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PAS DE CONFINEMENT EN SUEDE

MAIS UNE MORTALITE ELEVEE

La Suède, qui se distingue par son approche souple face à la pandémie de Covid-19, a annoncé lundi avoir enregistré la mort de plus de 4.000 personnes au total, dont 90% étaient âgées de plus de 70 ans. Sur 33.843 cas confirmés, l'Agence publique de la santé (APS) a recensé 4.029 décès dans ce pays de 10,3 millions d'habitants. D'après le site internet Worldometer, le taux de mortalité liée au nouveau coronavirus est ainsi de 399 par million de personnes en Suède.

Un taux bien supérieur à celui constaté dans les pays nordiques voisins que sont la Norvège (43 par million), le Danemark (97) et la Finlande (56) qui ont pris des mesures de confinement. Il est en revanche plus bas qu'en Espagne (615), au Royaume-Uni (542) ou en France (435).

Pas de confinement mais une immunité de groupe ?

A l'opposé des dispositifs souvent stricts imposés dans le reste de l'Europe, la Suède, dont la population n'a jamais été confinée, a maintenu ouverts les écoles (pour les enfants de moins de seize ans), cafés, bars, restaurants et entreprises, demandant à chacun d'observer les recommandations de distanciation sociale et de « prendre ses responsabilités ». Seules mesures restrictives : l'interdiction des rassemblements de plus de 50 personnes et des visites en maisons de retraite.

L'Agence publique de la santé a en effet rejeté les mesures prises sur une assez courte période ailleurs, les considérant trop inefficaces par rapport à l'impact qu'elles ont sur l'ensemble de la société. Elle estime son approche pertinente sur le long terme en tablant sur l'immunité de groupe.

90% des morts avaient plus de 70 ans

Anders Tegnell, épidémiologiste à l'APS, a insisté à plusieurs reprises sur le fait que, d'après lui, des restrictions plus strictes n'auraient pas sauvé davantage de vies. Les trois-quarts des Suédois morts du Covid-19 étaient des personnes soignées dans des établissements médicalisés ou chez elles. Anders Tegnell a à cet égard souligné qu'une interdiction des visites dans les centres de soins avait été édictée dès la mi-mars.

« Je ne suis vraiment pas sûr qu'on aurait pu faire beaucoup plus », a-t-il déclaré ce week-end dans un entretien avec la Radio suédoise, tout en reconnaissant « la faiblesse de la prise en charge des plus âgés » mise en évidence par la crise du coronavirus, n'hésitant pas à parler à cet égard de « situation terrible ».

La Suède exclue de l'accord de libre échange cet été ?

Avec l’arrivée de l’été, de nombreux pays préparent des plans pour la réouverture des frontières malgré la persistance de la pandémie. En Scandinavie cependant, la Suède pourrait faire office de paria en raison de la propagation encore importante du virus.

Selon Anders Tegnell, qui dirige l’Agence suédoise de santé publique, le fait qu’il y ait davantage d’infections dans le pays pourrait au contraire rendre ses citoyens moins susceptibles de tomber malades. Une théorie fondée sur l’idée que contracter le coronavirus garantit une immunité ultérieure, ce qui n’est pas certain d’après l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS).

Si diverses études suggèrent que les personnes infectées possèdent certains anticorps qui, selon l’OMS, devraient probablement « apporter un certain niveau de protection », il n’y a pas, pour l’heure, de preuve d’immunité totale.

De plus la Suède affiche non seulement un niveau d’infection plus élevé, mais ses capacités en matière de tests et de traçabilité sont également plus faibles que celles de ses voisins. À l’heure actuelle, les personnes présentant des symptômes légers ne peuvent pas être testées, à moins d’appartenir à certaines catégories hautement prioritaires, comme les travailleurs de la santé ou les aidants, et il n’existe pas d’application officielle de recherche des contacts comme celle utilisée en Norvège.

Cela signifie que même si un pourcentage plus élevé de résidents suédois sont immunisés contre le virus d’ici à l’été, il pourrait être difficile d’identifier qui a développé l’immunité et qui ne l’a pas fait, à moins que la recherche des contacts et les tests ne soient considérablement renforcés...

La Suède pourrait donc faire les frais de sa politique sanitaire concernant le Covid-19 cet été en étant exclue des accords de libre circulation.








Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld


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CONDAMNATION DE VOLKSWAGEN

 DANS LE SCANDALE DU DIESELGATE

La justice allemande a condamné lundi Volkswagen à rembourser en partie un client qui avait acheté une voiture équipée d’un moteur diesel truqué. Ce jugement pourrait faire jurisprudence pour des dizaines de milliers d’autres automobilistes

Presque cinq ans après son éclatement, le scandale des moteurs diesel truqués s’approche lundi de son épilogue judiciaire, avec un arrêt décisif en Allemagne dans le conflit opposant Volkswagen à des dizaines de milliers de clients.

Lors de l’audience tenue début mai, les juges de la Cour fédérale allemande (BGH) ont ouvert la porte à un remboursement au moins partiel des clients floués, estimant que l’achat d’une voiture équipée d’un moteur truqué constituait un préjudice en soi. Dans un arrêt qui devrait influencer des dizaines de milliers de procédures , la cour suprême fédérale allemande a condamné Volkswagen à rembourser en partie un particulier qui avait acheté un véhicule dont le moteur diesel était truqué.

Crise historique

Cette décision pourrait influencer l’issue de dizaines de milliers de procédures en remboursement encore en cours en Allemagne.

Il s’agirait du premier revers judiciaire notable du géant de l’automobile en Allemagne, dans ce scandale qui a plongé l’industrie automobile allemande, pilier de l’économie du pays, dans une crise historique dont elle peine toujours à sortir. Mais avec un accord à l’amiable signé pour éviter un méga-procès de clients allemands, et la fin d’une importante enquête pénale, Volkswagen a déjà tiré un trait sur une grande partie du dieselgate.

Un cas d’exemple

La Cour s’intéressait au cas de Herbert Gilbert, 65 ans, qui a acheté d’occasion en 2014 une Volkswagen Sharan diesel, soit l’un des 11 millions de véhicules dans esquels le constructeur a avoué en septembre 2015 avoir placé des logiciels truquant les émissions polluantes.

La Cour d’appel avait donné raison au retraité, condamnant le constructeur à payer 25 616 euros et à reprendre le véhicule (une somme inférieure au prix d’achat de 31 490 euros car les juges ont pris en compte la perte de valeur due à l’utilisation).

Volkswagen et le requérant ont fait appel, le premier car il estime qu’un remboursement n’a pas lieu d’être et l’autre pour recevoir l’intégralité du prix d’achat.

En équipant ses voitures de logiciels capables de les faire apparaître moins polluantes qu’elles ne le sont en réalité, le groupe automobile allemand a « trompé sciemment et systématiquement pendant plusieurs années » les autorités « dans une optique de profitabilité », a expliqué le juge Stephan Seiters.

Un scandale de 30 milliards d’euros

De quoi limiter l’impact financier pour le groupe automobile, auquel le scandale a déjà coûté plus de 30 milliards d’euros. D’autant que la décision intervient après la fin en avril d’un procès sans précédent en Allemagne, similaire à une "class action" à l’américaine regroupant des centaines de milliers de requérants. Volkswagen va débourser au moins 750 millions d’euros pour indemniser 235 000 clients en vertu d’un accord à l’amiable, une somme qui peut paraître faible comparée aux plus de 30 milliards d’euros qu’a déjà coûté le scandale au constructeur, principalement aux Etats-Unis.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

"CORONA EVENTS" ALARMS IN GERMANY

Country less affected by the virus than its neighbors, Germany sees developing the "corona demonstrations" against the restrictions.

Angela Merkel is taking these “corona demonstrations” more and more seriously, which will again rally on Saturday across the country militants from the ultra-left, identity right or conspiracy opposing the remaining restrictions.

In Stuttgart alone, 5,000 people were allowed to beat the pavement, despite the ban on large rallies due to the pandemic, where the organizers said they wanted to gather 500,000 people.

Demonstrations are also expected, as already in recent weeks, in Munich, Berlin or Dortmund, under close police surveillance.

Protesters supported by the far right

The demonstrators, a heterogeneous assembly of extremist militants, defenders of public freedoms, opponents of vaccines, even anti-Semites, protest against the wearing of masks or the movement restrictions that remain after the deconfinement. Some even claim the right to be contaminated. Slogans like "We are the people" or "Freedom, Freedom! Refer to the protests that preceded the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.

Other protesters are from more recent xenophobic movements, demanding that "Merkel go" or denouncing the "false press". They are supported by the extreme right party Alternative for Germany (AfD) which hopes to surf these mobilizations to regain the ground lost during the peak of the pandemic; Chancellor Angela Merkel has seen its popularity soar due to management of the epidemic which has allowed Germany to be less affected than its neighbors. . One in four Germans say they understand these protests, according to a Civey poll.

Violence and anti-Semitism

Violence has already punctuated certain gatherings. On May 1 in Berlin, a team from the ZDF channel was violently attacked by a dozen people close according to the police of the ultra-left. In Prina, Saxony, a policeman was injured on the sidelines of a parade.

The chancellor herself judged these marches "alarming" to party leaders and accused Russia of being behind disinformation operations which would feed them, according to the popular daily Bild.

The "high level of aggressiveness" in these protests, in the words of government spokesman Steffen Seibert, worries the government team awakening the memory of the German Islamophobic movement Pegida.

Besides the violence against the police and journalists, two other aspects are of particular concern to the authorities. From the first demonstrations in Berlin, anti-Jewish messages were seen, accusing for example Rockefeller and Rothschild of having "invented the coronavirus" or comparing the wearing of the mask with that of the yellow star.

These demonstrations "constitute a reservoir in which anti-Semites, conspirators and negationists can find themselves," warns Felix Klein, government commissioner for the fight against anti-Semitism.

For Felix Klein, "it is not surprising that anti-Semitic theories are once again flourishing in the current crisis". "The Jews were blamed for the plague epidemics, they were accused of poisoning the wells," he recalls in the daily Süddeutsche Zeitung.

The other component is the success of conspiracy theories with a marked increase in the number of conspiratorial groups on Telegram or Youtube. Antivaccine theses are in vogue, as are fears linked to the development of 5G.

These drifts worry to the top of the state: the President of the Republic, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, left his reserve Thursday to warn that it was better to "wear a mask than an aluminum hat", traditionally associated in Germany with the conspirators.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

ITALY OPENS ITS DOORS TO TOURISTS OF THE EU

A near Spain and Greece it is Italy which is preparing to reopen its doors to EU tourists. The Italian government has indeed approved, Saturday, May 16, a decree authorizing trips to and from abroad from June 3.

The compulsory quarantine for foreign visitors to the peninsula will also be abolished.

These measures were announced after a Council of Ministers of almost ten hours around Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte.

They apply "while respecting the links deriving from the legal order of the European Union", specifies the press release, while the European borders of the Schengen area are currently closed, specifies a government press release.

These measures could evolve according to a possible "epidemiological risk", adds the text.

In Italy tourism is one of the main sectors of the economy and accounts for around 13% of the GDP. "The opening of the Italian borders to European citizens not only promotes tourism but also saves harvests with the return of around 150,000 seasonal workers from Romania, Poland and Bulgaria", also welcomed on Saturday Coldiretti, one of the main farmers' unions.

From June 3, it will also be possible for Italians to travel freely throughout the country, without any limitation, except in the event of a resurgence of the Covid-19 epidemic which left nearly 32,000 people dead on the peninsula. Confined since March 10 and authorized to travel only in their home commune only for health and work reasons, the Italians will again be able to move freely from May 18 within their region, according to the government press release.

France does not appreciate the “unilateral” decisions of some of its neighbors on the reopening of the borders. "The unilateral decision of Spain this week, of Italy announced this morning, does not support what we must do to work in solidarity," said Interior Minister Christophe Castaner on Saturday May 16. I will have the opportunity to exchange with my (Italian) counterpart over the weekend so that we can adapt our rules ”.

“It is essential that we can have coordinated decisions at European level, especially on infra-Schengen. This is not the case today, "said the Minister of the Interior.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

SETTING UP ON A GOOD WAY IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

The Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announced Thursday afternoon that France would however start his decontainment 11 May 2020. The possibility of a second wave of the epidemic continues to worry. Elsewhere in Europe, countries have already started their own and good news, it is going pretty well so far whether in Germany or Austria.

Germany, which had the capacity to massively test its population upon the arrival of the pandemic and had nearly 25,000 beds in intensive care, was less affected than France. Just over 7,000 people died of Covid-19 for a population of 83 million.

It began its deconfinement on April 20, 2020 by authorizing the reopening of stores with an area of ​​less than 800 square meters. The high schools reopened on May 4. Hairdressers too.

The deconfinement instructions are well respected by the citizens. There is no congestion in public transport, and where it is compulsory, in Berlin for example, the wearing of a mask was respected from the 1st day when the measure was applied in the German capital.

The number of new daily cases thus fell below 1,000, whereas there were more than 2,000 on April 19. And the rate of contagiousness (R0) remains under control for the moment and has even dropped, reaching today 0.65 against 0.8 at the edge of deconfinement. (the epidemic is considered to be contained when the R0 is less than 1).

Faced with these good results, Germany therefore decided to accelerate the deconfinement with the resumption of the German football championship in mid-May, as well as the reopening of restaurants and hotels.

In Austria, deconfinement also began gradually from April 14 with the opening of small shops and then on Saturday May 2, those of other stores. Many employees have returned to work, although teleworking remains encouraged, and the use of public transport has increased significantly. The number of new daily cases, however, is falling sharply. Austria went from 185 new cases on April 14 to 41 today with a reproduction rate of less than 1.

The government therefore decided on May 5 to continue relaxing the restrictions with the opening of. cafes and restaurants on May 15 and the return to school for almost all students on May 18. inhabitants.

If certain countries experienced a second wave, as in Asia, it would not be because of internal mismanagement of the deconfinement, but rather the fault of too rapid reopening of borders.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

UNCONTAINMENT ACCORDING TO COUNTRIES

 IN EUROPE

The European countries are fine-tuning their plan to get out of containment, a real global headache while awaiting the discovery of a vaccine or a remedy to curb the Covid-19 epidemic.

The pandemic, has made more than 200,000 deaths out of nearly 3 million infected worldwide, but is decreasing in the four most affected European countries. Which posted Sunday, daily death tolls down sharply: 288 deaths in Spain, 260 in Italy, 242 in France and 413 hospital deaths in the United Kingdom, the lowest number since the end of March.

The deconfinement already started by some European countries

As of April 14, Austria was the first country in the European Union to ease the containment it declared on March 16. Non-essential businesses of less than 400 square meters, as well as DIY and gardening signs, were able to reopen. The other stores will follow on May 1, with the exception of the hotel and restaurant sector, whose resumption of activity will be “in stages”, starting on May 15. In addition, wearing a mask is now compulsory, especially in transport.

The ministry of health judging the health crisis "under control", Germany also started, on April 20, its deconfinement. But, federalism obliges, this one will be implemented in a significantly different way in the sixteen Länder of the country. All businesses with an area of ​​less than 800 square meters have been able to reopen with strict slogans of "social distancing". The authorization also applies to car dealers, bicycle shops and bookstores, regardless of their size.

Considered as "service establishments where bodily proximity is inevitable", hairdressing salons will not reopen until May 4. Cultural places, bars, restaurants - except for deliveries -, play areas and sports fields also remain closed. Large gatherings, such as concerts or sports competitions, will remain prohibited until at least August 31.

Initially, it will only concern pupils at the end of the cycle - primary or secondary - so that those preparing for exams can take them as planned. On the other hand, the nurseries keep doors closed until further notice. Without imposing it, the German Chancellor recommended the wearing of protective masks in public transport and in stores.

In the Czech Republic, several shops have been able to reopen, provided that - as elsewhere - they impose distance rules. Gradually, the sectors of activity resume, giving a little breath to the economies, hitherto paralyzed by the epidemic of coronavirus. This timid restart even results in the return of joggers to certain parks, such as Sofia in Bulgaria.

The strategy is significantly different in Denmark where, after a month of confinement, the nurseries but also the nursery and primary schools were able to reopen on April 15. College and high school students will wait until May 10 to resume classes. Since April 20, hair salons, beauty salons, tattoo artists and driving schools have also been able to resume their activities. However, bars, restaurants and shopping centers remain closed and gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited.

Others are starting it this week

In Switzerland, some shops reopen on Monday April 27, 2020. In mid-April, the Swiss government announced a three-step easing of these measures. Schools, other stores, and markets should be able to reopen on May 11, and by June 8, vocational and secondary schools, universities, museums, libraries, and zoos should be around. classes goes hand in hand with the application of very strict hygiene measures, even if some parents do not say they are completely reassured

The confinement was less harsh there than in Spain. After six weeks locked up at home, the little Spaniards can since Sunday start playing again in the street, with a certain number of restrictions, like the absence of contacts. The confinement has been extended in the country until May 9 inclusive, and the government will present its easing plan on Tuesday. Some activities described as “non-essential”, such as industry or construction, had already been able to resume two weeks ago, after a fortnight of a forced shutdown of the economy.

Italy too must detail at the beginning of the week the measures it plans to put in place from May 4. In an address on Sunday, the head of the Italian government, Giuseppe Conte, drew the outlines of "phase 2" of the fight against the epidemic. The key to everything will be the respect of the barrier gestures decreed by the health authorities and the use of the mask. Schools will remain closed until September.

However, over the past week or so, businesses have been reopening, partially and very carefully, like bookstores, stationery stores and children's clothing stores. And, on Monday, Italian strategic companies gradually resumed, notably "productive and industrial activities more export-oriented", such as the automobile or fashion.

For its part, Norway has chosen to reopen schools on Monday for the little ones. One week after the opening of the barnehagers, which serve as nurseries and kindergartens, it is the turn of some 250,000 children aged 6 to 10 to return to school, in classes reduced to 15 pupils at maximum, after six weeks of "distance learning".

Conversely, Romania has abandoned the idea of ​​reopening nurseries, schools and higher education establishments before September, deeming it impossible to apply precautionary measures against the coronavirus, said the president on Monday, Klaus Iohannis…

Others are still working on their strategy

In France, it is Tuesday that the Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, will unveil his "national strategy of the deconfinement plan", which must begin on May 11, with in particular a gradual but controversial reopening of schools.

On Saturday, the Scientific Council conveyed its advice to the executive on the gradual end of containment. In the UK, Prime Minister Boris Johnson, himself struck by Covid-19, is back at 10 Downing Street. He called on the British to continue to maintain containment until at least May 7, 2020, although the pandemic curve is "starting to reverse" in the United Kingdom.


Faced with mounting pressure to outline a strategy of deconfinement, he said he understood the "impatience" of the population, called to stay at home since March 23, and promised decisions "in the days to come";



Simon Freeman pour DayNewsWorld

CONCERNING FIRE AROUND TCHERNOBYL

A major fire is raging around the Chernobyl exclusion zone. The fire was started by a young resident living near the Chernobyl area who said he set the grass on fire "for fun," police said.

More than 400 Ukrainian firefighters were fighting on Monday April 13, 2020 a major fire around the Chernobyl exclusion zone.

Ukraine has in particular mobilized water bomber helicopters to extinguish the disaster, which has been going on since April 4, 2020, sustained by strong winds.

Despite the scale of the fire, the Ukrainian authorities are confident. "The Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the storage sites for radioactive waste and the other crucial infrastructures of the exclusion zone are not threatened," said Volodymyr Demtchouk, a senior official of the Ukrainian emergency services, in a statement. video posted Monday on Facebook.

The worst fire ever seen in the area ?

But for its part, the NGO Greenpeace is much more alarmist. According to her, it is the worst fire ever observed in the Chernobyl exclusion zone, which forms a radius of 30 kilometers around the old power plant. Based on satellite images, the NGO claims that the fire is only "about 1.5 kilometers" from the arch covering the reactor which exploded by accident in April 1986.

For several days, the Ukrainian authorities have not given recent estimates on the size of the fire. According to Sergiy Zibtsev, director of the Regional Fire Monitoring Center in Eastern Europe, based in Kiev and linked to a United Nations program, the fire is "gigantic" and "unpredictable". "In the west of the exclusion zone, it has already covered 20,000 hectares according to our estimates," he said.

The director of an association organizing guided tours of the exclusion zone, Yaroslav Yemelianenko, told him on Facebook that the fire had reached the ghost town of Pripyat, evacuated after the disaster.

Radiation level

However, after the fire started, the acting head of the government’s environmental inspectorate, Legor Firsov, said that the radiation levels in the epicenter of the fire were well above standards. He then returned to his words.

One of the reactors at the Chernobyl plant exploded on April 26, 1986 contaminating, according to some estimates, up to three quarters of Europe. At the time, the USSR tried for several weeks to hide the incident before resolving to evacuate the area, still uninhabitable more than 30 years later.

What about official information today ? Ukrainian authorities say the fire did not increase the level of radioactivity.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

DECONFINING IN EUROPE BY ECONOMIC CHOICE?

In Europe, more than 75,000 people infected with Covid-19 have died. However, several States are already moving towards a relaxation of containment. They are currently following suit with China , which on Monday suspended containment measures in the city of Wuhan, the epicenter of Covid-19 contamination. Spain, Italy and Austria are already thinking about a gradual deconfinement, which they justify by a drop in the number of infections and hospitalizations.

A pilot in the EU, Austria began to emerge from its confinement on Tuesday with a careful reopening of its small shops and public gardens. In schools, the return to normal is not expected within a month. This weekend, Chancellor Sebastien Kurz took the floor to encourage the population to be responsible and reasonable, despite the relaxation of the measures because "this virus will accompany us for several more months".

Customers must however wear a mask. Austria has fewer than 400 Covid-19 deaths for a population of 9 million, comparable to that of New York City.

On Wednesday, it will be Denmark's turn to reopen nurseries and schools, but neither colleges nor high schools.

Germany is preparing "in stages". Germany is preparing to gradually lift the restrictions, taking advantage of a less dramatic situation than in other European countries. In its much awaited recommendations published Monday, the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina advocated a return "in stages" to normal if in particular the figures for new contaminations "stabilize at a low level" and if "hygiene measures are maintained ”. However, it is on the basis of the conclusions of this institution that Chancellor Angela Merkel must decide Wednesday, with the heads of the sixteen regional states, following the containment measures launched in mid-March and planned as is until 'to April 19.

The third country most affected by the coronavirus in the world, whose economy has been shutdown for two weeks, is easing its containment measures. Very hard hit with more than 18,000 dead, and strangled economically, Spain therefore resolved on Monday to allow workers to return to the factories and construction sites, under strict conditions, especially in industry and construction. But beware, not to lift containment for the rest of the population. Ten million masks were distributed by police and volunteers in the metros and stations. The Spanish nevertheless remain subject to very strict confinement.

In the United Kingdom , the country has "still not passed the peak" of the epidemic, noted the Minister for Foreign Affairs Dominic Raab, who provisionally heads the government in the absence of Boris Johnson, convalescent after being infected by the coronavirus.

The return to work, well under way in China after the lifting of containment measures, is far from being on the agenda in many other countries. However, residents are still encouraged to stay at home, health controls remain tight and arrivals and departures from this megalopolis are monitored.

In India , Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced Tuesday the extension at least until May 3 of the confinement of his country of 1.3 billion inhabitants, the largest population in the world subject to this kind of measure.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has indicated that it expects a record recession of 7.5% for the euro area and 13% for the United Kingdom for 2020...




Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

DECONFINING STRATEGY TO EACH HIS SOLUTION ?

The release of confinement will certainly be gradual, while the date of April 15 is no longer current, stressed Prime Minister Edouard Philippe to the fact-finding mission of the National Assembly.

Currently, " several teams " are working on possible deconfinement scenarios, including the Scientific Council, which, in a notice of March 23, estimated that the confinement " will probably last at least six weeks from its installation ", which corresponds to three contamination cycles. But this strategy of deconfinement remains a big unknown, while it has no precedent.

Many conditions for deconfinement

According to specialists, the peak of transmissions took place a few days ago, the peak of hospitalizations is being reached, before stabilizing. The peak of mortality could be reached within a week, 10 days. And as long as the population is not immunized, the simple lifting of containment will only restore the initial conditions which led to this epidemic and therefore lead to a rebound of the epidemic.

In addition, before considering deconfinement, the Scientific Council on the coronavirus recalls that this decision can only be taken after the government has ensured that certain "epidemiological indicators indicating in particular that the saturation of hospital services, and resuscitation services ” or “curbed ”.

A massive test campaign

Massive screening must take place before considering deconfinement. Olivier Véran, the Minister of Health, has promised a ramp-up of these rapid tests which will allow a certain result to be obtained in 10 minutes - while 5 million of them have been ordered by France. The Directorate General of Health indicates that screening capacity will be increased with "30,000 additional tests per day in April, 60,000 additional tests per day in May and more than 100,000 tests per day in June".

The objective of this massive screening campaign using serological tests, i.e. based on blood analysis: to detect people who have produced antibodies in response to the presence of the coronavirus and therefore to determine who is immune in the population. This is the strategyA successfully adopted by the South Koreans

A deconfinement by region ? By age ? By medical profile ?

So how to deconfine the population when the health situation has stabilized. The hypotheses put forward by the Prime Minister relate to a deconfinement "which would be regionalized or subject to a test policy, or based, who knows, on age group". In particular, the possibility that people over 60 or 70 years of age are the last to be able to break out of confinement.

"I am sure that if we do not match the deconfinement of screening in enclosed spaces, nursing homes, hospitals, prisons ...., we will not get out of it", warns Professor Eric Caumes, head of the infectious and tropical diseases at La Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital.

The doctor recalls that "chains of transmission" continue to form in these enclosed places. If breaking out of containment is "the real issue today", Professor Caumes stresses the importance of "testing, tracing" and recommends following the example of certain countries in Southeast Asia.

In order to anticipate any new chain of transmission, the question of travel remains crucial. “Tracing”, put forward by Professor Caumes, was notably implemented in South Korea to follow the movements of the sick. The geolocation data is transmitted directly by the telephone operators to the authorities. Anyone passing near an infected person is therefore alerted and can be tested.

This method seems difficult to apply in France, because it contradicts the protection of individual freedoms. Emmanuel Macron has set up a committee of experts responsible in particular for studying "backtracking practices which make it possible to identify people in contact with those infected with the Covid-19 virus" or even to support " the authorities' reflection on the doctrine and the capacity to carry out tests as well as on the advisability of implementing a digital strategy for identifying people who have been in contact with infected people ”.

The Prime Minister spoke on Wednesday of the possibility of "voluntary" tracing, via mobile phones.

Germany is studying the establishment of "immunity passports" for immunized people who could thus get out of confinement. "Immunized people could be issued a sort of vaccination card which could, for example, exempt them from restrictions," German epidemiologist Gerard Krause explains to the British daily The Guardian.

Even with the lifting of containment, many precautions will have to be taken. The barrier gestures must be respected for a few more months. The hypothesis of wearing a generalized mask is also raised.

But the big risk is to see a rebound in the epidemic after the release from containment. Scientists must agree on the necessary part of the immune population to claim collective immunity.




Britney Delsey for Daynewsworld

CORONAVIRUS

THE SOUTH COREAN STRATEGY SELECTED

IN GERMANY

With 389 deaths in some 52,547 cases, and a fatality rate of just 0.7%, the situation in Germany is far from being as dramatic as in other European countries. It is because she chose the proven South Korean strategy, namely: massive screening campaign, isolation of infected people and technological tracing to find and then test the people with whom they have been in contact.

Germany already practices, according to the authorities, between 300,000 and 500,000 screenings per week, a higher rate than many of its European neighbors, France in particular which reserves them only for patients with severe pathology. And the government of Angela Merkel does not stop there: a document of the Interior Ministry, which has just been revealed by several media, prescribes a strategy inspired by South Korea, with no less than 200,000 tests per day .

Now would be tested all those who think they have Covid-19, as well as all those likely to have been in contact with a patient, states this document. Currently, screenings concern people who are both sick and have been in contact with a positive person.

The document also considers geolocation, a tool used by Seoul, "inevitable in the long term" to allow the population to know the places where people tested positive are. South Korea can be an example "despite the cultural differences between the two countries, said Sunday in the daily" Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung "the head of the Robert-Koch Institute, responsible for piloting the fight against the epidemic in Germany , Lothar Wieler.

A lively debate has already started on this subject in Germany, where the question of the protection of private data is considered sacrosanct after two dictatorships in the 20th century.

By adopting this strategy Germany hopes to prevent a saturation of its hospitals, where the staff is lacking. But the departure of a large part of the 200,000 Polish, Ukrainian or Baltic carers who provide daily assistance to between 300,000 and 500,000 elderly people raises fears of a new health disaster.

However, Lothar Wieler has not ruled out that the country will end up experiencing an Italian situation, with overwhelmed hospitals.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT

ON THE FOOT OF WAR ?

2 606 peoples died in the Covid-19 hospital and the first political figure died on the night of Saturday to Sunday, Patrick Devedjian. The wave of the epidemic, "extremely high" [...] is sweeping over France ", had warned Edouard Philippe Friday March 27 by announcing the extension of the confinement until at least April 15.

At a time when millions of lives are at stake, at a time when heroes in white coats are giving body and soul, the government wanted, in turn, to show its total mobilization in its management of the crisis. “The fight is just beginning. The first fortnight of April will be even more difficult than the fortnight which has just passed ”.

This was hammered out by the Prime Minister on Saturday during a press conference with the Minister of Solidarity and Health Olivier Véran and several experts. France is in "a fight that will last", he added.

As patient evacuations continue, the resuscitation capacity will be increased to 14,000 beds or even 14,500 beds (compared to 5,000 at the start and 10,000 today).

A billion masks have been ordered, as well as 5 million new rapid screening tests. New measures have been taken towards nursing homes where frail elderly people reside.

Certainly the government has been mobilized since the first days of confinement.

"We have made every effort to do so in recent weeks," said the Prime Minister. The fact remains that this educational exercise on Saturday, March 28, 2020 quickly turned into an argument castigating the “lesson givers” who “know perfectly what to do”. The government faces many criticisms, partly from the opposition.

He will later have to answer for his management of the health crisis and his lack of preparation.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
 

CORONAVIRUS

CHOOSING BETWEEN LIFE AND DEATH

As new coronavirus infections multiply by hundreds every day, Italy is struggling to find enough hospital beds to treat the sick. Doctors are now faced with the dilemma of choosing between the life and death of their patients.

It is up to them to select those who receive life-saving treatment.

"If a person between the ages of 80 and 95 is in serious respiratory distress, it is unlikely that they will continue their treatment," doctor Christian Salaroli, head of the unit, told Corriere della Sera. intensive care unit in a hospital in Bergamo, in the north of Lombardy.

"These are terrible words, but which are unfortunately true. We are unable to attempt what you call miracles, ”said Salaroli.

The coronavirus is particularly deadly in Italy:

Italy has surpassed the 10,000 deaths caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, with 889 counted in 24 hours, announced on Saturday March 28 the Civil Protection. However, according to the United Nations, the country has the second oldest population in the world after Japan. These people are the ones who suffer the most from the disease once they are infected.

Earlier this month, the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Therapy (SIAARTI) released ethical guidelines for doctors who should get an intensive care bed "in exceptional conditions".

Rather than admitting patients on a "first come, first served" basis, SIAARTI advises doctors and nurses faced with "difficult choices" to focus on patients who are more likely to recover after intensive treatment .

Medical staff say they are "overwhelmed" by enormous emotional pressure. Dr. Salaroli told Corriere della Sera that the emotional burden of medical staff is "devastating", and that some members of their medical team are "overwhelmed" by the choices they have had to make.

“It can happen to a chief doctor as well as to a young doctor who has just arrived, and who finds himself forced to decide the fate of a human being. I repeat it out loud, ”he said.

"I saw nurses with thirty years of experience crying, people who had nervous attacks, who were trembling all of a sudden," continues Dr. Salaroli.

“It is not SIAARTI which offers to treat certain patients and limit treatment for others. On the contrary, it is emergency situations which [explain it] ”, the Italian Anesthesia Society justifies itself to justify life and death decisions.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

AND IF GOOD SENSE GUIDES OUR POLICIES

TO FIGHT COVID-19 ?

In a column in the "World", the doctor and biostatician Antoine Vanier answered professor Didier Raoult on the use of chloroquine as a remedy for Covid-19. He emphasizes the insufficiency of evidence of the efficacy of chloroquine against Covid-19 and the sufficiency of its argument. "Society does not have to follow you like a prophet, even if your intuition is correct"

And yet Professor Didier Raoult brought on Friday March 27 the encouraging results of a new study on the administration of hydroxychloroquine and an antibiotic to patients with Covid-19. A “relevant” association with regard to the study, according to the infectious disease specialist.

On Twitter, the infectious disease specialist relies on a new study posted online on the Marseille IHU website to "demonstrate the effectiveness of the protocol on 80 patients" with Covid-19 and "demonstrate the relevance of the association of the association of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin ”. According to this new larger-scale study, "in 80 hospitalized patients receiving a combination of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin we noted clinical improvement in all patients, one 86-year-old died and one patient 74 years old is still in the intensive care unit. "

Despite encouraging results, there are however dissonant voices concerning the use of hydroxychloroquine.

In detail, "a rapid drop in nasopharyngeal viral load was observed, with 83% negative on day 7 and 93% on day 8" in patients who received treatment. "This allowed patients to quickly get out of highly contagious neighborhoods with an average length of stay of five days, ”we can still read in this study.

"We believe that other teams should urgently assess the cost-effectiveness of this therapeutic strategy, both to prevent the spread of the disease and to treat patients as soon as possible before irreversible complications develop", concludes l author of the study.

Recently, the former mayor of Toulouse and former health minister Philippe Douste-Blazy also took a stand by calling in a video Emmanuel Douste-Blazy also took a stand by calling in a video Emmanuel Macron and Olivier Véran to allow "prescription chloroquine to patients before it's too late, ”as the world-renowned scientist from Marseille asks.

Far from wanting to be a “prophet”, the “world star” of microbiology, with a transgressive look, simply seems to make sense. "When you have a treatment that works against zero other treatment available, it is this treatment that should become the benchmark", he replies in Le Parisien, while denouncing, in a forum in the World "the scientific method" which "Took over on the bottom".

Far from chapel quarrels and conflicts of interest, it would not be time to think about saving lives. It is up to politicians to decide without giving in to collective emotion.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

CONTINUOUS TSUNAMI IN LONDON HOSPITALS

Public hospitals in London are facing a "continuous tsunami" of serious patients with the new coronavirus while having to compensate for an "unprecedented" proportion of suffering staff, assured Thursday an official of the British public health system.

After having "massively" increased the capacity of intensive care in recent weeks, hospitals in the British capital are facing "an explosion" in the number of "seriously ill patients", "a kind of continuous tsunami", said Chris Hopson on BBC Radio 4.

This tension is accentuated by the fact that the proportion of nursing staff absent due to illness is "30%, 40% and in some places even 50%", continued Chris Hopson, who speaks of an absence rate " unprecedented ".

According to the latest report published Wednesday, 463 people died of the new coronavirus in the United Kingdom and 9 529 were officially infected.

General containment of the population

Faced with the aggravation of the past few days, the government has decreed a general containment of the population and announced the opening next week of a temporary field hospital of 4,000 beds in a conference center in London.

The royal family is also concerned, Prince Charles having tested positive.

The policy of mass contamination did not seem to have achieved the results expected by Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

Field hospitals

Faced with the aggravation seen in recent days, the government has decreed a general containment of the population and announced the opening next week of a 4,000-bed field hospital in a conference center in London.

According to the British media, a dozen of these additional temporary structures could be set up all over the United Kingdom.

The objective is to avoid an Italian scenario, with overwhelmed hospitals, which would result in an increase in mortality.

"We hope that, perhaps in three weeks, the measurements will start to flatten the curve (of the number of cases of contamination)," commented on the BBC Neil Ferguson, a scientist who advises the government on the virus.

Economic measures

On the economic front, after having already announced unprecedented support measures for businesses and affected employees, Finance Minister Rishi Sunak is due to release measures to help the self-employed on Thursday afternoon, hit hard by the paralysis economy.

Ordering equipment from manufacturers

The executive asked the industrialists to reconvert their production, in a collective effort unprecedented since the Second World War.

To cope with the lack of respirators, the British authorities have ordered 10,000 from Dyson, announced Thursday this group known for its bagless vacuum cleaners. "This new device can be manufactured quickly, efficiently and in large quantities," according to a press release from the group.

To help fight the spread of the epidemic, some 560,000 people have registered as volunteers with the national health service.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

FOUR EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENTS

AGAINST CORONAVIRUS IN EUROPE

A European clinical trial was launched on Sunday in at least seven European countries to test four experimental treatments for the coronavirus.

It will include a total of 3200 patients, announced Sunday the French Ministry of Health.

"Under strict surveillance"

The four treatments tested on a large scale will be the following molecules: remdesivir, lopinavir in combination with ritonavir, the latter treatment being associated or not with beta interferon, and hydroxychloroquine, according to a press release from Inserm, l organization that oversees medical research in France.

"It is planned to include 3200 European patients including Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, the United Kingdom, Germany and Spain, and may be other countries including at least 800 in France, hospitalized for a Covid-19 infection in a medical department or directly in intensive care, "specifies the French Institute for Medical Research.

"A trial involves patients who are treated in a hospital environment under strict surveillance, and who have access to these molecules to test their effectiveness on the virus and on their clinical course," said Professor Salomon, director General of Health (DGS) in France during a press point. "It is very important to do it quickly and under these conditions."

"Baptized Discovery, it notably includes hydroxychloroquine," he confirmed.

Reserves on chloroquine

Since the appearance of the new coronavirus in China, Professor Didier Raoult, director of the IHU Méditerranée Infection in Marseille, has defended the use of chloroquine against the disease. He has raised reservations with many other specialists, who believe in particular that the trials he has conducted with 24 patients do not meet all the necessary criteria.

"This trial has led to interesting results which are also published today in the International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents", according to Professor Salomon.

This test will be “adaptive” and “very quickly ineffective experimental treatments can be abandoned and replaced by other molecules which will emerge from research”, underlines in the press release from Inserm Florence Ader, infectiologist at the hospital of the Cross -Rousse at the CHU de Lyon, which will pilot the project.

Another international clinical trial will be launched "under the aegis of the World Health Organization (WHO), called 'Solidarity'", says Inserm.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

THE NIGHTMARE SCENARIO FOR

GREAT BRITAIN FACING CORONAVIRUS

The United Kingdom recorded Tuesday evening 71 dead and 1,950 cases of contamination. But authorities have acknowledged that the actual number of cases is likely to be much higher. Boris Johson, had invited his compatriots to "take the blow", arguing that there were anyway, probably already "tens of thousands of cases in the country".
Until then, the strategy against covid-19 consisted essentially of isolating people with symptoms or returning from risk areas to ease the pressure on health services and promote the emergence of "collective immunity". A controversial strategy.

Bojo finally realized the gravity of the situation.

According to the British press, it was a report from Imperial College London, based on data from Italy, which convinced British leaders to change their approach.

According to this report released on Monday evening, the epidemic could kill up to 510,000 people in the United Kingdom and affect 81% of the population there, in the purely hypothetical case where no action had been taken.

A “submerged” health system

With the type of response that constituted the government's course of action until Monday, the researchers estimate that this country risked up to 260,000 deaths, due to a "submersion" of its health system.

Undermined by ten years of austerity, the British public health service, the NHS, has very few intensive care beds: two per 1000 inhabitants, compared to seven per 1000 in Germany.

With stronger measures reducing contact, the number of deaths could decrease to “a few thousand or tens of thousands”.

Stricter measures

Faced with this health risk, Prime Minister Boris Johnson has finally taken more stringent measures. He asked the population to avoid all "non-essential" contact and displacement. He also recommended the elderly and pregnant women to isolate themselves for three months. In the aftermath Tuesday morning, the United Kingdom advised against its nationals any travel abroad "not essential", initially to 30 days, highlighting the “unprecedented” restrictions on traffic imposed in the world.

These measures nevertheless remain less radical than those taken in neighboring countries, neither providing for the closure of schools, restaurants or performance halls, nor a formal ban on gatherings. However, they constitute a clear reinforcement compared to the controversial strategy adopted.

However, a petition calling on the government to close schools as soon as possible has collected nearly 645,000 signatures on the internet, well above the 100,000 threshold needed to call a debate in parliament. And on Twitter, the hashtag #CloseTheSchoolsNow ("Close schools now") is popular to avoid the worst.

"Every family will lose loved ones," warned Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Spread the word...




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

WHEN IS TOTAL CONTAINMENT ?

The France is rocking this week into a new phase in the fight against the Covid-19 epidemic. Emmanuel Macron is called to decide this Monday, March 16, 2020 the heavy question of a possible compulsory confinement of the entire population, as in Italy and Spain.

"The progression of the epidemic is worrying," said Jérôme Salomon on Monday, who asked all French people to mobilize.

The assessment of the coronavirus epidemic in France rose to 127 dead, according to a new assessment given by Public Health France, Sunday March 15 in the evening.

5,423 cases have been detected and 300 people are already hospitalized in intensive care. “The situation of the epidemic in France is very worrying.

It deteriorates very quickly. It is a very rapid epidemic. We see that the number of cases now doubles every three days, "said Monday March 16 on France Inter Jérôme Salomon, the Director General of Health (DGS).

"It shows an extremely worrying situation,"

he added.

Alarming scientific estimates

A group of scientists has released alarming estimates of what the worst-case epidemic could do, reports Le Monde. Thus, these ten epidemiologists appointed by Emmanuel Macron "to enlighten the public decision" relayed the figure of 300 to 500,000 deaths, based on the highest probable transmissibility and mortality assumptions and in the absence of any measure prevention or containment.

Given the measures already taken "the models suggest that this may be enough to stem the first wave of the epidemic, but it very much depends on the behavior of people and how they will apply these instructions", explained Simon Cauchemez , the epidemiologist of the Institut Pasteur, who presented the models.

When is the containment ?

If the government has already urged the French on Sunday to comply with the instructions to curb the spread of the coronavirus after an unprecedented increase in deaths and contaminations in the country, the French seem not to have perceived the seriousness of the situation, braving some the rules imposed. Contrary to a widely held idea until then, "serious forms are reported in adults without previous pathologies" and not only "in elderly or frail people", warns the Directorate General of Health.

The executive has finally decided to close all "non-essential" public places since midnight Saturday. On Monday, other more stringent measures could be announced by the President of the Republic during the television address tonight. . And this for a long time, as already decided by Italy or Spain.

Because the health issue is heavy, hospitals fearing that they will not be able to cope with an influx of infected patients.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

WHAT IS ERDOGAN PLAYING THREATENING EUROPE WHILE ASKING FOR NATO ASSISTANCE

AND RISK OF CONFRONTATION WITH RUSSIA ?

After the death of 33 of his soldiers in Idlib, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan finds himself back to the wall and turns to the West, between threats and calls for help.

An air strike in fact killed at least thirty-three Turkish soldiers in Idlib, in northwestern Syria, on Thursday, February 27, the largest loss suffered by Turkey in a single day since its first military intervention in Syria in 2016. The Turkish Defense Ministry said that reprisal strikes by Ankara had "neutralized" 309 regime soldiers.

This is a serious escalation in the fighting between the Turkish-backed Syrian rebellion and the loyalist forces of Bashar Al-Assad supported by the Russian air force.

The air strike, a "precision" shot according to Turkish military experts, hit a two-storey building in Balyoun, a town in the Idlib province, where Turkish soldiers had taken refuge after a bombardment, on Thursday. on their convoy, dispatched as reinforcements to the area to help rebel groups.

After such a severe setback, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan finds himself back to the wall and turns to his Western allies, between threats and calls for help.

Turkish threats to Europeans

Turkey has thus announced that it has activated its ultimate means of pressure on Europeans: to trigger a massive influx of Syrian refugees to Europe. These threats made on Thursday evening, following an extraordinary security council chaired by the Head of State, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, on the night of Thursday to Friday. "We will no longer detain those who want to go to Europe," said a Turkish official on condition of anonymity on Friday morning. A Turkish official said on Thursday evening that police, coast guards and border guards had been ordered not to prevent refugees from reaching Europe by land or sea. "All the refugees, including the Syrians, are now invited to enter the European Union," said the official, saying that the burden was "too heavy to bear for one country."

According to several Turkish media reports, groups of migrants in Turkey were heading to the borders with neighboring European countries on Friday. State television TRT and the private channel NTV showed groups of dozens of people portrayed as migrants walking along a road to the border with Greece, loaded with bags. About 300 Syrian, Iraqi and Iranian migrants have arrived in the province of Edirne, bordering Greece

Shortly after this announcement, Greece announced that it had stepped up its patrols on the border with Turkey. According to a Greek police source, the number of patrols has been doubled and a call for general mobilization has been made internally. "Everything is under control, there is no reason to worry," said the source.

In the past, Turkey has repeatedly threatened to "open the doors" of Europe to migrants, observers see it as a way to put pressure on the countries of the European Union still traumatized by the migration crisis of the summer 2015. Several hundreds of thousands of people, mostly fleeing conflicts in the Middle East, then traveled to Europe in transit through Turkey.

But at the same time Turkey calls for NATO help

Turkey invokes, as it has previously done, Article 4 of the founding treaty of NATO, which provides that a member country may request consultations of the whole Council as soon as it considers that its integrity territorial, its political independence or its security are threatened. Ankara was already in contact on Thursday with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. The latter condemned, during a telephone conversation with the head of Turkish diplomacy Mevlut Cavusoglu, the "indiscriminate air strikes by the Syrian regime and its Russian ally". At the same time, he "urged all parties to de-escalate this dangerous situation".

It is not the first time that Turkey has invoked Article 4 to initiate a meeting of the North Atlantic Council following Syrian "threats". It did so in particular in 2012 and during these consultations, NATO had approved at the time the deployment of Patriot surface-to-air missiles at the Syrian-Turkish border.

The North Atlantic Council will therefore meet Friday at the request of Turkey, communicates NATO, following strikes (Syrian, according to Ankara) which killed thirty Turkish soldiers Thursday in the province of Idleb , in northern Syria. The 28 other member countries of NATO will therefore be consulted on the Syrian situation, while Ankara replied at night by bombing positions of the regime of Bashar al-Assad, according to the Turkish head of state.

But who are these rebels that Turkey supports ?

Islamist groups ?

According to researcher Myriam Benraad, a recognized specialist in the Middle East, and questioned by Sputnik, this is what remains of the rebellion in Idlib:

“Let me be clear, the forces supported by Turkey in Idlib from the start are Islamist groups. Already, during the Turkish intervention in Rojava a few months ago, it was Islamist groups that were fighting. Turkey denies it, but it supported jihadists and also conducted negotiations with Daesh. Today, the masks have fallen. The fact that jihadist networks were transiting from Turkey to Syria is no secret to anyone. ”

"In fact in Idlib, the Muslim Brotherhood and the jihadists - belonging to around fifteen rebel groups - are fighting against Bashar al-Assad. These groups constitute two major coalitions. On the one hand, there is the FLN, National Liberation Front : a coalition of rebel groups which officially denies any link with terrorist organizations, but which are affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood and Turkey, like their leader, Fadlallah el-Haji. Hayat Tahrir al-Cham (HTS), better known as the Al-Nusra Front, of which Turkey is said to have played a role in the formation. A group affiliated with Al-Qaeda, generally recognized in the West and elsewhere as a terrorist group. "


What is Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan playing for ?

For Alexandre Del Valle, specialist in relations between Europe and Turkey and in the Arab-Muslim world, and questioned by Sputnik: "This is part of a broader strategy, it is not just Idlib that is concerned . Erdogan tried to negotiate with Moscow and the United States a sort of unspoken protectorate throughout northern Syria bordering on Turkey, a protective band. The aim of this strategy is to rehouse Arab Syrian refugees, who are still three million, in this area. Refugees that the Turkish population does not want to see any more because they are rather hostile to the Arab populations. This would allow him to kill two birds with one stone: he would have sent all the Syrian refugees home, and, at the same time, he would have prevented the Kurds from returning to northern Syria. "

Turkey is playing a troubled game against Europeans who could, however, take retaliatory measures against this country. And who could perhaps also ally themselves with Russia in this conflict...




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

THE DOUBLE ATTACK IN HANAU OR THE RESURGENCE OF EXTREME-RIGHT TERRORISM IN GERMANY

A man opened fire on Wednesday evening against two shisha bars in Hanau, killing nine people.

Two hookah bars targeted

The first shooting targeted a hookah bar, the Midnight, around 10 p.m. Police say at least one person was seriously injured at the first site. Witnesses, quoted by local media, reported hearing a dozen shots. Three people were killed outside this first hookah bar.

According to the police, the author (s) then left the place by car in the direction of the Kurt-Schumacher Platz, in the district of Kesselstadt.

A second shooting then took place in another bar, the Arena Bar.

The shooter rang the doorbell and shot people present in the smoking area, killing five people including a woman, according to information from Bild, adding that the victims were of Kurdish origin. Probably "xenophobic" motivation according to the prosecution federal. The suspect, Tobias R., was found dead Thursday morning at his home alongside another lifeless body. A manifesto and a video in which he talks about "peoples to be eliminated" were also discovered.

The "poison" of racism

Angela Merkel castigated Thursday, February 20, the "poison" of racism in Germany after the attacks that left nine dead in Hanau, near Frankfurt, linking this act to other far-right attacks committed in the country.

“Racism is a poison, hatred is a poison. And this poison exists in our society, from the acts of the NSU to the murder of Walter Lübcke and the assassinations of Halle, "said the Chancellor, referring respectively to the series of murders and attacks by a neo-Nazi group in the 2000s, the murder last June of an elected pro-migrant, then the attack on a synagogue which left two dead in October.

"We oppose with force and determination all those who are trying to divide Germany", she added, insisting on "the rights and dignity of each person in our country", without distinction "of origin or of religion ”. Acknowledging that it was "too early" to shed light on this crime, "there are numerous indications that the author acted on far-right, racist ideas, hatred against people of different origins, beliefs or appearances ”.

"The AfD is the political arm of far-right terrorism"

Political reactions multiplied in the morning of Thursday condemning this atrocious crime.

The mayor of Hanau announced the holding of a vigil in tribute to the victims, Thursday late afternoon, as well as the availability of a register of condolences in front of the town hall. A rally is also planned in Berlin at the end of the day at the Brandenburg Gate.

European Commission President and former German Minister Ursula von der Leyen said she was "deeply shocked" by the shootings. Some officials clearly make the link between this violence and the climate maintained by the far-right AfD party. Like Social Democrat Michael Roth, Secretary of State for European Affairs:

“The milieu at the origin of acts like those of Hanau is ideologically nourished by fascists like Björn Höcke [head of the AfD in Thuringia]. Hatred of democracy, racism, anti-Semitism, hatred against Gypsies and Islamophobia thrive on fertile land. For this, I maintain my position: the AfD is the political arm of far-right terrorism. "

The shooting which took place in Hanau in Germany, Wednesday evening, could have been committed by a militant of extreme right German. This is one of the most likely leads according to the first elements of the survey.

If this hypothesis were confirmed, it would rekindle the fear of seeing extreme right-wing terrorism active in Germany.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

AGNES BUZYN FOR THE MUNICIPALS OF PARIS

"I GO TO WIN"

The former Minister of Health said that she was very busy with the pension reform and the health crisis that required her full ministerial commitment. Obviously, Emmanuel Macron was able to convince his minister that the crisis that the Republic is going through is much more serious than those of the coronavirus and the hospital combined.
The Elysée and the En Marche device ! have agreed on the name of Agnes Buzyn.

But once again Macronie reasons more power than general interest ...

The LREM party above all! The ministry is to activist Buzyn what family is to “grivois” Griveaux.

Benjamin Griveaux in person had he not welcomed last Thursday the "sense of the general interest" of the Minister of Health Agnès Buzyn, who would not be a candidate for municipal elections in Paris.

"She is a committed minister, she is facing a major crisis which is that of the coronavirus," explained the man who had been trying for weeks to enroll him on his list in the 15th arrondissement. The role of the Minister of Social Affairs and Health at these times is to be at the forefront. "

Did the Minister of Solidarity and Health not herself repeat until recent days that her responsibilities did not leave her the opportunity to engage in this battle ?

In the midst of a public hospital crisis, when the debate on pension reform began on Monday and the coronavirus epidemic is still far from over, these reservations had been well understood.

But here Paris is well worth one more betrayal ...

Because four weeks before the poll, twelve days before the deadline for filing the lists and due to a dark vaudeville 2.0, the presidential party no longer had a candidate in the capital .

Faced with the crisis, Emmanuel Macron wanted an "indisputable personality" capable of bringing everyone together. It was first necessary to please the partners MoDem, UDI and Agir and above all to be an antidote to divisions so reach out to Cédric Villani. Then it was imperative a woman who could face the two strong personalities that are Dati and Hidalgo.

The image of Agnes Buzyn is however not very good on the right. In the latest Ipsos-Le Point barometer, 20% of François Fillon's voters expressed a favorable opinion on the action of the Minister of Health and 54% an unfavorable opinion The reputation of the candidate LREM therefore remains low even if François Bayrou told him has often said often "that doctors are made for politics, because they know how to listen and give comfort", confided the person in October 2019, recognizing herself well in this profile.

And to the 57-year-old hematologist to assert valiantly "having always adored politics".

Take it to the capital for the one who warned Sunday evening February 16, smiling, "I'm going to win", is not won in advance.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

LIGHTNING IN GERMANY

ANGELA MERKEL'S DAUPHINE THROWS IN THE SPONGE


The political earthquake continues in Germany. Angela Merkel's designated runner-up, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, announced Monday February 10, 2020 to renounce his successor and want to give up the presidency of the conservative party, learning from the political crisis opened by an alliance with the extreme right in Thuringia .

In the midst of a national political crisis surrounding a regional alliance with the far right, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer said in the morning at a meeting of the leadership of the Christian Democratic Party CDU that it "does not have aim to be a candidate for the German Chancellery ”.

At a meeting this morning, she notably justified her decision by the events in Thuringia and the temptation of a fringe of the party to ally with the far-right movement Alternative for Germany (AfD).

She explained that "part of the CDU has an unclear relationship with the AfD" but also with the radical left party Die Linke, even though it itself clearly rejects any alliance with either of them. these formations.

AKK, elected in December 2018, has never succeeded in winning the presidency of the CDU. It was particularly criticized after the surprise alliance formed last week between CDU elected officials from Thuringia and the far right to elect a new leader for this regional state.

She was criticized for not holding her party, torn between opponents and supporters of cooperation with the AfD, especially in the states of the former GDR, where the far right is very powerful and complicates training regional majorities.

Insofar as the candidacy for the chancellery must go hand in hand with the presidency of the party in his eyes, AKK has consequently decided to renounce in the coming months this presidency. However, she must keep her post as Minister of Defense.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT IRON ARM BETWEEN THE TWENTY-SEVEN

AND THE UNITED KINGDOM

On Friday evening from the EU, the United Kingdom must now redefine the modalities of its relationship with the 27 and agree with the European bloc on the new architecture of their relationship, in particular commercial. The head of the British government , Boris Johnson, presented his vision, explaining that his country would "leave its pupa" European and take off to the rest of the world.

Breaking out of European rules

The British Prime Minister certainly said on Monday February 3 in his 30-minute speech that his country would not make any “unfair competition” to the EU after Brexit

"We will not do any unfair competition, whether commercial, economic or environmental," said the conservative leader, pledging not to lower European standards.

But at the same time, Boris Johnson has signaled to the Europeans his unyielding intention to break free from EU rules after Brexit rejecting any alignment with European rules as the price of a free trade agreement with Brussels: " Are we going to insist that the EU does everything like us as a free trade price ? Of course not. "

“I see no need to force us into an agreement with the EU. We will restore our full sovereignty over our borders, immigration, sovereignty over our borders, immigration, competition, the rules governing subsidies, supplies, data protection. "

He also said that cooperation with Europeans in defense and foreign policy would "not necessarily require a treaty".

Boris Johnson also presented this Monday, February 3, 2020 his vision of the place of the United Kingdom in the world. The United Kingdom is looking for new partners, on the side of its historic American ally but also in Asia-Pacific. British Foreign Minister Dominic Raab announced on Sunday that he will travel to Japan and Australia next week to negotiate trade deals and explore "international" opportunities. For his part, US President Donald Trump has been dangling for several months a “magnificent” bilateral trade agreement to his historic ally. Its chief diplomat Mike Pompeo, visiting the United Kingdom on Thursday, insisted with London on the "enormous benefits" of their post-Brexit rapprochement.

The Brussels proposals

For its part, the EU warned London on Monday against any temptation to compete unfairly, and said it was ready to negotiate "a very ambitious trade agreement". This agreement will aim in particular to eliminate all customs duties and all quotas on goods traded with the continent, a proposal never seen on the part of the EU with its partners, said the EU chief negotiator for the Brexit, Michel Barnier. He also warned that the EU would not accept the emergence of a deregulated economy on its doorstep that would enjoy "unfair competitive advantages".

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, however, warned that the level of UK access to the European single market would depend on its level of alignment with EU rules.

"The closer the UK wants to be to [the rules], the easier it will be to access the single market, but nothing is free (…), I think it is a question of fairness to respect the rules" , she stressed, recalling that the political declaration, which accompanies the withdrawal treaty, was signed by Boris Johnson. If the British want an advantageous customs agreement opening up the European market to its products, they will therefore not be able to completely free themselves from Community standards and thus create a deregulated and unfair competitor at the gates of the Union.

Boris Johnson's ambitions differ greatly from those of the European Commission.

Nine roundtables will be held by October "to do the maximum" by the end of the transition period, scheduled for time in late December 2020

Words from both sides that suggest an intense showdown over their future trade relationship ... The United Kingdom intends to dearly defend its interests in its future trade negotiations.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

TERRORIST ATTACK IN LONDON REVENDIQUE

The city ​​of London once again hit by a terrorist act. Several people were stabbed in the Streatham district of London's south bank of the Thames on Sunday February 2, 2020, police said on Twitter.

The authorities have referred to an act "linked to terrorism".

The suspect was killed. "The incident was quickly declared as a terrorist act and we believe it is linked to Islamism," the authorities added in a statement.

Two people were stabbed and "three people were injured," police said, adding that a man was in a life-threatening emergency. The other two victims, women, are out of danger.

Police said they shot the man who stabbed several people. "We can confirm that the man who was shot by the police has been declared dead," said the police.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson thanked the emergency services, adding that his thoughts were with "the injured and all those affected."

The Islamic State group (IS) claimed responsibility for a knife attack carried out the day before in London on Monday, which left wounded, according to Amaq, the propaganda organ of the jihadists. The assailant in the Streatham district of south London yesterday (Sunday) is among ISIS fighters, "Amaq said in a statement. "He led the attack in response to calls to target nationals of countries of the international anti-jihadist coalition," said the statement shared on the Telegram channels of the jihadist group.

The British capital has been bereaved several times by terrorist knife attacks in recent years. The last before that of Streatham took place at the end of November on the London Bridge and had made two victims. The perpetrator of the attack claimed by Daesh was a former prisoner for terrorist acts released half-time.

Since then, the government of Boris Johnson has announced measures to increase penalties for perpetrators and prohibit their early release.

In the draft, which is to be studied in Parliament, it is expected that those convicted of acts considered terrorist will be imprisoned for at least 14 years.



Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

WITH THE BREXIT HERE IS THE IDENTITY CARD

OF THE EUROPE OF 27

With the formalization on Friday of the departure from the United Kingdom, the European Union will lose one of its most powerful and emblematic members. A historic turning point that transforms the face of the EU on many levels. Identity card of this "Europe of 27"

Friday, the United Kingdom will no longer be part of the European Union. After almost 70 years of constant enlargement, the area of ​​political and economic cooperation has lost one of its most powerful members. An unprecedented and historic moment.

Going from 28 to 27 member states, the European Union has changed considerably, be it demographic, strategic or economic.

Here is the new identity card for the "Europe of 27".

13% fewer inhabitants

With 513 million inhabitants in 2019, the European Union ranks third among the most populated areas in the world, far behind the Chinese (1.4 billion) and Indian (1.3 billion) giants

By losing the 66 million citizens of the United Kingdom, the European population will fall by 13%, to 447 million inhabitants. Sufficient, however, for the EU to retain its place on the podium, ahead of the Americans (328 million inhabitants).

Still the world's leading maritime power

With 4.476 million km², Europe has always been a small thumb in terms of area. A size that places it in seventh position in the world. Losing the United Kingdom and its 243,000 km² or 5.5% of the total, the EU will maintain this seventh place with an area of ​​4.233 million km², just between Australia and India.

The loss will be greater for the maritime territory. With 25.6 million km², the European Union is by far the largest maritime power in the world, ahead of the United States (12.2 million). Without the 6.8 million km² of the United Kingdom, it will find itself amputated by a quarter of its maritime space but will retain first place with 18.8 million km². Largely thanks to France and its 10 million km².

Second economic power in the world, for now…

With a GDP of 18.750 billion dollars in 2018, the European Union is, according to figures from the International Monetary Fund, the second economic power in the world, trailing the United States (20.500 billion). By losing the United Kingdom and its 2.828 billion dollars of GDP, or its second economy, the European Union is cut by 15% of its economic power.

With a GDP of around 16 trillion dollars, the EU-27 retains its status as the world's second economic power but finds itself under the threat of China which recorded 13.4 trillion dollars of GDP in 2018 and which enjoys much more dynamic growth than that of the Old Continent. Lost industrial jewels

The cradle of the industrial revolution, the United Kingdom now has some of the most powerful companies in the world. Thus the European Union will lose with BP and Shell (however co-managed with the Netherlands), two of the largest oil groups in the world. In the insurance sector, it is an emblematic player, Prudential, founded in 1848, which is leaving the EU, as is the world number three in distribution, Tesco.

In the aeronautics sector, it is Rolls-Royce, one of the largest engine manufacturers in the world, which leaves the European Union, as well as the telecommunications giant Vodafone, the world's third largest mobile operator in number of subscribers. Finally, Unilever, the world's fourth largest player in food and body care products, is also one of these companies, even if, like Shell, it is a Dutch-British company.

Note however that the loss of these flagships of the industry is above all symbolic because the Brexit agreement will allow these companies to trade with the European Union under favorable conditions.

Finance: bye bye la City

If it lost its title of first financial place in the world in 2018, passing behind New York, the City of London remains an emblematic place of the sector. Financial services in the UK employ 1.1 million people, almost half of them in London alone. In all, the finance sector brought 132 billion pounds to the British economy in 2018, which represents 6.9% of its GDP, according to data from the British parliament.

With Brexit approved, the first financial center of the European Union is now Frankfurt, which ranks 15th globally, followed by Paris (17th), according to the 2019 ranking of the British thinktank Z / Yen. However, it is difficult to assess the impact of the “loss” of the City for the European Union , as many establishments have announced transfers of assets and personnel from the United Kingdom to the continent. But in what proportions? On this, the blur remains total

First world tourist destination

According to figures from the World Tourism Organization, the European Union alone captures 50% of the sector with 713 million international visitors. The EU can boast of having the two most visited countries in the world, namely France (86.9 million tourists in 2017) and Spain (81.8 million).

With 37.7 million visitors, the United Kingdom ranks seventh in the world, but accounts for only 5.3% of European tourism.

A figure all the more low as the uncertainty linked to Brexit makes flee the tourists from the treacherous Albion. Attendance thus fell by 7.7% in the second quarter of 2018.




AbbyShelcore  for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT GOOD-BYE TO BRITISH MEMBERS

The European Parliament ratified the withdrawal treaty on the terms of the divorce between the United Kingdom and the European Union on Wednesday 29 January in Brussels. Without this ratification, there would have been a hard Brexit on Friday January 31 at 11 p.m. London time.

This historic vote took place this Wednesday at 6 p.m. after a two-hour debate with 621 votes in favor, 49 against and 13 abstentions. Brexit will take place.

It was the last major step in ratifying the agreement, three and a half years after the Brexit referendum in the UK.

" It's only a good bye "

On February 1, the United Kingdom leaves the European institutions. More MEPs, more ministers in the Council of the European Union, more European Commissioner. English will certainly remain one of the official languages ​​of the EU, but the 73 British MEPs are no longer allowed to sit from 1 February 2020.

Immediately after the vote, which sealed the departure of British MEPs, a number of elected officials joined hands in the hemicycle and sang the Scottish song "Auld Lang Syne" (This is only a goodbye), some brandishing scarves in the colors of the British and European flags.

"We will always love you and we will never be far", promised European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen to departing MEPs during a pre-election debate. "We will miss you," she said. The result was expected, far from the uncertainties that took place during the votes in the last three years in the British parliament in Westminster.

Michel Barnier, EU Brexit negotiator, said he was "very touched, to tell the truth, at the end of this debate which was very moving and serious. The United Kingdom has chosen to leave the Union democratically. We will continue to regret this vote, but we have respected it. If the treaty which is subject to this vote has a quality, it is to organize the departure from the United Kingdom in an orderly manner, "he recalled at the meeting. “Brexit has countless human and social, technical and legal, financial and economic consequences, and it is not over. We with this treaty provide legal guarantees for citizens and their rights. "

First departure from an EU member state

This vote closes a process where the European Union loses for the first time a Member State, which is moreover one of the largest and richest countries in the bloc. With the departure of 66 million inhabitants, the EU will see its population increase to around 446 million. Its territory will decrease by 5.5%.

The transition period which opens will see few concrete changes and launches the negotiations around the future statute of the United Kingdom with the European Union.

A crucial and delicate period since without an agreement reached on December 31, 2020, the country will become a third State and the trade rules instituted by the WTO will have to apply.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT CHANGES AS OF FEBRUARY 1, 2020

The Brexit will take place at midnight on Friday, 1,317 days after the British decision to leave the European Union. What will change on February 1, 2020?

With the ratification of the withdrawal agreement, the United Kingdom will leave the Union in an orderly fashion on midnight on January 31, 2020. It will no longer be a member state of the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community from 1 February 2020.

A so-called “transition” period then opens, according to the conditions set out in the withdrawal agreement.

During this transitional period - which is scheduled until 31 December 2020 but which can be extended by one or two years - it is European Union law which applies to the United Kingdom.

This transition period provided for in the withdrawal agreement will give everyone time to prepare for the implementation of the withdrawal agreement and to anticipate the future relationship between the EU and the United Kingdom, which has yet to be negotiated. .

During this 11-month transitional period, London and Brussels will negotiate their future relationship, which in particular will help citizens, businesses and administrations to adapt to the withdrawal from the United Kingdom.

Some practical changes will however take place between now and then.


1 ° 66 million fewer inhabitants -

Friday at midnight (23:00 GMT), the European Union will for the first time lose a member state, which is one of the largest and richest countries in the bloc.

With the departure of 66 million inhabitants, the EU will see its population increase to around 446 million. Its territory will decrease by 5.5%.

If the UK ever decides to return, it will have to go through the usual membership procedure.

2 ° The institutions -

In Brussels, the withdrawal of the Union Jack from the European Parliament will symbolize a very real change: the United Kingdom leaves the EU and becomes a "third country".

None of the 73 British MEPs elected in May will sit. 46 seats will be reserved for future member states and 27 will be redistributed.

London will no longer have the right to present a candidate for a post of European Commissioner. There was no longer any British representative in the European executive, Boris Johnson having refused to propose one in the new Commission.

The British Prime Minister will no longer be invited to European summits, nor will members of the government attend ministerial meetings.

As citizens of a foreign country, the British will no longer be able to aspire to civil servant posts in Brussels. Many of them, however, acquired dual nationality in order to be able to stay.

On the other hand, the United Kingdom, the second largest contributor to the EU budget after Germany, will continue to pay until the end of the transition.


3 ° Transition period for expatriates

According to the United Nations, around 1.2 million British citizens live in an EU country, mainly in Spain, Ireland, France, Germany and Italy.

According to the British statistics office, 2.9 million nationals from the 27 EU countries live in the United Kingdom, or around 4.6% of the population. Under the withdrawal agreement, expatriates living in on either side of the Channel before the end of the transition period will retain their rights to reside and work in their host country.

European citizens residing in the United Kingdom must register to benefit from these rights. For Britons living in the EU, the procedures differ from country to country.

Freedom of movement will apply until the end of December 2020. Details of the reciprocal rights will be negotiated after Brexit.

This will however change for British nationals in France from the date of withdrawal: British nationals residing in France will no longer be able to participate in the election of the representatives of France in the European Parliament nor, either, in the municipal elections. They will no longer be able to vote or stand for election. The nationality condition (being a national of a Member State of the European Union) provided for by article 2-1 of the law of July 7, 1977 relating to the election of representatives to the European Parliament and article LO 227- 1 for the municipal elections will no longer be filled and British nationals will therefore lose their right to vote for these elections. British nationals who also have French nationality are therefore not affected by the above. The current mandates can go until their term.

4 ° Negotiations -

The UK has already spent several years negotiating the terms of its departure with the European Commission task force headed by Michel Barnier.

But negotiations will enter a new phase after Friday.

The UK will however remain subject to EU law and the EU Court of Justice until the end of the transition.

Michel Barnier is in discussions with the member states to define a negotiating mandate for the future relationship, in particular at the commercial level.

Unlike the agreement between the United Kingdom and the Commission, ratified by the member states and the European Parliament, the trade agreement may need to be endorsed by more than 30 national and regional parliaments.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

NEW PUTIN GOVERNMENT WITH HEAVY WEIGHTS

The Russian President Vladimir Putin appointed his new government on Tuesday evening, heavyweights Sergei Lavrov and Sergei Shoigu keeping their foreign and defense portfolios.

"I sincerely wish you success (...) the whole country has an interest in it," said Vladimir Putin during a meeting with all the members of the cabinet, alongside Prime Minister Mikhaïl Michoustine, according to remarks which were broadcast to the television.

Besides MM. Lavrov and Choïgou, the Minister of the Interior Vladimir Kolokoltsev and that of the Energy, Alexandre Novak, keep their strategic positions.

Vladimir Putin surprised January 15, 2020 at his annual address to Parliament by announcing a series of upcoming constitutional revisions. His announcement was followed by the resignation of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and his government.

He had in the process appointed the boss of the taxman, Mikhaïl Michoustine, as the new head of government, then published without waiting for details of all the constitutional amendments which must be examined at first reading on Thursday.

Echoing the president, Michoustine promised the Russians "real changes" before parliament last week, including an increase in living standards, when the popularity of his predecessor had plummeted in the face of the economic difficulties encountered by the Russians .

Michoustine promises “changes”

The main mission of the government of Mr. Michoustine, an efficient technocrat who transformed a heavy and corrupt fiscal bureaucracy into a modern and efficient administration, will be to implement the major projects defined in 2018 by Vladimir Poutine.

"National projects" to modernize Russia

Intended to modernize a Russia with an anemic economy, these "national projects" representing investments of 25.700 billion rubles - 375 billion euros at the current rate - must by 2024, date of end of the current mandate of Putin, reaching almost all sectors: digitization, ecology, education, roads, culture, demography, health.

The change of government and the constitutional revisions carried out at the run of race revived the conjectures on the political future of Vladimir Poutine, 67 years old.

The amendments to the basic law provide inter alia for an increased weight of the Parliament in the appointment of the Prime Minister, and strengthen the role of the Council of State, a body which today is consultative.

Vladimir Putin seems to organize after 2024, leaving the maximum number of doors open to preserve his influence in the country he has been piloting for 20 years.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

REFORMS OF THE RUSSIAN CONSTITUTION OR THE FUTURE OF VLADIMIR PUTIN

The Prime Minister of Russia Dimitri Medvedev presented President Vladimir Putin with the resignation of his government on Wednesday 15 January. A surprise announcement after a speech by the head of state announcing constitutional reforms.

“We, as the government of the Russian Federation, must empower the president of our country to take whatever action is necessary. This is why (...) the government as a whole is resigning, "said Dmitri Medvedev, according to Russian agencies.

Dmitry Medvedev, a close friend of Vladimir Putin, said he was resigning following the president's decision to make "fundamental changes to the Russian constitution", reforms which he says are changing "the balance of power" executive, legislative and judicial.

Reforms of the Russian Constitution

Vladimir Putin had proposed to organize a referendum on reforms of the Russian Constitution to strengthen the powers of Parliament, while preserving the presidential character of the political system which he has piloted for 20 years.

The main measure announced aims to strengthen the role of Parliament in the formation of government, giving it the prerogative to elect the Prime Minister whom the president will then be "obliged to appoint". Currently, the Duma confirms the choice of the Head of State.

According to him, it is a "significant" change for which he judged Russia to be "ripe". The two chambers of Parliament are today dominated by pro-Putin forces and never oppose the wishes of the Kremlin.

What political future for Putin?

These announcements during the Russian president's annual speech before Parliament and the political elites fueled questions about his future after 2024, at the end of his mandate.

Dmitri Medvedev served from 2008 to 2012 as Russian President, Vladimir Putin having to cede the Kremlin for a term due to constitutional restrictions, taking over the head of government. In 2012, the two men switched roles.

The Russian president, whose fourth term ends in 2024, has opened up tracks on his personal project.

In his 1.5-hour speech, Vladimir Putin proposed to transfer part of the presidential power to the Duma (the lower house), which would appoint the Prime Minister and the government. The head of the executive could not oppose these choices.

"Russia must remain a strong presidential republic , " insisted Putin, however, adding that the head of state would remain at the head of "force structures" (armies, intelligence services, etc.). It would retain the power to dismiss the Prime Minister, ministers and judges of the constitutional court and the supreme court. Furthermore, the Head of State would no longer be authorized to carry out more than two mandates in total and not just consecutive

Strengthening the powers of governors

The Russian president also proposed to reinforce the power of the governors, gathered in a council of State, which would profit from an increased role and whose statute would be introduced into the constitution.

Vladimir Putin could choose to occupy the head of this body once he has left the Kremlin, this position allowing him to retain his influence on state affairs.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ATTAQUE MEURTRIERE AU COUTEAU A VILLEJUIF

UN ACTE TERRORISTE ?

Il n'est pas à exclure que le parquet antiterroriste se saisisse du dossier «si ce n'est dans les heures qui viennent du moins dans les jours qui viennent», a prévenu samedi 4 janvier la procureure de Créteil lors d'une conférence de presse. D’après Laure Beccuau, le jeune homme qui a agressé au couteau des passants la veille dans un parc de Villejuif a mené son attaque aux cris «d'Allah akbar».

L'attaque s'était déroulée vendredi 3 janvier peu après 14 heures dans le parc départemental des Hautes-Bruyères puis sur la commune de l'Hay-les-Roses.

Un homme a agressé à l'arme blanche plusieurs personnes ce vendredi à Villejuif. L'attaque au couteau a fait au moins trois victimes. Une personne a été tuée, deux autres ont été blessées. Selon le maire de L'Haÿ-les-Roses, la personne tuée est un homme originaire de Villejuif. Sa compagne fait partie des blessés.

« On doit dénombrer trois victimes, un décédé et deux personnes dont l'état est en cours d'examen dans différents hôpitaux du Val-de-Marne » a déclaré au cours d'une conférence de presse vendredi Laure Beccuau, procureure de la république de Créteil. « Il y a un autre décédé qui est le mise en cause », a-t-elle précisé.

« Dans son périple meurtrier le mis en cause a tenté de s'attaquer à d'autres victimes qui ont réussi à l'éviter ».

Les policiers sont intervenus après des appels de témoins au 17, le numéro d'urgence de police secours, autour de 14h.

L'auteur est mort neutralisé par au moins trois tirs de policiers sur place.

Les motivations de l’assaillant restaient inconnues vendredi après-midi. Sur une photo prise sur place , on le voit étendu sur le bitume, pieds nus, vêtu de ce qui semble être un habit noir de type djellaba.

L’homme souffrait de « troubles psychologiques » et n’était pas connu pour radicalisation, mais des « éléments liés à la religion » ont été retrouvés dans ses effets, a-t-on appris de sources concordantes;

Pour l'instant c'est le parquet de Créteil qui a été saisi, l'enquête a été confiée au service départemental de police judiciaire du Val-de-Marne. Des représentants du parquet antiterroriste sont sur les lieux du drame, mais ce dernier n'est pas saisi.

Des nombreuses auditions, notamment celles des victimes et de nombreux témoins, doivent avoir lieu .

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

RENONCEMENT D'EMMANUEL MACRON

A LA RETRAITE DE PRESIDENT DE 1955

Alors que la France entre dans son 18e jour de mobilisation contre la réforme des retraites, Emmanuel Macron a annoncé qu'il renonçait à sa future retraite de président de la République, à laquelle il a droit depuis la loi de 1955.

Le chef de l'Etat, qui a fêté ses 42 ans ce samedi, a également décidé de ne pas siéger à l'avenir au Conseil constitutionnel dont les anciens présidents sont membres de droit à vie, avec une indemnité de 13.500 euros.

C'est l'article 19 de la loi du 3 avril 1955 qui permet aux anciens chefs d'Etat de disposer d'un régime de retraite spécifique. Une rémunération à hauteur d'environ 6.2220 euros bruts par mois, cumulables avec d'autres revenus.

Ce montant n'est soumis à aucune condition d'âge ni durée de mandat, ni plafond de revenus.

Si Emmanuel Macron aurait pu en profiter dès la fin de son mandat, il a préféré y renoncer par anticipation car «il estime que cette loi de circonstance a vocation à être normalisée [...] Nous sommes dans une ère où les élus doivent être exemplaires», a confié l'un des conseillers du président au Parisien.

Selon l'Elysée, «il n'y a pas de volonté d'affichage mais seulement «une volonté de cohérence» de la part d'Emmanuel Macron. La présidence rappelle qu'il avait démissionné de la haute fonction publique le jour même de sa déclaration de candidature à la présidentielle en novembre 2016.

A la place, «un nouveau système sera créé dans le cadre du futur régime universel par points» pour les pensions des chefs de l'Etat.

Selon l'Elysée, la cohérence veut que la loi de 1955 ne s'applique plus à aucun président à l'avenir. La décision de ne pas siéger au Conseil constitutionnel relève elle aussi d'une certaine cohérence puisque la mesure figure dans le projet de réforme constitutionnelle qui attend encore de voir le jour.

Des deux prédécesseurs de M. Macron, François Hollande a renoncé de lui-même à y siéger alors que Nicolas Sarkozy a démissionné du Conseil constitutionnel en 2013 suite à l'invalidation par cette instance de ses comptes de campagne pour l'élection présidentielle de 2012.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

GENERAL STRIKE AND BLACK TUESDAY IN FRANCE

Mobilization against the pension reform in France could reach a peak Tuesday, December 17, 2019 in the street at the call, for the first time, of all unions.

On the 13th day of an unlimited strike in transport, public and private employees are expected in numbers in the processions of this third day of protest against the universal pension system by points.

The show of force on December 5, 2019, with 806,000 demonstrators according to the Interior Ministry on the streets on the first day of the conflict, will serve as a reference, more than the mobilization in net decline of a week ago with 339,000 demonstrators .

One datum could panic the counters: the presence of all the unions in the demonstrations, in Paris as in the regions. The processions will see railroad workers, teachers, civil servants, lawyers, striking magistrates ... But also interns, doctors and carers mobilized throughout France to demand more means for the hospital. The unions in the demonstrations, in Paris as in regions ...

The CGT, Force Ouvrière, CFE-CFC, Solidaires and FSU unions will march to demand the outright withdrawal of the project, trying to take advantage of the difficulties of the executive. The government is indeed weakened by the resignation Monday of the architect of the pension reform plan, Jean-Paul Delevoye, discredited by suspicions of conflict of interest.

In the same processions but behind their own banners, the organizations of the reformist camp, the CFDT (first union in France), the CFTC and the Unsa, will parade not against the principle of a merger of the 42 existing regimes into a universal system , but to improve the content of the project.

And above all to refuse the introduction from 2022 of an “age of balance” fixed at 64 years to encourage the extension of contributions and guarantee the balance of accounts. "Changing all the rules is anxiety-provoking enough not to add financial measures from 2022," argued CFDT leader Laurent Berger.

Even deprived of its "retirement gentleman", the executive seems to want to move forward to prevent the challenge from settling in the reformist ranks.

In the wake of the day of mobilization, Prime Minister Édouard Philippe intends to receive the representative union and employer organizations for bilateral meetings on Wednesday, followed by a “multilateral” on Thursday.

Garett Skyport  for DayNewsWorld

PROJECTS OF ATTACKS RELEASED IN VIENNA IN AUSTRIA

The worst was certainly avoided in Vienna.

The Austrian authorities foiled a plan for attacks, one of which was to hit a Christmas market in Vienna.

The public prosecutor's office in charge of the investigation was not available for comment on Monday.

Three men of Chechen origin are said to be involved in this affair.

One of them, aged 24, was influenced by the ideology of the Daesh group.

The young man, spotted after an anonymous tip, was already in prison after two attempts to reach Syria and IS.

He communicated with his two alleged accomplices using a cell phone, in violation of prison rules.

His mates, aged 25 and 31, were imprisoned late last week.

The head of the network would have intended to attack the Christmas market in front of Saint Stephen's Cathedral in the center of Vienna, between Christmas and New Year.

Other potential targets could have been Salzburg (west), but also cities in Germany, France and Luxembourg, according to the Austrian agency

A plan of attacks foiled in Austria and in several neighboring countries. The head of the network would have intended to attack the Christmas market in front of Saint Stephen's Cathedral in the center of Vienna, between Christmas and New Year.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

BORIS JOHNSON'S CRUSHING VICTORY

IN LEGISLATIVE ELECTIONS

"A strong new mandate to achieve Brexit" for Boris Johnson.

Nothing stands in the way of Brexit anymore. Prime Minister Boris Johnson is victorious this Friday in the legislative elections, according to the first projections, with an overwhelming majority giving him the free hand to leave his country of the European Union on January 31.

The conservative party should indeed exceed the threshold of 360 seats (absolute majority at 326), gaining almost 50 seats compared to 2017. This would be an advance never seen since 1987, during the party's third consecutive victory under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher.

Re-elected Member of Parliament for Uxbridge and South Ruislip, in the Greater London Area, with a score up from the previous election in 2017, the Prime Minister welcomed on Friday that he had obtained "a new strong mandate for achieve Brexit ”.

Labor Party Debacle

On the other hand, the big victory of Boris Johnson is synonymous with humiliating defeat for Labor Jeremy Corbyn whose party obtains 203 seats (against 262 in the last elections). The defeat was deemed "extremely disappointing" by his right-hand man John McDonnell, who attributed it on Sky News to "the fatigue of Brexit". The British Labor Party is paying a heavy fuzzy message on Brexit - the party promised to renegotiate the divorce agreement then to organize a referendum, a very radical program and above all, the very degraded image of its leader, Jeremy Corbyn, accused of not having seriously fought against rampant anti-Semitism in the party. Saying himself "very disappointed" with the result of the previous day's legislative elections, the head of Labor announced that he would "not lead the party to the next elections".

Scotland towards a self-determination referendum?

But if Boris Johnson largely dominated the legislative elections on Thursday, beyond Hadrian's Wall, in Scotland, it was the supporters of "Remain" who celebrated the victory. The “Scottish National Party”, the independence party to which the Scottish Prime Minister belongs, has indeed won 43 seats out of about sixty in total granted to Scotland. The record score of the Scottish National Party therefore pleads for a new independence referendum in Scotland that Nicola Sturgeon is calling for. "There is now a mandate to give the people of Scotland the choice of their own future," the head of the local executive said on Sky News. “Boris Johnson may have received a warrant to get England out of the European Union. It has absolutely no mandate to get Scotland out of the European Union. Scotland must have the choice of its own future ”. But in theory, it remains dependent on the decision of Boris Johnson, who is opposed to any referendum on self-determination.

And even if a referendum were to be organized, its outcome is not certain. In 2014, the Scots had already expressed themselves on the subject and 55% of them had refused a divorce with the rest of the United Kingdom, even if in June 2016 62% of the Scots voted against Brexit. A europhilia that the separatists appropriated ...

"A clarification" for the European Union

France welcomed the results of the legislative elections, saying that this result should allow a "clarification" on the Brexit agreement, commented the Secretary of State for European Affairs Amélie de Montchalin. "This should allow a clear majority" in the British Parliament, which must decide on the negotiated agreement between London and the EU providing for a divorce on January 31, she said.

"We will wait to see what the official results will be but we will give a strong message tomorrow", reacted the new president of the European Council Charles Michel. "We are ready for the next steps, we will see if it is possible for the British parliament to accept the withdrawal agreement and take a decision," he continued.

"Get Brexit done" is now more than a slogan. Unless there is a twist, Brexit will be recorded.

A second agreement

But it is not that simple. The divorce agreement deals with urgent matters, such as expatriate rights, the British bill and the fate of Northern Ireland. But there remains a second agreement to be concluded. Equally complex, it will have to detail the future commercial relationship between the two parties. In other words, future customs duties, health, social and environmental standards, or even British participation in European programs like Erasmus.

London and Brussels have agreed to an eleven month transition period. A period of time deemed "very ambitious" by the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, at the European summit today.

Michel Barnier, in a recording released by The Independent yesterday, considered it "unrealistic".

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

STRIKE IN FRANCE VIEW FROM ABROAD

"Do not go to France" this is what can be read in the headlines of several foreign newspapers.

And for good reason :

France would experience a "general strike" as the country would be used to with this revolutionary and volcanic spirit that characterizes the French.

But what are they disputing who makes them take to the streets, burn cars, set fire to street furniture and break shop windows?

Wasn't the weekly movement of Yellow Vests enough for them?

From La Repubblica to the Financial Times via the Die Welt, it is clear that France has a long tradition of strikes, a country crossed by regular outbursts of discontent paralyzing the whole country.

Always, one and the same photo: a protester with a face painted like the Joker.

But it is especially the incomprehension which dominates. In many countries the legal retirement age has long been fixed at 65 or 67 years.

So nothing to whip a cat with the reform carried by the French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe!

The foreign press as a whole has no compassion for these strikers who live in a welfare state.

For the Washington Post the judgment falls like a knife "And practically no Western country redistributes as much wealth as France. ". It is said and without appeal.

And a questioning, a suspense, on the future of Emmanuel Macron facing this new crisis.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

LEGISLATIVES AU ROYAUME-UNI :

BREXIT OR NO BREXIT

The British voted on Thursday, December 12, 2019 for the legislative elections with the Brexit issue at the center, which complicates the situation.

They will know by 4:30 am if Boris Johnson is re-elected or not in his riding of Uxbridge.

Will the British have a government that can bring Brexit to completion by January 31 ?

At 22:00 Greenwich, just as the polls close, three television networks (BBC, ITV, Sky) will broadcast a single poll conducted at the exit of the polls by the institute Ipsos-Mori.

This one should give at least one trend.

If Boris Johnson has an absolute majority, he is likely to try Brexit on January 31st.

But it is not at all sure, according to the latest polls, that he can have an absolute majority. In this case, we leave for a parliamentary block.

If Jeremy Corbyn, Labor, wins, which is unlikely, he promises a second referendum, but he says he will not vote on his own vote.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

SANNA MARIN PREMIER MINISTRE DE FINLANDE

ET PLUS JEUNE DIRIGEANTE DU MONDE

Sanna Marin, 34 ans a été désignée, le dimanche 8 décembre 2019, chef du gouvernement finlandais par les sociaux-démocrates.

Jamais son pays n’avait été dirigé par une personnalité politique aussi jeune.

Sanna Marin, originaire de Tampere, une ville industrielle du sud-ouest de la Finlande, a connu une ascension fulgurante en politique.

A seulement 27 ans, elle avait présidé en effet le conseil municipal de sa ville natale avant de devenir ministre des transports.

Sanna Marin a remporté l’élection de dimanche de justesse face au dirigeant sortant, Antti Rinne, démissionné mardi.

Ce dernier avait perdu la confiance du Parti du centre, partenaire au sein de la coalition au pouvoir, à cause de sa gestion d’une grève postale alors que l'État finlandais soutenait un plan de baisse des salaires.

Sanna Marin prend donc les rênes du pays dans un climat social tendu.

De nombreux secteurs économiques vont se mobiliser, dans la chimie, le bois et le pétrole. Ils exigent une revalorisation des salaires.

Le parti social-démocrate dont est issue Sanna Marin a promis d'en finir avec l'austérité des gouvernements précédents.Un premier test pour la jeune Première ministre

Elle devra prêter serment ce mardi devant les parlementaires finlandais .

Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld

TERRORIST ATTACK OF LONDON ASSAILLANT ALREADY CONDEMNS FOR TERRORISM RELEASED

Usman Khan, 28, wore an electronic bracelet when he took action on Friday, killing two people.The man who killed two people on Friday during a "terrorist" knife attack in London Bridge, was a 28-year-old prisoner convicted of terrorism, the chief of British anti-terrorism, Neil Basu, said on Saturday.

"This individual was known to the authorities, having been convicted in 2012 for terrorist offenses. He was released on parole in December 2018, "said the police chief in a statement. He was sentenced to 16 years in prison for belonging to a group that wanted to commit a bomb attack on the London Stock Exchange and set up a terrorist training camp in Pakistan. killed two people on Friday during a "terrorist" knife attack in London Bridge, before being shot dead by police.

An electronic bracelet

According to police, Usman Khan participated in a conference on Friday at Fishmonger's Hall, a building on the north end of the London Bridge, where the attack began. He then continued on London Bridge, before being arrested by members of the public and then shot by the police, five minutes after she was called at 1:58 pm.

The Times newspaper reported that the man was wearing an electronic bracelet when he took part in the University of Cambridge's conference on the rehabilitation of prisoners.

"A mistake to allow violent criminals to get out of prison early"

Before the start of a meeting of the government's Crisis Committee ("Cobra") in the evening, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said he had "long ago" stressed that "it is a mistake to allow violent criminals to get out of prison. early prison ".

Election campaign suspended

This attack, described as "terrorist" and occurred in the same place where an attack had already taken place in 2017, less than two weeks of early parliamentary elections in the United Kingdom, took the life of a man and a woman. woman.

The attack, also a few days before a NATO summit in London Tuesday and Wednesday many heads of state, has turned the election campaign for the December 12 elections.

The Conservative, Labor and Liberal-Democratic parties temporarily put it in brackets.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

THE BLACK FRIDAY

This year Black Friday falls on November 29th.

In Canada and the United States Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving.

It is a little kickoff of the period of end-of-year purchases that are offered by the various firms in promotion.

That day for the Americans is a day where we must consume in every sense of the word.

A little historical explanation of the name of the black Friday: the day after Thanksgiving the traders wrote in black ink on the notebooks where they kept their account of the turnover of the year every day and no longer in red ink as they usually did.

That day, since there were promotions on the small notebook the turnover of the day written in black was the biggest turnover of the year. Black Friday in the United States and Canada grew from the 1970s.

Even though this expression appeared in the 1960s ...
This event crossed the continents and arrived in France . For 65% of the French this event kicks off Christmas shopping.

According to a study, this weekend the French should spend 6 billion euros!

For information last year in the United States Black Friday has generated $ 4 billion worth of online sales in the United States.

Ladies ladies this weekend warm up the blue card many promotions are available at Amazon, galleries Lafayette, Spring, Apple, Auchan Cdiscount, Fnac Groupon in all shopping centers

Darty SfR Sephora Yves Rocher but also discounts to restaurants are expected with the commercial cities on the Internet La Fourchette, Uber Food etc ...

I leave you I go shopping for Christmas presents.

Mia Kennedy for DayNewsWorld

TERRORIST ATTACK IN LONDON

A knife attack occurred on early Friday afternoon near the London Bridge in London. The suspect was shot dead, said the deputy commissioner of the London police. Several people were injured, some seriously.

This is a terrorist attack, confirmed Scotland Yard.

London police were called at 13:58 local time (14:58 in Paris) for a stabbing attack in a building near the iconic London Bridge.

The suspect was quickly neutralized by being shot. "The suspect, a man, was wounded by bullets by armed London police officers and I can confirm that the suspect died on the spot," Neil Basu, a police chief with counterterrorism, told the press.

The number of casualties is still unknown, but Sadiq Khan said some were "seriously injured. In the early evening, Scotland Yard said:

"Due to reports that the suspect may have had an explosive device, specialists also visited the scene and large safety cords were put in place to ensure that there were no more explosive devices. danger to the public. However, for the moment we believe that the device that was attached to the suspect's body is a dummy explosive device. Officers continue to carry out meticulous searches in the area to ensure there is no threat to the public. "

The police ask anyone with pictures or video to send it immediately for the purpose of the investigation.

The attack came two years after a terrorist attack on the same site in June 2017, killing eight people and injuring fifty others. It was one of the attacks claimed by the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group that hit the UK that year.

"We will remain united and determined in the face of terrorism. Those who try to attack us and divide us will never succeed, "the mayor of London continued, calling his residents" vigilant ».

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

A DEGREE OF VIOLENCE INEDIT IN FRANCE

The National Intelligence Coordinator, Pierre Bousquet of Florian, delivered this Thursday, as part of the exhibition dedicated to the internal security of States (Milipol), his analysis of the current development of French society.

And the statement he makes is, to say the least, alarming:

"There is a sharp deterioration of social relations in Western societies," he said.

Referring to "increasingly vehement populist postures", he believes that we are facing "a form of general ensauvage of our society with a degree of violence and a rapid rise to hatred that we never had before. previously known.

Multiform threats

France is "not the only one concerned", and jihadism is not "the only ideology" worrying.

In this context, he mentioned several points of "major attention" for services: ultra-narrow and ultragauche, but also "radicals of all kinds".

According to him, this includes all groups distinguished by speeches

"More and more violent, that is to say the antispecies, the autonomists, the identities, tomorrow perhaps a radical margin of ecologist movements ..."

He finally mentioned "a fourth category to which we must be attentive, the States".

If "we have not found a real state terrorism against our interests in recent years", "it is not excluded that an expelled state can resort to this type of extremes.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

ANNIVERSARY MANIFESTATION OF YELLOW GILETS POLLUTED BY BREAKERS

The demonstrations of "yellow vests" gathered 28,000 people Saturday throughout France, including 4,700 in Paris, according to the Ministry of the Interior.

The last equivalent participation dates back to Saturday, March 9, with 28,600 people in France.

For its part, the movement gave an overall estimate of 39,530 participants this Saturday, November 16, 2019, according to the "Yellow Number".

The demonstrations gave rise to 254 arrests including 173 in Paris, according to Christophe Castaner who distinguished the "movement of origin" and the "thugs" "come into battle" Saturday.

Distinguishing the breakers from the "original movement", the Interior Minister announced the figure of 254 arrests Saturday.

He notably announced an arrest in the case of the police who persecuted have to take shelter in a launderette. A man, suspected of having participated Saturday in Paris in the attack of a launderette in which two policemen had taken refuge, was placed in custody

For its part, the Paris prosecutor's office reported Sunday at 10am of 155 custody, 8 of which concern minors. "The original movement of the yellow vests is an expression of a deep anger that we had to hear and which we had to answer. At the same time there is this violence that has joined the movement, "lamented the Minister of the Interior. "On the one hand, there is the legitimate demand for democratic justice, social justice, and justice in the face of a territorial divide, and at the same time we saw very quickly, as early as 24 November last year, the violence coming and punctuating. systematically most of these gatherings, "he detailed.

"Ultragauche" and "ultrajaunes"

For the anniversary of one year of the movement, Saturday in Paris, "what we saw is few protesters but thugs, brutes who had come to fight, do battle with the police, prevent the firefighters from acting and sometimes saving lives, "he said. While he was shown images of thugs attacking the statue of Marshal June in Paris, the Minister of the Interior explained that "they do not attack the monument of Marshal June, they manufacture weapons . They break the marble plates because they are well aware that they are dangerous and they use them as missiles against our security forces.

Among the "300 breakers", there were Saturday "people who come from the ultra left some of which are known and also these ultra yellow radicalized over the weeks that wear iron."

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

RE-DISPATCH BY TURKEY OF FOREIGN DJIHADISTS

President Reccep Tayyip Erdogan is carrying out his threats using jihadists detained by his country to put pressure on their countries of origin. Also Monday, November 11, the Interior Minister he said have returned some of them, American and European including Islamic State in their country of origin, previously detained in the country. An American has already been fired, and ten Germans should be fired within a week. On the French side, 11 jihadists will be sent to France shortly. These are four radicalized women and seven children. Some of them had left France and joined Syria in the first months of ISIS's constitution to accompany, join and marry French jihadists.

Among them, figure Amandine Le Coz, native of Domont in the Val-d'Oise. Party since 2014 in Syria, she had married two jihadists. There is also Sarah Ali Mehenni, a native of Aude, who, at the age of 17, joins the ranks of Daesh. The exact date has not been communicated.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said last week that more than 1,150 foreign jihadists are currently imprisoned in Turkey. However, Turkish Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu warned: "We will not be able to keep them until the end of time (...) We are not a hotel for Daesh members".

A Turkish political decision

The decision made by Ankara is very political. Confronted with a delicate domestic situation, both politically and economically, Recep Tayyip Erdogan chose climbing. Faced with the lack of support, even strong criticism, including Emmanuel Macron, for his offensive in Syria the Turkish president has decided to press: also before his visit to the White House Wednesday, November 13 he returns the day before to Americans one of their nationals. And he does the same with Frenchmen and Germans after Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel accused him of "taking the risk of creating an unsustainable humanitarian situation" and "helping Daesh to re-emerge in the region". President Erdogan also holds another lever of blackmail, that of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees present in Turkey.

The Caseneuve protocol signed in 2014

At the Quai d'Orsay, it is recalled that this return is not the first, and especially that it is organized in a precise framework, in place for five years. This is the Cazeneuve protocol, signed between Paris and Ankara in 2014, which allows a close collaboration between Turkish and French intelligence services.

Under this protocol, the French authorities are warned upstream and evicted persons escorted by French police on board regular lines. Ankara must also communicate to Paris the list of French nationals in its detention centers. 300 people have already been expelled on 1 October 2018, including 84 children and 74 women.

Upon arrival in France, these 11 jihadists will be immediately taken into custody and interrogated by the intelligence services while their children are placed. Then justice to decide.

If they are detained, they will join a detention unit. "Depending on their degree of radicalization, their ability to proselytize and their dangerousness, they are incarcerated either in isolation, or in the neighborhood of care of radicalization (QPR), or in conventional detention.

Many voices are rising in France, particularly in the judicial world, to demand that the French involved in the activities of the terrorist group in Syria or Iraq be repatriated. "It takes a political will to repatriate," argued less than a month ago the investigating judge David De Pas, coordinator of the antiterrorist pole of the Paris court. According to the magistrate, France incurs a "risk of public security" by refusing to take judicial responsibility for its jihadists.

But the French authorities, like those of other European nations, are reluctant to recover, especially for security reasons and because this measure would be unpopular in public opinion.

The official doctrine is therefore based on case by case.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'ESPAGNE RISQUE A NOUVEAU DE PLONGER

DANS L'INSTABILITE

Pour la quatrième fois en l'espace de quatre ans et la deuxième fois en l'espace de sept mois les Espagnols sont retournés aux urnes. Le Premier ministre socialiste, Pedro Sanchez, n’étant pas parvenu à établir une majorité depuis le printemps, a été contraint de convoquer de nouvelles élections législatives. Mais les résultats de ce nouveau scrutin ne vont pas pour autant régler la crise institutionnelle. Si la droite arrive en deuxième position, le parti d'extrême droite Vox fait une impressionnante percée.

Le Premier ministre socialiste sortant Pedro Sanchez est certes arrivé ce dimanche en tête des législatives mais sans obtenir une majorité claire pour mettre fin au blocage politique qui mine le pays depuis 2015. En effet il ne compte plus que 120 députés contre 123 après le précédent scrutin. Le parti d'extrême droite Vox , par contre, est devenu la troisième force politique du pays ayant plus que doublé son nombre de sièges avec 52 élus.Vox, parti ultranationaliste, a capitalisé sur la crise en Catalogne qui a dominé la campagne après les nuits de violences ayant suivi la condamnation mi-octobre de neuf dirigeants indépendantistes à de lourdes peines de prison pour la tentative de sécession de 2017.

Les conservateurs du Parti Populaire (PP, 88 sièges) ont eux redressé la barre après le pire résultat de leur histoire en avril (66 sièges) tandis que la gauche radicale de Podemos (35 sièges) a perdu sept députés et que les libéraux de Ciudadanos ont subi un camouflet avec seulement10 députés contre 57 en avril.

Pedro Sanchez devra, une nouvelle fois, se contenter d'un gouvernement qui ne pourra pas s'appuyer sur des députés acquis à sa cause et négocier des appuis au cas par cas pour adopter un budget ou faire voter des lois.

Le résultat de ces élections augure d'une poursuite de l'instabilité politique.

.L'Espagne est plongée dans une instabilité politique qui dure depuis 2015 et qui semble aujourd'hui inextricable.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

POURQUOI LES COMMEMORATIONS DU 30E ANNIVERSAIRE DE LA CHUTE DU MUR DE BERLIN

NE SONT-ELLES PAS VRAIMENT UNE FETE ?

Ce 9 novembre, Berlin a commémoré les 30 ans de la chute du « mur de la honte ». Cet événement historique, précurseur de la fin du bloc soviétique, avait réunifié une capitale divisée pendant près de trois décennies. Un anniversaire important, dans un contexte géopolitique tendu, pour lequel les autorités de la ville et les associations berlinoises ont organisé de nombreuses manifestations.

Point culminant de la célébration du 30e anniversaire de la chute du mur, la journée du 9 novembre qui a débuté avec le discours du président allemand, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, sous la porte de Brandebourg. La chancelière Angela Merkel a pris ensuite la parole dans la Chapelle de la réconciliation, un lieu symbolique pour les Berlinois, en présence de plusieurs représentants de pays d'Europe de l'Est.

L'artiste américain Patrick Shearn a confectionné pour l'occasion une immense banderole en papier de 150 mètres de long, composée de milliers de vœux. Il fera voler son installation en fin d'après-midi au-dessus de la porte de Brandebourg, avant que ait pris place un grand concert symphonique qui viendra clôturer la journée.

Les clubs de Berlin, ville pionnière en terme de musique électronique, ont ensuite pris le relais pour poursuivre les célébrations jusqu'au petit matin.

Des commémorations sobres

Mais ces commémorations marquent un anniversaire, celui des 30 ans de la chute du "mur de la honte" mais pas une fête.

Parfum de retour de la guerre froide, montée des nationalismes… L’Allemagne et l’Europe célèbrent cette semaine en effet les 30 ans de la chute du Mur de Berlin dans une atmosphère pesante, loin des espoirs nés de la fin du Rideau de fer.

Signe des temps, l’Allemagne a prévu un programme politique minimum pour cette commémoration, dont le temps fort est prévu samedi.

Il y a dix ans, pour les 20 ans de la chute du Mur le 9 novembre 1989, des dirigeants de la planète entière s’étaient déplacés, y compris ceux des quatre forces alliées de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale, pour faire tomber un modèle de mur devant la Porte de Brandebourg à Berlin.

Pas de grand geste samedi, l’heure a été à la gravité.

Vers une nouvelle guerre froide ?

En effet si la chute du Mur et du Rideau de fer ayant divisé l’Europe d’après-guerre avait fait, à l’époque, espérer une ère de détente et d’unité, de désarmement, l’extension partout du modèle des démocraties libérales, aujourd'hui le vent semble avoir tourné.

’Union européenne accuse des pays libérés il y a trente ans du glacis communiste, comme la Hongrie ou la Pologne, de remettre en cause à présent l’État de droit, partout la tentation nationaliste est perceptible dans les opinions. En Allemagne, et particulièrement en ex-RDA, l'AfD, parti anti-migrant, connaît aussi un succès inquiétant...

Et sur le plan géopolitique, « la guerre froide est de retour » selon le secrétaire général de l'Onu Antonio Guterres, qui soulignait l'an dernier que « les mécanismes et garde-fous qui permettaient jadis de gérer les risques d’escalade ne paraissent plus exister ». Les États-Unis sont ainsi sortis du traité de désarmement INF signé pendant la guerre froide, ouvrant la voie à une nouvelle course aux armements dirigée contre la Russie, qui place ses pions partout où Washington se retire comme au Moyen-Orient, mais surtout la Chine.

Mike Pompeo, secrétaire général du Département d’État américain le sait pertinemment qui a prévu lors de ces commémoration qu’il s’agirait de discuter de « la nécessité d’une implication renforcée face aux menaces grandissantes venues de Russie et de Chine ».

Des discours pour  la liberté et la démocratie loin des égoismes nationaux

La chancelière allemande, Angela Merkel, a en effet exhorté, samedi 9 novembre, l’Europe à défendre « la liberté » et « la démocratie » de plus en plus contestées. « Les valeurs qui fondent l’Europe, la liberté, la démocratie, l’égalité, l’Etat de droit et la préservation des droits de l’Homme ne vont de soi » et « doivent toujours être défendues », a-t-elle assuré dans la chapelle de la Réconciliation, un des lieux de mémoire de la division de la ville du temps du Rideau de fer.

« A l’avenir il convient de s’engager » pour défendre les valeurs de l’Europe, a ajouté la chancelière. « Le Mur de Berlin appartient à l’Histoire et nous enseigne qu’aucun mur qui exclut les gens et restreint la liberté n’est assez haut ou long qu’il ne puisse être franchi », a aussi souligné Angela Merkel, originaire elle-même de l’ancienne Allemagne de l’Est communiste, la RDA, et qui a entamé sa carrière politique dans le sillage de la chute du Mur de Berlin. « Cela vaut pour nous tous, à l’Est comme à l’Ouest », a-t-elle jugé.

Le président allemand, à son tour, a exhorté, samedi 9 novembre, les Etats-Unis de Donald Trump à faire preuve de « respect »  à l'égard de leurs alliés et à tourner le dos à « « l'égoïsme national », lors des cérémonies des 30 ans de la chute du Mur de Berlin. Alors que que ces festivités s'annonçaient comme consensuelles, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, dont le rôle est honorifique mais qui est considéré comme l'autorité morale du pays, a mis les pieds dans le plat en soulignant à cette occasion la dégradation des relations transatlantiques ces dernières années.

Et c'est devant la mythique Porte de Brandebourg, symbole jusqu'en 1989 de la « division de l'Allemagne », que Frank-Walter Steinmeier a décrit dans un discours le rôle prépondérant des Etats-unis, le « bras fort de l'Ouest », dans la fin du Rideau de fer il y a trois décennies.

« Nous, les Allemands, nous devons beaucoup à cette Amérique. A cette Amérique en tant que partenaire dans le respect mutuel, en tant que partenaire pour la démocratie et la liberté, contre l'égoïsme national. C'est ce que j'espère aussi à l'avenir », a asséné Frank-Walter Steinmeier. Une allusion claire à l'administration actuelle à Washington.

« La politique mondiale suit une pente extrêmement dangereuse », a mis en garde Mikhaïl Gorbatchev dans son dernier livre en forme de testament politique.

Joanne Courbet  pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA TURQUIE RENVOIE DES LUNDI

LES DJIHADISTES ETRANGERS

DANS LEUR PAYS  D'ORIGINE

Le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan a affirmé hier que plus de 1150 membres de l'Etat islamique étaient actuellement incarcérés dans les prisons turques. Ce vendredi le ministre turc de l’Intérieur a affirmé qu'à partir de lundi les membres étrangers du groupe Etat islamique (EI) détenus dans les prisons turques seront renvoyés dans leur pays.

« Nous vous disons que nous allons vous les renvoyer. Nous commencerons à partir de lundi », a déclaré Süleyman Soylu, cité par l’agence de presse étatique Anadolu. Sans plus de précision.

Le sort des combattants djihadistes de Syrie

Ankara appelle régulièrement les pays européens à reprendre leurs ressortissants qui ont intégré les rangs de l’EI en Syrie, mais ceux-ci sont peu enclins à les récupérer, notamment pour des raisons de sécurité et d’impopularité.

Lundi, Süleyman Soylu avait déjà déclaré que la Turquie renverrait les combattants étrangers de l’EI dans leurs pays même si ces derniers leur retiraient leur nationalité. Le ministre turc avait accusé plusieurs pays européens, comme les Pays-Bas et la Grande-Bretagne, de déchoir certains de leurs ressortissants de leur nationalité pour empêcher Ankara de les expulser. «Ils ont trouvé une solution facile (...) Ils disent : "Je l'ai déchu de sa nationalité, débrouillez-vous." C'est inacceptable de notre point de vue. C'est totalement irresponsable» .Mais reste à savoir comment la Turquie pourrait s’y prendre pour renvoyer une personne dans un pays dont elle ne serait plus techniquement une ressortissante.

Les conséquences de l'offensive turque en Syrie

Longtemps soupçonnée d’avoir laissé les djihadistes traverser sa frontière pour rejoindre la Syrie après le début du conflit qui déchire ce pays depuis 2011, la Turquie, frappée par plusieurs attentats commis par l’EI, a rejoint en 2015 la coalition antidjihadiste.

Mais Ankara a été accusée ces dernières semaines d’affaiblir la lutte contre les éléments dispersés de l’EI en lançant, le 9 octobre, une offensive contre la milice kurde des Unités de protection du peuple (YPG)​, fer de lance du combat contre l’organisation djihadiste et alliées des pays occidentaux. Dans le cadre de cette incursion, stoppée après la signature d'accords avec les Etats-Unis et la Russie, les forces turques ont mis la main sur des membres de l'EI qui avaient été faits prisonniers par les combattants kurdes. Selon plusieurs pays, comme les Etats-Unis, d'autres prisonniers de l'EI se sont échappés de prison en Syrie en profitant du chaos causé par l'offensive turque. ,

Mercredi, le président Recep Tayyip Erodgan avait déclaré que la Turquie avait capturé l’épouse d’Abou Bakr Al-Baghdadi, le chef de l’EI tué par un commando américain fin octobre.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

VERS UNE MORT CEREBRALE DE L'OTAN

ET UNE  PERTE DE PUISSANCE DE L'EUROPE ?

L'Otan est « ​en état de mort cérébrale ​», a déclaré Emmanuel Macron dans un entretien publié jeudi dans The Economist. Le désengagement des États-Unis - qui «nous tournent le dos» - sur la scène internationale contraint les Européens à «réévaluer la réalité» de l'Alliance atlantique aujourd'hui, juge Emmanuel Macron qui appelle à «rouvrir un dialogue stratégique» avec la Russie.

Le président français estimant que l’Europe est « ​au bord du précipice ​» dans le cadre géopolitique actuel, invite donc ses partenaires à « se réveiller » afin de conserver le « contrôle de la destinée du continent ».

L' exemple de la Turquie en Syrie

Le chef d'Etat français s'appuie pour justifier son pessimisme sur les événements récents en Syrie. « ​Nous assistons à une agression menée par un autre partenaire de l’Otan qui est la Turquie, dans une zone où nos intérêts sont en jeu, sans coordination. Il n’y a pas eu de planification ni de coordination par l’Otan. D’un point de vue stratégico-politique ce qui s’est passé est un énorme problème pour l’Otan. ​»

"En octobre, Donald Trump a annoncé le retrait des forces spéciales américaines laissant ainsi le champ libre à la Turquie pour pénétrer en Syrie et y défaire nos alliés du PYD kurde. La France n’a pu que protester. Le point de vue de la Turquie, membre de l’Otan depuis 1952, est radicalement différent ​: pour Ankara, ses alliés – dont la France – auraient dû la soutenir contre ses ennemis – le PYD lié au PKK, considéré par le gouvernement turc de « terroriste »– et non les armer."

« Un pavé dans la marre » qui a fait réagir Berlin, Washington et Moscou

C'est un« un pavé[ lancé] dans la marre », à la veille du 30e anniversaire de la «fin» de la guerre froide lors la chute du mur de Berlin, qui n'a pas manqué de faire réagir plutôt négativement nos alliés, d'autant qu' Emmanuel Macron a fait une fois de plus cavalier seul en faisant cette déclaration à l'insu des autres Européens. Fin août, les mêmes avaient déjà appris de la sorte qu’Emmanuel Macron entendait bâtir une nouvelle « ​architecture européenne de sécurité et de confiance ​» avec la Russie de Vladimir Poutine .

Les Européens ont sévèrement réagi doutant de cette «nécessité pour l’Europe de repenser sa sécurité indépendamment des Etats-Unis» et se méfiant de cette «main tendue vers la Russie».

A la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel de commenter immédiatement ces propos qu'elle taxe de « radicaux » : «Je ne pense pas qu'un tel jugement intempestif soit nécessaire, même si nous avons des problèmes, même si nous devons nous ressaisir», a-t-elle déclaré. Pour elle aucun doute : « l'Otan reste la pierre angulaire de notre sécurité ​». Le secrétaire général de l'Otan, Jens Stoltenberg, a, de son côté, estimé que l'Alliance restait «forte» et que les États-Unis et l'Europe «travaillaient ensemble plus que nous ne l'avons fait depuis des décennies».

Le secrétaire d'État américain Mike Pompeo , quant à lui, a jugé, lors d'une conférence de presse à Leipzig (Allemagne), que l'Otan, restait «historiquement un des partenariats stratégiques les plus importants». Il en a profité cependant pour rappeler l'exigence de Donald Trump (qui avait lui-même qualifié l'Otan d'organisation «obsolète» en janvier 2017) aux pays membres de l'Alliance de mieux «partager le fardeau» de son financement.

Seule la Russie a réagi positivement.« Ce sont des paroles en or. Sincères et qui reflètent l’essentiel. Une définition précise de l’état actuel de l’OTAN », a écrit, de son côté, la porte-parole de la diplomatie russe Maria Zakharova sur sa page sur Facebook, commentant les propos sur l’OTAN de M. Macron .

Trois défis majeurs pour l' Europe

Le sommet de l’Alliance atlantique qui  se tiendra à Londres les 3 et 4 décembre, et célébrera son 70e anniversaire, devrait s'emparer de l'urgence à réfléchir sur le positionnement géostratégique de l'Europe dans un monde où trois risques, selon Emmanuel Macron, menacent cette dernière :

qu’elle ait « oublié qu’elle était une communauté », le « désalignement » de la politique américaine du projet européen, et l’émergence de la puissance chinoise « qui marginalise clairement l’Europe ».

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

BREXIT ANTICIPATED LEGISLATIVE ELECTIONS

A BET FOR BORIS JOHNSON

On October 29, 2019, after three failed votes in recent weeks, Boris Johnson finally managed to secure an early general election scheduled for December 12th.

It was a plebiscite of the deputies he got: 438 for, 20 against. The British will therefore be called to the polls for the third time in three years (after the 2016 referendum and the 2017 general elections) if the Lords accept the government proposal on Wednesday.

Early legislative elections that could leave Boris Johnson - not having a parliamentary majority so far - stalemate In case of victory, the current tenant of 10 Downing Street could indeed adopt the EU agreement he got. But it is possible for the opposition to unite to question the Brexit.

In a very volatile political context, the opposition could unite to derail its strategy, or even challenge Brexit. The Labor Party, the main opposition party, wants to obtain a new agreement with the EU and submit it to a referendum, a rejection then going to cancel the divorce.

The Scottish independence party SNP is also in favor of a new referendum, while the Europhiles of the Liberal Democrats want to cancel Brexit altogether.

In fact, these elections will turn into a referendum for or against Boris Johnson who has emerged as the champion of the exit of the EU. The latest polls give the Conservatives 10 points (35%) ahead of Labor (25%).

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT LABOR ACCEPT ANTICIPATED ELECTIONS

Labor, the main opposition party in the United Kingdom, has on Tuesday, October 29, agreed to hold early elections that Boris Johnson will attempt to win in Parliament today, Chief Jeremy Corbyn announced. .

Their conditions "fulfilled"

"Our condition to exclude an exit without agreement is now fulfilled", with the postponement of the date of the Brexit granted by the European Union, said Jeremy Corbyn in front of senior members of the party, promising to launch "the most ambitious and the most radical for a real change that our country has ever seen ".

Labor, fiercely opposed to an exit from the European Union without a deal, wanted to wait for Brussels' confirmation of the Brexit postponement until 31 January 2020.

MEPs are expected to vote this afternoon on a law by Boris Johnson that sets the date of early elections.

On Tuesday, however, the House of Commons rejected the government's text calling for elections on December 12, the approval of which required a two-thirds majority. With the rallying of Labor, the horizon seems clear for the passage of the text.

The elections may not be held on December 12, the date rejected by the Commons, but a day earlier, the 11, reported Tuesday the BBC. According to the channel, Boris Johnson would be willing to accept a compromise motion tabled by the Liberal Democrats and the Scottish nationalists of the SNP.

The convening of early parliamentary elections would be only a first step on the still tortuous path of the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union, as recalled the lost bet of Theresa May.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ATTACK OF THE MOSQUE OF BAYONNE

TWO INJURED

The Bayonne mosque was on Monday the target of shooting causing two serious injuries from an octogenarian, ex-National Front candidate known for his "verbal excesses", arrested after the fact.

The suspect was placed in custody for "attempted assassinations," said the Bayonne prosecutor Marc Bride in a statement. According to the prefecture of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, "at 3:20 pm, a man tried to burn the door of the mosque of Bayonne.

Surprised in his attempt by two people, the man fired at them "and on leaving, set fire to an automobile. According to the prosecutor, the man was in possession of a can of gasoline. According to the mayor of Bayonne, who went immediately to the place, "two people were preparing the room for the prayer of 16:30".

The man threw an incendiary device on the side door of the mosque. The two people went out and were touched, one on the neck, the other on the thorax and the arm, he said.

President Emmanuel Macron, who received at the Elysee the heads of the French Council of the Muslim Faith (CFCM), strongly condemned the attack claiming that "the Republic will never tolerate hatred."

The mayor of Bayonne, Jean-Rene Etchegaray, said on his side on Twitter that the "Bayonnais (were) solidarity with the Muslim community, victim of a bombing as cowardly as odious." The Secretary of State to the Minister of the Interior, Laurent Nuñez, who went there in the evening to meet with Muslim leaders and police, said that "to attack a place of worship, a mosque to the faithful, it is an odious act that we obviously condemn with a lot of firmness. It is an act that can not have a place in our Republic which guarantees the freedom of cults and beliefs ".

The two victims, seriously injured by bullets, aged 74 and 78, were operated on and were in intensive care Monday night. The prognosis "is reserved for one of them", according to the prefecture.

The judicial police have been seized of the investigation.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT REPORT ACCORDS UNTIL JANUARY 31, 2020

The 27 countries of the European Union have finally granted a postponement of the UK's exit date until 31 January 2020, announced the President of the European Council Donald Tusk.

A period of three months

After some hesitation, especially from the French government, the Europeans finally gave the green light on Monday, October 28, to a Brexit postponement to January 31, 2020. A "flexible" postponement: the United Kingdom may leave the European Union (EU) sooner if it is ready, if the Johnson government succeeds in having the law of application in national law of its agreement with Brussels finally adopted in the British Parliament.

"The 27 have agreed to accept the UK's request for a flexible Brexit postponement until January 31, 2020," Donald Tusk said on Twitter. He specified that this decision will be formalized by a written procedure.

Non-negotiable conditions

The text is accompanied by a political declaration in which the EU justifies its decision, excludes any renegotiation of the agreement and calls for the appointment of a British European Commissioner for the new Van der Leyen Commission, as long as the United Kingdom did not leave the EU. An obligation with no major political consequences for London since the new college of commissioners to take office this early November, will not be ready before, at best, December 1 after the rejection of three applications (including that of the French Sylvie Goulard) by the European Parliament ...

Early elections

The 27 have decided not to wait for the decision of the British MPs, who must vote on Monday afternoon on the holding of early elections in December wanted by Boris Johnson. "The EU does not want to be in reaction but wants to keep up the pressure for the ratification of the exit agreement," said a diplomatic source.

To secure the holding of parliamentary elections on December 12, the British Prime Minister will need two thirds of the vote in the House of Commons on Monday afternoon.

The Conservative Prime Minister, who no longer has a majority, has already failed twice in September in his business of calling a ballot.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

PUSH OF THE EXTREME RIGHT

DURING A REGIONAL POLLING IN GERMANY

The far right party AfD doubles its score

The German far-right, represented by Björn Höcke, recorded another strong increase in a regional poll on Sunday, which confirms the decline of traditional government parties like that of Chancellor Angela Merkel.

According to the estimates of public television channels, the Alternative for Germany (AfD) would come in second place with 23% to 24% at the regional election in Thuringia, in the former Communist East Germany, doubling its score compared to the previous election in 2014, and even ahead of the conservative party of Angela Merkel, down sharply with 22% of the vote, which would represent its worst result in the Länder of the former GDR.

This score is all the more noteworthy for the anti-migrant and Eurosceptic movement, the AfD, which was achieved despite criticism targeting this party after the recent anti-Semitic and xenophobic attack that killed two people, committed by an activist. neo-Nazi in Halle, in the neighboring regional state of Saxony-Anhalt.

The leader of the AfD in Thuringia, Björn Höcke, figurehead of the most right wing of the movement, was accused of having prepared the ideological ground for the acts of Halle, where a massacre in a Synagogue was narrowly avoided by its statements against the German culture of repentance for Nazi crimes.

For example, he described the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin as a monument of shame. Angela Merkel, herself a regular target of the ultra-right for her generous policy of welcoming migrants in 2015 and 2016, urged after the bombing of Halle extremists to watch their "words" that can "turn into acts »

Die Linke in the lead

The election of Thuringia, a regional state of two million inhabitants, confirms the continuous progress of the far right in each ballot since 2015, mainly in the former GDR. Already in September, the AfD had overtaken in the East the 20% mark in two elections, in Saxony and Brandenburg. It is weakest in the west of the country.

In Thuringia, the current head of the regional government, Bodo Ramelow, a member of the radical Left (Die Linke), came in first, with around 30% of the vote, according to the television, a higher score than he had registered five years earlier. This former trade unionist has built his success on a very pragmatic policy, where he does not hesitate to privilege topics dear to conservatives, such as security, and to move away from the most radical slogans of his party in Berlin.

However, it will be difficult for him to stay in power because his two current coalition partners, the SPD Social Democrats and environmentalists, have fallen sharply, to around 8% and 5.5%, respectively, and are no longer able to support him. provide a majority. And at the same time, the conservative party refuses to govern with both the radical left and the extreme right. This could block any major coalition formation.

Fallback for traditional parties

For the CDU and the Social Democrats, this election is yet another disappointment likely to weaken a bit more the federal government of Angela Merkel, where these two formations are coalition partners but show more and more their disagreement, as most recently on Syria and Turkey.

This retreat is a disaster for the SPD in particular, which fights for its survival at the national level and must decide in December which course it chooses, along with its future president: stay in the coalition or not.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

EXHUMATION OF FRANCISCO FRANCO

Francisco Franco, the winner of the bloody civil war (1936-1939) who led Spain with an iron fist until his death in 1975, was exhumed on Thursday, October 24, of his monumental mausoleum near Madrid.

The Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez had made the transfer of the remains of the "Caudillo" a priority upon his accession to power in June 2018, so that this mausoleum could no longer be a "place of apology" of Francoism.

He must join his wife.

After the exhumation, the coffin of the dictator was carried by eight members of his family including his great-grandson Louis de Bourbon.

He is transferred from the "Valle de los Caidos" mausoleum, located about fifty kilometers from Madrid, to the Mingorubbio cemetery where his wife rests in the north of the Spanish capital.

It is "a great victory of dignity, memory, justice and reparation, and therefore of the Spanish democracy," welcomed the Spanish Prime Minister on Wednesday.

Promised for the summer of 2018, the operation was delayed by more than a year by the successive lawsuits of the dictator's descendants.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

EMMANUEL MACRON HAS A SPEECH IN

HALF TINT ON IMMIGRATION AND

THE SAIL IN MAYOTTE

Emmanuel Macron arrived in Mayotte on Tuesday, where he wanted to bring "extremely concrete answers" to the difficulties of the archipelago, especially on illegal immigration.

In a letter to Emmanuel Macron last week, the Collectif des Citoytes de Mayotte (at the origin of the social movement of 2018) underlines "that illegal immigration is increasing at an accelerated pace, threatening the fragile equilibrium we had and is degrading. the environment, the education system, the health system and urban planning. "

According to a recent survey by the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE), 48% of the 256 000 inhabitants of Mayotte are indeed foreigners, 95% of Comoran origin, the two islands of the Indian Ocean n being separated only about 70 km away.

Launched in August and put in place by the government, Operation Shikandra, which targets 25,000 repatriated to the Comoros by the end of this year, is not enough to stem immigration.

If the president assured that "there was no inevitability" and that it was not a question of yielding to "an irenism (attitude of understanding vis-à-vis the other, Ed) who would like to close the eyes and not to see that there is a subject and that there is a clandestine immigration that poses a problem ", he also affirmed that he would never" question the right of asylum ".

Asked about the veil, Emmanuel Macron promised to be "intractable" on the subject, but wants to avoid "divisions". He again called on the French to "fight against communitarianism and radicalization", but refused to take a firm stand on the question of the veil.

"These are important debates, you have to have them without it being a response to a provocation of an elected representative of the RN or the humiliation of anyone," he added.

Emmanuel Macron promised to return to this debate "in a peaceful way when I consider that it is the right moment, as I did on immigration".

"We sometimes tend to confuse the debate on secularism that has a framework, that of 1905, and the question of Islam," he added.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT BREAK OF THEATER IN THE BEDROOM

COMMONS

Days after the agreement reached between the Boris Johnson government and its 27 European counterparts, the House of Commons met on Saturday, October 19, from 10:30 am to 5 pm (French time).

In an electric atmosphere, Boris Johnson urged British MPs to vote for the divorce agreement.

But the Prime Minister was disavowed by a member of his own, the Conservative Oliver Letwin, who passed - 322 votes to 306 against - an amendment singularly complicating his plans.

This amendment compels Boris Johnson to request a postponement of Brexit until all the legislation necessary to implement the agreement he has won in Brussels has been adopted.

The government was therefore forced to send a letter requesting the postponement under a law, but Boris Johnson would not have signed it remaining fiercely opposed to a postponement.

The head of the government sent a second letter, signed the latter, to specify that he did not want this deadline.

In this letter, Boris Johnson explains that he was legally compelled by the "Benn Act" to request the postponement after the vote of the British deputies.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SPAIN SCENES OF URBAN GUERILLA

IN BARCELONA

The frantic demonstration by Catalan separatists against the condemnation of their former leaders by the Spanish justice system to heavy prison sentences has gathered more than half a million people on Friday in the streets of Barcelona.

It began in a festive mood before escalating into the evening with clashes between activists and law enforcement, causing scenes of chaos in the center of the city.

These tensions follow the heavy sentences of nine to thirteen years of imprisonment imposed on independence leaders on Monday, October 14, 2019 by the Supreme Court.

The latter were indeed tried for having organized on 1 October 2017, despite the prohibition of justice, a referendum of self-determination enamelled of police violence.

On October 27, 2017, they proclaimed the independence of Catalonia voted by the Catalan Parliament. Former head of the region, Carles Puigdemont, who has been living in exile in Belgium since October 2017, is subject to an international arrest warrant.

Urban guerrilla scenes

Numerous fires were lit, especially in the Plaza Catalunya at the top of the famous Ramblas, the destroyed street furniture and the barricades erected in many streets by hundreds of masked or helmeted demonstrators, shouting "the streets will always be ours". The police also used a water cannon against them.

500 people injured since Monday

Barcelona has already experienced urban guerrilla scenes from Tuesday to Thursday, but of less intensity than this Friday night. The violence marked a turning point for the separatist movement, which has always boasted of being non-violent.According to a report by Interior Minister Fernando Grande-Marlaska, before the violence escalated in the evening, 128 People have been arrested since the beginning of the independence mobilization on Monday while 207 policemen were wounded.

In total, according to emergency services, nearly 500 people have been injured since the beginning of the week in the region including 60 Friday night in Barcelona.

General strike

With the slogan "Liberty", columns of tens of thousands of separatists left Wednesday five cities in the region to reach Barcelona.

The separatists also organized a general strike whose effects were evident in this rich region weighing one fifth of the Spanish GDP.

In Barcelona, ​​the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia closed its doors while the Liceu opera canceled its performance on Friday. Most of the stands of the Boqueria market, and many shops were closed. Barça-Real Madrid has been postponed. Car maker Seat has shut down its Martorell plant near Barcelona which employs more than 6,500 people.

Less than a month away from the fourth general election in four years in Spain, these troubles have put the government of the Socialist Pedro Sanchez under pressure from the right that calls for exceptional measures to restore order.

From Brussels, Mr Sanchez replied that the state could not "be led to overreaction", while assuring that there would be "no impunity for acts of vandalism".

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

A NEW BREXIT AGREEMENT

White window above the Brussels Parliament.

Boris Johnson announced on Thursday, October 17, on Twitter "an excellent new agreement" of Brexit with the European Union

Shortly after the British Prime Minister it was the turn of Jean-Claude Juncker, the President of the European Commission, to declare "We have an excellent new agreement to regain control. Now the Parliament should get Brexit on Saturday to move on to other priorities, such as the cost of living, the NHS, crime and the environment.

When there is will, there is an agreement. We have one! It is a balanced and fair agreement for the European Union and the United Kingdom and it is a pledge of our commitment to finding solutions. "

The 27 countries of the European Union have approved the new Brexit agreement with London. We are waiting for two parliaments (British and European) to vote.

But the Labor Party has already called on MPs to "reject" this agreement, making it unlikely that Parliament will adopt the text, which is also opposed by the Northern Ireland Union Party DUP, which is allied to the government. This agreement "will not bring the country together and must be rejected. The best way to solve Brexit is to give the people the last word in a popular vote, "Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn said in a statement. The adoption of this agreement in the United Kingdom therefore seems already compromised ...

What does the agreement provide?

British province, Northern Ireland remains on the customs territory of the United Kingdom, under the protocol concluded this Thursday. If products from third countries enter Northern Ireland and remain there, then British customs duties will be applied. On the other hand, if goods from third countries are destined to enter the EU, via Northern Ireland, then the UK authorities will apply the EU's customs duties. It is the British customs who will check the products when they enter the province and apply the customs code of the Union.

Northern Ireland, however, remains aligned with a limited set of EU rules, notably those relating to goods, for example the health rules for veterinary checks, those on agricultural products and the state aid scheme. .. If the United Kingdom establishes free trade agreements with other countries, Northern Ireland will benefit.
Controls, both customs and regulatory, will be between the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland. There will therefore be no return of the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, member of the European Union, and the Good Friday peace agreement will be respected.

A mechanism has also been found for VAT.

This is the second agreement reached between London and Brussels to implement the result of the British referendum of June 2016. The first, negotiated by Theresa May, had been rejected three times by the British Parliament.

If the House of Commons refuses to ratify the agreement, then Boris Johnson will have to ask for a postponement as required by the law, even though he promised a British exit from the EU "no matter what " October 31.

"Brexit is the school of patience," admitted Thursday Michel Barnier, negotiator for the European Union.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SCENES OF VIOLENCE IN CATALONIA

AFTER

THE CONDEMNATION OF INDEPENDANTISTS

The tension does not descend in the north-east of Spain and the Catalan separatists do not flee. The pro-independence groups have held numerous rallies in front of governmental representations in the main cities of the region.

Forty thousand people demonstrated in Barcelona, ​​9,000 in Girona, but also in Tarragona. Clashes in the Catalan metropolis between independence and law enforcement also occurred.

Protesters receive instructions from the mysterious "Democratic Tsunami" organization, which on Monday called for the blockade of the airport on social networks and couriers.

These tensions follow the heavy sentences of nine to thirteen years of imprisonment imposed on independence leaders on Monday 14 October by the Supreme Court.

The latter were tried for having organized on 1 October 2017, despite the prohibition of justice, a referendum of self-determination enamelled of police violence. On October 27, 2017, they proclaimed the independence of Catalonia voted by the Catalan Parliament. Former head of the region, Carles Puigdemont, who has been living in exile in Belgium since October 2017, is subject to an international arrest warrant.

In Madrid, the government denounced the "widespread violence" in Tuesday's demonstrations. "A minority wants to impose violence in the streets of Catalan cities, especially in Barcelona, ​​Tarragona, Girona and Lleida," wrote the government of Socialist Pedro Sanchez.

"It is obvious that we are not facing a peaceful citizen movement but [facing a movement] coordinated by groups that use violence in the street to break the coexistence in Catalonia," he added.

Protest marches will start on Wednesday from five Catalan cities to converge in Barcelona on Friday, day of "general strike" and mass demonstration, convened by large independentist organizations, National Assembly Catalan (ANC) and Omnium cultural.

"Let's make Catalonia a new Hong Kong", can you read on social networks.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

WIDE VICTORY OF CONSERVATIVES IN POLAND AT LEGISLATIVES

The Poles voted on Sunday 13 October in the parliamentary elections for the populists in power. The Law and Justice Party (PiS) retains its absolute majority with 45.16% of the votes in the Polish parliament, which gives it 239 seats out of 460 at the "Sejm", the Diet which is the lower house, at the end of this election, according to the figures published on Monday, October 14, 2019 in the morning.

On the eve of the general elections (Diet and Senate) that took place on October 13 in Poland, both the outgoing majority and the oppositions agreed on one point:

it would be the largest since 1989 because it would not only determine who would govern for the next four years, but also the model that the country should adopt in the long term.

As it happens :

either a "Western liberal democracy" in line with the profile advocated by the EU, or a system based on strong power, a powerful welfare state, and values ​​centered around the family and the nation.

The overwhelming victory of the PiS (Law and Justice Party, conservative) shows that the Poles have mostly chosen the second alternative, that of a powerful welfare state. With 43.8% of the vote, Jaroslaw Kaczynski's supporters, the PiS strongman, once again secured an absolute majority in the Diet and even improved by 6.2 points compared to their 2015 score.

In the opposition, the Liberals of the Civic Platform (PO) and its allies would get 26.10%, ie 130 deputies (eight seats less than in 2015). The left-wing Lewica party would reach a score close to 12% (43 deputies) and returns to Parliament after four years of absence. The extreme right of Konfederacja gets 6.4% of the vote and enters for the first time in parliament. This party is an anti-system, ultra-liberal, Europhobic and nationalist right-wing alliance, built around the controversial former MEP Janusz Korwin-Mikke

Regarded as Poland's most influential politician, Kaczynski polarized society by attacking sexual minorities and rejecting Western liberal values, with the tacit blessing of the influential Catholic Church, and this strategy paid off.

Several factors have thus ensured the success of the PiS. Starting with real social measures taken for four years, including the allowance of 500 zlotys (about 120 euros) granted for each child from the second, the increase in salaries of civil servants, as well as the lowering of the age of the retirement (65 for men, 60 for women), previously increased by PO.

The second factor contributing to the success of the Conservatives is the stand against globalization and a liberal Europe making concessions. Also Kaczynski is part, alongside the Hungarian Viktor Orban, populist European leaders advocating a Europe of nations and refusing any federalist development of the European Union.

Finally, the third factor lies in the networks and the narrow mesh of the PiS: the Church, but also many unions, such as Solidarnosc, who have invested in the campaign.

The pro-PiS head of state, Andrzej Duda, is likely to run for a second term in the spring. And it is unlikely that the presidential election, scheduled for next spring, reverses the trend.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

ANTISEMITE ATTACK IN GERMANY

On Wednesday, the day of Yom Kippur, the great Jewish religious holiday, a 27-year-old German, portrayed as Stefan B. by the media, burst heavily armed outside the gates of the synagogue of Halle, 170 km southwest from Berlin.

Dressed in a military jacket, wearing a helmet surmounted by a camera filming the assault, he intended to commit carnage in the building where were gathered about 80 faithful.

He was prevented from doing so only by double-locked doors for safety, which resisted his shotgun fire.

The man with the shaved head acted alone, apparently improvised enough.

And especially inspired by the staging of the Australian right-wing extremist responsible in March for the attack on mosques in New Zealand that had left 51 dead.

His film was also broadcast on the internet.

Chancellor Angela Merkel and all the German leaders condemned this act.

But this time the Jewish community does not want to stop there, in a context of continuous rise of anti-Semitic acts in the country, coming from the far-right circles but also for a part of Muslims among the migrants who have arrived in the country since 2015.

Last year, anti-Semitic acts of all kinds in Germany increased by almost 20% compared to 2017, to 1,799, according to police statistics.

The neo-Nazi movement is at the origin of a good part of them, against the backdrop of the continued rise of the far-right political in Germany, which wants to end the culture of national repentance for the horrors of the Third Reich.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

ATTACK AGAINST A SYNAGOGUE IN GERMANY

At least two people were killed Wednesday in the middle of the street in Halle, in the east of Germany, in an attack on the Yom Kippur, a synagogue and a Turkish restaurant, one of the alleged perpetrators of the shooting has been arrested.

Two others were seriously injured by gunshot and admitted to the city's university hospital for surgery, a spokesman said

Max Privorozki, president of the Jewish community in Halle, told Spiegel that the perpetrators tried to enter the synagogue with 70 to 80 people. According to him, the security measures at the entrance made it possible to "resist the attack. "

An attack on Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel described the shooting as "bombing". The Chancellor follows "the unfolding of the events after the attack in Halle" and expresses "solidarity with all Jews for this feast day Yom Kippur," said spokesman Steffen Seibert on Twitter.

The shooting is an "anti-Semitic attack" probably perpetrated by a sympathizer of the movement of "extreme right", said the German Minister of the Interior Horst Seehofer

The specter of a far-right anti-migrant

The attack comes months after the murder in Hesse of Walter Lübcke, a pro-migrant politician elected by Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservative party (CDU). The main suspect is a member of the neo-Nazi movement.

This case has created a shockwave in the country, where the anti-migrant far right chain of electoral successes. It has awakened the fear of a far-right terrorism like that of the small group NSU, responsible for the murder between 2000 and 2007 of a dozen migrants.

There have been a number of violent precedents: a knife attack against Cologne Mayor Henriette Reker in 2015, and two years later against Altena Mayor Andreas Hollstein. Both are barely surviving. Both defended a policy of generous reception of migrants, as Walter Lübcke.

Or the murders perpetrated by the German neo-Nazi group NSU, responsible for the murder of a dozen immigrants in Germany in the early 2000s.

"A new RAF"

Germany is confronted with "a new RAF [Rote Armee Fraktion]", a "brown RAF", believes the Süddeutsche Zeitung, in reference to the far-left terrorist group Fraction arme rouge, active between 1968 and 1998.

More than 12,700 right-wing extremists considered dangerous are identified by the authorities.

German authorities are also on the alert after several jihadist attacks in recent years. The deadliest was in December 2016, when a Tunisian, Anis Amri, ran into a Christmas market in Berlin with a stolen truck, killing twelve people.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

JUDICIAL TSUNAMI IN THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO

The case begins to make a great noise and to worry the Prince of Monaco Albert II himself, because never a certain "qualified mafia" would have approached so close to power.

Everything starts on February 26, 2015 with the arrest in Monaco of the Swiss businessman Yves Bouvier, accused by Dimitri Rybolovlev, owner of the AS Monaco Football Club, for having scammed him of 1 billion euros. euros on occasion.

The case should have been heard in Switzerland where the transaction took place. But Rybolovlev did everything to impose Monegasque territorial jurisdiction, "convinced that it would be settled more easily".

But it was not counting on the clumsiness of the lawyer of the Russian oligarch whose expertise of the mobile phone and its SMS (reconstituted) brought to light complicities with the Monegasque police.

It is from the beginning of the era of suspicion that accredits the thesis already issued but never verified so far, too close proximity of the Russian clan with local authorities.

Naturally Rybolovlev immediately defended himself for using his largesse to bribe the most prominent local authorities (perhaps even mere underlings).

But the worm is installed in the fruit and Frank Michel, the lawyer Yves Bouvier quickly filed several complaints for fraud but also for corruption.

It is in this context that appears in 2016 Judge Edouard Levrault, described on the Rock as a White Knight of Justice.

Like most magistrates who instrumentalise on the Rock, Edouard Levrault is a French magistrate, appointed in the Monegasque Justice Department by voice of detachment. This has been the rule since time immemorial. The secondment lasts 3 years and can be renewed once for 3 years, except for personal reasons, the detachment is systematically renewed and the magistrate thus named can remain in office for 6 years in total on the shores of the Big Blue.

But here, when he arrived 3 years ago, Judge Levrault came across the Ribolovlev cases and his investigations led him to a fine line of elites from the Monegasque state, all of whom were involved in more or large scale in the case and in related affairs gloomy.

In 3 years, he has "charged" (this is the term used on the Rock) a former Minister of the Interior, Paul Masseron; the Divisional Commissioner of the Judicial Police, Christophe Haguet, as well as his wife and son; the Chief of the Judicial Police and his deputy, a former Director of Public Security, Regis ASSO, and a former Attorney General!

Oops! Just that ! According to Judge Levrault, these people would all be closely involved in the Rybolovlev scandal.

Judge Levrault has even asked for additional orders against Messrs ANSELMI, MARANGONI, KLARIC who would have taken advantage of the weakness due to the illness of Prince Rainier III of Monaco.

Even more surprising, the lawyer of Prince Albert II is Maître Thierry Lacoste, condemned by the Court of Cassation to 3 years of reprieve for malpractices

Annoyed, irritated, even exasperated, the Director of the Judicial Services (the equivalent of the Minister of Justice) Laurent Anselmi has signified June 24 the end of his detachment at the end of 3 years, the unfortunate Edouard Levrault, this you have understood in complete rupture with the habits which regulated the nominations in the Monegasque magistracy. But Edouard Levrault had become too embarrassing!

Prince Albert II would not even have been aware of this decision, which nevertheless created a clash with France, which immediately threatened retaliation and blocking of future appointments.

To calm the game and pledge of goodwill, Prince Albert II has dismissed Laurent Anselmi and appointed a certain Robert Gelli in his place.

All of this, at this point, could be summed up as a classic Palace affair.

Except that ! A collective, which recalls in each of his press releases his attachment to the Prince, to the immense respect they bear to the late Prince Rainier III and the Princess Grace who made the greatness of Monaco, calls for quick and severe sanctions, the characters mentioned above all belonging to Masonic lodges very influential on the Rock "or according to them no longer rules the rule of law".

This group, which calls for the reinstatement of Judge Edouard Levrault, intends to rule out any diplomatic crisis with France and any crisis with the Vatican, Catholicism being a state religion, constitutionally. As proof, the solemn audience for the re-entry held in the Palace of Justice hall, nestled at the top of the Rock, was preceded by a Mass of the Holy Spirit celebrated in the nearby Cathedral.

But the knives have not returned to the locker room and the collective ensures to hold (and have put under protection) thousands of documents all more compromising than each other.

To be continued…..

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

RASSEMBLEMENT DE SOUTIEN AU TERRORISTE MICKAEL HARPON OU L'APOLOGIE DU TERRORISME

Hadama Traoré, « candidat des banlieues » aux dernières élections européennes, souhaitait organiser un rassemblement de soutien à Mickaël Harpon ce jeudi 10 octobre devant son domicile de Gonesse (Val-d'Oise). Face à l'indignation, le rassemblement a été interdit, a annoncé le ministre de l'Intérieur Christophe Castaner.

« La manifestation prévue à Gonesse en soutien à l'assassin de la préfecture de police est une infamie et une insulte à la mémoire de nos policiers. Je me suis entretenu avec le préfet du Val-d'Oise : le rassemblement va être interdit. ».

C'est dans un tweet publié ce mercredi aux alentours de 9h30 que le ministre de l'Intérieur Christophe Castaner est venu clore la polémique.

La classe politique dans son ensemble réclamait l'interdiction du rassemblement de soutien à Mickaël Harpon par la préfecture du Val-d'Oise.

La sénatrice LR Jacqueline Eustache-Brinio estime qu'il s'agit « d'une manifestation de soutien au meurtrier », organisée par « un militant communautariste qui s'est déjà illustré par les propos les plus infâmes sur les forces de l'ordre ».

« Aujourd'hui, il faut des actes. On ne peut pas comprendre qu'on accepte une manifestation de soutien à un homme qui a tué quatre policiers », a martelé Éric Ciotti, qui présidera la commission d'enquête parlementaire sur la tuerie de la préfecture de police.

En effet, une semaine après l'attentat de la préfecture de police de Paris qui a fait quatre morts, une manifestation de soutien au tueur devait se dérouler devant son domicile de Gonesse (Val-d'Oise). Hadama Traoré, « candidat des banlieues » lors des dernières élections -avec son mouvement « La Révolution est en marche », créé en janvier 2017- a lancé cette idée ignoble sur Facebook.

Il souhaitait « communiquer différemment sur Mickaël »qui « n'est pas un terroriste ». Hadama Traoré, affirme que « Mickaël Harpon n'était pas un extrémiste religieux mais un Aulnaysien du 93 », une personne « discriminée » dans son travail à cause de son handicap.

Aussi invitait-il « toutes les communautés persécutées » à « faire la guerre ensemble aux politiques et aux médias ».

« J'ai demandé à ce que les propos odieux tenus par son organisateur soient dénoncés au procureur de la République, sur le fondement de l'article 40 du code de procédure pénale », a déclaré Christophe Castaner.

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

IMMIGRATION IN FRANCE DEBATES

TO PARLIAMENT

If immigration is only in the fifth position of the priorities displayed by a third of French people, behind purchasing power, health, the social protection system and the environment according to an Odoxa poll of 1 October 2019, however, remains a major concern for the right-wing electorate.

Emmanuel Macron is aware of this and explains to parliamentarians his majority and his government. "We do not have the right not to look at it in the face." An invitation not to let the theme to the right hard and especially to the "far right".

So the executive decided to tackle this explosive issue one year after the enactment of the Asylum & Immigration Act.

The parliamentary debate on immigration is scheduled for Monday, October 7, 2019 in the National Assembly and the following Wednesday in the Senate. It "aims to put the migration policy in an overview with factual elements," said Matignon Thursday.

The executive has made several findings without appeal, mainly "the sharp increase in asylum applications" in France, while the movement seems to be running out on a European scale. According to the executive, "total immigration increases in France" with 250,000 titles of valid stays. Not counting rejected asylum seekers who are not returned to the border.

Is the French policy of asylum too generous?

How is it that part of the immigration comes from countries deemed safe like Georgia or Albania?

Does the State Medical Aid (MEA) health care basket only correspond to what is needed?

Is there a stricter framework for immigration with the introduction of quotas as the right wants?

So many questions that promise a heated debate between a left criticizing the "electoral" aims of the head of state and a right wishing a hardening of migration policy.

Emmanuel Macron, fine tactician, knows that he must give satisfaction to the left and right, he who preaches the method of "at the same time". "I believe in the truth 'at the same time' on migration policy too. It is human and effective, "he said.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT THE ULTIMATUM OF BORIS JOHNSON

At 29 days from the date scheduled for Brexit, the schedule is very tight to find a divorce agreement. The situation in Northern Ireland is one of the main stumbling blocks in the negotiations with the EU.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Wednesday (October 2nd) proposed a plan to leave the European Union in Brussels with an alternative on the fate of the Irish border.

This plan, which replaces the backstop decried from the previous agreement, provides that Northern Ireland belongs to the same customs area as Great Britain.

On the other hand, it provides that the British province retains EU regulations for all goods, not just agricultural, during a transitional period, which may be renewed if Northern Ireland so wishes.

So there would be some kind of two borders: customs controls between the two Ireland and regulatory controls in the Irish Sea, which separates Great Britain from its northern Irish province. According to London, this proposal makes it possible to avoid physical customs controls at the border.

These proposals have been described as "a reasonable compromise" by Boris Johnson in a letter to the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker published by his services.

The objective of this new offer is to avoid a brutal exit to end three years of a saga around Brexit, which plunged the United Kingdom into a deep political crisis.

Boris Johnson's offer sounds like an ultimatum. Boris Johnson warned that in the event of a rejection of his plan, the UK would leave the EU on 31 October "whatever happens".

With or without agreement, then, while a law, recently passed in the House of Commons, theoretically prevents him from leaving without agreement with Brussels.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LEGISLATIVES EN AUTRICHE

SEBASTIAN KURZ GRAND FAVORI

Après une crise politique inédite, l’Autriche est retournée, dimanche 29  septembre 2019, aux urnes pour des législatives anticipées et mise sur le chancelier sortant, Sebastian Kurz, pour un nouveau départ.

Malgré le scandale de « l'Ibizagate », qui a pulvérisé son premier gouvernement formé avec le parti d’extrême droite FPÖ, son parti conservateur (ÖVP), est crédité d'une avance de 15 points devançant de loin ses deux rivaux au coude-à-coude le FPÖ, parti d'extrême droite, d'un côté, et SPÖ, parti social-démocrate, de l'autre qui se disputent la seconde place. Nul doute que le jeune prodige de la politique autrichienne de 33 ans retrouve son fauteuil de chancelier .

La grande inconnue après la victoire annoncée de Sebastian Kurz reste le choix du parti avec lequel il fera alliance pour gouverner. A la différence de 2017, Sebastian Kurz « a trois options possibles de coalition qui toutes lui déplaisent ».

La première, renouer une alliance avec l’extrême droite, le FPÖ, qui s’est doté d’un nouveau chef, Norbert Hofer, après la brutale disgrâce de son prédécesseur, Heinz-Christian Strache à l'origine du scandale. Mais le parti nationaliste, fondé par d’anciens nazis dans les années 1950, sent le soufre aux yeux de nombreux élus conservateurs.

Deuxième option : une alliance avec les sociaux-démocrates. Mais Sebastian Kurz n'a cessé de critiquer leur immobilisme quand ils étaient aux affaires.

Un troisième scénario: une alliance avec les écologistes et les libéraux, deux formations en progression grâce à leur positionnement clair sur l’environnement. Sebastian Kurz, de son côté, a promis que l’Autriche afficherait un bilan carbone neutre en 2045. Et cette semaine, son parti s’est joint à toutes les autres formations du pays – à l’exception du FPÖ – pour décréter l’état d’urgence climatique.

Sebastian Kurz va devoir choisir miser à nouveau sur la question migratoire ou tenter le pari du climat, les deux sujets arrivant respectivement en première et en deuxième place de ses préoccupations.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

JACQUES CHIRAC DAY OF NATIONAL MOURNING MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

The former President of the Republic Jacques Chirac, who had been suffering for many years, died "very peacefully, without suffering" and surrounded by his family Thursday morning September 26, 2019 at his home, rue de Tournon in the center of Paris , the city of which he had been the mayor for 18 years before going to the Elysee, in 1995.

A day of national mourning was decreed on Monday, and a solemn service will be given that day at 12 o'clock in the Saint-Sulpice church in Paris.

Days of national mourning had already been decreed after the deaths of presidents Charles de Gaulle in 1970, Georges Pompidou in 1974, and François Mitterrand in 1996.

The date and place of the funeral have not yet been communicated.

A popular tribute to former president Jacques Chirac, who died Thursday, will be held in Paris Sunday, September 29, 2019, on the eve of the national day of mourning decreed by the authorities, we learned Friday from his family.

Those who wish can come to sign the golden books at the Elysee.

The burial, in a strictly private setting, should take place Monday at the Parisian cemetery of Montparnasse, where already rests his daughter Laurence, who died in 2016, added the family of the former head of state.

Our confreres

"Goodbye" (Le Figaro)

Without fuss »(Release)

"So French" (Le Parisien)

the French press, in many special editions, celebrated Friday, September 27, 2019 "what was" the politician during his career of half a century.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

DEATH OF FORMER PRESIDENT JACQUES CHIRAC

The 22nd President of the French Republic, Jacques Chirac, passed away at the age of 86 on Thursday 26 September. "President Jacques Chirac died this morning among his family. Peacefully, "said his son-in-law, Frédéric Salat-Baroux, husband of Claude Chirac.

Two decades after his accession to the Elysee, he had left the political scene but remained in the polls the president

"The most sympathetic of the Fifth Republic" in the eyes of the French.

Born November 29, 1932 in the fifth arrondissement of Paris, he had been physically weakened in recent years. Jacques René Chirac was President of the Republic for 12 years, after winning the presidential election against Lionel Jospin on May 7, 1995, before being re-elected on May 5, 2002 against Jean-Marie Le Pen.

A political career of exceptional duration

Jacques Chirac experienced a rapid rise quickly becoming a major political actor of the Fifth Republic. He began his political career in Corrèze where he became a municipal councilor of Sainte-Féréole in 1965 before becoming a member of the 3rd constituency of Corrèze in 1967.Then he began a ministerial career from 1971 (Relations with Parliament, Agriculture then Interior before becoming Prime Minister in 1974, under the chairmanship of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing) .Jacques Chirac then leaves the executive to access the mayor of Paris in 1977, before returning as prime minister during the first cohabitation of the Fifth Republic with François Mitterrand in 1986 and to reach the supreme office in 1995.

His Elyos mandates will remain marked by his "no" to the second Iraq war, the end of the military conscription, the recognition of the responsibility of the French state in the Nazi crimes, the passage to the quinquennium, the cry of alarm ("Our house burns") in the face of environmental degradation, a first major victory over the absurd road mortality.

Head of State, Prime Minister, Minister, Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac will have held the highest office of the Republic during a political career of exceptional duration, more than forty years.

Figure of the French right, he has successively been a member of the UDR (1971-1976), the RPR he created (1976-2002) and the UMP (2002-2007). He ended his career in public life as a member of the Constitutional Council, a privilege reserved for former French Heads of State, where he has not sat since 9 December 2010.

The tributes of politics across divides and around the world

Men and women politicians of all stripes greet the memory of the former president died Thursday at the age of 86 years. The reactions to the death of Jacques Chirac

François Hollande greets "a fighter". The former Socialist President paid tribute Thursday afternoon to "a fighter" who "had been able to establish a personal connection with the French." Between Jacques Chirac and François Hollande, both enarques, Correzians and former presidents, a special bond had been woven over a complex history.

Nicolas Sarkozy: "It's a part of my life that disappears today". The former president, Minister of the Interior during the second term of Jacques Chirac, expressed his "deep sadness" after the announcement of the death of him who "embodied a France faithful to its universal values ​​and its role history "and" never gave up on our independence, as well as on its deep European commitment ".

Alain Juppé loses a long-time friend. Prime Minister between 1995 and 1997 and favorite lieutenant of Jacques Chirac, the former mayor of Bordeaux welcomed his death with "an immense sadness". "For more than 40 years, I have lived with Jacques Chirac an exceptional relationship of loyalty, trust, mutual friendship that was not only political but personal first," writes Alain Juppé.

For the leader of the deputies the Republicans, Christian Jacob "the Gaullist family loses one of its greatest inspirers". "My immense sorrow is worthy of the respect, admiration and affection I felt for him," he adds.

For Anne Hidalgo, "Paris is in mourning". The mayor of Paris hailed a "statesman out of the ordinary". "For us Parisians, he will be our mayor forever, passionately loving his city and its inhabitants," she said.

Marine Le Pen remembers "a great lover of overseas" and the President "able to oppose the madness of the war in Iraq."

German Chancellor Angela Merkel honors "a formidable partner and friend", European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker regrets that "Europe loses one of its leading figures, France a great man State, and me a faithful friend. "

Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri greets one of the "greatest men" in France.

In Moscow, President Vladimir Putin, who worked with him as head of state between 2000 and 2007 and had already professed his admiration for him, regrets a "wise and visionary leader who has always defended the interests of his country" .

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson salutes "a formidable political leader who shaped the destiny of his country", before addressing his condolences "to his family, his family and the French people".

Back to his biography in brief

- November 29, 1932: birth in Paris

- 1967: Member of Parliament for Corrèze (re-elected until 1995)

- 1968-1971: Secretary of State for the Economy and Finance. In May 68, participates in the Grenelle negotiations with President Pompidou

- 1971-1974: several times minister

- 1974: Prime Minister Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. In 1976, he resigned and founded the RPR (Rassemblement pour la République)

- 1977: elected mayor of Paris, re-elected twice

- 1978: launches "the call of Cochin" (against the European policy of the government)

- 1981: beaten by VGE in the first round of the presidential election. Mitterrand elected

- 1986: Prime Minister of the first cohabitation

- 1988: beaten in the presidential election by Mitterrand

- 1995: elected president (against Lionel Jospin)

- 1997: dissolves the Assembly but the left wins the legislative elections. Appoint Jospin to Matignon

- 2002: reelected easily president, against Jean-Marie Le Pen. At the July 14 parade, a right-wing activist tries to assassinate him

- 2003: leader of the "peace camp" against the war in Iraq

- 2005: victim of a cerebrovascular accident

- 2007: his rebellious heir Nicolas Sarkozy is elected president

- 2011: Sentenced to two years in prison suspended in the case of fictitious jobs of the mayor of Paris, first ex-president sentenced in court

- 2014: his wife Bernadette believes that, because of "memory problems" that affect him, he will never speak in public again

- 2016: death of his eldest daughter, Laurence

- September 26, 2019: death.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

YELLOW VESTS OR THE FEAR OF VIOLENCE

This 45th Saturday of mobilization of yellow vests worries the French authorities who announced the deployment of a major security device Saturday in the capital.

At the same time, there will be the Heritage Days and the Climate Walk.

The Interior Ministry and the Prefecture of Police fear a return of violence in the streets of the capital.

7500 officials and military will be mobilized Saturday in the capital to avoid any overflow on the sidelines of the demonstration of yellow vests and the march for the climate, announced the police chief this Friday at a press conference.

For several days, calls to go to Paris for the thugs are circulating on social networks.

The prefect was keen to warn the disruptive elements by ensuring that the police would be present in number, with a device of the same magnitude as that set up on 1-May.

"They say they will not let go, neither do we.

There is no question that they demonstrate on the Champs-Elysees, this perimeter will be prohibited.

Those who risk it will be immediately verbalized.

There must be no destruction of trade or fire, "said Didier Lallement in a determined tone.

Several institutions and museums will remain closed on Saturday despite the European Heritage Days, such as the Petit Palais and Grand Palais museums.


Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

MINISTERS PLACED UNDER SURVEILLANCE BY EMMANUEL MACRON

Macron is demanding a total commitment from his ministers, while the start of the school year will be marked by major reforms such as the law on bioethics, the issue of the PMA for all women, and the reform of pensions.

The key word of the Elysee: efficiency.

For the Head of State believes that the anger of "yellow vests" comes in particular from the lack of visible results since 2017.

In question: the slowness and the resistance of the administration.

So to the ministers to break the codes of the administration and manage their ministry as a start-up!

Moreover, Emmanuel Macron, as good manager as he is, gives the example:

he decided to place government members under surveillance through a smartphone app.

The tool, called the "public transformation scoreboard", makes it possible to follow the progress of current reforms or their effectiveness rate.

Its principle is simple: we enter a theme and a percentage appears. Brexit, duplication of CP classes in disadvantaged areas unemployment insurance ... all areas are listed to follow the concrete action of ministers on these topics.

And on the screen appears a slider for each reform:

if the practice goes well, the little bar is green, if it trails, it turns red.

The red of the bad student ! .

What give cold sweats to his ministers who must devote themselves body and soul to the country!

We do not know yet if he planned the bonnet !

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE LANCEUR D'ALERTE EDWARD SNOWDEN DEMANDE L'ASILE POLITIQUE A LA FRANCE

C'est un appel du pied à Emmanuel Macron. Dans une interview donnée à France Inter, qui sera diffusée lundi, le lanceur d'alerte américain Edward Snowden fait part de son désir d' obtenir l'asile politique en France.

« J'ai demandé l'asile en France en 2013 sous François Hollande. Évidemment, j'aimerais beaucoup que monsieur Macron m'accorde le droit d'asile », indique-t-il.

Ancien employé de l’agence nationale de la sécurité américaine (NSA), Edward Snowden avait révélé en 2013 l’existence d’un système de surveillance mondiale des communications et d’internet. Inculpé aux États-Unis d'espionnage et de vol de documents appartenant à l’État, il s’était réfugié en Russie la même année et son permis de séjour a été renouvelé jusqu’en 2020 .

Edward Snowden vit actuellement dans la région de Moscou  dans la crainte perpétuelle d'une arrestation des services américains. Edward Snowden n'utilise ni carte de crédit ni téléphone portable et n'échange que par communications cryptées via son équipe d'avocats.

L'Américain, inculpé aux États-Unis pour espionnage et vols de secrets d'État, a demandé la protection de plus de 20 pays, dont la France, mais se l'est toujours vue refuser jusqu'ici. D'où une longue cavale à travers le monde avant l'obtention de séjour temporaire à Moscou accordée par Vladimir Poutine.

« Le monde occidental en question »

Eward Snowden pointe le paradoxe des démocraties occidentales qui lui ont jusqu'ici refusé la demande d'asile. « On ne veut pas que la France devienne comme ces pays que vous n'aimez pas. Le plus triste dans toute cette histoire, c'est que le seul endroit où un lanceur d'alerte américain a la possibilité de parler, ce n'est pas en Europe mais c'est en Russie. (...) Ce n'est pas seulement la France qui est en question, c'est le monde occidental, c'est le système dans lequel on vit. Protéger les lanceurs d'alerte, ça n'a rien d'hostile. Accueillir quelqu'un comme moi ce n'est pas attaquer les États-Unis », argumente-t-il dans l'interview.

Publication de ses Mémoires

L'Américain de 36 ans publie aussi le 17 septembre prochain un livre très attendu, qui sort en France sous le titre Mémoires vives (éd. du Seuil). Il y reviendra sur son trajet d'ancien agent de la CIA, devenu la bête noire des services secrets américains après avoir révélé l'ampleur de la surveillance mondiale des communications par les Etats-Unis.

Elles seront publiées simultanément dans une vingtaine de pays dont les Etats-Unis- sous le titre « Permanent record » par Metropolitan Books -, la France, l’Allemagne, le Royaume-Uni, le Brésil ou encore Taïwan.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE RAPPORT OPERATION YELLOWHAMMER

LE CHAOS AU ROYAUME-UNI EN CAS DE BREXIT DUR ?

Le gouvernement britannique a publié mercredi 11 septembre 2019 les conclusions du dossier

« Opération Yellowhammer », un rapport qui évalue les conséquences les plus brutales d’un Brexit sans accord.

Si Boris Johnson a essuyé mercredi un nouveau revers, lorsque la justice écossaise a déclaré « illégale » la suspension controversée du Parlement jusqu'au 14 octobre 2019, il doit encore affronter la publication dans la presse de ce rapport peu encourageant en cas de no-deal.

Contraint par un vote du parlement le gouvernement de Boris Johnson s'est vu dans l'obligation de dévoiler au grand public l'ensemble de ce rapport confidentiel.

A quoi doit-on s'attendre en cas de Brexit sans accord ?

Alors que la perspective d'un Brexit dur n'est plus à exclure, les conséquences détaillées dans le rapport « Opération Yellowhammer »ne s’avèrent pas des plus encourageantes.

Douze domaines clés de l'économie britannique risquent d'être impactés négativement à court terme qu'il s'agisse de l'approvisionnement en eau et nourriture, de la santé, des transports ou des frontières, indique le rapport. Jusqu'à 85 % des poids lourds britanniques pourraient ne pas être en mesure de franchir les contrôles douaniers français, en cas de Brexit sans accord. La traversée de la Manche risquerait donc d'être singulièrement perturbée avec un trafic potentiellement réduit de 40% à 60%.

Des perturbations à prévoir au moins trois mois durant et qui auraient « un impact sur l'approvisionnement en médicaments et matériel médical », ainsi qu'en produits frais, met également en garde le document.

D'’importants mouvements de mécontentement dans tout le Royaume-Uni, voire des émeutes pourraient alors éclater dans le Royaume-Uni.

Une « augmentation des tensions communautaires » ?

Gibraltar pourrait être particulièrement affecté en raison de la mise en place de contrôles douaniers à sa frontière avec l’Espagne.

Ne sont pas à exclure non plus des incidents dans les zones de pêche entre pêcheurs britanniques et étrangers ce qui augmenterait « les désordres publics et les tensions communautaires ».

Enfin le projet britannique de suppression des contrôles à la frontière irlandaise « s'avérerait probablement non viable en raison d'importants risques sur les plans économique, juridique et de biosécurité », est-il encore indiqué, évoquant la possibilité de l'émergence d'un marché noir dans les communautés frontalières.

« L’état de préparation du public et du secteur marchand (...) restera faible (...) en raison de l’absence d’une vision claire sur la forme de la sortie de l’Union européenne », selon les documents.

Ces mises en garde ne font qu' accroitre la pression sur le Premier ministre Boris Johnson alors que. celui-ci a a donné  la date butoir du 31 octobre pour sortir de l'U.E., avec ou sans accord.

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DEFAITE DE BORIS JOHNSON FACE AU PARLEMENT

Le premier ministre britannique Boris Johnson a déclaré qu'il allait «s'évertuer à obtenir un accord» d'ici le sommet européen les 17 et 18 octobre à Bruxelles, juste après que les députés lui ont refusé mardi l'organisation d'élections législatives anticipées.

Les jours précédents ont été éprouvants pour le dirigeant conservateur qui s'est vu essuyer camouflet sur camouflet au parlement et perdre la majorité absolue à la suite de défections et d'expulsions de députés rebelles de son Parti conservateur.

Cette série de cinglants désaveux à la Chambre des Communes contrarient fortement sa stratégie d'un Brexit coûte que coûte.

Frontière irlandaise

En fin d'après-midi, il doit recevoir à Londres Arlene Foster, la cheffe du parti unioniste nord-irlandais DUP allié au gouvernement, et Nigel Dodds, son chef de file à la Chambre.

Londres et Bruxelles ne parviennent pas à s'entendre sur la manière de maintenir ouverte cette démarcation après le Brexit. Boris Johnson souhaite supprimer de l'accord de retrait négocié par Theresa May, une disposition qui empêcherait selon lui le Royaume-Uni d'avoir une politique commerciale indépendante.

Mais pour l'UE, faute de solution alternative crédible, hors de question de revenir sur cette mesure, appelée «backstop» (filet de sécurité).

Cette clause de sauvegarde prévoit que le Royaume-Uni tout entier reste dans un «territoire douanier unique» avec l'UE si une meilleure solution n'est pas trouvée à l'issue d'une période transitoire. Elle vise à empêcher le retour d'une frontière physique entre l'Irlande du Nord, une province britannique, et la République d'Irlande, un État membre de l'UE.

L'unioniste Arlene Foster a prévenu : la province ne devait pas être sacrifiée dans les discussions car cela entraînerait «la rupture» du Royaume-Uni.

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

BREXIT LOSS OF MAJORITY IN PARLIAMENT

FOR BORIS JOHNSON

An electric parliamentary return.

Just before Boris Johnson's speech, a Conservative MP leaves the Tory party benches, weaving through the aisles and joining elected Liberal Democrats opposed to Brexit.

The government of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson lost Tuesday, Sept. 3, his majority in Parliament, which was only one vote, with the defection of Conservative MP Phillip Lee.

"The Conservative government is aggressively pursuing a damaging Brexit. It endangers lives ... and unjustifiably threatens the integrity of the United Kingdom, "Phillip Lee said in a statement.

A decision taken on Tuesday while Boris Johnson was making a statement in front of a boiling Parliament.

Johnson warns: "You want to destroy any chance of reaching a new agreement with the Europeans ?

And then vote the bill ".

Opposition MPs and some of its own Conservative Party members want to prevent a Brexit without any agreement at all costs by getting a new postponement if necessary by January 31, 2020.

Boris Johnson warned on Monday that he would not accept "under any circumstances" to ask Brussels for a new Brexit report and is threatening to call early elections for 14 October.

All week, Boris Johnson will face opposition MPs and his own Conservative camp against the backdrop of the threat of early elections.

If opponents of the "no deal" win in Parliament, the head of government will present a motion to organize parliamentary elections on October 14.

This motion will be submitted to the vote of the deputies on Wednesday and will have to collect two thirds of the votes.


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

FRANCE UN MORT ET HUIT BLESSES

DANS UNE ATTAQUE AU COUTEAU A LYON

Un homme armé d'un couteau a semé la terreur samedi vers 16h30 à Villeurbanne près de Lyon attaquant les passants dont l'un, un jeune homme de 19 ans, a été tué.

Huit personnes ont aussi été blessées, dont trois grièvement.

L'auteur présumé de cette agression, dont les motivations sont encore inconnues, a été arrêté et placé en garde à vue pour « assassinat et tentative d'assassinats », a indiqué le parquet de Lyon.

En sanglots une jeune femme explique à France 2 :

« Il a mis des coups de couteau dans tous les sens, il a réussi à ouvrir le ventre d'une personne, il a mis un coup de couteau dans la tête à un mec, il a ouvert à l'oreille à une dame. »

Quelques heures après l'agression au couteau à la sortie du métro à Villeurbanne, l'on sait que le suspect est un Afghan demandeur d'asile âgé de 33 ans, inconnu jusqu'à maintenant des services de police et de renseignement.

L'agresseur présumé « se mure dans le silence ». A ce stade de l'enquête la piste terroriste n'est pas privilégiée.

Le maire de Lyon et ancien ministre de l'Intérieur Gérard Collomb a cependant appelé la population à « rester très prudente » sur le caractère terroriste ou non de cette « attaque au couteau », lors d'une brève déclaration à la presse.

En mai dernier, l'explosion d'un colis piégé au centre de de Lyon avait fait 14 blessés dans une ville jusque-là épargnée par la vague d'attentats djihadistes qui a frappé la France à partir de 2015.

Le suspect, un Algérien radicalisé de 24 ans, Mohamed Hichem Medjoub, a été inculpé et écroué.

Nicolas Jacquet, procureur de la République de Lyon, tiendra une conférence de presse ce dimanche à 15 heures.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

BREXIT COUP DE TONNERRE AU PARLEMENT

« Cette décision constitue un affront à la Constitution. Quelle que soit la manière dont on l’habille, il est ultra-évident que l’objectif d’une suspension maintenant serait d’empêcher le Parlement de débattre du Brexit et de s’acquitter de sa tâche », a déclaré à la BBC John Bercow , président de la Chambre des communes.


Le Premier ministre Boris Johnson a demandé, mercredi 28 août, à la reine Elizabeth II de suspendre les travaux du Parlement pendant cinq semaines. La monarque a donné son accord, qui est généralement une formalité, dans l'après-midi.

Le document précise que la suspension devra démarrer « pas plus tôt que le lundi 9 septembre et pas plus tard que le jeudi 12 septembre ». Les parlementaires ne siégeront à nouveau qu'à partir du 14 octobre, soit deux semaines avant la date prévue du Brexit. La rentrée parlementaire qui était normalement prévue pour le 3 septembre devrait reprendre le 14 octobre avec un discours de la Reine selon la BBC et Sky News. Ce discours préparé par le gouvernement établit un programme législatif pour l’année à venir

Deux semaines pour « débattre » du Brexit.

Boris Johnson affirme que les députés auront « l'occasion de débattre du programme du gouvernement et de son approche du Brexit avant le Conseil européen [des 17 et 18 octobre] et pourront ensuite voter les 21 et 22 octobre, une fois son résultat connu ». « Si je réussis à conclure un accord avec l'UE, le Parlement pourra alors passer la loi pour la ratification de l'accord avant le 31 octobre », a-t-il déclaré

Tout pour éviter un « no deal »

Le chef de l’opposition travailliste Jeremy Corbyn a quant à lui affirmé qu’il ferait tout son possible pour empêcher un Brexit sans accord. Une telle éventualité, a-t-il dit, mettrait le Royaume-Uni à la merci du président Donald Trump et des entreprises américaines.

Les partis d’opposition ont d’ailleurs annoncé mardi un accord de coopération en vue de prévenir un « no deal », après des discussions entre Jeremy Corbyn, le Parti national écossais (SNP), les libéraux-démocrates, le Parti Vert et le Groupe indépendant pour le changement.

« Un affront à la Constitution »

La décision de Boris Johnson ministre est « un affront à la Constitution », visant à empêcher les députés de débattre, a déclaré dans la foulée le président de la Chambre des communes, John Bercow.

« Cette décision constitue un affront à la Constitution. Quelle que soit la manière dont on l’habille, il est ultra-évident que l’objectif d’une suspension maintenant serait d’empêcher le Parlement de débattre du Brexit et de s’acquitter de sa tâche », a-t-il déclaré à la BBC.

Auparavant, la porte-parole de l’opposition travailliste pour les Affaires intérieures, la députée Diane Abbott, avait parlé de « coup d’État ».

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

AFTER THE HOME OF THE MIGRANTS OF THE OPEN ARMS THE HOME OF THE VIKING OCEAN IN EUROPE

Several European Union countries have reached an agreement for the distribution of migrants rescued by the Ocean Viking, the SOS Méditerranée boat and Médecins sans Frontière.

The 356 migrants will be distributed in six countries of the European Union. In the process, Christophe Castaner, the Minister of the Interior, announced that France would welcome 150 of the 365 migrants.

"The 356 people on board, saved in the Mediterranean Sea (...), will be able to disembark at Valletta. France maintains its solidarity: 150 will be welcomed in the coming days on our territory ", announced Christophe Castaner on his Twitter account, this Friday, three days after the landing in Italy of another humanitarian ship, the Open Arms, of which France will collect 40 migrants.

Spread between six European countries

"All the migrants on board" of the NGO SOS Mediterranean and Médecins sans Frontières humanitarian boat will be transferred on a Maltese military boat, then brought ashore and divided between France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and Romania, said Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat earlier on his Twitter account.

The six-country agreement came "following discussions with the European Commission and some member states, namely France and Germany," said the head of the Maltese government.

19 days at sea and an explosive situation on the boat

On the boat, the situation is every day more difficult. Food stocks available for the 356 rescued people are starting to run out, said Médecins Sans Frontières, which estimates it has "four days" of reserves, including Friday. "After that, we will have to tinker with what we have left of the previous missions".

The boat of SOS Mediterranean and Médecins sans Frontières is on Friday for the 12th day in international waters between Malta and Sicily since its last rescue operation, waiting to be allowed to disembark its passengers.

People rescued off Libyan waters arrived on board severely dehydrated after spending four days at sea aboard canoes Most of these people, two-thirds of whom came from Sudan, fled Libya to escape ill-treatment. , arbitrary detentions and sometimes even torture, according to the medical team.

Among those rescued off Libyan waters are four women and five children aged 1 to 6, as well as around 100 children under the age of 18, 80 per cent of whom travel alone, sometimes between the ages of 13 and 15.

An agreement that comes less than three days after the end of a similar crisis was played off the Italian island of Lampedusa: The Spanish ship Open Arms was finally allowed to dock Tuesday night.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

POLITICAL CRISIS IN ITALY

RESIGNATION OF PRIME MINISTER GIUSEPPE CONTE

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte announced in the Senate that he would resign to President Sergio Mattarella.

Resignation of Prime Minister Conde accusing Salvini

"I am interrupting this experience of government here, I intend to conclude this institutional passage in a coherent way, I will go see the President of the Republic to present my resignation," said Mr. Conte, pointing out that before he would listen the debate scheduled to last four hours.

Guiseppe Conte also delivered a very harsh speech against the Minister of the Interior, Matteo Salvini, accusing him of being "irresponsible" and having only "pursued his own interests and those of his party", exploding the ruling coalition on August 8th. He also accused him of "running serious risks", to Italy, mentioning in particular the danger of a negative economic spiral.

Giuseppe Conte also warned that there was now a risk of seeing a VAT increase that will increase mechanically next January if nothing is done to fill a hole of 23 billion euros.

It is indeed the leader of the League (far right) that triggered hostilities on August 8, accusing its partners of the M5S (antisystem) to multiply the refusal on tax cuts or major projects. Just after blowing up the coalition, the Lombard embarked on a media tour of beaches to conquer the South, constantly pushing for elections in the fall.

What will happen now

Either a new government is formed with a large pro-European coalition. Either early elections are provoked. A new ballot is what Matteo Salvini wants.

The leader of the League has one goal: to become the sole leader of Italy. In the event of a swift legislative election, he knows that the polls give him 40% of the votes, he could then be on board, with the support of a neo-fascist party, Fratelli d'Italia.

Salvini "would do exactly the same thing"

In his reply to Conte's speech, Salvini, invoking "the protection of the immaculate heart of Mary," assured that he "would do exactly the same thing" and attacked his former allies of the M5S. "If this government is interrupted, it is because of these gentlemen who always say no and block everything," he said, accusing other parliamentarians of "being afraid of the judgment of the people" and of return to the vote.

The ball is now in the court of President Matarella, the referee of political crises in Italy.

If he accepts the formation of a replacement government, Salvini will be relegated to the opposition for 4 years, and he will have lost his bet.

But in the event that President Matarella deems these coalitions too wobbly, we would then move towards early elections, and a probable victory for Salvini, who would become de facto the strongman of Italy.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT YELLOWHAMMER OPERATION

OR THE PROJECT FEARS

When a secret report leaked in the British press yesterday, Boris Johnson on Monday urged Germany and France to pave the way for a compromise on Brexit, while again ensuring that the UK would be ready to leave the European Union without agreement. "We will be ready to leave on October 31, whether there is an agreement or not," the British government chief, who is expected in Berlin on Wednesday and in Paris on Thursday, told the press: "Of course, our friends and partners , on the other side of the Channel, are a little reluctant to change their attitude. Very well. I am sure they will do it. I hope they will compromise. They saw that the British Parliament rejected the withdrawal agreement three times, that the backstop does not work, that it is not democratic. I hope they will see fit to compromise

"I want an agreement. We are ready to work with our friends and partners to achieve this, but to get a good deal for the UK, you have to be prepared to leave at the same time, "added Boris Johnson.

Yet the consequences of a "no deal" could be dramatic.

Shortages of food, petrol and medicine, blockages in ports and reestablishment of a physical border in Ireland, that is what the UK will face in the event of an exit without EU approval. This was revealed by the British Sunday Times newspaper on Sunday, August 18, having leaked an official report. The Government also considers that the reestablishment of a physical border between the Republic of Ireland and the British province of Northern Ireland is likely, as current plans to avoid generalized controls will be ineffective. Times.

The same report also reveals the existence of a secret plan, prepared by the British government to avoid the collapse of the country after the divorce: "Operation Yellowhammer".

The Times point out that these British government forecasts do not present the worst-case scenario, but rather the most likely repercussions of a Brexit without agreement.

Energy Minister Kwasi Kwarteng, however, assured Sky News that the UK would be "fully prepared" to leave the EU on 31 October.

"I think there is a lot of alarmism in the air and a lot of people are playing the project scare card," he lamented Sunday, repeating an expression - "Project Fear" - Popularized by Brexit supporters during the referendum campaign of 2016 to discredit the warnings of the "Remainers" on the consequences of a divorce with Europeans.

If at 10, Downing Street, the services of Prime Minister Boris Johnson do not make comments, the United Kingdom seems to be heading straight for a constitutional crisis and an exit from the EU.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson promised that the country would leave the bloc on October 31, with or without agreement. The opposition is using its weapons to try to avoid, as of September 3, this issue that worries economic circles.

Also Labor Party leader Jeremy Corbyn this week called for a vote of no confidence against May's successor and a "temporary limited time" government to postpone the Brexit date. beyond 31 October and hold new legislative elections.

"We are in front of a national emergency, and the Parliament must be summoned immediately", write these opponents to Brexit.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

ECOLOGICAL DISASTER ON THE ISLAND OF EUBEE


It is an "ecological disaster" on the island of Euboea ravaged by flames for more than 30 hours one of the best preserved hideaways of wild fauna and flora in Greece. "It's a huge ecological disaster in a unique pine forest", which has remained "intact" to this day, said outgoing regional governor Costas Bakoyannis.

The Greek firefighters were fighting on Wednesday to overcome the violent fire that devastates since Tuesday a natural reserve on the island of Euboea, Greece, where the local governor already deplores "a huge ecological disaster."

The disaster, which evolves on a front of 12 km, did not make a victim but resulted in the evacuation of four villages of the island, the second of Greece by its size after Crete, located at a hundred kilometers north-east of Athens. "From Psachna to Kontodespoti and Makrymalli, everything is burned. We are fortunate to have no human casualties, "said Thanassis Karakatzas, a civil protection officer.

Some 200 firefighters are on site, helped by 75 land vehicles, nine helicopters and seven water bombers, according to the Greek fire service. An Italian water bomber was to lend a hand in the day, before the reinforcement expected in the evening of two planes from Spain and another from Italy. At the request of Greece, the European Union (EU) has mobilized its resources from the rescue mechanism, which is operational in anticipation of forest fires in Europe.

Greece, where the thermometer climbed up to 40 ° C, has been hit in recent days by a series of fires. The head of civil protection has put the emergency services at a very high alert level due to the combination of scorching temperatures, high winds and drought.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

POLITICAL CHAOS IN ITALY

THE LEAGUE OF MATTEO SALVINI IN THE OPPOSITION

Will Salvini be going back to the opposition soon, when he is demanding "full powers" after a new election ?

This is likely to happen after the Italian Senate on Tuesday rejected the draft censure motion of the government of Giuseppe Conte, which was based for 14 months on an alliance between the Salvini League and the Movement 5 Stars (M5S). Luigi Di Maio.

Towards the voice of an "Italexit" ?

The Minister of the Interior had detonated the coalition last week calling for the vote of this text as soon as possible to return to the polls, while polls are favorable. "Let's go straight to Parliament to take note that there is no longer a majority (...) and quickly give the floor to the voters," he said in a statement Thursday.

By associating with the rest of the right, including Berlusconi and Fratelli d'Italia, with whom he shares many values, Salvini is credited with about 54% of the votes. With his popularity, the Minister of the Interior simply wants to get a free hand to carry the iron against Brussels.

Towards an alternative majority and a cabinet of technicians

But the joint vote of the M5S, a former ally of the League, and the Democratic Party pushed by Matteo Renzi could pave the way for an alternative majority and senators have asked Giuseppe Conte to come to Parliament next Tuesday, to try to to resolve the crisis.

By refusing mistrust against the executive, the Senate blocked Salvini. In spite of the renewed alliance with its old allies of the traditional right, Forza Italia of the "Cavalliere" aging Berlusconi and the neo-fascists of Brothers of Italy, "Il Capitano", strong of its triumph during the European of May - 34% of votes - did not obtain a majority in the Senate.

"Captain Fracasse Salvini missed his appointment and created an unexpected crisis even for his own," attacked Matteo Renzi. The former President of the Council (2014-2016) proposed to the M5S to join forces behind an "institutional government" and "no tax", which would reduce the number of parliamentarians and adopt the 2020 budget.

An association between the Social Democrats and the populists would avoid a government crisis and early parliamentary elections.

In addition, the president, Sergio Mattarella, the only one with the power to dissolve Parliament, is reluctant to summon the electorate at a time when his country, in debt, must adopt the next budget while bargaining with Brussels.

This Christian Democrat would consider entrusting the current President of the Council, Giuseppe Conte, the formation of a cabinet of technicians ... An alternative to "save Italy" the danger of an "extremist drift" for Renzi and to ward off the specter of "political chaos" that "could drive the country out of Europe," according to Enrico Lett.

Long ardent supporter of European construction, Italy is today among the disappointed of the EU, whether we speak of economy, the single currency or migration policy.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT BORIS JOHNSON CONSIDERS NO-DEAL AS AN ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY

The arrival of Boris Johnson strengthens the scenario of a no-deal. If the two sides can not reach an agreement, the UK could leave the EU without a divorce agreement, a scenario that Boris Johnson says is ready: he says he wants to leave the EU at any cost by 31 October, deadline Brexit already twice postponed.

"The United Kingdom is better prepared for this situation than many think," said Johnson Thursday, which however wants to accelerate the pace of preparations. He asked Michael Gove, his right-hand man in government, to make "no deal" preparation his "top priority".


The arrival at 10 Downing Street Boris Johnson, leader of the campaign for the "Leave" at the time of the referendum, changes the deal.

The odds seem slim to reach a compromise in just three months around a revision of the agreement negotiated by Theresa May, and rejected three times by the British Parliament. Boris Johnson is particularly hostile to the safeguard clause providing for a continuation in the customs union, in order to maintain fluid exchanges between the two Ireland. The removal of this back-stop is a real yellow line for the other EU Member States.

But leaving the EU without a divorce agreement is no problem for Boris Johnson.

The British Parliament, however, is mostly hostile to an exit without agreement. To impose this "no deal", Boris Johnson could decide to suspend Parliament, preventing MPs from voting. Boris Johnson says he is ready to go strong.

This is what he recalled during his speech on Saturday 27 July in Manchester where he announced his priorities for the country and reaffirmed his firmness with regard to the Brexit negotiations. The British Prime Minister said Saturday, July 27, 2019 that the Brexit represented a "huge economic opportunity" , although it was treated by his predecessor Theresa May as a "hostile climate event".

"Leaving the European Union is a huge economic opportunity to do things that we have never been allowed to do for decades," said the new Prime Minister.

He also promised new investments in the regions that voted in favor of Brexit in the 2016 referendum, notably ensuring that he would intensify the negotiations on post-Brexit trade agreements and set up free ports to boost trade. 'economy.

£ 3.6 billion fund for cities

"To regain control does not only mean that Westminster will regain its sovereignty over the EU, it also means that our villages, our cities and our counties will become more autonomous," he said.

The prime minister also promised to empower local communities and strengthen telecommunications and transport infrastructure.

It has announced a fund of 3.6 billion pounds sterling (4 billion euros), the "Towns' Fund" ("Cities Fund") to support 100 cities in difficulty, "so they have transport and the improved telecommunications networks they need. "

For a resumption of negotiations Boris Johnson remains uncompromising.

"We can not do it as long as this anti-democratic backstop, which seeks to divide our country, divide the United Kingdom, remains in place. We need to remove it and then we can move forward, "he said.

Also, if all options remain possible in the coming months, including the organization of early elections and / or a second referendum on Brexit, the outcome remains unclear. Jeremy Corbyn, head of Labor, the main opposition party, wants the British to speak in a "public vote" on the Brexit or in early parliamentary elections.

Such a vote could be organized following the vote of a no-confidence motion against the government filed by Labor, which says wait for the best time to do so.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

BORIS JOHNSON AT DOWNING STREET

The race at Downing Street has ended.

Boris Johnson wins the race on Tuesday, July 23, 2019 to become the new British Prime Minister. The vote of 160,000 members of the Conservative Party ended Monday afternoon and the result was proclaimed on Tuesday by the party authorities. The 55-year-old former foreign minister defeated 52-year-old Jeremy Hunt, the current head of British diplomacy.

Boris Johnson, a fervent defender of Brexit since 2016, was given an ultra-favorite despite being a contested personality even in his own camp. According to an opinion poll published by the Conservativehome website, he would win 73% of the vote. His opponent, Jeremy Hunt, the current Minister of Foreign Affairs, had also announced in advance the outcome of the electoral contest by declaring himself ready to work with the former mayor of London.

At 55, who was once a reporter for the Daily Telegraph and also a correspondent for the American magazine The Spectator, before singing the Brexit, will succeed where Theresa May failed. The mission of the future head of government is not easy. Whether on the interior-Brexit ...- or outside-Iran, environment ...- BoJo, as we call him, will have to treat them with skill.

The Brexit crisis

While Boris Johnson announces that he is ready to do anything to conclude the Brexit on October 31, leaving it to do without agreement, the demonstration, no later than Saturday in the streets of London, of tens of thousands of British pro -Europe shows indeed that British voters are divided on the issue of Brexit. Even dominated by the Conservatives, Parliament also rejects the prospect of a "no deal". Fearing a passage in force of the future Prime Minister, the House of Commons voted on Thursday, an amendment prohibiting any exit from the Union without a vote of Parliament.

Two outgoing government heavyweights, Finance Minister Philip Hammond and Justice Minister David Gauke, disagreeing with Boris Johnson over the Brexit, have also said they would resign in case of Boris Johnson's victory because "serving in his government would include the acceptance of an exit without agreement ", which they say they are unable to join. Two statements that illustrate the tensions that may face the future tenant of 10 Downing Street.

A "wonderful trade deal" with the United States

Donald Trump has certainly sparked a "wonderful trade deal" in the UK once out of the EU. But concretely, what will happen to this promise? We know that the majority of American Democrats in the House of Representatives do not want to give a present to Trump already in campaign for his re-election. We also know that having left the European Union, the United Kingdom will be in a position of weakness to negotiate a trade agreement with Trump, an uncompromising businessman.

The crisis with Iran

Another hot issue awaits the new Prime Minister who will have to resolve the crisis with Iran caused by the arrest of a tanker flying the British flag in the Persian Gulf by the Guardians of the revolution. London's position on the Iranian nuclear issue, which until now has been stuck with that of the Europeans, could change. .. The United Kingdom could indeed, in favor of the Iranian crisis, align itself with the American policy which denounced the treaty.

The winner of the vote will be appointed leader of the Tory party and will travel Wednesday to Queen Elizabeth II, who will give him the responsibility to form the government.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SURGING ZELENSKY TO UKRAINIAN LEGISLATIVES

President Zelensky won a massive victory on Sunday, July 21, 2019, with 42% of the vote in the parliamentary elections, so that his party, Servant of the People, could govern alone.

If two parties proved however indispensable are preselected to play the reinforcing forces in the presidential majority:

Batkivshchina, the formation of former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko (7.4% of the vote), or Holos, the party created by the rockstar Sviatoslav Vakarchuk, another quadra, two months ago.

Mr Zelensky has already proposed negotiations to Mr Vakarchuk to form a coalition that will appoint the government.

Elected triumphantly in the presidency of the country in April, the former humorist concluded no less brilliantly the act II of his conquest of power.

He is about to take control of Parliament, an indispensable step in the profound transformation of the country he has promised to voters.

After this plebiscite the Ukrainian president made a sober statement.

"It's not just a signal of trust, it's also a huge responsibility for me and my team," Zelensky said, saying, "I'm sure it can help end the war. »

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ON THE WIRE OF BURKINI

AND WE FIND AT THE END THE BILLION GEORGES SOROS

The case of the burkini in the public bathing places (swimming pools, beaches etc ..) had arisen in August 2016, when the Prime Minister Manuel Valls had publicly reframed the former minister Najat Vallaud-Belkacem who had opposed the orders against -burkini taken by about thirty mayors, all political trends combined.

The question of burkini, which had calmed down a bit, has just resurfaced this year in Grenoble (but also in Villeurbanne) between May and June.

On June 23, a group of 7 women from the "Rosa Parks Musulmanes" collective, surrounded by members of Alliance Citoyenne, made their mark in the swimming pool of the Jean Bron swimming pool in Grenoble, wearing a burkini.

The case made a big splash.

Faced with the press, they invoked civil disobedience to oppose the swimming pool regulations deemed discriminatory.

These "incidents" that moved widely in France have led some to investigate the origins of the Alliance Alliance citizen.

And there! big surprise!

The Alliance Citoyenne association appears in the list of beneficiaries of the generous "Open Society Foundations", a network of foundations created by the controversial billionaire American-Hungarian Georges Soros.

In 2016, the Citizen Alliance was awarded $ 80,000.
Through its activity (or activism?) The association wants to rise in France at a national level, as part of the anti-discrimination campaign organization.

According to our excellent colleague, the Enchainé Duck, (see its edition of July 3) the association is chaired by Taous Hammouti (the origin of a petition for the release of Tarik Ramadan). The association is also a partner of Muslim Students, an organization considered close to the Muslim Brotherhood.

Is not the solution to dissolve all associations financed by Soros ?! The State and local communities would save money because they all benefit from public subsidies!

But in France, it must be known, the President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron supporting the Sorosian policy ... the solution must be temporarily removed.

But at this point, we have to come back to the Soros character!

Forbes magazine estimates its fortune at $ 8 billion, mostly transferred to Open Society Foundations which brings together a myriad of NGOs organized into a sprawling network. The billionaire supports: OXFAM, Green Peace, Amnisty International, Humans Rights, PICUM (Platform for International Cooperation on Undocument Migrants) an association promoting migrants.

It has in France many relays including the lawyer William Bourdon who assists the jiadists who want to return to France, Sherpa, Reporteres without Border. Through his financial networks, Georges Soros financed the Acquarius, famous notoriéte. Soros also infiltrated the Vatican when the Holy See had financial problems.

It is difficult, as we can see, to dismiss it because it belongs to the world oligarchy. But Salvini, Orban, Kurz, Putin and Trump have been thrown out of their respective countries.

The fight remains, however uneven especially when we learn that the stock speculator spends millions of euros to lobby the European Commission and the European Parliament.

According to Magyar Idök, Georges Soros could have had more than twenty appointments with Jean Claude Junker since his appointment on November 1, 2014. Each time, it is easy to imagine that immigration files are the order of the day.

In fact, almost a third of MEPs are in his pocket!

The millions of euros spent by Sorgos on European lobbying paid off as, in a report approved on 17 January 2019 in Strasbourg, the EU decided to allocate to the next seven-year budget, 1.8 billion euros to finance the new European program "Rights and Values", the bulk of which is intended for associations led by Soros ... and therefore the Grenoble association which initiated the provocations of Grenoble.

Georges Soros will be 89 on August 12th. In the photos he looks more and more tired, marked by age. But he is resistant and very active again.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

TWO WOMEN HAVE EUROPEAN KEY POSTS

On Tuesday, 2 July, the Heads of State proposed the appointment of the German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen as President of the European Commission. IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde will take over from Mario Draghi at the European Central Bank (ECB) in early November. Two women, and a new casting. Finally the term to the laborious negotiations that until now had led to failure.

Ursula von der Leyen, a faithful of Angela Merkel

If the European Parliament gives the green light, it will be the first woman to hold this position. Member of the CDU like Angela Merkel, Ursula von der Leyen has always displayed her loyalty to the Chancellor, even if she distanced herself from her on certain topics, such as the introduction of an inter-professional minimum wage or female quotas for women. She has served in all the German Chancellor's governments since taking office in 2005: she was successively Minister in charge of the Family (2005-2009), Labor (2009-2013). and Defense (since 2013).

A trained doctor and mother of seven, Ursula von der Leyen, 60, is fluent in French and English. She is above all a fine connoisseur of the workings of the Union. She was born and raised in Brussels when her father was European Commissioner, before becoming Minister-President of Lower Saxony.

At the head of the European Commission, she will have to manage the multi-year budget 2021-2027 on which the Europeans will have to agree by autumn. Since May 2018, the European Commission has put a draft budget on the table. But to finance its new priorities and compensate for the departure of the British, it provides for a dry cut of 5% in the common agricultural policy. A decline deemed "unthinkable" by Paris.

Christine Lagarde "Ms. International Economist"

European heads of state have also appointed France's Christine Lagarde to take over from Mario Draghi as President of the European Central Bank (ECB) on 1 November. By becoming head of the Frankfurt institution, the director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) marks a clear break.

First woman to lead the prestigious business law firm Baker McKenzie, first woman to hold the post of Minister of the Economy in France in 2007, then first woman to head the International Monetary Fund (IMF) four years later Later, she became the first woman to chair the European Central Bank (ECB).

The appointment of Christine Lagarde as President of the ECB, which according to Andrew Kenningham, Chief Economist Europe at Capital Economics, should be at least as dovish as Mario Draghi, who will succeed in November, is well received by the markets. This appointment "reinforces our confidence that the ECB will ease its monetary policy in the coming months. We believe the bank should lower its deposit rate in September and restart QE before the end of the year, "he wrote.

His appointment to the ECB also reassures the countries of southern Europe, including Italy, who have a dim view of the candidacy of the president of the Bundesbank, Jens Weidmann, defender of a more orthodox line. Christine Lagarde will have to decide whether to pursue the same line of monetary policy in the years to come.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

ITALIAN BUDGET DEFICIT AND MINI-BOTS

DEBT OR CURRENCY

Italy has just obtained a reprieve (the second) of 3 months to escape sanctions in case of excessive budget deficit (discussions will resume end of August). If Italy did not respect the European rules, the fine could reach 3.5 billion euros or 0.2% of Italian GDP, it being specified that the Italian budget deficit already sketched could be around 2.1 % of GDP, below the probable deficit for 2020 of France (3.1% which was downgraded by 0.1% for 2020 following the Yellow Gilets affair and the government's promise of lower taxes Philippe).

The Italian budget file was mentioned in the margins of the G20 in Osaka (Japan).

The Italian President, Guiseppe Conte (without label and Europhile) said he was satisfied and confident for the future. At the beginning of June, however, he had threatened to resign "if his country did not meet its financial obligations". "I am not the one who will sign the infringement procedure," he said in a speech on 1 June 2019.

During the stay of 3 months, it will be necessary that the promises of reductions in budgetary expenditure made in return by the Minister of Economy and Finance, Giovanni Tria - a minister close to the League but favorable to the euro, but also one of the strongmen of the Italian government - be confirmed.

This scenario is that of the European "Mainstream" elite. Because …

Everything would go for the best in the best worlds Europhiles, if:

- Mattéo Salvini did not become the strongman of Italy after the League's final victory in the last European elections (almost 40% in some Italian regions)

- if, from 31st October 2019, there was no reshuffle of the European Commission (the term of office of the Commissioners is 5 years) which risks transforming the composition of the Commission after the renewal of the "top Jobs" Currently underway in Brussels. In any event Jean-Claude Junker will no longer chair this commission from 31 October.

The arm wrestling, or a negotiation on new bases with Brussels remain on the agenda.

However, it remains difficult to prejudge the outcome of the Italian budget dossier, even if Italy's indebtedness continues to grow steadily (132.2% of GDP in 2018, 137.7% in 2019, 135 , 7% in 2020) and even if in the aftermath of the European elections there was a real easing on the interest rates that Mario Draghi had raised, by manipulation, to punish the Italians because of "their budgetary indiscipline" and of their too populist orientations.

Indeed, Mattéo Salvini is not the clone of Alexis Tsipras.

Mattéo Salvini is advised by Claudio Borghi, a brilliant economist who foresaw the 2007/2008 monetary and financial crisis

Penetrated by the Greek and Cypriot experiences, the Italian nationalist and popular right has been preparing a response plan for many months. On May 28, 2019, the Italian deputies voted the creation of payment vouchers, or mini treasure bonds or mini-bots, this on the proposal of the President of the Budget Commission, Claudio Borghi (see above), contemptor of the euro which wishes, supported by Senator Alberto Bergnai (economist training too) to return to the European Community before Maastricht. The new system should allow Italy to get out of the budget stranglehold of the euro.

Contrary to what is commonly said, the problem of Italy is more that of its economic growth (stopped since the creation of the euro) than that of its debt (the primary budget of Italy is in equilibrium it is the financial charges that lead to it and put it in deficit). With this weak growth, youth unemployment reaches 50%, an intolerable level socially and politically.

Italians also have problems with their banks including Montepacshi which is in great difficulty.

The sluggish activity of Italy weighs on the activity of companies that repay very badly their loans, which weakens the banking sector. The companies also have social and fiscal debts towards the State which leads the State to very badly paying its suppliers / creditors (the debt of the Italian State towards its suppliers suppliers of public contracts today amounts to € 50 billion with exceptionally long payment terms.

With the mini-Bots system, companies will now be allowed to free themselves from their debts to the State by using the aforementioned mini-Bots and thus be able to purge their balance sheet of mandatory and legal provisions previously, which will then allow them to massively inject new liquidity (3% of GDP) into the economic circuit through their consumption. But companies can also use these mini-Bots, which will be interchangeable with the banknotes in € (the mini-Bots will exist for the moment only as fiduciary money, usable only internally), to pay wages; these mini-bots can then be used in turn by individuals to pay their taxes and "and so on, and so on .." We will witness the establishment of a circular system of discharge payments in Italy.

But, knowing that the bank note is defined as an instrument of payment full discharge, it is easy to think that shortly, the mini-Bot will be called ... read. For internal use only .. But for how long?

Because, of course, the ECB (European Central Bank) will not accept this system. She had not already accepted it when it was proposed more discreetly by Yanis Varoufakis (Greek economist and anti-austerity politician) at the time of the Greek crisis. As a measure of retaliation, it will certainly refuse to refinance Italian banks and evade the idea of ​​buying back public and private securities or public or private bonds in the event of a banking crisis, thus causing a serious financial crisis in Italy. The ECB could even in such a context, go so far as to exclude Italy from the eurozone ?!

As described, is it the subtle strategy that Matteo Salvini built that would wait for the EU to put Italy out of business? Which Mattéo Salvini could then reply: "if you kick us out, then we leave"! Observing simultaneously that it is not Italy that will have violated the Treaties!

As we see, these decisions could lead dangerously to the disintegration of the euro zone, so dear to Emmanuel Macron.

With a foreseeable depreciation of 15 to 20% of the lira, the new Italian version of the euro, the European banking and financial markets will inevitably be contaminated, especially those of Germany, which is the most exposed. The Target 2 (European clearing house) will then disappear and the eurozone will burst with the consequence of the total elimination of the euro ...

The sketched scenario is black ... but will it go to its end because the EU without Italy, it does not make more sense! Should the austerity policy imposed by Jean Claude Junker continue without risk of bursting? This is the fundamental question that remains on the eve of the appointment of the President of the ECB!

We can see that the choice of personalities who will preside over the future of Europe for five years is crucial.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

INSTITUTIONAL EUROPEAN DISAGREE ABOUT KEY POSITIONS OR THE BREAK OF THE TOP JOBS

Since the day after the European elections, the three main political families,

EPP (Christian Democracy), S & D (Socialists) and Liberal (ALDE) are looking for future European leaders: Presidency of the Parliament, Presidency of the European Council, Central Bank (ECB) and High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs.

Since the day after the European elections held in late May in all EU countries, negotiations on the subject have proved difficult, they must not only be part of the results out of the polls but must also hold account of the double political key derived from the Treaty, namely:

1 ° the presidency of the Commission is decided by a qualified majority of the 28 states (ie 21 states representing 65% of the population)

2 ° by an absolute majority for the presidency of Parliament

3 ° knowing that it is the basis and in principle required that candidates have a profile of "very high level" able to allow them to respond to Trump, Putin or Xi Jinping.

Since the day after the European elections, France and Germany, without which no agreement is possible, agree on nothing on these subjects, yet essential for the balances and the future of the EU.

The Brussels summit (Consillium) of 20 and 21 June, where the issue had been put on the agenda, ended in deadlock while, as we know, the deadline for installation of the European Parliament in his new composition is scheduled for July 2? Hurry up !

It is through the European Parliament that everything must begin.

The European Parliament is the only EU institution elected by universal suffrage. Its political influence and powers have grown steadily since 1957. The European Parliament plays a major role in the decision-making process of the European Union: it votes jointly with the European Council and on a proposal from the Commission, the legislation of the European Union. Union; it establishes the budget and exercises political control over all the institutions; it has the important power to choose the President of the European Commission on a proposal from the Council.

In this context, we understand better why it is the process of appointment of the President of the Commission which was first debated, some like the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, wanting to link more this designation to the election results in Parliament ("SpitzenKandidat" procedure), on the other hand, like the French President Emmanuel Macron, wanting to detach him.

What is the "SpitzenKandidat" procedure?

Since the Lisbon Treaty of 2009, it is no longer the Heads of State who appoint the President of the Commission but it is the President of the European Parliament and in this context the Treaty of 2009 provided a real link with the result European elections.

According to these rules, the European Council must propose a candidate for the office of President of the Commission taking into account the electoral results.

The candidate for the Presidency of the European Parliament must be previously elected by the MEPs, or more precisely by the majority that emerged during the elections.

It is therefore on the basis of the Treaty that the "SpitzenKandidat" procedure was introduced, a system borrowed from the German electoral system. The term "SpitzenKandidat" therefore refers to "the candidate at the top of the list". On 7 February 2018, the outgoing European Parliament reiterated its commitment to this method of selecting the Commission President, which he said had been a success since 2004 (see example of Jean Claude Junker from the EPP).

Applied to the EU, it refers to the mechanism by which the President of the European Parliament, who will then designate the President of the Commission, must be the candidate of the group with the most seats and is therefore the majority.

However, to achieve this result, each group must have previously nominated its candidate and counted its troops.

The EPP which is still the majority group (even though it lost seats due to the defeat of the LR and Bellamy in France) and which now has 182 seats has nominated Manfred Weber, a candidate Naturally, he is destined to become President of the Commission and who, moreover, is supported by the German Chancellor.

This solution did not prove everyone's taste. In recent weeks, indeed, voices have been raised against the mechanism of "SpintzKandidat". Among them, Donald Tusk, the President in his current formation of the European Council who declared recently that: "the selection mechanism put in place since 2004 was not automatic, the Heads of State or Heads of Government considering that they had to enjoy a certain autonomy? "

Negotiations must continue today, Friday, June 29 at the G20 in Osaka (Japan).

At the time of writing Manfred Weber still holds the rope, supported by Angela Merkel. Manfred Weber, who has been a member of the European Parliament since 2004 and is from the very conservative CSU, the Bavarian branch of the German CDU from which Angela Merkel is a member, is a stranger to the public. "He has never been Head of State or Prime Minister", a flaw that does not fail to meet Emmanuel Macron who finds it .... Too young…

Engineer training, it is a pure European product. His appointment as head of the EPP was a surprise. He does not speak French, and practices basic English (fluently speaking French and English are two requirements for states to hold the position of President of the European Commission).

To get the job, Manfred Weber will have at least 372 votes on his name in Parliament, a high figure that the EPP can not bring alone (18 seats).

On June 20, since Brussels social democrats and liberals announced that they will not vote for the "SpintzKandidat" German. The sling is led by Emmanuel Macron himself;

But since then, the EPP has made it known that he did not intend to abandon his candidate, however weakened. The current President of the EPP, Joseph Daulh, a close friend of Angela Merkel has not hesitated to brandish the threat of blockage. The lone rider and the arrogance (once more) of Emmanuel Macron are raising hostility and a "french basching" that have already alienated him a lot of support.

German side, the exasperation is indeed at its height. The CDU / CSU is furious and more and more determined to block, in response, the candidate Emmanuel Macron, the French Michel Barnier, the negotiator Brexit.

The relationship between Emmanuel Macaron and Angela has once again deteriorated.

The battle for key positions in Europe has become a battleground between Paris and Berlin, which will leave traces.

In the meantime we are within 6 days of the installation of the European Parliament which should take place on July 2nd. Behind the scenes, it is announced that breakfasts are in danger of being prepared, to be able to give time to the time, a few hours .... Additional that could be useful.

In this rather unprecedented power struggle, once again, European democracy and its future are at stake and risk taking a hit.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THE CONVICTED PENALTY FOR GANG RAPE

15 YEARS OF JAIL

For justice, "La Meute" was guilty of a gang rape. The highest court in Spain has reclassified the facts in this case that moved Spain last year. The highest court in Spain has increased the sentences handed down against five men to 15 years by re-characterizing the facts as "rape" in the "La Meute" case.

Spanish justice has only twice seen sexual abuse. The Supreme Court decided the question definitively: he had a collective rape. They were sentenced to 15 years in prison each.

These five men, nicknamed "The Pack", had collectively raped an 18-year-old girl in July 2016 in Pamplona (north), in the midst of San Firmin celebrations.

They boasted about WhatsApp

Less than a quarter of an hour after having met her, drunk, they had him chained blowjobs and reports without condoms in the entrance of a building, before stealing his phone and leaving it half-naked. Bragging about a WhatsApp group, the five men had broadcast images of their actions.

Their conviction at first instance in April 2018 at nine years for sexual abuse - and not for rape - and their provisional release had led to massive demonstrations across the country.

This sentence had been confirmed in December by an appellate court which had found that there had been no violence and that it was too difficult to determine whether there had been intimidation, the two conditions necessary to conclude the case. rape, according to the Spanish Penal Code.

But the Supreme Court overturned these two court decisions and held that the facts "could not constitute a crime of sexual abuse" but were "rape".

Describing a "real intimidation scenario", the five magistrates, including two women, stressed that "at no point did the victim consent to the sexual acts committed by the accused". "It is unacceptable to force the law to extremes by demanding victims of heroic attitudes that would lead them to endure greater harm," wrote the prosecution. Referring to "intimidation sufficient to annul the will of the victim", the prosecutor's office therefore requested the recognition of the rape.

Since then, the socialist government has announced its intention to reform the Penal Code to introduce the concept of explicit sexual consent, modeled on Sweden, where any sexual act without clear agreement is considered rape. The decision could be known as early as Frida.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

TWO FINALISTS FOR THE POST

PRIME MINISTER IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

Theresa May 's former foreign minister will contest the Conservative Party's vote for the premiership against tough "brexiter" Boris Johnson.

Conservative Party members will now choose from these two candidates to replace Theresa May at 10 Downing Street. They are now only two in the race for 10 Downing Street and the head of the Conservative Party in the UK. Former London mayor Boris Johnson and British Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt have been chosen by Conservative MPs to run for successor Prime Minister Theresa May after a fifth vote Thursday June 20th. The results of this consultation will be known in the week of July 22nd.

An eloquent but drab personality, 52-year-old Jeremy Hunt, who became a multimillionaire after founding Hotcourses, a company specializing in university websites, went into politics in 2015 by being elected in a constituency in Surrey (South West London). ) acquired by the Conservatives. Close to former prime minister David Cameron, he was his minister of culture, before becoming health minister for eight years.

After taking a stand against the Brexit in the 2016 referendum, he turned out in the fall of 2017, saying he would vote for the Brexit in the event of a second referendum because of the "arrogance" of the European Commission in negotiations with London. Promoted foreign minister in June 2018 after the resignation of Boris Johnson, he dared to compare the European Union to a Soviet prison. Aware of the importance of Brexit for his country, Mr. Hunt said: "I measure the responsibility that weighs on my shoulders: show my party how we can implement Brexit without provoking an election," responded Jeremy Hunt on Twitter.

Jeremy Hunt intends to renegotiate the exit agreement of the United Kingdom concluded in November with Brussels. He is willing to postpone the date of Brexit, if European leaders agree to reopen negotiations. But the head of the British diplomacy is also ready to leave the European Union without agreement if they refuse.

Less moderate than his rival, Boris Johnson however leaves as the favorite in this race, with a large lead of 160 votes out of 313, followed by Jeremy Hunt, 77 votes. Theresa May's former foreign minister, Boris Johnson said on Twitter "deeply honored to have obtained more than 50% of the vote". The former mayor of London meanwhile wants the UK to leave the EU on October 31, renegotiated agreement or not. And it even threatens not to pay the Brexit bill - an amount estimated between 40 and 45 billion euros - if the EU does not accept better conditions for his country. Some see already Boris Johnson elected to the position of leader of the Party, except if he becomes his own enemy ...

This vote is crucial for the United Kingdom in the appointment of the next leader of the Conservative Party, who will return the keys of 10 Downing Street but also the thorny issue of Brexit, scheduled for October 31.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

FRANCE EMERGENCIES IN STRIKE

On Tuesday, June 11th, at the call of the inter-union CGT-FO-Sud Santé and CFE-CGC, health care workers are called to protest against the deterioration of public services in hospitals.

Events are planned in the regions, and in Paris, in front of the Ministry of Health.

At the same time, Agnès Buzyn will be facing senators to defend her "My Health 2022" bill, which must "restore a necessary breath to our health care system".

She also promised a "refit mission" of emergency services led by LaRem deputy Thomas Mesnier.

More than 95 emergency services on strike all over the territory, striking teams requisitioned manu militari at home to take their job, exhausted carers forced to be stopped by their doctor, the situation is explosive in emergencies.

The emergency strike is a fundamental movement that the umpteenth mission, even "refoundation", commissioned by the health minister Agnès Buzyn, will not calm.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

D-DAY OR PEACE IN HERITAGE

Donald and Melania Trump met Emmanuel and Brigitte Macron on Thursday morning to honor the memory of the American fighters for the 75th anniversary of the landing.

France is celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Allied landing on the beaches of Normandy Thursday in the presence of Donald Trump, Emmanuel Macron, and several veteran centenarians.

The American president and his wife Melania landed in the middle of the morning in Caen aboard Air Force One.

A key step in the liberation of Europe from the Nazi yoke, this landing is the largest in history by the number of ships engaged. Nearly 3,000 Norman civilians lost their lives on June 6 and 7, almost as many as military allies on D-Day.

Early this morning, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron began these celebrations on the French side by unveiling the first stone of the future memorial in honor of the British military in Ver-sur-Mer (Calvados).

The French president reaffirmed the solidity of the "singular ties" between France and the United Kingdom despite the prospect of Brexit, and just before the next departure of Mrs. May from the head of the British government.

This ceremony is one of his last official appearances abroad. At the end of the ceremony, the two leaders greeted the veterans before admiring the Gold Beach.

Donald and Melania Trump met Thursday morning Emmanuel and Brigitte Macron to honor the memory of the American fighters for the 75th anniversary of the landing.

The American cemetery of Colleville-sur-Mer, majestic site overlooking the cliff counts 9,387 white crosses or stars of David perfectly aligned on a green lawn that seems to extend as far as the eye can see.

Approximately 160 veterans of the Second World War (45 D-Day) are present for the ceremony

For their part, French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe and his Canadian counterpart Justin Trudeau celebrated the 14,000 Canadians landed on June 6th.

"75 years ago today, on these shores, on these cliffs, 10,000 men shed their blood and thousands sacrificed their lives for their brothers, their countries, and for the survival of freedom," said Le President Donald Trump.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

75TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE LANDING

The celebrations kick off today in Portsmouth, England, where an international ceremony brings together Queen Elizabeth II, British Prime Minister Theresa May, Donald Trump, Emmanuel Macron and Justin Trudeau.

After attending two hours of performances, they will participate in a lunch together.

Thursday, they are expected on seven French sites of Normandy for a diplomatico-memorial sequence within the framework of the

"D Day".

In total more than 280 events have been labeled for this 75th anniversary of the landing, with many popular balls, fireworks and jumps paratroopers.

Key stage of the liberation of Europe from the Nazi yoke, the landing of June 6, 1944 is the most important in history by the number of ships engaged:

6,939 ships landed 132,700 men on the beaches of Normandy.

Nearly 3,000 Norman civilians lost their lives on June 6 and 7, almost as many as allies on D-Day.

From 5 to 6 million tourists are expected in 2019 on the sites of the Battle of Normandy as part of this event.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

TRIUMPHANT ARRIVAL OF DONALD TRUMP

IN LONDON

From Monday, the US President begins a three-day official visit to the United Kingdom, to commemorate the Allied landing in Normandy.

Just hours before Air Force One landed on British soil on Monday, June 3, Donald Trump cracked a tweet that openly criticized the mayor of London.

He described the mayor of the British capital Sadiq Khan as "loser total". "Sadiq Khan (...)

made some nasty comments "about the President of the United States," tweeted Donald Trump, saying the "total loser" would do better to focus on fighting crime in London.

A funny way to thank the one who will be his host for three days.

Fortunately the President of the United States will not meet the city council during this stay, but Theresa May, Prime Minister on the departure for failing to implement the exit of the European Union, three years after the Brexit referendum.

Last July, during a previous visit, Donald Trump had already lectured to the head of the government on this inextricable Brexit.

This time again, Donald Trump should not hesitate to play moralists with his British counterpart.

In an interview with The Sunday Times on Sunday, June 2, the US president reiterated his commitment to a tough Brexit.

Equal to himself, Donald Trump also recommended his future successor to leave the EU without agreement and made the former foreign minister Boris Johnson, a supporter of a hard Brexit, his champion to replace it.

Jeremy Corbyn, head of Labor, Britain's main opposition party, called Donald Trump's comments "an unacceptable interference in our democracy".

Among his opponents, the American president even counts Meghan Markle. The Duchess of Sussex has even pretended to have to take care of Archie not to have to rub shoulders with the President of the United States Buckingham Palace.

Since then, he has been called "nasty" in an interview.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

MOSCOW SPY THE RUSSIANS TINDER USERS

The famous Tinder dating application will have to collaborate with the Russian security services, including the FSB, by sharing the data of its users.

This was stated by Russian Internet policeman Roskomnadzor on Monday.

Roskomnadzor maintains a list of active online services in Russia that must provide the data of their users to the Russian authorities, if they so request.

Tinder "was added to this register after providing the necessary information, at the request of Roskomnadzor," tweeted the Russian telecom agency.

Roskomnadzor draws up this list in collaboration with the Russian security services.

It obliges its members to share encryption keys with the authorities and to keep the data of their users in Russia for six months.

Currently, this register has dozens of companies including the Russian social network Vkontakte.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

AUSTRIA HAS A CHANCELLAR

Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen on Thursday appointed the head of the Constitutional Court as interim chancellor.

She is the first woman to hold this position.

Brigitte Bierlein is in charge of forming an interim technical government that will carry out day-to-day business pending the legislative elections scheduled for September. His predecessor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown by the parliament following the Ibizagate corruption scandal.

"I will strive to win the trust of the Austrians," said Brigitte Bierlein in a televised statement where she appeared alongside President Van der Bellen.

She announced that she will begin discussions with political parties and civil society organizations in the coming days.

She said that Clemens Jablons, a former president of the Supreme Administrative Court, "was ready to assume the functions of Vice Chancellor and Minister of Justice". She added that she would propose the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to diplomat Alexander Schallenberg.

Motion of censure

Austrian Conservative Chancellor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown Monday by a motion of censure. It was voted by the main opposition parties, ten days after the scandal of Ibizagate that blew up the coalition that his party OVP had formed with the far right of the FPÖ.

The ÖVP-FPÖ coalition shattered with the broadcast on 17 May of a trap video shot in 2017 on the Spanish island of Ibiza.

In this video, the Vice Chancellor and former FPÖ leader, Heinz-Christian Strache, showed himself ready to offer the grand niece of a Russian oligarch important public contracts in exchange for illegal funding.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

AUSTRIA HAS A CHANCELLAR

Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen on Thursday appointed the head of the Constitutional Court as interim chancellor.

She is the first woman to hold this position.

Brigitte Bierlein is in charge of forming an interim technical government that will carry out day-to-day business pending the legislative elections scheduled for September. His predecessor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown by the parliament following the Ibizagate corruption scandal.

"I will strive to win the trust of the Austrians," said Brigitte Bierlein in a televised statement where she appeared alongside President Van der Bellen.

She announced that she will begin discussions with political parties and civil society organizations in the coming days.

She said that Clemens Jablons, a former president of the Supreme Administrative Court, "was ready to assume the functions of Vice Chancellor and Minister of Justice". She added that she would propose the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to diplomat Alexander Schallenberg.

Motion of censure

Austrian Conservative Chancellor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown Monday by a motion of censure. It was voted by the main opposition parties, ten days after the scandal of Ibizagate that blew up the coalition that his party OVP had formed with the far right of the FPÖ.

The ÖVP-FPÖ coalition shattered with the broadcast on 17 May of a trap video shot in 2017 on the Spanish island of Ibiza.

In this video, the Vice Chancellor and former FPÖ leader, Heinz-Christian Strache, showed himself ready to offer the grand niece of a Russian oligarch important public contracts in exchange for illegal funding

A GREEN EUROPEAN WAVE WITH WHICH POLITICAL PARTIES HAVE TO COMPOSER

The elections "show that we are not only putting the climate crisis on the street agenda, but also in the polling stations", welcomed the figurehead of the Fridays for Future in Germany, Luisa Neubauer.

With two-digit scores among EU heavyweights, particularly in Germany and France, the ecologist parties have achieved a historic success for Europeans: the climate emergency is now a crucial issue for voters .

The German Grünen doubled their results compared to 2014 with 20.9% of the vote. In France, ecologists are in 3rd position with 12%. In Austria, Ireland and the Netherlands, their counterparts are also above 10%, with important scores expected in the United Kingdom and Belgium.

Why such an unprecedented breakthrough of environmentalists ?

The Greens arrived with this election to seduce an electorate hitherto little present in the polls, namely the youth.

According to a poll * Ipsos / Sopra Steria for France Televisions and Radio France, the Greens EELV have indeed collected 25% of the vote among 18-24 years, ahead of this age group, the RN (15%) and LREM (12%). And during this election, EELV became the first party among 18-34 year olds.

A success that goes beyond borders: in Germany, the Greens (Grüne) are also in the lead in the under 30 years, with 33% of the vote. In the German electorate, a generational breakthrough is also emerging, the Greens arriving largely in front of the conservative 18-44 years when the CDU-CSU Merkel dominates in the over 60 years.

What validate the emergence of a generation ecologist carried by the youth ?

The ecological issue has gained the awareness of young people because they know they will live the global warming and will suffer the consequences especially as the alarming alarms launched by the scientific community have multiplied. These very political issues can therefore be very mobilizing for youth. Moreover, the latter has seized the subject by organizing in recent months the markets for the climate and the "Fridays for future" throughout Europe.

But if environmentalists today seduce a large part of young European voters, they are far from having conquered the entire new generation and to be attached to it. The trend is not unanimous in Europe, especially in Spain, Italy, Greece and the East, where the ecologist parties are almost non-existent. Moreover, the youth wants a radical transformation of the society, which no party currently proposes to them and 60% of the young people did not vote.

The Greens, who could find themselves in the position of kingmakers or influence the composition of the European Commission and the identity of its president, if neither the center-right (EPP) nor the center-left (PSE) can reach to obtain an absolute majority, in any case, intends to adopt a very pragmatic position. Asked on German television, the leader of the European Greens refused to comment on his preference: "What interests us is that our proposals" are taken, hammered Ska Keller.

"This result is an invitation to the whole political spectrum: really attack the climate crisis," tweeted Luisa Neubauer, "the planet does not care whether climate protection is left or liberal.»

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

EUROPEAN ELECTIONS

THESE EGERIES OF ECOLOGY

They are young and embody this rising generation that places the future of the planet at the heart of the political debate.

Thanks to these girls, Greta, Luisa and others the breakthrough of ecologists in the European elections has spread throughout Europe.

Without these young people, who are often not yet old enough to vote, the Green parties in the European Union may have seen a surge, but their all-out activism in the media, on the street and on social media has undeniably a mobilizing effect.

The European Greens achieved a strong boost, driven in particular by the scores of German (20.5%), French (13.47%) and British (12.1%) ecologists.

At 16, Greta Thunberg of Sweden, the face of a global movement, has hundreds of thousands of young people converge on her name in dozens of countries at Fridays For Future events, and is emulated everywhere.

One of them, 23-year-old student Luisa Neubauer, is nicknamed "the German Greta".

Greta has inspired other girls and women, as in Belgium the Flemish students Anuna De Wever, 17, and Kyra Gantois, 20, or Uganda Leah Namugerwa, 14.

Anuna and Kyra have already published an essay, We Are the Climate. Letter to all , published in France at Stock.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

AUSTRIAN CHANCELLER SEBASTIAN KURZ RENOVATED BY PARLIAMENT

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz was overthrown on Monday by a motion of censure adopted by the main opposition parties, ten days after the scandal of the Ibizagate that blew up the coalition he had formed with the far right.

The government's fate of 32-year-old politician, who has been in power since the end of 2017, was sealed by the FPÖ's decision on Monday to vote for defiance alongside the Social Democrats of the SPÖ. These two formations cumulate a majority of 103 mandates in the hemicycle of 183 seats.

It is now up to President Alexander Van der Bellen to form an interim technical government that will send the day-to-day business until the autumn.

Still quoted as a model by the supporters of a hard line in Europe for the government he had formed with the FPÖ, the young Conservative head of government was himself swept away by the political crisis that involved his former ally. He made an appointment with his supporters for the early legislative elections in September.

The youngest leader in Europe, Sebastian Kurz becomes the first Austrian chancellor to be overthrown by a motion of censure, and the one with the shortest mandate, despite popularity rates at the highest.

The dismissal of Kurz comes paradoxically after his party ÖVP on Sunday collected the highest score ever achieved by an Austrian training to European since the accession of the country in 1995, from 34.9% to 35.4% of the vote according to the projections.

The leader of the Conservatives now has the free hand to prepare the legislative. "In September, it will be the people who decide," said Kurz during his first public appearance after his dismissal.

"I'm still here and we will fight. The change I initiated two years ago will not stop, "he said in a campaign-like speech.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE NEW EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT


Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

THERESA MAY ANNOUNCES RESIGNATION

BROYEE BY BREXIT

"Theresa May must now resign," Conservative MP David Evennett had said on Twitter.

"We need a new Prime Minister, a new government and a new approach to Brexit".

It's done soon:

the Prime Minister said on Friday that she was resigning from her position.

Theresa May announced Friday her resignation following her failure to pass his plan to withdraw from the European Union. An effective resignation on 7 June.

The voice strangled by emotion, Theresa May said she would resign as head of the Conservative Party - and therefore government leader - on June 7, in a speech at 10 Downing Street.

She expressed, on the verge of tears, "a deep regret at not having been able to implement Brexit".

Boris Johnson, Brexiters champion, is among the favorites to replace her.

Applications for succession must be submitted by June 14th. The following week, Conservative MPs will start eliminating candidates one by one through successive votes to end up with a final duet, "a process that should be completed by the end of June," the party said on Friday. Its members will then choose their favorite from the two finalists. In office until the election of the new leader of the Conservative Party, Theresa May will remain prime minister at the latest until the end of July.

"My successor will have to find a way forward that honors the outcome of the referendum," she said as final advice.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT OR A SECOND REFERENDUM

"Vote my law, and you can then amend it with a second referendum," said the head of government by presenting to the deputies the text of the divorce agreement with the EU

British Prime Minister Theresa May proposed on Tuesday, May 21, for deputies to vote for a "new Brexit agreement" to allow the UK to leave the European Union, as the British voted. is three years old. For them, this is a "last chance" to respond to the will of voters.

It must indeed submit in the week of June 3 in the House of Commons a law implementing the Brexit, and this while the deputies have rejected three times the agreement with the European Union.

The draft Withdrawal Agreement Bill that the British prime minister plans to submit to the vote of the deputies includes a provision for a vote for or against holding a new referendum on the text.

"I recognize the sincere and genuine strength of the House's feeling on this important issue," said Theresa May. "The government will therefore include in the introduction of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill the obligation to vote on whether or not to hold a second referendum," she said. "This must happen before the withdrawal agreement is ratified," she said.

Therefore, to members who want a second referendum to confirm the agreement, I say that it will be necessary to adopt the Withdrawal Agreement Bill for it to take place. "

Ms May said she also listened to the concerns of unionists from the Northern Ireland party DUP about the "backstop", a solution included in the EU withdrawal treaty and intended to prevent the return of a border. between the British province of Northern Ireland and Ireland. The backstop, a solution of last resort, would only come into effect after the transition period and if no other solution was found by mid-2020 between London and Brussels.

The Conservative leader also said that her bill will provide additional guarantees on workers' rights and environmental protections, which was also demanded by the Labor opposition.

Announcements that come four days after Labor broke up talks with Theresa May.

Whatever happens, the head of the government should leave office in the wake, pushed to the exit by his own camp...

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE GREAT APPOINTMENT OF NATIONALIST RIGHTS IN MILAN OR TOWARDS A BROAD COALITION ?

Matteo Salvini gathered this Saturday the representatives of a dozen sovereignist parties to conquer the European Union. A week before the European ballot Matteo Salvini and his main ally Marine Le Pen, President of the National Rally (RN) in France wish to succeed the alliance of twelve nationalist parties and identities, whose positions differ on many points.

They have been crisscrossing Europe in recent weeks in the hope of creating a large group of MEPs to change the face of the European Union from within. The Italian dreams of captain of populists in Strasbourg. Matteo Salvini seems in a position of strength: to be in power and Minister of the Interior, that is to say, the one who precisely is there to regulate migratory flows, fight crime is an undeniable asset.

"We are on the eve of a historic feat. For the first time in sixty years, we have the capacity to embody a real alternation within the hemicycle of Strasbourg. Like blocking the European Union in its mad rush for more federalism, "said the president of the RN Thursday in an interview with Le Figaro.

The Europe of nations and freedoms, third force of Parliament?

Their goal is to make the group Europe of Nations and Freedoms (ENL), where the League, the RN, the Austrian FPÖ or Flemish Flemish Vlaams Belang, the third force of the European Parliament, a place also coveted by the Liberals of Europe. ALDE, where could sit the French elected behind President Emmanuel Macron.

In addition to the historical allies of the ENL Group, the leader of the League can boast of having gathered around him heavyweights such as the German AfD, the Danish People's Party and the True Finns. The spearhead of the anti-migrants line in Europe has been able to attract candidates who are not members of the same political group in the European Parliament. This is the case, for example, of Olli Kotro of the True Finns, or Anders Vistisen of the Danish People's Party, who are among the European Conservatives and Reformists (CRE). But neither the conservatives of the Polish Pis, nor the party of the Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, have yielded to the mermaids of the populist rally.

Divergences

This is because the differences are indeed numerous, as, for example, the relationship to be maintained with Russia, Marine Le Pen and Matteo Salvini being close to Moscow while the nationalist parties of the former communist countries are allergic to it. For Warsaw, very suspicious of Moscow, therefore impossible to associate with the group ENL deemed very close to the Kremlin. Viktor Orban, temporarily suspended from the European Right (EPP) because of his authoritarian excesses, is content to flirt with the extreme right.

Even in the matter of immigration, an alliance between Matteo Salvini and George Meuthen, a leader of the German AfD also present in Milan, seems totally impossible, Salvini wanting, for example, a redistribution of refugees in Europe, Meuthen not wanting to welcome any refugee . Divergences of economic order are also worth noting: Marine Le Pen is much less pro-European and much more economically interventionist than almost all extremists right in the European Parliament. For example, the Austrian FPÖ has always had a classical European dimension, comparable to that of the Republicans.

However, despite the many differences, Europe has a major argument: money. To create a group in the European Parliament is to obtain funds which then allow the parties to do internal politics. It is therefore possible that the nationalist parties manage to make an alliance ...

And according to projections, the eurosceptic camp could occupy between 170 and 180 seats in the future Parliament out of 751.

Alizon Braxton for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT THERESA MAY ON THE DEPARTURE

The Labor opposition broke negotiations with the government on Brexit on Friday, six days before the European elections.

Discussions on the UK's exit agreement from the EU have "gone as far as possible" given the "growing weakness and instability" of the Conservative government, Labor Chief Jeremy Corbyn said Friday in a letter to Theresa May. For him, the "eroded authority" of the leader calls into question its ability to "materialize any commitment" made during these talks

The majority and the main opposition party in London had been trying since the beginning of April to find a compromise on the Brexit terms. The goal was to find a middle ground that would have allowed Theresa May to have her vote in parliament passed and thus trigger Brexit. The Labor leader explains that both parties have been "unable to fill in important policy gaps.

Pushed to the exit by his

But the coup de grace came this Thursday from the dreaded 1922 Committee that brings together Conservative MPs who are not members of the government. The latter pushed the Conservative leader to resign, which announced "a timetable for the election of a new leader of the Conservative Party," in other words, a new prime minister. In the United Kingdom, the party leader who commands a majority in the House of Commons becomes head of government.

Theresa May is therefore living her last days at the head of a British government paralyzed by the inability to find a UK exit agreement from the EU.

The disastrous results for his party in the local elections in early May and the disturbing polls for the Europeans sealed the fate of Theresa May, with the populists in ambush.

Voters criticize the Conservatives but also the Labor their procrastination on the Brexit, originally scheduled for March 29 but postponed to October 31. For the fourth and last time, the British Prime Minister will ask deputies in early June, a vote in favor of the agreement on Brexit it signed in November 2018 with the twenty-seven countries of the European Union (EU) . Then, whatever the outcome of the vote, she will bow.

Candidates on the starting blocks

Boris Johnson confirmed Thursday that he would run for the post of prime minister. The former mayor of London, 54, was one of the great architects of the Brexit victory in the referendum of June 2016. Appointed foreign minister in the wake of Theresa May, he has constantly criticized his strategy in negotiations with Brussels, before resigning to defend a hard-Brexit. But Michael Gove, Minister of the Environment, Jeremy Hunt, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Andrea Leadsom, Minister for Parliamentary Relations, are also potential heads of government.

But the UK still does not know when or how it will come out of the EU.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

JUDICIAL SERIAL CONTINUES
FOR JULIAN ASSANGE FOUNDER OF WIKILEAKS

The investigation for rape, which is accused the founder of WikiLeaks, is reopened by the Swedish courts. Swedish justice announced Monday the reopening of the investigation for rape against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. She hopes to see him appear before a court before the prescription of the crime in 2020 if he is not extradited by then to the United States.

The announcement of the Stockholm prosecutor's office revives a judicial soap opera that has lasted for almost a decade. During this period, Julian Assange and his supporters have not stopped denouncing a maneuver intended to extradite him to the United States to answer leaks of US secret documents by WikiLeaks.

It is officially to avoid this extradition that the Australian had taken refuge in 2012 at the Embassy of Ecuador in London. In his absence, and unable to advance the investigation, the Swedish justice had abandoned the prosecution in May 2017. But his spectacular arrest on April 11 in London had revived the hope of the complainant and his lawyer to see him surrendered. to Sweden for a trial before the prescription expires in August 2020.

"I decided today to reopen the investigation," said Eva-Marie Persson, deputy prosecutor, at a press conference. "Mr. Assange having left the Ecuadorian embassy, ​​circumstances are ripe to demand surrender (to (Sweden) under a European arrest warrant, which was not the case before April 11. " The prosecution will issue as soon as possible a European arrest warrant against Mr Assange.

Thirty years old at the material time, the complainant had met her alleged attacker at a WikiLeaks conference in Stockholm. She accuses him of having sex on the night of August 16 to 17, while she slept and without a condom when she repeatedly denied him any unprotected sex.

Julian Assange has always maintained that she was consenting and agreed not to use a condom.

"Strong signal"

His Swedish lawyer, Per E Samuelson, said on Monday that Sweden was "ridiculing" by relaunching "10-year-old" lawsuits. "I'm not in the least worried about the issue of guilt," he said on television.

For the complainant's lawyer, the Swedish court's decision "sends a strong signal". "No one is above the law, not even when one is called Julian Assange," Elisabeth Massi Fritz told reporters in Stockholm.

Hack

47-year-old Julian Assange is charged by US criminal conspiracy justice for "hacking" for helping former US intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning obtain a password and gain access to thousands of classified secret-defense documents. He refuses to be extradited to the United States, where according to the American justice representative, he faces a maximum sentence of five years in prison. The process of examining the request for extradition to the United States is proceeding.

However, according to the Swedish public prosecutor's office, in "cases of competition between a European arrest warrant and an American extradition request, it is the British authorities who set the order of priority».

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

EUROPEAN ELECTIONS EMMANUEL MACRON

A QUIT OR DOUBLE

"I will put all my energy into making the National Gathering (RN), which is a deconstruction list of Europe, not in the lead ; I am a French and European patriot; they are nationalists "Emmanuel Macron, Sibiu (Romania) Thursday, May 9, 2019

All the mysticism on which Emmanuel Macron founded his 2017 presidential campaign was anchored on the idea that the "future" president of the Republic "En Marche" aspired to transform France by means of Europe.

A majority of French heard the message and voted by 56% of the votes for this young and "brand new" 39 year candidate.

On the European theme, Emmanuel Macron had unquestionably in 2017 "rekindled European stars" in the spirit of the French.

On the subject of Europe alone, Emmanuel Macron aroused torrents of enthusiasm during his meetings: in the name of the latter the public stood up !

From his election, the head of state has not stopped to remember his European fight, especially during his famous speech at the Sorbonne (26/09/2017) or through the severe polemics he did not cease to talk with the vices Italian presidents of extreme right, (thus populist and nationalistic) Di Maio and Salvini, then a little later with the Hungarian Prime Minister, Victor Orban.

But, behind these duels scarcely speckled, the President of the French Republic wished, it was quickly understood, to assert his leadership on the history of Europe in the next decade or more.

The subject then quickly took a franco-French turn when Emmanuel Macron allowed himself to evoke "the populist leprosy that wins" even though, at the European level, he was obliged to note simultaneously his isolation, on his Europeanist theses, more to the weakening of Angela Merkel.

At the beginning of his mandate Emmanuel Macron thought he could count on an ally: the people. The social movements provoked by the appearance of the Yellow Vests brought him at the end of the year 2018 a stinging denial!

The King is now naked! Incapable of furthermore to measure the phenomenon of deep rejection which it provoked and the tide of hostilities whose manifestations every Saturday of the Yellow Vests were the expression.

Therefore, to revive the macronist dynamic, it was necessary to review the speech and strategy of the LREM movement, culminated in the entry into the calamitous campaign of Nathalie Loiseau, former Minister of European Affairs and head of the list "The Renaissance" (LREM ).

For this, the idea has gradually emerged in Emmanuel Macron's entourage that it would be better to leave the European elections in a good position; and to go out in good position it was necessary to worry, to frighten and to sound the general mobilization against the nationalists.

Thus appeared a new Macronist electoral strategy that we saw evolve towards dramatization as "the populist threat" (?) Was becoming strong .... And supposedly threatening for the future of Europe!

And this leaves to simplify the message ! Leave to customize it to a maximum!

It is in this context that, from his arrival in Sibiu (Romania), the Head of State did not hesitate to hammer: "the alternative is clear: the choice is between those who want to build Europe together even in a different way and those who want to deconstruct it, and even destroy it to return to nationalism. Me or chaos! To use a Gaullian saying.

In line with this analysis, Emmanuel Macron has been living for a few days in the role of better coach and better electoral stimulus. In this role for example, the President of the Republic did not hesitate to be the only speaker to intervene on the electoral clip of the list "The Renaissance" led by Nathalie Loiseau, clip that should be broadcast from tomorrow.

The response of Marine Le Pen did not wait. Invited on LCI on Thursday, May 9, the President of the National Gathering denounced the role of Party leader and Campaign Director of the President of the Republic, who according to the principles of the Fifth Republic is normally the President of the Republic. All French : "If these elections because of the personal commitment of Emmanuel Macron are transformed into a referendum, pro macron, it is necessary that the latter draw the consequences and that in case of personal failure he has the honor and the dignity of doing like General De Gaulle, let him go if he does not come to mind. "

The tone has just climbed abruptly between the Head of State and the President of RN.

The match is open! He may be violent! It also risks reserving big surprises, whether Nathalie Loiseau is filling in or not in the polls.

Today for the 3rd time the two curves of results have crossed. The RN list is in the lead with 22.5% of the vote, with LREM-La Renaissance below with 22%.

In this situation we can estimate that the future of Emmanuel Macron is likely to be played out or double.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

A THIRTY-FOURTH LIST FOR EUROPEAN ELECTIONS OR THE UNION OF FRENCH MUSLIM DEMOCRATS

A thirty-fourth list in France for Europeans. The Union of French Muslim Democrats (UDMF) has indeed taken the train of European elections in motion. The party obtained Thursday, May 9 the authorization of the Ministry of the Interior to present its list "A Europe at the service of the people" at the polls of May 26.

The list was invalidated at first: according to Nagib Azergui, founder of the party and head of the list was missing a handwritten mention of some documents submitted by the candidates of the UDMF. The Ministry of the Interior finally validated it, after consulting the Council of State.

The Union of Muslim Democrats of France, born at the end of 2012, was created by Nagib Azergui, from Nanterre (Hauts-de-Seine).

The program of the list "A Europe at the service of the people" is centered around "seven capital challenges", including the ecology, the fight against tax evasion, the will of the living-together notably with the will displayed at the end of program of "a law (...) inscribed in the European Parliament to condemn any dissemination of hate speech towards the Muslim community by allowing the dissolution of any Islamophobic associations or groups, all media that exploit this Islamophobic literature to make profit by conveying anti-Muslim conspiracy theories, "says the program.

The Union of French Muslim Democrats intends to fight against Islamophobia while rejecting the idea of ​​communitarianism. A challenge............

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

EUROPEAN ELECTIONS 2019 FRENCH LISTS

They have been classified according to the order of circulation of the Ministry of the Interior. There are 33 of them

1 La France insoumise (La France insoumise et Gauche républicaine et socialiste)
2 Une France royale au cœur de l'Europe (Alliance royale)
3 La ligne claire (Souveraineté, identité et liberté et Parti de l'innocence)
4 Parti pirate
5 Renaissance soutenue par La République en marche, le MoDem et ses partenaires
6 Démocratie représentative
7 Ensemble Patriotes et Gilets jaunes : pour la France, sortons de l'Union européenne (Les Patriotes)
8 PACE – Parti des citoyens européens
9 Urgence écologie (Génération écologie, Mouvement écologiste indépendant et Mouvement des progressistes)
10 Liste de la reconquête (Dissidence française)
11 Les Européens (Union des démocrates et indépendants)
12 Envie d'Europe écologique et sociale (Parti socialiste et Place publique)
13 Parti fédéraliste européen – Pour une Europe qui protège ses citoyens (Parti fédéraliste européen)
14 Mouvement pour l'initiative citoyenne
15 Le courage de défendre les français avec Nicolas Dupont-Aignan (Amoureux de la France)
16 Allons enfants
17 Décroissance 2019
18 Lutte ouvrière – contre le grand capital, le camp des travailleurs (Lutte ouvrière)
19 Pour l'Europe des gens, contre l'Europe de l'argent (Parti communiste français)
20 Ensemble pour le Frexit (Union populaire républicaine)
21 Liste citoyenne du Printemps européen avec Benoît Hamon soutenue par Génération.s et DiEM25
22 À voix égales
23 Prenez le pouvoir, liste soutenue par Marine Le Pen (Rassemblement national)
24 Neutre et actif
25 Parti révolutionnaire Communistes
26 Espéranto – langue commune équitable pour l'Europe (Europe Démocratie Espéranto)
27
Évolution citoyenne
28 Alliance jaune, la révolte par le vote
29 Union de la droite et du centre (Les Républicains)
30 Europe Écologie (Europe Écologie Les Verts)
31 Parti animaliste
32 Les oubliés de l’Europe – artisans, commerçants, professions libérales et indépendants – ACPLI
33 Union démocratique pour la liberté, égalité, fraternité (UDLEF)

Several parties have given up

Cannabis sans frontières
Civitas
Comités Jeanne
Les Radicaux de gauche
Mouvement V
Nouveau Parti anticapitaliste
Parti égalité et justice
Rassemblement des contribuables français
Rassemblement des écologistes pour le vivant
Rassemblement des Gilets jaunes citoyens
Résistons
Volt France
The submission of applications ended this Friday, May 3 at 18 h.

The official campaign will run from May 13 to 25, 2019.

Electoral material (posters, posters, professions of faith, ballots etc ...)

Was sent on Saturday in each of the departmental centers dedicated, under surveillance. These centers will, from the moment of receipt, hand them over to everyone with one or more polling stations.

These European elections appear to us for the first time for a long time important and decisive for the future of Europe (or more precisely of the EU). We will also try to come back regularly to assess the stakes of the 2019 European elections and the weight of the different parties involved.

In the meantime, the only message we allow ourselves to pass is: "to vote and to vote"....

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

TWO BIG UK PARTIES REQUESTED

BY SANCTION OF URNS

The two major British parties saw a sharp decline in the May 2, 2019 municipal elections, paying for their inability to implement Brexit. Labor and Torie, the two traditional parties, each won 28% of the vote in a poll, which aimed to renew nearly 9,000 seats in 249 local assemblies in England and 11 in Northern Ireland.

These elections sound like a serious warning for the conservative party but also for the Labor for the Europeans. "We knew that the voters were dissatisfied with the way the Tories took care of the Brexit, but it appears that they are not not happy with Labor's response to it, says John Curtice, a political scientist at Strathclyde University.

This score is a penalty for the Conservative Party, which has lost control of 37 local executives, and 1,008 elected officials pushing several Conservative MPs to once again demand the resignation of Theresa May.

Labor, criticized for its fuzzy position on the Brexit, has limited losses, with 4 local assemblies lost and 86 elected less. For the Tories as for Labor, the downfall is all the more painful as these parties "lost the most votes in the areas where they were the strongest", ie the south for the Conservatives and the north for the Labor, pointed out John Curtice, professor of political science at the University of Strathclydes.

Faced with these two traditional parties, the other parties have progressed: liberal-democrats, Greens, but also many candidates without a label.

So the liberal-democrats clearly anti-Brexit are the big winners with 19% of the votes. They became the majority in 11 new local assemblies and obtained 541 new elected representatives. "The rise of the Lib 'Dem' today is a stepping stone for the European elections," said their leader, Vince Cable. For MP and former Minister Edward Davey, "Liberal Democrats have proven that they can be a strong alternative to Conservatives and Labor. "

The European elections, which will be held in three weeks, unless last minute agreement on the Brexit, thus announce catastrophic for the two main parties. The new Brexit Party, created by Nigel Farage, is leading the polls, hovering between 27% and 30% support only three months after its creation. For many Britons, the idea of ​​voting for MEPs almost three years after choosing to leave the European Union by referendum is unacceptable.

Politically, the result of local elections could push the two major parties to seek a compromise, to avoid the sanction announced by the polls.

Behind Mr. Farage's Brexit Party, Labor ranks second (between 21% and 27%) while the Conservatives are relegated far behind, in third place (from 13% to 16%).

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

EUROPEAN ELECTIONS WITH ARGUMENTS

OF PHILIPPE DE VILLIERS

THE RASSEMBLEMENT NATIONAL  NOW IN HEAD


On April 19, 2019, the IFOP polling institute unveiled the results of its rolling survey for regulars in view of the European elections.

According to the results of this survey conducted for Paris Match, CNews, Sud Radio, the list of the Rassemblement National  (RN) exceeded that of the Republic in March (LREM) by 0.5%.

For the first time the curves crossed! But 0.5% was very little; this remained within the margin of error recognized by the pollsters.

Published yesterday, May 3, 2019, a new survey conducted by the IFOP / FIDUCIAL institutes again, at 4 weeks of the European Elections the voting intentions in favor of the RN (Marine Le Pen) before LREM (Emmanuel Macron), at 22, 5% the LREM registering only 21.5% of the voting intentions.

The RN therefore gained 1% of voting intentions in 15 days.

Better, these same polls record a sharp increase in the number of voters who say they want to vote to say no to Emmanuel Macron.

How did Marine Le Pen's party get there today ?

The first argument that comes to mind comes from the movement of Yellow Vests, always mobilized since November 17, 2018.

Except that the argument seems insufficient when one finds over the weeks that the movement would be mainly anchored on the left, or on the extreme left, currents which, when added up, remain as a minority percentage in the entire electorate.

It must therefore be deduced that it was the right-wing voters, potentially abstaining, a few months earlier, who came to swell the voting intentions in favor of the RN. For some, it would also be the disaffection vis-à-vis Nicolas Dupont Aignan that would be causing the start of voting intentions in favor of the RN ?

Both hypotheses are certainly true, but they may not explain this electoral movement in favor of NR alone.

The reasons for the movement would be from our point of view to look at the theses of Philippe de Villiers developed in his latest book "I pulled on the thread of lies and everything came" (more than 100,000 copies sold to date) .

Does the book seem to have caused a "blast effect" on the European election campaign?

"With the talent that we know him, the former MEP has indeed unmasked the self-proclaimed founding fathers of Europe", which according to the writer were only agents of political and financial interests foreign to those from France but also to those of deep Europe.

From television sets to radio studios, Le Vicomte explains his surprises and the harvest of documents and evidence he has made by studying archives that have recently become declassified.

We learn that Robert Schuman wore the German uniform during the World Premiere and that he had been General Pétain's minister and that, for his part, Jean Monnet was an American agent of the CIA. For years they both received money, rains of dollars through hidden structures, to carry out influence operations for the benefit of the Americans, triumphing in the aftermath of the Second World War, date of departure of the setting up of the "American Empire" policeman and master of the World with his dollar king.

The third character implicated by Philippe de Villiers in his book is Walter Hallstein, the architect of the Treaty of Rome friend of Jean Monnet and First President of the European Commission. Walter Hallstein was an instructor of Nazism.

The revelations published by Philippe de Villiers are disturbing, especially now.

This situation makes Philippe de Villiers say that we will not come out unscathed from them in this period of European elections.

Naturally, Philippe de Villiers was immediately accused of "conspiracy", a method that we begin to understand, used systematically to disqualify those who do not adhere to the single thought.

This method allowed Nathalie Loiseau, former Minister of Emmanuel Macron and head of the LREM list to make fun of the Politician / Writer by describing them aggressively, as "discourses" that resemble those that have been diffused for decades by people who have seen the aliens, who think that the earth is flat or that the illuminati rule the world ".

To which Philippe de Villiers replied that his demonstration is based on documents and evidence.

But Philippe de Villiers goes further, taking the example of the Brexit and the Referendum of 2005, to denounce the current nature of Europe "become a demolition of Democracy".

According to Philippe de Villiers the gene of the deconstruction of Europe was in the DNA of it, as soon as it was built as desired by its founding fathers.

Marine Le Pen took up the theory of Philippe de Villiers on the EU in his Metz speech of May 1, 2019 through which she predicts "that the Europeanist novel is being smashed on realities" quite frightening that had been hitherto hidden from public opinion.

And on this point, it would be the relationship between France and Germany, the two European engines since always that would be shaken, because of the fact that France would have been the big loser of the establishment of the euro. Germany having symmetrically acquired its dominant position thanks to the European currency.

But not only ! Some are recalling Chancellor Angela Merkel's speech in Chancellor Angela Merkel on 13 November 2018, in which she paid a warm tribute to Walter Hallstein (formerly), a former Hitler lawyer (Matthias Schönwald in his book 2017, the reproduction of his Nazi party member card -1934, found in the archives of the Bundesarchiv Berlin) author of the Nazi theory "Das Neue Europa".

We understand better why, given the French situation, revelations after revelations, Yellow Vests operations after Yellow Vests operations, the Europeanist theses defended beak and fingernail by Emmanuel Macron and his supporters are losing ground!

We can better understand why, while the President of the Republic was aiming for a European leadership, the European citizens, more and more numerous to have joined the nationalist theses, no longer want Europe as it currently exists, involved in the process of globalization desired by stateless elites.


Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

FAR RIGHT COULD GO BACK TO SPANISH PARLIAMENT

Spaniards are called to the polls this Sunday, April 28 for legislative elections, the third in four years.

The socialist Pedro Sanchez, who came to power in June 2018 after a motion of no-confidence against Mariano Rajoy, was embroiled in corruption cases. He was invested with the support of Podemos, Basque nationalists and Catalan separatists.

Unhappy with Pedro Sanchez's refusal to hold a self-determination referendum for Catalonia, the separatists refused to vote his anti-austerity budget, pushing him to announce early elections.

Pedro Sanchez, however, warned against the resurgence of the far right.

With more than 10% of the votes and thirty seats out of 350 in the polls, the political formation Vox, created in 2013, could indeed make an entry into force in the Chamber of Deputies in a country where the far right was absent landscape since the death of dictator Franco in 1975.

Almost unknown a year ago, the ultranationalist party made a sensational debut in the Andalusian Parliament in December 2018.

Opposed to homosexual marriage, euthanasia or abortion, and counting among its ranks retired generals defenders of the Franco regime, Vox has thrived especially on its virulence towards the Catalan independence movement.

One of Vox's strengths is its presence on social networks.

If the PSOE is given a winner at 28.8%, the head of government will however have to form alliances with other parties to reach the absolute majority of 175 deputies.

While the leader of Podemos, Pablo Iglesias is in favor of an alliance with the Socialists, his party is currently in free fall in polls that can lose half of its seats. Such a coalition would only get 162 seats, far from the 176 needed for the absolute majority.

Pedro Sanchez could then negotiate with the liberals of Ciudadanos, credited with 14% of the vote but the centrist party has largely righted his speech, and his leader Albert Rivera ruled out any alliance with the Socialists and reached out to the People's Party, classified right. .

During the December elections in Andalusia, Ciudadanos did not hesitate to ally with the PP and the far-right movement to drive the Socialists out of power.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE COMEDIEN VOLODYMYR ZELENKSKY

PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE

Comedian Volodymyr Zelensky, a political novice, beat out the outgoing Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko with 73.2% of the votes against 24.4% in the second round. No Ukrainian presidential candidate had received such massive support across the country, from Western Ukrainian to Eastern Russian speakers.

Ukrainians, tired of the incessant corruption scandals since independence in 1991, have handed over the reins of the country to a young man with no political experience other than the role of the Ukrainian president, whom he embodied in a series television.

"A Woody Allen straight out of the screen" according to Bernard Henri-Levy.

The comedian of Jewish confession made his presidential campaign mainly on social networks and blow shock formulas but very general, thus avoiding any debate with his opponents.

And for good reason, he did not present any clear program.

"I'm not going to make any unnecessary promises," he said on the night of his candidacy.

If Ukrainians know what they voted against - corruption, war, poverty - these evils associated with the Poroshenko era for which they voted is less obvious.

A fuzzy program

By writing and starring in the popular TV series Servant of the People, in which a history professor, Vasyl Holoborodko, is propelled president to eradicate corruption from the country, Mr. Zelensky has simply donated millions of dollars. Ukrainians felt that politics could be something else. "We see the birth of a truly unique political project, wrote before the vote, political scientist Balazs Jarabik Carnegie center. A reality show in which everyone can participate. "

His campaign was primarily played on the promise to hunt down corruption, while the newly elected also has a villa not declared to the tax office in the Russian oligarchs district on an Italian coast ...

During his campaign he also pledged to "revive" the peace process, in accordance with the Minsk agreements signed in 2015 in the Belarussian capital under the aegis of Kiev, Moscow, Paris and Berlin. With a priority "the return to their country of prisoners, including the 24 sailors captured by Russia off the Crimea .." The most important is to stop the fire, "he said. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said on Monday that Moscow had "a chance" to improve relations with Ukraine after Zelensky's election.

His philosophy is based on a "friendly" populism, pro-European not seeking cleavage but the gathering of a Ukraine with fragmented identities.

So he wants to stop the linguistic and cultural "Ukrainization" led by Mr. Poroshenko and to which does not adhere a part of the population, and "to reintegrate" the populations of Donbass, by paying for example their pensions to the retirees of the territories from the East under the control of the pro-Russian separatists ...

Accused of incompetence by his opponents, the puppet of the oligarch Igor Kolomoisky, the enemy of President Petro Poroshenko, the one who will take the oath on June 6 has, however, surrounded by good reformers reformers like Mr. Danyliouk but other circles less from the teams of the oligarch Kolomoiski.

Narrow room for maneuver and combative opponents

But the new president's room for maneuver seems narrow. Indeed it will come up against a hostile Parliament. It would be in his interest to dissolve Parliament without waiting for the legislative elections scheduled for October.

And it will also fight against the losers of the first and second round, opponents in ambush, starting with Petro Poroshenko, fighting on Sunday night in front of his supporters, despite his scathing defeat: "Zelensky will have a strong opposition, very strong Predicted the outgoing president "We did not win the battle but we did not lose the war" and by former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, not to mention the representatives of the various oligarchs, all of whom have strong relays on field.

The Ukrainians have bet on an outsider and their expectations are great. The task awaiting Volodymyr Zelensky is gigantic. "Break the system", as the candidate promised, under the constant pressure of an aggressive Russia, determined to defeat his neighbor......

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE FILE OF YELLOW VESTS

NOT A FICTION

On 7 February 2019 , on Europe 1, Agnes Buzyn, the Minister of Health, had sworn that the yellow vests by hospitals was fiction ... The Minister had even added that "the true figure of wounded yellow vests was impossible to determine " ?

Since the controversy has not stopped swelling, evidence contrary to the statements of Agnes Buzyn has gradually filtered.

In its edition of April 17, 2019, the Enchainé Duck published the facsimile of the email dated March 16, 2019 (5:30 pm) by which Karin ISTIN reminded the administrators of the AP-HP, in essence

"It is essential to capture the identity of victims in real time in the file called SI-VIC", a file that goes back to the Ministry of Interior, via the Prefects, responsible for the collection of information in application of the law of 23 December 2016.

A copy of this email was sent simultaneously to Anne Rubinstein, Chief of Staff of Martin Hirsch, General Manager of Assistance Publique, and to Arnault Poupard, his security advisor.

The situation has aroused outrage among the emergency medical staff, doctors in the lead, who believe that this "file" was a denunciation and that the SI-VIC file was diverted from its initial objectives.

Put in place after the attacks of 2015, this file had yet, originally facilitate the counting and identification of victims of attacks , a laudable goal!

However, a review of Article 60 of the aforementioned law, it is necessary to admit that the device provided for in the ORSAN Plan, which refers to "an exceptional health situation" is sufficiently vague "to allow wide raking" and the public authorities have not been deprived of it for a few months.

For the rest, ironically, the law points to the identification of victims . Wounded and "indexed" Yellow Vests would be victims ... that the State could be forced to compensate in the long term? In the absence of a political answer, we have not finished with the Yellow Vests!

Chronicler on LCI, Dr. Gérald Kierzek, emergency doctor, was insurgent April 13, after a day guard at the Hôtel Dieu, day in which a director had reminded him of the obligation to register. at SI-VIC wounded Yellow Vests admitted to emergencies. " What next ! He had replied very curtly.

But for its part, our excellent colleague Médiapart, had previously (from January 11, 2019) protested against the wild registration contrary to the rules of the protection of the medical data protected by the law, through the CNIL (National Commission Informatique et Liberté ).

The case was deflated, the 1st Minister, Edouard Philippe, having ensured that in a decree of March 2018, it had been planned that access to the file was only possible, in times of attacks .

The Council of the Medical Association said Friday, April 19 that he had seized the Ministry of Health and the CNIL on the misuse of this file, this as part of the movement of yellow vests, he is It is obviously impossible to equate terrorist attacks with "a very different context," says the 19/04 mail.

An injured Yellow Vest on February 9, 2019, just filed a complaint that same Friday, for "unlawful collection of personal data" and "breach of professional secrecy," believing that this registration was only for the purpose of "to create a list of activists ".

Arie Alimi, a lawyer for Yellow Waistcoats, said recently that "political events like the Yellow Vest movement reveal that some administrators, high-ranking officials can behave like thugs by breaking the law, discriminating against the law by political affiliation, and even more odious in public hospitals about wounded, some of whom are severely mutilated. "

As can be seen, statehood has become a standard mode of management, including in the area, so far preserved, of health and medical secrecy, two values ​​to which none of the previous governments had dared. to attack, so serious!

But today, Emmanuel Macron and his followers dare everything !


Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

A TERRORIST ACT ACCORDING TO THE POLICE

JOURNALIST KILLED IN IRELAND

DURING VIOLENCE

Easter is approaching and violence has hit the city of Londonderry, Northern Ireland.

A 29-year-old journalist was killed in the night from Thursday to Friday during firefights, a death treated "as a terrorist incident" by the North Irish police.

"I can unfortunately confirm that after a firefight that night in Creggan (a neighborhood in North Derry), a 29-year-old woman was killed," the Deputy Chief Commissioner of the Northern Ireland Police said on Twitter. , Mark Hamilton. "We treat this event as a terrorist incident, a murder investigation has been opened." According to several journalists present on the spot, the victim would Lyra McKee.According to the British media.

The victim is a 29-year-old journalist covering the violence in Londonderry. A man suspected of being a Republican dissident opened fire while the North Irish police were shot and thrown Molotov cocktails during a security operation in the area.

"Absolutely no excuse to attack police colleagues in this way," the Northern Ireland Police Federation wrote on Twitter. "They protect this community and are not there for their personal well-being. Such behavior must be firmly condemned.

Arlene Foster, leader of the Northern Ireland Unionist Party DUP, quickly condemned the facts, referring to a "foolish act" and "heartbreaking news".

"Those who carried guns on our streets in the '70s,' 80s and '90s were wrong," she wrote in reference to the "Troubles" period of violence that tore the British province apart for three years. decades, between nationalist Republicans (Catholics), supporters of the reunification of Ireland, and loyalists Unionists (Protestants), defenders of maintenance in the British Crown.

The Irish nationalist party Sinn Féin also condemned these facts "without reservation", describing the young woman's death as "an attack on the entire community, on the peace process, and on the Good Friday agreement", signed in 1998 to end the Troubles, under which power in the province is shared between Sinn Fein and the DUP. "We remain united in our determination to build a better and more peaceful future for all," said Michelle O'Neill, head of Sinn Fein, in a statement.

Located on the border with the Republic of Ireland, Londonderry, also called Derry, is infamous for the "Bloody Sunday" of January 30, 1972. British soldiers then opened fire on participants in a peaceful march, killing 14 people. , at the height of the "Troubles", which caused some 3,500 deaths in three decades.

In January, the explosion of a car bomb in Londonderry, had already feared a new outbreak of violence from paramilitary groups, in full tension on the Brexit, a case in which the Irish border is one of the main point of stumbling.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

FIRE OUR LADY WAS NOT ASSURED

Did you know that Notre Dame Cathedral was not insured?

In reality, just like many buildings and historic monuments owned by the state.

The French Insurance Federation has claimed that the state is "its own insurer for the religious institutions it owns".

A government source confirms that the cathedral of Notre-Dame was not insured.

Indeed, unlike individuals who must imperatively ensure their home, the state is not obliged to systematically ensure its property, historical monuments or not.

The State owns the cathedrals built before 1905, 83 of the 93 existing in France.

He is his own insurer and assumes only the risks and the damages. "There is no assurance for Our Lady," confirms this source.

But insurance or not, the compensation would in no way have been enough to finance the reconstruction work.

Frédéric Durot, director of the damage department at Siaci Saint Honoré, quoted by Le Parisien, believes that "even if it had been insured, the compensation would not have been sufficient to finance the reconstruction".

According to him the compensation in case of fire represents approximately 200 million euros.

But since Tuesday morning, several experts agree that it will take several hundred million, see a billion euros, to restore the building.

Insurers will certainly not be spared.

Indeed, the investigation opened to determine the causes of the disaster should allow to release responsibilities.

Tuesday late morning, the prosecutor of the Republic of Paris, Remy Heitz, said that the accident track is preferred. But if a company is recognized as responsible for the fire, its insurer will have to compensate the State.

But in this case, and whatever the guarantee subscribed by the company, the compensation will not be enough to carry out the reconstruction.

The state is therefore obliged to appeal to national solidarity.

Alyson Braxon for DayNewsWorld

OUR LADY OF PARIS BURN !!!

"The fire is under control, it is not completely extinguished, there are still a few fires, hence the cooling that is still going on. There were again (had) departures that night which were immediately mastered. But the fire danger is spread. Now it is the building structure that questions and needs to be appraised. Said Mr. Numez, Secretary of State to the Minister of the Interior

A gigantic fire broke out late Monday afternoon at Notre-Dame-de-Paris Cathedral. The fire left the attic, then spread extremely fast to a large part of the roof.

The flames devoured the frame. He was mastered in the night . The cathedral is the most visited historical monument in Europe.

A firefighter spokesman in Paris reported a "fire in the attic of Notre-Dame" and said that important means of intervention are mobilized.

"The danger of fire is removed" but questions remain about the strength of the structure.

It took several hours to get through the flames. The material balance is dramatic: "the entire roof is damaged, the entire structure is destroyed, part of the vault has collapsed, the arrow no longer exists" said Lieutenant-Colonel Gabriel More , spokesman of the firefighters of Paris.

The fire at Notre-Dame de Paris took around 18h50. Firefighters fought the fire at the risk of their lives. 400 firefighters were hard at work with 18 fire hoses. A firefighter was injured.

It was impossible to use canadairs on the cathedral. "The air drop on this type of building could indeed lead to the collapse of the entire structure," tweeted the Civil Security.

The fire at Notre-Dame de Paris is "potentially linked" to the renovations of the building, we learned from firefighters.

According to the Notre-Dame spokesperson, the fire was reported to be around 18h50 and a large cloud of gray and yellow smoke was coming out of the building, located in the center of the French capital, on the island of City.
One of our journalists was in the capital and seemed to have already heard about the problem around 15h30h.

It is a terrible drama: the Notre-Dame spire, 93 meters, collapsed after the roof and the frame of the monument. A fire blazed literally from the cathedral.

The Heritage Foundation has announced that it will launch, Tuesday, a "national collection" for the reconstruction of Notre-Dame . The Heritage Foundation will launch on Tuesday www.fondation-patrimoine.org a "national collection" for the reconstruction of Notre-Dame. In the night, the Pinault family announced to release 100 million euros "to participate in the effort that will be necessary for the complete reconstruction of Notre Dame.

"My father [François Pinault, founder of the family empire and third fortune of France] and myself have decided to unblock now from the funds of Artemis a sum of 100 million euros to participate in the effort which will be necessary for the complete reconstruction of Notre-Dame,. This tragedy strikes all the French and beyond all those who are attached to the spiritual values. Faced with such a tragedy, everyone wants to give life back to this jewel of our heritage. ", It is written in the release.

The director of the Notre Dame Foundation felt that the project would last "decades". "What will be determining, it is the various sources of documentation, the copies which will allow the architects and the companies to reconstitute as closely as possible the current state. "

In this terrible tragedy the "treasures" of the cathedral could be saved.

All the works of art that were in the "treasure" part were released.

Thus the crown of thorns and the tunic of St. Louis, two objects extremely important for Catholics, were "saved" from the fire, said Bishop Patrick Chauvet, rector of Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris. According to the belief of the Catholics, the crown of thorn is, the one that the Roman soldiers would have put on the head of Jesus to make fun of him shortly before his crucifixion. It was brought back from Constantinople by Saint Louis in 1239. Relics presented, every first Friday of the month to the faithful were also saved. Other pieces would have been saved as a collection of cameos of the popes, but also monstrances, bindings or goldsmiths.

The three large rose windows of Notre-Dame de Paris, real masterpieces, could be damaged in the fire. Inside the cathedral, we do not yet know the state of the three organs, paintings, sculptures, as well as various pieces of furniture.

Brass statues, on the other hand, are miraculous: in fact on Thursday 16 copper statues adorning the base of the spire had been unhooked in order to be restored. These are statues three meters high, parts towards Périgueux (Dordogne) .

The Paris prosecutor's office opened an investigation for "involuntary destruction by fire".

This fire occurs on the first day of Holy Week celebrations leading to Easter, the main Christian holiday. Built between 1163 and 1345, this emblematic monument of Paris attracts nearly 14 million visitors each year.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

SECRET-DEFENSE ?

DES ARMES FRANCAISE SERAIENT UTILISEES AU YEMEN DANS DES ZONES CIVILES

Les « Yémen Papers », documents classés secret défense, détaillent l’arsenal français utilisé par l’Arabie saoudite et les Émirats Arabes unis contre les rebelles Houthis au Yémen.

Les journalistes de Disclose, en partenariat avec Mediapart, Konbini, Radio France, Arte et The Intercept, estiment que des armes françaises ont été au cœur de batailles meurtrières pour les civils.

Disclose, accuse ainsi la France de « mensonge d’Etat », lundi 15 avril. Le collectif conteste l’affirmation du gouvernement selon laquelle les matériels français n’auraient que des fonctions « défensives ».

Ces documents, appelés « Yémen - situation sécuritaire » , sont frappée du « confidentiel-défense spécial France » et ont été transmis selon Disclose à Emmanuel Macron, la ministre des Armées Florence Parly, au Premier ministre Édouard Philippe et à celui des Affaires étrangères Jean-Yves Le Drian. Y est détaillé l’arsenal français utilisé par l’Arabie saoudite et les Émirats Arabes unis contre les rebelles Houthis au Yémen.

Ces « Yemen Papers » comprennent cartes et tableaux, recensent notamment des canons Caesar (Nexter) « présents côté saoudien à la frontière saoudo-yéménite », des chars Leclerc dotés de munitions françaises, « observés au Yémen et déployés en position défensive » sur plusieurs bases, dont Aden, dans le sud du Yémen.

Des armes de fabrication française seraient utilisées au Yémen dans des zones où résident des civils, rapporte ce lundi 15 avril le site Disclose, sur la base d’une fuite d’un rapport de la Direction du renseignement militaire (DRM) présenté au gouvernement en octobre.

Des dispositifs de ciblage fabriqués par Thales, les pods Damocles, équipent les forces aériennes saoudiennes et « pourraient être employés au Yémen », selon la note de la DRM. Des avions de chasse Mirage 2000-9 « opèrent » au Yémen depuis la base d’Assab, en Erythrée. En mer, une frégate de fabrication française « participe au blocus naval », selon la DRM, et une corvette lance-missiles « participe au blocus naval et à l’appui des opérations terrestres menées sur le sol yéménite », peut-on lire dans un tableau récapitulatif du renseignement militaire.

Non seulement de nouvelles livraisons seraient prévues de 2019 à 2024, mais des exportations d’armes vers l’Arabie saoudite se poursuivraient selon le site. Ce dernier publie à l'appui des documents liés à un nouveau contrat signé en décembre dernier avec l’Arabie saoudite. Signé par Nexter, il prévoirait notamment la livraison de véhicules blindés et canons à l’Arabie saoudite entre 2019 et 2024.

En octobre Florence Parly n'avait-elle pas assuré que les armes « récemment » vendues par la France à l’Arabie saoudite n’avaient pas été utilisées contre les populations au Yémen et qu’il n’y avait pas de négociations en cours avec l’Arabie Saoudite sur des ventes d’armes ?

De nombreux civils seraient pourtant sous la menace directe d’armes vendues par la France.

Disclose précise qu’en croisant ces données avec celles de l’ONG américaine Acled, on peut établir déjà que 35 civils sont morts au cours de 52 bombardements entre mars 2016 et décembre 2018 dans le champ d’action des Caesar français. Plusieurs localités, dans lesquelles des sources yéménites ont directement constaté des victimes, sont concernées en 2018.Matignon répète cependant que les « armes françaises sont placées pour l’essentiel en position défensive » et assure ne pas avoir « connaissance de victimes civiles résultant de leur utilisation sur le théâtre yéménite ».

Lundi, les services du premier ministre ont répondu dans un communiqué que Paris agissait de façon « responsable et fiable » auprès de ses partenaires, avec qui la France a des « intérêts de sécurité communs : la lutte contre le terrorisme et la préservation de la sécurité au Moyen-Orient ».

La France peut-elle fournir des armes à un client qui s’en sert pour bombarder des civils au Yémen depuis quatre ans ?

Rappelons la situation tragique du pays plongé depuis plusieurs années dans la guerre. D’après l’organisation mondiale de la Santé, ce conflit aurait déjà provoqué la mort de 10 000 personnes, civils et militaires. La famine menace des millions de civils dont de très nombreux enfants. Pour reprendre les mots de l’ONU, il s’agit de « l’une des plus graves crises humanitaires.


Jennie Chase pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

EXTREME-DROITE EN DEUXIEME POSITION

EN FINLANDE AUX LEGISLATIVES

Les sociaux-démocrates remportent les législatives, juste devant l'extrême droite. Ils décrochent 40 sièges de députés, au coude-à-coude avec les Vrais Finlandais qui totalisent 39 mandats, juste devant les conservateurs de la Coalition nationale, à 17 % des voix et 38 députés.

Si les sociaux-démocrates signent leur retour sur le devant de la scène politique, quatre ans après leur échec aux législatives de 2015 en remportant, dimanche 14 avril, les élections législatives en Finlande, les Vrais Finlandais (extrême droite) les talonnent de près et connaissent une montée fulgurante.

Conduits par l'ancien ministre des Finances Antti Rinne, les premiers ont obtenu 40 sièges sur 200 au Parlement, soit un de plus que les Vrais Finlandais (extrême droite) !

Un écart de seulement 0,2 point sépare les deux le nombre de députés passant donc de 17 à pour l'extrême-droite. 

« Je ne m'attendais pas à un tel résultat, personne ne s'attendait à cela », a réagi Jussi Halla-aho, chef de file des Vrais Finlandais.

La Finlande est certes habituée aux larges coalitions gouvernementales, ayant le soutien d’une majorité de députés. Mais les négociations pour une coalition s’annoncent très compliquées. Car même si les sociaux-démocrates arrivent en tête, ils font beaucoup moins bien que prévu.

La formation d'une coalition avec le parti d'extrême-droite se pose désormais : le social-démocrate Antti Rinne, chef de file de la formation, n'a pas écarté cette éventualité, affirmant qu'il avait « des questions » à poser au parti. Mis à part le Parti du peuple suédois, aucune des autres formations n’a officiellement exclu de collaborer avec l’extrême droite.

Sans ambages M. Halla-aho, chef des Vrais Finlandais, a déclaré : « Nous voulons être au gouvernement mais à condition d’avancer sur les sujets qui sont importants pour nos électeurs », a-t-il fait savoir dimanche soir. Parmi ces priorités : la fermeture des frontières aux demandeurs d’asile

Rinne a précisé qu’il entendait former un gouvernement « avant la fin de mai » et assuré que sa priorité était de « restaurer la confiance du peuple ».

Le parti centriste du premier ministre Juha Sipilä a été sanctionné pour sa politique d’austérité. Les écologistes de la Ligue verte figurent parmi les gagnants de ce scrutin avec 11,5 % des voix et pourrait également faire partie du gouvernement. L’Alliance de gauche progresse à 8,2 %.

Antti Rinne devrait également tenter de convaincre une des deux grandes formations de la coalition sortante de le rejoindre.

Si la constitution d’un gouvernement s’annonce compliquée avant les élections européennes du 26 mai, le temps presse : à partir du 1er juillet, la Finlande assumera la présidence de l’Union

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

GILETS JAUNES OU LA DECRUE ET VIOLENCE

A TOULOUSE

Si des rassemblements ont eu lieu dans plusieurs villes, notamment Toulouse, désignée « capitale » d'un jour du mouvement, la participation commence peu à peu à faiblir. Quelques 31.000 « gilets jaunes » ont manifesté samedi en France, dont 5.000 à Paris, selon le ministère de l'Intérieur.

Des chiffres légèrement  supérieurs certes à ceux observés la semaine passée -soit 22.300-, qui avait marqué la plus faible participation depuis le début du mouvement. Dans la capitale, les forces de l'ordre ont procédé à quinze interpellations et 5.885 contrôles préventifs, a indiqué la préfecture

Ces manifestations interviennent pour mettre la pression sur le gouvernement alors qu' Emmanuel Macron doit faire des annonces en début de semaine. Des annonces censées mettre fin à la crise.

Elles sont les premières à se dérouler sous le coup de la loi anticasseurs, particulièrement dénoncée par les « gilets jaunes ». Le texte laisse au pouvoir « encore plus la liberté de faire tout et n'importe quoi » contre le mouvement, a déploré Priscillia Ludosky.

Promulgué jeudi, le texte autorise notamment les fouilles de sacs et de véhicules dans les manifestations et à ses abords, et crée un délit de dissimulation volontaire du visage puni d'un an d'emprisonnement et 15.000 euros d'amende.

Mais malgré cette loi, Toulouse a été le théâtre de violence. En effet l'acte XXII des Gilets jaunes a réuni plusieurs milliers de personnes ce samedi dans la ville rose dont des blacks blocs venus d'Europe. Un rendez-vous annoncé depuis quelques jours sur les réseaux sociaux qui a drainé beaucoup de monde, même des profils extrémistes venus de l'étranger.

Selon différentes sources policières, ils n'étaient que 4 500 à 6 000 retraités, salariés précaires ou demandeurs d'emploi à s'être retrouvés dans la Ville rose pour leur mécontentement. D' autres étaient venus pour en découdre avec les forces de l'ordre.

Voitures en feu rue , agences fracturées et pillées feux de poubelle , jet de pavés et de bouteilles. Des blacks blocs venus de l'étranger , le crâneparfois rasé et le corps, de noir vêtu, masques à gaz et munis de projectiles se joingnent à d'autres extrémistes français. Un cocktail explosif contré par des jets d'eau ou encore des.grenades de désencerclement.

Ces derniers ne sont certainement pas étrangers à l'ambiance insurrectionnelle.

C'est la 22 e journée de manifestation. A Emmanuel Macron, qui doit faire des annonces la semaine prochaine, de saisir sa dernière chance et de convaincre, pour que cessent ces mouvements..

 

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

HALLOWEEN BREXIT

Ouf ! les Européens optent pour un report flexible jusqu’au 31 octobre n'empêchera pas Londres de quitter l’Union européenne avant cette date, si son Parlement a ratifié un accord.

Le prochain Brexit devrait avoir lieu le 31 octobre, pour la fête des citrouilles et des sorcières. Bienvenue au « Halloween Brexit ».

C’est cette date qu’ont en effet arrêté les vingt-huit dirigeants de l’Union européenne (UE), Theresa May comprise, même si elle n’a pas vraiment eu son mot à dire, après quatre heures de discussion lors d’un Conseil européen extraordinaire, à Bruxelles.

Si, le gouvernement britannique parvenait à faire ratifier le traité du divorce avant la fin octobre, le Brexit serait effectif

« le premier jour du mois suivant » cette ratification, précisent les conclusions du Conseil.

Si, en revanche, le pays était toujours membre de l’UE au moment des élections européennes, du 23 au 26 mai, il aurait obligation d’organiser un scrutin.

S’il ne le faisait pas, sa sortie de l’UE serait effective, au 1er juin, dans le cadre d’un « no deal ».

Le scénario d'une séparation brutale, du no deal est pour l'instant écarté. Mais il s'agit du dernier report consenti !

Que la Chambre des représentants se le tienne pour dit !

Mais le Royaume-Uni conserve le droit de révoquer le processus de sortie de l'UE « à tout moment ».

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

EUROPEENNES UN DEBAT AVEC PASSE-D'ARMES DANS UNE  CACOPHONIE GENERALE

First, seven weeks before the vote. A major televised debate on Thursday, April 4, 2019, organized by France 2 and France Inter, brought together twelve lists of the main parties and political movements in France for the European elections. He re-established the cleavage between sovereignists and federalists, with his fratricidal wars. More than three hours of often difficult exchanges, sometimes turning into cacophony.

What strikes from the start is the novelty of most faces, almost youthful for the insubordinate Manon Aubry and RN Jordan Bardella, even students for Glucksmann and the teacher of philosophy LR François-Xavier Bellamy beginner in the profession .

All were ready to play. Each of the twelve heads of list e was indeed invited to come on the set with an object symbolizing their commitment and their relationship to Europe.

Manon Aubry showed a check of 5 billion euros, "that made by Macron to the rich" while François Asselineau brandishes his handcuffs in the colors of the EU, symbol according to him of the straitjacket in which are the public policies, and a key in the colors of the French flag "to get out". Florian Philippot came to him with a baguette, "the stake of all popular revolts", front-runner Jordan Bardella his red colander for borders ..., François-Xavier Bellamy (The Republicans) moved with The Iliad and Homer's Odyssey, arguing that "the European heritage is under threat".

The Marcheuse Nathalie Loiseau a pot of Espelette pepper, "saved from the Chinese competition" thanks to Europe, the ecologist Yannick Jadot concluding this tour de France products by a pot of Breton honey to highlight the climate emergency. The centrist Jean-Christophe Lagarde and the leftist essayist Raphael Glucksmann have fragments of the Berlin Wall, to awaken the betrayed promises of Europe, drowned under the rule of the technocrats ...

Topics reviewed known to all are reviewed. Europe borders, migrants, bankers, social fracture, liberalism and lack of protection, cleavages are emerging quickly.

The majority of the candidates, however, have made a criticism in good standing of the European Union: while Jordan Bardella repeatedly quoted Italy's far-right interior minister, Matteo Salvini, as a model. lobbies: "The climate commissioner (the Spaniard Miguel Arias Cañete) is a former tycoon of an oil company, as if Dracula had been entrusted with the blood donation truck," he said. Communist Ian Brossat. "We must break with the European rules that organize the competition of all against all. We must build an ecological, popular and united Europe, "stresses Manon Aubry

Florian Philippot, meanwhile, has tackled the contradictions of the right: "You voted all the free trade treaties," he said François-Xavier Bellamy, while the latter had recognized earlier "the failure "of a too large enlargement.

Nathalie Loiseau, a good technocrat, reminded an obvious "The EU costs 85 cents per day (to each French), less than a coffee: we pay a lot, so we must be demanding with those who receive a lot" .

After two hours of debate ecology has finally been addressed.

"If the climate heats up, Europe is the first to pay the price," said Jean-Christophe Lagarde, according to which "if the climate was a bank, the EU has long been saved.

François-Xavier Bellamy called for "reconciling ecology and economy" while Benoît Hamon called for "recognition of the crime of ecocide"

On the other hand, the candidates did not dwell on the yellow vests, except for the intervention of Manon Aubry for a European citizens' initiative referendum, as proposed by the FI group in the Assembly.

Finally, on the merits, several proposals were put to the vote of the candidates. With the exception of Benoît Hamon, everyone was opposed to the transfer of the seat of France to the UN Security Council to the EU.

With the notable exception of François Asselineau who abstained, all are committed, if they are elected, to sit in the European Parliament until the end of their mandate in 2024, and thus to renounce to seek any other mandate...

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

THREE TIMES NOT BREXIT IN QUESTIONS

The Chinese puzzle continues as Europeans begin to get impatient. The House of Commons, which must endorse the terms of the divorce between London and Brussels, has voted three times no!

Not three times to the draft agreement concluded on November 13, 2018 and validated by the cabinet of Theresa May.

No to each of the eight alternative scenarios, proposed on March 27th.

And still not on April 1 at each of the four options selected by John Bercow.

Admittedly the option of setting up a customs union with the European Union was rejected by only 276 votes to 273 and the option of holding a referendum on any divorce agreement before ratification, the was by 292 votes against 280.

Theresa May has one certainty: she must disclose her roadmap to the exceptional European summit of April 10, in Brussels, two days before the deadline.

Possible options:

And, until April 12, "all options are open," said European Council President Donald Tusk.

1 ° the vote of the agreement of November 13, 2018, Theresa May having the Parliament to wear

2 ° exit from the European Union without agreement ("hard Brexit").

3 ° a postponement until the summer of 2019. But for this, Europe has imposed a condition: the United Kingdom must participate in the European elections!

4 ° or a revocation of article 50 to renounce the Brexit! But this alternative meets a lot of opposition. Not only was this option rejected twice by Parliament, Theresa May herself opposed it. This would be experienced as a political suicide for the elected officials involved, since it consists in returning to the choice made by British citizens during the referendum in 2016.

The economic consequences:

Be that as it may, the "no deal" (or "hard Brexit") is often presented as the worst case scenario could have serious economic consequences, especially on British imports. The UK economy is resilient with growth of 0.2% in the fourth quarter. On an annual basis, gross domestic product (GDP) will have risen by 1.4% after growth of 1.8% in 2017 (against an annual average of 2.4% between 1961 and 2017).

Nevertheless, the uncertainties related to the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union have consequences: the Brexit cost the fifth world economy 600 million pounds sterling per week (or 700 million euros) since the referendum of June 2016. According to a study by Goldman Sachs. But even more worrying, according to the US investment bank

In case of exit without agreement, the British GDP could collapse of 5.5% and the pound sterling of 17% whereas if London reaches a transition agreement the GDP could increase by 1.75%, with an appreciation of the 6% pound to the key.

A "flexible" Brexit?

In any case, the various options remain on the table, but to get out of this extraordinary mess European Council President Donald Tusk has considered a "flexible" report of Brexit up to 12 months while Theresa May proposes a report until June 30th.

In the UK, the Conservative government and the opposition are currently discussing how to avoid an exit from the EU without an agreement on April 12th, a deadline now set by the 27th. They have not yet reached a solution.

The head of the government informs in her letter to Donald Tusk that the United Kingdom requests an extension of Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, which governs the departure of an EU member state, and proposes that this postponement be " ends June 30, 2019 ".

The UK government is still pushing for an agreement "that allows the UK to withdraw from the European Union before 23 May 2019 and thereby cancel (participation in) the European elections, but will continue preparations for the holding of these elections if this is not possible "

"The government's policy has always been and remains to leave the European Union in an orderly manner and without undue delay," writes Theresa May, eager to maintain complete control of the matter.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

UKRAINE THE COMEDIEN ZELENSKY

AT THE SECOND TOUR OF THE PRESIDENTIAL

According to the results published on 1 April, incumbent President Petro Poroshenko is only second in the first round of the Ukrainian presidential election, well ahead of Volodymyr Zelensky, a 41-year-old comedian and comedian.

Ukrainians went to the polls on March 31 for the first round of the presidential election. Among the 39 candidates in the running, Volodymyr Zelensky, comedian and political novice, and outgoing President Petro Poroshenko, top, according to the partial results published on 1 April by the Electoral Commission. So they qualify for the second round of voting to be held on April 21.

The first gets 30.2% of the vote, according to partial results, against almost 16.7% for President Poroshenko. Former Prime Minister Yulia Timocheko comes third with 13.1%, according to preliminary estimates.

Whoever gets the highest score is an actor. Volodymyr Zelensky, 41, has no political experience. His main feat in this area is the role he has held for three years in a hit television series, Servant of the People, where he plays a history teacher who finds himself in spite of himself at the helm of the country. Petri of values ​​and good intentions, the hero of the series Servant of the People struggles throughout a comical scenario to purge the power of the corruption he denounced.

In his race for president, Volodymyr Zelensky capitalizes on the sympathy of viewers for Holoborodko and the confusion between actor and character. Indeed Servant of the people is the name of his party, as well as one of his slogans posted in the country on the billboards: "President servant of the people. Soon ".

This is the reason why the actor did not need to carry out a traditional campaign. His campaign, he led it through his shows that replaced the electoral meetings.Champion he is in political satire.

It owes much of its rise to the disenchantment of Ukrainian voters against leaders splattered by repeated corruption scandals in a country undermined since 2014 by its worst crisis since its independence in 1991 with the pro-European uprising of Maidan, repressed in the blood, followed by annexation by Moscow of the Crimean peninsula, then by a war with the pro-Russian separatists.

For critics of the comedian, Volodymyr Zelensky would be a puppet in the hands of the oligarch Igor Kolomoisky, whose television channel broadcast the third season of the series the day before the election. Former governor of the Dnepropetrovsk region and main shareholder of the country's biggest oil company, Igor Kolomoisky is a determined opponent of incumbent President Petro Poroshenko. However, Zelensky denies any political connection with the billionaire. "My launch in politics is not related to anyone's wish," says the actor. The oligarch also denies influencing the actor. "I am more like his puppet than he is mine," he told a Ukrainian news website. In his "program" or rather manifest, the actor sells to the voters the country of their dreams. He promises to "fight for peace in Ukraine", to ensure a "victory against corruption", to make his fellow citizens "prosperous" and to exercise their expressed will "through regular referendums" ... but gives little details on the method

To learn politics, a profession he has only embodied on the small screen, Volodymyr Zelensky has consulted extensively with economists, experts in the judiciary, diplomats.

Despite his disappointing score Poroshenko against Zelinsky said "absolutely" confident in his victory. "It still takes a presidential term so that the reforms become irreversible," he pleaded on March 30 during a religious service in Kiev.

Garrett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

DEFEAT IN CASCADE

FOR THE BREXIT OF THERESA MAY

March 29, 2019 marked the day that paved the way for a Brexit on May 22. It will be the one where the withdrawal agreement was rejected for a third time.

After twice failing to get the House of Commons to vote on the hard-won deal with Brussels, Theresa May was once again snubbed on Friday, March 29: MPs rejected the text for the third time. vote against 286.

"The fact that we are not leaving today is a deep regret," said Theresa May during the debates. This vote is "the last chance to guarantee Brexit" and an orderly exit, she explained.

The agreement being rejected for the third time, London now has until April 12 to present an alternative and ask for a new postponement to avoid an exit without agreement - the "no deal" scenario so feared by the business community.

After this refusal, the British parliament will decide on Monday, on the alternative scenarios while the deputies had already voted against the eight possible alternatives.

For its part, Theresa May said it excluded a "no deal", and that an alternative to the refused agreement would imply "almost certainly" that the United Kingdom participates in the European elections.

"The European Union has been clear, any request for extension should have a clear justification, warned Ms. May after the vote. We are reaching the limits of the process of debate in this House. "

By promising to resign in the event of a favorable result, Theresa May had managed to change her mind about some of the refractory members of her conservative majority. Boris Johnson, his former Foreign Minister, and Jacob Rees-Mogg, leader of the European Research Group, had rallied to the text fearing that a new rejection would eventually lead to the cancellation of Brexit. But the prime minister's ally in parliament, the Northern Ireland party DUP, has spoken out against it.

The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, reacted immediately after the vote. "Given the rejection of the withdrawal agreement by the House of Commons, I decided to convene a European Council on April 10," he tweeted. The European Commission regretted the negative vote.


"The scenario of an exit without agreement is now likely," said a spokeswoman for the European Commission.

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

MIGRANTS BECOME PIRATES

ACCORDING TO MATTEO SALVINI

Migrants on board a helping tanker hijacked the ship and set sail for Malta after learning they were returning to Libya. A "criminal" action led by "pirates", according to Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini.

The crew of Elhiblu1, a Turkish oil tanker, helped 108 migrants Tuesday night in the Mediterranean Sea. But the day after the rescue, they, who would have learned that the boat was heading for Libya, forced the captain to change course towards Malta. "They are not migrants in distress. They are pirates. They will see Italy only with the twin, "Interior Minister Salvini denounced.

It is out of the question for Mateo Salvini that the boat is heading for an Italian port to the island of Lampedusa or Sicily. The Italian authorities have said that the army will intervene as soon as the boat crosses the limit of territorial waters, located 38 kilometers from the coast.

For years, commercial vessels traveling offshore have been routinely diverted to rescue migrants. But since Tripoli has gradually taken over from Rome to coordinate these operations, ships are ordered to return migrants to their home country. And several times in recent months, accompanied migrants have refused to get off the boat and the Libyan authorities have had to use force.

The captain of the ship and his crew were taken hostage. "He repeated several times that he no longer had control of the ship and that he and his crew were forced and threatened by a number of migrants demanding that he make his way to Malta," said the captain.

The P21 patrol vessel of the Maltese Navy prevented the tanker from entering the territorial waters of Malta and a special forces commando, supported by several naval vessels and a helicopter, was dispatched on board "to return control of the vessel to captain "and escort him to Malta.

The Maltese Navy announced on Thursday morning, March 28th, that it took control of tanker Elhiblu-I, which arrived in Malta around 9 am According to the navy, the ship, the crew and the 108 migrants on board - 77 men and 31 women or children - must now be handed over to the police for investigation.

The NGO Saving Humans was quick to react, assuring that it was "watching" the situation. She also asked that the migrants not be brought back to Libya, where they would be "locked in camps" again.

The day before, the European Union decided to temporarily suspend the deployment of its naval means of rescue of migrants off Libya, started in 2015 as part of the military mission "Sophia".

Last week a children's bus was taken hostage by a migrant denouncing the European migration policy. The latter intended to set the bus on fire with the children inside.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT PARLIAMENT REPRESENTS THE HAND

No new snub for Theresa May ! MEPs voted in favor of an amendment allowing Parliament to take the prime minister's control of the exit process from the European Union.

By 329 votes to 302, the House of Commons seized the power to determine its own agenda, normally controlled by the executive.

The vote comes as Theresa May seeks support to vote its divorce agreement negotiated with Brussels, already rejected twice by the deputies but on which depends an orderly exit of the European Union on May 22.

"This amendment reverses the balance between our democratic institutions and is a bad and dangerous precedent precedent for the future," responded the Prime Minister.

MEPs are expected to vote on Wednesday for both more radical options such as the free trade agreement and the exit without agreement, but also for issues aimed at maintaining closer ties with the EU, such as a second referendum, the pure and simple cancellation of the Brexit or the maintenance in the customs union.

But no majority could also emerge from these 'indicative votes'.

The British Prime Minister has also resigned from three secretaries of state who disagree with her exit strategy from the EU. They are Richard Harrington (Industry), Alister Burt (Foreign Affairs) and Steve Brine (Health).

Richard Harrington blamed the government in its resignation letter for playing "roulette" with "the lives and livelihoods of the vast majority of our people" because of its "failure to secure a deal" out.

Remains for the head of the government the possibility of launching a third attempt to adopt his "deal" at the end of this week. With the deadline of April 12...

Jaimie Potts for Daynewsworld

THE ROADS OF SILK

OR CHINA IN CONQUERING

Italy has rolled out the red carpet to Chinese President Xi Jinping on a state visit to Europe. Italy is openly announcing its intention to join the "New Silk Roads", the Pharaonic, and controversial, China-led investment program between Asia, Europe and Africa.

But how to face this new conquering China in the absence of common front lines from Europe?

Chinese President Xi Jinping's visit to Italy and France foreshadows the world of tomorrow? His country is, in any case, the great beneficiary of the new world economic order. In 2050, China will be number one, leaving behind India and the United States.

The world is witnessing a conflict between the rising power, China, and the established power, the United States for decades already. Whether on the logistic strategy of exclusion zone in the South China Sea or in the control from high technologies, from semiconductors to artificial intelligence, the battle between the two powers is raging. As proof: the Huawei case, China seeking to acquire new technologies through venture capital investments in Silicon Valley.

And the program, the "New Roads of Silk", launched in 2013 by President Xi Jinping, a land-based belt linking China to Europe via Central Asia, and the Seaway. via the Indian Ocean comes to cap it all.

With huge investments, the Chinese build port, rail and airport infrastructures in the countries of Africa and Asia. It is estimated that about 60 states have benefited from Chinese capital related to the initiative.

More generally, Chinese investments in the countries concerned, from 2014 to mid-2018, were more than doubled, or 410 billion, says the firm Euler-Hermes. According to the Morgan Stanley Bank, Chinese investments in the countries of the "Silk Roads" will exceed $ 1.2 trillion by 2027.

China has bought the Greek port of Piraeus. It is very present in Portugal, with interests in real estate and air transport. The Swedish Volvo car driver, the Italian Pirelli tires and the German machine tool group Kouka have been awarded the Chinese flag. Eastern countries are also subject to Chinese interests. In France, Beijing bought vineyards in Burgundy and Gironde.

More than 96% of the projects financed by Beijing are entrusted to Chinese companies. The latter then monopolize the revenues generated by certain infrastructures.

In addition to the economic stakes, the questions also concern the possible risk for the country's defense and infrastructure - experts pointing to China's interest in the strategic ports of Trieste and Genoa. Those from Piraeus (Greece), Bilbao and Valencia (Spain) are already under the Chinese flag.

The Western powers, led by the United States, denounce the geopolitical aims of Beijing, suspected of wanting to cement its influence, control raw materials and dispose of its industrial overcapacity.

These roads "can not be those of a new hegemony" which would place "vassal" the countries crossed, was alarmed in January 2018 French President Emmanuel Macron.

Several EU countries (Portugal, Greece, Hungary, Poland ...) have already signed memoranda of understanding to join the Silk Roads, but Italy - 3rd European economy - would be the first member of the G7 to rally to it. What can she gain except markets?

The United States remains skeptical: "We doubt that Italians will derive sustainable economic gains. It could (on the contrary) tarnish the reputation of the country, "warned Garrett Marquis, head of the White House quoted by the Financial Times. Washington expresses its frank opposition: "There is no need for Italy to reinforce the legitimacy of projects (serving) Chinese arrogance," fired Marquis on Twitter.

France, for its part, calls for a "coordinated approach" against Beijing in order to "avoid an unwelcome form of European division".

Italy, alongside Paris and Berlin, supported in 2017 the idea of ​​a European framework for foreign investment, especially Chinese: a united front now threatened.

Europe is China's biggest trading partner. Since 2010, Beijing has invested nearly 145 billion euros on the Old Continent.

But since 2018, the trend has reversed. Europe is worried about Chinese investments in strategic sectors, such as telecommunications or artificial intelligence. The Twenty-eight have decided to control these operations. They also want to establish reciprocal access to government markets. As a result, Chinese investment fell by 40% last year, according to figures from Rhodium Group. Nearly half of this capital is concentrated in the United Kingdom, Germany and France.

The Chinese president will be Sunday in France to meet Emmanuel Macron, but also Angela Merkel and Jean-Claude Juncker.

He will have to stay there until Tuesday. From commercial relations to European interrogations on Huawei and 5G via the climate or the future of multilateralism, the major topics are not lacking for the French executive, who pushes for a united European approach vis-à-vis Beijing, and wants an "EU statement".

In the face of Trump's America, which seeks to fight, Xi Jinping must find allies. And in a certain way, to restore China's image in the Western world at a time when the difficulties are increasing, both economically and with a decline in growth; on the technological front with the controversy around Huawei (telecommunications) on 5G; or at the geopolitical level with the hazards of the BIS in several countries, from Sri Lanka to the Maldives, via Malaysia and Sierra Leone.

The assertion of Chinese power, a mixture of authoritarianism and desire for conquest fueled by nationalism, is indeed not well received in the West despite the proliferation of Chinese investments.

This is perhaps the chance of Europeans who have just adopted a defensive strategy towards Beijing, "systemic rival", and are preparing to turn a new page of their relationship with this power at the EU-Europe summit. China, April 9.

One of the novelties of 2019 is the awakening of Europeans against the great powers, the United States and China.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DERNIERE OPTION POUR LE BREXIT

Face au blocage du Parlement britannique, les chefs d'État de l'UE choisissent ensemble le plan B. Les dirigeants européens et Theresa May se sont en effet accordés sur la mise en place de nouveaux scénarios pour le Brexit.

Lors d'un sommet européen à Bruxelles ce jeudi 21 mars, les 27 ont proposé deux nouvelles dates pour un report de la sortie du Royaume-Uni de l'Union européenne. La Première ministre britannique les a acceptées dans la soirée.

Dans un premier temps, les dirigeants européens sont d'accord pour reporter la date du Brexit au 22 mai, à condition d'un feu vert des députés britanniques la semaine prochaine à l'accord de divorce conclu en novembre, qu'ils ont déjà repoussé par deux fois.

Par ailleurs, en cas de nouveau rejet par le parlement britannique, « le Conseil européen décide de proroger (le Brexit) jusqu'au 12 avril et attend du Royaume-Uni qu'il indique la voie à suivre avant cette date », écrivent les dirigeants européens.

Cet accord a pour objectif de permettre une sortie ordonnée du Royaume-Uni. Theresa May aux abois proposait le 30 juin.

Mais cette extension était trop longue pour des Européens, réunis en sommet jusqu'à vendredi. En effet cette date du 30 juin posait des problèmes du point de vue juridique à l'UE en raison du scrutin européen, prévu du 23 au 26 mai. Car le Royaume-Uni serait tenu d'organiser le scrutin européen même s'il se retire ensuite avant la session inaugurale du Parlement, début juillet. S'il ne le faisait pas, il mettrait en péril la légalité du nouveau Parlement avec le risque d'une paralysie durable du fonctionnement de l'UE.

Cependant la menace du « no deal » se fait de plus en plus pressante

En effet Jeremy Corbyn, le chef du Labour, principal parti d'opposition britannique, a exclu de se ranger derrière l'accord de Theresa May. « Nous ne pensons pas que c'est la bonne voie et cherchons une alternative qui puisse rassembler une majorité au parlement », a-t-il asséné.

En cas d'échec du troisième vote, le « no deal » apparaît comme l'issue par défaut, ont mis en garde les Européens, synonyme de chaos économique potentiel.

« Même si l'espoir d'un succès final peut paraître fragile, voire illusoire, et bien que la fatigue du Brexit soit de plus en plus visible et justifiée, nous ne pouvons renoncer à rechercher jusqu'au tout dernier moment une solution positive"», a promis le président du Conseil européen Donald Tusk.

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld

HOSTILITE OF BRUSSELS

SUBMISSION OF BREXIT TO 30 JUNE

After almost a long time, Theresa May, at the foot of the wall, now wants a postponement of Brexit to June 30.

At this stage, it excludes a longer adjournment, which would imply that the United Kingdom takes part in the European elections, an "unacceptable" option, according to the British leader.

To the Union to consult each other. Any request for postponement will have to be accepted unanimously by the 27, who meet in Brussels on Thursday and Friday.

If Theresa May has no choice unless she accepts a brutal divorce, the 27 do not want to keep the European Union in uncertainty for too long.

As a result they should only consider one postponement. Nearly three years after the referendum that decided the exit of the European Union.

But what about the delay? British Prime Minister calls for Brexit postponement until 30 June. A choice of date that is far from delighting Europeans!

The EU executive is arguing instead for a postponement until 23 May (before the European elections). A postponement "until at least 2019" also remains an option. In other words, the date of June 30, as claimed Theresa May in the wake, is not greeted with joy.

Legally. Why ? Because on that date (30 June), that would mean that the United Kingdom would not have organized a European election. Either an offense based on the Treaty of the Union. Another legal concern: if the elections take place, without the United Kingdom, one can imagine any citizen seize the European Justice to argue that he is poorly represented just because the assembly was " badly elected. It would then be necessary to cancel everything.

And politically.Every leader of a Member State could evaluate, according to his interests, almost personal, if an extension of the Brexit would be favorable to him or not.

Risks that the 27 do not want to run!

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

YELLOW VESTS HEADS FALL

Act XVIII of the "yellow vests" movement, followed by 10,000 people in Paris and more than 30,000 in France on Saturday, March 16, according to the authorities, experienced a strong upsurge of violence.

And the heads continue to fall.

After the announcement of the replacement of Paris police chief Michel Delpuech by Didier Lallement, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner had estimated Monday night "necessary" that officials of the police hierarchy be removed from office.

On Tuesday, the executive decided to end the duties of the chief of staff of the police headquarters Pierre Gaudin and the director of proximity security of the Paris metropolitan area (DSPAP), a component of the prefecture, Frédéric Dupuch.

The government has questioned the "chain of command" of the police headquarters of Paris in the management of law and order on Saturday, which resulted in spectacular scenes of violence, looting and looting on the avenue des Champs Elysees.

The Secretary of State to the Minister of the Interior, Laurent Nuñez, admitted Monday, March 18, "dysfunctions" and "a failure". "In the direction of the maneuver, we were less offensive than usual, less responsive," he said, adding:

"The whole chain of command is going to be examined. "

Inappropriate instructions were passed to reduce the use of "defense ball launchers" (LBD), lamented Prime Minister Philippe.

Regretting a "inhibition" of law enforcement and a policing strategy "not implemented", Christophe Castaner also said that "decisions, instructions (had) escaped" to the police prefect.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

ATTACK (TERRORIST?) AT UTRECHT

IN THE NETHERLANDS

No one died and several were wounded on Monday, March 18, during a streetcar shootout in the Dutch city of Utrecht, local police said, citing a possible "terrorist" trail.

The police, who do not rule out the terrorist trail, announced that the gunman was on the run, not ruling out that there were others.

Relief services reported that three helicopters had been deployed to take care of the victims.

The police spokesman said the thesis of a terrorist motivation was being considered.

The Counter-Terrorism Coordinator convened a crisis meeting.

"An investigation into the shooting on the 24th of October square in Utrecht is under way.

In this one, we also take into account a possible terrorist motive, "said the police in a tweet.

The Dutch Prime Minister said he was "deeply worried".

Mark Rutte reacted quickly on Monday morning after the incident.

Police have tightened security at key airports and buildings in the country.

The Dutch authorities have raised at their highest level the terrorist threat in the Utrecht region.

"We do not exclude anything, not even a terrorist attack. "

It is with these words that the Mayor of Utrecht, Jan van Zanen, ends his short communique in which he evokes

"A horrible and radical incident" that took place this morning in his city.

In other major cities, the police presence has been strengthened.

In The Hague, heavily armed police were deployed around the parliament and the government headquarters.

In Rotterdam, police announced that surveillance has been increased around railway stations and mosques.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

YELLOW VESTS FROM MALFUNCTIONS TO POLICE PREFECTURE

The eighteenth of the movement of "yellow vests", followed by 10,000 people in Paris and more than 30,000 in France Saturday, March 16, according to the authorities, has experienced a strong upsurge of violence.

According to the figures provided by the authorities, some 237 people were arrested at Paris rallies. These arrests resulted in police custody for 185 adults and 15 minors.

The scene has sad airs of déjà-vu. Avenue des Champs-Elysées was again awake Sunday, March 17, marked by the stigma of a Saturday of urban violence. Bank burned, windows of broken restaurants, looting ... Near a hundred businesses were affected in the capital, including the Champs-Elysees.

Monday, Emmanuel Macron met at 11:30 his prime minister, Edouard Philippe, and his three ministers in charge of the interior and justice - Christophe Castaner, Laurent Nuñez and Nicole Belloubet - to develop proposals to try to restore public order.

The 1,500 "black blocks" who participated in the violence on the Champs-Elysees during the "act 18" of the "yellow vests" were well prepared not to be spotted by the police.

While the methods of these violent groups are known, these thugs have managed to do a lot of damage. In question, their number and well-honed organization.

If the blacks blocks were able to act so brutally Saturday, it is first because they were very numerous. According to the Ministry of the Interior, 1,500 ultra-violent individuals had infiltrated the demonstration and had hidden themselves in thousands of "yellow vests".

The "black blocks" have also changed their mode of action, which would be synonymous with the arrival of new members. In comparison: on May 1, "black blocks" had tried to set fire to MacDonald while other people had managed to dissuade them because there was an apartment building above and that it would put other people's lives in danger. This time, there was the same phenomenon but the other "black blocks" could not prevent the fire of the bank with the spread to higher floors. A woman and her baby, stuck on the second floor, were rescued by firefighters.

Finally, it seems that the action was carefully prepared. The police controls set up at the entrances to Paris did not give anything: no hammer no iron bar was discovered.

The Secretary of State to the Minister of the Interior, Laurent Nuñez, admitted Monday, March 18, "dysfunctions" and "a failure". "In the direction of the maneuver, we were less offensive than usual, less reactive," he assured, before adding: "It's the whole chain of command that will be examined. A direct challenge to the Prefecture of Police in Paris, which echoes the statements of Matignon, Sunday evening:

"Our device was deeply adapted to the events of December 1st. The analysis of yesterday's events shows that it proved insufficient in its execution to contain this violence and avoid the actions of thugs. We must take all the consequences of these dysfunctions. The Prime Minister will make his adaptation proposals to the President of the Republic tomorrow at 11:30 am to strengthen the doctrine and ensure at all times the firmness of its execution. The announcements will be made in the following hours. "

Have there been any flaws in the security device? In the police, several voices are now raised to denounce the manner in which the presence of these thugs was managed Saturday. Their number would have been underestimated by the intelligence services before the demonstration. Also, some question the security system itself: 5,000 police and gendarmes were mobilized in Paris, but much was around the Elysee and places of power, or for the march for the climate that had place at the same time elsewhere in the capital! Some senior officers point to the lack of coordination between CRS and the police. And point to the police headquarters, responsible for organizing security.

Several voices have risen in the ranks of the police to criticize the choices of the Prefecture of Police of Paris.

Paris police chief Michel Delpuech has resigned. Michel Delpuech, 66, was a regular starter after the Benalla affair and the various polemics on the management of public order in the capital.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CINQ ENFANTS DE JIHADISTES DE SYRIE

RAPATRIES EN FRANCE

La France a rapatrié de Syrie cinq enfants de jihadistes vendredi 15 mars 2019.

La France a rapatrié, vendredi 15 mars, « plusieurs mineurs orphelins et isolés, âgés de 5 ans et moins, qui se trouvaient dans des camps du nord-est de la Syrie », annonce le ministère des Affaires étrangères.

Avec la chute du dernier bastion détenu par l’organisation Etat islamique, la question du devenir des Français détenus en Syrie est devenue un casse-tête pour le gouvernement.

Que faire de ces Français qui, au nom du djihad, ont rejoint ces dernières années l’organisation Etat islamique en Syrie et en Irak et se trouvent détenus dans la région ?

« La décision a été prise au regard de la situation de ces très jeunes enfants particulièrement vulnérables », indique le ministère des Affaires étrangères.

Il s'agit d' orphelins qui seront pris en charge par leur famille ou une famille d’accueil.

« Ces enfants font l’objet d’un suivi médical et psychologique particulier et ont été remis aux autorités judiciaires. » poursuit le ministère.

Mais le rapatriement des seuls enfants n’est « pas envisagé à l’heure actuelle », selon les termes de Laurent Nuñez, secrétaire d’Etat à l’intérieur, mercredi 13 mars, devant la commission des affaires étrangères de l’Assemblée nationale. Cela conduirait, en effet, à séparer les enfants de leurs parents (le plus souvent de leur mère), ce qui paraît exclu.

« Pour ce qui est des enfants, c’est une approche au cas par cas qui est menée, en particulier en lien avec la Croix-Rouge internationale. C’est une approche humanitaire qui est suivie, et avec beaucoup de vigilance », avait déclaré le chef de l’Etat français depuis Nairobi, au Kenya.

Pour les adultes, le problème qui relève du casse-tête sécuritaire, juridique et politique, la réponse est tout autre . « S’agissant des ressortissants français adultes, combattants et djihadistes ayant suivi Daech au Levant, la position de la France n’a pas changé : ils doivent être jugés sur le territoire où ils ont commis leurs crimes », a par ailleurs souligné vendredi le ministère des affaires étrangères.

« C’est une question de justice et de sécurité à la fois. »

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld

THE BREXIT IN THE DEAD END STREET

British Prime Minister Theresa May is disappointed in what looks like the Brexit drama.

Two months after a first vote sanction Westminster, the Parliament again rejected, Tuesday, March 12, the agreement concluded between Brussels and London by 391 votes against 242.

Yet in this second version of the divorce agreement, the president of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Junker, had accepted new legal clauses to reassure British MPs.

But the future of the Irish border still crystallizes the opposition of Parliament.

The "backstop" device, imagined in Brussels, did not convince her.

While MEPs refuse any physical demarcation separating the Republic of Ireland from the United Kingdom, they fear however to remain dependent on European regulations in the absence of such separation.

The divorce project seems deadlocked.

After this new rejection of the agreement concluded by Theresa May with the European Union, the British MPs must now speak on the principle of no deal ("not agree").

Will they vote a third time for a "limited" postponement of the Brexit date, set for the moment at March 29th.

Voting is scheduled between 18:00 and 20:00, Wednesday, March 13, 2019.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT TOWARDS REQUEST FOR A REPORT

OR THE THREAT OF A NO DEAL?

"I am personally opposed to an extension of Article 50. Our overriding objective should be to work on an agreement and to come out on 29 March" from the EU, said Prime Minister Theresa May."

The concern of some members has pushed the head of government Theresa May to give the last word to Parliament. Several of his ministers have even threatened to resign in recent days if the risk of an exit without agreement materializes.

Prime Minister Theresa May has announced Tuesday, February 26 that the United Kingdom will leave the European Union without a withdrawal agreement on the condition that its Parliament validate this option. It also opens the door to a postponement.

If the deputies rejected by March 12 the agreement on Brexit, then their decision to leave the EU without agreement or a postponement of the fateful date, still set for March 29.

But the Conservative minister was careful to reiterate that she was personally opposed to this postponement of the planned date, March 29, and stressed that it could not go beyond June, because otherwise United Kingdom should participate in the European elections at the end of May.

The Conservative leader said she intended to proceed in three stages.

First, it will present to MPs before March 12 a modified version of the divorce agreement it signed in late November with Brussels and that the Parliament overwhelmingly rejected mid-January.

In the event of rejection, she will ask MEPs on 13 March if they want to leave the EU without agreement. If it refuses, then it will present a motion on March 14 asking "if the Parliament wants a short and limited extension of Article 50" of the Lisbon Treaty, which triggered the process of exit from the European Union there is almost two years.

And what do the other EU countries think about it?

Accept a postponement by the end of 2019, or more? Why not, if the British decide to hold a new referendum or call a general election. Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the Labor Party, said Monday night that his party was ready to support an amendment calling for a second referendum, to block the "deal" of Ms. May. But if it's just to prolong the procrastination in the House of Commons? "Will a little more time help them decide? There is doubt, "said a diplomat from a northern EU country.

The Europeans want at all costs to prevent the British being still members of the Union at the time of the European elections at the end of May.

If the UK is to remain a member of the EU beyond these deadlines, the British should participate in the European elections.

Worse, perhaps: still at the table at the European Council, for an indefinite time, they could continue to be involved in the crucial discussion of the next multiannual Community budget (2021-2027): the means to influence a fundamental instruments of common policy at twenty-seven. What the Europeans do not want.

A "no deal" remains in this case a very serious assumption in Brussels.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

SPAIN STRENGTHENING ITS FRONTIER AT CEUTA

Faced with strong migratory pressure, Madrid will increase the height of the double border fences that separate Morocco from its enclave of Ceuta. This strengthening of the barrier will be done by raising its height, announced this Saturday the Spanish Ministry of the Interior which also indicated that the barbed wire at the top of these fences would be replaced by other non-offensive material.

"The height of the fence will be increased by 30%, reaching ten meters, where most of the entries occurred," said Interior Minister Fernando Grande-Marlaska during a visit to Ceuta .

"All the barbed wire (in Ceuta) will be replaced by an element (...) that will guarantee security without hurting all along the fence," he added.

He also mentioned facial recognition systems at border crossings and the improvement of video surveillance systems. Works that "will start in about a month and a half", according to the Spanish Ministry.

The goal is to "have a safer, more modern border with more sophisticated technology," the minister said.

The fence has indeed been stormed several times in recent years by African migrants who wanted to enter the Spanish enclave which, with that of Melilla, is the only land border between Africa and the European Union. Some of these assaults were violent, such as those of last July and August, when migrants entered Ceuta by throwing quicklime and excrement against the police.

Sometimes migrants cut their hands, arms or legs against the barbed wire during their attempt to cross over so that human rights organizations have called for their withdrawal.

According to figures from the Spanish Ministry of the Interior, 726 migrants gained Ceuta and Melilla illegally between 1 January and 13 February by land while another 4,889 migrants during the same period landed on Spanish coasts on board vessels. .

The Spanish coasts are the main route of entry by sea into the EU of irregular migrants.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE AMBASSADOR OF POPE SOUPCONNE

SEXUAL AGGRESSION

Bishop Luigi Ventura, Pope's 74-year-old French ambassador, is under investigation for sexual assault, according to a judicial source. An article in Le Monde said he is suspected of touching a young executive of the Paris City Hall while the latter welcomed him during a ceremony at the City Hall.

The facts would have occurred on January 17 on the occasion of the wishes of the Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, the civil authorities, diplomatic and religious, details the newspaper.

Monsignor Luigi Ventura would have touched "several times" this young man of the General Delegation for International Relations (DGRI) of the City of Paris.

The mayor of Paris reported to the public prosecutor, under article 40 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, that a young municipal official had complained of repeated touching of the 74-year-old Italian prelate during the ceremony of vows at the City Hall on January 17th.

Diplomatic immunity?

Bishop Ventura is considered the Vatican ambassador to the French government. .

He is since 2009, the representative of the pope in Paris.

He is responsible for ensuring both the link between the Holy See and the French State, between the pope and the bishops he proposes for appointment.

It is for example to him that the bishop of Dax had, in April 2017, submitted his resignation after the revelation

"Inappropriate attitudes" towards young people.

Recipient of diplomatic status, religious could play diplomatic immunity to escape the justice of men.

One more affair at the time of the announcement of the world release, on February 21, of the book Sodoma , an investigation at the heart of Vatican mores by Frédéric Martel.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

AND BAM ! NOW SELF-SCHOOLS

ONE MORE UBERIZATION AND ANOTHER ANGER

Driving schools are demonstrating today, Monday, February 11, 2019.

Their leaders gathered massively at the gates of Paris, Bordeaux, Marseille, Nice ... causing gigantic traffic jams.

The PC of Radio France counted shortly before 8 am in the morning, an hour and a half of traffic jam on the A3 motorway, between Aulnay sous Bois and Bagnolet and Seine Saint Denis towards Paris, but also an hour of traffic jam on the A6 between Viry Chatillon (Essonne) and the capital, and again, a serious slowdown on the A13 between Rocquencourt (Yvelines) and the capital.

Seventy-five cars were counted at 7 o'clock in the morning, at Porte d'Auteuil, Porte de Clignancourt, and at Vincennes, on the ring road where a snail operation was taking place.

The professionals converged in the early afternoon towards the Place d'Italie!

As with the Yellow Vests, the slogans implicated Emmanuel Macron: "King Macron! The people are fed up with it "could be read on the windshields of cars.

It is a parliamentary report that has not yet been made public that has set fire to the powder and is behind this new bronca.

This report, which was written by LREM du Gard, Françoise Dumas, has just been handed to the Prime Minister (last Friday 08/09/2019). It should be remembered that in November Emmanuel Macron had promised "a drastic drop" in the cost of driving licenses which averaged around € 1800 according to a study by UFC-Que Choisir (2016).

The response of the unions of the profession was not long in coming: "We do not want to deliver Low Cost training for a Uberized driver's license".

Everything is said in a few words!

Even if the 3 professional organizations admit that for the moment they know only part of what is in the report, "because Madame Dumas has kindly read a part of them", they sense "that she did not tell them everything because they (we) felt it very uncomfortable ".

The president of the majority union, CNPA-Education Routière already accuses the executive of wanting to create a system that would kill the proximity and braider the quality of driving license education.

We find in the protest of the driving schools, the same criticisms as those of the Yellow Vests, vis-à-vis a choice of society "that ruffles" and which is not accepted. "If the modern world is the destruction of social gains and wages, I call it back to the nineteenth century," said Philippe Colombani, the founding President of the UNIC union.

To drive down the price of a driving license, driving schools are proposing a drop in the tax burden (?), Recalling that a driving license is 70% of taxes.

The government finds itself in the same dilemma as the fuel tax that triggered the Yellow Vests movement and its denial of tax consent on November 17, 2018.

"Let the politicians look at each other a little in the mirror and tell themselves that if we got there it may also be their fault: they have for years and years stacked taxes"!

It can not be any clearer ! A word, hello !

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

TRIAL OF CATALAN INDEPENDANTISTS

UNDER HIGH VOLTAGE IN SPAIN

A dozen leaders will have to answer, from Tuesday, February 12, before the Supreme Court of Madrid of "sedition" and "rebellion". It is undoubtedly "the most important process" that Spain has faced since the democratic transition, in the words of the President of the Supreme Court, Carlos Lesmes. Twelve Catalan independence leaders will be judged for their role in the October 2017 attempt to secede from Catalonia, in violation of Spain's constitutional order.

A historic trial that opens Tuesday for about three months and will be broadcast live on television.

Up to 25 years in prison

The main figure of the attempted secession, the former Catalan President Carles Puigdemont, exiled in Belgium, will be the great absent on the dock, Spain not judging the absence for serious offenses.

The main protagonist will be his former Vice President Oriol Junqueras, against whom the prosecution has required 25 years in prison. The failure of the unilateral proclamation of independence of 27 October, the dismissal of the Catalan government and the flight of Carles Puigdemont in Belgium, did not convince him to flee. This "sacrifice" gives it a special aura in the eyes of the separatists. In the eyes of the law, he faces twenty-five years in prison.

Sentences ranging from were required against the other eleven accused, including the former president of the Catalan Parliament, several regional "ministers" and leaders of the powerful ANC and Omnium Cultural independent associations face sentences ranging from 7 to 17 years. Nine accused in total are prosecuted for rebellion, aggravated by the offense of embezzlement of public funds for six of them, and are in custody.

A referendum deemed illegal.

The separatists had organized on 1 October 2017 a referendum of self-determination banned by justice and then proclaimed October 27 an independent Catalan republic, triggering the most serious political crisis that Spain has known since the end of Francoism.

At the center of the trial is the issue of violence.

The disputed charge of rebellion presupposes the existence of a violent uprising. For the prosecution, there has been violence accused including "called the citizens to participate in the referendum of October 1 being aware of [its] illegality and the fact that explosions of violence could occur."

For the separatists, the only violence was that of the police on the day of the referendum. This is what the German justice system withdrew when it refused to extradite former Catalan President Carles Puigdemont. The jurists being divided on this question, the representative of the interests of the State accuse besides the defendants that of sedition and claims penalties of twelve years maximum.

The Catalan separatists denounce a "political trial" which shows that, in order to preserve its territorial integrity, Spain is able to restrict "fundamental rights".

The president of the Spanish government, the Socialist Pedro Sanchez, would have done well this trial even as the prime minister tries to negotiate its draft budget 2019 with the Catalan separatist parties. The separatists, without whom Pedro Sanchez has no majority in parliament, are ready to block the budget on Wednesday, opening the door to the call for early elections.

More than a year after the fact, the Catalan question remains a hot topic in Spain.

On Sunday, tens of thousands of people demonstrated in Madrid at the call of the right and extreme right of Vox against the head of government Pedro Sanchez, accused of "high treason" for having dialogue with the separatists.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

YELLOW VESTS AND MOVEMENT 5 STARS

An unexpected encounter took place on Tuesday in Montargis (Loiret), between the Yellow Vests and the leader of the 5 Stars Movement Luigi Di Maio, currently Italian Deputy Prime Minister. Luigi Di Maio himself made it public. "Today, we made a jump to France and we met the leader of the" yellow vests "Christophe Chalençon and the candidates in the European elections of Ingrid Levavasseur's RIC [Rally of Citizens' Initiative] list, a- he announced on Tuesday, February 5, on Facebook.

"A new provocation" for the Quai d'Orsay

This meeting was experienced as a new provocation by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs "This new provocation is not acceptable between neighboring countries and partners in the European Union," denounced Wednesday the Quai d'Orsay. "Mr. Di Maio, who assumes governmental responsibilities, must take care not to undermine, by his repeated interferences, our bilateral relations, in the interest of France as well as of Italy ". Even the Italian embassy in France had not been informed of the minister's visit to the country.

M5S support for Yellow Vests

However, this meeting materializes the support shown by the leader of the Italian 5-star Movement (M5S) to the French "yellow jackets" on the M5S blog in early January. In his message the Deputy Prime Minister encouraged the "yellow vests" to continue the "hard battle" comparing their movement to that of the 5-Star Movement, claiming that the two are animated "of the same spirit". The 5-star movement, founded in 2009 by Beppe Grillo and Gianroberto Casaleggio, is indeed an organization neither right nor left. And not defining itself as a political party, it campaigns to stimulate a form of direct democracy, through opposition to forms of representative democracies. In the 2016 municipal elections, he won the cities of Rome and Turin. Advancing widely, with 32% of the votes, the other political parties in the Italian general elections of 2018, he formed a coalition government with the Northern League led by independent Giuseppe Conte.

No alliance but exchanges

At the meeting the two parties exchanged. "The exchange was very cordial. We realize that there is a lot of common ground between our approach and the M5S, which is born from the same demands of the people, "said Christophe Chalençon World. "We compared our respective platforms, talked about how they were structured, it's very interesting. ", he added. The RIC list is linked to an online NOos-citizens platform that is supposed to allow citizens' demands to be aggregated, before bringing out the most frequent ones to bring them into the political debate. M5S was also built thanks to its digital platform "Rousseau" which allowed the coordination and the definition of the electoral program. For his part, Mr. Di Maio spoke about "a beautiful meeting, the first one before so many others, during which we talked about our countries, social rights and direct democracy". There was no question of alliances.

Vivid dissension in the Yellow Vests

This meeting with the MS5 is surprising, however, by the notorious absence of the head of the list Ingrid Levavasseur and the role played by Christophe Chalençon as spokesperson of the RIC.

Mr. Chalençon, 52, is a blacksmith craftsman, he was a candidate for the legislative in the Vaucluse in 2017 under the various right label. This media figure of the movement of the "yellow vests", was pointed out by claiming, on December 3, 2018 "the resignation of the current government" and the arrival to Matignon "of a strong man like the general of Villiers". His legitimacy as "leader" of "yellow vests" has always been challenged by the movement's base. She was also vigorously challenged by Ingrid Levavasseur who denied that he was the spokesperson for the movement.

The young woman also indicates that she was only informed at the last minute of the meeting, to which she was opposed.

She maintains that this event "has no connection with the RIC".

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT THERESA MAY AND

THE IMPOSSIBLE REVISION OF THE BACKSTOP REQUIRED BY THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

The ghost of the nol deal has moved away momentarily. Two weeks after massively rejecting the agreement on Brexit presented by Theresa May, British MPs debated Tuesday, January 29 to find a solution to the impasse on Brexit. They demanded a revision of the agreement, on the border between the two Ireland while refusing a dry exit from the EU.

Of seven amendments to the draft withdrawal negotiated by Theresa May that the House of Commons had rejected January 15 by 432 votes against 202 five of seven were refused

The other amendments tabled by Labor to give Parliament a hand in deciding the terms of Brexit were also swept away

That of the conservative Caroline Spelman which aimed to exclude an exit from the European Union without agreement, was however approved (318 votes against 310).

And Conservative Graham Brady's amendment demanding a revision of the "backstop" intended to avoid a border between the two Ireland was adopted by 317 votes against 301.

He calls for the replacement of the North Irish backstop with alternative mechanisms.

MEPs therefore instructed their Prime Minister Theresa May to renegotiate with the EU this safeguard clause meant to avoid the reestablishment of a physical border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland after leaving the European Union.

"It is now clear that there is a way to bring a substantial and lasting majority in Parliament to leave the EU with an agreement," concluded Ms May announcing that she would call for "legally binding changes".

"The withdrawal agreement is and remains the best way to ensure an orderly withdrawal from the UK from the EU. The backstop (the provision to avoid a return to a physical boundary between Ireland and the British province of Northern Ireland) is part of the withdrawal agreement and the agreement is not open to renegotiation.

The conclusions of the December EU summit are very clear on this point, "responded a spokesman for European Council President Donald Tusk.

The reopening of the talks with Brussels seems compromised ..

"If the UK's positions for the future partnership are to evolve, the EU would be ready to reconsider its offer and adapt the content and ambition level of the political declaration, while respecting its established principles", he announced, even considering a prorogation.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

THE VENEZUELAN PRESIDENT NICOLAS MADURO

IS IT ON THE START ?

The Parliament, headed by 35-year-old Guaido, who has declared himself president, is more than determined to provoke the departure of the elected president, Mr Maduro.

It meets this Tuesday, January 29 with a program of the most targeted: the review of a law on "the transition to democracy", the study of "the country's bailout" and a "debate on free elections and transparent ".

Opposition demonstrations have already claimed at least 35 lives, according to several NGOs, and Pope Francis said he feared a "bloodbath." ". All eyes are on this country around which a real diplomatic battle is being played out.

A diplomatic battle

Indeed the United States immediately recognized the new self-proclaimed President Juan Guido as acting president of Venezuela. Donald Trump immediately announced in a statement that he officially recognized Juan Guaido as "interim president of Venezuela" recalling that the National Assembly had declared President Nicolas Maduro "illegitimate". "The people of Venezuela bravely spoke against Maduro and his regime and demanded freedom and the rule of law. ", he added

Canada, Colombia and Brazil, Washington's allies in the region, have followed suit, as well as Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro.

"The blood that can flow in Venezuela will be on your hands, Donald Trump," Nicolas Maduro said late Monday, furious after the announcement of new sanctions Washington.

More and more voices are joining forces with Juan Guaido, especially in Europe where six countries (Spain, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Portugal, Netherlands) have given until Sunday to the socialist president to organize elections, fault what they will recognize his adversary.

However, China and Russia, both permanent members of the UN Security Council, have supported Nicolas Maduro. This is a direct path to arbitrariness and bloodshed, "said the Russian Foreign Ministry. Cuba, led by President Miguel Díaz-Canel, Mexico's left-wing President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador Bolivia's socialist Evo Morales also supported the Chavista president, as well as North Korea's Turkey.

Two diplomatic fronts clash strangely reminiscent of the bipolar world, and Donald Trump did not hesitate to use the economic power of the United States to try to bend the chavist.

Economic sanctions:

"I will continue to use all the economic and diplomatic power of the United States to push for the restoration of Venezuelan democracy. "Said the White House tenant.

Also on Monday, the United States targeted the Venezuelan oil company PDVSA, accused of being "a vehicle of corruption", prohibiting it from trading with US entities and freezing its assets abroad. The objective displayed by the US Treasury is to prevent "the diversion of more resources" by Nicolas Maduro. For his part, Juan Guaido announced that he was taking control of Venezuela's assets abroad, to prevent the head of state from squandering them in case he leaves the presidency. He even started "the process of appointing the executive committees of PDVSA and Citgo", a subsidiary of refineries in the United States. But all the economy of the country, which has the largest reserves of crude oil in the world, is based on oil ...

"They want us to steal the company Citgo, us Venezuelans," denounced Nicolas Maduro, announcing to prosecute against the United States.

Maduro's military support until when?

In addition to economic sanctions, the Americans and the Venezuelan opposition turned to the army. In fact, the army has been holding President Maduro in power since 2013. "We, soldiers of our homeland, do not accept a president who is imposed in the shadow of obscure interests or self-proclaimed in the margins of the law ( ...) The army defends our Constitution and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, "the Defense Minister wrote on Twitter after self-proclaimed President Juan Guido.

But John Bolton, a national security adviser to the White House, urged the military and security forces to accept the "peaceful, democratic and constitutional" transition of power. In the same vein, Juan Guaido offered the amnesty to the officials and military who would support him.So Saturday Venezuela's military attache in Washington, Colonel José Luis Silva defected ...

With his international support, Juan Guaido calls to demonstrate on Wednesday, "to demand the armed forces that they stand on the side of the people," and Saturday, "to support the support of the European Union and the ultimatum ".

In addition to the bloodshed, the international community also fears the humanitarian catastrophe in this country, once the richest in Latin America, which is currently fighting between hyperinflation (10.000.000% in 2019 according to the IMF) and serious shortages of food and medicine.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE AMBIGUITIES

TREATY OF AIX LA CHAPELLE

Ambiguous ! It is the qualifier "the most moderate" that we found to describe the event that constituted, on January 22, 2019, the ceremony of the signing of the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle, by Emmanuel Macron (for France) and Angela Merckel (for Germany). And that's an understatement!

The reactions (except official) many have indeed been very negative most of the time. They will, in this tone, still flourish as the event has surprised both on form and substance because both of these aspects have, in fact, made uncomfortable.

On form first: The surprise was total because nothing had filtered before the information falls on January 8, 2019 about the preparation of a Franco-German treaty. Better text announcing the latter was not attached to the statement issued by the Elysee on that date.

After having secretly signed the Marrakech Treaty on Immigration, the Elysee has thus put itself in a situation of recidivism, carrying the protest of many media who have since been authorized to qualify the operation as "official propaganda".

Once again, Emmanuel Macron, who was a paragon of transparency during the presidential campaign, "stuck" himself completely with the French, even as the country was in the midst of popular excitement with the demonstrations of yellow vests claiming more democratic consultations (RIC).

Naturally, it was to be expected, the opposition to LREM immediately mounted the niche to denounce the process, unfortunately speaking some excesses of the style "France will lose Alsace and Lorraine," which is false.

As a result, the response was simple, as usual: the executive immediately demonized his opponents.

So what is hiding, fundamentally, this treaty negotiated in total opacity and whose text was not put online until January 18 (for a signature on the 22nd)?

So we went to see the text (which has 28 articles) and we read it in its entirety, in order to get an idea as accurately as possible about its content. Reading done, and like many analysts we were shocked!

The Treaty of Aix la Chapelle signed on January 22, 2019 is based on the one signed on January 22, 1963 by Charles de Gaulle (who must turn in his grave) and Konrad Adenauer at the Elysee which he took the name while that of 2019 has just been signed in the city of Charlemagne, Aachen. All a symbol!

The aim in 1963 by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer in the Elysée Treaty was to engage Franco-German reconciliation, a little less than 20 years after the murderous and destructive war of 1939/1945.

For General de Gaulle, the partnership resulting from this reconciliation could only be balanced!

However, it is clear that today the concessions made to Germany in the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle are in reverse. This bilateral treaty goes much further than the reaffirmation of the Franco-German friendship displayed during the 1963 Elysée Treaty whose 56 th anniversary serves as a pretext and communication (timely both the protagonists are in difficulty in their respective countries) for the two European leaders.

Seen from France, and after reading and analysis, one is obliged to agree that Emmanuel Macron, with the complicity (or the overriding will) of Angela Merckel has subscribed completely, through every line or almost the treaty to a reversal of influence between the two powers, and all this to prepare the Europe of tomorrow, according to the wishes of the two heads of state.

To achieve his ends, Emmanuel Macron refused any prior discussion. There has been no parliamentary debate before, as complained Marie Noëlle Lienemann who put online a petition against MEP Emmanuel Maurel summarized: "Macron concedes, Merckel pockets". There has been no parliamentary debate before, and there will be none after, the two assemblies having to be solicited only to ratify the treaty? Is there any hope that if criticism increases, there could be a referendum? But the hope is low when we see the answers made to the yellow jackets on the RIC.

Moreover, to avoid all attempts to contest Emmanuel Macron took the lead in not hesitating to practice moral intimidation and emasculating in advance the freedom of expression. "Those who forget the value of peace spread lies (?) And are complicit in the crimes of the past" (just that!). Refuse to say that the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle is a good treaty, so it would be, according to the Head of State take the risk of being described as Nazi!

This blackmail is, of course, intolerable, like the amalgamation and its self-attribution of a moral magisterium, though almost non-existent.

The process is grotesque because at the same time Donald Trump's relations with America and Emmanuel Macron's Franco-German vision of Franco-German relations come about 50 years later to lessen the authority and place of France, both within Europe (and the world) and in its Franco-German relationship, simply because criticizing the EU would have criticized Europe and be against peace. From this principle, French democracy has just been a little more asphyxiated.

Not being intimidated, nor likely to be, we will first of all recall some truths. First, we will remember that the Franco-German Treaty of 1963 had already gone wrong in comparison with the "sovereignist" vision that prevailed in the mind of General de Gaulle, the initial objectives of the treaty having been thwarted by the Parliament. German through an Atlantic preamble confirming the "protection" at the level of the Defense of Europe by the umbrella of NATO.

In concrete terms, the new Franco-German treaty unbalances the status quo on which peace was based in favor of Germany, in that it supports Germany's demand for a permanent seat on the Security Council. The most optimistic can argue that this claim is unlikely to be met, as at least 10 countries, beginning with India and Japan, would like to have a seat on the UN Security Council as well. But this clause has nothing to do in the Treaty of Aachen, France having obtained this place in the aftermath of the Second World War, at a time when Germany was defeated and while she already possessed the nuclear weapon, which Germany still does not have.

The Treaty of Aix la Chapelle strengthens the economic imbalance between Germany and France. This imbalance was born from the creation of the euro, the principle of a single currency could have succeeded if Germany had potted a mark at a reduced price while simultaneously the French leaders, vain, had on their side put in pot an overvalued franc (Mitterrand / Schröder decisions). Things got worse as Germany's economic growth (based on a 40% increase in its industrial output) continued to rise until it produced a surplus in its foreign trade balance. € 248 billion, while France, for its part, shows a deficit of € 67 million. France has steadily been impoverished since the creation of the euro; the finding also explains the anger of Yellow Vests whose purchasing power has continued to decline. Relations between France and Germany are not healthy since the 2000s, the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle can only worry and continue to worry because of the restrictive policy that Germany imposes on the rest of the world. European continent (see studies by Josef Stieglitz).

The Treaty of Aix la Chapelle frowned on the other 25 European countries that are members of the EU. Italian Council President Guiseppe Conte, who recently recalled "the historical friendship between Rome and Paris" has just stated that Germany and France had made fun of their European partners because of the fact that had been held until now that the seat of France at the United Nations would in time be given to Europe?

As we have just seen, the guidelines of the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle have already given rise to many criticisms because of the European consequences of its signature. This treaty which was signed in the backs of the French (and which should not be part of the Great National Debate), could also, according to the words of the former MEP, Patrick Louis (Lyon) sacrifice the interests of France and to dilute its power in a cooperation in which Germany is already victorious.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THE TREATY OF ELYSEE FOR REINFORCEMENT

EUROPEAN PROJECT

At a time when Europe is weakened by the rise of nationalisms, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron sign, Tuesday, January 22 a new Franco-German treaty to elevate the bilateral relationship to a "higher level".

"This is an important moment to show that the Franco-German couple is a base that can be revived (...) at the service of strengthening the European project", argues the French Presidency while the German Chancellor believes that "Germany and France intend to continue to move things together in Europe ".

This treaty must "complete" the so-called "Elysee" signed in 1963 between General de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer who sealed the Franco-German reconciliation after three wars since 1870.

What does this treaty provide for some lack of ambition and for others a loss of sovereignty?

The two countries promise a deepening of "their cooperation on foreign policy, external and internal defense" as well as cooperation on cross-border regions, and a "joint parliamentary assembly", composed of one hundred French and German deputies.

On the military and security front:

The two countries "lend themselves to assistance and assistance by all the means at their disposal, including armed force, in case of aggression against their territory" by adopting a "mutual defense clause" in case of aggression, on the model of of that planned within NATO. For example, they can deploy assets together in the event of a terrorist attack. For this Paris and Berlin "establish the Franco-German Defense and Security Council as a political body to manage these reciprocal commitments". There is no question, however, that France "shares" with its neighbor its seat as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, even though Paris is pleading for Germany to obtain its own permanent seat there, knowing that no members of the latter oppose it.

In terms of cross-border relations.

The Treaty provides for a tightening of "links between citizens and businesses on both sides of the border" with the establishment of a "cross-border cooperation committee" bringing together states, communities and parliaments.

The objective of "bilingualism" in cross-border territories is reaffirmed, without changing the "administrative languages".

In terms of the economy and renewable energies

The two states create a "Franco-German Council of Economic Experts" composed of ten independent members to make "recommendations on economic action" of the two countries while promising "joint projects" in renewable energy and " 'energetic efficiency ".

At the diplomatic level

Paris and Berlin also want to "adopt common positions in international bodies" while considering the opening of joint embassies.

At the institutional level

The treaty establishes a "Franco-German consultative parliamentary assembly". Composed of one hundred deputies - fifty French and fifty Germans - it will sit every six months, alternately on both sides of the Rhine, and will be co-chaired by the Presidents of the National Assembly and the Bundestag, namely Richard Ferrand and Wolfgang Schäuble. The objective of this assembly, whose first meeting should be held by the end of June, will be to converge French and German law.

Strengthening the Franco-German relationship as a driving force in European construction.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SILVIO BERLUSCONI AT 82 YEARS AGAIN

IN THE COUNTRY CAMPAIGN

Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi announced on Thursday that, despite his 82 years and his steady decline in polls, he would run for the European elections next May under the label of his party Forza Italia (FI, right ).

This is the first time that this eternal returning Italian politician for 25 years seeks elective office after being struck ineligibility, now over, linked to a conviction for tax evasion.

"At the age of mine, I decided, by sense of responsibility, to go to Europe, where there is a lack of profound thought about the future of the world," said the former head of government at the time. a campaign meeting of his party, for regional elections in Sardinia.

"Western values"

The media mogul had already led FI's campaign for the March legislative elections in Italy but could not attend due to his ineligibility.

He was then eclipsed by his young ally, Matteo Salvini, boss of the League (far right), who surpassed him in the coalition (17% against 14% for FI) in the ballot and then allied with the 5-star Movement (M5S, antisystem), to govern.

The choice of Matteo Salvini paid: for months, the League exceeds 30% of voting intentions in the polls, while FI has dropped below the 10% mark.

But this does not seem to have affected the tenacity of the billionaire, who suffered an open heart surgery in 2017 and is still the subject of several trials for witness tampering after his libertine parties, called "bunga bunga".

"With my knowledge, my experiences and my ability to convince, I think I can play an important role and make European citizens understand that we risk moving away from Western values" and being "dominated by a Chinese empire whose convictions and the values ​​are opposed to ours, "he assured.

Caiman, who has been four times the head of the Italian government, should have no trouble getting elected on his party's list.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

WHAT SCENARIOS

FOR GREAT BRITAIN

AFTER REJECTING THE BREXIT AGREEMENT

UK MPs overwhelmingly rejected the Brexit deal on Tuesday, 15 January, adding to uncertainty about the future of the UK. Less than three months from the planned date of its exit from the European Union, the House of Commons refused the divorce agreement, obtained by Theresa in Brussels. The treaty reached by the conservative leader got only 202 votes against 432, the biggest defeat suffered by a British leader since the 1920s.

In the aftermath the Labor opposition, led by Jeremy Corbyn, presented a no-confidence motion against Theresa May's government after a defeat he calls "catastrophic" for the latter. But there is a good chance that the hundred or so Conservatives, who in December wanted to overthrow the head of the government, do not join the Labor Party this time, on pain of losing power. The DUP and several conservative rebel deputies announced that they would support Theresa May ...

Theresa May now has until Monday to present to Parliament a "Plan B" if she survives the motion of no confidence. "The chamber has spoken and this government will listen," she said immediately after the vote. For Theresa May, however, as for the European Union, the rejected text is the only one and the best one possible. ..

Several scenarios are now possible.

1 ° Plan B

The threat of a "no deal" is not automatic if the agreement is rejected in the House of Commons. Last week, MPs passed an amendment requiring the executive to submit an amended "plan B" within three business days. If in fact, given the limited time allowed by the amendment, it is difficult to envisage, the government could present a declaration of intent to Parliament, pledging to renegotiate a better agreement with Brussels.

2 ° The postponement of Brexit

A postponement of Brexit is one of the possibilities allowed by an extension of Article 50 of the Treaty of the European Union. Moreover, a hundred MEPs pledged Monday to support a request for a postponement of London. However, it requires the agreement of the 27 Member States, which is not won.

But in this case, what about the European elections, which will take place between 23 and 26 May? According to a diplomatic source "an extension after March 29 is possible but not beyond June 30 because the new European Parliament will be constituted". Exit then British MPs ... This solution would not be the easiest for possible renegotiations. A scenario that would only allow London to save time ...

3 ° The "No deal"

One of the possible scenarios is that of a Brexit without agreement or "no deal" that calls for the hard Brexiters. "The people did not vote for a deal, but to leave the European Union," said Jacob Rees-Mogg, their leader in Parliament, for whom the exit of the Union would allow the United Kingdom to find its independence, especially economic.

4 ° Second referendum

So far excluded by Theresa May, the hypothesis of a second referendum is demanded by the Europhiles who hope for a reverse result from that of June 23, 2016. But what question to ask the nation: maintenance in the EU or approval of the plan? from Theresa May .Or exit without agreement.

Let's conclude Theresa May! "If the agreement is not voted (...), we will find ourselves in unknown territory. I do not think anyone can say exactly what could happen then, "said the Prime Minister.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ASSASSINATION AT THE KNIFE OF THE MAYOR

OF GDANDSK POLITICAL CRIME OR

GESTURE OF AN IMBALANCE

The mayor of Gdańsk Pawel Adamowicz, a major Polish port, was wounded on Sunday night with a live knife on TV.

This very popular liberal personality Pawel Adamowicz was stabbed several times by a 27-year-old aggressor. "Pawel Adamowicz, mayor of Gdansk, a man of Solidarity and Freedom, a European, my good friend, was murdered.

May he rest in peace, "replied Elon Tusk. The attack caused a shock wave in Poland. Since the fall of communism, the country had practically no more violent incidents of this kind.

This attack took place Sunday in front of hundreds of people, on the stage of the Grand Orchester de Charité, the most popular event in the country.

As every year for the last twenty-seven years volunteers have distributed small red sticker hearts in exchange for donations for the purchase of pediatric medical equipment.

Pawel Adamowicz, who had participated in the day's collection, was taking part in the traditional festivities of the evening when a man came up with a knife in his hand.

The latter stabbed him several times, then grabbed a microphone: "Hello hello, my name is Stefan, I was put in prison while I was innocent. The Civic Platform put me in prison while I was innocent. The Civic Platform tortured me, so Adamowicz died tonight. ". The vigilantes quickly mastered the author of the hits at.

"Political crime" or gesture of an imbalance

Did Stefan, sentenced to several years of detention for a series of robberies, have a political motive? He claims to have been innocent but thrown into jail and "tortured" by the OP (the Civic Platform, opposition party) backing the mayor's candidacy for municipal elections last fall.

For some this attack would have been favored by the violence of the political debate between the PiS (the conservative party) today in power and the centrist opposition.

His sentence coincides partially with the second legislature of the Civic Platform (PO), Liberal party in power from 2007 to 2015 and of which Pawel Adamowicz was one of the founding members. The independent press and part of the general public question the climate of "hatred" fueled by politicians and some media denouncing a deep fracture in Polish society. The editors of the two largest newspapers in the country, Gazeta Wyborcza and Rzeczpospolita, went so far as to speak of "political crime".

The gesture of the former robber would not be only an isolated act that would translate more a mental imbalance but the reflection of a violence of the Polish society than the thousands of people who manifested Monday evening in silence in several cities of the country in tribute to Pawel Adamowicz and against the "hate" wanted to denounce.

It is also a warning to the ultraconservative Law and Justice Party (PiS), which has been the undisputed ruler of Poland since 2015.

Britney Delsey  for DayNewsWorld

END OF CAVALE FOR CESARE BATTISTI

Italian jails await Cesare Battisti "not because of his political ideas, but for the four crimes he has committed as well as for various crimes related to the armed struggle and terrorism", commented the head of the Italian government Giuseppe Tale.

Almost forty years of escape for Cesare Battisti. It is now the Italian jails that await the former militant of extreme Italian left.

He arrived in Rome on Monday, where he must be imprisoned after being expelled by Bolivia. "He will return directly from Bolivia.

In this way the ex-terrorist will serve the sentence pronounced by the Italian justice: perpetuity! Said Italian Justice Minister Alfonso Bonafede on his Twitter account.

The former member of the Armed Proletarians for Communism in the 1970s - the "lead years" in Italy - was arrested Sunday in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Wearing false mustache and drunk beard, he met no resistance when arrested by Bolivian police Interpol.

Cesare Battisti, 64, is a former militant of the far-left armed Proletaries group for communism classified as terrorist by Italy and raging alongside the Red Brigades in the 1970s in Italy sowing terror. Arrested in 1979 and sentenced to 13 years in prison for involvement in an armed gang, he escaped from Frosinone prison in 1981.

After the denunciation of a repentant, Cesare Battisti was sentenced in absentia to life imprisonment in 1993 for two murders and two conspiracies of murder in the late 1970s.

He led a life of exile, first finding refuge in France under François Mitterrand, then in Mexico before joining Brazil Lula. The Italian had resumed his life in this country where he has a young minor son of a Brazilian mother, a fatherhood on which he relied to legally protect him from an extradition from Brazil. In December 2018 he fled to Bolivia following the election of Jair Bolsonaro, who during his campaign had promised to extradite him.

In 2002, Cesare Battisti, who had become a crime writer, had said "take on this historic period", while pleading his innocence. "I am convicted for crimes that were committed by the organization I was part of, that does not mean I committed them. ".

The arrest of Cesare Battisti was unanimously hailed in Italy, on the right as on the left.

Italy's interior minister, Matteo Salvini, announced on Sunday night that he plans to quickly call for other former far-left activists convicted of murder.

"I pledge to make it the beginning of a journey, because there are so many others who are walking in Europe and in the world. People sentenced three or four times to life and who opened a restaurant, who write books ... ", said on Italian television Matteo Salvini, also boss of the League (former Northern League). "There are some in France. France often asks Italy and the Italian government to respect the rules and human rights, "added the Italian minister, who is very critical of Emmanuel Macron, who denounced Rome's immigration policy at the beginning of last summer. .

An announcement that suggests a stormy future in the Franco-Italian relationship.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

FOR THE PRIME MINISTER THE RESIGNATION OF CHANTAL JOUANNO IS ONLY A PERIPETIC

It is from the Elysee itself that Prime Minister Edouard Philippe has just given his last press conference.

As was predictable, Edouard Philippe was questioned about the resignation of Chantal Jouanno known since yesterday, January 8, 2019.

And as usual, right in his boots, worthy heir of Alain Juppé .... Edouard Philippe kicked in touch. Past, there is nothing to see! According to Edouard Philippe, "the resignation of Chantal Jouanno was only an incident," a detail ..

Chantal Jouanno, 51 years old is an old karateka, enarque, senior official, politician, member of the UMP and the UDI. After being the collaborator of Nicolas Sarkozy, she was appointed Minister of Sports in the Fillon II government.

After a term as senator, she became since March 2018, President of the National Commission of the Public Debate.

This commission created by Michel Barnier, then Minister of the Environment had the initial goal of "democratize the environment". It is called upon to give its opinion on all the files or projects of major structuring works which require an ecological assessment or coherence in the field of the planning.

The salary of Chantal Jouanno is fixed by the Prime Minister, as it is the case for all the Théodule committees which are financially dependent on the State. It is also in this respect that his salary was included in a report appended to the vote of the 2019 budget and that this information, moreover public "leaked" towards the journalists of Marianne (after a preliminary identification by Letter A ). It was learned on this occasion that his salary was set at € 14,709 gross / month for the year 2019, an increase in remuneration of € 314 / month compared to 2018, but also an increase of € 1,684 / month by compared to its predecessor, which it replaced in March 2018. Finally, it is true that it was one of the 22 elected centrists who had decided to rally Emmanuel Macron before the presidential election. But it is also true that when she decided to leave politics (in September 2017), she imprudently declared in July 2018 "that we would hear more about her". It missed !

What was to happen happened; after her appointment for the organization and steering of the Great Debate and after some said "she was making a good living on the Public Debate Committee" the Yellow Vests seized the information, "not very Yellow Vests obviously " and the challenge was wrapped again highlighting:

- The lack of transparency of the State in the management of State Agencies. It was indeed necessary to bring "a compass and an ice ax" to go to find the information, this while Emmanuel Macron had promised more transparency on the contrary. The old world is still not dead!

- This debate on the remuneration of Chantal Jouanno has highlighted the opacity of the functioning of these agencies of the state, estimate about 400, which it is often difficult to verify the relevance of their activities and which allow the most often the reclassification of affidés dismissed after elections. A way to recapture his friends!

- The remuneration of Chantal Jouanno has also highlighted the abyssal level of disconnection of elites from the base and the territories. These two worlds, living either by geographical considerations or by questions of standard of living, have not met for a long time. The elites work in-between themselves.

Faced with these criticisms, Chantal Jouanno threw in the towel Tuesday evening, January 8, 2019, to the surprise of the power.

In his press conference yesterday, January 9, 2019, Edouard Philippe took note of this resignation while recalling that Chantal Jouanno would remain at the head of the Public Debate Committee because its renunciation only concerned the Public Debate opened by the challenge. Yellow Vests.

Time after hour, however, we learn, through the sounds of corridors that Chantal Jouanno had been pushing back day after day for some time, the responsibility of the organization in the conditions desired by Emmanuel Macron and Edouard Philippe of this debate. In the first place, because this commission must, by law, display and systematically respect its independence. Secondly, because questions arose as to the conditions for restitution of the conclusions of the debate.

This is where the heart of the problem lies, because to be credible, authentic and accepted by the public, the return report must imperatively be part of a guarantee of impartiality, guaranteeing that the latest declarations of Benjamin Griveaux as the content of the wishes of the President of the Republic did not seem to ensure.

It remains that the decision of Chantal Jouanno has obviously embarrassed the Prime Minister who yesterday, to dismiss the questions on this difficulty said "that the resignation of Chantal Jouanno was only an incident".

Not sure it's that easy! If we believe the comments circulating in the corridors, no one seems to know who could replace Chantal Jouanno when we are a few days from the opening of the public debate (start scheduled for January 15).

It is probably for this reason that Edouard Philippe did not show extreme kindness to Chantal Jouanno yesterday, an attitude noted by many observers.

In these conditions, the public debate is likely to be, as many predict, a game of dupes of great cynicism through which it is already possible to think that "people will be taken for fools".

The resignation of Chantal Jouanno obviously took short the power that awkwardly comes to recognize that "the machine does not work" and that France risked being definitively deprived of this debate, initially planned for 3 months, even more if it ran straight into the wall ?

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

NEW SNUB FOR THERESA MAY IN

HER FIGHT FOR BREXIT

The British Conservative Prime Minister suffered a bitter blow to Parliament on Wednesday, when a review of the Brexit withdrawal agreement resumed, with MPs adopting an amendment to 308 MPs against 297 putting pressure on the government to present "A plan B" if the text fails.

This new amendment forces it to present an alternative plan for Brexit in three days - as opposed to 21 days under current legislation - in the event of rejection of its exit agreement negotiated with the European Union.

The amendment was approved by elected officials voted against. This snub comes the day after another defeat in the form of a warning, with the vote on an amendment to a budget law to limit the government's power to implement a Brexit without agreement.

This defeat underlines the weakness of Theresa May at the head of a more than divided Conservative Party, just days before the vote, scheduled on January 15 (from 8 pm, Paris time), on the agreement reached in November with the European Union on Brexit.

Despite this setback, which is a bad omen for Tuesday's vote, David Lidington, the number two in the UK government, on Wednesday rejected any rewriting of the text: "The choice is this agreement, or disagree, or, as some members wish, to completely cancel the result of the referendum of 2016, "he said on the BBC

The head of government on her side did everything to convince the members to support the text.

She announced that, in the event that the discussions on the future relationship between London and Brussels would not have been successful in December 2020, Parliament would vote on a possible extension of the transitional period, or on the establishment of the The 'backstop', which provides for the creation of a 'single customs territory' encompassing the EU and the UK, with further alignment for Northern Ireland.

But this provision is particularly decried among eurosceptics for whom it will force the United Kingdom to accept European standards without having a say. May's proposal from Labor opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn also strongly rejected Ms. May's proposal as a "smudge".

The executive, trying to convince its ally, the ultra-conservative Northern Ireland party DUP, has also introduced new provisions aimed at offering an "important role" to the Northern Irish parliament in the event that the "safety net" were to entered into force. But DUP MP Nigel Dodds called the measures "cosmetic" and "insane", pointing out that the divorce treaty "supplants any domestic legal provision" in the UK.

The divorce agreement against him both by the Brexiters who fear a form of permanent stowage to the EU and the Europhiles who still hope to be able to backtrack ...

Be that as it may, the agreement negotiated bitterly between Brussels and London may not be voted on January 15 ....

Joannes Courbet for DayNewsWorld

HARD HIT FOR THE TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONSHIP OR THE DIPLOMATIC RETROGATION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION BY THE UNITED STATES

Washington has decided on the sly to downgrade the status of the European Union: the latter, while enjoying a status comparable to that of a state since 2016, has become a mere international organization. The German media "Deutsche Welle" revealed it.

One more blow for the transatlantic relationship.

The government of Donald Trump, who has returned the European Union (EU) to the status of international organization, denying him the equal of states, has not even deigned to inform the interested parties.

If the information was known on Tuesday, the facts actually go back to the end of 201 8. After noting that his ambassador to the United States, David O'Sullivan, was not invited to certain events, the European Union had confirmation of this change of status at the beginning of December, at the funeral of the former president. American, George HW Bush.

The hostility of the Trump Administration towards the European Union is not a mystery.

The president describes it as "a group of countries put together to take advantage of the United States," especially in the commercial arena, particularly because of the European Union's trade surplus with the United States.

The US president, who has welcomed Brexit, spent his first year suggesting to all European leaders he met to "get out of the EU", praising them for a more advantageous bilateral deal. . He also accused Europeans of not spending enough for their own defense.

Trade tensions

This protocol demotion comes at a delicate moment in relations between the EU and the United States. EU negotiator Cecilia Malmström has been trying since Tuesday in Washington to ease trade tensions between the two sides. The United States has already implemented taxes of 25% and 10% respectively on European steel and aluminum. And still threaten to heavily tax the European automobile which would affect mainly Germany and could trigger a trade war.

The European Union, which has a European Parliament and other political institutions, demands that the diplomatic practice established in recent years be respected. On Tuesday, she said she was "in talks" with Washington on this issue.

"Whatever the political disagreements with the US administration, we remain friends of the United States and this friendship will not fade," said a spokeswoman for the European Commission.


Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

 

TWEET OF THE POPULAR PARTY WISHING

FOR THE DEATH OF THE HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

MADE SCANDAL IN SPAIN

The more than dubious joke of the Partido Popular (PP), a video that wants the death of the President of the Government Pedro Sanchez, was taken seriously by the Spanish Executive, which, following its broadcast on Wednesday, January 5, has announced to have seized justice.

It is to determine if "this tweet constitutes an offense and if so, to provide the case against the perpetrators and those who spread it".

The video was posted the day before the Epiphany, a very popular party in Spain since it is the day when children receive their gifts, brought by the Three Wise Men and not by Santa Claus as in France.

She stars in a sketch of a man reading her son's wish list sitting on her lap "My favorite singer was Amy Winehouse, and you took it from me," said the father, "my favorite actor was Robin Williams, and you took it from me.

My favorite comedian was Chiquito de la Calzada, and you took it from me too.

I am just writing a new letter to tell you that my favorite Prime Minister is Pedro Sanchez.

Even though the message was quickly removed by the Popular Party, which acknowledged an error, many other versions continue to circulate on the social network.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ERIC DROUET

"IF THE SYSTEM WERE TO DO SO

A HERO AND A SYMBOL IS DONE "

ANGELA MERCKEL, GERMAN CHANCELLOR

The movement of yellow vests, born in France around mid-November, did not go unnoticed, either in Europe (as proof of the German Chancellor's latest statements above) or in the world (as proof of yellow have appeared all over the planet, in total and for the moment in about twenty countries).

What is happening in France for several weeks is therefore, we see, examined in a magnifying glass, which seems justified, France being in the culture and the collective unconscious of the peoples of the planet the country of the French Revolution and of the human rights Declaration.

Since yesterday, the second arrest of Eric Drouet, one of the leaders of yellow vests, the initiator of the road blockade, which has since the claims of yellow vests, the zoom has further expanded, hence the lucid and stern commentary by the German Chancellor.

This arrest has brought in a few hours, in the eyes of his fans as in the eyes of the entire opposition, Emmanuel Macron and his watch dog, Christophe Castaner said Rintintin, Eric Drouet as a political victim of a dictatorial power .

France country of human rights and respect for all freedoms would have become a dictatorship?

The accusation is serious but the latest events seem to confirm it. France would be for a large number of French became a dictatorship and Emmanuel Macron a dictator who takes his opponents and especially the yellow vests for putschists who jeopardize the fundamental interests of the state and its public safety, nothing that!

We want to believe them and join them, because since the motive for the arrest of Eric Drouet has been known, because we are seriously starting to hurt our France.

Eric Drouet was arrested for the first time on December 22, 2018 on the occasion of the 6th mobilization of yellow vests. Embarked by the police on the orders of the Public Prosecutor's Office who is not independent of political power in France, as we know and as the ECHR has repeatedly blamed the French State, he was presented to a judge in the part of an immediate appearance procedure.

The examination of the offense allegedly committed by Eric Drouet was scheduled for June 5, 2019; Eric Drouet was arrested Place de la Madeleine, with a long stick, similar to those used by walkers during long hikes ...

By this hearing Eric Drouet was placed under judicial control, a judicial control that did not prohibit him to walk in Paris (contrary to what the prosecution asked for) but only to carry on him "weapons" category D?

It is therefore sure of his right and very legally Eric Drouet had planned to meet with friends in a Parisian restaurant after lighting candles on the Place de la Concorde in memory of the victims of the operation of yellow vests yesterday evening, January 2, 2019