There has been a disturbing rise in anti-Semitism in Europe over the last ten years.

This is evidenced by the European barometer of the EU. In France the Minister of the Interior has announced a leap anti-Semitic acts over a year of 74%, unfortunately illustrated recently by the face of Simone Veil crossed with a swastika, the degradation of trees planted in memory of Ilan Halimi or anti-Semitic insults against the essayist and academician Alain Finkelkraut.

On February 12, 2019 in the Assembly, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe declared: "I share this anger (...) in front of more and more acts, which target the people or the places, the anti-Semitic acts against the memory of Ilan Halimi, the anti-Semitic acts against the memory of Simone Veil, the inscriptions placed here and there on such and such a sign ". This phenomenon is not recent and is not unique to France.

The situation in other European countries is not good either. Germany is no more spared: in 2017, the Ministry of the Interior has noted an increase in anti-Semitic acts.

681 reports during the first semester, 27 more than the previous year (+ 4%). Faced with the worsening of the situation, Germany appointed in May the lawyer and diplomat Felix Klein as the head of the fight against anti-Semitism with the federal government.

According to the Jewish Community Security Trust (CST), which lists antisemitic incidents in the United Kingdom since 1984 and has just published its 2018 report, these acts increased by 16% last year, from 1420 to 1652.

In Poland, on 27 January, the extreme right organized for the first time a demonstration on the site of Auschwitz-Birkenau on the occasion of the annual day in memory of the victims where dozens of Polish nationalists had gathered.

"The Jewish nation and Israel are doing everything to change the history of the Polish nation," said Piotr Rybak of the Polish Independence Movement, the organizer of the protest. "Polish patriots can not admit that," he added. Across Europe, far-right political parties are accused of fanning anti-Semitism.

In the image of the AfD in Germany, several leaders were criticized for making statements pretending to minimize the Holocaust. In Hungary, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán's Fidesz last year led a virulent campaign against migrants, as well as George Soros, the American Jewish billionaire of Hungarian origin.

According to the anti-Semitism barometer of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, published in November 2018, the outbreak of anti-Semitism was almost universal in Europe between 2007 and 2017, with outbreaks simultaneous measures that are not exactly the same from one country to another.

Last January, the Israeli Minister of the Diaspora, Naftali Bennett denounced an increase of these phenomena in the world. "The year 2018 has been marked by records of anti-Semitism on the streets, online and on the political scene in the world," insisted Naftali Bennett.

Attacks that are in 70% of cases, "anti-Israeli nature," he said. Violence against Jews in Europe can therefore be correlated with Israeli - Palestinian tensions such as the summer of 2014 the "Gaza war", or that of 2008-2009. The Israeli report also highlights the number of anti-Semitic acts attributed to neo-Nazis and white supremacists.

Every year, since 2004, in its annual report, the National Consultative Commission for Human Rights has pointed out that the perpetrators of anti-Semitic acts no longer belong, "the great majority of them to groups influenced in a significant way by extremist ideology of the right, but to the backgrounds of Arab-Muslim origin ".

There is a sense of insecurity in Europe's Jewish communities: "Jewish communities too often live in fear of being discriminated against, abused and even abused," said the First Vice President of Commission, Frans Timmermans. "Four in 10 Jews are thinking of leaving Europe," Justice Commissioner Vera Jourova told the Jewish Museum in Brussels.

"When Jews left Europe in the past, it was never a good sign of the state of Europe," she added.

"Several decades after the Holocaust, the European Union remains plagued by shocking and growing levels of anti-Semitism," said in December Michael O'Flaherty, director of the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) of the European Union.

Across Europe, the scars of anti-Semitism are becoming more and more visible, so much so that the FRA evokes a "surge" that threatens "not only our Jewish communities, but also the very values ​​of fundamental and human rights on which the European Union was built ".

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld