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Le ministre chinois des Affaires étrangères a dénoncé, sans le nommer, les multiples piques lancées par Donald Trump sur la gestion de la crise sanitaire par la Chine. Entre les deux pays, la tension ne fait que s'exacerber. La Chine et les Etats-Unis sont « au bord d'une nouvelle Guerre froide », a averti dimanche le ministre chinois des Affaires étrangères, Wang Yi, déplorant le regain de tensions avec Washington autour de l'épidémie de Covid-19,.qui a terni la fête célébrant la fin du ramadan dans le monde musulman.

Les premiers malades du nouveau coronavirus ont été signalés à la fin de l'an dernier dans la ville chinoise de Wuhan . Il s'est depuis répandu sur la planète contaminant au moins 5.300 000 personnes et faisant au moins 340 000 morts.

Donald Trump a accusé régulièrement ces dernières semaines les autorités chinoises d'avoir tardé à communiquer des données cruciales sur la gravité du virus dont la propagation aurait pu, selon lui, être endiguée et de ne pas vouloir faire la lumière sur l'origine du virus. Le locataire de la Maison Blanche est allé jusqu'à évoquer la possibilité de demander à Pékin de payer des milliards de dollars de réparations pour les dommages causés par l'épidémie. Washington presse également pour l'ouverture d'une enquête internationale.

En réponse, la Chine s'est dite « prête » dimanche à une coopération internationale. Mais une telle coopération devra s'abstenir de toute « ingérence politique », a averti Wang Yi.

« Outre la dévastation causée par le nouveau coronavirus, un virus politique se propage aux États-Unis », a regretté devant la presse le chef de la diplomatie chinoise, sans nommer le président américain.

« Ce virus politique saisit toutes les occasions pour attaquer et diffamer la Chine », a-t-il fustigé.

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld



The Chinese parliament, in annual session in Beijing since Friday, May 22, 2020, is seized of a "national security" bill for Hong Kong, which will allow Beijing to directly manage pro-democratic disputes.

According to the newspaper South China Morning Post, the text would prohibit secession, foreign interference, terrorism and all seditious activities intended to overthrow central power in the former British colony.

This text comes after a year of violent protest that Beijing wants to stifle by all means in the former British colony.

"This is the end of Hong Kong and the end of the" One country, two systems "principle," said Dennis Kwok. There would be only one country, China, and one system, the one imposed by Beijing.

Hong Kong executive chief Carrie Lam said she was ready to "cooperate fully" with Beijing to enforce this national security law that justifies the intervention of the Chinese parliament in Hong Kong's constitutional affairs ( in violation of the local Constitution) by the violence that occurred last year.

It is not the first time that central authorities have attempted to impose such legislation in Hong Kong. Article 23 of the “Basic Law”, which has served as a Constitution for the semi-autonomous territory for two decades, provides that the region adopts a law prohibiting “treason, secession, sedition (and) subversion” .

However, the clause was never applied. A large part of the Hong Kong population sees it as a threat to their freedoms. The last attempt to implement article 23 in 2003 had failed in the face of monster protests in the streets of Hong Kong.

Pro-democracy political circles in Hong Kong, on the other hand, expressed their indignation and anger at the announcement of this security law.

Joanne Courbet for Daynewsworld


From Washington to London via Paris. China received a round of harsh criticism on Thursday, questioning its management of the epidemic. Westerners are concerned about Beijing's gray areas on the origin of the coronavirus. Speculation about the possible unnatural origins of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, has been revived.

The Washington Post revealed on Tuesday April 14 that US diplomatic telegrams had alerted in January 2018 about security breaches at the National High-Level Biosafety Laboratory in Wuhan.

This new research center was opened in 2017 to conduct research at the so-called P4 level, i.e. on the most dangerous pathogens. However, American officials from the embassy's environment, science and health sections, who then met the scientists from the Chinese research center, note that the latter "seriously lacks properly trained technicians and investigators to operate safely." this high security laboratory ”.

They called on the United States to provide more assistance to the laboratory, on the grounds, writes the Washington Post, "that research on bat coronavirus is important, but dangerous." Asked Wednesday April 15, 2008 about a Fox News report, reporting growing suspicions within the US administration of an accidental leak in this laboratory, Donald Trump replied:

"We are investigating this horrible thing that happened very thoroughly. »In an interview with the site Pourquoi doctor? , April 16, Professor Luc Montagnier, Nobel Prize winner in Medicine in 2008, explains that he does not believe that the Covid-19 comes from contamination in a wildlife market in Wuhan.

"He is a beautiful legend, it is not possible. The virus is coming out of a Wuhan laboratory, ”he says. "The Wuhan city laboratory has specialized in these coronaviruses since the early 2000s. They have expertise in this area," he says. The professor explains having analyzed "in the smallest details" the sequence with his mathematician colleague Jean-Claude Perrez.

"We were not the first, since a group of Indian researchers tried to publish a study which shows that the complete genome of this coronavirus [has] sequences of another virus, which is HIV, the AIDS virus "He explains.

The researcher says that the Indian research group had to retract after its publication. He asserts that "scientific truth always ends up emerging". According to him, the HIV sequence was inserted into the genome of the coronavirus in an attempt to make an HIV vaccine.

The Washington Post and Fox News cite anonymous sources. The latter express their concern about a potential accidental leak of the virus.

According to the television channel, the "zero patient" at the origin of the epidemic could be an employee of the institute, contaminated, who would then have unintentionally disseminated the pathogen elsewhere in Wuhan.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


The war against the coronavirus made its first collateral victim. As the number of people affected by the Covid-19 epidemic explodes, the World Health Organization (WHO) and its director general, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, are under fire from critics. Accused of being acquired in Beijing, the organization would have aligned itself with Chinese theories and would have delayed sounding the alarm about the dangerousness of the virus.

On social networks, the diverted images of a Doctor Tedros blindfolded by a Chinese flag or kept on a leash by President Xi Jinping have been widely shared.

Additional blow of the club, in a Tweet published on April 7, the American president, Donald Trump, accuses the organization of having been "completely planted". By reluctant to admit cases of human-to-human contamination, the WHO is said to have contributed to making Covid-19 a global pandemic, approaching 2 million confirmed cases and causing more than 110,000 deaths, including more than 22,000 in the United States.

Donald Trump, a great contemptor of multilateral organizations, did not need more to end the financial participation of the United States in the organization. The American President indeed announced, Tuesday April 14, 2020, in reprisal, in the rose garden of the White House, the freezing of American financing. "Today, I am ordering the suspension of funding for the World Health Organization while a study is conducted to examine its role in mismanaging and concealing the spread of coronavirus," said Donald Trump since the White House gardens.

Washington first WHO donor

The blow is heavy because the Americans are the biggest contributors to the WHO budget, both in terms of their quota and additional payments for specific projects. This contribution represented 17% of the budget of the World Health Organization in 2017, i.e. 400 to 500 million per year.

The freeze, assured Donald Trump, will remain in effect until the conclusion of "a study to examine the role of WHO in the mismanagement and concealment of the spread of the coronavirus". The "very thorough" study commissioned by Donald Trump could thus last between 60 and 90 days.

WHO accused of being complacent with China.

It is a trial in incompetence that "Potus" is doing at the WHO. "The world has received lots of false information about transmission and mortality" from the Covid-19, he launched in a long and violent indictment. Donald Trump criticized the WHO for aligning itself with China's positions, which the White House accuses of having initially concealed the gravity of the virus when it first appeared there in December. Which, the Republican president argued, prevented the epidemic from being contained "at its source with very few deaths".

The UN agency and its Ethiopian boss, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, elected in 2017 with the support of Beijing, are also accused by the Americans of having complacently validated official Chinese figures relativizing the scale of the epidemic. Figures and balance sheets that have since been openly questioned.

The President also pointed out that the United States contributes 400 to 500 million dollars a year to the organization, against about 40 million dollars "and even less" for China. He felt that his country had the "duty" to demand accountability.

Donald Trump was particularly annoyed by WHO critics of his decision in late January to ban travelers from China from entering the United States, a measure including the White House tenant is still proud, assuring that it has slowed the arrival of the virus. "If WHO had done its work and sent medical experts to China to objectively study the situation on the ground, the epidemic could have been contained at its source with very few deaths," said the president, implicating complacency of the organisation's management vis-à-vis the Chinese authorities.

The wrath of Donald Trump against the WHO is not unfounded according to several experts, including François Godement, adviser for Asia at the Montaigne Institute, or the sinologist Marie Holzman. "We can ask questions about the functioning of the WHO within which China exercises a very strong power since the passage at its head of Margaret Chan", she underlines in the daily Liberation, with reference to the Chinese doctor who chaired the agency between 2006 and 2017.

"Haro on the Director of WHO"

The fire was already smoldering in the words of several republican hawks. Some, like senators Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, even claim the head of the director general of the Geneva-based organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, whose Trump Trumpet circles emphasize that he was a member of the Ethiopian Communist Party. Which makes them, in their eyes, an indisputable ally of Beijing.

The tenant of the White House however refused to demand the resignation of the director general of the WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, demanded in the United States by certain elected republican.

Trump administration under fire

But the American president also faces violent criticism in his country, which has become the epicenter of the pandemic, concerning the belated recognition of the danger posed by the Covid-19. He is accused of not having taken into account the notes of the intelligence agencies, as well as the recommendations of his Minister of Health in the month of January.

More than 26,000 deaths in the United States

The United States indeed recorded a dark record Tuesday with more than 2,200 additional deaths from the virus in twenty-four hours, the heaviest daily toll recorded by a country, according to the count of Johns-Hopkins University. This brings the American death toll to 25,757 dead in total over more than 600,000 contaminations.

In the midst of the American presidential campaign and by sanctioning the WHO, Donald Trump plays on traditional criticisms of the Republican Party.

For their part, "the Democrats accuse Trump of having failed on the Covid crisis. Trump, on the other hand, is trying to blame Dr. Tedros, "according to analysis by Richard Gowan of the International Crisis Group.

"WHO must be supported"

The UN secretary general immediately condemned, saying that this was "not the time to cut funding for WHO operations," which "must be supported because it is absolutely essential to the efforts of the world." to win the war against the Covid-19 ". There will always be time to study afterwards" how did all those who were involved in the crisis, "said Antonio Guterres in a statement.

The secretary general of the United Nations also indicated that "the moment must now be united for the international community, in order to work together in solidarity to stop this virus and its devastating consequences".

Furthermore, paradoxically, “The United States shoots itself in the foot because other countries will fill the void. In a global health crisis and a pandemic, the United States will lose its voice, ”predicted Lawrence Gostin, director of the WHO Center for Public Health and Human Rights.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


Since its appearance in China, the Covid-19 epidemic has killed at least 107,064 people worldwide, including more than 20,000 in the United States. At the start of this Easter weekend, hundreds of millions of Christians, confined to their homes like half of humanity, began unprecedented celebrations, without worshipers, in particular on the immense Saint Peter's Square in Rome, usually black with people.

For the most important feast of the Christian tradition, the commemoration of the resurrection of Christ, according to the Christian religion, it is on screen that the faithful will follow the Easter masses of a confined Pope Francis.

In Jerusalem, for the first time in more than a century, the Holy Sepulcher where Christ was buried, according to Christian tradition, is closed to the public throughout the weekend.

"Lord, do not leave us in the darkness and in the shadow of death, protect us from the shield of your power", murmured the pope, during the traditional rite of the "Way of the Cross" broadcast in Mondovision from a place Saint-Pierre empty Friday evening.

Sign of hope in this sacred week, the bishop of Cremona in Italy, cured of the coronavirus, spent Good Friday with those who treated him, outside this hospital.

The country most affected: the United States

Since its appearance in China in December, the Covid-19 epidemic has killed at least 107,064 people worldwide. If the epidemic is now globally contained in China, the country announced on Sunday 97 new "imported cases" of contamination the new coronavirus, that is to say due to people arriving from abroad, a level never reached since the beginning of March and the publication of this count. Faced with this phenomenon, China closed its borders at the end of March to almost all foreigners.

The new imported cases are therefore mainly the result of Chinese returning home. The health authorities of Shanghai reported Sunday the arrival by the same flight from Russia of 51 infected people, all Chinese.

Besides the United States, the results of the pandemic have worsened in France (more than 13,000 dead) and in the United Kingdom, where a thousand people died in one day. The number of deaths caused by the covid-19 pandemic also tripled in eight days in Belgium with 3,019 deaths recorded. Brazil surpassed 1,000 deaths on Friday. The timid downward trend in hospital pressure in several countries, however, shows that confinement is starting to pay off. And Spain (nearly 16,000 dead in total) announced Friday its lowest number of daily deaths since March 24, with 605 deaths.

" Deadly resurgence "

No question of lowering the guard. The British government has urged respect for containment despite a sunny weekend.

Containment has been extended in Ireland and Italy until early May. And Turkey, which also deplores a thousand dead, confined 31 cities throughout the weekend.

As some European countries prepare for the end of containment, in the wake of China, the World Health Organization (WHO) has stressed that too rapid lifting of restrictions "could lead to a deadly resurgence" of the pandemic .

Experts also warn. "The worst scenario would be a kind of victory party with everyone on the street kissing and congratulating themselves," warns David Lalloo, director of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.

To minimize the risks of post-containment, the German government is preparing to launch a mobile application, inspired by Singapore, to facilitate the individual monitoring of cases and the identification of contamination chains, while the exploitation of data from smartphones arouses a lively debate.

While humans are confined, animals continue to enjoy them. After dolphins in the canals of Venice or ducks in the streets of Paris, whales have reappeared off Marseille, along the French coasts of the Mediterranean.

For American astronaut Jessica Meir, who will find an earth upset next week after seven months aboard the International Space Station (ISS), "it's pretty surreal to see what is happening on the planet below us".

"I'm afraid of feeling more isolated on Earth than here".......

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld


The use of a citizen tracking application using smartphones is being studied closely by the government. However, this technology raises questions related to the protection of personal data.

For the Minister of the Interior, there is no doubt:

if an application helps to fight against the Covid-19 pandemic in France by signaling to smartphone owners that they have been near a patient, it must be used.

Christophe Castaner said that "all available intelligence is necessary and will be used".

"Tracking is part of the solutions that have been adopted by a number of countries so we have chosen to work in conjunction with them to look at these solutions," he added.

I am convinced that if they make it possible to fight against the virus and if, obviously, they respect our individual freedoms, it is a tool that will be retained and supported by all French people. ", Sunday April 5, 2020.

Telephone operators have the ability to track each user. And in order to fight against the spread of the coronavirus, such a tracking application would allow citizens to be informed if they have been, during their travels, near a patient of Covid-19, in order to be test in stride.

Several countries, such as China, Taiwan and South Korea, collect GPS information from their citizens' phones to locate infected people and enforce containment measures.

This effective practice is problematic, however: such data collection is prohibited within the European Union due to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a text that governs the processing of personal data.

The use of a citizen tracking application using smartphones is being studied closely by the government. However, this technology raises questions related to the protection of personal data.

For the Minister of the Interior, there is no doubt:

if an application helps to fight against the Covid-19 pandemic in France by signaling to smartphone owners that they have been near a patient, it must be used.

Christophe Castaner said that "all available intelligence is necessary and will be used".

Tracking or tracing

"Tracking is part of the solutions that have been adopted by a number of countries so we have chosen to work in conjunction with them to look at these solutions," he added.

I am convinced that if they make it possible to fight against the virus and if, obviously, they respect our individual freedoms, it is a tool that will be retained and supported by all French people. ", Sunday April 5, 2020.

Telephone operators have the ability to track each user. And in order to fight against the spread of the coronavirus, such a tracking application would allow citizens to be informed if they have been, during their travels, near a patient of Covid-19, in order to be test in stride.

Several countries, such as China, Taiwan and South Korea, collect GPS information from their citizens' phones to locate infected people and enforce containment measures.

This effective practice is problematic, however: such data collection is prohibited within the European Union due to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a text that governs the processing of personal data.

The Singapore city-state model

France favors another technology. Besides geolocation via 4G terminals or via GPS, Bluetooth, which is used to connect your phone to headphones for example, countries more concerned with individual freedoms can use another technology that does not reveal your location.

This is the process used by the Singapore government for its TraceTogether application from March 20, 2020.

Phones equipped with the application connect to each other within a radius of a few meters, allowing the application to identify possible patients nearby, then send an alert if necessary. Each telephone also keeps in memory the list of crossed telephones for twenty-one days. Thus, when a user becomes ill and enters their health status in the application, an alert is then sent to all of the registered users to encourage them to be tested. This application has been offered in open source and made available to States wishing to share it with their fellow citizens.

Singapore is now being emulated. France and several other European countries seem convinced that this tool could allow them to stop the pandemic. A European project, called Pan-European Privacy Preserving Proximity Tracing (PEPP-PT) has been set up.

However, if this can feed the reflection, far from technology, the city state which had only few cases until then, and was until now a "dissident" of containment, has finally announced ... a containment on Friday April 3.

And what about public freedoms ?

You should also know that in France the epidemiologists are already at work: a contact tracing mission would have been entrusted to the doctors of Public Health France to contain the epidemic of Covid-19 coronavirus! To date, a dozen epidemiologists are said to be investigating at the headquarters of the Agence Santé Publique France in Saint-Maurice (Val-de-Marne) and each case positive for Covid-19 coronavirus in France would trigger an investigation launched to find who has contaminated this patient. !

You should also know that "the eternal" In all transparency "did not prevent the executive from claiming at first the absolute uselessness of wearing a mask rather than recognizing a blatant lack of equipment requiring the strictest rationing , before arriving at "In all transparency" a discourse to say the least distant from the initial peremptory assertions " !, as the researcher Yannick Chatelain rightly recalls in Contrepoint.

"In terms of public freedoms, what is put in place temporarily can sometimes have a temporality with the appearance of" Temporality-Perennial ". I want to prove this by solutions for mass technological surveillance - which is highly offensive to public freedoms and private life - deployed under the intelligence law. "reminds us of Yannick Chatelain.

Vigilance therefore remains rigorous and topical with regard to the tracking methodology, in the service of health risk management, any collection of data that could pose a problem as regards respect for individual freedoms.

Sandra Stac for DayNewsWorld


The United States is preparing for a horrible time.

US President Donald Trump warned on Saturday evening that the United States would be entering "a horrible period" with "many deaths."

Americans hit hard by coronavirus pandemic that killed more than 63,000 people worldwide, preparing for the worst, Donald Trump said on Saturday April 4 that the country was entering "a period that will be truly horrible ", With" very bad numbers ".

"This will probably be the hardest week," said the American president during a briefing in the White House, when the number of confirmed cases of contamination on the American territory already exceeds 300,000 and there are already have had more than 8,000 deaths.

"There are going to be a lot of deaths," he added, announcing the dispatch of thousands of additional soldiers to the most affected states, including a thousand in New York.

According to American specialist Anthony Fauci, adviser to Donald Trump and member of the White House crisis cell, there is little doubt that the new coronavirus is transmitted by air when "people are just talking, rather than talking only when they sneeze or cough ”.

White House scientific experts expect the disease to kill between 100,000 and 240,000 Americans, even if containment orders are followed.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld


I need not generalize the wearing of the mask to the whole population?

This assertion of the French government has just been denied by the Academy of Medicine. This Friday the Academy of Medicine indeed recommends the compulsory wearing of the mask for all, including for models less perfected than that of the caregivers. The mask should even be made compulsory for outings during the confinement period and when it is lifted, she says.

“It has been established that people in the incubation period or in a state of asymptomatic carriage excrete the virus and maintain the transmission of the infection. In France, in this context, the general wearing of a mask by the population would constitute a logical addition to the barrier measures currently in force, ”estimates the Academy. According to the director general of the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, George Gao.

"Many affected individuals are asymptomatic, or do not yet show symptoms: with a mask, you can prevent droplets carrying the virus from escaping and infecting others," he argues in an article in the Science magazine cited by Le Monde

However, in a situation of “mask shortage” as currently in France, the priority of allocation of surgical masks or FFP2, more protective, must go to professionals and health structures, underlines the Academy. Who "recommends that the wearing of a general public mask, also known as an alternative mask, be made compulsory for the necessary outings during the confinement period".

But failing to have masks available to the population "the National Academy of Medicine recommends that the practical indications for the manufacture of such a mask be widely brought to the attention of the population", she continues, referring to online tutorials, such as that of the French Society of Sterilization Sciences. The Academy also considers that during the future lifting of the containment of the population, "the compulsory wearing of a mask [...] should be maintained", in the context of "maintaining the barrier measures currently recommended until the control of the circulation of the virus evidenced by the absence of new cases declared during a period of 14 days.

Roll on the masks  !!!

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld



At a time when the epidemic is affecting the whole world, discontent is mounting against states accused of mismanaging the crisis. Complaints are starting to be made.

Many researchers knew of the inevitable epidemic, as evidenced by the creation last year of the Lancet Infectious Diseases Commission on Preparedness for Emerging Epidemic Threats.

Confinement too late, lack of tests, minimization of the seriousness of the pandemic: the discontent rises against governments accused of not having sufficiently protected their populations, at a time when the coronavirus now affects almost the whole world.

"People who could be saved are dying because they cannot be admitted to intensive care," says Sara Chinchilla, a doctor in a Madrid hospital. "There is not enough money, not enough tests, not enough protective equipment (...) everyone in the hospital is enormously exposed" denounces Andrew, a psychiatric intern in New- York.

On both sides of the Atlantic, the influx of sick people in hospitals with insufficient space and the shortage of protective equipment are at the heart of criticism in countries where the deaths from the coronavirus number in the thousands.

Pinned upstream management

The management of the authorities upstream of the epidemic is pinned: in Spain for having authorized very late large gatherings, in France for its shortage of masks, in the United Kingdom for the very late awareness of Prime Minister Boris Johnson, recently tested positive who "shook everyone's hand" in hospitals in early March.

As of March 6, the International Journal of Medicine (JIM) wondered in a forum about "suspicions of unpreparedness" which "are increasing" in France. At that time when only two deaths were recorded in the country, the article already pointed to "worrying" situations of shortage of FFP2 masks evoking the "denial" of the authorities. Four weeks later, an airlift has just been put in place to import a billion masks, mainly from China. "The time will come for responsibility, this time will come, it is legitimate and democratic", had to recognize French President Emmanuel Macron, calling on everyone to show "humility".


At the end of this crisis, the threat of a sanction of the governors in the ballot boxes could thus become reality. Starting with the United States, which is due to elect its president at the end of the year. "It is too early to draw conclusions, but this crisis could cause more harm than good for Trump. Its management was slow and clumsy, "said Charles Kupchan, who teaches international affairs at Georgetown University in Washington. Difficulties that could also be experienced by his Brazilian ally Jair Bolsonaro, who speaks of "psychosis" and outrightly rejects the doctrine of containment. A risky strategy in terms of health that worries a part of Brazil where the word "dismissal" is spoken by parliamentarians from the opposition or from the center.

But beyond the political fate of the rulers, the question of legal proceedings is also beginning to emerge. In France complaints have been made against members of the government for manslaughter. "The multiplication of appeals is a sign that citizens remain vigilant," points out constitutionalist Dominique Rousseau, even if the chances of succeeding in these procedures remain slim, according to several magistrates.


One question fuels the debate: was it possible to take drastic measures of containment earlier ?

A delicate mission in a democracy without the support of a large part of the population.

"If opinion is not convinced by gravity, if the scientific corpus is relatively divided, it is difficult for you as a political decision maker to create a consensus", underlines Carine Milcent, researcher and specialist in health systems. "The figures that were announced by China at the start were not scary and many people wondered at the time why we were doing so," she recalls.

Voices are also raised in China to denounce the total lack of transparency of the authorities on the actual assessment of this epidemic, raising fears of a figure much higher than the 3300 deaths announced.

"The lack of information at the beginning of the spread of the virus by China had even more impact than the underestimation of the balance sheet," says Charles Kupchan.

“Governments on both sides of the Atlantic have taken a long time to relax. But if China had sounded the alarm earlier, these countries could have had a better response and been better prepared, "he said.

And even in the countries cited as an example, such as South Korea which was able to curb the epidemic at the cost of liberticidal measures such as the digital tracing of the contaminated, the method is not easily transposable.

“Western democracies did not want to take these measures because they are extremely invasive. It is a level of state surveillance with which they are not comfortable, ”concludes Jeremy Shapiro, expert at the European Council on Foreign Relation.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld


According to a report this Wednesday, the Covid-19 killed 30,000 people in Europe and the United States risks becoming the new epicenter of the pandemic. The new coronavirus has killed more than 42,000 people around the world, three-quarters of them in Europe, and the pandemic, described by the UN as the worst crisis humanity has faced since 1945, is now threatening to overwhelm the United States.

Second country in the world most grieving by the pandemic, Spain announced Wednesday to have recorded a new daily record of 864 dead in 24 hours, passing the mark of 9000 dead.

Two months after the detection of a first case of contamination in the country, Spain still fears that the intensive care units which are already working at the limit of their capacities will be submerged.

Since the pandemic began in December in China, more than 830,000 cases have been officially declared worldwide, more than half of them in Europe, 186,000 in the United States and more than 108,000 in Asia. To curb the spread of the pandemic, more than 3.75 billion people, or 48% of the world's population, are called or forced by their authorities to stay at home.

Containment gradually lifted

In China, while confinement is gradually being lifted in Wuhan, the cradle of the pandemic, the first steps in the open air of the inhabitants are devoted to depositing on the stone tombs the urns containing the ashes of their loved ones.

"Silent massacre"

Elsewhere, we are feverishly watching for the peak in the mortality rate, heralding a decline and a reduction in congestion in the intensive care unit. In Italy, the country with the highest number of deaths (more than 12,400 in just over a month), confinement begins to produce "encouraging" results after three weeks.

But the peninsula still counted 837 new deaths in 24 hours, and Italian doctors are now worried about convalescents, who leave the hospital as soon as their life is no longer threatened, even if they are still contagious.

Some are sent to centers, which take in elderly people. In spite of the strict protective measures decreed, doctors speak of “a silent massacre” in these structures.

"In a war like this, we cannot allow ourselves to be exposed to the appearance of new centers of contagion which risk transforming these convalescent centers into viral bombs which spread the virus", warns Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi , president of the Italian Geriatrics Society.

240,000 deaths expected in the United States

Nearly 500 patients have also died of coronavirus in French hospitals in the past 24 hours, a new record increase since the start of the epidemic, which brings the total toll to 3,523 deaths. Iran surpassed him on Wednesday the 3000 death mark. But it is the United States, where nearly three-quarters of Americans now live confined, who risk becoming the new epicenter of the pandemic. President Donald Trump has asked his fellow citizens to prepare, like Europe, for "very, very painful" weeks.

A total of 4076 deaths were recorded Wednesday, a figure doubled in three days, announced the American University Johns Hopkins, whose assessments are authoritative. Over 40% of these deaths have been recorded in New York State.

The White House presented its projections: according to it, the disease should make between 100,000 and 240,000 deaths in the United States with current restrictions, against 1.5 to 2.2 million without any measure.

Severity of the situation

One proof among others of the seriousness of the situation: the commander of an American nuclear-weapon carrier infested by the coronavirus met with refusal from the Pentagon when he asked for authorization to evacuate his crew, trapped on the island of Guam, in the Pacific.

"Unprecedented recession"

Russia announced on Wednesday that it had sent a plane loaded with humanitarian aid to the United States.

For the head of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, to note that the Earth was experiencing its "worst global crisis since the UN was founded" 75 years ago. It is, he said, "the combination of a disease threatening to everyone and an economic impact leading to an unprecedented recession in the recent past."

There is now a risk of a "food shortage" on the world market due to the disruptions linked to Covid-19 in international trade and food supply chains, warned agencies dependent on the UN and the WTO.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld



A quarantine of countries are concerned by measures of containment even if sometimes the word was not spoken by cowardice.

The Kingdom has evoked a "voluntary confinement" but the army patrols the streets to call to order the citizens who are still walking. A situation that reminds of that of France, where President Emmanuel Macron asked his fellow citizens to stay at home, while never making sure to never say the word "confinement".

Like France and Morocco, around thirty countries have asked their inhabitants not to leave their homes: Italy, Spain, China ...

In South America (Venezuela, Peru) and also in the Middle East (Lebanon, Israel), States are also implementing more or less similar measures.

Some have "only" restricted the movement of their fellow citizens, for example by closing schools like in Niger for example, shops like in Switzerland or places of worship, in Algeria for example.

Some of these countries, like Portugal or Germany, could also announce more stringent measures in the hours or days to come.

In some states, initiatives have been taken at the local level without being followed up in the rest of the country.

This is for example the case in New York, in the United States, which experiences confinement with closed schools, public places and shops.

Currently, at least 227,000 people have been infected with the coronavirus worldwide, according to a report by the American Johns Hopkins University.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld



The February 10, US President Donald Trump said that "by April, or during the month of April, heat in general kills this kind of virus [Covid-19]".

Monday March 16, force was for the American president to declare that the epidemic would last until "July, August, or something like that". Despite this mess of communication, the President of the United States preferred, it seems, to favor optimism. Isn't influenza, for example, a seasonal phenomenon, the arrival of spring leading to a significant drop in the number of cases?

Doesn't Covid-19 seem to be spreading more slowly in countries of the southern hemisphere, like in Africa?

A 48% drop in Covid-19 contagion by summer?

But, can we compare the flu and the coronavirus Covid-19?

The mode of transmission (by microdroplets) is in any case identical. However, when it is hot, these droplets tend to evaporate more quickly, which limits transmission. A study by the Chinese university of Beihang published on March 3, 2020 on the scientific site SSRN modeled the contacts between the patients of the big Chinese cities crossed with meteorological data.

She concluded that "high temperature and high relative humidity significantly reduce the transmission of COVID-19". Researchers estimate that the reproduction rate should drop by 48% between March and July. The heat would only slow the progression of the virus.

China would have "practically contained" the coronavirus

Chinese President Xi Jinping said on March 10 that the country had "practically contained" the virus.

As proof: on March 10, only one case of local Covid-19 was reported in Wuhan, the focus of the epidemic. 20 new cases were also identified, but all were imported by people who entered China.

The Covid-19 pandemic, caused by the Sars-Cov-2 virus, started in Wuhan (Hubei province of China) in December. The number of people affected in this country - 81,130 officially registered cases - is beginning to stabilize, suggesting a ebb of the epidemic in this region of the world. The containment measures implemented in the country have proved effective.

Rapidly identified virus, search for a vaccine ...

The first patients affected by the coronavirus were identified in late December 2019 in China. On January 7, 2020, the virus was identified, and three days later, its genome was sequenced, which made it possible to quickly begin research to find a treatment. As of January 13, 2020, a test to detect the virus was also made available.

The international scientific community is looking for a vaccine or a drug against Covid-19 and several clinical trials are underway around the world.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld



A casual accused of Donald Trump on Friday, March 13, 2020, showed great firmness. As travel restrictions from Europe to the United States took effect on Saturday March 14, Donald Trump declared a state of emergency.

"To unleash the full power of the federal government's resources, I officially declare a national emergency," he said at a press conference from the White House rose garden.

This announcement in fact unleashes "the full power of the federal government's resources to fight the coronavirus crisis", as he explained himself at a press conference.

State of emergency: $ 50 billion available

This device will allow the federal state to release up to $ 50 billion to fight against the coronavirus, which has infected nearly 2,000 people and caused 43 deaths in the United States.

These funds should be used to finance screening tests, medical equipment and temporary care facilities.

The president called on the American states to "immediately set up emergency centers", and on the hospitals to activate their emergency preparedness plans "to meet the needs of the Americans".

The "Stafford Act": "Up to $ 50 billion" in aid to states and local communities

Donald Trump also activated Friday a 1988 law, the "Stafford Act", which allows the US Agency for Emergency Management (FEMA) to help states and local communities in the event of a "disaster". Fema had more than $ 42 billion in federal funds at the end of February, but the President has spoken of funds of up to $ 50 billion. In a letter, Democrats elected to Congress asked him on Wednesday to activate this device to finance up to 75% of screening tests, medical equipment, temporary care structures ... for states to pay the 25% remaining

In terms of public health, Donald Trump urged every state and every hospital to immediately create emergency operations centers to help the entire population. By also using another law passed in 1976, the “National Emergencies Act” , Donald Trump extended the powers of the Minister of Health so that he relaxed the regulatory framework to give “maximum flexibility” to hospitals (on the number of beds, length of stay, etc.) and improve patient coverage. A battery of measures which is added to the travel restrictions, which affect the 26 European countries.

150 million people infected ?

Authorities expect an explosion in the number of cases as soon as the tests become widely available: projections transmitted to the Senate speak of 70 to 150 million Americans who could be infected, in a country of nearly 330 million inhabitants .At Trump's side, a group of business leaders, giant retailers Walmart or Target to Walgreens or CVS pharmacy chains, have succeeded each other at the desk to remind them of their "commitment" to help the country cope with crisis.

The CEO of Walmart, for example, has announced that it will make “portions” of its parking lots available to set up screening centers. "An extraordinary public-private partnership," said Vice President Mike Pence. Celebrating their "genius", the American president even shook the hands of half a dozen of these leaders ... against all odds. And after at least two people who were with him on Saturday at his home in Maralago have tested positive, the president announces that he would probably be tested "soon".

Social measures

The American House of Representatives also approved a package of measures aimed at mitigating the impact of the coronavirus on the country's economy on Saturday, by a large majority.

The lack of universal health coverage weakens the United States against the virus. With knives drawn in the middle of the presidential campaign, Republicans and Democrats finally managed to come to an agreement, as President Donald Trump had encouraged them to do. Adopted by 363 votes to 40 by the House of Representatives, controlled by the Democrats, the text must now be examined by the Senate, with a Republican majority, then be signed by Donald Trump to enter into force.

According to Ms. Pelosi, the text provides "free screening for anyone who needs to be tested, including those who do not have insurance", as well as an "emergency" sick leave, with "two weeks leave and up to three months of family or medical leave ”.

The bill also provides easier access to unemployment insurance and food stamps, especially for children deprived of school to prevent the spread, and frees federal funds to finance the "Medicaid" program, covering the health of the lowest income Americans.

The support plan was announced on Monday by Donald Trump, who made the economy one of his main campaign arguments.

Economic support and strategic oil reserves

Friday, the American secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin had assured that the administration intended to help in priority to the small and medium-sized enterprises which are most vulnerable because of the very strong slowdown of the activity.

He also promised federal aid for student loans, which were a heavy burden for American workers in their early career years. In addition, the strategic oil reserves of the United States will be increased to their maximum. The president said he had "asked the energy secretary to buy large quantities of crude oil for storage in the United States at very low prices".

Steven Mnuchin nevertheless wanted to reassure, saying that the coronavirus posed a “short-term” economic problem and that the situation is this time very different from “the financial crisis (of 2008, note) which we did not know when it would end” .

"But we will overcome that and the economy will then be stronger than ever", he had anticipated, "the economy and the markets will be stronger, later in the year".

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld



According to some doctors, the epidemic is more serious than expected so that concern has grown in the hospital world. Some doctors say today that the coronavirus epidemic which France and a good part of the world are facing is "more serious than expected". A more contagious and deadly virus than expected.

Contrary to the initial assumption, which consisted in saying that the elderly were the most vulnerable to Covid-19, healthy thirties and forties are also affected.

Is coronavirus more dangerous than we thought ?

Doctors warn of the danger of Covid-19, including in young populations

Up until now, fears have focused mainly on the elderly or those already suffering from chronic diseases and respiratory disorders, to whom Emmanuel Macron asked Thursday evening "to stay as much as possible in their home".

Young people affected !

But in reality, even thirties and forties without pathology before are likely to experience severe symptoms if infected. Patients without high comorbidity present with severe forms of infection (reactive, inflammatory forms). The rapid spread of the virus logically leads to an increase in the number of people to be placed in intensive care.

"We must prepare for a second wave that will affect, a little later, younger people, a priori less exposed to the disease, but that will also need to be treated," said the head of state Thursday, March 12 2020 in his televised address. On February 10, the Director General of Health, Jérôme Salomon pointed out that the Covid-19 is not "a gripette". "It can give serious forms on people not that old," he explained during a press point.

According to a study by the Chinese Center for Disease Prevention, the death rate from the virus among people over 80 is 14.8% and 0.2% among patients 30 to 39 years old.

The circle of patients has greatly expanded to the point that doctors consider the need to quarantine the whole of France inevitable.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld


In the background of coronaviruses, many women around the world have beaten the pavement to have their rights respected. From Pakistan to Belgium via Central Asia, thousands of women and men demonstrated on Sunday on International Women's Rights Day. However, many rallies have been canceled due to the coronavirus epidemic.

In Turkey, however, for the second year in a row, the government had banned all rallies for International Women's Rights Day. Several hundred of them who wanted to demonstrate were dispersed by the police with tear gas.

"Long live the feminist struggle" could be read on the sign of a demonstrator. In Italy, a country paralyzed by the coronavirus epidemic, President Sergio Mattarella in a video message "paid tribute to the women, and there are many of them, who work in hospitals .. in the" red zones "(in quarantine) to fight the spread of the virus. "

In Pakistan, a thousand women defied Pakistan's ultra-patriarchal society in Islamabad in several cities, shouting "Give me what is mine" and "We want freedom".

In a society dominated by men and where women are still shot, stabbed, strangled, stoned or burned for “spoiling the honor” of their family, the rare demonstrations in favor of women's rights are generally not welcomed. .

Conservatives in Islamabad threw sticks and stones at demonstrators, injuring some and forcing others to take shelter until police intervened. "Considered the property of men."

Demonstrations demanding more rights for women have also taken place in other cities in Pakistan. There were also a thousand in Karachi, and several hundred in Lahore, demanding "Give me what is mine" and "We want freedom".

On Twitter, the day was dominated by both the hashtags "Happy Women's Day 2020" and "MyStarMyChoice".

In neighboring Afghanistan, only a handful of women took to the streets to demonstrate.

In Sudan, women had been at the forefront of the protests that led to the fall of Omar el-Bashir. Eleven months later, dozens of Sudanese activists expressed their disappointment before the Ministry of Justice in Khartoum.

In Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz police arrested dozens of female demonstrators - officially to protect them - after masked men attacked them. The assailants tore down their signs and threw eggs at them before fleeing.

In France, in Paris, feminist activists displayed a banner at the foot of the Pantheon, proclaiming "To women, the grateful matrie". Other demonstrators had disguised themselves (work blue and red scarf) as "Rosie the riveter", "icon of all the invisible workers".

At 3:40 p.m. - the theoretical time when women stop being paid given the gender pay gap - they threw off their household gloves, a way of protesting against inequalities in wages and the distribution of household tasks. Forty activists from the feminist feminist movement led a flash action Sunday, March 8, 2020, place de la Concorde in Paris. , and placards and smoke bombs in hand, they denounced the “patriarchal pandemic” in force according to them in the world.

In Spain, a purple tide in Madrid, but less massive than in 2019 due to fears linked to the coronavirus: around 350,000 women took to the streets of the capital to defend their rights. Tens of thousands have also mobilized in major cities across the country.

And rather than being afraid of the new coronavirus, many demonstrators have recovered and diverted the global epidemic with other slogans such as "We are tired of satisfying the machismovirus".

"Patriarcavirus", could also be read on the health mask of a demonstrator, while the hashtag #patriarcavirus "went viral on Twitter after its dissemination by a feminist collective in Madrid this week.

In Chile “A rapist on your way”, the performance of the Chilean collective LasTesis, which has become a world anthem against violence against women, was the big star of the parade in Santiago, which gathered between 125,000 and 500,000 demonstrators, according to the figures police and organizers.

The procession over 4 km stopped several times so that the demonstrators could resume the sung choreography which denounces the failings of the institutions in the fight against male chauvinist violence.

Kate White for DayNewsWorld



Over 15 million people in quarantine

The country most affected by the coronavirus in Europe has taken drastic measures, similar to those taken in China, against the virus.

Unprecedented measure in Europe, more than fifteen million inhabitants of northern Italy were placed in quarantine on Sunday to stem the epidemic of coronavirus which spreads there. It affects more than 100,000 people worldwide.

The entries and exits of a vast area in the north of Italy, going from Milan, economic capital of the country, to Venice, mecca of world tourism, are now strictly limited, according to a decree published on the government website.

This draconian measure, taken in the European country hardest hit by the epidemic, is similar to that implemented in the Chinese province of Hubei where the epidemic started in December (56 million inhabitants in quarantine).

In the Lombardy region and in fourteen Italian provinces, all cultural, sporting or religious events are prohibited, and discos, cinemas, cinemas, theaters, pubs, dance schools and other similar places must also close until April 3, according to the decree

Another symbolic measure: Pope Francis will do his Sunday prayer on video, not in public, the Vatican said.

First dead in Latin America

The accelerated spread of the virus is considered "very worrying" by the World Health Organization (WHO): in total, 94 countries are now affected by Covid-19, which has killed more than 3,500 people worldwide.

Latin America deplores his first death, a 64-year-old man who died in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The island of Malta and Paraguay have announced the first contamination. The Maldives archipelago has detected its first two cases among the staff of a luxury hotel on an island 150 km from the capital Male, and Bulgaria has also identified two first cases.

In Italy, more than 1247 cases have been recorded in the last 24 hours as well as 36 new deaths, bringing the death toll to 233. The Italian government has decided to send 20,000 people as reinforcements to its hospitals, which will allow increase the number of intensive care beds from 5,000 to 7,500.

Emergency state

Fifth most affected country, France has sixteen dead and 949 cases. China announced 27 new deaths on Sunday, bringing the total death toll to 3,097 in the country.

With more than 7000 cases, South Korea is the most affected country outside of China. This is followed by Iran, where 21 new deaths and 1,076 infections have been recorded in the past 24 hours, bringing the total to 145 deaths and 5,823 cases of contamination.

In the United States, the virus was detected on 21 people aboard the Grand Princess, a cruise ship maintained off the coast of California after the discovery of symptoms in several of its 3,533 passengers and crew members, according to the vice- US President Mike Pence.

Two people also died of coronavirus in Florida, the first American victims outside the West Coast. On the East Coast, New York State has declared a state of emergency to speed up the fight against the disease.

In China, the collapse of a hotel requisitioned as a quarantine site against the coronavirus in the east of the country has killed at least four people, according to the authorities.

Concerns about the economic impact of the epidemic in China, where activity remains largely paralyzed, were heightened on Saturday by the announcement of a 17.2% collapse over one year in the country's exports in January and in February. What fuels concerns about global growth, of which the Asian giant is a crucial engine.

Canceled events

Reflection of the authorities' concern, sporting events and rallies continue to be canceled or postponed: the Barcelona marathon scheduled for March 15 will finally be held October 25. Hungary has canceled the celebration of the national holiday on March 15 in Budapest. In Canada, the Women's World Ice Hockey Championships, scheduled to take place from March 31 to April 10, have been canceled.

In Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, Ryad decided to reopen the esplanade surrounding the Kaaba, the holiest place in Islam, located in the heart of the Great Mosque in Mecca. In addition, thirteen countries have closed their schools: 300 million students worldwide are out of school for several weeks.

Many countries are taking inadmissibility or quarantine measures for travelers from affected countries.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld


A new twist in the soap opera of the ascension to supreme power of Mohammed Ben Salman, the crown prince of Saudi Arabia.

According to several media outlets, including the New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, three prominent members of the royal dynasty were arrested. Prince Ahmed ben Abdelaziz al-Saoud, brother of King Salman, as well as the monarch's nephew, Prince Mohammed ben Nayef, were arrested at their homes after being accused of treason, reports the Wall Street Journal citing anonymous sources. The New York Times also reported on the arrests, adding that Prince Nayef's younger brother was also arrested.

Sources say they have been incarcerated in a camp in a desert area since Friday. They are accused of having "established contacts with foreign powers, notably the United States, in order to carry out a coup," according to one of the sources. The Saudi authorities did not immediately react to this information.

The three members of the royal family - prominent figures for two of them, likely to overshadow the Saudi number two - would thus be accused of treason, a charge punishable by death or at least long years of imprisonment.

This decision illustrates a clear strengthening of the grip on power by the very powerful crown prince Mohammed Ben Salman, known as "MBS".

Who are these princes accused of conspiracy ?

Mohammed Ben Nayef, known as "MBN", is the most famous of the three neutralized royal dignitaries. Former Saudi counterterrorism chief and former interior minister, praised for his iron fist in the face of the Al-Qaida attacks in the 2000s, he passed for the natural successor of Salman, his uncle, when he he became king in January 2015. MBN "more or less lived under house arrest, with the travel ban. In June 2017, when Prince Mohammed bin Salman was appointed crown prince, Prince Nayef was Minister of the Interior. At the time, Saudi television channels showed Prince Mohammed kissing the hand and kneeling in respect to Prince Nayef.

Ahmed Ben Abdelaziz Al Saoud, the other high-ranking prince, is the king's last living brother. Coming like him from the famous line of Soudaïri, he was an ephemeral Minister of the Interior in 2012. In his seventies, Prince Ahmed had returned to the kingdom from London after the outbreak of the Khashoggi scandal. Shortly before his return in October 2018, Prince Ahmed had launched, according to a video widely disseminated on the internet, demonstrators protesting against the involvement of Saudi Arabia in the conflict in Yemen: "What is the family has to do with that ?

Certain individuals are responsible, (…) the king and the crown prince ”.

International critics

These are the most recent measures of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who regularly asserts his power a little more by the imprisonment of religious and militant leaders, as well as princes and important businessmen. In the fall of 2017, under cover of corruption charges, he had sealed off in the suites of the Ritz-Carlton in Riyadh nearly 200 businessmen, ex-ministers and members of the royal family. These dignitaries had been released after several weeks, in exchange for a large part of their assets and their renouncement to play the least important role on the economic and political scene.

This method has earned King Salman's son many criticisms. Internationally, the most vivid were after the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the premises of the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul in October 2018.

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld


After several days of intense fighting that caused a humanitarian catastrophe, the Russian and Syrian air strikes stopped, this Friday, in the province of Idleb.

Agreed the day before in the Kremlin between the two heads of state, the agreement entered into force on Friday in the last pocket of the rebellion in north-western Syria.

Moscow and Ankara have planned to set up a “safety corridor” six kilometers deep on either side of this highway, a buffer zone of 12 kilometers wide in total along the strategic M4 road which connects The attacker in northern Syria.

This strip of land, supposed to be rid of the rebels who largely control it, will be furrowed by joint Russian-Turkish patrols from March 15.

It is also stipulated that the return of refugees should be facilitated as much as possible as well as access to humanitarian aid. The two sides also reaffirm their attachment to the territorial integrity of Syria.

Agreement must end weeks of heavy fighting around Idleb, the last bastion of rebels and jihadists in northwestern Syria where Turkey intervened against Bashar al-Qatari forces Assad, supported by Russia.

"Our goal is to prevent the humanitarian crisis from getting worse"

The violence has caused a humanitarian catastrophe, with nearly 500 civilians killed and around one million people displaced towards the Turkish border. "Our objective is to prevent the humanitarian crisis from worsening," said Recep Tayipp Erdogan in Moscow, warning, however, that his country "reserves the right to retaliate with all its strength and everywhere against any attack by the regime" in Damascus .

Vladimir Putin hoped that this text would serve as "a solid basis for ending the fighting in the de-escalation zone of Idleb" and for "stopping the suffering of the civilian population".

The intensification of the fighting in Idleb had led to diplomatic tensions between Russia, an ally of the Syrian regime, and Turkey, which supported the rebels, posing a risk of direct confrontation between these two countries which imposed themselves as as main international actors in the Syrian conflict.

But this agreement appears as minimalist as precarious.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld



Eighteen years after the entry into war of the United States following the attacks of September 11, 2001, an agreement was signed this Saturday in Doha (Qatar), providing for a total withdrawal of foreign troops within 14 months. For Washington, it is a question of distancing itself from a conflict that is getting bogged down, and for Donald Trump, in the middle of an electoral campaign, to respect the 2016 promise to bring the troops "home".

But who won the war in Afghanistan?

In the eighteen years of conflict, the conditions for signing an agreement have gradually diminished on the American side. "We urge the Afghans to seize the chance for peace," Donald Trump said on Friday. "If the Taliban and the Afghan government manage to honor their commitments, we will have a clear path to end the war in Afghanistan and bring our soldiers home," he promised.

The text provides for the gradual withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan and the opening of peace negotiations with the Afghan government. The United States and the Taliban signed a historic agreement on Saturday February 29 in Doha, Qatar. It was signed after a week of "reduction of violence" in Afghanistan, prior to the signing of the agreement.

The "reduction of violence" for a week, requested in good faith and as a test to the Taliban leaders, was the last suspensive condition. Mostly respected, it enabled the formal signing of a text under the watchful eye of thirty countries, which had sent their representatives. The Afghan government, for its part, sent only a small delegation to "make contact" with the Taliban.

Total withdrawal in 14 months

The agreement provides "a timetable for a withdrawal of troops that is both conditional and gradual," said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in recent days. While the American troops stationed in Afghanistan are around 13,000, their number will be reduced within 135 days to 8,600, the level reached at the start of Donald Trump's mandate. They were up to 100,000 at the peak of 2010.

The total withdrawal of all foreign forces from Afghanistan is expected "within 14 months of the signing of the agreement".

In return, "the Taliban will not allow any of its members, or other individuals or groups, including Al Qaeda, to use Afghan soil to threaten the security of the United States and its allies," said the agreement. , which also plans to release prisoners and lift sanctions, outlines the agreement. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on the Taliban in Doha to "keep the promise of a break with Al Qaeda." The United States "will not hesitate to cancel the agreement" if the Taliban violate it, he said.

Towards an Afghan government

This agreement also marks the launch on March 10 of an inter-Afghan peace negotiation guaranteeing the permanent cessation of fighting. The agreement thus provides for peace negotiations between the Islamist insurgents and the government in Kabul, starting March 10. An Afghan government must take over. Washington thus puts an end to the longest conflict in its history.

Counterparties demanded from the Taliban too weak

But, according to some analysts, the counterparties requested from the Taliban are not strong enough. Some observers believe that the Trump administration concedes too much for too little. However, this assures that the anti-terrorist guarantees provided by the insurgents respond to the primary reason for the American intervention, the terrorist attacks of 11-

Trump's realpolitik

The agreement was however sealed between two “tired” parties, according to the expression, Tuesday, of the American secretary of state Mike Pompeo but also of Sirajuddin Haqqani, number two of the talibans, as he wrote in a tribune published by the "New York Times" ten days ago.

The United States spent more than 750 billion dollars (680 billion euros) on this war from which nearly 2,000 GIs never returned. It is from this "endless war" that Donald Trump wants to emerge, in order to "bring the guys home," and fulfill one of his campaign promises. According to the United Nations (UN), between 32,000 and 60,000 Afghan civilians have been killed in the conflict.

In addition, in December, analysis of documents of the American administration by the "Washington Post" showed the gap between the reality on the ground and the public display of progress "hiding evidence that the war was impossible to win". In this light, the peace agreement could be interpreted as proof of the realism of Trump's policy.

A risky bet

If the invasion of Afghanistan, decided by Georges W. Bush following the attacks of September 11, 2001, had driven the Taliban from central power, it never succeeded in unifying the country.

However, since Washington's relationship with the Afghan government has become distorted, the agreement effectively deems the Taliban and Kabul to be responsible for discussing their conditions of cohabitation.

A difficult bet, recognize themselves Mark Esper and the American Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who spoke in recent days "the hard work of reconciliation".

If Washington thus puts an end to the longest conflict in its history with not a State but a simple insurgent movement, the bet remains risky, however.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


Today there are more than 82,000 confirmed cases worldwide and more than 2,800 deaths. Fifty countries, from five continents, are affected.

If China was until recently the only global center for coronaviruses, the risk of spread has considerably increased with the emergence of new source countries such as South Korea, Italy and Iran.

More than 78,000 people have so far been infected in China, 2,744 of them deadly, but the number of new infections is declining there, while it is increasing in dozens of other countries (more than 40 dead in nearly of 2,900 confirmed contaminations), according to a report given Wednesday evening by the World Health Organization (WHO).

With 82,164 people infected and 2,801 dead worldwide, the new Covid-19 coronavirus now concerns fifty nations. In Europe, more than fifteen countries are affected today (Denmark, Spain, France, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Greece, Croatia, Romania, North Macedonia, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia). Algeria, Brazil and Pakistan have also recently announced that they have identified cases of contamination.

But, apart from mainland China, where the epidemic started in December in the province of Hubeï, it is especially in three new countries - South Korea, Italy, Iran - that the concern is strongest.

China: 78,497 cases, 2,744 deaths

78,497 cases of contamination are now counted. Health officials said they identified 433 new infections on Wednesday, a figure now lower than daily infections elsewhere in the world. Furthermore, in mainland China, since the appearance of viral pneumonia in December, 2,744 people have died, including 29 in the last 24 hours, the lowest figure since January 28

South Korea: 1,766 cases, 13 deaths

505 new infections were confirmed on Thursday, bringing the total number of people infected since the start of the epidemic to 1,766. South Korea is the second center of contagion behind mainland China. The death toll currently stands at 13. Most of the cases of Covid-19 in South Korea are linked to the Shincheonji Church sect of Jesus, a faithful sixty-year-old man who attended four religious services before being diagnosed.

Authorities have started checking the health of more than 210,000 members of the Shincheonji Church of Jesus, and the number of cases is expected to increase further. This religious movement is now at the heart of the spread of the virus in the peninsula and is linked to more than half of the cases recorded.

While Seoul has raised the alert on the virus to its highest level, the United States and South Korea announced Thursday a postponement of joint military exercises because of the epidemic.

Italy: 374 cases, 12 deaths most concerned in European countries

Italy announced on Wednesday February 26 its 12th death due to the coronavirus. The latest victim is a 69-year-old man who died in Emilia-Romagna. All the people who died in Italy from this coronavirus were elderly and most of them already suffered from health problems. The country now has 374 infected people.

While Italy is increasingly seen as a platform for disseminating Covid-19, several governments are encouraging their nationals to postpone their trips and not to go to the affected Italian regions. Italy's neighbors, however, decided to keep their borders open, despite the spread to Tuscany, Sicily and Liguria.

Iran: 245 cases, 26 deaths

The latest assessment of the epidemic outbreak linked to the new coronavirus in Iran amounts to 245 cases of contamination and 26 deaths. Apart from mainland China, where the virus emerged last December, Iran is the country in which the number of deaths attributed to this virus is the highest.

Restrictions on free movement in the country have been imposed since Wednesday for people infected or suspected of being. Many schools, universities and cultural or sports centers have been closed and many events postponed.

Most neighbors of the Islamic Republic have implemented travel restriction and containment measures. In Iraq, authorities announced that schools, universities, cinemas and cafes will be closed on Thursday until March 7, when the first case of coronavirus was reported in Baghdad, after five other cases counted on Iraqi soil.

The coronavirus epidemic is definitely no longer a Chinese problem. The cases of contamination are declared everywhere in the world and in particular in Europe.

France: 18 cases, 2 deaths

An 18th case of infection with the new coronavirus was registered on Wednesday 26 February in France. It is the wife of a patient hospitalized in Annecy, whose contamination had been reported Tuesday evening, announced the Minister of Health Olivier Véran. "His health is not a cause for concern," said the minister, adding that no other positive diagnosis of Covid-19 was reported on Wednesday.

Of the 18 known cases in France of Covid-19 infection since the end of January, a French and a Chinese died in Paris, 11 other patients are cured and 5 are hospitalized.

The French patient who died on the night of Tuesday to Wednesday was a teacher at a college in Crépy-en-Valois in Oise, according to the Minister of National Education. The 60-year-old may not have traveled to an area affected by the coronavirus, the ministry said, "He had Covid-19 but died of a massive pulmonary embolism." He had been "tested in emergency" Tuesday, February 25, "in a very serious state," said Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon, adding that an investigation had been launched in "emergency" to find out more. The first in emergency "Tuesday, February 25" in a very serious state, "said Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon, adding that an investigation had been launched in" emergency "to find out more. The first death recorded in France, an 80-year-old Chinese tourist, was the very first death recorded in Europe.

The 50-year-old daughter of this deceased Chinese tourist, contaminated by her father and hospitalized in Bichat, was declared cured. The other 10 people who were also healed on French territory mainly returned from trips to Asia: 6 British people who stayed in Singapore and then in Haute-Savoie were hospitalized in Grenoble, 1 Chinese tourist was taken care of in Bordeaux, 1 doctor Parisian had been infected by a Chinese patient, and a Chinese couple, now healed, were traveling to France.

Still 28 returnees in quarantine

Since the start of the epidemic, nearly 500 people have been quarantined in France after being repatriated from Wuhan. Their return came in four waves. Three planes chartered by France arrived on January 31, February 2 and February 21 with French and foreign nationals on board. A flight operated by the British with French on board arrived on February 9 after a stopover in London. Arrived on January 31, February 2 and February 21 with French and foreign nationals on board. A British-operated flight with Frenchmen arrived on February 9 after a stopover in London.

Some foreign passengers returned directly to their country, others were placed with the French in quarantine. They were confined for 14 days, the maximum incubation time for the virus. Only the fourth wave of 28 Frenchmen left in quarantine, arriving on February 21 in Calvados. According to ARS Normandie, none of them had any symptoms and “almost all” of them had negative test results.

The first six cases, identified at the end of January, were Chinese or Franco-Chinese nationals, having contracted the disease in their country or through contact with a person returned from China. One of them did not survive. The following six cases of contamination were a group of Britons, all infected by a person returning from Singapore, during a stay in a chalet in Contamines-Montjoie, in Haute-Savoie. A second wave of patients was declared this week, with six new confirmed cases, including one death. One infected in China, three cases infected following stays in Lombardy - the area most affected by the epidemic in Italy - and two cases in the Oise, the origin of the contraction of the virus is still unknown.

E. Macron puts himself on the front line: "We have before us an epidemic". "We have before us an epidemic" that we will have to "face at best", said Thursday French President Emmanuel Macron, the day after the announcement of the first French death, a 60-year-old teacher from 'Oise, who had not traveled to a risk zone.

Forty countries in the world, fifteen in Europe

In Europe, Denmark, Spain, France, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Greece, Croatia Croatia, North Macedonia, Finland , Sweden, Norway and Estonia are now affected, that is to say more than fifteen countries. Several countries have advised their citizens not to go to the affected regions of Italy, including Spain, Britain, Austria, Hungary, Ukraine, Luxembourg, the Czech Republic and Romania .

Around the world, fifty countries are now affected, according to the count of John Hopkins researchers. This is particularly the case in Pakistan, a country bordering on both China and Iran, where deaths are the most numerous. Islamabad announced its first two cases on Wednesday. With one case, Brazil is the first country in South America to be affected. The patient, a sexagenarian from Sao Paulo, had stayed in Italy, the most affected European country.

Coronavirus Advances in America and Africa

The coronavirus arrived in Latin America. A first case of contamination was confirmed Wednesday in Brazil for a patient from Sao Paulo (South-East), 61 years old, having stayed in Italy from February 9 to 20. The country currently has 20 suspected cases of Covid-19 contamination, twelve of which are people who have traveled to Italy.

Africa is not spared. An Italian who arrived on February 17 in Algeria has become the second infected person on the continent, after a first case in Egypt.

With the epidemic spreading, drastic measures are increasing worldwide

Relatively spared so far, the United States is ready to respond to the epidemic on "a much larger scale", assured Donald Trump on Wednesday. The President has raised the possibility of imposing restrictions on travelers from Italy and South Korea. The United States is already imposing an entry ban on foreign nationals who have visited China in the past two weeks.

Saudi Arabia suspends pilgrims' entry

In order to prevent the arrival of the Covid-19 epidemic, Saudi Arabia for its part suspended "temporarily" the entry into its territory of pilgrims going to Mecca. The measure concerns the Oumra, a pilgrimage that attracts tens of thousands of Muslims every month.

Japanese government temporarily closes schools

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe called on Thursday to temporarily close all primary, middle and high schools in the Archipelago, from March 2 until the spring break (which usually starts in late March), to avoid the spread of the new coronavirus.

Beijing imposes quarantine on certain travelers

Even China, which confines more than 50 million people in Hubei province, epicenter of the epidemic, is now worried about cases "imported" from other countries. Beijing announced on Wednesday that people arriving from states "severely affected" by the coronavirus should now be placed in quarantine for 14 days. The Covid-19 appears to have already peaked in China, where the number of new daily deaths continues to drop.

This data is based both on data provided by news agencies and on that collected by a research team from the American John Hopkins University.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


The multiplication of new cases of coronavirus outside of China reinforces the alarm call of the WHO on the risk of propagation of the epidemic, estimate Sunday experts, by calling to reinforce vigilance. The world must prepare for a "possible pandemic", according to the director general of the WHO Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus who considered "very worrying (...) the sudden increase" of new cases in Italy, South Korea and in Iran. South Korea, the second most affected country with 763 cases of contamination, raised the level of alert to the epidemic "at the highest".

Towards a pandemic

The Covid-19 coronavirus today affected four new countries in the Middle East, Kuwait, Bahrain, Iraq and Oman, announcing the first cases of people infected with the virus and specifying that they were returning from neighboring Iran having registered 12 deaths.

Italy is now the most affected country in Europe since the start of the viral pneumonia epidemic.

The President of Veneto Luca Zaia said he was "concerned" that the zero patient had not been found, which proves for him that "the virus is much more ubiquitous than we thought".

The WHO also recognizes that "the rapid increase in cases registered in Italy over the past two days is worrying," according to a spokesperson.

"What also worries us is that we have not been able to identify in all cases clear epidemiological links such as trips to China or contacts with a confirmed case".

The country now has 219 cases of infected people, according to a latest report from the Italian public health services, Monday, February 24 at midday. A fifth person died from the disease.

Northern Italy is therefore preparing to live in days of anxiety and restrictions, after a sudden and spectacular outbreak of cases of contamination with the new coronavirus in three days. The Italian government has indeed adopted a very strict decree-law placing eleven cities in isolation, including ten in the perimeter of Codogno.

Some 52,000 people are in containment zones. On Sunday, the Veneto also decreed the interruption of the festivities of the famous Venice carnival, which was to end on Tuesday, and the postponement of sporting events (in particular matches of the Italian championship) as well as the closing of schools and museums. In Lombardy, in the Milan region, schools, universities, but also museums, cinemas and theaters will be closed.

But the zero patient is still nowhere to be found, the zero patient being the first person in an epidemic to have been contaminated by a pathogen - here the new coronavirus - and then to have transmitted the disease. Italy is currently looking for the patient who introduced Covid-19 to its soil, in order to trace the course of the epidemic, and to understand the spread of the disease in order to better contain it.

The transition to community transmission "

"This is called the transition to community transmission", explains Professor Arnaud Fontanet, head of the "epidemiology of emerging diseases" unit at the Pasteur Institute (France).

"It makes control much more difficult and it suggests a risk of introduction from places other than China. "

This is how cases reported in Lebanon and Canada are believed to have originated in Iran. As for the indigenous infectious focus in Italy, scientists are struggling to identify the contamination process of "patient 1" at the origin of the spread.

"What is happening in Italy and South Korea could happen anywhere in the world," warns Professor Sridhar.

Doctor Nathalie MacDermott, of King's College London, also evokes "very worrying" developments, in particular the difficulty of identifying an individual at the origin of the last epidemic foci.

Transmission by an asymptomatic individual,

"This suggests a transmission by an asymptomatic individual, or with few symptoms," said the specialist, who considers "imperative that other countries take these situations into account and strengthen their surveillance of people from affected regions they present or not symptoms ”and focus on containing the outbreaks of indigenous infection.

This specialist also points to the appearance in the new countries affected of “chains of transmission from undetected cases”, even if he nuances, while awaiting precise data on the subject, the role of epidemic “drivers” asymptomatic cases.

But for him too the consequences to be drawn are clear: "There must be increasing vigilance, the authorities must strengthen surveillance", whether on indigenous cases or possible imports from epidemic outbreaks. But this virus is certainly contagious, but much less than that of measles, and with a mortality rate of 2.5, much lower than that of influenza.

Cured blood to treat the sick

While the prospect of a vaccine is still far away, the Chinese authorities asked the recovered people to donate their blood in order to extract the plasma to treat the sick. The plasma of former patients infected with Covid-19 disease indeed contains antibodies that could reduce the viral load in severely affected people, according to an official of the National Health Commission.

This virus is certainly contagious, but much less than that of measles, and with a mortality rate of 2.5, much lower than that of influenza. A reassuring message from the doctors.

 Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld


The balance sheet of the new coronavirus reached 1,886 dead Tuesday in mainland China and several large global companies, including the American Apple and the Australian mining giant BHP, said they feared a brutal impact on their activities and their results.

In mainland China, 98 new deaths were recorded on Tuesday, including 93 in Hubei province, the epicenter of the epidemic where 1,807 new cases of contagion were also recorded.

Outside Hubei, only 79 new infected people were counted Tuesday, against 890 on February 4. Chinese authorities, who have cordoned off Hubei to try to contain the epidemic, see this sharp decrease in the number of new patients as a sign that the spread of the virus is being controlled.

"All the scenarios are still possible"

WHO was reassuring: outside of Hubei province, Covid-19 disease "affects a very small proportion of the population" and its mortality rate is currently only around 2% .

"The measures must be proportionate to the situation, taken on the basis of evidence and elements of public health," said its director, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, to the press, stressing that "zero risk does not exist".

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, however, warned on Monday against over-optimism.

“Trends can change when new populations are affected. It is too early to say that this decline will continue. All scenarios remain possible, "he told reporters.

Cured blood to treat the sick

While the prospect of a vaccine is still distant, the Chinese authorities asked on Monday those healed to donate their blood in order to extract the plasma to treat the sick.

The plasma of former patients infected with Covid-19 disease indeed contains antibodies that could reduce the viral load in severely affected people, according to an official of the National Health Commission. Eleven patients hospitalized in Wuhan, the epicenter of the epidemic, received transfusions last week.

To better counter the epidemic, the Chinese government also announced Tuesday an exemption from punitive customs duties which it imposed within the framework of its trade war with the United States on certain American medical equipment. Equipment used to transfuse patients or measure blood pressure will therefore be exempt from March 2.

The number of infections amounts to at least 72,300 cases in mainland China and around 900 have been reported in around 30 other countries or territories.

Chinese dissident arrested

Xu Zhiyong, an anti-corruption activist who has already served four years in prison between 2013 and 2017, was arrested on Saturday, Amnesty International said. He had been on the run since December after participating in a meeting of opponents in the southeastern city of Xiamen. On February 4, he called for President Xi's resignation, criticizing his handling of the trade war with the USA, protests in Hong Kong and the Coronavirus epidemic. "Medical supplies are lacking, hospitals are overwhelmed and many infected people are not detected," he denounced, referring to a "mess".

The infernal closed-door of the liner Diamond Princess in quarantine

The main source of contamination outside of China remains the liner Diamond Princess, which was quarantined in early February in Yokohama Bay near Tokyo, after a positive test on a cruise ship landed in Hong Kong. Its more than 3,700 passengers had been ordered to stay in their cabin for two weeks, but that did not prevent the spread of the virus: at least 454 people were infected, including 99 cases revealed Monday. This brings to 542 the total number of cases noted on this ship immobilized near Yokohama (suburb of Tokyo), on 3,700 passengers and crew members initially on board. Other test results are expected later.

As critics mount the management of the liner, several countries have begun to evacuate their nationals stranded on the ship, more than 300 Americans have been repatriated by air to two military bases, in California and Texas, where they have started a new quarantine on Monday for 14 days, the maximum supposed duration of incubation.

Among those evacuated, 14 learned during the operation that they were contaminated, announced the State Department. They were isolated from other passengers on the planes. When they arrived, part of them were transferred to a university hospital in Omaha, Nebraska and placed in solitary confinement. Meanwhile, at least 40 infected Americans aboard the liner are hospitalized in Japan, according to Washington. A handful of Americans refused to leave the ship.

Other countries, including Australia, Italy, Canada or Great Britain, as well as the territory of Hong Kong, have announced that they want to evacuate their citizens from the Diamond Princess.

Stalked passengers

Elsewhere, concern is mounting over the 1,200 passengers on another liner, the Westerdam, who disembarked in Cambodia on Friday after having undergone - for some - a rapid medical examination and are now being tracked by the company that is trying to find them.

If the WHO had already pronounced against the brutal restriction of travel, the United States, Australia and New Zealand in particular have prohibited the entry on their territory to foreigners who have recently visited China - including obviously many Chinese. Trade conferences, sports competitions and cultural events have been canceled or postponed, while a large number of airlines have suspended flights to mainland China. Thus the Beijing motor show, scheduled for April, postponed sine die, just like a Chanel parade scheduled for May in the Chinese capital.

The World Health Organization (WHO), however, has again stressed its opposition to any "general measure".

Economic repercussions envisaged

The Chinese Parliament is considering postponing its plenary session, the annual high mass of the communist regime, announced the news agency China. This session was scheduled to open on March 5.

The Chinese Central Bank further reduced the cost of funding commercial banks on Monday to support the economy crippled by the epidemic.

Large global companies also fear falling demand. Apple announced on Monday that its second-quarter revenue forecast is unlikely to be met due to the epidemic in China, a crucial country for the U.S. company.

And Australian mining giant BHP has predicted a sharp drop in global demand for oil, copper and steel in case the epidemic is not brought under control by March.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld


Apocalyptic vision: Swarms of billions of locusts fly and destroy everything in their path. Since early January, they have already ravaged Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. The swarm is now rampant in Uganda. After Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya, Uganda was in turn invaded, Sunday, February 9, by swarms of locusts that attack the crops. In recent weeks, thick clouds of hungry insects have melted over the Horn of Africa, where the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has estimated that only one of these swarms covered an area of ​​2,400 km2 - the area of ​​Luxembourg.

Inestimable damage to the national emergency

Harmless when solitary, the locust moults, when a swarm forms, in voracious animal, which attacks any green vegetation. According to the FAO, the swarm of 2,400 km2 is made up of 200 billion people, who therefore consume 400,000 tonnes of food per day.

Capable of traveling 150 km per day, these insect clouds follow the prevailing winds and concentrated in late January in central Kenya and the southern half of Ethiopia. On February 10, the first insects were reported in Uganda and Tanzania. Many swarms are also found on the border between India and Pakistan. Two countries, Somalia and Pakistan, have declared a national emergency to deal with the situation.

In the Horn of Africa, farmers had already harvested their fields before the arrival of swarms. But pastoralists, who had already suffered three years of drought, were hit hard by an invasion that destroyed the livelihoods of their animals. If the threat of locusts has not been brought under control by the start of the next planting season around March, farmers could see their fields wiped out.

According to FAO, Ethiopia and Somalia had not seen swarms of locusts of such magnitude in 25 years, and Kenya had not faced a locust threat of such strength for 70 years. years.

How to explain this invasion ?

The Desert Locust, called “desert locust” in English, is native to the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Oman and Yemen. An area whose coasts were hit by two cyclones

in 2018. This significant precipitation favored the growth of vegetation and created the ideal conditions for the reproduction of insects.

The United Nations urged the international community on Monday to take immediate action to prevent the locust invasion from turning into a humanitarian disaster in the Horn of Africa, where countries in the region are engaged in a race against the shows to control the infestation.

A "really serious" threat to the UN

Locusts are a "really serious" threat in the Horn of Africa, Mark Lowcock, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator, told reporters at the UN headquarters.

“There are 30 million people in the affected countries - Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia - who are already in serious food insecurity. At present, 10 million of them are also in areas affected by locusts, "he said.

"If we don't get this over the next two, three or four weeks, we're going to have a really, really serious problem," he said.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recently appealed for US $ 76 million to control the spread of locusts. To date, barely $ 20 million has been received, said Lowcock.

“We simply cannot afford another major shock in a region where there is already so much suffering, vulnerability and fragility. That is why we must act quickly, "he said.

Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld


Researchers at the University of Agriculture in southern China have identified pangolin as "a possible intermediate host" that facilitated the transmission of the virus, the university said in a statement, without giving further details. An animal that harbors a virus without being sick and can transmit it to other species is called a "reservoir". In the case of the new coronavirus, it is certainly a bat: according to a recent study, the genomes of this virus and of those which circulate in this animal are identical to 96%.

An intermediate host

But as the bat virus is not equipped to attach itself to human receptors, it undoubtedly passed through another species to adapt to humans, called "intermediate host".

The pangolin is a small mammal from 30 cm to 80 cm living in the tropical and equatorial regions of Africa and Southeast Asia, belonging to the toothless insectivore family and whose elongated body is largely covered with scales, which also earned him the name "scaly anteater".

Flesh prized by Chinese and Vietnamese gourmets

In Chinese and Vietnamese gastronomy, pangolin meat is very popular and restaurateurs are ready to spend sometimes tens of thousands of euros to get it.

Aphrodisiac virtues ...

It is also and especially for its scales that this anteater is hunted, harboring many curative virtues (cancer, acne) and aphrodisiacs. Certain parts of their bodies are also used to make ornaments - their leather, used to make belts or wallets - and even to make bullet-proof vests.

As a result, the pangolin is the most poached mammal in the world, even more than the elephant or the rhino. Almost 100,000 pangolins are victims each year in Asia and Africa of illegal trafficking.


Other scientists believe, however, that the pangolin is implicated without absolute certainty. These elements are "not enough" to conclude, tempered a British scientist, Professor James Wood. "The evidence for the involvement of pangolin has not been published in a scientific journal", an essential criterion for accrediting this hypothesis, he commented. "We would have to look at all the genetic data to know the degree of proximity between the pangolin viruses and humans," added another British scientist, Professor Jonathan Ball.

In his dictionary "Superfluous for the use of the elites and the wealthy", the humorist Pierre Desproges had described the pangolin as the animal which "resembles an upside down artichoke with legs, extended from tail to tail sight of which one begins to think that in fact, ridicule no longer kills ».

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld


Wenliang was killed Thursday by the WHO and the Communist Party newspaper before state media announced he was in "critical condition". The hospital welcoming him finally declared his death in the evening.

The hospital that supported the 34-year-old ophthalmologist, who had been one of the first in China to alert to the new coronavirus before being infected with 2019-nCoV, announced his death after several hours of confusion. The man died at 2:58 a.m. in Wuhan Central Hospital, according to a message from the establishment on the Chinese social network Weibo.

“In the fight against the epidemic of pneumonia due to the new coronavirus, our ophthalmologist Li Wenliang was unfortunately infected. He died despite all our efforts to bring him back alive. We are in mourning, ”confirmed the establishment, ending several hours of macabre uncertainty.

After the announcement of his death Friday, on the Chinese social network Weibo, the tribute messages pour in "He gave the alert at the cost of his life", "You were the ray of light at night".

This Thursday, WHO said on Twitter "deeply saddened" by the death of this man, continuing: "We must all celebrate the work he has done".

Alert launcher

As rumor of a mysterious virus spread in Wuhan last December, Li Wenliang shared his suspicions in a private conversation with colleagues who graduated from medical school via Chinese WeChat messaging on December 30. 2019. The doctor said in particular that seven people appeared to have contracted a disease similar to SARS - the respiratory disease that has spread in China and in a dozen countries, and caused hundreds of deaths in the early 2000s. patient was quarantined "in the hospital where he worked in Wuhan," he wrote, according to the Washington Post, urging colleagues to "be careful."

Arrested for "spreading rumors"

Badly took it from him. Li Wenliang and seven other doctors in the private group where they were chatting were summoned by the Chinese authorities and investigated for "spreading rumors" and "severely disrupting social order" on January 1. Questioned for several hours, he was forced to sign a report acknowledging that he "disrupts social order", details Le Monde.

From the start of the epidemic, the Chinese authorities therefore try to control information about the virus. Wuhan police on the Weibo social network say they have taken "legal action" against people who "published and shared rumors online", "causing a negative impact on society". The following day, the information is taken up by the channel CCTV, the state television, which does not specify that the eight people accused of "spreading false rumors" are doctors, explains Le Monde.

He was one of the first to sound the alarm about this new coronavirus which has, today, killed more than 560 and infected more than 28,000 people.

Chinese doctor Li Wenliang is now a national hero, facing local officials accused of hiding the beginnings of the epidemic

Chinese authorities in the sights

At the end of January, the Chinese Supreme Court published an unusually critical article towards the police, whose zeal to track down "rumors" would have delayed awareness of the new disease. Wuhan police were pinned there for arresting eight people - including Dr. Li - accused of talking about an outbreak of SARS the day after Beijing reported the first cases of the new coronavirus to WHO. Rarely, the Supreme Court rehabilitated whistleblowers on January 28. She concedes that "the information provided by the eight people [including Li Wenliang] was not fabricated," reports Le Monde. The Court considered it useful to alert in good faith about the appearance of a new disease

The Chinese government felt compelled to react only late in January. President Xi Jinping indeed stresses the need to quickly share information with the rest of the world, on January 20 only. On the same day, the results of the Wuhan authorities were increased to 198 cases and the transmission between humans was confirmed.

Director of Human Rights Watch (HRW), Kenneth Rotha, denounced the "elimination" of reports on the virus in China during the first days of the epidemic, as well as Beijing's efforts to silence the criticism of him on social media. “The time is now for total transparency, even if it is embarrassing, because public health must come before the preservation of a particular political power. Unfortunately, this is not Beijing's approach, ”he said.

Emotion and anger after his death

On the group of private messages WeChat, the reactions of meditation and anger mix. "Let all these officials who fatten themselves with public money perish in the snow," carried away a surfer, in a comment promptly deleted by the censors. Another republished images from central China television announcing the doctors' arrest in December.

If the authorities have allowed criticism of local officials to pass in recent weeks, comments published since the doctor's death have attacked the authoritarian nature of the regime.

On Weibo, the hashtag "We want freedom of expression" was widely shared defying the taboos of censorship, before being blocked.

Many Internet users circulate the song of Les Misérables Do you hear the people sing?, Hymn of the pro-democracy demonstrators in Hong Kong.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld



The World Health Organization (WHO) has asked countries around the world to be alert and take action to combat the current epidemic of coronavirus. WHO will decide today whether or not governments around the world should consider the current 2019-nCoV epidemic "a public health emergency of international concern." "

This name has only been used for certain epidemics: in particular, those of the so-called H1N1 flu

"Swine" in 2009, that of the Zika virus in 2016 and the Ebola virus between 2014 and 2018. Meanwhile, its director of emergency programs, Michael Ryan, yesterday called on the whole world to "be on the alert" and "To act" to protect populations from this disease.

170 dead and 8000 cases

The current death toll stands at 170 dead in China and nearly 8,000 cases of people with proven infections around the world. A fifth person was hospitalized in France. If the number of contaminations recorded outside of Chinese territory remains low at present, it would be likely to increase and widen the epidemic.

WHO experts have indeed recalled the confirmation of "human-to-human transmission" in three countries other than China. In Germany, Japan and more recently in Vietnam, sick people from one way or another from Wuhan have infected local people without prior contact with China.

Repatriations and activity sessions

Among the countries which organized repatriation flights for their nationals present in Wuhan or in his province of Hubei, only three Japanese citizens recently returned to their country showed symptoms of the infection. After the Americans and the Japanese it's time for the French to leave Wuhan, cut off from the world for a week. France has planned to repatriate around 350 Europeans, including 250 French on two consecutive flights, the first of which should arrive in Paris at the end week. Social life takes a hit

Beyond Wuhan, in the rest of China, where the Lunar New Year holidays have been extended until February 2, most of the residents, frightened, desert shopping centers, cinemas and restaurants.

The American coffee chain Starbucks and the Swedish furniture giant Ikea have announced that they will close half of their businesses.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld


The President Donald Trump unveiled his peace plan for the Middle East on Tuesday 28 January. Donald Trump presented his peace plan to the White House on Tuesday, tracing a "path" towards a two-state solution supported by the United Nations: the creation of a Palestine alongside Israel.

"My vision presents (...) a realistic two-state solution," said the White House tenant, referring to a "win-win" project for Israelis and Palestinians.

Jerusalem will remain "the indivisible capital of Israel," he said, proposing to create a capital of the Palestinian state confined to the outskirts of East Jerusalem. In addition, the White House plan would grant Israel sovereignty over the Jordan Valley, a large strategic area of ​​the occupied West Bank where the Israeli army has just strengthened its presence.

Displaying his optimism about the future of this "very detailed" project, Donald Trump estimated that it could allow to take "a big step towards peace".

Benjamin Netanyahu hailed with force "a historic day"

A vision that is not shared by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, who said that this plan will "not pass". Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, a Palestinian enclave of two million people geographically separated from the West Bank, also rejected the American proposal.

This plan indeed gives serious guarantees to Benjamin Netanyahu.

Among the many sensitive points of this plan is the granting of Israel sovereignty over the Jordan Valley. A strategic area of ​​the West Bank "vital" for Israel, according to Benjamin Netanyahu who announced that the Hebrew state would "apply its sovereignty". The UN then stressed that it was sticking to the borders defined in 1967.

The future Palestinian state would only see the light of day under several "conditions", including "a clear rejection of terrorism," said Donald Trump, who then tweeted a map of the two states, with in particular a tunnel linking the West Bank to the Gaza strip.

Pounding his conviction that the Palestinians deserve "a better life," Donald Trump also warned them. He said he had sent a letter to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas urging him to take "an historic opportunity", and perhaps "the last", to obtain an independent state. "I explained to him that the territory planned for his new state would remain open and without development" of Israeli settlements "for a period of four years," he said.

Based on a "two-state" solution in which Jerusalem would remain an "undivided capital" and the Palestinian territory would see its size double, the White House project seems to align itself above all with Israeli security concerns.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


Appeared in China at the end of December in the city of Wuhan, the 2019-nCoV coronavirus has already killed nearly 41 people in China and continues to spread. France is in turn confronted with the virus, with three cases detected in Paris and Bordeaux.


The coronavirus is a respiratory virus. The main symptoms resemble those of the flu: high fever, headache, pain in the joints and muscles. Secondly, they are accompanied by respiratory distress: coughing, sputum and shortness of breath, up to pneumonia which can be severe in the most severe cases. The incubation period for the coronavirus would be "around seven days, between two and twelve days", according to the indications of the Minister of Health, Agnès Buzyn.

Mutation and transmission of the syndrome

The mutation rate of Coronavirus is high, being present in many animal species. Its easy circulation from one species to another very often leads to death, and infection from animal to man. In humans, a simple handshake and any other close contact can be an element of Coronavirus transmission, which can also be done by air: by coughing or sneezing. Finally, this virus is very easily transmitted from one person to another, and from one species to another. At the moment, no vaccine is available.

Measures to take in case of potential contamination

As a priority, you must contact the Samu Center 15, reporting the symptoms and, if there are any, specify whether a recent stay was made in China.

Please note, do not go to your doctor or to the emergency room, to avoid any potential new contamination. Contaminated people will be taken care of and directly hospitalized in an isolation room as is currently the case in Bordeaux, the time to carry out screening tests. In a few hours, the virus can thus be identified and an epidemiological investigation launched. Everyone who has been in close contact with infected patients is identified in order to limit the spread of the virus.

Prevention gestures

The best way to prevent contamination by the 2019-nCoV virus is to behave as if you were having a seasonal flu episode. The “barrier measures” are effective, explains the Ministry of Health: coughing in your elbow (and not in your hand), using disposable tissues, and above all washing your hands regularly and carefully. You should also take your temperature regularly. Like the flu, the coronavirus is also much more dangerous for people who are vulnerable or at risk.

Authorities forced residents of Wuhan to wear a medical mask in public places. Wearing a mask can indeed help patients to limit the transmission of the coronavirus. The World Health Organization recommends covering your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing to prevent the spread of the infection. In France, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs invites travelers who have visited Asia and who must come into contact with other people to wear a surgical mask "in the event of symptoms of respiratory infection".

Unlike other countries, France has not implemented border control measures for passengers coming from China, with temperature controls by thermal camera. "The World Health Organization has not wished to declare a public health emergency of international concern, so there is no specific recommendation today intended for travelers," Agnès Buzyn said Friday after leaving the Council of Ministers. Otherwise, precautionary messages are broadcast on the planes and posters have been placed at international airports.

In China, 18 cities including Wuhan, epicenter of the epidemic, are the subject of a gigantic sanitary cordon which affects 56 million people, to prevent the virus from spreading.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


Never the small country of 9 million inhabitants had hosted a gathering of such magnitude, on the occasion of the World Holocaust Forum.

The arrival of forty heads of state and government arrived Wednesday, January 22, in Jerusalem for the World Holocaust Forum which was held this Thursday, January 23, 2020 at the Yad Vashem memorial.

The Holocaust cannot be used to justify "division" or "contemporary hatred," French President Emmanuel Macron said on Thursday during commemorations in Jerusalem of the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi camp.

"No one has the right to summon their dead to justify any contemporary division or hatred," said the president. “For all those who have fallen oblige us to the truth, to memory, to dialogue, to friendship. ".

In front of hundreds of guests including forty foreign leaders, Emmanuel Macron wondered:

"What more beautiful symbol than to see us here all united and united, to do useful work to fight against denial like resentment or speeches of revenge".

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


T he New Years holiday starts Friday for a week. Pekingese usually gather on this occasion by the hundreds of thousands in parks to attend the traditional dances of the lion and the dragon.

However, three Chinese cities are quarantined to "stop the spread of the virus"

The city of Wuhan, the epicenter of the start of an epidemic of coronavirus pneumonia - a cousin of that responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 -, was quarantined on Thursday 23 January. The city has 11 million inhabitants, some of whom have already returned to their families for the New Year celebrations, which begin Friday, January 24. A similar decision was made in Huanggang, a city of 7.5 million people, and in Ezhou, both located 70 km east of Wuhan.

All public transport (trains, planes, buses and metros) were suspended, and the highways leading to these cities were cut. Residents can no longer leave the city "without special authorization" or go there. Travel agencies have canceled all trips planned until February 8, according to the official news agency Chine nouvelle. According to the French Embassy in Beijing, around 500 French people are permanent residents in Wuhan, which hosts several large French companies, such as PSA-Peugeot-Citroën.

For their part, the Chinese authorities have also decided to close the Forbidden City in order to contain the spread of the virus. Beijing has announced the cancellation of Chinese New Year festivities in the capital. The Forbidden City, China's most famous historic monument, will also close its doors as of Saturday "in order to avoid contamination linked to the gathering of visitors," the museum announced in a press release.

The new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has already claimed seventeen lives and 570 people are infected in China, according to the latest official count. But a study by Imperial College London estimates that the number of cases across the country could reach 4,000 today.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


Several regions of Australia experienced dramatic weather over the weekend and Monday, January 20, 2020. A dust and sand storm, severe thunderstorms and a hailstorm caused significant damage to Canberra, in the State of New South Wales and the State of Victoria. Thunderstorms accompanied by hailstones fell on Monday in parts of eastern Australia after “apocalyptic” sand and dust storms over other areas already affected by the fires that have ravaged the country for several months.

Severe hailstorm on Canberra

The capital Canberra was the victim of hailstorms sometimes as big as golf balls ... In a video, ABC News explains that hailstones the size of "golf balls" caused significant damage to parked cars, but also in the windows and roofs of dwellings. Power outages and tree collapses have also been reported, according to the Canberra Times.

Very heavy precipitation in the State of Victoria

Melbourne, capital of the state of Victoria (south), also suffered a very severe thunderstorm on Sunday evening.

Monday afternoon, all matches played outside in the city as part of the Australian Tennis Open had to be postponed due to heavy rain. This first stage of the Grand Slam had already seen last Tuesday and Wednesday his qualifications complicated by very poor air quality due to the smoke from the fires.

In Victoria, where fires are still burning, the rains were greeted with relief, but authorities also warned of the risks associated with the heavy rains. Prime Minister of Victoria Daniel Andrews explained that this posed particular dangers for people operating heavy vehicles to access the areas affected by the fires. The risk of landslides is also real in mountainous areas where the vegetation cover has burned.

So firefighters this time had to respond to flood calls in places like here in Sydney. These heavy rains led to very localized flash floods in the states affected by the fires, Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland.

A “spectacular” dust and sand storm

And more spectacular still, this Sunday, a gigantic wall of dust and sand raised by strong winds also fell on a part of New South Wales. Residents of the city of Dubbo, 400 km north of Canberra, described the darkness in broad daylight. The winds that accompanied this sandstorm also left damage behind them ... They tell ABC News they were surprised by the sandstorm, when the forecasts had warned them to prepare for a violent storm and to heavy precipitation.

This humidity also offers a respite in the fight against fires on the East Coast. But authorities have warned that the forest fire season is far from over.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld


"Tsai Ing-wen's victory is a slap in the face of Beijing because the Taiwanese did not give in to the intimidation," said political analyst Hung Chin-fu of Cheng Kung National University in Taiwan.

The victory of Tsai Ing-wen, the outgoing president of Taiwan, is a snub for Beijing because China clearly supported its opponent, the Kuomintang candidate, Han Kuo-yu, who was leading the race a year ago.

But it was before the events in Hong Kong that made the Taiwanese people aware of the risks of a rapprochement with Beijing. Tsai Ing-wen campaigned against Beijing's authoritarianism.

Tsai Ing-Wen's Victory

With 57.1% of the vote, the outgoing president exceeded her performance in 2016, garnering 8.1 million votes, a score unmatched since free elections were held in Taiwan, an island of some 23 million inhabitants.

With a record voter turnout of 74.9%, 63-year-old Ms. Tsai won a landslide victory over the Kouomintang (KMT) candidate, populist Han Kuo-yu, mayor of Kaohsiung, the big city in the south of the island, credited with 38.6% of the vote.

Tsai Ing-wen also allowed his party, born from the fight against the dictatorship of the single party imposed by Tchang Kaï-chek, to keep its majority in the Parliament, which has only one Chamber, at the end of the legislative elections which stood at the same time as the presidential election. The Progressive Democratic Party DPP won 61 seats out of 113 of the Legislative Yuan. The KMT wins three seats, to 38. Another legislative fact: the emergence as the third force of the Assembly, with only five seats, of the brand new party created in summer 2019 by the current mayor of Taipei, Ko Wen-je, the Taiwan People's Party (TPP).

Lapidary reaction and warning from China

The Chinese learned of the outcome of the presidential election in Taiwan through a simple paragraph announcing the victory of the outgoing "leader", Tsai Ing-wen. Under this lapidary dispatch, the comments are revealing: several Internet users simply ask "why?" ".

The answer is embarrassing for Chinese power and they will not read it in the state press, because officially in China, Taiwan, which nevertheless has all the characteristics of a sovereign state, is still a renegade province, which must be taken back by force if necessary.

It is not only Taiwan as a Taiwanese identity, but it is also from an ideological point of view, a democratic regime which opposes a People's Republic of China which has long put forward the fact that reunification was inevitable. , but who today sees his arguments defeated by the good results of Tsai Ing-wen.

In the aftermath of the election, the Chinese Foreign Ministry issued a minimalist statement saying that "whatever happens (...) the facts do not change: there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is part of China, "said Geng Shuang, a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In addition, a comment was published by the new China agency this morning: Tsai is not called president there, but "directing", or "leader". And the text accuses his party of having used tactics of intimidation, cheating and buying votes. The editorial ends with a warning: if the Taiwanese leader persists on the path of independence, this will only accelerate her "disillusionment", understand, the annexation of Taiwan. For the Global Times, a daily with a nationalist tone, these tensions are "orchestrated" by Tsai Ing-wen and his party "to arouse fear among the Taiwanese towards the continent".

Cyberattacks, aircraft carriers -

Beijing "will he continue his firmness towards Tsai Ing-wen or opt for a more flexible approach (...) that's the big question", wonders Joshua Eisenman, political analyst at Notre Dame University in the USA.

Cyberattacks, investments in the island's media to obtain a more favorable image, even demonstrations of military force cannot be ruled out, says a specialist. Already at the end of December, Beijing sent the “Shandong”, its first aircraft carrier of 100% Chinese design, to the Taiwan Strait.

"Taiwan has shown the world how much we love our free and democratic way of life and our nation," Tsai told reporters when she announced her victory.

Washington quickly congratulated the re-elected president. "Under his leadership, we hope that Taiwan will continue to serve as a shining example for countries fighting for democracy," said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

Garett pour Skyport for DayNewsWorld


Iran has confessed and admits an "unforgivable error".

The Iranian military has admitted that it "mistakenly" shot down a Boeing 737 taking off from Tehran on Wednesday January 8.

It is not the first time that a civilian airliner has been shot down in mid-flight. Since 1973, six similar disasters have occurred. Small summary:

February 21, 1973

A Boeing 727 of the Libyan Arab Airline company, operating the Tripoli-Cairo connection, was then shot down by the Israeli fighter over the Sinai desert: 108 of the 112 people on board were killed. The Boeing had gone astray, and was "intercepted" over the peninsula, at the time occupied by Israel. According to authorities, the plane had refused to land.

September 1, 1983

Another case of an airplane having inadvertently deviated from its route, and another Boeing, this time of the 747 type. A South Korean aircraft of the Korean Air Lines (KAL) shot down by the Soviet fighter over the Sakhalin Island. The 269 passengers and crew members are killed. Moscow will not recognize its responsibility until five days later, under international pressure and after a conviction by the United Nations Security Council.

July 3, 1998

Iran Air flight 655, which takes off on July 3, 1998 from Bandar Abbas, in southern Iran, will never see Qatar, its destination. While crossing the Strait of Hormuz, the Airbus A300 was shot down by the American cruiser USS Vincennes, causing the death of 290 people, including 254 Iranian nationals. The crew of the USS Vincennes, the said frigate, will claim to have mistaken the Airbus for a hostile Iranian fighter. Tehran will finally receive compensation from the United States of $ 101.8 million.

October 4, 2001

Less than a month after the attacks of September 11, 2001, during military maneuvers in Crimea, the Ukrainian army shot down a Tupolev aircraft from Sibir Airlines. 78 people are killed, including many Israeli nationals who have come to visit their families in Russia. It explodes in mid-flight over the Black Sea, less than 300 km from the Crimean coast (in the south of Ukraine). A week later, Kiev will recognize that the disaster was caused by the accidental firing of a Ukrainian missile.

March 23, 2007

This early spring is fatal to an Ilyushin belonging to a Belarusian airline, hit by a rocket shortly after taking off from the Somali capital Mogadishu, then in the grip of a civil war, killing 11 people. Ironically, the plane was carrying Belarusian engineers and technicians who had come to repair another plane ... hit by a missile two weeks earlier.

July 17, 2014

Latest major incident: July 17, 2014, while a Malaysia Airlines Boeing 747 connecting Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur flew over the Donetsk region in eastern Ukraine, it crashed near the village of Grabovo . At the time, the Ukrainian army and the pro-Russian separatists accused each other of having shot down the plane on which 298 people were on board, none of whom survived. International investigators establish in May 2018 that the plane was shot down by a Soviet-designed BUK missile from the 53rd Russian anti-aircraft brigade based in Kursk, in southwest Russia. In June 2019, they announced that they would prosecute three Russians and one Ukrainian for murder, whose trial will begin in March 2020 in the Netherlands.

More than five years after the tragedy, many questions remain unanswered.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld


The Boeing 737 crashed Wednesday January 8, 2020 shortly after takeoff, causing 176 deaths. Iran has apologized, while stressing the responsibility of "American adventurism" in this disaster.

"The internal investigation of the armed forces concluded that regrettably missiles launched in error caused the crash of the Ukrainian plane and the death of 176 innocent people," wrote President Hassan Rohani on Twitter.

"In a crisis situation, the flight took off from Tehran Imam Khomeini airport, and as it turned, [it seemed to be approaching] a sensitive military center," the Iranian armed forces said in a statement. . "Under these conditions, following an unintentional human error, the plane was hit," added the general staff, immediately promising that "the person responsible" for this shooting would be brought before the military justice.

"Unforgivable error"

Iran "deeply" regrets this tragedy, "a great tragedy and an unforgivable error", also declared the Iranian president, while his foreign minister, Mohammed Javad Zarif, had already presented a little earlier "regrets, apologies and condolences ”to the families of the victims and to the countries concerned.

A total reversal, since again on Friday, the Iranian Civil Aviation Organization affirmed "that one thing [was] sure, this plane was not hit by a missile".

"American Adventism"

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Washington was also responsible for the tragedy, however. "Human error in times of crisis caused by American adventurism has led to disaster," he said on Twitter. The accident occurred on Wednesday morning January 8, while Tehran was on high alert for fear of reprisals by the American army. A few hours earlier, Iran had fired missiles against two bases housing American soldiers in Iraq, to ​​avenge the assassination of General Ghassem Soleimani by an American drone strike in Baghdad on January 3.

Canada calls for "transparency" and "full investigation"

Analysis of the device's black boxes is expected in the coming weeks. In the meantime, videos of the explosion in flight as well as the impacts identified on the cabin of the aircraft prompted many observers to accredit the hypothesis of a missile launch.

After the recognition of the Iranian authorities, Russia called on Tehran to learn from its mistake.

"If the deciphering of the black boxes and the investigation work do not find that the Iranian army did this intentionally and that there are no logical reasons for this, the incident must be closed.

With the hope that lessons will be learned and measures taken by all parties, "said the chairman of the Parliament's Foreign Affairs Committee, Konstantin Kossatchev, quoted by the Interfax news agency.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld



Lots of questions but one certainty. Canada assured Thursday, January 9, that the Boeing 737 which crashed this Wednesday near Tehran, was probably shot down by an Iranian missile.

The disaster, which resulted in the deaths of 176 people including 63 Canadians, occurred shortly after Tehran fired missiles at bases used by the US military in Iraq.

The disaster came hours after a ballistic missile salvo ordered by the Islamic Republic against US military installations in Iraq.

Reprisals against the assassination, in Baghdad, five days earlier, of the Iranian general Ghassem Soleimani, commander of the force of the Revolutionary Guards, in an American strike.

A crash with dramatic consequences which is the subject of speculation that the authorities hope to lift with a "thorough investigation".

"We have information from multiple sources, including our allies and our own services," which "indicates that the plane was shot down by an Iranian surface-to-air missile," Justin Trudeau said at a press conference. .

"It may not have been intentional," he added.

Without being so explicit, US President Donald Trump had earlier expressed his "doubts" on the thesis of the mechanical problem. "I have the feeling that something terrible happened," he said, referring to a possible "mistake".

A video of about twenty seconds

An investigation in which Donald Trump has already promised to participate.

It must be said that the American services already seem well informed about the tragedy, distilling it drop by drop from Thursday several details.

In particular the capture of an Iranian radar signal locating the plane.

Then, a few seconds later, the location by American satellites of two short-range missiles, fired from the ground and approaching the plane before exploding.

The American services also intercepted a communication between Iranians, confirming that missiles made crash the Ukrainian plane.

Another argument on which Canada relies: a video of about twenty seconds, which would show the moment when a missile strikes the device.

The sequence was widely broadcast on social networks. In the images, we can see a luminous object rapidly climbing towards the sky and striking what appears to be an airplane.

The video, which could not be formally authenticated, has been published by several media, including the New York Times on its website. On the video published by the New York Times, we see "a small explosion which seems to occur at the moment when the missile touches the plane but this one did not explode completely.

The plane continued to fly for several minutes before turning back to the airport, ”analyzes the media.

To accredit the thesis of a missile launching, accidental or not, the Canadian authorities also place great hopes in the study of the black boxes of the device.

Fifty Ukrainian experts investigate Tehran

About fifty Ukrainian experts arrived in Tehran on Thursday to take part in the investigation and in particular to decipher the black boxes of the aircraft. Some confusion reigns over the fate of these black boxes, crucial for the investigations to come.

Kiev is examining various working hypotheses, including an anti-aircraft missile launch, the explosion of a bomb placed on board, or a collision with a drone.

President Volodymyr Zelensky on Thursday declared a day of national mourning, promising to establish the truth about this drama. Ukraine has also asked for "unconditional support" from the UN. About fifty Ukrainian experts arrived in Tehran to take part in the investigation and in particular the decryption of these boxes.

Despite the evidence against it which has accumulated in recent hours, Iran is sticking to its position. "One thing is certain, this plane was not hit by a missile," Ali Abedzadeh, president of the Iranian Civil Aviation Organization (CAO), said on Friday.

The crash is the deadliest involving Canadians since the 1985 bombing of an Air India Boeing 747 in which 268 Canadians were killed.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


Des dromadaires trop nombreux.

L’Australie serait désormais le pays comptant la plus vaste population de dromadaires sauvages au monde, avec certaines estimations officielles faisant état d’un million de bêtes dans les étendues désertiques du centre.

Mais du fait de la sécheresse, ces animaux, introduits dans les années 1840 par les colons, s’approchent de plus en plus des localités de l’intérieur du pays pour y trouver de l’eau.

L’immense île-continent a vécu en 2019 son année la plus chaude et la plus sèche, ce qui a non seulement entraîné de dramatiques feux de forêt, qui font toujours rage dans certaines régions, mais aussi des pénuries d’eau dans nombre de localités.

Des troupeaux « extrêmement importants », en quête d’eau et de nourriture, menacent les réserves des villages, en plus de provoquer des dégâts et de constituer un danger pour les automobilistes.

En raison de ces menaces qu’ils constituent pour les populations, dix mille dromadaires sauvages vont donc être abattus par des snipers depuis des hélicoptères.

« Ces troupeaux exercent du fait de la quête d’eau des dromadaires une pression sur les localités aborigènes des territoires de l’APY et les activités pastorales », a expliqué dans un communiqué le comité exécutif des territoires de l’Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY), en Australie méridionale.

Des sources d’eau contaminées

Le ministère de l’Environnement de l’État, qui soutient cet abattage, a expliqué que la sécheresse posait aussi « de graves questions de bien-être animal » car nombre de bêtes sont mortes de soif ou se sont blessées entre elles en se précipitant vers des points d’eau. « Dans certains cas, des carcasses d’animaux morts ont contaminé d’importantes sources d’eau et des sites culturels », a dit une porte-parole du ministère.

Ces campagnes courantes en Australie.

Ce type de campagnes de gestion des populations de dromadaires sont courantes en Australie. Entre 2010 et 2014, elle a même été encadrée par un programme fédéral, l’Australian feral camel management project.

La pratique d’abattage massif d’animaux sauvages est relativement courante en Australie, qui compte de nombreuses espèces nuisibles introduites par l’homme. Un programme prévoit notamment l’abattage de quelque deux millions de chats sauvages à l’horizon 2020.

En 2015, plus d’un million de kangourous avaient été tués sur l’ensemble du territoire.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.




Après l’escalade verbale, voici les premiers tirs. Au moins une douzaine de roquettes se sont abattues dans la nuit de mardi à mercredi sur deux bases irakiennes où sont postés des soldats américains, a confirmé le Pentagone. De son côté, la télévision iranienne affirme que Téhéran avait tiré « des dizaines » de roquettes en riposte à la frappe américaine qui a éliminé le général Soleimani la semaine dernière.

Le commandement militaire irakien a annoncé dans un communiqué que 22 missiles se sont abattus sueux bases, entre 1h45 et 2h15 heure locale, « 17 sur la base aérienne d'Aïn al-Assad (...) et cinq sur la ville d'Erbil, qui ont tous touché des installations de la coalition » internationale anti-djihadistes emmenée par les Etats-Unis.

Le Pentagone a pour sa part annoncé que plus d'une douzaine de missiles avaient été lancés. « Vers 17h30 le 7 janvier, l'Iran a tiré plus d'une douzaine de missiles balistiques contre les forces militaires américaines et de la coalition en Irak », a indiqué Jonathan Hoffman, porte-parole du ministère américain de la Défense dans un communiqué.

« Il est clair que ces missiles ont été tirés depuis l'Iran et visaient au moins deux bases irakiennes hébergeant des militaires américains et membres de la coalition à al-Assad et Erbil », a-t-il précisé.

Ces attaques interviennent en représailles à la frappe américaine qui avait visé et tué le général iranien Qassem Soleimani le 3 janvier dernier à Badgad.

Représailles « proportionnées » pour l’Iran

Après ces raids, revendiqués par Téhéran, les dirigeants américain et iranien ont semblé vouloir calmer le jeu rapidement.

Les Etats-Unis ont peut-être « coupé le bras » du général Ghassem Soleimani, mais l’Iran ripostera en leur coupant « la jambe » au Moyen-Orient, a ensuite déclaré le président iranien, Hassan Rohani.

« Nous les avons giflés [les Américains] au visage hier soir » avec une frappe de missile, « mais l’action militaire ne suffit pas », a aussi affirmé dans un discours à la nation le guide suprême iranien, l’ayatollah Ali Khamenei. « La présence corrompue des Etats-Unis dans la région devrait prendre fin », a-t-il ajouté, en estimant qu’elle avait causé la guerre, la division et la destruction.

« Tout va bien », a réagi sur Twitter Donald Trump

Selon CNN et ABC, il n’y aurait pas de victime côté américain.Le locataire de la Maison-Blanche semble même vouloir désamorcer le conflit en revenant sur sa menace de frapper des sites culturels iraniens.

L’Iran a affirmé via sa télévision d’Etat qu’il s’en tiendrait là si les Etats-Unis ne ripostaient pas. Le ministre des Affaires étrangères Javad Zarif a, dans la foulée, assuré qu’il s’agissait d’une « réponse proportionnée » et que l’Iran ne voulait pas « d’escalade ou la guerre ».

« Nous conseillons au peuple américain de rappeler les troupes américaines [déployées dans la] région afin d’éviter de nouvelles pertes et de ne pas permettre que la vie de ses soldats soit davantage menacée par la haine toujours croissante du régime » américain, ajoute l’armée iranienne dans un communiqué.

L’un des chefs du Hachd Al-Chaabi, milice irakienne pro-Iran, a menacé mercredi les Etats-Unis d’une « riposte » qui « ne sera pas moins importante que la réponse iranienne ».

Des attaques jugées « dangereuses » par Londres, Berlin...

Israël a mis en garde l’Iran en cas d’attaque contre l’Etat hébreu. « Quiconque nous attaque recevra une riposte retentissante », a déclaré le premier ministre, Benyamin Nétanyahou, qui a qualifié Ghassem Soleimani de « terroriste en chef » et d’« architecte » de la « campagne de terreur » au Moyen-Orient.

Boris Johnson, le premier ministre britannique, a condamné l’attaque « contre les bases militaires irakiennes accueillant les forces de la coalition » – incluant 400 militaires et un millier de civils – et appelé Téhéran à « une désescalade urgente ».

L’Allemagne a aussi condamné « le plus fermement l’agression » et les tirs de missiles, a déclaré la ministre de la défense allemande, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. « Il s’avère maintenant décisif que nous ne laissions pas cette spirale croître encore », a-t-elle souligné sur la chaîne de télévision publique ARD, précisant qu’il appartenait « avant tout aux Iraniens de ne pas provoquer de nouvelle escalade ».

La Chine, qui est l’une des parties à l’accord sur le nucléaire iranien signé en 2015 et l’un des principaux importateurs de brut iranien, a aussi appelé à « la retenue ».

Ces frappes iraniennes intervient un surviennent peu plus de 24 heures après un cafouillage des Etats-Unis, leur commandement militaire affirmant se retirer du pays conformément à un appel du Parlement et le Pentagone démentant.

Plusieurs Etats membres de la coalition ont déjà retiré des soldats, par crainte de nouvelles attaques à la roquette, dont une quinzaine ont déjà visé des bases où sont postés les militaires de la coalition depuis fin octobre.

Une symbolique forte

"C’est la première fois que la République s’attaque directement par des moyens conventionnels et en son nom propre à des installations militaires américaines. Toute la doctrine de pression sécuritaire menée par Téhéran face à ses adversaires dans la région, qu’il s’agisse des Etats-Unis, d’Israël ou des monarchies du Golfe opposées à Téhéran, consiste traditionnellement à faire porter la responsabilité des actions hostiles à des groupes non étatiques alliés à la République islamique. Malgré sa portée militaire limitée, l’opération menée par les gardiens de la révolution iraniens est porteuse d’une charge symbolique forte", analyse  un confrère.

L'allocution de Donald Trump

Donald Trump s'est exprimé mercredi depuis la Maison-Blanche, entouré notamment du secrétaire d'État Mike Pompeo, du vice-président Mike Pence et de hauts responsables du Pentagone. Il a martelé que l'Iran n'obtiendra «jamais » l'arme nucléaire.«Tant que je serai président des Etats-Unis, on ne permettra jamais à l'Iran d'obtenir l'arme nucléaire», a affirmé Donald Trump. «Depuis 1979, les États ont toléré le comportement destructeur de l'Iran. Cette période est révolue. L'Iran a été le principal parrain du terrorisme dans la région. Nous ne permettrons jamais à l'Iran de représenter une menace», a-t-il ajouté, se félicitant de l'élimination du général Qassem Soleimani.

De plus il a invité les Européens à quitter l'accord sur le nucléaire iranien«L'accord sur le nucléaire expire rapidement et va permettre à l'Iran d'obtenir le bombe atomique. Il est temps que la France, la Russie, la Grande-Bretagne et la Chine reconnaissent cet état de fait», a insisté le locataire de la Maison-Blanche. Il a enfin demandé à l'Otan de s'impliquer «beaucoup plus» au Moyen-Orient.

«Le monde civilisé doit envoyer un message fort et unifié en disant : “votre campagne d'atrocités et de meurtres ne sera plus tolérée dorénavant”», a-t-il prévenu.

Pamela Newton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



Plusieurs personnes ont été tuées dans une bousculade ce mardi à Kerman (sud-est de l’Iran) lors des funérailles du général Qassem Soleimani, auxquelles participe une immense foule, a-t-on appris de source officielle. Quarante morts ainsi que 190 blessés seraient à déplorer .

« Malheureusement, un certain nombre de personnes […] ont perdu la vie », a déclaré sur la télévision d’Etat, Pir Hossein Koulivand, chef du service national des urgences iraniens.

Les habitants de Kerman se sont rassemblés en masse, réclamant vengeance aux cris de « Mort à l’Amérique » après l’assassinat du général Qassem Soleimani, qui doit être enterré dans l’après-midi dans cette ville du sud-est de l’Iran. Le centre de la ville natale de l’officier était envahi par une marée humaine semblable à celles ayant déferlé dimanche et lundi à Téhéran et dans les autres villes où les cercueils du général et de ses compagnons d’armes tués avec lui ont transité pour un hommage populaire.

Chef de la Force Qods, unité d’élite chargée des opérations extérieures des Gardiens de la Révolution (l’armée idéologique iranienne), Soleimani était l’architecte de la stratégie de l’Iran au Moyen-Orient. Il a été tué vendredi par une frappe de drone américain devant l’aéroport de Bagdad.

Le processus d' « expulsion des Etats-Unis de la région a commencé », a lancé à la foule de Kerman le général de division Hossein Salami, commandant en chef des Gardiens de la Révolution. « Notre volonté est ferme. Nous disons également à nos ennemis que nous allons nous venger, et que s'ils (frappent de nouveau) nous mettrons le feu à ce qu'ils adorent », a-t-il dit sur un ton énigmatique. "Eux-mêmes savent bien de quels lieux je parle".

Le Parlement iranien a pour sa part adopté ce mardi en urgence une loi classant toutes les forces armées américaines comme « terroristes ».

Depuis la mort de Soleimani, le monde entier redoute une nouvelle déflagration majeure au Moyen-Orient.

Pamela Newton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



Kim Jong-un annonce la fin du moratoire nord-coréen sur les essais nucléaires et promet une action "choquante" contre les Etats-Unis.

"Nous n'avons aucune raison de continuer unilatéralement à cet engagement", a-t-il dit, et a averti que "le monde verra dans un proche avenir une nouvelle arme stratégique que la Corée possède".

Le leader nord-coréen Kim Jong-un a annoncé mercredi la fin du moratoire sur les essais nucléaires et le test de missile balistique intercontinental et a promis une action "choquante" contre les Etats-Unis, qui ont réagi avec modération.

"Nous n'avons aucune raison de continuer unilatéralement à cet engagement", a déclaré Kim Jong-un aux dignitaires du parti au pouvoir, cité par KCNA. "Le monde sera témoin dans un proche avenir d'une nouvelle arme stratégique que la Corée du Nord possède."

Kim Jong-un a déclaré en 2018 que la Corée du Nord n'avait plus besoin d'essais nucléaires et d'essais de missiles balistiques intercontinentaux.

Au cours des années précédentes, la Corée du Nord a effectué six essais nucléaires et lancé des missiles capables d'atteindre l'ensemble du continent américain.

L'annonce de mercredi menace de ruiner les efforts diplomatiques des deux dernières années. Le président américain Donald Trump a souvent mentionné que Kim lui avait promis de ne passer aucun test.

"Nous avons signé un contrat qui parle de dénucléarisation. C'était la phrase numéro un de la" dénucléarisation ", elle a été faite à Singapour. Je pense qu'il est un homme de parole", a déclaré Trump à propos du premier sommet historique entre les deux dirigeants, à Singapour. en 2018.

Mais les négociations nucléaires entre les deux dirigeants sont au point mort depuis l'échec du sommet entre Kim et Trump à Hanoi en février.

Avant une session plénière du comité central de son Parti des travailleurs, Kim a clairement indiqué que son pays était disposé à continuer de vivre sous des sanctions internationales pour préserver sa capacité nucléaire.

Pas de discours du Nouvel An

"Les Etats-Unis soulèvent des demandes contraires aux intérêts fondamentaux de notre Etat et adoptent un comportement de bandit", a-t-il déclaré, cité par la KCNA.

Washington "a effectué des dizaines d'exercices militaires conjoints (avec la Corée du Sud) que le président (Trump) avait personnellement promis d'arrêter", ont envoyé des équipes militaires dans le sud et intensifié les sanctions contre Pyongyang, a-t-il ajouté "Nous ne vendrons jamais notre dignité", a-t-il dit, promettant "une action choquante pour payer [aux Etats-Unis] le prix de la douleur subie par notre peuple".

Comme Trump, le secrétaire d'État américain Mike Pompeo a réagi avec modération. "Nous voulons la paix, pas la confrontation", a-t-il déclaré à CBS. "Nous espérons que ... le président Kim prendra la bonne décision et choisira la paix et la prospérité au lieu des conflits et de la guerre", a également déclaré Pompeo à Fox News.

Une présence d'essais nucléaires en Corée du Nord.

Le ministère sud-coréen en charge de l'unification a déclaré qu'un test d'arme stratégique "ne contribuerait pas aux négociations sur la dénucléarisation".

Pour la première fois depuis 2013, Kim n'a pas prononcé son discours traditionnel du Nouvel An mercredi, un moment clé du calendrier politique de la Corée du Nord.

Selon des analystes, le dirigeant nord-coréen a décidé d'omettre ce message pour éviter d'avoir à admettre des erreurs dans sa politique diplomatique avec Washington.

Pendant des mois, Pyongyang a appelé à une réduction des sanctions internationales qui lui sont imposées pour ses programmes d'armes nucléaires et de missiles balistiques, mais l'administration Trump estime que la Corée du Nord doit faire des gestes plus concrets avant d'obtenir une flexibilisation.

"Jeu géopolitique dangereux"

Pour Harry Kazianis, chercheur au Center for the National Interest, un institut basé à Washington, "Kim Jong-un joue un jeu géopolitique dangereux."

"La Corée du Nord, pour ainsi dire, a placé un ICBM (missile balistique intercontinental) dans le temple de Donald Trump dans l'espoir d'obtenir les deux concessions qu'il souhaite le plus: un assouplissement des sanctions et une garantie de sécurité", a estimé Kazianis.

"Il parie que la menace d'une nouvelle démonstration de sa capacité à attaquer le territoire américain avec une arme nucléaire poussera les Etats-Unis à faire plus de concessions", a expliqué le chercheur.

Il semble peu probable que cette stratégie soit efficace, car il est très possible que Washington réponde par "plus de sanctions, une plus grande présence en Asie de l'Est et plus de menaces de" feu et de fureur "sur le compte Twitter de Donald Trump."

Le secrétaire général de l'ONU, Antonio Guterres, a exprimé son espoir que Pyongyang "ne reprendra pas les essais nucléaires".

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



La fille de Soleimani avertit les soldats américains de la région de "se préparer" et des cris de "mort en Amérique" retentissent lors des funérailles du général.

Le général tué par les États-Unis, Kassem Soleimani, a eu des funérailles au sommet des iconographies iraniennes les plus en vue. Au cours des quatre dernières décennies, depuis la Révolution qui a renversé le Shah, l'aversion pour Washington de Téhéran  s'est déversée avec en tête l'ayatollah Khomeiny, chef de file de cette vague de fureur populaire, lors des funérailles du général. Une haine venant d'Iraniens d'horizons les plus divers.

"Le général Soleimani a choisi de combattre le terrorisme, l'État islamique, les talibans et Israël en dehors de nos frontières pour assurer la sécurité au Moyen-Orient et en Iran", explique Elahe, une jeune femme récemment arrivée des États-Unis pour une visite familiale, mais qui a rejoint ce matin des millions d'Iraniens qui affluaient vers l'Université de Téhéran et  l'avenue centrale Enghelab. "Nous venons de dire que nous aurons peut-être nos différences internes, mais au final, nous sommes une nation unie", ajoute-t-il.

Telle a été la réussite de Donald Trump, qui a ordonné la mort du stratège iranien en politique étrangère - et l'un de ceux qui ont le plus affronté les intérêts américains dans la région - juste après avoir demandé au Premier ministre irakien d'agir en tant que médiateur avec l'Iran. L'estime du peuple iranien envers Soleimani, le leader iranien le plus estimé dans les sondages, a même amené de nombreux détracteurs du système à se resserrer face à ce qu'ils perçoivent comme une menace étrangère majeure.

Les funérailles se sont passées dans une nation habituée à pleurer chaque année l'aîné de ses martyrs chiites, l'Imam Hussein. Pas par coïncidence, les références religieuses entremêlées de chants politiques plus explicites tels que "ni engagement ni reddition, vengeance!"

Dans l'homélie, le chef de la Force Quds, l'aile des opérations spéciales des Gardiens de la révolution, a été élevé au rang de martyr national. Si Hussein était martyir en défendant l'islam, Soleimani défendait l'Iran.

Les élégies chantées, manifestation traditionnelle du deuil religieux, ont marqué l'apogée. Alors que des dizaines d'orateurs disséminés dans les rues entourant l'Université ont publié le récital de Sadiq Ahangaran, l'un des récitants les plus célèbres - connu pour le faire dans la tranchée où Soleimani a combattu en Iran - Guerre d'Irak des années 80 - des milliers d'Iraniens se sont réunis pour des pleurs inconsolables.

Le guide suprême  a récité la prière devant les six cercueils de ceux tués par un drone de Washington. Hormis celui de l'Irakien Abu Mahdi Muhandis, qui portait celui du pays voisin, les autres étaient couverts du drapeau de l'Iran. Khamenei a fondu en larmes sur les restes de son homme de confiance.

Dans un environnement où la douleur et la fureur alternaient, la fille de Qassem Soleimani étaient celle qui avait prononcé les mots les plus durs.

"Crazy Trump, ne crois pas que tout est fini avec le martyre de mon père", a déclaré Zeinab Soleimani avec défi.

Aux parents de soldats américains stationnés dans la région, la progéniture leur a recommandé de "se préparer".

Avec en fond le chant de la «mort en Amérique», chanté avec ardeur en particulier après le rejet de l'accord nucléaire par Trump, donnant lieu à la crise actuelle, la fille du général a prédit un «jour noir» pour les États-Unis....

Pamela Newton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



Triste bilan après un samedi particulièrement dévastateur en Australie. Les incendies qui ravagent le Sud-Est du pays depuis plusieurs mois ont fait une nouvelle victime et ont encore causé des destructions. L'émotion est très vive dans le pays et au delà au lendemain d'une nouvelle journée particulièrement violente sur le front des incendies, marquée notamment par un 24ème décès.

« Nous sommes en territoire inconnu », a déclaré Gladys Berejiklian, la Première ministre de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud. « Nous ne pouvons pas dire que nous avons déjà vécu ça. Ce n'est pas le cas », a-t-elle dit. Et de prévenir: « Plusieurs villages qui n'avaient jamais connu la menace des feux de forêts risquent d'être complètement anéantis ».

L'état d'urgence a été décrété dans le sud-est de l'île-continent, qui est aussi sa zone de peuplement la plus dense, et ordre a été donné vendredi à plus de 100.000 personnes d'évacuer dans trois Etats.

Face à la gravité de la crise -une superficie équivalente à deux fois la Belgique est partie en fumée- le Premier ministre Scott Morrison a annoncé samedi la plus importante mobilisation militaire jamais réalisée, à savoir l'appel de 3.000 réservistes de l'armée pour prêter main forte aux pompiers volontaires exténués.

Le dévouement des pompiers, dont trois ont perdu la vie en combattant les flammes, a été salué dans tout le pays, et même au-delà.

Le deuil de la Reine

La reine Elizabeth II a envoyé dimanche un message de condoléances au gouverneur général d'Australie, son représentant dans le pays, dans lequel elle se dit « profondément attristée » par les incendies, et remercie les services d'urgence « qui mettent leur propre vie en danger » pour aider la population. .

La chanteuse Pink et l'actrice Nicole Kidman promettent 500.000 dollars

Des personnalités se sont par ailleurs engagées ou ont recueilli des millions de dollars pour soutenir les pompiers et les communautés touchées par les incendies, à l'image de la chanteuse américaine Pink qui a tweeté samedi qu'elle faisait un don de 500.000 dollars américains.Ou de l'actrice australienne Nicole Kidman qui a fait cette même promesse de don. « Le soutien, les pensées et les prières de notre famille accompagnent tous ceux qui sont touchés par les incendies partout en Australie », a-t-elle écrit sur Instagram. « Nous donnons 500.000 dollars aux services d'incendie qui font et donnent tous beaucoup en ce moment ».Sur Instagram, Dacre Montgomery, l'acteur de la série Stranger Things a aussi posté un message pour inciter les personnes à donner.

Un répit ce dimanche ?

Au lendemain de conditions météorologiques catastrophiques, dimanche a offert un répit relatif, avec des températures moins élevées et des précipitations dans certaines zones des Etats de Victoria et de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud. Cela devrait permettre aux autorités de reprendre le contrôle de certains brasiers, et d'évaluer plus précisément les dégâts dans certaines régions.

Inondation, pollution et cambriolages.

Ces incendies ont des conséquences induites parfois désastreuses.

Nombre de localités demeuraient sous la menace de feux échappant à tout contrôle, notamment autour de la ville d'Eden, en Nouvelle-Galles du Sud, près de la démarcation avec le Victoria.

Dans cet Etat, 150 feux continuaient de brûler, dimanche. A Cooma, plus dans l’intérieur des terres, la crise des feux s’est doublée d’une inondation quand un énorme château d’eau renfermant 4,5 millions de litres s’est effondré, entraînant une coulée de boue dans certaines maisons.

Air Visual, site indépendant mesurant la qualité de l'air, plaçait dimanche Canberra en tête des villes les plus polluées au monde, devant Delhi et Kaboul, et ce en raison des fumées émanant de brasiers non loin

La police multipliait par ailleurs les patrouilles dans certaines régions rurales affectées par les feux, en raison d'informations faisant état de pillages et de cambriolages dans des propriétés affectées.

Dans ce contexte, Scott Morrison a malgré tout annoncé la création d'une Bushfire Recovery Agency, une agence qui devra, pendant les deux prochaines années, aider les sinistrés.

La situation météorologique va en partie devenir plus favorable ces prochains jours. Dans la région de Melbourne par exemple, il fait ce dimanche une vingtaine de degrés de moins que samedi.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld


There are no translations available.



Téhéran a promis «une dure vengeance au bon endroit et au bon moment» pour venger la mort de Soleimani. Vendredi près de l'aéroport de Bagdad, une attaque de drone américaine a tué Soleimani, le chef de la Force Qods des Gardiens de la révolution, chargée des opérations extérieures d'Iran, et Abou Mehdi al-Mouhandis, l'homme de l'Iran en Irak. L'escalade entre les Etats-Unis et l'Iran s'est poursuivi ce samedi. Une nouvelle frappe américaine a visé, samedi 4 janvier, les soutiens de l'Iran en Irak. Il y a eu « des morts et des blessés » dans ce raid aérien contre un convoi du Hachd al-Chaabi, coalition de paramilitaires pro-Iran désormais intégrés à l'Etat irakien, au nord de Bagdad, a indiqué une source policière.

La Suisse, qui représente les intérêts des Etats-Unis en Iran en l'absence de relations diplomatiques entre les deux pays, a affirmé vendredi que son représentant avait «transmis un message que les Etats-Unis l'ont chargé de remettre» à l'Iran, sans préciser sa teneur.

Cité par le site de la télévision d'Etat iranienne, le contre-amiral Ali Fadavi, commandant en chef adjoint des Gardiens de la Révolution, l'armée idéologique d'Iran, a affirmé que Washington avait dit «si vous voulez vous venger, vengez-vous proportionnellement à ce que nous avons fait».«Une dure vengeance». Les Américains ne sont pas en position de «décider» de la réponse de l'Iran et doivent s'attendre à une dure vengeance. Cette vengeance ne se limite pas à l'Iran», a-t-il dit, assurant que les alliés de l'Iran au Moyen-Orient sont «prêts à concrétiser cette vengeance».

L' Irak au cœur d’une lutte d’influence entre les Etats-Unis et l’Iran

Au cœur d’une lutte d’influence entre les Etats-Unis et l’Iran, l’Irak a jusqu’à présent évité une confrontation ouverte entre ses deux parrains rivaux. Depuis le retrait unilatéral américain de l’accord sur le nucléaire iranien en 2018 et le rétablissement des sanctions, c’est dans le golfe Arabo-Persique que les deux Etats se défient. Une série d’incidents, qui s’est soldée par le siège de l’ambassade américaine à Bagdad par des milices chiites irakiennes liées à l’Iran, les 31 décembre 2019 et 1er janvier 2020, ont fait voler en éclat ce fragile statu quo.

La démonstration de force des milices pro-iraniennes, qui dominent les unités de la Mobilisation populaire (MP), a ravivé à Washington le spectre des attaques contre ses ambassades à Téhéran, en 1979, et à Benghazi, en Libye, en 2012. Fustigeant les raids américains contre des installations des Brigades du Hezbollah (Kataeb Hezbollah) en Irak et en Syrie, qui ont fait 25 morts dans les rangs de la milice dimanche, des milliers de membres de la Mobilisation populaire ont pénétré mardi dans la zone verte, sans interposition aucune des forces qui gardent le quartier ultra-sécurisé.

Mais de quels moyens dispose réellement l'Iran pour venger la mort de Soleimani, le chef de la Force Qods des Gardiens de la révolution ?

Un front uni se constitue autour de Téhéran

Depuis l'annonce de la mort du général iranien, un front uni semble se constituer autour de Téhéran. cette attaque de Washington ayant un effet rassembleur en Iran. En effet des groupes de différentes sensibilités font front commun face à l'ennemi américain.

D'où une véritable recrudescence de groupes pro-Iran, dont certains se sont même réveillés pour l'occasion. C'est notamment le cas de l'armée du Mahdi, une milice chiite affiliée à la République islamique d'Iran, qui sévissait au début des années 2000 en Irak, lorsque les Américains occupaient le pays. L'organisation, considérée comme terroriste par les Etats-Unis depuis avril 2019, possède des forces armées capables d'une riposte lourde. Moqtada Sadr, le chef de cette milice, a demandé à ses soldats de se « tenir prêts », peu après l'annonce de la mort de Qassem Soleimani.

« En tant que chef de la résistance patriotique irakienne, j'ordonne à tous les moudjahidines, particulièrement à ceux de l'armée du Mahdi, de la Brigade du jour promis et à tous les groupes patriotiques aguerris de se tenir prêts à protéger l'Irak. » Le Hezbollah s'est déclaré prêt à répondre à l'appel de Téhéran, ainsi que le groupe Jihad islamique palestinien (JIP) et le Hamas. Un officiel du Hamas, Bassem Naim, a publié un message sur Twitter dans lequel il estime que la mort du général iranien « ouvre la porte à toutes les éventualités dans la région, sauf le calme et la stabilité ». Abu Hamza, l'un des porte-parole du groupe, a juré que leur « alliance de résistance ne sera pas défaite, que nous ne serons pas brisés ».

Pour «mener des guerres par procuration »

Si l'Iran sait qu’elle ne fait pas le poids dans le cadre d’un conflit militaire direct avec les Etats-Unis leur présence est partout dans la région : en Irak, au Yémen, dans le détroit d'Ormuz...L'Iran livrera probablement des 'proxy wars' (des 'guerres par procuration', sur un territoire voisin) selon une spécialiste. L'Irak a ainsi de fortes chances d'être le théâtre de ces affrontements. Bagdad a d'ailleurs dit redouter « une guerre dévastatrice » sur son sol, après le raid qui a tué l'homme-clé de l'influence iranienne au Moyen-Orient, mais également son premier lieutenant irakien Abou Mehdi al-Mouhandis, numéro deux du Hachd al-Chaabi, groupe paramilitaire irakien. Proche militairement des Etats-Unis et de l’Iran, l'Irak se retrouve pris entre deux feux : une prise de position, dans un sens ou l'autre, serait dommageable pour le pays.

Menacer la sécurité du détroit d'Ormuz

Hormis l'Irak, l'autre endroit stratégique dont dispose l'Iran, c'est le détroit d' Ormuz. Téhéran peut, s'il le souhaite, influer sur la sécurité et la fluidité des échanges. Plus de 30% des hydrocarbures utilisés dans le monde y transitent . Si l'Iran n'envisagera probablement pas un blocage du détroit, la sécurité peut en revanche s'y trouver fortement perturbée. Téhéran dispose en effet de missiles à proximité, dont il pourrait se servir contre la flotte américaine qui transite par Ormuz.

Depuis mi-novembre déjà, la frégate française Courbet, composée de 180 marins, assure dans le détroit d'Ormuz la sécurité maritime et lutte contre les trafics qui alimentent les caisses des réseaux terroristes. Washington a lancé, également en novembre, sa propre opération (dénommée "Sentinel") pour protéger le transport maritime dans les eaux du golfe.

L’Iran pourrait lancer une vague de cyberattaques .

Ce pays a déjà montré ses capacités à mener des cyberattaques de grande envergure, notamment contre des entreprises américaines. En mars 2019, des hackers iraniens avaient volé plus de 6 TB de données à l’entreprise américaine Citrix.

Cette même attaque visait en réalité plusieurs services gouvernementaux tels que le FBI, la Nasa ou encore l’Agence des Communications de la Maison Blanche.

L’Iran a déjà mené des cyberattaques malveillantes contre d’autres pays, notamment les installations pétrolières et les bureaux du gouvernement de l’Arabie saoudite. De plus, le gouvernement américain est convaincu que l’Iran a installé des logiciels malveillants sur des installations industrielles aux États-Unis, notamment sur des barrages.

Même si l’Iran n’a pas autant de ressources que les États-Unis en matière de cyberdéfense, il est évident que le pays pourrait lancer des attaques dans les jours qui viennent. En effet, le pays a un service de renseignement très compétent et très puissant. Au même titre que la Chine, la Russie et la Corée du Nord, le gouvernement américain considère que l’Iran fait partie des quatre nations les plus dangereuses en matière de cybersécurité. Le groupe de hackers le plus connu est IRIDIUM.

Donald Trump ne voulait pas de guerre avec l'Iran, on lui reprochait en cela d'être trop faible. « Il a voulu taper du poing sur la table en faisant le pari que l'Iran n'aurait pas les moyens de faire des représailles massives après cette attaque et cet assassinat ciblé.», analyse Loïc de La Mornais.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



La situation pourrait durer « des mois ». Voilà ce qu'a annoncé le Premier ministre australien, Scott Morrisson, le jeudi 2 janvier alors que le pays est en proie aux flammes depuis septembre.

Les incendies ont déjà ravagé plus de 5,5 millions d’hectares soient plus que la surface d’un pays comme le Danemark.18 personnes ont perdu la vie, une vingtaine est portée disparu et des milliers d’habitants ont dû fuir leur logement.

Près de 4 000 d’entre eux, vivant dans la cité balnéaire de Mallacoota, se sont retrouvés bloqués sur la plage et évacués. Au total, selon une estimation de chercheurs de l'université de Sydney, 480 millions d'animaux sont morts à cause des incendies. Et la situation ne semble pas du tout s’améliorer.

Près d'un demi-milliard d'animaux touchés

Depuis le mois de septembre dernier, quelque 480 millions d'animaux (mammifères, oiseaux et reptiles) ont subi les conséquences directes et indirectes des incendies dans l'Etat de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud, selon une étude de l'université de Sydney. Près de 30 % des koalas, ces marsupiaux endémiques symboles de l’île, pourraient avoir été tués dans l’Etat de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud. « Beaucoup de ces animaux ont sans doute été tués directement dans les flammes, précise l'université sur son site, tandis que les autres sont morts par la suite faute de nourriture et d'abri, et en raison de la prédation des chats sauvages introduits et des renards roux. »

Les incendies auront donc des effets profonds et durables sur l'écosystème et la biodiversité du sud de l'Australie. « Sur le long terme, la reconstruction des populations de nombreuses espèces locales va être un défi. Un grand nombre d'entre elles ont été indéniablement affectées par ces feux », résume le chercheur Chris Dickman, sur 7 News.

Des tempêtes pyrocumulonimbus  « dragons cracheurs de feu »

Les incendies, qui ont peu à peu fusionné, sont si importants qu’ils génèrent leur propre météo. Ils forment des pyrocumulonimbus, des nuages surnommés « dragons cracheurs de feu » par la NASA. Ceux-ci provoquent des orages géants, peu chargés en pluie mais avec un fort potentiel de création d'éclairs. Ceux-ci vont créer de nouveaux incendies en touchant le sol. Ce phénomène, rare, devrait se multiplier avec le réchauffement climatique.

« Ce que nous savons sur les conditions de ces tempêtes pyrocumulonimbus est qu’il faut un temps chaud, sec et venteux », explique le Dr Mike Fromm, spécialiste, au Guardian. « Si ces facteurs s’intensifient avec le changement climatique, il est raisonnable d’anticiper un risque supplémentaire de telles tempêtes de feu », prévient-il.

Les glaciers néo-zélandais touchés par les fumées

Alors que dans la capitale australienne la qualité de l’air est devenue la plus mauvaise du monde, les conséquences de ces incendies hors normes traversent les frontières. La fumée a atteint les côtés de la Nouvelle-Zélande, a plus de 2 000 km de l’Australie. Ce nuage de fumée a teinté les glaciers, habituellement d’une couleur blanche éclatante, d’un marron terne. Le glacier Franz Josef en Nouvelle-Zélande a pris une coloration ocre en raison des fumées, comme en témoignent plusieurs photographies prises le 1er janvier et partagées sur les réseaux sociaux. Des images du glacier Tasman noyé dans une brume brune ont aussi été diffusées.

Ce phénomène fait craindre aux scientifiques une accélération de la fonte des glaciers concernés. En effet, ces brumes sont susceptibles de modifier l'albédo des glaces, c'est-à-dire leur capacité à renvoyer l'énergie solaire. Une coloration plus sombre amoindrit la réfraction des glaces blanches, ce qui augmente également la température moyenne. Voici pourquoi l'ancienne Première ministre néo-zélandaise, Helen Clark, écrit que le dépôt de cendres australiennes sur les glaciers risquait « d'accélérer leur réchauffement ». Selon Andrew Mackintosh, ancien directeur du Antartic Research Center, cet événement pourrait augmenter la fonte des glaciers de 20 à 30% cette saison. Cet effet induit par les poussières ne devrait pas se prolonger au-delà d'un an, mais la possible répétition des incendies pourrait à terme jouer un rôle dans la disparition des glaciers néo-zélandais.

L'Australie, un des pays les plus émetteurs de gaz à effet de serre par habitant

L'Australie est habituée aux feux de forêts lors de l'été austral, mais cette année, ils ont été particulièrement précoces et violents en raison d'une période de sécheresse prolongée. Lundi, dans l'État d'Australie occidentale, les températures ont atteint 47°C. Elles ont dépassé 40°C à travers tout le territoire.

Le Premier ministre conservateur Scott Morrison a admis tardivement un lien entre ces incendies et le changement climatique mais s'est refusé à revenir sur sa politique favorable à l'industrie minière du charbon.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


Une centaine de foyers actifs dans l’État de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud dont la capitale est Sydney et l’Etat le plus peuplé d’Australie avec 5 millions d’habitants, une cinquantaine dans celui, voisin, du Victoria , et d’autres encore en Australie-Occidentale et en Tasmanie… L’Australie brûle, toujours ravagée par des feux de forêts meurtriers, en particulier dans le sud-est du pays-continent.

Depuis septembre et le début de la saison des feux de brousse, ces incendies ont englouti 5,4 millions d’hectares- soit une zone plus vaste que les Pays-Bas-, détruit 1.300 habitations, tué 17 personnes… Et 480 millions d’animaux.

Des facteurs climatique et météorologique réunis

Les vents et fortes températures font craindre le pire sur le front des incendies.

De plus la sécheresse qui a frappé l’Australie l’hiver dernier a fait chuter très bas la teneur en eau des végétaux qui sont des plus inflammables.

Et la chaleur extrême - plus de 40°C en ce moment en Australie –, va encore diminuer d’un cran la teneur en eau des végétaux, ce qui accroît grandement leur inflammabilité.

Une autre raison expliquant l’importance de l’extension des feux et leur vitesse de propagation est qu’ils se nourrissent du « bush ».

Couvrant 800 000 km2 de l’Australie, soit une fois et demi la surface de la France, ce peut être une savane (brousse) herbeuse et broussailleuse ou bien des forêts d’acacias, de Melaleuca et d’eucalyptus avoisinant les 10 mètres de haut.

Des feux hors de contrôle

Ces départs de feux sont précoces dans la saison – on n’est qu’au début de l’été austral –, violents et longs. Ils sont favorisés par des températures records supérieures à 40 °C (jusqu’à 45 °C), la sécheresse ainsi que des vents soufflant en rafales d’est en ouest. Un nouveau pic de chaleur est attendu samedi 4 janvier, un élément favorable à la progression des incendies.

Les flammes sont reparties de plus belle ces derniers jours. Au point que, ce jeudi, la Nouvelle-Galles du Sud est passé de nouveau en état d’urgence pour la troisième fois. Dans une zone côtière au sud de Sydney, les touristes ont 48 heures pour évacuer.

Dans la zone côtière de 200 kilomètres de long, depuis la pittoresque ville de Batemans Bay (200 kilomètres de long, depuis la pittoresque ville de Batemans Bay à environ 300 km au sud de Sydney) vers le sud et l’État de Victoria. Il s’agit de la plus importante opération d’évacuation que la région ait jamais connue. Les évacuations forcées sont autorisées à compter de ce vendredi et pendant sept jours.

Les autorités australiennes s’attendent en effet à un samedi noir sur le front des incendies, en anticipant des rafales de vents soutenues et des températures supérieures à 40°C. Quant au Premier ministre australien, Scott Morisson, il a évoqué, toujours ce jeudi, la possibilité que cette situation perdure des « mois ».

Evacuation et convoi d'aide humanitaire

Le directeur adjoint du service des pompiers de L’État, Rob Rogers, a mentionné que les pompiers étaient incapables d'éteindre ou même de contrôler les incendies en cours. « Le message c'est qu'il y a tellement de feux dans cette zone que nous ne sommes pas en capacité de les contenir », a-t-il déclaré à ABC.

« On doit juste s'assurer qu'il n'y a plus personne sur leur chemin. » Les autorités n’ont pas encore pu entrer en contact avec tous les habitants des régions rurales les plus isolées.

Des navires et avions militaires ont été déployés pour convoyer de l'aide humanitaire et évaluer les dégâts dans les régions les plus isolées. Un navire de la marine est arrivé jeudi matin dans la cité balnéaire de Mallacoota, où des personnes se sont réfugiées pendant des heures sur la plage pour échapper aux flammes qui ont atteint la ville.

Cette crise sans précédent a donné lieu à des manifestations pour demander au gouvernement de prendre immédiatement des mesures contre le réchauffement climatique qui serait, selon des scientifiques, un facteur favorisant ces incendies plus précoces, plus longs et plus violents que jamais.

Le premier ministre, Scott Morrison, qui a renouvelé son soutien à la lucrative mais très polluante industrie du charbon australienne, est très critiqué.

Le 2 janvier, il a donné sa première conférence de presse depuis ce regain des incendies, assurant « qu'absolument tous les efforts » sont déployés pour venir en aide aux habitants les plus touchés.

Jenny Chase  pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.




Le président américain a ordonné de tuer le très puissant général iranien Qassem Soleimani à Bagdad en Irak. C'est Donald Trump lui-même qui a décidé de cette intervention. « Sur ordre du président, l'armée américaine a pris des mesures défensives décisives pour protéger le personnel américain à l'étranger en tuant Qassem Soleimani », a indiqué le Pentagone dans un communiqué.

« La prochaine étape était de cogner encore plus fort, il l'a fait »

Une escalade des tensions entre l'Iran et les Etats-Unis

Cette personnalité iranienne a été tuée dans un bombardement américain en Irak. Un événement qui prend racine dans un contexte de brusque accélération des tensions ces derniers jours, sur fond de mésentente tenace entre les deux pays.

Depuis plusieurs semaines, la tension est en effet montée d'un cran dans la région entre l'Iran et les Etats-Unis. Un sous-traitant américain a été tué la semaine dernière, après une série d'attaques contre la personnel diplomatique et militaire américain sur place, avant que l'ambassade des Etats-Unis à Bagdad ne soit prise pour cible mardi par des partisans de milices irakiennes pro-Iran.

Depuis l'élection de Trump en 2016, plusieurs épisodes de tension avaient déjà éclaté dans cette région du Moyen-Orient. En juin dernier, après la destruction par l'Iran d'un drone américain, Donald Trump avait lui-même reconnu avoir ordonné une frappe militaire… avant de l'annuler, dix minutes seulement avant l'opération.

Le général  Qassem Soleimani : l’architecte de la stratégie régionale du régime de Téhéran

L’attaque ciblée perpétrée la nuit dernière par les forces américaines contre le général iranien Soleimani est un nouveau choc dans tout le Moyen-Orient.Car l’homme visé était beaucoup plus qu’un général, c’était l’architecte de la stratégie régionale du régime de Téhéran, l’un des hommes clef du régime des Mollah

« Un combattant qui a forgé, depuis l’intervention américaine en Irak en 2003, la stratégie régionale du régime iranien. Pour reprendre pied en Irak en soutenant les milices chiites qui ont profité du chaos laissé par les Américains. Pour renforcer le poids du Hezbollah au Liban, où il fut très actif durant toute la guerre de 2006 entre l’armée israélienne et les forces du Hezbollah. Celui du Hamas palestinien. Des milices au Yémen, et surtout des groupes armés ayant permis le maintien de Bachar el Assad en Syrie », selon un confrère.

Le fiasco irakien des années Bush a fait un vainqueur : l’Iran . Le pays des Mollahs a pu étendre son influence dans toute la région. Et l’artisan de cette montée en puissance n’était autre que le symbole des Gardiens de la Révolution, Qassem Soleimani.

Vers une déstabilisation du Moyen-Orient

La mort du chef de la force Quods des Gardiens de la Révolution est donc un « casus belli » pour toute la région. D'ailleurs le régime iranien a déjà annoncé que la vengeance serait au rendez-vous. Une multitude d’acteurs vont vouloir participer à la « vengeance » iranienne contre Washington le Grand Satan américain. Les formes qu’elle peut prendre sont multiples. De l’attaque ciblée contre des intérêts américains dans la région ou ailleurs dans le monde à une stratégie d’embrasement dans un ou plusieurs pays.

Si la réaction de Téhéran ne s'est pas fait attendre, tout le monde se demande comment les dirigeants américains vont gérer la suite.

L' Amérique de Donald Trump n'est plus celle des années 2000 : sur le repli et hostile aux instruments du multilatéralisme elle risque donc de se retrouver encore plus seule qu’en 2003,lors de son intervention en force qui avait divisé les Européens et contraint Paris à s’opposer à son allié américain.

De plus les équilibres des forces à l’international ont changé. La Turquie se considère autorisée à intervenir en Syrie, et maintenant en Libye, sans consulter le moins du monde ses alliés de l’OTAN. L’Iran, en outre, est un fournisseur important de la Chine en hydrocarbures.

La guerre en Syrie a renforcé le partenariat avec la Russie qui a mis en garde vendredi contre les conséquences de cette opération américaine qualifiée par Moscou de « hasardeuse » et synonyme d’un « accroissement des tensions dans la région ».

La question d'un éventuel conflit majeur à venir  dépend de la réponse donnée par l'Iran  après la mort de Qassem Soleimani . Par des attaques contre des navires dans le Golfe Persique ou par une épreuve de force classique en attaquant les États-Unis avec des missiles sur les bases américaines présentes dans le Golfe persique...

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld


Lebanon has received a request for the arrest of Interpol for Carlos Ghosn, who arrived in Beirut on Monday after fleeing Japan.

Carlos Ghosn has indeed joined Lebanon on Monday after an incredible flight. He would have passed through Turkey before joining Lebanon.

"It was I alone who organized my departure. My family played no role ”

He would have organized his escape himself. The ex-boss of Renault-Nissan Carlos Ghosn affirmed Thursday to have organized "alone" his departure from Japan where a trial awaited him for financial embezzlement, towards Lebanon, denying any implication of his family.

"The allegations in the media that my wife Carole and other members of my family played a role in my departure from Japan are false and untrue," said Carlos Ghosn, in a short statement.

"It was I alone who organized my departure. My family played no role, ”he insists. During his press conference, the former CEO will perhaps say a little more about his spectacular escape from Japan, which continues to raise questions, in particular because he was under the surveillance of the Japanese authorities, the police, parquet, and even a private company mandated by the manufacturer Nissan.

The former auto mogul is the subject of four indictments in Japan: two for deferred income not declared to the stock exchange authorities by Nissan, and two others for aggravated breach of trust.

A red notice issued by Interpol regarding Carlos Ghosn

"The public prosecutor's office (...) has received a red notice from Interpol concerning the Carlos Ghosn file," Lebanese Justice Minister Albert Sarhane said on Thursday.

But Lebanon is not forced to act

A "red notice" as the International Criminal Police Organization calls it, is issued at the request of a member country representing only a request for the arrest of a wanted person, so that the latter can be handed over to a other country. This notice cannot replace the justice of a State and oblige him to arrest the wanted person, it is therefore not binding.

Concretely, these international wanted notices are based on national arrest warrants, the information of which they contain is transmitted to the other members via a secure database. "The red notices concern the fugitives wanted in the context of prosecutions or so that they serve their sentence", can be read on the official website of the organization. "A red notice is to ask law enforcement agencies around the world to locate and make the provisional arrest of a person pending extradition, surrender or other proceedings judicial. "

Interpol only transmits a request from one country to one or more others. In the present case, the request for arrest made against Carlos Ghosn was probably made by Japan. In the event of an agreement on the extradition requests, Lebanon, where the ex-boss of Renault-Nissan takes refuge, should have "returned" it to the Japanese authorities. However, according to the Lebanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, there are no “judicial cooperation” or extradition agreements between the two countries.

And the Lebanese authorities had not already announced that Carlos Ghosn had entered "legally" in the country, with a French passport and a Lebanese identity card, according to a source at the presidency. For its part, had the General Security not ensured that nothing imposed "the adoption of procedures against him" or "exposed him to legal proceedings" in Lebanon. The Lebanese Foreign Ministry finally recalled that there were no "judicial cooperation" or extradition agreements with Japan. As each state is sovereign, Lebanon - where the law does not allow one of its nationals to be delivered to a foreign country - may therefore, legally, not comply with this request.

Carlos Ghosn has French, Lebanese and Brazilian nationalities.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


L'ancien chef de Renault-Nissan, assigné à résidence à Tokyo, accusé de corruption, s'est enfui à Beyrouth

Carlos Ghosn, c'est pour beaucoup la chute du roi de la mondialisation: des fêtes à Versailles à la prison du Japon.

L'ancien président de Renault Nissan, accusé de corruption, s'échappe par avion privé du Japon à Beyrouth

Une fuite digne des  films policiers pour échapper à la justice japonaise, qui interroge les autorités japonaises et risque de compromettre celles de la France.

L'évasion rocambolesque du Japon de l'ancien chef de Renault-Nissan Carlos Ghosn laisse beaucoup de questions en suspens sur la façon dont le plus célèbre prisonnier du Japon pourrait s'échapper sans que personne ne le remarque ou ne le reconnaisse: qui sont donc ses complices, pourquoi a-t-il choisi le Liban ?

En tant que destination ayant également la nationalité française et brésilienne, que va-t-il lui arriver maintenant et comment le gouvernement français, actionnaire de Renault et allié du Japon dans le G7, va-t-il gérer cette crise délicate ?

Ghosn, qui était assigné à résidence à son domicile à Tokyo (Japon) en attendant son procès, avait été libéré le 24 avril, après avoir passé 130 jours en prison. L'ancien chef de Renault-Nissan, le fils d'un Libanais installé au Brésil, a été inculpé pour avoir caché des revenus au Trésor japonais et pour abus de confiance aggravé. Il avait été arrêté le 19 novembre 2018.

L'ancien chef de Renault-Nissan s'est échappé du Japon et est arrivé à Beyrouth (Liban) dans un avion privé en provenance de Turquie. Pour l'instant, la façon dont il a quitté l'île est ignorée.

"Je suis actuellement au Liban. Je ne suis plus l'otage d'un système judiciaire japonais où règne la présomption de culpabilité, où la discrimination est généralisée et où les droits de l'homme sont méprisés. Et tout cela avec un mépris absolu des lois et traités internationaux que le Japon a ratifié et est obligé de respecter ", a déclaré Ghosn le 31 décembre dans un communiqué confirmant son évasion.

À l'heure actuelle, la manière dont l'ancien directeur a réussi à quitter le Japon sans être détecté par les autorités japonaises est inconnue. Carlos Ghosn n'a pu voyager avec aucun de ses trois passeports - français, brésilien et libanais - car son avocat japonais les avait comme condition de son assignation à résidence. Les services d'immigration japonais n'ont aucune trace de leur départ du pays.

L'ancien patron de Renault-Nissan est entré au Liban légalement. Il est né au Brésil et a grandi au Liban, le pays d'origine de sa famille, avant d'aller étudier en France.

Selon le journal Le Monde, sa femme, Carole Ghosn, aurait orchestré l'évasion de son mari. Si cela est vrai, on ignore comment sa femme a pu le contacter, la justice japonaise ayant interdit toute communication entre eux. Entre le Liban et le Japon, il n'y a pas de traité d'extradition.

Le gouvernement français dit avoir appris la nouvelle "par la presse". "Les autorités françaises n'ont pas été informées de son départ du Japon et n'ont aucune connaissance des circonstances de son départ", a indiqué le Quai d'Orsay, le ministère = des Affaires étrangères, dans un communiqué.

Le ministre français de l'Intérieur, Christophe Castaner, a pour sa part déclaré simplement que "personne, quelle que soit sa nationalité, ne devrait être exempté de la bonne application de la loi".

Carlos Ghosn a symbolisé pendant des années le succès d'un certain capitalisme français en sauvant Renault et en fusionnant avec Nissan.

Au Liban , pour certains, l'évasion de Ghosn ressemble au retour du fils prodigue.

Nul doute que l’ancien patron de l’Alliance Renault Nissan va continuer à se battre pour prouver son innocence.

« Je n’ai pas fui la justice, je me suis libéré de l’injustice et de la persécution politique », a confié par voie de communiqué  Carlos Ghosn à son arrivée sur le sol libanais.

A suivre .....

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


L'armée russe a mis en service les premiers missiles hypersoniques Avangard dans un de ses régiments. Cette nouvelle arme développée par Moscou peut atteindre la vitesse de Mach 20 (plus de 20.000 km/h).

C'est en mars 2018 que Vladimir Poutine avait lui-même dévoilé une nouvelle génération de missiles russes, le premier d'entre eux à entrer en exploitation étant l'Avangard, qui file selon Moscou à une vitesse Mach 20 et capable d'atteindre Mach 27, soit 27 fois la vitesse du son et plus de 33.000 kilomètres par heure. Il est également capable de changer de cap et d'altitude. Les missiles Avangard, testés avec succès en décembre 2018 ont une portée de 4000 km.Ces armes perceraient tout type de bouclier anti-missile« C'est un système de missile intercontinental, pas balistique. C'est l'arme absolue », s'était félicité M. Poutine en juin 2018.

« Je ne pense pas qu'un seul pays dispose d'une telle arme dans les années qui viennent. Nous l'avons déjà », avait-il ajouté.

Ce système fait partie d'une nouvelle génération de missiles capables, selon Moscou, d'atteindre une cible quasiment partout dans le monde et de surpasser n'importe quel bouclier antimissile existant, tel que le système déployé par les Etats-Unis en Europe.

«Le ministre de la Défense Sergueï Choïgou a informé le président Poutine la mise en service à 10h00 heure de Moscou du premier régiment équipé des nouveaux systèmes stratégiques hypersoniques Avangard», a indiqué le ministère dans un communiqué cité par les agences russes.

«Evénement fantastique»

M. Choïgou a «félicité» les militaires russes, jugeant que le déploiement des missiles était «un événement fantastique pour le pays et pour les forces armées». En décembre 2018, l'armée russe avait indiqué que le premier régiment de missiles Avangard serait déployé dans la région d'Orenbourg

La Russie a annoncé vendredi la mise en service de ses premiers missiles hypersoniques Avangard. Il s'agit de l'une des nouvelles armes développées par Moscou et vantées par le président Vladimir Poutine comme «pratiquement invincibles».

Ce système fait partie d'une nouvelle génération de missiles capables, selon Moscou, d'atteindre une cible quasiment partout dans le monde et de surpasser n'importe quel bouclier antimissile existant, tel que le système déployé par les Etats-Unis en Europe.

L'Avangard file selon Moscou à une vitesse de Mach 20. Il est capable d'atteindre Mach 27, soit 27 fois la vitesse du son et plus de 33'000 kilomètres par heure. Il est capable de changer de cap et d'altitude, le rendant «pratiquement invincible», selon le président russe.

«C'est un système de missile intercontinental, pas balistique. C'est l'arme absolue», s'était vanté Vladimir Poutine en juin 2018. «Je ne pense pas qu'un seul pays dispose d'une telle arme dans les années qui viennent. Nous l'avons déjà», avait-il ajouté, alors que les relations avec les Occidentaux sont au plus bas.

Missiles, drones, laser

Une autre arme vantée comme «invincible» par Vladimir Poutine, le missile lourd balistique intercontinental de cinquième génération Sarmat, doit être livrée aux forces armées russes en 2020. Le Sarmat n'aurait «pratiquement pas de limites en matière de portée» et serait «capable de viser des cibles en traversant le pôle Nord comme le pôle Sud».

Parmi les autres systèmes en développement figurent un drone sous-marin à propulsion nucléaire, des missiles hypersoniques destinés aux chasseurs russes ou encore un mystérieux «laser de combat».

L'annonce de l'arrivée des Avangard dans l'armée russe intervient alors que Moscou et Washington ont suspendu cette année leur participation au traité bilatéral de désarmement INF, datant de la Guerre froide.

La question de l'avenir du traité START de réduction des arsenaux nucléaires, qui arrive à échéance en 2021, est également en question.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



Les membres du Likoud de Benyamin Nétanyahou votent jeudi pour désigner leur chef lors d’une primaire réclamée par le principal rival du premier ministre israélien, Gideon Saar, déterminé à lui ravir le parti.

Le vainqueur de la primaire aura la lourde tâche de mener la campagne de la formation de droite pour les législatives de mars, les troisièmes en moins d’un an.

Les bureaux de vote ont ouvert à 9h locales, et les quelque 116 000 membres du Likoud sont appelés à voter jusqu’à 23 h.

À 18h, le taux de participation était de 30%, selon le parti. Les résultats devraient être dévoilés au petit matin.

Sur Twitter, M. Nétanyahou, 70 ans, a appelé ses partisans à voter en masse. «Le taux de participation est très bas, la victoire de la droite dépend de vous», a-t-il affirméIl a également publié sur Facebook une vidéo le montrant en train de téléphoner à des membres du parti pour les convaincre de voter pour lui.

«Il faut un changement»

En arrivant au bureau où il a voté près de Tel Aviv, Gideon Saar estime qu’il s’agit d’«un jour fatidique» pour le Likoud et pour Israël. «Nous pouvons gagner aujourd’hui et emprunter un nouveau chemin qui nous permettra de former un gouvernement fort et stable», a-t-il dit.

La primaire, aux allures de référendum sur la popularité de M. Nétanyahou dans ses propres rangs, a peu de chances d’être remportée par le député Saar.

Mais si elle aboutit à un résultat serré, ce sera un coup dur pour le premier ministre, à la tête du Likoud depuis 1993 – hormis six ans lorsque le parti était dirigé par Ariel Sharon – et chef du gouvernement le plus pérenne de l’histoire d’Israël.

Cette consultation intervient également un peu plus d’un mois après l’inculpation de M. Nétanyahou pour corruption, fraude et abus de confiance. De «fausses accusations» selon lui.

Suite à cette inculpation, des rivaux au sein du Likoud, en tête desquels M. Saar, avaient appelé à la tenue de cette primaire.

Le député Saar plus marqué à droite

M. Saar a été plusieurs fois ministre, avant de mettre sa carrière politique entre parenthèses en 2014 après avoir été écarté par M. Nétanyahou.

Si M. Saar est encore plus marqué à droite que le premier ministre, notamment sur la question palestinienne, il joue la carte du rassembleur au-delà de son propre camp, en misant sur ses relations avec des chefs d’autres partis.

Il pourrait aussi bénéficier du fait que le parti Bleu-Blanc de Benny Gantz s’est refusé de partager le pouvoir avec un premier ministre inculpé. En attendant, selon de récents sondages, un Likoud dirigé par M. Saar remporterait moins de sièges aux législatives que s’il était dirigé par M. Nétanyahou.

Toutefois, si M. Saar l’emporte à la primaire, des électeurs du Likoud pourraient se tourner vers d’autres partis de droite, ceux qui n’avaient pas atteint le seuil de 3,5% des votes pour entrer au Parlement lors des précédents scrutins.

Dans ce cas, le camp de droite pourrait potentiellement atteindre le seuil de la majorité parlementaire nécessaire pour former un gouvernement.

Pour M. Nétanyahou, il est essentiel de rester au pouvoir : la loi prévoit que tout ministre poursuivi pénalement doit démissionner, mais cela ne s’applique pas au premier ministre.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld



Close to their spectacular rapprochement last year, the United States of Donald Trump and North Korea of ​​Kim Jong-un see their relations cool down as the end of the year approaches. Pyongyang has set an ultimatum for Washington.

US President Donald Trump said Monday that the United States is monitoring North Korea "very closely" ahead of an ultimatum set by Pyongyang in Washington for the end of the year. "I would be disappointed if something was in the works, and if it is, we will take care of it," he said. "We are watching North Korea very closely." Pyongyang has made a series of vehement statements in recent weeks, and has issued an ultimatum to Washington for the end of the year, promising him, for lack of progress in their discussions, a "Christmas gift" full of threats.

Another missile test?

Negotiations have stalled since the failure of the Hanoi summit in February between Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. The United States demands that North Korea immediately renounce all of its atomic arsenal, while the latter calls for the rapid lifting of at least part of the international sanctions that are strangling its economy. US Defense Minister Mark Esper said Pyongyang's speech "worrying" on Monday, and said it was "likely" that North Korea will try another missile before the end of the year if it is not satisfied progress in negotiations. The US envoy to North Korea, Stephen Biegun, earlier described from Seoul the Pyongyang demands as "hostile," "negative," and "unwelcome."

China, Russia call on UN to "adjust sanctions against North Korea"

For their part, Russia and China sent their partners on the UN Security Council on Monday a proposal "to adjust the sanctions against North Korea" according to the steps taken by this country towards a denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.

Contained in a draft resolution that surprised several diplomatic missions, the proposal also highlights the need to have "the most favorable approach" to the requested exemptions from sanctions with a humanitarian objective. Without detailing what Korea will have to do specifically to obtain a reduction in sanctions, the Russian-Chinese project calls for, to improve the standard of living of North Koreans, the stopping of several key provisions dating from 2016 and 2017 of the text, while welcoming "the dialogue between the United States and North Korea at all levels' in favor of a new relationship.

The two countries also call for "a rapid resumption of the six-party talks" (China, the two Koreas, the United States, Russia and Japan), launched in 2003 but from which Pyongyang withdrew in 2009.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld




India faces new protests against a citizenship law deemed discriminatory against Muslims, leading to violent clashes in New Delhi. Mostly concentrated in northeast India in recent days, resulting in the death of six people, the mobilizations spread, Sunday, December 16, at several campuses in the country, in response to violence earlier in the day within Jamia Millia Islamia University in the capital.

Police entered Delhi University Jamia Millia Islamia after the clashes to make arrests, although the institution said its students had not taken part in the unrest. In the large northern state of Uttar Pradesh, authorities cut the internet in several areas after protests in Aligarh, the headquarters of a large university and a large Muslim population.

The Citizenship Amendment Bill

At the origin of this protest movement, the "Citizenship Amendment Bill" (CAB), approved last week by the Indian Parliament, which regularizes refugees from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh and grants them nationality on religious criteria, with the exception of Muslims. This new law concerns religious minorities including Hindus and Sikhs. In north-eastern India, a mosaic region plagued by frequent inter-community clashes, protesters oppose the legislation on the grounds that it would cause an influx into their region of Hindu refugees from border Bangladesh.

For its detractors, this law is part of the will of the Hindu nationalist power to marginalize the Muslim minority in the country of 1.3 billion inhabitants. Muslims represent 14% of the population (just under 200 million people), They have been the regular target of the government since the coming to power of Narendra Modi (BJP) in 2014.

Interior Minister Amit Shah again called for calm on December 15, saying that local cultures in northeastern states are not threatened, while some fear an influx of immigrants from Bangladesh. "The culture, language, social identity and political rights of our brothers and sisters in the North East will remain," said Amit Shah at a rally in Jharkhand state.

Human rights organizations and a Muslim political party have appealed the law to the Supreme Court, arguing that it is contrary to the Constitution and centuries-old Indian traditions. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Rights de l'Homme called the text "fundamentally discriminatory".

"The vision of the Hindu nationalists is the counterpart of what exists in Pakistan, which is sad because India held to another model of democracy, a secular model where all religions have their place", deplores Mira Kamdar , author of the book India in the 21st century.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


The UN climate conference that ended on Sunday December 15, 2019 was not up to the climate emergency. The united countries adopted a minimum agreement, without agreeing on essential points because of the reluctance of certain states.

The carbon market and the effort of solidarity towards the most vulnerable countries are still sowing division among the 197 participating countries during this international high mass on climate organized this year in Madrid under the aegis of the United Nations.

The overhaul of the mechanisms of the carbon markets, essential for the proper functioning of the Paris Agreement, is still stalled. Australia, in particular, refuses to sacrifice its old carbon credits, inherited from the Kyoto protocol, on the altar of the new objectives for reducing CO2 emissions.

Discussions also stalled on the recognition of irreversible loss and damage caused by global warming. The rich countries, which bear historic responsibility for this phenomenon, are still reluctant to repair the damage.

Kristina Stege, the representative of the Republic of the Marshall Islands promotes a "High Ambition Coalition" to urge countries to table in 2020 their new plan to reduce greenhouse gases - the NDCs in the UN jargon.

Some 80 countries have pledged to raise this ambition, but they represent only around 10% of global emissions. Calls by many countries and the European Union, which is committed to achieving carbon neutrality in 2050, to adopt more ambitious targets have met with resistance from several major polluters, including Brazil , China, Australia, Saudi Arabia and the United States. In a joint statement, China, India, South Africa and Brazil stress that "the gaps before 2020 (...) must be assessed and filled, without transferring any burden to developing countries".

In addition, emerging countries such as Brazil and India, condition their future NDCs on increased aid to developing countries.

The Secretary General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio Guterres, said he was "disappointed". "The international community has lost an important opportunity to show greater ambition," he lamented, adding, "We must not give up. "

"These discussions [at the COP] reflect the gap between leaders on one side and the urgency shown by science and the demands of citizens on the streets," said Helen Mountford of the think tank World Resources Institute, saying that the spirit of the Paris Agreement was now only a "distant memory".

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld



North Korea conducted a "very significant" test from the Sohae satellite launch base, located on the west coast of the country, reported on Sunday December 8, 2019 the official press agency KCNA.

The result of this test will have a "significant effect" in changing the "strategic status" of North Korea, added a spokesman for the National Academy of Sciences of the North.

The agency did not give more details on the device or weapon tested.

At a summit in Seoul in September 2018, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un committed to shutting down the Sohae site, also known as Tongchang-ri.

In March, however, work on this base had been spotted by satellite with a view to "rapid reconstruction".

The denuclearization of North Korea seems to be moving a little further.

"The current situation on the Korean peninsula is serious," said U.S. and South Korean presidents Donald Trump and Moon Jae-in during a telephone conversation on Saturday December 7, 2019.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld


NATO's 29 members adopted a joint declaration on Wednesday, 4 December, after a 70th anniversary summit marked by major differences, declaring their "solidarity, unity and cohesion".

"Solidarity, unity and cohesion are fundamental principles of our Alliance," the 29 NATO members said Wednesday in a joint statement after the 70th Atlantic Alliance Summit in a golf course in Watford , in the suburbs of London.

A sentence far from innocuous while dissensions have emerged in recent months.

"NATO remains the foundation of our collective defense and the essential forum for security consultations and decision-making between Allies," the statement issued after a meeting recalls.

The text also notes the "threats" of "aggressive actions" of Russia, such as "terrorism in all its forms" while ensuring a "defensive" only alliance, which "poses no threat to any country". "The Allies are strongly committed to the full implementation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in all its aspects, namely nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and the uses of nuclear energy for nuclear weapons. peaceful purposes, "the statement said.


In this final communiqué, for the first time, NATO recognizes the rise of China as a "challenge", for example evoking the issue of 5G.

Alliance members have been trying to preserve their unity for NATO's 70th anniversary, but there is still much disagreement and the appointment was also overshadowed by a precipitous departure from Donald Trump, who left United Kingdom without making a final press conference.

The American president was apparently very upset. It must be said that the 25 seconds of a video in which Dutch, Canadian, British Prime Ministers and Emmanuel Macron were assembled gave the impression that they were making fun of him.

At the end of this summit, the American press had only this video in the mouth. "The Canadian Prime Minister is a hypocrite," said Donald Trump stung before leaving the summit before everyone else.

Between dissent exposed and a Donald Trump vexed by a "hypocritical" Justin Trudeau, the 70th anniversary of NATO resembled a missed rendezvous despite the desire for cohesion of its members face challenges emerging three decades later the end of the Cold War.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld


Iran's President Hassan Rohani said he was ready to "discuss and negotiate" with the United States over the nuclear deal. But on two conditions: to discuss in a strict multilateral framework, and if the United States lifts the sanctions that they reestablished against the Islamic Republic since their exit from the international agreement on the nuclear Iran.

"If they are willing to put aside the sanctions, we are ready to discuss and negotiate, even at the level of the leaders of the 5 + 1 countries," said Iranian President Hassan Rohani, referring to the six countries concluded this agreement with Iran in 2015 (China, United States, France, Great Britain, Russia and Germany).

He also recalled having already "explicitly" made this offer in the past.

"A cruel act of the White House"

Under the terms of the Vienna agreement, Tehran agreed to drastically reduce its nuclear activities, to ensure their exclusively civilian nature, in exchange for lifting some of the international sanctions that stifled its economy. The United States unilaterally came out of this pact in May 2018 before restoring the sanctions they had lifted against Iran, and that they have since ceased to harden.

"We are under sanctions. This situation is not our fault but is the result of a cruel act of the White House, "said Hassan Rohani. "We have no choice but that of resistance and perseverance against those who impose sanctions," the Iranian president added. "At the same time, we have not closed the door to negotiations," he said, however, strictly confining the framework of a possible dialogue with the United States to that of the format of stakeholders in the United States. Vienna Agreement.

The return of US sanctions, which has the effect of practically cutting Iran out of the international financial system and drying up its oil exports, has plunged Iran into a violent recession.

According to the International Monetary Fund, Iran's GDP is expected to decline by 9.5% this year.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


The first victory of the demonstrators, who had been demanding for two months the "fall of the government" Iraq:

Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi announced on Friday the resignation of his government.

This is a direct response to a call for change by Iraqi Ayatollah Ali Sistani, tutelary figure of Iraqi Shiites, said the services of the prime minister.

The Iraqi Ayatollah Ali Sistani, in fact, called on the Iraqi Parliament, in his sermon Friday, November 29, 2019, to withdraw his confidence in the government, the day after one of the bloodiest days of the protests that lasted for two months in the country and whose balance sheet reaches nearly four hundred dead.

"The parliament from which the current government emerged is called to review its choice and act in the interests of Iraq, to ​​preserve the blood of its children and to prevent [the country] from slips into violence, chaos and destruction, "said this tutelary figure of Iraqi politics, in a sermon read Friday in Kerbala by one of his representatives, Ahmed Al-Safi.

This sermon was made the day after a day that saw about fifty young protesters killed by security forces in Nassyriah, in the south, the city where the prime minister comes from, and in Najaf, Shia holy city where the consulate Iranian was burned by young people angry at the influence of their neighbor.

Until now the clergyman had urged the political class to reform, considering the demands of the protesters "legitimate". For the first time the wise old man called on the government to fade away.

Revered by millions of Shiites around the world at the age of 89, Ayatollah Ali Al-Sistani remains the only authority in the country not yet fully delegitimized in the eyes of those who, since 1 October, are demanding in Baghdad and in the Shiite South "the fall of the regime"

The crackdown left more than 400 dead and at least 15,000 wounded in Baghdad and southern Iraq, a revolt unprecedented since the fall of Saddam Hussein.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld



A close to the publication of more than 400 pages of secret documents on the internment of Uighurs last week in the New York Times, other documents were revealed Sunday by a consortium of journalists. They show the absolute control exercised by the Chinese regime in its huge detention camps in the predominantly Muslim Xinjiang region, where more than one million people are interned.

A series of directives attributed to the Chinese Party reveal the functioning of the Uyghur camps in Xinjiang. They give a new light, as described from inside the regime, on the policy of systematic repression of Muslims in Xinjiang led by Beijing .

Camps under absolute control of the Chinese regime

The latest revelations include a series of guidelines, approved in 2017 by the chief of security forces in Xinjiang, as well as intelligence reports showing how police are using artificial intelligence and data collection to target people to intern .

The guidelines qualify inmates as "students" to "graduate".

They describe with great precision how the guards must handle the daily life of the detainees, the prohibition to contact the outside world to the procedure to follow in case of illness. The detainees are constantly under video surveillance.

The guidelines include a points system to assess the "ideological transformation" of prisoners, their "respect for discipline" and their zeal to "study".

Denial of the Chinese Embassy

In London, the Chinese Embassy denied the authenticity of the published documents, calling them "pure falsifications" and "false information". "There is no document or order for so-called" detention camps ". Professional training and training centers have been set up for the purpose of preventing terrorism, "she said in a statement to The Guardian newspaper, which is part of the media that published the documents.

Detention of one million Muslims, most Uigur

More than one million Muslims, mainly ethnic Uyghur, are in custody in Xinjiang, according to figures from UN experts and human rights NGOs. These detentions are the result of a campaign of suppression against terrorism and Islamism launched in recent years by the Chinese government, in response to attacks attributed to Uighur independence activists. Chinese President Xi Jinping gave the order in 2014 to be "merciless" against terrorism and separatism in the region, according to documents internal to the communist regime revealed by the New York Times

Voices in China seem to be rising against the policy followed in Xinjiang, also condemned by Western countries.

Last month, the Uyghur intellectual Ilham Tohti, jailed for life for separatism, received the Sakharov Prize of the European Parliament.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld



Cries of joy were heard in the streets of Hong Kong, where "Free Hong Kong" songs could be heard - one of the slogans of anti-government protesters. The pro-democracy movement has indeed won Sunday local elections after six months of anti-government protest, enamelled violence.

The Democratic camp has won more than half of the 452 seats on the district council, a first against the favorable candidates in Beijing. At 8:00 am (midnight GMT Sunday), according to local media reports, pro-democracy candidates had won a majority of at least 333 out of 452 seats, compared with about 52 for the ruling party.

An unprecedented participation

The election of district councilors, who deal with issues such as garbage or bus routes, is usually of little interest. The participation of only 47% in the 2015 elections, however, jumped this time to about 71%, reflecting the strong mobilization of Hong Kong. "The voice of public opinion sounds loud and clear (...) We hope that the government will be able to listen to the demands of the protesters," one of the candidates elected for the Democratic Party, Roy Kwong, told the South China Morning Post. , member of the Legislative Council. These elections were conceived as a sort of referendum on crisis management and protest by the pro-Beijing government.

Carie Lam under pressure

Some successful candidates have said that the outcome of the vote in the semi-autonomous region is a sign of support for the protest movement that could put pressure on Carrie Lam, the head of the local executive backed by Beijing. "It's the power of democracy. It's a democratic tsunami, "said Tommy Cheung, a former student protest leader who won a seat in Yuen Long District, near the Chinese border.

Hong Kong, shaken by anti-government protests since June, has had its biggest political crisis in decades. First meeting against a draft extradition law to mainland China abandoned since, protesters now claim more respect for democratic principles and an independent investigation into police violence. They also denounce Beijing's excessive influence, which they say goes against the principle of "one country, two systems" which led to the handover of the former British colony back to China in 1997.

"The performance of the pro-democracy camp will send a signal to Beijing," said Andrew Li, a 22-year-old protest student.

Hong Kong "is part of China" regardless of the outcome of Sunday's local elections, said Monday the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Alyson Braxton  for DayNewsWorld


The participation in the local elections was strong on Sunday morning in Hong Kong, where the prodemocracy movement wants to make its voice heard and increase pressure on the authorities of the former British colony, theater since June of unprecedented protest. Hundreds of thousands of voters went to the polls on Sunday, November 24, for local elections to select 452 members from 18 district councils who are competent in matters of daily life.

While in normal times this vote does not raise enthusiasm, this time it took the form of a referendum for or against Carrie Lam, the head of the executive and his government aligned with Beijing, who refuse to any concession to the demonstrators.

A strong participation

According to official data, the participation rate in the first three hours was almost three times higher than in the previous elections four years ago. A total of 4.13 million Hong Kong people are registered - out of a total population of 7.3 million - 400,000 more than four years ago.

District councils have always been dominated by a bloc of elected officials totally aligned with Beijing. But after a semester of anger on the streets, the pro-democracy protesters want to take advantage of this rare opportunity to express themselves at the polls to begin the domination of the "Pro-Beijing", and give a new breath to the protest.

Who can serve the pro-democracy cause.

If the pro-democracy militants win, they could get six seats in the Hong Kong Legislative Council and 117 seats in a 1,200-member college that elects the chief executive. In addition, some of next year's legislative candidates will come from District Councils. While the government has been making the threat of postponement of the polls in case of persistence of street violence in recent weeks, Hong Kong has seen the last few days a break in the demonstrations, so as not to mortgage. the holding of the poll.

A relative pause since continues the seat of the Polytechnic University (PolyU), where are cut radical protesters, and which had been the weekend before the theater of the most violent confrontation since June with the police force .

The United States and China follow with divergent interests these local elections. Against a background of trade war with China, the US Congress (representatives and senators) voted on Wednesday, November 20, almost unanimously, a resolution supporting the "human rights and democracy" in Hong Kong, causing anger from Beijing.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld




Since Friday, Iran faces a strong protest following the announcement of a 50% increase in fuel prices.

Totally unexpected, the announcement of the Iranian President has had the effect of a bomb. In a country hit hard by US sanctions, where inflation exceeds 40% and the economy is in recession (-9.5% expected this year by the IMF), the measure ignited the powder.

From Friday night, many users went down to protest in a dozen cities to express their dissatisfaction, a rare event in an Islamic Republic where demonstrations, although authorized by the Constitution, are severely repressed.

The movement of anger spread in about fifty cities, including Tabriz (North-West), yet unfamiliar with the demonstrations. According to a report by Iranian intelligence quoted by Fars news, 87,000 people took part in demonstrations in about one hundred cities in the country, mainly in the provinces of Khuzestan (South), Fars (South), Tehran and Kerman (center).

First protesting the rise in the price of gasoline, the protesters then extended their slogans to the regional policy of the Islamic Republic, shouting "Oil money was lost, it was spent for Palestine ! Criticizing Tehran's financial and military support for Palestinian Islamist Hamas and Islamic Jihad groups in the Gaza Strip.

Internet break

In the face of ongoing protests, the regime has decided to brutally stop Iranians from accessing the global network. The Iranian government has completely deprived the country of the Internet, cutting the grass under the feet of demonstrators, who use massively social networks to gather and communicate with each other, despite the existing government censorship. According to the NetBlocks NGO, which specializes in cybersecurity, Iran was the victim this week-end of an "almost total Internet shutdown".

The spokesman of the Iranian government assured that the country was only facing "some minor problems", but that the situation was "80% quieter" than the day before.

The repression was bloody.

After using tear gas to disperse the rallies, the riot police did not hesitate to use live ammunition. The clashes sometimes turned into a real battle between protesters and police.

No official record has been given of the number of victims. But according to the Iranian media, at least five people, including four members of the security forces, have been killed. However, several sources in Iran evoke the death of at least a dozen protesters, if not more.

The United Nations, meanwhile, dozens of deaths while the NGO Amnesty International mentions the figure of 106 shot dead.

The situation remains very difficult to assess across the country, due to the Internet shutdown, still largely inaccessible.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


Chinese official documents sent by a whistleblower in the New York Times reveal Beijing's high degree of coordination in suppressing Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang region.

Uyghurs are a Turkic and Muslim Sunni people living in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China and Central Asia. They represent one of the fifty-six nationalities officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. They are related to Uzbeks .

More than one million Muslims, mainly ethnic Uyghur, are in custody in Xinjiang, according to figures from UN experts and human rights NGOs. These detentions are the result of a campaign of suppression against terrorism and Islamism launched in recent years by the Chinese government, in response to attacks attributed to Uighur independence activists. Chinese President Xi Jinping gave the order in 2014 to be "merciless" against terrorism and separatism in the region, according to documents internal to the communist regime revealed by the New York Times

"Raft all who must be"

The more than 400 pages of secret documents disclosed offer a very rare glimpse of the mechanisms at work in Xinjiang.

The documents include a secret speech by Xi Jinping in 2014, in which the Chinese president calls for a "merciless" fight against "terrorism, infiltration and separatism", using "the weapons of the popular democratic dictatorship". ". This speech was distributed from 2016 to senior local officials to justify the repression, with the order to "round up all those who must be".

The Times highlights a note sent by Beijing to local officials to provide them with language to answer questions from Uyghur students who return home during the holidays and discover that their parents have disappeared. They will be told that these relatives have been sent "in training, in centers of training and concentrated education". Officials will have to add that these relatives did not commit a crime but were contaminated by the "virus" of extremism and must undergo treatment "before the disease degenerates". Students are also encouraged to keep quiet, as their behavior has an impact on the length of their relatives' detention.

Denials of Beijing

Beijing has repeatedly refuted criticism of its repression in the predominantly Muslim region, which has seen more than one million Uighurs, Kazakhs and other minorities sent to camps where they are often subjected to political indoctrination. China has organized camp visits, which it describes as voluntary "vocational training centers" designed to provide "students" with professional skills.

A policy of repression challenged

According to The New York Times, this huge leak suggests that the policy followed in Xinjiang is not unanimous within the Chinese power. Several local bureaucrats were purged for daring to criticize or challenge orders. In addition the documents were transmitted by a member of the apparatus, who expressed the hope that they prevent the regime, "to escape its guilt for the generalized detentions" in this region.

The policy followed in Xinjiang has also been condemned by Western countries.

Last month, the Uyghur intellectual Ilham Tohti, jailed for life for separatism, received the Sakharov Prize of the European Parliament.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


After several weeks of social protest, the Chilean president accepts a revision of the Constitution..

The Constitution inherited from the military dictatorship of Pinochet (1973-1990) crystallizes indeed the demands of the movement against social inequalities for a month.

A referendum will finally be held on this issue in April 2020. The main Chilean political parties reached an agreement after a month of crisis, "for social peace and the new Constitution," announced Senate President Jaime Quintana, while the country has been shaken for almost a month by a violent social crisis.

After several hours of negotiations in Parliament, the government coalition and the main opposition parties have signed an "agreement for peace and the new Constitution" which provides for a referendum with two questions: one on the revision or not of the Constitution and the other, if any, on the method for writing it, explained Jaime Quintana.

This second question will have to determine which body will be in charge of the drafting of the new text, a "mixed constitutional commission" or a "convention or constituent assembly". The eventual election of the members of these drafting bodies for the future constitution will take place in October 2020, at the same time as the municipal and regional elections.

"A victory against violence"

"We are pleased to have reached an agreement that marks a victory against violence," said Jacqueline van Rysselberghe, President of the Independent Democratic Union (UDI, Conservative), a pillar of the coalition supporting President Sebastian Piñera. The agreement came in a Congress where no bloc has a two-thirds majority needed for a constitutional revision and after two months of violent popular protests, which have killed 22 people and injured thousands.

A tailor-made Constitution

If this movement of anger is born in response to the increase in the price of the metro ticket, it is the social inequalities that denounce the protesters above all: Chile has certainly managed, over the last three decades, to significantly reduce poverty but without touching the economic model inherited from the dictatorship, which makes the country one of the most inequitable on the planet.

The current Constitution, of which the far-right ideologue Jaime Guzman - who was assassinated by an extreme left-wing armed movement in 1991 - is the main architect, was made to measure so that the conservative sectors of society could maintain their position. power with especially high quorums for any change of background. It reflected the dictatorship's adherence to Milton Friedman's neoliberal economic theories, among others. The Constitution gives pride of place to the private sector. For example, it does not guarantee Chileans' access to higher education or a public pension system - now managed by private pension funds, which operate through individual capitalization. Since the return of democracy, the Chilean right has always slowed down the four shackles when it came to change the Constitution, and only margin changes were possible.

" What began with subway fraud ends with the beginning of a historic and unprecedented constituent process with, for the first time, citizen participation," tweeted journalist Lucía López.

The Constitution of the dictatorship dies and a democracy is born, "said the progressive senator and former Foreign Minister Heraldo Muñoz.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


Hong Kong remains paralyzed on Thursday, November 14, for the fourth day in a row, by pro-democracy protesters. Schools and universities remained closed and hospitals postponed non-urgent interventions.

Many roads are blocked by barricades made of bamboo, bricks and a stack of objects.

Many metro stations and bus lines are also closed, resulting in almost total paralysis in the city of 7.5 million people. According to the government, 70 people were hospitalized on Wednesday, two of them in critical condition.

The former British colony has been experiencing its worst political crisis since June since its return to Beijing in 1997.

And the determination of the demonstrators echoes the intransigence of the local executive and the Chinese central government. On the one hand, the police are firing tear gas and rubber bullets near the Hong Kong Polytechnic University where protesters are expected to gather, on the other hand students who have adopted a new week tactical, known as "the generalized outbreak" of increasing the number of small-scale actions to maximize the capabilities of the police and Wednesday have deployed a new arsenal against the police, including homemade catapults and bows and arrows.

"The rule of law in Hong Kong has been pushed to the brink of total collapse," police spokesman Kong Wing-cheung said on Tuesday.

Hong Kong, surrendered to China by the British in 1997, is a semi-autonomous region enjoying freedoms unknown in the rest of China, until 2047. But the Hong Kong people militant for democratic reforms accuse Beijing to increase his political hold.

Serious violence in recent days prompted Western powers, led by the United States and the United Kingdom, to urge Hong Kong executive Carrie Lam to find a compromise with the protesters.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld


At least three people died and dozens more were injured in fires ravaging the east coast of Australia.

Residents of the Sydney area have been facing a "catastrophic" situation for several days because of the risk of renewed fires.

High temperatures and strong winds, expected on Tuesday, are expected to fuel bush fires, prompting Prime Minister Gladys Berejiklian to declare a state of emergency for a period of seven days. Authorities have warned that lives and homes will be in danger. The largest city in Australia and its surroundings thus face the highest level of fire alarm ever issued.

In recent months, about 11,000 square kilometers - the equivalent of Jamaica or Kosovo - have been burned, according to the New South Wales Fire Department.

Some regions, already affected by the fires of recent days, are preparing to face this new threat.

Exceptional drought

Such fires occur every year on the huge island-continent during the spring and summer in Australia. If this start of the season is dramatic, scientists are worried for the next few months.

According to them, climate change and weather cycles generate high temperatures, strong winds and drought.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


Il y a 30 ans, lorsque le mur de Berlin ,surnommé le « mur de la honte », est tombé, il existait une douzaine de murs de séparation de ce type sur la planète. Trente ans après la chute du Mur de Berlin, le 9 novembre 1989, les murs frontaliers n'ont pas disparu.

La multiplication des murs dans le monde

Leur nombre est même en constante augmentation depuis les attentats du 11-Septembre aux Etats-Unis. On compte aujourd’hui entre 60 et 75 murs dans le monde, soit déjà construits, soit en cours de construction, définis comme des barrières non amovibles ancrées dans le sol. C'est plus du double de 2001.

Mis bout à bout, ces murs formeraient une ligne d'environ 40 000 kilomètres, soit la circonférence de la Terre.Et tous les continents sont concernés. En Asie, il y a le mur construit par l’Inde pour se couper du Bangladesh. C’est le plus long mur au monde, 3 200 kms ! En Afrique aussi, il y a de nombreux murs de séparation : entre le Maroc et l’Algérie, entre l’Afrique du Sud et le Mozambique, entre le Kenya et la Somalie, entre le Botswana et le Zimbabwe, etc.

Le mur change de nature au fil du temps

« L'attaque contre les tours du World Trade Center à New York a apporté le premier coup de griffe. Elle a eu pour conséquence un repli sécuritaire et l'augmentation du nombre de murs », indique Marc Galvin, responsable Global Challenge.

À la fin du XXe siècle, à travers le blindage de la frontière, une ligne de front se convertissait en frontière de fait et imposait une paix provisoire. Les murs en Europe étaient des séparations édifiées pour des raisons idéologiques, comme les deux Allemagne ou pour des raisons religieuses comme les murs entre quartiers catholiques et protestants à Belfast en Irlande du Nord ou à Chypre. Entrent dans ce cadre également la séparation entre les deux Corée, ou encore le mur entre l’Inde et le Pakistan au Cachemire. Mais les exemples sont relativement rares.

En ce XXIe siècle, par contre, les murs sont érigés pour contrer des flux migratoires ou une menace terroriste, à l'instar de celui entre les Etats-Unis et le Mexique, défendu par le président Donald Trump, ou entre la Hongrie et la Serbie, érigé par Viktor Orban, ou encore dans les enclaves espagnoles de Ceuta et Melilla.

Aujourd'hui, les murs constituent donc une réponse évidente à un danger réel ou fantasmé, apportée par un gouvernement qui veut montrer qu'il agit rapidement

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld


Emmanuel Macron, accompanied by the First Lady, is conducting this second visit to China from Monday, November 4, 2019 until Wednesday. A second visit during which trade and culture will be on the program.

A fair to show that China is open to imports

In Shanghai, the great economic metropolis of the east, where he arrives Monday evening, Emmanuel Macron will be welcomed by his Chinese counterpart at the Import Fair, a major trade event of which France is one of the "guests of honor "with 70 listed companies.

The economic players hope to sign some forty contracts in the agri-food, tourism and health sectors ... and to widen this range, France out of "romanticism", and of some industrial aspects like the Airbus, being seen by the Chinese "as a small European state, far behind Germany and England".

After ordering 300 Airbus aircraft in March, Paris is hoping to make progress on the project for a spent nuclear fuel treatment plant run by Orano (formerly Areva).

With this show China wants to be open to imports while this fair is held against the background of a trade war between Beijing and Washington, which Europe wants to avoid the costs

Inauguration of a Beaubourg branch

On Tuesday, Emmanuel Macron inaugurates the Pompidou Center West Bund Museum Project, the first branch of the Parisian museum Beaubourg to set up outside Europe. Works loaned by Beaubourg will be exhibited in this cultural institution with an area of ​​2,100 m2, designed by British architect David Chipperfield.

Emmanuel Macron will also have lunch with Chinese artists, and will be accompanied by the actor Guillaume Canet, who will realize the next film of the adventures of Asterix, Asterix & Obelix, the Middle Kingdom, in which the famous Gaulois will rub shoulders with Chinese culture.

A sixth meeting with Xi Jinping

Emmanuel Macron will spend several hours with the Chinese president, whom he will meet for the sixth time in nearly three years. "Xi Jinping attaches particular importance to this visit," which is "a new step in the bilateral relationship," says Zhu Jing.

On Tuesday, they will visit the Chinese and French pavilions of the Shanghai Fair, then the two couples will dine together in "a very Chinese place", echoing the dinner in France, in March, in a villa-museum of Beaulieu-sur-Mer , on the Azure Coast.

On Wednesday, Xi Jinping will receive the French head of state in Beijing for more formal talks - the sixth meeting in nearly three years - including pushing for a "Euro-Chinese agenda" for climate and biodiversity. They should also discuss international crises, such as the Iranian nuclear, a few days before the expiration on November 4 of Tehran's ultimatum to its partners in the agreement to help it bypass US sanctions.

As for human rights, "no taboo" ensures the Elysée. However, during his first visit to China, Emmanuel Macron was very discreet on this very sensitive subject.

"On human rights, there is a regular dialogue between China and France. Its role is to have constructive exchanges, not to criticize each other, "Zhu Jing warns, noting that" Hong Kong and Xinjiang are China's domestic affairs."

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld


On Thursday Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurachi was named the new leader of Daesh, after the organization officially confirmed the death of its former leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

Daesh confirmed Thursday the death of its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, considered responsible for multiple atrocities and atrocities in Iraq and Syria and bloody attacks.

The name of his successor was also unveiled. This is Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurachi.

He had only rarely been mentioned among the potential successors of al-Baghdadi.

The chief judge of Daesh

The organization said the "Majlis al-Shura (the Consultative Assembly in Arabic, Ed)" had pledged allegiance to Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurachi as "commander of the believers" and new "Caliph of Muslims" ".

His name, "al-Qurachi", indicates that, like al-Baghdadi, the new leader of Daesh is a descendant of the Qurachi tribe, that of the Prophet Muhammad, a necessary pre-requisite to become "caliph".

The use of the "al-Qurachi" particle would indicate that Daesh is thus still seen as a "caliphate" while the territorial "caliphate" of Daesh was declared stricken from the map by the Americans last March in its latest collapse. Syria.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld



Forty African heads of state are being received in Sochi, on the Black Sea coast, to strengthen economic and military cooperation, which is still rather limited. At a time when America is pulling out of Africa, Moscow wants to consolidate its influence in the region.

Also Vladimir Putin received on Tuesday Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a few hours before the expiry of the truce observed by Turkey against Kurdish militiamen in the north-east of Syria, that Ankara considers as terrorists linked to separatists in southeastern Turkey.

After seven hours of heated debate, the Turkish president and his Russian counterpart reached a "historic" agreement to withdraw the last Kurdish forces from a "security zone" to Turkish-Syrian.

The Russian and Turkish presidents on Tuesday agreed on a withdrawal of Kurdish forces from northeastern Syria, taking control of most of the area in the grip of a growing conflict between Ankara and Kurdish fighters. Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Vladimir Putin initially decided to deploy Russian and Syrian military patrols in the areas of the border strip bordering the area where the Turkish army unleashed a military operation in early October.

These patrols will aim to "facilitate" the withdrawal of Kurdish YPG forces and their disarmament in a "30 km deep" zone along the Syrian-Turkish border. Then, "150 hours" later, joint patrols, this time Russian-Turkish, will evolve in the area. Turkey will nevertheless retain control of the area between the city of Tal Abyad and that of Ras al-Ain. This is a 120-kilometer safety zone under its direct control, out of the 440 that it originally claimed.

But the reaction of Bashar al-Assad - also allied with Moscow - was not long in coming, who accused Recep Erdogan of "stealing Syrian territory" and surrendered - extremely rare - to the Turkish-Syrian border.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld


Israeli Conservative Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who has been in power for 13 years, announced Monday that he was giving up trying to form a government.

"Not long ago I announced to the President (Reuven Rivlin) that I was returning my mandate," said Benjamin Netanyahu in a video posted on his Facebook account, addressing the "Israeli citizens."

The head of the Israeli government has acknowledged with gravity not having fulfilled the mission that had been entrusted to him on September 25, 2019 by Reuven Rivlin.

He said he had "worked tirelessly to establish a broad national unity government," which would have included his party - the Likud -, his nationalist and ultraorthodox partners, but also Benny Gantz. But in vain.

President Rivlin now mandated the centrist Benny Gantz, leader of the party Blue-White and main rival Netanyahu legislative elections in April and September, to try to form a government.

Benny Gantz, a former army chief, will also have 28 days to complete this task.

After the parliamentary elections of September 17, Benjamin Netanyahu and him stood shoulder to shoulder with respectively 55 and 54 elected to lead the next government, but without reaching the threshold of 61 deputies allowing them to form a majority government .

Benny Gantz, former army chief who entered politics just a year ago, will also have 28 days to complete this task.

If he fails to form a unity government, President Rivlin could ask a majority of MPs to nominate a candidate.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


At 47 years old, Justin Trudeau no longer has the assets of youth and novelty that had helped bring him to power, to everyone's surprise, in 2015 against the Conservative Stephen Harper.

In four years of power and weakened by several scandals, the Liberal leader obtained a narrow majority on Monday, October 21, 2019.

According to television projections made public a few hours after the closing of the last polls, the Liberal leader won a second term after the parliamentary elections, but without winning an absolute majority that had hailed his sensational election in 2015.

The Liberals are expected to win nearly 160 of the 338 seats in the House of Commons when they had a comfortable 177-seat majority.

The victory of Justin Trudeau against the Conservatives of Andrew Scheer, 40, is therefore to relativize.

Conservatives of young leader Andrew Scheer led in just over 120 ridings, followed by Bloc Québécois (32) and New Democrats (NDP, left) with 25 seats.

As of today, Justin Trudeau begins discussions with these smaller parties for an alliance. The Conservative leader should particularly approach the New Democratic Party (NDP, left), Jagmeet Singh, one of the revelations of these elections, or the Bloc Québécois, independentist training led by the other revelation of the campaign, Yves-François Blanchet.

The first test of the future government will be the Speech from the Throne, in which the government submits its legislative program to the vote of Parliament.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld



Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri issued an ultimatum to his government, to which the main political leaders responded, agreeing to no longer impose new taxes and a privatization program.

After a weekend of intense consultations with all political forces he drew up an economic "bailout" discussed Monday by the Council of Ministers.

The proceedings are taking place as the popular protest movement, triggered spontaneously by a government decision to impose a tax on calls made via Internet messaging applications, enters its fifth day.

The rescue plan prepared by Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri is a real break with past economic and financial policies.

It proposes a 2020 budget that does not include any new taxes and plans to put the banking sector to the tune of $ 3 billion.

He also promises an acceleration of the electricity sector rehabilitation plan, with the return of the power supply 24 hours a day next year. In addition, a whole series of proposals concerning leaders such as the halving of the salaries of ministers, deputies and the capping of emoluments of senior state officials and magistrates, a response to the accusation of corruption.

The plan, which also includes other measures described as "unpublished", has been accepted by the main parties and must be discussed on Monday, October 21 at noon by the Council of Ministers, which meets on Monday for the first time since the beginning of the crisis on the evening of October 17th.

But even before it was studied by the government, Druze leader Walid Jumblatt alleviated its impact and efficiency. The former ally of the Prime Minister said that Saad Hariri's proposals will not be accepted by the protesters. Renewing with the escalation, he demanded the departure of the government of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Gebran Bassil, son-in-law and dauphin of President Michel Aoun.

Moreover these measures will not be enough to calm the protest movement triggered Thursday which calls for the departure of the entire political class, deemed corrupt and unable to find solutions to the serious economic and social crisis that continues.

More than a quarter of the Lebanese population lives below the poverty line, according to the World Bank.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld



In the evening of 17 October 2019, scenes of violence between protesters and security forces shook Lebanon, where an outburst of anger at rising taxes turned into a serious political crisis.

Scenes of violence

From north to south, from east to west of the country thousands of protesters paralyzed Thursday traffic by cutting the main arteries using dumpsters and burnt tires. The mobilization was even more important on Friday and the whole country was paralyzed. The day was peppered with many incidents that caused injuries in Tripoli in the north, the second largest city in the country. The footage broadcast live on all TVs showed scenes of incredible violence, which lasted much of the night from Friday to Saturday and caused dozens of injured demonstrators as security forces.

These rallies across the country, the largest protest movement in years, have mixed Lebanese of all faiths and social classes who demanded in unison the resignation of the government of Sunni Saad Hariri, Christian President Michel Aoun or the Shiite Speaker of Parliament Nabih Berri

The demonstrations were triggered spontaneously by a government decision to impose a tax on calls made via internet messaging applications. The government, in which are represented the main formations of the country, has backed down on its WhatsApp calls tax project, but the cancellation of this tax did not bring calm.

A difficult socio-economic context

Indeed the taxation of WhatsApp is the spark that set fire to the powder in a country plunged into a severe economic crisis where all the indicators are in the red: recession, unemployment, abysmal public debt (85 billion dollars, 150 % of GDP), chronic budget deficit, balance of payments deficit, etc. Added to this is a shortage of dollars in a country whose economy is backed by the greenback, which has caused the Lebanese pound to lose between 8% and 10% of its value on the black market, further weakening the purchasing power of the Lebanese pound. Lebanese.

In order to emerge from the crisis, the government has embarked on a policy of reducing public spending and increasing state revenue, which has resulted in lower social benefits and higher taxes. These unpopular measures were to be coupled with structural reforms demanded by the international community to kick off the projects of the Cedar Conference held in Paris in April 2018, during which Lebanon had obtained promises of aid of $ 11 billion.

It is in this difficult socio-economic context that the demonstrations broke out.

Towards a political crisis?

Surprised by the scale of the protest movement, the authorities appeared to be poor. Some politicians have supported the demands of the protesters, more to settle old accounts with the President of the Republic Michel Aoun and his son-in-law and Dauphin Gebran Bassil, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, than for the sake of fighting corruption.

At a press conference on Friday, Gebran Bassil accused "certain parties" without naming them, of wanting to plunge Lebanon into an economic war and deflect the "legitimate" protest wave from its objectives. "I [the protesters] understand and the worst is coming if the situation does not improve," he said, acknowledging the seriousness of the socio-economic situation.

The principal concerned, Saad Hariri, intervened Friday early evening. In a speech broadcast live on all television channels, the Prime Minister accused his government partners of obstructing the inevitable reforms to prevent an economic and financial collapse. He gave 72 hours to the members of the government coalition to support his economic reforms. "Our partners in the government must give us a clear and definitive answer, which is convincing for me, for the Lebanese and for the international community, to show that we have all opted for reforms, to put an end to waste and corruption", he said. "Otherwise, I will hold another speech in a very short time of 72 hours," he warned.

The explosion of street anger due to the deterioration of living conditions has transformed, in less than 24 hours, into a political struggle and, perhaps, into a government crisis.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


Chile's antiago was on Friday, October 18, 2019, the scene of violent clashes, between the police and demonstrators, which led the Chilean President, Sebastian Pinera, to declare a state of emergency in the country. capital city.

The Chilean President, Sebastian Pinera, has declared a state of emergency in Santiago and has given a soldier responsibility for ensuring security.

"I have declared a state of emergency and, to that end, I have appointed Major General Javier Iturriaga del Campo as head of national defense, in accordance with the provisions of our state of emergency legislation. Said Sebastian Pinera in a message to the government palace.

The increase in prices of metro tickets, from 800 to 830 pesos (1.04 euros) at peak times, after already a first increase of 20 pesos in January set fire to the powder.

Looting, fires, destruction of gates and turnstiles in the metro have multiplied.

In various parts of the city, protesters erected barricades and clashed with the police.

President Pinera called the protesters delinquents.

"This desire to break everything is not a protest, it's criminal," he said in a radio interview.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld


" We will have to take our responsibility as an international coalition to stop any resurgence of Daesh," said Emmanuel Macron on October 16, 2019.

Faced with the risk of dispersion of jihadists in the hands of Syrian Kurds, Jean-Yves Le Drian discussed this Thursday in Iraq the possible transfer and trial of jihadists in Iraq.

A risk of "dispersion" and resurgence of the IS

Since Turkey launched a military offensive against a Syrian Kurdish militia on 9 October, Europeans fear that thousands of jihadists detained by Kurds, including foreigners, will escape to give back to ISIS.

About 12,000 women and children of IS fighters are held in IDP camps in northeastern Syria. Apart from the Iraqis, 2500 to 3000 foreigners are among these prisoners. France has about 200 adults and 300 children in camps and prisons under Kurdish control.

Paris fears that jihadists imprisoned in Syria will benefit from the chaos created by the Turkish intervention to escape. Some could join the "dormant cells" to "recombine" while others might want to return to France, possibly to commit attacks. In case these jihadists do not escape, they will fall into the hands of the Damascus regime with the risk that Bashar Al Assad uses them as bargaining chips.

For judgments on the spot

France, like many other countries, refuses to repatriate these jihadists because of fears of attacks and the hostility of opinion, and wants them to be judged as close to where they committed their crimes . On 16 October, Édouard Philippe reminded senators: "Some of those detained in Syria by the Kurds have committed crimes in Iraq and may therefore, if necessary, be brought to court on the spot. "

The goal of Jean-Yves Drian would be to get Baghdad a transfer as soon as possible on his soil to judge them. It remains to agree on the financial compensation: in April, the Iraqis had advanced the figure of 2 billion dollars (1.8 billion euros) to judge all nationals of the member states of the international coalition.

The foreign minister wants to find with the Iraqi government "how to implement (a) adapted jurisdictional mechanism" to judge "in the best conditions" these fighters.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld


Turkey and the United States have reached a five-day ceasefire agreement.

Turkey will end its offensive in Syria for five days after the withdrawal of Kurdish forces, US Vice President Mike Pence told Ankara.

To allow a withdrawal of Kurdish forces "under 120 hours, all military operations under Operation Source of Peace will be suspended and the operation will be completely stopped once this withdrawal is complete," said Mike Pence after four hours Negotiating with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

A temporary truce confirmed by Turkey in the wake. "We can stop the operation only when the Kurdish forces have withdrawn completely from the region," said Mevlut Cavusoglu, head of Turkish diplomacy.

Kurdish forces will have to withdraw from an area of ​​32 km deep which will serve as a "safe zone", leaving the field open to Turkey in this part of northern Syria.

The agreement actually achieves all the goals Turkey has set for launching its so-called offensive

"Source of peace" in the northeast of Syria, namely the control of an area 32 kilometers deep and 400 kilometers long by the Turkish army and its Syrian counterparts and the total withdrawal of Kurdish fighters.

Moreover Syrian refugees currently hosted in Turkey will be able to settle there as desired by the Kurdish authorities.

Mike Pence also said that President Trump would repeal the sanctions against Turkey after the end of the offensive.

A "big day" for Donald Trump. A great diplomatic step for Erdogan who will meet Vladimir Putin in Sochi on Tuesday, October 22, 2019, precisely in 5 days...

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld



The military withdrawal of American troops rebuffs the geopolitical maps of the region and makes great winners.

Turkey is of course benefiting from this situation, which penetrates largely into the border zone of about 30 kilometers deep, held by the YPG, preventing the creation of an autonomous Kurdish region.

Erdogan is also increasing its popularity by promising to resettle some of the Syrian refugees currently in Turkey on the conquered lands.

With the withdrawal of US troops in northern Syria, Bashar al-Assad is a big winner. Indeed the Kurds have been forced to turn to Damascus to hope to face the offensive of Turkey.

The Turkish forces have already conquered a territorial strip of about 120 kilometers, from the border town of Tal Abyad to the west of Ras al-Ain.

"We know that we will have to make painful compromises," but "between the compromises and the genocide of our people, we will choose life," FDS commander Mazloum Abdi told Foreign Policy magazine to justify the alliance.

The Syrian army deployed on Monday about 30 kilometers south of Ras al-Ain, where the Turkish soldiers and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), the main coalition of Kurdish and Arab fighters, clash.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is also a winner. Thanks to the agreement with the Kurdish militia it can now recover the north of the country, while the latter fighting against Daesh, had managed to unify their province along the border with Turkey, to form a territory representing 31% from Syria.

The power of Damascus will be able to recover on the Kurds large territories, in exchange for its protection.

The Syrian regime, drained financially, will also recover some of the oil revenues previously confiscated by the Kurds

The Russians intervened in Syria in September 2015 and allowed the leader of Damascus to repel the Syrian rebellion including Aleppo at the end of 2016, or Eastern Ghouta, near Damascus, in 2018.

And the withdrawal of the Americans from Syria, where many Russian bases are installed, consecrates the influence of Russia in this sensitive region of the globe and so rich in oil.

Iran shares with Moscow the satisfaction of seeing the Americans leave the region. Stakeholder with Russia and Turkey of the agreements of Astana on Syria, Teheran is thus also in the camp of the victors.

"The Kurds have failed to convert their territorial conquests in recognition of their demands, as these conquests were conditioned by the American presence," concludes Manon-Nour Tannous, specialist of the Arab world.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld




Ecuador's main indigenous organization agreed on Saturday to hold talks with President Lenin Moreno, who in turn declared a curfew in Quito over "intolerable" violence on the 11th day of an unprecedented social crisis provoked by economic reforms in exchange for an IMF loan.

Faced with the worst crisis of his term, the Head of State, elected in 2017, announced on Twitter the entry into force at 15:00 (midnight in Paris) of this measure in the capital and its surroundings, where he has also ordered the establishment of military control.He had already transferred on Monday, the seat of government in Guayaquil (southwest), while the state of emergency was decreed for 60 days and 74 000 military and police officers had been deployed.

"After a process of consultation with communities, organizations, peoples, nationalities and social organizations, we decided to participate in direct dialogue" with Lenin Moreno, said Saturday in a statement the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (Conaie)


Violent clashes in Quito

But at the same time, violent clashes continued in the capital, between protesters throwing stones and firing homemade rockets and police replicating with tear gas and rubber bullets.

In addition, hooded protesters set fire to the office of the Inspectorate General of Finance in northern Quito. Interior Minister Maria Paula Romo announced on Twitter the evacuation of the area so that "the rescue teams can fight the fire and take care of the staff inside." According to the prosecutor's office, 34 people were arrested.

Other attacks targeted the Teleamazonas TV station and El Mercurio newspaper in Quito.

The indigenous movement, the spearhead of the protest, hastened to deny any involvement in these attacks

"Outside the IMF"

On Friday, in a televised speech, the head of state called on indigenous leaders to "dialogue directly" in order to "find solutions" to the crisis triggered by his announcement of reforms, in return for a loan from the International Monetary Fund. (IMF) $ 4.2 billion.

In the evening, Conaie had initially refused, believing that this offer of dialogue "lacks credibility". She added that she would negotiate only once "repealed" the decree removing fuel subsidies, the most controversial measure.

The organization now accepts a meeting with the president to discuss the "withdrawal or revision of the decree", after more than a week of protests that have killed six, 937 wounded and 1,121 arrests, according to the office of the Defender of the People, a public defender of rights.

Blockages and strike movements

The natives - 25% of the 17.3 million inhabitants - reject the elimination of subsidies on fuel, which affects them with full force: constituting 68% of the poor in the country, they work mainly in agriculture and see to lift the cost of transport for the sale of their products.

Road blocks continued to paralyze a large part of the country on Saturday, while public transport was almost non-existent.

In addition, there were also several strike movements and blockades of oil wells in the Amazon, which has already forced Ecuador to suspend the distribution of nearly 70% of its crude output.

Lenin Moreno accuses his predecessor Rafael Correa (2007-2017), a former ally turned political opponent, of having "activated" a "destabilization plan" with the help of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro.

He received on Friday the support of Washington who, through his Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, highlighted the "efforts" of the Ecuadorian government "to institutionalize democratic practices and implement the necessary economic reforms».

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld



Typhoon Hagibis hit Japan on Saturday shortly before 7 pm, especially on the giant conurbation of Tokyo, with floods, wind gusts of up to 125 mph, and landslides. ground. Tens of thousands of people evacuated, following the instructions, more than 90 wounded and at least fourteen died. Ten people are still missing.

Half a million homes without electricity

A magnitude 5.7 earthquake broke out in Chiba, off the coast at 6:22 pm (11:22 am Paris time), without causing a tsunami.

The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) warned of landslides, high waves and floods. The "unprecedented" intensity of precipitation according to the JMA had pushed it to emit its maximum rainfall alert level, reserved for foreseeable disaster situations.

Several rivers have emerged from their beds, including the Tama River west of Tokyo bordering densely populated areas. Several alarms due to overflowing water have also resounded at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant (north). -est), devastated since the March 2011 tsunami, but Tokyo Electric Power has not reported a serious anomaly at this stage.

Nearly half a million households in the Tokyo area were without power on Saturday during the storm.

Rugby World Cup matches postponed

The storm also disrupted the organization of two sports competitions held in Japan: (France-England and New Zealand-Italy) and Sunday (Namibia-Canada) were canceled.In contrast, the match between Japan and Scotland , decisive for qualifying for the quarter-finals and threatened because of typhoon Hagibis, will be played as scheduled Sunday in Yokohama.

Japan is hit by twenty typhoons each year. Before Hagibis, Faxai had killed at least two people in early September and caused extensive damage to Chiba.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld


Turkey 's offensive in northeastern Syria, launched on Wednesday (October 9th), provoked an international outcry and worries the international community, which fears disastrous consequences caused by the unilateral decision of Ankara.

1 ° The escape of jihadists

By fighting Kurds, Turkey is taking the risk of promoting the reorganization of the IS.

Indeed the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a group whose core is made up of Kurdish YPG) fought the Islamic State in Syria with Western air support. On the ground, it is therefore YPG which today manages the prisons in which the approximately 10,000 jihadists, including 2,000 foreigners, captured during the fighting, are locked up.

The Kurds of north-eastern Syria also have control of the camps housing about 80,000 family members of these jihadists and in which the jihadist ideology continues.

The security of these camps, which is already a problem, is of the utmost concern to the Europeans now that this offensive is under way.

Indeed, the Turks would have knowingly targeted these camps and prisons thus liberating jihadists voluntarily.

Moreover, the Kurds, mobilizing their energy on the resistance to the Turkish offensive, can no longer monitor the camps so effectively.

The proof is that this Sunday, October 13, 2019, 795 relatives of jihadists would have escaped the camp of Ain Issa, located in the north of Syria, in the region of Raqqa, announced Sunday, October 13 the Kurdish authorities.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH) confirmed that women and children from IS families, including foreigners, were among those who fled the camp. The NGO, based in London and working with a network of informants on the Syrian field, also confirms that the guards of the camp "left" it to go to support the Kurdish forces fighting the Syrian deputies, to ten kilometers of there. Bombings also targeted the area around the camp, said the Kurdish authorities and the OSDH.

2 ° The refoundation of the IS and new attacks

If the fall of the self-proclaimed caliphate was announced in March by the SDS, the jihadist group is trying to reform and maintains a presence in several parts of Syria through dormant cells.

Moreover, the hypothesis of a flight of some radical Islamists to other jihad lands is to be taken seriously, forty or so French jihadists had managed to leave the province of Idleb, Syria, to join other cells in South-East Asia, Afghanistan and the Sahel. And some imprisoned jihadists who could escape could also return to Europe ... to perpetrate attacks.

3 ° The buffer zone "a caliphate bis"?

At the end of this offensive, Ankara wants to create a buffer zone of 30 km long and 500 km wide between the Turkish border and Syrian areas controlled by Kurdish militia in the region, to re-implant two of the 3.5 millions of Syrian refugees present in Turkey. But for the Frenchman André Hébert, who fought in Syria alongside the Kurds against the jihadists, the creation of this buffer zone is tantamount to offering them "a caliphate bis, placed, this time, under the protection of NATO," denounces it in Humanity.

He accuses Turkish secret services of "turning a blind eye" on the passage of jihadists from Turkey to Syria. He added that "the groups on which Turkey relies to conduct this offensive are Daesh veterans and the al-Nusra Front [the Syrian branch of al-Qaeda]. ". The verse would already be in the fruit.

4 ° The fear of a new humanitarian crisis

Operation "Source of Peace" has thrown nearly 100,000 people on the roads. The death toll stands at a hundred dead ( 85 Kurdish fighters as well as 38 civilians) , according to the NGO Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH). World Food Program fears that already critical humanitarian crisis is worsening

. "Fears include, of course, the duration of the offensive and the strength of the latter and the impact on civilians," says his spokesman, Herve Verhoosel.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld



The 100th Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopian Prime Minister, who succeeds Denis Mukwege, a Congolese gynecologist, a symbol of the fight against sexual violence, and Nadia Murad, Yazidi activist, ex-slave of the group. Islamic State.

Abiy is rewarded "for his efforts to achieve peace and for international cooperation, especially for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with Eritrea," said the Nobel Committee Chair Norwegian, Berit Reiss-Andersen.

The award also aims to "recognize all actors working for peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia and the regions of East and North-East Africa," she added. The Norwegian committee stresses in particular the role of Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki.

"Peace does not come from the actions of a single actor. When Prime Minister Abiy extended his hand, President Afwerki seized it and helped to formalize the peace process between the two countries, "he said.

Mr. Abiy said he was "honored" and "delighted" to receive this "prize given to Africa". "I imagine other leaders in Africa will think that it is possible to work on peacebuilding processes on our continent," said the young Ethiopian leader in a brief telephone conversation with the Nobel institutions, who put it online.

The son of modest villagers who became chief spy, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, Nobel Peace Prize winner 2019, initiated profound changes in Ethiopia. Since taking the reins of the country in April 2018, the forty-year-old has rocked a regime that has been anchored by more than 25 years of authoritarian exercise of power and has weighed on the dynamics of the Horn of Africa.

Barely six months after his inauguration, 43-year-old Abiy Ahmed had made peace with his Eritrean neighbor, released thousands of dissidents, publicly apologized for the violence of the security forces, and welcomed members of exiled groups described as "terrorists" by his predecessors. The reconciliation with Eritrea has been carried out in earnest. After a historic meeting on 9 July 2018 in Eritrean capital Asmara, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and himself ended a 20-year state of war between the two countries. enemy brothers. The end or at least the beginning of a new era after the death of over 80,000 people during the 1998-2000 civil war.

In addition to Eritrea, Abiy Ahmed has multiplied initiatives on the regional scene. He played an important mediating role in the Sudanese political crisis and tried to revitalize the fragile South Sudanese peace agreement.

More recently, he has developed his program to open a largely state-controlled economy. It now weighs all its weight for the legislative elections, which it promises inclusive, to be held in May 2020.

In doing so, warn analysts, the young leader has placed himself in a delicate situation: his flagship measures are too radical and too sudden for the old guard of the old regime and not ambitious enough and fast for a youth eager to change and future prospects.

Its opening also freed local territorial ambitions and old inter-communal disputes that led to deadly violence in many parts of the country.

The young leader has instilled a certain optimism in a region of the world where it is a rare commodity. "A breath of hope is blowing over the Horn of Africa," said UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres in September 2018. But the road ahead for a firm and final peace is still long, say analysts .

"The Norwegian Nobel Committee hopes the Nobel Peace Prize will strengthen Prime Minister Abiy in his important work for peace and reconciliation," said Reiss-Andersen.

It is both a recognition and an encouragement of one's efforts. We are aware that a lot of work remains »

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld


Turkey's offensive in northeastern Syria is officially launched.

Air strikes targeted several border towns. At least 15 people, including eight civilians, were killed on Wednesday during the Turkish offensive against Kurdish forces in northeastern Syria, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH). Thousands of civilians have fled, or are still trying to flee the areas bombed by the Turkish army.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced on Wednesday, October 9, 2019 the beginning of a new military operation, called "Source of Peace", against the Kurdish militia of the People's Protection Units (YPG), Syrian brother of the PKK, considered by Ankara as a "terrorist" group.

This attack is presented by Turkey as an operation intended to fight "against the terrorists of the Protection Units of the Kurdish people, and of the Islamic State group" - an action "in the name of the homeland", according to Türkiye. For the Daily Sabah, Turkey's offensive is "a question of national sovereignty", provoked by "the terrorist elements linked to the Kurdistan Workers' Party" (PKK), accused of "targeting the security of Turkey and the region".

"A safe zone", according to Ankara

Turkey would initially consider taking control of a 120-kilometer-long, 30-kilometer stretch of land stretching from Tal Abyad to Ras al-Ain. Eventually, Ankara intends to create a "security zone", a kind of buffer 30 km deep stretching from the Euphrates to the Iraqi border, 480 km.

According to Ankara, this zone would be used to accommodate some of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees in Turkey and to separate the Turkish border from the territories conquered by the YPG in Syrian chaos. It is meant to bring "peace and security" to Syria, according to Erdogan.

The procrastination of Donald Trump

This Turkish incursion into Syria was made possible by Donald Trump's desire to withdraw American troops from Syria. But Turkey is attacking an ally of the United States in Syria in the fight against ISIS. Even though the White House tenant admitted that the intervention was a "bad idea", the United States will not try to stop it, on the grounds that the Kurds, according to Donald Trump, did not " helped during the Second World War ", nor" helped in Normandy "!!

A real international outcry

Abroad, the Turkish offensive as the attitude of the American president, cause a real uproar. The outbreak of the offensive has been strongly condemned by several countries fearing chaos that could pave the way for the return of the Islamic State group in force and which casts uncertainty over the fate of the jihadists captured by the Protection Units. of the Kurdish people.

The European demanded the end of the offensive launched by Turkey. "She will not give results. And if Turkey's plan is to create a safe area, do not wait for EU funding, "said European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker.

The UN calls on Ankara to "spare civilians" and "exercise maximum restraint". The UN Security Council is scheduled to meet urgently and in camera on Thursday, October 10, at the request of its European members.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


What message does the White House want to send by issuing Sunday night the idea of ​​a general withdrawal of US forces from Syria?

The withdrawal of US troops from northern Syria

White House spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham reported Sunday evening in a statement by Donald Trump and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan. "Turkey will soon start its planned operation in northern Syria. The United States Armed Forces will neither support nor participate in the operation, and the US forces, after defeating the Islamic State's [IS] territorial "caliphate", will no longer be in the immediate vicinity, announces the spokesperson ..

On his Twitter account, Donald Trump refers to a general withdrawal of the thousand American soldiers deployed in the area protecting the Kurdish forces. The latter, allied with the United States, have fought against the IS.

But for Ankara, the Kurds are assimilated to terrorist groups because of their links with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

Two questions then follow after Donald Trump's tweet:

Is the United States abandoning the Kurds of Syria, who were the fighters, along with the Allies, of ISIS to their fate, while Washington was trying so far to set up an interposition mechanism to avoid a direct confrontation between Turks and Kurds.

Does Washington therefore allow Turkey to settle its dispute by arms against the Kurds of Syria?

Towards a Turkish offensive against the Kurds of Northern Syria?

Turkey said Tuesday it is ready to launch a new offensive in Syria against a Kurdish militia. Reinforcing the impression that an offensive against the People's Protection Units (YPG) was imminent, the Turkish Ministry of Defense indicated that "all preparations for an operation have been completed".

Turkey would initially consider taking control of a 120-kilometer-long strip of land stretching some 30 km from the cities of Tal Abyad to Ras al-Ain, according to Hürriyet. Eventually, Ankara intends to create a "security zone", a kind of buffer 30 km deep stretching from the Euphrates to the Iraqi border, 480 km.

According to Ankara, this zone would be used to accommodate some of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees in Turkey and to separate the Turkish border from the territories conquered by the YPG in Syrian chaos.

The warning of Donald Trump

But accused in his own camp of releasing US allies, President Trump had to reorient his speech Monday saying it would "completely destroy the economy of Turkey" if it "exceeded the limits".

"We are leaving Syria, but we have absolutely not abandoned the Kurds who are great people and wonderful fighters," he said Tuesday in a tweet. "We help the Kurds financially (and by providing them with weapons)".

US officials have sought to stand out from any military operation in Ankara and minimize the departure of US troops, citing the mere redeployment of 50 to 100 special forces. A senior State Department official said Monday that US forces, who control the airspace in northeastern Syria, had closed it to Turkish aviation. "We do not intend to change this in the near future," he said.

Still, this confusion is worrying the rest of the international community, the UN says Monday to "prepare for the worst" in case of a new humanitarian crisis in Syria, where the conflict has since 2011 millions of displaced and has cost more lives  370,000 people.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



Après quatre mois de manifestations à Hong Kong, la non-violence a cédé la place aux affrontements brutaux entre manifestants et police antiémeute.

Cela fait plusieurs semaines que de nombreuses manifestations violentes ont lieu à Hong Kong, des événements qui ont débuté en signe de protestation contre une loi d’extradition permettant à la Chine d’avoir son mot à dire sur le système juridique de la région.

Si au départ les rassemblements se voulaient pacifiques , depuis quelques semaines ils ont mené à de violents affrontements entre les manifestants et les autorités.

Une inexorable spirale de violence, qui a débouché, début octobre, sur des tirs à balles réelles de la part de la police, et des cocktails Molotov de la part des manifestants.

Vendredi dernier , face aux débordements, le gouvernement de Carrie Lam a voté une ordonnance d’urgence qui interdit « toute couverture faciale susceptible d’empêcher l’identification ».

Masques et vêtements portés par les manifestants, mais aussi maquillage aptes à tromper les systèmes de reconnaissance faciale tombent sous cette interdiction. Chaque personne qui ne respecte pas cette nouvelle loi s’expose à une amende d’environ 3 200 dollars et risque jusqu’à un an de prison.

« Nous pensons que la nouvelle loi aura un nouvel effet dissuasif contre les manifestants violents masqués et les émeutiers. Hong Kong n’est pas en état d’urgence, mais nous sommes en effet dans un moment très dangereux », a déclaré la cheffe de l'exécutif.

Alors que Carrie Lam espérait avec cette loi, une vieille loi d'urgence remontant à l'époque coloniale, provoquer un effet dissuasif, elle a au contraire raviver les violences. Des manifestations quasi quotidiennes ont encore dégénéré ces derniers jours en des affrontements entre policiers et radicaux, lesquels se sont en outre livrés à des actes généralisés de vandalisme.
Les Hongkongais ont bravé deux interdictions: celle de manifester sans permission préalable et celle de porter un masque. Une douzaine de personnes ont toutefois été arrêtées mardi 6 octobre, dont une fillette de 10 ans. Les deux premiers contrevenants à la loi antimasque, de 18 et 38 ans, ont été inculpés lundi matin et seront jugés le 18 novembre.

Un geste de défi de la jeunesse hongkongaise face aux autorités chinoises

Quelques dates:

9 juin 2019. Un million de personnes manifestent contre le projet de loi autorisant les extraditions vers la Chine.

12 juin. Des violences inédites font 79 blessés, un militant meurt en tombant d’un toit.

15 juin. La cheffe de l’exécutif local, Carrie Lam, annonce la suspension du projet. Le lendemain, près de deux millions de manifestants exigent sa démission.

1er juillet. 22e anniversaire de la rétrocession, des manifestants saccagent le Parlement local.

12 août. L’aéroport de Hong Kong envahi par les manifestants, les vols sont annulés.

4 septembre. Carrie Lam annonce le retrait définitif du projet contesté.

29 septembre. La police use de gaz lacrymogène, balles en caoutchouc et canons à eau contre des manifestants qui jettent des pierres et des cocktails Molotov.

1er octobre 2019. Un manifestant  blessé à la poitrine par un tir à balle réelle de la police.

Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.




Pendant le mois d’octobre, l'organisation Extinction Rebellion lance un appel mondial à des actions non-violentes « en faveur du monde vivant ». Après avoir occupé un centre commercial samedi à Paris, l'ONG annonce deux semaines d'actions de désobéissance civile non-violente destinées à alerter les citoyens sur le réchauffement climatique et le risque d'extinction de l'humanité Avec pour but : mettre la pression sur la classe politique.

« Extinction Rébellion" exige que soient reconnues la gravité et l'urgence des crises climatiques.

Une mobilisation internationale

La France n'est pas le seul pays concerné par cette semaine de mobilisation. Des actions similaires auront lieu dans plus de 60 villes à travers le monde, notamment à Londres, Berlin, Melbourne, New York ou encore à New Delhi, en Inde. Des dizaines de blocages- dans des lieux souvent tenus secrets mais hautement symboliques- sont prévus à travers le monde, signe que le jeune mouvement international est en plein essor.

Le droit de désobéissance face à l'urgence ?

Ce mouvement revendique des militants blasés par les méthodes classiques d'une démocratie qu'ils estiment malade.

Né au Royaume-Uni en octobre 2018 sous l'impulsion de plusieurs universitaires - qui dénoncent l'apathie des politiques face à l'urgence climatique- le mouvement affirme rejeter toute forme de violence, mais encourage la désobéissance civile s'inspirant ainsi de la stratégie de lutte pour les droits civiques aux Etats-Unis ou celle des suffragettes. Car face à l'urgence du défi climatique seul ce mode d'action peut, selon eux, faire réagir les pouvoirs publics.

Le sablier, devenu leur emblème, symbolise d'ailleurs l'urgence qui justifie une certaine forme de radicalité. « L’argument des militants c’est que lorsque le gouvernement n’est pas fidèle aux engagements pour lesquels le peuple a voté, ils ont le droit de désobéir aux règles édictées par la société. », explique Sandra Laugier, professeure de philosophie à l’Université Paris 1 Sorbonne-Panthéon.

Une communication et visibilité efficaces

Les organisations n’hésitent donc pas à mettre en scène leurs actions, à inviter les médias et à soigner leur communication. D'autant que ce mode d'action bénéficie « d’une bonne réputation morale, selon Sandra Laugier. Surtout, elle sait jouer avec une image de vulnérabilité revendiquée, comme Gandhi et sa stature frêle. C’est pourquoi ces milieux mettent en avant des enfants », comme Greta Thunberg en Suède, 16 ans, Léah Namugerwa, 15 ans, en Ouganda, ou la Thaïlandaise de douze ans, Ralyn Satidtanasarn.

En juin dernier, ce sont plusieurs dizaines d'activistes qui s'étaient allongés dans l'enceinte du Musée d'histoire naturelle de Londres pour mettre en lumière les extinctions massives d'espèces. Toujours en  juin, c'étaient les mêmes qui avaient déversé des litres de faux sang sur les marches du Trocadéro à Paris, toujours pour dénoncer le déclin de la biodiversité.

Une instrumentalisation de l'écologie ?

Mais pour l'ancienne mininistre de l'écologie Ségolène Royal l'ONG instrumentaliserait l'écologie. « C'est une dégradation de l'image de l'écologie, de l'image de l'environnement. Cela risque de disqualifier toutes les actions pro-environnementales qui risquent d'être associées à ce type d'agressions et de violences », a-t-elle déclaré, lundi 7 octobre sur France-Inter.

« L'écologie c'est la paix donc la violence c'est le contraire », a-t-elle poursuivi.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



Depuis trois jours, des manifestations aux revendications multiples agitent la capitale Bagdad et plusieurs villes irakiennes. Un couvre-feu a été instauré par les autorités dans plusieurs villes.

Une mobilisation spontanée

A l'origine de la contestation l 'éviction du gouvernement du patron du contre-terrorisme, le général Abdel Wahab al-Saadi, héros national de la lutte contre l'Etat islamique, une décision perçue comme favorable aux factions pro-Iran en Irak. Mais les manifestants dénoncent surtout la corruption de la classe dirigeante, le taux de chômage élevé chez les jeunes ainsi que l'absence de services publics fonctionnels.

Il s'agit d'un mouvement spontané rassemblant toutes sorte de déçus du gouvernement d'Abdel Mahdi en place depuis le 25 octobre 2018, « pour la première fois sans drapeau, sans affiches et sans slogans de parti », selon le quotidien libéral Al-Bayina al-Jadid.

La réponse musclée des autorités

Face à ces manifestations spontanées, les autorités,ont réagi avec fermeté n'hésitant pas à tirer à plusieurs reprises à balles réelles sur la foule faisant huit morts à Nassiryia, dans le Sud du pays, quatre à Amara, deux autres à Bagdad, et autant à Kout, dans l'Est du pays et plus de 400 blessés. Malgré le couvre-feu décrété dans plusieurs villes les manifestants continuaient d'affluer dans la nuit vers les points de ralliement pour exprimer leur colère. Conscient du rôle des réseaux sociaux, les autorités ont coupé jeudi l'accès à Internet dans une grande partie de l'Irak.

Vers une escalade de la violence

Mercredi, le leader chiite Moqtada Sadr a appelé ses très nombreux partisans à rejoindre les manifestants pour des « sit-in pacifiques » et une « grève générale », faisant craindre une explosion de la mobilisation. En 2016, ils avaient déjà paralysé le pays avec des manifestations dans la capitale et avaient notamment forcé l'entrée de la Zone verte où siègent les plus hautes institutions irakiennes et l'ambassade américaine.

Aussitôt après, la municipalité de Bagdad a déclaré jeudi jour chômé pour les fonctionnaires, ce qui pourrait permettre aux forces de l'ordre de renforcer leur quadrillage de cette ville tentaculaire de neuf millions d'habitants et de resserrer l'étau autour des manifestants.

Craignant une escalade, l'ONU a appelé à la « retenue ».

Pour le président irakien Barham Saleh, « manifester pacifiquement » est « un droit constitutionnel » et « les forces de l'ordre sont là pour protéger les droits des citoyens ». La Commission des droits de l'Homme du Parlement irakien a, de son côté, dénoncé une « répression » dont « les responsables devront rendre des comptes ».

Dans un communiqué, la commission gouvernementale des droits de l'Homme a fait état de cent morts et plus de 4000 blessés depuis mardi. Quelque 500 personnes ont été arrêtées mais une grande partie ont été libérées. La plupart des manifestants tués l'ont été par balles, selon des sources médicales.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld



Dismantled plastic dummies wearing armbands and press bibs.

A tribute gathering at 13:14 in front of the former Saudi consulate in Istanbul, the precise moment when, a year ago to the day, the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was crossing the door to never again come out and for which justice has still not been rendered.

A year ago, on October 2, 2018, the journalist Jamal Khashoggi - criticizing the Wahhabi kingdom and exiled to the United States in 2017 - was murdered in the precincts of the Saudi consulate in Istanbul where he was returned for the purpose of her marriage.

A commando of fifteen agents from Ryad was waiting for the journalist to end his life in gruesome conditions, as the Turkish investigation revealed. Khashoggi was reportedly killed by strangulation. His body was dismembered so that he could be dissolved and put in crates before being flown out of the country.

Very quickly, the accusations fuse against the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman who affirms, at the time, that Jamal Khashoggi entered the consulate but came out shortly thereafter, before recognizing that he was killed during a "fist fight".

On October 24, 2018, MBS reacts for the first time publicly: "This is a hideous and totally unjustifiable incident." Despite this stance, the image of the Saudi kingdom will continue to fade over the revelations.

The CIA will eventually accuse Crown Prince MBS of sponsoring the murder of the dissident journalist at the premises of the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul.

In November, Washington announces sanctions against Saudi officials. Germany, France and Canada are following suit.

On September 26, the US TV channel PBS reports quotations from "MBS" that he said in December 2018 to take responsibility for the murder, but assured that he only became aware of it after the fact . "I take full responsibility as leader of Saudi Arabia, especially that it was committed by individuals working for the Saudi government," he assured. The Wahhabi Kingdom is bringing 11 suspects to justice in a stalled trial.

Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Salman, whom Mr Khashoggi criticized in the pages of the Washington Post and many observers suspect of being the sponsor of the operation, was not concerned.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



Le président chinois Xi Jinping a promis, ce lundi 30 septembre 2019, de continuer à respecter l’autonomie de Hong Kong, alors que l’ex-colonie britannique, rendue à la Chine en 1997, est secouée depuis juin par des manifestations pro-démocratie.

S'exprimant lors d’une réception à Pékin à la veille de la célébration des 70 ans du régime communiste, Xi Jinping s’est engagé à poursuivre l’application du principe

« Un pays, deux systèmes » dans le territoire et à respecter son « haut degré d’autonomie »

Depuis plusieurs mois les Hongkongais descendent dans la rue: de violents affrontements ont opposé, pas plus tard que dimanche 29 septembre les forces de l'ordre aux manifestants prodémocratie.

Cette forte mobilisation inquiète Pékin à la veille de la célébration des 70 ans de la Chine communiste.

Une victoire pour les Hongkongais jaloux de leur statut.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld



Iran's top diplomat, Mohammad Javad Zarif, said on Thursday that a Saudi or US riposte in Iran would lead to "total war," but said his country would not want war but would defend itself if needed.

This Saturday, September 21, the leader of the Revolutionary Guards, the Iranian ideological army, warned that any country attacking the Islamic Republic of Iran would see its territory become "the main battleground" of the conflict.

"Whoever wants his land to become the main battlefield, go ahead."

"We will never allow a war to encroach on the territory of Iran," he added in a martial tone. The warning comes as the US has announced not only new sanctions on the Iranian banking sector, but also the sending of military reinforcements to the Gulf, after attacks on oil facilities in Saudi Arabia have halved the Saudi oil production.

These attacks, led by Yemeni Houthi rebels but attributed to Iran by Ryad and Washington, have revived fears of a military clash between the United States and Iran.

But US President Donald Trump, campaigning for the presidential elections, has no interest in triggering a conflict showing itself less warring war.

Although he warned on Friday that "there has never been a more prepared country" than the United States, he has nevertheless praised the merits of restraint.

"It would be the easy way for me," "hit 15 major sites in Iran," "it would only take a minute," and "it would be a very bad day for Iran."

"But that's not what I prefer, if possible," he chained.

Tensions between the United States and Iran have steadily increased since the US unilateral withdrawal in May 2018 of the Iranian international nuclear agreement reached in 2015 followed by the reestablishment of heavy American sanctions against Iran.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld



Three and a half years after the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, three former leaders of the Tepco group, who operated the Fukushima nuclear power plant during the 2011 disaster, were acquitted by the Tokyo court on Thursday (September 19th).

Ksunéhisa Katsumata, president of the company from 2002 to 2012, and his two vice-presidents, Ichirô Takékuro and Sakaé Mutô, were facing five years in prison for "negligence causing death" for not taking into account reports tsunami risk exceeding the resistance capacity of the plant.

The prosecution of former leaders was based on the deaths of 44 patients at Futaba Hospital, a few kilometers from the plant, who had not been able to withstand the emergency evacuation in extreme bus that has long gone round before finding a base. For these elderly people, the test was fatal.

These three former managers of the operator of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, the only natural persons to be tried, pleaded not guilty. During the trial, Mr. Katsumata stated that he was not involved in day-to-day security decisions and that he relied on the work of his subordinates in charge of these matters. No work was therefore carried out to protect the site before the powerful earthquake, responsible for the tidal wave that engulfed the generating sets of the plant, stopped the cooling of the nuclear fuel and caused its melting.

However, the judge ruled that they could not be found guilty of the consequences of the nuclear disaster triggered by the tsunami that occurred on March 11, 2011. If the tsunami killed 18,500 people in northeastern Japan, nuclear accident itself did not have any casualties on the spot.

The Japanese state and Tepco have already been punished by the courts on several occasions, following numerous collective complaints and fined symbolically by a local court. Six months earlier, another instance had condemned both Tepco and the Japanese state for negligence in this case, but again, the fine had been symbolic.

In addition, Tepco has compensated the victims of the tragedy for years, receiving the money from a fund specially created and funded by the state and all Japanese electricity companies.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld


Who is the prime minister for Israe ?

No winner emerged after the parliamentary elections in Israel. Likud, the party from which Benyamin Netanyahu emerged, won 32 seats, tied with the centrist party Kahol Lavan ("Blue-white") of Benny Gantz, former chief of staff of the army after the counting of 92% of the newsletters.

The "united list" of Arab parties would also get 12 seats and could establish itself as the third political force in the Knesset, followed by the Israel Beiteinou party of the former minister Avigdor Lieberman (9 seats).

The two major parties are far from the 61 seats needed to win a majority in Parliament.

The right-wing coalition of the prime minister gets 56 seats. The head of the Hebrew State has already announced that there will be no third election. So there is no choice left to the formations to make alliances.

Benyamin Netanyahu announced that he was waiting for official results, but was ready to form a coalition again. "In the coming days, we will begin negotiations for the establishment of a strong Zionist government," said the current Israeli prime minister. The Arab parties are excluded from the discussions, despite their high score, since the government can not rely on Arab anti-Zionist parties.

Benny Gantz announced, for his part, that he had already started negotiating to speak with "everyone". "Tonight begins the repair business of Israeli society. Unity and reconciliation are before us. He commented.

All eyes are turned to the former Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman, already qualified by some media as "king maker".

The latter defends the idea of ​​a government of national unity with Blanc et bleu and, why not, the Likud rid of the influence of ultra-Orthodox Jewish parties and Arab parties.

The centrists consider the proposal interesting but do not want to hear of a compromise with Benyamin Netanyahu because of his involvement for alleged corruption in three court cases. Benny Gantz, however, will have trouble forming a coalition without the Likud ...

Negotiations between the different formations of the country will be tight and each of the two rivals will have to try to convince the head of state Reuven Rivlin that he is best placed to form a coalition...

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



En guerre avec les rebelles yéménites Houthi, l'Arabie saoudite a fait face, samedi15 septembre, à une attaque de drones armés qui ont visé deux installations pétrolières. L'attaque a frappé le site d'Abqaiq, à 60 km au sud-ouest de Dahran. Ce dernier abrite la plus grande usine de traitement du pétrole d'Aramco. L'autre site touché est celui de Khurais, à 250 kilomètres de Dahran, qui est l'un des principaux champs pétroliers de l'entreprise publique.

Suspension provisoire des deux sites

Même si les incendies provoqués à Abqaiq et Khurais ont «ont été maîtrisés», selon le ministère de l'Intérieur, le groupe pétrolier a dû suspendre provisoirement la production sur les deux sites touchés. Le retour à la normale n’est pas pas attendu avant «des semaines plutôt que des jours», a fait savoir dimanche une source au fait de la situation.

Or les installations d’Aramco temporairement mises à l'arrêt représentent 50% de la production totale saoudienne . Elles produisent en effet en temps normal 5,7 millions de barils par jour, sur une production totale saoudienne de 10,3 millions de barils par jour, selon le dernier rapport de l’Opep, soit 5 % de la production mondiale de brut.

Le ministre saoudien de l'Énergie, le prince Abdel Aziz ben Salmane, a par ailleurs indiqué que les explosions dues aux attaques ont également causé l'interruption de la production d'environ 56,6 millions de mètres cubes de gaz associé, extrait avec le brut. Conséquence : il faut s'attendre à une baisse de 50% en éthane et en gaz naturel liquéfié.

Le régime saoudien s'est pourtant voulu rassurant. «Une partie de la baisse (de la production) sera compensée pour les clients par les stocks», a indiqué le ministre saoudien de l'Énergie dans un communiqué. Cinq sites de stockage souterrains, pouvant contenir des dizaines de millions de barils, ont été construits dans plusieurs endroits du royaume pour une extraction en cas d'urgence.

Face à cette situation l’administration américaine s’est tout de même dite prête à exploiter les réserves pétrolières d’urgence des Etats-Unis si nécessaire pour stabiliser l'approvisionnement énergétique mondial, selon la porte-parole du secrétaire à l’énergie.

Une stratégie des rebelles yéménites qui rend l'Arabie saoudite vulnérable

En Arabie saoudite, les drones sont devenus les nouvelles armes des rebelles yéménites Houthis qui constituent une menace sérieuse pour l'Arabie saoudite ultra-dépendante du pétrole. ll s'agit en effet de la troisième attaque du genre en cinq mois contre des infrastructures du mastodonte pétrolier.

Ainsi le 17 août, les Houthis avaient annoncé avoir mené une attaque avec dix drones, « la plus massive jamais lancée en Arabie saoudite », contre le champ de Shaybah qui avait incendié une installation gazière. Déjà le 14 mai, les rebelles yéménites avaient revendiqué une attaque au drone contre deux stations de pompage et un oléoduc reliant l’est et l’ouest de la monarchie wahhabite.L’oléoduc avait alors dû cesser temporairement son activité.

D’après des experts, les attaques des rebelles yéménites montrent qu’ils disposent d’armes sophistiquées et constituent une menace sérieuse pour l’Arabie saoudite ultra-dépendante de son or noir.

« C’est une situation relativement nouvelle pour les Saoudiens », analyse Kamran Bokhari, directeur du Center for Global Policy, basé à Washington,  rappelant que les dispositifs de sécurité étaient plutôt conçus pour parer des attaques à la voiture piégée. « Pendant longtemps, ils n’ont jamais vraiment craint que leurs installations pétrolières seraient frappées depuis le ciel. »

Condamnation de plusieurs pays

Le président américain Donald Trump a fermement condamné ces attaques contre les infrastructures saoudiennes. «Des actions violentes contre des zones civiles et des infrastructures vitales pour l'économie mondiale ne font qu'aggraver les conflits et la méfiance», a pointé la Maison Blanche .

Le ministère français Jean-Yves Le Drian a également condamné des actions qui «ne peuvent qu'aggraver les tensions régionales et les risques de conflit» tandis que l 'Union européenne a pour sa part évoqué «une menace réelle pour la sécurité régionale».

Mike Pompeo accuse l’Iran qui dément

Le secrétaire d’Etat américain, Mike Pompeo,pour sa part, s’en est pris à l’Iran : « Téhéran est derrière une centaine d’attaques contre l’Arabie saoudite, tandis que [le président Hassan] Rohani et [son ministre des affaires étrangères, Mohamad Javad] Zarif prétendent s’engager dans la diplomatie, accuse-t-il sur Twitter. Au milieu de tous ces appels à une désescalade,l’Iran vient de lancer une attaque sans précédent contre l’approvisionnement énergétique de la planète. ».Le porte-parole des affaires étrangères iranien, Abbas Moussavi, a rapidement dénoncé « des accusations et remarques aussi stériles et aveugles [qui] sont incompréhensibles et insensées ». L'Iran a de son côté vigoureusement démenti. «Des accusations et remarques aussi stériles et aveugles sont incompréhensibles et insensées», a déclaré le porte-parole des Affaires étrangères iraniennes, Abbas Moussavi.

Le prince héritier d'Arabie saoudite Mohammed ben Salmane a affirmé que son pays avait « la volonté et la capacité de faire face et répondre à cette agression terroriste », au cours d'un entretien téléphonique avec le président américain Donald Trump.

Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


En guerre avec les rebelles yéménites, l'Arabie saoudite fait face à une nouvelle forme d'attaques. Ces derniers utilisent des drones armés pour viser des raffineries.

La télévision des Houthis, Al-Massira, a en effet fait état « d'une opération d'envergure contre des raffineries à Abqaiq et Khurais » dans l'est du royaume. L'attaque a ciblé deux installations exploitées par la compagnie saoudienne d'hydrocarbures Aramco dans la province orientale de Bugyag.Le site d'Abqaiq, à 60 kilomètres au sud-ouest de Dahra, abrite la plus grande usine de traitement du pétrole d'Aramco tandis que Khurais, à 250 kilomètres de Dahran, est l'un des principaux champs pétroliers de l'entreprise publique qui prépare son entrée en bourse.

En Arabie saoudite, les drones sont devenus les nouvelles armes des rebelles yéménites Houthis qui constituent une menace sérieuse pour l'Arabie saoudite ultra-dépendante du pétrole.

Si les autorités saoudiennes ont tenté de minimiser les conséquences de ces incendies, les attaques aux drones n'en rendent pas moins le pays vulnérable.

« Escalade militaire extrêmement inquiétante »

Les rebelles houtis, soutenus par l’Iran, grand rival régional de l'Arabie saoudite, revendiquent régulièrement des tirs de drones ou de missiles contre des cibles saoudiennes. Ils affirment agir en représailles aux frappes aériennes de la coalition menée par l’Arabie saoudite qui intervient au Yémen depuis 2015 pour soutenir les forces progouvernementales.

Ainsi le 17 août, les Houthis avaient annoncé avoir mené une attaque avec dix drones, « la plus massive jamais lancée en Arabie saoudite », contre le champ de Shaybah qui avait incendié une installation gazière.

Déjà le 14 mai, les rebelles yéménites avaient revendiqué une attaque au drone contre deux stations de pompage et un oléoduc reliant l’est et l’ouest de la monarchie wahhabite.

L’oléoduc avait alors dû cesser temporairement son activité.

L'émissaire de l'ONU pour le Yémen Martin Griffiths s'est dit «extrêmement inquiet à propos des attaques de drone [...] ce jour contre deux installations pétrolières majeures dans le royaume d'Arabie saoudite».

Il a jugé «la récente escalade militaire extrêmement inquiétante».

Le conflit au Yémen a fait des dizaines de milliers de morts, et trois millions de déplacés, d'après les Nations unies. Il s'agit de «la pire catastrophe humanitaire actuelle» selon l'ONU.

Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



On ne votait pas qu’à Moscou ce dimanche, au total 56 millions de Russes, soit environ la moitié des électeurs potentiels, se sont exprimés. Dans 16 régions du pays, il fallait aussi élire les gouverneurs lors de ces scrutins locaux.

Un lourd revers pour Poutine

Selon des résultats provisoires donnés par les agences de presse russes, le parti au pouvoir Russie unie a subi un lourd revers, dimanche 8 septembre, aux élections du Parlement de Moscou. Les candidats soutenus par les autorités ont en effet perdu dans au moins 20 des 45 districts de la capitale. Ils contrôlaient jusqu'à présent 38 sièges du Parlement.

Neuf anciens députés de Russie unie n'auraient pas été réélus, parmi lesquels le chef de la branche moscovite du parti, Andreï Metelsky, qui était élu depuis 2001.

Victoire des communistes

Les candidats communistes sont les grands gagnants de l'élection : ils remporteraient 13 sièges, contre cinq auparavant. Le parti libéral Iabloko aurait trois sièges, une candidate indépendante qu'ils soutenaient l'ayant aussi emporté. Enfin, le parti Russie juste, considéré comme faisant partie de l'opposition « tolérée » par le Kremlin, fait son entrée au Parlement moscovite avec trois députés.

L' opposition muselée mais entendue

Si ces élections ont suscité un vif intérêt, ce n’est donc pas pour leur pur enjeu politique. Mais bien parce que le pouvoir en place a pratiquement systématiquement rejeté les candidatures des membres de l’opposition pour manque de parrainages suffisants.

Alexeï Navalny et plusieurs de ces partisans faisaient partie de ces exclus ainsi que l’avocate Lioubov Sobol. Le principal opposant au Kremlin, Alexeï Navalny, avait appelé à « voter intelligent » en soutenant les mieux placés pour battre les candidats affiliés au pouvoir. Il semble avoir été entendu .

A deux ans des législatives, Navalny avait fait en effet de ce scrutin une étape essentielle de la bataille contre Russie unie, dont la cote est au plus bas depuis plus de dix ans en raison du mécontentement suscité par la hausse de l’âge de la retraite et la baisse constante des revenus.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld


The Chinese government said on Tuesday that it "strongly" supported Carrie Lam at the head of the Hong Kong Executive, after fleeing a recording in which she said she would resign if she had "the choice".

However, he threatened to intervene if the situation deteriorated

"Putting an end to violence and chaos, restoring order, are the most pressing tasks in Hong Kong," Chinese government spokesman Hong Kong and Macao spokesman Yang Guang Guangzhou told reporters. .

But "if the situation were to continue to deteriorate and plunge into chaos that would threaten national sovereignty and security beyond the control of the Hong Kong authorities, the central government would not sit idly by," warned the other. Hong Kong and Macao Office spokeswoman Xu Luying.

Ms. Xu even mentioned a possible intervention of the Chinese army.

The basic law of Hong Kong allows the Chinese parliament to declare a state of emergency in Hong Kong in case of unrest in the territory, she said.

And Beijing recalled that its garrison of several thousand men, based in Hong Kong, could intervene to restore order at the request of the local government.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



L'Iran aurait-il procédé au lancement raté d'un satellite ?

Donald Trump aurait-il diffusé une photo classée secret-défense ?

Deux interrogations à l'heure du bras-de-fer entre Washington et Téhéran sur le nucléaire iranien.

Le cliché de l'explosion apparente d'une fusée en Iran ou un "accident catastrophique"

L'Iran a dévoilé samedi un satellite non endommagé, quelques jours après l'explosion d'une roquette lancée lors du troisième lancement de l'année, que le président américain Donald Trump venait de dénoncer quelques heures plus tôt.

Dans un tweet, accompagné d'une photo, M. Trump a en effet affirmé que cet « accident catastrophique » s'était produit lors des « derniers préparatifs » avant le tir du « lanceur de satellite Safir sur le site de lancement N.1 de Semnan », dans le nord de l'Iran.

Mais les autorités iraniennes ont démenti tout incident sur leur site de lancement.

« J'adresse mes meilleures pensées à l'Iran et lui souhaite bonne chance pour trouver ce qui s'est passé », a écrit le président.

Le cliché- qui accompagne le tweet- en noir et blanc pris à basse altitude montre le pas de tir et ses environs immédiats après l'explosion avec des annotations décrivant les dégâts provoqués par l'incident. Sur une autre image venant de la société Maxar Technologies, en couleur mais moins précise car prise à plus haute altitude jeudi à 11H12 locale, on peut voir une colonne de fumée qui s'échappe du pas de tir.

Quel objectif politique Trumpien ?

Un responsable du ministère de la Défense a indiqué à la chaîne CNBC que le cliché diffusé par le président, qui serait pris avec un téléphone portable, avait été présenté lors d'une réunion des services de renseignement. Donald Trump avait justement vendredi un briefing à son agenda et il a tweeté son message depuis son iPhone.

« Nous avions une photo et je l'ai diffusée, comme j'en ai tout à fait le droit », a confirmé plus tard le président à des journalistes en quittant la Maison Blanche.

La diffusion de ce cliché, qui pourrait être classé secret-défense, a pourtant provoqué l'émoi dans la communauté du renseignement. En effet le locataire de la Maison Blanche pourrait bien avoir révélé un niveau de résolution encore inconnu des satellites espions américains ou que les services secrets ont pris depuis les airs. La diffusion « semble en décalage avec la politique américaine sur la publication de telles données », a commenté Allison Puccioni, ancienne militaire et spécialiste de l'imagerie satellite, affiliée à l'université Stanford.

Le nucléaire iranien en question

Le ministre iranien des Télécommunications, Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi, a démenti vendredi tout incident sur le satellite, sans se prononcer sur le lanceur.

« Apparemment, il y avait des informations sur l'échec de la troisième tentative de mise en orbite du satellite. En fait, Nahid 1 va bien, il est en ce moment dans le laboratoire », a-t-il expliqué, invitant les journalistes à visiter ce laboratoire et terminant son message par le mot-dièse « transparence ». Les deux précédentes tentatives de lancement, en janvier et février, avaient déjà échoué..

Plus tôt, dans un article sur Twitter, Jahromi a cependant déclaré à l'adresse du président américain : «Moi et Nahid 1 en ce moment. Bonjour, Donald Trump! ». Et avec une photo censée le montrer avec le satellite.

L'Iran assure et martèle que son programme de fusées est destiné à un usage strictement civil dans l'espace lançant depuis 2009 plusieurs satellites de fabrication nationale. Mais parce que les fusées utilisent une technologie proche de celle utilisée pour l'emport d'armes nucléaires sur des missiles balistiques de longue portée, Washington se dit suspicieux.

Washington s'est d'ailleurs retiré unilatéralement en mai 2018 de l’accord international sur le nucléaire iranien signé trois ans plus tôt.

L’administration Trump a renforcé les sanctions économiques sur l’Iran afin de l’obliger à renégocier le pacte de 2015  limitant son programme nucléaire. Un bras-de-fer entre Washington et Téhéran des plus préoccupants...

« Ni l'Iran ni aucun autre acteur hostile ne devrait confondre prudence et retenue de la part des États-Unis avec de la faiblesse », avait averti John Bolton en juin dernier.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


Des centaines de manifestants prodémocratie tentent ce dimanche 1 Septembre 2019 de bloquer les accès de l'aéroport de Hong Kong, au lendemain d'une nouvelle journée de contestation, parmi les plus violentes depuis le début du mouvement.

Blocage des accès à l'aéroport

Des manifestants vêtus de noir, portant des masques et se cachant derrière des parapluies pour échapper à la surveillance des caméras, ont érigé des barricades au terminal d'autobus de l'aéroport.

D'autres tentaient une opération escargot sur l'autoroute menant aux terminaux aériens situés sur l'île de Lantau (nord-ouest).

Les opérateurs de l' « Airport Express », le train à grande vitesse reliant le huitième aéroport international le plus fréquenté au monde et le centre de l'ex-colonie britannique, ont annoncé en début la suspension du service, sans donner de justification.

Violents affrontements : cocktails Molotov, barricade incendiée

Hier samedi 31 octobre Hong Kong a de nouveau été le théâtre d’affrontements entre les manifestants pro-démocratie et les forces de l’ordre. Des milliers de militants ont en effet bravé l’interdiction de manifester et sont descendus dans les rues de l’ex-colonie britannique, au lendemain de l’arrestation de plusieurs figures du mouvement dans lequel cinq militants de premiers plans et trois députés ont été interpellés.

Ce samedi marquait également le cinquième anniversaire du refus par Pékin d'organiser des élections au suffrage universel à Hong Kong. Une décision qui fut le déclencheur du « Mouvement des parapluies » de 2014 marquée par l'occupation du cœur financier et politique de la ville 79 jours

Hong Kong a encore plongé dans le chaos avec de violents affrontements : cocktails Molotov, barricade incendiée et se sont invités dans le face à face tendu entre force de l'ordre et manifestants. Vers 18h heure locale, des canons à eau se sont mis à cracher de l’eau colorée en bleu. Selon le média indépendant Hong Kong Free Press, les policiers présents ont déclaré par haut-parleurs que cette eau serait utilisée pour identifier les manifestants, ainsi aisément reconnaissables, en vue de leur arrestation une fois la manifestation dispersée.

Pire crise depuis la rétrocession à la Chine

L'ex-colonie britannique vit depuis trois mois sa plus grave crise politique depuis sa rétrocession à la Chine en 1997, avec des actions quasi-quotidiennes, qui ont parfois dégénéré, pour dénoncer le recul des libertés et les ingérence grandissante de Pékin.

Mme Lam concentre l'ire des manifestants pour ne pas avoir formellement retiré son projet de loi controversé sur les extraditions qui avait été en juin l'élément déclencheur de la mobilisation.

La contestation a élargi ses revendications à la dénonciation de l'influence grandissante de la Chine sur sa région semi-autonome et au recul des libertés.

La manifestation, convoquée par le Front civil des droits de l'homme (FCDH) a organisé les plus grands rassemblements de ces derniers mois, notamment de celui du 18 août qui avait réuni 1,7 million de personnes selon les organisateurs, sans aucun débordement.

Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld


Biarritz will be, for three days, from Saturday 24 to Monday, August 26, the center of the world. The heads of state or government of the seven most industrialized countries are brought together to discuss the major issues of the moment.

Around the table are expected alongside Donald Trump Herault "America first", the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Brexit champion, and the Italian Giuseppe Conte resigned since Tuesday, August 20 at night, ect

Less representative than the G20 that joined the major emerging countries in 2008, it drew strength from its relative cohesion. But it has been shattered since Trump's America exchanged its role as "leader of the free world" for the narrow defense of its interests.

Beyond the family photo, why such a summit in a context where divisions are particularly strong between member countries?

"The G7 needs to evolve. We must work today between leaders who have fewer points of agreement than they had a few years ago ... ", we recognize the side of the Elysee.

If France wanted to put forward a priority, namely the fight against inequalities, global warming, terrorism in the Sahel, the trade war with China, the Iranian nuclear will also be on the table.

Let no one expect a consensus between the great democracies! Place to coalitions with variable geometry, focused on specific open topics, in addition, to non-G7 countries.

In this complicated context, the G7 should end with a declaration rather than a final communiqué.

The summit of industrial democracies, cut off from Russia in 2014, is challenged in its role of world directorate.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


Un échange historique de prisonniers entre l’Ukraine et la Russie a lieu ce samedi 7 septembre, concernant 70 personnes en tout après l’arrivée au pouvoir en Ukraine de l’ancien comédien Volodymyr Zelensky en mai.

C'est le premier échange important de prisonniers depuis le début du conflit dans l'est de l'Ukraine en 2014.

Deux avions transportant 35 prisonniers de chaque côté ont décollé simultanément de Kiev et Moscou et ont atterri peu après midi.

Parmi les prisonniers ukrainiens en Russie figurent notamment les 24 marins ukrainiens arrêtés par les gardes-côtes russes en novembre 2018 au large de la Crimée, deux agents des services secrets ukrainiens SBU ainsi que des prisonniers politiques.

Dans cet échange figure également le cinéaste et militant Oleg Sentsov , de loin, la personnalité la plus emblématique.

Il avait été arrêté en mai 2014 en Crimée et condamné en août 2015 à vingt ans de prison pour « terrorisme » mais aussi

« trafic d’armes ».

Le réalisateur s' était fait connaître en 2018 par une une grève de la faim de 145 jours demandant la libération des prisonniers ukrainiens.

Du côté des prisonniers en Ukraine figurerait une majorité d’Ukrainiens. Parmi eux : le journaliste russo-ukrainien Kyrylo Vychynsky, directeur de l’agence de presse russe RIA Novosti à Kiev inculpé de « haute trahison » au profit de Moscou.

Des paramilitaires ayant participé au conflit dans le Donbass et des déserteurs de Crimée, militaires ukrainiens ayant rejoint l’armée russe lors de l’annexion de la péninsule, en 2014, feraient également partie de la liste.

Un suspect clé dans l’affaire du MH17

Le plus grand flou concerne Vladimir Tsemakh. Cet Ukrainien, commandant des séparatistes pro-russes, ancien de l’armée soviétique, a été inculpé de « terrorisme » par un tribunal de Kiev . Cette semaine, l’Ukraine l'a remis en liberté Volodymyr Tsemakh.

Ancien responsable de la « défense antiaérienne » des séparatistes de l’est de l’Ukraine, Volodymyr Tsemakh, 58 ans, est considéré comme un « suspect clé » dans l’affaire du Boeing MH17 de la Malaysia Airlines abattu en 2014 par un missile russe au-dessus de l’Ukraine, selon une lettre publiée mercredi et signée par 40 députés européens.

Ces 40 députés avaient appelé Volodymyr Zelensky à ne pas extrader Volodymyr Tsemakh vers la Russie, qui réfute farouchement son implication dans la catastrophe du MH17. Le Kremlin aurait exigé qu’il fasse partie de l’échange de prisonniers.

En marge du forum économique de Vladivostok, le président Vladimir Poutine avait annoncé cet échange à venir de prisonniers entre la Russie et l'Ukraine qu'il avait qualifié de «  bonne étape vers la normalisation [des relations russo-ukrainiennes] ».

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld



On October 25, 2019, in Bolivia, incumbent President Evo Morales claimed victory in Sunday's presidential election. The head of state nevertheless left the door open to a possible second round if the final results went in this direction.

"We won in the first round," the outgoing president told a news conference, saying that the official count of 98% of the ballots gave him 46.83% of the vote, against 36.7% to Carlos Mesa .

That is, a gap greater than the 10 percentage points needed to win the first round.

"If we do not win with 10 percentage points difference, we will respect" the result, "if we must go to the second round, we will go," said the head of state, while the counting of the vote is controversial.

To avoid a second round, the candidate in the lead must obtain an absolute majority or at least 40% of the votes and 10 points ahead of the second.

The 59-year-old outgoing president, who is seeking a fourth term, said Wednesday he was sure to win against 66-year-old Carlos Mesa, who is calling for a second round to denounce fraud.

On Wednesday, a general strike was marked by incidents between supporters of both sides, including La Paz and Santa Cruz, the economic capital of Bolivia and opposition stronghold, in the east of the country, from where the general strike.

Some Bolivians, who denounced an "autocracy", did not accept the decision of Evo Morales, who has been in power since 2006, to run for a fourth term, despite the fact that voters voted against a referendum in 2016. In this referendum lost in February 2016, the population refused him to amend the Constitution to seek a fourth term.

The head of state, the first indigenous leader of Bolivia, called the general strike a "coup d'etat" hatched by the right.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


Residents of the Chinese city of Wuhan (center), where the new coronavirus was identified in December, are allowed to return to work and public transport resumes after two months of confinement.

This lifting of restrictions comes at a time when the Ministry of Health did not announce on Monday any new case of contamination for the fifth consecutive day in this metropolis of 11 million souls cradle of the current pandemic.

Residents of Wuhan considered to be in good health can now move around the city and take the bus or subway on presentation of their identity card, authorities said.

They can also return to their workplace if they have a permit issued by their employer.

Finally, they are even allowed to leave Wuhan to go to other parts of the surrounding Hubei province if they test negative for Covid-19 and carry a medical certificate.

After two months of drastic confinement, life resumes its rights.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld


When several cases of foreign escapes of young Saudi women claiming violence against their "guardians" have hit the headlines in recent months, women have the right since August 20, 2019 to obtain a passport and travel abroad without the permission of a male "guardian".

The Saudi administration began "to receive applications from women aged 21 and over to obtain or renew a passport and travel outside the kingdom without permission," the passport department announced on Twitter.

The measure, which came into effect on Tuesday, is part of a broader program of societal reforms that undermines Saudi's "male guardian" system of assimilating women to minors all their lives by subjecting them to the arbitrary authority of their family. husband, father or other male relatives.

Liberalization measures

A reform that is part of a series of liberalization measures of the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman wishing to show a more open societal face of an ultra-conservative kingdom.

The most emblematic was that allowing women to drive a car since June 2018.

Other advances for Saudi women have been decreed: they can now officially declare a birth, a marriage or a divorce, and have parental authority over their minor children, prerogatives hitherto reserved for men.

Accompanied by a crackdown on "feminist activists"

But these few changes are widely criticized as "anti-Islamic" by the ultra-conservatives and are accompanied by a crackdown on dissent, including the arrest and alleged torture of more than a dozen activists of the cause women.

Indeed Loujain al-Hathloul, Hatoon al-Fassi, Aziza al-Yousef and at least seven other women were arrested, the first cases of detention being reported in May 2018, summoned and charged to the Criminal Court of Riyadh on March 27 latest. According to Human Rights Watch, these Saudi women are only being prosecuted for their militant activities. These statements by HRW corroborate information provided by Amnesty International on 14 March.

Above all, they radically contradict the statements of Mohammed bin Salman in an interview with Bloomberg in October 2018. The Crown Prince then said that these imprisoned women had collaborated with foreign secret services, including with Qatar and the United States. Iran, and that their activities of activism for the rights of the Saudi women were not in question.

The reforms announced come after a wave of repression of women's activists and also ten months after the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which provoked the emotion of the international community.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld




The horror would have exceeded the fiction !!!

Recent visits by China 's head of state to Europe have revived controversy.

What about human rights / What about the rights of the child ?

The picture of this Chinese child with two holes of shells in place of the eyes then taunts the spirits.

Banal history in China ?

A 6-year-old kid was kidnapped by a woman for mutilation with both eyes torn off the skin and then sobbed a few miles away from home. It's easier than removing a kid's eyes to recover beautiful corneas ?

Misinformation or reality ?

Simple organ trafficking!

Little information, few statistics but the rumor would quickly become reality.

In fact, the Vice-President of the European Parliament , Edward McMillan-Scott , visits China in May 2006, collecting testimony testifying to forced organ harvesting from Falun Gong prisoners.

Also in 2006, an investigation led by international human rights lawyer David Matas and the former Secretary of State of Canada, as well as Crown Attorney David Kilgour , accused Beijing of taking the organs of Falun Gong against their will

Nearly 42,000 unexplained organ transplants between 2000 and 2005 would have occurred. Despite denials by the Chinese government and counter-investigations, these claims were confirmed by independent research in the wake.

But China would be just one example among many. Organ trafficking would involve all countries.

Humanitarian organizations are working in the field. Independent organizations are seizing this phenomenon.

International organizations are putting forward numbers. According to WHO, in 2006, 91 countries used 66,000 kidney transplants, 21,000 liver transplants and 6,000 heart transplants. In 2007 at WHO, Yosuke Shimazono would see the black market for transplantation as a widespread practice around the world.

Let's move on to "concrete" facts. In the Sinai, doctors from Cairo

"With operation tents and coolers" would torture the refugees who had fallen into the hands of unscrupulous Bedouins and would take organs according to a recent German journalistic source.

In India, young people would flock to sell their kidneys for a handful of rupees.

In Mexico, the Knights of the Temple Cartel, which dominates the state of Michoacán, north-west of Mexico, would already control all traffic to the United States, and many other traffic to India and Japan. China. It would also add to this criminal list, organ trafficking.

According to Father Alejandro Solalinde, a Mexican religious founder of the Hermanos en el Camino reception center (Brothers on the way), for migrants from all over Latin America, there are clandestine mass graves containing corpses without migrant organs. . "Europe is not spared either, the transfer of organs from the East to the West, in fact all countries are concerned.

UNO is risking more and more alarming figures: "An illegal organ transplant every hour in the world"

Of course, countries have a legislative framework.

"At the global level, the United Nations enacted in 2004 the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, which fights, among other things, against organ harvesting.

At European level, the European Parliament and the Council of Europe issue guidelines and recommendations on good practice, safety in organ donation and transplantation and the fight against organ trafficking. GRETA has established itself.

In 2010, Parliament issued a directive on standards of quality and safety of human organs for transplantation.

At the national level, the German government agency GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit), among others, supports projects aimed at combating human trafficking at the local level and helping victims. "

In vain since this illicit traffic would prosper.

Yes, these illegal extractions of human organs would be used for transplants on wealthy men and women. A kidney would cost on average a modest sum of 10 000 €

In January 2014, Mr. Rosenbaum, an American from New York, arrested by the FBI is accused of wanting to buy a kidney from an Israeli national to sell him 12 000 €.

In India, websites would offer kidney transplant packages for amounts between $ 70,000 and $ 160,000.

Kosovo was very early worried about local mafias involving politicians at the highest level.

A most lucrative trade at the hands mostly of mafias and criminal organizations already in the trafficking of drugs and human trafficking?

Because an infallible logistics organization is essential for this clandestine trade, certainly, but structured. The cartel of the Knights of the Temple would also be a sinister illustration. ?

Organ trafficking is medically very complex. It is necessary that the assassins benefit from a long chain of complicities. It requires surgeons, sophisticated technology, a cold chain, vehicles, planes, that can only be financed by an international mafia.

In many poor countries, many organ placement agencies have been established with intermediaries receiving huge commissions, in charge of recruiting donors in the villages. Lawless doctors would also benefit from this juicy traffic. Two doctors arrested in the state of Minas Gerais (southeastern Brazil) are accused of being part of an alleged "mafia organs". The latter allegedly illegally removed tissues and organs from patients.

Why this craze ?

The market would prove to be the most lucrative.

These horrible traffics would enrich the economy of these poor countries. But let's go beyond this fallacious reason! There would be a colossal market: rich countries and ruthless rich people from all countries.

And the imbalance between supply and demand of organs, the North-South economic disparity, the greed of unscrupulous traffickers, would explode the transplant tourism and organ trafficking in recent years.

Some would even count on an increase in organ trafficking and thus on an outbreak of skinning on living beings.

OMS Geneve Suisse DayNewsWorld 2019The World Health Organization (WHO), the European Parliament and the Council of Europe believe that this phenomenon of traffic is expanding and that it is necessary to put in place protective measures for the most vulnerable populations These crimes on living beings, children, sometimes cut up, would only amplify.

A Third World Review sounds the alarm. "The removal - post-mortem or in vivo - of third-world children's organs to cure the sick of the industrialized countries would be nothing more than a sinister metaphor for the vampiric cannibalism of world capitalism, it would be the reality of a clandestine trade certainly but very much alive. "

Few concrete means would seem really implemented to stem these unspeakable acts beyond comprehension. The actors mobilized in the field have few resources.

Statements of good intentions remain good but without any real effect.

The political and economic considerations would be far superior to the dignity of the human being, what I say, to the horror of this dismemberment of men and poor children in spare parts.

How to fight effectively ?

Inform public opinion of both donor and recipient countries. Plow the opinion up to a real awareness.

The sensational, sporadic and piecemeal information does not strike the consciences permanently. A challenge for humanity.

This awareness must first go through education in both "donor" and "recipient" countries.

In "The Book on Filial Piety" did not Confucius indicate that the body was "one" and "indivisible"? India disapproves in her religious beliefs of taking organs on corpses. Some beliefs in black African countries, however, claim that organs like the heart, kidneys, skull can cure impotence, infertility, AIDS. In Mexico the charismatic leader of the Templar cartel and his acolytes would eat human organs in their rites of initiation and enthronement.

In "recipient" countries, everything also depends on a collective awareness.

To fight and to denounce in body and scream! Legislating is not enough !! Reinforcing the laws would not be enough !!!

Return to non-market values ​​proves to be an unavoidable solution with the free and altruistic gift of the donor. Financial neutrality ensured during transplantation!

Another alternative is the use of artificial or bioartificial organs

Indeed, medicine is increasingly relying on biotechnologies to compensate for the failures of the human body's organs with ever greater promises. Has an artificial heart, the Carmat heart, been implanted by a French medical team ?

Without sinking into the myth of RoboCop, this medical feat gives hope in the field of transplantation.

Let us bet that the constant progress of medicine on artificial or bio-artificial organs will in a few years eradicate the scourge of the trafficking of human organs.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld



"I think it would be very difficult to reach an agreement if they are violent, (...) if it's another Tiananmen Square," said Trump..

A human tide in Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, a human tide invaded the center of the city, Sunday, August 18, 2019.

The protesters again denounced the interference of China. According to the organizers of the demonstration, the rally was a success: they were, according to them, about 1.7 million to parade on the streets of Hong Kong Sunday, August 18. This would be the second largest gathering since the start of the protest movement.

And everything went quietly in front of the local government offices while the Chinese military police were planning. This movement is peaceful.

The motivation of these supporters of democracy remains intact and they will demonstrate again next weekend.

A major failure of Xi Jinping

The demonstrations that have been going on for more than two months now in Hong Kong are a major failure for Xi Jinping in the conduct of his policy.

While the Chinese leader has officially defended the idea of ​​"a country two systems", does not seem in fact to want to respect this principle, as shown by its management of the crisis in the archipelago. "The facts proved that this principle was the best solution to settle the history issue of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as the best regime for maintaining long-term prosperity and stability.

For this purpose, the principles of "one country, two systems" "Hong Kong administration by Hong Kong", "Macao administration by Macanese", and the principle of a high degree of 'autonomy. Xi explained at the last Communist Party congress in October 2017. It is precisely because they feel that this principle is not respected that the Hong Kong people revolt against Beijing.

American pressure

But in the crisis in Hong Kong, the Americans are putting more and more pressure on China. President Donald Trump issued a clear warning in Beijing on Sunday, asserting that a crackdown on the Hong Kong protests similar to the Tiananmen Square revolt would hurt talks on a Sino-US trade deal.

"I think it would be very difficult to reach an agreement if they exert violence, (...) if it's another Tiananmen Square," Trump said, as hundreds of thousands of pro protesters -democracy have once again parade Sunday.

For him, the crisis must find a peaceful outcome.

"I would very much like to see this resolved in a humane way," he said, calling on Chinese President Xi Jinping to negotiate with the protesters.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


« Sunday's march should still bring together a million people. The Hong Kong people can not be beaten, "said pro-democracy MP Claudia Mo on Facebook.

Since the beginning of June, the former British colony has been experiencing its worst political crisis since its return to China in 1997, with almost daily demonstrations. Hundreds of thousands of Hong Kong protesters call for the abandonment of a controversial bill and more democracy.

Beijing, initially remote against the protest movement, has hardened these days the tone, going so far as to float the threat of military intervention by deploying in the border city Shenzhen its troops and armored. China has threatened Thursday not to remain "arms crossed" if the pro-democracy dispute was to degenerate.

Broader demands and new manifestations

Indeed, Hong Kong protesters have broadened their demands, adding the demand for genuine universal suffrage and an independent investigation into the police violence that occurred during the mobilization. At the same time, there were demonstrations of violence, between police and civilians, but also with members of the local mafia. We saw members of the triads hitting protesters.

Towards an intervention of Beijing ?

Chinese troops and armored forces are massed at the border but an intervention of the Chinese People's Army on Hong Kong territory, even if it is allowed by the Hong Kong Basic Law at the request of the Governor of Hong Kong, in this case Carrie Liam, does not seem to be considered.

Indeed, this decision, which is legally possible, is politically and economically very risky. And mainland China has other levers. Has it not already put pressure on companies by resigning, including the president of Cathay Pacific who announced his resignation on Friday? Rupert Hogg resigned, "assuming responsibility, as the company's executive, for recent events," Cathay said in a statement.

But Cathay's leaders were quick to reassure Beijing by distancing themselves from the pro-democracy mobilization of some of its 27,000 employees, promising to dismiss any employee supporting or participating in "illegal demonstrations."

The Hong Kong airline has also been targeted by the Chinese state media. "The Four Sins of Cathay Pacific Airlines," titled People's Daily, the press organ of the ruling Communist Party, lists actions of group personnel considered to be supportive of the protest movement. Calls to boycott the company have spread to social networks and the hasthag #BoycottCathayPacific appeared last week on the site Weibo generated until Wednesday more than 45 million views.

The images of military maneuvers are therefore rather a bully, but also a test of the international reaction.

The international silence and the tweet of Donald Trump

But Western democracies are reacting for the moment that very loosely facing the situation knowing that Hong Kong will officially return to China by 2047 at the latest.

In Washington this conflict comes against the backdrop of a trade war between the United States and China. Thursday, August 15, White House advisor John Bolton spoke of the Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989. A reference that does not pass, while China is threatening Hong Kong with military intervention.

In a Tweet, Donald Trump suggested to his Chinese counterpart to go face-to-face with the Hong Kong protesters.

Both the EU and the United States are challenging the parties in place to avoid escalating the conflict. Washington warned Beijing that any military intervention would be "a big mistake".

On the other hand, the EU has called both sides to "a broad and inclusive dialogue", through the voice of Federica Mogherini, the head of her diplomacy. "It is crucial to exercise restraint, reject violence and take urgent measures to defuse the situation," she said in a statement.

"The Hong Kong people can not be beaten"

Protesters called for rallies on Saturday at Hung Hom and To Kwa Wan, waterfront areas popular with tourists from mainland China, two unauthorized protests.

And the main event of the weekend is expected Sunday, a real test of the determination of the pro-democracy activists as that of the pro-Beijing authorities.

"Sunday's march should still bring together a million people. The Hong Kong people can not be beaten, "said pro-democracy MP Claudia Mo on Facebook.

The appeal was launched by the Civilian Front of Human Rights, a non-violent organization at the origin of the giant demonstrations of June and July.

If the police gave the green light to the gathering in a big park of the island of Hong Kong, it also prohibited to the demonstrators to parade in the street. This kind of ban has almost always been ignored by protesters in recent weeks, resulting in clashes with law enforcement.

Protesters this Saturday, August 17, who still parade in the thousands before dispersing in the early evening, prefer to keep their forces for a rally larger and unifying this Sunday. On June 16, there was a demonstration of two million people for seven million people ...

The solution can only come from a dialogue between Hong Kong protesters and the Beijing government.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld



Four days after the nuclear-related explosion that killed at least five people in the Far North, the Russian authorities on Monday acknowledged that the accident was linked to tests of "new weapons," promising to lead them "to the end." at the end ".

Missile to "unlimited range" ?

According to US experts the accident could be related to the test of the missile "nuclear burst" "Bourevestnik" ("storm bird" in Russian), one of the new weapons "invincible" praised by President Vladimir Putin in beginning of the year.

The Russian president had indeed caused a sensation last year and early 2019 by presenting the new generation of missiles developed by his country, "invincible", "undetectable" or "hypersonic". According to the president, the "unlimited reach" would be able to overcome almost all interception systems. The Kemlin leader has also threatened to deploy these new weapons to target "decision centers" in Western countries.

In spite of the death of at least five people and without being so precise, the Russian nuclear agency assured Monday to want to "continue the work on the new types of weapons, which will in all cases be pursued to the end".

According to the nuclear agency, its specialists provided engineering and technical support for the "source of isotopic energy" of the missile engine that caused the explosion, which occurred on a "platform". "seafarer" and who has thrown several employees into the sea.

The nuclear arms race

For his part, US President Donald Trump said Monday know "a lot" about the explosion, even ensuring that the United States had a similar weapon.

"The United States has learned a lot about the explosion of a defective missile in Russia," tweeted Donald Trump, mentioning the missile "Skyfall". "We have a similar technology, but more advanced."

An affirmation immediately belied by a respected expert. "That's weird. We do not have a nuclear-powered cruise missile program, "he said on Twitter, the American expert Joe Cirincione. "We tried to develop one in the 1960s, but it was too delusional, too infeasible," said the president of the Plowshares Fund, which advocates global denuclearization.

"Continue work on new types of weapons", according to Rosatom

The base of the Thursday crash, which opened in 1954 and specializes in missile testing of the Russian fleet, including ballistic missiles, is located near the village of Nionoska in the Far North. The closed city of Sarov, home to the main Russian nuclear research center, known as the code "Arzamas-16" during the Cold War, declared Sunday a day of mourning and the five killed specialists will be posthumously decorated after their funeral Monday.

"They took a double responsibility: in the development of unique technologies and equipment and taking the physical risk of performing unique tests," said Sergei Kirienko, a member of the presidential administration and former boss, at the ceremony. Rosatom, saluting "true heroes".

"We will fulfill the duties entrusted to us by our country. His security will be fully assured, "said Rosatom boss Alexei Likhachev, quoted by Russian news agencies.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld



The Hong Kong airport is Monday paralyzed by a sit - in gathering 5,000 protesters.

For four days now, the airport has been the scene of a peaceful sit-in of thousands of protesters seeking to raise awareness among travelers to their cause with songs and slogans explaining the meaning of the prodemocracy demonstrations that have been blazing the city since June.

More than 5,000 protesters gathered Monday at the Hong Kong International Airport, after a weekend marked by new clashes on the island. Hong Kong Airport has announced the cancellation for Monday 12 August of all flights departing and arriving due to the scale of a protest at its main terminal. "With the exception of departing departing flights and arriving flights that are already on their way to Hong Kong, all other flights have been canceled for the remainder of the day," the report said. airport authority in a statement.

This is an unprecedented decision for this internationally recognized airport for its efficiency, which in 2018 was the eighth busiest airport in the world, with 74 million passengers.

But after ten consecutive weekends of demonstrations in the territory, which was again enamelled of serious violence between radicals and police, the number of demonstrators increased significantly Monday at the airport, where they were more than 5 000, according to the police.

Born in early June of the rejection of a bill that would have allowed extraditions to China, the mobilization in Hong Kong has broadened its demands, now focused on denouncing a decline in freedoms and interference from China.

"One country, two systems" until when?

At the end of the 1984 agreement between London and Beijing which presided over its retrocession in 1997, Hong Kong enjoyed a semi-autonomy and freedoms that did not exist in mainland China and, in theory, until 2047 .

But in recent years, the Chinese power systematically interpreted restrictive texts governing the autonomy of Hong Kong. A draft law provides for the authorization of extraditions to China. Controversial, he has already provoked unprecedented protests in Hong Kong. But this bill presents serious risks in terms of human rights. Does not Hong Kong benefit from an autonomous judicial system ("One country, two systems," launched Deng Xiaoping), since 1997, when the former British colony was handed over to China ?

The former British colony, however, has been the scene of intense political unrest over the last decade due to the concern over Beijing's growing interference in its internal affairs, and the feeling that retrocession and the famous principle "One country, two systems" are no longer respected.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


The government of the Indian Prime Minister announced on Monday (August 5th) the revocation of the constitutional autonomy of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

The autonomy of Kashmir since Independence.

After the departure of the British in 1947, the former colony was divided into two major entities: India, Hindu majority, and Pakistan, Muslim while the Hindu Maharajah of Kashmir, made the choice of the independence of this princely state populated in majority of Moslems.

But an armed conflict broke out between the two major countries of the India / Pakistan subcontinent for control of the territory. At the end of the war of 1947, a dividing line crosses Kashmir: to the south-east, Jammu and Kashmir - two-thirds of the territory - goes under Indian trusteeship, to the northwest, Azad Kashmir is integrated in Pakistan.

Since then, tensions between the two regional powers, both possessing nuclear weapons, have given rise to two open wars in 1965 and 1971.

For Islamabad, it is a matter of linking this Muslim-majority province to a Muslim state. According to the Indian speech, Kashmir with a Muslim majority has its place in its multicultural and multiethnic model.

Since the tensions are only exacerbated between the two big neighbors so that at the end of the 1980s a separatist insurrection kicks Indian Kashmir. New Delhi, which accuses Pakistan of supporting the rebels, then deploys half a million soldiers in this territory of 12.5 million inhabitants with Srinagar as its capital.

The Indian mode of government in Jammu and Kashmir.

But a Kashmiri and Muslim civil society has been built in the polls and the desire for independence or self-determination of this region with regard to India is latent. As witnessed last April, the participation rate ridiculously low (14%) in the last Indian legislative elections.

Moreover, within the Indian federal state, Jammu and Kashmir, is not an entity administered like the others by New Delhi. It is the only state in the country to have its own constitution, negotiated status in the time of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first leader of independent India, in exchange for rallying the territory to the new Indian nation.

The special status of the Kashmir region thus provides the local assembly with its own competences, with New Delhi retaining the initiative only in Defense, Foreign Affairs and Communications.

A certain autonomy thus prevailed in the State, guaranteed by the Indian constitution, leaving to the local government the management of the regional affairs. Moreover, it was impossible for a Kashmiri national to buy a house, to register on the electoral lists or to work in the administration.

The revocation of article 370 of the constitution, which inscribed in marble this particularism, is therefore a major political shift. Jammu and Kashmir should become a territory of the Union, under the direct control of New Delhi.

A major political shift supported by the nationalism of the Indian People's Party

By revoking the status of Indian Kashmir's autonomy, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Minister of the Interior and Right Arm, Amit Shah, intend to sow the exacerbated Indian nationalism of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP Indian People's Party), which has won the election in May. The BJP stands as the great defender of the unity of Hinduism against an Islam perceived as more and more threatening.

The unity of Hinduism against Islam perceived as increasingly threatening.

Pakistan, which has also claimed Jammu and Kashmir since partitioning with India in 1947, after British colonization, called the decision "illegal."

This measure is expected to exacerbate bloody unrest in Indian-controlled Kashmir, which has already claimed the lives of more than 70,000 people, mostly civilians, since 1989. It is also expected to bolster animosity with Pakistan, which, like India, has of the nuclear weapon and claims the other half of Kashmir.

In anticipation of possible fighting, the Indian authorities had deployed over the last 10 days over 80,000 additional paramilitaries in this area already highly militarized. They also cut off telecommunications, banned public gatherings, and arrested three top politicians in Indian Kashmir to avoid "disturbing the peace." In February, an attack on Indian paramilitary troops left 40 dead and led to Indian air strikes inside Pakistan.

Pakistan wants to bring the issue of Kashmir to international forums in the wake of India's revocation of the constitutional autonomy of the part of Kashmir it controls and which Islamabad claims.

While Kashmir remains cut off from the world on Tuesday, and it is impossible to know the reaction of the population, the international community would do well to address this hot issue.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


Every year, fires break out in the vast forests of Siberia. But this year the Kremlin had to call on the military to support the firefighters. Vladimir Putin has indeed asked Wednesday, August 31 to the army to participate in the fight against forest fires devastating for weeks Siberia.

The Russian President also thanked Donald Trump who offered him his help. He "expressed sincere gratitude for this thoughtful attitude and this offer of help and support" and "replied that the Russian side would take advantage of this much-needed proposal," the Kremlin statement said.

The Ministry of Defense has sent ten airplanes and ten helicopters water bombers in the Krasnoyarsk territory, one of the most affected regions, where nearly 800 firefighters are hard at work

For Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, the fires do not present an "immediate danger" for the population. "There are objective difficulties: the problem of distances, hard to reach places and factors specific to this year," he said on television.

Fires caused by dry thunderstorms and "abnormal" heat of 30 degrees are currently being driven by strong winds, affecting neighboring areas, the Federal Forestry Agency said. The state of emergency was triggered in five regions.

Twelve million hectares have already burned this year, according to the NGO Greenpeace, for whom these gigantic forest fires could have a long-term environmental impact, including the melting of Arctic ice.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.




Sur le parvis de la Haute Cour de justice, une poignée d'opposants et de militants attendaient le souverain de Dubaï de pied ferme, brandissant des pancartes le traitant de « sponsor de la prostitution et de l'esclavage ».

C'est à la Haute Cour que s'est rendue la princesse Haya de Jordanie, sixième et plus jeune épouse de l'émir de Dubaï ce 30 juillet à Londres pour demander une mesure de protection d'un mariage forcé et la garde de ses enfants. Elle a dit craindre pour sa vie après avoir quitté son mari.

La princesse est arrivée au tribunal accompagnée de l'avocate Fiona Shackleton, qui avait défendu le prince Charles lors de son divorce avec la princesse Diana alors que son époux, Mohammed ben Rached al-Maktoum, est représenté par Helen Ward, qui avait représenté le réalisateur britannique Guy Ritchie lors de son divorce avec la chanteuse américaine Madonna. Devant le tribunal aux affaires familiales, la guerre est déclarée. La princesse Haya a introduit une demande de divorce.

Voici une affaire inédite aux Émirats arabes unis, où luxe et modernité semblent dissimuler discrimination et maltraitance des femmes jusque dans les hautes sphères de la société.

La fille du roi Hussein avait fui au mois de juin son pays et peut-être surtout son mari, le cheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Après un passage en Allemagne, elle avait rejoint Londres avec ses deux enfants.

Avant elle deux princesses de la famille avaient tenté de refaire leur vie à l’étranger.

Cette nouvelle fuite met à mal la réputation de la famille régnante.

Déjà en 2018 la princesse Latifa, l’une des filles de l’émir, avait fui pour rejoindre les Etats-Unis en voulant échapper à son père qu’elle accusait de torture. Elle est arrêtée et ramenée de force « à la maison ». Elle disparaît alors littéralement de la sphère publique. Le sort de cette jeune femme aurait fait craindre à la princesse Haya qu’il lui arrive la même chose.

Plusieurs ONG avaient condamné l’attitude du cheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum qui aurait dissimulé la réalité de cette affaire à son épouse, lui faisant croire que Latifa avait été victime d’une escroquerie et avait dû être secourue. Mais depuis, la princesse Haya aurait appris la vérité sur le traitement réservé à Latifa et aurait décidé de prendre la fuite.

Et dix ans avant l’affaire Latifa, une autre fille de l’émir, la princesse Shamsa Al-Maktoum, âgée de 17 ans à l’époque, avait elle aussi tenté de fuir. L’adolescente avait profité du séjour en Angleterre de la famille pour s’échapper de l’emprise paternelle. Rattrapée, l’adolescente fut ramenée de force à Dubaï.

En juin 2019, Haya bint al-Hussein, épouse de l'émir Sheikh Mohammed ben Rached al-Maktoum, quitte Dubaï avec ses deux enfants, Jalia, 11 ans, et Zayed, 7 ans, emportant avec elle près de 35 millions d'euros pour « refaire sa vie ».

Le neveu de l'émir de Dubaï Marcus Essabri, 48 ans, qui vit en exil et est le premier membre de la famille à comparaître dans le procès de Londres, affirme que Latifa la jeune femme a été droguée, détenue et torturée. A une chaîne de télévision australienne, il dit espérer que ce divorce permette de faire la lumière sur le sort de ses cousines ​​Latifa et Shamsa : « La princesse Haya est la seule qui sache ce qui leur est arrivé. J’espère qu’elle profitera du procès pour parler au monde de la manière dont elles ont été traitées. Elle a l’occasion de faire quelque chose de bien pour ces pauvres femmes ».

Ce divorce assombrit une nouvelle fois l'image des Emirats arabes unis, fragilisés par l'onde de choc internationale. Celle qui se voulait l'incarnation de la femme musulmane moderne révèle une fois de plus la face sombre du patriarcat émirati .

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld



Until recently, American diplomacy did not seem convinced that the Turkish leaders would complete their plan to acquire the S-400, which had been a controversial topic for two years. In late June, the new US Secretary of Defense, Mark Esper, met with his Turkish counterpart, Hulusi Akar, on the sidelines of a ministerial meeting in Brussels. It was a last attempt at conciliation, recalling "several decades of collaboration between strategic partners".

However, it was accompanied by a new warning from the Pentagon, which recalled the "incompatibility" between the program of the US stealth aircraft F-35 and the S-400, indicating that Ankara would not be way "not allowed" to dispose of both equipment.

Turkey's Erdogan has overruled this warning on Friday, July 11, 2019. The first elements of the Russian S-400 missiles arrived Friday in Ankara on board a cargo plane.

This delivery of Russian arms corresponds to an agreement between the Turkish and Russian authorities. More deliveries are planned in the coming days and weeks.

The S-400, the flagship of the Russian air defense, is an air defense system entered into service in the Russian army in 2007, designed to intercept and shoot down any threat from the sky, plane or missile. The S-400, for a lower cost, competes with the American Patriot.

US threats and NATO concern

Pillar of the south-east flank of the Atlantic Alliance since 1952 and second army of NATO by the number of soldiers, Turkey has certainly never been an easy partner, especially since the coming to power in 2002 Islamists of the AKP (Justice and Development Party). But this time, the warming of relations between Moscow and Ankara has reached a new milestone with the delivery of the Russian missile system S-400. Erdogan thus launches an unprecedented challenge to NATO and the United States.

The United States is very up, just like NATO, of which Turkey is nevertheless part. But the Alliance's room for maneuver is reduced: indeed, the founding treaty of the organization does not provide for any mechanism of sanctions against a member. It is, therefore, the United States that will come from possible retaliatory measures.

Ankara has for many years been allied with Washington and, turning now to Moscow to acquire a sophisticated system of anti-aircraft defense, becomes a potential enemy.

That's why Washington, changing its strategy of cooperation with Turkey, immediately stopped training Turkish pilots in handling the future F-35 stealth aircraft. And the United States now threatens to exclude Turkey completely from the development program of this hunter. They fear that Russia will use the Turkish S-400s to collect information through its trainers about the American F-35s, the latest-generation fighters that Turkey has ordered in 100 copies. Pentagon officials say that Russia could have information on how to shoot down the F-35 via the S-400 system. The United States and NATO also believe that the S-400 is incompatible with the equipment used by members of the Atlantic Alliance.

But Ankara, by buying such sophisticated weapons from Russia, especially allows Moscow to turn its S-400 into a political weapon. Russia's announcement of a first flight of S-400 missiles and radars to Turkey is bringing the Syrian and Caribbean issues, which are already fueled in the Atlantic Alliance, to a climax. Kurdish, or the failed coup d'état of 2016.

Retaliation but how far?

The Trump administration has given until July 31 to Ankara to abandon this acquisition, under penalty of economic sanctions that could be fatal to an already weakened Turkish economy.

Washington is now required to issue a strong warning to Erdogan, but also to others to prevent future missions being made more complex, to warn other countries that would be tempted to acquire Russian equipment . It remains however that the Turkey plays a crucial role, both in terms of security, for the United States - which has missiles and a NATO base for their planes at Incirlik, in the south of the country - than in the control of immigration, a key topic for Europeans. A role that could lead both to react more moderately.

So the other members of the Alliance seem for the moment to hesitate on the attitude to adopt, beyond the expression of their "concern" , and hope that the recent disappointments of the party of Mr. Erdogan in the municipal elections lead to his defeat in the next presidential election in 2023.

Be that as it may, this broken alliance undoubtedly marks a strategic break and a redistribution of geopolitical maps.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld


Princess Haya of Jordan, daughter of King Hussein and sixth wife of the Emir of Dubai, fled her country and perhaps her husband, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. After a visit to Germany, she hides for the moment in London with her two children. Before her two princesses of the family had tried to rebuild their lives abroad.

This flight hurts the reputation of the ruling family.

Princess Latifa, one of the Emir's daughters, fled to the United States in 2018 to escape her father, whom she accused of torture. She is arrested and forcibly taken back "home". She literally disappears from the public sphere, a young woman who would have made Princess Haya fear that the same thing will happen to her.

Several NGOs had condemned the attitude of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who allegedly concealed the reality of the case from his wife, making him believe that Latifa had been scammed and had to be rescued. But since then, Princess Haya would have learned the truth about Latifa's treatment and decided to run away.

Princess Haya Bint Al-Hussein reportedly fled to London "for fear of being murdered or forcibly returned to Dubai," according to the British press.

Ten years before the Latifa affair, another daughter of the emir, 17-year-old Princess Shamsa Al-Maktoum, had also tried to flee, Le Monde said. The teenager had taken advantage of the family's stay in England to escape the paternal grip. Caught up, the teenager was forced back to Dubai.

Divorce application

In London with her two children, Princess Haya therefore filed for divorce.

Half British by her mother, Haya Bint Al-Hussein has strong ties with the UK. The princess studied philosophy and economics at Oxford. And she and her husband are known to be close to Queen Elizabeth and Prince Charles and his wife Camilla.

Her escape highlights the mistreatment of women in the Royal Family of the United Arab Emirates, a country that plays an important role in the British influence in the Middle East.

Towards a diplomatic crisis

This personal story could take an international turn. The princess who studied at Oxford University might want to stay in the UK. But if her ex-husband demands his return, this poses a diplomatic puzzle for Britain, which has ties with the United Arab Emirates but does not recognize polygamous marriage. It is also a problem for Jordan since Princess Haya is the half-sister of King Abdullah of Jordan and many Jordanians work in the United Arab Emirates. Moreover, the current tensions in the region are driving expats away and the economy is not in great shape.

"The Dubai ruler writes poetry on his broken heart by the departure of his wife Princess Haya, but given the treatment he gives to his two daughters in prison, he seems to tolerate women only when they remain confined in their gilded prison, "the Human Rights Watch director wrote on Twitter.

The flight of Princess Haya, a new scandal in the Emir's family in Dubai, once again darkens the image of the monarchy.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


Migrants Camp bombarded in Libya: the United States blocks a conviction of the Security Council Washington prevented the UN Security Council from unanimously condemning the strike that hit a detention center for migrants in the suburbs of Tripoli, killing 53 people. The two opposing sides reject responsibility.

Failure of the resolution

After the death of at least 44 migrants in an aerial bombardment against their detention center in Libya, and while the UN - through the voice of Ghassan Salamé, its envoy in the country - condemned the strike, the United States On 4 July, they vetoed the urgent adoption by the Security Council of a unanimous condemnation of this deadly attack. The text aimed to condemn the strike and establish a ceasefire for a return to the political process in Libya. But the resolution initiated by London to condemn the attack was not adopted because the United States opposed it. No explanation could be obtained immediately from the American mission on the reasons for this blockage. This is not the first time the UN fails to speak with one voice about Libya. Already on April 19, Washington and Moscow had blocked a resolution for a ceasefire together.

Libyan two sides blame each other

The strike was carried out in Tajoura, a town in the Tripoli district. It was awarded by the National Unity Government (GNA) to Khalifa Haftar's rival forces engaged for several months in an offensive to seize the country's capital. In response, pro-Haftar forces spokesman Ahmad al-Mesmari denied any involvement in the attack, accusing the GNA of "fomenting a plot" to take responsibility for the carnage. However, pro-Haftar forces admit to targeting the area, but using "precision" strikes only against military sites.

Migrant detention camps in Libya

The detention center was home to about 600 migrants, mostly Eritreans and Sudanese, and two of its five hangars were affected, according to the center's director Noureddine al-Grifi. Some 120 migrants were in Hangar No. 3, which was hit hard. On the spot, blood-stained blankets, debris and twisted pieces of the metal structure of the building surround a crater three meters in diameter. UN envoy Ghassan Salamé condemned "bloody and bloody carnage" in a statement issued by the UN Mission in Libya (Manul).

At least 53 migrants were killed and more than 130 were seriously injured in the bombing of the center, hit for the second time since the start of the pro-Haftar offensive on 4 April.

Libya remains the main point of departure for migrants from Africa who have been trying to reach Italy by sea for several years. Thousands of people are held in centers in the country, under inhuman conditions, according to the defense groups. human rights and the United Nations. About 660,000 migrants are currently in Libya, but the strategic repositioning of criminal groups, the rise of the Libyan coastguard and the tightening of the EU's migration policy are preventing any improvement in the situation.

Urgency to find solutions for migrants

This tragedy highlights the urgent need to provide safe shelter for all refugees and migrants until their asylum claims are met or they are repatriated safely.

"The UN provided the exact location of the detention center to the warring parties to prevent it from being targeted," said Antonio Guterres' spokesman.

The head of the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Filippo Grandi, brought him "three key messages: migrants and refugees must NOT be detained, civilians must NOT be targets, Libya is NOT a safe place for a return of migrants.

Libya theater of chaos since the fall of Gaddafi

Since 2011, the fall of dictator Muammar Gaddafi's regime has plunged the country into chaos. Libya is the scene of internal struggles and insecurity with multiple militias that have been the law since the fall of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. Since 2015, two rival authorities are fighting over power. On the one hand, the government of national unity in the west of the country, where is the capital, Tripoli, led by Fayez al-Sarraj, the head of government. On the other, an authority in the East, controlled by the Libyan National Army, led by Marshal Khalifa Haftar. Marshal Haftar, a strong man from eastern Libya, is supported by the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, while the only executive recognized by the international community is supported by Turkey and Qatar.

The coming to power of Fayez al-Sarraj has revived the hopes of a way out of the crisi.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld


When Hong Kong commemorates the 22nd anniversary of its return to China, protesters forced their way into the Hong Kong local parliament on Monday (July 1st).

The calm returned Tuesday morning in Hong Kong after the intervention of the police in the night of Monday to Tuesday to evacuate demonstrators who had introduced by force in the parliament of the former British colony.

The reaction of the Chinese press

The Chinese official press was quick to condemn the protesters taking advantage of these first violent incidents to call on Tuesday a "zero tolerance". For the Chinese newspaper Global Times, "the protesters displayed a deep contempt for law and order."

"Chinese society is fully aware that a policy of zero tolerance is the only remedy for such destructive behavior", at the risk of "opening the Pandora's box", adds the paper led by "People's Daily" , the organ of the Chinese Communist Party.

Since June 9, Hong Kong is the scene of a historic challenge against the government accused of being pro-Beijing . They protest against the government's bill to allow extradition to mainland China.

The bill, which concerns the seven million inhabitants but also foreign and Chinese nationals living or passing through, has caused a wide outcry in the special administrative region. This project is indeed experienced as an attack on the high degree of autonomy enjoyed by Hong Kong. Opponents of the bill argue that it is likely to call into question the principle that led to the handover to China of the former British colony, because the law would allow Beijing to increase its influence in managing the affairs of the city and would effectively reduce the high degree of autonomy enjoyed by Hong Kong. The text would allow the arbitrary extradition of individuals to mainland China where, according to the opponents, they would not benefit from a fair justice

The text, suspended today, has thrown huge crowds on the streets, up to two million on June 16 out of a total population of 7 million. They are now asking for its cancellation outright. The protesters also demand the resignation of the head of the government Carrie Lam and the end of the prosecution of protesters arrested in recent weeks.

What future for Hong Kong

The reaction of Jeremy Hunt, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs of the United Kingdom since 2018 was not long in coming.

Jeremy Hunt reacted on his Twitter account.

He reminds that liberties are steadfast in Hong Kong.Away from campaigning to stress UK support for Hong Kong and its freedoms is UNWAVERING on this anniversary day. No violence is acceptable but HK people have the right to peaceful protest.

4:17 PM - Jul 1, 2019

"One country, two systems" until when?

At the end of the 1984 agreement between London and Beijing which presided over its retrocession in 1997, Hong Kong enjoyed a semi-autonomy and freedoms that did not exist in mainland China and, in theory, until 2047 .

But in recent years, the Chinese power systematically interprets the texts governing the autonomy of Hong Kong in a restrictive way. A draft law provides for the authorization of extraditions to China. Controversial, he has already provoked unprecedented protests in Hong Kong. But this bill presents serious risks in terms of human rights. Does not Hong Kong benefit from an autonomous judicial system ("One country, two systems," launched Deng Xiaoping), since 1997, when the former British colony was handed over to China?

The former British colony, however, has been the scene of intense political unrest over the last decade due to the concern over Beijing's growing interference in its internal affairs, and the feeling that retrocession and the famous principle "One country, two systems" are no longer respected.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.



Une lumière dans le ciel, suivie par trois violentes explosions… Ce lundi 1er juillet, au petit matin, un objet non identifié s’est écrasé près d’une zone montagneuse située au nord-est de la capitale chypriote Nicosie, dans la partie turque de l’île.

L’explosion a retenti vers 01 h du matin et a déclenché un incendie dans la région de Tashkent, également appelée Vouno, dans la partie turque de l’île.

Un missile sol-air S-200 ?

Les autorités de Chypre-Nord ont indiqué lundi qu'une explosion dans la nuit était vraisemblablement due à un missile de fabrication russe tiré depuis la Syrie, qui se serait abattu à une dizaine de km de la capitale Nicosie après avoir manqué sa cible.

Après avoir envisagé plusieurs hypothèses, dont la chute d'un drone, les autorités de l'autoproclamée République turque de Chypre-Nord (RTCN), non reconnue par la communauté internationale, privilégient désormais la piste d'un missile russe, a indiqué son chef de la diplomatie, Kudret Ozersay.

« D'après nos premières évaluations, il s'agirait d'un missile de fabrication russe tiré par un système de défense anti-aérienne lors d'une attaque aérienne contre la Syrie hier (dimanche) soir et qui, après avoir manqué sa cible, aurait fini sa course dans notre pays », a-t-il déclaré dans un communiqué.

Kudret Ozersay a indiqué que les enquêteurs avaient relevé des inscriptions « identiques à celles trouvées sur un missile de type S-200 tombé en Turquie en juillet 2018 ».

Le S-200 est un système de défense anti-aérienne de fabrication russe. L'explosion de cet engin, qui n'a pas fait de victime, a provoqué un important incendie, selon les médias locaux.

Défenses anti-aériennes syriennes

Mustafa Akinci, le dirigeant de la République turque de Chypre du nord, a estimé que l’objet était en lien avec des opérations militaires au Moyen-Orient - l’île se trouve à proximité de la Syrie où, notamment, les raids de l’aviation israélienne sont fréquents.

La chute de cet objet coïncide avec un raid mené dans la nuit de dimanche à lundi par l'aviation israélienne près de Damas, une attaque qui a été rapportée par l'agence de presse officielle syrienne Sana et l'Observatoire syrien des droits de l'Homme (OSDH), une ONG.

Le site de l'explosion à Chypre se trouve à une dizaine de kilomètres à vol d'oiseau de la capitale divisée Nicosie, qui compte plusieurs centaines de milliers d'habitants.

Si cette hypothèse se confirmait, ce serait la première fois que Chypre est directement affectée par le conflit syrien.

L'île de Chypre est scindée en deux depuis l'invasion du tiers nord de l'île par l'armée turque en 1974 en réaction à un coup d'Etat visant à rattacher l'île à la Grèce. L'ensemble de Chypre, situé à plus d'une centaine de km des côtes syriennes, est considéré comme un territoire européen.

Mais la République de Chypre, membre de l'UE, n'exerce son autorité que sur les deux tiers sud. Au nord se trouve la RTCN autoproclamée et reconnue par Ankara.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


Les images de télévision montrent notamment Vladimir Poutine trinquer à distance avec son homologue américain Donald Trump, chacun étant assis de part et d’autre de l’hôte du G20, le Premier ministre japonais Shinzo Abe.

« Si vous aviez vu ce que j’ai vu, vous apporteriez votre propre tasse aussi », a commenté sur Twitter le compte parodique anglophone@DarthPutinKGB, référence aux accusations d’empoisonnement d’ex-agents secrets ou d’opposants dont a été plusieurs fois accusée la Russie ces dernières années.

Mais le président russe semble avoir cette même manie en Russie :

la semaine dernière lors de son émission annuelle « Ligne directe », il avait la même tasse blanche et frappée des armoiries de la Russie.

Le Kremlin a de son côté rapidement réagi.

« C’est parce qu’il boit du thé en permanence avec ce thermos », a expliqué son porte-parole, Dmitri Peskov.

Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.


Le président français Macron annonce un texte à 19 pour la mise en œuvre de l'accord de Paris

Dix-neuf des vingt membres du G20 sans les Etats-Unis ont réaffirmé samedi au Japon leur engagement pour «la mise en œuvre complète» de l'accord signé en 2015 à Paris sur la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique.

« Nous avons réussi à obtenir des éléments qui permettent de maintenir le niveau d'ambition tel qu'il avait été affirmé à Hambourg et Buenos Aires », lieux des deux derniers G20, a annoncé le président français.

Par ailleurs, le président brésilien Jair Bolsonaro « m'a confirmé son engagement contrairement aux inquiétudes qu'on pouvait avoir sur l'accord de Paris et sur le combat en faveur de la biodiversité », a-t-il ajouté.

Emmanuel Macron l'a reconnu en conférence de presse lors du G20 à Osaka :

les négociations ont été très difficiles et très tendues entre les pays. Mais une déclaration commune a été publiée à l'issue de ce G20, même si elle a été obtenue au forceps.

Une autre particularité :

les États-Unis se sont retirés en raison du paragraphe sur le climat. C'est sur ce point qu'il y a eu beaucoup de discussions entre les négociateurs toute la nuit.

Les Etats-Unis se sont en effet retirés de l’accord de Paris en 2017.

Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld


It is with a solemn call from Japan to "harmony", in keeping with the new era in which the archipelago entered that began the G20 on Friday.

Even before the opening of the G20 on Friday and tomorrow in Osaka, Japan, the US president has attacked his opponents as well as his allies ...

And this meeting of the leaders of the twenty first powers of the world is already announced - perhaps - the most crucial

"Welcome to Osaka," said the Japanese Prime Minister at the opening of the debates in the big Japanese coastal city. "Together, I hope we will achieve a beautiful harmony in Osaka," he said, referring to the meaning of "" Reiwa ", the name of this new era.

Yet it is a potentially stormy G20 that opened Friday in Osaka, an international meeting where the world's most disunited as ever, about trade, climate or even Iran, will have to contend. Deep disagreements that will not necessarily reach international consensus:

The climate emergency

If the current heat wave comes to the summit of Osaka, "the climatic ambition", which E.Macron defends tooth and nail, is not shared by everyone. Among the G20 countries, how many are still wanting to make efforts to save the planet?

The United States has already announced its withdrawal from the Paris agreement, but other leaders could join Donald Trump as the Brazilian Jair Bolsonaro who rejects any Western criticism on its environmental policy.

Turkey would also be asking questions, especially for financial reasons. Emmanuel Macron, who says "to have the faith of the recent convert," estimated Thursday, June 27, that "the fight that will lead to the G20 is decisive warning that France will not sign the summit declaration if it does not defend "Climate ambition".

In fact, if the fight against climate change resulted in the Paris agreement in 2015, the Hamburg G20 summit two years ago could only see the divergence between the United States and the 19 others. country, after Donald Trump's decision to get out of this deal.

European countries will coordinate in the morning on this issue. Others, like Canada, should join them. "It is clear that it will be difficult to get a breakthrough" on this theme, said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

Iran and the nuclear issue

On Iran, one of the major issues of tension at the moment, if Donald Trump also wanted soothing when he arrived at the G20 "We have time" to resolve tensions, he said, he still spoke, however, there is little "war" against the Iranians.

Russia has sought until now, like China and the Europeans, to calm the game like Emmanuel Macron who has promised on the sidelines of the G20 that it would "the maximum" to "avoid a military escalation ". The United States and Russia, which have no interest in the Middle East region getting burned, will have to break the stalemate.

The trade war between the United States and China

Far from any multilateral format, Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping, now fighting openly for the world's economic and technological domination, will also have in their hands, during their scheduled meeting Saturday, the fate of the world economy.

Washington threatens to tax all Chinese imports, which would certainly be a point of no return in the commercial and technological conflict of the two giants. Heads of State and Government will have to agree on the follow-up. They will also have to evoke the fate of a leader of Huiwei .

In this white-hot climate, Japan, the host country, is trying to gather all signatures under the final communiqué of an already tormented summit.

The call of the president Abe to "find common ground rather than highlight the clashes" will it be well received by leaders at the G20 summit strong symbolic?

The numerous bilateral meetings between leaders could incite them..........

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


Would the United States have "permanently closed the path of diplomacy," as certified by Iran? Donald Trump has indeed raised the possibility of a war against Tehran "that would not last very long", thus taking the opposite of his counterpart Iranian, which seemed to play appeasement.

The US president assured Wednesday not to hope for such a conflict, but these statements sound like a new warning to Iran. "We are in a very strong position, and it would not last very long, I can tell you. (...) And I do not talk about ground troops, "Donald Trump told Fox Business Network.

A little later, he said Iranian leaders would be "stupid" and "selfish" not to seek an agreement to relieve US sanctions. The US president assured Wednesday not to hope for such a conflict, but these statements sound like a new warning to Iran.

"Iran can do what it wants, I do not care, I have plenty of time. But their country is in economic distress [...] Their leaders should take care of the population, "he said.

"The inaction of Europeans"

Iranian President Hassan Rohani assured his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron by telephone that his country was seeking "war with no country", not even the United States, according to the official Irna news agency, while criticizing Europeans for not act to preserve the economic interests of his country.

"I tell the Americans: you have chosen the wrong way. I tell the Europeans: you are wrong with your inaction, "he said," and I tell them (everyone) to return to their oath and their commitments. "

European members of the UN Security Council issued a joint statement Wednesday criticizing the behavior of the United States and Iran over the 2015 agreement.

According to Irna, Rohani also warned Emmanuel Macron that his country could be even more free from the commitments made in Vienna if the Europeans did not fulfill their "promises [...] to guarantee the economic interests of Iran".

"Nothing to wait for"

In a note issued on Tuesday, Admiral Ali Shamkhani, secretary general of the Supreme National Security Council, writes that Tehran will "resolutely" implement the second phase of its "reduction plan" of its nuclear commitments by 7 July.

In other words, Iran would begin to enrich uranium to a degree prohibited by the Vienna Agreement (the limit is set at 3.67%) and restart its project to build a heavy water reactor. in Arak (center), put to sleep.

Tehran has already indicated that its reserves of (slightly) enriched uranium should exceed the limit of 300 kg Thursday.

This may lead the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to note, for the first time since the entry into force of the agreement, Iran's breach of its commitments.

Paris ruled on Tuesday that such an "Iranian violation" would be "a serious mistake".

Khamenei said on Wednesday that the Iranian "beautiful" nation's resolve would defeat the sanctions and "insults" of the "most vicious regime in the world.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld



The opposition inflicted Sunday a stinging snub on the Turkish president by winning again, but with a larger margin, the Istanbul city hall.

Ekrem Imamoglu, candidate of the Republican People's Party (CHP, secular), won with 54.21% of the vote, reports the official Anatolia news agency. He obtained a much larger advance than in the previous victory, on March 31, which was canceled at the request of the AKP party (in power) for alleged irregularities.

This time, the opponent's victory is overwhelming. In the first vote, on March 31, Mr. Imamoglu had only 13,000 votes ahead of his competitor, Binali Yildirim. According to results confirmed Monday morning, he has 806 000 votes ahead of his rival. The votes were favorable in 28 districts of Istanbul out of 39, against 15 in the first election.

Sunday's CHP victory is a stinging blow for Erdogan, as he was himself mayor of Istanbul in the 1990s and has often repeated the antiphon: "Who wins Istanbul wins Turkey" .

The snub is all the more serious as Imamoglu, the incarnation of Atatürk's legacy and secularism, achieved good scores in traditionally religious neighborhoods of the city, which until now had been regarded as bastions of the city. AKP. in particular in Beyoglu, on the European side, the district where Recep Tayyip Erdogan was born, as well as in Usküdar.

A scathing snub for Erdogan

Controversial on the international level as well as on the inside, the new "sultan" Erdogan loses with Istanbul the superb he had found during his re-election as president last year. The tailor-made Constitution and the absolute power he had wrought by decimating the opposition had finally made him forget that he was not above the people.

Theater of Erdogan's first political victories, the Istanbul megalopolis and its 15 million inhabitants came to inflict on him their most ceaseless electoral setback in a second election which brought the opposition together in a democratic start against the roll. authoritarian compressor of the regime at work since the failed military coup of 2016.

The municipal elections last March were also favorable to the opposition in the largest cities of the country, including the capital Ankara.

In the victory of the Social Democrat candidate in Istanbul, a rejection of the blind repression that has affected all sectors of Turkish society for three years crystallizes.

Former Prime Minister Binali Yildirim, the candidate of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), Erdogan's conservative Islamist movement, who had held the city for 25 years, quickly recognized his opponent's victory. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, via his Twitter account, and the unfortunate candidate Binali Yildirim have sent their congratulations to the new councilor.

Towards democracy and justice

This is the first time in seventeen years that Ekrem Imamoglu has reached out to him. "Mr. Chairman, I am ready to work in harmony with you," he said from his headquarters.

Then addressing his constituents: "From today, a new page opens in Istanbul where the values ​​of justice, equality, respect and love will prevail over all others. "

Tens of thousands of Imamoglu supporters celebrated the victory of Imamoglu, a former businessman, Sunday night on the streets of Istanbul.

"Sixteen million Istanbulians have restored today our confidence in democracy and justice," said Ekrem Imamoglu.

"Thank you Istanbul! ", Launched the CHP candidate to his supporters. "We will build democracy in our city, we will build justice. In this beautiful city, I promise, we will build the future! ", he added.

Istanbul, the birthplace of the Reïs, the ideological and economic showcase of its power, has come into resistance. She opens a new page.

Towards a cabinet reshuffle ?

Many observers expect a cabinet reshuffle in Ankara as well as diplomatic adjustments.

Turkey, which is a member of NATO, has moved closer to Russia, to which it has placed an order for a missile defense system, which has led to threats of sanctions from the United States.

The Turkish lira had fallen after the cancellation of the March 31 poll, and has fallen by 8% since the beginning of the year, partly due to electoral turmoil. After Imamoglu's victory on Sunday night, the Turkish currency strengthened.

Ekrem Imamoglu's victory in the municipal election celebrates the emergence of a new generation of politicians in Turkey. It jeopardizes the electoral base of the AKP, whose "machine to win" the elections has abruptly seized.

By winning the mayor of Turkey's richest and most populous city, Ekrem Imamoglu is already positioning himself as the future opposition candidate in the upcoming presidential election scheduled for 2023.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


"Neither Iran nor any other hostile actor should confuse caution and restraint on the part of the United States with weakness," warned John Bolton.

Fighting, the response has been on the ground of cyber war, report several US media. The United States this week launched cyberattacks against missile launching systems and an Iranian espionage network, after the Tehran's destruction of an American drone, reported Saturday, June 22 several American media.

US President Donald Trump has canceled at the last minute scheduled strikes against Iran after the destruction of the surveillance drone on June 20. On the other hand, he secretly allowed retaliation in the form of a cyberattack against Iran's defense systems, the Washington Post said.

According to the "WaPo", one of the cyber attacks targeted computers used to control missile and rocket launches. According to Yahoo! News, the other computer attack hit a spy network to monitor the passage of ships in the Strait of Hormuz.

Scheduled for several weeks

According to the Washington Post, these cyberattacks, planned for several weeks, were originally proposed by the US military as a response to attacks in mid-June tankers in the Strait of Hormuz. Washington accuses Iran of these attacks, while Tehran denies any involvement

The nuclear issue

In 2010, Tehran had already accused the United States and Israel of having, in the midst of the Iranian nuclear crisis, created the powerful computer virus Stuxnet, which had infected several thousand of its computers and blocked the centrifuges used for enrichment. Uranium: "We are putting in place major additional sanctions against Iran on Monday," Donal Trump said on Saturday, adding, "Iran can not have nuclear weapons! ". According to the 2015 international nuclear agreement, which Washington withdrew in 2018, Iran pledged not to acquire nuclear weapons.

New "major" sanctions

Donald Trump announced Saturday new "major" sanctions on Monday against Iran. John Bolton will meet this Sunday, June 23, 2019 his Israeli counterparts, Meir Ben-Shabbat, and Russian Nikolai Patrushev, said that "the new sanctions, in preparation for a few weeks, evoked by President Donald Trump" should be "announced publicly on Monday. "

The US president's national security adviser also warned Iran on Sunday not to confuse "caution" and "weakness" two days after Donald Trump's last-minute cancellation of reprisal strikes against Iran "Neither Iran nor any other hostile actor should confuse caution and restraint on the part of the United States with weakness," said John Bolton. "Iran can never have a nuclear weapon either against the United States or against the rest of the world," said John Bolton.

It is "not yet clear whether the attacks were actually carried out or not," the Fars news agency, which is close to the conservatives, said that this US media information could be a "bluff aimed at reaching the public opinion. public and to restore the reputation of the White House "after the destruction of the drone.

Donald Trump, who alternates martial declarations and calls for dialogue for several weeks, had previously assured that if the Iranians gave up their nuclear program, he would become their "best friend".

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld




On the next day of a decree by President Vladimir Putin banning Russian aircraft flights to Georgia from July 8, the Russian Ministry of Transport announced on Saturday that the flights of Georgian companies to Russia would also be suspended from this date

For security reasons?

These measures come after two days of protests against the power deemed pro-Russian in Tbilisi, the capital of the former Soviet republic. The protests, which brought together thousands of people, were triggered Thursday by the controversial speech of a Russian deputy in the Georgian Parliament.

According to the Kremlin, the ban aims to "protect Russian nationals from criminal and illegal acts". The authorities have recommended that tour operators stop offering to Georgia.

The Ministry of Transport justified the suspension with "The Ministry of Transport justified the suspension with" the need to ensure a sufficient level of aviation safety "and the non-payment by Georgian aircraft manufacturers of nearly 800,000 dollars ( 780,000 francs) "in arrears" in respect of the Russian airline regulator.

Popular destination

While the high season is in full swing, these bans are expected to hit the tourism industries in both countries hard. According to the Russian Tourism Union, in 2018, Russians ranked third among Georgia's largest visitors, with 1.7 million people. "Tourism to Georgia is booming and this decision has shocked the entire industry," said Aleksan Mkrtchian, director of a chain of travel agencies.

Tbilisi and Moscow still have strong tensions, which clashed in a short but bloody war in 2008. The Russian army then intervened on Georgian territory to support the small, pro-Russian separatist South Ossetia, where Tbilisi had launched a military operation. Since then, South Ossetia and another pro-Russian republic, Abkhazia, have Russian troops on their territory.

Thanks to its natural landscapes, its culinary traditions but also its proximity and the possibility of going there without a visa, Georgia remains nevertheless a preferred destination of the Russians. For Irina Tiourina, spokeswoman for the Russian Tourism Union, the security of the Russians remains guaranteed in Georgia: "By tradition, Georgians treat the Russians well," she said.

In a statement, the Russian Foreign Ministry, however, on Saturday asked Georgia to ensure the safety of Russian journalists after an "attempted attack", according to the ministry, against a team of Russian public television "Rossia 24" in Tbilisi.

"Punishing Georgia"

Moscow had already suspended Russian flights to Georgia in October 2006 and in August 2008 after the war in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. "Putin has decided to punish Georgia because there are demonstrations there," said on Twitter the opponent of the Kremlin Alexei Navalny

"Why is he punishing Russians for protests in Georgia?" He added .

Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld



"Many hundreds of thousands of people" welcomed Xi Jinping this Thursday, June 20, 2019 in the streets of Pyongyang, according to Chinese TV CCTV. The Chinese president was given 21 guns, before reviewing the troops in the company of his host dressed in a dark Mao costume.

Xi Jinping had a warm welcome in North Korea on Thursday for the first visit of a Chinese president to the country for 14 years, when the two communist neighbors face, for different reasons, the pressure of Donald Trump.

On the menu: the North Korean nuclear program, which is worth to the North Korean regime to be banned from the nations, Beijing also applying international sanctions while remaining the only important ally of Pyongyang.

Xi Jinping assured his host that he welcomed North Korea's "efforts" to "maintain peace and stability in the Korean Peninsula and promote its denuclearization".

Tension between the country and the rest of the world was sharply reduced last year after peaking in previous years as a result of nuclear tests and missiles fired by the Pyongyang regime.

The relaxation was mainly symbolized in 2018 by the historic Singapore summit between Kim and US President Donald Trump. But a second Trump-Kim summit last February in Hanoi did not help, as Americans and North Koreans remained stuck on the issue of Korean denuclearization. Washington demands that it intervene before the lifting of international sanctions, which Pyongyang refuses.

Chinese President Xi Jinping's trip to Pyongyang is a way for him to show his agreement with the Kim Dynasty when he must meet Donald Trump again next week in Japan to discuss the trade war between the two giants Pacific. He intends to recall the essential role of his country, which absorbs 90% of the trade of Pyongyang, while the US president promises a fabulous economic development to North Korea if it agrees to give up its nuclear program.

Moreover, President Xi intends to show that he can influence Kim and that no comprehensive and lasting agreement with North Korea can be reached without the help and approval of China.

The Chinese president could even encourage Kim Jong to denuclearize, which would make him an indispensable interlocutor between North Korea and the United States. A way to negotiate better with Donald Trump.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld



"A US use of force against Iran would be a disaster, at least for the region," Russian President Vladimir Putin said Thursday.

Iran announced Thursday that it has shot down an American "spy drone". A new stage in the very lively tension between the country and the United States. .Washington accuses Iran of causing explosions that damaged two oil tankers - Norwegian and Japanese - on June 13, near the strategic Strait of Ormuz. Prosecution firmly denied by Tehran. Since May 2018 and the withdrawal of the United States from the international agreement on Iran's nuclear power, the tension continues to grow throughout the region.

The case is likely to aggravate an already explosive situation. On Thursday morning, Iran announced that it had shot down an "American spy drone" that had violated its airspace. An incident in a context of increasing tensions in the Gulf, raising fears of the outbreak of open conflict between Washington and Tehran.

The Global Hawk was shot down "in the early hours of the day" over the coastal province of Hormozgan in southern Iran, according to a statement by the Revolutionary Guards. He was shot down by a "missile" of the Islamic aerospace force, off the coast facing Mount Mobarak, "after violating Iran's airspace," the text adds. According to Iranian state television, this area is in the county of Jask Harbor (on the Arabian Sea).

No image of the destroyed aircraft had been published by the Iranian media in the middle of the morning.

The Strait of Hormuz under tension

"This is a clear, clear and precise message: the defenders of the borders are fighting back against all foreign aggression and our reaction is, and will be, categorical and absolute," said Major General Hossein Salami, commander-in-chief of the Guardians, quoted by the Iranian news agency Tasnim.

"Borders are our red line," he said.

For their part, US officials confirmed that a drone had been shot down.

And said the incident occurred in international airspace over the Strait of Hormuz, a strategic crossing point for global oil supplies.

Extra soldiers

On Wednesday, the US military intensified its accusations against Iran, which it holds responsible for the attack on the two tankers on June 13. Tehran denied any involvement, suggesting instead that it could be a US coup to justify the use of force against the Islamic Republic.

This new incident gives rise to fears of a dangerous escalation, as the United States announced on Tuesday the dispatch of 1,000 additional troops to the region.

Despite repeated claims by US and Iranian officials that their respective countries are not seeking war, the recent escalation of tensions in the Gulf is raising fears that a spark will ignite the powder.

To a conflagration of the region?

In Europe, it's worry. French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian stressed that there was still

"little time " to reverse the course of events in the Gulf and the head of German diplomacy evokes him a "risk of war."

US President Donald Trump said Iran had made "a huge mistake" shortly after the Pentagon confirmed that Iranian forces had shot down a US Navy surveillance drone.

"Iran has made a huge mistake! ", Simply dropped the US President in a laconic tweet.

"A US use of force against Iran would be a disaster, at least for the region," said Russian President Vladimir Putin on Thursday during his annual question-and-answer session with the public live at television.

"The United States says that it does not exclude the use of force (...). This would be a disaster for the region, at a minimum. This would provoke an outbreak of violence and a huge refugee flow, "added the Kremlin leader.

"It will be very dangerous for whoever makes such attempts. We do not know what could happen next. In the Islamic world, Iranians are recognized as a people who know how to ensure their safety. I do not want the situation to get out of hand, "said Putin.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld


Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi was buried on Tuesday (June 18th) in Medinat Nasr, a neighborhood in eastern Cairo, according to his lawyer. He died on Monday at the age of 67, after a court hearing in Cairo, "because of a heart attack," according to state television.

"The court granted him the right to speak for five minutes (...) He fell to the ground in the cage of the accused (...) and was immediately transported to the hospital

"Where he died, has said the Egyptian public prosecutor in a statement. "He arrived at the hospital at exactly 4:50 pm and there were no new injuries visible on the body," he said.

In a message posted on Facebook, Ahmed Morsi, the son of Mohamed Morsi, confirmed the death of the former President Mohammed Morsi is dead.

The former Egyptian president died on Monday after a court hearing in Cairo, according to security and judicial sources. It was in full appearance before the judges that Mohammed Morsi, 67, would have been uncomfortable.

He was taken to the hospital and died a little later. "He spoke in front of the judge for 20 minutes, then he was animated and fainted. He was quickly taken to the hospital where he died later, "said a judicial source.

Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi died after suffering a malaise during a court appearance in Cairo, state television reported on Monday. The site of the state newspaper Al-Ahram has confirmed his death.

In 2012, this former engineer became the first freely elected president in Egyptian history, one year after the "Nile revolution" and the fall of his predecessor Hosni Mubarak.

But a year later, after huge demonstrations, he is overthrown by the army. In July 2013, the anti-Muslim Brotherhood crackdown begins, and General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi will be elected President.

Mohamed Morsi had been imprisoned since his dismissal by the army in the summer of 2013. He had been tried in several cases later. He has been accused of fomenting acts of terrorism. The former president was serving several prison sentences, including one for 20 years for ordering the killing of protesters in 2012, and one in perpetuity for spying for Qatar.

He was appearing Monday, June 17, 2019 in another case of espionage because of contacts deemed suspect with Palestinian Hamas.

The organization is an emanation of the Muslim Brotherhood and Qatar hosts the spiritual guide of the brotherhood.

A large part of the population ends up accusing it of being a "puppet" in the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood by helping them to grab all the power, while being unable to restore security and revive the economy.

The Turkish head of state Recep Tayyip Erdogan, of which he was one of the main supporters, was the first to pay tribute to him on Monday night. "May God grant our martyr, our brother Morsi, his mercy," he said.

In March 2018, an independent British commission had condemned his continued solitary confinement for 23 hours a day, under conditions of detention that could "amount to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment".

"The refusal of basic medical treatment to which he is entitled could lead to his premature death," said MP Crispin Blunt, chairman of the commission, before the British parliament.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has also responded. Its director for the Middle East and North Africa, Sarah Leah Whitson, denounced on Twitter "the failure of the government to provide adequate medical care, let alone family visits."

In a statement, the NGO Amnesty International called on the authorities to "immediately investigate" the death of Mohamed Morsi, described as "deeply shocking".

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld




Oil tankers were allegedly attacked this Thursday near the Strait of Hormuz, a passage of a third of oil exports in the world.

An area where tensions between Iran and the United States have crystallized for two years. The vessels in question are the Altai Front and the Kokuka Courageous, respectively under the flag of the Marshall Islands and Panama. The Front Altair and Kokuka Courageous vessels were reportedly "attacked" in this strategic area amid a crisis between the United States, the Gulf States and Iran. The sailors would have been collected by Iran while the Fifth Fleet American would be on the spot. The hypothesis of "torpedoing" is mentioned.

Who attacks the tankers in the Strait of Hormuz?

Even if the situation is still confused, these incidents take place in a maritime zone strategic for the world trade but also hot spot of geopolitical tensions against a background of persistent crisis between the United States and Saudi Arabia on the one hand and the Iran and its Shiite allies on the other.

Regarding the origin of these serious incidents, the hypothesis of a torpedoing of these ships is mentioned by Tradewinds newspaper, citing industrial sources. This assumption would apply for the Altair Front which carried 75,000 tons of naphtha. "He may have been hit by a torpedo" around 4:00 am GMT, said Taiwan's CPC oil company CEO Wu I-Fang, the recipient of the cargo.

The second vessel, Kokuka Courageous, a 27,000-ton tanker, was fired but the entire crew was rescued after the vessel was abandoned, and its cargo of methanol is intact, said its Japanese operator Kokuka Sangyo. "It appears that other ships have also been fired," company president Yutaka Katada told reporters in Tokyo, confirming information from his Singapore parent company about a "security incident."

Mediation in Iran between the Japanese Prime Minister and Ayatollah Khamenei

In May, a series of similar sabotage was attributed by the United States and Saudi Arabia to Iran, in a context of extreme tension between Washington and Tehran on nuclear power.

Iran has expressed "concerns" after "suspicious incidents". At first, Tehran spoke of an "accident" and reported that it had rescued "two foreign tankers" in the Arabian Sea.

This new attack took place even as the Japanese Prime Minister met Ayatollah Khamenei in Iran to try to defuse the crisis.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has been in Tehran since Wednesday, June 12, for a two-day visit to open a rare public channel for discussion between the United States and Iran. These diplomatic efforts took place as Tehran signaled its willingness to stop meeting its nuclear commitments one year after the US withdrew from the agreement in May 2018, and while US sanctions against Iran are considered as acts of war.

Tehran has given until July 7 to the other signatories of the agreement (China, Russia, France, United Kingdom and Germany) to moderate the weight of these sanctions that threaten to reduce its GDP by 6% in the year, according to the International Monetary Fund.

To the Iranian Foreign Minister to judge then extremely suspicious the coincidence between these "attacks" and the visit to Tehran of the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. "The suspicious word is not enough to describe what transpires apparently" of these "attacks" against "Japanese-bound tankers that occurred while the prime minister (Japanese) met" the Iranian Supreme Leader in Tehran, writes Mohammad Javad Zarif on Twitter .

Why such a renewal of tension?

Considered an international transit area, this narrow passage at the mouth of the Persian Gulf is used by Iran as a lever against US sanctions, which aim to drain the oil revenues of the Islamic Republic. Earlier this week, the Iranian navy threatened to close the straits in response to a US decision to end exemptions allowing different countries to import oil from Iran. One fifth of the world's oil demand passes through the Strait of Hormuz.

The incidents on Thursday are therefore in a very tense geopolitical context between the United States and its Sunni allies in the Gulf (starting with Saudi Arabia) on one side and Shiite Iran on the other, which supports including the Houthi rebels in Yemen, opposed to the Arab coalition led by Riyadh.

On May 8, 2018, Donald Trump announced the exit of the United States from the nuclear agreement signed in 2015 by his predecessor, Barack Obama, and announced the relaunch of economic sanctions against Tehran. On May 8, 2019, a year later, Iran announced that it was suspending "some" of its "commitments". Since then, the standoff between Washington and Tehran has been between threats and attempts at appeasement. On May 13, the Saudis denounced the sabotage of four commercial vessels, including three oil tankers (two Saudi, one Emirati and one Norwegian) stationed in the United Arab Emirates. John Bolton, White House security advisor, ruled on May 29 that the incidents were "most likely due" to Iranian mines. On Wednesday, June 12, Tehran-backed Houthi rebels claimed responsibility for firing a missile at the Saudi airport in Abha, Riyadh threatening to retaliate ...

The clan of the "hard" could impose in Tehran, sweeping the camp of the moderates, represented by the president Hassan Rohani, who had everything bet on the agreement on the nuclear power.

And there are also some diehards in Washington, like Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and National Security Adviser John Bolton, who are ready to go a long way to bring down the Tehran regime.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld



Hong Kong's executive leader announced on Saturday (June 15th) the suspension of the bill to authorize extradition to China, which has led to mass protests. "The government has decided to suspend the legislative amendment procedure," Carrie Lam told the press after a week of unprecedented protests in the former British colony. She hopes to put an end to the dispute.

But this is a new setback for the head of the executive who said Wednesday exclude withdraw the text despite what she described as "organized riots."

Monster manifestations and unprecedented violence

Hong Kong was shaken Wednesday by the worst political violence since its handover to China. The police were fired rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse the protesters.

"In terms of political violence, this is the worst day since the surrender" of the territory in Beijing in 1997, commented political analyst Dixon Sing.

An amateur video shot during protests in Hong Kong on Wednesday, June 12, became viral in the former British colony. A photographer is seen verbally against the police firing tear gas at journalists. A gesture deemed "brave" by many Hong Kong people, who made the photographer a local hero.

The scene took place on Harcourt Road and was filmed by Twitter user @HongKongHermit. It shows the police dispersing one of the demonstrations protesters opposing a bill to allow extradition to China. While the police launch tear gas, we hear a man exclaim: "Press! You shoot the press! ". The camera gets closer to him and shows a man facing police officers down a bridge. He accuses them of shooting journalists. A policeman then makes a point of pointing his rifle at him and the photographer defies him then: "Do it! ". The policemen finally retreat, and the journalist provokes them: "It is always Hong Kong here. Not China, not yet! ".

A disputed bill

Monster rallies have been denouncing since June 9 a dangerous law for human rights that could challenge the legal sovereignty of Hong Kong vis-à-vis the Chinese neighbor. According to critics, it will put the population at the mercy of the judicial system of mainland China, opaque and under the influence of the Communist Party.

At the end of the retrocession agreement, Hong Kong enjoys a semi-autonomy and freedom does not exist in mainland China and, in theory, until 2047. But the growing interference of Beijing makes fear the worst to the Hong Kong people.

"The people of Hong Kong increasingly believe that the government is made up of puppets serving Beijing's interests. They see it as their last battle, "commented Dixon Sing.

The United States has signaled that it may cease granting economic preferences to Hong Kong if the law passes. The United Kingdom has expressed concern about the "potential effects" of it.

Hong Kongers know that they will be very vulnerable to China once this legislation is passed and that the future of their city is at stake.

The main organizers of the Hong Kong demonstrations have called for a new rally on Sunday, June 16, and the general strike Monday, June 17.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld


"The decision to stop the prosecution against Ivan Golunov was taken because of insufficient charges against him," said Russian Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev.

The Russian Minister of the Interior has announced that the case against journalist Ivan Golunov has been lifted due to insufficient charges against him. An internal investigation was initiated to assess the actions of the police officers who arrested him. The minister will seek the dismissal of two senior police officers in this case.

On Monday, three Russian dailies (Kommersant, Vedomosti and RBK) showed their support for investigative journalist Ivan Golunov by publishing a "one" commune and a platform in his favor :

"I am, we are Ivan Golounov". This movement had spread to the point of pushing habitual supporters of the Kremlin, or ordinary silent figures on political issues, to take a stand for the imprisoned journalist.

"Today, we are trying to lock up a disturbing journalist," Konstantin Khabenski, an actor, said Monday from the scene of a film festival in Sochi.

If that succeeds, nothing says that we will not be tomorrow, considered disturbing. "

This event is the latest episode in a case that provoked a wave of indignation in Russia.

The investigative journalist of the independent online media Meduza, Ivan Golunov had already published several investigations on corruption in Moscow, including the town hall of the city. Ivan Golounov was arrested on Thursday, June 6, and placed under house arrest on Saturday night by a judge. According to the police, he tried to sell "a significant amount" of cocaine and mephedrone, a synthetic drug.

The journalist rejects these accusations, believing that they are related to his investigations.

On Saturday, a Moscow judge finally released him under judicial supervision and sentenced him to a residence "for a period of two months".

Ivan Golounov has always rejected police accusations from the beginning. In a joint statement, three Russian newspapers say that "the evidence of guilt of Ivan Golunov, provided by the investigators, is not convincing and that the circumstances of his arrest make it very doubtful that it took place with a violation of law". "Not excluding" that the arrest of the journalist is "related to his professional activities", the media "require a detailed audit of the actions of the police involved in the arrest of Ivan Golounov [...] and maximum transparency during the course of the investigation ". They also warn that they will follow "the investigation carefully" on this file.

Moreover, Meduza, who believes that his journalist is "persecuted because of his investigative work," also opened free access to the works of Ivan Golunov, which can therefore be read in English and shared by all without asking permission to the site

Prosecutions against Russian investigative journalist Ivan Golunov, accused of drug trafficking, have been dropped. He will be released from house arrest later today, Tuesday, June 11,

The minister added that an internal investigation was underway. The police who had arrested the journalist were suspended during the investigation to assess their actions. Vladimir Kolokoltsev also announced that he would ask Vladimir Putin to dismiss two senior police officers in the framework of this case.

Justice will now have to assess "the legality of the actions of the police officers who arrested" the journalist in Moscow.

In addition, two senior police officers will be fired. They are General of Police Andrei Puchkov, Head of Law Enforcement in the West District of the Russian Capital, and General Yuri Deviatkin, who heads the Moscow branch of the Anti-Trafficking Department. drug, according to the same source.

Is the sacrifice of senior officials a sign of the fragility of power?

Commenting on this news on her Facebook account, the spokesperson of the Russian diplomacy Maria Zakharova wrote "The best day. [Touched] to tears. Happiness".

Since the arrest of Ivan Golunov, many confreres, including the official media, but also artists and politicians, have supported him. The reporter's arrest provoked a series of protests across several Russian cities. More than 66,000 people signed a petition to demand the release of the journalist on the website. In addition, nearly 6,000 journalists signed the open letter requesting his release which was published by the union of media employees.

"This is an unprecedented victory for civil society, given almost dead, confronted with an ever more repressive legislative arsenal, and managed to win in just a few days".

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld



In recent years, the Chinese authorities have systematically interpreted the texts governing Hong Kong's autonomy in a restrictive manner. A draft law provides for the authorization of extraditions to China. Controversial, he has already caused an unprecedented event in Hong Kong last weekend.

The former British colony was on Sunday the scene of its largest protest since its handover to China in 1997. According to the organizers, over a million people took to the streets to ask the Hong Kong executive to give up his bill. The text has sparked criticism from Western countries as well as the outcry of some Hong Kongers who fear an opaque and politicized Chinese justice, and believe that this reform will undermine the international image and attractiveness of the semi-autonomous city.

The Chinese audio-visual media do not evoke the subject and the social networks that do it are censored.

Moreover, the magnitude of the demonstration did not deter the head of the local executive, Carrie Lam, who reaffirmed Monday that the Legislative Council (LegCo) - the Hong Kong Parliament dominated by the forces loyal to Beijing - would consider scheduled for Wednesday, June 12, 2019 this text at second reading.

Opponents of the text have announced a demonstration Wednesday near the LegCo and called on the population to participate or strike. Others also called for a rally on Tuesday night to spend the night near parliament. Traders have already mobilized on social networks, under a hashtag that can be translated as "# strike1206", to announce that their shops would close their doors to allow their employees to demonstrate.

At the end of the 1984 agreement between London and Beijing which presided over its retrocession in 1997, Hong Kong enjoyed a semi-autonomy and freedoms that did not exist in mainland China and, in theory, until 2047 The former British colony, however, has been the scene of intense political unrest over the past decade due to the concern over Beijing's growing interference in its internal affairs, and the perception that retrocession and the famous principle "One country, two systems" are no longer respected.

The controversial draft law must allow extraditions to all jurisdictions with which no bilateral agreement exists, including mainland China. The authorities say the law will fill a legal vacuum and make the city no longer a safe haven for some criminals. They ensure that safeguards exist to ensure that it respects international human rights standards and that it will not target political opponents of China.

But this bill presents serious risks in terms of human rights. Does not Hong Kong benefit from an autonomous judicial system ("One country, two systems," launched Deng Xiaoping), since 1997, when the former British colony was handed over to China?

The Sino-British agreement provides for the maintenance of this judicial system for fifty years. Beijing has signed the joint declaration with the United Kingdom, giving rise to a basic law that serves as a constitution in Hong Kong and guarantees certain rights to Hong Kongers. In no case was included the possibility of extraditing persons, in China or elsewhere.

Such a law on extradition would allow the authorities to ship any resident of the territory to mainland China, including people whose political activities would displease the Chinese Communist Party.

The demonstrations of Hong Kong and its 7.5 million inhabitants of Sunday, Monday and today are not mistaken who make their voices heard, like the "movement of the umbrellas" of 2014.

Among them, especially indigenous people, but also mainland Chinese and expatriates, Asian or not, whose presence is a guarantee to maintain Hong Kong as an international platform.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld



Saturday, investigative journalist Ivan Golunov was charged with possession and sale of drugs. He denies the facts.

After being arrested on Friday, June 7 for drug possession, a Russian investigative journalist was charged with trying to smuggle a "significant amount of drugs," his lawyer said.

Reporter for the independent media online Meduza, Ivan Golounov, 36, has written articles on scams carried out by microcredit companies, the Moscow waste crisis, the mafia sharing of the business of cemeteries and other cases of corruption and embezzlement. "Ivan Golounov's professional reputation is flawless. He is a meticulous, honest and impartial journalist, "his management in Meduza, a media outlet based in Riga, Latvia, said to escape the control of the Russian authorities.

"Ivan Golunov has been charged with attempted drug trafficking," said lawyer Pavel Tchikov on Telegram messaging. There he published a police document accusing independent media reporter Meduza of trying to sell "a significant amount" of cocaine and mephedrone.


Russian police said on Saturday that the Russian investigative journalist charged with drug smuggling Ivan Golunov had been admitted to a Moscow hospital after "feeling bad" during his detention.

The reporter, who works for the independent news website Meduza and whose supporters say he is the victim of a "trumped-up" case by the authorities, "complained of feeling bad", the Moscow police said in a statement

Police say they arrested the 36-year-old journalist in Moscow on Thursday, who had nearly four grams of mephedrone, a synthetic drug, found in his backpack, and then discovered other drug-containing packets during a week. search at his home.

According to his lawyer, the police refused to carry out tests on his hands to check whether he was in contact with the offending substance. More troubling: the investigators quickly broadcast photos after the search of his apartment. The images show an alignment of plastic bags filled with powder. But Golounov's friends assure that the photos, except for one, were not taken at his home.

Ivan Golunov is suspected of "drug trafficking" and faces up to 15 years in prison. He rejects the charges against him and claims that these drug packets do not belong to him. "We have reason to believe that Golunov is persecuted for his journalistic work," media officials headquartered in Latvia, Riga, said in an attempt to escape Russian control.

"We are convinced that Ivan Golunov is innocent," Meduza's management said in a statement, adding that the journalist had "received threats in recent months" because of an investigation he was working on. This is also the certainty of his colleagues working for independent media in Russia, who cite recurring threats.

"Placed without his knowledge"

"There are many indications that the drugs have been placed without his knowledge," said Djoulai, citing numerous violations in the police work in this case.

On Friday, dozens of journalists demonstrated outside the headquarters of the Moscow Ministry of Interior and some of them were briefly arrested.

The Russian presidential council for human rights, which advises Vladimir Putin, issued a statement Friday evening after one of its members, Eva Merkatcheva, visited Ivan Golunov in detention. "He said he had not slept for 24 hours and he was feeling bad. He did not eat either, "said Merkacheva, adding that he claimed to have received two punches and that police officers had stood on his chest.

Reporters Without Borders warned that the case, if found to be fabricated, could mark "a significant escalation in the persecution" of independent journalists in Russia.

Russia ranks 149th in RSF's press freedom rankings in 2019 out of a total of 180 countries.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld



The United States unveiled Tuesday a strategy based on six action plans to ensure the country's supply of strategic minerals including rare earth, essential to all electronic equipment

A strengthening of Sino-American tensions

The White House has decided to act to guard against a dependence, considered too important and harmful, on foreign imports of "critical" minerals. In the commercial war against Washington, Beijing has recently raised the threat of opening a new front: that of rare earths, 80% from China and are a vital need for many high-tech firms . . Its stake, according to Wilbur Ross, the US Secretary of Commerce, quoted in a statement: "ensure that the United States will not be cut off from these vital materials."

By the end of December 2017, Donald Trump had issued a presidential decree aimed at "guaranteeing safe and reliable supplies of critical minerals" for US security, such as uranium or rare earths. He regretted that the country was "heavily dependent on imports of certain products essential to security and economic prosperity".

So he asked for a report that has just been made to identify new sources of "critical materials" and to define a "strategy to reduce the dependency of the nation" on these types of products.

It is true that the issue is important. "The United States is heavily dependent on imports of crucial minerals," says the report of about fifty pages.

In fact, the report mentions 35 strategic elements (including uranium, titanium and rare earths) for which the United States is particularly dependent on foreign countries. And recalls that for 14 of them, "the United States has no domestic production and is completely dependent on imports".

"If China or Russia stops exports to the United States and its allies for an extended period - similar to China's rare earths embargo in 2010 - a prolonged disruption of supply could cause shocks in the United States, "the report warns.

A disaster scenario that would be as damaging to US green technologies (wind turbines, solar panels, electric cars) as to the defense industry. Military equipment such as Abrams tanks, long-range missiles, F-35 combat aircraft have recourse to it.

A strategy with 24 objectives

To avoid any catastrophic scenario, the US administration released on Tuesday a "federal strategy to ensure safe and reliable supplies" in materials deemed critical to national security. The report proposes a strategy based on six action plans, defines 24 objectives and puts forward about sixty recommendations.

Among the action plans, the authors recommend firstly to accelerate the R & D and the deployment of methods of recycling and reuse of these strategic minerals. It is also necessary to find alternatives, to diversify the supply and to improve the processes of extraction, separation and purification. Washington must also strengthen cooperation and improve international trade in these minerals with its allies.

The strategic plan also provides for a precise census of the natural resources available in the country in order to exploit them. But also to develop less traditional supply chains, using for example the extraction of these rare earths from seawater or coal waste.

And, as it has done for other industries, the administration wants to deregulate in order to speed up the issuance of new mining licenses. And finally, the US government wants to ensure that it has the skilled manpower to carry out its project and build a strong national industrial base.

Overall, the plan aims to act on the entire supply chain, both upstream and downstream, to make the United States less dependent on other nations to obtain and process critical minerals.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld



"The positions of Russia and China are very close or fully coincide on most international issues" such as the North Korean nuclear program, the conflict in Syria, the crisis in Venezuela or the Iran nuclear deal, which were to be discussed during this visit, said Mr Ushakov.

Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jiping meet in Moscow to give "a new impetus" to their rapprochement. The two powers are showing their agreement as they are going through a difficult period in their relations with the Americans.

Trade agreements

The trade war between Washington and Beijing has indeed crossed a new level last weekend, darkening its economic prospects. Russian-US relations, already in the grip of numerous crises, have been poisoned by accusations of electoral interference since Donald Trump's arrival at the White House.

Talks between the two leaders could result in the signing of thirty agreements.

"I am convinced that this visit will lead to further impressive successes" in the bilateral relations "which will only get better and better," said Xi, at the beginning of his meeting with Mr. Putin in the Great Hall of the Kremlin.

"In recent years, relations between Russia and China have reached an unprecedented level, including through your direct participation," said Vladimir Putin. The Russian President expressed the certainty that "this visit will provide a powerful additional boost to the development of bilateral ties".

After his Moscow program, Xi Jinping visited the former capital of the tsars on Thursday, where he is the guest of honor at the St. Petersburg Economic Forum, the main business meeting in Russia in which 17,000 people take part. .

Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin must sign a joint declaration after their talks in Moscow on "strengthening relations, global partnership and strategic cooperation, which are entering a new era", according to the Kremlin advisor, Yuri Ushakov.

"Very close" positions

In a context of strong tensions between Russia and the West, trade between Moscow and Beijing increased by 25% in 2018 to reach a record level of 108 billion, according to the Kremlin.

Russia, whose economy has been hard hit by European and US sanctions since 2014 due to the Ukrainian crisis and the annexation of Crimea, "is really turning from the European market to the Chinese market", says Russian analyst Alexander Gabuyev of the Carnegie Center in Moscow.

China has also become "a very important investor" in the Russian economy and maintains its public and private funding in Russia at a time when the country is seeing other foreign players leave because of sanctions.

On the political side, the agreement between these two permanent members of the UN Security Council, who often vote in unison, also looks good.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld



China has a formidable political and economic leverage against the United States, namely rare earths. These are the metals that are essential to the industry and that China controls almost all of the world's supply. From light bulbs to guided missiles, plasma screens and smartphones, it's hard to get rid of rare earths. By controlling more than 90 percent of the world's supply of these indispensable metals to many industries, Beijing holds a formidable weapon in its trade war against Washington.

Rare earth?

It is a set of 17 metals essential to advanced technologies, found in smartphones, plasma screens, electric vehicles and weapons.

In detail, the rare metals include scandium, yttrium and the fifteen elements of the group of lanthanides. These mineral materials have optical and magnetic properties used in the manufacture of high performance permanent magnets, which themselves are used for wind, electronics, robotics and arming.

Contrary to what their name suggests, rare earths are relatively abundant but their electromagnetic properties - particularly sought after - make them "strategic metals". These seventeen essential metals for the manufacture of technological products are said to be "rare" because they are difficult to detect, to exploit and to isolate chemically.

China is not only the world's largest producer of rare earths, it is also the world's largest refiner and Washington is 80% dependent on the Asian giant for supplies.

The virtual monopoly of China

The Middle Kingdom produces 80% of the rare earths and serves almost two-thirds of the world's demand - even though the country has less than half of the world's reserves.

This quasi-monopoly is to be found especially in terms of the ease of extraction - and low costs - of these elements in clay sand in the south of the country.

But also on the side of environmental regulations less demanding than in other countries, such as the United States for example. China has agreed to "pay" the ecological cost of extracting and refining rare earths, which explains its dominance of the sector.

Rare earths give China an enormous political and economic leverage against the United States. The trade war between the two giants has intensified since the Trump administration banned US companies from selling technology to Huawei. This decision could jeopardize the world number two of smartphones, soon deprived of a crucial supply of electronic chips.

If Beijing had hitherto been limited to innuendo, the tone has suddenly become more threatening at the end of the week. "If anyone wants to use products made from our rare earth exports to curb the development of China, then I think (...) the Chinese people will be dissatisfied," warned a senior official. powerful economic planning agency (NDRC).

What about the threat ?

Beijing intends to limit its exports of rare earth "to countries that turn against China," to quote the Chinese Minister of Commerce.

In the trade war against Washington, Beijing threatens to reduce its exports of rare metals, essential to many industries in the United States, including weapons.

The threat comes as new surtaxes come into effect Saturday in China on US products, in retaliation for the tariff increases announced by Donald Trump in early May on Chinese products.

If China put its threat into effect, the technology industry - American in particular - could end up in an uncomfortable situation.

But despite its near-monopoly on supply, China is not the only country with significant resources. Brazil and Vietnam each have estimated deposits of 22 million tonnes out of a global total of 120 million, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS). China's reserves are estimated at 44 million tons. And any restriction on rare earth exports could trigger a hunt for alternative sources.

Despite all the impact on US manufacturers could be disastrous causing the closure of almost all assembly lines of cars, computers, smartphones and aircraft if China decided to impose an embargo on these materials.

In 2010, had China not already used this means of pressure against Japan in a dispute over the Senkaku Islands ?

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld



The attack perpetrated in Lyon Friday May 25 reminds us that the ideology of Daesh, despite the fall of the Daesh territorial caliphate with the capture of Raqua, is not dead. On the contrary. The Islamic State (IS) group has indeed increased its presence on the internet in recent weeks.

Islamic State is trying to compensate for the disappearance of its self-proclaimed "caliphate" in Syria and Iraq by reinforcing their presence on the Web, experts say.

The jihadist organization has not disappeared and motivates volunteers to take action on their own initiative.

If it still relies on its official propaganda organs, it also and above all on more or less anonymous cyber-partisans spread throughout the world.

"It started in April with the campaign they called" the revenge of the blessed province of Cham ", which was pretty much shared online." Says Laurence Bindner, co-founder of the Jos Project, an organization study of jihadist activity online.

Thus the broadcast on April 30, for the first time in five years, an eighteen-minute video of its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has had a global impact, broadcast in various forms by many platforms.

But also translated, subtitled in twenty languages. "Then they made twenty of what I call derivatives, tucked into darker platforms, or there are fewer reports and where they manage to stay online for several days, "she adds.

"The caliphate of the spirit"

"What is striking is that on a video of 18 minutes, Baghdadi from the third minute praised what he calls the knights of the media, among which he cites including the French brothers Clain. This shows the importance he attaches to it. This praise comes before the soldiers and field fighters, "she continues.

If the territorial caliphate has completely disappeared, the message of the IS, however, still resonates with its supporters around the world. "The group will continue to promote its story through the constant flow of effective propaganda."

A dozen official videos of the organization have been put online since the beginning of the year, a figure barely lower than what the media cells of the IS produced in the best days of the "caliphate".

According to the Soufan Group, the group will "use the nostalgia" of the lost caliphate "as a multi-dimensional tool that will be declined at the global level, at the level of the provinces via the media units of these affiliated movements and even at the individual level, thanks to its underground networks ".

The leaders of the jihadist group evoke "what they call the caliphate of the spirit, or the virtual caliphate," says the British Edmund Fitton-Brown, head of the monitoring team of the Islamic State and Al Qaeda at the United Nations.....

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld


Young people are once again called to the streets for a "global climate strike" on Friday in the middle of the European elections. On the site, calls to strike were listed Thursday in more than 2,260 cities in 90 countries, including a hundred cities in France.

This new day of mobilization for the climate, Friday, takes place while the ballot for the European elections has already started in some countries and will be held Sunday, May 26 in France. "Your planet, do you want it blue or cooked? "Melt my heart, not my ice floe."

On March 15, during a first day of mobilization, young people from all over the world had shown humor to convey a message:

we must save the planet. Two months later, they stand out the signs. A new global climate strike is launched on Friday 24 May. Here's what you need to know.

Putting ecology at the center of European elections

This second day of global mobilization falls in the middle of the European elections (May 23 to 26), a windfall for youth, who wants to mark the coup. "Ecology is the focus of these elections," Kristof Almasy of Youth for climate France said at a press conference in Paris. The group, born after the call for a school strike launched by the young Swede Greta Thunberg, calls for rallies before institutions such as the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt and the European Parliament in Strasbourg and Brussels.

The young activists are supported by the NGO Greenpeace, as well as Altternatiba and ANV COP21. "There is a weakness of political action to fight against global warming," denounced Jean-François Julliard of Greenpeace. "The fact that this subject is unavoidable is a first step", but it is not enough, he noted, while political parties have integrated the ecology in their programs for the European elections.

More than 130 scientists support this climate youth strike who say they are "available to bring their expertise and knowledge to this mobilization." "For nearly 30 years, the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on climate change) and many scientific studies warn about the rapidity of climate change (...), but nothing changes, "they note. "In our country where the Paris agreement was signed, which is highly symbolic, the commitments made are not respected," they continue.

On Saturday, more walks or bike rides are planned in 80 cities, mainly in France.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld



" India wins again! Exclaimed Narendra Modi on Twitter, who is seeking a second term as head of the country's 1.3 billion people. "This great victory is the victory of the faith of the people in five years of progressive and strong leadership of Prime Minister Modi," said the same social network Amit Shah, powerful boss of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and right hand strongman of India.

If trends are confirmed, the coalition led by the Indian People's Party (Bharatiya Janata Party) would comfortably exceed the absolute majority of 272 parliamentarians (542 seats in all in the lower house, the Lok Sabha).

Congress Party, the main opposition party, led the race in only 50 constituencies of the Lok Sabha.

During six weeks of voting 67% of the 900 million Indian voters have voted for the seventeenth legislative since the independence of the giant of South Asia. Indian financial markets, which see the head of government as pro-business, have jumped to unprecedented levels. The Sensex index briefly crossed the bar, which has never reached 40,000 points. The rupee was also strengthening against the dollar.

A quasi-referendum

Practicing an ultra-personification of power, Narendra Modi had made these legislative a quasi-referendum on his person. This adept of governance by shocks (bombing in Pakistan, surprise demonetization of notes ...) focused his campaign on an anxiety-provoking security speech, setting himself up as a defender of the nation.

The Hindu nationalist leader was five years ago one of the first representatives of the current global populist wave to gain power.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld


"We have a chance to write the story and show the world that progressive values ​​can take root in an East Asian society," Tsai Ing-wen wrote on Twitter.

A good news for the World Day Against Homophobia: Taiwan becomes the first Asian sovereign state to legalize same-sex marriage, two years after a landmark decision by the highest court on the island .

This Friday, May 17, 2019, the deputies of the Republic of China have voted by a large majority a law allowing homosexual couples to form "exclusive permanent unions". They can also request their registration in the marriage register. This vote confirms Taiwan's place in the Asian vanguard with regard to the rights of homosexuals.

"May 17, 2019, in Taiwan, love won. We have taken a big step towards real equality, and made Taiwan a better place, " Tsai Ing-wen wrote on Twitter after Parliament passed a law allowing marriage for all.

The fact that these unions can be registered in the marriage registry of the town halls will allow them to be registered as marriages, and not simply as civil unions or partnerships. For LGBT rights groups, it's a win.

The timetable was imposed on President Tsai Ing-wen by a decision of the Supreme Court after the appeal of a gay rights activist, Chi Chia-wei, supported by associations: May 24, 2017, the The highest jurisdiction of the island had required, in the name of the constitutional right to equality, to adopt within two years legislation allowing same-sex marriage. Failing marriage for all would become a reality if nothing was done.

The issue has sparked heated debate in Taiwanese society. The rejection at the "November 2018 referendum" of the Civil Code amendment to recognize homosexual marriages was seen as a failure by the LGBT community, but also by Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, who campaigned in favor of gay marriage. Taiwan citizens had voted to ensure that the legislative framework that protects the rights of same-sex couples is separate from the one in place for heterosexual couples. And indeed, "involving fewer rights. "

Other sections of the law remain in debate after the vote, including the right to adoption. Same-sex couples will not achieve equality with heterosexuals, with the most progressive version of legislation providing only for the possibility of adopting the biological child of one's partner.

But Jennifer Lu of the Marriage Equality Coalition Taiwan told the BBC: "It's not yet all the rights related to marriage. We still have to fight to get the right to coadoption. . "

The island, which hosts an annual LGBT Pride March every year, has become a beacon of tolerance in a conservative region, especially on the family and against China claiming sovereignty over the island.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld


To try to understand Emmanuel Macron's "sensitivity" to ecology, we must go back to the electoral campaign that preceded the 2017 presidential election, not forgetting that during his visit to Bercy, he was had not ceased to joke about climate issues, refused the diesel hunt and mocked the policy of Anne Hidalgo in Paris.

The environment was not in his DNA of former Rothschild banker.

The "disruption" manifested itself for the first time after the presidential election and especially after the appointment, on May 17, 2017, of Nicolas Hulot Minister of the Ecological and Solidarity Transition.

By its very presence, the star advocate of ecology has tried to give credit to the conversion, studious and sudden to the new President of the Republic and the first Government Philippe. The rest of the government clique had to follow the development of the new paradigm, willingly or by force !

It was from this moment that we could see the Head of State play the environmental catastrophism, especially at the COP 21 and then use it as a rhetorical weapon for diplomatic use.

The operation paid off: under the slogan "Make our Planet again" Emmanuel Macron was not awarded the prize awarded by the UN ?

Despite all his efforts and patience, Nicolas Hulot was soon obliged to draw the consequences of the attitude of Emmanuel Macron, who continued to evolve permanently and in all ambiguity between a lyrical official speech in favor of the ecology and actions, far removed from the goals originally set and promised.

"I'm all alone in the maneuver," complained Nicolas Hulot, who quickly admitted the limits between Emmanuel Macron's ecological discourse and his actions as President of the Republic. (Statement made on France Inter).

It was finally the excessive proximity of Emmanuel Macron with the hunters that convinced Nicolas Hulot to resign, the former minister saying he had nothing to do with an executive who had just granted the lobbyist Thierry Coste, 50% discount on the price of the hunting license. It was impossible for Nicolas Hulot to swallow this last snake!

On 28 August 2018, Nicolas Hulot resigned, thus depriving the President of the Republic and his Prime Minister Edouard Philippe of his ecological guarantee.

Since the institutional ecology is down !

She tried to resurface very clumsily on August 26, 2019 on the occasion of the speech after the Grand Debate of the Head of State and after the increase in the Carbon Tax ignited the powder and triggered the movement of the vests Yellow.

That evening, everyone noticed that the Head of State had only addressed the subject of the ecological transition after 40 minutes of peroration, limiting his remarks to the only climate emergency, more urgent and more urgent. (?) according to him but simultaneously neglecting the problems of biodiversity.

According to the former Minister of the Environment, Delphine Batho, Emmanuel Macron would have remained once again on a scheme, obsolete, economic growth !

We will be opposed that this same Manuel Macron, ardent defender of the economy, who wished to green his program, announced the creation of a Council of Ecological Defense which will be only the duplicate of the National Council of the Ecological Transition (created in 2009 ) or the High Council for Climate created in November 2018.

To make a good (biased) response to these criticisms, Emmanuel Macron decided to entrust 150 randomly selected citizens with the responsibility of putting forward concrete facts related to "the real life and reality of the French".

In the light of these reminders, it is clear that after 2 years of presidency, ecology has become a minor mode for Emmanuel Macron, whereas it should be a major issue, the one that had been promised

Let's parody the famous story, Dr. Jekill and Mister Hyde, as we are dealing with a remake of Dr. Emmanuel and Mister Macron style.

To reinforce our demonstration, we will take a particular example in which Emmanuel Macron snuck, an example that was told to us by a whistleblower.

The example concerns the Bretonne Olmix Society of Brehan a municipality of Morbihan (3rd district of Pontivy). In a well-documented article dated 16/09/2019 our colleague Challenges ginned with precision and detail Olmix's "sucess story" born in 1995 that made green, red or brown algae (there are 700 species of algae) its business base to develop from an inexhaustible raw material natural products for agriculture, livestock and food (food supplements).

The success in the region of the firm, then on the national level has naturally shifted the company to export in order to stand up to its first competitor Alltech (USA).

To reach this level, the creator of the company Hervé Ballusson has had to work hard and face the difficulties inherent in the financial needs of constant cash flow of a growing company, evolving on an innovative niche, in conformity with the new health and food requirements of the time.

Olmix has therefore sought funds.

Olmix benefited at the end of 2018 from financial contributions (30 million euros) from the BPI and the Russian sovereign fund RDIF led by Krill Dmitriev, allied with the services of the CDC Arc International (Krill Dimitriev was given the 19 / 11/2018, for good service, the Legion of Honor). The final negotiation took place in Saint Petersburg, on the sidelines of the International Economic Forum attended by Emmanuel Macron who had brought all this small world in the presidential plane !

Olmix has also joined forces with the Dangote Group, led by Aliko Dangote (a former taximan), the richest African in the world, who has just built an 11 billion euro refinery in Lagos that will manufacture petrochemical fertilizers ?

Olmix has also benefited from the Junker plan for 30 million euros, this "in the name of the involvement of products manufactured by Olmix in antibiotics extracted from algae".

Until mid-December 2017, Hervé Ballusson was assisted by the Financial Engineering Company Euragri of which he was the CEO. The disappearance of Euragri, canceled from the RCS on December 15, 2017 forced the businessman to turn to other companies of expertise and financial engineering.

It was at this juncture that Asset Management and Privity Equity emerged, two branches of the Edmond de Rothschild Group's financial activities, which on October 2, 2017 (a few weeks before the disappearance of Euragri (?)) Signed the project " Olmix of the future "with solid financial engineering!

A little less than a year later we learn that the group Olmix would be (to be verified) about to file for bankruptcy !

All this makes you dizzy! because the string is big !

A number of questions already arise:

Jean Claude Yunker, the President of the European Commission who gave the green light to the financing of the Olmix project via the credits of the EIB (European Investment Bank) will disappear from the European political scene in less than 10 days. Does his successor seek to recover public funds given at a loss?

BPI France lacks funds to finance innovative and sustainable projects? What will become the share of funding granted by the BPI allied Caisse des Depots and Consignations, fueled as everyone knows by the deposits of savers (BBCE or others.) Olmix who may fall into the purse of the Very High Finance international.

What will become of Russian and African projects ? and the credits that have been allocated to them ?

What will become of Brehant's manufacturing unit ?

To return to the political plan and his 10-day photograph of May 26, it is permissible to ask the following questions:

What is the sincerity of Emmanuel Macaron when he pleads late for ecology ?

What is his sincerity when he promises the reindustrialisation of France ?

In view of this information we want to say that the conversion of Emmanuel Macron to the ecology and reindustrialisation of the country are like Canada Dry: they have the color but they do not have the taste!

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld