint Jospin to Matignon

- 2002: reelected easily president, against Jean-Marie Le Pen. At the July 14 parade, a right-wing activist tries to assassinate him

- 2003: leader of the "peace camp" against the war in Iraq

- 2005: victim of a cerebrovascular accident

- 2007: his rebellious heir Nicolas Sarkozy is elected president

- 2011: Sentenced to two years in prison suspended in the case of fictitious jobs of the mayor of Paris, first ex-president sentenced in court

- 2014: his wife Bernadette believes that, because of "memory problems" that affect him, he will never speak in public again

- 2016: death of his eldest daughter, Laurence

- September 26, 2019: death.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

YELLOW VESTS OR THE FEAR OF VIOLENCE

This 45th Saturday of mobilization of yellow vests worries the French authorities who announced the deployment of a major security device Saturday in the capital.

At the same time, there will be the Heritage Days and the Climate Walk.

The Interior Ministry and the Prefecture of Police fear a return of violence in the streets of the capital.

7500 officials and military will be mobilized Saturday in the capital to avoid any overflow on the sidelines of the demonstration of yellow vests and the march for the climate, announced the police chief this Friday at a press conference.

For several days, calls to go to Paris for the thugs are circulating on social networks.

The prefect was keen to warn the disruptive elements by ensuring that the police would be present in number, with a device of the same magnitude as that set up on 1-May.

"They say they will not let go, neither do we.

There is no question that they demonstrate on the Champs-Elysees, this perimeter will be prohibited.

Those who risk it will be immediately verbalized.

There must be no destruction of trade or fire, "said Didier Lallement in a determined tone.

Several institutions and museums will remain closed on Saturday despite the European Heritage Days, such as the Petit Palais and Grand Palais museums.


Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

MINISTERS PLACED UNDER SURVEILLANCE BY EMMANUEL MACRON

Macron is demanding a total commitment from his ministers, while the start of the school year will be marked by major reforms such as the law on bioethics, the issue of the PMA for all women, and the reform of pensions.

The key word of the Elysee: efficiency.

For the Head of State believes that the anger of "yellow vests" comes in particular from the lack of visible results since 2017.

In question: the slowness and the resistance of the administration.

So to the ministers to break the codes of the administration and manage their ministry as a start-up!

Moreover, Emmanuel Macron, as good manager as he is, gives the example:

he decided to place government members under surveillance through a smartphone app.

The tool, called the "public transformation scoreboard", makes it possible to follow the progress of current reforms or their effectiveness rate.

Its principle is simple: we enter a theme and a percentage appears. Brexit, duplication of CP classes in disadvantaged areas unemployment insurance ... all areas are listed to follow the concrete action of ministers on these topics.

And on the screen appears a slider for each reform:

if the practice goes well, the little bar is green, if it trails, it turns red.

The red of the bad student ! .

What give cold sweats to his ministers who must devote themselves body and soul to the country!

We do not know yet if he planned the bonnet !

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE LANCEUR D'ALERTE EDWARD SNOWDEN DEMANDE L'ASILE POLITIQUE A LA FRANCE

C'est un appel du pied à Emmanuel Macron. Dans une interview donnée à France Inter, qui sera diffusée lundi, le lanceur d'alerte américain Edward Snowden fait part de son désir d' obtenir l'asile politique en France.

« J'ai demandé l'asile en France en 2013 sous François Hollande. Évidemment, j'aimerais beaucoup que monsieur Macron m'accorde le droit d'asile », indique-t-il.

Ancien employé de l’agence nationale de la sécurité américaine (NSA), Edward Snowden avait révélé en 2013 l’existence d’un système de surveillance mondiale des communications et d’internet. Inculpé aux États-Unis d'espionnage et de vol de documents appartenant à l’État, il s’était réfugié en Russie la même année et son permis de séjour a été renouvelé jusqu’en 2020 .

Edward Snowden vit actuellement dans la région de Moscou  dans la crainte perpétuelle d'une arrestation des services américains. Edward Snowden n'utilise ni carte de crédit ni téléphone portable et n'échange que par communications cryptées via son équipe d'avocats.

L'Américain, inculpé aux États-Unis pour espionnage et vols de secrets d'État, a demandé la protection de plus de 20 pays, dont la France, mais se l'est toujours vue refuser jusqu'ici. D'où une longue cavale à travers le monde avant l'obtention de séjour temporaire à Moscou accordée par Vladimir Poutine.

« Le monde occidental en question »

Eward Snowden pointe le paradoxe des démocraties occidentales qui lui ont jusqu'ici refusé la demande d'asile. « On ne veut pas que la France devienne comme ces pays que vous n'aimez pas. Le plus triste dans toute cette histoire, c'est que le seul endroit où un lanceur d'alerte américain a la possibilité de parler, ce n'est pas en Europe mais c'est en Russie. (...) Ce n'est pas seulement la France qui est en question, c'est le monde occidental, c'est le système dans lequel on vit. Protéger les lanceurs d'alerte, ça n'a rien d'hostile. Accueillir quelqu'un comme moi ce n'est pas attaquer les États-Unis », argumente-t-il dans l'interview.

Publication de ses Mémoires

L'Américain de 36 ans publie aussi le 17 septembre prochain un livre très attendu, qui sort en France sous le titre Mémoires vives (éd. du Seuil). Il y reviendra sur son trajet d'ancien agent de la CIA, devenu la bête noire des services secrets américains après avoir révélé l'ampleur de la surveillance mondiale des communications par les Etats-Unis.

Elles seront publiées simultanément dans une vingtaine de pays dont les Etats-Unis- sous le titre « Permanent record » par Metropolitan Books -, la France, l’Allemagne, le Royaume-Uni, le Brésil ou encore Taïwan.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE RAPPORT OPERATION YELLOWHAMMER

LE CHAOS AU ROYAUME-UNI EN CAS DE BREXIT DUR ?

Le gouvernement britannique a publié mercredi 11 septembre 2019 les conclusions du dossier

« Opération Yellowhammer », un rapport qui évalue les conséquences les plus brutales d’un Brexit sans accord.

Si Boris Johnson a essuyé mercredi un nouveau revers, lorsque la justice écossaise a déclaré « illégale » la suspension controversée du Parlement jusqu'au 14 octobre 2019, il doit encore affronter la publication dans la presse de ce rapport peu encourageant en cas de no-deal.

Contraint par un vote du parlement le gouvernement de Boris Johnson s'est vu dans l'obligation de dévoiler au grand public l'ensemble de ce rapport confidentiel.

A quoi doit-on s'attendre en cas de Brexit sans accord ?

Alors que la perspective d'un Brexit dur n'est plus à exclure, les conséquences détaillées dans le rapport « Opération Yellowhammer »ne s’avèrent pas des plus encourageantes.

Douze domaines clés de l'économie britannique risquent d'être impactés négativement à court terme qu'il s'agisse de l'approvisionnement en eau et nourriture, de la santé, des transports ou des frontières, indique le rapport. Jusqu'à 85 % des poids lourds britanniques pourraient ne pas être en mesure de franchir les contrôles douaniers français, en cas de Brexit sans accord. La traversée de la Manche risquerait donc d'être singulièrement perturbée avec un trafic potentiellement réduit de 40% à 60%.

Des perturbations à prévoir au moins trois mois durant et qui auraient « un impact sur l'approvisionnement en médicaments et matériel médical », ainsi qu'en produits frais, met également en garde le document.

D'’importants mouvements de mécontentement dans tout le Royaume-Uni, voire des émeutes pourraient alors éclater dans le Royaume-Uni.

Une « augmentation des tensions communautaires » ?

Gibraltar pourrait être particulièrement affecté en raison de la mise en place de contrôles douaniers à sa frontière avec l’Espagne.

Ne sont pas à exclure non plus des incidents dans les zones de pêche entre pêcheurs britanniques et étrangers ce qui augmenterait « les désordres publics et les tensions communautaires ».

Enfin le projet britannique de suppression des contrôles à la frontière irlandaise « s'avérerait probablement non viable en raison d'importants risques sur les plans économique, juridique et de biosécurité », est-il encore indiqué, évoquant la possibilité de l'émergence d'un marché noir dans les communautés frontalières.

« L’état de préparation du public et du secteur marchand (...) restera faible (...) en raison de l’absence d’une vision claire sur la forme de la sortie de l’Union européenne », selon les documents.

Ces mises en garde ne font qu' accroitre la pression sur le Premier ministre Boris Johnson alors que. celui-ci a a donné  la date butoir du 31 octobre pour sortir de l'U.E., avec ou sans accord.

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DEFAITE DE BORIS JOHNSON FACE AU PARLEMENT

Le premier ministre britannique Boris Johnson a déclaré qu'il allait «s'évertuer à obtenir un accord» d'ici le sommet européen les 17 et 18 octobre à Bruxelles, juste après que les députés lui ont refusé mardi l'organisation d'élections législatives anticipées.

Les jours précédents ont été éprouvants pour le dirigeant conservateur qui s'est vu essuyer camouflet sur camouflet au parlement et perdre la majorité absolue à la suite de défections et d'expulsions de députés rebelles de son Parti conservateur.

Cette série de cinglants désaveux à la Chambre des Communes contrarient fortement sa stratégie d'un Brexit coûte que coûte.

Frontière irlandaise

En fin d'après-midi, il doit recevoir à Londres Arlene Foster, la cheffe du parti unioniste nord-irlandais DUP allié au gouvernement, et Nigel Dodds, son chef de file à la Chambre.

Londres et Bruxelles ne parviennent pas à s'entendre sur la manière de maintenir ouverte cette démarcation après le Brexit. Boris Johnson souhaite supprimer de l'accord de retrait négocié par Theresa May, une disposition qui empêcherait selon lui le Royaume-Uni d'avoir une politique commerciale indépendante.

Mais pour l'UE, faute de solution alternative crédible, hors de question de revenir sur cette mesure, appelée «backstop» (filet de sécurité).

Cette clause de sauvegarde prévoit que le Royaume-Uni tout entier reste dans un «territoire douanier unique» avec l'UE si une meilleure solution n'est pas trouvée à l'issue d'une période transitoire. Elle vise à empêcher le retour d'une frontière physique entre l'Irlande du Nord, une province britannique, et la République d'Irlande, un État membre de l'UE.

L'unioniste Arlene Foster a prévenu : la province ne devait pas être sacrifiée dans les discussions car cela entraînerait «la rupture» du Royaume-Uni.

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

BREXIT LOSS OF MAJORITY IN PARLIAMENT

FOR BORIS JOHNSON

An electric parliamentary return.

Just before Boris Johnson's speech, a Conservative MP leaves the Tory party benches, weaving through the aisles and joining elected Liberal Democrats opposed to Brexit.

The government of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson lost Tuesday, Sept. 3, his majority in Parliament, which was only one vote, with the defection of Conservative MP Phillip Lee.

"The Conservative government is aggressively pursuing a damaging Brexit. It endangers lives ... and unjustifiably threatens the integrity of the United Kingdom, "Phillip Lee said in a statement.

A decision taken on Tuesday while Boris Johnson was making a statement in front of a boiling Parliament.

Johnson warns: "You want to destroy any chance of reaching a new agreement with the Europeans ?

And then vote the bill ".

Opposition MPs and some of its own Conservative Party members want to prevent a Brexit without any agreement at all costs by getting a new postponement if necessary by January 31, 2020.

Boris Johnson warned on Monday that he would not accept "under any circumstances" to ask Brussels for a new Brexit report and is threatening to call early elections for 14 October.

All week, Boris Johnson will face opposition MPs and his own Conservative camp against the backdrop of the threat of early elections.

If opponents of the "no deal" win in Parliament, the head of government will present a motion to organize parliamentary elections on October 14.

This motion will be submitted to the vote of the deputies on Wednesday and will have to collect two thirds of the votes.


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

FRANCE UN MORT ET HUIT BLESSES

DANS UNE ATTAQUE AU COUTEAU A LYON

Un homme armé d'un couteau a semé la terreur samedi vers 16h30 à Villeurbanne près de Lyon attaquant les passants dont l'un, un jeune homme de 19 ans, a été tué.

Huit personnes ont aussi été blessées, dont trois grièvement.

L'auteur présumé de cette agression, dont les motivations sont encore inconnues, a été arrêté et placé en garde à vue pour « assassinat et tentative d'assassinats », a indiqué le parquet de Lyon.

En sanglots une jeune femme explique à France 2 :

« Il a mis des coups de couteau dans tous les sens, il a réussi à ouvrir le ventre d'une personne, il a mis un coup de couteau dans la tête à un mec, il a ouvert à l'oreille à une dame. »

Quelques heures après l'agression au couteau à la sortie du métro à Villeurbanne, l'on sait que le suspect est un Afghan demandeur d'asile âgé de 33 ans, inconnu jusqu'à maintenant des services de police et de renseignement.

L'agresseur présumé « se mure dans le silence ». A ce stade de l'enquête la piste terroriste n'est pas privilégiée.

Le maire de Lyon et ancien ministre de l'Intérieur Gérard Collomb a cependant appelé la population à « rester très prudente » sur le caractère terroriste ou non de cette « attaque au couteau », lors d'une brève déclaration à la presse.

En mai dernier, l'explosion d'un colis piégé au centre de de Lyon avait fait 14 blessés dans une ville jusque-là épargnée par la vague d'attentats djihadistes qui a frappé la France à partir de 2015.

Le suspect, un Algérien radicalisé de 24 ans, Mohamed Hichem Medjoub, a été inculpé et écroué.

Nicolas Jacquet, procureur de la République de Lyon, tiendra une conférence de presse ce dimanche à 15 heures.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

BREXIT COUP DE TONNERRE AU PARLEMENT

« Cette décision constitue un affront à la Constitution. Quelle que soit la manière dont on l’habille, il est ultra-évident que l’objectif d’une suspension maintenant serait d’empêcher le Parlement de débattre du Brexit et de s’acquitter de sa tâche », a déclaré à la BBC John Bercow , président de la Chambre des communes.


Le Premier ministre Boris Johnson a demandé, mercredi 28 août, à la reine Elizabeth II de suspendre les travaux du Parlement pendant cinq semaines. La monarque a donné son accord, qui est généralement une formalité, dans l'après-midi.

Le document précise que la suspension devra démarrer « pas plus tôt que le lundi 9 septembre et pas plus tard que le jeudi 12 septembre ». Les parlementaires ne siégeront à nouveau qu'à partir du 14 octobre, soit deux semaines avant la date prévue du Brexit. La rentrée parlementaire qui était normalement prévue pour le 3 septembre devrait reprendre le 14 octobre avec un discours de la Reine selon la BBC et Sky News. Ce discours préparé par le gouvernement établit un programme législatif pour l’année à venir

Deux semaines pour « débattre » du Brexit.

Boris Johnson affirme que les députés auront « l'occasion de débattre du programme du gouvernement et de son approche du Brexit avant le Conseil européen [des 17 et 18 octobre] et pourront ensuite voter les 21 et 22 octobre, une fois son résultat connu ». « Si je réussis à conclure un accord avec l'UE, le Parlement pourra alors passer la loi pour la ratification de l'accord avant le 31 octobre », a-t-il déclaré

Tout pour éviter un « no deal »

Le chef de l’opposition travailliste Jeremy Corbyn a quant à lui affirmé qu’il ferait tout son possible pour empêcher un Brexit sans accord. Une telle éventualité, a-t-il dit, mettrait le Royaume-Uni à la merci du président Donald Trump et des entreprises américaines.

Les partis d’opposition ont d’ailleurs annoncé mardi un accord de coopération en vue de prévenir un « no deal », après des discussions entre Jeremy Corbyn, le Parti national écossais (SNP), les libéraux-démocrates, le Parti Vert et le Groupe indépendant pour le changement.

« Un affront à la Constitution »

La décision de Boris Johnson ministre est « un affront à la Constitution », visant à empêcher les députés de débattre, a déclaré dans la foulée le président de la Chambre des communes, John Bercow.

« Cette décision constitue un affront à la Constitution. Quelle que soit la manière dont on l’habille, il est ultra-évident que l’objectif d’une suspension maintenant serait d’empêcher le Parlement de débattre du Brexit et de s’acquitter de sa tâche », a-t-il déclaré à la BBC.

Auparavant, la porte-parole de l’opposition travailliste pour les Affaires intérieures, la députée Diane Abbott, avait parlé de « coup d’État ».

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

AFTER THE HOME OF THE MIGRANTS OF THE OPEN ARMS THE HOME OF THE VIKING OCEAN IN EUROPE

Several European Union countries have reached an agreement for the distribution of migrants rescued by the Ocean Viking, the SOS Méditerranée boat and Médecins sans Frontière.

The 356 migrants will be distributed in six countries of the European Union. In the process, Christophe Castaner, the Minister of the Interior, announced that France would welcome 150 of the 365 migrants.

"The 356 people on board, saved in the Mediterranean Sea (...), will be able to disembark at Valletta. France maintains its solidarity: 150 will be welcomed in the coming days on our territory ", announced Christophe Castaner on his Twitter account, this Friday, three days after the landing in Italy of another humanitarian ship, the Open Arms, of which France will collect 40 migrants.

Spread between six European countries

"All the migrants on board" of the NGO SOS Mediterranean and Médecins sans Frontières humanitarian boat will be transferred on a Maltese military boat, then brought ashore and divided between France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and Romania, said Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat earlier on his Twitter account.

The six-country agreement came "following discussions with the European Commission and some member states, namely France and Germany," said the head of the Maltese government.

19 days at sea and an explosive situation on the boat

On the boat, the situation is every day more difficult. Food stocks available for the 356 rescued people are starting to run out, said Médecins Sans Frontières, which estimates it has "four days" of reserves, including Friday. "After that, we will have to tinker with what we have left of the previous missions".

The boat of SOS Mediterranean and Médecins sans Frontières is on Friday for the 12th day in international waters between Malta and Sicily since its last rescue operation, waiting to be allowed to disembark its passengers.

People rescued off Libyan waters arrived on board severely dehydrated after spending four days at sea aboard canoes Most of these people, two-thirds of whom came from Sudan, fled Libya to escape ill-treatment. , arbitrary detentions and sometimes even torture, according to the medical team.

Among those rescued off Libyan waters are four women and five children aged 1 to 6, as well as around 100 children under the age of 18, 80 per cent of whom travel alone, sometimes between the ages of 13 and 15.

An agreement that comes less than three days after the end of a similar crisis was played off the Italian island of Lampedusa: The Spanish ship Open Arms was finally allowed to dock Tuesday night.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

POLITICAL CRISIS IN ITALY

RESIGNATION OF PRIME MINISTER GIUSEPPE CONTE

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte announced in the Senate that he would resign to President Sergio Mattarella.

Resignation of Prime Minister Conde accusing Salvini

"I am interrupting this experience of government here, I intend to conclude this institutional passage in a coherent way, I will go see the President of the Republic to present my resignation," said Mr. Conte, pointing out that before he would listen the debate scheduled to last four hours.

Guiseppe Conte also delivered a very harsh speech against the Minister of the Interior, Matteo Salvini, accusing him of being "irresponsible" and having only "pursued his own interests and those of his party", exploding the ruling coalition on August 8th. He also accused him of "running serious risks", to Italy, mentioning in particular the danger of a negative economic spiral.

Giuseppe Conte also warned that there was now a risk of seeing a VAT increase that will increase mechanically next January if nothing is done to fill a hole of 23 billion euros.

It is indeed the leader of the League (far right) that triggered hostilities on August 8, accusing its partners of the M5S (antisystem) to multiply the refusal on tax cuts or major projects. Just after blowing up the coalition, the Lombard embarked on a media tour of beaches to conquer the South, constantly pushing for elections in the fall.

What will happen now

Either a new government is formed with a large pro-European coalition. Either early elections are provoked. A new ballot is what Matteo Salvini wants.

The leader of the League has one goal: to become the sole leader of Italy. In the event of a swift legislative election, he knows that the polls give him 40% of the votes, he could then be on board, with the support of a neo-fascist party, Fratelli d'Italia.

Salvini "would do exactly the same thing"

In his reply to Conte's speech, Salvini, invoking "the protection of the immaculate heart of Mary," assured that he "would do exactly the same thing" and attacked his former allies of the M5S. "If this government is interrupted, it is because of these gentlemen who always say no and block everything," he said, accusing other parliamentarians of "being afraid of the judgment of the people" and of return to the vote.

The ball is now in the court of President Matarella, the referee of political crises in Italy.

If he accepts the formation of a replacement government, Salvini will be relegated to the opposition for 4 years, and he will have lost his bet.

But in the event that President Matarella deems these coalitions too wobbly, we would then move towards early elections, and a probable victory for Salvini, who would become de facto the strongman of Italy.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT YELLOWHAMMER OPERATION

OR THE PROJECT FEARS

When a secret report leaked in the British press yesterday, Boris Johnson on Monday urged Germany and France to pave the way for a compromise on Brexit, while again ensuring that the UK would be ready to leave the European Union without agreement. "We will be ready to leave on October 31, whether there is an agreement or not," the British government chief, who is expected in Berlin on Wednesday and in Paris on Thursday, told the press: "Of course, our friends and partners , on the other side of the Channel, are a little reluctant to change their attitude. Very well. I am sure they will do it. I hope they will compromise. They saw that the British Parliament rejected the withdrawal agreement three times, that the backstop does not work, that it is not democratic. I hope they will see fit to compromise

"I want an agreement. We are ready to work with our friends and partners to achieve this, but to get a good deal for the UK, you have to be prepared to leave at the same time, "added Boris Johnson.

Yet the consequences of a "no deal" could be dramatic.

Shortages of food, petrol and medicine, blockages in ports and reestablishment of a physical border in Ireland, that is what the UK will face in the event of an exit without EU approval. This was revealed by the British Sunday Times newspaper on Sunday, August 18, having leaked an official report. The Government also considers that the reestablishment of a physical border between the Republic of Ireland and the British province of Northern Ireland is likely, as current plans to avoid generalized controls will be ineffective. Times.

The same report also reveals the existence of a secret plan, prepared by the British government to avoid the collapse of the country after the divorce: "Operation Yellowhammer".

The Times point out that these British government forecasts do not present the worst-case scenario, but rather the most likely repercussions of a Brexit without agreement.

Energy Minister Kwasi Kwarteng, however, assured Sky News that the UK would be "fully prepared" to leave the EU on 31 October.

"I think there is a lot of alarmism in the air and a lot of people are playing the project scare card," he lamented Sunday, repeating an expression - "Project Fear" - Popularized by Brexit supporters during the referendum campaign of 2016 to discredit the warnings of the "Remainers" on the consequences of a divorce with Europeans.

If at 10, Downing Street, the services of Prime Minister Boris Johnson do not make comments, the United Kingdom seems to be heading straight for a constitutional crisis and an exit from the EU.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson promised that the country would leave the bloc on October 31, with or without agreement. The opposition is using its weapons to try to avoid, as of September 3, this issue that worries economic circles.

Also Labor Party leader Jeremy Corbyn this week called for a vote of no confidence against May's successor and a "temporary limited time" government to postpone the Brexit date. beyond 31 October and hold new legislative elections.

"We are in front of a national emergency, and the Parliament must be summoned immediately", write these opponents to Brexit.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

ECOLOGICAL DISASTER ON THE ISLAND OF EUBEE


It is an "ecological disaster" on the island of Euboea ravaged by flames for more than 30 hours one of the best preserved hideaways of wild fauna and flora in Greece. "It's a huge ecological disaster in a unique pine forest", which has remained "intact" to this day, said outgoing regional governor Costas Bakoyannis.

The Greek firefighters were fighting on Wednesday to overcome the violent fire that devastates since Tuesday a natural reserve on the island of Euboea, Greece, where the local governor already deplores "a huge ecological disaster."

The disaster, which evolves on a front of 12 km, did not make a victim but resulted in the evacuation of four villages of the island, the second of Greece by its size after Crete, located at a hundred kilometers north-east of Athens. "From Psachna to Kontodespoti and Makrymalli, everything is burned. We are fortunate to have no human casualties, "said Thanassis Karakatzas, a civil protection officer.

Some 200 firefighters are on site, helped by 75 land vehicles, nine helicopters and seven water bombers, according to the Greek fire service. An Italian water bomber was to lend a hand in the day, before the reinforcement expected in the evening of two planes from Spain and another from Italy. At the request of Greece, the European Union (EU) has mobilized its resources from the rescue mechanism, which is operational in anticipation of forest fires in Europe.

Greece, where the thermometer climbed up to 40 ° C, has been hit in recent days by a series of fires. The head of civil protection has put the emergency services at a very high alert level due to the combination of scorching temperatures, high winds and drought.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

POLITICAL CHAOS IN ITALY

THE LEAGUE OF MATTEO SALVINI IN THE OPPOSITION

Will Salvini be going back to the opposition soon, when he is demanding "full powers" after a new election ?

This is likely to happen after the Italian Senate on Tuesday rejected the draft censure motion of the government of Giuseppe Conte, which was based for 14 months on an alliance between the Salvini League and the Movement 5 Stars (M5S). Luigi Di Maio.

Towards the voice of an "Italexit" ?

The Minister of the Interior had detonated the coalition last week calling for the vote of this text as soon as possible to return to the polls, while polls are favorable. "Let's go straight to Parliament to take note that there is no longer a majority (...) and quickly give the floor to the voters," he said in a statement Thursday.

By associating with the rest of the right, including Berlusconi and Fratelli d'Italia, with whom he shares many values, Salvini is credited with about 54% of the votes. With his popularity, the Minister of the Interior simply wants to get a free hand to carry the iron against Brussels.

Towards an alternative majority and a cabinet of technicians

But the joint vote of the M5S, a former ally of the League, and the Democratic Party pushed by Matteo Renzi could pave the way for an alternative majority and senators have asked Giuseppe Conte to come to Parliament next Tuesday, to try to to resolve the crisis.

By refusing mistrust against the executive, the Senate blocked Salvini. In spite of the renewed alliance with its old allies of the traditional right, Forza Italia of the "Cavalliere" aging Berlusconi and the neo-fascists of Brothers of Italy, "Il Capitano", strong of its triumph during the European of May - 34% of votes - did not obtain a majority in the Senate.

"Captain Fracasse Salvini missed his appointment and created an unexpected crisis even for his own," attacked Matteo Renzi. The former President of the Council (2014-2016) proposed to the M5S to join forces behind an "institutional government" and "no tax", which would reduce the number of parliamentarians and adopt the 2020 budget.

An association between the Social Democrats and the populists would avoid a government crisis and early parliamentary elections.

In addition, the president, Sergio Mattarella, the only one with the power to dissolve Parliament, is reluctant to summon the electorate at a time when his country, in debt, must adopt the next budget while bargaining with Brussels.

This Christian Democrat would consider entrusting the current President of the Council, Giuseppe Conte, the formation of a cabinet of technicians ... An alternative to "save Italy" the danger of an "extremist drift" for Renzi and to ward off the specter of "political chaos" that "could drive the country out of Europe," according to Enrico Lett.

Long ardent supporter of European construction, Italy is today among the disappointed of the EU, whether we speak of economy, the single currency or migration policy.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT BORIS JOHNSON CONSIDERS NO-DEAL AS AN ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY

The arrival of Boris Johnson strengthens the scenario of a no-deal. If the two sides can not reach an agreement, the UK could leave the EU without a divorce agreement, a scenario that Boris Johnson says is ready: he says he wants to leave the EU at any cost by 31 October, deadline Brexit already twice postponed.

"The United Kingdom is better prepared for this situation than many think," said Johnson Thursday, which however wants to accelerate the pace of preparations. He asked Michael Gove, his right-hand man in government, to make "no deal" preparation his "top priority".


The arrival at 10 Downing Street Boris Johnson, leader of the campaign for the "Leave" at the time of the referendum, changes the deal.

The odds seem slim to reach a compromise in just three months around a revision of the agreement negotiated by Theresa May, and rejected three times by the British Parliament. Boris Johnson is particularly hostile to the safeguard clause providing for a continuation in the customs union, in order to maintain fluid exchanges between the two Ireland. The removal of this back-stop is a real yellow line for the other EU Member States.

But leaving the EU without a divorce agreement is no problem for Boris Johnson.

The British Parliament, however, is mostly hostile to an exit without agreement. To impose this "no deal", Boris Johnson could decide to suspend Parliament, preventing MPs from voting. Boris Johnson says he is ready to go strong.

This is what he recalled during his speech on Saturday 27 July in Manchester where he announced his priorities for the country and reaffirmed his firmness with regard to the Brexit negotiations. The British Prime Minister said Saturday, July 27, 2019 that the Brexit represented a "huge economic opportunity" , although it was treated by his predecessor Theresa May as a "hostile climate event".

"Leaving the European Union is a huge economic opportunity to do things that we have never been allowed to do for decades," said the new Prime Minister.

He also promised new investments in the regions that voted in favor of Brexit in the 2016 referendum, notably ensuring that he would intensify the negotiations on post-Brexit trade agreements and set up free ports to boost trade. 'economy.

£ 3.6 billion fund for cities

"To regain control does not only mean that Westminster will regain its sovereignty over the EU, it also means that our villages, our cities and our counties will become more autonomous," he said.

The prime minister also promised to empower local communities and strengthen telecommunications and transport infrastructure.

It has announced a fund of 3.6 billion pounds sterling (4 billion euros), the "Towns' Fund" ("Cities Fund") to support 100 cities in difficulty, "so they have transport and the improved telecommunications networks they need. "

For a resumption of negotiations Boris Johnson remains uncompromising.

"We can not do it as long as this anti-democratic backstop, which seeks to divide our country, divide the United Kingdom, remains in place. We need to remove it and then we can move forward, "he said.

Also, if all options remain possible in the coming months, including the organization of early elections and / or a second referendum on Brexit, the outcome remains unclear. Jeremy Corbyn, head of Labor, the main opposition party, wants the British to speak in a "public vote" on the Brexit or in early parliamentary elections.

Such a vote could be organized following the vote of a no-confidence motion against the government filed by Labor, which says wait for the best time to do so.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

BORIS JOHNSON AT DOWNING STREET

The race at Downing Street has ended.

Boris Johnson wins the race on Tuesday, July 23, 2019 to become the new British Prime Minister. The vote of 160,000 members of the Conservative Party ended Monday afternoon and the result was proclaimed on Tuesday by the party authorities. The 55-year-old former foreign minister defeated 52-year-old Jeremy Hunt, the current head of British diplomacy.

Boris Johnson, a fervent defender of Brexit since 2016, was given an ultra-favorite despite being a contested personality even in his own camp. According to an opinion poll published by the Conservativehome website, he would win 73% of the vote. His opponent, Jeremy Hunt, the current Minister of Foreign Affairs, had also announced in advance the outcome of the electoral contest by declaring himself ready to work with the former mayor of London.

At 55, who was once a reporter for the Daily Telegraph and also a correspondent for the American magazine The Spectator, before singing the Brexit, will succeed where Theresa May failed. The mission of the future head of government is not easy. Whether on the interior-Brexit ...- or outside-Iran, environment ...- BoJo, as we call him, will have to treat them with skill.

The Brexit crisis

While Boris Johnson announces that he is ready to do anything to conclude the Brexit on October 31, leaving it to do without agreement, the demonstration, no later than Saturday in the streets of London, of tens of thousands of British pro -Europe shows indeed that British voters are divided on the issue of Brexit. Even dominated by the Conservatives, Parliament also rejects the prospect of a "no deal". Fearing a passage in force of the future Prime Minister, the House of Commons voted on Thursday, an amendment prohibiting any exit from the Union without a vote of Parliament.

Two outgoing government heavyweights, Finance Minister Philip Hammond and Justice Minister David Gauke, disagreeing with Boris Johnson over the Brexit, have also said they would resign in case of Boris Johnson's victory because "serving in his government would include the acceptance of an exit without agreement ", which they say they are unable to join. Two statements that illustrate the tensions that may face the future tenant of 10 Downing Street.

A "wonderful trade deal" with the United States

Donald Trump has certainly sparked a "wonderful trade deal" in the UK once out of the EU. But concretely, what will happen to this promise? We know that the majority of American Democrats in the House of Representatives do not want to give a present to Trump already in campaign for his re-election. We also know that having left the European Union, the United Kingdom will be in a position of weakness to negotiate a trade agreement with Trump, an uncompromising businessman.

The crisis with Iran

Another hot issue awaits the new Prime Minister who will have to resolve the crisis with Iran caused by the arrest of a tanker flying the British flag in the Persian Gulf by the Guardians of the revolution. London's position on the Iranian nuclear issue, which until now has been stuck with that of the Europeans, could change. .. The United Kingdom could indeed, in favor of the Iranian crisis, align itself with the American policy which denounced the treaty.

The winner of the vote will be appointed leader of the Tory party and will travel Wednesday to Queen Elizabeth II, who will give him the responsibility to form the government.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SURGING ZELENSKY TO UKRAINIAN LEGISLATIVES

President Zelensky won a massive victory on Sunday, July 21, 2019, with 42% of the vote in the parliamentary elections, so that his party, Servant of the People, could govern alone.

If two parties proved however indispensable are preselected to play the reinforcing forces in the presidential majority:

Batkivshchina, the formation of former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko (7.4% of the vote), or Holos, the party created by the rockstar Sviatoslav Vakarchuk, another quadra, two months ago.

Mr Zelensky has already proposed negotiations to Mr Vakarchuk to form a coalition that will appoint the government.

Elected triumphantly in the presidency of the country in April, the former humorist concluded no less brilliantly the act II of his conquest of power.

He is about to take control of Parliament, an indispensable step in the profound transformation of the country he has promised to voters.

After this plebiscite the Ukrainian president made a sober statement.

"It's not just a signal of trust, it's also a huge responsibility for me and my team," Zelensky said, saying, "I'm sure it can help end the war. »

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ON THE WIRE OF BURKINI

AND WE FIND AT THE END THE BILLION GEORGES SOROS

The case of the burkini in the public bathing places (swimming pools, beaches etc ..) had arisen in August 2016, when the Prime Minister Manuel Valls had publicly reframed the former minister Najat Vallaud-Belkacem who had opposed the orders against -burkini taken by about thirty mayors, all political trends combined.

The question of burkini, which had calmed down a bit, has just resurfaced this year in Grenoble (but also in Villeurbanne) between May and June.

On June 23, a group of 7 women from the "Rosa Parks Musulmanes" collective, surrounded by members of Alliance Citoyenne, made their mark in the swimming pool of the Jean Bron swimming pool in Grenoble, wearing a burkini.

The case made a big splash.

Faced with the press, they invoked civil disobedience to oppose the swimming pool regulations deemed discriminatory.

These "incidents" that moved widely in France have led some to investigate the origins of the Alliance Alliance citizen.

And there! big surprise!

The Alliance Citoyenne association appears in the list of beneficiaries of the generous "Open Society Foundations", a network of foundations created by the controversial billionaire American-Hungarian Georges Soros.

In 2016, the Citizen Alliance was awarded $ 80,000.
Through its activity (or activism?) The association wants to rise in France at a national level, as part of the anti-discrimination campaign organization.

According to our excellent colleague, the Enchainé Duck, (see its edition of July 3) the association is chaired by Taous Hammouti (the origin of a petition for the release of Tarik Ramadan). The association is also a partner of Muslim Students, an organization considered close to the Muslim Brotherhood.

Is not the solution to dissolve all associations financed by Soros ?! The State and local communities would save money because they all benefit from public subsidies!

But in France, it must be known, the President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron supporting the Sorosian policy ... the solution must be temporarily removed.

But at this point, we have to come back to the Soros character!

Forbes magazine estimates its fortune at $ 8 billion, mostly transferred to Open Society Foundations which brings together a myriad of NGOs organized into a sprawling network. The billionaire supports: OXFAM, Green Peace, Amnisty International, Humans Rights, PICUM (Platform for International Cooperation on Undocument Migrants) an association promoting migrants.

It has in France many relays including the lawyer William Bourdon who assists the jiadists who want to return to France, Sherpa, Reporteres without Border. Through his financial networks, Georges Soros financed the Acquarius, famous notoriéte. Soros also infiltrated the Vatican when the Holy See had financial problems.

It is difficult, as we can see, to dismiss it because it belongs to the world oligarchy. But Salvini, Orban, Kurz, Putin and Trump have been thrown out of their respective countries.

The fight remains, however uneven especially when we learn that the stock speculator spends millions of euros to lobby the European Commission and the European Parliament.

According to Magyar Idök, Georges Soros could have had more than twenty appointments with Jean Claude Junker since his appointment on November 1, 2014. Each time, it is easy to imagine that immigration files are the order of the day.

In fact, almost a third of MEPs are in his pocket!

The millions of euros spent by Sorgos on European lobbying paid off as, in a report approved on 17 January 2019 in Strasbourg, the EU decided to allocate to the next seven-year budget, 1.8 billion euros to finance the new European program "Rights and Values", the bulk of which is intended for associations led by Soros ... and therefore the Grenoble association which initiated the provocations of Grenoble.

Georges Soros will be 89 on August 12th. In the photos he looks more and more tired, marked by age. But he is resistant and very active again.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

TWO WOMEN HAVE EUROPEAN KEY POSTS

On Tuesday, 2 July, the Heads of State proposed the appointment of the German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen as President of the European Commission. IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde will take over from Mario Draghi at the European Central Bank (ECB) in early November. Two women, and a new casting. Finally the term to the laborious negotiations that until now had led to failure.

Ursula von der Leyen, a faithful of Angela Merkel

If the European Parliament gives the green light, it will be the first woman to hold this position. Member of the CDU like Angela Merkel, Ursula von der Leyen has always displayed her loyalty to the Chancellor, even if she distanced herself from her on certain topics, such as the introduction of an inter-professional minimum wage or female quotas for women. She has served in all the German Chancellor's governments since taking office in 2005: she was successively Minister in charge of the Family (2005-2009), Labor (2009-2013). and Defense (since 2013).

A trained doctor and mother of seven, Ursula von der Leyen, 60, is fluent in French and English. She is above all a fine connoisseur of the workings of the Union. She was born and raised in Brussels when her father was European Commissioner, before becoming Minister-President of Lower Saxony.

At the head of the European Commission, she will have to manage the multi-year budget 2021-2027 on which the Europeans will have to agree by autumn. Since May 2018, the European Commission has put a draft budget on the table. But to finance its new priorities and compensate for the departure of the British, it provides for a dry cut of 5% in the common agricultural policy. A decline deemed "unthinkable" by Paris.

Christine Lagarde "Ms. International Economist"

European heads of state have also appointed France's Christine Lagarde to take over from Mario Draghi as President of the European Central Bank (ECB) on 1 November. By becoming head of the Frankfurt institution, the director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) marks a clear break.

First woman to lead the prestigious business law firm Baker McKenzie, first woman to hold the post of Minister of the Economy in France in 2007, then first woman to head the International Monetary Fund (IMF) four years later Later, she became the first woman to chair the European Central Bank (ECB).

The appointment of Christine Lagarde as President of the ECB, which according to Andrew Kenningham, Chief Economist Europe at Capital Economics, should be at least as dovish as Mario Draghi, who will succeed in November, is well received by the markets. This appointment "reinforces our confidence that the ECB will ease its monetary policy in the coming months. We believe the bank should lower its deposit rate in September and restart QE before the end of the year, "he wrote.

His appointment to the ECB also reassures the countries of southern Europe, including Italy, who have a dim view of the candidacy of the president of the Bundesbank, Jens Weidmann, defender of a more orthodox line. Christine Lagarde will have to decide whether to pursue the same line of monetary policy in the years to come.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

ITALIAN BUDGET DEFICIT AND MINI-BOTS

DEBT OR CURRENCY

Italy has just obtained a reprieve (the second) of 3 months to escape sanctions in case of excessive budget deficit (discussions will resume end of August). If Italy did not respect the European rules, the fine could reach 3.5 billion euros or 0.2% of Italian GDP, it being specified that the Italian budget deficit already sketched could be around 2.1 % of GDP, below the probable deficit for 2020 of France (3.1% which was downgraded by 0.1% for 2020 following the Yellow Gilets affair and the government's promise of lower taxes Philippe).

The Italian budget file was mentioned in the margins of the G20 in Osaka (Japan).

The Italian President, Guiseppe Conte (without label and Europhile) said he was satisfied and confident for the future. At the beginning of June, however, he had threatened to resign "if his country did not meet its financial obligations". "I am not the one who will sign the infringement procedure," he said in a speech on 1 June 2019.

During the stay of 3 months, it will be necessary that the promises of reductions in budgetary expenditure made in return by the Minister of Economy and Finance, Giovanni Tria - a minister close to the League but favorable to the euro, but also one of the strongmen of the Italian government - be confirmed.

This scenario is that of the European "Mainstream" elite. Because …

Everything would go for the best in the best worlds Europhiles, if:

- Mattéo Salvini did not become the strongman of Italy after the League's final victory in the last European elections (almost 40% in some Italian regions)

- if, from 31st October 2019, there was no reshuffle of the European Commission (the term of office of the Commissioners is 5 years) which risks transforming the composition of the Commission after the renewal of the "top Jobs" Currently underway in Brussels. In any event Jean-Claude Junker will no longer chair this commission from 31 October.

The arm wrestling, or a negotiation on new bases with Brussels remain on the agenda.

However, it remains difficult to prejudge the outcome of the Italian budget dossier, even if Italy's indebtedness continues to grow steadily (132.2% of GDP in 2018, 137.7% in 2019, 135 , 7% in 2020) and even if in the aftermath of the European elections there was a real easing on the interest rates that Mario Draghi had raised, by manipulation, to punish the Italians because of "their budgetary indiscipline" and of their too populist orientations.

Indeed, Mattéo Salvini is not the clone of Alexis Tsipras.

Mattéo Salvini is advised by Claudio Borghi, a brilliant economist who foresaw the 2007/2008 monetary and financial crisis

Penetrated by the Greek and Cypriot experiences, the Italian nationalist and popular right has been preparing a response plan for many months. On May 28, 2019, the Italian deputies voted the creation of payment vouchers, or mini treasure bonds or mini-bots, this on the proposal of the President of the Budget Commission, Claudio Borghi (see above), contemptor of the euro which wishes, supported by Senator Alberto Bergnai (economist training too) to return to the European Community before Maastricht. The new system should allow Italy to get out of the budget stranglehold of the euro.

Contrary to what is commonly said, the problem of Italy is more that of its economic growth (stopped since the creation of the euro) than that of its debt (the primary budget of Italy is in equilibrium it is the financial charges that lead to it and put it in deficit). With this weak growth, youth unemployment reaches 50%, an intolerable level socially and politically.

Italians also have problems with their banks including Montepacshi which is in great difficulty.

The sluggish activity of Italy weighs on the activity of companies that repay very badly their loans, which weakens the banking sector. The companies also have social and fiscal debts towards the State which leads the State to very badly paying its suppliers / creditors (the debt of the Italian State towards its suppliers suppliers of public contracts today amounts to € 50 billion with exceptionally long payment terms.

With the mini-Bots system, companies will now be allowed to free themselves from their debts to the State by using the aforementioned mini-Bots and thus be able to purge their balance sheet of mandatory and legal provisions previously, which will then allow them to massively inject new liquidity (3% of GDP) into the economic circuit through their consumption. But companies can also use these mini-Bots, which will be interchangeable with the banknotes in € (the mini-Bots will exist for the moment only as fiduciary money, usable only internally), to pay wages; these mini-bots can then be used in turn by individuals to pay their taxes and "and so on, and so on .." We will witness the establishment of a circular system of discharge payments in Italy.

But, knowing that the bank note is defined as an instrument of payment full discharge, it is easy to think that shortly, the mini-Bot will be called ... read. For internal use only .. But for how long?

Because, of course, the ECB (European Central Bank) will not accept this system. She had not already accepted it when it was proposed more discreetly by Yanis Varoufakis (Greek economist and anti-austerity politician) at the time of the Greek crisis. As a measure of retaliation, it will certainly refuse to refinance Italian banks and evade the idea of ​​buying back public and private securities or public or private bonds in the event of a banking crisis, thus causing a serious financial crisis in Italy. The ECB could even in such a context, go so far as to exclude Italy from the eurozone ?!

As described, is it the subtle strategy that Matteo Salvini built that would wait for the EU to put Italy out of business? Which Mattéo Salvini could then reply: "if you kick us out, then we leave"! Observing simultaneously that it is not Italy that will have violated the Treaties!

As we see, these decisions could lead dangerously to the disintegration of the euro zone, so dear to Emmanuel Macron.

With a foreseeable depreciation of 15 to 20% of the lira, the new Italian version of the euro, the European banking and financial markets will inevitably be contaminated, especially those of Germany, which is the most exposed. The Target 2 (European clearing house) will then disappear and the eurozone will burst with the consequence of the total elimination of the euro ...

The sketched scenario is black ... but will it go to its end because the EU without Italy, it does not make more sense! Should the austerity policy imposed by Jean Claude Junker continue without risk of bursting? This is the fundamental question that remains on the eve of the appointment of the President of the ECB!

We can see that the choice of personalities who will preside over the future of Europe for five years is crucial.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

INSTITUTIONAL EUROPEAN DISAGREE ABOUT KEY POSITIONS OR THE BREAK OF THE TOP JOBS

Since the day after the European elections, the three main political families,

EPP (Christian Democracy), S & D (Socialists) and Liberal (ALDE) are looking for future European leaders: Presidency of the Parliament, Presidency of the European Council, Central Bank (ECB) and High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs.

Since the day after the European elections held in late May in all EU countries, negotiations on the subject have proved difficult, they must not only be part of the results out of the polls but must also hold account of the double political key derived from the Treaty, namely:

1 ° the presidency of the Commission is decided by a qualified majority of the 28 states (ie 21 states representing 65% of the population)

2 ° by an absolute majority for the presidency of Parliament

3 ° knowing that it is the basis and in principle required that candidates have a profile of "very high level" able to allow them to respond to Trump, Putin or Xi Jinping.

Since the day after the European elections, France and Germany, without which no agreement is possible, agree on nothing on these subjects, yet essential for the balances and the future of the EU.

The Brussels summit (Consillium) of 20 and 21 June, where the issue had been put on the agenda, ended in deadlock while, as we know, the deadline for installation of the European Parliament in his new composition is scheduled for July 2? Hurry up !

It is through the European Parliament that everything must begin.

The European Parliament is the only EU institution elected by universal suffrage. Its political influence and powers have grown steadily since 1957. The European Parliament plays a major role in the decision-making process of the European Union: it votes jointly with the European Council and on a proposal from the Commission, the legislation of the European Union. Union; it establishes the budget and exercises political control over all the institutions; it has the important power to choose the President of the European Commission on a proposal from the Council.

In this context, we understand better why it is the process of appointment of the President of the Commission which was first debated, some like the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, wanting to link more this designation to the election results in Parliament ("SpitzenKandidat" procedure), on the other hand, like the French President Emmanuel Macron, wanting to detach him.

What is the "SpitzenKandidat" procedure?

Since the Lisbon Treaty of 2009, it is no longer the Heads of State who appoint the President of the Commission but it is the President of the European Parliament and in this context the Treaty of 2009 provided a real link with the result European elections.

According to these rules, the European Council must propose a candidate for the office of President of the Commission taking into account the electoral results.

The candidate for the Presidency of the European Parliament must be previously elected by the MEPs, or more precisely by the majority that emerged during the elections.

It is therefore on the basis of the Treaty that the "SpitzenKandidat" procedure was introduced, a system borrowed from the German electoral system. The term "SpitzenKandidat" therefore refers to "the candidate at the top of the list". On 7 February 2018, the outgoing European Parliament reiterated its commitment to this method of selecting the Commission President, which he said had been a success since 2004 (see example of Jean Claude Junker from the EPP).

Applied to the EU, it refers to the mechanism by which the President of the European Parliament, who will then designate the President of the Commission, must be the candidate of the group with the most seats and is therefore the majority.

However, to achieve this result, each group must have previously nominated its candidate and counted its troops.

The EPP which is still the majority group (even though it lost seats due to the defeat of the LR and Bellamy in France) and which now has 182 seats has nominated Manfred Weber, a candidate Naturally, he is destined to become President of the Commission and who, moreover, is supported by the German Chancellor.

This solution did not prove everyone's taste. In recent weeks, indeed, voices have been raised against the mechanism of "SpintzKandidat". Among them, Donald Tusk, the President in his current formation of the European Council who declared recently that: "the selection mechanism put in place since 2004 was not automatic, the Heads of State or Heads of Government considering that they had to enjoy a certain autonomy? "

Negotiations must continue today, Friday, June 29 at the G20 in Osaka (Japan).

At the time of writing Manfred Weber still holds the rope, supported by Angela Merkel. Manfred Weber, who has been a member of the European Parliament since 2004 and is from the very conservative CSU, the Bavarian branch of the German CDU from which Angela Merkel is a member, is a stranger to the public. "He has never been Head of State or Prime Minister", a flaw that does not fail to meet Emmanuel Macron who finds it .... Too young…

Engineer training, it is a pure European product. His appointment as head of the EPP was a surprise. He does not speak French, and practices basic English (fluently speaking French and English are two requirements for states to hold the position of President of the European Commission).

To get the job, Manfred Weber will have at least 372 votes on his name in Parliament, a high figure that the EPP can not bring alone (18 seats).

On June 20, since Brussels social democrats and liberals announced that they will not vote for the "SpintzKandidat" German. The sling is led by Emmanuel Macron himself;

But since then, the EPP has made it known that he did not intend to abandon his candidate, however weakened. The current President of the EPP, Joseph Daulh, a close friend of Angela Merkel has not hesitated to brandish the threat of blockage. The lone rider and the arrogance (once more) of Emmanuel Macron are raising hostility and a "french basching" that have already alienated him a lot of support.

German side, the exasperation is indeed at its height. The CDU / CSU is furious and more and more determined to block, in response, the candidate Emmanuel Macron, the French Michel Barnier, the negotiator Brexit.

The relationship between Emmanuel Macaron and Angela has once again deteriorated.

The battle for key positions in Europe has become a battleground between Paris and Berlin, which will leave traces.

In the meantime we are within 6 days of the installation of the European Parliament which should take place on July 2nd. Behind the scenes, it is announced that breakfasts are in danger of being prepared, to be able to give time to the time, a few hours .... Additional that could be useful.

In this rather unprecedented power struggle, once again, European democracy and its future are at stake and risk taking a hit.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THE CONVICTED PENALTY FOR GANG RAPE

15 YEARS OF JAIL

For justice, "La Meute" was guilty of a gang rape. The highest court in Spain has reclassified the facts in this case that moved Spain last year. The highest court in Spain has increased the sentences handed down against five men to 15 years by re-characterizing the facts as "rape" in the "La Meute" case.

Spanish justice has only twice seen sexual abuse. The Supreme Court decided the question definitively: he had a collective rape. They were sentenced to 15 years in prison each.

These five men, nicknamed "The Pack", had collectively raped an 18-year-old girl in July 2016 in Pamplona (north), in the midst of San Firmin celebrations.

They boasted about WhatsApp

Less than a quarter of an hour after having met her, drunk, they had him chained blowjobs and reports without condoms in the entrance of a building, before stealing his phone and leaving it half-naked. Bragging about a WhatsApp group, the five men had broadcast images of their actions.

Their conviction at first instance in April 2018 at nine years for sexual abuse - and not for rape - and their provisional release had led to massive demonstrations across the country.

This sentence had been confirmed in December by an appellate court which had found that there had been no violence and that it was too difficult to determine whether there had been intimidation, the two conditions necessary to conclude the case. rape, according to the Spanish Penal Code.

But the Supreme Court overturned these two court decisions and held that the facts "could not constitute a crime of sexual abuse" but were "rape".

Describing a "real intimidation scenario", the five magistrates, including two women, stressed that "at no point did the victim consent to the sexual acts committed by the accused". "It is unacceptable to force the law to extremes by demanding victims of heroic attitudes that would lead them to endure greater harm," wrote the prosecution. Referring to "intimidation sufficient to annul the will of the victim", the prosecutor's office therefore requested the recognition of the rape.

Since then, the socialist government has announced its intention to reform the Penal Code to introduce the concept of explicit sexual consent, modeled on Sweden, where any sexual act without clear agreement is considered rape. The decision could be known as early as Frida.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

TWO FINALISTS FOR THE POST

PRIME MINISTER IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

Theresa May 's former foreign minister will contest the Conservative Party's vote for the premiership against tough "brexiter" Boris Johnson.

Conservative Party members will now choose from these two candidates to replace Theresa May at 10 Downing Street. They are now only two in the race for 10 Downing Street and the head of the Conservative Party in the UK. Former London mayor Boris Johnson and British Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt have been chosen by Conservative MPs to run for successor Prime Minister Theresa May after a fifth vote Thursday June 20th. The results of this consultation will be known in the week of July 22nd.

An eloquent but drab personality, 52-year-old Jeremy Hunt, who became a multimillionaire after founding Hotcourses, a company specializing in university websites, went into politics in 2015 by being elected in a constituency in Surrey (South West London). ) acquired by the Conservatives. Close to former prime minister David Cameron, he was his minister of culture, before becoming health minister for eight years.

After taking a stand against the Brexit in the 2016 referendum, he turned out in the fall of 2017, saying he would vote for the Brexit in the event of a second referendum because of the "arrogance" of the European Commission in negotiations with London. Promoted foreign minister in June 2018 after the resignation of Boris Johnson, he dared to compare the European Union to a Soviet prison. Aware of the importance of Brexit for his country, Mr. Hunt said: "I measure the responsibility that weighs on my shoulders: show my party how we can implement Brexit without provoking an election," responded Jeremy Hunt on Twitter.

Jeremy Hunt intends to renegotiate the exit agreement of the United Kingdom concluded in November with Brussels. He is willing to postpone the date of Brexit, if European leaders agree to reopen negotiations. But the head of the British diplomacy is also ready to leave the European Union without agreement if they refuse.

Less moderate than his rival, Boris Johnson however leaves as the favorite in this race, with a large lead of 160 votes out of 313, followed by Jeremy Hunt, 77 votes. Theresa May's former foreign minister, Boris Johnson said on Twitter "deeply honored to have obtained more than 50% of the vote". The former mayor of London meanwhile wants the UK to leave the EU on October 31, renegotiated agreement or not. And it even threatens not to pay the Brexit bill - an amount estimated between 40 and 45 billion euros - if the EU does not accept better conditions for his country. Some see already Boris Johnson elected to the position of leader of the Party, except if he becomes his own enemy ...

This vote is crucial for the United Kingdom in the appointment of the next leader of the Conservative Party, who will return the keys of 10 Downing Street but also the thorny issue of Brexit, scheduled for October 31.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

FRANCE EMERGENCIES IN STRIKE

On Tuesday, June 11th, at the call of the inter-union CGT-FO-Sud Santé and CFE-CGC, health care workers are called to protest against the deterioration of public services in hospitals.

Events are planned in the regions, and in Paris, in front of the Ministry of Health.

At the same time, Agnès Buzyn will be facing senators to defend her "My Health 2022" bill, which must "restore a necessary breath to our health care system".

She also promised a "refit mission" of emergency services led by LaRem deputy Thomas Mesnier.

More than 95 emergency services on strike all over the territory, striking teams requisitioned manu militari at home to take their job, exhausted carers forced to be stopped by their doctor, the situation is explosive in emergencies.

The emergency strike is a fundamental movement that the umpteenth mission, even "refoundation", commissioned by the health minister Agnès Buzyn, will not calm.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

D-DAY OR PEACE IN HERITAGE

Donald and Melania Trump met Emmanuel and Brigitte Macron on Thursday morning to honor the memory of the American fighters for the 75th anniversary of the landing.

France is celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Allied landing on the beaches of Normandy Thursday in the presence of Donald Trump, Emmanuel Macron, and several veteran centenarians.

The American president and his wife Melania landed in the middle of the morning in Caen aboard Air Force One.

A key step in the liberation of Europe from the Nazi yoke, this landing is the largest in history by the number of ships engaged. Nearly 3,000 Norman civilians lost their lives on June 6 and 7, almost as many as military allies on D-Day.

Early this morning, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron began these celebrations on the French side by unveiling the first stone of the future memorial in honor of the British military in Ver-sur-Mer (Calvados).

The French president reaffirmed the solidity of the "singular ties" between France and the United Kingdom despite the prospect of Brexit, and just before the next departure of Mrs. May from the head of the British government.

This ceremony is one of his last official appearances abroad. At the end of the ceremony, the two leaders greeted the veterans before admiring the Gold Beach.

Donald and Melania Trump met Thursday morning Emmanuel and Brigitte Macron to honor the memory of the American fighters for the 75th anniversary of the landing.

The American cemetery of Colleville-sur-Mer, majestic site overlooking the cliff counts 9,387 white crosses or stars of David perfectly aligned on a green lawn that seems to extend as far as the eye can see.

Approximately 160 veterans of the Second World War (45 D-Day) are present for the ceremony

For their part, French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe and his Canadian counterpart Justin Trudeau celebrated the 14,000 Canadians landed on June 6th.

"75 years ago today, on these shores, on these cliffs, 10,000 men shed their blood and thousands sacrificed their lives for their brothers, their countries, and for the survival of freedom," said Le President Donald Trump.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

75TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE LANDING

The celebrations kick off today in Portsmouth, England, where an international ceremony brings together Queen Elizabeth II, British Prime Minister Theresa May, Donald Trump, Emmanuel Macron and Justin Trudeau.

After attending two hours of performances, they will participate in a lunch together.

Thursday, they are expected on seven French sites of Normandy for a diplomatico-memorial sequence within the framework of the

"D Day".

In total more than 280 events have been labeled for this 75th anniversary of the landing, with many popular balls, fireworks and jumps paratroopers.

Key stage of the liberation of Europe from the Nazi yoke, the landing of June 6, 1944 is the most important in history by the number of ships engaged:

6,939 ships landed 132,700 men on the beaches of Normandy.

Nearly 3,000 Norman civilians lost their lives on June 6 and 7, almost as many as allies on D-Day.

From 5 to 6 million tourists are expected in 2019 on the sites of the Battle of Normandy as part of this event.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

TRIUMPHANT ARRIVAL OF DONALD TRUMP

IN LONDON

From Monday, the US President begins a three-day official visit to the United Kingdom, to commemorate the Allied landing in Normandy.

Just hours before Air Force One landed on British soil on Monday, June 3, Donald Trump cracked a tweet that openly criticized the mayor of London.

He described the mayor of the British capital Sadiq Khan as "loser total". "Sadiq Khan (...)

made some nasty comments "about the President of the United States," tweeted Donald Trump, saying the "total loser" would do better to focus on fighting crime in London.

A funny way to thank the one who will be his host for three days.

Fortunately the President of the United States will not meet the city council during this stay, but Theresa May, Prime Minister on the departure for failing to implement the exit of the European Union, three years after the Brexit referendum.

Last July, during a previous visit, Donald Trump had already lectured to the head of the government on this inextricable Brexit.

This time again, Donald Trump should not hesitate to play moralists with his British counterpart.

In an interview with The Sunday Times on Sunday, June 2, the US president reiterated his commitment to a tough Brexit.

Equal to himself, Donald Trump also recommended his future successor to leave the EU without agreement and made the former foreign minister Boris Johnson, a supporter of a hard Brexit, his champion to replace it.

Jeremy Corbyn, head of Labor, Britain's main opposition party, called Donald Trump's comments "an unacceptable interference in our democracy".

Among his opponents, the American president even counts Meghan Markle. The Duchess of Sussex has even pretended to have to take care of Archie not to have to rub shoulders with the President of the United States Buckingham Palace.

Since then, he has been called "nasty" in an interview.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

MOSCOW SPY THE RUSSIANS TINDER USERS

The famous Tinder dating application will have to collaborate with the Russian security services, including the FSB, by sharing the data of its users.

This was stated by Russian Internet policeman Roskomnadzor on Monday.

Roskomnadzor maintains a list of active online services in Russia that must provide the data of their users to the Russian authorities, if they so request.

Tinder "was added to this register after providing the necessary information, at the request of Roskomnadzor," tweeted the Russian telecom agency.

Roskomnadzor draws up this list in collaboration with the Russian security services.

It obliges its members to share encryption keys with the authorities and to keep the data of their users in Russia for six months.

Currently, this register has dozens of companies including the Russian social network Vkontakte.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

AUSTRIA HAS A CHANCELLAR

Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen on Thursday appointed the head of the Constitutional Court as interim chancellor.

She is the first woman to hold this position.

Brigitte Bierlein is in charge of forming an interim technical government that will carry out day-to-day business pending the legislative elections scheduled for September. His predecessor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown by the parliament following the Ibizagate corruption scandal.

"I will strive to win the trust of the Austrians," said Brigitte Bierlein in a televised statement where she appeared alongside President Van der Bellen.

She announced that she will begin discussions with political parties and civil society organizations in the coming days.

She said that Clemens Jablons, a former president of the Supreme Administrative Court, "was ready to assume the functions of Vice Chancellor and Minister of Justice". She added that she would propose the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to diplomat Alexander Schallenberg.

Motion of censure

Austrian Conservative Chancellor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown Monday by a motion of censure. It was voted by the main opposition parties, ten days after the scandal of Ibizagate that blew up the coalition that his party OVP had formed with the far right of the FPÖ.

The ÖVP-FPÖ coalition shattered with the broadcast on 17 May of a trap video shot in 2017 on the Spanish island of Ibiza.

In this video, the Vice Chancellor and former FPÖ leader, Heinz-Christian Strache, showed himself ready to offer the grand niece of a Russian oligarch important public contracts in exchange for illegal funding.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

AUSTRIA HAS A CHANCELLAR

Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen on Thursday appointed the head of the Constitutional Court as interim chancellor.

She is the first woman to hold this position.

Brigitte Bierlein is in charge of forming an interim technical government that will carry out day-to-day business pending the legislative elections scheduled for September. His predecessor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown by the parliament following the Ibizagate corruption scandal.

"I will strive to win the trust of the Austrians," said Brigitte Bierlein in a televised statement where she appeared alongside President Van der Bellen.

She announced that she will begin discussions with political parties and civil society organizations in the coming days.

She said that Clemens Jablons, a former president of the Supreme Administrative Court, "was ready to assume the functions of Vice Chancellor and Minister of Justice". She added that she would propose the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to diplomat Alexander Schallenberg.

Motion of censure

Austrian Conservative Chancellor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown Monday by a motion of censure. It was voted by the main opposition parties, ten days after the scandal of Ibizagate that blew up the coalition that his party OVP had formed with the far right of the FPÖ.

The ÖVP-FPÖ coalition shattered with the broadcast on 17 May of a trap video shot in 2017 on the Spanish island of Ibiza.

In this video, the Vice Chancellor and former FPÖ leader, Heinz-Christian Strache, showed himself ready to offer the grand niece of a Russian oligarch important public contracts in exchange for illegal funding

A GREEN EUROPEAN WAVE WITH WHICH POLITICAL PARTIES HAVE TO COMPOSER

The elections "show that we are not only putting the climate crisis on the street agenda, but also in the polling stations", welcomed the figurehead of the Fridays for Future in Germany, Luisa Neubauer.

With two-digit scores among EU heavyweights, particularly in Germany and France, the ecologist parties have achieved a historic success for Europeans: the climate emergency is now a crucial issue for voters .

The German Grünen doubled their results compared to 2014 with 20.9% of the vote. In France, ecologists are in 3rd position with 12%. In Austria, Ireland and the Netherlands, their counterparts are also above 10%, with important scores expected in the United Kingdom and Belgium.

Why such an unprecedented breakthrough of environmentalists ?

The Greens arrived with this election to seduce an electorate hitherto little present in the polls, namely the youth.

According to a poll * Ipsos / Sopra Steria for France Televisions and Radio France, the Greens EELV have indeed collected 25% of the vote among 18-24 years, ahead of this age group, the RN (15%) and LREM (12%). And during this election, EELV became the first party among 18-34 year olds.

A success that goes beyond borders: in Germany, the Greens (Grüne) are also in the lead in the under 30 years, with 33% of the vote. In the German electorate, a generational breakthrough is also emerging, the Greens arriving largely in front of the conservative 18-44 years when the CDU-CSU Merkel dominates in the over 60 years.

What validate the emergence of a generation ecologist carried by the youth ?

The ecological issue has gained the awareness of young people because they know they will live the global warming and will suffer the consequences especially as the alarming alarms launched by the scientific community have multiplied. These very political issues can therefore be very mobilizing for youth. Moreover, the latter has seized the subject by organizing in recent months the markets for the climate and the "Fridays for future" throughout Europe.

But if environmentalists today seduce a large part of young European voters, they are far from having conquered the entire new generation and to be attached to it. The trend is not unanimous in Europe, especially in Spain, Italy, Greece and the East, where the ecologist parties are almost non-existent. Moreover, the youth wants a radical transformation of the society, which no party currently proposes to them and 60% of the young people did not vote.

The Greens, who could find themselves in the position of kingmakers or influence the composition of the European Commission and the identity of its president, if neither the center-right (EPP) nor the center-left (PSE) can reach to obtain an absolute majority, in any case, intends to adopt a very pragmatic position. Asked on German television, the leader of the European Greens refused to comment on his preference: "What interests us is that our proposals" are taken, hammered Ska Keller.

"This result is an invitation to the whole political spectrum: really attack the climate crisis," tweeted Luisa Neubauer, "the planet does not care whether climate protection is left or liberal.»

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

EUROPEAN ELECTIONS

THESE EGERIES OF ECOLOGY

They are young and embody this rising generation that places the future of the planet at the heart of the political debate.

Thanks to these girls, Greta, Luisa and others the breakthrough of ecologists in the European elections has spread throughout Europe.

Without these young people, who are often not yet old enough to vote, the Green parties in the European Union may have seen a surge, but their all-out activism in the media, on the street and on social media has undeniably a mobilizing effect.

The European Greens achieved a strong boost, driven in particular by the scores of German (20.5%), French (13.47%) and British (12.1%) ecologists.

At 16, Greta Thunberg of Sweden, the face of a global movement, has hundreds of thousands of young people converge on her name in dozens of countries at Fridays For Future events, and is emulated everywhere.

One of them, 23-year-old student Luisa Neubauer, is nicknamed "the German Greta".

Greta has inspired other girls and women, as in Belgium the Flemish students Anuna De Wever, 17, and Kyra Gantois, 20, or Uganda Leah Namugerwa, 14.

Anuna and Kyra have already published an essay, We Are the Climate. Letter to all , published in France at Stock.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

AUSTRIAN CHANCELLER SEBASTIAN KURZ RENOVATED BY PARLIAMENT

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown on Monday by a motion of censure adopted by the main opposition parties, ten days after the scandal of the Ibizagate that blew up the coalition he had formed with the far right.

The government's fate of 32-year-old politician, who has been in power since the end of 2017, was sealed by the FPÖ's decision on Monday to vote for defiance alongside the Social Democrats of the SPÖ. These two formations cumulate a majority of 103 mandates in the hemicycle of 183 seats.

It is now up to President Alexander Van der Bellen to form an interim technical government that will send the day-to-day business until the autumn.

Still quoted as a model by the supporters of a hard line in Europe for the government he had formed with the FPÖ, the young Conservative head of government was himself swept away by the political crisis that involved his former ally. He made an appointment with his supporters for the early legislative elections in September.

The youngest leader in Europe, Sebastian Kurz becomes the first Austrian chancellor to be overthrown by a motion of censure, and the one with the shortest mandate, despite popularity rates at the highest.

The dismissal of Kurz comes paradoxically after his party ÖVP on Sunday collected the highest score ever achieved by an Austrian training to European since the accession of the country in 1995, from 34.9% to 35.4% of the vote according to the projections.

The leader of the Conservatives now has the free hand to prepare the legislative. "In September, it will be the people who decide," said Kurz during his first public appearance after his dismissal.

"I'm still here and we will fight. The change I initiated two years ago will not stop, "he said in a campaign-like speech.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE NEW EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT


Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

THERESA MAY ANNOUNCES RESIGNATION

BROYEE BY BREXIT

"Theresa May must now resign," Conservative MP David Evennett had said on Twitter.

"We need a new Prime Minister, a new government and a new approach to Brexit".

It's done soon:

the Prime Minister said on Friday that she was resigning from her position.

Theresa May announced Friday her resignation following her failure to pass his plan to withdraw from the European Union. An effective resignation on 7 June.

The voice strangled by emotion, Theresa May said she would resign as head of the Conservative Party - and therefore government leader - on June 7, in a speech at 10 Downing Street.

She expressed, on the verge of tears, "a deep regret at not having been able to implement Brexit".

Boris Johnson, Brexiters champion, is among the favorites to replace her.

Applications for succession must be submitted by June 14th. The following week, Conservative MPs will start eliminating candidates one by one through successive votes to end up with a final duet, "a process that should be completed by the end of June," the party said on Friday. Its members will then choose their favorite from the two finalists. In office until the election of the new leader of the Conservative Party, Theresa May will remain prime minister at the latest until the end of July.

"My successor will have to find a way forward that honors the outcome of the referendum," she said as final advice.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT OR A SECOND REFERENDUM

"Vote my law, and you can then amend it with a second referendum," said the head of government by presenting to the deputies the text of the divorce agreement with the EU

British Prime Minister Theresa May proposed on Tuesday, May 21, for deputies to vote for a "new Brexit agreement" to allow the UK to leave the European Union, as the British voted. is three years old. For them, this is a "last chance" to respond to the will of voters.

It must indeed submit in the week of June 3 in the House of Commons a law implementing the Brexit, and this while the deputies have rejected three times the agreement with the European Union.

The draft Withdrawal Agreement Bill that the British prime minister plans to submit to the vote of the deputies includes a provision for a vote for or against holding a new referendum on the text.

"I recognize the sincere and genuine strength of the House's feeling on this important issue," said Theresa May. "The government will therefore include in the introduction of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill the obligation to vote on whether or not to hold a second referendum," she said. "This must happen before the withdrawal agreement is ratified," she said.

Therefore, to members who want a second referendum to confirm the agreement, I say that it will be necessary to adopt the Withdrawal Agreement Bill for it to take place. "

Ms May said she also listened to the concerns of unionists from the Northern Ireland party DUP about the "backstop", a solution included in the EU withdrawal treaty and intended to prevent the return of a border. between the British province of Northern Ireland and Ireland. The backstop, a solution of last resort, would only come into effect after the transition period and if no other solution was found by mid-2020 between London and Brussels.

The Conservative leader also said that her bill will provide additional guarantees on workers' rights and environmental protections, which was also demanded by the Labor opposition.

Announcements that come four days after Labor broke up talks with Theresa May.

Whatever happens, the head of the government should leave office in the wake, pushed to the exit by his own camp...

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE GREAT APPOINTMENT OF NATIONALIST RIGHTS IN MILAN OR TOWARDS A BROAD COALITION ?

Matteo Salvini gathered this Saturday the representatives of a dozen sovereignist parties to conquer the European Union. A week before the European ballot Matteo Salvini and his main ally Marine Le Pen, President of the National Rally (RN) in France wish to succeed the alliance of twelve nationalist parties and identities, whose positions differ on many points.

They have been crisscrossing Europe in recent weeks in the hope of creating a large group of MEPs to change the face of the European Union from within. The Italian dreams of captain of populists in Strasbourg. Matteo Salvini seems in a position of strength: to be in power and Minister of the Interior, that is to say, the one who precisely is there to regulate migratory flows, fight crime is an undeniable asset.

"We are on the eve of a historic feat. For the first time in sixty years, we have the capacity to embody a real alternation within the hemicycle of Strasbourg. Like blocking the European Union in its mad rush for more federalism, "said the president of the RN Thursday in an interview with Le Figaro.

The Europe of nations and freedoms, third force of Parliament?

Their goal is to make the group Europe of Nations and Freedoms (ENL), where the League, the RN, the Austrian FPÖ or Flemish Flemish Vlaams Belang, the third force of the European Parliament, a place also coveted by the Liberals of Europe. ALDE, where could sit the French elected behind President Emmanuel Macron.

In addition to the historical allies of the ENL Group, the leader of the League can boast of having gathered around him heavyweights such as the German AfD, the Danish People's Party and the True Finns. The spearhead of the anti-migrants line in Europe has been able to attract candidates who are not members of the same political group in the European Parliament. This is the case, for example, of Olli Kotro of the True Finns, or Anders Vistisen of the Danish People's Party, who are among the European Conservatives and Reformists (CRE). But neither the conservatives of the Polish Pis, nor the party of the Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, have yielded to the mermaids of the populist rally.

Divergences

This is because the differences are indeed numerous, as, for example, the relationship to be maintained with Russia, Marine Le Pen and Matteo Salvini being close to Moscow while the nationalist parties of the former communist countries are allergic to it. For Warsaw, very suspicious of Moscow, therefore impossible to associate with the group ENL deemed very close to the Kremlin. Viktor Orban, temporarily suspended from the European Right (EPP) because of his authoritarian excesses, is content to flirt with the extreme right.

Even in the matter of immigration, an alliance between Matteo Salvini and George Meuthen, a leader of the German AfD also present in Milan, seems totally impossible, Salvini wanting, for example, a redistribution of refugees in Europe, Meuthen not wanting to welcome any refugee . Divergences of economic order are also worth noting: Marine Le Pen is much less pro-European and much more economically interventionist than almost all extremists right in the European Parliament. For example, the Austrian FPÖ has always had a classical European dimension, comparable to that of the Republicans.

However, despite the many differences, Europe has a major argument: money. To create a group in the European Parliament is to obtain funds which then allow the parties to do internal politics. It is therefore possible that the nationalist parties manage to make an alliance ...

And according to projections, the eurosceptic camp could occupy between 170 and 180 seats in the future Parliament out of 751.

Alizon Braxton for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT THERESA MAY ON THE DEPARTURE

The Labor opposition broke negotiations with the government on Brexit on Friday, six days before the European elections.

Discussions on the UK's exit agreement from the EU have "gone as far as possible" given the "growing weakness and instability" of the Conservative government, Labor Chief Jeremy Corbyn said Friday in a letter to Theresa May. For him, the "eroded authority" of the leader calls into question its ability to "materialize any commitment" made during these talks

The majority and the main opposition party in London had been trying since the beginning of April to find a compromise on the Brexit terms. The goal was to find a middle ground that would have allowed Theresa May to have her vote in parliament passed and thus trigger Brexit. The Labor leader explains that both parties have been "unable to fill in important policy gaps.

Pushed to the exit by his

But the coup de grace came this Thursday from the dreaded 1922 Committee that brings together Conservative MPs who are not members of the government. The latter pushed the Conservative leader to resign, which announced "a timetable for the election of a new leader of the Conservative Party," in other words, a new prime minister. In the United Kingdom, the party leader who commands a majority in the House of Commons becomes head of government.

Theresa May is therefore living her last days at the head of a British government paralyzed by the inability to find a UK exit agreement from the EU.

The disastrous results for his party in the local elections in early May and the disturbing polls for the Europeans sealed the fate of Theresa May, with the populists in ambush.

Voters criticize the Conservatives but also the Labor their procrastination on the Brexit, originally scheduled for March 29 but postponed to October 31. For the fourth and last time, the British Prime Minister will ask deputies in early June, a vote in favor of the agreement on Brexit it signed in November 2018 with the twenty-seven countries of the European Union (EU) . Then, whatever the outcome of the vote, she will bow.

Candidates on the starting blocks

Boris Johnson confirmed Thursday that he would run for the post of prime minister. The former mayor of London, 54, was one of the great architects of the Brexit victory in the referendum of June 2016. Appointed foreign minister in the wake of Theresa May, he has constantly criticized his strategy in negotiations with Brussels, before resigning to defend a hard-Brexit. But Michael Gove, Minister of the Environment, Jeremy Hunt, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Andrea Leadsom, Minister for Parliamentary Relations, are also potential heads of government.

But the UK still does not know when or how it will come out of the EU.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

JUDICIAL SERIAL CONTINUES
FOR JULIAN ASSANGE FOUNDER OF WIKILEAKS

The investigation for rape, which is accused the founder of WikiLeaks, is reopened by the Swedish courts. Swedish justice announced Monday the reopening of the investigation for rape against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. She hopes to see him appear before a court before the prescription of the crime in 2020 if he is not extradited by then to the United States.

The announcement of the Stockholm prosecutor's office revives a judicial soap opera that has lasted for almost a decade. During this period, Julian Assange and his supporters have not stopped denouncing a maneuver intended to extradite him to the United States to answer leaks of US secret documents by WikiLeaks.

It is officially to avoid this extradition that the Australian had taken refuge in 2012 at the Embassy of Ecuador in London. In his absence, and unable to advance the investigation, the Swedish justice had abandoned the prosecution in May 2017. But his spectacular arrest on April 11 in London had revived the hope of the complainant and his lawyer to see him surrendered. to Sweden for a trial before the prescription expires in August 2020.

"I decided today to reopen the investigation," said Eva-Marie Persson, deputy prosecutor, at a press conference. "Mr. Assange having left the Ecuadorian embassy, ​​circumstances are ripe to demand surrender (to (Sweden) under a European arrest warrant, which was not the case before April 11. " The prosecution will issue as soon as possible a European arrest warrant against Mr Assange.

Thirty years old at the material time, the complainant had met her alleged attacker at a WikiLeaks conference in Stockholm. She accuses him of having sex on the night of August 16 to 17, while she slept and without a condom when she repeatedly denied him any unprotected sex.

Julian Assange has always maintained that she was consenting and agreed not to use a condom.

"Strong signal"

His Swedish lawyer, Per E Samuelson, said on Monday that Sweden was "ridiculing" by relaunching "10-year-old" lawsuits. "I'm not in the least worried about the issue of guilt," he said on television.

For the complainant's lawyer, the Swedish court's decision "sends a strong signal". "No one is above the law, not even when one is called Julian Assange," Elisabeth Massi Fritz told reporters in Stockholm.

Hack

47-year-old Julian Assange is charged by US criminal conspiracy justice for "hacking" for helping former US intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning obtain a password and gain access to thousands of classified secret-defense documents. He refuses to be extradited to the United States, where according to the American justice representative, he faces a maximum sentence of five years in prison. The process of examining the request for extradition to the United States is proceeding.

However, according to the Swedish public prosecutor's office, in "cases of competition between a European arrest warrant and an American extradition request, it is the British authorities who set the order of priority».

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

EUROPEAN ELECTIONS EMMANUEL MACRON

A QUIT OR DOUBLE

"I will put all my energy into making the National Gathering (RN), which is a deconstruction list of Europe, not in the lead ; I am a French and European patriot; they are nationalists "Emmanuel Macron, Sibiu (Romania) Thursday, May 9, 2019

All the mysticism on which Emmanuel Macron founded his 2017 presidential campaign was anchored on the idea that the "future" president of the Republic "En Marche" aspired to transform France by means of Europe.

A majority of French heard the message and voted by 56% of the votes for this young and "brand new" 39 year candidate.

On the European theme, Emmanuel Macron had unquestionably in 2017 "rekindled European stars" in the spirit of the French.

On the subject of Europe alone, Emmanuel Macron aroused torrents of enthusiasm during his meetings: in the name of the latter the public stood up !

From his election, the head of state has not stopped to remember his European fight, especially during his famous speech at the Sorbonne (26/09/2017) or through the severe polemics he did not cease to talk with the vices Italian presidents of extreme right, (thus populist and nationalistic) Di Maio and Salvini, then a little later with the Hungarian Prime Minister, Victor Orban.

But, behind these duels scarcely speckled, the President of the French Republic wished, it was quickly understood, to assert his leadership on the history of Europe in the next decade or more.

The subject then quickly took a franco-French turn when Emmanuel Macron allowed himself to evoke "the populist leprosy that wins" even though, at the European level, he was obliged to note simultaneously his isolation, on his Europeanist theses, more to the weakening of Angela Merkel.

At the beginning of his mandate Emmanuel Macron thought he could count on an ally: the people. The social movements provoked by the appearance of the Yellow Vests brought him at the end of the year 2018 a stinging denial!

The King is now naked! Incapable of furthermore to measure the phenomenon of deep rejection which it provoked and the tide of hostilities whose manifestations every Saturday of the Yellow Vests were the expression.

Therefore, to revive the macronist dynamic, it was necessary to review the speech and strategy of the LREM movement, culminated in the entry into the calamitous campaign of Nathalie Loiseau, former Minister of European Affairs and head of the list "The Renaissance" (LREM ).

For this, the idea has gradually emerged in Emmanuel Macron's entourage that it would be better to leave the European elections in a good position; and to go out in good position it was necessary to worry, to frighten and to sound the general mobilization against the nationalists.

Thus appeared a new Macronist electoral strategy that we saw evolve towards dramatization as "the populist threat" (?) Was becoming strong .... And supposedly threatening for the future of Europe!<