DEATH OF TUNISIAN DICTATOR BEN ALI

The ousted President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 83, head of Tunisia from 1987 to 2011, died Thursday, September 19, 2019 in Saudi Arabia, where he lived in exile since the revolution of 2011, said the Tunisian Ministry Foreign Affairs. "We had confirmation of his death 30 minutes ago," added the ministry, without further details.

A week before his death, he was admitted to the hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. His family announced that his body must be transported to Mecca on Friday, where his burial will take place.

More than two decades of repressive power

He succeeded the father of independence, Habib Bourguiba, in 1987 "by a medical stroke" to spend twenty-three years in power, without sharing, before being swept away in January 2011 by the Jasmine Revolution. He fled, on January 14, 2011, in incredible conditions, to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, where he had lived since in exile with his family.

In the early 1990s, the leader of Carthage announced he discovered the existence of an "Islamist conspiracy" to seize power through violence. This career soldier trained partly in France (Saint-Cyr) and in the United States then quickly establishes an ultra-repressive regime. The arrests begin in the ranks of Ennahdha. Huge trials are organized. Torture is systematized in the offices of the Ministry of the Interior. With the support of the police apparatus any dispute is stifled, the press and the unions muzzled.

During twenty-three years of an authoritarian regime he will maintain excellent relations with Western countries that appreciate his economic results (10 million tourists, 6% growth) and his fight against Islamism.

To the repressive regime introduced by the rais is added the monopolization of the wealth of the country by the family.

Capitalization of the country's wealth by the clan

In second marriage, the president married Leïla Trabelsi, a former hairdresser of twenty-one years younger. Then begins an era of corruption and nepotism, the beautiful family handing over wealth of the country with impunity and placing relatives in key positions. Banks, telecoms, tourism, etc. partly pass into the hands of the beautiful family, the Trabelsi, the Ben Ali, the Materi. The World Bank will estimate the hijacking of 5 billion euros, with nearly a quarter of private sector profits going into the pockets of Ben Ali clans.

If the coast of Tunisia enjoys a certain prosperity thanks to tourism, the situation in the interior of the country deteriorates the mining basin not benefitting from the economic consequences of this success. In 2008, riots broke out, violently repressed. It is the beginning of a gear that will be fatal to Ben Ali who, reelected in 2009 with 90% of the vote, does not meet the expectations of the population.

Immolation of Mohammed Bouazizi and protest movement

On December 17, 2010, Mohamed Bouazizi, a 26-year-old unemployed student, set himself on fire in front of the headquarters of Sidi Bouzid governorate, a small town in the center of the country because the police just confiscated the fruits and vegetables he he was selling to support his family on the grounds that he did not have a permit. What is lived as an unbearable humiliation. This desperate gesture will lead to the uprising of his compatriots and lead to the fall of Ben Ali.

A wave of protest sweeps across the country to Tunis where on January 14, 2011, 50,000 people are massed in front of the Ministry of the Interior. At 5:40 pm, the presidential plane takes off. On board, the president, his wife and their children who go into exile in Jeddah in Saudi Arabia.

In 2018, after trials in absentia for "intentional homicide", "abuse of power" or "embezzlement", he was sentenced in absentia to multiple prison terms, including several in perpetuity.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DEUX CANDIDATS ANTI-SYSTEME QUALIFIES AU SECOND TOUR EN TUNISIE

L'homme d'affaires emprisonné Nabil Karoui et l'universitaire indépendant Kais Saied, deux candidats « anti-système », ont affirmé dimanche soir être qualifiés pour le 2e tour de la présidentielle en Tunisie se basant sur deux sondages convergents.

Kaïs Saïed arrive en tête du premier tour de la présidentielle tunisienne avec 19% des voix , a annoncé lundi l'Instance des élections (Isie), devançant Nabil Karoui de 4 points. au coude à coud Le candidat du parti d'inspiration islamiste Ennahdha, Abdelfattah Mourou arrive troisième avec 11 à 12%, loin devant le Premier ministre Youssef Chahed, situé entre 7 et 8% selon ces sondages

« Nous espérons qu'il sera libéré demain et qu'il puisse mener campagne de façon équitable », a déclaré de son côté l'épouse de Nabil Karoui, Salwa Smaoui, devant la presse, avant de lire une lettre écrite par son mari.

« Nous espérons pour ce second tour que l'injustice cesse et que la compétition électorale soit équitable envers les deux candidats, avec un respect total de la Constitution, des lois et de la volonté des citoyens et des électeurs », a-t-elle lu.

Une campagne autour du rejet des élites

Sept millions d'électeurs étaient appelés dimanche à se rendre aux urnes pour le premier tour de la présidentielle, disputé par 26 candidats, qui s'est déroulé sur fond de grave crise économique et sociale.

La participation a été de 45,02% selon des chiffres encore provisoires de l'Isie, un taux faible en regard des 64% enregistrés lors du premier tour de la présidentielle de 2014 ce qui montre la désaffection de la population envers les politiques et plus précisément un rejet des élites politiques traditionnelles.

Kaïs Saïed et Nabil Karoui ont tous deux fait campagne sur le sentiment de rejet des élites politiques.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

RETURN ON THE FORMER PRESIDENT OF ZIMBABWE

ROBERT MUGABE

Former Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe died in Singapore on Friday, September 6th, at the age of 95.

"It is with great sadness that I announce the death of Zimbabwe's founding father and former President Robert Mugabe," said Emmerson Mnangagwa, the country's current president.

Why during his reign of thirty-seven years, until his fall in 2017, did this man go from being a liberating hero to being a ruthless despot ?

Robert Mugabe, ousted in 2017, was the last of the giants of his generation - after Nelson Mendela or Tanzanian president Julius Nyerere - to be alive. But it is alone and isolated that he died, far from his African land, in a hospital room in Singapore.

From hero of independence to despot

For the one who was the liberator of his colonized country then called Rhodesia, white and segregationist, also embodies the tyrant who led and shaped his country with an iron fist during his reign of thirty-seven years and precipitated the economic ruin of his country: "the leader of Zimbabwe has turned the former breadbasket of southern Africa into a land of violence and misery."

This hero of independence proclaimed in 1980 had made a bet, in the name of the unity of the people, of the policy of reconciliation. "You were my enemies yesterday, you are now my friends," assured the former guerrilla leader, even giving key ministerial positions to whites and allowing even their leader, Ian Smith, to stay. in the country.

In a short time the country then knows a better economic being. Seduced by Marxism, Africa's oldest leader discovers politics at the University of Fort Hare that he applies with the construction of schools, health centers and new housing for the black majority.

But that is without counting with its implacable political repression against the opponents, the authoritarian drift, the electoral frauds and especially its violent agrarian reform which precipitates the ruin of the economy. In 1985, liquidity is lacking, 90% of Zimbabweans are unemployed, civil servants are no longer paid. The country is sinking into misery, corruption and instability.

A pariah on the international scene obsessed with power

The one who up to then embodied the success of Africa for Westerners, then joined the ranks of pariahs banned from the international scene.

The president of Zimbabwe, released by the army, his party, Zanu-PF, and the street, is pushed to resign on November 21, 2017. He is then 93 years old.

"Mugabe has remained in power by (...) crushing his opponents, violating justice, trampling on the right to property, cracking down on the independent press and rigging elections," says his biographer Martin Meredith.

In December 2016, he had been elected presidential candidate of 2018 by his party. He had promised to wish his "100 years" to power, but he died before.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SILENT EXTINCTION OF GIRAFFE IN AFRICA

Does the "silent extinction" of giraffes threaten the African continent ?

At the continental scale, the population of these mammals has indeed decreased by about 40% between 1985 and 2015, to reach 98,000 individuals, according to figures compiled by the International Union for the Protection of Nature (IUCN) .


However, the NGO identifies distinct regional dynamics.

In Somalia, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic, for example, conflicts encourage poaching and make it almost impossible to study and protect giraffes.

In eastern Africa, the crawling giraffe - one of four major species of giraffe - has lost about 60% of its individuals. The Nubian Giraffe, meanwhile, has experienced a tragic decline of 97% while in Central Africa, the giraffe population of Kordofan has decreased by 85%.

Only southern Africa is experiencing an increase in the number of giraffes.

The giraffe is an animal that arouses little interest among researchers, its gradual extinction risk going unnoticed !

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

HISTORIC AGREEMENT IN SUDAN

BETWEEN MILITARY AND CIVILIANS

The ruling military and the leaders of the Sudanese protest sealed a historic agreement this Saturday, paving the way for a transfer of power to civilians. A ceremony was held Saturday afternoon in Khartoum on the banks of the Nile for the signing of documents that define the 39 months of transition to come.

With this signing, Mohammed Hamdan Daglo, number two of the Military Council, and Ahmed Al-Rabie, representative of the Alliance for Freedom and Change (ALC) and spearhead of the challenge, thus open the way to a transfer of power to civilians.

The agreement reached in early August ended nearly eight months of an unprecedented protest that led to the fall of President Omar al-Bashir on April 11, after 30 years in power, before turning against the generals. of the Transitional Military Council that has taken over.

"Civil power"

Concluded through a mediation by Ethiopia and the African Union, this agreement was greeted with relief from both sides as protesters celebrated the victory of their "revolution".

The early stages of the transition should follow the signing with the announcement Sunday of the composition of the majority sovereign council made up of civilians who must lead the transition. On Thursday, the Alliance for Freedom and Change (ALC), the spearhead of the protest, appointed Abdallah Hamdok, a former UN economist, to become prime minister. The Sovereign Council must announce Tuesday if he confirms it to this post.

Limit the power of the military elite

Elections are scheduled for 2022. The military is a minority in the 11 members of the Sovereign Council which must govern 40 million Sudanese, even if it will first be led by a general for 21 months. And if the Ministers of the Interior and Defense will be chosen by the military.

The first stages of the transition should follow the signing with the announcement on Sunday of the composition of the Sovereign Council in majority consisting of civilians (6 civilians against 5 military) who must lead the transition. Thursday, August 15, the Alliance for Freedom and Change (ALC), the spearhead of the challenge, has appointed Abdallah Hamdok, a former economist of the United Nations (UN), to become prime minister. The Sovereign Council must announce Tuesday if he confirms it to this post. Mr. Hamdok will then have the daunting task of raising the economy of the country that collapsed after the secession of the South in 2011, depriving it of three quarters of its oil reserves.

Elections are scheduled for 2022.

If the military is a minority in the Sovereign Council (11 members) which is to govern 40 million Sudanese, it will be first led by a general for twenty-one months. And the ministers of the interior and the defense will be chosen by the military.

"The biggest challenge for the government will be the dismantling of the Islamist [informal entities] that have taken control of all state institutions and key sectors of the economy," said Rosalind Marsden of Chatham House think tank established in London.

A historic agreement in a country devastated by thirty years of calamitous management and an authoritarian and corrupt power based on the Islamic legal code.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

EBOLA IN THE DRC A GLOBAL HEALTH EMERGENCY

More than 1800 deaths. It's been a year since the north-eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is plagued by the tenth Ebola epidemic in the country, by far the worst. But one year after the return of the virus in the DRC, the epidemiological situation seems out of control.

The epicenters have indeed moved from North Kivu to Ituri to multiply on several fronts. Until then, Goma, the capital of North Kivu in eastern DRC, had been spared Ebola but four cases were recently diagnosed in Goma. The haemorrhagic fever killed 1,737 people in one year in eastern DRC and the cumulative number of cases is 2,578, of which 2,484 are confirmed and 94 are probable, according to the bulletin of the Ministry of the Interior dated Sunday, July 21, 2019.

Global health emergency

"It is time for the world to take note of the situation and redouble efforts," said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO). The United Nations (UN) agency, which coordinates the Riposte, the coordination structure of the fight against Ebola, in support of the Congolese authorities, ended up decree, July 17, the state of health emergency world.

But the activities of the structure in charge of the fight against the epidemic face two major challenges: the attacks of armed groups and the mistrust of part of the population fueled by the lack of resources implemented.

"The most important challenge is to avoid any interruption of the Riposte by attacks by armed groups," insists David Gressly, UN coordinator for emergency response to Ebola.

The mistrust of the population

Added to this is the mistrust of some of the people who perceive the Riposte as an instrument of contested political power in Kinshasa.

At the outbreak of the epidemic, the teams sent by the Congolese Ministry of Health and the WHO have in fact preferred local elected officials to community structures and the political elite to customary chiefdoms, often more influential. A strategy that turned out to be a big mistake.

"The Riposte (...) gave the impression of being politicized," said Rachel Sweet, a researcher at Harvard University, which has been a major obstacle and has favored instrumentalizations by local politicians, the spread rumors and incitement to violence. "

Disagreements about health policy were also added. A second "experimental" vaccine produced by a Belgian laboratory would have been used, according to the retired health minister, Dr Oly Ilunga. For now, only the vaccine, also experimental, Merck US laboratory is used.

In addition, the lack of vaccines and opaque management of dose reserves by WHO have been denounced.

A new care strategy adopted by the new president

To remedy the lack of effectiveness of the fight against Ebola led by the Ministry of Health, the new president, Felix Tshisekedi, has adopted a new strategy by entrusting the management of the Riposte to a committee of experts led by Professor Jean -Jacques Muyembe Tamfum, who co-discovered the Ebola virus in 1976. This renowned scientist aims to overcome this epidemic in "three to four months".

Ebola haemorrhagic fever is a concern in Africa in the Great Lakes. Identified in 1976 in the DRC, it appeared in December 2013 in southern Guinea and marked the beginning of a deadly epidemic, with some 11,000 deaths in March 2015 also affecting Liberia and Sierra Leone.

The World Bank, aware of the "health emergency" has just announced the award of 300 million dollars (271 million euros) for this new phase of fight against Ebola.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

TUNISIAN PRESIDENT HONORS KEY MAN OF DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION

Several days of national mourning were decreed in Tunisia after the announcement of the death of President Beji Caid Essebsi. Beji Caid Essebsi, the first directly elected head of state since the 2011 revolution, died Thursday, July 25 at the age of 92. Béji Caïd Essebsi must be buried alongside his family members in the Djellaz cemetery, 25 km from the Carthage Palace he occupied since 2014.

National funerals are scheduled this Saturday in the presence of several heads of state. Around the world, tributes are multiplying to commend the role played by this president, the first Tunisian president democratically elected by universal suffrage in 2014. The boss of the UN Antonio Guterres has praised his role "determining to lead the country and the head of European diplomacy, Federica Mogherini, lamented the loss of one of the "most competent and persevering" Tunisian leaders [...]. Berlin, Rome, Rabat and several Gulf monarchies also paid tribute to him. Algeria declared mourning for three days, as did Mauritania. Donald Trump paid tribute to Béji Caïd Essebsi's "phenomenal leadership". "President Caid Essebsi was an indefatigable defender of the Tunisian people," the US president said in a White House statement.

"A phenomenal leadership," according to Donald Trump.

Beji Caid Essebsi played a key role in the democratic transition initiated by Tunisia in 2011 after the fall of Ben Ali. The power-sharing agreement it had made between his party, Nidaa Tounes, and the Islamists in Ennahda helped to stabilize the political situation and avoid the autocratic drift seen in other countries affected by the "spring Arabic ". This bet of reconciliation with the Islamists will have avoided the country the chaos experienced by other "Arab Spring". If he saved Tunisia from the rise of extremes, Essebsi, however, was unable to deepen the democratic project dreamed of by the protagonists of the 2011 revolution. And although he reiterated that the rights of the man were one of the gains of the young democracy, the Tunisian president bore badly the criticisms coming in particular from certain media. Moreover, the dynastic drift of the presidential power, which saw him soften the ambitions of his son Hafedh, has also been controversial. The "Sheik" failed to complete his project of equal inheritance between men and women. President Béji Caïd Essebsi died a few months before the end of his term in December.

The future of Tunisia

Upon the announcement of the death of the president, the head of Parliament, Mohamed Ennaceur, 85 years, was sworn in to act in accordance with the Constitution. It provides that this interim does not exceed 90 days, ie until the end of October. Tunisia is thus preparing to undergo an acceleration of its electoral calendar, the legal term of the five-year term of Mr. Essebsi having been initially fixed in mid-November. Legislative elections, another equally sensitive deadline, are scheduled for 6 October. The electoral autumn promises to be loaded for Tunisians. The stakes of this new political cycle - the second presidential and third legislative elections since 2011 - are crucial. It is that of the rooting of democracy in this country of North Africa, both pioneer and sole survivor of the wave of the "Arab Spring" of 2011 . Many Tunisians have emphasized this rapid transition as their country is the only one of the Arab states affected by the 2011 protests to continue on the path of democratization.

However, there are still many challenges to Tunisia, such as jihadist attacks, clan fighting and economic wait-and-seeism.

The democratic transition remains fragile in this pioneer Arab spring even if, according to some analysts, the death of the president should not cause political upheaval in Tunisia.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS THE END OF THE SUDANESE SPRING ?

A small history

After months of peaceful protests, the Sudanese protest is now being violently repressed. On June 3, more than 100 civilians, according to the opposition, were killed in an assault by order of the military.

For many, this coup could mark the end of the "Sudanese Spring". But opposition and protesters want to keep up the pressure for a transfer of power to civilians.

Since the bloody dispersal of Sudanese protesters' sit-in in front of army headquarters in Khartoum on 3 June, 118 people have been killed and more than 500 wounded, according to the opposition. But the protesters intend to keep the pressure on the generals in power.

The Transitional Military Council has been in power since the April 11 dismissal of President Omar al-Bashir by the army, under pressure from the protest movement launched on 19 December in a climate of acute economic crisis.

A blocked political process between military and civilians

The protest calls for a transfer of power to a civilian government. Negotiations have been suspended since May 20 due to differences over the composition of a new body that would be responsible for leading the transition for three years.

After the fall of Omar al-Bashir, protesters maintained a sit-in installed since April 6 in front of army headquarters to demand the transfer of power to civilians. Both sides then began discussions on the transition period but failed to agree.

Born in December of anger against the tripling of the price of bread, the dispute quickly took a political turn.

The standoff took a bloody turn with the violent dispersion of the sit-in in Khartoum on June 3. After four days of repression, and despite the mediation of Mr. Ahmed, the protest launched on Sunday a civil disobedience movement.

Suppression of the sit-in and 118 dead

The announcement of the resumption of negotiations comes as the leaders of the protest had announced Monday night that they will soon publish the composition of their own governing body with a Prime Minister.

She also intervenes the day after the announcement of the visit this week of the US Assistant Secretary of State for Africa, Tibor Nagy. The State Department said the envoy would call "at the end of attacks against civilians".

According to a committee of doctors close to the protest, 118 people have died and more than 500 have been wounded since then, the majority in the dispersal of the sit-in. The authorities estimate 61 deaths, including 49 by "live ammunition" in Khartoum. On Tuesday, vehicles equipped with Rapid Support Forces (RSF) machine guns - paramilitaries accused of disputing the spread of the sit-in and the crackdown that followed - continued to patrol in several districts of the capital, mostly deserts.

Meanwhile, nine people were killed on Monday in al-Dalij village in western Darfur, a region wounded since 2003 by a civil war, according to a committee of doctors who blame Janjaweed militias for atrocities in the country. the region. The RSFs are considered by the protest and by experts as a "new version" of the Janjawid.

Resumption of negotiations

The Sudanese opposition and the Transitional Military Council (TMC) have agreed to resume talks on the formation of a new administration, Ethiopian mediator Mahmoud Dirir said Tuesday after more than three days of near-paralysis in Khartoum, the capital of Somalia. country.

The Sudanese protest has indeed agreed to end the civil disobedience movement launched after the start of a deadly crackdown and resume discussions with the military in power to find a way out of the crisis.

The Alliance for Freedom and Change (ALC), the spearhead of the protest, immediately called on the Sudanese to "get back to work on Wednesday," after more than three days of near-paralysis in the capital.

UN Security Council condemns violence

"The ALC agreed to end the civil disobedience movement from today" and "the two sides agreed to resume the talks soon," Drir said Tuesday.

In a statement, Council members called for the immediate end of violence against civilians and stressed the importance of respect for human rights.

George Clooney, very committed to Darfur

In an editorial co-signed with human rights activist John Prendergast and published in Politico, US actor George Clooney urged the international community to track dirty money from Sudan in the hope that the military will change its attitude towards events.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

DOUBLE TERRORIST ATTACK  IN TUNIS

The explosions took place in the late morning minutes apart. Both suicide attacks were directed against the police.

Two suicide attacks were perpetrated on Thursday, June 27 at midday in Tunis.

A car was the target of an attack on Thursday afternoon on Avenue Bourguiba, the main artery of Tunis. The kamikaze targeted the police, said a police officer on the spot. According to the authorities, three policemen and two civilians were injured.

Body pieces littered the roadway around a police car on Bourguiba Avenue, the capital's main avenue, near the old town.

A little later, it was reported that a second attack targeted a barracks of the National Guard, in the neighborhood of Al Karjani four wounded.

At the end of October, Tunis had already been hit by a suicide bombing.

Already on the avenue Bourguiba, an artery very popular with passers-by and tourists.

A woman in her thirties had activated an explosive charge that she was transporting, approaching again this time a group of police officers. Twenty people were injured, including five civilians.

Tunisia, which relies heavily on tourism, has raised its security measures since a series of attacks in 2015, including the attack on the museum of Bardo where 21 people were killed, and in the resort of Sousse, which killed 38 people.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

MOHAMED BEN SALMAN INVESTIGATED IN THE KILLING OF JOURNALIST JAMAL KHASHOGGI

BY UN INVESTIGATION

UN investigators announced Wednesday (June 19th) to have credible evidence of the involvement of Crown Prince Mohamed Ben Salmane and other top Saudi officials in the assassination of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Exiled to the United States, where he wrote regularly for the Washington Post, the journalist was last seen on October 2, 2018 while entering the Saudi Consulate General in Istanbul, Turkey.

After initially denying the murder, Riyadh has put forward several contradictory versions and now claims that Jamal Khashoggi was killed in an operation not authorized by the authorities.

But a UN report invalidates this latest version of the monarchy.

In a six-month report, UN Special Rapporteur Agnès Callamard said that "Mr. Khashoggi was the victim of a deliberate, premeditated execution of an extrajudicial execution of which State of Saudi Arabia is responsible under international human rights law ".

Call to "open a criminal investigation"

"There is credible evidence, warranting further investigation, of the individual responsibility of senior Saudi officials, including the Crown Prince," she adds.

Sufficient evidence exists to open an investigation into the responsibility of senior Saudi officials, including Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, in the Khashoggi case, according to UN human rights expert

The rapporteur cautioned against "the disproportionate importance attached to the identification of the perpetrator", stressing that justice should not only establish the responsibility of the physical perpetrator. Eleven suspects have been arrested in Saudi Arabia to answer for the murder of the journalist. But a judicial inquiry "also aims, if not primarily, at identifying those persons who, in the context of the commission of a violation, have abused or failed to fulfill the responsibilities of their position of authority," argues the rapporteur. Special Report of the United Nations in its report.

The UN expert therefore calls on UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to "open a follow-up criminal investigation into the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi in order to establish solid files on each of the alleged perpetrators".

The head of the UN "should itself be able to open a follow-up international criminal investigation without a state having to intervene," she notes.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

INTERCOMMUNITY MASSACRE IN MALI

Sobame Da attack on Sunday night marks the acceleration of a completely uncontrolled cycle of communal vengeance. At least 95 people were killed in the night from Sunday to Monday in a Dogon village in central Mali. An entire Dogon village was razed with rare cruelty by unidentified gunmen. A new tragedy in this region plagued by violence, two and a half months after a massacre of 160 Peuls.

Intercommunity revenge

The death toll is still unclear: in the afternoon of Monday, the government said in a statement a provisional record of 95 deaths.

For its part, the association of Dogon hunters Dan Nan Ambassagou "(Monday) noted with indignation the barbaric and ignoble attack on the village of Sobane" and "condemns with the utmost energy this intolerable terrorist and genocidal act" "

Zones under the guise of jihadist groups

In a statement released Monday, the Malian government suspected those attackers of being terrorists, before ensuring that "all measures will be taken to stop and punish the perpetrators of this carnage". Security reinforcements have been deployed to try to find the perpetrators of this umpteenth killings. The Ministry of Justice announced Monday night, the opening of an investigation, led by the prosecutor of the judicial center specializing in the fight against terrorism.

"It is not a cycle of revenge, of vendetta, that this country must be led," said ORTM public television president Malian, in Switzerland for the centenary of the International Labor Organization (ILO), announcing that he was shortening his stay. "IBK" (his initials) instead called for a "reunion" between Malians, "which alone will allow us to rebound and allow our nation to survive. Because we are in question of survival, "he said.

State powerlessness

For the head of the UN Mission in Mali (Minusma), this drama illustrates the impotence of the Malian state to prevent inter-ethnic clashes on its soil. "In response, a coordinated UN mission was put with the support of the Malian authorities, and the UN organization is mobilized in Mali to provide humanitarian assistance to assist those affected, and the mission received air support this morning, in coordination with Malian authorities, in order to avoid future attacks. ", according to the United Nations, June 20, 2019.

A meeting on troop contributors to the Minusma is scheduled for Wednesday afternoon at the United Nations, which the Security Council is expected to decide on June 27 on the mandate of the force. The UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, recommends that it not be reduced, despite calls from the United States.

Since the emergence in 2015 in central Mali of the jihadist group of the preacher Amadou Koufa, recruiting primarily among the Fulani, traditionally breeders, the clashes between the community and the Bambara and Dogon ethnic groups, mainly engaged in agriculture, have increased. created their "self-defense groups". Since 2015, this violence has spread from the north to the center of the country, and sometimes to the south. They are concentrated mainly in the center, often mixed with inter-communal conflicts, a phenomenon that is also experienced by neighboring Burkina Faso and Niger.

Northern Mali had fallen in March-April 2012 under the guise of jihadist groups but entire areas are beyond the control of the Malian, French and UN forces, despite the signing in 2015 of a peace agreement meant to isolate definitively the jihadists, whose application accumulates delays.

The violence culminated on March 23 with the massacre at Ogossagou, near the Burkinabè border, of some 160 Peul villagers by suspected members of Dogon hunter groups.

Violations of human rights

Since January 2018, the Human Rights and Protection Division of the UN Mission in Mali (Minusma) has documented 91 human rights violations committed by traditional hunters against civilian members of the population peule, in the regions of Mopti and Ségou, having made at least 488 dead and 110 wounded, said May 16 the Minusma during a scrum.

Conversely, armed self-defense groups in the Fulani community committed 67 human rights violations against the civilian population in the Mopti region in the same period, causing 63 deaths and 19 injuries, the report said.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CONVICTIONS TO DEATH FRENCH DJIHADISTS IN IRAQ

Bagdad has already sentenced more than 500 IS foreigners - men and women - some of whom have been sentenced to death, but none have so far been executed.

In a statement on Monday, the Foreign Ministry said that "adults detained in Iraq must be tried by the Iraqi judiciary, as soon as it declares itself competent. France respects the sovereignty of the Iraqi authorities ".

Refusal of any return and judgment in France of affiliates to the EI

France refuses any return and judgment in France of its nationals affiliated to Daesh, as repeated the Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian on Tuesday morning on France Inter:

"These terrorists, because they are terrorists who attacked us, who were also death-sowers in Iraq, must be judged where they committed their crimes. "

A court in Baghdad sentenced Yassine Sakkam to death on Wednesday for belonging to the jihadist Islamic State (IS) group, bringing to seven the number of French to have received in four days of capital punishment in that country. Yassine Sakkam was arrested in Syria and then transferred in January to Iraq with a group of 10 suspected French jihadists.

Six of them have been sentenced to death since Sunday for joining IS. Brahim Nejara, 33, accused by French intelligence of having facilitated the sending of jihadists to Syria, and Karam El Harchaoui, who will be 32, were sentenced to death on Tuesday by a court in Baghdad. On Sunday and Monday, Kévin Gonot, Leonard Lopez, Salim Machou and Mustapha Merzoughi were also sentenced to death by hanging. The list of French convicts for belonging to the jihadist organization could therefore lengthen.

This series of verdicts reopens the debate on the thorny issue of foreign jihadists: if the return - and judgment - of its nationals affiliated to the IS is not envisaged, France however refuses, at the same time, the penalty of death.

"Constant" opposition to the death penalty

Also the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said Monday to "take the necessary steps" with the Iraqi authorities after the conviction of three French to the death penalty. On Tuesday, France said it "multiplied (steps) to avoid the death penalty" to these nationals, while Paris has long campaigned for the abolition of the death penalty in the world.

For Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Minister of Foreign Affairs, it is important to oppose in principle the death penalty, without jeopardizing the Iraqi justice or its legitimacy to judge the French.

"There are two principles, which are not contradictory. The first is that these terrorists there - because they are terrorists, who attacked us and who were also sowers of death in Iraq - must be judged where they committed their crimes. [...] [The second is that], we are totally opposed to the death penalty and we say it. [...]

We multiply the steps to avoid the death penalty to these four French, "said Jean-Yves le Drian, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Tuesday morning on France Inter

All have 30 days to appeal.

The convicts have 30 days to appeal, and the French lawyer Leonard Lopez has already announced that he would.

According to Iraqi law, anyone who has joined a "terrorist" organization - whether or not they have fought - is punishable by death.

Human rights defenders also denounce "real risks of torture" and "no guarantee for fair trials" in Iraq, the 12th most corrupt country in the world according to the NGO Transparency International.

In Iraq, it is the Iraqi judicial sovereignty that prevails and not the French laws ...

Delicate diplomatic imbroglio .....!

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

LIBERATION OF FRENCH HOSTAGES OF BENIN AND DEATH OF TWO COMMANDOS MARINE

Four hostages held in the Sahel, including two French, one American and one South Korean, were released during an operation conducted Thursday night by French forces. Emmanuel Macron "welcomes the release of four hostages in the Sahel, including our two compatriots, Patrick Picque and Laurent Lassimouillas, abducted May 1 in Benin," said the French presidency in a statement. "In addition to the two French hostages, a US citizen and a South Korean national have also been released. The disappearances of the American and the South Korean had never been made public. Even European security sources in the Sahel were unaware.

But two petty officers were killed during the operation.

Two members of the French Special Forces died during the operation conducted on Thursday night in northern Burkina Faso

"This release was achieved through a military operation, led by the French forces in the night of Thursday to Friday, in northern Burkina Faso," continues the Elysee.

"During this one, two soldiers died in battle, the master Cédric de Pierrepont and the master Alain Bertoncello, both petty officers in the command of the special operations. "

Both belonged to the Hubert commando, specialized in counterterrorism, the release of hostages and underwater action with swimmers. The commando, belonging to one of the seven of the Navy, was based in Paris. Saint-Mandrier, in the Var ,. Four kidnappers were also killed during the assault.

US support for intelligence

This operation "was made possible by the mobilization of the means of Barkhane, the implication of the Burkinabé forces and the American support in intelligence", indicated the chief of staff of the armies, the general François Lecointre. "These factors were essential for the success of the operation, ensuring responsiveness as soon as the announcement of the disappearance of the two Frenchmen, the availability of resources and the overall coherence of the operation," he said. he in a statement.

The two Frenchmen had disappeared last May 1st during a safari in the park of the Pendjari, then being in the North West of Benin, on a sector disadvised by the Quai d'Orsay.

It should be remembered that this region is regularly targeted by jihadist groups linked to Al Qaeda and the Islamic State (IS) organization. The two French were taken hostage and, in transit in Burkina Faso, were to be taken to Mali by their captors.

Jihadist group Katiba Macina

The kidnappers belonged to Katiba Macina, a jihadist group active in central Mali whose leader Amadou Koufa has become in recent years a figure of jihadism in Mali and by extension in the Sahel. It catalyzes the frustrations of the young people of his region, mainly from the Fulani community, frustrations exploited for the global jihadist project. Aged sixty years and from the city of Niafunké, he became since January 2015 the spearhead of the Islamist insurgency in central Mali, where 2018 more than 500 civilians were killed according to the United Nations .

In a video of November 8, 2018 he accuses France of sending "his dogs in the Macina", but, above all, his message is for the first time clearly intended to rally to the jihadist cause, well beyond his region , the Peuls "massacred because they raised the flag of Islam". "I appeal to the Fulani, wherever they are: in Senegal, Mali, Niger, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Ghana and Cameroon," he intimates.

Florence Parly, the Minister of the Armed Forces, recalled that "the terrorists who attack France and the French must know that we will spare no effort to hunt them down and fight them".

At the beginning of next week, the Head of State will preside at the Invalides, a ceremony of national homage to the two naval commandos killed in the operation.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COUP D'ETAT MILITAIRE AU SOUDAN

Le prix du pain aura eu raison du président Béchir.

Voilà que depuis plus de trois mois maintenant les Soudanais se révoltent contre le régime du dictateur Béchir. La contestation a démarré après la décision du gouvernement de tripler le prix du pain le 19 décembre suite à un programme d'austérité imposé par le FMI.

La mobilisation s’est ensuite muée en mouvement de protestation contre le régime lui-même, des milliers de Soudanais réclamant le départ du président.

Omar el-Béchir, qui a tenté de réprimer la contestation par la force, a instauré à partir du 22 février l’état d’urgence à l’échelle nationale. 49 personnes sont mortes.

Depuis samedi 6 avril les manifestants ont organisé un si-in devant le siège de l'armée.

Le président Omar Al-Bachir, qui dirigeait le Soudan d’une main de fer depuis trente ans, a été renversé jeudi 11 avril par un coup d’Etat de l’armée et a été remplacé par un « conseil militaire de transition » qui entend diriger le pays pendant deux ans.

« J’annonce, en tant que ministre de la défense, la chute du régime et le placement en détention dans un lieu sûr de son chef », a déclaré dans une annonce très attendue à la télévision d’Etat, le ministre de la défense, Awad Ahmed Ibn Auf. Le couvre-feu a été décrété ce jour par le « conseil militaire de transition ». Un cessez-le-feu a aussi été annoncé à travers le pays, notamment dans les Etats en proie aux rébellions comme le Darfour.

Si les meneurs de la contestation ont obtenu le départ d’Omar Al-Bachir, ils ont, en revanche, rejeté la décision de l’armée de créer un « conseil militaire » pour mener une transition qui s’annonce particulièrement longue : deux ans.

« Le régime a mené un coup d’Etat militaire en présentant encore les mêmes visages (…) contre lesquels notre peuple s’est élevé », a réagi, dans un communiqué, la Déclaration pour la liberté et le changement, tout en appelant le « peuple à continuer son sit-in devant le QG de l’armée et à travers le pays ».

Mercredi, Washington avait exhorté le pouvoir « à respecter les droits de tous les Soudanais à exprimer leurs doléances pacifiquement ».

Les Etats-Unis et les cinq pays européens membres du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU – France, Royaume-Uni, Allemagne, Belgique et Pologne – ont demandé une réunion d’urgence du Conseil de sécurité sur le Soudan. La session devrait se dérouler vendredi.

« Si l’armée marginalise la rue, le pire est à craindre », a réagi un observateur.

Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld

SPOTLIGHT ON BENJAMIN NETANYAHOU WINNER OF LEGISLATIVE IN ISRAEL

The outgoing Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is the winner of the legislative elections and is on the way to a fifth term after counting almost all votes.

97% of the ballots would credit Netanyahu's party with as many seats (35) as Benny Gantz's Blue-white (center-right) list.

"The people of Israel have given me their trust for the fifth time, and greater trust," said the outgoing prime minister who promised "a fifth time, and greater confidence."

He promised a "right-wing government" and has already approached the leaders of other right-wing parties to form a coalition government. They "almost all" gave him their support, he assured.

In such a configuration, President Reuven Rivlin will probably entrust Mr. Netanyahu with the task of forming a coalition government.

Candidates neck and neck.

Netanyahu, 69, who has been in power for ten years, will sign a new coup by winning elections widely presented as a referendum on his person.

Indeed he is under the indictment for corruption so that the legal troubles could catch him in the first months of a new mandate.

At Blue-white headquarters in Tel-Aviv, Gantz, a political novice, also claimed victory "It's a historic day, more than a million people voted for us," proclaimed M Gantz in front of his supporters. "The president must entrust us with the task of forming the next government because we are the most important party," he said before promising to be "the prime minister of all".

Some 6.3 million voters were expected to elect their 120 deputies and decide whether the invincible "Bibi," worshiped by some, hated by others, would continue his long reign or whether the hour of change had come with the new came to lightning rise of this former paratrooper that is Benniz Gantz.

Until the end both candidates were at cut elbow and about two hours before the deadline, MM. Netanyahu and Gantz still frantically defeating their troops.

On the other hand, as expected, the left receives a terrible snub so much that one of the Labor leaders, Shelly Yachimovich, said she was "in shock". We knew the left in a bad position: the Zionist Union was indeed dissolved, and the Labor Party presented itself again under its own colors, but not so much. The decline of the party is such that he would get only six seats in the Knesset.

As for Mr Netanyahu, if President Rivlin renews it, it would delight in July the record of longevity as Prime Minister to the historic David Ben Gurion.

But, very quickly, Mr. Netanyahu may again find himself entangled in a corruption scandal even if he claims his innocence and denounces relentlessly a "witch hunt".

In February, the Attorney General announced his intention to charge him with corruption, fraud and breach of trust in three cases of donations received from billionaires, exchanges of good practices between rulers and bosses, and attempts to collusion with the press. He even set July 10 as the deadline for a last chance hearing before deciding to charge him.

In the face of Mr. Netanyahu, 59-year-old Gantz, armed with former parachutist and former chief of staff, campaigned on taking the current head of government as his "The mere idea that a prime minister can exercise power when an indictment is brought against him seems ridiculous to me, it will not happen," Gantz said in January. "I have my own hands, I owe nothing to anyone and my government will show zero tolerance for any form of corruption," he said. Failing to propose a radical political change, Benny Gantz has therefore especially bet on the lassitude of Israelis vis-à-vis the one who has led them for ten years.

"No to peace"

The ideological and political domination of the right was confirmed at the end of a campaign of rare violence, without any real debate.

During this tough campaign Benjamin Netanyahu has indeed prevailed in his strong man, his diplomatic success, his proximity to President Donald Trump and continued economic growth. As in 2015, Benyamin Netanyahu completed it by positioning himself more to the right than ever, to mobilize his camp and encourage the useful vote in favor of the Likud. He thus declared himself ready, in defiance of a broad international consensus, to annex Israeli settlements in the West Bank, from a broad international consensus, to annex Israeli settlements in the West Bank, a Palestinian territory occupied for over fifty years by Israel. "A Palestinian state would put our existence in danger," he told Channel 12 News on April 6. "I will extend [Israel's] sovereignty, but I do not distinguish between blocks of settlements and those that are isolated, because each settlement is Israeli. "

Politically speaking, Benny Gantz is located in the center-right of the Israeli political spectrum with less radical positions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict than his opponent ...

Commenting on Israel's exit polls, Saeb Erekat, a senior Palestinian official, said the Israelis had said "no to peace and yes to occupation" in the Palestinian territories.

In any case, the formation of a coalition will probably never be so complicated since 1961 !!

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

POACHER TRAMPLED TO DEAD BY AN ELEPHANT AND EATEN BY LIONS

An elephant trampled a poacher to death in a South African nature reserve before his remains were devoured by a herd of lions that swallowed everything except his skull and his trousers.

A man who was trying to poach a rhinoceros for
recovering the horn of the large mammal, in Kruger National Park, South Africa, was crushed by an elephant before being devoured by a band of hungry lions who left only his skull and his pants, reports The Daily Mail.

The accident occurred on Tuesday, April 2 in Kruger National Park.

Three of the victim's friends fled after the tragedy. They called his family who contacted the park administration. The search for the remains of the poacher has found only his skull and his pants.

A family of lions apparently devoured his body.

"Entering Kruger National Park illegally and walking is not wise, there are many dangers, and this incident is proof of that," said Glenn Phillips, chief executive officer of the reserve.

Local police arrested three of the man's accomplices with two shotguns and ammunition.

The three men are charged with possession of firearms and ammunition without a license, poaching and trespassing.

An investigation has been opened into the death of their accomplice.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

WHAT SCENARIOS AFTER THE RESIGNATION OF PRESIDENT BOUTEFLIKA ?

The President of the Republic of Algeria has informed the Constitutional Council of his resignation "as of today," Algerian official media reported on Tuesday (April 2nd).

"I have the honor to formally notify you of my decision to terminate the mandate I perform as President of the Republic, from today, Tuesday, Radjab 1440, corresponding to 2 April 2019," he wrote in a statement. letter he sent to the Constitutional Council, published by the Algerian official APS news agency.

This decision that I take in my soul and conscience is intended to contribute to the appeasement of the hearts and minds of my compatriots, to enable them to project together Algeria towards the better future to which they legitimately aspire. "

While he had already given up, under the pressure of the street in March, to seek a fifth term and announced the postponement sine die of the presidential election, these announcements were not enough to calm the dispute.

During this period the "Bouteflika" clan, however, was trying to save the day.

The Bouteflika clan had indeed accepted Monday, April 1 to cede power, promising a departure from the head of state before the 28th of the month, end date of his term.

But Saïd, the brother, tried to buy time, a process widely used by the Algerian government, proposing to the former President of the Republic Liamine Zéroual to ensure the transition in case of resignation.

An approach little appreciated by the chief of staff of the army so that General Gaïd Salah denounced Tuesday, April 2 "stubbornness and the deviousness of certain individuals at the head of the country".

These individuals are "concerned only with the preservation of their narrow personal interests," he added, in what appears to be an attack on President Bouteflika's close entourage.

With the resignation of the Algerian president, opens a period of 90 days during which a presidential election must be organized.

The president of the Council of Nations, Abdelkader Ben Salah, a close friend of Abdelaziz Bouteflika, will take the interim. The current and new Prime Minister, Noureddine Bedoui, is a former Minister of the Interior. The two will be able to get along with General Gaïd Salah. Indeed, the military, who put pressure on Bouteflika to resign, remains the only undisputed institution in Algeria. It acts as guarantor to keep a calm atmosphere during this transition period,

But the resignation of Bouteflika does not mean the end of the Algerian revolt.

If the announcement Monday night is experienced as a "good news", it is not enough for the Algerian youth on the street for a month. They call at the end of the "system", and not just the resignation of Bouteflika.

For the moment, opposition candidates are not scrambling to formalize their candidacy. Rachid Nekkaz, the anti-Bouteflika candidate, has been more discreet in recent days.

The opponent to Bouteflika Ali Benfis who had given up the election originally scheduled for April 28, could return to the game. The lawyer and human rights activist Mustapha Bouchachi has for his part advantage of being rather supported by the street.

However, it is now necessary to take into account a new arbitrator: the Algerian citizens did not say either their last word.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE RESIGNATION OF PRESIDENT BOUTEFLIKA

CLOSE

After the army is the turn of the party RND, main ally of the Algerian president, to claim in a statement released Wednesday, March 27, the resignation of the latter. The announcement, made by former Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia, comes after the statement by the army chief of staff, who asked the Constitutional Council to declare President Bouteflika unfit for the job.

Indeed, the military no longer seem to support Abdelaziz Bouteflika at the head of Algeria. Ahmed Gaid Salah, the chief of staff of the army loyal to the Algerian president so far, asked Tuesday, March 26, 2019 to initiate the procedure provided by Article 102 of the Constitution, when the President of the Republic

"Because of serious and lasting illness, it is totally impossible to perform his duties".

Weakened since 2013 by the after-effects of stroke, President Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been facing unprecedented protests for more than a month.

Admittedly, he has given up a fifth term, but has postponed indefinitely the date of the presidential election, originally scheduled for April 18, after the drafting of a new constitution. He would remain in power after April 28, the end of his term.

But civil society demands above all a rapid change. And clearly within the army, soldiers and officers were not ready to turn against the people what seems to have understood the general so far most loyal to President Bouteflika.

"It becomes necessary, even imperative, to adopt a solution to get out of the crisis, which responds to the legitimate demands of the Algerian people, and which guarantees the respect of the provisions of the Constitution and the maintenance of the sovereignty of the State," said General Ahmed Gaïd Salah, also vice-minister of defense, in a speech broadcast on national television.

But in any case the distancing of the army vis-à-vis President Bouteflika means a consensus at the top of the state to avoid a violent break.

Indeed if the procedure is initiated, the president of the Council of the Nation will then take the interim for 45 days. And if the president is declared unfit at the end of this period, the "vacancy" of power is declared. The interim then continues for a maximum of 90 days, during which a presidential election is organized.

"Only the quick passage to an election will renew the institutions," according to constitutionalist Fatiha Benabbou.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

MASSACRE MEURTRIER DANS UN VILLAGE PEUL

AU MALI

Village dévasté : Des corps sans tête, d’autres jetés au fond d’un puits et des amas de chaires noires, brûlées vives. Au moins 134 civils ont été massacrés à Ogossagou dans le centre du pays par des miliciens.

Selon les Nations unies, au moins 134 personnes ont été massacrées et une cinquantaine d’autres blessées, dans ce village largement habité par des civils appartenant à l’ethnie peule.

Selon l’association de défense des Peuls Tabital Pulaaku, la majorité était des femmes et des enfants.

Beaucoup avaient trouvé refuge dans ce village après avoir déjà fui d’autres affrontements intercommunautaires qui ont fait plus de 500 morts en 2018 dans le centre du Mali, selon l’ONU.

Depuis l'apparition il y a quatre ans dans le centre du Mali du groupe djihadiste du prédicateur Amadou Koufa, recrutant prioritairement parmi les Peuls, traditionnellement éleveurs, les affrontements se multiplient entre cette communauté et les ethnies bambara et dogon, pratiquant essentiellement l'agriculture.

Au delà de litiges terriens qui opposent ces communautés, la spirale des violence revêt de plus en plus un caractère ethnique. De plus, la zone est un terrain d’action privilégié des groupes terroristes, au Mali.

Les Dogons ont créé, en contre partie, leurs propres « groupes d'autodéfense », dont l'association « Dan Nan Ambassagou » qui serait à l'origine du génocide.

En conséquence le président Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta a prononcé « la dissolution de l'association 'Dan Nan Ambassagou' pour dire clairement aux uns et aux autres que la protection des populations restera le monopole de l'Etat », a expliqué le Premier ministre Soumeylou Boubeye Maïga.

Le gouvernement a également annoncé le remplacement des chefs d'état-major des armées, de l'armée de terre et de l'armée de l'air.

Avec ce limogeage d’une rare ampleur l'Etat tente de reprendre la main sur les milices armées au lendemain du massacre de plus de 130 Peuls dans le centre du pays, l'attaque la plus meurtrière qu'ait connue le Mali depuis au moins six ans.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

BOUTEFLIKA OU D'UNE CONCESSION SYMBOLIQUE A UNE REPRISE EN MAIN DU POUVOIR

It was the protesters claim for several weeks. Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, faced for the past two weeks with an unprecedented challenge in 20 years of power, announced Monday, March 11 to waive a fifth term and the postponement sine die of the presidential scheduled on April 18.

For the first time since the beginning of the protest movement, Abdelaziz Bouteflika appeared on Algerian television.

In a long message to the nation, he said the presidential will take place "in the extension of a national conference" to reform the political system and develop a draft Constitution by the end of 2019.

The news was initially welcomed with joy. It thus meets one of the main demands of popular mobilization.

But by pledging "to hand over the duties and prerogatives of the President of the Republic to the successor that the Algerian people will freely elected," Abdelaziz Bouteflika implicitly indicates that he will remain head of state at the end of his mandate on April 28, 2019.

"There will be no fifth term and it was never discussed for me, my state of health and my age not assigning me as an ultimate duty to the Algerian people that the contribution to the foundation of the foundations of 'a new republic', says Abdelaziz Bouteflika in this text.

The relief has quickly given way to doubts, as shown by the headlines of major Algerian newspapers: "Bouteflika extends the fourth term" (El Khabar), "Bouteflika will leave, the system will wait! "(El Watan)," Bouteflika offers Algerians a "transition" managed by the power "(TSA). The proposals offer him by postponing the presidential election a lengthening of the current presidential term, beyond the term provided by the Constitution, which allows him to organize his exit.

Thus power plays its all-round game and today uses solutions that it had envisaged even before the crisis to remain master of the calendar and the modalities of evolution of the political system.

Difficult to see in these latest announcements an executive releasing ballast to the protesters. Attendism, on the contrary, appears to be the last bastion of a discredited regime.

In fact through a symbolically important concession, the power tries to regain control. The demonstrations continue.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

BOUTEFLIKA UNDER PERMANENT VITAL THREAT

AND THE SUBSTANCE OF ALGERIAN REVOLUTION

Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been hospitalized in Switzerland for about ten days. The daily Tribune de Genève obtained information on the state of health of the 82-year-old Algerian president, candidate for his own succession.

The Geneva patient would be "under permanent threat of life".

"Weakened, Bouteflika is" under permanent threat of life, "announces the Tribune de Genève on Wednesday, March 6. According to the Swiss daily, the Algerian president, treated at the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG) for ten days," suffers from neurological and respiratory problems.

"The head of state is 'under permanent threat of life' because of the degradation of his neurological reflexes.

He does not suffer from any lethal harm in the short term, but it is an old man who is struggling to recover from the consequences of his 2013 stroke.

Because it is because of the HUG's expertise in neurology that Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been there since February 24th. "

The Swiss newspaper reports that the situation of the 82-year-old patient has deteriorated dangerously in recent years.

"From a state of fragility but allowing a more or less normal life, he has turned into a patient whose condition is very precarious and requires constant care. "

The conditions are met to organize the April 18 presidential, however assured Wednesday the Algerian authorities, despite the unprecedented challenge raised by the candidacy for a fifth term of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

However, according to the foreign daily, former minister Ali Benouari said that no doctor wants to issue a certificate attesting that the Algerian president is able to represent himself. Bouteflika, 82, severely disabled that he is now suffering from a stroke in 2013. He has been hospitalized in Switzerland for more than ten days for officially "periodic medical examinations" and we do not know the date of his return to Algeria.

Despite language disorders and a worrying health situation, Bouteflika is in the running for a fifth term after filing his candidacy Sunday night.

The presidential election on April 18 against and against all

Algerian authorities went from their couplet in favor of the presidential elections of April 18th.

The presidential election will be held "in accordance with the Constitution, under the conditions of transparency, serenity and tranquility," said Algerian Foreign Minister Abdelkader Messahel, on the sidelines of a ministerial council of the Arab League in Cairo.

The army and security forces are "resolutely committed to guarantee" the security of the presidential election, to allow Algerians to vote "in a climate of serenity, tranquility and stability," said Wednesday the leader said staff of the Algerian army, General Ahmed Gaïd Salah who "seems to abandon the belligerent tone he used until then to talk about the political situation in Algeria," noted the French daily El Watan, his counterpart Freedom evoking "a speech of appeasement".

And yet the camp Bouteflika seems to crack gradually in recent days before the extent of the challenge of Algerian students in the street.

The "fifth term" front is cracking

In a statement, the powerful National Mujahideen Organization (NOM, which brings together the veterans of the war of independence), traditional support of his comrade in arms Mr. Bouteflika, has provided unexpected support to the challenge. The NOM denounces in a statement institutions "not up to the aspirations of the people" and "an unnatural alliance between influential members of power" and people "who were opened the doors to take control of the public money ".

On Monday, Sid Ahmed Ferroukhi, a former minister and deputy of the National Liberation Front (FLN) announced his resignation from his mandate and his departure from the party chaired by Bouteflika.

Resignations have also been announced by various media in the Forum of entrepreneurs (FCE), employers' organization led by Ali Haddad, deemed close to the Bouteflika clan.

Even the General Union of Algerian Workers (UGTA), a union totally in the service of the fifth term by its secretary-general, Abdelmadjid Sidi-Said, is experiencing defections and calls to support popular protest.

These reversals are a sign that the abandonment of the option of Bouteflika's candidacy is beginning to be considered within the regime.

The Algerians' challenge a "peaceful revolutionary situation"

Since February 22, protesters have unveiled the image of a people full of determination. Since February 22, the largest protest movement of the last two decades in Algeria has pushed tens of thousands of people on the streets to express their opposition to a fifth term of Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

The day of mobilization promises to be strong Friday, coinciding with the celebration of the International Day of Women's Rights.

Lawyer Mokrane Ait Larbi, a respected human rights activist, said the country was living a "peaceful revolutionary situation."

"This historic phase can not achieve the break through the electoral path, whose fraud has already begun in the Constitutional Council, and before the national and international opinion," he said.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SOUTH AFRICA UNDER THE SHOCK

A STAR IS BEING BEAT

A video published by a South African singer showing the young woman repeatedly beaten by a man in a room sparked a shockwave on Monday in South Africa, where the government and police denounced the scourge of violence against women. women.

On the night of Sunday to Monday, Bongekile Simelane, of his stage name Babes Wodumo, posted on his Instagram account a video where a man shirtless and in boxer shorts.

The video, which has since been removed from the account, has become viral on social networks, causing an avalanche of outraged reactions from the fans of the singer, but also the South African authorities.

Culture Minister Nathi Mthethwa said he was "absolutely horrified".

"The South African government will never tolerate gender-based violence. [...]

We call on all South Africans to isolate the culprits, to fight and put an end to gender-based violence with the same zeal as we have fought against racism, "he added, saying that the author of the blows was the singer's companion, the musician Mampintsha.

On Twitter, the South African government said there was "no excuse for the violence. People can only help if they know. Speak. [...] # Stop the Violence Made to Women ".

The police study the video in question to "establish and verify the identity" of the man and woman who appear there.

In a tweet published Monday afternoon, Babes Wodumo, singer of gqom (mix of African traditional percussion and house music), explained not being able to "respond" immediately to interviews, because it is "still very shocked.

South Africa is plagued by high crime.

Last year, more than 20,000 people were murdered, 57 per day.

Women are particularly vulnerable.

In November, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa said that "we must end the rapes and feminicides that are never prosecuted.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

ALGERIAN YOUTH IN THE STREET

AGAINST BOUTEFLIKA

Is the revolution going on in Algeria ?

Algerian youth is in the street.

Mass protests took place Friday, higher than last week, throughout the country but the Algerian power remains inflexible.

Abdelaziz Bouteflika must officially apply for a 5th term Sunday.

Although the rallies were generally peaceful, the situation escalated in the evening on the outskirts of the presidential palace in Algiers. The clashes left 56 injured among police and seven among protesters, police said, quoted by national television

Slogans hostile to power have been chanted with shouts of "Power assassin".

The police carried out 45 arrests during the day, including five people who tried to enter the hotel El Djazaïr, said the television, quoting a statement from the Directorate General of National Security (DGSN).

Demonstrations took place in nearly two-thirds of the wilayas (prefectures) in the north of the country, the most populous region. According to security sources, other rallies were held without incident including in Oran and Constantine, second and third cities of the country.

Amnesty International on Thursday urged security forces to "refrain from excessive or unnecessary force to disperse peaceful protesters".

Some observers fear that the support of the Head of State will use the strong way to avoid an election campaign marked by the physical absence of Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

Campaign director Abdelmalek Sellal, who had led the three previous successful campaigns (2004, 2009, 2014) of candidate Bouteflika, has been sacked.

He is replaced by the current Minister of Transport, Abdelghani Zaalene, simply indicates the APS.

"His dismissal could be a first response" to the dispute that agitated Algeria for over a week and directly targets Abdelaziz Bouteflika, but it may be a bit short, "commented an observer.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

MUHAMMADU BUHARI PRESIDENT OF NIGERIA

Muhammadu Buhari was re-elected President in Nigeria.

The Independent National Electoral Commission of Nigeria announced, on the night of Tuesday 26 to Wednesday 27 February, the name of the winner. Outgoing Head of State Muhammadu Buhari of the Congress of Progressives (APC) was re-elected for a second four-year term as head of the most populous country in Africa.

At 76, the retired general won 56% of the vote, against 41% for his main opponent, Atiku Abubakar.

During the campaign, former General Buhari (76), who had led the country in the 1980s, did not deny the shortcomings of his mandate.

"It has not been a long, quiet river," he said, asking his compatriots to consider "the important progress" made by his government and to give him the opportunity to complete the projects, particularly in terms of anti-corruption, security and economic. Outgoing President Muhammadu Buhari has promised to take his country to a higher level and do better if he is re-elected.

"We are determined to deepen the work that we started during this first term so that the assets and resources of the nation continue to be organized and used in a way that serves the Nigerian citizen," said the outgoing president at the meeting. his campaign. But at 76, his health raised many questions while he was hospitalized several times in London.

An economically poor country despite its hydrocarbon resources.

Indeed the economy of the most populous country in Africa is very badly in point. The crisis caused by the vertiginous drop in hydrocarbon prices in 2015, on which the Nigerian economy depends, has had a lasting impact on the country. Growth was only 1.9% in 2018, remaining at a lower rate than population growth in a country where unemployment affects a quarter of the labor force, and even more than half of 15-35 year olds .

In this country of some 190 million inhabitants - whose population is expected to double by 2050 - this sluggish growth, against a backdrop of high inflation, can not stop the spiral of extreme poverty. According to the World Bank, Nigeria is surpassing India to become the country with the largest number of people living on less than $ 1.90 a day. The recovery of the economy will inevitably go through a diversification of activities to stop this spiral of poverty ...

Security challenges with the threat of Boko Haram and land conflicts.

In addition to the economic challenge, security was a major theme of the February 23 presidential campaign. Determined in the victory of Muhammadu Buhari in 2015 a former general who led, with an iron fist, a military regime in the 80s, security will still dominate the agenda of the next mandate, particularly with the rise of community clashes in with the ever-present terrorist threat of Boko Haram.

Muhammadu Buhari had indeed promised to stop the jihadist insurgency Boko Haram that has killed more than 20,000 and 2.6 million displaced since 2009.

But in the north-east of the country Boko Haram group remains a real threat to the security of the population, even if in four years, Boko Haram has given a little ground against the government of Buhari. The terrorist group has increased in 2018 attacks and suicide bombings in several cities in the north-east. In particular, the kidnapping, at the end of February, of more than a hundred girls in a boarding school in Dapchi (Yobe State) and the double bombing of May 1 that killed nearly a hundred victims in Mubi. In March2018 the Nigerian administration has armored US 414 million euros, including surveillance planes and attack, to quell the jihadists.

In addition to Boko Haram, there are other conflicts in Nigeria that need to be addressed, such as pro-Biafra separatist tensions challenging the Abuja authority that still persist in the Southeast, and the old land dispute between nomadic herders and sedentary farmers.

There are many deadly clashes between farmers and pastoralists, particularly in the states of Benue, Taraba, Nasarawa, Plateau and Kogi. Farmers are accused by farmers of ransacking their farms. But to this grievance is added a dimension of identity between the predominantly Muslim breeders and the mostly Christian farmers.

By 2018, Muslim herders reportedly massacred two priests and sixteen Catholic faithful in a church in the central Benue state. The following day, in retaliation, eleven Muslims were lynched in the capital of the state of Benue. The bishops of the states of Benue and Nassarawa had denounced, in a statement, "a clear program of Islamization of the Nigerian central belt" whose goal is "to hit Christians".

In the first economy of Africa the challenges to be met by the new head of state, President Buhari, are immense. Deteriorating corruption, restoring security and carrying out the promised economic reforms are the stakes of President Buhari's new mandate.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

ALGERIA CONTESTATAIRE FACING A PROBABLE REELECTION OF ABDELAZIZ BOUTEFLIKA

Algeria took to the streets to protest against the announced re - election of Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

More than a hundred thousand people found themselves in the capital on Friday at the initiative of the movement Mouwatana (opposition).

And there have been marches organized throughout the country, from Oran to Annaba through Kabylia and southern cities, bringing together, according to human rights associations, nearly 800,000 protesters.

The reason :

the refusal to see Abdelaziz Bouteflika run for a fifth term on 18 April 2019 while Mouad Bouchareb, coordinator of the FLN, compared the head of state to a prophet.

"God sent Bouteflika in 1999 to reform the Algerian nation and give it the place it has," he said recently.

The opposition parties praised the mobilization, within the Socialist Forces Front (FFS) or the MSP (Islamist, Muslim Brotherhood trend), including the leader Abderrazak Rachid Nekkaz.

A. Rachid Nekkaz is a Potential Candidate for Algeria's Next Presidential Election

"Candidate of youth and change".

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

DUEL OF TWO SEPTUAGENARIES FOR THE PRESIDENTIAL IN NIGERIA

COLOSSE AT THE FOOT OF CLAY

Return of the elections to February 23rd.

The Nigerian presidential election scheduled for Saturday, February 16 was postponed to February 23 by the Independent National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (INEC). The INEC has decided to postpone for a week the general elections (presidential and legislative) scheduled for Saturday, February 16, arguing of logistical problems after an emergency meeting in the night from Friday to Saturday. the holding of free, fair and credible elections, organizing the ballot as agreed was no longer possible, "told the press Mahmood Yakubu, president of the INEC.

The most populous country in Africa, the continent's largest oil producer, the main African economy in the neck and neck with South Africa, Nigeria remains a colossus with clay feet.

The challenges facing the winner of the presidential election on Saturday, February 23 will be gigantic. The election is expected to split the incumbent president, Muhammadu Buhari, and the wealthy businessman Atiku Abubakar, leader of the opposition and former vice president (1999-2007) .72 other candidates are vying for the presidential election.

The duel of two septuagenarian Buhari (76 years), outgoing president, and the businessman Atiku Abubakar.

During the campaign, former General Buhari (76), who had led the country in the 1980s, did not deny the shortcomings of his mandate.

"It has not been a long, quiet river," he said, asking his compatriots to consider "the important progress" made by his government and to give him the opportunity to complete the projects, particularly in terms of anti-corruption, security and economic. Outgoing President Muhammadu Buhari has promised to take his country to a higher level and do better if he is re-elected.

"We are determined to deepen the work that we started during this first term so that the assets and resources of the nation continue to be organized and used in a way that serves the Nigerian citizen," said the outgoing president at the meeting. his campaign. But at 76, his health raised many questions while he was hospitalized several times in London.

The main competitor of President Buhari, who comes from the former ruling party, the PDP, disputes the record. The businessman Atiku Abubakar, who will thus seek for the fourth time the supreme magistracy in his last "Address to the Nation", has violently taken the current president, treating his presidency as "disaster". For him, President Buhari has failed in his policy of securing the country and its economic results are disappointing as its anti-corruption policy called "witch hunt against opponents."

It promises the recovery of the country's economy and an effective fight against corruption by favoring the return of funds diverted into public funds through an "amnesty".

Whoever wins this election, the challenges the winner will face are immense.

An economically poor country despite its hydrocarbon resources.

Indeed the economy of the most populous country in Africa is very badly in point. The crisis caused by the vertiginous drop in hydrocarbon prices in 2015, on which the Nigerian economy depends, has had a lasting impact on the country. Growth was only 1.9% in 2018, remaining at a lower rate than population growth in a country where unemployment affects a quarter of the labor force, and even more than half of 15-35 year olds .

In this country of some 190 million inhabitants - whose population is expected to double by 2050 - this sluggish growth, against a backdrop of high inflation, can not stop the spiral of extreme poverty. According to the World Bank, Nigeria is surpassing India to become the country with the largest number of people living on less than $ 1.90 a day. The recovery of the economy will inevitably go through a diversification of activities to stop this spiral of poverty ...

Security challenges with the threat of Boko Haram and land conflicts.

In addition to the economic challenge, security was a major theme of the February 23 presidential campaign. Determining Muhammadu Buhari's victory in 2015 as a former general who led a military regime with a military hand in the 1980s, security will still dominate the agenda of the next mandate, particularly with the rise of communal clashes. in addition to the ever-present terrorist threat of Boko Haram.

Muhammadu Buhari had indeed promised to stop the jihadist insurgency Boko Haram that has killed more than 20,000 and 2.6 million displaced since 2009.

But in the north-east of the country Boko Haram group remains a real threat to the security of the population, even if in four years, Boko Haram has given a little ground against the government of Buhari. The terrorist group has increased in 2018 attacks and suicide bombings in several cities in the north-east. In particular, the kidnapping, at the end of February, of more than a hundred girls in a boarding school in Dapchi (Yobe State) and the double bombing of May 1 that killed nearly a hundred victims in Mubi. In March2018, the Nigerian administration acquired US armament for 414 million euros, including surveillance planes and attack, to suppress the jihadists ...

In addition to Boko Haram, there are other conflicts in Nigeria that need to be addressed, such as pro-Biafra separatist tensions challenging the Abuja authority that still persist in the Southeast, and the old land dispute between nomadic herders and sedentary farmers.

There are many deadly clashes between farmers and pastoralists, particularly in the states of Benue, Taraba, Nasarawa, Plateau and Kogi. Farmers are accused by farmers of ransacking their farms. But to this grievance is added a dimension of identity between the predominantly Muslim breeders and the mostly Christian farmers.

By 2018, Muslim herders reportedly massacred two priests and sixteen Catholic faithful in a church in the central Benue state. The following day, in retaliation, eleven Muslims were lynched in the capital of the state of Benue. The bishops of the states of Benue and Nassarawa had denounced, in a statement, "a clear program of Islamization of the Nigerian central belt" whose goal is "to hit Christians".

In the first economy of Africa the challenges to be met by the new head of state will be immense like the presidential election postponed because of security and logistical problems.

All eyes are now on President APC's Buhari and his main opponent, Atiku Abubakar, of the PDP, the ballot between the two northern men, Muslims, looking very tight.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

BOUTEFLIKA TOWARDS A FIFTH MANDATE

IN ALGERIA

End of the false suspense: Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika is officially a presidential candidate on 18 April.

No television appearance, or even radio message but a simple "message to the Nation" to official Sunday, February 10 the presidential candidacy of Abdelaziz Bouteflika, in power for two decades in Algeria.

Despite his age and health problems, the outgoing Algerian president will seek a fifth term.

Nailed in a wheelchair by a stroke since 2013, Abdelaziz Bouteflika is ahead of criticism of his state of health:

"Of course, I do not have the same physical strength as before, something that I have never hidden from our people. But the unwavering desire to serve the homeland has never left me and it allows me to transcend the constraints related to the health problems that everyone may face one day. ".

The National Liberation Front (FLN), in power since the country's independence, has designated it as its candidate, as the three other parties of the alliance have already done: the Prime Minister's National Democratic Rally (RND) Ahmed Ouyahia, the Rally of Hope of Algeria (TAJ) and the Algerian People's Movement (MPA).

Behind this weakened president, there would be a whole entourage pushing to keep him in power. First of all, a family clan with its two brothers at the heart of the system, Said Bouteflika being a transmission belt with the army, but also an economic ruling caste ; For pro-Bouteflika, the president guarantees the stability of the country as a bulwark against fundamentalism in view of the situation in Libya, Syria or Egypt.

Abdelaziz Bouteflika was also the architect of the return to peace in Algeria after ten years of bloody civil war. While he took advantage of the rise in oil prices between 2004 and 2014 to launch extensive infrastructure programs and de-leveraging the country, his fourth term was marked by the fall in oil prices that hit the economy hard. ultra-dependent country of oil. One-third of young people under 25 are unemployed.

All the austerity measures taken in recent years to cope with the fall in the price of a barrel of oil have been abandoned. Recruitment in the public service has been revived. Young business creators financially supported by the state who have not repaid their credit will not be prosecuted. The Ministry of the Mujahideen (veterans) has announced up to 100% increase on pensions paid to those who suffer from chronic diseases. The president announced a "national conference" open to the opposition and intended to give birth to institutional, economic and social reforms.

In opposition, some candidates seek to negotiate an alliance for a single bid against Bouteflika. For those who do not let themselves be tempted by the call for an outright boycott of the polls, the negotiations are already well underway to know who will try to embody the wave of "Everything but Bouteflika" that rises in the Algerian youth on the networks social.

Two opponents are already in the running. Abderrazak Makri, head of the largest Islamist Islamist Movement for Peace (MSP), and retired general Ali Ghediri, unknown to the public, have announced their intention to run for office while Ali Benflis, former prime minister of Bouteflika and his main opponent, has not yet said if he would show up.

Systematically reelected in the first round with more than 80% of the vote, the head of state again this time as the favorite of the vote but abstention may be strong .

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

A STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP OF FRANCE

WITH EGYPT

DESPITE THE AUTHORIZED DRIFT OF ALISIS ?

Emmanuel Macron flew to Egypt on Sunday and will stay there until Tuesday. Accompanied by a delegation of personalities and several ministers, including Jean-Yves Le Drian, the president makes a trip "to strengthen the strategic partnership between the two countries," says the Elysee. With his counterpart Marshal Al-Sissi, he should talk about contracts and security, but also human rights.

Culture and Archeology


On the first day, President Macron began his visit Sunday with a stopover at Abu Simbel Temple, one of the country's iconic archaeological sites. Beyond a French tradition of Egyptology that goes back to Champollion, France hopes today to be entrusted with new missions of excavations or enhancement of ancient sites, such as that of Saqqara, south of Cairo. It also seeks to participate in the future Grand Egyptian Museum of Guizeh and the renovation of the famous archaeological museum located in the center of Cairo since the nineteenth century.

On the second day of his visit to Egypt on Monday, Emmanuel Macron is greeted in Cairo at the presidential palace by his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fatah al-Sisi for a one-to-one interview.

Economic contracts

The program: the signing of thirty agreements and commercial contracts, for "a few hundred million euros", according to the French Presidency. About fifty French patrons are part of the trip. Contracts cover sectors as varied as transport, renewable energies, health or agrifood

Strategic partnership.

The two presidents will also talk about defense and security with the fight against terrorism. Among the emblematic contracts is that of Rafale fighter planes of which 2 4 copies were delivered to Egypt. has become the third largest arms sales customer for France. Negotiations are underway for the acquisition of 12 others, but no contract should be announced during this trip, they say behind the scenes.

Paris supports Egypt as a strategic partner, seeing the most populous country in the Arab world as a center of stability in the Middle East, despite strong criticism from NGOs about the Egyptian authorities' failure to respect human rights. Emmanuel Macron, despite the authoritarian drift of the Egyptian president, does not want to break any form of cooperation that would lead Egypt to Russia or other powers, on the contrary.

Human rights

Several NGOs, including Amnesty and Human Rights Watch (HRW), have therefore stepped up to "suspend the suspension of any French sale of weapons that could be used to commit or facilitate serious violations of international law".

They called on Monday Emmanuel Macron to "deliver a strong speech on the catastrophic situation of human rights" in Egypt, "demanding the release of all prisoners unjustly detained". In October 2017 Emmanuel Macron had received the Egyptian president in Paris, despite the criticism of NGOs. At that time the French president had refused to "give lessons" to his counterpart on the issue of human rights. However, Sunday evening in an interview with the French press in Cairo, President Macron said he would speak "more openly" of this sensitive issue during his visit. According to the French president, "things have gotten worse since October 2017"

As a result, he promised to express himself "in a more determined manner, including openly (...) because I think it is the interest of President Sissi and Egyptian stability".

A visit that aims to diversify the French commercial offer, which remains "too low" according to Emmanuel Macron, France being only the 11th partner of Egypt, third market in Africa and to "tighten the links" between two countries.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

FELIX TSHISEKEDI PRESIDENT OF CONGO ALTERNANCE OR CONTINUITY OF POWER

A new era is opening up in the DRC. The opponent Felix Tshisekedi officially became, Thursday, January 24, the fifth president of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). He succeeds Joseph Kabila, who leaves power after eighteen years at the helm of the country.

This political alternation is the first in Congolese history to be done without violence in a country marked by two coups (1965 and 1997), two assassinations of leaders (Patrice Lumumba, in 1961, and Laurent-Désiré Kabila, in 2001), and two wars.

But this election is contested by Martin Fayulu, another opponent of Kabila, who denounced an "electoral coup" orchestrated by Mr. Kabila with the complicity of Mr. Tshisekedi.

If the African heads of state of South Africa, Kenya, Burundi and Tanzania have welcomed, on Sunday, the election of Mr. Tshisekedi, others have delayed including two of the nine neighbors of the DRC, Angola and Congo.

The African Union (AU) and the European Union (EU), in a joint statement, "took note" of the outcome of this contested election. As for the United States, they said they were ready to work with the new president.

A "political coalition agreement"

For a peaceful alternation, Mr. Kabila, a 47-year-old senator, encouraged "political leaders" to favor a

"Coalition" rather than "cohabitation". Thus the pro-Tshisekedi and pro-Kabila have signed a "political coalition agreement" and "power sharing" which provides that the regal ministries (diplomacy, defense, domestic) return to the elected president's political family.

The National Assembly is acquired by President Kabila with 337 seats out of 500, so that Mr. Tshisekedi will have to choose a prime minister in this majority. Nehemiah Mwilanya Wilondja, the President Kabila's chief of staff, or Albert Yuma, a Congolese boss, is being approached for the post. The army is also largely shaped by outgoing power.
Formal deadlines, however, should help to establish the government.

Towards "a reconciled Congo"

Felix Thisekedi is committed to reforming justice, fighting corruption, poverty, tax evasion and improving respect for human rights. In his inaugural speech, the new president promised to release all "political prisoners".

He also assured that he would improve respect for human rights in the country.

"Under our mandate, we will ensure that every citizen respects the exercise of their fundamental rights. We are committed to banning all forms of discrimination, "he said.

The new government will take over a mineral-rich country, but 70% of the 80 million people live below the poverty line, according to the IMF.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

THE NEW GOVERNMENT OF

THE PRESIDENT OF MADAGASCAR ANDRY RAJOELINA

With error or omission we are fortunate to announce that the new government of President Andry Rajoelina has just been formed in Madagascar.

Recall that after a transfer of power that was made between two elected presidents, Hery Rajaonarimampianina and Andry Rajoelina, which represents the obvious illustration of a democratic transfer of power, in respect of republican values.

In his address to the nation in front of thousands of Malagasy people attending the ceremony, Andry Rajoelina promised to fill in five years the economic backlog accumulated by the country since its independence in 1960

"From now on, the Malagasy will always be victorious but not conquered every time in the economy, in the social sector, in the cultural sector, in all sectors. This is my priority, " said Andry Rajoelina just after being sworn in as president of Madagascar.

President Andry Rajoelina also announced the creation of industries in the six provinces of the country to equalize development across Madagascar.

Since the energy sector is an obstacle preventing entrepreneurs from investing in the provinces, he promised to double electricity production during his tenure and sell it at a low price to the public.

"We are going to create a solar panel manufacturing company to bring light to every family," he said. "We will double the cultivated land in five years so that Madagascar imports more rice, but exports it in five years" .

"We will create a new city to ease congestion in the capital Antananarivo. Work will begin this year 2019. This city will be the pride of the Malagasy, because it will be the most modern city of the Indian Ocean. All the ministerial offices will be transferred there . "

President Andry Rajoelina chose as prime minister is Christian Ntsay.

To foreign affairs is appointed Foreign Minister Naina Andriantsitohaina post all the more important as it must weave links with the whole world.

Another important seat Minister of Economy Richard Randriamandrato and Minister of Spatial Planning and Public Works Hajo Andrianainarivelo and Minister of Industry, Heritage and Crafts Landisoa Rakotomalala to sit the future of Madagascar.

Then and are named:

Minister of National Defense Gal de Div Leo Jean Richard Rakotonirina
Minister of Justice Jacques Randrianasolo
Ministry of the Interior Tiana Harivelo Razafimahefa
Public Security Comptroller General Rafanomezantsoa Rafanomezantsoa
Secretary of State for the Gendarmerie Ravalomanana Richard

Minister of Energy, Water, and Hydrocarbons: Vonjy Andrianjaka
Minister of Transport, Tourism and Meteorology: Joël Randriamandranto
Minister of Higher Education Madeleine Felicite Fienena

Minister of the Environment and Sustainable Development: Alexandre Georget
Minister of Communication and Culture Lalatiana Andriatongarivo Rakotondrazafy
Minister of Youth and Sports: Tinoka Roberto.
Minister of Post, Telecommunications, and Digital Development MPTDN Christian Ramarolahy
Ministry of Population Irma Lucien Naharimamy


If the task that awaits this new government team to lead the great project of President Andry Rajoelina is important, the judicious choice of a team of people of value should help to advance in the right track Madagascar, which as we recall , at such an important potential

Luc T. for DayNewsWorld

NEAR 100 DEATHS IN MURATRIAN ATTACK IN AFGHANISTAN

A car bomb exploded at a military base in the Afghan province of Maidan Wardak, 50 kilometers south of the capital, on Monday (January 21st). The record is very heavy and remains tentative, with more than 100 members of Afghan security forces killed according to a senior official of the Ministry of the Interior. The attack was claimed by the Taliban.

An Afghan army transport vehicle, a stolen and "explosive filled" Humvee, first detonated at the entrance to the intelligence training center in Maidan Shar, the provincial capital. from Wardak,

"Then three men in a vehicle following the Humvee entered the camp," said Abdul Wahid Akbarzai, a member of the Provincial Council.

"A second vehicle, full of explosives, was also discovered, and it was neutralized," he added. The three attackers, who wore intelligence uniforms, were quickly killed. But "a building partially collapsed after the strong explosion" the majority of deaths occurred, which caused the majority of deaths, said the head of the Provincial Council.

Taliban attacks have proliferated in recent months in an attempt to oust the pro-Western government in power in Kabul. They come as the US special envoy for peace, Zalmay Khalilzad, has just completed a regional tour that brought him to China, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

The Taliban also announced on Monday that it has met with US officials in Qatar, where they have a political bureau. Discussions were to continue on Tuesday, they added.

No confirmation of this interview from the United States. The last confirmed meeting between the two parties dates back to the end of 2018 in Abu Dhabi.

While the United States wants the Taliban to engage in talks with the Afghan government, they have always refused, saying it is "a puppet" of Washington.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

ICC LAYING LAURENT GBAGBO SUSPENDED

The release of the former Ivorian President, acquitted by the International Criminal Court, was suspended after the prosecution appealed.

Former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo, acquitted on Tuesday, January 15 of charges of crimes against humanity, will remain in detention until a new hearing on February 1, announced Friday the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC ).

"The detention of Mr. Laurent Gbagbo and Mr. Charles Blé Goudé will be held pending consideration of the appeal," decided the judges by majority.

The two men were tried since 2016 in The Hague for crimes against humanity and war crimes, including killings, rape and persecution, during the post-election violence in Côte d'Ivoire, while Laurent Gbagbo refused to accept his defeat facing his rival Alassane Ouattara, the current Ivorian president.

Facts that cover the post-election crisis period in Côte d'Ivoire between November 2010 and April 2011.

Violence that has killed more than 3,000 people in five months.

Laurent Gbagbo is the first former head of state to be handed over to the ICC.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

AT LEAST 14 DEATHS IN ISLAMIST ATTACK

A NAIROBI IN KENYA

Kenyan security forces on Wednesday morning ended an attack by Somali Islamists Shebab against a Nairobi hotel complex after a siege of nearly twenty hours. The provisional balance is 14 deaths.

"I can confirm that the security operation at (complex) Dusit was completed about an hour ago and that all the terrorists have been eliminated," Kenyatta said at a press conference. also stating that "at this moment, we have confirmation that fourteen innocent lives have been lost (...), others have been wounded".

For its part, a source at the morgue has that fifteen remains were recorded including 11 Kenyans, an American, a British. Police sources also reported at least 15 deaths. However, the authorities do not specify the total number of jihadists who participated in the operation. CCTV footage from the Kenyan media shows four men armed with automatic weapons and grenades moving slowly through the complex. At least one jihadist blew himself up at the beginning of the attack.

A police source said that two attackers were killed on Wednesday morning after an extended shootout. "They both wore red scarves on their foreheads and cartridges were tied around their chest (...) they each had an AK-47".

"Coordinated Attack" and claimed by the Shebabs

As early as Tuesday, Somali Islamist Shebabs claimed responsibility for the attack. Its modus operandi is reminiscent of other operations of the movement in Mogadishu in recent months: a bomb explodes and in the process, a commando enters the institution. This "coordinated attack" of the DusitD2 complex began with a loud explosion heard more than five kilometers away, followed by heavy fire.

Tuesday's attack in Nairobi took place three years to the day after that of the Kenyan military base in El Adde, southern Somalia.

Kenya has already been the target of large-scale jihadist attacks. On August 7, 1998, an al-Qaeda-claimed attack on the US Embassy in Nairobi left 213 dead and 5,000 injured. Since the October 2011 engagement of the Kenyan army in Somalia to fight al-Qaeda-affiliated Shebab, the country has been hit hard. After the Westgate attack on September 21, 2013, which killed nearly 70 people, a commando shot 148 people in Garissa University (east), most of them students, on April 2, 2015.

While the Shebab, who were expelled from Mogadishu in 2011, have lost most of their strongholds, they still control large areas of the country from which they carry out guerrilla operations and suicide bombings.

They vowed the loss of the Somali government, backed by the international community and by the 20,000-strong force of the African Union's Somalia force (Amisom), to which Kenya is contributing.

In addition, Kenya, a country with a long porous border with Somalia, is exposed to shebabs that form cells there.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

MADAGASCAR ANDRY RAJOELINA
OFFICIALLY ELECTED HEAD OF STATE

As we had predicted, it is the best candidate who has been elected.

Our call for support to candidate Andry Rajoelina who presented a clear and quality project and was the only one able to move Madagascar forward to a promising future, seems to have been heard.

Daynewsworld that day was read by nearly 1,792,924 Malagasy readers on 9,625,532 readers in other countries of the world the day of the release of our article on the choices for Madagascar.

Our article concerning the best possible choice for the Malagasy people, the electoral program in support, concluded unequivocally that the right choice was the candidate Andry Rajoelina.

We would also like to thank Bernard Belair Council to the National Assembly of Madagascar, fervent support of Andry Rajoelina from the very beginning, who helped us in the logical choice for the interest of the Malagasy people.

It is therefore with hope for Madagascar that we announce that Andry Rajoelina has become the new president of the Malagasy Republic.  The High Constitutional Court validated the victory announced by the electoral commission on December 27th. The Malagasy High Constitutional Court (HCC) validated, on January 8, 2019, the victory of the former head of state Andry Rajoelina in the presidential election last month, rejecting all requests for annulment for fraud of his rival Marc Ravalomanana.

The 305 applications that had been filed with the HCC - including 214 by Marc Ravalomanana's camp, notably for "massive fraud" - were all rejected.

"Is declared elected President of the Republic Andry Rajoelina," said the president of the HCC, Jean-Eric Rakotoarisoa.

On 27 December, the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) of Madagascar announced the clear victory of Andry Rajoelina, 44, with 55.66% of the votes in the second round played on December 19, against 44.34% in his predecessor at the helm of the country.

But his rival Marc Ravalomanana, 69, had immediately seized the HCC arguing that "massive fraud" while foreign observers, those of the European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) in particular, have to the opposite claimed to have observed no significant irregularities in the ballot.

It is a very heavy task that awaits the winner of the presidential election who promised to lift Madagascar out of poverty.

More than two-thirds of the population lives on less than $ 2 a day.

Yet Madagascar has tremendous potential that could enable it to become a rich country with a very comfortable income population.

The entire international community joins us in wishing the new President Andry Rajoelina the success of his project by offering Madagascar a better and prosperous life.....

Luc T. for DayNewsWorld

ATTEMPT TO GO TO GABON

When Gabonese President Ali Bongo is hospitalized in Morocco, soldiers took control of the state media Monday morning and announced the establishment of a "National Council of Restoration". They were arrested, according to the government.

These soldiers read on state radio a message that a "National Council of restoration" had been set up in Gabon in the absence of President Ali Bongo recovering in Morocco after suffering a stroke. cerebral end of October

They were three soldiers on Monday morning on national radio. A Lieutenant of the Republican Guard, Lieutenant Ondo Obiang Kelly, read the statement proclaiming himself beforehand "President of the Patriotic Movement of Youth of the Gabonese Defense and Security Forces (MPJFDS)".

These greenest social berets said they were disappointed by the message delivered to the nation on December 31 by President Ali Bongo.

"The message of the head of the nation to close the debate on his health has rather raised doubts about his ability to assume the office of President of the Republic. "

To Lieutenant Ondo Obiang Kelly to emphasize that "the long-awaited day has arrived when the army has decided to stand alongside its people in order to save Gabon from chaos". The movement "asks all young people of the defense and security forces and all Gabonese youth to join us," said the military announcing the establishment of this "National Council of Restoration." "We can not leave the homeland," he said, judging the institutions "illegitimate and illegal".

Since then, the security forces have been deployed in the capital and they will remain in the next days to maintain order, reassured Guy-Bertrand Mapangou.

"The calm has returned, the situation is under control," said government spokesman Guy-Bertrand Mapangou. "An assault was given by the police on the building RTG and most leaders were arrested. ". On the commando of five soldiers who had taken control of the national radio and television and called for an uprising. "Four have been arrested, one is on the run," the spokesman added.

This first coup attempt in the history of this republic in the oil-laden basement comes as President Ali Bongo has been absent from the country for more than two months. On October 24, 2018, the president, in power since 1967, had suffered a stroke in Saudi Arabia where he was treated for more than a month before being transferred to Rabat. He is still recovering. For two months, the official communication has been very rare about the health of the head of state which has fueled the wildest rumors.

Ali Bongo had reappeared on national television for the December 31 holiday and put an end to rumors about his death, but did not fully reassure his state of health

.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

DEATH ATTACK IN SOMALIA

A double car bomb attack on Saturday (December 22nd) killed at least 16 people and injured at least 10 people in Mogadishu, the Somali capital. Committed near the presidential palace, this attack was claimed by Somali Islamists Shabab who said in a statement to have targeted "a security checkpoint that protected the presidential palace," it was learned from police sources.

London-based Somalia-based TV Universal TV said three of its staff members died in the bombing, including Somali and British journalist Awil Dahir.

The first explosion took place at a checkpoint next to the National Theater, located some 500 meters from the presidential palace while the second, more powerful blast hit a nearby junction a few minutes later. A senior government official in the Banadir region including Mogadishu was reportedly injured.

This double attack was claimed by al-Qaeda-affiliated Shebab Islamists who swore the loss of the Somali government backed by the international community and the 20,000-strong Amisom. .

Shebab were expelled from Mogadishu in 2011 before losing most of their strongholds. But they still control large rural areas from which they carry out guerrilla operations and suicide bombings, including in the capital, against government, security or civilian objectives.

The deadliest attack in Somalia's history occurred on October 14, 2017, killing 512 people in Hodan district, a busy shopping district in Mogadishu.

If this attack has not been claimed, there is no doubt for the authorities that the shebab are behind this attack.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

ALGERIA BEATIFICATION OF TIBHIRINE MONKS

On Saturday, seven monks from Tibhirine are beatified in the Santa Cruz chapel in Oran, along with twelve other Catholic monks, including Bishop Pierre Claverie, who were also victims of Islamist terrorist violence in Algeria in the 1990s.

These religious refused to leave the country after decolonization and then during the decade of blood that hit the country. In 1993 Algeria plunged into the terror of a civil war that makes 150,000 to 200,000 dead.

The Islamist GIA is sowing terror and, on Christmas Eve, an emir asks the monks to leave the country. Their lives are in danger, but the religious decide to stay. Two years later, in 1966, seven of the nine Trappist monks of the Tibhirine community are kidnapped and murdered by the GIA.

This idea of ​​their official recognition by the Church sprang up about twenty years ago and in January of this year, the Pope signed the decree by which they were officially recognized as martyrs. As is the tradition of the Catholic Church, his blessed are celebrated where they lived.

It is a historic event for Algeria, for Christians living there as for the universal Church. "It is very rare that a beatification takes place so soon after the death of the people concerned and just as new that it affects a memory that is still so sensitive twenty years later," admitted Bishop Jean-Paul Vesco, when a recent conference organized at the Center Pierre Claverie, in Oran, in front of an Algerian public. In the name of "civil harmony" and national unity, this "black decade" of civil war is still taboo.

The decision of the Algerian authorities and in particular the Minister of Religious Affairs, Mohamed Aissa, to welcome the celebration is fraught with meaning. It testifies to a form of recognition for Algerians converted to Protestantism, a recognition of the Amazigh (Berber) identity of Algeria and pleads for a plural Algeria.

Through this exceptional beatification, a first in the land of Islam is also shown that men and women of the church were killed alongside Muslims who rejected radicalization and violence .

This exceptional beatification marks a step forward in interreligious dialogue.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

WAR AND FAMINE IN YEMEN NEAR 150 DEATHS

Washington et Londres ont demandé instamment que viennent le temps de la négociation au Yémen, alors que l'offensive à Hodeida a fait près de 150 morts ce dimanche. Ce bilan a été donné alors que les rebelles Houthis, soutenus par l'Iran , opposent une farouche résistance à la progression des forces progouvernementales appuyées par l'Arabie saoudite, a admis une source militaire loyaliste.

La ville portuaire de Hodeida sous des combats meurtriers

Des combats particulièrement meurtriers continuent ce lundi dans la ville portuaire de Hodeida, dans l'ouest du Yémen, au moment où Washington et Londres accentuent la pression sur l'Arabie saoudite pour que la coalition qu'elle commande dans ce pays cesse rapidement les hostilités. L'Arabie saoudite sunnite a pris en effet la tête d'une coalition militaire pour affronter la rébellion houthi qui avait a pris le contrôle d'une partie du Yémen. Cette une guerre qui divise la région a fait plus de 8750 morts, depuis mars 2015. L'Iran chiite ,de son côté, soutient militairement le soulèvement houthi. Soumis à un blocus imposé par Ryad, qui héberge le chef de l'État Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi en exil, le Yémen est confronté à la « pire crise humanitaire du monde », selon l'ONU. Pendant ce temps, la menace djihadiste s'est étendue, entre la concurrence d'Al-Qaïda dans la péninsule arabique (Aqpa) et de Daech.

Près de 600 morts depuis le mois de juin.

L'offensive lancée en juin s'est nettement intensifiée depuis le 1er novembre avec un bilan d'au moins 592 morts jusqu'ici (460 rebelles, 125 loyalistes et 7 civils), selon des sources militaires et des médecins.

Au moins 110 rebelles, 32 loyalistes et sept civils ont été tués ces dernières 24 heures dans les affrontements, dont certains se déroulent dans des quartiers résidentiels, ont indiqué lundi des sources militaires et hospitalières.

Hodeida, qui se situe sur la mer Rouge, revêt une importance stratégique  constituant le point d'entrée de plus des trois-quarts des importations et de l'aide humanitaire internationale dans le pays en guerre.

Le temps de la négociation a donc sonné

L'Arabie saoudite avait déjà essuyé de vives critiques pour les dommages collatéraux causés par les frappes aériennes faisant des centaines de victimes civiles. De plus le royaume sunnite est sorti considérablement ternie par l'affaire Jamal Khashoggi , du nom de ce journaliste assassiné le 2 octobre au consulat saoudien à Istanbul.

Le chef de la diplomatie américaine Mike Pompeo et son homologue britannique Jeremy Hunt ont estimé que le temps de la négociation était venu pour le Yémen.

, également ministre de la Défense, Mike Pompeo a explicitement appelé à « la fin des hostilités » au Yémen lors d'un entretien dimanche avec le prince héritier saoudien Mohammed ben Salmane. Il a exigeant que que « toutes les parties viennent à la table pour négocier une solution pacifique au conflit »

Sous la pression du Congrès, l'administration américaine de Donald Trump a confirmé que la coalition sous commandement saoudien au Yémen allait désormais effectuer elle-même le ravitaillement en vol de ses avions, assuré jusqu'ici par les Etats-Unis.

Pour le ministre britannique Jeremy Hunt, reçu lundi en Arabie saoudite, le conflit yéménite a connu un coût humain « incalculable » et sa résolution passe par une solution « politique ».

Le Yémen est le théâtre de la pire crise humanitaire au monde, rappelle régulièrement l'ONU, la famine guettant 14 millions de civils.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

MALAGASY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

THE RETURN OF REVENENTS

A few days after the presidential election in Madagascar, the former president of the Transition, Andry Rajoelina is ahead of his rival, Marc Ravalomanana, according to the still partial results published by the independent national electoral commission (CENI).

With 7,597 polling stations processed, of the 24,852 polling stations in the country, 30.57%, Andry Rajoelina still leads with 40.87% of the vote, followed by Marc Ravalomanana, 35.99%.

The outgoing President Henry Rajaonarimampianina meanwhile, collects 07.01% of the vote.

Marc Ravalomanana, 68, and Andry Rajoelina, 44, are wealthy businessmen, two former heads of state engaged in an endless battle.

The first was overthrown in 2009 after demonstrations organized by the second.

In the capital, Antananarivo, the protests turned to riot and were repressed in the blood.

Rajoelina, supported by the army, then took the lead of a "High Authority of Transition" which led the country for four years "a coup" denounced as a coup by the international community.

In 2013, for the sake of appeasement, the two rivals were banned from running in the presidential election.

This is the first time they have clashed at the polls.

If no one exceeds the 50% mark, a second round is planned to decide between the two leading candidates on December 19th.

Voting irregularities were reported that were denied by the Electoral Commission. Observers from the European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) insisted Friday that claims will be "only" by the way legal.

This large island in the Indian Ocean, regularly destabilized by political and post-electoral crises since its independence from France in 1960, could perhaps experience stability after this presidential election.


Alyson  Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN MADAGASCAR

The Malagasy elect this Wednesday their president for the first round of the presidential election. Three former heads of state are among the favorites in this country of turbulent political history.

Polling stations opened shortly after 06:00 (0300 GMT) in the capital.

The Malagasy Ministry of the Interior said this Wednesday, shortly before noon, that the participation rate is close to 40%.

If thirty-six candidates are in the running, including four former presidents, former prime ministers, a very popular singer or two pastors.

The campaign was dominated by the last three heads of state:

Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009), Andry Rajoelina (2009-2014) and Hery Rajaonarimampianina (2014-2018) .

The latter also resigned in September to be able to run again, in accordance with the Malagasy Constitution requiring a president who presents himself to his own estate to resign 60 days before the first round.

The new interim head of state is Rivo Rakotovao to ensure neutrality of the state during the election period.

High-profile meetings were held by these three candidates during the campaign in a country plagued by poverty and corruption. The polls close at 17:00 (14:00 GMT).

If no candidate wins in the first round, the first two will meet for a second round on December 19, 2018.

An election that serves as a test in this customary Indian Ocean island of post-election and political crises.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

A WOMAN PRESIDENT IN ETHIOPIA

For the first time, a woman is president in Ethiopia.

Ethiopian parliamentarians on Thursday (October 25th) unanimously announced, for the first time, a woman, Sahle-Work Zewde, the country's president, after the resignation of the man who until now held this essentially honorary post.

The career diplomat becomes the fourth head of state in Ethiopia. The adoption of the 1995 Constitution provides that a President may be elected for a maximum of two six-year terms.

This diplomat has a long career behind her: ambassador to France, to Djibouti, Senegal, then permanent representative of Ethiopia to the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), to obtain the post of special representative of the secretary General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio Guterres, to the African Union (AU).

She has been President of Ethiopia since October 25, an honorary function, but one that gives women a platform.

"In a patriarchal society like ours, the appointment of a woman as head of state is not only a sign for the future but trivializes the role of women as leaders in public life," he said. elsewhere claimed on Twitter Fitsum Arega, the chief of staff of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

both Houses of Parliament first endorsed the resignation of President Mulatu Teshome, who had held this position since 2013 and resigned one year before the end of his term without providing any explanation.

For the observers this resignation would result from ongoing negotiations between the four parties forming the ruling coalition, the Revolutionary Democratic Front of the Ethiopian People (EPRDF).

If the President of Ethiopia is officially the Head of State, his responsibilities are essentially symbolic and honorary. Indeed, the prime minister, who represents the country in particular at major international summits, holds most of the power. In April, the EPRDF chose Abiy Ahmed as the new prime minister, for the first time from the largest ethnic group in the country, the Oromo.

A vast program of reforms is at work with the release of dissidents, the opening of democratic space and peace with neighboring Eritrea. He recently appointed a new government, in which half of the positions are held by women.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed nicknamed the "messiah" has continued to show his willingness to reform the country of 104 million inhabitants, on the edge of the precipice at the beginning of the year.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

ERITREA ETHIOPIA FINALLY

PEACE AFTER DECADES OF CONFLICT

"The state of war that existed between the two countries has come to an end. A new era of peace and friendship is opening up" . This is proclaimed by the President of Eritrea Issaias Afeworki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, signed on 9 July 2018 in Asmara.

The conflict between the two countries was born from the annexation in 1962, of Eritrea (former Italian colony, then English) until then "autonomous entity" federated to Ethiopia, by the Emperor Haile Selassie.

Eritrea was only able to regain its independence in May 1993, after thirty years of war, an open war by the Independents of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (FPLE).

Despite a seemingly peaceful separation, the two neighbors remained at odds over monetary, trade and border issues, each claiming several border regions including Baden, Tsorona, Zalambessa and En Bure.

Until 1998, however, the two countries remained close allies, while closely monitoring their new common border, the route of which had not immediately given full satisfaction to the two belligerents.

And it is for a problem of border that Eritrea, engaged in May 1998 a new conflict ... For some square kilometers of deserts?

The two countries have since engaged in a fratricidal war.

A first peace agreement was signed in June 2000. This first peace agreement provided for the creation of a 25-km-wide security zone within Eritrea under United Nations control (UNMEE). ); but Eritrea continued to occupy the locality of Baden, which will be at the heart of the new conflict.

The independence of Eritrea had simultaneously lost Ethiopia's unique Red Sea front, Eritrea having reclaimed the ports of Massawa and Assab. For 20 years Ethiopia has been landlocked, forcing the country, which overnight had had to move its boats from Assad to Djibouti, to pass through almost all of its imports and exports through the corridor leading to the French colony, which is one of the most expensive corridors in the world. According to Serge Tiran, Ethiopia's representative of Massida Logistics Company, the 100 million inhabitants of a country 30% larger than France have been forced to stock up on a "departmental" road. France, barely drivable. The return trip between the two capitals still takes, currently, 8 days in the best of cases.

Since 1998, the two countries have been in periodic clashes, until the Ethiopian government decides in June 2018, to implement the Algiers agreement of 12 December 2000. It is to the new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed that this policy is due to the outstretched hand (Abiy Ahmed is the first Orano in office since 1991, he succeeded Haïlemariam Desalegn, resigned since February 2018).

Thanks to the gesture of Abiy Ahmed, a wind of appeasement has just blown on this region of the Horn of Africa .

Eritrea for its part was the most under-appreciated country in Africa. Recently, Europeans know a little more about the country, with Eritrea being one of the most represented countries among migrants trying to reach Europe.

Eritrea is led by dictator Isaias Afwerki, a trained engineer who was elected in 1995 after a referendum, presenting himself "very evangelically" as "the shepherd of the people". Isaias Afwerki has become over the years a fierce dictator, despite his discretion and his African style "new style" , modern and open. Under his leadership, Eritrea has become an open-air concentration camp of 5 million people where all are hungry and enslaved.

But Bill Clinton's White House pinched it for him then, imagining that because he had eaten in the UN bowl, he was going to set up a reformist, social-democratic "Swedish-style" regime?

Clinton's teams had simply forgotten that it had been formed by the Beijing Mao, supporters of a single regime and surveillance by everyone, with a muzzled press and deprived of its freedoms.

For many years, the regime practiced torture and set up a conscription regime for men aged 16 to 40 who were forced to give their lives to the state. Eritrea, the world's most closed country, is still on the list of rogue states!

These are the main reasons why nearly 400 000 Eritreans have fled their country to Europe.

Now, the time is now business in Eritrea as in Ethiopia.

For a few years now, under the pressure of globalization, Ethiopia, where wages are very low, has been transformed into a weaving and clothing workshop (Decathlon has settled there). Ethiopia, which is experiencing double-digit growth, desperately needed access to the Red Sea.

The Horn of Africa has become in recent years a cornucopia ... The real-political has done the rest ...

On September 16, 2018, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed an agreement consolidating their reconciliation. This agreement was signed in Jeddah, in the presence of King Salman of Arabia and his son Crown Prince Mohamed Ben Salman and the Secretary General of the United Nations.

The details of this agreement between the two countries are not yet known; but it has already resulted in the reopening of embassies, the re-establishment of airlines, new commercial relations, telephone lines and border posts.

"A wind of hope has just blown on the Horn of Africa" has just welcomed the new Secretary General of the UN (since January 2017) Antonio Guterres.

This geopolitical evolution fully satisfies, moreover, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The Saudi Foreign Minister has just declared that "this latest peace agreement will contribute to strengthening the security and stability of the region" which is in dire need of it!

It is known that Saudi Arabia and the Arab Emirates have in the strategic port of Assad for their operations in Yemen, which is why they have greatly contributed to this historic rapprochement.

Their short and medium-term interests are indeed obvious: dozens of ships transit through Bâb el Mandeb, the strategic strait that separates the Arabian Peninsula from the Horn of Africa.

Will this be enough to completely pacify the Region and especially the Greater Middle East knowing that the war continues in Yemen, that Daesh seems to be reborn from the ashes, that the conflict in Syria is not completely over and that Iran threatens to close the Strait of Ormuz ...

To be continued….

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

MADAGASCAR LE PRESIDENT PAR INTERIM

RIVO RAKOTOVAO

In Madagascar, they are 36 candidates to take part in the November 7 presidential election. The handover between former President Hery Rajaonarimampianina and the new interim head of state Rivo Rakotovao took place on Monday.

The former head of state has indeed resigned Friday to comply with the Constitution of Madagascar requiring a president who presents himself to his own estate resigns 60 days before the first round.

A first round fixed on November 7th.

On Tuesday the interim president responded to criticism of his proximity to the former head of state, which would prevent him from ensuring state neutrality during the election period.

Rivo Rakotovao was a member of the HVM party of the former head of state but said he was no longer a member of Hery Rajaonarimampianina's party for ten days. If his resignation as head of the HVM, a month and a half ago, had been publicized, this time his final departure from the party was done in all discretion. "Of course, there are suspicions, because everyone knows my choice as a citizen, but it is there that we must make the difference. Now, I am at a level of responsibility where I must fulfill my mission while respecting the Republic, " said the acting president to RFI. His neutrality: his "acts will justify it," he says.

Still, since June it's a consensus government that has been put in place. The national unity government includes ministers from the two major opposition parties MAPAR and TIM.

. "There is a government of consensus so even in the Council of Ministers there will be people who will not have the same political tendencies as me," said this close to the former head of state.

The resignation is seen as a positive signal for peaceful elections, yet some are contesting the date of the election.

Eight candidates in fact, out of the thirty-six in the running for the presidential election, demand a postponement of the election. The best known of them is the former head of state, Didier Ratsiraka. Former Prime Minister Olivier Mahafaly and the Speaker of the National Assembly, Jean Max Rakotomamonjy are also on the list.

A resolution was signed at the home of Admiral Didier Ratsiraka, requesting the cancellation of the poll and the establishment of a Transition. The reasons for this disagreement on the date of the election are of a political nature:

1 ° The current political climate does not lend itself to it

2 ° The illegality of the decision of the High Constitutional Court of 25th May to demand the establishment of a consensus government is denounced.

3 ° The organization of a national conference with a view to reaching a political agreement is also advanced.

One of them has also filed with the Council of State a request for annulment of the decree of convocation of the voters. The institution must decide on this request on Tuesday.

While these eight candidates require a postponement, the twenty-eight others are not of this opinion. The two big competitors of Hery Rajaonarimampianina in particular, Andry Rajoelina and Marc Ravalomanana are in favor of this election of November 7th.

Of the 36 candidates running for the presidential election on 7 November, four of them are already attracting attention: the outgoing president, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, candidate for his own succession, and his three predecessors: Andry Rajoelina ( 2009-2013), Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009) and Didier Ratsiraka (1975-1993 then 1997-2002).

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

85 SAFE CHILDREN IN SUDAN

" The diversity of nationalities among the people rescued (Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Niger, Ed) shows how much trafficking in human beings and trafficking in human beings is a truly transnational problem, which requires a coordinated international response , " said Tim Morris, Interpol's executive director of police services.

Twenty-five children were saved from human trafficking Interpol said Monday that a human smuggling ring was dismantled in late August in Sudan.

A human smuggling ring was dismantled at the end of August in Khartoum, Sudan, saving 94 people, including 85 children, some of whom were working in illegal gold mines, Interpol said on Monday.

Thanks to "Operation Sawiyan", which took place from 26 to 30 August, 12 women and two men were arrested during a widespread crackdown by the local police, with the support of Interpol. "Several hotspots" of the city such as the international airport, and open pit gold mines in the east, were targeted, said in its statement the International Criminal Police Organization, headquartered in Lyon. .

Police arrested fourteen people involved in illegal immigration, child labor and forced begging.

" The diversity of nationalities among the people rescued (Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Niger, Ed) shows how much trafficking in human beings and trafficking in human beings is a truly transnational problem, which requires a coordinated international response , " said Tim Morris, Interpol's executive director of police services, quoted in the text.

Many of the minor victims of the network were working in illegally mined gold mines, "in extreme conditions", "children, some aged" as young as 10 years "" handling dangerous chemicals such as mercury or cyanide.

200 police officers were mobilized for the operation of various services, including those of the fight against human trafficking, child protection and the local branch of Interpol

Twenty thousand dollars (17,325 euros) were also seized during the operation, some of which could correspond to "the payment of a ransom" after the abduction of a migrant, who is part of the victims of the dismantled network, according to the same source.


A transnational criminal group has been dismantled as there are others trafficking human beings including children. It is a "real transnational problem".
Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

ELEPHANT KILLER FOR THEIR IVORY AU BOTSWANA

"This is the worst poaching episode in Africa I have ever been informed of," said the representative of the NGO Elephants Without Borders.

At least 90 elephants have been found dead, their ivory tusks methodically torn in recent weeks in Botswana, victims of one of the most deadly poaching waves recently recorded on the African continent.

Most were killed by "heavy bullets," according to Chase, near watering holes in the famed Okavango Delta Reserve in northern Botswana.

Stuck between Zambia and South Africa, Botswana is home to Africa's largest elephant population, estimated at 135,000 animals in 2015.

Has the country been the scene of a massive killing of pachyderms?

This is denounced by the NGO Elephants Without Borders with its macabre counting during an aerial census of the country's pachyderm population conducted with the Botswana Ministry of Wildlife and National Parks.

The killings came a few weeks after the controversial decision by the Gaborone authorities to disarm their "rangers" specialized in anti-poaching. Until May, his "rangers" were heavily armed and allowed to shoot poachers.

But last May, the government of the new president Mokgweetsi Masisi, in place since the previous month, ordered the disarmament of these units.

Tourism Minister Tshekedi Khama confirmed the extent of the massacre and said he was "very concerned, very worried".

"We have been spared by poachers for a long time, we now realize how sophisticated they are. (...) Unfortunately, we sometimes learn our lessons in the worst way. "

The wealth of wildlife in this small country has made it a sanctuary popular safari lovers and one of the poles of development of its economy protected by an anti-poaching arsenal hitherto considered exemplary. Until May, his rangers were heavily armed and allowed to shoot poachers. Should we rearm them?

And also consider putting GPS collars on pachyderms as in Gabon?

According to Mike Chase, the authors of this wave of poaching come from neighboring countries like Angola and Zambia where elephants have virtually disappeared because of poaching.

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates that the lucrative ivory trade has reduced the number of elephants from 415,000 to 111,000 over the last decade in Africa.

His studies reveal that about 30 000 pachyderms are poached every year.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

PRESIDENTIAL CHALLENGE AWARDED BY EMMERSON MNANGAGWA IN ZIMBABWE

Emmerson Mnangagwa outgoing leader and former right arm of Robert Mugabe, won the presidential election with 50.8% of the vote, announced Friday,
August 3, the electoral commission.

The victory was announced in a climate of high tension;

Victory of Emmerson Mnangagwa .

Elected in the first round of the presidential election, Mnangagwa was ahead of opposition leader Nelson Chamisa, who won 44.3 percent of the vote, commission chair Priscilla Chigumba told a news conference. in Harare. organized in a tense atmosphere as the army patrols the capital.

"As a result, Emmerson Mnangagwa Dambudzo of the ZANU-PF party is declared President-Elect of the Republic of Zimbabwe, effective August 3," said Election Commission Chair Priscilla Chigumba, with some cheers. Indeed because of tense climate the army patrols the streets in Harare.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, 75, to salute "a fresh start" while from calling to unity. "Let us unite in peace, unity and love and together we build a new Zimbabwe for all," he said on his Twitter account.

Challenging results and violence

But the opposition immediately rejected his victory, announcing that she was going to go to court.

Figures that challenge the opposition. Six people were killed in Zimbabwe, where on Wednesday the army cracked down on an opposition demonstration denouncing fraud in the general elections, according to a new police report released on Thursday.

"The results are wrong, (...) we reject them, we will denounce the whole process in court," said Morgan Komichi, spokesman for Nelson Chamisa's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

An opposition demonstration on Wednesday was repressed by the army with live ammunition. The demonstrators denounced frauds in the electoral process. Six demonstrators died. These historic general elections, which were to mark a turning point in the history of the country, where the elections were regularly tainted by fraud and violence turned to drama.

President Mnangagwa had promised free, peaceful and transparent elections in the hope of attracting new Western investors to his country on the brink of bankruptcy, and Zimbabweans had gone to the polls peacefully.

At the announcement of the results in the night from Thursday to Friday, the streets of the capital Harare and the stronghold of Bulawayo opposition (south) were deserted. Only soldiers and police were visible.

The United Kingdom, the former colonial power of Zimbabwe, has asked Harare to withdraw the army from the streets of the capital. The Commonwealth has "categorically denounced the excessive use of force against unarmed civilians".

Attempt to appease

President Mnangagwa called Thursday morning for appeasement, saying he wants to resolve "peaceful differences" with the opposition. He also said he had been in talks with Nelson Chamisa to try to "defuse" the crisis.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, who succeeded Robert Mugabe following a military coup, forced him to resign. Robert Mugabe had led the country with an iron fist for thirty-seven years. Emmerson Mnangagwa, nicknamed "the crocodile", has just entrusted several military key positions in his government ...

"We have all been naive, including the international community , " said Ibbo Mandaza, an analyst with the Harare-based Southern African Political and Economic Series (SAPES).

"We refused to call a coup and the international community was naive to think that the elections would be free and fair under a military government," he added.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

AFTER MUGABE ELECTIONS IN ZIMBABWE

In a country where the unemployment rate is around 90%, the inhabitants voted for the first time freely. With the hope of turning the page on Mugabe decades.

They elect the first Zimbabwean president in the country's history who is not named Robert Mugabe. The 94-year-old has led the country since independence before being overthrown by an army coup in November 2017,

In fact, the general elections held on Sunday are the first since the fall of Robert Mugabe, who led the country for thirty-seven years.

His departure last November gave rise to hope for change among the population. More than 5.5 million voters registered to vote. At 94, the former strongman has still not digested his forced resignation with the help of the army.

No support from Mugabe to the candidate of his party:

Opposition leader in Zimbabwe Nelson Chamisa did not wait until the results were announced to announce his victory.

The opposition leader in Zimbabwe claims, Tuesday, July 31, " a brilliant victory" in the general elections held the day before in the country.

"We have done remarkably well (...) and we are ready to form the next government," he wrote in English on Twitter, in support of * a vote count of 10,000 polling stations.

Before the election, Robert Mugabe implied that he would vote for Nelson Chamisa, a long-time opponent, rather than Emmerson Mnangagwa, the current head of state and his party's candidate, Zanu-PF.

Two favorites out of 23 contenders

Emmerson Mnangagwa, Mugabe's close friend who fell out of favor, took power with the support of the military. He promised to reform the country from top to bottom just like his main rival, the opponent Nelson Chamisa.

For the first time, an election campaign in Zimbabwe took place in relative calm. . The main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), has indeed been able to organize meetings, more and more important.

23 candidates ran in the presidential election, and more than one hundred political parties take part in the legislative elections.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

HIGH RISK PRESIDENTIALS IN MALI

E read in 2013 after the French intervention to chase Islamists, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (IBK) is a candidate for his own succession and even favorite, while the country is still plagued by terrorist acts and community tensions. A great instability raises fears overflows on this day of the first round of elections, the army was deployed to avoid clashes, the government has been funding television advertising spots for several days to call the population to calm. This is to say the state of tension in which is plunged Mali.

Safety issues first and foremost:

To allow for the holding of the vote in most of the country, more than 30,000 members of the security forces, national and foreign, are mobilized, according to the Ministry of Homeland Security. In terms of security, "today it can be said that the minimum conditions are likely to be met," said Mahamat Saleh Annadif, head of the UN mission in the country (Minusma), on UN radio in Mali, Mikado FM, while calling to remain "vigilant".

Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, 73, elected in 2013 and head of the "Rally for Mali", puts his mandate at stake despite a disputed record. Indeed insecurity has increased in the country and the economic situation is far from satisfactory.

But it is above all the security issue that is at the heart of tensions and hurts. In addition to the suspicions of fraud on the part of the presidential camp, the jihadist threat in the north of the country - which was taken by radical Islamists by France in 2013 - is growing. On the last day of campaign on Friday, the jihadists were invited to the debate by the leader of the main jihadist alliance of the Sahel, linked to al-Qaeda, the Malian Touareg Iyad Ag Ghaly, leader of one of the Islamist groups that had seized the entire north of the country in 2012 . "These elections are nothing but the pursuit of a mirage and our people will only harvest illusions, as they have become accustomed to," said in a video the head of the support group for and Muslims

Community tensions have been exacerbated in recent years in this vast landlocked country of West Africa, counting about twenty ethnic groups. Insecurity has also undermined the center of the country. And IBK is widely criticized for not being offensive enough on the subject of insecurity. That is why the main opposition leader, Soumaïla Cissé, promised to bring "peace" back to the center of the country and hopes to capitalize on security issues.

"Barkhane will not be eternal":

Moreover, Mali lives on a drip of foreign military aid to maintain fragile stability. The French operation Barkhane is more than 4,500 soldiers tricolor distributed in the Sahel to fight against the jihadist threat, mainly in Mali. If IBK prevails, the international community fears that it will do more than under its first mandate. Jean-Yves Le Drian, prime contractor of the French intervention in 2013 when he led the Defense, signified his impatience.

France and its partners do not want a status quo that would mean an extension of their presence. "Barkhane will be there as long as it takes but will not be eternal," says one to the Ministry of Armies, which by forming local armies, ultimately wants to "create the conditions" of his departure. The creation of the G5 Sahel in 2014, a coordination framework for five countries in the region to fight against terrorism, must also enable African countries to take charge of the situation.

Two favorites out of 24 candidates:

In any case, Malians are waiting for the president-elect (or re-elected) on security. More than eight million inhabitants of this vast landlocked country of West Africa, counting about twenty ethnic groups, are called to the polls to renew the president Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta or to elect one of its 23 competitors, whose head of the opposition, Soumaïla Cissé, and only one woman, Djeneba N'Diaye.

They vote Sunday, July 29 for a presidential election that will weigh on the fate of the peace agreement of 2015 and, beyond, on the entire Sahel, still facing the jihadist threat despite five years of international military interventions.

The official results will be known by Friday at the latest, before a possible second round on August 12.

No less than 24 candidates !! Has the time for revenge for Soumaïla Cissé sounded? Largely beaten (nearly 78% of the vote) by Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta in 2013, the opposition leader, 68 years, this time hopes that the climate of insecurity will encourage Malians to get rid of a socialist president considered too passive . But 24 candidates - of which only one woman - will separate the votes. Among them, many former ministers of the head of state, which says a lot about the ferocity of the campaign even if the outgoing president, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, and the leader of the opposition, Soumaïla Cissé, are given favorites

Since the advent of democracy in 1992, less than one out of every two Malians has moved in five presidential polls. The last election, in 2013, was however particularly followed, in a post-coup context that had shaken the Republic, a few weeks after the outbreak of the war in the north of the country.

The participation rate is traditionally low, significantly lower than 50%, in the first round of the presidential election in this country known also for its cultural influence.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

WHEN BOKO HARAM IS GIRLS

AS HUMAN BOMBS IN NIGERIA


The jihadist group Boko Haram did not hesitate to turn six girls between seven and ten years into human bombs to commit a double suicide bombing on the night of Saturday, June 16 to Sunday, June 17, in Damboa, Nigeria.

"It was discovered that the suicide attacks were perpetrated by six girls " and their heads were torn off at the scene by rescuers.

They were between 7 and 10 years old , a local government official said on condition of anonymity.

The jihadists then targeted the crowd that had gathered at the site of the attacks with grenades, causing more casualties.

Two suicide bombers had previously activated their explosive charge in the neighborhoods of Shuwari and Abachari in Damboa, killing six residents.

At least 31 people have been killed. The balance is likely to increase, many injured being in serious condition.

"31 people were killed and several others wounded," said local militia member Babakura Kolo.

The attacks targeted people who had just celebrated the Eid el-Fitr festival marking the end of Ramadan.

For nine years, the Islamist insurgency has killed more than 20,000 people in the region. It stretches from northeastern Nigeria to Niger, Chad and Cameroon, creating a serious humanitarian crisis. The conflict has displaced about 2.6 million people in Nigeria.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

41 DEATH AFTER BREAK

A DAM IN KENYA

 

On Wednesday around 9 pm, the Patel private dam in Solai commune, located near the town of Nakuru (about 160 km north of Nairobi) broke down and its waters swept through the modest homes of this rural area.

All night long, rescue services, led by the Kenyan Red Cross, have been hard at work to shelter the survivors and recover the victims.

Houses were washed away after a dam broke 150 km north of Nairobi on May 10, 2018.

At least 41 people, including 20 children, have died as a result of Wednesday's break-up of a dam in central Kenya.

The survivors described the muddy waters carrying their homes "hell on earth".

The country, coming out of an acute drought. Since March and the beginning of the rainy season the country is subject to heavy rainfall leading to floods causing the death of some 170 people.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

MADACASCAR JUSTICE CANCELS

PART OF THE ELECTORAL LAWS


Malagasy justice has annulled part of the electoral laws challenged by the opposition, which considers that they benefit the regime.

Since April 21, many supporters of the opposition occupy every day the place of 13-May, in the heart of Antananarivo demanding the resignation of the head of state.

The political crisis started on April 21st. An opposition demonstration, banned by the authorities, then degenerated into serious clashes with the police.

The confrontation had left at least two dead and sixteen wounded in the ranks of the protesters, accusing the police of having opened fire with live ammunition. Authorities reported a death toll of five.

The Malagasy High Constitutional Court has finally invalidated Friday a part of the electoral laws contested in the street by the opposition.

However, it decided to continue its mobilization against President Hery Rajaonarimampianina. Magistrates have ruled "non-compliant" to the Constitution several provisions of the texts recently voted by Parliament, on the revision of electoral lists, the duration of campaigns, the use of single ballots or conditions necessary for the candidacy for the presidency.

At seven months of the presidential and legislative polls announced for the end of the year, they accuse him of having changed the rules of the electoral game to his benefit.

For Opposition MP Hanitriniaina Razafimanantsoa "this is a first victory for change" , but no question of suspending the sling, she was eager to add.

"The road continues for change, with the resignation of the government", launched the elected

For its part, the leader of the presidential party HVM has glimpsed in the High Court ruling the imminent end of the movement.

"No review of the article is required, there are just reservations," he said.

The economic slump that marks the record of President Rajaonarimampianina is violently criticized and the social movement is not ready to stop in one of the poorest countries in the world.

Elected in 2013, Hery Rajaonarimampianina has not yet announced whether he will run for a second term.

The two main opposition leaders, former presidents Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009) and Andry Rajoelina (2009-2014), are already ready to embark on the battle.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld

20 DEATH DURING A HOUTHI MARRIAGE

OR THE HUMANITARIAN DISASTER IN YEMEN


As a reminder of the evidence of war and famine in Yemen: An air raid killed at least 20 people at a wedding, according to the rescuers. The Houthi rebels, who control the region, attributed the strikes to the Saudi-led coalition operating in Yemen. The injured were admitted to a hospital in the provincial capital, said in a tweet Doctors Without Borders that supports this institution.

The conflict, entering its fourth year, provoked "the most serious humanitarian crisis in the world" NGOs in the field mainly accuse Riyadh of the ongoing massacre. Why this deafening silence of the international community?

MBS of war of Saudi Arabia.

"More than twenty-two million Yemenis now need some form of humanitarian aid, of which sixteen million do not have access to safe drinking water, while 8.4 million are in danger of starvation." Three figures intolerable United Nations.

Since March 2015, the country has been in a merciless war between the Houthi rebels, backed by Tehran and the central authority, backed by a military coalition led by Riyadh in Operation Saudi Arabia's "Storm of Firmness".

In early April, ten human rights and humanitarian organizations, including Human Rights Watch, Action Against Hunger and Amnesty International, sounded the alarm: they called in a letter to French President Emmanuel Macron for him. ask to put pressure on the prince inherit Saudi Mohammed ben Salmane visiting Paris from 8 to 10 April.

"Put an end to the illegal attacks against civilians in Yemen and lift the blockade that hinders the delivery of humanitarian aid" is a request that can not be more humanitarian.

"Often portrayed as a reformer, King Salman's son plays a major role as Defense Minister in the war in Yemen," the NGOs said;

According to the NGO consortium, citing the Yemen Data Project, "Yemen has suffered more than 16,000 air strikes since March 2015 - the equivalent of a bombing every ninety minutes - while more than a third these attacks targeted non-military positions. "

"For three years, 6,100 civilians have been killed and 9,683 wounded"

Humanitarian disaster and famine

Diphtheria is back and the country suffered in 2017 the worst cholera epidemic in modern history. The humanitarian catastrophe is even worse since the blockade of ports and airports imposed by Saudi Arabia

A report by the NGO International Rescue Committee (IRC), "They die of Boms, We die of need: impact of collapsing public health systems in Yemen", points out that "more Yemenis have died from deprivation of health products and services. basis only because of the fighting. The de facto blockade imposed since last November by Riyadh has further stifled a country of which 85% of health needs are imported.

Nearly one million cases of cholera according to the organization.

According to the IRC, a Yemeni child under the age of five dies "every ten minutes because of the lack of preventive treatment," while "520,000 pregnant women do not have access to health services and 462,000 children suffer from acute malnutrition, a figure that has increased by 200% since the beginning of the war, "says the report.

NGOs work in extremely precarious conditions, with drug and food supplies facing administrative and logistical problems despite the two billion aid pledged by the UN this year ...

A International Rescue Committee in its report to directly accuse the United States and the United Kingdom of supporting Saudi Arabia in its "devastating war" against the country


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

OF DEATHERS IN MADAGASCAR

Opposition to the Malagasy government called for demonstrations against the new electoral law on 21 April. In Madagascar, the opposition MPs tried to defy a ban on demonstrations this Saturday, April 21, 2018 in Antananarivo against the new electoral laws.

The police chief of the capital and the head of the region considered that it was an illegal act.

The rally quickly swung into violent clashes with the police. The protest was banned by local authorities on Tuesday, and police fired tear gas at protesters who responded by throwing stones. Nearly a thousand men had been deployed to contain several thousand demonstrators. There was a lot of stone throwing in response to tear gas and sound grenades but also to rubber bullets.

It was not until around noon that the security forces used their weapons to fire in the air with live ammunition. Exceeded by the situation about forty soldiers found refuge between the walls of the town hall before being exfiltrés.

The police are armed for some of them with firearms. They move through the streets of the Malagasy capital in pick-ups and motorbikes to keep the crowd angry. This morning, the clashes between the police lasted more than three hours.

According to a provisional assessment given by the head of the HJRA hospital in Antananarivo, the clashes have so far killed four demonstrators, including two children, and about 20 wounded evacuated on one side as well as on the other. 'other.

The opposition, for its part, considers that it has the authorization issued by the Urban Commune of Antananarivo, led by the wife of the former president Ravalomanana.

"We will not stop there," warned the party MP TIM Hanitra Razasmanantsoa, ​​considered in recent days as the spokesman for the opposition.

The MP has also arrested the President of the Republic, currently outside the country. Hanitra Razasmanantsoa asked Hery Rajaonarimampianina to stay where he is and not to return for the good of the country and its people.

Opposition protests against "scandalous adoption of three election laws" in early April by Parliament.

New electoral laws in question

It is a fight against the electoral laws passed last April 4 which is at the origin of these movements of anger. One of them provides for the ineligibility of candidates already sentenced. The parties of the two former presidents, the TIM of Ravalomanana and the Mapar of Rajoelina and their 73 deputies contest this vote which would exclude their leader.

Corrupt acts to buy the votes of parliamentarians were reported by the opposition. The High Court must validate in the coming weeks these new provisions.






Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE FUNERALS OF WINNIE MANDELA

REMPARING AGAINST APARTHEID UNTIL ITS DEATH

The coffin of "Mama Winnie" , covered with the South African flag, left his home in Soweto on Saturday morning.

Thousands paid tribute on Saturday in the South African township of Soweto to Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the popular heroine in the struggle against apartheid.

After ten days of national mourning in memory of "Mama Winnie", "the Mother of the Nation" , passed away on April 2 at age 81, held the ceremony held in the Orlando stadium.

"It's my mother who kept alive the memory of my father" Nelson Mandela during his 27 years of detention before he became president in 1994, recalled his eldest daughter, Zenani Mandela-Dlamini.

She's the one who "kept her name on people's lips, who kept her memory in people's hearts ," she added as many wrestling songs were sung in the black-and-white stage.

Her daughter did not fail to "violently" attack those who wanted to "demonize" her mother's image as she fought and "triumphed" over " one of the most powerful and cruel regimes of the century. latest".

"Why not do the same for her male counterparts and remind the world of the many crimes they committed before being called saints," she rightly denounced. The path of Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela, known as "Winnie" , is inseparable from the first black president of South Africa.

While Winnie Mandela has been implicated in the abuses by her "Mandela United Football Club" , and sentenced to two years in prison suspended and fined for kidnapping four young men in 1988, she It remains a "bulwark" against apartheid and has "shown the way in the most difficult times," recalled South African President Cyril Ramaphosa.

She remained "revolutionary" until her death, "she was never bought," said in turn Julius Malema, leader of the party of the radical left of the Fighters for Economic Freedom (EFF).

"Rock" unshakable, "a heroine".

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

REELECTION WITHOUT SURPRISE OF AL-SISSI

TO THE EGYPTIAN PRESIDENCY


Some 60 million Egyptian voters, out of nearly 100 million inhabitants of the most populous country in the Arab world, were called to ballot on 26, 27 and 28 March.

And it is no surprise, with over 90% of the votes, that incumbent President Abdel Fattah al-Sissi, 63, won the presidential election, according to preliminary estimates released on Thursday (March 29th) by the state press. . The only other candidate, Moussa Mostafa Moussa, won about 3% of the vote.

An expected victory since he faced only one opponent, Moussa Mostafa Moussa, unknown to the general public and supporter of the head of state! The other potential candidates had been imprisoned or strongly dissuaded from reporting. The re-election of Al-Sissi in this new poll held from Monday to Wednesday does not surprise any observer.

Even though Moussa Mostafa Moussa defended himself from being in the running to avoid a plebiscite of the incumbent president, the fact remains that the serious candidates had been ousted from the race. What in a TV interview, the president had felt regrettable !! .

"I would have liked to have one, two, three or 10 of the best candidates," he said.

However, the turnout around 40% shows the lack of interest in the election among the population despite the threat of fines for non-voters. Millions of very active young people during the 2011 revolution were disappointed by the authoritarian drift of power and did not go to the polls. NGOs blatantly accused the authorities of human rights violations, such as enforced disappearances, arbitrary arrests and unlawful detentions.

Abdel Fattah al-Sissi already felt in 2014 that "talking about freedoms" should not take precedence over "national security". Terrorism remains a great threat in the country. Attacks have increased in recent years and ISIS is fiercely opposed to regime forces in Sinai. Not only were many policemen and soldiers killed in these attacks, but ISIS also targeted civilians, including the Coptic religious minority, who paid a heavy price in 2017.

On February 9, Operation "Sinai 2018" was launched to eradicate jihadist strongholds that have raged for five years. To date, the campaign, which has killed more than 100 of the jihadists but also at least 20 in the army, continues. But the IS cells in the rest of the country have not all been dissolved far from it ..

In addition to the terrorist threat still present in Egypt, the economic crisis persists. Despite the introduction of a reform program, initiated with $ 12 billion in assistance from the International Monetary Fund, Egypt is still facing the economic crisis it has suffered since the 2011 uprisings. a slight improvement compared to 2014, the standard of living of the population remains at the lowest with prices that have tripled affecting the Egyptian households hard. Moreover, the economy can not absorb the 700,000 more and more educated young people who arrive every year on the job market.

Only positive note: the country has recently enjoyed the improvement of tourism after years of slump. In 2017, 8.3 million visitors visited the country.

Faced with economic difficulties and the persistence of security troubles Abdel Fattah al-Sissi, who has ruled with an iron fist since the dismissal in 2013 of his Islamist predecessor Mohamed Morsi, must overcome two challenges: get out of the economic impasse and curb the terrorist threat.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

LIBERATION OF 76 YOUNG GIRLS REMOVED BY

BOKO HARAM

On 19 February, 110 girls between the ages of 10 and 18 were abducted from their homes at the girls' school in Dapchi, northern Nigeria, by suspected Boko Haram fighters affiliated with the Islamic State group.

76 girls were released on Wednesday and dropped off at their school by their kidnappers after a month of captivity with Boko Haram.

"The girls were taken back into nine vehicles and dropped in front of the school around 8:00 am [this Wednesday, March 21, ed]," says Bashir Manzo, the leader of an association helping parents of abducted children.

They were "not accompanied by any security forces," he adds, adding that "their captors just dropped them off and left without talking to anyone."

They "let us go, they told us to go directly to the house and not to the military, because they would say that they were the ones who saved us , " says a girl Aisha who says they do not have not been abused.

But several girls have died on the day of the kidnapping and the Nigerian authorities are currently doing a precise count

Five girls reportedly dead on kidnapping day, according to Aisha

The Nigerian presidency announced on Twitter that "the details about the release of Dapchi's daughters will be made available in a timely manner," adding that "girls are currently in the hands of intelligence services (DSS)" .

This sudden release raises many questions. It comes in the aftermath of Amnesty International's accusations that the Nigerian army was informed of the fighters' movements just before the mass kidnapping but did not react in time.

Recall that this is not the first kidnapping in Nigeria: the abductions of Dapchi echo those of Chibok in April 2014, where more than 200 high school girls had been abducted. While some of them have since escaped or been released as a result of negotiations with the government, more than 100 remain untraceable.

Experts believe that ransomed and released prisoners, in exchange for the release of a hundred high school girls from Chibok, were able to motivate Boko Haram to commit a new mass kidnapping in Dapchi despite the denial of the authorities. "No ransom was paid to release the schoolgirls," said the government.

Some raise suspicions of ransom. "This release is amazing enough not to raise a lot of questions, especially on the payment of ransoms," says Yan St-Pierre, expert counterterrorism of the Mosecom (Modern Security Consulting Group) also highlighting that the girls of Dapchi are not the first hostages to have been released this year.

"If that's what happened, the Nigerian government had to pay a large sum to speed up the process and avoid another Chibok."


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

MALI THE CANADIAN MISSION: THE OPPOSITION

DRAFT THE NECESSITY TO INTERVENE

Conservative defense critic Jais Bezan questions the government's decision to send peacekeepers to Mali.

Informed source reports that Canada will deploy aircraft as part of the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali

James Bezan says "the government decision raises more questions than it answers."

James Bezan asks whether "this decision was made in the national interest of Canada"

The response force could remain in Mali for up to 12 months.

Canada had only 43 Blue Helmets in December, the lowest number in a long time!

James Bezan states that "the Conservatives want Canada to be more involved in peacekeeping missions, including in Ukraine."

Yet these missions must take into account the national interest, and the troops must be equipped to deal with terrorist acts

" Mali looks like Afghanistan. How can peace be maintained in a country struggling with rebellions, terrorism, state failure, and whether it is in Canada's national interest? Do Liberals Have Nostalgia for Blue Helmets? "

In April 2013 The UN intervened in Mali as part of its mission named MINUSMA after France and the African Union rejected the Islamist rebels in the north of the country.

In November at the Vancouver Summit, Justin Trudeau and his government had entrusted helicopters and transport planes for United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations, as well as a rapid reaction force from the United Nations. 200 soldiers

While the goal of peacekeeping operations is to create and expand safe areas, they must also allow humanitarian workers to be relatively safe to access populations.

It has become dangerous for a humanitarian organization to work outside large cities like Bamako because of armed rival factions.

Canada's arrival in this conflict comes late, "but not too late," Canada's allies are exhausted so it seems necessary to implement a system of rotation on active implantation for each country to take a part of responsibilities.


Steve McQuillan for DayNewsWorld

TERRORIST ATTACK IN BURKINA FASO AND

ALWAYS NO CLAIM

On Friday 2 March, attacks targeted the French embassy in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, as well as the staff of the Burkinabe armed forces.

Several hours after the start of the attack, the government reported on an interim report of eight dead among Burkinabe police and more than 80 wounded.

According to the Burkinabe government, at least eight attackers and eight law enforcement personnel were killed.

"A little more than 80 injured were taken care of. Of these 80 wounded, a dozen have fairly severe injuries and among these twelve, three are considered serious, " said the Minister of Communication, Rémi Dandjinou, making a new assessment at 19 hours.

Thirty deaths: here is the record of the two attacks perpetrated this Friday in downtown Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, targeting on the one hand the embassy of France but also the staff of the Burkinabe army. For now, the local authorities are still trying to establish who is at the origin of these deadly attacks, which have not yet been claimed.

In Paris, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that no French national had been killed or wounded

The staff was hit by a car bomb, said Friday evening, the Minister of Security, Clement Sawadogo. "The vehicle was full of explosives, the load was huge" and caused "huge damage". "There was a meeting on the G5 Sahel".

Clement Sawadogo, the Minister of Security, said a military meeting for the creation of the multinational anti-jihadist force G5-Sahel, which includes Mali, Burkina, Niger, Chad and Mauritania, was "maybe " aimed. He added that the balance sheet could have been much heavier, the room initially planned for this meeting having been "literally destroyed by the explosion".

The French special forces of the "Saber" operation, based in Ouagadougou, have come to reinforce "The French forces in Burkina intervened in support of the action of the Burkinabe army, they did not take part directly in the "Action," said the spokesman of the staff of the French army, Colonel Patrick Steiger. French helicopters flew over the capital.

"Our country was once again the target this Friday of dark forces," denounced late Friday the president of Burkina Faso Roch Marc Christian Kaboré while the country is since 2015 the target of jihadist attacks that had never reached such a level organization.

The government condemned "cowardly and cowardly acts , " while urging "the people to keep calm and collaborate with the defense and security forces . "

In the early evening, French President Emmanuel Macron reaffirmed the "full commitment of France" in the Sahel. "Everything suggests that these are terrorist groups," said Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian earlier on LCI, recalling France's determination "to fight relentlessly against these terrorist groups who want to destabilize the Sahel.

"A flagrant investigation was opened for attempted murders in connection with a terrorist and criminal terrorist criminal conspiracy organization , " said Paris prosecutor's office, competent because the attack targeted nationals and French interests . The investigations were entrusted to the Directorate-General of Internal Services (DGSI) and to the police officers of the Counter-Terrorism Sub-Directorate (SDAT).

For journalist Antoine Glaser interwieved Saturday 3 on RTL, specialist in Africa, this attack was very clearly targeting France. "The other attacks, in January 2016 and August 2017, targeted cafés, restaurants, expatriates, attacking a French embassy in Africa, the message is clear," says the author of the book Arrogant as a Frenchman in Africa, published by Fayard in 2016.

"It is an act of reprisal" , vis-à-vis France, whose armed troops are present in Mali and Niger neighboring Burkina Faso to fight against terrorism in the Sahel.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'ARMEE RETROUVE QUELQUES JEUNES FILLES ENLEVEES PAR BOKO HARAM

« Certaines » des jeunes filles portées disparues après l'attaque, lundi, d'un internat du village de Dapchi, dans le Yobe, ont été retrouvées et mises en sécurité par les forces nigérianes, a assuré jeudi Abdullahi Bego, porte-parole du gouverneur de l'Etat.

Des combattants de Boko Haram, lourdement armés, avaient mené lundi 19 février une attaque dans l'école de jeunes filles à Dapchi dans le nord-est du Nigeria.

La plupart des élèves et les professeurs de la Girls Science Secondary School, un internat, s'étaient enfuis en brousse pour dans la crainte d'être enlevés par les combattants.

Mais mercredi ,111 lycéennes étaient toujours portées disparues sur un total de 926 élèves.

« Huit cent quinze étudiantes sont rentrées » à l’internat pour filles de Dapchi sur un total de 926 élèves, les autres étant toujours « manquantes », a déclaré Abdulmaliki Sumonu .

Le président Muahammadu Buhari a ordonné à l'armée « de prendre immédiatement les choses en main » et de « l'informer de l'évolution de la situation », a déclaré mercredi à Abuja le ministre de l'Information, Lai Mohammed, à l'issue d'un conseil des ministres.

Beaucoup craignent de revivre le scénario de Chibock où 276 lycéennes avaient été enlevées par le groupe djihadiste en 2014.

On ne connaît pas les véritables motivations des assaillants à Dapchi, les insurgés ayant également pillé sur leur passage des magasins pour des vivres et du matériel.

Les rumeurs de paiement de rançons en échange des lycéennes de Chibok libérées pourraient inciter le groupe jihadiste à commettre d'autres enlèvements, prévient Amaechi Nwokolo, analyste pour le Roman Institute for International Studies à Abuja.

Toujours est-il que le kidnapping fait partie des méthodes pour Boko Haram pour maintenir la pression sur la population.

Le groupe de Booko Haram sème la terreur depuis 2009 dans le nord-est du Nigeria ayant fait plus de 20 000 morts et 2,6 millions de déplacés.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA TUNISIE

FACE AU SEPTIEME ANNIVERSAIRE

DU JASMIN FANE

La Tunisie a vécu dimanche le septième anniversaire de sa révolution dans un contexte de vive tension sociale : les troubles sociaux récents en sont une preuve. La semaine dernière, des manifestations pacifiques et des émeutes nocturnes ont secoué plusieurs villes. Des milliers de Tunisiens descendent dans la rue pour critiquer la loi de finances qui prévoit notamment la hausse de la TVA.

La coalition de partis de gauche l'UGTT a été accusée par le chef du gouvernement Youssef Chahed d'être responsable des derniers troubles, lors desquels quelque 803 personnes soupçonnées de violence, de vol et de pillage ont été arrêtées, selon le ministère de l'Intérieur.

Or la pauvreté, le chômage, et la corruption à l'origine de la chute de la dictature de Ben Ali après 23 ans de règne sans partage sont les mêmes maux dénoncés aujourd'hui...

La révolution tunisienne avait été déclenchée par l'immolation par le feu le 17 décembre 2010 à Sidi Bouzid -une ville dans l'arrière-pays déshérité- du vendeur ambulant Mohamed Bouazizi, excédé par la pauvreté . Sous la pression populaire, Ben Ali avait pris la fuite le 14 janvier. Ce soulèvement avait fait 338 morts.

Cet anniversaire du Printemps arabe donne donc l'occasion pour le collectif Fech Nestannew ("qu'est-ce qu'on attend?") d'exiger une nouvelle fois la suppression de la loi de finances qui cristallise l'exaspération de la population sur la cherté de la vie. La convergence s'est faite entre les manifestants et l'UGTT, le principal ­syndicat du pays, ainsi qu'avec le Front populaire, une coalition de partis d'opposition de gauche qui ont eux aussi, battu le pavé.

En difficulté financière, notamment après la crise du secteur touristique liée à une série d'attentats jihadistes en 2015, la Tunisie a obtenu un prêt de 2,4 milliards d'euros sur quatre ans du Fonds monétaire international (FMI). En échange, elle s'est engagée à une réduction de son déficit public et à des réformes économiques. Pas de quoi rassurer les Tunisiens sur leur pouvoir d'achat !Sept ans après le départ de Ben Ali en exil en Arabie saoudite les Tunisiens estiment avoir gagné en liberté mais perdu en niveau de vie.

Malgré le succès relatif de sa transition démocratique, la Tunisie, surtout depuis les attentats, vit dans la morosité économique et sociale.

Samedi, soucieux d’étouffer une trop forte mobilisation dimanche, le gouvernement a promis un plan d'action social pour plus de 120.000 bénéficiaires. Il prévoit une aide à l'accès à la propriété pour les familles pauvres, des mesures visant à assurer "une couverture médicale pour tous" et une augmentation de l'allocation sociale en faveur des familles nécessiteuses. Il coûtera plus de 70 millions de dinars (23,5 millions d'euros), selon les autorités.

Presque au même moment, le plus vieux dirigeant élu de la planète en exercice a décidé de reprendre la main. Le président de la République présidait une réunion avec les chefs des partis au pouvoir. L'élargissement du gouvernement d'union nationale aux partis de gauche a été évoqué.

Dimanche le président Béji Caïd Essebsi a décidé de marquer l’événement en se rendant dans le quartier populaire d’Ettadhamen, en banlieue de Tunis, où des heurts violents nocturnes ont opposé des jeunes contestataires aux forces de sécurité ces derniers jours. "La révolution de la liberté et de la dignité (...) a essentiellement été menée par les jeunes" et "il faut que nous nous occupions (...) de ce quartier populaire et défavorisé", a déclaré le président Béji Caïd Essebsi, 91 ans, qui était resté silencieux jusqu'à aujourd’hui dans son palais de Carthage.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DES TROUBLES SOCIAUX EN TUNISIE

La Tunisie est entrée dans une phase de turbulences sociales alimentées par des mesures d'austérité, sept ans après la révolution.

A la suite de mobilisations pacifiques contre l’austérité, des heurts entre manifestants et forces de l’ordre ont eu lieu dans plusieurs villes du pays.

La hausse de la TVA entrée en vigueur au 1er janvier dans le cadre d'un budget d'austérité a fait sortir dans la rue des gens mécontents de la pauvreté.

Une manifestation à l'appel de plusieurs organisations de la société civile s'est déroulée sans incident mardi dans le centre de la capitale Tunis.

"Nos revendications sont les suivantes :

suspendre la loi de finances 2018, revenir aux prix initiaux des denrées et embaucher une personne de chaque famille pauvre", a assuré Hamza Nasri, membre de la campagne "Fech Nestannew" (Qu'est-ce qu'on attend, ndlr) lancée pour protester contre les hausses de prix.

Mais des échauffourées ont eu lieu en Tunisie mardi soir entre manifestants et forces de l'ordre, au lendemain de la mort d'un homme présenté par des manifestants comme un martyr tué par la police.Le ministère de l'Intérieur a démenti que cet homme ait été tué par la police, assurant qu'il ne portait aucune marque de violence.

Des jeunes sont descendus dans la rue par centaines à Tebourba, à 30 km à l'ouest de Tunis , Kasserine, Jelma ,d'où est partie en décembre 2010 la contestation sociale marquant le début des Printemps arabes.

La rapidité de la contagion de ces derniers jours a toutefois un caractère inquiétant.

Plus de 200 personnes ont été arrêtées et des dizaines ont été blessées, a indiqué le porte parole du ministère de l'Intérieur Khlifa Chiban

Les manifestations ont été émaillées parfois de scènes de pillage de magasins dans un contexte social dégradé :le rebond de l’inflation – 6,4 % en glissement annuel – ajouté aux effets ravageurs d’un taux de chômage de 15 % dont 30 % pour la catégorie des jeunes diplômés de l’enseignement supérieur ne peuvent qu'envenimer la situation .

Sept ans après la révolution de 2011, qui avait renversé la dictature de Ben Ali en 2011 n'a pas permis à la Tunisie un décollage économique malgré la transition démocratique qui avait fait la fierté du pays

Comment apaiser l’actuelle tension sociale ?

La perspective des élections municipales prévues en mai, premier scrutin local depuis 2011, devrait ajouter à la volatilité du paysage politique en attisant de nouvelles concurrences, y compris au sein de la coalition gouvernementale.

Confronté à la baisse de la fréquentation touristique et des investissements étrangers après les attentats, le gouvernement tunisien dit n'avoir d'autre solution que ces hausses de prix pour tenter de réduire le déficit public et satisfaire aux exigences des partenaires financiers de Tunis, Fonds monétaire international (FMI) en tête.

Ce dernier a négocié l'an dernier une ligne de crédit de 2,8 milliards de dollars en échange de réformes économiques.

L'opposition accuse le gouvernement conduit de Youssef Chahed de cibler injustement les pauvres et les classes moyennes par ces mesures d'austérité.

Le Premier ministre a pour sa part lancé un appel au calme et annonce une amélioration de la conjoncture économique pour cette année.

"Les gens doivent comprendre que la situation est exceptionnelle et que notre pays est confronté à des difficultés, mais nous pensons que 2018 sera la dernière année difficile pour les Tunisiens", a-t-il dit

D'ailleurs l'agitation sociale, notamment dans les régions de l’intérieur – historiquement défavorisées par rapport au littoral –, n'avait pas cessé comme l'ont montré les poussées de fièvre de janvier 2016 ou du printemps 2017.

Une fois de plus les mesures d'austérité montrent leurs limites...

Alyson Braxton  pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ATTENTAT DANS UNE EGLISE COPTE

AU CAIRE BILAN NEUF MORTS

Selon le ministère égyptien de l'Intérieur, l'assaillant, un jihadiste recherché pour des attaques contre la police, a été blessé et arrêté.

Neuf personnes ont été tuées vendredi au sud du Caire dans une attaque contre une église menée par un homme armé, a indiqué un responsable au ministère de la Santé.

L'État islamique a revendiqué cet attentat via son agence de propagande Amaq.

Les coptes, pour l'immense majorité orthodoxes, constituent la communauté chrétienne la plus nombreuse du Moyen-Orient et l'une des plus anciennes représentant 10% des 96 millions d'habitants.

Les chrétiens d'Egypte, les coptes, ont été visés par plusieurs attaques cette année, la plupart revendiquées par le groupe djihadiste Etat islamique. L'assaillant armé a également blessé cinq gardes de sécurité , selon des responsables de la police.

L'assaillant a ouvert le feu à l'extérieur de l'église voulant donné l'assaut au bâtiment avant d'être abattu par la police, ont précisé des responsables.

Ces derniers ont dit être à la recherche d'un possible autre assaillant en fuite . Selon le ministère égyptien de l'Intérieur, l'assaillant, un jihadiste recherché pour des attaques contre la police, a été blessé et arrêté.

Depuis décembre 2016, des dizaines de chrétiens, essentiellement des Coptes, ont été tués dans des attentats contre des églises ou des attaques ciblées Le 11 décembre 2016, au Caire, un attentat suicide contre l'église copte Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul, avait fait 29 morts.

L'attentat, qui avait eu lieu en pleine célébration, avait été revendiqué par l'EI.

En avril 2017, 45 personnes ont été tuées dans deux attaques suicide revendiquées par l'EI en pleine célébration des Rameaux à Alexandrie, deuxième ville du pays, et Tanta, dans le nord de l'Egypte.

En mai, le groupe djihadiste avait revendiqué une attaque contre un bus de pèlerins coptes : 28 mort avait été recensés.

Le groupe Etat islamique a revendiqué vendredi l'attaque contre une église copte de la banlieue du Caire en Egypte, ainsi que l'attaque contre un supermarché de Saint-Pétersbourg en Russie.«Un groupe de combattants dépendant de l'Etat islamique a mené l'attaque contre l'église Saint-Mina»ane, a affirmé l'organisation extrémiste dans ce communiqué.

L'EI a également revendiqué l'attaque qui a fait 13 blessés mercredi dans un supermarché de Saint-Pétersbourg en Russie, selon un autre communiqué diffusé par son organe de propagande Amaq. «L'attaque qui a visé un centre commercial à Saint-Pétersbourg avant-hier (mercredi) a été menée par un groupe dépendant de l'Etat islamique», indique le communiqué.

Le président russe Vladimir Poutine a qualifié cette explosion d'«acte terroriste».

Larry Ricky pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE DAUPHIN DE FEU NELSON MANDELA

A LA TETE DE L'ANC

Cyril Ramaphosa est depuis hier le nouveau chef de l’ANC et incarne l’espoir de redressement du parti du Congrès national africain (ANC), au terme d’un vote très serré.

Il hérite d’un parti miné par les luttes intestines, après la gestion jugée désastreuse chef de l'Etat Jacob Zuma à la tête de l'ANC et qui tient les rênes de l'Afrique du Sud depuis la fin du régime ségrégationniste de l'apartheid en 1994.

Le nouveau chef de l’ANC doit désormais mener la campagne pour les prochaines élections générales de 2019.

Un véritable défi : en effet confronté à la désaffection de son électorat et la corruption, le parti pourrait perdre sa majorité au Parlement et ce pour la première fois depuis la transition démocratique.

De plus la victoire sur le fil de Cyril Ramaphosa ayant échoué à obtenir la majorité au sein de la nouvelle direction de l'ANC, lui laisse peu de latitude pour lutter contre la corruption et pour la relance l'économie d'ici aux élections de 2019.

Toutefois même si première puissance économique du continent africainest confronté à un taux de chômage de 27,7 % et une croissance molle, sa victoire lui a valu des réactions favorables du côté des marchés.

Même si le départ de Jacob Zuma de la présidence du pays ,terni par de nombreux scandales, n'est envisageable qu'au terme d'un accord négocié qui pourrait inclure une immunité, la victoire de l'ancien syndicaliste reconverti en homme d'affaire multimillionnaire pourrait améliorer la confiance des investisseurs.

Le dauphin de feu Nelson Mandela a en effet fait de la reprise économique et de la lutte contre la corruption ses thèmes de campagne !

Il lui faudra utiliser avec efficacité du temps pour reconstruire" avant les élections générales de 2019 la réputation de l'ANC . En raison du mode de scrutin en Afrique du Sud, le président doit en effet conserver la confiance de sa formation...

Cyril Ramaphosa est désormais bien placé pour devenir le président du pays en 2019.

Personnage clé de la transition démocratique, il a présidé l’assemblée constituante et dirigé la rédaction de la nouvelle constitution, adoptée en 1996. Nelson Mandela en fait son dauphin, en le considérant, d’après ses mémoires, comme « l’un des plus doués de sa génération ».En 1997, il subissant néanmoins le premier grand revers de sa carrière, lorsque les caciques de l’ANC lui préfèrent Thabo Mbeki dans la course pour la tête du parti, il quitte la politique pour se reconvertir dans les affaires après la chute du régime de l’apartheid. ..

Demain mercredi il devrait donner le ton de son nouveau mandat mercredi, lors de son discours de clôture du congrès.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

MACRON EN DONNEUR DE LECONS AU BURKINA ET CHANGEMENT DE LOGICIEL DANS LA POLITIQUE ENVERS L'AFRIQUE

L'arrivée lundi soir au Burkina d'Emmanuel Macron n'a pas été sans heurt puisque deux heures avant son arrivée une grenade a été lancée contre un véhicule de soldats français dans le nord de Ouagadougou sans atteindre leur cible mais en blessant trois civils.

Puis mardi ambiance également tendue à l'extérieur de l'université où des dizaines de manifestants ont dressé des barricades sur l'avenue de l'université de Ouagadougou scandant des slogans tels que « À bas l'exploitation de l'Afrique par l'Occident .

Les jeunes Burkinabè réclament en effet la fin du « pillage des ressources » par des entreprises françaises, du franc CFA arrimé à l'euro et de la présence militaire française.

C'est que la France après avoir été une puissance coloniale, entretient désormais une coopération militaire active avec les autorités du Burkina depuis l'accession à l'indépendance du territoire de la Haute-Volta en 1960.

Emmanuel Macron entend donc convaincre une jeunesse africaine de plus en plus hostile à la présence française sur le continent, sur fond de menace terroriste au Sahel. Des militaires des forces spéciales françaises, basés à Ouagadougou, sont intervenues lors de l'attentat de janvier 2016 (30 morts) lorsque des djihadistes avaient ouvert le feu sur des terrasses du centre-ville et celui d' août (19 morts).

Le président français a d'ailleurs voulu tourner une page de l'histoire que lui-même n'a pas connue en reconnaissant que « les crimes de la colonisation européenne sont incontestables » tout en rappelant aussi « des grandes choses et des histoires heureuses » dans ce passé. Un petit coup de repentance, une fois de plus … Bref : C'est «un passé qui doit passer.».

Il a appelé à une « relation nouvelle » dans un discours- fleuve de près de trois heures devant un parterre de 800 étudiants triés sur le volet.

Si Emmanuel Macron a martelé qu'il n’était pas venu « dire à l’Afrique ce qu’elle doit faire » il a cependant décliné toute une série de conseils appuyés.

1°Sur la démographie

« Quand vous avez une croissance démographique durablement supérieure à la croissance économique, vous n’arrivez jamais à lutter contre la pauvreté », a-t-il insisté.

« La démographie ça ne se décrète pas mais avec 7, 8 ou 9 enfants par femme, êtes-vous sûrs que c’est le choix de cette jeune femme ? Je veux être sûr que partout en Afrique ce soit bien le choix pour cette jeune fille ou femme. Cela m’a poussé à faire de l’égalité femmes-hommes la grande cause de mon mandat. »

Sur l’éducation des femmes

Emmanuel Macron a prôné l’émancipation des femmes africaines devant les étudiants burkinabés. Il veut que « partout en Afrique une jeune fille puisse avoir le choix de ne pas être mariée à 13 ou 14 ans ». « Je serai aux côtés des dirigeants africains qui feront le choix de la scolarisation obligatoire des jeunes filles », a-t-il ajouté,souhaitant que des programmes de bourses scolaires financés par la France « soient donnés en priorité à des jeunes filles ».

3°Sur le terrorisme

Emmanuel Macron a aussi dénoncé « l’obscurantisme religieux », « menace bien plus redoutable parfois que le terrorisme car massive, diffuse, quotidienne, qui s’immisce dans les foyers, les campus ». « Nous ne pouvons plus accepter que des puissances financent des fondations ou des écoles qui nourrissent l’obscurantisme ou le terrorisme. Ce sera l’enjeu de la conférence sur le financement du terrorisme à Paris l’an prochain », a-t-il affirmé.

4°Sur les migrants en Libye

Le président français Emmanuel Macron a annoncé qu'il voulait frapper les passeurs qui exploitent les migrants en Libye . Emmanuel Macron a également annoncé qu'il allait « proposer une initiative euro-africaine » pour « frapper les organisations criminelles et les réseaux de passeurs » qui exploitent les migrants subsahariens en Libye. Il a également annoncé « un soutien massif à l'évacuation des personnes en danger » en Libye, qualifiant de « crime contre l'humanité » la vente de migrants comme esclaves. Mais rappelons aussi que la France soutient financièrement les pays qui gardent les migrants pour endiguer l'exode vers l'Europe...

Puis débat avec les étudiants burkinabés, parfois houleux. Jupiter a finalement demandé à la jeunesse africaine de prendre son avenir en main.

Alizé Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

VERS UNE TRANSITION DEMOCATIQUE AU ZIMBABWE OU LE RETOUR D'UN NOUVEAU DESPOTE?

L'ancien vice-président Emmerson Mnangagwa a été investi président par intérim, dès vendredi, après la démission, mardi, du despote Robert Mugabe de 93 ans

Emmerson Mnangagwa a prêté serment vendredi devant plusieurs milliers de personnes réunies dans un stade à Harare. Il succède à Robert Mugabe, qui a été poussé à démissionner après 37 ans de règne autoritaire et sans partage.

«Moi, Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa, jure qu'en tant que président de la République du Zimbabwe, je serai loyal à la République du Zimbabwe et obéirai, soutiendrai et défendrai la Constitution et les lois du Zimbabwe», a déclaré vendredi matin le nouveau président dans un stade comble de la banlieue de Harare.

Dans son discours d'investiture le Président Emmerson Mnangagwa a fait montre de tourner la page des trente-sept ans du règne de Robert Mugabe, 93ans, le plus vieux dirigeant de la planète.

C'est un discours rassurant et consensuel qu'a prononcé le nouveau président zimbabwéen, vendredi, devant plus de 60 000 personnes euphoriques promettant d’être le « serviteur du peuple ».

Il a voulu se démarquer de l’ancien président tout en lui rendant hommage en le qualifiant de « père de la nation ».

La relance de l'économie reste sa priorité absolue.

En effet les attentes sont immenses pour les 16 millions de Zimbabwéen d'un pays ruiné par la corruption et par des réformes dévastatrices. Avec un taux de chômage à 90 %, les Zimbabwéens vivent de petits boulots dans une économie informelle. D'autres ont émigré, souvent chez le géant sud-africain voisin.

Pas étonnant que les promesses économiques aient été placées au premier plan. Il a promis qu'il indemniserait les fermiers blancs expulsés manu militari de leurs propriétés au début des années 2000, s'est par ailleurs engagé à protéger les investissements étrangers et à renouer avec la communauté internationale.

« Nous allons créer des emplois pour notre jeunesse et réduire la pauvreté pour toute la population", a lancé M. Ngangagwa, "les actes de corruption doivent cesser sur le champ".

Lors de son discours, il a également assuré que les élections prévues en 2018 auraient bien lieu. Le principal parti d'opposition, le Mouvement pour le changement démocratique (MDC),qui d'ailleurs n'a pas été invité à l'investiture, plaide pour un gouvernement d'union nationale jusqu'aux élections et pose ses conditions.

« Des dispositions concrètes doivent être prises pour garantir des élections libres et équitables.

C'est bien de le dire, mais il faut des actions, souligne le secrétaire général du principal parti d'opposition, le MDC, Douglas Mwanzora. Ce dernier exige également que l'armée ne fasse pas partie du processus électoral,laquelle,selon lui, a eu l'habitude d'intervenir dans dans la vie politique du pays.

. «  Mais le plus important, c'est que nous souhaitons que ces élections soient organisées sous la houlette des Nations unies. La SADC doit être impliquée. L'Union africaine aussi ainsi que les autres organisations internationales. A ce moment-là, nous pourrons avoir des élections libres et justes et nous pourrons à nouveau avoir un pouvoir légitime. » conclut Douglas Mwanzora.

Malgré son discours conciliateur, le nouveau maître du Zimbabwe suscitent toutefois des interrogations, à l'intérieur de son pays comme à l'étranger rappelant son passé sombre et sa réputation d'exécuteur des basses œuvres de l'ex-président Mugabe. Aussi le chef du MDC Morgan Tsvangirai. a-t-il confié qu'il espérait que Emmerson Mnangagwa qui s'est présenté en «serviteur» du pays « évitera de tomber dans la tentation de garder seul le pouvoir».

De plus plusieurs ONG ont rappelé le lourd bilan du régime: «des dizaines de milliers de personnes ont été torturées, ont disparu ou ont été tuées», selon Amnesty International. Le cacique du régime surnommé le «crocodile» n' a-t-il pas été associé à toutes ses politiques répressives depuis l'indépendance du pays en 1980 ?

L'état de grâce pourrait ne pas durer longtemps pour l'ancien vice-président qui fait figure de continuateur du régime. «Personne ne veut d'une transition qui verrait un tyran non élu remplacé par un autre», résumait déjà la semaine dernière le ministre des Affaires étrangères britannique Boris Johnson

.Espérons que le nouveau président du pays par intérim va conduire son pays vers une transition démocratique.

«S'il veut être jugé positivement, il va devoir mener des politiques qui ébranlent les structures de pouvoir de la Zanu-PF, en introduisant un vrai pluralisme politique et en séparant le parti et l'État», selon Piers Pigou, consultant d'International Crisis Group en Afrique australe.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CARNAGE DANS UN ATTENTAT EN EGYPTE

AU MOINS 235 MORTS

ET RAID AERIEN EN REPRESAILLES

L’attaque a eu lieu  dans le village de Bir al-Abed, à 40 kilomètres

d’Al Arich, la capitale de la province du Nord-Sinaï.

Les assaillants ont déclenché une explosion avant d’ouvrir le feu sur les fidèles.

Au moins 235 personnes ont été tuées et 133 blessées, vendredi à la mi-journée dans l’attaque d’une mosquée dans le nord du Sinaï égyptien.

Parmi les fidèles se trouvaient des conscrits de l’armée.

Selon la chaîne d'information panarabe Al Arabia et plusieurs sources locales certains des fidèles étaient des musulmans soufis, lesquels sont considérés par l'État islamique et d'autres groupes islamistes radicaux comme des apostats.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depuis 2013 et la destitution par l'armée du président islamiste élu Mohamed  Morsi, l'Égypte est le théâtre d'attaques et d'attentats menés par des groupes islamistes contre les forces de sécurité égyptiennes dans plusieurs régions du pays.

Abdel Fattah Al-Sissi, a promis de répliquer avec une « force brutale » à cet attentat, bien que l 'Egypte aient du mal à contrôler la péninsule du Sinaï.

Le nord du Sinaï est particulièrement touché. La branche de l'Etat Islamique y est particulièrement active.

Après cette attaque, qui n'a pas été revendiquée, le président égyptien, Abdel Fattah al Sissi, a convoqué un conseil ministériel restreint. Trois jours de deuil national ont été décrétés.

L'armée égyptienne a mené vendredi des raids aériens de représailles dans le nord du Sinaï après l'attaque d'une mosquée qui a fait 235 morts, a-t-on appris auprès de témoins et de responsables des services de sécurité. Les frappes aériennes se concentrent sur plusieurs zones montagneuses autour de la commune de Bir al Abed, où l'attaque s'est produite et où les insurgés islamistes se retrancheraien

. Un peu plus tôt, le président Abdel Fattah al-Sissi avait promis de répondre avec une "force brutale" à cette attaque, qui n'a pas encore été revendiquée.

"Les forces armées et la police vengeront nos martyrs et ramèneront la sécurité et la stabilité avec force très prochainement", avait-il déclaré lors d'un discours télévisé.

Paul Emison pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

EMMERSON MNANGAGWA

BIENTOT A LA TETE D'UN ETAT RUINE

Emmerson Mnangagwa va ,vendredi, prendre la tête d’un Etat ruiné.

Après un bref exil, l’instigateur de la chute de Robert Mugabe, son ex-vice-président Emmerson Mnangagwa, prend la tête d’un Etat ruiné.

Ancien ministre de Robert Mugabe, Emmerson Mnangagwa, 75 ans, est considéré par la communauté internationale

"comme plus ouvert aux réformes", souligne la société d'analyse économique BMI Research.,Nous avons plus de raison d'être optimiste sur un retour du Zimbabwe auprès des investisseurs internationaux au cours des deux prochaines années", ajoute dans une note BMI, ne croyant toutefois pas possible de résoudre la crise financière dès 2018.

L'arrivée au pouvoir d'Emmerson Mnangagwa, qui sera investi vendredi président, suscite déjà d 'enormes espoirs dans un pays à la une croissance atone, l'inflation rampante et au chômage de masse.

M. Mnangagwa a promis mercredi, dans son premier discours depuis sa désignation, de s'attaquer à ces problèmes. "Nous voulons la croissance de notre économie, nous voulons des emplois", a-t-il lancé .

Longtemps pourtant, le Zimbabwe le fut un modèle de réussite en Afrique, au point d'être surnommé le "grenier à blé" du continent.

En effet ,à son arrivée au pouvoir en 1980, Robert Mugabe avait mis sur pied un système d'éducation et de santé solide tout en ménageant les intérêts de la minorité blanche pour stabiliser le pays.Les lois dites "d'indigénisation" avaient été votées en 2007 pour contraindre les entreprises étrangères à céder la majorité de leurs parts à des investisseurs locaux mais n'ayant pas abouti pleinement , les investisseurs étaient restés frileux.

Le temps presse pour une relance économique.Un défi de taille pour le futur Président.

"Si le pays s'effondre, les militaires ne seront pas payés et il y aura un risque de nouveau coup d'Etat", relève l'analyste Derek Matyszak de l'Institut pour les études de sécurité (ISS).

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DEMISSION DE ROBERT MUGABE

AU ZWIMBABWE

APRES 37 ANS DE POUVOIR

Le président du Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe, âgé de 93 ans, a annoncé sa démission dans une lettre remise au Parlement, mardi 21 novembre, et lue par Jacob Mudenda, président de la Chambre.

Chef Il était en résidence surveillée depuis l'intervention de l'armée, mercredi dernier, mais refusait de céder le pouvoir qu'il exerçait depuis l'indépendance, en 1980.

Cette annonce intervient alors que le Parlement a ouvert sa séance consacrée à l'examen d'une demande de destitution du président, après trente-sept ans au pouvoir.

 

"J'ai choisi volontairement de démissionner", assure Robert Mugabe. "

Cette décision a été motivée par (...) mon désir d'assurer un transfert du pouvoir sans problème, pacifique et non violent", a-t-il détaillé dans sa lettre.

Dans un communiqué diffusé dans la nuit de mardi à mercredi 22 novembre, le président de l’exécutif de l’Union africaine, le Tchadien Moussa Faki Mahamat, s’est félicité de la décision du président zimbabwéen Robert Mugabe. L’organisation « reconnaît que le peuple zimbabwéen a exprimé le souhait d’un transfert de pouvoir pacifique de telle sorte que l’avenir démocratique du pays soit sauvegardé », souligne ce communiqué. La décision de M. Mugabe « restera dans l’'histoire comme l’acte d’un véritable homme d’Etat, qui ne peut que renforcer l ’héritage politique du président Mugabe », poursuit le communiqué de l’UA.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AU MOINS CINQUANTE MORTS

DANS UN ATTENTAT-SUICIDE

AU NIGERIA

 

Au moins 50 personnes ont été tuées mardi dans un attentat-suicide attribué au groupe jihadiste Boko Haram qui a frappé une mosquée de Mubi, un des plus meurtriers perpétré dans le nord-est du Nigeria depuis des mois .

Le bilan provisoire pourrait s'alourdir.

L'explosion a été perpétrée kamikaze, un adolescent, durant les prières du matin à la mosquée de Madina à Mubi, ville frontalière du Cameroun à environ 200 km au nord de la capitale de l'Etat d'Adamawa, Yola.

Si l'attentat n'a pas été revendiqué tout porte à penser que Boko Haram menant régulièrement des attaques contre des villages et des attentats-suicides en est l'instigateur.

Depuis huit ans le groupe terroriste multiplie les attentats qui ont fait au moins 20.000 morts et 2,6 millions de déplacés dans le nord-est du Nigeria.

C'est l'attentat le plus meurtrier perpétré dans la région du nord-est depuis une embuscade tendue en juillet contre un convoi transportant les membres d'une mission de prospection pétrolière dans l'Etat voisin du Borno, qui avait fait 70 morts.

Boko Haram conserve toute sa capacité de nuisance restant une organisation extrêmement puissante qui continue à semer la terreur pour tenter d'établir un califat islamique.

Les attaques jihadistes se concentrent depuis quelques temps dans la région frontalière du Cameroun.

La région, frontalière du Cameroun, est proche des monts de Mandara, où Boko Haram abrite d'ailleurs plusieurs camps.

 

L’Etat d’Adamawa, touché par les violences au pic de l’insurrection en 2014-2015, avait connu un progressif et fragile retour au calme, en comparaison avec l’Etat voisin du Borno, épicentre du conflit, qui n’a connu aucun répit. Ces dernières semaines, pourtant, les attaques djihadistes ont repris.

Paul Emison pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE PRESIDENT DU ZIMBABWE ROBERT MUGABE POUSSE A LA DEMISSION

PAR LA RUE ET SON PROPRE PARTI

Le Zimbabwe a connu samedi l'une des plus grandes manifestations jamais organisées depuis l'indépendance et l'arrivée au pouvoir de Robert Mugabe en 1980. Des dizaines de milliers de personnes ont manifesté samedi dans les rues d'Harare pour exiger le départ du président Mugabe. "Trop c'est trop, Mugabe doit partir", "Repose en paix Mugabe", "Non à la dynastie Mugabe", proclamaient des affiches brandies par des manifestants dans une ambiance festive.

Une manifestation historique : elle a rassemblé des Zimbabwéens très divers comme des ministres, des proches du parti au pouvoir, ainsi que des membres de l'opposition, des noirs et la minorité blanche issue de la colonisation britanniques, tous unis contre le président Robert Mugabe.

Le président zimbabwéen Robert Mugabe a été lâché par ses plus fidèles alliés.

La manifestation en effet a été organisée, cette fois, à l’appel des vétérans (l’Association des vétérans de la guerre de libération nationale du Zimbabwe), pour féliciter les militaires d’avoir chassé du pouvoir celui qu’ils ont passé tant de temps à défendre. Et même l’opposition s’est associée à la manœuvre.

Promise Mkwananzi, le chef des activistes de tajamuka, groupuscule qui, au cours des mois écoulés, continuait de manifester dans la rue sporadiquement s'est également engagé dans dans ce mouvement apparemment contre-nature

Le comité central de la ZANU-PF, le parti de Robert Mugabe, doit se réunir ce dimanche 19 novembre au matin à Harare. En effet après la consultation des cellules provinciales, la plus haute instance du parti au pouvoir devrait décider de limoger Robert Mugabe. Politiquement, à partir du moment où Robert Mugabe n'est plus membre de la ZANU-PF, les députés n'ont plus à suivre ses mots d'ordre lors des votes aux assemblées

. A 93 ans, le plus vieux chef d'Etat en exercice de la planète se retrouve de plus en plus isolé, abandonné par ses alliés les plus précieux: après l'armée et les anciens combattants, neuf des dix sections régionales de la Zanu-PF l'ont à leur tour lâché vendredi soir et ont demandé son départ.

Reste un président seul, sans majorité parlementaire, un scénario qui mène tout droit vers l'impasse politique. De plus selon la Constitution les députés ont la possibilité de lancer une procédure « d'impeachment », c'est à dire de destitution avec les deux tiers du Parlement pour démettre un président de ses fonctions .Or la ZANU-PF est très largement majoritaire.

Dimanche, le comité central du parti doit se réunir pour décider de son sort.

Le héros de l'indépendance, âgé de 93 ans, quant à lui, doit rencontrer dimanche l'état-major de l'armée qui l'a placé en résidence surveillée, au lendemain de manifestations massives pour sa démission.Les négociations entre Robert Mugabe et l'armée, engagées jeudi, vont donc se poursuivre dimanche, a annoncé la ZBC. Le président, qui s'accroche pour l'instant au pouvoir, a accepté de rencontrer l'état-major de l'armée, pour la deuxième fois depuis le début du coup de force militaire.

LL'étau se resserre donc sur le président, qui s'accroche pour l'instant au pouvoir.

Le nom d'Emmerson Mnangagwa, surnommé le "crocodile", circule désormais pour prendre la direction d'une éventuelle transition politique.

Le MDC, le Mouvement pour le changement démocratique, principale formation d'opposition se dit prêt, à participer à la transition démocratique. Le MDC de Morgan Tsvangirai avait d'ailleurs été invité par la ZANU-PF à se joindre au cortège samedi, selon Douglas Mwonzara, secrétaire général du MDC pour appuyer son action. Seul, le parti au pouvoir n'aurait pas assez de légitimité...

Reste à construire la suite.

Une fois le président démissionné ou déchu, un gouvernement d'unité nationale pourrait être mis en place. Le vice-président, Emmerson Mnangagwa, est pressenti pour en prendre la tête.

Un scénario que ne rejette pas le MDC qui tient cependant à certaines conditions. « S'il s'agit de monsieur Munangagwa, oui, nous travaillerons avec lui lors de la transition, car c'est ce que veut la loi. Mais ce gouvernement ne doit pas être factice. Il faut un gouvernement qui s'attaque directement à la pauvreté et à la crise économique, et surtout qui prépare des élections libres et honnêtes », a expliqué Douglas Mwonzara.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COUP D'ETAT AU ZIMBABWE ET GUERRE DE SUCCESSION

Des blindés de l'armée du Zimbabwe contrôlaient ce mercredi matin à Harare les accès au Parlement, au siège du parti au pouvoir et aux bureaux où le président Robert Mugabe, a pour habitude de recevoir son gouvernement.

Juste avant l’aube, à Hararé, le général Sibusiso Moyo, porte-parole des Forces de défense du Zimbabwe (ZDF), est apparu à la télévision nationale pour annoncer la nouvelle suivante: « Ce que les ZDF sont en train de faire est de ramener le calme dans une situation politique, sociale et économique en train de dégénérer dans le pays, qui, si cela n’est pas fait, va se terminer en conflit violent. »

Coup d'Etat ? Des officiers de l'armée du Zimbabwe ont annoncé leur intervention dans la nuit de mardi à mercredi pour éliminer des "criminels" proches du président Robert Mugabe qui règne sans partage sur le pays depuis son indépendance depuis 1980 et ont démenti toute tentative de coup d'Etat

Dans le message lu à la télévision nationale, le général Sibusiso Moyo a affirmé que l'armée n'avait pas mené de "coup d'Etat contre le gouvernement".

Les militaires ont pris donc pris le pouvoir dans la nuit au Zimbabwe et mis en détention le plus vieil président du monde président Robert Mugabe, 93 ans. Ils affirment que lui et sa famille sont « en sécurité ». « Nous assurons à la Nation que son Excellence le président [...] et sa famille sont sains et saufs et que leur sécurité est garantie », a-t-il également ajouté. L'armée pourrait "intervenir" si la "purge" ne cessait pas au sein du parti présidentiel avait mis en garde devant la presse le chef d'état-major, le général Constantino Chiwenga

En effet l'entrée en scène de l'armée intervient en pleine crise ouverte entre le Président Robert Mugabe et le chef de l'armée après le limogeage la semaine dernière du vice-président du pays Emmerson Mnangagwa, le dauphin présumé jusqu'à présent.

L'ancien vice-président Mnangagwa, 75 ans, a été démis de ses fonctions et s'est exilé après un bras de fer avec la première dame, Grace Mugabe, 52 ans.

La deuxième épouse du président , de quarante ans de moins, aurait tenté d'empoisonner Emmerson Mnangagwa. Face à cette accusation elle a exigé son éviction ce qu'elle a obtenue. Il y a trois ans la vice-présidente Joice Mujuru, avait été évincée du pouvoir également à la demande de la femme du président, figure très controversée et ambitieuse. Dans les milieux bien informés, on évoque en effet l’hypothèse d’une abdication potentielle du chef de l’Etat dans les prochains mois alors qu'il est investi par la Zanu-PF pour la présidentielle de 2018, malgré son grand âge et sa santé fragile. Et ce en faveur de son épouse Grace Mugabe.

Figure controversée, cette dernière dirige la puissante Ligue des femmes de la Zanu-PF. Elle compte de nombreux opposants au sein du parti au pouvoir et du gouvernement. Mais avec le limogeage de Emmerson Mnangagwa, elle se retrouve en position idéale pour succéder à son époux.

Cette crise « marque une nouvelle étape alarmante dans la course à la succession » de Mugabe, selon le spécialiste politique Alex Magaisa.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

NOUVEL ATTENTAT EN SOMALIE

Au moins 25 personnes sont mortes dans l'attaque menée par un commando de militants islamistes shebab contre un hôtel de la capitale somalienne. L'assaut avait débuté samedi soir et s'est terminé dimanche après douze heures de siège.

Deux véhicules piégés ont explosé à Mogadiscio à proximité d’un hôtel samedi en fin d’après-midi près de l’hôtel Nasa Hablod avant que cinq hommes armés ne prennent d’assaut l’hôtel, fréquenté par de nombreux hauts responsables de la capitale .

"Une voiture piégée a explosé à l'entrée de l'hôtel Nasa Hablod et des coups de feu ont suivi. Nous n'avons pas les détails, mais cela ressemble à une attaque coordonnée. Un minibus piégé a aussi explosé à un carrefour proche", a déclaré un responsable de la police, Ibrahim Mohamed.

Cette nouvelle attaque survient moins de deux semaines après le terrible attentat qui avait fait 358 morts ,226 blessés et 57 disparus.

Le président somalien, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, dit « Farmajo », a condamné cette attaque dans un communiqué : «  De telles atrocités ne nous dissuaderont jamais, ni ne nous décourageront de combattre les terroristes ».

« Les forces de sécurité ont secouru un certain nombre de personnes depuis [samedi] », a précisé M. Ibrahim porte-parole du gouvernement Plusieurs responsables gouvernementaux, dont des ministres, font partie des personnes secourues.

Le groupe islamiste des shebab, affilié à Al-Qaeda, a revendiqué les explosions ainsi que l'assaut de l'hôtel Nasa Hablod, selon un site pro-shebab, citant radio Andalous, la station des shebab.

"Les combattants moujahidine sont à l'intérieur de l'hôtel Nasa Hablod 2, où logent de hauts responsables apostats", a indiqué le site.

Les militants islamistes shebab ont pour habitude de faire exploser des véhicules piégés à l'entrée d'hôtels ou de bâtiments publics, avant de lancer un commando à l'intérieur pour faire le maximum de victimes.

Les shebab qui ont certes été chassés de Mogadiscio en août 2011, veulent faire tomber l'actuel gouvernement soutenu par la communauté internationale et par les 22 000 hommes de la force de l’Union africaine (Amisom). Malgré la perte de l’essentiel de leurs bastions , de vastes zones rurales sont encore sous leur contrôle. Et de là ils continuent leurs opérations de guérilla et commettent des attentats suicides, souvent dans la capitale, et contre des bases militaires, somaliennes ou étrangères.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

REPORT DES ELECTIONS PRESIDENDIELLES DANS QUATRE COMTES DU KENYA

La nouvelle présidentielle organisée après l'invalidation par la justice de la réélection du président sortant Uhuru Kenyatta en août a dégénéré dans la violence jeudi si bien qu'elle a du être reportée dans les bastions de l'opposition à l’ouest du pays à mardi dernier délai.

Huit personnes ont été tuées par balles depuis jeudi, portant à au moins 48 le nombre de morts depuis l'élection invalidée du 8 août.

Le report des opérations de vote a lieu dans quatre comtés (Homa Bay, Kisumu, Migori et Siaya) sur les 47 que compte le pays.

Les opérations de dépouillement de la Commission électorale (IEBC) se déroulent en pleine crise politique.

Le résultat du scrutin ne semble faire aucun doute :

Uhuru Kenyatta, 56 ans, devrait être déclaré vainqueur sur un score dépassant les 90 % mais avec une faible participation estimée à 35 %.

Si tel est le cas, ce taux serait de loin le plus bas depuis les premières élections multipartites dans le pays en 1992 si bien que l'opposition emmenée par Odinga trois fois candidat malheureux à la présidence (1997, 2007, 2013) pourrait remettre en question la légitimité du président élu.

La lutte historique de pouvoir entre leurs deux tribus Kikuyu pour Kenyatta et Luo pour Odinga-entre autres révèle l'échec de la démocratie dans un des pays les plus corrompus de l'Afrique.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PLUS DE 300 MORTS DANS LE PLUS MEURTRIER ATTENTAT EN SOMALIE

L'explosion qui a frappé la capitale somalienne devient le pire attentat de l'histoire en Somalie.

«C'est une attaque horrible menée par les Chebab sur des civils innocents, qui ne visait pas des responsables gouvernementaux somaliens spécifiques.

Cela montre combien ces éléments violents sont sans pitié, pour viser sans distinction des gens innocents qui ne faisaient que s'occuper de leurs affaires», a déclaré dimanche le président somalien Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed., deux

L’attentat n'a ,toujours pas été revendiqué mais selon toute vraisemblance il a été  mené par le groupe Al-Chabab (affilié à Al-Qaida)

La capitale somalienne, frappée samedi 14 octobre dans l’après-midi par deux attentats au camion piégé, offre une vision d’apocalypse. Le bilan ne cesse de s'alourdir : 300 morts annoncés ce matin sans compter les centaines de blessés. « Nous avons confirmation que 300 personnes sont mortes. Ce bilan va s’alourdir », a indiqué lundi le chef des services ambulanciers de la ville.

Dans l’attentat de samedi, deux camions piégés et bourrés d’explosifs militaires mais aussi sans doute des composants chimiques inflammables, introuvables en Somalie ont explosé dans des quartiers populeux pour faire un maximum de victimes.

L’attaque terroriste a ciblé l’intersection « Kilomètre 5 » un quartier très fréquenté de la capitale qui abrite bâtiments officiels, hôtels et restaurants et immeubles d'habitation .

Une deuxième explosion a eu lieu deux heures plus tard environ dans la médina.

La Somalie qui a connu 25 ans de guerre civile se sent impuissante face à la montée en puissance des Chababs ,affilié à Al-Qaida malgré l'élection au mois de février du très populaire président Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed ancien réfugié aux Etats-Unis, dit « Farmajo » .

Les djihadistes de Somalie malgré leur expulsion de Mogadiscio en 2011 et quelques revers en province contrôlent toujours une grande partie du territoire somalien. La sécurité n'est toujours pas rétablie à Mogadiscio.Le président Farmajo a décrété un deuil national de trois jours, après cet attentat considéré par les Somaliens comme le pire de l'histoire de leur pays.

« Les Etats-Unis condamnent dans les termes les plus forts l'attaque terroriste qui a tué et blessé des centaines (de personnes) à Mogadiscio le 14 octobre», selon un communiqué du Département d'Etat. «Face à cet acte insensé et lâche, les Etats-Unis continueront de se tenir aux côtés du gouvernement somalien, de son peuple et de nos alliés pour combattre le terrorisme et soutenir leurs efforts pour parvenir à la paix, à la sécurité et à la prospérité».

La Turquie a envoyé de l'aide médicale à Mogadiscio et prenden charge des personnes blessées par l'attentat, selon le porte-parole du président Erdogan. «Sur instruction de notre président, un avion ambulance militaire est en route aujourd'hui (dimanche) pour apporter de l'aide médicale et emmener les blessés en Turquie», a tweeté dans l'après-midi Ibrahim Kalin, porte-parole du président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan .

Mais face à la menace croissante, Africains comme Occidentaux ne savent comment y faire face efficacement. L’Amisom, forte de 22 000 hommes, manquant de moyens et de logistique a même été pillée par les djihadistes qui se sont fournis en armes.

Elle est de toute façon appelée à partir prochainement sans laisser une armée nationale somalienne capable de prendre la relève. C'est le chaos qui règne dans cet Etat failli dépassé par les chebabs.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

FACE AU REFUS DU GOUVERNEMENT BIRMAN DU CESSEZ-LE-FEU PROCLAME PAR LES REBELLES ROHINGYA POUR UN MOIS

L'ONU DENONCE UN NETTOYAGE ETHNIQUE

Fin août les rebelles rohingya, équipés de machettes et couteaux, avaient attaquées des postes de police dans l’Etat de Rakhine, en Birmanie, ayant pour conséquence une vague de répression de la part de l’armée et l’exode de près de 300 000 membres de la minorité musulmane.

Face à l'ampleur de l'exode et les atrocités commises semble-t-il, des deux côtés, les rebelles ont déclaré dimanche 10 septembre un cessez-le-feu unilatéral d’un mois , appelant l'armée à en faire autant.

« L’Armée du salut des Rohingya de l’Arakan [ARSA] déclare l’arrêt temporaire de ses opérations militaires offensives », a déclaré le groupe rebelle dans un communiqué publié sur Twitter.

La nébuleuse des groupes rohingyas impliqués dans les violences n'est pas très claire. Se détache un groupe, l'Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), qui assure mener l'insurrection depuis les montagnes de la zone de May Yu, dans le nord de l'Etat Rakhine.

La minorité rohingya accuse l'armée birmane et des bouddhistes extrémistes de ce pays à majorité bouddhiste d'être responsables des violences alors que le gouvernement birman

L'ARSA, plus connu localement sous le nom Harakah al-Yaqin ("Mouvement de la foi" en arabe), dit vouloir permettre à l'aide humanitaire de pouvoir intervenir, la région étant interdite d'accès pour les organisations internationales.

Mais Rangoun rejette le cessez-le-feu des rebelles refusant de «négocier avec les terroristes». «Notre politique n'est pas de négocier avec les terroristes», dit un porte-parole de la dirigeante birmane Aung San Suu Kyi sur Twitter.

Face à l’afflux de 300000 rohinghya au Bangladesh dans des conditions déplorables le haut-commissaire de l'ONU aux droits de l'homme Zeid Ra'ad Al-Hussein a jugé lundi 11 septembre que le traitement de la minorité musulmane rohingya par la Birmanie s'apparente à un « exemple classique de nettoyage ethnique » d'autant que la la Birmanie n'a pas autorisé les experts à se rendre sur place. A l'ouverture de la 36e session du Conseil à Genève, Zeid Ra'ad Al-Hussein a déclaré :" Traités comme des étrangers en Birmanie, un pays à plus de 90% bouddhiste, les Rohingyas sont apatrides même si certains vivent dans le pays depuis des générations".

Depuis l'attaques de plusieurs poste des police fin août par l'ARSA , la répression de l'armée birmane ne cesse pas . Cette "opération [...] est clairement disproportionnée et sans égard pour les principes fondamentaux du droit international", a affirmé le haut-commissaire. Et d'ajouter :

"Nous avons reçu de multiples rapports et des images satellites montrant des forces de sécurité et des milices locales brûlant des villages rohingyas, et des informations cohérentes faisant étant d'exécutions extrajudiciaires, y compris de tirs sur des civils en fuite."

Des milliers de personnes seraient toujours en fuite, cachées dans les forêts ou sur des collines du côté birman, sans vivres ni eau. Au Bangladesh de dénoncer également le minage de la zone frontalière entre les deux pays qui blesse grièvement les Rohingyas fuyant la violence.

"J'appelle le gouvernement à mettre un terme à son opération militaire cruelle" et aux "discriminations généralisées" dont souffrent les Rohingyas manifestant sa ferme volonté d'enquêter sur "toutes les violations", a dit Zeid Ra'ad Al-Hussei

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UNE PREMIERE EN AFRIQUE

ANNULATION PAR LA COUR SUPREME

DE L'ELECTION PRESIDENTIELLE AU KENYA

La stupeur domine au sein du clan de Uhuru Kenyatta, après l'invalidation, vendredi 1er septembre, de la réélection du 8 août du président sortant élu avec 54,27% des voix , par la Cour suprême.En raison « d’illégalités et d’irrégularités », Uhuru Kenyatta « n’a pas été élu et déclaré président de manière valide », a déclaré le juge président David Maraga.

La décision plus que inattendue, a été rendue à la majorité, deux juges sur un total de sept - dont un absent pour cause de maladie - ayant exprimé des opinions dissidentes.

L'annonce de la victoire de M. Kenyatta s'était accompagnée de manifestations et d'émeutes violemment réprimées par la police, dans lesquelles au moins 21 personnes, dont un bébé et une fillette de neuf ans, avaient été tuées.

Raila Odinga, n'ayant obtenu que 44,47% des voix avait dénoncé des fraudes.

De nombreuses voix s’étaient élevées pour demander à Raila Odinga de contester le résultat du scrutin devant les tribunaux, et non dans la rue .

Pourtant, Raila Odinga avait refusé dans un premier temps de saisir la justice pour contester les résultats du scrutin du 8 août.

Les violences interethniques de 2007 consécutives à un autre vote présidentiel qui avaient fait plus de 1 200 morts et 600 000 déplacés étaient resté gravées dans les mémoires.

Mais l’impact des discussions au sein de la coalition Nasa avec le sénateur James Orengo et le candidat à la vice-présidence, Kalonzo Musyoka, ont pesé pour porter l’affaire devant la justice dix jours plus tard, le 18 août.

Après deux semaines d’auditions et de délibérations, les juges ont donc tranché ce vendredi matin par l'annulation de l 'élection.

Sur les raisons objectives, qui ont poussé les magistrats à invalider le scrutin, il faudra attendre leur jugement final. Ils ont 21 jours pour le publier et démontrer que les irrégularités constatées étaient suffisantes pour invalider le scrutin du 8 août.

La Commission électorale a désormais 60 jours pour organiser un nouveau scrutin selon la Constitution.

C’est une décision historique dans l’histoire du pays, et même du continent. « C’est un jour historique pour le peuple kényan et par extension pour les peuples du continent africain », a déclaré M. Odinga, précisant que l’invalidation d’une élection présidentielle par un tribunal était une première sur le continent .Murithi Mutiga, un analyste de l’International Crisis Group considère que le Kenya est devenu «une démocratie adulte.»

Uhuru Kenyatta, a appelé à l’apaisement en milieu de journée. «Personnellement, je suis en désaccord avec la décision qui a été prise aujourd’hui, mais je la respecte», a-t-il déclaré lors d’une adresse à la télévision.

Le Kenya, première économie d’Afrique de l’Est, entre dans une période d’inconnu et d’incertitude.

Courbet Joanne pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

28 MORTS

DANS TROIS ATTENTATS-SUICIDES

AU NIGERIA

Trois femmes kamikazes se sont fait exploser mardi dans une ville à 25 kilomètres de Maiduguri, la capitale de l’État du Borno, dans le nord-est du Nigeria . Bilan :

28 morts et plus de 80 blessés, dans un camp de déplacés à Mandarari.

Le district de Konduga est l'un des épicentres des violences commises par le groupe djihadiste Boko Haram depuis que l'armée a forcé les combattants islamistes à quitter leur base de la forêt de Sambisa, en décembre dernier.

« Les camps tels que celui qui a été attaqué hier [mardi] abrite des femmes et des enfants déplacés qui sont ciblé de manière indiscriminée. Des villes qui étaient auparavant considérés comme sûres pour les civils sont désormais également attaquées »,

s'indigne Ernest Mutanga, le responsable de programmes du Conseil norvégien pour les réfugiés au Nigeria (NRC), dans un communiqué.

Depuis 2009 le conflit a fait plus de 20 000 morts et 2,6 millions de déplacés , selon l'ONU.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

20 MORTS DANS UN ATTENTAT TERRORISTE

A

OUAGADOUGOU

Nouvelle attaque terroriste sur l'avenue Kwame Nkrumah, à Ouagadougou au Burkina Faso .Cet attentat dans un restaurant situé dans un quartier fréquenté par les expatriés a fait 20 morts et une dizaine de blessés dans la nuit de dimanche à lundi. «Trois hommes sont arrivés à bord d'un véhicule 4x4, sont descendus du véhicule et ont ouvert le feu sur les clients assis sur la terrasse» du café, a indiqué un serveur s'exprimant sous couvert d'anonymat .Les autorités burkinabées ont annoncé que deux assaillants ont été tués par les forces d'intervention. On compte au moins un Français parmi les victimes selon le parquet de Paris ayant ouvert une enquête antiterroriste, comme à chaque fois que des concitoyens sont victimes d'actes terroristes à l'étranger.

"Aux environs de 21 heures , une attaque terroriste a touché le restaurant Istanbul sur l'avenue Kwame Nkrumah à Ouagadougou", a déclaré le gouvernement dans un communiqué.

Dans un communiqué, le Quai d'Orsay , en contact avec les autorités locales, demande aux ressortissants français d'éviter la zone et de rassurer leurs proches.

L'"ambassade se tient informée de la situation grâce au contact permanent avec les autorités locales. La France est aux côtés du peuple et des autorités burkinabés dans ce moment douloureux et se tient prête à leur porter assistance", ajoute le porte-parole du ministère.

L'attaque a été condamnée par le le président de la République Emmanuel Macron qui a «exprimé sa compassion et sa solidarité à l'égard des familles de victimes».Ce dernier a réitéré l'engagement de la France «  aux côtés des pays de la région pour poursuivre la lutte contre les groupes terroristes et accélérer la mise en place de la force du G5 Sahel».

Le Burkina-Faso , petit Etat d'Afrique de l'Ouest, pauvre et enclavé , est régulièrement la cible d'attentats et d'enlèvements depuis qu'il sert de base arrière aux forces spéciales française contre les djiadistes dans le Sahel dans l'opération Barkhane . Le 15 janvier 2016 un commando avait attaqué dans la même avenue le café Cappuccino et plusieurs autres établissements, l'hôtel Splendid, l'hôtel Yibi le Taxi-Brousse N'Krumah,ainsi que le restaurant Istanbul. Cette attaque s'était soldée par 30 morts et 71 blessés, des étrangers avant tout.

En décembre 2016, une attaque contre un détachement de l'armée basé dans le nord du pays avaient fait douze morts parmi les soldats burkinabè. Le pays a été la cible également de nombreux enlèvements de Burkinabè comme d'étrangers.

Paul Emison pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

REELECTION CONTESTEE DE UHURU KENYATTA PRESIDENT DU KENYA

Le président kényan Uhuru Kenyatta a été réélu, ce vendredi, avec 54,27% des voix. Il effectuera donc un second mandat.L’annonce a été faite vendredi 11 août au soir par le président de la commission électorale, Wafula Chebukati. Son opposant Raila Odinga a obtenu 44,74 % des suffrages. La bonne tenue des élections générales au taux de participation élevée ( 78,91%), a été unanimement saluées par la communauté internationale

Sitôt la proclamation par la Commission électorale (IEBC) de la réélection de M. Kenyatta, 55 ans, pour un second mandat de cinq ans, des violences ont éclaté dans les bastions de l'opposition, qui a dénoncé "une mascarade" électorale.

C'est la deuxième nuit consécutive qui a pourtant été émaillée dans plusieurs bidonvilles par des émeutes à Kisumu et des scènes de pillage à Kibera de commerces appartenant à des sympathisants du pouvoir. Au moins quatre personnes dont deux enfants ont été tuées au Kenya depuis l'annonce vendredi soir de la réélection du président Uhuru Kenyatta mais les violences restent localisée. Selon le ministre de l'Intérieur, Fred Matiangi, "la sécurité prévaut complètement dans le reste du pays". On compte au moins11 morts liées aux violences électorales depuis mercredi dans ce pays de quelque 48 millions d'habitants.

La hantise de revivre les violences post-électorales de décembre 2007 qui avaient fait 1.100 morts et 600.000 déplacées en deux mois semble peu probable. En effet si de vieilles divisions tribales existent toujours dans un pays comptant cinq ethnies - les Luo , les Luhya et les Kamba, les Kikuyu et lesKalenjin- seule l'ethnie Luo, celle de M. Odinga, protestent alors les autres composantes de la coalition d'opposition (Nasa), les Luhya et Kamba, reste pour l'heure à l'écart des violences.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AU MOINS 15 MORTS

A  KAGA-BANDORO EN CENTRAFRIQUE

Une quinzaine de personnes ont été tuées dans le centre de la ville centrafricaine de Kaga-Bandorolors d'échanges de tirs samedi entre des éléments armés de l'ex-Séléka et les Casques bleus de la mission de l'ONU (Minusca), a-t-on appris dimanche de source humanitaire.

"Il y a au moins 15 morts parmi les combattants". Kaga-Bandoro se situe à 400 km au nord de la capitale Bangui. Selon des sources sécuritaires, dont la Minusca, des membres du groupe armé ex-Séléka du Mouvement patriotique pour la Centrafrique (MPC) seraient à l'origine des violences.

4"Les hommes du MPC semaient la pagaille dans la ville pour une histoire de vengeance", a relaté une source onusienne proche du dossier. Puis ils "se sont confrontés aux contingents pakistanais et burundais (de la Minusca, ndlr) stationnés dans la ville".

Reprise des violence à la fin du mois de mai

Les forces de la Minusca ont fait leur travail en protégeant les populations civiles des éléments du MPC", a assuré le porte-parole de la Minusca Vladimir Monteiro.

Kaga-Bandoro (centre), chef-lieu de la préfecture de Nana-Grébizia ccueille depuis l'automne 2016 près de 20.000 déplacés ; Il reste difficile pour les humanitaires de travailler.

La Centrafrique a basculé dans les tueries de masse en 2013 avec le renversement du président Bozizé par la rébellion majoritairement musulmane Séléka. Ce qui a pour effet d'entraîner des représailles de groupes anti-balaka défenseurs des chrétiens

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

MACABRE MISE EN SCENE

DE SIX OTAGES DANS UNE VIDEO

D'AL-QAIDA AU MALI

Le nord du Mali était tombé en mars-avril 2012 sous la coupe de groupes jihadistes liés à Al-Qaïda. En grande partie chassés de cette région par une intervention militaire internationale, lancée en janvier 2013 cette mission se poursuit actuellement. Mais des zones entières échappent au contrôle des forces maliennes et étrangères. Ces dernières sont d'ailleurs la cible régulière des attaques meurtrières malgré la signature en mai-juin 2015 d'un accord de paix, censé isoler définitivement les jihadistes.

La vidéo de plus d'un quart d'heure, non datée, a été publiée samedi via la messagerie sur Internet Telegram par le "Groupe de soutien à l'islam et aux musulmans", une organisation jihadiste.On ignore dans quelles conditions ces images, diffusées via l’application de messagerie Telegram, ont été tournées.

Le Sud-Africain Stephen McGown, premier à apparaître dans la vidéo McGown, y déclare: "Maintenant nous faisons une nouvelle vidéo, mais je ne sais pas quoi dire. Tout a été dit par le passé. Tout a été dit dans les vidéos précédentes que j'ai faites", selon le transcript de SITE. Le SITE est le centre américain spécialisé dans la surveillance en ligne de la mouvance djihadiste

.Le Sud-Africain Steven McGow a été enlevé lui fin 2011 à Tombouctou. Il avait été kidnappé en compagnie d’un Suédois, Johan Gustafsson, dont la ministre suédoise des affaires étrangères, Margot Wallström, a annoncé lundi la libération sans fournir de détail.

Pour la française Sophie Pétronin, il est précisé qu'elle espère que le président français Emmanuel Macron, arrivé au Mali dans la nuit de samedi à dimanche pour soutenir la lutte contre les groupes jihadistes, aidera à son retour en France selon SITE. Elle apparaîtrait dans la vidéo la tête recouverte d’un chèche vert kaki . Cet enregistrement survient à quelques heures de la participation d’Emmanuel Macron au sommet du G5 Sahel à Bamako.

Les quatre autres otages sont :

Le Roumain Iulian Ghergut, enlevé en avril 2015 au Burkina Faso; le Roumain a été emmené par des islamistes armés se réclamant du groupe Al-Mourabitoun en avril 2015 parti en mission dans une mine de manganèse du nord du pays.

Deux autres femmes la missionnaire suisse Béatrice Stockly, kidnappée en janvier 2016 par le groupe jihadiste Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique (Aqmi) et la religieuse colombienne Gloria Cecilia Narvaez Argoti, enlevée en février 2017 au Mali . la Suissesse Béatrice Stockly, une missionnaire enlevée en janvier 2016 par des hommes armés à son domicile de Tombouctou, et une religieuse catholique colombienne, sœur Gloria Cecilia Narvaez, enlevée en février dernier dans le sud du pays sont toutes deux accusées de prosélytisme religieux.

Les deux autres otages ont été enlevés au Burkina Faso, voisin du Mali. L’Australien Kenneth Elliot, octogénaire, a été enlevé en janvier 2016 avec sa femme Jocelyn, libérée trois semaines plus tard. Le couple dirigeait une clinique dans une localité proche de la frontière malienne.

Les otages sont présentés séparément dans la vidéo par un homme qui indique qu'il n'y a pas eu jusqu'à présent de négociations pour leur libération.

A la fin de la vidéo demande, cet homme assure aux familles des otages qu'"aucune véritable négociation n'a commencé" pour leur libération, tout en affirmant que des discussions sont "toujours actives".

Alyze Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ATTENTAT AU MALI

QUATRE MORTS DANS L'ATTAQUE

D'UN HOTEL PRES DE BAMAKO

 

Au Mali, l’attaque djihadiste contre un lieu de villégiature touristique, fréquenté par des Occidentaux, ce dimanche près de Bamako, a fait au moins quatre morts, dont une Française.

36 otages retenus par les assaillants ont été libérés par les forces spéciales maliennes, selon le ministre malien de la Sécurité.

« C’est une attaque djihadiste. Les forces spéciales maliennes sont intervenues. 36 otages ont été libérés. », a déclaré le ministre Salif Traoré,

Paul Emison pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ATTENTAT SANGLANT

CARNAGE DE LA MINORITE COPTES EN EGYPTE

Au moins 26 pélerins ont été tués, vendredi 26 mai, en Egypte dans un bus transportant des coptes, qui se rendaient à un monastère. Le premier bilan, donné par le porte-parole du ministère de la Santé à la télévision d'Etat, fait également état de 25 blessés.Les assaillants ont ouvert le feu "à l'arme automatique" sur le bus. Ils ont ensuite pris la fuite.

Au moins 24 personnes ont été tuées, a annoncé le porte-parole du ministère de la santé, Khaled Megahed, à la télévision d’Etat, ajoutant qu’il y avait 27 blessés.

A nouveau la minorité copte visée.

En avril, des kamikazes déjà ans avaient frappé deux églises coptes dans le nord du pays, à Alexandrie et Tanta, en pleine célébration du dimanche des Rameaux. à Alexandrie et Tanta, en pleine célébration du dimanche des Rameaux. Les attaques, qui avaient fait 45 morts au total, avaient été revendiquées par le groupe Etat islamique. Une attaque à la bombe une église copte du Caire avait tué 29 personnes en décembre.

Le président égyptien, Abdel Fattah Al-Sissi, avait alors déclaré l’état d’urgence pour une durée de trois mois.

Une branche de l'EI sévit dans le nord de la péninsule du Sinaï procédant à des attaques ciblées contre des chrétiens, poussant des dizaines de familles à fuir la région.

Les coptes forment la plus importante communauté chrétienne du Moyen-Orient, et environ 10% des quelque 90 millions d'habitants de l'Egypte. Elle est l’une des plus anciennes, dans un pays où les musulmans sunnites sont largement majoritaires.

Une branche de l’EI sévit dans le nord de la péninsule du Sinaï, où elle attaque régulièrement les forces de sécurité. Elle y a également procédé à des attaques ciblées contre des chrétiens, poussant des dizaines de familles à fuir la région.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CHIENLIT au MALI

ENLISEMENT DANS LE DESERT

DE L'OPERATION  BARKHANE

 

Chienlit au Mali, "la France prête trop d'attention au militaire, pas assez au terreau du djihadisme" selon Human Rights Watch .

Emmanuel Macron, en sa qualité de chef des armées, s'est rendu au Mali pour soutenir les soldats français de l'opération Barkhane un peu plus de quatre ans après le début de l'intervention française dans ce pays.

«Parmi les forces vives de la nation, j'ai voulu donner le premier rang aux armées françaises», a-t-il déclaré, indiquant également que «la sérénité de nos existences» ont «un prix»: «celui de vos sacrifices». «Vous êtes ici celles et ceux qui servent sous l'Ancre de la miséricorde. Je salue ce que vous faites ici. Ma confiance en vous est totale. (...) Les Français vous regardent avec admiration, avec respect, parce que vous demeurez pour chacun des exemples»

Barkhane est actuellement la plus importante opération extérieure des troupes françaises.

L'opération française, lancée en août 2014 après l'opération Serval de 2013, est menée dans cinq pays (Tchad, Niger, Mali, Mauritanie, Burkina Faso) de la bande sahélo-saharienne, une zone vaste comme l'Europe.

Son but est « l'appropriation par les cinq pays partenaires de la lutte contre les groupes armés terroristes », selon le ministère de la Défense

.L'opération Barkhane a pris le relais de Serval pour stabiliser le Sahel, avec 4000 soldats déployés dans cinq pays (le Mali, le Burkina Faso, la Mauritanie, le Niger et le Tchad), dont 1700 à Gao. Mais la sécurité du Sahel reste précaire.

Des zones entières échappent encore au contrôle des forces maliennes, françaises et onusiennes, régulièrement ciblées par des attentats meurtriers.

 

Selon Human Rights Watch le traitement militaire de la crise ne règle pas le problème des djihadistes

L'engagement français (l'opération Serval) dans la lutte contre les djihadistes au Sahel déclenchée en janvier 2013 pour stopper la progression des islamistes armés contrôlant d'une grande partie du Nord du Mali n'aurait fait que déplacer le problème vers le Sud du Mali, région densément peuplée et auraient même traversé la frontière du Burkina Faso et du Niger.

Si bien qu'actuellement la situation serait pire qu'avant l'intervention de la France. Petit bémol : Il semble que la présence de l'armée française a joué un rôle de modération auprès de l'armée malienne coutumière d'exactions.

 

Pourquoi ?

Tout simplement parce que les groupes djihadistes peuvent se fondre dans une population qu'ils connaissent bien . Non seulement ils font régner la terreur en imposant aux habitants leur version ultrarigoriste du Coran Mais ils exploitent les maux du pays c-à-d «la mal-gouvernance, la faiblesse de l'État face au banditisme, l'impunité » pour propager leur propagande et recruter.

Aussi le pays se gangrène-t-il de plus en plus face à la faiblesse de l'État malien qui est au bord de « l'implosion ».

 

Les piste de sortie de crise :

C'est avant tout au gouvernement malien de résoudre cette situation, mais la France pourrait faire pression sur le Mali pour qu'il s'acquitte de ses obligations à l'égard de sa population

Emmanuel Macron a appelé à une accélération du processus de paix en cours au Mali. Alors qu'un premier accord de paix a été signé à Bamako il y a deux ans entre gouvernement malien, groupes armés et l'ex-rebellion Touareg, son application prend du retard, et la région reste instable

Le chef d'Etat désire aussi consolider la coopération internationale sur la question, en particulier avec Berlin. «Ma volonté, dans le cadre de nos engagements en Afrique, sur le plan militaire, c'est de faire davantage encore avec l'Europe, c'est de faire davantage avec l'Allemagne», a-t-il lancé.

Enfin, «plus de 470 millions d'euros (d'aide au développement) ont été décidés sur la zone pour les années à venir, pour accompagner cet effort militaire», a indiqué le nouveau président. «Cela permettra d'investir dans l'éducation, les infrastructures, la santé», a-t-il précisé, «meilleur antidote au développement du terrorisme islamiste».

S' il a réaffirmé l'engagement militaire de la France au Sahel, il souhaite le renforcer par la coopération internationale et l'aide au développement. Sans développement, pas de sécurité.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CHOLERA L'ETAT D'URGENCE

DECRETEE AU YEMEN

« Nous sommes maintenant confrontés à une grave crise de choléra », a déclaré Dominik Stillhart, directeur des opérations du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR), lors d’une conférence de presse dans la capitale Sanaa.

Le choléra, qui entraîne diarrhée sévère et une déshydratation parfois mortelle, est provoqué par l’absorption d’eau ou de produits mortelle, est provoqué par l’absorption d’eau ou de produits alimentaires contaminés par la bactérie vibrio, présente dans les matières fécales. L’insalubrité des villes est une cause première de l’expansion de l’épidémie.

Le choléra se répand rapidement au Yémen, faisant 115 morts en deux semaines.Un bilan du ministère yéménite de la Santé fait état 115 personnes mortes du choléra et plus de 8 500 cas suspects recensés dans 14 provinces du Yémen entre le 27 avril et le 13 mai. La maladie s’est répandue et le bilan alourdi.

Jeudi, le Bureau de coordination des affaires humanitaires de l'ONU avait confirmé 58 cas de choléra et fait état de 47 décès et de 2 301 cas suspects dans dix provinces.

L’OMS classe désormais le Yémen comme l’une des plus grandes urgences humanitaires de la planète avec la Syrie, le Soudan du Sud, le Nigeria et l’Irak.

Deux ans de guerre ont complètement déstructurées les infrastructures hospitalières et la qualité de l’hygiène s’est fortement dégradée.La guerre au Yémen a dévasté les infrastructures de santé du pays, le plus pauvre de la péninsule arabique, et aggravé les conditions générales d’hygiène des Yéménites. Au manque d'hygiène s'ajoute la pénurie d’eau. Le manque d’hygiène à Sanaa est criant d'autant plus que les éboueurs avaient débrayé plusieurs jours réclamant leurs salaires impayés. Des tas d’ordures nauséabondes jonchaient la capitale.

Un pays en guerre.

Il faut ajouter que la zone tenue par les rebelles houtis, avec comme capitale Sanaa, fait l’objet d’un embargo international et essuie une pluie de bombes de la coalition menée par l’Arabie saoudite.

La guerre au Yémen oppose les forces loyales au président Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi, soutenues par une coalition militaire arabe, à des rebelles Houtis alliés aux partisans de l’ex-président Ali Abdallah Saleh.

Selon l’OMS, les combats ont fait plus de 8 000 morts et plus de 44 500 blessés depuis mars 2015. Quelque 19 millions de personnes, soit 60 % de la population, vivent en situation d’insécurité alimentaire, selon l'ONU.

L’état d’urgence a été décrété.

Les malades, souffrant de diarrhée et de vomissement ne peuvent plus être accueillis tant leur afflux dépasse de loin les capacités d’accueil des centres hospitaliers.« Il y a jusqu’à quatre patients atteints du choléra dans un seul lit », a déploré le responsable du CICR. « Certains patients restent dans le jardin ou même dans des voitures avec leurs équipements de perfusion intraveineuse pendant à la fenêtre » » du véhicule a-t-il ajouté.

Appel à l’aide internationale

Les rebelles chiites qui contrôlent Sanaa, ont lancé des appels à une assistance internationale. Les cas recensés dépassent les « moyennes habituelles » et le système de santé de la capitale est « incapable de contenir cette catastrophe », a déclaré le « ministère » de la Santé de l’administration des Houtis.

De son côté, le « ministre » de la Santé des rebelles Hafid ben Salem Mohammed, a assuré que « l’ampleur de la maladie dépasse les capacités » de ses services.

Un responsable local de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), Jameel Nashir, a appelé les habitants à soigner leur « hygiène personnelle » et à prendre « conscience de la dangerosité de la maladie ». En outre, a-t-il ajouté, « ils devraient utiliser de l’eau provenant de sources sûres et éloignées des zones polluées » . Quand il y en a...

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

MADAGASCAR ENLEVEMENT  D'UN LYCEEN FRANCAIS

Un kidnapping d'un adolescent français d'origine indo-pakistanaise (karana en malgache) a eu lieu mardi matin devant le lycée français de la capitale malgache. Les enlèvements contre rançons de Karanas - communauté d'origine indo-pakistanaise - sont fréquents dans l'île en raison de leurs activités économiques.

L'adolescent, un Français issu d’une famille riche, a été enlevé tôt par un groupe de six hommes cagoulés et armés de fusils d'assaut, a indiqué la police locale. Ouvrant le feu sur des policiers assurant la circulation devant l'établissement scolaire le commando a pris la fuite. Le lycéen a cependant essayé de se sauver mais les malfaiteurs l'ont très vite rattrapé pour le traîner de force à l’intérieur d’un monospace.

Les ravisseurs «restent introuvables jusqu'à maintenant», ainsi que leur victime, âgée de 16 ans, a ajouté le commissaire Ranaivoson. À Paris, le ministère des Affaires étrangères français dit avoir «connaissance de cet enlèvement et est pleinement mobilisé», sans plus de détails.

Les enlèvements de Karanas sont fréquents dans la mesure où cette communauté travaille souvent dans le commerce. Cette dernière est particulièrement la cible de gangs criminels exigeant d'importantes rançons en échange de la libération de leurs victimes. Dans un communiqué, un collectif des Français d'origine indienne de Madagascar (CFOIM) s'est insurgé contre «la violence croissante» et contre la recrudescence des enlèvements visant leur communauté.

« La situation est grave. Il ne se passe plus une journée sans que la communauté soit touchée», a ajouté le collectif, qui a lancé un «appel solennel au gouvernement malgache et à la communauté internationale pour stopper l'escalade de la violence» à l'encontre de ses membres.

Paul Emison pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ATTENTAT

UNE DOUBLE ATTAQUE CONTRE

LES COOPTES D'EGYPTE   ENCORE DAECH !!!!!

A peine 19 jours avant la venue du pape François prévue les 28 et 29 avril en en pleine messe durant le jours des Rameaux deux attentats ont visés hier encore les cooptes d'Egypte faisant au moins 27 morts dans la ville de Tanta et 16 morts à Alexandrie semaines.

A l'intérieur de l'église de Tanta, les bancs de bois brisés , le sol maculé de sang et les murs blancs,éclaboussés de sang, avaient la marque d'éclats.

Une autre explosion a frappé l'église Mar Morcos (Saint-Marc) à Alexandrie, faisant 16 morts et 41 blessés, selon un bilan actualisé du ministère de la Santé. L'attentat d'Alexandrie, la grande ville du nord du pays, a été perpétré par un kamikaze «équipé d'une ceinture explosive», qui a tenté de pénétrer dans l'église Saint-Marc où se trouvait le pape copte orthodoxe Tawadros II à l'occasion de la fête des Rameaux il n'a pas été blessé Empêché par la police d'y pénétrer, il s'est alors fait exploser, selon le ministère de l'Intérieur. L'église Mar Girgis de Tanta avait indiqué fin mars sur sa page Facebook qu'un «objet suspect» avait été retrouvé devant le bâtiment des démineurs l'ayant récupéré.

Les deux attaques ont été revendiquées en début d'après-midi par l'EI, dont la branche égyptienne avait récemment appelé à viser la communauté chrétienne.

.Les premières funérailles ont déjà eu lieu, dimanche 9 avril, après les deux attentats commis en Egypte contre des églises cooptes

Ces nouvelles attaques interviennent quatre mois à peine après un attentat suicide spectaculaire, revendiqué par l'EI frappant le 11 décembre au Caire l'église Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul, faisant 29 morts.

Ces attaques sanglantes contre le cooptes d'Egypte ne sont que la suite d'une longue liste d'autre attentats: le 1er janvier 2011, un attentat fait 23 morts et 79 blesses essentiellement des chrétiens d’orient, à la sortie d'une église d'Alexandrie.

En août 2013, ce sont des églises, des maisons et des commerces appartenant à des coptes ont été incendiés , en représailles de leur soutien supposé à la destitution du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi par l’armée, le 3 juillet. Le nombre de victimes reste inconnu. Un attentat-suicide en pleine célébration, revendiqué par Daech, contre l'église coopte fait 29 mort le 11 décembre 2016.

Ces attentats interviennent Égypte où 10% de la population est coopte orthodoxe, représentent la communauté chrétienne la plus nombreuse et l'une des plus anciennes du Moyen-Orient :soit près de 9 à 10 millions des 92 millions d'Égyptiens.

La branche locale de l'EI ayant également revendiqué l'attentat à la bombe le 31 octobre 2015, d'un avion transportant 224 touristes russes après son décollage de Charm el-Cheikh, au sud du Sinaï, des milliers de cooptes avaient alors fui le Sinaï .

Le pontife argentin a réagi :.«J'exprime mes profondes condoléances à mon cher frère, sa sainteté le pape Tawadros II, à l'Église copte et à toute la chère nation égyptienne. Je prie pour les défunts et les blessés»

Le président égyptien Abdel Fattah al-Sissi a demandé dimanche à l'armée de déployer des forces pour aider la police à protéger les «infrastructures vitales» du pays et a déclaré l'état d'urgence pour trois mois.  Son premier ministre Chérif Ismaïl a souligné «la détermination de l'État à (...) éliminer à la racine le terrorisme».

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ALAIN RAMAROSON A RAISON !!!

M. Alain Ramaroson réclamait la semaine dernière devant le CST (Conseil Supérieur de la Transition) des explications concernant deux fourgons « disparus » de la Brink’s, (dont la franchise à propriétés des soutiens d’Andry Rajoelina et maintenant de Hery Rajaonarimampianina, à savoir Ylias Akbaraly et Mamy Ravatomanga).

Non pas que nous soyons toujours d’accord avec l’oncle de la regrettée Nadine Ramaroson, mais là franchement il a raison !

Et rendons hommage à son courage.

Deux fourgons de la Brink’s contenant à ses dires probablement plus de 250 milliards d’ariary en billets de 10.000 ariary se volatilisent vers août-septembre 2013, et ni la Brink’s, ni même l’Etat Malagasy ne portent plainte. L’affaire fait des petits titres dans les journaux pendant quelques jours, puis c’est l’étouffement complet, même sur internet.

L’affaire est gravissime, les caisses de l’Etat sont exsangues après une transition qui a pillé le pays (BCM, Jirama, Air Madagascar, WISCO…) bradé ses ressources (BNI, Tozzi Green…) et qui maintenant couvre le casse du siècle !

Alors là, non !!!

Nous nous faisons l’écho d’Alain Ramaroson :

Messieurs Rajoelina, Rajaonarimampianina où est passé cet argent du peuple ?

Monsieur le candidat poulain aux élections présidentielles, vous qui vous vantez à l’envie de vos performances « louées par la Banque Mondiale » à la tête des finances d’une nation qui n’a jamais été aussi appauvrie en 5 ans, où est passé cet argent qui comme le disait fort à-propos un confrère « ne doit pas être perdu pour tout le monde » ?

Votre silence est suspect, voire complice !

Et lorsque interrogé à ce sujet devant un plateau de télévision vous rétorquez

« je n’aborderai pas ce sujet car le faire serait un aveu… ».

Comment ?

Vous n’avez pas la conscience tranquille ?

On vous comprend, au regard de la copie de l’ordre de réquisition des fourgons signé de votre main et que nous rendrons publique en temps voulu…

Et qui démontrera à vos millions de concitoyens que vous êtes un menteur, un voleur et un tricheur.

Paul Emison  New York pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

MADAGASCAR "SAGA SCANDALE"

Espérant que vous avez bien retenu votre leçon avec Air Madagascar, BRINKS, BNI et Bois de rose, passons-donc à la lettre suivante :

C comme CSPI ou COTECNA

Quel voyageur ou touriste quittant l’aéroport international d’Ivato à Madagascar ou un des sept autres aéroports internationaux de l’île n’a pas été frustré par le racket organisé de la manière la plus illégale pour la « redevance de sureté aéroportuaire » ?

Souvent par un personnel local ou expatrié de la société CSPI au comportement souvent désobligeant voire scandaleux.

A raison de plus de 14 USD par passager, CSPI a été en mesure de tondre les voyageurs de plusieurs millions d’euros ainsi détournés sans aucun investissement pour la sécurité des passagers, avant que ce racket ne soit stoppé.

Ce qui est encore plus scandaleux est de savoir que le contrat entre l’administration Malagasy et la société française CSPI a été passé sans appel d’offre, de la manière la plus opaque qui soit…

Or, ni Andry Rajoelina, ni Hery Rajaonarimampianina, candidat de Rajoelina aux présidentielles ne peuvent avoir permis la mise en place de ce système mafieux sans en avoir pris activement part. Et quand on sait que l’actionnaire local derrière CSPI n’est autre qu’Ylias Akbaraly, (eh oui, encore lui, le même que pour la BRINKS, vous-vous souvenez, le livreur de billets de banques neufs directement dans les caisses de Hery « vaovao »), tout devient tellement plus clair…

Or, pour joindre l’insulte au préjudice, non seulement CSPI n’a rien investi et n’investira probablement rien dans la sécurisation des passagers, mais la forfaiture du généreux bailleur Akbaraly de Hery « vaovao pas nouveau » veut maintenant s’étendre à la sécurité des ports maritimes, ben voyons ! Pourquoi s’arrêter en si bon chemin ?

Via la COTECNA et un contrat signé de manière tout aussi opaque et secrète avec le Ministre des Finances et du Budget d’alors, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, Ylias Akbaraly compte « sécuriser les ports maritimes de Madagascar ». En d’autres termes, étendre son racket et sa mafia au transport maritime. Encore une fois, on bafoue le droit, on bafoue la constitution, on se moque de Madagascar, de son peuple, de ses touristes et de tous ceux qui veulent participer proprement au développement économique de l’île ! Et c’est de ce genre de Président maintenant un système mafieux qui a gangréné le pays depuis 4 ans et qui n’a donc rien de « vaovao » que l’on veut ? Assurément pas !!!

C comme Corruption et Conflit d’intérêt

C’est un mal qui gangrène l’Etat Malagasy à tous les niveaux, personne ne peut en disconvenir… Lorsque la corruption fausse le comportement de fonctionnaires subalternes, mal et irrégulièrement payés, c’est parfaitement répréhensible, mais compréhensible. Par contre, ce qui l’est nettement moins, c’est lorqu’un tel comportement s’observe parmi les plus hauts fonctionnaires, élus et serviteurs de l’Etat qui en somme donnent l’exemple le pire qui soit, et sans excuses cette fois.

Alors que dire de Camille Vital, actuel candidat et alors Premier Ministre qui par note de service N° 218-PM-SP.09 et dans la plus parfaite illégalité autorise l’exportation de bois de rose. Cela sent la corruption et le conflit d’intérêt à plein nez quand on sait à quel point le candidat Vital est soupçonné d’avoir profité et bénéficié de ce trafic scandaleux organisé au détriment du peuple Malagasy et de son environnement… Et c’est d’un tel Président que vous voulez ? Sans même parler de 350 véhicules 4x4 et plusieurs hélicoptères à l’origine douteuse…

Alors que dire de Hery Rajaonarimampianina, Ministre des Financest et du Budget, mais également PCA d’Air Madagascar, propriétaire d’une firme (Auditeurs Associés) faisant le commissariat aux comptes de toute une série de sociétés de la place avec lesquelles il est en « affaires » ?

Pas de conflit là ?

BNI, BRINKS, Tozzi, WISCO, Air Madagascar… Magnifique palmarès Monsieur le mafieux qui cherche à perpétuer le système Rajoelina aux plus grand bénéfice des Ravatomanga, Akbaraly et consorts…

New York Paul Emison pour DayNewsWorld

There are no translations available.

MADAGASCAR LE "SCANDALE"

Les vénérables Ralambo, Andrianampoinimerina, Radama, Ranavalona et tous les autres souverains historiques de la belle île de Madagascar doivent aujourd’hui se retourner dans leurs tombeaux…

Qu’est devenue en moins de quatre ans la patrie du Fihavanana, ce Tanindrazanay Malala ô de l’hymne national, si cher aux vrais patriotes Malagasy ?

A la faveur d’une grave crise politique ayant forcé le Président Marc Ravalomanana et sa famille à l’exil en Afrique du Sud, Andry Nirina Rajoelina, alors maire d’Antananarivo se voit confier le 17 mars 2009 la Présidence de la Haute Autorité de la Transition (HAT). L’espoir suscité au sein de la population est à la hauteur de ses immenses besoins et souffrances.

Quatre ans plus tard, sa déception et son dégoût sont à la hauteur de cet immense espoir trahi.

Après de multiples tergiversations et péripéties confinant au ridicule, une élection présidentielle devrait finalement avoir lieu, avec un premier tour prévu le 25 octobre 2013 et un second tour le 20 décembre 2013.

Entre temps, ces quatre années ont vu le taux de pauvreté exploser pour frapper 92% de la population et le pays dégringoler au 145ème rang mondial en termes d’indice de développement humain, derrière même Haïti.

Parallèlement à cette misère qui dévore la nation Malagasy, des richesses colossales se sont construites à une vitesse fulgurante, qui par la corruption, qui par l’exploitation illicite des ressources naturelles, qui par l’obtention et l’attribution de marchés faramineux dans des conditions plus que douteuses, qui par une combinaison savamment dosée de toute une série de délits, d’abus et de malversations.

La question est maintenant de savoir si le petit nombre qui a si bien su tirer parti de ce système (au détriment de 22 million de leurs concitoyens) ne voudra ou ne pourra pas maintenir cette donne au-delà des élections.

Certains événements récents et hypothèses réalistes peuvent peut-être nous éclairer…

Deux fourgons transportant des billets de banque neufs pour un montant présumé de 232 milliards d’Ariary ont « disparu ». L’annonce en a été faite le 17 septembre 2013, mais la date exacte de la disparition reste à déterminer

Cet incident n’a fait l’objet que de quelques titres dans les journaux et de trop rares commentaires sur les réseaux sociaux.

Mais où va-t-on ?

C’est de l’argent de la Nation Malagasy dont il s’agit !

Du patrimoine de tout un peuple dont on se moque !

Regardons-y de plus près : Les fourgons disparus appartiennent à la Brinks, célèbre enseigne internationale de transport de fonds. Or Brinks Madagascar compte parmi ses actionnaires principaux des noms familiers de la sphère économico-politique : MM. Mamy Ravatomanga et Ylias Akbaraly.

Messieurs, où sont vos dépôts de plainte après cette disparition rocambolesque ? Où en est l’enquête ?

Comment imaginer qu’une société respectée et professionnelle comme la Brinks n’ait pas équipé ses véhicules de balises de tracking GPS ?

Ils en ont tous normalement ! Quelle action a été lancée par le Ministère des Finances et du Budget pour récupérer l’argent disparu ?

Il est impossible que ces véhicules ou que ces fonds n’aient pas laissé de trace et vos silences à tous sonnent comme une insulte au peuple Malagasy qui croupit dans la misère ! De qui se moque-t-on ?

De la même veine : à l’instar de ces deux « étoiles » au firmament des fortunes amassées et consolidées durant la transitions, deux « étoiles » de la politique caracolent en tête, non des sondages, mais des budgets de campagne faramineux l’un avec dit-on 50 millions de dollars lui donnant l’arrogance de prétendre l’emporter au premier tour, l’autre avec 350 véhicules 4x4 flambant neufs à 30.000 euros l’unité, providentiellement « offerts par un ami » et assez « culotté » pour dénoncer le blocage de ce pactole au cours d’une conférence de presse sans même prendre la peine de justifier plus clairement sa provenance exacte…

De qui se moque-t-on ?

Mai ce Hery vaovao (nouveau) n’a rien de nouveau car cela fait 4 ans qu’il occupe le poste de Ministre des Finances et du Budget, tout en étant PCA d’Air Madagascar et à la tête d’un cabinet d’audit au service de très nombreuses sociétés de la place (n’y voyez aucun conflit d’intérêt ! Circulez, il n’y a rien à voir !). Quatre ans qu’il ne peut connaître que dans le détail les manigances financières de la HAT et y participe. Rien de vaovao dans tout cela…

De qui se moque-t-il ?

Les clips servis à volonté dans les médias montrent que le Candidat Hery Rajaonarimampianina mène campagne tambour battant à force de déplacements par avion dans tout le pays. Les initiés remarquerons que les principaux avions utilisés sont frappés du logo du Groupe Sipromad (Ylias Akbaraly) lorsqu’il ne s’agit pas du Falcon de Mamy Ravatomanga. Tiens, encore eux !

Et que lorsque la piste utilisée ne peut accueillit ni les avions de l’un, ni celui de l’autre, c’est un Twin Otter d’Air Madagascar qui dépose le Candidat Vaovao à Antsirabe comme ce fut le cas le weekend du 28-29 septembre dernier. Pratique lorsqu’on est encore PCA (non démissionnaire) d’Air Madagascar, compagnie nationale qui n’en finit pas de dévisser dans un gouffre financier… De qui se moque-t-il ?

Et si le lien entre ces hommes ne s’arrêtait pas là ? Et si tout cela faisait partie d’une image globale, d’un plan échafaudé pour spolier les Malagasy non seulement de leur patrimoine mais également de leur avenir ?

Et si Hery Rajaonarimampianina qui est de plus en plus clairement perçu, non seulement localement mais aussi par la communauté internationale comme le candidat du camp TGV ne s’était aligné dans la course que pour perpétuer le système, à l’instar de tout ce qu’il a couvert durant 4 ans de transition ?

Andry Rajoelina a qualifié le bradage de la BNI, fleuron bancaire Malagasy de transaction privée… Dont l’Etat détient tout de même un peu plus de 30% du capital. Et qui a signé à la place du Gouverneur de la Banque Centrale ? Hery Rajaonarimampianina, Ministre des Finances et du Budget ! Voilà l’Etat Malagasy spolié et deux hommes encore pour se couvrir l’un l’autre… De qui se moque-t-on ?

Quant au nouveau concessionnaire de 4x4, c’est également lui alors Premier Ministre de Rajoelina qui par Note de Service autorise la vente de bois de rose. Et Rajoelina de récemment dénoncer le blocage de la vente des stocks de bois saisis… Deux hommes qui se tiennent encore… De qui se moque-t-on ?

Et si finalement Rajoelina était l’homme de paille d’Akbaraly et de Ravatomanga en 2009, pourquoi ne parieraient-ils pas en 2013 sur deux hommes : Hery Rajaonarimampianina et Camille Vital ?

Deux jokers au lieu d’un seul, c’est plus sûr non ? Surtout lorsqu’il y a plus de 30 candidats en lice… Et puis un financier et un militaire… C’est encore plus sûr : tabler sur le nerf de la guerre et l’art de la guerre…

Dans ce cas, le généreux donateur des 350 véhicules 4x4 pourraient fort bien être local plutôt qu’étranger et êt

re lui-même expert en la matière car concessionnaire lui-même… Mamy Ravatomanga. Et Hyundai, cela rend le lien moins évident que si les véhicules étaient de marque Toyota.

Et une telle flotte de véhicule peut servir à soudoyer tous les chaînons de l’administration et des chambres, tout comme elle peut servir à déplacer des troupes pour un coup d’état en cas de non victoire d’un de ses hommes de paille.

Dans ce cas, nous ne saurions que conseiller Mamy Ravatomanga d’équiper tous ces 4x4 de dispositifs de tracking GPS, et si possible pas de la même marque que ceux des fourgons « disparus » de la Brinks qui ont « refusé » de fonctionner pour donner leur itinéraire et l’emplacement exact du déchargement de leur cargaison, information qui devient de plus en plus un secret de polichinelle et finira bien par être révélée en temps voulu.

Ainsi va le pays… Nos chers Mpanjaka doivent bien s’en retourner dans leurs tombeaux
Paul Emison New York pour DayNewsWorld