There are no translations available.

VERS UNE PRODUCTION EUROPEENNE

 D'HYDROGENE VERT

La France espère « trouver un projet commun franco-allemand » sur l'hydrogène, a affirmé dimanche le ministre de l'Economie Bruno Le Maire. « Je serai le 11 septembre à Berlin et nous allons regarder comment conjuguer nos efforts », a-t-il déclaré dans l'émission Grand rendez-vous Europe 1/Les Echos/CNews. « Nous allons regarder avec l'Allemagne comment on peut conjuguer les 7 milliards que la France met sur ce grand projet d'hydrogène, avec les 9 milliards que l'Allemagne met de son côté » a expliqué le ministre de l'Economie.

« J'espère bien que nous arriverons à trouver un projet commun franco-allemand, puis européen, sur l'hydrogène », a-t-il précisé.

Les plans de relance post-Covid feront-ils naître les champions européens de l’énergie décarbonée de demain? Alors que la France entend investir, comme l’Allemagne, plusieurs milliards d’euros dans l’hydrogène d’ici 10 ans, le gouvernement n’exclut pas de trouver des synergies industrielles au sein de l’espace européen.

Contexte politique favorable

Le contexte politique et industriel se prête en effet à un rapprochement franco-allemand sur la question de l’hydrogène vert. Berlin a dévoilé début juin un plan de développement de l’hydrogène propre, produit par électrolyse de l’eau avec de l’électricité issue de sources renouvelables, auquel l’Etat consacrera 9 milliards d’euros.

De son côté, Paris consacrera 7 milliards d’euros à un plan Hydrogène sur dix ans, dont 2 milliards iront au développement de la production d’hydrogène « vert » c’est-à-dire non issu des hydrocarbures, en 2021-2022, pour des applications notamment industrielles. « Sur l’hydrogène, nous ne finançons pas l’achat d’hydrogène, nous finançons la réalisation de produits industriels, par exemple de piles à combustibles (...), de réseaux de distribution », a expliqué le ministre de l’Économie.

La Commission européenne,quant à elle, a fait du développement de cet hydrogène propre au sein de l'UE un investissement prioritaire après la crise sanitaire, afin de décarboner les secteurs les plus polluants comme la sidérurgie et les transports, dans la course vers la neutralité climatique en 2050.


Décarboner les secteurs les plus polluants

Pour l’heure, au niveau industriel, l’hydrogène qui est produit n’est pas vert. Bien au contraire, il est issu de la combustion d’énergies fossiles (à 94% en France, et dans des proportions similaires ailleurs dans le monde), en grande majorité du charbon et du gaz naturel.

Si son bilan carbone est très négatif, sur le plan industriel, l’hydrogène fait rêver sous forme de gaz ou de liquide: il peut servir de carburant à des véhicules qui ne rejettent alors que de l’eau, à fabriquer de l’acier sans utiliser d’énergie fossile (or la sidérurgie représente près de 10% des émissions mondiales de CO2), à stocker de l’électricité produite par des éoliennes ou des panneaux photovoltaïques (puisque le soleil ne brille pas 24 heures sur 24, cela permet de stocker l’énergie produite le jour sous forme d’hydrogène et de la restituer ensuite)..

Il fait  sans conteste un parfait outil vers la transition écologique tant souhaitée. « L’hydrogène peut devenir l’un des piliers d’un modèle énergétique neutre en carbone. Cette molécule, qui renferme énormément d’énergie, va devenir indispensable compte tenu de l’étendue de ses propriétés : elle permet de stocker l’électricité, d’alimenter des voitures, de recycler du CO2, de rendre les processus industriels plus propres, etc. » C’était le discours de Nicolas Hulot, en juin 2018. Il était alors ministre de la Transition écologique et solidaire et présentait son plan de déploiement de l’hydrogène pour la transition énergétique.

Le contre-exemple du photovoltaïque

Objectif affiché: doper la recherche et l’industrie européenne dans ce domaine face à la concurrence à bas coût étrangère. « Nous ne refaisons pas avec l’hydrogène l’erreur que nous avons faite avec les panneaux photovoltaïques (...) on a tué l’industrie du panneau solaire européenne et subventionné l’industrie du panneau solaire chinois: il est hors de question qu’on refasse la même chose », a mis en garde Bruno Le Maire.

Après une crise sanitaire sans précédent le plan de relance économique présenté par le Gouvernement ce jeudi 3 septembre 2020 renvoie l’hydrogène sur le devant de la scène.

« Le plan Hulot s’appuyait, a priori, sur 100 millions d’euros de financements. Celui-là promet 2 milliards d’euros d’ici fin 2022 et 7 milliards d’euros d’ici 2030 pour le développement d’un hydrogène vert. C’est sans commune mesure et un changement d’échelle décisif », commente Marc Florette, membre de l’Académie des technologies, pour Futura.

Un défi à relever trés vite  !




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

FRANCE

LA MAGIE DU PLAN DE RELANCE DE JEAN CASTEX

Le gouvernement a dévoilé ce jeudi 3 septembre 2020 son plan de relance pour tenter d'enrayer les effets de la crise sanitaire sur l'économie française. Il doit non seulement permettre de protéger l'activité et l'emploi à court terme, mais aussi préparer la France à faire face aux défis économiques en 2030.

Quatre fois plus d'argent qu'après la crise de 2008

Sur le papier, le plan baptisé « France Relance » promet 100 milliards d'euros sur 2020, 2021 et 2022, avec l'essentiel des sommes débloquées à partir de l'année prochaine. Cela représente 4 points de PIB, soit « quatre fois plus » que ce qui avait été fait après la crise financière de 2008, se félicite-t-on à Matignon.

À crise exceptionnelle, remède exceptionnel

Selon le gouvernement, c'est un plan inédit par son ampleur qui a pour but d'accélérer la transition écologique et de relocaliser ou développer les compétences françaises. Une somme importante qui nécessite plusieurs sources de financement. Cette somme importante va avoir plusieurs sources : 40 milliards d'euros de la part de l'Union européenne, dans le cadre du plan de relance accepté par Bruxelles, mais également des emprunts ainsi qu'une mise à contribution de la Caisse des dépôts et consignations.. Concernant le financement de ce plan de relance, Jean Castex a affirmé qu'il « n'y aura pas de hausse d'impôts ».

« Nous ne reproduirons pas l'erreur de procéder à des hausses de fiscalité qui affaibliraient notre croissance et enverrait des signaux négatifs aux ménages comme aux entreprises », a-t-il justifié jeudi en conférence de presse.

« Le plan de relance de 100 milliards tout rond relève d'une communication bien huilée », selon François Ecalle, magistrat de la Cour des comptes en disponibilité... « Il faudra regarder dans les documents budgétaires annexés à la loi de finances 2021 pour voir de quoi il retourne exactement. Dans le ferroviaire, par exemple, ils le disent eux-mêmes : des dépenses déjà prévues sont intégrées au plan de relance… Il y a un peu de prestidigitation. », poursuit-il.

Moderniser l'appareil productif

L'exécutif affirme vouloir faire le pari de moderniser enfin l'appareil productif français grâce à l'opportunité ouverte de dépenser sans trop compter, vu le contexte économique international et le soutien massif de la Banque centrale européenne (BCE).

La baisse de prélèvements pour les entreprises de 10 milliards d'euros par an sera toutefois la seule mesure budgétaire pérenne. Celles-ci vont bénéficier d'une diminution des impôts dits de « production », c'est-à-dire ceux qui pèsent sur leurs comptes, même si elles ne parviennent pas à dégager du profit. L'exécutif a choisi de diviser par deux la contribution à la valeur ajoutée des entreprises (CVAE) pour la partie qui revient au budget des régions, lesquelles auront droit à une compensation, normalement intégrale, soit 7,25 milliards d'euros. Les entreprises industrielles bénéficieront aussi d'une baisse de leur cotisation foncière (CFE) et sur le foncier bâti.

Bercy estime que ces baisses d'impôts iront en priorité aux entreprises de taille intermédiaire (pour 42 %), qui font tant défaut par rapport à leurs concurrentes allemandes, mais aussi aux PME (32 %). Le reste, pour 26 %, irait aux grandes entreprises.

35 milliards d'euros pour la compétitivité des entreprises et l'innovation

En tout, ce sont 35 milliards d'euros qui seront dédiés à la compétitivité des entreprises et à l'innovation, affirme Bercy. L'État veut impulser, via le programme d'investissement d'avenir lancé à la fin du mandat de Nicolas Sarkozy et poursuivi sous François Hollande, des investissements « dans des secteurs qui tireront notre croissance de demain ». Ainsi onze milliards d'euros sur deux ans sont prévus, notamment pour développer une filière de la voiture à hydrogène (2 milliards d'euros) et décarboner les grands sites industriels. Un milliard d'euros de plus seraient aussi dégagés pour soutenir l'investissement des entreprises dans les zones labellisées « territoires d'industrie » (400 millions d'euros) et sous forme d'aides à la relocalisation (600 millions d'euros) dans les secteurs stratégiques, comme le médicament.

Pour permettre aux entreprises fragilisées de traverser la crise, l'État va mettre 3 milliards d'euros de garanties sur la table pour permettre de lever, via l'intermédiation des banques, entre 15 et 20 milliards d'euros de « quasi-fonds propres » pour éviter leur étranglement par la dette accumulée pendant le confinement.

Si l'Etat a voulu miser gros sur la modernisation de l'appareil productif français à proprement parler, il veut aussi mettre le paquet sur la transition écologique.


Transition écologique

Une enveloppe de 30 milliards d'euros est annoncée pour y parvenir. Transports, bâtiment, énergie, industrie et agriculture sont concernés.

Onze milliards d'euros sont prévus pour les « mobilités », dont 4,7 pour le ferroviaire (petites lignes, trains de nuit, fret). La désignation des petites lignes concernées dépendra de la négociation avec les régions. Pour les transports en commun «du quotidien» et le soutien au vélo, 1,2 milliard d'euros est prévu.

En ce qui concerne le bâtiment, 4 milliards d'euros devraient permettre de rénover le bâti public, notamment les écoles, les collèges, les lycées et les hôpitaux, mais aussi celui de l'État. Les ménages, eux, vont bénéficier de 2 milliards d'euros au travers de Ma Prime Renov étendue même aux plus aisés d'entre eux. Enfin, 1,2 milliard d'euros sera consacré à «des aides pour une alimentation plus saine, plus locale, plus durable».

35 milliards d'euros pour « la cohésion sociale et territoriale »

Un dernier volet du plan est destiné à « la cohésion sociale et territoriale », pour 35 milliards d'euros. Sous cet intitulé un peu fourre-tout se cache l'enveloppe programmée pour protéger l'emploi via le dispositif de chômage partiel de longue durée (6,6 milliards d'euros), notamment dans les secteurs les plus impactés par la crise, tels que celui du secteur aérien. Un milliard d'euros de plus devra financer la formation des salariés concernés dans les secteurs d'avenir identifiés dans France Relance.

Ce volet met l'accent sur le renforcement des formations vers les secteurs de la transition écologique et numérique ainsi que sur les métiers du soin (« care ») notamment.

Entre 30 et 40 % de ce plan devraient être effectifs dès 2021, au travers du vote de la loi de finances d'ici à la fin de l'année

Un très rapide retour sur investissement espéré

À travers ce plan, le gouvernement espère créer un climat de confiance dans l'avenir qui suffise à débloquer au moins en partie les dizaines de milliards d'euros d'épargne accumulés jusqu'à présent. Et se fixe comme objectif, avec son plan de relance, conforme au montant recommandé par le Conseil d'analyse économique de 50 milliards d'euros sur une année, de revenir au niveau de PIB

Le ministre de l'Économie Bruno Le Maire a pour sa part affirmé que ce plan de relance va permettre que la France « ressorte plus forte de la crise », alors que Jean Castex prévoit que l'effet sur la dette sera « presque entièrement résorbé à partir de 2025 ». « On en attend un très rapide retour sur investissement », a déclaré le chef du gouvernement, alors que la crise provoquée par l'épidémie de coronavirus va faire bondir la dette publique à près de 121% du PIB cette année.Le but est de revenir en 2022 au niveau d'avant crise. Alors qu'une récession de 11% est prévue cette année, certains considèrent cependant que cela relèverait de l'exploit.

Ce que le gouvernement dit vouloir avec ce plan, c'est préparer la France du futur.

Jean Castex a rappelé trois priorités : « le verdissement de notre économie, la cohésion sociale et territoriale et rendre la France plus compétitive et plus souveraine ».

« La France sortira plus forte de la crise économique, avec une économie plus compétitive, plus solidaire, plus décarbonnée  », a promis Bruno Lemaire.

Et avec "un peu de prestidigitation aussi" ?






Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS DE NOMBREUX PAYS EUROPEENS DURCISSENT LEURS MESURES SANIATAIRES

Le coronavirus, pour lequel aucun vaccin n’a encore été trouvé, continue de circuler activement, alimentant les craintes d’une seconde vague aux enjeux économiques et sociétaux potentiellement désastreux.

Plus de 16,5 millions de personnes ont été contaminées depuis la fin 2019 – dont près de 5 millions depuis le 1er juillet si bien, qu'après des mesures de déconfinement en Europe , de nombreuses restrictions se multiplient à nouveau pour tenter de freiner la pandémie de Covid-19.

Les autorités françaises ont ordonné la fermeture de lieux de rassemblement comme les plages, les parcs et les jardins publics la nuit dans la ville touristique de Quiberon, sur l’Atlantique. Selon le bilan établi lundi soir par la Direction générale de la santé, l’épidémie a fait dix-sept morts supplémentaires depuis vendredi en France et la circulation du virus reste « soutenue ».

L’Espagne, quant à elle, fait face à un important rebond du nombre d’infections, incitant certaines villes à se reconfiner comme Barcelone ainsi que la région de Madrid à prendre ce mardi de nouvelles mesures, comme le renforcement du caractère obligatoire du port du masque et la limitation des rassemblements à dix personnes. Le gouvernement allemand a d'ailleurs déconseillé, mardi, les voyages « non essentiels » vers les régions espagnoles d’Aragon, de Catalogne et de Navarre en raison du « nombre élevé d’infections ».Depuis dimanche, la Grande-Bretagne soumet, elle, les passagers en provenance d’Espagne à une période d’isolement, une mesure critiquée par Madrid qui a riposté en assurant être un « pays sûr ».

En Allemagne, l’Institut de veille sanitaire Robert-Koch (RKI) s’est alarmé, mardi, de l’augmentation des nouvelles infections dans le pays depuis plusieurs jours (+ 557 par jour en moyenne depuis une semaine), source de « grandes inquiétudes ». Le RKI a conseillé le port du masque à l’extérieur si la distanciation physique s’avérait impossible à respecter. Pour le RKI, les voyages à l’étranger sont également en partie responsables du retour relatif de la pandémie. la

Un nouveau durcissement des mesures a été pris en Belgique face à une recrudescence inquiétante des contaminations. A partir de mercredi, le nombre de personnes que les Belges sont autorisés à voir de façon rapprochée et régulière dans le cadre de leur « bulle de contact » sera notamment abaissé de quinze à cinq personnes, par foyer, pour les quatre prochaines semaines.

De son côté, la Grèce a annoncé mardi qu’elle rendait à nouveau le port du masque obligatoire dans les magasins, les banques, les services publics et la quasi-totalité des lieux clos, en réponse à une recrudescence des cas.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

RECORD DE DEMANDEURS D'EMPLOI

EN FRANCE

Si le redémarrage de l’économie continue d’avoir des incidences positives sur le marché du travail, il est difficile, pour autant, de parler d’amélioration.

Recul du nombre de chômeurs de catégorie A en juin.

En juin, le nombre de demandeurs d’emploi sans aucune activité (catégorie A) a baissé, sur l’ensemble du territoire , de près de 205 000, selon les données diffusées, lundi 27 juillet, par Pôle emploi et par la direction du ministère du travail chargée des études (Dares). Il s’agit d’un nouveau recul, de 4,6 %, qui se révèle encore plus fort que celui relevé le mois précédent (– 3,3 %).

La baisse en catégorie A concerne toutes les tranches d'âge : les moins de 25 ans (-4,6%), les 25-49 ans (-5%) et les 50 ans ou plus (-3,7%) .Plus forte chez les hommes (-5,8%) que chez les femmes (-3,3%), elle a été plus marquée sur la façade ouest (-6,9% en Bretagne), ainsi qu'en PACA et en Corse (-7,5%).

Ce recul en juin « est plus particulièrement porté par la baisse du nombre de ceux qui recherchent un métier dans la construction et le BTP, ainsi que dans l'hôtellerie et le tourisme », conséquence de la reprise de l'activité autorisée dans ces deux derniers secteurs en juin, souligne la Dares, le service statistique du ministère du Travail.

Une hausse historique sur le dernier trimestre

Pour autant, les effectifs des personnes dans cette situation se maintiennent à un niveau très élevé, à 4,22 millions. Depuis la mise en place, en 1996, de cette série statistique, jamais la barre des 4 millions d’inscrits dans la catégorie A n’avait été franchie, ce qui montre l’ampleur des ravages causés par la crise due au nouveau coronavirus.


 Le nombre d’individus à la recherche d’un poste tout en ayant travaillé (catégories B et C) a, de son côté, continué d’augmenter fortement en juin (+ 13,9 %), soit une progression presque aussi soutenue qu’en mai (+ 14,2 %). Au total, les rangs des demandeurs d’emploi, en activité ou non (catégories A, B et C), s’étoffent encore pour atteindre désormais 6,157 millions, un record depuis 1996. La hausse des entrées s'explique notamment par les retours de formation et les premières entrées sur le marché du travail (+41%). Les inscriptions pour licenciement économique restent faibles à 9 900 et quasi-stables.

Sur le deuxième trimestre, d’avril à juin, la hausse du chômage reste donc sans précédent : elle augmente de 23,2 % en catégorie A  et de 6,5 % pour les catégories A, B et C.




Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DES FAILLITES D'ENTREPRISES EN CASCADES

 POST-COVID

Une étude d'Euler Hermes dresse un scénario catastrophe qui devrait se produire entre la fin 2020 et le premier semestre 2021 avec en moyenne un bond de 35% des défaillances.

La vague tant redoutée de faillites en cascades devrait se produire entre la fin 2020 et le premier semestre 2021 selon une étude d'Euler Hermes avec une hausse record de +35% en moyenne des défaillances dans le monde. Les mesures de soutien étatiques aux entreprises tout comme le gel des procédures d'enregistrement des faillites décalent dans le temps les défaillances.

Parmi les pays les plus touchés figurent en tête les Etats-Unis avec une hausse de 57% des faillites devant le Brésil avec +45% et +20% en Chine.

En Europe, ce sont le Royaume-Uni et l’Espagne qui verront le plus d’entreprises mettre la clé sous la porte avec respectivement +45% et +41% surtout en 2021, selon Euler Hermes.

+25% en France. Certains pays comme la Suède, l'Irlande, l'Italie et le Portugal seront touchés de plein fouet dès 2020 par cette vague qui atteindra surtout l'année prochaine d'autres Etats comme la France, le Royaume-Uni ou l'Allemagne.

« En France, la vague de défaillances arrivera au quatrième trimestre 2020 et se prolongera sur le premier semestre 2021 », prédit l'assureur-crédit qui indique que les reports de charges et les prêts garantis par l'Etat d'une part, les fermetures de tribunaux de commerce et les gels des procédures collectives d'autre part ont retardé son arrivée.

Concrètement, l'étude estime que la France connaîtra 53.600 faillites en 2020 et 64.300 en 2021.  « En matière de volume, un triste record sera prochainement atteint », anticipe Euler Hermes.

Ce sont  les entreprises de taille intermédiaire  qui risquent d'être le plus touchées en France.

Le scénario catastrophe pourrait même devenir apocalyptique. Un arrêt prématuré des mesures de soutien pourrait aggraver la situation. Si l’économie mondiale devait mettre plus de temps que prévu à se remettre du choc, la hausse des défaillances pourrait même dépasser les 50%.

L'assureur-crédit Coface avait de son côté estimé début juin que les défaillances d'entreprises allaient augmenter d'un tiers entre 2019 et 2021 à travers le monde, et de 21% en France.




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS  DES MILLIONNAIRES DEMANDENT

 A ETRE TAXES DAVANTAGE

"Les problèmes causés et révélés par le Covid-19 ne peuvent être résolus par la charité, aussi généreuse soit-elle", plaident des millionnaires dans une lettre.«Les problèmes causés et révélés par le Covid-19 ne peuvent être résolus par la charité, aussi généreuse soit-elle.

Les chefs de gouvernement doivent prendre la responsabilité de lever les fonds dont nous avons besoin et les dépenser équitablement» pour financer «adéquatement nos systèmes de santé, les écoles et la sécurité via une augmentation permanente des taxes sur la plus fortunés de la planète, des gens comme nous».

Un groupe de 83 millionnaires a ainsi appelé lundi à taxer davantage les plus riches de la planète «immédiatement» et «de manière permanente», afin de contribuer à la reprise après la crise générée par la pandémie de nouveau coronavirus.

Une récession historique

La pandémie de coronavirus a entraîné une récession historique à travers le monde, poussant les gouvernements à dépenser des milliards en aides aux ménages et entreprises frappés de plein fouet par la paralysie économique résultant du confinement.

Selon l'OCDE, le recul du produit intérieur brut mondial devrait atteindre au moins 6% cette année, et 7,6% en cas de deuxième vague épidémique, tandis que le rebond attendu pour 2021 serait de 5,2% sans retour du coronavirus, et de 2,8% avec.

« Un rôle essentiel à jouer pour guérir le monde »

«Alors que le Covid-19 frappe le monde, les millionnaire comme nous avons un rôle essentiel à jouer pour guérir le monde», demandent les signataires d'une lettre ouverte, parmi lesquels le cofondateur du géant américain des glaces Ben & Jerry's, Jerry Greenfield, ou le réalisateur britannique Richard Curtis.

Cette lettre, publiée avant la réunion des ministres des Finances du G20 et du sommet européen extraordinaire sur la relance de l'UE cette semaine, appelle les «gouvernements à augmenter les taxes de gens comme nous. Immédiatement, substantiellement et de manière permanente».

« Nous avons de l'argent, beaucoup»

«Nous ne sommes pas ceux qui soignent les malades dans les unités de soins intensifs. Nous ne conduisons pas les ambulances qui amènent les malades à l'hôpital. Nous ne sommes pas ceux qui regarnissent les rayons des épiceries ou qui délivrent de la nourriture de porte à porte», écrit ce groupe qui se baptise Millionaires for Humanity, sur un site internet éponyme.

«Mais nous avons de l'argent, beaucoup. On a absolument besoin d'argent maintenant et on continuera à en avoir besoin dans les années à venir» pour se remettre de la crise, dont l'impact «durera des dizaines d'années» et pourrait «pousser un demi-milliard de personnes dans la pauvreté».

Il y a un an, un petit groupe de milliardaires américains comprenant l'homme d'affaires George Soros, le co-fondateur de Facebook Chris Hughes et des héritiers des empires Hyatt et Disney entre autres, avaient également publié une lettre pour soutenir l'idée d'un impôt sur la fortune

Depuis des années, des milliardaires tels que Warren Buffett et Bill Gates demandent à être taxés davantage.




Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES CINQ PREMIERES FORTUNES DE FRANCE

Chaque année depuis un quart de siècle, le magazine Challenges recense les 500 plus grosses fortunes de France. Voici le classement des cinq premiers de cordée de cette année 2020 .

La première place revient comme en 2019 à Bernard Arnault, qui fut l'homme le plus riche du monde avant d'être coiffé au poteau par le patron d'Amazon Jeff Bezos, et Bill Gates. Avec une fortune estimée à 100 milliards d'euros, le PDG de LVMH conforte toutefois sa place de numéro un en France.

Sur la deuxième marche du podium arrive la famille Hermes, forte d'un patrimoine avoisinant les 55,5 milliards d'euros.

Enfin, la troisième marche du podium est occupée par Alain et Gérard Wertheimer, à la tête de l'empire Channel, et leur famille (53 milliards d'euros)

Françoise Bettencourt-Meyers, petite-fille du fondateur de L'Oréal, arrive en 4ème position grâce à une fortune estimée à 51 milliards d'euros. Elle a dû céder sa médaille de bronze, remportée en 2019.

La 5e place revient à l'homme d'affaires François Pinault (propriétaire du Point) et sa famille (32 milliards d'euros).




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

UN  INQUIETANT VIRUS DE GRIPPE PORCINE EN CHINE POURRAIT PROVOQUER UNE PANDEMIE

C'est une découverte pour le moins inquiétante, alors que la pandémie de coronavirus sévit dans le monde entier. Selon une étude parue ce lundi dans la revue scientifique américaine PNAS, des chercheurs ont découvert une souche de virus de grippe porcine en Chine présentant toutes les caractéristiques capables de provoquer une future pandémie.

Les virus s'appellent G4 et descendent génétiquement de la souche H1N1 à l'origine d'une pandémie en 2009 : ils « possèdent tous les traits essentiels montrant une haute adaptabilité pour infecter les humains », écrivent les auteurs, des scientifiques issus d'universités chinoises et du Centre chinois de prévention et de lutte contre les maladies.

Des ouvriers infectés

Le travail présenté est volumineux : de 2011 à 2018, 30 000 prélèvements nasaux ont été réalisés sur des porcs dans les abattoirs de 10 provinces chinoises et dans un hôpital vétérinaire, permettant d'isoler 179 virus de grippe porcine. La majorité était de la nouvelle variété, qui est devenue dominante chez les porcs depuis 2016. Les chercheurs ont ensuite réalisé diverses expériences en laboratoire et sur des furets, des animaux très utilisés dans la recherche sur la grippe car leurs symptômes sont comparables à ceux des humains : ils ont de la fièvre, toussent et éternuent.

Ils ont observé que les virus G4 étaient plus infectieux, se répliquaient dans des cellules humaines et provoquaient chez les furets des symptômes plus graves que d'autres souches. En outre, selon des tests in vitro, l'immunité obtenue après contact avec les virus humains de la grippe saisonnière ne protégerait pas contre le G4.

L'autre mauvaise nouvelle est que les ouvriers et personnes travaillant avec les porcs étaient relativement nombreux à avoir été infectés, 10,4 %, selon des tests sanguins qui ont cherché la présence d'anticorps au virus. 4,4 % de la population générale apparaissait également contaminée. Le virus serait donc déjà passé chez les humains, rapportent les scientifiques, mais il n'y a pas de preuve qu'il peut être transmis d'humain à humain. C'est aujourd'hui leur crainte.

Une surveillance de population exigée

« Les pandémies se produisent quand des virus de grippe A avec un nouvel antigène de surface HA devient capable de se transmettre d'humain à humain », concluent les chercheurs. « L'inquiétude est que les infections d'humains par les virus G4 ne mènent à une adaptation humaine et n'augmentent le risque d'une pandémie humaine ». Il faut urgemment, disent-ils, mettre en place une surveillance des populations travaillant au contact des porcs.

« Les travaux sont un rappel salutaire que nous courons constamment le risque de l'émergence de pathogènes zoonotiques, et que des animaux d'élevage, avec qui les humains sont plus en contact qu'avec des animaux sauvages, soient la source de virus pandémiques importants », a commenté James Wood, chef du département de médecine vétérinaire à l'université de Cambridge.




Emily Jackson pour DayNewsWorld


ZARA CLOSES 1200 SIGNS

The coronavirus crisis will not have spared anyone. While it was the market leader, the Spanish group Inditex (Zara, Massimo Dutti, Pull & Bear, etc.) published quarterly results which fell sharply.

Figures far below expectations for the first time since its IPO in 2001. The parent company of the Zara brand is currently experiencing a record sales drop (44%).

Consumers have not been in a rush in shops since deconfinement.

The first figures already show a drop in attendance of 59.8% compared to the same period in 2019.

A new strategy: online sales

To cope with this heavy toll, the Spanish fast-fashion giant has announced that it will close 1,200 stores worldwide, or 16% of its sales outlets. Its Zara brands are therefore targeted, as well as Zara Home, Massimo Dutti, Oysho and even Stradivarius.

Now the Spanish label intends to bet more on its e-commerce by devoting an additional 2.7 billion euros, its sales having doubled in recent months. The group has already set its objectives.

By 2022, the owner of Zara is targeting 25% of its turnover through online sales compared to 14% so far.

In an article published on June 10, the benchmark media Business of Fashion analyzed how the exodus from the metropolises was going to reshape sales in stores.

In the article, Doug Stephens of Retail Prophet explains that the telecommuting revolution will accelerate the advent of a post-digital era for shopping.

“We don't build our lives around the retail business. Retail is built around our lives, "concludes BoF article".




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE WORST RECESSION IN PEACE

ACCORDING TO THE OECD

The world economy will suffer its worst recession in peacetime this past 100 years before returning to growth next year, the OECD estimates on Wednesday.

Due to the “exceptional uncertainty” of the economy this year, the OECD presents its forecasts taking into account two scenarios. One with a second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic spreading across the planet in late 2020, the other without. In the first case, the most unfavorable, the contraction of the world economy would be 7.6% this year and the recovery in 2021 at 2.8%. In the second case, world GDP should contract by 6.0% this year before rebounding by 5.2% in 2021.

According to OECD projections, the United States, the world's largest economic power, must prepare for a contraction of 7.3% of its GDP this year before a rebound of 4.1% next year. In the event of a second wave, the recession would be 8.5% this year, and US GDP would only regain 1.9% in 2021.

China, still championing growth last year with 6.1%, will also see its economy contract, by 2.6%, or even 3.7% this year if the virus resurfaces massively.

The eurozone is moving towards a contraction of 9.1% this year, followed by a recovery of 6.5% next year. In the scenario of a second wave, the decline would also be more marked (-11.5%) and the recovery more modest in 2021 (+ 3.5%).

France a brutal recession in 2020

According to the OECD, France will experience one of the largest drops in GDP in the world. The economic horizon of France and the countries of the euro zone is darkening a little more. According to forecasts by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), published Wednesday June 10, the contraction of gross domestic product (GDP) will be between 11.4% and 14.1% in 2020 in France.

The largest contraction in the world, in the same proportions as in Spain, Italy and the United Kingdom. Even Argentina, which has just entered into default at the end of May, will fare better with an expected drop in GDP between 8.3% and 10.1%. It is in the euro zone that the dropout rate, between - 9.1% and - 11.5%, will be the most brutal on the planet.

The French economy has accumulated handicaps during this period. "Its comparative advantages lie in sectors among the most affected by the crisis such as air transport, tourism or even luxury," explains Daniel Cohen, director of the economics department of the École normale supérieure. And the Hexagon had no other solution than massive confinement, unlike Germany which had prepared for the pandemic earlier. "

States urged to go into debt to support workers

"By the end of 2021, the loss of income will exceed that recorded in all previous recessions of the past 100 years, with the exception of periods of war, with extreme and lasting consequences for populations, businesses and governments, ”said Laurence Boone, the chief economist of the OECD, in an introduction to these updated forecasts.

She therefore urges governments not to be afraid of resorting to debt to finance mechanisms to support the least paid workers and investments, explaining that the responses to the crisis will shape the economic and social outlook for the next ten years. .

"Ultra-accommodative monetary policies and higher public debt are necessary and will be accepted as long as economic activity and inflation remain depressed and unemployment remains high," she continues.

"Everywhere, confinement has reinforced the inequalities between workers", the most qualified able to telework while the young and the less qualified are "often on the front line" in the fight against the pandemic, notes the chief economist of the OECD. The Covid-19 also "accelerated the shift from a 'big integration' to a 'big fragmentation'" of the world economy with the appearance of "additional restrictions on trade and investment", according to Boone .

"Fairer and more sustainable" economy

To allow the economy to recover, the OECD notably recommends “strengthening health systems”, “facilitating changes in occupations while strengthening income protection”, and “making supply chains more resilient ”.


"Governments must seize this opportunity to design a fairer and more sustainable economy, make competition and regulations more intelligent, modernize taxation, spending and social protection," advocates Laurence Boone. It points to the essential role of confidence, without which neither consumption nor investment will restart.

And since the threat of a second wave of contagion keeps the uncertainty at a high level, Laurence Boone adds that the moment is certainly not to stir up the flames of trade tensions and that governments must cooperate in research and development of treatments and a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2.

"Until a vaccine or treatment becomes widely available, policymakers around the world will continue to walk a tightrope," she writes.



Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

ONE OF THE MOST AFFECTED FRENCH ECONOMY

BY THE CORONAVIRUS CRISIS

During the outbreak of coronavirus seems "controlled" in France, the economic consequences will announce unprecedented.

The government further exacerbated its forecast for recession this week, with a historic gross domestic product (GDP) drop of 11%.

In addition, according to a note from the French Observatory of Economic Conditions (OFCE), an independent research organization, published on Friday June 5, 2020, the French economy was undoubtedly one of the most affected by the health crisis.

According to this note, which studies the impact of Covid-19 on the month of April, when many countries confined their populations, the world economy experienced a recession of 19% that month, while trade global fell 25%.

“We can classify countries in the world in three categories. We have the countries of southern Europe, the other developed countries and the countries of the rest of the world and the Asian countries. In the first category, there are France, Italy and Spain. These are the countries that have been the most impacted ”, analyzes Eric Heyer, economist and deputy director of the OFCE, with a fall in their added value“ by more than 30 points ”.

Very bereaved, these three countries have in particular implemented strict confinement for more or less two months, with in particular the closure of non-essential businesses. In France, the deconfinement is done gradually since May 11.

Germany resists better

Conversely, the United States (-22 points) or Germany (-24 points) are doing a little less badly, while the emerging economies are more resilient at this stage (-15 points). As far as Asian and developing countries are concerned, "we see both a much smaller drop in consumption and investment, and then overall less integration in the production chains, thus an external impact which has much less of weight ”, according to the survey.

But this ranking is "extremely fragile" given the unprecedented nature of this crisis, warned Eric Heyer, director of the analysis and forecasting department at the OFCE during a press conference call.

These differences are explained both by the extent of the containment measures taken, which are slightly less across the Rhine and across the Atlantic, but also by the "sectoral structure" of the economies. Thus, Germany experienced an "extremely contained" internal shock but a much greater loss of external demand due to its industrial and open economy. France, for its part, is the victim of its exposure to tourism, with hotel and restaurant and trade sectors much larger than elsewhere. Jobs: France has limited the damage

Impact on employment

One of the great unknowns of this crisis will be its extent on employment, notes at this stage the OFCE, with "three issues", according to Xavier Timbeau, its director: the risks of business bankruptcies, the prolonged difficulties for certain sectors such as tourism and catering, and a too weak recovery in household consumption.

So far, however, the crisis has resulted in “relatively limited” job destruction due to massive public support for short-time working, with the exception of the United States, where job destruction could affect 22, 4 million jobs, and to a lesser extent from Germany where many “minijobs” have been cut.

France, where the state took charge of 100% of partial unemployment, or 84% of net wages or 100% of the minimum wage, for two months, and Italy would be the most spared with only 3% of salaried jobs hit by crisis.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

LOWER WAGES TO SAVE JOBS ?

The management of the airline Ryanair has hit the headlines: it threatens to "fire 27 people" if the main union "does not quickly agree to accept lower wages".

The collapse of the Irish company's activity would require it. The majority union at Ryanair in France denounces "a blackmail at the dismissal" exercised by the Irish airline. Asked about this conflict, Bruno Le Maire said Tuesday that blackmail was "never a way" just like his colleague in charge of Labor, Muriel Pénicaud, said he was "shocked" and called Ryanair to "review his copy" , by bringing together its Social and Economic Committee (CSE) "urgently" to "really discuss, but not as blackmail".

The Minister of the Economy, however, recalled the existence of company agreements. "On the other hand, that there are long-term company agreements which make it possible to preserve employment, by inventing imaginative devices (..) that yes, it is even desirable", added the Minister.

Collective performance agreements

Faced with the threat of mass layoffs, the government is indeed encouraging more flexibility. “There are alternatives. I call on companies in difficulty to negotiate Collective Performance Agreements (APC) ”, hammered the Minister of Labor, Muriel Pénicaud, Sunday, May 31 on LCI.

Since 2017, a “performance agreement” system has enabled a company to open discussions on working time or remuneration, in return for a commitment not to lay off workers, or to raise wages again when the economic situation improves without jeopardizing the five weeks of paid leave or the minimum wages provided for in collective agreements.

But to be valid, a CPA must be approved by the majority union organizations. Employees are then forced to accept the principle, under penalty of dismissal. Since 2017, 350 agreements have been signed, concerning 67% of working time. But their number could explode in the current context with an emphasis this time on compensation.

Concretely therefore, the employee would accept a drop in his salary to keep his job. More and more companies weakened by the current context are considering this consideration. Like Derichebourg Aeronautics Services, a subcontractor for Airbus and Dassault. The company, which plans a social plan with 700 redundancies, has undertaken to reduce its scope if the employees agree to waive their transportation and / or meal allowance. FO, the majority union, accepted the principle.

Ryanair has offered its staff the choice between a salary cut for five years (-20% for pilots, -10% for hostesses and stewards from July 1) or a social plan that would affect a quarter of the workforce.

An option - widely used across the Rhine - that would save French jobs but decried by unionists who deplore that efforts are once again demanded of employees instead of shareholders.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld

FRANCE CHAMPION OF EUROPEAN ATTRACTIVENESS FOR FOREIGN INVESTORS

Never seen !

In 2019, France became the first destination for foreign investment in Europe, when the emergence of "yellow vests" had raised fears of a decline in its position on the Old Continent. The Hexagon has indeed recorded last year 1,197 projects of foreign establishments on its territory, a figure up by 17% compared to 2018. France is thus ahead of the United Kingdom and Germany, its historic competitors .

The head of state Macron did not skimp to attract foreign investors. The Choose France event, organized for the third time on a grand scale in Versailles, brought together in January 2020 no less than 200 business leaders from more than 40 different nationalities (from Netflix to YouTube, via Snapchat, Lime, BMW, Fedex or General Electric).

Economic reforms such as work orders, the transformation of the CICE into lower social charges for employers, visa facilities for tech entrepreneurs, etc. have shown that France is transforming into a “business friendly” country for investors. Foreign companies located in France now employ 2 million people, represent 21% of private R & D expenditure and 31% of our exports.

But the economic crisis caused by the Covid-19 risks reshuffling the cards.

The annual barometer produced by EY provides information on the state of mind of foreign investors today. According to EY's analysis, around 65% of the investments announced in 2019 (which number 1,200) would be maintained, 25% would be postponed or heavily revised and 10% canceled.

In addition, if investment projects should continue in certain “spared” sectors such as health, online leisure or e-commerce, they should however slow down considerably in the aeronautics, automotive, industrial equipment, chemicals and plastics, in particular for subcontractors.

The removal of containment and the recovery plan will obviously be two of the key challenges of the months to come to reassure investors, the firm believes.

But the case of Amazon, which closed its warehouses for several weeks following a court decision, that of the Renault factory in Sandouville, which the Havre court ordered provisional closure for procedural reasons, marked minds, and probably representatives of foreign companies based in France. “Be careful, France is now under surveillance.

Investors have only one fear, it is that France will forget the competitiveness package it had put in place and react to the crisis by imposing, for example, heavy and authoritarian counterparties on the inevitable safeguard plans of future employment, by increasing corporate taxation, slowing down the necessary adaptation of working time, etc. To do so would be a monumental mistake because investors need stability.

The competition for recovery is starting now and, if France moves towards less flexibility and returns to these old demons, our country will pay dearly for it. “, Emphasizes Marc Lhermitte, author of the study.




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

A SEGUR HEALTHCARE PLAN FOR TREATMENT

THE SICK PUBLIC HOSPITAL

A near epidemic coronavirus that seems to ebb, the world caregivers will watch Monday on the launch of "Segur Health" broad consultation to improve their working conditions, their remuneration and the management of patients .

This major concertation, named after the avenue where the Ministry of Health is located, launched by Minister Olivier Véran, is to be completed "mid-July 2020".

It responds to the promise of Emmanuel Macron who had mentioned at the end of March "a massive investment and upgrading plan" for the hospital.

Career career enhancement

"The government must be up to what the hospital has given" to deal with the health crisis of Covid-19, said Frédéric Valletoux, president of the Hospital Federation of France (FHF).

“We must give recognition to nurses, caregivers, maintenance workers, by offering them a more decent remuneration, from the start of their career. This must be commensurate with their social utility. "

Arrested during a visit to the hospital, Emmanuel Macron promised to "put an end" to the "impoverishment" of caregivers, by initiating an increase in remuneration, in addition to the bonuses announced in the face of the Covid-19 crisis.

This gesture has been awaited for years by the unions, who point to the low hospital salaries, especially for nurses receiving 1,500 euros net at the start of their careers.

The executive also promised to put on the table of discussions the "question of skills upgrades", to better enhance all careers, all professions and develop new professional paths. The objective is to strengthen the attractiveness of hospitals, which struggle for many to recruit and retain their employees: nearly 30% of positions are not filled there and 30% of new graduate nurses leave the profession within five years. According to Frédéric Valletoux, it is also necessary "to reduce the pay gaps between public and private, which weaken hospitals"

Reorganization of working time

Olivier Véran said he wanted to "review the framework for organizing working time at the hospital, considering it necessary to question the" shackles that prevent those who wish to work more. "An announcement that made several unions jump, attached to 35 hours

The question is not to "deregulate working hours," said the Minister of Health, however, saying he wanted to simply allow "employees who wish" to organize "their working hours differently". This reform corresponds to a long-standing request from the Fédération hospitalière de France (FHF), which advocates new governance of the health system with less administration, more weight given to doctors and a “device of autonomy” for hospitals.

Better care management

The executive could also reform activity pricing (T2A) a little more, introduced in 2003. This system, which fixes hospital resources according to the acts performed, is often accused of pushing for a “rush to volume” . It could also put an end to the closings of beds, much criticized by hospitals: in the space of twenty years, nearly 100,000 beds have indeed been deleted in clinics and hospitals.

A massive investment plan

At the end of March, Emmanuel Macron had promised "a massive investment plan" at the end of the crisis. This plan is intended in particular to renew the equipment both in hospitals and in nursing homes. The French Hospital Federation claims for its part to increase investment in hospitals by "two billion per year".

The issue of hospital debt, now close to 30 billion euros, could also come back on the table. As part of the "hospital plan" decided in autumn 2019, the government had announced a "massive" debt recovery of 10 billion euros over three years.

"We will go fast, we will go strong. Promised Olivier Véran who seems to have understood the urgency of the situation.



Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

HOW TO BOOST THE ECONOMY AFTER

THE COVID 19 CRISIS ?

The economy suffered heavily from the health crisis caused by the Covid-19 epidemic which highlighted its shortcomings In the short term, unemployment and, as Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said, "impoverishment" which is looming for a part of the population question the organization of working time and the fiscal choices of the quinquennium.

The government must therefore find a balance between the need for a short-term recovery and the ambition to transform the French economy. Given the magnitude of the shock, some believe that the next economy will no longer be like the one before. And as of March 12, Emmanuel Macron had promised "breaking decisions".

Tax more

If Emmanuel Macron had abolished the wealth tax for the wealthiest at the start of his five-year term, hoping to see them finance the economy, the expenses incurred by the State to cushion the crisis revive the debate on a reinstatement of wealth tax (ISF), replaced in 2018 by the property wealth tax (IFI). He is demanded by the left and the National Rally. A sort of “war tax”, for the number one of the PCF Fabien Roussel. "Political power will find it difficult to escape it in one way or another", also judged the former social adviser of Nicolas Sarkozy, Raymond Soubie, referring more broadly to the taxation of capital. For Medef boss Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux, this would however be "a very bad signal".Directing the consequent savings of French people towards companies could also be considered

Work more

How to revive production after two months of confinement and with companies in a fragile financial situation? The bad numbers of job seekers have arrived, growth forecasts plunge (–6 points of GDP for the two months of containment) and the jobs crisis is looming so that the eternal debate has rebounded in favor of the coronavirus crisis. How then can we give work to the hundreds of thousands of people who will be unemployed by the crisis?

On the right, the proposals are multiplying. Christian Jacob, the president of LR, pleads to “get out of the shackles of 35 hours”, and his party is working on a recovery plan, with in particular the contributions of the former Minister of Budget Eric Woerth. "We have to get out of the shackles of 35 hours (...) The question of working time will have to be asked in the context of social dialogue, but at the level of the company or in the branches, not of the State", he has Monday on France Inter.

And he preaches on a case-by-case basis. “We can very well do this within the framework of the annualization of working time and to do it by company, as close as possible to reality, and in social negotiation between employees and the company manager. (...) This would allow employees to have an increase in wages and therefore purchasing power, and to restore competitiveness to businesses. (...) "

"In some sectors, demand may be sustained, but health constraints cause productivity to drop: this is where the question of working more can arise," said Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux. He had previously mentioned a reduction in days off or holidays to "facilitate, by working a little more, the creation of additional growth".

But longer working hours are not on the agenda for Laurent Berger. "If we think that we are going to get out of it positively by promising sweat and tears, we are in the mad," he said in the weekly La Vie. Rather than wanting to lengthen the duration of the working time, "we must learn to work differently and to work better", he argues, particularly worried about the situation of young people. The CGT also remains committed to 32 hours.

For now, the government is focusing above all on a return to work. "The problem of the day is getting back to work and saving jobs," said Labor Minister Muriel Pénicaud. For her, companies already have room for maneuver negotiable with their employees, in particular the quota of 200 overtime hours without social security contributions, which is still very little used.

In companies, unions and management can conclude "collective performance" agreements to renegotiate working time and compensation of employees in the event of difficulties, said Labor Minister Muriel Pénicaud.

Green growth

For environmentalists, the recovery plans are an opportunity to launch the transition to a low-carbon economy that we have struggled to initiate so far.

Even the Minister of Economy Bruno Le Maire believes that France must become the “first low-carbon economy on the planet”, by investing in electric vehicles, the renovation of buildings… The Minister of Economy notably mentioned this Monday May 18, 2020, a new bonus for the purchase of a green vehicle.

The recovery plan that he will present at the start of the school year and specific support for the automobile and aeronautics sectors could materialize this ambition, with environmental compensation claimed from industrialists. Besides, the State loan of 7 billion to Air France has been conditioned on an ecological commitment. “Air France must become the most environmentally friendly company on the planet. This is the condition to which I am most attached. ”, Bruno Le Maire said on April 24, 2020.

But some economic circles are calling for a break in the application of new environmental rules, the time to overcome the crisis. Especially since the free fall in the price of fossil fuels - black gold has abandoned almost 70% and coal prices have been halved - could argue in this direction ...

Relocate production

Shortage of masks, of drugs: the epidemic has led the executive to want to defend greater economic independence in key sectors, such as health. "The next day will not be like the day before, we must rebuild our national and European sovereignty, "said President Emmanuel Macron.

Bruno Le Maire thus asked car manufacturers to "relocate certain productions" in return for public support. Pharmaceutical companies are reflecting more than ever on the need to relocate production, in particular that of so-called "essential" drugs so as to no longer depend solely on China and India. Philippe Aghion, professor of economics at the Collège de France, pleads for the creation of a "European Darpa", inspired by the research funding agency of the American Pentagon, for a "real European investment policy, with a long term vision ”. "Not necessarily at 27", but at least with Germany, which has lost far fewer industrial jobs than France.

But relocating factories to France could prove difficult, while competitiveness will remain essential for industries weakened by the crisis. "A relocation movement cannot start without thinking about our competitiveness and our production costs", warned the president of Medef on Twitter.

The fact remains that this cannot be done without new investments, when the public authorities have already poured hundreds of billions of euros to save the European economic fabric during the confinement.



Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

SHOULD YOU EXTEND WORKING TIME ?

The wrong numbers of job seekers arrived, growth forecasts plunge (-6 percentage points of GDP for the two months of confinement) and the jobs crisis is looming so that theeternal debate brought honor to favor of the coronavirus crisis.

On working time, it was the Medef that first fired through the voice of its president, Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux "The important thing is to restart the economic machine and reproduce mass wealth , to try to erase, from 2021, the growth losses of 2020 ", he asserted on April 14, after a month of confinement by proposing to limit leave in particular and by extending the working time of employees to support recovery.

Drastic measures

Last week, several liberal think tanks put the idea back on the carpet, to get out, according to them, of this "collapse of the economy", according to a term used by the government. The Montaigne Institute, in a report, "Rebounding against the covid 19", thus places the whole question around "the issue of working time".

Behind the idea of ​​working more, that of "acting on supply, that is to say on the activity of companies, in order to facilitate their resumption of activity", productivity having decreased "due to the reduction of social interactions and the disorganization of production chains ”. It is therefore necessary, believes in his note the economist Bertrand Martinot, "to soften some persistent legal obstacles" by allowing companies to "derogate from the minimum daily rest time of 11 hours minimum per day as part of an agreement on the right upon disconnection ".

Other avenues: delete vacations and a public holiday, ensure that employee training is no longer carried out during their working time or encourage an increase in working time, without paying the corresponding additional remuneration at once.

For Ifrap, the Foundation for research on administrations and public policies, the dogma of "working more" is also obvious to save companies and avoid layoffs.

An old hand in social relations in France, and a former social advisor to Nicolas Sarkozy, Raymond Soubie was even surprised to see "no one anticipating" social plans and the situation of companies that will face "durably reduced markets".

He predicts the disappearance of "tens of thousands, and probably hundreds of thousands of jobs". So much so that he recommends reviewing "urgently". the rules of the social plans for the companies most in difficulty, and for the others to pass agreements providing for efforts by companies on employment in exchange for efforts of employees on working time.

A political debate

On the right, the proposals are multiplying. Christian Jacob, the president of LR, pleads to “get out of the shackles of 35 hours”, and his party is working on a recovery plan, with in particular the contributions of the former Minister of Budget Eric Woerth. "We have to get out of the shackles of 35 hours (...) The question of working time will have to be asked within the framework of social dialogue, but at the level of the company or in the branches, not of the State", he has Monday on France Inter.

And he preaches on a case-by-case basis. “We can very well do this within the framework of the annualization of working time and to do it by company, as close as possible to reality, and in social negotiation between employees and the company manager. (...) This would allow employees to have an increase in wages and therefore purchasing power, and to restore competitiveness to businesses. (...) "

But longer working hours are not on the agenda for Laurent Berger. For him too, we "take too long" to worry about employment while "the risk of bankruptcies in cascade and its share of social and territorial dramas is confirmed".

"If we think that we are going to get out of it positively by promising sweat and tears, we are in the mad," he said in the weekly La Vie.

Rather than wanting to lengthen working hours, "we must learn to work differently and to work better", he argues, particularly worried about the situation of young people. The CGT also remains committed to 32 hours.

For now, the government is focusing above all on a return to work. "The problem of the day is getting back to work and saving jobs," said Labor Minister Muriel Pénicaud.

For her, companies already have room for maneuver negotiable with their employees, in particular the quota of 200 overtime hours without social security contributions, which is still very little used.



Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

SUMMER HOLIDAYS FOR THE FRENCH

Finally good news for the French at this time of pandemic Covid-19 "The French will go to France in July and August," announced Edward Philip.

While adding however, "there is not much certainty on this subject", keeping the hypothesis of a second wave of the epidemic and of possible "very localized restrictions".

"The French can take their reservations," further encouraged Édouard Philippe.

He also promises, in agreement with professionals in the sector, "a full refund for the French in the event of cancellation of their reservation linked to the Covid."

The reopening date for restaurants, cafes and bars will be set the week of May 25, he said.

"If the epidemic does not worsen, the cafes and restaurants of the green departments will be able to open on June 2, 2020", further ambitions the government.

This confirms the information from Nicolas de Villiers, the president of Puy du Fou, who assured yesterday, Wednesday, that ministerial representatives assured him that "restaurants will be able to reopen on June 2, 2020 next in green areas».




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

GERMANY TACKLES THE EUROPEAN UNION

The May 5, 2020, a German court made a decision that could jeopardize the eurozone. The German Constitutional Court has indeed called on Tuesday the European Central Bank to justify "within three months" its redemptions of public debt, thus weakening its vast support for the economy in the midst of a coronavirus pandemic.

The quantitative easing (QE) policy of the European Central Bank has in fact been judged partly unconstitutional in Germany according to the judges of the Court of Karlsruhe

This decision concerns the purchases of sovereign debt by the ECB. They are part of the famous QE, the quantitative easing launched in March 2015 to support the economy in the euro zone.

"For the first time in its history, the German Constitutional Court finds that the actions and decisions of the European institutions have clearly not been taken within the framework of European competences and therefore cannot have any effect in Germany" declared Andreas Vosskuhle, President of the German Constitutional Court

This resounding ruling sounds like a challenge to the European institutions by targeting the anti-crisis program carried out since 2015, at the same time as the Frankfurt Institute is strengthening it in the face of the consequences of the health crisis.

Formally, however, the judgment rendered on Tuesday "does not concern" the emergency pandemic program (PEPP), announced in mid-March by the ECB and endowed with 750 billion euros by the end of the year. , remind the magistrates.

Bundesbank could stop buying debt for the ECB

Concretely, the powerful German Central Bank will be prohibited from participating in these massive buyouts of sovereign bonds if "the Governing Council of the ECB" does not demonstrate their "proportionality", decided the German supreme court.

Clearly, the Frankfurt institution must establish by the month of August, in an "understandable and detailed", that the positive effects of this program outweigh its disadvantages. The ECB has for years been arguing for this “quantitative easing” or “QE”, criticized in particular in Germany, explaining that it wants to stimulate the supply of credit, and therefore ultimately growth and employment in the euro zone.

For the German judges, the ECB has not justified the principle - sacrosaint in Germany - of proportionality between the significant resources released and its mission to ensure price stability in the euro zone, ie an inflation rate close to but below 2%. It is suspected across the Rhine that this monetary policy would have been used more to subsidize the countries of the south of the euro zone, to the detriment of the German saver, while ignoring the treaties which impose to distribute the financing in the zone in due proportion the participation of each country in the capital of the ECB *.

Germany is therefore reluctant to pay for the countries it once called the "club med": Italy, Greece, Portugal and Spain, which it accuses of lax budget. We could add France.

Seized by several Eurosceptic applicants, the Constitutional Court admittedly admitted that it had "not been able to establish a violation" by the ECB of the prohibition imposed on it to finance European states directly.

But in a decision of a rare virulence, the magistrates of Karlsruhe judge "doubtful" the competence of the institute of Frankfurt to redeem massively of the public debt, that is the main part of the 2,600 billion euros injected on the markets March 2015 and December 2018 as part of the "QE", reactivated last November.

"Because of their responsibility for integration, the federal government and the German Bundestag are obliged to oppose the previous treatment of the PSPP (the ECB buy-back program)," said the decision.

It remains to be seen whether the federal government and the German Bundestag will follow the German Constitutional Court.

But more generally, this decision poses the fundamental question of Germany's accession to the euro zone when the monetary institution appears to be the only solid pillar of the euro zone to face the health and economic crisis caused by the Covid-19.



Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

FROM CONTAINMENT TO UNCONTAINMENT

If France is currently preparing for a way out of the crisis, the hypothesis of a "reconfiguration" is not excluded by the government of Edouard Philippe. In other countries, the question of closing everything has already arisen. Japan

In Japan

Japan has never decreed a strict containment, so as not to infringe on civil liberties, the government justifies itself.

But different measures have been taken:

a state of emergency has been declared and in several areas the Japanese have been asked to stay at home.

This is the case on the island of Hokkaido, which was one of the first centers of the virus in the archipelago.

Faced with the numerous cases identified, the governor of the island had declared a state of emergency at the end of February. Schools had been closed and rallies prohibited.

As for the infected, they were listed and placed in solitary confinement. The rest of the population also had to avoid displacement.

Thanks to these measures, the curve had dropped rapidly to the point that the state of emergency was lifted on March 19, 2020.

But twenty-six days later, on April 12, 2020, the governor of Hokkaido Island had to back off and restrict travel again.

The number of cases had indeed increased significantly.

The whole of Japan is facing this problem: the number of patients is on the increase, while it was at its lowest rate in early March.

An aggravation certainly due to the health rules which are less and less respected.

In China

The Chinese authorities have never been very transparent on the figures of the Covid-19.

If the country has boasted of getting out of the crisis before everyone else, it is not now spreading the news of the new epidemic outbreaks it has to face.

In the utmost discretion, the approximately 600,000 inhabitants of the district of Jia, in central China, were therefore again confined from March 31, 2020, while the rest of the country was gradually emerging from a long sleep.

If this second confinement worries so much, it is because it is perhaps the first stage of the dreaded “second wave”. "

In Germany

Across the Rhine, the deconfinement process slowly started on Monday, April 20, 2020.

But the relief was short-lived. The contagion rate, which fell to 0.7 in April, fell back to 1 in just a few days.

The specialists are formal:

if it reached 1.3, a second containment would be necessary from June.

"A number of prominent epidemiologists believe that the question is not whether there will be a second wave but when it will happen," said the newspaper Der Spiegel.

Thus, if the second confinement does not take place in June, it could be inevitable during the summer or at the start of the school year.

Chancellor Angela Merkel therefore remains cautious before declaring victory.

Faced with a second wave, governments would have no other option than to reconfigure.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

EUROPE FINALLY FINDS AN ECONOMIC COMPROMISE AGAINST THE CORONAVIRUS CRISIS

The finance ministers of the 27 had until April 10 to propose a plan to manage the epidemic. The scenario of a deep crisis was taking a little more shape every day within the European Union (EU). Divided on the common economic response to bring to face the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic, the finance ministers of the euro zone, met Thursday, April 9, 2020, by videoconference have finally found common ground, before another Council of Heads of State and Government. But already, the North-South divide, which nearly imploded the EU in 2010, during the eurozone debt crisis and the rescue of Greece, resurfaced forcefully during the arduous negotiations of the past few days. .

A recovery was hoped to see Europe come together in imagining collective solutions.

The European Union countries finally reached agreement on Thursday on a common economic response to the coronavirus. Common ground was notably found with the Netherlands, which has blocked talks since Tuesday.

This vast plan would bring all the measures adopted by the European Union to combat the effects of the pandemic to 3,200 billion euros, the largest in the world. "The meeting ended with the applause of the ministers", announced on Twitter the spokesman for the president of the Eurogroup, Mario Centeno. "Today, we have responded to our citizens' call for a Europe that protects" with "bold proposals that seemed impossible just a few days ago"

Bruno Le Maire said that Europe had concluded the most important economic plan in its history. "Everyone had in mind that it was either an agreement or the risk of a European dislocation," he said.

German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz greeted him "a great day for European solidarity". "It is important that we all provide a common response that allows our states to overcome the health challenges as well as the economic challenges" created by the Covid-19 pandemic, said the minister.

Three main axes

The recovery plan to respond to the crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic revolves around three axes:

1 ° The European Stability Mechanism (MES) for 240 billion, the European Investment Bank (EIB) up to 200 billion

2 ° The "Sure" plan ("Support to mitigate unemployment risks in emergency") with 100 billion for the benefit of the partially unemployed proposed by the European Commission. "The only condition for accessing MES loans will be to support health spending," said Eurogroup president Mario Centeno on Thursday evening.

3 ° And the stimulus fund to be defined.

The heads of state and government, who themselves had failed to reach an agreement at a summit on March 26, will still have to validate these proposals.

The stimulus fund and the unresolved question of "corona bonds"

The burning issue of "corona bonds", intended to support the economy in the longer term after the crisis, considered less urgent, was not resolved on Thursday.

The countries most affected by the virus, in particular Italy, are calling for the creation of a stimulus "fund" which can be financed by common debt, in the form of eurobonds sometimes called "corona bonds" or "eurobonds". However, the pooling of debts constitutes a red line for Berlin and The Hague, which refuse to subscribe to a common approach with the highly indebted States of the South, considered lax in their management.

The tea towel was burning in the EU between countries of the South, like Italy and Spain, among the most affected by the pandemic and with fragile finances, and those of the North, led by the Netherlands - leader of the so-called "frugal" states - and by Germany and Austria, supporters of financial control. The first, supported by France and seven other European countries (Greece, Portugal, Slovenia, Belgium, Luxembourg and Ireland, joined since by Cyprus) plead for the creation of a coronabond.

While Bruno Le Maire said Thursday that the agreement paves the way for joint debt, his Dutch counterpart Wopke Hoekstra stressed the opposite. “We are and will remain opposed to 'corona bonds'. This concept will not help either Europe or the Netherlands in the long term, "said the Dutch Minister of Economy after the talks.

The Eurogroup has not taken any decision concerning these obligations, but the final text mentions a "recovery fund" of which "the legal and practical aspects", in particular the "financing", will still have to be defined by the Heads of State or of government.

Towards European solidarity ...

This consensus is a relief for Europeans who manage to display unity in the face of the disastrous economic consequences of the virus, after weeks of procrastination highlighting a divide between the countries of the North and those of the South.

A unitary response was all the more essential since the European economy is heading towards a deep recession in 2020, the International Monetary Fund even believing that the coronavirus could cause worldwide "the worst economic consequences since the Great Depression" of 1929.

Wednesday morning, after 16 hours of discussions, The Hague had been unanimously singled out for its inflexibility, hampering any prospect of agreement on an unconditional activation of this European relief fund MES, created in 2012 for States in difficulty. Member States criticized the Netherlands (supported, according to a European source, by Austria, Sweden and Denmark) for blocking the activation of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), by strictly conditioning the loans that could be granted by this euro zone relief fund for economic reforms . Blocking the use of the European Stability Mechanism (MES) "because we stubbornly, ideologically, religiously hold on to the implementation of severe conditionality is irresponsible", said Jean-Claude Juncker to the French daily Liberation

Such “conditionality”, which would go back to the time when Greece was forced to implement sometimes painful reforms in exchange for new money, would have been experienced as a humiliation by Italy and Spain, both European countries currently most affected by the epidemic. Germany finally proposed to ease the conditions for granting loans.

Created in 2012 during the debt crisis and financed by the Member States, the ESM could lend to the States up to 2% of their GDP, or up to 240 billion euros for the whole of the euro zone.

For Jean-Claude Juncker, the inflexibility of the Netherlands was all the more incomprehensible since "the MES would not be enough to revive" the European economies.

To achieve this, the former President of the Commission supported the creation of a European borrowing capacity, around the issue of "coronabonds". "In December 2010, as President of the Eurogroup, I had proposed the creation of eurobonds so that all members of the euro zone benefit from the same interest rate. But it is necessary to make the difference with the 'coronabonds': it is not a question of mutualizing the national debts of the past, an idea against which half of Europe was raised, but of mutualizing the debt which will arise from the establishment of the budgetary means necessary to respond to the coronavirus crisis, ”he explained. "It is a question of organizing jointly this financing of the current crisis by combining the various instruments: European Investment Bank, MES, European budget and finally 'coronabonds'", he added ...

To the question of whether the European Union will survive the crisis, two comments:

“The Covid-19 acts as a stress test, headlined the German daily Die Welt at the end of March: it reveals the selfishness of the member states. "

The former Finnish Prime Minister Alexander Stubb recalls the three classic phases of the European crises: "First awareness, then chaos and, finally, an imperfect solution."




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


THE OCDE ABOUT CORONAVIRUS

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCDE), presented its assessment of the current health crisis and proposed avenues for the rebound of the world economies.

Ahead of the virtual G20 summit held on Friday March 27, OCDE Secretary General Angel Gurría released the latest estimates of the economic impact of the Covid-19.

For the OECD, containment will directly affect sectors representing up to a third of GDP in the largest economies. Each month of confinement results in a loss of 2% in annual GDP growth.

The tourism sector alone is exposed to a drop in activity which amounts to 70%.

The fight against the pandemic is combined with enormous budgetary efforts made to restore normal economic activity as soon as possible.

Many economies are therefore headed for a recession.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS

A BATTLE PLAN FOR WAR

ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL

The coronavirus will plunge France into recession in 2020, estimated Tuesday the Minister of Economy Bruno Le Maire, who announced 45 billion euros in direct aid and 300 billion state guarantees for bank loans enterprises

“We are in an economic and financial war. It will be long and violent, ”warned Bruno Le Maire during a telephone press conference on Tuesday. The Minister of Economy wanted to detail the measures unveiled by Emmanuel Macron the previous evening, specifying the consequences on growth.

France's public debt is expected to exceed its GDP in 2020, due to the efforts to be made to counter the fallout from the coronavirus. This was announced by the French Minister of Finance, Bruno Le Maire, "We will be beyond 100% of public debt", recognized the Minister, without giving details on the budget deficit expected for this year where it now forecasts negative growth of -1%.

An envelope of 45 billion euros

A support plan of 45 billion euros will support businesses and employees. to limit the damage, including bankruptcies in cascade of companies, too fragile to cash a total stop of their activity for weeks. It includes the measures of partial unemployment over two months, as well as the deferral of the tax and social charges of the companies . Cancellations of charges are also envisaged.

A billion euros solidarity fund - supposed to provide them with a "safety net" - targets small businesses that have been hit hard by the crisis, notably catering, tourism and food. They will receive a lump sum of 1,500 euros. To be eligible, they will have to post a loss of 70% between March 2019 and March 2020. "If we put so much money now on the table, it is to help (the economy) to restart quickly", once the epidemic defeated, justified Mr. Le Maire. "The goal is to allow the economy to restart as soon as possible," said the minister, adding that this amount is a "first assessment" that can be reviewed if the situation requires.

Until the nationalization of a company

"No business will be left at risk of bankruptcy," promised Emmanuel Macron.

Bruno Le Maire, actually declared himself ready to use "all means" including capitalization or an equity investment to "protect" French companies threatened by the coronavirus crisis.

And if the President of the Republic refused the day before to use the word "confinement", Bruno Le Maire does not hesitate today to use another emblematic term: "nationalization." "

"I will not hesitate to use all the means at my disposal (...) This can go through capitalization or an equity investment. I can even use the term nationalization if necessary. "

To these 45 billion euros are added to the state guarantees of 300 billion euros to ensure bank loans.

"The banks will have to lend, they will have no reason to refuse loans," assured Bruno Le Maire, adding that "the time is not for dividends but support for the economy".

For Bruno Le Maire, "the protection of companies and employees is necessary in order to prevent the economic breakdown from turning into social breakdown".

Because the Minister of Economy insists: "The health war, I hope it's a matter of weeks. The economic and financial war is a matter of months. It will therefore take time to restart the economy, to give it back its full power."




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

THE CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC CAUSES IT

A STATE OF WAR ?

You see that the great sick body of globalization is now undermined by the Coronavirus pandemic. To date, the only known parade involves the confinement of men and trade ... trade.

As in a science fiction scenario, reality slides into a universe with radically different logics.

Psychosis ?

In Italy, Bergamo is counting its deaths overwhelmed by a sharp rise in deaths linked to the Covid-19 epidemic, which is hitting the country very hard. From all over the world, impacted by the Covid619, stores are robbed, shelves of pulp and toilet paper first, the streets are empty, the stadiums are closed, cultural events are unprogrammed, we observe scenes of psychosis in front of containment measures. The stock markets are going down, brent is at its worst ...

The crisis caused by the Covid-19 coronavirus is the most serious of the past 20 years, it is more important than the 2008-2009 crisis both in its magnitude and especially in its unpredictability.

How to face this new pandemic ?

In Germany as in the United States, there has been talk of a "bazooka" to deal with the crisis.

Would the world have fallen into a state of war ?

A state of war ? 

Mario Centeno, president of the Eurogroup, delivered a grim diagnosis on the economic impact of the coronavirus on the economy of the European Union. "Forced containment puts our economies in a situation similar to that of a war," said Mario Centeno, president of the Eurogroup, on Monday just before a videoconference of the 27 EU finance ministers, devoted to the coronavirus.

“We know that the virus has not reached its peak. We must not hide our faces, ”warned Mr. Centeno, who chairs the group of 19 countries that have adopted the single currency.

According to the OECD "the world economy is in danger" and is preparing to face "the most serious danger since the financial crisis", while the disease "has already caused considerable human suffering.

It took indeed less than a month for world trade to derail. At the height of the crisis in China, 80% of the country's GDP was impacted. A shock wave for world trade. China accounts for a quarter of world production. It concentrates 27% of global computer production and 60% of paracetamol production ... but is also a major order giver in Asia as well as a large global market for sectors such as luxury (35% of sales ), the automobile (40% of Volkswagen sales) or electronics (20% of Apple sales), underlines a report by KYU associates. Today, 50 to 70% of the Chinese economy has rebounded, but now it is now European companies that are stopping. According to Euler Hermes, the drop in world exports would amount to $ 320 billion in goods and services in this quarter alone.

Gita Gopinath, Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund, sums up the challenge: "to prevent a temporary crisis from causing irreparable harm to people and businesses due to job losses and bankruptcies", thanks to a response vigorous and coordinated by governments and central banks.

Faced with economic difficulties, public authorities and institutions are putting their hands in their pockets to ensure the emergency and try to maintain the economy.

Answers at the scale of each country.

China has released 43 billion dollars to help its companies, Japan four billion dollars, England 35 billion euros. And Italy with a total amount of 25 billion euros, still to fight the epidemic of Covid-19, which has already killed more than 600 people in the country. Canada with the creation of a billion Canadian dollar fund Mr. Trudeau, planning new announcements in the coming days. Germany further artillery heavy with measures with the blocking of an additional envelope of 12.8 billion euros over four years for infrastructure investments.

Donald Trump, for his part, proposed a vast stimulus plan of $ 700 billion and one of the flagship proposals of the tenant of the White House is to abolish payroll taxes until the end of the year, in order to inflate the household purchasing power. Each country has responded individually and for its part, freeing up funds to help overcome the economic consequences of the epidemic.

"But in 2008-2009, it was the G20 itself which had taken the reins of such a response, to the point of being qualified as" world economic government ".

Eleven years later, the trade war, Brexit, the rise of populism have passed through. There is no indication that the group of the world's top twenty economies will want to take on this role again. "

And does not the first of the solidarities consist for the States to anticipate and the citizens to be educated at the time when one lives a health war ?




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS AND OIL KRACH

The global markets suffered a sharp fall on Monday March 9, 2020.

The collapse in the price of oil and the epidemic of coronavirus have caused stock market anxiety. Many indices completely unscrewed on Monday. Oil prices fell 25% on Monday, with Saudi Arabia and Russia having started a price war.

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), whose main actor is Saudi Arabia] and Russia (2nd world producer of black gold) met on Friday March 6, 2020, in Vienna, Austria, to evoke a drop in production.

Their aim was to maintain prices in response to the drop in demand caused by the coronavirus. But the Russian Minister of Energy, Alexander Novak, shattered the alliance between Moscow and Riyadh which had been presiding over the delicate balance of the market for three years. But they did not find an agreement.

OPEC weakening

With Russia refusing to cut production, Saudi Arabia responded by literally opening the floodgates: its daily oil production increased by a million barrels a day. It did not take more to cause a vertiginous fall in the price of black gold. Within hours, the oil world went from a tense situation to a major crisis. Prices fell sharply in Asia.

A barrel of brent North Sea plunged 25% to 33.90 dollars (30 euros). This dropout does not seem close to stopping. Market observers agree that, in the coming weeks, the price could reach its historically low level of 2016, below 30 dollars.

In Asia, the fall reached 30% on Monday, the largest drop since the Gulf War in 1991. On European markets, the drop was slightly less (- 20%).

A shock whose economic and social consequences are likely to be severe. The continuing coronavirus epidemic and concern, but also the collapse of the oil market have acted as a catalyst.

Stock market decline

The stock market unscrewed on March 9, 2020. Whether it is the Hong Kong Stock Exchange (- 4%), that of London (- 7%), the CAC 40 in Paris (- 8.3%, worst session since 2008) or still in Frankfurt (- 7.9%), no financial center was spared by a brutal plunge. So much so that on Wall Street (- 6% for the Nasdaq), trade was suspended for a quarter of an hour at the opening - a "circuit breaker" intended to avoid a general panic that had never has been used since its establishment in New York in 2013.

A global economic slowdown is increasingly likely.

Before Monday, the price of oil had already dropped due to the economic consequences of the coronavirus which slows down activity and therefore causes a drop in oil consumption.

Less oil consumed is a global production that slows down and creates less wealth, hence the general concern of the markets, accentuated by the decision of Saudi Arabia to "drown" the price of oil. "We are in a usual balance of power, Saudi Arabia has often had this kind of behavior

"A prolonged decline in consumption, in addition to prolonged closings of companies, would attack profits, lead to job losses and affect morale" economic players, wrote analysts Moody's on Monday.

Economic and political battle

But beyond this plunge in oil prices, a stake in geopolitical strategy is at stake. Indeed, it is above all an economic and geopolitical battle between the three biggest world producers which are the United States, Russia and Saudi Arabia. Historically, the OPEC cartel, led by Riyadh, led the game globally. However, since 2015, the black gold chessboard has been completely upset, with the rapid development of shale oil in the United States, and in particular in the Texan region of the Permian basin.

And Putin, exasperated by the US sanctions that have scuttled the Nord Stream 2, by not giving in to the Saudi kingdom's demands to stabilize black gold prices, at the OPEC meeting last Friday, in reality , a declaration of war against the Trump administration which does not hesitate to use oil as an economic and political weapon.

"We consider it the equivalent of a declaration of war on the oil market. A split between two of the largest producers of crude oil, Saudi Arabia and Russia, over how to respond to the collapse in demand caused by the rampant coronavirus epidemic, has caused oil prices to plummet, " writes the "Financial Times".




Simon Freeman for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS THE GLOBAL ECONOMY IS WAVING

In a world hanging from the coronavirus, the economy is faltering. The world stands still as the new coronavirus spreads. Long before the outbreak of the epidemic, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) had warned that the global recovery would be "slow", "fragile" and likely to falter at the slightest risk. Since the epidemic, the IMF has already lowered its global growth forecasts for 2020, taking into account the impact on China, the second largest economy in the world. But that was before the contagion to the rest of the world.

Covid-19 popular worldwide

The coronavirus has indeed spread like wildfire. More than forty countries are now affected by the epidemic that hit the shores of Brazil, no longer sparing the South American continent. At the last count, 81,000 people were contaminated by Covid-19 which killed 2,761 people worldwide, including only 40 outside of China.

The epidemic has entered a "decisive phase," said the World Health Organization (WHO). In the past two days, the daily number of new people infected worldwide has been higher than that recorded in China, where the virus first appeared in December.

With 528 cases identified and 14 dead, Italy has become the epicenter of the Old Continent. No one is spared. Greece, Spain, the United Kingdom, Croatia, Austria, Denmark and Germany have at least one infected person after a stay on the peninsula. Elsewhere in Europe, many countries such as Estonia, Switzerland, Norway, the Netherlands, Romania and North Macedonia are also affected.

For economists, the coronavirus could be too much “external shock”.

The global economy faces its worst risk of recession since the 2008 financial crisis.

"With the partial exception of black plague in 14th century Europe, every major pandemic has been followed by an economic recession," observes Professor Robert Dingwall, researcher at the University of Nottingham Trent in England. "I don't think there are any good reasons to think it would be different this time," he said.

Radical measures against the coronavirus

Especially since the list of radical measures to try to contain the new virus is growing every day a little more, the virus from mainland China spreading like wildfire on all continents.

As of January, production plants had been shut down in China and entire cities confined. On Friday, the iconic Basel watch fair was adjourned and the Geneva motor show was canceled. Saudi Arabia has stopped welcoming pilgrims to Mecca. Uncertainty also hangs over the holding of the Tokyo Olympic Games in July. Iran prohibits people who are sick or suspected of being sick from traveling inside the country. The United States and South Korea have announced the suspension of joint military exercises. In Italy, the clash between Juventus and Inter Milan and four other matches in the championship will take place this weekend behind closed doors, confirmed the Italian Football League on Thursday.

Heavy economic consequences

The economic consequences are already enormous in certain sectors such as transport, luxury, tourism. Chinese travelers, usually so numerous in major European capitals, are sorely lacking. Likewise, Asian destinations are shunned by tourists. Italy (whose tourism represents 13% of the GDP) is likely to see worsening its difficulties. "We carried out a preliminary calculation which estimates that this crisis will cost at least 22 billion dollars [approximately 20 billion euros] to the sector" tourism in the world, says Gloria Guevara, president of the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) in an interview with the daily newspaper "El Mundo". The shortfall could climb to 49 billion dollars (44.6 billion d 'euros) if the crisis lasted as long as that of SARS which had unfolded in six months between 2002 and 2003 and 73 billion dollars (66.5 billion euros) if it was prolonged more, according to Oxford Economics.

Dependence on China

The dependence on China, its huge market and its gigantic production capacities is even more visible in areas such as the automobile (certain equipment manufacturers are in great difficulty), the food industry (exports are trapped), the pharmaceutical sector. , etc. Some companies are already unemployed. "The contraction in production in China has had effects worldwide, reflecting the growing importance of China in global supply chains and in commodity markets," said the OECD.

A loss of half a percentage point for global growth is based on "the assumption that the epidemic peak will be reached in China in the first quarter of 2020 and that in the other countries, the epidemic will prove to be more moderate and circumscribed", specifies the international organization based in Paris. A more sustainable epidemic, which would spread widely in Asia-Pacific, Europe and North America, could even halve global growth this year, warns the organization.

Central bank concerns and contingency plans

Central banks are worried. In an interview with the "Financial Times", Christine Lagarde, the president of the ECB, explains that the crisis does not require an hour of monetary response, but that the shock could last long. Its impact on the world economy could be greater than that of SARS in 2002, estimated for its part Klaas Knot the governor of the bank of the Netherlands. The stock markets all sank again on Thursday.

Emergency plans are ready to be activated, notably by the International Monetary Fund, to provide financial assistance to countries that cannot cope with the epidemic.

"We have rapid financing instruments, credit facilities to support countries" in the event of an epidemic or natural disasters, detailed the spokesperson of the institution, recalling the case of Ebola.

But to Barry Glassner, American sociologist author of Culture of Fear, to conclude that "nations and individuals need to take their precautions, including that of countering fear, which is spreading at least as fast than the virus itself ".




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

CLOSING OF THE FESSENHEIM POWER PLANT

CONCESSION MADE TO ECOLOGISTS

A FRENCH ABERRATION

The reactor 1 of the Fessenheim power plant, the oldest French nuclear power plant in operation, must be shut down definitively on the night of Friday February 21 to Saturday February 22, 2020. And this after years of debate on the fate the Alsatian power plant, built in the 1970s, very close to the border with Germany

The operation should start at 8:30 p.m. on Friday and finish at 2 a.m. on Saturday. "A shift team, made up of ten to fifteen people", A harrowing night for the shift team which will launch the shutdown process of reactor n ° 1, carrying out the actions to decouple it definitively.

But some employees threaten to disobey and not apply the shutdown procedures for the 900 megawatt (MW) pressurized water reactor.

Reactor n ° 2 shut down on June 30

If the procedure follows its normal course, the power of the reactor must decrease progressively and it will be disconnected from the national electricity network when it has dropped to 8% of its usual power.

The procedure is identical to that of a conventional maintenance operation. But this time, no return to service will take place. Reactor 2 is due to be shut down on June 30.

A decree published in the Official Journal on Wednesday "repeals the authorization to operate the Fessenheim nuclear power plant owned by EDF", putting the final character of this judgment black and white.

The evacuation of fuel from the plant will, according to the planned schedule, be completed in 2023. Then must continue the phase of preparation for decommissioning, a process unprecedented in France on the scale of an entire plant which should begin on the horizon. 2025 and continue at least until 2040.

For Matignon, the closure of Fessenheim "constitutes a first step in France's energy strategy, which aims for a progressive rebalancing" between the different types of energy, with a gradual decrease in the share of nuclear power - currently by 70%, the largest in the world - and an increase in that of electricity from renewable sources.

But the controversy over the merits of this closure will not stop with the shutdown of reactor n ° 1. Indeed there is no economic justification for this closure, the unit being in perfect working order and certified by the independent nuclear safety authority. It brings in more than 200 million euros net per year and its dismantling will surely cost more than half a billion according to the Court of Auditors.

But the shareholder state bowed to the political state and shot itself in the foot. We must offer a symbol to environmentalists who promote nuclear risk and waste management. But environmentalists conceal the fact that nuclear energy does not produce greenhouse gases and that it is therefore one of the solutions in the fight against global warming, renewable energies currently unable to take over. sufficient quantity and inherently unstable.

On the other hand, the Fessenheim judgment will force Germany, for example, to produce more electricity from coal.

An irresponsible choice ?

The deputy LR of the Haut-Rhin Raphaël Schellenberger asked the employees "sorry for this irresponsible choice of which you are the first victims". If the minister of ecological transition Elisabeth Borne assured that there would be "no loss of employment", the local elected officials fear that the State abandons this watered territory for forty years by the taxes paid by EDF. They fear that hundreds of families with comfortable incomes will leave it.

Right now, shutting down this profitable and socially safe business is clearly a decision made to please environmentalists.




Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

THE COUNCIL OF STATE SUMS THE GOVERNMENT

TO REVIEW THE COPY ON PENSION REFORM

It is a very severe opinion !!.

This Friday, January 7, 2020, the State Council strongly criticized the method with which the government conducted its pension reform project, presented the same morning in the Council of Ministers. This suggests harsh and long future debates.

Seized on January 3, 2020, the institution had only three weeks to render its conclusions on the two bills (organic and ordinary).

A time deemed far too short, especially since the government has also modified the text six times during this period.

The Council of State underlines that “having regard to the date and the conditions of its referral, as well as to the numerous modifications made to the texts while it was examining them, the will of the government to have its opinion within a period of three weeks did not put him in a position to carry out his mission with the serenity and the time required for reflection to best guarantee the legal certainty of the examination he carried out ”, declared the court in its opinion.

"A situation all the more regrettable" since it is a reform "unprecedented since 1945 and intended to transform for decades to come [...] one of the major components of the social contract", adds the highest administrative jurisdiction of the country.

“Gap” financial projections

In addition to the two laws, a financial impact study of this reform was also sent to it. And this study has not, as it stands, satisfied lawyers. The first version was "insufficient", and even once the text was completed, "the financial projections remain incomplete", in particular on the increase in the retirement age, the employment rate of seniors, spending on unemployment insurance and those related to social minima, they argue.

In some cases, the impact study "remains below what it should be, so it is up to the government to improve it even before the bill is tabled in Parliament," notes the Conseil d 'State.

Using too many prescriptions

The institution also points out the choice to use 29 prescriptions, including "for the definition of structuring elements of the new pension system", which "makes lose the overall visibility which is necessary for the appreciation of the consequences of reform and, therefore, its constitutionality and its conventionality ”.

This criticism echoes the explosion in the number of prescriptions, which were once exceptional. "The novelty with the Philippe government is the use of ordinances for very political reforms such as labor law and railway reform, the legal site Dalloz-actualité already noted in March 2018.

The purpose of the ordinances is not so much to allow a faster implementation, as to avoid a stagnation of the parliamentary debates: the enabling laws can be adopted without waiting for the finalization of a precise text. " method of which the Council of State today points the limit.

As an example of the consequences of the reform: that relating to the “100% conservation of the rights created” at the time of the switch between the current system and the future “universal system” is considered “particularly crucial”, to such an extent “that in the absence of such an order "the reform" will not apply "to persons born from 1975.

Commitments to teachers "contrary to the Constitution"

The Council of State also considers that the commitment made by the government to increase the salaries of teachers and researchers via programming laws is doomed to disappear from the text. "These provisions constitute an injunction to the government to table a bill and its thus contrary to the Constitution", estimated the institution.

The false promise of a "universal pension plan"

The Council of State also notes that the reform project does not establish "a universal system which would be characterized, like any social security system, by a set consisting of a single eligible population, uniform rules and a fund unique ”. And for good reason, the text creates "five regimes", with "within each of these regimes" "rules derogating from those of the universal system".

This opinion comes at a time when the protest against the pension reform had a new day of mobilization throughout France, with a slight revival of mobilization. . “In form and content, the Council of State fully confirms what we have been saying from the start. There is a real problem with the legal consistency of the text, ”reacted François Hommeril, president of CFE-CGC, on Saturday.

The unions also called for continuing the movement next week.

An opinion which will be useful for those who say that the government improvises, or in any case that it has not gone far enough in the reflection and the development of a text, not consensual, but of a text coherent !!!!




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

ABANDONMENT OF THE GAFA TAX BY FRANCE

FACING THE UNITED STATES


France and the United States have pushed back the specter of a trade war between the two countries. Paris has agreed to freeze its tax on digital giants, pending an international agreement.

The tenant of the White House managed to obtain the suspension of the famous GAFA tax until a date fixed beyond Tuesday, November 3, ie the day of the American elections.

The famous Gafa tax was implemented by France in early 2019. It consists of a taxation of 3% of the turnover of large web companies which generate at least 750 million euros in revenue worldwide, and more 25 million euros in France.

This cordial agreement arrived just hours before the Choose France event during which 200 French and foreign business leaders gathered in Versailles to talk about industrial investments and research & development.

The avowed aim of these negotiations was to avoid an economic war which could have cost France 2.4 billion dollars. Donald Trump had indeed planned to tax French exports as a response to this tax deemed "discriminating" and "unreasonable" by the US administration.

It was not in the interest of France to start a trade war with the United States, especially since the Minister of the Economy, currently in Davos, must meet his American counterpart to discuss (yet) negotiations to be carried out within the framework of the OECD, perceived as being the “right format” for laying down the rules of the game.

The matamore Bruno Le Maire, in Davos where he should meet Steven Mnuchin, his American counterpart, had to give up !

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

RETIRED PAY

PIVOT AGE, SENIORITY AND EMPLOYMENT OF SENIORS

This Tuesday, Muriel Pénicaud receives unions at the Ministry of Labor to discuss the arduousness and employment of seniors. In the pension reform bill, it is the vagueness which continues to dominate concerning the way in which certain aspects of the text will be managed, including two which are today on the agenda: arduousness and employment seniors. This Tuesday, January 14, the Minister of Labor Muriel Pénicaud receives the unions to work on these themes which, for different reasons, are just as sensitive as the pivotal age, finally suspended.

Painfulness criteria.

The best consideration of arduousness is an obligation for the government, which intends to end the special regimes while introducing specificities "which will not be linked to companies, but to trades". To do this, the CFDT and Unsa have a ready-made idea: the reintroduction of the four arduousness criteria, removed by the "Macron ordinances" at the start of the five-year term. These criteria, which had been defined in 2015, related to the manual handling of heavy loads, painful postures, mechanical vibrations and dangerous chemical agents. From now on, only night work, repetitive work, so-called “3x8” work, work in a “hyperbaric” environment (under high pressure), noises and extreme temperatures remain in the “personal prevention account”. "With the criteria recognized today, it is 180,000 people concerned, if we put the other four criteria, that makes 800,000 people, and there, it starts to make sense", justified Laurent Berger

But the government is, for the moment, completely opposed to this option. The secretary of state in charge of the file, Laurent Pietraszewski, clearly closed the door, on the grounds that these criteria "were not or hardly evaluated in the life of companies". A reluctance, moreover, shared by Medef.

For its part, the executive wants rather to encourage "retraining schemes" for people exercising a difficult job. Another avenue formulated by Édouard Philppe: make the current system “more generous”, by lowering, for example, the number of nights worked in order to benefit from taking the criterion into account.

The employment of seniors.

Another point that will be discussed between Muriel Pénicaud and the social partners: the employment of seniors. A sector in which France is far behind in comparison with its European partners, according to figures from the Dares (Department of Research Animation, Studies and Statistics). A report by the Court of Auditors published in October puts the employment rate of 55-64 year olds at 52.3%. However, and even if the pivotal age has been removed (temporarily) from the text, the government intends to encourage the French to work longer. A wish that contradicts the cruel reality of the job market for seniors. 40% of employees today, when they retire, are no longer at work.

It remains to be seen which tracks will be discussed on Tuesday. Medef proposes to introduce a “progressive retirement”, by proposing to the employees concerned to spend 80% then 60% of working time, by compensating for the rest of the missing salary by a pension paid by the pension fund. In other words, to relieve businesses of the cost of seniors.

The reformist unions prefer reclassification solutions and the launch of information campaigns to "promote the intergenerational", as the CFDT wants.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CARLOS GHOSN VICTIME D'UN COMPLOT

Carlos Ghosn est de retour devant les caméras ce mercredi 8 janvier 2020 pour une contre-attaque médiatique. L’ancien PDG de Renault-Nissan a affirmé se présenter devant la presse, mercredi 8 janvier, pour « laver son honneur », lors de sa première apparition publique, à Beyrouth, depuis son arrivée le 30 décembre au Liban, son pays d’origine.

PRESUME COUPABLE A CAUSE D'UNE COLLUSION ENTRE NISSAN ET LE PARQUET

Carlos Ghosn avait été arrêté le 19 novembre 2018. L'homme d'affaires franco-libanais fait l'objet de quatre inculpations au Japon. Le clan Ghosn a dénoncé le système juridique au Japon et une « conspiration » ourdie par des cadres de Nissan, des hauts fonctionnaires du ministère de l'Économie et des hommes du parquet de Tokyo pour l'évincer.

« J'étais présumé coupable à cause d'une collusion entre certains cadres de Nissan avec la complicité du parquet de Tokyo et d'un cabinet d'avocats Latham Law Firm », assure-t-il.

La décision de la justice ne serait pas tombée « avant cinq ans », selon Carlos Ghosn. « Je n'ai pas fui la justice, j'ai échappé à l'injustice et à la persécution », a-t-il martelé en anglais. Il a estimé n’avoir « pas eu d’autre choix » que de fuir le Japon, où il est inculpé notamment pour malversations financières, une accusation d’après lui « sans fondement ».« J'ai préparé mon évasion car j'ai perdu tout espoir d'un procès équitable et quand la date du procès a été repoussée le 25 décembre jusqu'à 2021. » , a-t-il dit.

L'affaire de sa fuite au Liban, le 29 décembre, a pris une ampleur internationale et des enquêtes sont en cours au Japon et en Turquie, où Carlos Ghosn a fait escale. Il fait l'objet depuis la semaine passée d'une demande d'arrestation émanant d'Interpol. Beyrouth affirme qu'il est entré « légalement » au Liban, muni d'un passeport français.

Celui qui s'est « senti comme mort depuis le jour de mon arrestation. J'étais perdu dans un système que je ne comprenais pas, comme paralysé ou anesthésié » affirme que « Quand je suis sorti du Japon, c'était comme si je revenais à la vie », décrit le fugitif le plus célèbre du moment.

Et d'insister : « Il y a eu un sapage organisé de ma réputation », a attaqué l’ancien patron qui a nié toutes les accusations contre lui et parle d’une affaire « politique » pour se débarrasser avec lui et donc de l’influence de Renault dans l’alliance avec Nissan.

QUI FAISAIT PARTIE DU COMPLOT ?

Il a dénoncé un « coup monté » contre lui et s'est dit décidé à « laver son honneur ».

« Ce sont des responsables de Nissan, du ministère public japonais qui sont à l’origine de mon calvaire », a-t-il déclaré, ajoutant que « la collusion entre Nissan et les procureurs est à tous les niveaux. (…) Quand j’ai demandé à mes avocats (…) ils ont dit qu’ils craignaient que cinq ans s’écoulent peut-être au Japon avant que je n’obtienne un verdict », a-t-il ajouté.

Selon lui « cette affaire coïncide avec le début du déclin des performances de Nissan début 2017 ». « Mon calvaire s’explique aussi par l’amertume au Japon face à l’interférence de l’Etat français dans l’alliance », a-t-il insisté. Il a porté une série d’accusations :

« Qui faisait partie de ce complot ? A l’évidence (Hiroto) Saikawa [le directeur général de Nissan, poussé à la démission après avoir reconnu avoir perçu une prime indue] en faisait partie, Hari Nada [ancien bras droit de Carlos Ghosn] en faisait partie et (Toshiaki) Onuma [le sponsable du Secrétariat chez Nissan]. Mais il y a bien d’autres personnes. (Masakazu) Toyoda, membre du conseil d’administration, faisait le lien entre le conseil de Nissan et les autorités ».

DES PREUVES REELLES

« Je peux toujours faire plein de choses et je peux laver mon honneur et j'ai toutes les preuves pour montrer mon innocence », affirme l'ancien patron

« Je suis prêt à vous remettre tous les documents qui montrent qu'il n'y a pas de manipulation. Mes avocats vont vous les donner », affirme-t-il.

« Je suis innocent de toutes les accusations et je peux le prouver, j'ai les documents. Si je ne peux avoir la justice au Japon, je l'aurais ailleurs », conclut-il. Et d'ajouter :

« J'ai plaidé mon innocence en menottes et en laisse il y a un an devant un juge japonais et devant les médias » rappelle-t-il.

« Ils ont voulu tourner la page Ghosn et ils ont réussi car il n'y a plus de croissance, d'augmentation des dividendes ou d'avancées technologiques », clame Carlos Ghosn.
« Il n'y a aucun pays démocratique dans le monde où les accusations, même si elles étaient vraies, sont sanctionnées au niveau criminel », avance l'ancien dirigeant de l'alliance franco-japonaise.
Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

TENSIONS ENTRE USA RUSSIE ET EUROPE

AUTOUR DU NORD-STREAM 2

La bataille économique et géopolitique entre Washington, Bruxelles et la Russie fait rage. En cause, la construction d’un gazoduc qui va faciliter les livraisons de gaz naturel russe à l’Europe. Les USA ont en effet décidé de prendre des sanctions économiques en imposant des sanctions contre les entreprises associées à la construction du gazoduc russe, sur fond d’offensive commerciale.

L'Union européenne, Berlin en tête, et Moscou ont fermement dénoncé ce samedi 21 décembre les sanctions américaines contre le gazoduc Nord Stream 2. Les mesures « affectent des sociétés allemandes et européennes et constituent une ingérence dans nos affaires intérieures », a réagi avec fermeté une porte-parole d'Angela Merkel.

Contourner l'Ukraine

Nord Stream 2 est le nom d’un gazoduc, en cours de construction et presque achevé, qui passe sous la mer Baltique en contournant notamment l’Ukraine. D’une capacité de 55 milliards de m3 par an -autant que son frère aîné, Nord Stream 1- il doit permettre de doubler les livraisons directes de gaz naturel russe vers l’Europe occidentale via l’Allemagne, principale bénéficiaire du projet. Quelque 18% de la consommation annuelle de gaz naturel de l’UE provient de la Russie via l’Ukraine. Aux yeux de ses défenseurs, la mise en service du pipeline se justifie plus que jamais car il permet de contourner le territoire ukrainien. Les approvisionnements européens avaient été à plusieurs reprises perturbés dans les années 2000 par des conflits entre Moscou et Kiev.

Il représente en tout cas un investissement d’une dizaine de milliards d’euros financé pour moitié par le géant russe Gazprom et l’autre moitié par cinq sociétés européennes (OMV, Wintershall Dea, Engie, Uniper et Shell).

Mais depuis ses débuts, de nombreux obstacles se sont dressés sur le chemin de ce projet. Nord Stream 2 n’a ainsi obtenu que fin octobre le feu vert du Danemark pour traverser ses eaux, ce qui risque fort de retarder sa mise en service, initialement prévue fin 2019.

L' offensive commerciale des USA

Pour Washington, et certains pays européens (la Pologne, les pays baltes et l’Ukraine) ce tube va accroître la dépendance des Européens au gaz russe, que Moscou pourrait utiliser pour exercer des pressions politiques. Il sacrifie aussi les intérêts de l’allié ukrainien, qui tire des revenus importants du transit du gaz russe vers l’Europe.

Pour certains observateurs, au-delà du conflit géopolitique avec la Russie, l’opposition américaine au Nord Stream 2 fait partie d’une offensive commerciale des États-Unis : Washington, grand producteur de gaz, veut accroître ses exportations de gaz naturel liquéfié (GNL) vers l’Europe.

Les sanctions promulguées vendredi 19 décembre comprennent le gel des avoirs et la révocation des visas américains pour les entrepreneurs liés au gazoduc. Le département d’État américain doit communiquer dans les 60 jours suivant leur promulgation les noms des entreprises et des personnes qui ont participé à la pose de conduites pour Nord Stream 2.

L’une des principales cibles est Allseas, entreprise suisse propriétaire du plus grand navire de pose de pipelines du monde, le Pioneering Spirit, engagé par le russe Gazprom pour construire la section offshore.

Des sanctions inacceptables pour la Russie et l' Europe

Sans surprise, la décision de Donald Trump a suscité de vives réactions chez les parties prenantes du projet. « Un Etat avec une dette publique de 22 000 milliards de dollars interdit à des pays solvables de développer leur économie réelle », a déclaré la porte-parole de la diplomatie russe Maria Zakharova sur sa page Facebook, dénonçant « l’idéologie américaine (qui) ne supporte pas la concurrence mondiale ».

« Bientôt, ils demanderont qu’on arrête de respirer ». L’Union européenne de son côté dénonce avec force l’ingérence des États-Unis dans sa politique énergétique. « Par principe, l’Union européenne s’oppose à l’imposition de sanctions contre des entreprises européennes se livrant à des activités légales », a affirmé un porte-parole de l’UE. La Commission européenne est en train d’analyser les répercussions possibles des sanctions américaines, a indiqué le porte-parole. « L’objectif de la Commission a toujours été d’assurer que Nord Stream 2 opère de façon transparente, avec un niveau approprié de surveillance réglementaire ».

« Le gouvernement rejette ces sanctions extraterritoriales. Elles affectent des sociétés allemandes et européennes et constituent une ingérence dans nos affaires intérieures », a réagi Ulrike Demmer, une porte-parole d’Angela Merkel.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AVANCEES OU STATU QUO SUR LA REFORME DES RETRAITES ?

Les discussions engagées par Edouard Philippe avec les partenaires sociaux sur le projet de réforme des retraites n'ont pas permis de lever les désaccords de fond, notamment sur « l'âge d'équilibre » malgré quelques signes d'ouverture.

Les syndicats ont cependant obtenu la tenue de discussions début janvier sur quatre chantiers : pénibilité, transitions vers le futur système unique de retraites par points, minimum contributif et fins de carrière.

1° Age d'équilibre

Sur l'instauration progressive à partir de 2022 d'un âge pivot à 64 ans à l'échéance 2027, le chef du gouvernement a dit avoir pris acte de l'hostilité des syndicats, la CFDT au premier chef, mais maintient le principe de cette option « juste » selon lui pour rééquilibrer financièrement le système.

« L'âge d'équilibre, ce n'est pas simplement demander à certains de partir un peu plus tard, c'est aussi pour beaucoup de permettre de partir beaucoup plus tôt », a-t-il notamment plaidé alors que la CFDT reste fermement opposée à un scénario paramétrique « inacceptable »

Edouard Philippe s’est redit «radicalement opposé» à deux solutions alternatives: une baisse des pensions, d’une part, et une augmentation des cotisations d’autre part, qui alourdirait le coût du travail.

Le premier ministre a avancé des arguments principalement budgétaires. «Personne ne croira dans notre nouveau système, personne ne croira dans nos nouveaux droits si nous ne disons pas comment nous les financerons», a-t-il plaidé. Le futur système devra donc être solide, financièrement, d’une manière ou d’une autre.

Néanmoins, Edouard Philippe a laissé la porte ouverte à un aménagement des «trajectoires» de l’âge d’équilibre, par exemple par la «reconnaissance de la pénibilité, du handicap ainsi que [par] la retraite progressive», a-t-il suggéré

2° Minimum de pension

Il a en outre identifié des pistes d'amélioration pour le minimum contributif prévu par la réforme, parmi lesquelles une hausse au-delà de 85% du smic pour les carrières complètes. Aucun chiffre précis n’a toutefois été évoqué jusqu’ici. De leur côté, plusieurs partenaires, dont la CFDT, souhaitent le porter à 100% du smic.

3° Les régimes spéciaux

Tout en maintenant l'objectif d'une suppression des régimes spéciaux, il a indiqué que les discussions au sein de la SNCF et de la RATP avaient ouvert des voies d'aménagement.

« En ce qui concerne les agents de SNCF au statut, le gouvernement confirme son accord pour la mise en place de mesures favorisant la progressivité de la mise en œuvre de la réforme et le respect des droits acquis », a-t-il dit. Pour les agents de la RATP, « les derniers échanges ont permis d'aboutir à des avancées importantes sur la question des transitions, ces avancées sont sur la table, chacun les jugera. »

4° Les enseignants...

Edouard Philippe a rappelé qu’il s’était «engagé à revaloriser les revenus des professeurs et des chercheurs», pour qu’ils puissent bénéficier d’un niveau de pension «égal à celui d’agents de corps équivalent». La hausse débutera en janvier 2021. Une «trajectoire très claire de revalorisation» des rémunérations sera définie dans une loi de programmation, sur la base de discussions qui auront lieu d’ici l’été 2020. Les enseignants-chercheurs bénéficieront du «même travail» et d’une loi de programmation dédiée.

Le futur système de retraite «reconnaîtra les spécificités» du métier des marins, a également déclaré l’occupant de Matignon, «en particulier dans le cadre des âges d’ouverture des droits».

Edouard Philippe a conclu que le système universel pouvait être «encore amélioré» même si des «désaccords» subsistaient sur «la méthode et la façon» de mettre en œuvre ce nouveau système. Il recevradonc à nouveau les partenaires sociaux «dans les premiers jours de janvier» afin de poursuivre le dialogue avec eux.

Si Edouard Philippe a appelé les syndicats à la «responsabilité» afin qu’une trêve ait lieu dans la grève  à la SNCF comme à la RATP, la CGT-Cheminots et plusieurs autres organisations opposées à la réforme restent, sur ce point, fermes: «pas de trêve» pour les fêtes de fin d’année.

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld

UNDERSTANDING RETIREMENT BY POINT

The executive presented a pension reform based on a point system which he called the "universal pension system". Thus the Prime Minister detailed the new pension system by point.

Many schemes work by points, and most French people are affected by this system. Examples:

supplementary retirement for employees in the private sector, for the self-employed, retirement for the liberal professions, etc.

The point therefore becomes the nerve of war. Finished the quarters of contribution, the active will accumulate points from now on during their career. When retiring, this total number of points is converted into a pension.

In certain inactive situations, for example if you are unemployed, on maternity leave or on sick leave, you will still get retirement points.

This is called solidarity within the same generation.

But how much will the point be worth?

Édouard Philippe announced that the social partners will fix the value of the item "under the control of Parliament".

"The law will provide a golden rule so that the value of the point acquired cannot fall", with indexation on wages and not on inflation.

But the value of the point which will determine the amount of pensions is currently unknown, and unions opposed to the reform, such as the CGT and FO, fear that it will serve as a variable for budgetary adjustment.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

AUNG SAN SUU KYI REFUTS THE GENOCIDE

ROHINGYAS

Aung San Suu Kyi, head of the Burmese government, came to the International Criminal Tribunal in The Hague (Netherlands) on Tuesday (December 11th) to represent his country, accused of the Rohingya massacres.

Mandated by the 57 member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, The Gambia said Tuesday that Burma has violated the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, a treaty of international law approved in 1948.

The Burmese leader, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991, faced her accusers, particularly The Gambia, who represented Muslim countries.

"We call on Burma to stop its senseless killings, acts of barbarity and brutality that have shocked and continue to shock," said Gambian Minister of Justice, Abubacarr Tambadou.

Aung San Suu Kyi defended on Wednesday (December 11th) before the International Court of Justice, declaring that The Gambia had drawn up a "misleading and incomplete picture" of the situation of the Rohingya Muslim minority.

"Unfortunately, The Gambia has presented to the Court a misleading and incomplete picture of the situation in Rakhine State," Aung San Suu Kyi said Wednesday during a hearing she is attending to defend her country. She advocated for Burmese politics, recalling that the situation in the western part of the country is the result of centuries-old problems, with the Rohingya minority being a population originating from what is now Bangladesh. This is an "internal armed conflict", according to her.

While the 74-year-old Burmese leader admitted that the military may have used "disproportionate force" in abuses against the Muslim minority, she nevertheless felt that "genocidal intent" could not be "the only assumption" in the situation of the Rohingya Muslim minority.

She asked to refrain from any action that could aggravate the situation. and jeopardize peace and reconciliation. "Please bear in mind this complex situation and the challenge to sovereignty and security in our country when you evaluate the intent of those who have attempted to confront the conflict. rebellion, "she told the ICJ, the highest court in the UN.

Since August 2017, some 740,000 Rohingya have fled to neighboring Buda-dominated Burma to flee the Burmese army's alleged "genocide" by UN investigators.

Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

PENSION REFORM

THE ANNOUNCEMENTS OF EDOUARD PHILIPPE


One day after a new day of protests, the Prime Minister spoke at length on Wednesday at the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (EESC).
From the very first words of his intervention, Édouard Philippe insisted on showing his determination by saying that "the time has come to build a universal system of pensions". "We are proposing a new pact between the generations," he said, promising to "preserve this unwavering bond" which constitutes "the social pact" of our country.

"The system will be the same for all French, without exception, instead of being organized by statute. The time of the universal regime has come, that of the special regimes ends, "he summarized.

He responded to his political opponents by assuring that "the ambition of universality carried by the government is an ambition of social justice. We do not stigmatize anyone (...) There will be no winner, no loser ".

Here are the broad outlines of his intervention :

1 ° French born before 1975 not concerned

Workers born before 1975 will not be affected by the new universal system, the prime minister explained. "Those who enter the job market in 2022 will integrate the new system. The 2004 generation will be the first to integrate the universal pension system from its first job, "he added.

For the others "the transition will be very gradual," he added, assuring that "all the part of career carried out until 2025 will give rise to a retirement calculated on the old rules" and that "only the years worked from of 2025 will be governed by the universal system ".

2 ° The implementation of a point system in a PAYG pension

The Prime Minister has confirmed the implementation of a pension system by points, not by quarters. The social partners to set the value of the point "under the control of Parliament", a value that should not decline since "the law will provide a golden rule that the value of the acquired point can not decline" with "a non indexation not on the prices but on the wages which in our country increase more quickly ", affirmed Edouard Philippe

3 ° The suppression of special diets

The phasing out of the 42 existing pension plans, including the special plans, will take place. "We will end special regimes", but "gradually, without brutality, with respect," said the prime minister.

4 ° A minimum pension at 1000 euros

A minimum pension of 1000 euros net per month for a full career at SMIC will be guaranteed. This minimum pension "will be guaranteed by the law to 85% of the minimum wage and will evolve like this one", added the Prime Minister

. "The universal system will better protect the most fragile French, who are too often forgotten in the system," he pleaded. Good news especially for farmers and women whose pension level is often lower than this amount.

5 ° A legal age at 62 and a pivotal age at 64

The prime minister said that the legal age of departure will be maintained at 62 years while a pivotal age will be introduced at 64 with a "bonus-malus" system. "To reach the age of equilibrium of 64 years in 2027, we will have to set up a system of bonus-malus that will encourage the French to work longer," said the Prime Minister.

Firefighters, gendarmes or the military will retain the benefits of age. They will continue to benefit from the bonuses. For carers, the thresholds will be adapted for the recognition of hardship and devices can be put in place to offer a part-time without loss of salary at the end of career.

6 ° The "rich" put to work by solidarity

"Beyond 120,000 euros annual income, the richest will pay a higher solidarity contribution than today," said Édouard Philippe. These remarks repeat the report of Jean-Paul Delevoye who suggests that these high-income continue to contribute beyond 120,000 euros up to 2.81%.

The draft law on pension reform will be submitted to the Council of Ministers on January 22, 2020 and discussed in Parliament at the end of February, said Edouard Philippe.

"The pension reform bill will be ready by the end of the year, we will submit it to the Council of Ministers on 22 January 2020 and it will be discussed in Parliament at the end of February," said the head of the government.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

"NO MAGICAL ADS" RETIREMENT

The executive is working to prepare the ground for the expected statement by Edouard Philippe on pension reform. Each by distilling his little sentence. Asked about the protests that have been stirring France since Thursday on the sidelines of a summit on the peace process in Ukraine, the head of state reacted Monday evening for the first time since the start of the mobilization.

"I fully reassured Vladimir Putin by telling him that the demonstrations in Paris absolutely did not concern the pension reform carried out in Russia", replied the president ironically to the journalist of the news channel who asked him if the strike against the pension reform worried foreign visitors.

Then he added that "everyone around the table knows what a reform essential to his country is and what it implies to be carried out. It comes under the action of the government and the announcements that will be made tomorrow (Wednesday, note). I did not feel a great concern, I reassure you. ". Emmanuel Macron, despite the social movement, persists and signs.

The Prime Minister, for his part, also spoke, before members of the majority, before his speech on Wednesday. “It is not because I am giving a speech (Wednesday noon) that the demonstrations will stop. This speech will even raise new questions.

And it's normal. There will be questions and there will be debates in the hemicycle on legitimate subjects ”, launched the head of the government at this weekly meeting, which is held behind closed doors. The Prime Minister is also said to have made "no magic announcements" that could "stop the protests" and "questions" from the French on pension reform.

If 76% of French people say they are in favor of a pension reform, 64% do not trust Emmanuel Macron and the government to carry it out, according to an Ifop poll published by Le Journal du dimanche.

In this "battle of opinion", the executive is also criticized from all sides on the method with which he has been carrying out his project for almost two years, marked by a vagueness which has exacerbated the concerns of the French.

"We will have a very strong job of explaining to do," admits the Prime Minister. A job that should have been done upstream ...

A question of method at a time when public speaking is discredited.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

WHAT CONCESSIONS FOR PENSION REFORM ?

The strike against the pension reform continues in public transport.

Thursday, December 5, 2019 at least 800,000 people had demonstrated throughout France so that the unions, perked up, decided to strike again on Tuesday, December 10, 2019 to obtain possible concessions from the executive.

The executive, for its part, leaves the door open to new negotiations. "There is still room for negotiation," said government spokeswoman Sibeth Ndiaye.

Monday, Agnès Buzyn, the Minister of Solidarity and Health, will receive all the social partners, with the High Commissioner for Pensions Jean-Paul Delevoye. Then it will be the turn of the highly anticipated announcements of Edouard Philippe, Wednesday noon, before the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Cese).

Its reform project supposed to be presented in its "entirety", will be scrutinized to the point.

But what concessions could the executive make?

1 ° A renouncement of savings measures

For Emmanuel Macron the future "universal system" supposed to replace the 42 existing regimes will have to be "financially balanced" from the start. However, according to the report published Thursday, November 21 by the Pensions Guidance Council (COR), the current pension system should reach a deficit between 7.9 and 17.2 billion euros in 2025. It is therefore up to the government balance the pension insurance accounts by 2025 by advocating measures to offset this announced deficit. Among the avenues mentioned: extending the duration of contributions or setting up a pivotal retirement age at 63 or 64, with the application of a discount before. So-called “parametric” reforms, which the CFDT leader, Laurent Berger, the only government supporter, categorically refuses.

"If the reform is to be successful, it may be advisable to refer the equilibrium measures to the social partners over a longer period. It is not an emergency, ”explains LREM MP Sacha Houlié at a colleague's house.

2 ° Entry into application of the postponed reform

The Delevoye report proposes an entry into force of the point system from 2025, for the generations born from 1963. But the government has been planning for several weeks to postpone this date of application. On November 27, Édouard Philippe had indicated that people at “10 or 15 years” of retirement could be concerned, therefore born in 1968 or 1973. This would exclude the fiftieth anniversary for whom the reform would not therefore apply

This compromise, between the Delevoye project and the now abandoned idea of ​​the "grandfather clause" (a reform that would only apply to new entrants to the labor market), would seem "the right cursor", according to Edouard Philippe's formula

3 ° The revaluation of teachers' salaries

Faced with the strong mobilization of teachers (51.15% in primary and 42.32% in secondary), the Prime Minister and the Minister of National Education tried to calm the spirits by promising wage increases. Simulators have indeed circulated in recent weeks, posting sharp pension cuts of up to 900 euros per month if the pension calculation took into account the entire career and no longer the last six months before retirement , like today. “The universal pension system is not about lowering teachers' pensions. On the contrary, it is the gradual revaluation of their salary, so that their purchasing power does not drop, "tried to reassure the Prime Minister on Friday. The measure, which should be included in the 2021 budget, would cost between 400 and 500 million euros per year.

For some observers, however, these few concessions would not be enough to ease tensions.

“Macron is at an impasse. If he yields, his electorate from the right will be dissatisfied and he will lose enormously in this part of the opinion that he seeks to conquer. And if it does not yield, the presidential election of 2022 will be a referendum for or against this reform ", according to analysis Jean-Christophe Cambadélis for a colleague.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

PENSION REFORM UNVEILED AT NEXT WEEK

If we believe the Elysée "the architecture of the reform" should be finally unveiled next week and Emmanuel Macron would say "calm" and "determined" despite the social movement organized this Thursday, September 5 2019.

For now, while the strikes and demonstrations against the pension reform began on Thursday, December 5, well inspired would be one who knew the content of the reform.

So far the government has given the impression of sailing on sight at the whim of public opinion.

In a large majority the French, 63%, support a strike that would not even panic the head of state.

"The Head of State is calm and determined to carry out this reform, in listening and consultation",

"He is attentive to the respect of the public order and the inconveniences suffered by the French", according to the presidency.

And continue:

"High Commissioner Jean-Paul Delevoye will conclude consultations with social partners at the beginning of the week and will speak to synthesize these discussions, then the Prime Minister will speak in the middle of next week on the general architecture of the reform, "said the Elysee.

And yet, today and in the following days, the battle of opinion is being played out.

While it is indeed up to Emmanuel Macron and his prime minister to determine the latest arbitrations, they will however depend on the extent of social mobilization in the coming days.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

EMERGENCY PLAN FOR THE PUBLIC HOSPITAL

INSUFFICIENT MEASURES

Thousands of caregivers marched on the streets of the capital on Thursday (14 November) to warn of the rapid deterioration of the situation in the public hospital.

"The situation is even more serious than the one we analyzed," then acknowledged, the same day, Emmanuel Macron during a trip to Epernay (Marne).

A week later, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe and Health Minister Agnès Buzyn presented a large-scale emergency plan for the public hospital, exhausted after years of budget cuts. The first two emergency plans, presented in June and September, failed to end the strike that began in March and now affects more than 260 services.

This time the plan presented is worthy to save the "national treasure" that is the public hospital, in the words of Ms. Buzyn and to try to extinguish the fire before the day of mobilization for pensions December 5th.

The Prime Minister has announced an increase of 300 million euros more by 2020, an additional 1.5 billion over the next three years and also a partial but significant recovery of the debt of hospitals (10 billion out of 30 billion, or a third). The National Health Expenditure Target (Ondam), specifically earmarked for the hospital, will therefore increase to 2.4% from 2.1% initially set.

As for the Minister of Health, she notably announced a premium of 800 euros net for 40,000 nurses and caregivers living in Paris and in the inner suburbs, and earning less than 1,900 euros per month. Agnès Buzyn also announced an annual merit bonus of 300 euros which "will benefit 600,000 health professionals". The commitment bonus in the hospital career will also be upgraded.

But the announcements, if they constitute a first step, do not remain less insufficient for the collective Inter-Emergency which demanded mainly an increase of wages and manpower as well as a stop of the closures of beds.

With less than three weeks of indefinite strike against his pension reform on December 5, which promises to be very followed, the President of the Republic said he had "heard the anger and indignation" of the hospital.

And yet the mobilization is for now still called to continue: the collective Inter-Hospitals had announced a new "national event" on Saturday, November 30; and medical interns are also called to an indefinite strike from December 10 to denounce the "degradation of care".

There is no doubt that the anger, not extinguished today, caregivers also converges with that of the protesters against the pension reform on December 5. An aggregation of dangerous discontent ... for the government.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS THE PRIVATIZATION OF THE FRENCH GAMES

The French state is about to give up one of its family jewels: the French Games. The entry of the FDJ on the Paris stock exchange is indeed set to 21 November 2019. From 7 November, those who wish will be able to subscribe shares of the FDJ .

The FDJ was born in 2009, but it all began in 1933. The state is inspired by the lottery of the broken mouths of 14-18 and creates the National Lottery. Since then, the brand FDJ has entered the heritage and its various games arouse passion for many. It is a successful company with a colossal turnover of 1.8 billion euros in 2018.

This November 7, the state puts the fate of the French games (FDJ) in the hands of investors. He, who until now held 72% of the inheritance company of the National Lottery, created in 1933 to finance the reintegration of the "broken mouths", decided to sell 52% on Euronext.

This privatization was voted in the context of the Pact Act and validated on October 17th by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers.

It should allow the State to collect more than 1 billion euros (the operation could even bring up to 1.9 billion euros) to accelerate the endowments to the fund for innovation.

But at the price of selling off our family jewels however and to tax the gains ...

And do not we also deprive ourselves of "an annual return of 100 million euros for a one shot of a billion.

As denounced by Christian Eckert, former Secretary of State for Budget between 2014 and 2017 ?

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

MORATORIUM ON HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

IN GREAT BRITAIN

The British government announced on Saturday, November 2, 2019, suspending hydraulic fracturing to extract shale gas from the subsoil because of the risk of earthquakes, reversing this unpopular topic at the very beginning of the election campaign. .

A moratorium on hydraulic fracturing

This decision, which comes at the beginning of the election campaign launched by Boris Johnson for early elections on December 12, was taken after the report of an incident last August on a site controlled by the British energy group.

Cuadrilla near Blackpool, in the north of England, where a magnitude 2.9 earthquake shook homes "After reviewing the OGA report (...), it is clear that we do not can not rule out new unacceptable consequences for the local population, "said the Minister responsible for Enterprise and Energy, Andrea Leadsom, in a statement. "For this reason, I concluded that we should introduce a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing in England with immediate effect," she said.


Strong mobilization of environmentalists

The process of hydraulic fracturing, which consists of creating underground cracks and infiltrating a mixture of water, sand and chemicals to extract gas or oil captured in the rock, was denounced by environmentalists. They consider that this technique runs counter to the United Kingdom's commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Several hundred protesters have also been arrested in recent years. years of attempting to disrupt Cuadrilla operations as part of an "anti-fracking" movement.

For less energy dependence

The United Kingdom initially wanted to follow the example of the United States, where the shale industry has experienced a spectacular boom boosting the country's energy independence, thanks to the technique of hydraulic fracturing. Boris Johnson had in the past indicated his support for the industry, which was keen to significantly reduce the country's dependence on imports of natural gas - from Norway and Qatar - used to heat 80% of British homes.

The Conservative government had expected 2016 to open 20 wells by mid-2020. However, to date, only three have been drilled, with no shale gas exploitation having started and without the authorities knowing what quantities could be extracted in the long term. The Preston New Road site is the only hydraulic fracturing project underway in the UK.

The other nations of the United Kingdom - Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland - are opposed to the deployment of this technique .

At the start of an election campaign where the environment will be one of the star topics, Labor chief Jeremy Corbyn called the moratorium "an electoral maneuver to try to win some votes".

If he came to power, he promised on Twitter a "real change", with the definitive ban on this technique, as it has been in France and Germany.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THREE WINNERS FOR THE NOBEL ECONOMY PRIZE

ESTHER DUFLO, ABHIJIT BANERJEE

AND MICHAEL KREMER

The Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded on Monday to Franco-American Esther Duflo and Americans Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer for their work on reducing poverty in the world.

The first two, husband and wife in the civilian sector, are working on poverty and have established their laboratory at MIT in Boston. The Duflo-Banerjee tandem conducts research as close as possible to the field, from India to China to Chile or Mexico. They observe how the poorest people on the planet make their economic decisions.

And this in order to define what would be the best policies to get them out of their condition. They introduced into the discipline the notion of real-world experimentation, thanks to random impact evaluations.

From this meticulous work, the two researchers questioned some ideas about the fight against poverty, such as the usefulness of subsidizing the prices of basic food products, the effectiveness of micro-credit, or the link of causality between the poverty of a country and the famine situation that can be established there. These counter-current analyzes, the duo Duflo-Banerjee developed them in a book, Rethinking Poverty, published in France by Editions du Seuil.

"I am delighted that social innovation is recognized on the same level as technological innovation," said the one who in 2012 was Obama's economic advisor on development.

Michael Kremer, a former MIT graduate at Harvard, published a seminal article in Econometrica in 2004, in which he used a commonplace method of medical research called "randomized controlled trials." RCT), to evaluate the impact of administering a drug to Kenyan children on their school attendance.

The principle of RCT is to evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment by comparing the situation of a sample of "treated" population, called "test population", to that of an untreated population, the so-called "control population". or "control group." Michael Kremer "has demonstrated how powerful this approach can be by using field experiments to test various interventions that can improve educational outcomes in western Kenya," says the Academy.

The winners' work "has introduced a new (experimental) approach to obtain reliable answers on the best way to reduce poverty in the world," Göran Hansson, secretary general of the Royal Academy of Sciences, said in Stockholm. . Their research, along with Michael Kremer's research, has transformed the development economy, says the Swedish institution.

"Despite recent and significant improvements, one of humanity's most pressing challenges is the reduction of poverty in the world, in all its forms," ​​said the academy.

Some 700 million people still live in extreme poverty, according to the World Bank.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

DIESELGATE A NON-STANDARD PROCESS

It is an extraordinary trial for an unprecedented scandal that opens Monday, September 30, 2019 at the Regional Court of Braunschweig (Lower Saxony, northern Germany).

In September 2015, the German group Volkswagen admitted to have equipped 11 million vehicles with fraudulent software to handle their emissions of toxic gases.

Revelations that provoked an avalanche of lawsuits against the builder and its leaders.

The owners of some 450 000 vehicles in Germany, feeling cheated by the manufacturer, then came together in a joint request managed by the consumer association, VZBZ.

The association, the only applicant, accuses Volkswagen of knowingly misled its customers with spyware installed in each of the cars and to skew the numbers during pollution control.

What does Volkswagen risk?

Specifically, judges will have to decide about fifty points, but the main question will be whether Volkswagen has "caused harm" and acted "in an unethical manner."

Even if it proved unfavorable to Volkswagen, the judgment will not lead directly to a refund. Each complainant then assert his rights individually.

For Volkswagen, the diesel scandal "belongs to the history of the group" in the same way as "the ladybug and the Golf", recognizes Ralf Brandstätter, head of the VW brand.

But he assures that the group has "profoundly changed": the manufacturer put 30 billion euros on its new range to "regain the esteem of society."

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

THE SINKING OF VOYAGISTE THOMAS COOK

British tour operator Thomas Cook announced on Monday that it was going bankrupt after failing over the weekend to raise funds for its survival.

A major repatriation

The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) and the government are on the warpath to organize a massive repatriation of some 600,000 tourists worldwide, including 150,000 for Great Britain, twice as many as in the bankruptcy of the United States. British airline Monarch two years ago.

They activated an emergency plan called Operation Matterhorn, named after a US bombing campaign during the Second World War. "Our emergency plan has resulted in the acquisition of aircraft from around the world - some from Malaysia - and we have sent hundreds of people to call centers and airports," said Transportation Minister Grant Shapps .

The oldest independent tour operator in the world

Born in 1841, the world's oldest independent tour operator has 22,000 employees, including 9,000 in the United Kingdom. Thomas Cook manages hotels and resorts, air routes and cruises. It operates in 16 countries and deals with 19 million customers a year.

In 2007, Thomas Cook merged with MyTravel to become one of Europe's largest tour operators, operating in Germany, Scandinavia, Russia and elsewhere.

The heavily indebted tour operator has seen its horizon darken in recent years because of fierce competition from cheap online sites and the geopolitical situation.

An abysmal debt

Thomas Cook had announced an abounding loss of 1.5 billion pounds for the first half, for a turnover of some 10 billion.

His fate was a matter of days: creditors asked him last week to find 200 million pounds (227 million euros) of additional funding for an already accepted rescue plan of 900 million pounds per year. Chinese Fosun, the largest shareholder, is validated. Marathon discussions were held all weekend, but to no avail.

Fosun Tourism Group said it was disappointed by the failure of an agreement between Thomas Cook, its banks and creditors, saying it had been favorable all along. The recapitalization plan was "no longer applicable given the judicial liquidation" of Thomas Cook, said a statement from the Chinese group.

For its part, the British Aviation Authority (CAA) has indicated that the Thomas Cook Group, "tour operator and aviation company at the same time, ceased operations with immediate effect. All Thomas Cook bookings, flights and stays, are now canceled.

London refused to bail out this flagship of the industry. Thomas Cook did not represent a strong strategic interest.

"It's a lot of taxpayers' money and it's a moral hazard," Premier Boris Johnson told reporters on his plane to New York. In one way or another, the state must stop intervening to save bankrupt tour operators....»

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

BAISSE DES IMPOTS DE 9,3 MILLIARDS D'EUROS

POUR LES MENAGES FRANCAIS EN 2020

La pression fiscale qui pèse sur les ménage va baisser, en net, d’un peu plus de 9 milliards d’euros pour les ménages en 2020 après une réduction de 10,2 milliards d’euros cette année.

C’est en le chiffre qui ressort du projet de loi de finances (PLF) dont la présentation est prévue à la fin du mois.

Comment explique-t-on cet allégement de 9,3 milliards pour l'année prochaine ?

Cet allègement fiscal s’explique en partie par les 17 milliards d’euros de mesures annoncées par Emmanuel Macron en réponse à la crise des gilets jaunes.

Dans le détail, la baisse de l'impôt sur le revenu de 5 milliards d'euros pour les classes moyennes, décidée au terme du Grand Débat, pèse lourd dans ce décompte.

A cela s'ajoutent la suppression de la taxe d'habitation pour 80 % des Français, soit 3,7 milliards d'euros en 2020, et la défiscalisation des heures supplémentaires qui devrait réduire la facture fiscale de 800 millions d'euros l'an prochain.

À l’inverse, certaines taxes vont augmenter . Ainsi, la hausse de la fiscalité pesant sur le tabac devrait rapporter 500 millions d’euros à l’État.

Par ailleurs, les mesures de restriction du CITE (crédit d’impôt pour la transition énergétique) généreront quelque 100 millions d’euros de recettes.

Les baisses d’impôts promises confirment le virage emprunté par le gouvernement après la crise des gilets jaunes alors que la pression fiscale n’avait diminué que de 1,1 milliard d’euros en 2018.

Cette nouvelle réduction d’impôts porte à 20,6 milliards d’euros la baisse des prélèvements obligatoires depuis le début du quinquennat.

Sur le quinquennat, le gouvernement a promis une baisse de 27 milliards.


Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CONCESSION FRANCAISE SUR LA TAXE GAFA

FACE AUX ETATS-UNIS

Au G7, la France s'est dépêchée d’apaiser la colère des Etats-Unis sur la taxation du numérique face aux menaces brandies par Donald Trump.

Et si victoire politique il y a, elle revient surtout à Donald Trump : les États-Unis ont en effet obtenu de la France une concession sur la taxe Gafa, sans renoncer officiellement à surtaxer le vin français à l'export, ce qui était pourtant l'objectif d'Emmanuel Macron.

Paris propose en effet de rembourser aux entreprises la différence entre sa taxation du numérique et la future imposition internationale de l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE).

L'OCDE travaille depuis 2011 sur une réforme de la fiscalité internationale pour stopper la réduction de l'assiette fiscale des États, incapables, en raison de la territorialité et de l'optimisation fiscale, de taxer efficacement les activités numériques des entreprises.Au G20 Finances de Fukuoka (Japon), début juin, l'OCDE a obtenu l'engagement des principales économies mondiales de se mettre d'accord sur une seule piste commune d'ici au prochain G20 Finances prévu à Washington, en octobre, avec l'objectif de parvenir à un accord mondial en 2020.

Or votée à Paris le 11 juillet 2019, la taxe de la France, faisant cavalier seul en attendant les résultats de l'OCDE , dite « taxe GAFA », est accusée par Washington de « discriminer » les géants américains du numérique que sont Google, Amazon, Apple et Facebook et l'Amérique a brandi la menace de mesure de rétorsion, notamment en taxant davantage encore le vin français à l'export.

Aussi dimanche 25 août a été élaborée une solution de compromis, lors d’une réunion à Biarritz entre le ministre français de l’économie, Bruno Le Maire, son homologue américain, Steven Mnuchin, et le conseiller économique de Donald Trump, Larry Kudlow.

« Tout ce qui aura été versé en excédent à la France par rapport à la solution internationale viendra en déduction pour les entreprises ».

M.Trump et M. Macron sont tombés d'accord sur cet arrangement commun.

Mais Paris s’était déjà engagé de longue date à démanteler sa taxe « imparfaite », qui porte notamment sur la publicité ciblée en ligne, la vente de données à des fins publicitaires et la mise en relation des internautes par les plates-formes, dès qu’une solution multilatérale sera trouvée.

En acceptant de rembourser éventuellement les Gafa en cas de trop-perçu, Emmanuel Macron espérait ainsi pousser Donald Trump à lever ses menaces de surtaxer le vin français à l'export en représailles de l'initiative française. Mais le président américain ne lui a pas fait ce cadeau.

Interrogé sur le sujet, Donald Trump s'est contenté de plaisanter sur le goût de son épouse pour le vin français !!

La proposition adoptée dimanche n'est donc qu'une concession de Paris afin d’éviter des représailles commerciales de la part des Etats-Unis.

Simon Freeman pour DayNewsWorld

THE GAFA TAX OR THE THREAT OF DONALD TRUMP

"FACING THE STUPIDITY OF MACRON"

The Trump administration is responding to the French GAFA tax.

America reacts with one voice. Republicans and Democrats are united against a measure of "racketeering" on the part of France, this is what we can hear from all sides in the ruling class and politics in the US! Taxation of GAFA by France: Trump do not go four ways. He threatens to replicate "the stupidity of Macron." US President Donald Trump has directly attacked his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron on Twitter, following his will to tax the GAFA, these American giants of tech (Google - Amazon - Facebook - Apple). He states that "if someone were to tax them, it would be their country of origin, that is to say the USA".

On the social network, Donald Trump also announces a "substantial reciprocal action against the stupidity of Macron", apparently by attacking French wines, in a thinly veiled threat: "I've always said that American wine is better than French, "he concludes in his tweet.

Donald J. Trump

@realDonaldTrump

France just put a digital tax on our great American technology companies. If anybody taxes them, it should be their home Country, the USA. We will announce a substantial reciprocal action on Macron's foolishness shortly. I've always said American wine is better than French wine!

The White House's chief economic advisor, Larry Kudlow, also spoke on the issue. He said Friday that the French tax on the digital giants (Gafa) was "a very, very big mistake." "We are not happy that France has gone ahead with this kind of tax on digital Said Mr. Kudlow.

He added that hearings would be held in August as part of the investigation launched by the Trade Representative (USTR) against this French initiative. President Donald Trump will then decide whether to "retaliate," Kudlow told CNBC.

The so-called Gafa tax, acronym for digital giants Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple, creates a taxation of large companies in the sector not on earnings, often consolidated in countries with very low taxation like Ireland, but on turnover, pending harmonization of rules at the OECD level.

Robert Lighthizer the US representative for trade, had already announced Wednesday, July 10, 2019, the opening of an investigation against France in retaliation for the so-called GAFA tax (for Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon), which must levy 3 % of revenues generated in France by some operators offering digital services

The United Kingdom had already measured how difficult it would be to negotiate any Donald Trump free trade agreement with the United States after Brexit.

Emmanuel Macron French President and his Minister of Economy and Finance, Bruno Le Maire, will experience the difficulty of attacking Washington alone.

Paris puts forward its sovereignty, but the GAFA tax in the French seems to be mainly a desperate maneuver to bring revenue into the coffers of a country that does not seem to understand that too much taxation kills taxation and that measures of economy must be part of the reflections that the French state must impose!

The French Minister of Economy, Bruno Le Maire, reacted Thursday, July 11, 2019 by saying that allied countries had to settle their "differences other than by threat" and added to the Senate that "France is a sovereign state, it decides sovereignty of its tax provisions, and will continue to make sovereign decisions on its tax decisions ".

The GAFA tax is structured as follows:

The companies concerned must achieve 750 million euros in sales, including 25 million euros in France.

The tax affects about thirty companies, including GAFA, but also European and Chinese companies and only one French, Criteo.

The law is retroactive and it can lead to double taxation is intolerable and contrary to any tax ethics in a democracy that respects !!

Unanimous senators as a whole (Republicans as Democrats) and members of the administration of our President Donald Trump urge France to go back with the introduction of this tax failing which the response of the United States and retaliation are going to be terrible and will hurt a lot !!!

Simon Freeman for DayNewsWorld

RATIFICATION OF CETA OR THE CONTROVERSE AGREEMENT

The draft law on the ratification of Ceta is voted today in France. Since its provisional application in 2017, this free trade agreement has focused criticism. It has just been ratified by parliament.

Due to the protests of the opposition, the vote on the draft law of ratification of Ceta has been rejected by the deputies of the National Assembly and was the subject of a public ballot, Tuesday, July 23.

The points of tension concern in particular the health, agricultural and environmental risks.

Free Trade Agreement Between Canada and the European Union

This is a free trade agreement between Canada and the European Union. Negotiated since 2009, the text was signed in 2016 by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and European Council President Donald Tusk. The Ceta (for Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement) is applied temporarily since 2017, only on its commercial aspect. Its full implementation requires the ratification of all States.

The so-called "new generation" CETA, which is a comprehensive economic and trade agreement (CETA), thus greatly reduces tariff and non-tariff barriers, but also addresses many aspects related to the export of goods. goods and services and the creation of a stable and favorable investment framework for European and Canadian companies.

Why Canada?

Canada is a major trading partner of the EU at the 12th rank of the EU's trade relations, while the EU is Canada's second largest trading partner after the United States. The volume of goods exchanges between the two partners amounts to nearly 60 billion euros per year. The EU mainly exports machinery, transport equipment and chemicals to Canada. Commercial services accounted for almost 26 billion euros (in 2012), mainly transport, travel and insurance services.

In addition, Canada and the EU have a close investment relationship, with Canada being the fourth largest foreign investor in the EU with more than 142 billion euros (in 2012) while the EU is the second largest investor in Canada with nearly 260 billion euros (in 2012).

Faced with a growing protectionism?

"In these times of uncertainty, with increasing protectionism around the world, Ceta underlines our strong commitment to sustainable trade," said EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmström after the vote on the agreement to the European Parliament. "Nothing in this agreement" will affect "the safety of the food we eat or the products we buy, nor will it lead to the privatization of public services," she argued.

The main objective is to lower trade barriers. Specifically, tariffs will be removed on 98% of goods traded. The agreement also plans to expand certain services to competition and to strengthen regulatory cooperation between the two zones. Another important point is the recognition by Canada of 145 protected geographical indications (PDIs), 42 of which are French. Mostly cheeses.

CETA critics

Since its implementation, Ceta has focused criticism. Yesterday, Nicolas Hulot did not he asked the deputies not to ratify an agreement which would reinforce "one of the worst students of the G20" in environmental matter?

Doubts about a "lowering of sanitary standards" were also expressed. Unlike the European Union, Canada allows the breeding of beef fed with antibiotics or animal meal.

In early July, a few days before the vote, the debate crystallized on animal meal, banned in Europe after they caused the crisis of "mad cow" or bovine spongiform encephalopathy.

A hole in the legislation actually allows Canadian ranchers to feed their oxen with flours made from what remains of their fellow slaughtered animals - the blood, the hair, the fat - and at the slaughterhouses. send to the European soil without the consumer being informed. The Canadian authorities also acknowledged on July 19 to Agra Presse that, "despite a prohibition in principle of ruminant feed based on ruminant flours, Canadian legislation allows the use of certain proteins, such as blood meal and gelatin ".

Finally, the arbitration tribunals provided for in the agreement remain highly controversial. These allow a private company to attack a state, if it feels aggrieved by regulations too vigorous.

For the opponents of Ceta this agreement is anti-democratic, too favorable to the multinationals, dangerous for the European agriculture and light on the environment. For now, the government has tried to provide a guarantee by negotiating a "climate veto".

Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, Secretary of State to the Minister of Europe, welcomes a "6.5% increase in French exports" in Canada, between 2017 and 2018. Peaks of 10% have been achieved, especially for cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. In contrast, Canada's exports to the EU fell by 3% and as much as 9% to France.

In a study, the Center for Prospective Studies and International Information relativizes the economic impact of Ceta. It calculates the variations due to the treaty at 0.5% for most sectors in France. The other effects, especially on greenhouse gas emissions, are still unclear.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

WHY CONFORAMA'S TERMINATION PLAN IS A SCANDAL

It was on their arrival that Conforama's employees learned of the closure of 32 stores in France and the abolition of 1,900 jobs (1/5 of the French workforce).

To these job cuts, we must add the 100 provided in the Stores Deposits.

The employees of Conforma are stunned.

However, at the beginning of March 2019 Conforama's unions had expressed their concerns about the future of the brand.

In January 2018, the group sold 17% of its stake in Showroom to Carrefour. Private, n ° 2 of destocking online, thus collecting 78.5M euros.

Since the beginning of 2018, Conforama has had an ad hoc mandate from a judicial administrator, after posting historical losses in 2017.

But how did Conforama get there?

Small history:

Conforama was born in 1967 in the outbuildings of an old farm in the suburbs of Lyon, thanks to the meeting of a furniture retailer in the North with a Bordeaux furniture manufacturer and researchers of computer savvy discount formulas.

Since the sign passed into the hands of the Agache Willot Group, Bernard Arnault, François Pinault Printemps La Redoute which in 2011 sold it to Steinhoff International for the sum of 1.2 billion euros.

The Steinhoff Group is based in South Africa where it has been headquartered since 1997.

It is by Markus Jooste that the scandal has arrived in recent months, a scandal of which he is in fact held for the direct manager following accounting frauds and embezzlements estimated at 6.5 billion euros by the audit firm Pricewaterhouse -Cojers (PwC) after an audit.

Judicial proceedings have been initiated by the Steinhoff Group which is seeking to recover $ 59 million of undue remuneration paid to its former General Manager, Markus Jooste.

Steinhoff, portrait of a silent group or the discreet owner of Conforama!

Even though Markus Jooste, who resigned at the end of 2017, is the subject of open court proceedings, the impenetrable methods of the Steinhoff Group, a heavyweight in furniture (the second largest group after IKEA) have remained the same since the beginning. "It's a quiet group, not show off for two cents," says Yves Marin, a distribution specialist at Kurt Salmon.

"They are makers and not speakers," he adds, unlike an IKEA. The evidence, no one yet knows why, the group, initially established in Lower Saxony decided to install its headquarters in South Africa.

We only know that Bruno Steinhoff, its founder, non-executive director of the Group since 2008 arrived in South Africa in 1997 after taking a 35% stake in the GommaGomma Group. Gomagomma has retained the name of the German group (Steinhoff) and Markus Jooste will take over the executive functions that he will retain until 2017, well beyond (after 2008) the withdrawal of Bruno Steinhoff.

Although the furniture market has become detestable year after year, the Steinhoff Group is showing a binge of purchases in Europe and the United States, purchases not always successful from 2011 to 2017.

Between bulimia and embezzlement we understand better why the Group Steinhoff and the French brand Conforama Group, purchased in 2011 today faces serious financial difficulties.

What we understand less, that is why in December 2017, the ECB (European Central Bank which Christine Lagarde should take the direction at the end of October 2019) has benefited "in loosdé" the Group Steinhoff of a colossal aid, via the Central Bank of Finland (the country is part of the EU and is in the euro zone) representing around 900,000 shares listed on the stock exchange at 0 (or very close to zero). The stock today is worth between 0.60 and 0.80 euro!

The operation, which was not denounced by any MEP, scandalized several bodies of the Financial Press including our excellent colleague Pierre Jovanovic. (See his press review at the end of December 2017).

Asked on the subject, Mario Draghi, (President of the ECB and former Goldman Sachs) justified the operation by indicating that it launched it to boost inflation and growth. Given the evolution of the stock market value of Steinhoff, the desired goal (?) Was missed.

As a result, the ECB recorded serious financial losses on this transaction.

The Steinhoff case has been coughed internally by the ECB and by its detractors who have never accepted that risks related to private companies are transferred to the public (the ECB is financed with the money of the people). The second question, and not the least one that has been asked and which has remained asked, is why the ECB has invested in a private interest transaction ... of South African origin! Is South Africa in Europe ???

A few months later the ECB sold out the Steinhoff file; but the question that remains always and still asked is why such a financial commitment when in December 2017, Steinhoff had a operating deficit of $ 4 billion.

What are the links between this unfortunate decision and the fact that Rothschild Bank has been dealing for many months with Steinhoff's recovery?

Finally, to finish, one will recall this maxim of Honoré de Balzac: "There are two stories:" the official history and the secret history where are the real causes of the events ".

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

LADY DIANA ACTRESS IN BODYGUARD

FROM KEVIN COSTNER

Kevin Costner does not stop confiding on the 1992 movie Bodyguard.

In 2012, Kevin Costner made a startling revelation during a stint in Anderson Cooper's talk show: just before his tragic death in 1997, Lady Diana had given her consent to play in the sequel to "Bodyguard" .

"I assured her that I would take care of her as I had taken care of Whitney Houston in the first movie. (...)

She wanted me to write a tailor-made role for her, "he said at the time.

It is again on this film that the 64-year-old actor gave People magazine another surprising information.

In an interview given on June 28th at People TV, Kevin Costner, the Oscar winner for Danse avec les loups (1990), reveals that it was thanks to one person that he was able to talk to the Princess of Wales:

Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York and sister-in-law of Lady Diana.

"Sarah was really important. I always respect Sarah, because she was really important. I always respect Sarah, because she's the one who organized the conversation between Diana and me, "says Kevin Costner.

"She was so supportive of this idea," he continues. The comedian reports that the mother of Prince William and Prince Harry had, however, expressed some concerns about the role.

"I just remember that she was incredibly sweet on the phone and she asked the following question, in a very respectful voice: 'Are we going to have a kisses scene?' She was nervous because her life was very regent. "

"She asked for it very respectfully. She was nervous because her life was very controlled.

And I said, "Yes, there will be a few love scenes, but we can make sure everything goes well," he concluded.

At that time, Lady Diana was already divorced from Prince Charles but her life was still very regent.

The project of the sequel to Bodyguard will never see the light of day. He was well advanced since Kevin Costner said he received the "Bodyguard 2" script the day before Diana's death in August 1997.

Only one day before the death of Princess Diana in Paris, in a terrible car accident.

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ACCORD COMMERCIAL ENTRE L'UNION EUROPEENNE ET LE MERCOSUR CONTESTE

Un marché intégré de 780 millions de citoyens-consommateurs est né entre l’Europe et le Brésil, l’Argentine, l’Uruguay et le Paraguay. Il s'agit de l’accord de libre-échange conclu quelques instants plus tôt, entre l’Union européenne (UE) et le Mercosur (Brésil, Argentine, Uruguay, Paraguay), qualifié par Cecilia Malmström, la commissaire européenne au commerce, d' « historique ».

« Je mesure mes paroles avec soin car c'est un accord réellement historique », a réagi le président de la Commission européenne, Jean-Claude Juncker, depuis le Japon où il participait au sommet du G20.

La conclusion de ce pacte envoie « un réel message en soutien à un commerce ouvert, équitable, durable », a-t-il insisté. « Cela montre que dans ces temps turbulents (...), des compromis peuvent être trouvés. »

Des échanges commerciaux gagnants-gagnants

Le texte conclu vendredi 29 juin doit permettre d’accroître considérablement les échanges commerciaux avec l’Amérique du Sud, en supprimant plus de 90 % des taxes que s’imposaient les deux continents. Il contient aussi des garanties pour contrer ses potentiels effets négatifs

Le traité de libre-échange prévoit « des baisses de tarifs douaniers de 4 milliards d’euros annuels rien que pour les Européens, soit des baisses quatre fois plus importantes que celles permises par l’accord conclu entre l’UE et le Japon [en 2017] », a précisé Mme Malmström.

L’accord éliminera à terme 91 % des droits de douane imposés par le Mercosur aux produits européens, ce que la Commission évalue en valeur à 4 milliards d’euros. A l’inverse, l’UE supprimera de son côté 92 % des taxes actuellement appliquées aux biens sud-américains qui arrivent sur son sol.

Les taxes aux importations de voitures (35 %), pièces détachées (de 14 % à 18 %), produits chimiques (jusqu’à 18 %), de vins (27 %) ou de spiritueux (de 20 % à 35 %) devraient disparaître. Fromages et aux produits laitiers de l’UE : ils bénéficieront, selon le commissaire européen à l’agriculture, Phil Hogan, de « larges quotas » sans taxes...

Pas moins de 357 indications géographiques, un record, devraient par ailleurs être reconnues et protégées par les partenaires sud-américains, du speck tyrolien au comté français en passant par le prosciutto di Parma (contre143 seulement dans le cas du CETA, l’accord de libre-échange avec le Canada).

A l’inverse, l’UE ouvre son marché aux produits agricoles sud-américains – sa concession la plus lourde – par le biais de quotas : 99 000 tonnes de bœuf par an à taux préférentiel (7,5 %), un quota supplémentaire de 180 000 tonnes pour le sucre et un autre de 100 000 tonnes pour les volailles. Au premier semestre 2019, selon Eurostat, l’UE a produit 13,7 millions de tonnes de bœuf.

Les pays du Mercosur ouvriront pour la première fois leurs marchés publics aux entreprises européennes ; une avancée décisive pour l’UE.

Des inquiétudes de la part des agriculteurs et des ONG

Le PIB de l'UE et du Mercosur représente un quart de celui de la planète, soit 18 000 milliards d'euros. L'accord, un des plus vastes jamais conclus par les 28, suscite cependant la profonde inquiétude des agriculteurs européens, qui craignent une concurrence jugée déloyale, ainsi que des ONG, préoccupées par ses conséquences pour le climat.

Le compromis comporte « certains défis pour les agriculteurs européens et la Commission européenne sera à leur disposition pour les aider », a concédé le commissaire à l'Agriculture, Phil Hogan. Il leur promet « une aide financière » jusqu'à un milliard d'euros « en cas de perturbation du marché » .« Pour que cet accord soit gagnant-gagnant, nous ne nous ouvrirons aux produits agricoles du Mercosur qu' avec des quotas soigneusement gérés qui garantiront qu'aucun produit ne risque d'inonder le marché européen », a-t-il insisté

Les négociations ont aussi été attaquées dans une lettre ouverte par 340 ONG européennes et sud-américaines, dont Greenpeace et Friends of the Earth, sur deux autres fronts : l'environnement et les droits de l'Homme.

Ces organisations, déjà opposées pour certaines aux précédentes négociations commerciales de l'UE avec les États-Unis ou le Canada, condamnent « la détérioration des droits humains et de la situation écologique au Brésil » depuis l'investiture en janvier du président Jair Bolsonaro.

Bruxelles met en avant que l'accord inclut un chapitre sur le développement durable, qui couvre « la conservation des forêts, le respect des droits des travailleurs et la promotion d'un comportement responsable des affaires ».Il fait explicitement référence à l’accord de Paris sur le climat.

« Les normes de sécurité alimentaire de l'UE resteront inchangées et toutes les importations devront être conformes » à ces règles, comme c'est déjà le cas actuellement, ajoute aussi la Commission.

Toujours selon la Commission, ce chapitre « comportera des règles claires et rigoureuses, ainsi qu’un mécanisme d’évaluation indépendante et impartiale de ces questions par un groupe d’experts »., qui n’est pas détaillé.

Des difficultés pourraient encore émerger du processus de ratification par chacun des États de l'UE ainsi que par le Parlement européen.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld

HOW TO DELAY THE EXPLOSIVE

PENSION REFORM IN FRANCE

The government seems to want to play the game in terms of pension reform.

Building on the potential for future savings on old-age insurance, in the context of the vote on the next Social Security budget bill, the government is no longer in such a hurry to pass this law on pension reform. A law that aims to align all pension systems on top of each other, in a point system in which "every euro contributed opens the way to the same rights".

Having concluded the consultation with the social partners, the High Commissioner for pension reform Jean-Paul Delevoye has to return his copy until July 12.

But the executive could change the calendar by shifting from September to December the presentation of the reform cabinet ministers, according to news reports. And the law would then be voted after the municipal elections in March 2020.

It is because the reform is an explosive subject the government would already prefer to deal with the issue of "working more" first. No doubt: the French no longer have the choice to work longer to finance including the pension system, the decline of 5 billion euros in income tax, and dependence. Hence the idea of ​​introducing a "pivotal age" at age 64 with a dissuasive haircut that currently amounts to 5% per year. A way to get cash back into cash quickly without waiting for 2025.

Emmanuel Macron during his speech after great debate and Édouard Philippe before the National Assembly had warned.

On the other hand, the single bill considered by the high commission a year ago could be abandoned in favor of a framework law, that is to say a text simply laying down the main principles, calling for other laws, ordinances, decrees, etc.

One way to delay the deadline ...

The universalization of pension plans may not be for tomorrow.......



Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

BORIS JOHNSON WILL NOT PAY FOR BREXIT

Considered the favorite to succeed Theresa May, Boris Johnson warned Saturday that if he became Prime Minister, he would refuse the UK to pay the Brexit bill until the European Union agreed to better terms and conditions. withdrawal. Fervent defender of a hard Brexit he promises to ensure that the country leaves the Union no later than October 31, whether an agreement was found or not.

The survival of the conservative party depends on it, he says. In addition, Boris Johnson warns Brussels, saying it would refuse that the United Kingdom pays the Brexit bill until the European Union accepts better conditions of withdrawal.

"Our friends and partners need to understand that the money will be kept until we have more clarity on the way to go," said this "Brexit" supporter in a Sunday Times interview. In total, the amount of the bill has not yet been precisely established, but it should amount to "39 billion pounds," according to Johnson, between 40 and 45 billion euros.

"In a good deal, the money is an excellent solvent and a very good lubricant," said the one who was in charge of Foreign Affairs, on the occasion of his first speech since the resignation of Ms. May Friday of the head from the Conservative Party.

The agreement between London and Brussels, rejected by the British Parliament, provides for the settlement of commitments made by the United Kingdom under the current multiannual budget (2014-2020), which also covers the transitional period provided for by the agreement. The text does not give figures for the invoice, but a method of calculation.

Great Brexit craftsman

Theresa May remains head of government by the end of July, until the party appoints its new leader, who will immediately become prime minister. Johnson is seen as the favorite among the ten or so candidates.

"Bojo" (54) was one of the great architects of the Brexit victory in the June 2016 referendum. He wants the UK to leave the EU on October 31, renegotiated or not. Appreciated by the base of his party, the former mayor of London raises, however, more contrasted reactions among Tory deputies.

On June 7, the British court rejected the prosecution of Boris Johnson for lying during the Brexit referendum campaign. Boris Johnson was accused of knowingly lying when he was mayor of London, saying that the UK was paying 350 million pounds a week in Brussels.

Fervent defender of a hard line on the Brexit, the former mayor of London also promises to lead the country with an "elite team".

"I really feel like I'm the best equipped candidate, not only to organize the Brexit," but also to give color to the Conservative party, he adds.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

SUCCESSFUL TRUMP ARM WRESTLING

WITH MEXICO AGAINST CLANDESTINE IMMIGRATION

USA President Donald Trump threatened to apply a 5% tariff on all Mexican goods as early as Monday if his neighbor to the South did not commit to adequate measures against illegal immigration.

According to the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP), more than 144,200 migrants were arrested or turned back in May on the southern border of the United States. An increase of 32% compared to the previous month and 178% compared to May 2018, and a record over the last thirteen years. The majority of these migrants are from the Central American "North Triangle" (Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador)

After several days of negotiations and ten hours of intense discussions Friday on the issue of migration with its southern neighbor, the United States finally reached an agreement with Mexico

Mexico will step up control at its borders to limit illegal immigration, primarily to the southern border of the country, with Guatemala. What raise the threat of tariffs on Mexican products brandished by the US President.

The United States and Mexico snatched an immigration deal on Friday night in Washington, after several days of tough negotiations, lifting the threat of tariffs on Mexican products brandished by Donald Trump and potentially damaging to their savings.

"The United States has reached an agreement with Mexico. The tariffs scheduled to be applied Monday by the United States, against Mexico, are therefore suspended indefinitely, "wrote Trump on Twitter.

He added that Mexico will take "strong measures to stem the flow of migration" through his country to the southern border of the United States where police and customs are overwhelmed by the number of arrivals.

"This will greatly reduce, or eliminate, illegal immigration from Mexico to the United States," he said.

National Guard deployed on the southern border

The United States was of the view that Mexico was not doing enough to control its border with Guatemala, south of its territory, allowing networks to migrate to the United States on its soil. These are mainly from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador and are only passing through Mexican soil.

"The deployment of its National Guard across Mexico, primarily to its southern border," is among the measures of the agreement, said the statement.

The figure of 6000 men was announced Thursday by Mexico after extensive discussions at the US State Department between the delegations of both countries.

Waiting for asylum from Mexico

Mexico should also have access to another US request. All migrants coming to seek asylum in the United States will be returned to Mexico until they are processed by US courts.

While leaving the State Department in Washington on Friday night, Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard called the deal "fair balance," noting that the US "had more drastic demands at the outset" . "Thanks to the support of all Mexicans, the imposition of customs duties on Mexican products exported to the United States could be avoided," welcomed Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador on Twitter.

The use of the commercial weapon in this case had worried the business community, as the economic relations are close between the two countries.

According to the Chamber of Commerce, the 5% tax would have cost American consumers more than $ 17 billion a year; 87 billion if the customs bill climbed to 25%.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SINO-AMERICAN COMMERCIAL WAR OR THE EMERGENCY STATE ON THE TECH

Donald Trump on Wednesday (May 15th) signed a decree banning US telecommunications companies from using foreign material, targeting, without naming them, China and Huawei, which the US president accuses of espionage.

"Economic and industrial espionage"

In full trade tensions with Beijing, the US president has declared a "national emergency" to take this decree. Although not explicitly named in the decree, the White House targets China and Huawei in particular, thus avoiding "foreign opponents increasingly exploiting vulnerabilities in information technology services and infrastructures". communication in the United States ".

The text thus makes it possible to take measures described as "national emergency" against "malicious acts favored by the Internet, including economic and industrial espionage".

Huawei denounces illegitimate measure

The Chinese group has strongly retorted immediately denouncing "unreasonable restrictions [that] will infringe on Huawei's rights". Adding that to prevent the trade of its devices on US territory "will not make the United States safer or stronger" thus reducing the country to "substandard and still more expensive alternatives, leaving the United States lagging behind for the deployment of the 5G ". Huawei qualifies as "the unrivaled leader of the 5G", whose deployment on the US territory was totally written off by this agreement.

This is one of the most severe measures taken by the Trump government against the rapidly expanding Chinese technology sector, particularly in emerging markets in Africa, Latin America and Asia.

An essentially symbolic decree

For the world leader in telecom equipment, the impact of this decree is however more symbolic than economic. Huawei, whose turnover reached 93.5 billion euros in 2018, makes most of its sales in Asia and Europe. The American continent accounts for only 6.6% of its annual result.

But the Chinese giant, who intends to race in the lead on the 5G, has faced since November 2018 a wave of global suspicion on the security of its telecom equipment.

Its president, Liang Hua, also defended again Tuesday, May 16 against the espionage charges during a trip to London and, said he was ready to sign "non-espionage" agreements with governments.

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld

MEASURES ANNOUNCED BY EMMANUEL MACRON ARE NOT AT THE HEIGHT OF THE APPLICATIONS

YELLOW VEST


At a press conference, an unprecedented exercise since his election in 2017, in front of some 320 journalists, the head of state on Thursday hailed the "just claims to the origin" of the "unprecedented movement" of the yellow vests that has deeply upset the five-year since November 17 last.

But from the preliminary stage he warned that he had not made a mistake, thinking "very deeply that the orientations taken during these first two years, in many respects, have been correct". "The ongoing transformations and transformations needed in our country must not be stopped, because they respond profoundly to the aspiration of our fellow citizens," he insisted. He will not change the course of his policy.

The head of state was eagerly awaited by the "yellow vests" on the fiscal, social, and legislative side.

By his announcements of Emmanuel Macron he answered Thursday night the main claims carried by the "yellow vests"?

A drop in taxes but no recovery of the ISF

Emmanuel Macron proposed to reduce "significantly" the income tax, to respond to fiscal injustice at the heart of the mobilization of "yellow vests". This tax cut of around 5 billion will be financed not only by the elimination of some tax loopholes for companies but also by the need to work more and reductions in public spending. This tax cut should affect the first two tranches. Government to "define the quantum".

On the other hand, he voted against the reinstatement of the wealth tax (ISF), one of the main demands of the "yellow vests", presenting his decision to suppress this tax as a "reform to produce, not a reform for the more fortunate ". However, he stressed that the impact of this deletion would be "evaluated in 2020", with a view to possible corrections.

No citizens' initiative referendum, but a softer RIP

Emmanuel Macron dismissed one of the main demands of the "yellow vests" which demanded more direct democracy with the RIC. He believes that the RIC, as proposed, seems to "challenge participatory democracy", adding not to believe "in the Republic of the permanent referendum". However, he is in favor of "more room for referendum in our democracy". Thus, the head of state said he wanted to "go further on the referendum of shared initiative" by proposing to reduce to 1 million the number of signatures necessary to seize the Parliament. This measure would figure in the constitutional reform that the head of state wants to see return to Parliament "in the summer". Currently, the referendum of shared initiative, in force since 2015, requires the support of 20% of parliamentarians and 10% of the electorate, that is to say nearly 4.5 million signatures.

The introduction of a proportional dose

To avoid a crisis of representation in the assemblies the head of state said Thursday "favorable" to the introduction of a dose of 20% proportional to the National Assembly (against 15% so far ).

The president also mentioned a decrease in the number of parliamentarians (577 deputies and 348 senators currently), which would be of the order of 25% to 30%, as well as a limitation of mandates in time.

No recognition of the white vote, no compulsory voting.

If in a televised speech on December 16, 2018, the head of state had said he was ready to open the debate on the taking into account of the white vote, he finally dismissed this possibility arguing that the vote was not to make any decision. "White, that does not decide. It is too easy, it is the aggregation of rejections, "he said. He also swept the possibility of a "compulsory vote", that one does not "respond to a democratic crisis by the constraint".

Retreats reindexed

The President of the Republic announced that pensions of less than 2,000 euros will be reindexed on inflation from 1 January 2020, expected measure, but also that no pension will increase less quickly than prices from 2021 .

Emmanuel Macron also wished that the "minimum retirement" for a full career be increased to 1 000 euros, an amount according to him "significantly higher" to the minimum old age that he promised to raise to 900 euros, an amount according to him " significantly higher than the minimum age he has promised to raise to 900 euros next year.

He also added that he did not intend to go back on the legal retirement age, preferring the track leading to the extension of the contribution period.

Emmanuel Macron wanted the family allowance funds (CAF) to have the "prerogative to collect family support" and thus help single-parent families.

"These famous single-parent families are often these mothers living alone," said the President of the Republic, saying that "we can not rely on mothers incivility of their former spouses."

A "new act of decentralization" within a year

The president announced "a new act of decentralization" in the territories, which will culminate in "the first quarter of 2020". This new decentralization must be "adapted to each territory" and bring "on the politics of everyday life" as "housing, transport, ecological transition to guarantee decisions taken closer to the field," he said. added.

At the same time, Edouard Philippe will present in May "a profound reform of the administration" intended to deploy "more officials on the ground". The head of state also announced the creation in each canton by the end of the five-year period of a "place where we can find a solution to the problems", called "France services".

To do this, the president will certainly abandon the goal of 120,000 cuts in public service posts that he has set if the government deems it necessary.

If Emmanuel Macron does not exclude the reorganization of the public services he wished "not to have by the end of the five-year period new closures, no hospitals, no schools without the mayor's approval".

An "ecological defense council"

Emmanuel Macron wanted to set up an "ecological defense council" that will bring together the dedicated ministers to make the "strategic choices" imposed by the climate emergency.

Mostly, the "yellow vests" were particularly disappointed by what they call the "measures" of the President of the Republic. Some believe that he has only "congratulate" others think that his speech was "only theater".

In response, the figures of the movement call to take the street.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

NON A LA TAXE GAFA !!!

Alors que les géants du numérique sont en moyenne deux fois moins imposés que les entreprises traditionnelles en Europe, les Etats européens ont échoué à s'entendre sur la création d'une taxe commune sur leurs chiffres d'affaires. Par suite, plusieurs pays dont la France mettent en place leur propre « axe GAFA » en ordre dispersé.

La taxe a cette semaine été votée en France en première lecture à l'Assemblée Nationale. Elle concerne les activités numériques qui « créent de la valeur grâce aux internautes français ». Elle repose aussi sur « la notion de “travail gratuit” des utilisateurs ».

Et au ministre français de l'Économie et des Finances, Bruno Le Maire, de le confirmer: l 'Hexagone commencera à prélever la taxe sur les Gafa à compter du 1er janvier prochain.

«La taxe s'appliquera en tout état de cause au 1er janvier 2019 et elle portera donc sur l'ensemble de l'année 2019 pour un montant que nous évaluons à 500 millions d'euros», a affirmé Bruno Le Maire, lors d'une conférence de presse, à Paris.

Car les géants du numérique profitent largement de ces écarts entre pays de la zone pour minorer leurs impôts. Car même si les GAFA (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon), et plus largement les multinationales de l'économie digitale (Uber, Airbnb, etc.), se déploient dans des secteurs différents, ils ont une particularité commune : proposer leurs services sur le web leur permet de localiser leur siège social (et donc leurs bénéfices) dans un pays différent de celui où se trouvent leurs utilisateurs. Leur modèle repose sur des algorithmes et bases de données.

Or dans les pays européens, les règles actuelles d'imposition des bénéfices sont fondées sur le principe de l'établissement stable. Autrement dit, l'entreprise paye des impôts sur ses bénéfices dans le pays où elle est présente physiquement. Une présence qui se mesure par le nombre employés ou encore le montant des actifs corporels : usines, terrains, machines, etc.

Si bien qu'en l'absence d'harmonisation fiscale européenne, les GAFA peuvent implanter leurs filiales européennes – et donc leur présence physique – dans les pays qui proposent les taux d'imposition les plus faibles, tout en limitant leur présence physique dans les autres.

Par exemple, Google France n'a déclaré en 2017 qu'un chiffre d'affaires de 325 millions d'euros et a payé en France 14 millions d'euros d'impôts. Pourtant, les seules recettes publicitaires réalisées en France auraient rapporté à Google environ 2 milliards d'euros, estime le Syndicat des régies internet.

Résultat : en moyenne dans l'UE, les entreprises du numérique sont soumises à un taux d'imposition effectif deux fois moins élevé que celui applicable aux entreprises traditionnelles, selon la Commission européenne. Ce qui crée des conditions de concurrence défavorables et prive les États membres d'importantes recettes fiscales.

L'idée est donc de taxer à hauteur de 3%, dans tous les Etats membres de l'UE, le chiffre d'affaires (et non pas les seuls bénéfices comme dans le système classique) généré par certaines activités numériques : la vente de données personnelles, la vente d'espaces publicitaires en ligne ciblant les utilisateurs selon les données qu'ils ont fournies, et les services qui permettent les interactions entre utilisateurs et facilitent la vente de biens et de services entre eux.

Une taxe ne frappant que les très grandes entreprises de l'économie numérique (et donc les plus susceptibles de se livrer à une planification fiscale agressive), celles qui réalisent un chiffre d'affaires mondial annuel supérieur à 750 millions d'euros, dont 50 millions imposables dans l'Union européenne.

Soit 120 à 150 entreprises concernées seulement: des géants de la tech dont la moitié est américaine, un tiers asiatique et un tiers européen. Les recettes fiscaless comptées sont conséquentes : 5 milliards d'euros par an, dont 500 millions à peine pour la France.

La France est petite joueuse !

Seule une société française, Criteo, en fait partie. Elle est l'un des symboles de la French Tech, fondée en 2005, et est cotée au Nasdaq, à New-York, où elle est valorisée à hauteur de 1,34 milliard de dollars au 9 avril 2019. Plusieurs ex-entreprises françaises devenues des filiales de groupes étrangers devraient être concernées comme Le Bon Coin, Rakuten France et Meetic,notamment.

Selon Attac cependant, 64% du chiffre d'affaires des Gafam échappera à la taxe. "Le projet du gouvernement est loin de résoudre l'anomalie qu'il prétend combattre", souligne l'ONG. Dans son rapport, Attac estime en effet à 9,4 milliards d'euros le chiffre d'affaires réalisé grâce à des ventes en France qui ne sont pas déclarées dans l'Hexagone. En moyenne, ces entreprises dissimulent 74% de leur chiffre d'affaires, avec des écarts allant de 58% pour Amazon à 85% pour Google, selon le document.

On comprend mieux dès lors l'acharnement de Bercy ! Mais les pays concernés ne pourraient-ils pas prendre des mesures de rétorsion? Si le géant Google a dit qu'il paierait, il n'en est pas de même pour d'autres qui ont vu leur valeur en bourse baisser à l'annonce de la taxe...

D'ailleurs certains pays se sont opposés à un projet du même ordre au niveau européen, dont l’Irlande. Et ce sont les Etats Unis qui ne veulent surtout pas d'une telle réglementation. Washington a jugé la semaine dernière la loi française « extrêmement discriminatoire à l’égard des multinationales basées aux Etats-Unis ».

Larry Ricky pour DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS A REFERENDUM ON THE PRIVATIZATION OF PARIS AIRPORTS

While the French government seems reluctant about the citizens' initiative referendum, the Socialist Group in the National Assembly, for its part, announced on Tuesday that it had gathered the 185 signatures of parliamentarians necessary to initiate the procedure of organizing its parliamentary counterpart. what is the referendum of shared initiative against the privatization of Paris Airport.

Socialist deputies and senators but also the Republicans, communists and members of the group Libertés and territories, in total 197, have already given their agreement, announced the socialist deputy Boris Vallaud.

For the first time, the threshold of 185 parliamentarians necessary to trigger the process leading to the organization of a referendum of shared initiative (RIP) has thus been reached.

The provision is provided for in the Pact Act, which must be voted on definitively this week.

Of course, the organization of such a referendum also requires more than 4.5 million signatures of voters (10% of the electorate) in nine months to support this referendum proposal.

But between these two stages there is that, still very uncertain, the validation of the approach by the Constitutional Council. The latter must decide on the compliance of the initiative with the rules of the RIP.

"We did not want to commit the error that turned into a scandal, the privatization of motorways, with the privatization of Paris airports," Boris Vallaud told a press conference.

This is the first time that the measure, which was voted in 2008 under Nicolas Sarkozy, and entered into force under François Hollande, is launched.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

THE SHOCK REVELATIONS OF CARLOS GHOSN

JUSTICE NIPPONNE IN QUESTION

Pursued by Japanese justice for several months, Carlos Ghosn has decided to give us in a video his version of the facts before just been arrested again. And at the same time to scratch the Japanese legal system that does not seem to have anything to do with a fair trial.

The rigidity of a legal system

It was first his wife Carole who gave us some details about the Japanese justice. "I was searched several times, I was in pajamas!

A woman followed me into my shower, my toilet.

I felt humiliated. She recounts in the Sunday Diary, April 7, 2019, when her husband was once again arrested.

She protests against the system and calls France to help, not so that her husband receives a preferential treatment but to have a fair trial.

"I just received a message just a few minutes ago from my fellow Japanese lawyers who have just made a very unusual decision [...]

They just wrote to Tokyo's chief prosecutor asking him - I quote - to stop torturing Carlos Ghosn, "said Zimeray, a lawyer for the family on April 8. "Technically, when you try to interrogate someone eight hours a day, including at night, including at night (...) it's called torture.

Since he was re-arrested he is under that regime, "said the lawyer, adding that the United Nations had an expression to describe the Japanese system:" the system of the hostage. An expression that is cold in the back.

Three bowl of rice a day and incessant questioning.

Carlos Gohosn's first interrogation took place on his private jet on the tarmac on 19 November 2019 on the tarmac at Haneda Airport in Tokyo.

It lasts three hours and sets the tone for the next few months.

Months of custody in renewable!

A new arrest warrant, a new police custody!

Imprisoned, the car magnate Carlos could see his wife only 15 minutes a day, in the presence of a guard and with the obligation to speak to him in Japanese.

Difficult to understand when neither of them can master the language! He was also forced to sign written documents in Japanese, which were only translated verbally.

No wonder the CEO's health deteriorates.

"The first week, he lost ten pounds. He had a fever. He was deprived of his heart medicine: only Japanese drugs are allowed, "said Carole Ghosn recently. He is fed only three bowls of rice a day.

For his part, Anthony Ghosn, son of the couple, denounces the interrogation conditions. The former boss would be subject to the question two to three times a day, sometimes very early in the morning or very late at night, and for one to two hours each time. In a video recorded before his arrest, the former CEO of Renault-Nissan reaffirms his innocence and denounces the egoism of some Nissan leaders.

"It's a story of conspiracy, conspiracy, treason," insists Carlos Ghosn.

"It's a story of conspiracy, conspiracy, treason." This is how Carlos Ghosn summarizes the case that has already earned him three indictments and a new detention in Kosuge prison in Tokyo. The former leader of the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance again denounces the maneuvers of senior executives at Nissan who allegedly orchestrated his fall.

"There was the fear that the next stage of the Alliance in terms of convergence would threaten some people or possibly the autonomy of Nissan, which in the process has never been threatened in the last 19 years," he says. "But this autonomy is based on performance," says Carlos Ghosn who says that some leaders in the current management felt threatened, because of the "poor results" of the manufacturer.

These leaders have played "a game very unhealthy," says the former boss.Carlos Ghosn sweeps in this respect all the charges against him, reaffirms his love for Japan, is said today "worried" for the future from the Japanese manufacturer.

Faced with numerous international critics, Shin Kukimoto, deputy prosecutor of Tokyo, protested:

"Every country has its own history, its own tradition, its own judicial systems.

I do not criticize the rules of other countries just because they are different, and I find it wrong to do so. ", did he declare.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

CAROLE GHOSN RETURNED TO FRANCE IN SECRET

Carole Ghosn had joined her husband in Japan.

She was in Tokyo, alongside her husband, Thursday, April 4, during his umpteenth arrest.

She could no longer leave Japan, her Lebanese passport having been confiscated by the Japanese police.

But it was not counting on the American passport that holds the wife of Carlos Ghosn.

Carole Ghosn, therefore decided to leave Japan to return to France after the new arrest of her husband in Tokyo, Thursday, April 4.

"The Japanese police had taken my Lebanese passport but I had my US passport left," she said in an interview in the Sunday Journal.

She would have felt in danger.

"I waited to see if Carlos was going to stay in jail or if he could go out quickly.

When I realized and the lawyers told me that I could not communicate with him for days, I made my decision, "she says.

"On Friday evening, the French ambassador accompanied me to the airport, he did not let me go on the plane." "Until the last second, I did not know if they would let me take off."

"I thought I was reliving the scene of the movie Argo, until the last second I did not know if they would let me take off.

It was unreal. !!! "

Finally France begins to realize that the situation of the Ghosn is most delicate and that Carlos Ghosn has the right to a fair trial ???

"Everyone dropped it, out of cowardice, including the bosses. It disgusts me. "Concludes Carole Ghosn.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CARLOS GHOSN ALONE AGAINST ALL

The investigators from the prosecutor's office went early in the morning to Carlos Ghosn's building on Thursday morning in Tokyo.

He was taken to the Kosuge detention center, where he has already spent more than 100 days before being released on bail barely a month ago.

Like what happened after his initial arrest on November 19, he can remain in police custody for up to 22 days.

In detail, before the end of the first 48 hours, the prosecutor's office must request a ten-day extension for a judge and then another ten days for the purposes of the investigation.

The court gives the green light in the overwhelming majority of cases.

At the end of this period, the suspect can be charged, released without prosecution (in 50% of the cases) or arrested again for another reason.

Once custody ends, if charged, the suspect can then remain imprisoned pending trial.

Alone against all ?

"A small team of intriguers" against a fighting man who calls himself "innocent", a French citizen who has doubts about Japanese justice. Mr Ghosn's lawyers want a fair trial.

A relentless ... A hellish gear suffered by the captain of industry that is above all Carlos Ghosn proud to have been at the head of the Alliance.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PRIVATISATIONS EN MARCHE

Les députés donnent leur feu vert à la privatisation d’Aéroports de Paris.

En effet l’Assemblée nationale a adopté en nouvelle lecture l’article 49 du projet de loi Pacte, qui prévoit de supprimer l’obligation pour l’Etat de détenir la majorité du capital d’ADP.

« On ne pourra pas dire que le débat sur la privatisation d’Aéroports de Paris a été escamoté. » lancé a le ministre de l’économie, Bruno Le Maire.

Mais l’opposition comme la majorité se sont inquiétés du fait que l’exécutif cède une entreprise « stratégique » pour la France en termes d’aménagement du territoire, d’emploi local ou de sécurité des frontières.

« Un choix stupide », « un sacrilège », la privatisation d’Aéroports de Paris passe donc mal à l’Assemblée. Même M. de Courson tout en soutenant le projet, a toutefois jugé « non recevable » le principal argument du gouvernement et de la majorité qui, pour justifier la privatisation, mettent en avant le « fonds d’innovation de rupture », une enveloppe qui sera abondée par le fruit de la transaction et qui doit servir à financer des projets technologiques (intelligence artificielle, nanoélectronique, etc.).

« Tout ça ne tient pas debout ! », a lancé également le député Les Républicains Daniel Fasquelle.

Petit historique

L’Assemblée nationale avait autorisé, jeudi 4 octobre, la privatisation de Groupe ADP (ex-Aéroports de Paris) ainsi que celle de la Française des jeux (FDJ), mesures phares du projet de loi Pacte (plan d’action pour la croissance et la transformation des entreprises).

Et ce au grand dam des oppositions de droite comme de gauche :dans la bouche d'Eric Woerth comme dans celle de Boris Vallaud «Renoncez à ces privatisations!». «Si nous avons une coalition d'opposition entre la droite, la gauche, les insoumis et le PCF, c'est que nous avons tous le sentiment d'une grande braderie des biens de la nation», a résumé Philippe Gosselin chez les Républicains

L'Assemblée nationale a donné, par 39 voix contre 7, son feu vert à la privatisation d'Aéroports de Paris (ADP) dans le cadre de l'examen en première lecture de la loi Pacte. Le régime juridique et le cahier des charges d'ADP ont cependant été modifiés. Ainsi si l'Etat ne doit plus conserver 50% des parts, la future privatisation d'ADP prendra la forme d'une concession limitée à 70 ans «pour ne pas conférer un droit illimité à un acteur privé», a précisé le ministre de l'Économie, Bruno Le Maire.

«L'État disposera d'un pouvoir de décision, c'est également l'État qui fixera les orientations sur le développement des aérodromes, c'est encore lui qui, faute d'accord, imposera la réalisation d'investissements nécessaires au service public aéroportuaire», a détaillé le ministre.

Histoire de ne pas commettre les mêmes erreurs que lors de la privatisation des autoroutes. Cette concession sera donc encadrée par «un cahier des charges strict et contraignant» fixant les critères - prix et projet - de l'opération. L’Etat retrouvera la pleine propriété du foncier et des infrastructures et les modalités de fixation de l’indemnité que recevra ADP dans 70 ans.

Le groupe français Vinci, déjà actionnaire d'ADP, s'est montré intéressé pour cette opération. Le gouvernement serait disposé à ouvrir la possibilité d'une participation des collectivités franciliennes.

D'aucuns redoutent cependant «l'actionnaire non souhaitable» en clair chinois.Les députés ont dans la foulée voté, par 48 voix contre 12, l'article du projet de loi qui permet le transfert au privé de la majorité du capital de la Française des Jeux (FDJ) , actuellement détenu à 72% par l'État. Ce dernier doit conserver «au minimum» 20% des parts. Le dossier de la FDJ n'est pas encore terminé. Avant toute privatisation, le gouvernement entend créer une nouvelle autorité de régulation des jeux.

Afin de se conformer à la réglementation européenne qui prévoit un contrôle public étroit sur les entreprises en situation de monopole, l’Etat pourrait en outre conserver une participation importante dans l’exploitant du Loto, de l’ordre de 25 % ou 30 %. Le sujet est sensible compte tenu des risques d’addiction et de blanchiment d’argent.

Pourquoi ces privatisations ?

Les opérations envisagées chez ADP, la FDJ et bientôt chez Engie peuvent au total rapporter en théorie près d'une vingtaine de milliards d'euros à l'État. (ADP : 9,5 milliards , Engie 7,8 milliards,. FDJ pas cotée mais valorisée autour de 3 milliards d'euros).

Le produit de ces cessions contribuera ainsi à alimenter le fonds pour l’innovation doté de 10 milliards d’euros créé en début d’année mais aussi à participer pour moitié au désendettement de l’Etat.

Face à l'opposition qui l'accuse sans surprise de «brader les bijoux de famille», Bruno Le Maire revendique de «redéfinir les rôles respectifs de l'État et des entreprises»: «Le rôle de l'État n'est pas d'encaisser des dividendes». Bruno Le Maire se veut partisan d’un Etat « stratège plutôt que rentier » , « un État capable d’inventer et construire l’avenir des Français ». Encore faut-il avoir envie de confier l’invention et la construction de votre avenir à l’État ?

Le gouvernement espère que les investisseurs particuliers souscriront massivement à cette émission d’action pour « redynamiser l’actionnariat populaire ».Il faut dire que l’actionnariat populaire fond comme neige au soleil....

Encore faut-il être convaincus des bienfaits d’être actionnaire d’une entreprise « privatisée »

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld

THE INCREDIBLE JUDICIAL LIQUIDATION OF ARJOWIGGINS PRINTING

DE JOUY SUR MORIN (SEINE AND MARNE)

If it had been through the "judicial recovery" box (and its forced negotiations that lasted in time), the printing house Arjowiggins Security, of Crève Cœur (it does not invent !) Of Jouy sur Morin was liquidated in less 15 days, while it had a full order book until 2020 and it held to its credit, many High Tech Patents.

Never seen ! And for some, many, the suspect !

The suspect because the other units of the Arjowiggins Group (the Sarthe sites of Saint Mars beer or Besse sur Braye, Château Thierry too) who do not manufacture them strategic paper, have just been saved thanks to the takeover offer by the Scandinavian Lassabo Group, which has until 15 March 2019 to complete its takeover bid before the Commercial Court of Nanterre. The Norwegian boss, Terge Haglund has also come to greet employees (reassured since) of the two sites in Sarthe, last Tuesday, March 12.

For a better understanding of the sit uation, let us specify that it is the lawyer Thomas Holland, the son of the former President of the Republic who is in charge of the interests of the employees in the file of recovery ?

The suspect because it is the company Arjowiggins Security alone, which closed permanently January 31, 2019, while it was she who manufactured our greeting cards and our bank notes.

Arjowiggins Security also manufactured, for example, banknotes of Saudi Arabia and Israel.

The passports of Alexandre Benalla are certainly also out of Crève Cœur ...

This paper that disappears was therefore a very sensitive paper, strategic.

The company of Jouy sur Morin which had a knowledge of 400 years was de facto classified "strategic enterprise" Its disappearance will force the French State to have its official papers manufactured abroad, in Spain or in Bulgaria ?? A funny situation!

It is a jewel of the French industry that Emmanuel Macron and Bruno Le Maire have sacrificed, cynically and in the greatest opacity.

Jouy sur Morin's printing and making of technical coated paper belonged to Groupe Sequana until 2018.

The history of Sequana goes back to the creation in 1848 of the House Worms which became Bank Worms, well introduced under the Government of Vichy.

In 1997, the Worms Banking Group was taken over by the Agnelli Family (at the head of Fiat Automobile de Turin) after passing through the "nationalization" box in 1981.

In 2007 Worms refocuses on its paper companies and becomes the Sequana Company, of which the State is the majority shareholder.

Everything had started well, under the best auspices of the Lebard Family, whose father Daniel came out "rinsed" in 2007 from the dark "Rhodia affair", "the history of the biggest French financial scandal" in which the former Nicolas Sarkozy's finance minister, Thierry Breton was delicately mixed and also a story at the end of which the Swiss banker Edouard Stern was curiously murdered.

Pascal Lebard, son of Daniel, who previously managed a portfolio for the Worms and Agnelli decided in 2007 to take the lead and 22% of Sequana Capital. But the company, which before that date was profitable, sting quickly after the reversal of the paper market.

Fearing an "industrial accident at Boussac" Sequana becomes for the executive in place in 2012, "a political issue that risks igniting the timber industry and the Syndicate CGT Book".

But who was President of the Republic on that date? Guess? François Hollande of course, a François Hollande whose Secretary General of the Elysée at the time was none other than a certain Emmanuel Macron ...

To avoid dismissal procedures, the CIRI (Interministerial Committee for Industrial Restructuring) and the FSI (Strategic Investment Fund) then provide through the BPI (Public Investment Bank) 135 million public funds that disappear gradually asset disposals and restructurings. By its participations, the state nevertheless becomes majority!

But Sequana continues to lose money so that the Group is in a position to interest an investment fund led by Jacques Veyrat and his company Impala. For the record, Jacques Veyrat began his professional career at the direction of CIRI in 1989 ...

Impala makes a nice financial transaction in a round-trip lightning after which it sells in early 2018 Arjowiggins Security to a Swiss vulture fund, Blue Motion Holding Technology, which does not waste time and immediately empties the funds of the company. End 2018 Arjowiggins Security is dying.

Financial scandals after financial scandals, it is clear that the state, which has always held key positions in the company did not assume its role as strategist, even though he gave a lot of money (at total nearly 250,000,000 euros), found in the pockets of taxpayers. And the answer to the question that comes back in this moment: "but what did you do with our cash ?" Immediately appears.

This is why the "liquidation blitz" of Arjowiggins has heated the spirits, especially those 240 workers (who have a unique expertise) who began to burn roll after roll, every twelve hours, in the midst of the Yellow Vest crisis, the strategic paper in stock and the other 500 surrounding indirect jobs.

The feat of the future of Arjowiggins scandalized and questioned.

Indeed, Emmanuel Macron, like Bruno Le Maire (and all their clique) have today, according to our excellent colleague Pierre Jovanovic "the blood of France on the hands".

For reading this industrial haemorrhagic odyssey, we seek to understand why the state, which had the means, financial and regulatory abandoned this printing, physically as a military installation or as a nuclear installation, surrounded by barbed wire. Strategic enterprise requires!

Why the state did not immediately create a public agency or an EPIC, Public Establishment of recovery of this industrial gem ?

For Pierre Jovanovic, by liquidating this company, "these politicians did not act by chance". Emmanuel Macron, who did not show himself to Jouy sur Morin, would have, he said, "removed from the state any possibility of going backwards in case France decided to leave the EU and the euro". A policy of the burned land preventive in case the populists come to win the European elections of May 26, 2019 ...

Waiting for this date, we understand better why it is increasingly difficult and time to obtain a registration card, a passport, an identity card or a vital card. ...

But also, by delving into the details of the adventure of Sequana and Arjowiggins Security, we better understand why the Yellow Vests denounce more and more "the disappearance of public services", a criticism that comes first in the notebooks grievances of the Great Debate.

This explains that because in this example, the state is strongly responsible for this situation.

Clara Mitchell pour DayNewsWorld

CLASSIFICATION FORBES

THE BIGGEST FORTUNES

Bernard Arnault is still the richest of the French. The CEO of the world luxury giant LVMH, Bernard Arnault, remains the first French fortune and the fourth world, according to the list of Forbes published this Tuesday, March 5.

His fortune is $ 76 billion, or 66.9 billion euros. In the French ranking, he is ahead of L'Oreal's heiress, Françoise Bettencourt Meyers.

The only daughter of Liliane Bettencourt takes "the honorary title of the richest woman in the world" with a fortune of 43.4 billion euros (49.3 billion dollars, 15th in the world rank).

Four other women, all heirs, are billionaires in France: Marie Besnier-Beauvalot, Carrie Perrodo, Anne Beaufour and Marie-Hélène Dassault.

The fortune of the ultra-rich continues to grow

On the third step of the podium, François Pinault, at the head of Kering, rival of LVMH. His fortune grew by almost 12% in one year to reach 26.1 billion euros (29.7 billion dollars).

Also in the high-growth luxury sector, we find the owners of Chanel, the two brothers Wertheimer, with an estimated fortune for each of them to 12.8 billion euros ($ 14.6 billion).

The fortune of the Dassault family is estimated at $ 24 billion, divided into four equal parts representing the four children of Serge Dassault, who died in 2018.

"The 2019 vintage of the billionaires hexagonal sees emerging two new trends: the club of ultra-rich is expanding and their fortune has continued to grow," says the magazine. Xavier Niel loses ten places !

"The most noticeable fall is Xavier Niel, the founder of Iliad-Free, who lost ten places, after a dark year on the stock market," said Forbes. He is thus 18th in the ranking with a fortune estimated at 4.1 billion dollars (3.6 billion euros).

In general, the bosses of the technology companies applied to finance "have come down from their pedestal, after bad fortunes in the stock market".

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

UBS BANK HEAVILY CONDEMNED

3.7 billion euros, this is the fine imposed on the UBS bank for illegal banking and aggravated money laundering. The heaviest sentence ever pronounced by the French justice in a case of tax evasion!

Accused of having established a "structured and old organization" to facilitate tax evasion in France, UBS is condemned to pay € 3.7 billion fine and 800 million damages to the French State. This is exactly what the National Finance Prosecutor's Office (PNF) required.

The Swiss bank has announced that it will appeal. Even if this conviction is contested on appeal, it is the heaviest sentence imposed by the French justice in a case of tax evasion.

It was the first major tax evasion trial in France that ended in an exceptional judgment both in its severity and the amounts requested.

The Paris Criminal Court on Wednesday (February 20th) sentenced the UBS bank, the world's largest private bank, to a record fine of € 3.7 billion. An amount equal to the sum recovered by the State from UBS customers.

The Union of Swiss Banks is sent back to the French courts for illegal soliciting and the receipt of money laundering aggravated by tax evasion, which means that it is suspected of having sent agents from Switzerland to France, between 2004 and 2009, to to offer French customers financial packages allowing them to escape the tax system.

During sports events, shows or stays offered to customers, contacts were made and many accounts were opened...

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

DEATH ATTACK ON SOLO CATHEDRAL IN SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES

At least 18 people died Sunday in a double attack on a church on the island of Jolo in the southern Philippines, which remains a bastion of the Islamist organization Abu Sayyaf.

The attack comes two days after the announcement of massive approval, in a referendum last Monday, of the creation in the south of the Philippines Bangsamoro autonomous region, as part of the peace process with the Muslim insurgency. .

Photos broadcast by the army show the doors and windows of the cathedrals pulverized, its benches returned.

A photographer on the scene also saw many bodies strewn on the ground.

Five soldiers and 12 civilians were killed in this double attack, which also left 57 injured, the officer said. "It's probably a terrorist act. There are people who do not want peace, "he added.

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's spokesman condemned "a terrorist act".

"We will continue to the end of the world the cruel perpetrators of this despicable crime until each of the killers is brought to justice and put behind bars," said in a statement this spokesman.

The province of Sulu, to which belongs Jolo, a stronghold of Abu Sayyaf, has voted against the creation of the new Bangsamoro Autonomous Region.

The island of Jolo is indeed one of the main bastions of Abu Sayyaf, an extremist branch of the Muslim separatist insurgency. Specializing in villainous kidnappings, this organization was created in the 1990s thanks to the funding of a family member of al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden.

It is also accused of the worst attacks in the archipelago, especially that against a ferry that had more than 100 dead in 2004.

The establishment of this area in a predominantly Muslim territory - while the archipelago is predominantly Catholic - aims at the restoration of peace after decades of a conflict that has left tens of thousands dead.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

JEAN-DOMINIQUE SENARD

NEW PRESIDENT OF RENAULT

Renault turns the page Carlos Ghosn. Thursday, January 24, the board of directors of Renault meets this Thursday to establish a "sustainable" governance according to Bruno Le Maire.

Incarcerated for more than two months in Japan, the man who had been running Renault since 2005 agreed to resign just before the board of directors appointed to appoint his successors.

The French group has chosen current Michelin boss Jean-Dominique Senard as the new chairman of the board of directors.

At 65, Mr. Senard becomes the eleventh president in the history of Renault.

Thierry Bolloré, who had taken over the reins of the company after the arrest of Carlos Ghosn was, for its part, confirmed to the post of general manager of the company.

The two functions are henceforth separate, as the State, the main shareholder of Renault with 15% of the capital and 22% of the voting rights wished.

Thierry Bolloré returned the role of ensuring the day-to-day management while Jean-Dominique Senard will focus on the main orientations for the group while taking over the presidency of the Renault-Nissan alliance, a position also occupied by Carlos Ghosn.

The succession of Carlos Ghosn does not sweep the uncertainties for the French manufacturer.

It is also necessary to wait for the end of the internal investigation launched on the practices at the level of Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi, the joint venture under Dutch law which manages the synergies between the members of the Alliance that must save Mr. Senard.

A difficult task as relations between Renault and Nissan are deleterious since the arrest and indictment of Carlos Ghosn.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

OPERATION SEDUCTION OF EMMANUEL MACRON BEFORE 150 GREAT FOREIGN PATRONS

Having decided not to participate in the forum of Davos which gathers the gotha ​​of the world economy, and this to solve the social emergency, Emmanuel Macron chose to gather this Monday with Versailles 150 bosses French and foreigners.

This summit comes as the national economy is running out of steam, job creation is capping and business failures should resume, according to Euler Hermès

Since his inauguration, Mr. Macron has repeatedly received large international groups to convince them to invest in France.

And it renews this year's successful experience of last year where 3 billion investments over 5 years had been announced in France, with commitments from companies like Google.

The stated goal: to praise the attractiveness of France and reassure in full movement of the "yellow vests". By bringing 150 bosses to Versailles, "our desire is to highlight the opportunities in the territories by making known the different regions and their know-how.

We will also have French companies of different sizes, representing the economic fabric in the region, " said the Elysee.

"When big groups come to France, they are jobs in the territories. That's why we are fighting to have investments in the region, "the source added.

Virtually the entire government needs to welcome and talk to business leaders from around the world starting at 3 pm

Last year, the slogan was "France is Back". This year, the operation "Choose France" takes place in the context of "yellow vests" movement abroad worried about the stability of the country.

The head of state to give assurances that the course will not change after the great debate, especially about taxation that will continue to encourage investment. The head of state to convince that the prosecution of its reforms will increase the attractiveness of France, and get new foreign investment.

Investments worth several hundred million euros should be announced during this second summit "Choose France", says the Presidency of the Republic..

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

CARLOS GHOSN LASTED BY THE FRENCH STATE

The French State had hitherto supported Carlos Ghosn. He has just released him now asking for the appointment of a successor at the head of Renault. A board of directors should be convened in the coming days.

"I always said, recalling the presumption of innocence of Carlos Ghosn, that if it were to be permanently prevented, we should move to a new stage. We are there, "admitted Bruno Le Maire, Minister of the Economy.

Incarcerated in Japan since November 19 for breach of trust and financial malpractice, Carlos Ghosn will lose his last title, that of CEO of Renault, Nissan and Mitsubishi having removed him from the post of chairman of the board from the end of November .

"In this new phase, we now need a new sustainable governance for Renault," added the Minister of the Economy, while several emissaries of the French government dispatched to Tokyo on Wednesday discussed with protagonists of the Renault- Nissan.

The minister did not say whether the new CEO would also lead the alliance with the Japanese Nissan and Mitsubishi but was reassuring. "We want the alliance to last.

The question of participation in the alliance is not on the table, "he said.

The French state is Renault's largest shareholder, with 15.01% of the capital. Nissan holds 15%, but without voting rights in general meeting. Renault controls 43% of Nissan, which it saved from bankruptcy almost 20 years ago. Nissan also owns 34% of Mitsubishi Motors, the latest addition to the alliance born in 1999.

Asked about the possible candidacy of Jean-Dominique Sénard, the outgoing president of Michelin, Bruno Le Maire praised the qualities without pronouncing so far.

"He's a big industrialist, a man who has a social conception of the company and has demonstrated it many times," he said, noting that he was also "a specialist in the automotive sector." .

He assured, however, that "the State will decide on the basis of the candidates who will be submitted to it as a reference shareholder".

Under three indictments, the French Samurai is currently in pre-trial detention until at least March 10th. That's why his lawyers appealed and asked for his release on bail.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

PENELOPEGATE OR REFERENCE BEFORE CORRECTIONAL

The prosecutor's office requires the dismissal of François Fillon, a former presidential candidate, and his wife Penelope Fillon in a correctional court on Friday, 11 January. It is now up to the judge to decide whether there will be a trial or not.

In the case of allegedly fictitious jobs, according to information from the World, the National Public Prosecutor's Office (PNF) signed, Wednesday, January 9, an indictment in favor of the referral to the criminal court of François Fillon, his wife Penelope and his former deputy to the National Assembly, Marc Joulaud.

The prosecutor "wants to see judge [the couple] for various offenses: embezzlement of public funds, abuse of corporate property, aggravated fraud and complicity in these crimes."

Judge to decide

The investigating judge decides whether a correctional trial will take place for the former presidential candidate, his wife and former parliamentary deputy Marc Joulaud, also indicted.

In October, the investigating judges in charge of the investigation of the supposedly fictitious jobs of François Fillon's wife, had notified the end of their investigations following the investigation launched after revelations of the Chained Duck.

Indeed, the newspaper had revealed suspicions of fictitious use of Penelope Fillon, the wife of the candidate by titling in its edition of January 25, 2017 "The 600 000 € won by Penelope poisoning Fillon".

She was employed from 1986 to 2013 as a parliamentary assistant to her husband and his deputy, Marc Joulaud, and his activity raises questions.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

NEW INCULPATION FOR CARLOS GHOSN

Bad new for Carlos Ghosn. The businessman, who was first indicted on December 10 for reporting only half of his earnings from 2010 to 2015, is Friday accused of lowering his income by half as well from 2015 to 2018 up to 4 billion yen (31 million euros)

The prosecution accuses the CEO of Renault also of aggravated breach of trust, the boss having tried to cover by Nissan losses on personal investments at the time of the financial crisis of October 2008.

Greg Kelly's right hand man, suspected of involvement in the revenue concealment, was also indicted. Just like Nissan, as a moral entity.

In fact, according to the judges, the manufacturer is liable because he has sent false declarations to the stock market authorities as part of his annual financial reports.

The CEO of Renault claimed his innocence during a hearing on Tuesday, December 8, his first public appearance since his arrest, claiming to be "falsely accused and detained unfairly."

He assured "to have acted with honor, legally and with the knowledge and approval of the leaders" of the Japanese manufacturer.

His lawyer, Motonari Otsuru, announced on Friday that he had filed for bail, but he had little chance of success because, in order to be granted, the defendant must not reject the charges against him.

Motonari Otsuru has therefore deemed it likely that Carlos Ghosn, arrested since 19 November, will remain in detention until the start of his eventual trial, which could be held in about six months.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

FIRST APPEARANCE OF CARLOS GHOSN

BEFORE A JUDGE

Thin, handcuffed, a rope around his waist, sandals green plastic foot before the start of the session that lasted almost two hours, the CEO of Renault Carlos Ghosn appeared publicly for the first time in a Japanese court, at the request of his advice this morning.

An exceptional moment before the trial itself, which allowed Carlos Ghosn to appear in front of the restricted audience in the courtroom and to claim his innocence.

The lawyers of the boss of the Renault-Nissan alliance had indeed requested, pursuant to Article 34 of the Constitution, to hear from the mouth of a judge the reasons for the continued detention of their client. Such a rare appearance procedure, only 0.6% of those who made such a request last year.

In this first session before Judge Yuichi Tada, nearly two months after his surprise arrest in Tokyo, Carlos Ghosn managed to lay the groundwork for his defense by claiming his attachment to Nissan and his pride in having it straightened. "I was unfairly accused and detained on baseless charges," he said.

Speaking in English, Carlos Ghosn recalled having dedicated "two decades of his life to take up Nissan and build the alliance", a company he says he loves.

The Franco-Lebanese-Brazilian states "to have acted with honor, legally and with the knowledge and approval of the leaders of the company," according to a written statement he read. So, according to him, everything he did was endorsed by the company. For Carlos Ghosn, this is a way to take on a greater responsibility by Nissan.

He also assured that he did not cover personal losses with Nissan detailing the transactions for which he is accused of breach of trust. The sums paid by a Nissan subsidiary to the Saudi businessman Khaled Juffali were paid, according to the defendant, for services rendered to help the group in the Gulf region.

For Carlos Ghosn's lawyer, Motonari Hatsuru, the purpose of the hearing was "to know the precise reason for the detention and the suspicions that still weigh on Carlos Ghosn" and to release his client.

But the judge justified the continued detention of the former president of Nissan by a risk of flight abroad "where he has bases" and alteration of evidence. "There is enough evidence to suggest that the suspect could encourage people to conceal offenses," said Judge Yuichi Tada.

Although this appearance has almost no chance to change the course of events, the symbolic significance remains strong for Mr. Ghosn who was finally able to break the media silence and give his version of the fact.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

CARLOS GHOSN READY TO DEFEND

LIKE A LION

BEFORE THE TOKYO TRIBUNAL

The Franco-Lebanese-Brazilian boss, who has been detained in Japan since 19 November, will finally be able to explain himself on Tuesday 8 January in the Tokyo court.

By activating Article 34 of the Japanese Constitution, Carlos Ghosn's lawyers cause the appearance of their client and thus obliges the prosecutor to clarify publicly the reason for his prolonged detention.

The son of Renault CEO Anthony Ghosn, in an interview with JDD on Sunday, says his father is "ready to defend himself vigorously" in a Tokyo court next Tuesday.

"For the first time, he will be able to express himself on the facts he is accused of, to give his vision.

I think everyone will be quite surprised to hear his version of the story. Until now, we have only heard the accusation. He will have ten minutes to express himself "and" he will not let go of anything ", continues Anthony Ghosn.

For two of Renault's CEO daughters who spoke in the New York Times columns, Hiroto Saikawa, Nissan's general manager, reportedly provoked the affair with the sole aim of rebalancing the balance of power in favor of Nissan within the New York Times. of the alliance between Renault and the Japanese car manufacturer.

The conditions of detention of the French boss in the Japanese prison are not very comfortable. According to his son,

"He resists, even if he lost about ten kilos by eating three bowls of rice a day . The conditions are not very healthy . "" The prosecutor has the right to question him at any time, two or three times a day.

He can come early in the morning and late at night. The interrogations last one or two hours, "says Anthony Ghosn, " but he takes all of this as a challenge "(a challenge) and" he reads books that are passed to him almost every day "according to his son.

So far, Carlos Ghosn has been held in prolonged detention in Japan for illegally denouncing his income in Nissan's annual reports to the stock market authorities and for a possible breach of trust, accusations that he categorically denies.

Would the Japanese power want to regain control of an automobile empire straightened by a French boss of engineering by grinding the latter in his jails for "tax fraud"?

France in the first place and the international community as a whole, who have had little or no evidence of the guilt of the boss Carlos Ghosn, remained very passive in this case.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

CASE CARLOS GHOSN RENAULT'S CEO BEHIND THE BARS FOR CHRISTMAS

The Japanese court has decided Sunday to extend his custody until 1 January. "Today, the decision was made to keep Mr. Ghosn in detention. Custody will expire on January 1, "the Tokyo District Court said in a statement.

This judicial decision is the latest rebound in the saga that has fascinated Japan and the business world since the arrest of the captain of industry on November 19 in Tokyo on the arrival of his private jet.

The former president of Nissan (and still CEO of Renault), was the subject Friday, December 21 of a new arrest warrant, the third, on additional charges, this time the breach of trust aggravated.

This new arrest is linked to the losses suffered during the subprime crisis of 2007-2008 by the company managing the assets of Mr. Ghosn.

These losses, amounting to 1.85 billion yen (14.5 million euros), were reported in October 2008 to Nissan's accounts.

Carlos Ghosn reportedly made personal losses on the accounts of Nissan in 2008. Between 2009 and 2014, a subsidiary of Nissan would have paid $ 14.7 million (12.8 million euros) to wealth manager.

The prosecution suspects Carlos Ghosn of having "failed in his role as CEO and caused harm to Nissan"

This type of crime is normally prescribed after seven years, according to Japanese law. But prosecutors say it does not apply to Ghosn because of the time he has spent abroad in the last decade.

The Franco-Lebanese-Brazilian has already been indicted on December 10 for failing to declare to the stock market authorities nearly 5 billion yen (38 million euros) of income over five years, from 2010 to 2015. His right arm the Greg Kelly, arrested at the same time as him, was also indicted.

To the Minister of Justice, Takashi Yamashita, in response to criticisms of the functioning of the Japanese justice system, to declare that the proceedings "are in accordance with the law" and that, as a result, "there is no to criticize. "

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

TRUMP WAS ONLY PARTIALLY HEARD BY THE FED AS IT PRESCRIBED A NEW INCREASE IN ITS INTERESTS

As usual, it was with a weet, his favorite communication weapon, that the US President had last Monday called on the FED not to raise its interest rate, whereas it planned to increase it from 2 , 25% to 2.50%, or in a range between these two rates.

The Fed did not follow the President's urgent recommendation. It increased its key rate on Wednesday 19 December 2019. It was set at 2.50%

For Donald Trump this increase was simply a mistake, "inspired by meaningless numbers".

The Fed is currently chaired by Jerome Powell, a close friend of Donald Trump, who, however, at the end of November had publicly felt that "until then, he was not, if only a little satisfied with his appointment of Jay Powell". According to Donald Trump and his legendary instinct, this new increase will increase all consumer loans and mortgages, measures that will necessarily be unpopular.

And we know that Donald Trump is already thinking about his re-election!

But above all, these increases will strengthen the dollar, which will counteract its objectives of reducing the US trade deficit, making imports cheaper and US products more expensive to export.

But also, this increase is totally inappropriate given the uncertainties weighing on the US and global economy. This increase has already had an immediate impact on the stock markets which have immediately unscrewed. It was the Nikkei who opened the ball; a few hours after the European stock markets showed a sharp drop. Wall Street was no exception.

On this last decision of the FED, the US President attacked frontally, saying: "It's incredible, with a very strong and virtually expensive dollar, no inflation, the world that explodes around us, Paris that burns and China on a downward slope, the Fed is still proceeding to a new increase in its interests.

This open criticism has not been of the taste, of course, of the leaders of the FED which since its creation claims its independence vis-à-vis the political power.

Note that everything is in the word "independence!

Indeed, according to the economic and monetary doxa that has dominated for many decades, a Central Bank must be independent. An independence considered as a postulate, an indispensable condition.

Yes, but ! Central banks are independent only vis-à-vis the political authorities. For the rest, in fact they have no real power, or more precisely, little power of power.

Everything happens on the top floor, at the top of the pyramid (which is on the dollar bill)

It is on this last floor that an international organization, very little known to the general public, created in 1930 (after the crisis of 1929) in the form of a public limited company, is held. This public limited company is the Bank of Regulations i International Bank (BIS), Bank for International Settlement. It is the oldest of the international financial organizations.

It is based in Basel (Switzerland). It owns all the central banks, and therefore holds the FED, which has always operated with public capital, (very little) and private capital dominated, private capital mainly from the Rothschild dynasty, but also Rockefellers, Lehmann brothers, Goldman Sax etc .. (It has always been very difficult to know exactly the respective weight of these families, it is the best kept secret in the world).

Nevertheless, it is known that the Rothschild dynasty holds the largest share of its capital. This dynasty is the most powerful of the Earth, its wealth being estimated at 500 000 billion $ (to give a scale the budget of France for 2018 amounted to 2200 billion €). It should be remembered that the role of a Central Bank is to create the currency, put it into circulation and ensure the functioning of their distribution system.

The FED therefore has the power to print money, on behalf of the US government "which pays him interest for the extreme favor it is given", which interests that constitute the burden of debt in budgets public go directly into the pocket of this little caste. Even if in the US as in France, the public depnese is fed by many wasteful and useless duplicates, we understand better after these explanation or our money goes ...

The power of these families, which represent 1% of the world's population, is therefore considerable. It is an elite that very cleverly forces the American state (like many other Western states) to levy ever more taxes.

In the light of these explanations, you will have understood why Donald Trump, victorious in the last American presidential election, defeated America and America (American First), and set himself up as an anti-system candidate. just took serious risks, political and personal.

The current President of the FED, Jerome Powell, who is nevertheless a close friend of Donald Trump, could not resist the pressure of the financiers of the FED (Rothschild and C °) ....

However, we must salute the short victory he has achieved, namely that the Fed will only increase twice, instead of the three initially forecasting its interest rates in 2019.

Courageous Donald, who has exposed himself personally, in a general context "scary" for Americans.

Recall before we finish, that at least 7 American presidents who opposed the financial oligarchy and the cartel of the banks were murdered: Abraham Lincoln, Garfield, McKinley, John Kennedy and maybe even Franklin D. Roosevelt..........

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EMERGENCY PLAN

OF THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT

Numerous were the files on the cabinet table this Wednesday, December 19th. Smic increase, expansion and increase of the activity premium, cancellation of the rise of the CSG for the modest pensioners ...

The draft law on emergency measures was tabled Wednesday "before noon" in the Assembly, announced after the Council of Ministers Benjamin Griveaux.

At the end of the cabinet meeting, government spokesman Benjamin Griveaux returned to the implementation of the various reforms related to purchasing power, announced by Emmanuel Macron on December 10, in response to the movement of yellow vests.

1 ° Smic and activity bonus:

The decree upgrading the Smic by 1.5% on 1 January next was adopted on Wednesday in the Council of Ministers, announced Benjamin Griveaux in his report. This mechanical revaluation will bring, in gross, the hourly Smic of 9,88 to 10,03 euros and the Smic monthly of 1,498,47 to 1,521,22 euros for a full time, an increase of 22,75 euros, a-t -He specifies.

This automatic increase is calculated according to two criteria: the inflation observed for the 20% of households with the lowest incomes and half of the gain in purchasing power of the hourly wage base worker and employee (SHBOE).

To achieve the presidential goal of a net income increase of 100 euros net for employees earning around the Smic, the executive has chosen to go through the activity bonus. The government spokesman confirmed the expansion of the activity premium to 5 million homes in France. The persons eligible for this premium will be able to benefit from it as from February 5th from the moment they have made the request to the Family Allowances Fund. But 45% of Smic people will not have 100 euros because they are in homes that touch two more than 3,000 euros net per month.

2 ° The exceptional bonus

An exceptional bonus paid by companies to employees paid up to 3,600 euros will be paid before March 31, it will concern "4 to 5 million employees," said Wednesday Benjamin Griveaux. This exceptional bonus, which may reach 1,000 euros, will be exempt from all social charges and income tax. It must be paid before March 31, 2019. Employers are not required to pay this premium. Some large groups have already announced that they would do it.

3 ° The CSG

The abolition of the increase in the CSG, for pensioners receiving less than 2,000 euros per month, will apply no later than July 1, 2019. The 3.5 million retirement homes affected by this announcement will be fine is well support the rise of the CSG from January 2019 before being "fully reimbursed no later than July 1 [...] through a big check or transfer," said Muriel Penicaud, Monday, December 17.

4 ° Overtime

The text provides unsurprisingly the tax exemption for overtime from 1 January.

A set of measures with an estimated cost of 10 billion euros.


Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

FRANCE CALL FOR STRIKE IN ROAD TRANSPORT

When France begins to live in some regions to slow down economically following the movement of "yellow vests", the federations CGT and FO of the road transport call to strike from Sunday evening. Supporting "yellow vests" they intend to defend the purchasing power.

They call for a strike from Sunday evening, from 22H and for an indefinite period qualifying as "crumbs" the measures announced Tuesday by the Prime Minister. FO, the third organization in the sector, calls on the government immediately to open negotiations with employers, in particular on the transport bonus. ". The sector, consisting of truck drivers, ambulance drivers, fund transporters or movers, has some 700,000 employees.

In the visor of both unions also: a recent decision of the State Council planing the overtime of truck drivers. The two organizations are challenging a decision of the State Council, which annulled the provisions of a 2016 decree setting increases of 25% and 50% for the overtime of drivers, reducing them to 10%. The CGT believes that this decision "may have negative repercussions on (the) purchasing power" of truckers.

Decision that would make them "lose between 300 and 1200 euros per month", according to Patrice Clos, secretary general of FO Transport and Logistics. "We are convinced that since the decision of the Council of State the overtime lock has skipped for the road transport of goods. Can be read in a joint statement of the two unions.

For the Ministry of Transport it is "a strike that has no reason to be" arguing that this decision, dated November 28 and canceling a decree of November 17, 2016, "will have no consequence and change nothing in practice, "says the ministry. "It was expected for legal reasons and was perfectly anticipated by the government. He adds.

"An article of the bill of orientation of mobilities (Article number 42), which has just been presented in the Council of Ministers, provides for securing the primacy of the branch agreement to determine the rates of increase of overtime. This will always remain the branch agreement that will apply in this area, today as well as tomorrow, "says the ministry.

France is likely to be economically paralyzed within three weeks of the end of year festivities.


Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

BREXIT A COST FOR THE UK ECONOMY

The UK government has made it clear that "no deal" would mean a 9.3% drop in GDP in 15 years. Only the agreement advocated by May could limit the breakage

"From a purely economic point of view, leaving the EU will have a cost. [...] What the Prime Minister is trying to do is minimize that cost, "Finance Minister Philip Hammond said in the early morning.

Whatever the exit scenario of the European Union (EU), the Brexit will bring the British economy into a zone of strong turbulence. This is the warning issued Wednesday, November 28 by the English government in a report that stresses that the agreement negotiated by Theresa May limit, him, the damage.

A decisive report that could make members recalcitrant to join the agreement sealed by the Prime Minister on Sunday with the other 27 EU countries while for the moment the vote of the British deputies on December 11 on the agreement is announced far from being won for Ms. May.

The report points out that an exit without agreement would cut the UK's gross domestic product by 9.3% in 15 years while the deal found by May, decried, including by the Conservative Party of the Prime Minister , will cost him, 3.9% to the GDP of the country. the 83-page report. The document stresses, however, that all these figures must be taken with the tweezers "because of the uncertainties inherent in this type of economic analysis"

"From a purely economic point of view, leaving the EU will have a cost. [...] What the Prime Minister is trying to do is minimize that cost, "said Finance Minister Philip Hammond earlier this morning on BBC Radio 4. Although the government does not give concrete numbers According to economists quoted by the PA agency, a lower GDP of 3.9% represents around 100 billion pounds by 2030.

A figure much higher than the current contribution of the British government to the EU budget.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

UNDERSTANDING THE SUFFICIENT DEATH

FROM CARLOS GHOSN

When custody of Carlos Ghosn in Japan was extended for ten days, Thierry Bolloré was temporarily appointed to the French manufacturer. "There is a solid governance that ensures the smooth running of Renault," reassured Bruno Le Maire Wednesday, November 21.

The Renault Board of Directors has kept the boss in his titles and functions while recognizing his temporary inability to run the company. "Mr. Ghosn, temporarily prevented, remains Chairman and Chief Executive Officer," said the statement issued at the end of the meeting.

In Paris, the French manufacturer and the State shareholder have no evidence on the investigation itself and the facts alleged against Mr. Ghosn. "I support the request of Renault's board to obtain all the information from Nissan about Mr. Ghosn," said Wednesday Mayor.

The group's CEO, at the head of the alliance between French Renault and Japanese Nissan since 1999, is suspected of having concealed the Japanese tax for half of his income for several years. A scandal that could make Nissan's business.

But, according to several industry experts, these revelations are timely when they see it as a "coup" orchestrated by Nissan.

Indeed Carlos Ghosn was preparing to do a kind of merger-acquisition between the two groups. Now Nissan weighs heavier than its French partner and doubtless feared a reinforced integration that would have lost its independence.

The alliance between French and Japanese groups goes back to 1999 while Nissan is on the brink of bankruptcy. With a severe restructuring plan (21,000 employees at the door, the closure of an industrial site, and the rupture of relations with historical suppliers by the competition) the automaker Nissan is saved

This alliance is based on a particular arrangement, with a cross participation of the two companies. Renault owns 43.4% of Nissan's capital, and the Japanese holds 15% of French. A Dutch company, equally owned by both groups, was founded in 2003: Renault-Nissan. Two independent entities.

The Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance has become the world's largest car manufacturer: 10.5 million vehicles sold worldwide last year. It has 470,000 employees and 122 industrial sites in every continent.

In 1999, at the time of the merger, Renault has better health than its Japanese counterpart. But nearly twenty years later the balance of power has reversed, Nissan nearly nearly 100 billion turnover is twice as much as Renault with 58 billion.

However, the flagship of Japanese industry feared a reinforced integration that would have lost its independence and pleaded in vain for "rebalancing" its alliance with Renault, from 15 to 25% share in the French manufacturer.

"The French state now has a bigger weight. From Renault's point of view, this is a major problem, and for us, Nissan, it is a cause for concern ", denounced the director of competitiveness of Nissan at the conference presentation of half-year results in 2015.

If Carlos Ghosn has saved Nissan, he is still a stranger whose stranglehold on the alliance annoys. The small Micra sedan is manufactured only in France for example and part of the profits recovered by Renault. In addition, the excessive remuneration of Carlos Ghosn has attracted more and more criticism. In 2016, he received a total remuneration of 15.6 million euros, making him the third highest paid boss of the CAC 40 leaders.

A lapse so sudden that it could actually hide a "coup" of the Japanese group, according to some experts, for a rebalancing of powers within the Alliance in favor of the Japanese flagship.

Renault, the most affected by the case that affects its CEO, has so far remained cautious on this case.







Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

SOURCES OF TAX FRAUD

FOR CARLOS GHOSN

Carlos Ghosn , chairman of the Renault Nissan group was arrested in Tokyo on Monday (November 19th) after an internal investigation by Nissan, according to the Japanese newspaper Asahi. He is suspected of having undervalued his remuneration and especially of having used group money for personal purposes.

Ghosn was arrested on the orders of the Tokyo Prosecutor's Office. Nissan management has indicated that the board of directors will rule on his departure from the group presidency.

"The investigation has shown that over the years, Ghosn and Kelly have reported pay amounts lower than the actual amounts in reports on the Tokyo Stock Exchange to reduce the reported amount of remuneration of Carlos Ghosn," says the Japanese car manufacturer. According to the Japanese press agency Jiji, Carlos Ghosn has undervalued his compensation by almost half.

This case has had the effect of a bomb on the financial markets. The action of the French manufacturer lost nearly 10% in the early afternoon, after having dropped nearly 15% late in the morning. At the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, the title Nissan has declined in the same proportions. In Japan, the Nissan action collapsed.

This case touches one of the largest car manufacturers in the world. With 10.6 million cars and light trucks sold in 2017, the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance has even reached for the first time the world's largest in the sector ahead of Volkswagen, Toyota and General Motors.

This case comes at the worst time for the Renault-Nissan group. The legitimacy and talent of the 64-year-old Franco-Brazilian leader is not questioned, the business world recognizes that Carlos Ghosn is undoubtedly one of the most emblematic corporate bosses who managed to save Nissan from bankruptcy and lead a winning strategy at Renault by developing low cost and weaving win-win links with Nissan.

The Renault-Nissan alliance (to which must be added Mitsubishi) forms an industrial system that manages to generate synergies in manufacturing, sales and research.

However, Carlos Ghosn is the main architect of this alliance that brought the group to the top. Carlos Ghosn has 120,000 employees and 38 factories around the world. His mission was to prepare the alliance to address the future of mobility, electricity and the maturity of Chinese markets.

In France, the State, the main shareholder of Renault (up to 15%), is for the moment remained discreet refusing any comment.

At a press conference at the group's headquarters in Yokohama, Hiroto Saikawa assured that "the alliance between the three entities" (Renault, Nissan and Mitsubishi Motors) would be "not affected by this event" acknowledging that the impact Renault would be "significant".

The diamond firm announced that its board "would meet as soon as possible" to think of a reaction .


Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

INVESTITURE OF THE FIRST TGV IN MOROCCO
IN GREAT CEREMONY

On Tuesday, Emmanuel Macron and the King of Morocco inaugurated the first high-speed line (LGV) in Africa, 350 km long between Tangier and Casablanca, via Rabat. This LGV, built with the support of the SNCF and TGV trains, provided by Alstom, will put Casablanca at 2:10 of Tangier against 4h45 currently, and Rabat the political capital of the country, at 1:20, instead of 3:40 currently.

This line is considered as a showcase for the economic development of the kingdom and for the know-how of French companies.

LGV Morocco is first of all the fruit of a Franco-Moroccan strategic partnership, wanted in 2007 by Nicolas Sarkosy and the King of Morocco. France financed 51% of the project cost via various loans, ie € 1.1 billion.

SNCF brings its expertise in high speed design, construction of the LGV. It also ensures the operation and maintenance. All with the objective of a transfer of know-how.

Emmanuel Macron is accompanied to Morocco bosses of French companies involved in the project: Alstom (supply of trains), the consortium Ansaldo-Ineo (signaling and telecom), Cegelec (electrical substations) and consortium Colas Rail-Egis Rail ( track and catenary). SNCF provides project management assistance to the Moroccan National Railways Office (ONCF). Paris is trying to position itself to obtain other contracts in Africa even if the French TGV has had little success abroad so far (Spain, Korea, Italy).

Morocco is working to position itself as an "African hub" for foreign investors. This high-speed road will help develop a country by linking two major poles of the kingdom. An eight-year project for a train that will link the economic capital, Casablanca, Tangier, the second economic pole of the kingdom. With Tanger Med, Africa's leading port and the automotive ecosystem created around the Renault plant, Tangier has indeed become the country's second largest economic center after Casablanca.

The actual date of commercial commissioning for ordinary passengers is not yet known, but the ONCF expects six million passengers after three years of operation, which is double today.

The TGV line should then join two other major cities of Morocco: Marrakech and Agadir, further south.

And this despite the criticism of detractors of the TGV represented by the collective Stop TGV for which the State should instead invest in regional trains to open up the rural world in this country of 35 million inhabitants of the rail network undeveloped.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE HUGE TAX FRAUD CUMEX FILES

FROM 55 BILLION EUROS

The CumEx Files: it's a new tax evasion scandal. Several European Union states, including France, Germany and Denmark, lost about 55 billion euros because of a large financial package involving traders, banks and lawyers, reveal Thursday 18 October Le Monde and seventeen other European media who investigated jointly.

The huge tax fraud called "CumEx Files", revealed in Germany, has cost 55 billion euros to a dozen European countries, much more than the initial assessments, say 19 media Thursday in a joint investigation.

Unlike previous tax evasion cases, such as the Panama Papers case, this scandal does not involve the use of tax havens.

The fraud mechanism.

It is in fact to deceive the European states that have introduced a tax on dividends of shareholders.

This contentious arrangement attributed to a renowned German lawyer, Hanno Berger, consists of buying and selling shares around the day of payment of the dividend, so quickly that the tax administration no longer identifies the real owner.

The manipulation requiring the agreement of several investors makes it possible to claim several times the refund of the same tax on the dividend, thus hurting the taxman.

This is the mechanism of fraud revealed by 19 European media this Thursday.

Example of France.

France, for example, levies a tax of 15 to 30% each time a company pays a portion of its profits to its shareholders. But some foreign shareholders can benefit from a refund of this tax under conventions established between several countries.

What do we learn? In France, for fifteen years, a sophisticated stock traffic involving French banks such as BNP Paribas and Societe Generale has been realized.

The goal: to quickly transfer the shares between different foreign owners so that the European states struggle to find the real holders, and thus refunds several times the tax on dividends.

11 states concerned for a cost of 55.2 billion euros

Investigations by 19 European media conclude that "cum ex" cost € 55.2 billion to 11 states, namely Germany, France, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium, Austria, Finland, Norway and Switzerland.

The case broke out in 2012 in Germany, leading to the opening of six criminal investigations and the forthcoming trial in Wiesbaden, in the west, targeting Hanno Berger and several traders on the stock market.

On the basis of "information from tax authorities and market data analyzes" , the joint survey of the 19 media now details the alleged harm by country.

For Germany, the survey comes to 31.8 billion euros extorted from the German tax authorities. The scam would have also cost "at least 17 billion euros" to France, 4.5 billion to Italy, 1.7 billion in Denmark and 201 million euros to Belgium.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

EXPOSURE ON MANDATORY LEVIES

IN FRANCE MORE THAN 1000 MILLIONS PER YEAR


Taxes have exceeded the 1,000 billion mark in France since taxes and social security contributions reached 1,038 billion euros in 2017, according to the report of the deputy En Marche Joel Giraud on the Finance bill.

Six levies are essential for public finances.

While the government claims to have granted 6 billion euros of tax cuts in the draft budget for 2019 the figure of 1000 billion gives material to be relativized.

Businesses and households now pay more than 1,000 billion compulsory levies each year.

More specifically, the sum of taxes and social security contributions reached 1.038 billion in 2017, according to the report of MP Joel Giraud (LREM) on the draft budget, published this Friday evening.

Certainly tax cuts have been announced as for the housing tax, the taxation of capital, and the reduction of contributions.

But the compulsory deductions will continue to increase in 2018 in absolute value, to be around 1.057 billion euros.

With Denmark, France is one of the OECD countries where economic actors are the most heavily taxed.

Of course this data also depends on the way social protection is financed (retirement or public or private health insurance).

But the tax rate will peak in 2017.

And what are the levies that earn the most to reach the sum of 1,000 billion?

1 ° Social contributions, weigh 385 billion

2 ° VAT, with 160 billion revenues distributed between the State, the regions and the Social Security administrations.

3 ° The CSG-CRDS, at 107 billion euros with a vertiginous rise in recent years (rate increased and its scope extended from year to year). In 2018 it will bring back 125 billion due to the rise of the CSG decided by Emmanuel Macron.

5 ° The income tax (73 billion)

6 ° The corporation tax (36 billion)

Not to mention the corporate tax, the TICPE (tax on petroleum products) and property tax and many others.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

PRIX NOBEL D'ECONOMIE

Le prix Nobel d'économie a été attribué, lundi 8 octobre, aux chercheurs américains William Nordhaus et Paul Romer.

Il récompense leurs travaux sur la compatibilité entre les impératifs d’innovation, de lutte contre le changement climatique et la croissance économique.

Le premier, professeur à l'université de Yale, est récompensé pour ses travaux « intégrant le changement climatique dans les analyses macroéconomiques de long terme ».

Ses travaux font aujourd’hui autorité et servent à prédire ou quantifier les conséquences des politiques climatiques, comme par exemple la taxe carbone.

Le second, ancien économiste en chef de la Banque mondiale et enseignant à l'université de New York, est salué pour ses recherches « intégrant les innovations technologiques dans les analyses macroéconomiques de long terme ».

Il a montré comment « l’accumulation d’idées soutient la croissance économique sur le long terme » et a mis l'accent sur le rôle des forces économiques et des régulations dans « l’inclination » des entreprises à innover.

Les deux lauréats « ont mis au point des méthodes qui répondent à des défis parmi les plus fondamentaux et pressants de notre temps :

conjuguer croissance durable à long terme de l'économie mondiale et bien-être de la population de la planète », a indiqué l'Académie royale des sciences.

Ils se partageront le prix de 9 millions de couronnes.

Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

PRIVATISATIONS EN MARCHE

L’Assemblée nationale a autorisé, jeudi 4 octobre, la privatisation de Groupe ADP (ex-Aéroports de Paris) ainsi que celle de la Française des jeux (FDJ), mesures phares du projet de loi Pacte (plan d’action pour la croissance et la transformation des entreprises).

Et ce au grand dam des oppositions  de droite comme de gauche :

dans la bouche d'Eric Woerth comme dans celle de Boris Vallaud «Renoncez à ces privatisations!». «Si nous avons une coalition d'opposition entre la droite, la gauche, les insoumis et le PCF, c'est que nous avons tous le sentiment d'une grande braderie des biens de la nation», a résumé Philippe Gosselin chez les Républicains

L'Assemblée nationale a donné, par 39 voix contre 7, son feu vert à la privatisation d'Aéroports de Paris (ADP) dans le cadre de l'examen en première lecture de la loi Pacte. Le régime juridique et le cahier des charges d'ADP ont cependant été modifiés. Ainsi si l'Etat ne doit plus conserver 50% des parts, la future privatisation d'ADP prendra la forme d'une concession limitée à 70 ans «pour ne pas conférer un droit illimité à un acteur privé», a précisé le ministre de l'Économie, Bruno Le Maire.

«L'État disposera d'un pouvoir de décision, c'est également l'État qui fixera les orientations sur le développement des aérodromes, c'est encore lui qui, faute d'accord, imposera la réalisation d'investissements nécessaires au service public aéroportuaire», a détaillé le ministre.

Histoire de ne pas commettre les mêmes erreurs que lors de la privatisation des autoroutes. Cette concession sera donc encadrée par «un cahier des charges strict et contraignant» fixant les critères - prix et projet - de l'opération. L’Etat retrouvera la pleine propriété du foncier et des infrastructures et les modalités de fixation de l’indemnité que recevra ADP dans 70 ans.

Le groupe français Vinci, déjà actionnaire d'ADP, s'est montré intéressé pour cette opération. Le gouvernement serait disposé à ouvrir la possibilité d'une participation des collectivités franciliennes. D'aucuns redoutent cependant «l'actionnaire non souhaitable» en clair chinois.

Les députés ont dans la foulée voté, par 48 voix contre 12, l'article du projet de loi qui permet le transfert au privé de la majorité du capital de la Française des Jeux (FDJ) , actuellement détenu à 72% par l'État. Ce dernier doit conserver «au minimum» 20% des parts. Le dossier de la FDJ n'est pas encore terminé. Avant toute privatisation, le gouvernement entend créer une nouvelle autorité de régulation des jeux.

Afin de se conformer à la réglementation européenne qui prévoit un contrôle public étroit sur les entreprises en situation de monopole, l’Etat pourrait en outre conserver une participation importante dans l’exploitant du Loto, de l’ordre de 25 % ou 30 %. Le sujet est sensible compte tenu des risques d’addiction et de blanchiment d’argent.

Pourquoi ces privatisations ?

Les opérations envisagées chez ADP, la FDJ et bientôt chez Engie peuvent au total rapporter en théorie près d'une vingtaine de milliards d'euros à l'État. (ADP : 9,5 milliards , Engie 7,8 milliards,. FDJ pas cotée mais valorisée autour de 3 milliards d'euros).

Le produit de ces cessions contribuera ainsi à alimenter le fonds pour l’innovation doté de 10 milliards d’euros créé en début d’année mais aussi à participer pour moitié au désendettement de l’Etat.

Face à l'opposition qui l'accuse sans surprise de «brader les bijoux de famille», Bruno Le Maire revendique de «redéfinir les rôles respectifs de l'État et des entreprises»: «Le rôle de l'État n'est pas d'encaisser des dividendes». Bruno Le Maire se veut partisan d’un Etat « stratège plutôt que rentier » , « un État capable d’inventer et construire l’avenir des Français ». Encore faut-il avoir envie de confier l’invention et la construction de votre avenir à l’État ?

Le gouvernement espère que les investisseurs particuliers souscriront massivement à cette émission d’action pour « redynamiser l’actionnariat populaire ».Il faut dire que l’actionnariat populaire fond comme neige au soleil....

Encore faut-il être convaincus des bienfaits d’être actionnaire d’une entreprise « privatisée ».

Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld

 

NAFTA DEATH OR A NEW AGREEMENT FREE TRADE BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA

After announcing a new free trade agreement on Sunday, now called "Economic Agreement United States, Mexico, Canada" , the AEUMC, the Canadian Prime Minister announced "a good day" for his country.

The Trump method was rewarded Sunday at night. Donald Trump had called the Alena a "disaster" for US workers and industry throughout his 2016 campaign. He was already threatening to leave this agreement unilaterally.

The United States, Canada, and Mexico have finally reached an agreement on the reform of the Alena trade treaty that binds these three countries since 1994, just hours before the deadline set by Washington.

On Sunday, September 30, Canada joined the North American Free Trade Agreement (Alena) Modernization Agreement signed under George Bush Sr. in 1992 and came into force under Bill Clinton in 1994.

Alena, a trilateral agreement binding the three countries since 1994, is renamed the "Economic Agreement United States, Mexico, Canada", the AEUMC, according to a joint statement.

"The AEUMC will provide our workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses with a high quality trade agreement that will result in freer markets, fairer trade and strong economic growth in our region," said a joint statement. .

"We celebrate the trilateral agreement. It closes the door to the commercial fragmentation of the region. Alena 2 will bring security and stability to Mexico's trade with its North American partners, " tweeted Jesus Seade, who represented Mexican President-elect Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador during the negotiations.

In late August, the United States and Mexico announced a trade deal after weeks of negotiations, hoping that Canada would join them in giving birth to the free trade modernization agreement.

What are the arrangements contained in the new Alena?


1 ° The easing of the dairy market: the agreement offers the United States access to about 3.5% of the Canadian dairy market, valued at $ 16 billion, while protecting Canada from possible automobile tariffs. Washington would therefore lift the tariffs imposed on steel and aluminum, and agree not to impose on the important Canadian automotive industry, a threat brandished by the US President. Mr. Trudeau's government would also have obtained in exchange the "intact" maintenance of the commercial arbitration system in the new Alena, the AEUMC. (USMCA in English). Quebec, which produces three quarters of the milk, will see its milk producers compensated by the federal government for all related losses.

2 ° The setting up of a chapter on the environment. Washington and Ottawa have also agreed that the new trade treaty will create a chapter on the environment, a first since the creation of the Alena in 1994.

3 ° The confirmation of the Canadian cultural exception, very dear to Quebecers.

This agreement is similar to an armistice in the trade war between the two countries, comparable to that sealed this summer with the Europeans.

Remains the main conflict ahead: the trade clash between the United States and China or "a new cold war between dominant power and ascending power."


Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

THE ADULTER IS NO MORE A DELIT IN INDIA

After the decriminalization of homosexuality in early September, it is the turn of adultery to finally be decriminalized in India.

The Supreme Court of India on Thursday decriminalized adultery in South Asia, where it was punishable by imprisonment, ruling the law discriminatory against women. A British colonial law article allowed up to five years in prison for anyone who had sex with a married woman without the consent of her husband.

"Considering adultery from a crime point of view is a retrograde step," said a panel of five Supreme Court justices in a unanimous decision.

Under this provision, women could not themselves complain of adultery, nor could they be held responsible for adultery, by doing only men's business.

The high court ruled that the law deprived women of their dignity and individual choice and treated them as the property of their husbands.

However, the judges said that adultery was a legitimate ground for divorce.

In 1954, the same Supreme Court had maintained the criminalization of adultery by considering at the time "that it is commonly accepted that it is the man the seducer, not the woman" .

In India social norms are very regressive and community laws are still of major importance in the country.

Thus the caste system still strongly impregnates social relations the "panchayats" (council of elders) remain very influential in the countryside. They approve of "honor killings" or rapes of women who have not followed customs.

Thus, three years ago, two sisters aged 15 and 23 were raped and naked in their village.

The village council decided on this public humiliation as a punishment for their brother who fled with a married woman belonging to the upper caste of Jats.

The weight of community traditions may weigh a little longer, however.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

MAIN MEASURES OF THE BUDGET

OF FRENCH SOCIAL SECURITY

Remains zero charge,financing of health plans and poverty but also quasi-freezing of pensions and family allowances, less well-reimbursed drugs for generics ...

Here are the main measures of the Draft Social Security Budget for 2019.

The measure will come into force on January 1, 2020 and will cover patients who refuse generics without medical justification.

Generic medicines

Patients refusing without medical justification generic drugs offered by their pharmacist will be reimbursed less from 2020, according to a provision of the draft social security budget unveiled on Tuesday. "The generic / princeps substitution rate to date exceeds 80% in France" but the "mechanisms for substitution now show some breathlessness," justifies the government. With these measures he hopes in the short term "less than 100 million euros" savings.

Health plan

The health sector, which will need € 3.8 billion in savings, will benefit from an additional budget of € 400 million to finance the main provisions of the health plan, including the creation of new health posts. medical assistants and the financing of territorial health professional communities.

To stop the race for volumes in hospitals, new funding methods will be set up with the creation of packages for chronic diseases, including diabetes and chronic renal failure by 2019. Zero charge ridge

Macron candidate's flagship promise, "the remainder at zero charge", that is to say, the full reimbursement by the Sécu and the complementary of certain glasses, dental prostheses and hearing, will be gradually implemented until 2021, thanks to in particular the fixing of ceiling tariffs.

Merger of CMU-C and ACS

The complementary universal health cover (CMU-C) and the payment assistance of complementary health (ACS) will be merged as of November 1, 2019 to improve the reimbursement of care of 1.4 million French.

Revalorization of "priority benefits"

The activity bonus, the minimum old-age pension and the adult disability allowance (AAH) will benefit from exceptional revalorizations of more than 4% per year, in accordance with the presidential commitments.

The same maternity leave for independent self-employed women, women and women farmers will be able to benefit in 2019 from maternity leave as long as that of employees.

The approximately 20,000 women concerned each year will have to take at least eight weeks of maternity leave in the future, compared to a little over six at the present time) and will be able to take a maximum of 16 (instead of almost 11).

Helping parents with disabled children

30% increase in the amount of the complementary childcare allowance (CMG) for families with a child receiving the education allowance for disabled children (AEEH), a maximum potential gain of 140 euros per month for a family employing a maternal assistant or home care.

Retirement homes

To speed up the recruitment of staff, nursing homes for dependent elderly people (Ehpad) will receive an additional 125 million euros. Credits are also planned to increase the number of night nurses in these structures or to develop prevention plans.

Quasi-freeze on pensions and benefits Retirement pensions paid by the Old Age Insurance and family allowances will only be increased by 0.3% in 2019 and 2020, well below inflation.

Reductions in contributions

Transformation of the tax credit for competitiveness and employment (CICE) down employer contributions, which will deprive the Secu of at least 20 billion euros in revenue.

For employees, exemption from overtime contributions from 1 September 2019.

CSG retirees

A gesture towards modest pensioners: 350,000 households will be exempted from the increase in the CSG rate of 1.7 points, for a cost of 350 million euros.

Prevention

The influenza vaccination by pharmacists, experienced in two regions, will be extended to two additional regions this winter before a generalization for winter 2019-2020.

The scope of the tobacco control fund for addictions related to psychoactive substances will be expanded with new resources "corresponding to the proceeds of lump sum fines for cannabis use", to the tune of 10 million euros in 2019.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

2019 BUDGET FOR HOUSEHOLDS OR POLICY IN RABOT

The government is presenting its budget for 2019 on Monday 24 September, which must reconcile the promises of Emmanuel Macron and the control of the public accounts. With constraints and without room to maneuver:

the public deficit must be kept in check while it is not certain that the economy measures are sufficient to contain the increase in public spending.

Also the government is on a crest between the need to start the process of debt reduction and that of not stopping too much growth.

However, Emmanuel Macron has unscrewed in surveys-29% of popularity rating which leads him to make a gesture in favor of the purchasing power of certain categories of French.

Especially since the entry into force of the increase in the CSG in early 2018 has helped to install the image of a generous government with the rich, even to draw from the middle class.

According to Bercy, six billion euros should be returned to households next year in the form of tax cuts.

A deceptive figure since it incorporates 4 billion euros for the abolition of employee contributions, a measure already entered into force, in two stages, in 2018 according to the French Observatory of Economic Conditions. OFCE estimates the tax decrease in 2011 at 3.5 billion euros.

What are the tax cuts announced by Bercy?

To calm the discontent caused by the 1.7 point increase in CSG on 1 January 2018 that hit the retirees hard, the Prime Minister promised to exempt all those just above the tax income of reference, namely 14.404 euros for a single person and 22.051 euros for a couple. This tax boost should affect up to 300,000 people and cost the state nearly 350 million euros.

Passed under the 2018 finance bill, the reduction in the housing tax will continue in 2019 with a new step of 3 billion euros, applied to 80% of households subject to this tax. A third drop, of an equivalent amount, is already planned in 2020, which will allow the 17 million homes concerned to no longer pay housing taxes at all.

The 20% of the wealthiest households, for the moment excluded from the device, will then also be concerned, the objective being a pure and simple disappearance of this tax in 2021.

The continuity of the single fixed levy estimated at 300 million euros. The reform of the taxation of capital ("flat tax") put in place early 2018 will continue to produce its effects. The government estimates that it will contribute up to 300 million euros to lower taxes in 2019.

Overtime will pay more to employees. "As of September 1, 2019, employee contributions on overtime will be removed for all employees," announced late August Edouard Philippe. This measure should yield "on average more than 200 euros extra per year" for employees paid Smic, and cost two billion to the state, he said. Unlike the device set up under Nicolas Sarkozy, the "sup" hours will not be defiscalised.

Savings will be made easier for farmers by relaxing the "endowment system for hazards" which allows farmers to build up in good years a precautionary saving. The abatement on profits for young farmers will, it, revised to refocus on the lowest incomes.

With the coming into force of the withholding tax on January 1, 2019, the government decided to pay a check starting January 15, representing 60% of the tax credit collected by taxpayers for home services, reductions in tax for rental investment (Pinel, Duflot, social investment ...) and tax reductions and credits for donations to works, people in difficulty and union dues. "These different provisions will lead to an advance of more than five billion euros to several million taxpayers from January 15 ", said Bercy.

But to get these tax cuts for households Bercy simply operate transfers that result in increases or freezes elsewhere.

Thus the freezing of the index point of the civil servants continues for 2019, which excludes a general revalorization of the salaries of the employees of the State. At the same time, ministries were instructed to slash their workforce with the removal of 4,500 positions in the state civil service.

The government will also save 3 billion in 2019 thanks to the lower than expected revaluation of two social benefits - personalized housing assistance and family allowances - and retirement pensions. The people concerned will therefore see their purchasing power erode with regard to inflation, to 1.3% next year.

The increase in energy taxation will continue in 2019, particularly with regard to fuels. According to the Ministry for the Green Transition, diesel taxes will rise by 6.5 cents per liter next year, while those on gasoline will rise by 2.9 cents.

The reduced rate of the domestic consumption tax on energy products (TICPE) on non-road diesel will also be abolished for companies in the industrial and construction sectors. The general tax on polluting activities (TGAP) is expected to increase significantly, in order to offset a reduction in VAT on recycling.

In conclusion, the decrease is notable

But it does not concern all categories of the population in the same way given the large transfers (especially between active and retired) for which the government has opted. "I think people will get lost, it's totally illegible. Emmanuel Macron is the world champion of transfers, in my opinion, useless, " denounced Eric Woerth, chairman (LR) of the Finance Committee in the Assembly. Especially since the decline of 6 billion will be trimmed by the virtual freeze of certain social benefits (pensions, APL, family allowances). The OFCE - which has opted for a more complete count - confirms an increase in purchasing power in 2019, but not of the same magnitude (3.5 billion).

In this big game of tax reforms, the government hopes to contain the deficit at 2.8% of GDP next year, despite growth revised down to 1.7%.

But the reform of the state, which ultimately would allow a permanent decline in public spending, has not been fully committed and the government is therefore obliged to practice what may appear as a policy of plan.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

RESURRECTION OF THE SOURCE LEVY

DIRECTIONS FOR USE OR A GAGEURE

Prime Minister Édouard Philippe announced Tuesday night that the tax would be collected at the source as of January 1, 2019.

And from that date, you will no longer pay your income tax with a year's lag, it will be directly deducted from your salary or your retirement pension.

The tax deduction at source will come into effect at the beginning of 2019. The major interest for the government is to have cash by collecting the household tax in real time, that is to say at the time of the payment of taxable income.

Currently, as the tax is levied a year late, taxpayers who see their income drop (retirement, unemployment), must wait one year before their tax will drop, which puts them in a difficult situation.

Who will be concerned?

The reform applies to employees, retirees and the self-employed. Wages, replacement income (retirement, unemployment, maternity, etc.) and income from land are also affected. Movable capital income and real estate gains are not included in this field because they are already deducted at source.

Who will collect the tax?

The withholding tax brings into the circuit of recovery of the tax a new actor: the third-party payer ie the employer. The tax paid will appear on the pay slip as is the case today for social contributions. For pensioners and the unemployed, it will be the pension and unemployment insurance funds that will play this role.

The liberal professions and the self-employed will pay a monthly or quarterly installment, calculated according to their incomes of the previous months, and adjusted then according to their effective incomes. If they anticipate a strong fall of their incomes, they will be able to signal their situation to the FISC administration. This possibility, for example, meets the needs of craftsmen who lose a large customer, or farmers subject to weather conditions. The property income will be applied the same system of deposit.

What about tax credits?

It is impossible to suspend the tax credits in the year of transition, otherwise certain sectors (employment at home, building, charitable organizations) will be closed down. The tax credits that will be maintained will continue to be collected by the taxpayer the following year.

The home-based employment tax credit could, however, be monthly. The question is currently under study. On the other hand, the "all-in-one" device planned for private employers will not be ready in January 2019.

Now what options to choose for the tax rate?

If you reported your income online this year, you will have noticed a new option allowing you to choose (or not) the rate at which you will be taxed next year. How does it work, and in which case can this option be useful? Once you have completed your return, you will discover the personalized tax rate that will be applied to you from next year.

There are several possible options:

Indeed, with the coming into effect of the withholding tax of the income tax at January 1, 2019, each month a share of your net salary will be deducted for this tax. Ditto for income from land, alimony, income of self-employed, etc.

By default, it is therefore a "personalized" rate that appears, calculated as the current income tax on the basis of the annual income of the tax household. But there are two alternatives, for particular cases where taxpayers want to change this rate: the "individualized" rate or the "neutral" rate. What are they for, in which case do they use them?

1 ° Individualized rate for couples with unbalanced wages

This is to modulate the rate that will be levied to each member of the couple, according to the income of each, so that the overall rate of levy is the right.

2 ° A "neutral" rate to remain discreet

You have an inheritance, you own a large house or you are receiving annuities, but you do not want your employer to realize that your tax rate is high compared to what he pays you every month. In this case, you can opt for the "neutral rate", calculated solely on the basis of the income paid by the employer.

3 ° The taxpayer will not be deducted from the totality of his income tax via the withholding tax: the rate that will affect his salary will be equivalent to that of a single person without children. On the other hand, it will have to pay the difference by paying it directly, via a payment "classic" as at present, to the attention of the Treasury.

4 ° Note that withholding tax is a challenge in France!

In France, the tax is calculated at the family level, unlike other countries where the tax is individualized. On the other hand, there are generally fewer credits and tax cuts for our European neighbors. Withholding tax is conceivable only when the tax system is simple. But with a tax as complex as ours, such a levy is a challenge

Can we change my mind?

Yes, but not indefinitely. Even if the declaration is due from this Tuesday you can always change your method of levy on your particular space site www.impots.gouv.fr. until next September 15th only.

In case of a change of situation (marriage, birth, decrease or increase of income ...) the taxpayer will have to ask for an update.

The taxpayer does not give any information to his employer or pension fund since. it is the administration that remains the taxpayer's interlocutor for its taxes, confidentiality is preserved.

France enters the club of the developed countries at withholding tax almost always for budgetary purposes. The government increases its cash flow ... without lowering taxes!

Jaimie Potts and Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

FIRST CLASS BURIAL

FROM THE LEVY TO THE SOURCE?

Will the government abandon the withholding tax?

In less than a week, the emblematic reform of the levy at the source is suddenly found on the verge of being buried.

The Minister of Action and Public Accounts, Gerald Darmanin, spoke for the first time, Saturday, September 1, a possible "stop" reform of the harvest of income tax. It had been months since the executive boasted to carry out this symbolic reform already abandoned under Holland. And it is Macron himself who sets fire to the powders : "I need a series of very precise answers , " said the president at a press conference in Helsinki (Finland).

Minister Darmanin sheepish retropedal.

"It's a big reform, it's normal for the president and the prime minister to watch that things go well," he says.

Then Gerald Darmanin admits that a meeting with the President is scheduled next Tuesday to decide the fate of the withholding tax. "We will choose together politically Tuesday in a meeting with the President the advance or stop the reform, since the President of the Republic mentioned it," he concedes.

We no longer speak of postponement, but of "stopping" pure and simple.

Because the reform worries the executive, already badly in point.

Of course there are the technical risks of implementation. . This "big bang" will it happen properly? The efficiency of the tax administration is certainly well known. But the maneuver is delicate. "With 3 million businesses and 38 million tax households, it is not possible that there are no incidents," says Bruno Parent, the head of the General Directorate of Public Finance (DGFIP), lucid. ), before nuance: "We organize ourselves so that there is the least possible and, when that happens, to correct them as soon as possible. ".

But according to "Le Parisien", the taxpayer runs the risk of being taken several times, or instead of a namesake. Bugs "since resolved" , ensures Gerald Darmanin. "Calamiteux" , Judge Le Parisien Saturday, September 1, citing a note from the tax taking stock of the trial phase of the withholding tax of income tax. According to this confidential document consulted by the daily, the test with some companies for its entry into force, theoretically planned early 2019, has resulted in hundreds of thousands of errors ...

According to the newspaper's website, the Directorate General of Public Finances (DGFiP) sent a note to the Ministry of the Economy in July, citing an extremely irregular number of errors from one month to the next: they would have been nonexistent in January, before peaking at more than 350,000 the following month ... (Citing a document "ultra-confidential" of the DGFiP)

Hence concerns at the top of the state:

1. Possible technical bugs will quickly put the government under fire from critics. The dual challenge of the reform is that it must apply to all taxpayers, and that it will also be the companies that will manage the collection of tax. An additional responsibility welcomed freshly by the employers. And for good reason.

In addition, previous large-scale projects such as the military payroll software (Louvois) or the attempt to create a national payroll operator common to all state agents aborted and these experiences are sobering.

2. Another great fear of the government is of an economic nature. It would be to see the withholding at source blurring taxpayers' income benchmarks, especially the 40% of households that are not monthly. Receipt of a slipsheet of the amount of tax could encourage them to spend less, as a precaution which would have negative consequences on economic activity already sluggish.

3 ° And especially the political stake worries at the top of the State. In addition, the promised sweets of the decline in the housing tax would go unnoticed. Indeed a possible fiasco in the implementation of the reform could destabilize the executive-already weakened-at a date too close to the European elections of 2019, scheduled for May 26. A setback in these first elections since the arrival of Emmanuel Macron at the Elysee Palace would be fatal to the majority.

In this context, Emmanuel Macron would not do what he said. But for precaution or political calculation, he would say the promised reform that he would not do.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

DONALD TRUMP S'EN PREND A L'OMC

LES CONSEQUENCES D'UNE SORTIE DES ETATS-UNIS

DE L'OMC

« S'ils ne font pas de progrès, je me retirerai de l'OMC », a averti Trump en qualifiant l'accord portant création de l'organisation de « pire accord commercial jamais conclu ».

Décidément Donald Trump a le goût pour les sorties et ne s'en prive pas. La dernière pourrait avoir de lourdes conséquences : le voilà qui se dit prêt à retirer les États-Unis de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce.

Pas de réformes suffisantes à son goût.

« S'ils ne font pas de progrès, je me retirerai de l'OMC », a averti Trump en qualifiant l'accord portant création de l'organisation de « pire accord commercial jamais conclu ». Des propos tenus jeudi dans une interview à l'agence Bloomberg News.

Cette menace n'est pas la première.

Trump s'en était déjà pris dans le passé aux organes de règlement des différends de l'OMC, les accusant d'être défavorables aux États-Uni .

« Nous avons de profonds désaccords avec les Etats-Unis sur la politique commerciale » , a précisé la commissaire européenne devant les eurodéputés.

La Chine, elle aussi, est engagée dans une guerre commerciale avec les États-Unis. Elle a rejoint l'OMC en 2001, une adhésion qualifiée d'« erreur » par le représentant américain au Commerce Robert Lighthizer avec qui les Européen vont devoir composer.

En effet Cecilia Malmström a évoqué la création d'un groupe de travail qu'elle va diriger avec le représentant américain au Commerce, Robert Lighthizer. Ce groupe de travail doit plancher sur la suppression des barrières douanières concernant les produits industriels.

Or les menaces de Donald Trump interviennent alors que son administration fait face à des pressions au sein de l'OMC de la part de ses partenaires commerciaux qui ont saisi l'organisation pour contester les nouveaux droits de douane imposés par Washington sur leurs importations.

Certes l'Union européenne est prête à supprimer tous les droits de douane sur les importations d'automobiles en provenance des Etats-Unis. Mais qu'importe l'Europe ? Il s'agit des grosses Jeep (Cherokee, Wrangler, Grand Cherokee),des sportives Ford Mustang, de gros " SUV " Ford Edge aux ventes très faibles, quelques anecdotiques voitures de GM (Cadillac, Chevrolet Corvette). Pas plus de 40.000 unités au total !

Une telle levée des droits de douane sur les modèles " made in USA " ne coûterait pas grand-chose à l'Union...

Fin de la trêve conclue en juillet entre les Etats-Unis et l'Union européenne : Le président américain exige avec sa façon musclée de négocier un abaissement de leurs barrières commerciales.

Les Etats-Unis "délivrés" des règles de l’OMC ?

Mais quelles conséquences du retrait des Etats-Unis de l'OMC ?

L’OMC a deux attributions principales. Celle de libéralisation des échanges commerciaux entre ses 164 pays membres - notamment en négociant la plus grande baisse possible droits de douane - et celle de proposition d' un cadre juridique qui veille au respect des accords. L’OMC constitue de fait un obstacle aux guerres commerciales mais Donald Trump voudrait en fait en provoquer depuis son entrée à la Maison-Blanche. Pas étonnant alors qu'il jette méchamment son dévolu sur cet organisme international.

Ainsi en quittant l’OMC les Etats-Unis se délivreraient de règlements que Donald Trump considère comme des obstacles. Par exemple, les droits de douane aux Etats-Unis ne seraient plus régulés et le pays pourrait librement pratiquer des « prix de dumping ». Cette pratique permettrait donc de favoriser la production nationale. Les producteurs américains qui utiliseraient des intrants importés perdraient alors en compétitivité .

L'administration Trump n’a eu de cesse dénigrer l’efficacité des accords multilatéraux et a favorisait les accords plus confidentielles à deux Etats. « Nous n'aimons pas les palabres infinies, nous préférons les actions bilatérales pour négocier. Les réunions multilatérales prennent beaucoup de temps et nous sommes animés d'un sentiment d'urgence », lançaitt le secrétaire américain au Commerce, Wilbur Ross, en juin dernier. Une façon de ne conclure que des accords bilatéraux avec les pays les plus offrants...

Mais il n'est pas sûr pour autant que ce retour au protectionnisme des années 1930 bénéficieraient réellement aux Etas-Unis dans la mesure où par mesure de rétorsion, de nombreux pays modifieraient à leur tour leur régime de taxation.

Il s'agit maintenant d'entrer dans le vif du sujet et d'agir intelligemment  sous menace d'un retrait de l'OMC des Etats-Unis.
N'oublions pas qu' en 1995, l’OMC succède à l’Accord général sur les tarifs douaniers et le commerce (GATT), créé en 1947 sous l’impulsion des Etats-Unis pour instaurer un « code de bonne conduite libérale et multilatérale » qui évite justement les guerres économiques dévastatrices.

Joanne Courbet  pour DayNewsWorld

 

TAX MATRAQUAGE ON THE MIDDLE CLASSES

IN FRANCE

The tax burden is only increasing surreptitiously on individuals and in particular the middle classes since Emmanuel Macron is at the head of the State. We are far from the false campaign promises of a cynical and immature President.

He became the President of the rich who did not reinvest in the economy the sums they recovered thanks to the tax giveaways granted under Macron.

The return of September is likely to be stormy ...

The tax pressure does indeed cease to increase as if the individuals had now vocation to finance most of the new public policies according to the newspaper Atlantico which gives the last figures of the monthly situation of the budget of the State.

"In one year, net tax revenues dropped by 3.5 billion, or 2.4%. But the proceeds of the income tax increased by 1.5 billion. The fuel tax proceeds increased by $ 500 million (about 10%). The VAT revenue increased by 2 billion (4% increase).

In other words, in one year, individuals have seen their tax burden rise by € 4 billion! "

Emmanuel Macron no longer has a lot of room to achieve a fair tax. It remains to him as option certainly the fall of the public expenditure since the French companies must, with a lower taxation close to the European average, to gain in competitiveness for a better growth which drags.

But does he still have enough of the French, jaded by business and the presumption of the government, enough legitimacy to act?

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

TEMPORARY INTERUPTION OF THE COMMERCIAL

WAR BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN UNION

AND THE UNITED STATES

The meeting between Donald Trump and Jean-Claude Juncker which took place Wednesday at the White House Rose Garden, led to a truce in the trade war. The conference was called at the last minute in the rose garden of the White House. According to US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, Washington and Brussels want a solution on steel and aluminum taxes. Donald Trump and Jean-Claude Juncker have announced that they have managed to defuse months of trade conflict between Washington and Brussels resulting in reciprocal punitive tariffs.

Taxes on European cars well suspended:

No new customs tariff will be imposed on European car imports in the United States at the moment, a particularly sensitive issue for Germany, where this key sector employs some 800,000 people.

Moreover, we learn that Washington and Brussels wanted to find an immediate solution in the case of customs duties on steel and aluminum and "reprisals" European. "The first step is to immediately resolve these issues so there will be no tariffs on both sides of this," said US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. "The basics (of an agreement) are being laid and I hope we will resolve (this file) quickly," he also said.

The President of the United States and the boss of the European Commission have also committed themselves to more free trade.

The President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, has certainly acted as if the case was played in advance: "I intended to reach an agreement today. And we have an agreement today, " he said on Wednesday. In reality, no one really counted on a compromise, which made Donald Trump say that "today is a very great day for free and fair trade". "Great to be back on track with the EU," said the White House tenant on Twitter.

The Americans and the Europeans have agreed to set up a working group for more transatlantic free trade. "We agreed to work towards the goal of zero tariffs, zero non-tariff barriers and zero subsidies on non-automotive industrial goods," Trump said as he read the EU-US joint statement. . The two sides will work to end the steel and aluminum war, even if the rights imposed by Washington and the reprisals decided by Brussels are not suspended. The Europeans, however, have obtained the essential: the immediate threat of customs duties on the automobile is postponed. As a pledge, Europeans must buy more natural gas and American soybeans. The purchase of soybeans, the price of which drops and is not subject to import duties in Europe, will allow farmers hit by the Chinese counter-sanctions to find an outlet while acquiring natural gas liquefied market allows for a geostrategic overlap between the EU - in particular Germany via the Northstream Baltic pipeline - and Russia.

In the run-up to the mid-term elections, especially in Midwestern farmland, hit by Chinese and Mexican retaliation for soybean and pork, Republicans were beginning to show their displeasure even though Donald Trump had announced, Tuesday, 12 billion dollars (10.2 billion euros) of aid to farmers. Added to the growl of American car manufacturers but also the most protectionist industrialists such as the manufacturer of motorcycles Harley Davidson or that of Whirlpool washing machine who announced this week of poor results due to the trade war.

Juncker believes that this is not a revival of the transatlantic free trade treaty, contested by public opinion.

. But, Europe still has a hard time speaking with one voice, Germany judging the meeting "constructive" while France is more cautious. "The Commission can continue to count on our support," insisted Angela Merkel. German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas welcomed "Europe proves that it can not be divided". "And we have seen it: when Europe is united, our word has weight." "I said: the answer to America First can only be Europe United," said the head of diplomacy . "A good business discussion can only be done on a clear basis and can not be conducted under pressure," said the tenant of Bercy

The working group, chaired by EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmström, and US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, after the end of its work - 'in a few months', hopes Mr Juncker will deliver its conclusions.

The two economic groups will also work for a reform of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to the detriment of China, it seems. .


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

TOWARDS A PSYCHOLOGICAL WAR

BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND IRAN

Pressure between Iran and the United States rose several notches this Sunday. On Twitter, the US president has taken it by name to Iranian President Hassan Rohani, while the head of the American diplomacy has strongly criticized the regime in Tehran. The reaction of Donald Trump was not long in the face of the warnings of Iranian President Hassan Rohani who asked him to stop his hostile policy against Tehran at the risk of triggering "the mother of all wars" .

The time of a tweet, and the US President gave a straightforward answer to his Iranian counterpart, Hassan Rohani "Never again threaten the United States," wrote Donald Trump on Sunday in a message written almost entirely in capital letters. under conditions of exposing oneself to "consequences such as little in the course of history have known".

This bellicose warning continues in the same tone: "We are no longer a country that supports your demented words of violence and death. Pay attention!"

Tehran reacted without hesitation: "Trump's statements against Iran are part of a psychological war. He is not in a position to act against Iran, " said General Gholam Hossein Gheypour, leader of Iran's militia, on Monday.

For his part, Mike Pompeo strongly criticized the Tehran regime and promised Washington's support to the Iranian diaspora.

The stakes of this psychological war:

Hassan Rohani has clearly asked his American counterpart to give up his policy of isolating Tehran by threatening that a war with his country would be "the mother of all wars," according to reports reported by the agency Isna. The Supreme Leader of the Iranian Revolution, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei supported Hassan Rohani.

On Sunday, in a speech in California before a majority of US citizens of Iranian origin, the US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, reaffirmed the will of his administration to economically isolate Tehran. He further urged Europe to "stop flirting with a revolutionary regime" accused of "corruption" , "terrorism" , human rights violations and religious persecution. It should be noted that unlike Washington, which tore apart the nuclear deal with the Iranians in May, the European allies are trying to save the nuclear deal. The Iranian president also ruled out any renegotiation of the nuclear deal with Washington.

The US Secretary of State therefore called on all countries to bring "closer to zero" their imports of Iranian oil by November 4. Otherwise, they will expose themselves to US sanctions, the first wave of which will fall on August 6 on the automotive sector and civil aviation.

Hassan Rohani warned the tenant of the White House: "Do not play with the tail of the lion [...] you will regret it," assured the Iranian head of state. Indeed, in response to the boycott of its oil, Tehran says it is ready to close the Strait of Hormuz by which approximately 30% of the maritime exports of oil transit. This narrow lane, located at the end of the Gulf waters, between Iran to the north, Oman and the United Arab Emirates to the south is an important trading hub for the world. "We are the guarantor of the safety of this strait since always, do not play with the tail of the lion, you will regret it," warned Sunday Hassan Rohani.

It is not the first time that the Iranian president has brandished the threat of blocking the Strait of Hormuz. But the US military is ready to act for the protection of the freedom of navigation.

A government that "looks like" a mafia:

Mike Pompeo did not hesitate to disqualify the Iranian regime by ensuring that the regime is run "by something more like a mafia than a government . " He accuses Iran's leaders of receiving embezzlement, advantageous contracts and other ill-gotten gains. In this context, the United States is "not afraid" to sanction "at the highest level" the Tehran regime, he said. "The leaders of the regime, especially those at the head of the Guardians of the Revolution (the elite army of Iran, ed) and the Force Qods (in charge of external operations, ed) have to pay dearly for their bad decisions," he said. he estimated. Before attacking the violence of the Tehran regime, he also attacked the economic failure of Tehran. " The rial is in free fall. One third of young Iranians are unemployed. One-third of Iranians live below the poverty line. But if you are a politically connected member of the regime's elite, the Iranian economy is doing very well, " he said. These tweets only relay what he said in California before a majority of US citizens of Iranian origin.

Washington launches TV channel in Farsi:

To increase the pressure on the regime, Washington is preparing, in addition to economic sanctions, to launch a multimedia channel (television, radio, digital and social networks) 24 hours in Farsi language, "so that ordinary Iranians in Iran and all around the world know that America is at their side "

"It is up to the people of Iran to define the direction of the country," added the head of the US diplomacy, adding that Washington "will support the long-ignored voice of the Iranian people."

This clash with messages is reminiscent of the episode of verbal escalation between Donald Trump, customary aggressive, and the President of North Korea, Kim Jong-un which ended in a successful summit. June 2018.








Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

A RECORD FINE OF 4.3 BILLION EUROS IMPOSED ON GOOGLE BY BRUSSELS IN A TIGHT CONTEXT BETWEEN THE EU AND THE UNITED STATES

The European Commission condemns the giant for abusing its dominant position in research with its Android mobile operating system.

The largest fine ever pronounced

A new record fine for Google in Europe. The European Commission condemns the giant to pay 4.3 billion euros, this time in the antitrust file of its operating system for mobile, Android.

"Google uses Android as a vehicle to consolidate the dominance of its search engine. These practices have deprived competitors of the opportunity to innovate and compete with them. They have deprived European consumers of the benefits of effective competition in the important market for mobile devices. This practice is illegal under EU rules on anti-competitive practices. Said EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager.

This is the highest amount ever imposed by Brussels. The amount of the fine is explained by the fact that "the infringements have lasted since 2011, they are very serious and Google's revenues have increased in the meantime," said the Danish commissioner. The previous record was already held by Google, which was fined 2.4 billion euros in June 2017 this time for having favored its commercial comparator, Google Shopping, at the expense of others on its search engine.

The European Commission also adds the American company "to put an end to its illegal practices within 90 days" on pain of being penalized by up to 5% of the global average daily turnover of its parent company. , Alphabet.

The King of Silicon Valley will obviously appeal this decision. Its line of defense is based on the number of opportunities created for all by its mobile operating system, but also on the ease with which it is possible to change applications. "Android is more choice for everyone. Not less. The characteristics of effective competition are a dynamic ecosystem, speed of innovation and lower prices, which is the case today, " said a spokesman for Google.

The accusations of the European Commission

The US company is accused of taking advantage of the dominant position on Android to establish the supremacy of its own applications. The Commission is primarily Google search, the online search engine of Google.

The European Commission first accused the US of requiring smartphone manufacturers to pre-install "Google Search" and set it as the default or exclusive search service on the vast majority of Android devices sold in Europe.

Secondly, the Commission accused Google of preventing manufacturers from selling smartphones running under competing operating systems, and thirdly of providing financial incentives to manufacturers and mobile network operators on the condition that they pre-install exclusively Google Search on their devices.

The Silicon Valley giant is appealing

Google retorts that Android is an open and free system, which is true. But to finance the maintenance (and the updates) of the latter, the firm has set up an agreement called MADA (Mobile Application Distribution Agreement), which allows him to earn a lot of money. Every manufacturer who wants to use it and offer by default one of the applications of Google (mostly Chrome) must necessarily accept the other ten applications of the virtual pack of the firm: Search, Chrome, Play Store, Play Music, Play Movies, Drive, Photos , Maps, Gmail, Hangouts, YouTube ... "apps designed to work together." When we know the popularity of YouTube or PlayStore, we understand that this agreement is almost inevitable.

Be that as it may, the Android system dominates the world of smartphones, with a market share of about 85.9% in 2017 against about 14% for iOS, the operating system of Apple. More than 1.3 billion smartphones were sold in 2017 on Android, against 215 million for iOS, and 1.5 million for other operating systems.

This decision of the European Commission could further aggravate tensions between Brussels and Washington, a week of a meeting between the President of the Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, and Donald Trump, placed under the sign of trade. The US administration has already on several occasions, including under the mandate of Barack Obama, accused Brussels to specifically attack the California tech giants for protectionist reasons.

The EU and the US are already fighting over a number of trade and NATO-related issues as President Donald Trump is currently threatening to tax imports of European cars into the US.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

GEOFFROY ROUX OF BEZIEUX

THE NEW PRESIDENT OF THE MEDEF

This former rugby player, who served in the Marine Commandos, was elected on 3 July to head the employers' organization with the intention of transforming Medef into a force of "proposals" .

President Medef at 56, he won hands down with 10 points ahead of his rival Alexander Saubot, the former boss of the UIMM, with 55.8% of the votes cast. He is well acquainted with the MEDEF, having spent five years there as vice-president in charge of the economy, digital and taxation alongside Pierre Gattaz.

Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux, whose title of nobility was acquired by an ancestor, alderman of Lyon in 1769, was born in Paris on May 31, 1962. After studying in Neuilly and Essec, he began his career at L'Oréal before making a fortune in mobile telephony. Today boss of the investment fund Notus, he has invested in Oliviers & Co, which sells premium quality olive oil to China, but also in food with the Fondant Baulois.

During his campaign for the presidency of Medef, Geoffroy Roux de Béziers highlighted the "technological revolution", including artificial intelligence, and received the support of several bosses of the French Tech: Frédéric Mazzela (Blablacar), Marc Simoncini (Meetic), Pierre Kosciusko-Morizet (PriceMinister). He intends to bring the challenges of Gafa taxation (Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon) in Europe.

The campaign was not easy as the big federations split up, the industry and the bank supporting Alexandre Saubot, while insurance and building supported GRDB. To reconcile these two tendencies the new president proposed to his to be "permanent guest" on the executive board to bring his social skills.

The man does not hide his liberal beliefs in the economy and believes that France is "managed like a household over-indebted". And he puts the right and the left back to back on fiscal policy: "For thirty years, left and right together, we increased taxes every time we had a problem.On households but especially on business" , he said.

It has the broad ambition to "transform the Medef to help transform the country," stain the most difficult as the employers' union is in crisis, legitimacy and representativeness. To be the Medef will have to reform from the inside any proposing new services of legal advice, tax or export. He is counting on the help of Patrick Martin, a candidate from the Medef Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, to complete this project.

Two major projects will fulfill its mandate. The first is that of apprenticeship and vocational training, while Muriel Penicaud, the Minister of Labor, has given a push for reforms that will have to be implemented. And Europe, which is "in great danger" and the world of business will be called to defend against the rise of populism and protectionism.

"European employers will have a major role to play," he said during his election.



Paul Emison pour DayNewsWorld

 

TOWARD THE END OF THE "BERCY LOCK"

IN THE MATTER OF TAX FRAUD?

It should be known that the "lock of Bercy" is a monopoly of the Ministry of the budget in the matter of criminal prosecution for tax evasion. Until now only Bercy had the right to file a complaint against an individual suspected of tax malfeasance, a prosecutor or a civil party can not. According to the decision of the Minister of Finance, fraudsters could avoid legal proceedings

But in the face of pressure from public opinion and since the Cahusac affair, the government has accepted the senators' proposal to change this mechanism, which gives the administration the monopoly of tax evasion prosecutions.

The Senate began consideration of the text in first reading before the Assembly. He must complete it Wednesday. Gerald Darmanin announced to senators that the government would support the evolution proposed by the general rapporteur of the Finance Committee, Albéric Montgolfier (LR).

The proposed change does not include a provision on the "Bercy lock", but for the rapporteur of the Finance Committee, Alberic Montgolfier, it gives the opportunity to delete it. The Minister of Action and Public Accounts invited senators to "discuss the 'lock' criteria". "This is the first time the government has asked you to judge what is a" lock ", he said in the preamble of the review of the law on fraud.

The Senate therefore began Tuesday, July 3 review of the bill on the fight against tax fraud on which have been tabled several amendments to remove the "lock Bercy" and replace it with another mechanism. In his report, the rapporteur of the Finance Committee Albéric de Montgolfier estimates that the most serious cases would represent between 1,200 and 1,400 cases each year, a volume a little larger than in the current system (about 1,000 complaints).

The commission thus decided "to remove the lock of Bercy and to replace it by a mechanism which reserves the cumulation of the administrative and penal sanctions with the cases of the most serious frauds", he specified, which must respect three cumulative criteria: the application of penalties of at least 80%, an amount higher than a threshold set by decree in the Council of State, or a reiteration of the facts, or aggravating behavior. the Tax Crimes Commission (CIF), responsible for filtering the complaints of the administration "It must undoubtedly improve" this amendment, nuanced the minister.

This is only a first step. The debate could rebound during the examination of the law on fraud in the National Assembly, after the summer.

These must meet three cumulative criteria: the application of penalties of at least 80%; an amount greater than a threshold set by decree of the Conseil d'État; finally, either a reiteration of the facts, or aggravating behaviors. For the first time, I will not give a favorable opinion, but an agreement in principle "to this deletion, added Minister of Public Accounts Gérald Darmanin. "The National Assembly may wish to improve the writing of this article," he added, saying that "the keys to the lock are probably in Parliament and it will be up to you to establish criteria".

But for the opposition the proposals remain insufficient.

"The provisions that organize the lock Bercy are not removed," said the Socialist Sophie Taillé-Polian, for whom "the proposed development is largely insufficient." "This is not to clog the courts, but the proposed criteria are too narrow and, in addition, cumulative," she said.

The opposition would have liked to approach the proposal accepted at the end of May by the deputies of all sides, at the end of an information mission led by Emilie Cariou (The Republic in progress, Meuse): replace the current device by an examination joint files by the tax authorities and the prosecution.

The debate around the "lock Bercy" has not finished bouncing.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

REASONS FOR A 7.5% GAS PRICE IN JULY IN FRANCE

Gas prices soar on July 1st. Once again the government has decided: from 1 July, gas tariffs increase by 7.45% at Engie so for nearly 5 million customers while the Commission for Energy Regulation (CRE) had proposed in mid-June the government an increase of 6.5%. That is an increase of more than 8 euros per month on average on the invoice. The increase in gas prices announced on Friday adds to several others in recent months: + 2.1% in June and + 0.4% in May.

Three reasons are behind this increase in household bills. Firstly, the increase in gas supply costs in the context of the surge in those of petroleum products then the cost of infrastructure, particularly in transport, storage and distribution, the French network having significant investments amounting to 600 million euros per year over ten years for infrastructure modernization. And finally, the installation of the Gazpar communicating gas meter, implemented by the GRDF distribution network, is also included in these costs. Just like the setting up at the beginning of the year of new rules for the storage of gas, essential to be able to ensure a passage of the winter without hindrance.

Towards the end of regulated tariffs?

Nearly 5 million households are still Engie customers at state regulated sales tariffs (TRVs), while more than 6 million have switched to cheaper offers from competitors such as ENI, Total Spring or EDF.

Nearly 60% of the 11.5 million residential and professional gas-fired sites have therefore already left regulated tariffs for market offers, a figure that is constantly rising, according to CRE. At the end of March, in the natural gas market, the cheapest available market offer in Paris is 4% lower than the regulated price for gas users for cooking and 8% for gas-fired customers.

These regulated tariffs are also likely to disappear in France in the near future.

In July 2017, the Council of State ruled that regulated tariffs were contrary to European law, thus requiring the state to abolish them. Alternative gas suppliers hoped that these tariffs would disappear quickly. But the executive is considering a gradual end, with extinction by 2023 for all individuals.

Some competitors Engie took the opportunity to denounce once again the tariffs set by the State. "This new increase also shows that regulated sales tariffs do not protect the consumer," said Daniel Fava, president of ENI France, the second largest gas supplier after Engie.

At the end of May, the national energy ombudsman called on the government to clarify "quickly" how it intended to implement the abolition of regulated gas tariffs, including a "very clear" timetable for consumers to take their tolls. provisions.

"We were promised" no increase or privatization of gas ". We will have both! " , Immediately reacted on Twitter the former presidential candidate in the presidential election, Nicolas Dupont-Aignan.

The rise of July 1 could therefore quickly take a political turn.


Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

EXAMINATION OF THE LAFARGUE CEMENT FOR "COMPLICITY OF CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY"

IN SYRIA

The subsidiary of French-Swiss cementist Lafarge-Holcim has been accused of financing jihadist groups in Syria - including the Islamic State organization - to maintain its activity in the middle of the war. She was indicted as a legal person Thursday, June 28 for "complicity in crimes against humanity." To this count are added those of "violation of an embargo" , "endangering life" of the former employees of the Jalabiya factory in northern Syria and "financing a company terrorist " . For the company, this indictment means his placement under judicial supervision with a bond set at 30 million euros.

The group has announced in a press release that it will appeal the alleged offenses, "which do not fairly reflect the responsibilities of Lafarge SA". " We deeply regret what happened in our Syrian subsidiary and, as soon as we were informed, we immediately took firm action . None of the indicted persons are in the company today. Beat Hess, chairman of LafargeHolcim's board, defended himself.

In this investigation opened in 2017 by the Paris prosecutor's office, eight former executives and executives of Lafarge have already been indicted, for financing a terrorist company and / or endangering the lives of others. It is now Lafarge SA's turn to give explanations to the two financial judges Charlotte Bilger and Renaud Van Rymbeke, seized of the case with anti-terrorist judge David de Pas.

The Lafarge group, which merged with the Swiss cement company Holcim in 2015, is in fact suspected of having paid close to 13 million euros between 2011 and 2015 to maintain its Jalabiya plant in 2013-2014 in a region north of Syria, under the control of the IS. He is accused not only of having paid a tax to the Islamist State to facilitate the movement of his employees, but also of buying raw materials including oil controlled by the group and selling cement to distributors in connection with jihadists.

The NGO Sherpa and the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR), whose complaint had triggered the opening of this judicial inquiry, demanded that the French cement maker also be indicted for complicity in crimes against humanity. Syria. Today, Sherpa welcomes in a statement a "landmark decision" that "must decide Lafarge to take responsibility and open an independent compensation fund so that victims see their damage quickly repaired . " In a statement, the two associations called this indictment "historic" . "This is the first time that a company has been indicted for complicity in crimes against humanity around the world, which marks a decisive step in the fight against the impunity of multinationals operating in areas of armed conflict" , say the two associations asking Lafarge Group to "take responsibility" by opening a compensation fund for former employees of its Syrian subsidiary, "so that victims see their damages quickly repaired."

With this indictment, the vise is tightened on the cement.


Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

 

DANGEROUS CLIMB IN THE COMMERCIAL WAR BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND CHINA

Trump threatens to tax $ 200 billion of Chinese imports. The President of the United States has asked for the preparation of a new list of imported Chinese products worth $ 200 billion. Beijing has already reacted strongly promising "retaliation" .

This disturbing decision was made in response to Beijing's proportionate and immediate response to the $ 50 billion threat of sanctions detailed last week. The President of the United States to now ask his trade negotiator, Robert Lighthizer, to prepare a new $ 200 billion list of imported Chinese products. What will not be easy!

The first $ 50 billion of products affected are subject to a tariff of 25%. This new list of items would be expected to be subject to a 10% surcharge upon entry into the United States.

Soon after, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce countered that China would take "qualitative and quantitative" measures to defend itself in case the new American sanctions were implemented.

The United States imported $ 505 billion worth of Chinese products last year, while China imported only $ 130 billion worth of "Made in the USA" products.

These duties of 10% additional $ 200 billion of imports would be justified, according to the tenant of the White House, for several reasons. Not only would they offset the theft of US technology and intellectual property, but they would also force Beijing to reduce the US $ 200 billion trade deficit and further open its market to Americans. "Additional initiatives must be taken to encourage China to change its unfair practices, open up its market to US goods and accept a more balanced trade relationship," Donald Trump said in a statement.

Beijing does not hear this ear denouncing blackmail practices. "These practices of extreme pressure and blackmail deviate from the consensus that both parties have reached many times during their consultations" in recent weeks, promptly denounced the Chinese Ministry of Commerce on Tuesday in a statement.

" If the US loses common sense and publishes a list (of covered products), China will be forced to adopt a combination of quantitative and qualitative measures in the form of aggressive retaliation ," he said. warned.

A dangerous escalation

"This dangerous escalation is the ultimate reminder that the Congress must intervene and exercise its authority over trade policy," said in a statement the National Retail Federation, a retail lobby against these protectionist measures.

In retaliatory measures to date, Beijing is targeting US agricultural products, such as soybeans, wheat, corn, beef and pork, and farmers and ranchers in the United States are beginning to worry about the fallout.

About 455,000 US jobs are threatened by the latest punitive measures against China, the NRF calculated. The prospect of escalation increases even more quickly the risk of damage to US companies since the amounts of products imported by China are much lower. Moreover the rise of commodities will be another significant consequence.

This is one of the reasons why many Republican congressional MPs are opposed to the White House's protectionist measures: they drive up the prices paid by Americans and disrupt US corporate supplies.

With an increase in customs taxes, China could tax in return the automotive and aeronautics sectors ...

US trade policy and the retaliatory measures announced by its trading partners are increasingly fears of a global trade war that could jeopardize the growth of the global economy.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

SWITZERLAND IN THE SHOCK OF CRYPTOMONIA

In 2015, 119,819 Swiss, scalded by the crisis of 2008 and convinced that we should not joke with money, had led the Federal Chancellery to decide, on December 24 of the same year, the organization of a referendum on the monetary issue.

The real goal: to invite the Swiss to pronounce on the end of the power of monetary creation by the private banks.

The initiative was commendable, money being a public good

The initiative provided for the obligation of private banks to fully cover (100%) and to reserve the power to create the currency ex-nihilo, only at the SNB (Swiss National Bank) which is now done by a simple set of accounting entries in commercial banks.

In this proposal, the influence of the Chicago Plan (which ended the 1929 crisis) and Irving Fischer (1867-1947) was immediately recognized. In the 1930s, Irving Fischer proposed a return to the public monopoly of money creation. But we must also associate with this reflection, Milton Friedman then Maurice Allais, a visionary French economist, recipient in 1983 of the Nobel Prize for the Economy and died in 2010.

The initiative was, moreover, commendable in that it also intended to rehabilitate the social utility of the currency which is fundamentally "to finance the real economy for the sake of common prosperity".

In the wake of the decision of December 2015 to launch a referendum, all Swiss were in turn called to vote for or against the "full money initiative" ("For a currency safe from crises").

The full currency referendum took place on June 10, 2018.

Participation was low (34% of registrants). The "no" won with about 70% of the votes cast except the Canton of Geneva (more massively close to banking circles, so better informed) or the "No" won with less 60%.

The result of this election merits from our point of view further analysis, because with these results, the banking revolution expected by many did not take place to the disappointment of the Monetary Modernization Association (MoMo). For their part, the "for", which called on the Swiss "not to play the sorcerer's apprentice ", welcomed the result that ruled out any risk of inflation, inflation that with a rare money would have lost in real time the value to their savings (see Time, Sibylle Dus, economist at UBS).

The question, however, which was certainly iconoclastic, nevertheless allows, despite the results, to welcome the spirit of democratic initiative of the Swiss who has opened the debate, because it is predicted that we will return to the subject.

This 2018 vote came at a time when, even though the SNB can not go bankrupt, it must be taken into account that a large part of its precious metal reserves (in gold in particular) was sold, the balance of the reserve (60% of these) being in euros, currency today overexposed as everyone knows.

The revolution will not take place among the Helvetii in a short time; but the Full Money Committee did not let down the guard. Here's what he said at the evening of the results:

"Despite the massive campaign of confusion and fears, the misinformation of the Federal Council (sic) and the National Bank (re-sic), the citizens who voted (yes) in favor of the question posed by the referendum initiative and who have understood the risks of money creation by private banks, have clearly opened the discussion on a serious problem.

These citizens are those who remained shocked by the evil mechanics of the financial crash of 2008 after which it was necessary to bail out the banks with taxpayers money who still shout today : "you said deficit? ".

But this taxpayer money becoming rare by over-imposition, what will happen if a new financial bubble comes to reproduce?

But this next crisis is certain for a growing number of economists who for some months have included in their reflection the anarchic and uncontrolled progression of cryptographic currencies (Bit Coin or others) through the development of advanced technologies. The citizens of the world will then have to remember, according to Henri Temple, this problem , "the countdown is started" . According to him, in a month or a year, the financial bubble (whose fictitious mass would approach one million billion dollars) will burst, after enriching the way speculators of any hair and any place.

These citizens will once again have to remember the immutable definition (of Aristotle to Stiglitz) of the currency "which must only raise the political authority which must be given the means to make it respected."

Some supporters of the "no" in Switzerland will then have to honestly rule on the educational insufficiency of the 2018 campaign by admitting at the same time that they did not understand the question put to them, which led them either to refrain or not to go to the polling stations.

Case to follow ...

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

THE G7 COMPROMISE SIGNS ON SATURDAY AT FIASCO TORPILLE BY DONALD TRUMP

The Canadian leader had tried to qualify this summit as a "success" . "We were able to reassure those who doubted our ability to work together," he told reporters. In particular, he spoke of progress made towards gender equality, clean energy, global security and economic growth. But he had been forced to admit that they had failed with his partners to change the position of Donald Trump on trade issues.

However, the part of the text dedicated to trade was signed by the seven G7 countries, including the United States of Donald Trump, the release still meeting certain requirements of the US President. He reiterated the word "reciprocal" for free trade, which must also be "free, fair and mutually advantageous" . And he said, "We are committed to modernizing the WTO (World Trade Organization) to make it fairer as soon as possible. We will do everything we can to reduce tariff barriers, non-tariff barriers and subsidies. "

Negotiated by hard struggle, the text referred the customs question to future negotiations.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, the host of the summit, confirmed that his country would apply effective July 1 tariffs in retaliation to those imposed by Washington on steel and aluminum. "These illegitimate tariffs must receive an equivalent response , " he said during his final press conference.

Emmanuel Macron, meanwhile, had also confirmed that the tariffs decided by the European Union against the United States would apply from July

Donald Trump himself, leaving the summit on Saturday morning, had not eased his steel and aluminum import tax requirements on the European Union and Canada, but welcomed the progress made. during the summit. And here he tweeted later: "The United States will not let other countries impose massive tariffs and tariffs on their farmers, their workers and their businesses."

On the other hand, no consensus had been reached on the climate, the United States acting alone on this subject. In addition, G7 leaders called on Russia to stop "undermining democratic systems" and pledged to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.

While all participants anticipated the opposite, the seven richest countries on the planet seemed to have managed to pull off a compromise compromise statement including Donald Trump's United States.

But it was without counting on the unpredictability of Donald Trump who, starting from the summit for Singapore, disassociated to the general surprise Saturday evening of the final release of the G7.

One tweet, it shatters the G7's attempt to save face by issuing a joint statement on trade .Angry tweeting, Donald Trump broke loose to the surprise Saturday night negotiated final release Fighting hard at the G7 summit in Canada, calling host Justin Trudeau "very dishonest and weak" for judging US fares "insulting" .

In one of his dramatic turnarounds, the US President tweeted from Air Force One, which takes him to Singapore: "Because of Justin's false statements at his press conference, and the fact that Canada imposes massive taxes about our American farmers, workers and businesses, I asked our US representatives to withdraw support for the release, while we are considering tariffs on cars that are flooding the US market! "

Donald Trump had left the summit several hours before Justin Trudeau's declaration, to reach Singapore where he will meet Kim Jong-un on Tuesday.


Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

 

TOWARDS A TOTAL G7

The atmosphere is more than tense in the small Canadian town of Charlevoix, Quebec, where the G7 summit is taking place on Friday and Saturday. US President Donald Trump will face the wrath of his European, Canadian and Japanese trading partners.

Invoking national security to justify American customs taxes imposed on Washington's allies is "laughable" and will have consequences in the United States, said Thursday Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and French President Emmanuel Macron standing together against Donald Trump.

Emmanuel Macron has warned since Ottawa that Europeans and Japanese are "not ready to give up everything to have this signature" Donald Trump. It would be "a mistake" to "give up everything to have this signature" and this would endanger "the relevance of this G7," he said.

The tenant of the White House, obviously irritated, attacked by name the two leaders. " Thank you for telling Prime Minister Trudeau and President Macron that they are massively taxing the United States and creating non-monetary barriers. The surplus of trade between the European Union and the United States is $ 151 billion and Canadians are rejecting our farmers and others. I can not wait to see them tomorrow, " he said in a first un-diplomatic tweet.

In the process, he posted a second tweet specifically about the Canadian leader: " Prime Minister Trudeau is indignant ... evoking the relationship that the United States and Canada have for years. But he forgets to say that he taxes us 300% on dairy products, mishandling our farmers, killing our agriculture! "

In addition to tariffs, the differences relate to the Iranian issue and the sanctions that the United States wants to reintroduce after their decision to get out of the nuclear deal. In a joint letter, France, Germany and the United Kingdom reaffirmed that they would remain committed to this agreement asking the United States to exempt European companies from future sanctions.

It is not impossible that the summit will end with a six-point statement on the most sensitive points and a seven-point press release on the others, the minimum option being a simple statement by the Canadian G7 presidency. Any joint communiqué will have to include the Paris agreement on the climate and the Iran nuclear agreement in the state.

Suffice to say that the G7 summit looks stormy ... if Donald Trump makes the trip. Because according to the Washington Post, the situation is so much that he would have thought to send Vice President Mike Pence in his place.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

SOURCE TAX IN FRANCE OR DIRECTIONS

V ll certainly come to fill your tax card via the Internet. But you have until September 15 to make changes in case you have not made the judicious choice between several solutions.

First of all, a brief explanation of the withholding tax

The tax deduction at source will come into effect at the beginning of 2019. The major interest of the withholding tax is to collect the real-time household tax, ie at the time of the payment of taxable income. . Currently, as the tax is levied a year late, taxpayers who see their income drop (retirement, unemployment), must wait one year before their tax will drop, which puts them in a difficult situation.

The Terra Nova think tank considered that such a reform is "useful for the economy" (which is not spared is consumed) but also allows to "strengthen" the effect of social stabilizers (a person falling in unemployment will no longer have to pay the same tax) and "improve the efficiency of tax policy" (by removing the important time lag between the vote of a measure and its financial impact on households).

Who will be concerned?

The reform applies to employees, retirees and the self-employed. Wages, replacement income (retirement, unemployment, maternity, etc.) and income from land are also affected. Movable capital income and real estate gains are not included in this field because they are already deducted at source.

Who will collect the tax?

The withholding tax brings into the circuit of recovery of the tax a new actor: the third-party payer ie the employer. The tax paid will appear on the pay slip as is the case today for social contributions. For pensioners and the unemployed, it will be the pension and unemployment insurance funds that will play this role.

The liberal professions and the self-employed will pay a monthly or quarterly installment, calculated according to their incomes of the previous months, and adjusted then according to their effective incomes. If they anticipate a strong fall of their incomes, they will be able to signal their situation to the FISC administration. This possibility, for example, meets the needs of craftsmen who lose a large customer, or farmers subject to weather conditions. The property income will be applied the same system of deposit.

What about tax credits?

It is impossible to suspend the tax credits in the year of transition, otherwise certain sectors (employment at home, building, charitable organizations) will be closed down. The tax credits that will be maintained will continue to be collected by the taxpayer the following year.

The home-based employment tax credit could, however, be monthly. The question is currently under study. On the other hand, the "all-in-one" device planned for private employers will not be ready in January 2019.

Now what options to choose for the tax rate?

If you reported your income online this year, you will have noticed a new option allowing you to choose (or not) the rate at which you will be taxed next year. How does it work, and in which case can this option be useful? Once you have completed your return, you will discover the personalized tax rate that will be applied to you from next year.

There are three possible options:

Indeed, with the coming into effect of the withholding tax of the income tax at January 1, 2019, each month a share of your net salary will be deducted for this tax. Ditto for income from land, alimony, income of self-employed, etc.

By default, it is therefore a "personalized" rate that appears, calculated as the current income tax on the basis of the annual income of the tax household. But there are two alternatives, for particular cases where taxpayers want to change this rate: the "individualized" rate or the "neutral" rate. What are they for, in which case do they use them?

The individualized rate for couples with unbalanced wages

This is to modulate the rate that will be levied to each member of the couple, according to the income of each, so that the overall rate of levy is the right.

A "neutral" rate to remain discreet

You have an inheritance, you own a large house or you are receiving annuities, but you do not want your employer to realize that your tax rate is high compared to what he pays you every month. In this case, you can opt for the "neutral rate", calculated solely on the basis of the income paid by the employer.

The taxpayer will not be deducted from the totality of his income tax via the withholding tax: the rate that will affect his salary will be equivalent to that of a single without children. On the other hand, it will have to pay the difference by paying it directly, via a payment "classic" as at present, to the attention of the Treasury

Can we change my mind?

Yes, but not indefinitely. Even if the declaration is due from this Tuesday you can always change your method of levy on your particular space site www.impots.gouv.fr. until next September 15th only.

In case of a change of situation (marriage, birth, decrease or increase of income ...) the taxpayer will have to ask for an update.

The taxpayer does not give any information to his employer or pension fund since. it is the administration that remains the taxpayer's interlocutor for its taxes, confidentiality is preserved.

Finally France enters the club of the developed countries with the withholding at source almost always for budgetary purposes.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

AUTOMOTIVE GROUP PSA PREPARES IRAN WITHDRAWAL TO FOLD AMERICAN EMBARGO

PSA "is in contact with the US authorities to consider a derogation" , "with the support of the French government" , but it has not obtained any guarantee from the State.

It is therefore the second largest French group, after Total, to comply with US injunctions to respect the embargo against Tehran imposed by the United States after their withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal.

The French car manufacturer PSA announced Monday, June 4, 2018 that he was preparing his departure from Iran, his first foreign market in volume.

The group, whose Peugeot and Citroën brands had formed joint ventures in Iran, said it had

"Begin the process of suspending the activities of its joint ventures, in order to comply with US law by August 6, 2018".

Last year, PSA sold 444,600 vehicles in Iran, a country where it is traditionally well established, and which constitutes its first foreign market ahead of China (382,800 units), the United Kingdom (279,100), Italy (265,000 200) and Germany (257,800).

Even if the importance of the Iranian market remains minimal in financial terms with "less than 1% of its turnover" for the second European manufacturer, it is a serious setback for the latter.

China, which already holds the largest market share in Iran, will be able to gain ground with no economic interest with the US policeman ...

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

EUROPEAN RESPONSE AGAINST THE AMERICAN TAXES

The United States put its threat into effect, imposing a tax on steel and aluminum imported from the European Union of 25% and 10% respectively. The decision that Emmanuel Macron lambasted "illegal" caused an outcry and reactions were not delayed.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, for her part, was alarmed by "an escalation that will hurt everyone" while Emmanuel Macron provided a " firm and proportionate" response from the European Union. "Our response to 'America first' will be 'united Europe'," Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said in a statement, saying "there are no winners in trade wars".

The EU will therefore respond to the important tariffs that the United States will impose on steel and aluminum from the Union, promised Thursday the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker.

"The United States has been exploited for many decades in the field of trade. Those days are over, " said the US president, in a statement. Wilbur Ross, for his part, minimized the risk of retaliation by the target countries, who felt that imports from the European Union represented "little" compared to the US trade deficit (less than $ 3 billion).

"It's a bad day for business. The European Union can not remain without reacting. What they (the United States) can do, we are able to do exactly the same thing, " warned Mr. Juncker at a conference in Brussels.

"The US leaves us no choice but to bring this dispute to the WTO and impose additional tariffs on a number of products from the US," Juncker said. a statement.

The World Trade Organization (WTO) procedure, which may last for years, should be launched on Friday, June 1, the Commission's statement said.

By the end of April, when the trade conflict had escalated, the EU had prepared a list of US goods, including tobacco, bourbon, jeans or motorbikes, which could be heavily taxed if struck by the rights of customs. These taxes or countermeasures, however, do not cover all the damage inflicted on European industry.

They can come into effect as early as June 20 because everything is settled on the side of the World Trade Organization. But a debate between Member States must be held for a final validation.

Canada and Mexico are also affected by these sanctions.

For Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, these sanctions are "an affront to the longstanding security partnership between Canada and the United States, and an affront to the thousands of Canadians who fought and died alongside their brothers in arms. Americans. " Ottawa has announced C $ 16.6 billion worth of US products. Mexico has announced "equivalent measures" to US taxes. The taxes will cover "various products such as flat steels (...), lamps, hams and pork knuckles, cold cuts and food preparations, apples, grapes, cranberries, various cheeses, among others" according to a communiqué, the secretariat for external relations.

The German government has warned that the answer to "America first" will be "united Europe" after the US decision to introduce tariffs on steel and aluminum imported from Europe. the EU, Mexico and Canada.

Faced with the economic nationalism of the United States we can only deplore the inefficiency of the WTO completely paralyzed in its action.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

TOWARDS THE BIG BANG OF RETIREMENT REFORM

The government is inviting the French to speak by launching a citizen consultation on a public consultation site on Thursday to gather citizens' opinions on pension reform.

This bill should lead to a point-based retirement system for everyone, a flagship project of Emmanuel Macron's program.

A website - www.participez.reforme-retraite.gouv.fr - is open for the occasion. It will remain so until October 25.

A promise of citizen participation in a most explosive project !!

"The income will give you a right to points, you will have a portability of rights regardless of the type of employer and the sector.

The goal is that with identical career, identical income, the retirement is identical, " says Jean-Paul Delevoye in Paris.

"This is to create a universal system where 1 euro contributed gives the same rights," said in a statement the High Commissioner for pension reform, Jean-Paul Delevoye, who says he "persuaded that a subject of such a scale requires a broad citizen consultation ".

For which system?

It would be a question of putting an end to the current system, which is considered very complex, not very legible and a source of inequalities. This will involve the elimination of the 37 existing pension schemes and the creation of a universal point system. In this scheme, the employee who contributes accumulates points throughout his career and, when he applies for retirement, his points are converted into an annuity based on the value of the point at the time of calculation. "The goal is that with identical career, identical income, the retirement is the same" , explains Jean-Paul Delevoye

Thus with the notion of duration that would disappear, the pension reform would allow the respect of "the freedom of choice" by giving the choice to everyone to decide when to retire, whether he judges his cumulative points sufficient or not. A significant advantage according to the high commissioner for pension reform.

"The current age of 62 should be kept," he says so that early departures do not lead people to have small pensions ... and do not "weigh on national solidarity."

Regarding the unemployed, people in precarious situation or disabled who would be harmed by the point system based on employment income, Jean-Paul Delevoye does not yet deliver concrete measures. "This is one of the debates we will have to have," he adds.

Another issue will be addressed in the second half, that of a possible capitalization. "The question arises for the highest salaries that exceed a certain ceiling (above € 120,000 income, € 160,000 or more)," says Jean-Paul Delevoye.

If the participation is open until 25 October, High Commissioner Jean-Paul Delevoye will only propose at the end of the year or at the beginning of 2019 the "main orientations" of the reform. The implementation of the reform, as for she should not intervene until 2025.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

BOSS OF THE GIANT OF AERONAUTICS

SERGE DASSAULT IS DEATHED AT 93 YEARS

The industrialist and press boss Serge Dassault died Monday, May 28 at his office at the Champs-Elysées Marcel-Dassault roundabout in Paris of a "heart failure" at the age of 93 years. "The family and the Dassault group will later communicate the terms of the tribute to be paid to Mr. Serge Dassault," according to this text broadcast by the group's communication department.

For a long time, he lived in the shadow of a father, a genius of the deported aeronautics, a brilliant engineer of the Hurricanes, Mystery IV and Mirage, patron of the magazine Jours de France and Gaullist deputy.

Born Serge Bloch April 4, 1925 in Paris, the industrialist of Jewish origin and all his family take the name of Dassault in 1946, at the end of the Second World War.

Serge "fell into the pot" of aviation, "wanted to undertake, he wanted more important positions. But there was no room for two, " says the historian Claude Carlier, author of books on Marcel and Serge Dassault.

This polytechnician, aeronautical engineer who for a long time had to stay away from the company waiting until 1967 to become CEO of the subsidiary Dassault Électronique succeeds his father in 1986 of a huge industrial empire, and after six months of battle with the State, a 46% shareholder in Dassault Aviation and majority in voting rights.

To no longer depend essentially on the public order Serge Dassault restructured the military aerospace group by the development and diversification of his group.

The Dassault group now has several subsidiaries: Dassault Aviation, the Rafale and Falcon manufacturer, which has 11,800 employees in France and is a 25% shareholder in the Thales electronics and defense group; Dassault Falcon Jet, which markets business jets in America, Asia and the Pacific (2,400 employees); Dassault Falcon Service, for the rental of business aircraft (600 employees); a 41% stake in the software giant Dassault Systems; the Le Figaro group; or, among others, the Artcurial auction house in Paris.

In 2000, he decided to cede the presidency of Dassault Aviation, but retained that of the family holding company Groupe Industriel Marcel Dassault (GIMD).

He also had a tumultuous political career

Appointed to the RPR and then to the UMP, he served as counselor general (1988-2004) senator (2004-2017) and mayor of Corbeil-Essonnes (from 1995 to 2009).

But in 2009, the Council of State had canceled his re-election at the town of Corbeil-Essonnes (Essonne) the previous year because of "gifts of money" while declaring Serge Dassault ineligible for a year.

His name has been associated with scandals related to the business of vote buying, hidden account laundering and tax evasion related to tax evasion.

His fortune, estimated at 21.6 billion in 2017, ranks France's 5th fortune in the ranking of the 500 fortunes of France de Challenges.

In 2014, he set the terms for his succession.

It is his man of trust and general manager of GIM, Charles Edelstenne, who succeeds him "automatically" while his four children sit on the Supervisory Board of the family holding.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

LEGISLATIVE AMENDMENTS ALSO EXPECTED BY HEADS OF COMPANIES

This is undoubtedly the legislative change that the French entrepreneurs expect the most.

The contravention of the new law will apply to any company that handles information about European residents, even if it is based outside the EU.

Previously, associations, administrations and companies had to warn the CNIL whenever they created a file containing information on their members, customers, employees or administrated.

"According to the level of sensitivity of the information collected, companies had to make either a simple statement or ask permission," explains Guillaume Desgens-Pasanau, senior lecturer at the National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, who runs an online course. on the GDPR.

In return, these organizations must provide accurate documentation of their use of personal data. It should include the name and purpose of the files collected, the registry of those who have access to them, and the measures taken to protect the data from possible malicious attacks.

Administrations as well as companies whose "basic activities (...) consist of a large-scale processing" of the data will even necessarily have to appoint a delegate for the protection of these files, who will have to present all the documentation to the Cnil in control case.



Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

 

PROTECTION OF PERSONAL DATA GDPR

Europe is at the forefront in defending the rights and freedoms of citizens on the Internet.

The new regulation on the protection of personal data aims to strengthen the protection of the privacy of European citizens.

Intended to replace the computer law and freedoms, the general regulation on the protection of personal data - or GDPR - will frame the way the digital giants manage the information they have on their users. forty years of good and loyal services, the law and freedoms will retire. From Friday, May 25, this text adopted in January 1978 to protect the French from the potential drifts of the file, which developed at the same time as the computer, will disappear. Its replacement is a European text that unifies the rules in force in the 28 member countries of the EU.

His name: the general regulation on the protection of personal data, or GDPR.

It comes in, comes into effect this Friday, May 25th.

This law, voted in 2016, intends above all to empower the digital economy players by introducing obligations for companies and local authorities. From now on, those who wish to use the personal data of Europeans will have to obtain their consent and be clear about their use.

This regulation will come into force in a context that has become electric, with the undue use of personal data of millions of Facebook users by Cambridge Analytica, a company linked to Donald Trump's campaign. And it was built around a major principle: its content will apply to any company that handles information about European residents, even if it is based outside the EU.

The new European regulation strengthens the concept of consent, already present in the "Law for confidence in the digital economy" of June 21, 2004. When a user makes available some of his personal data, he must now know what they will be used, how long they will be kept and whether they will leave the European Union. Businesses, therefore, to ask permission from everyone by explaining the legitimacy of their use. This information must be communicated to the user in a way that is "understandable and easily accessible, and formulated in clear and simple terms , " says the text of the law.

I can get a copy of my personal data

I can transfer my data to another service

This new law also introduces a new right for internet users, that of being able to retrieve and transfer part of its data free of charge from a service (social network, messaging service, internet access provider, streaming site, etc.) to the Internet. 'other ' in an open and machine-readable format , 'says the text.

This is called the right to portability of data. A user wishing to change email service provider, can download his emails to continue to use them in another, much like a bank account. The new text provides that the transfer can be done automatically between service providers.

I can take legal action in case of abuse

If a user believes that his personal data have been used or collected in an abusive manner, in contradiction with the law, he will be able to appeal to the data protection authorities, the National Commission for Informatics and Liberties ( CNIL) in France.

This is already the case, the GDPR goes further, since it allows to launch a collective action by an association or an organization for the purpose of protecting personal data, and to obtain a "compensation for damage suffered" . The French association La Quadrature du Net has just announced the launch of the first collective actions of its kind, targeting the digital giants of the US. Companies whose head office is located outside the European Union will no longer be able to argue the non-applicability of European law. In case of violation of my rights, the responsible company incurs a penalty of up to 4% of its worldwide turnover.

I can know when my data has been hacked

The RGPD also provides for more stringent security requirements for companies that collect and process personal data. In case of piracy, they must warn "in clear and simple terms" their customers or users. Users will be notified only when this intrusion is "likely to create a high risk for rights and freedoms," says the text of the law.

Facebook will apply the European Data Protection Regulation to the world.

The social network Facebook announced Thursday, May 24, that it would apply to its two billion users worldwide the European Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which comes into effect Friday, May 25. For several weeks, European Facebook users have been asked if they agree to be subject to advertising targeting, but also whether they allow Facebook to use its facial recognition technologies on photos and videos shared on the network. .

These questions will be asked to all users of the social network and will be accompanied by a reminder of the sensitive information they were able to share. Facebook, however, brings a major difference in this application of the GDPR : users from the rest of the world will be able to postpone this review of their privacy settings, while a European user who does not revalidate these terms of use of Facebook does not will no longer be able to access the social network.

Facebook is one of the first multinationals to announce that it is submitting to these new European rules, two days after its boss Mark Zuckerberg apologized to the European Parliament for the deficiencies of its social network in protecting the data of its users .

According to the GDPR, major web platforms must ensure among their users that they have obtained their consent "free, specific, informed and unambiguous" to use and store their personal data.

Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

WHEN THE AMERICAN SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAN THREATEN

THE POLICY OF FRENCH BANKS

Wherever the French companies are between the anvil and the hammer!

They are under pressure from banks to leave Iran.

With the return of sanctions, any company trading with Iran may see its loans denounced in France at the end of the moratorium set by Donald Trump.

How to react so that the French markets passed in Iran are not sanctioned?

For the time being, the sixty companies gathered by Bruno Lemaire do not intend to withdraw massively from Iran, despite the return of sanctions.

But where the rub is the role of banks in these companies. Indeed, banks impose restrictive clauses as part of their traditional lending activity.

"As part of their traditional lending activity, banks have imposed on business compliance clauses embargo measures and economic sanctions as a condition for the granting of credit that are generally broad enough, to cover a possible hardening of American policy in this area, explains Louis de Longeaux, associate lawyer at Herbert Smith.

Thus, if, due to the evolution of the sanctions policy, companies come to find themselves in a situation where they would violate the applicable sanctions due to the continuation of their activities in Iran, the banks could be entitled to denounce these credits ".

Companies are in a logic of vulnerability since it is the banks that lend them that could see their credits, or their accounts, denounced in France by their banking institution!

Similarly, in the account opening agreements it is often stipulated that "the bank may reserve the right to close the accounts of its client, if it considers that it conducts activities that may be subject to sanctions" .

The problem is legally difficult because the banking sector is also subject to US sanctions.

How to escape?

Banks have asked SMEs, for example, not to exceed a certain turnover threshold in Iran in order to avoid being threatened with account closures.

The banks themselves are really threatened by tougher sanctions. The reinstatement of the so-called " secondary" sanctions has the consequence of threatening "any actor intervening in Iran, to be registered on the black list of the American authorities, and consequently, any party who contracts with him," recalls we're in the executive.

They become instruments of politics

Through the banks, "the United States has managed to somehow privatize the watch and the threat of sanctions," said Louis de Longeaux. And these are not the only ones. Insurers are forced to do so too.

"The United States can not be the economic policeman of the world" according to Bruno Le Maire

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

BANKING SCAMS GROW


Bank scams are always making more victims

In 2016, 1.2 million French households declared themselves victims of fraud, double that of six years ago according to a study by the National Observatory of delinquency and penal responses.

The vast majority of them suffered a loss of less than or equal to EUR 300

"Scams above 1,000 euros represent a much smaller share (13% of households)," says the study.

In most cases, victims are totally unaware of the method of the perpetrator.

Households who have been scammed have noticed fraud by looking at their bank statement, the banks themselves not necessarily realizing it.

"The fraudulent flow was used to make purchases for nearly 68% of the victimized households in 2016," says the ONDRP.

For more than one household out of two, for an online purchase, for 10% of victims in a traditional business.


Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

TOTAL AND SHELL SIGN

AN AGREEMENT TO PRODUCE GAS IN OMAN

 

Total and Shell have announced this Sunday, May 13, 2018, in two separate communiqués, to have signed a memorandum of understanding with the Government of Oman to exploit natural gas on the soil of the Sultanate. "Total and Shell, operator, will develop in a respective proportion of 25% / 75% according to an agreement between the two companies before possible entry of the government, several gas discoveries located on land on block 6 in the area of ​​+ Greater Barik +" says the French oil and gas group in a statement.

Both partners have an initial gas production target of about 500 million cubic feet (about 152 million cubic meters) per day and production could reach up to one billion cubic feet per day thereafter.

The goal is to achieve "an initial gas production of approximately 500 million cubic feet per day", with the site having the "potential to reach up to 1 billion cubic feet per day thereafter" Total

"We are pleased to sign this Memorandum of Understanding with the Sultanate of Oman which will give us access to new gas resources and the opportunity to develop an integrated gas project , " said Arnaud Breuillac, General Manager of Exploration -production of Total, quoted in a company statement.

Total intends to use its share of gas to develop a regional hub in Oman to provide liquefied natural gas (LNG) fuel services to ships.

"Developing this LNG service as a bunker fuel will create value in the country, providing jobs, and support the diversification of the industry by encouraging shipping activities in Oman," said Arnaud Breuillac, General Manager of Total's exploration-production, quoted in the press release.

The Anglo-Dutch oil giant has welcomed the agreement signed "helps Oman to meet its energy needs and aspirations for growth," saying it should serve as a "platform for further negotiations on planned developments »

The two companies are already shareholders, alongside the sultanate and others The two companies are already shareholders, alongside the sultanate and other oil groups, the company specializes in liquefied gas Oman LNG.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

AIR STRIKE ON THE PRESIDENCY

FROM SAANA TO YEMEN

The offices of the Yemeni presidency, where the Houthi rebels are located in the center of the capital, were targeted on Monday by an air raid.

Not less than two powerful explosions have shaken the buildings of these offices near a large hotel, a commercial bank and not far from the headquarters of the Central Bank. The balance sheet would be at least six dead and thirty wounded.

For the Al-Massirah rebel TV channel and the Saba news agency, the raids are attributed to the Saudi-led coalition that has been operating in Yemen since 2015 against the Houthis. These control the capital and territories of the north and the west.

The air strike came hours after the Saudi air defense intercepted two new ballistic missiles fired by Yemeni rebels into the south of the kingdom on Sunday night, according to the coalition.

The missiles have been fired from the Yemeni province of Amrane, north of the capital Sanaa, said coalition spokesman, Saudi Colonel Turki al-Maliki.

Yemen is the scene of a "proxy war" between Shiites and Sunnis.

The war in Yemen with some 10,000 dead and more than 54,000 injured has caused "the worst humanitarian crisis in the world" according to the UN.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

VOTE SANCTION OF EMPLOYEES OF AIR FRANCE

OR THE RESIGNATION OF THE CEO

 

Jean-Marc Janaillac had put his position in the balance in the face of the result of the vote on the draft wage agreement. But the latter was rejected by 55.44% of Air France staff with a participation rate of 80.33% announced that he resigned from his post.

"I assume the consequences of this vote and I will resign in the coming days my resignation to the boards of directors of Air France and Air France-KLM," he said. white voice.

"Thirteen days of strike and more than two months of conflict have weakened Air France, compromising its performance and future.

It's a huge mess that can only delight our competitors, weaken our alliances and disorient our teams. "

Jean-Marc Janaillac reiterated the impossibility for Air France to meet the demands of the unions.

"It's economically impossible and it would be mostly suicide," he said.

The ten organizations that make up the Air France inter-union, including the main SNPL AF pilot union, find themselves in a strong position to demand a resumption of negotiations.

The draft wage agreement providing for a general wage increase of 7% by 2021, with 2% this year, no longer holds.

The economic impact of the strike was estimated at the end of April at least 300 million euros.

The strike will continue ...

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

A FIRST STEP TOWARDS CAPITALIZED

RETIREMENT IN FRANCE?

The government wants to "massively develop retirement savings" , says Minister of the Economy Bruno Le Maire.

The Minister of Economy and promises to ease the operation of existing devices, shunned by the French. The goal is to raise an extra 100 billion euros by the end of the five-year period.

What is the purpose of the pension insurance?

Retirement savings enable workers to build capital during their working lives. At retirement, the money is redistributed generally in the form of an annuity until the death of the saver.

Retirement savings therefore enable workers to build up capital during their working lives to provide for old age pensioners

Is this a first step towards a funded pension system that does not say its name?

However, in France, where the mandatory pay-as-you-go system remains the norm, private savings are estimated at less than 10% of pensioners' incomes, compared to 17% in Germany and more than 46% in the Netherlands. Retirement savings represent "derisory sums" confirmed the minister yesterday to the foundations of Savings and Taxation, organized by the French Savings and Retirement Association (Afer).

The promise of an "attractive tax system"?

In the main lines of its reform provided for by the Pact Act (Action Plan for the Growth and Transformation of the Economy) Bercy promises an "attractive" tax (within the limits of the existing ceilings) by voluntary payments.

"Simplicity, freedom: here are the two slogans of this reform," says the tenant of Bercy.

But as everyone knows, the stock of retirement savings, which is not usual in France, is only 200 billion euros, far from the 1700 billion life insurance, one of the preferred investments of With the livret A. As basic pensions exist in France, the assets do not jostle to put their woolen stockings in this type of investment. As a result, in France, "funded pension supplements" represent only 3% of total pensions, compared with 10% to 15% for our neighbors, the Savings Circle notes in a statement.

"Their low yields can expose investors to erosion of their capital because of inflation and management fees. And the prospect of having to combine several non-transferable products represents a major obstacle for employee-savers while professional careers are now less linear, " notes a note from the Ministry.

But retirement savings is today broken up around a maze of products whose main ones are the Perp, the Perco, the article 83 or the Madelin. Addressing different audiences (employees, self-employed, ...), each investment also has different entry and exit conditions. However, "by the middle of the century, the retired population will grow from 15 to 20 million" in France. Between the problems of the sustainability of the pay-as-you-go system (with fewer and fewer retirees) and the burden of end-of-life dependency, which is increasing every year a little more, the government wants to logically reinforce savings. retirement of households.

To overcome this lack of attractiveness, the executive will relax contracts, often criticized for their complexity, without reducing the number. "We want the measure to be operational as soon as possible" , justifies Bruno Le Maire.

Concretely that proposes Bruno Le Maire?

It has just improved existing contracts the famous Perco, Perp and Article 83. Three changes planned: the employee can keep the same retirement savings contract throughout his working life; the reversion option will become systematic for the spouse in the event of the death of the beneficiary; the saver will be free to recover his capital savings (that is to say at one time). It's not the big night!

By the end of the five-year period, the government hopes to reach a total of 300 billion to officially "allow the French to better prepare for retirement but also to better finance the economy . "

By the middle of the century, the retired population will increase from 15 to 20 million in France. Between the problems of sustainability of the pay-as-you-go system (with fewer and fewer retirees) and the burden of end-of-life dependency, which is increasing every year a little more, what can be done?

The government simply wants to siphon life insurance and achieve its goals: a mandatory pension ...


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SOUPS OF CORRUPTION FOR

BOLLORE IN AFRICA

The industrialist was placed in custody Tuesday as part of a corruption investigation into obtaining management of two ports in Africa.

What is happening to the Bolloré group? Vincent Bolloré the Breton industrialist was placed in police custody Tuesday morning in the premises of the Central Office of fight against corruption and financial and tax offenses (OCLCIFF) in Nanterre (Hauts-de-Seine).

As well as the general director of the group, Gilles Alix, as well as the head of the international division of the Havas communication agency (owned by the Bolloré group), Jean-Philippe Dorent. Francis Perez, leader of Pefaco, too. The latter runs a company developing hotels and casinos in Africa.

Astonishing? Like the Da Vinci group, the Bolloré group wins a lot of big contracts, sometimes public ones.

These hearings are part of an open investigation especially for bribery of foreign public officials, conducted by two investigating judges under the auspices of the National Finance Prosecutor (PNF).

Management of ports, transport and logistics networks, plantations ... Africa accounts for one quarter of the turnover of the industrial group led by the Breton industrialist. In this continent he managed to build an economic empire of 2.5 billion in 46 countries with a strong network of political friendships and the media it controls!

What do you say to him?

The suspicions relate to the way in which the industrialist got the management of the ports of Conakry in Guinea and Lomé in Togo. The conditions of attribution of these two concessions are at the heart of a survey for corruption insofar as precisely At this time, the election of new President Alpha Condé in 2011 and the re-election of President Faure Gnassingbé in 2009 took place.

The African subsidiary of Bolloré won the Conakry port market in 2011 shortly after the election of all while it was given two years earlier to the subsidiary of another French group for a period of twenty- five years.

Similarly, in Togo, where Bolloré won the contract in 2009, a few months before the incumbent president was elected.

But, more troubling: in both countries, Havas, the communications consulting agency, was the communication expertise for these two presidents inducted.

Had Havas not undercharged its services in exchange for the future granting of the operation of the two port terminals to the parent company? Would the Bolloré group have facilitated the arrival of African heads of state in exchange for port concessions in Guinea and Togo?

Formal denial of the industrial group

In a statement issued a few hours after the announcement of the custody, the Bolloré group has formally denied any irregularity: "The link that tries to be made by some between obtaining these concessions and communication operations is devoid of any economic foundation and reveals a heavy misunderstanding of this industrial sector , " adds the group, which argues that Havas " brings its expertise in communication to political campaigns around the world and in conditions of transparency irreproachable " for twenty-five years Bolloré won these two big African markets through "expertise," he says. A group employing 80,000 people worldwide.

In twenty-five years, Vincent Bolloré obtained the concession of a dozen African ports. As well as the management of several container terminals in concession: Douala (Cameroon), Abidjan (Ivory Coast), Cotonou (Benin), Tema (Ghana), Tincan (Lagos, Nigeria), Pointe-Noire (Republic of Congo), Lome (Togo) and Conackry (Guinea).

Since 2004, the group has been managing and operating the first terminal of the port of Abidjan, the leader in West Africa and the coastline of the countries of the sub-region (Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso).

The group also holds the majority rail concessions in three countries in Africa: Sitarail (Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso), Camrail (Cameroon) and Benirail (Benin). With railways, thousands of trucks and millions of square meters of storage space, the management of strategic ports-political and economic-assures the Bolloré Africa Logistics group an undeniable grip on the African continent, under the brand name

The group is also involved in oil, mining and industrial logistics ...

An industrial empire in Africa built in 25 years!

But the Havas agency organizes electoral campaigns on the continent with formidable weapons: advertising (Euro RSCG) television (Direct 8), e polls (CSA) and the free press (Morning Plus, Direct evening), here it is make sure to make campaigns of opinions and images.

And the "Messieurs Afrique" are not lacking ...

But in the face of the Chinese company and its progress in Africa, let's not hide the face !!!

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE GESTURE OF THE AMERICAN MICHAEL BLOOMBERG TO SAVE THE PLANET

In June 2017, Donald Trump announced the withdrawal of the United States from the Paris agreement. Former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg released the checkbook to offset the US share.

The billionaire announced Sunday on CBS, he would sign a check for $ 4.5 million, to cover part of the US share of the Paris agreement for 2018.

"We have a responsibility. "America has made a commitment and as Americans, if the government does not hold it, we have a responsibility," Bloomberg said. " I can do it, so I will send a check for the amount of money promised. "

In fact, this is not the first time that the former independent mayor has mobilized to finance the fight against global warming. In June 2017, he had already pledged $ 15 million to support the UN's efforts through his Bloomberg Philanthropies Foundation. Tenth world fortune, Michael Bloomberg had then explained that his foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies, would provide the UN the equivalent of the contribution that had to pay the United States.

The Paris Agreement stipulated that the United States was the main contributor to the UN-managed Green Climate Fund. A few days after the announcement of the withdrawal of the United States, Michael Bloomberg had submitted to the United Nations a letter signed by more than 1,000 organizations, companies and local authorities in the United States, ready to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

The philanthropist does not despair that Donald Trump changes his mind "He should say: Look, there is really a problem, America is part of the problem, America is a big part of the solution and we should go. And help the world to stop a potential disaster. But for the tenant of the White House is the text itself that represents a disaster.

But Donald Trump judges the current agreement "awful" and "unfair" and requires for this a text "totally different".

Emmanuel Macron who goes this Monday in the United States will offer an oak to the American president. Does this tree sound like a message about the need to preserve the environment?


Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

EXPLOSIVE SCANDALE FOR BERCY

 

The tax website gives Google data from millions of French people by having to watch an informative video hosted on YouTube!

Indeed Bercy allows the American giant to suck up a lot of personal information. Most popular information to track down a little more users and enrich their advertising profile. And let it happen with the blessing of a government site!

What a nice present for the giant Google !!!

The Directorate General of Public Finance (DGFIP) in deciding to use YouTube to host an information video on the withholding tax, which is mandatory to view to access the site and report its income allows YouTube (Google) to collect personal data about internet users.

Knowing that in a few days the video has been viewed more than 4.3 million times that data sucked because like all YouTube videos, it is broadcast by Google with advertising sneaks that aspire some data from the browser (including cookies) .

At a time as crucial as the tax return, good pick for Google!

Bercy who constantly thinks of charging taxes to Google and its affiliate YouTube should think!

Indeed the use of the platform for institutional has never been indicated as free !!

If YouTube claims  $ 10 (ten dollars) to Bercy for each view, Bercy will have a nice bill to pay to YouTube!

Invoice that would be completely legitimate !!!

Let's not forget that its videos are stored in servers based in the United States that have an operating cost (purchases of servers, power supplies, air conditioning, fire fighting networks, fiber optic lines, maintenance staff etc. ... )

The theft IT resources is it not punished by the laws French, American, and International ???

Let's bet that YouTube, Google, and the US are not going to stop there !!!

From knowledgeable source Donald Trump would already be on the record !!!

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

VIOLENTS BEHAVIOR BETWEEN MANIFESTANTS

AND FORCES FROM THE ORDER TO THE THIRD DAY

EXPULSION FROM THE ZAD

 

A month and a half after the abandonment of the airport project, the expulsion of zadistes remained on the site began Monday and Tuesday before continuing on Wednesday.

Prime Minister Edouard Philippe Wednesday greeted the "very great professionalism" of the gendarmes and swept the idea of ​​a break, despite the demands of several members of the majority.

"Since Monday morning, the gendarmes act with control, with measure, with discernment, in the face of often violent oppositions, facing projectile jets, rockets, facing catapults sometimes set up" so that "force remains at the law, " Philippe told MPs.

On the third day of the evictions in the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, the confrontation continues therefore between mobile gendarmes and zadistes entrenched behind barricades.

Wednesday, clashes began shortly before 07 am not far from the D281 road called "chicanes" . The gendarmes responded by firing tear gas and blast grenades at the various projectiles (stones, clumps of earth, bottles) launched by sixty zadistes protecting themselves behind makeshift barricades on the route of the "Black Fosses" .

The intervention could "last until the end of the week," according to Interior Minister Gerard Collomb, who mobilized some 2,500 gendarmes. According to the prefecture, 16 sites were evacuated on Monday and Tuesday. Of these, 15 were demolished. The region's prefect, Nicole Klein, announced Tuesday that the goal was to dismantle "30 to 40" sites.

It should be remembered, however, that these violent clashes have left 30 or so wounded on the last official count, and around 20, including two hospitalized Zadists, according to the medical team's assessment.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

LOOP OF RENAUD MUSELIER WHO DOES NOT WANT TO BE THE DRAWER CASH OF THE STATE

FOR THE REFORM OF LEARNING


With the reform of the Labor Code and unemployment insurance, apprenticeship reform was to be the third component of the Macron five-year social project.

The start of the reform of apprenticeship was given on November 10, 2017 by Muriel Pénicaud (Minister of Labor) after the President of the Republic, traveling to a vocational high school in Egletons, October 4, 2017, has announced his first intentions on the subject.

As soon as the file was put on the rails, 4 working groups were set up to treat and study the following subjects:

- Course of the apprentice
- Business Learning
- Financing learning
- Training and certification offers

The experts participating in these groups made their findings and reports on 29 January 2018.

At the same time, Sylvie Brunet, President of the Economic and Social Council, presented the EESC proposals to the government on the same day.

On the basis of their respective work, it was decided that the apprenticeship reform project, formally finalized by the government, would be presented to the Council of Ministers in April 2018. We are there!

Moreover, Muriel Penicaud anticipates, presented its preliminary project on April 6th.

MEDEF immediately praised the project, particularly with regard to the fact that the reform provides that companies and their branches would henceforth have a new responsibility in steering apprenticeship training systems.

A challenge and a responsibility which historically were assumed so far by the Regions which immediately reacted ..

As a result, the Regions of France, chaired by Hervé Morin very quickly broadcast a statement drawing red balls on the project.

Their arguments are quite clear: according to their estimates, half of the CFA (Adult Training Center) would be likely to close or restructure if the reform as presented was implemented under the conditions set by the government.

The Regions also point to the attitude of the government that did not respect some of the promises, made in the framework of the consultation, and the commitments made by the Prime Minister on February 9, 2018, such as the creation of a Regional Plan alternating training courses, with the aim of ensuring complementarity between CFA and Professional High Schools (high schools fall under the Regions' competence in application of the decentralization laws) or the control of the payment by the Regions of the Single Aid to employers of apprentices.

Hence the scathing and furious declaration of Bruno Muselier, President of the PACA Region, who immediately decided to stop the funding of the Training Centers of his Region ... .to avoid being the cash drawer of the State ....

According to Bruno Muselier, while the Paca Region he presides would have gone from 27,000 to 32,000 apprentices in two and a half years, and that the goal that she set for herself was to reach 50,000 apprentices per year in 2021, with an investment scope of 143 million euros (for 120 million euros of assigned revenue), according to its projections, the reform could lead to the closure of 33 CFA out of 59 currently existing. A very strong amputation therefore!

And the elected to continue, "that he stopped the current projects while waiting to know who will finance them and with what means" ?

On the subject of learning, the war has restarted between the Government and the Regions.

Yet the dialogue was resumed in mid-January 2018, after the Regions had previously slammed the door of the consultation on the reform.

In mid-January, Hervé Morin had indeed taken for granted, given the promises made to him, the principle that it would be the regions that would lead the new reform?

But that nay! This has not been the case and the Presidents of Regions have begun to worry about the real or underground objectives of the State concerning the Reformation, which they do not take into account the problems of regional planning (a competence held also by the Regions) and CFA allocations to rural areas.

We therefore understand better the rage of Bruno Muselier who like his colleagues will certainly resume the tug of war they had started in November 2017 with the executive, and Emmanuel Macron in particular.

In the midst of deep social unrest ?

Could the government's gamble and plans for reforming apprenticeship remain on the ground ?

(No pun, there are no paving stones in Paris and the major French cities).


Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

SENTENCED OF THE FORMER PRESIDENT

SOUTH KOREAN 24 YEARS OF JAIL

 

The first woman elected president of South Korea was sentenced to 24 years in prison in the corruption scandal that led to her fall last year. The first woman elected President of South Korea, Park Guen-Hye, was dismissed and arrested in March 2017.

The former president was sentenced on Friday, April 6, by a Seoul court to 24 years in prison in the corruption scandal that led to her fall

Sentenced to twenty-four years in prison, the former president of South Korea was under the influence of a guru.

The affair begins in the summer of 2016. Thousands of students from the prestigious Ewha University in Seoul, the capital, take to the streets. The reason ? A girl, Chung Yoo-ra, would have benefited from a "piston" to enter the college. In this country where competition to enter the university is ruthless, and parents spend money on their children's schooling, this favor does not pass. Especially since this Chung Yoo-ra is not anyone. She is the daughter of Choi Soon-sil, a close friend of Park Geun-hye, who had a real grip on the president.

Park Geun-Hye was found guilty of corruption, abuse of power or coercion by the Seoul Central District Court, which also fined him 18 billion won (13 million euros). Judge Kim Se-yoon said she had forced South Korean companies to pay tens of billions of won to two foundations controlled by her shadow confidante and "friend of 40 years" , Choi Soon-sil . "The accused illegally used her presidential authority at the request of Ms. Choi to force companies to give money to the foundations," said the magistrate. "The companies were forced to give large sums of money and the accused let Ms. Choi control the foundations when she was not allowed to do so."

The friend who hijacked 17 million euros!

Judged in a separate trial, Ms. Choi was sentenced in February to 20 years of imprisonment. "Mrs. Choi" was in possession of confidential files. The verdict falls: "Madam Choi" is at the heart of state affairs while she has no official office, and she uses her privileged status to enrich herself. Investigators will discover later that it has bribed senior chaebol leaders, the big industrial conglomerates, to divert more than 17 million euros.

The eldest daughter of the military dictator Park Chung-Hee, who in 2013 had acceded to the supreme office by draping himself in the habit of the incorruptible "Daughter of the Nation" , was swept away in a scandal that once again illustrated the links between local political power and large conglomerates.

Called "Choigate", this scandal will enthrall the country for more than a year. Over the revelations, the Koreans will discover the troubled relationship that has maintained, for over forty years, "their" president with this woman guru ...

The epilogue of one of the greatest political scandals that the country, eleventh world economy, has ever known.


Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

TRUMPIAN OVERHEATS AGAINST CHINA

Donald Trump embarked on a merciless struggle against the US trade deficit, which in his view is a sign of the weakness of his predecessors who have let the rest of the world benefit from the United States.

Then as usual he brandished the war threat against the Middle Kingdom: impose $ 100 billion of new customs taxes on Chinese imports in response to the retaliatory measures announced by Beijing!

In fact, when the Trump administration published a provisional list of products imported from China that could be subject to new customs duties on Tuesday, Beijing reacted strongly with a list of strategic US products such as soybeans, cars and cars. aeronautics for an amount equivalent to the first measures announced Tuesday by Washington: 50 billion dollars. And China also to file a complaint to the World Trade Organization (WTO) concerning "tariff measures for Chinese products" that the United States intends to put in place.

Verbal escalation did not wait for the American side.

"I asked the Ministry of Commerce to consider whether an additional $ 100 billion of tariffs would be adjusted under Article 301 (on intellectual property) and, in this case, to identify the products on which they could be taxed, "said the US president in a statement.

"Economies around the world - including the Chinese economy - would benefit from the application in China of policies that truly reward hard work and innovation rather than pursuing policies that distort the vital sector of the high economy. -technology, "added the USTR in its release.

Once again, the USTR is criticizing the Chinese practices that the Americans regard as plundering the intellectual property of American companies that want or do business in China.

But the US Trade Representative (USTR) Robert Lighthizer has taken care to qualify the President's warlike remarks by explaining that these retaliatory measures could only take effect after a public consultation process ... Would tariffs on steel and aluminum seem like ...



Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

COMMERCIAL WAR DECLARE

BETWEEN WASHINGTON AND BEIJING

WAshington released Tuesday a list of Chinese imports, worth $ 50 billion, which could be subject to new taxes. In response, China condemned " unilateralist and protectionist" behavior .

The United States issued Tuesday, April 3, a provisional list of no less than 1,300 imported products that may be subject to new customs duties.

This long list targeting products from different sectors - information and communication technologies or robotics and machinery - targets imports representing "approximately $ 50 billion", said the US Trade Representative (USTR) Robert Lighthizer in a statement. Why such a retaliatory measure? Washington intends to obtain from Beijing a change in Chinese intellectual property practices that it describes as "forced transfer of US technology and intellectual property . "

The Chinese trade ministry, brocading in a statement " a totally unfounded, typically unilateralist and protectionist behavior, which China opposes by strongly condemning it" promised in turn retaliatory measures. The Chinese Embassy in Washington has pledged a proportional response, while stressing its intention to settle the dispute through the World Trade Organization (WTO).

The list published by Washington will be subject to a period of public consultation of about two months, before the US Trade Representative's Office (USTR) plans to announce its final decision. The list was established via an algorithm to choose the products that will most affect the Chinese exporters, while limiting the damage to US consumers. A public hearing on customs duties is scheduled for May 15.

But what worries especially the United States is above all the program "Made in China 2025" ie for the USTR "the declared intention of China to take the economic leadership in advanced technologies" . Beijing aspires to replace its imports of advanced technologies with domestic products to acquire a dominant position in the industries of the future. What the United States sees with a bad eye.

"Made in China 2025" targets ten sectors declared strategic by Beijing: IT, robotics, aircraft, new energy vehicles, pharmaceuticals, electrical equipment, advanced materials, agricultural equipment, shipbuilding and railway equipment.

What worry the American giant!

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

A STRIKE OF THE MOST DESTROYING FOR USERS

 

When we think that this time it is all the categories of personnel - drivers, controllers, train assistants, traffic controllers, station employees - who go on strike, it is the entire rail network that is paralyzed.

Who to give the starting signal to the driver?

Who to route the train in the desired direction?

Not only is the operation of the network very disturbed, the chain of tasks of each agent is not assured in the continuity, but the rhythm of the schedule of the trains at the beginning will suffer.

Indeed by choosing a beaded strike- two days of strike followed by three days of " normal circulation " , then two days of strike, etc.and this eighteen times this spring will inevitably lead to a destabilization of the plannings well beyond 48 hours of work stoppages.

All the complex clockwork mechanism of the smooth running of the traffic will be deregulated.It will take a whole day to reconstitute a schedule roughly oiled !!! And two days of traffic roughly regulated, patatrac two days of strike and thus during all this spring What a headache for the passenger who will not be able to catch his correspondence for his final destination. In practice, two days of strike equivalent to three days of disruption to consider, time to restart the machine.

In addition, each driver must be authorized on specific locomotives, suburban trains or TGVs in limited numbers with the most precise experience of his journey. As a result, a driver assigned to the South East may be allowed to fly on Paris-Lyon-Marseille, but does not have the line on Paris-Clermont-Ferrand. As long as the train has to serve by Clermond, the train will be at the dock without an authorized driver!

A whole team participates in the proper functioning of the train, the accompanying staff to the driving staff.TGV, for the most TER and Intercités for example require to circulate an agent of accompaniment ...

Bis repetita Wednesday on the platform of the station with a second day of strike and a traffic that will be still very disturbed, the government predicting "difficult days" to users.

SNCF management plans a TGV on seven and an average of five regional trains, which is essentially the same as Tuesday. Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said he heard "both strikers" and "those who want to go to work".

But not sure that the "customers and users of the SNCF" that they have "difficult days before them" do not hear the same ear!

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CHANGES ON 1 APRIL IN FRANCE

Increase the minimum old age, the premium at birth, lower regulated gas prices, upgrading the premium to change the boiler oil ... Here are the main changes from Sunday, April 1.

Several social benefits are reevaluated.

As of April 1, family benefits for families with at least two children will benefit from a 1% increase, a slight increase over last year due to a resumption of inflation. Back to School Allowances (ARS) ) earn 1%, as do early childhood benefits (PAJE), and child disability benefits (AEEH).

Are also upgraded the active solidarity income (RSA) rising to 550.93 euros per month for a single person, the birth and adoption bonuses to 99 € or 11 additional euros for the year 2018 and the allocation of solidarity to the elderly (Aspa), the old minimum old age, who earns 30 euros per month, or 833 € monthly for a single person.

The energy check, which replaces the social gas and electricity tariffs, will be distributed in April for the 4 million beneficiary households, ranging from 48 to 227 euros for the most modest households. Its average amount is 150 euros.

After falling by an average of 3% last March, regulated natural gas prices will drop by 1.1% as of April 1st. This decrease will be 0.4% for gas users for cooking, 0.7% for those who have dual use cooking and hot water and 1.2% for homes that heat gas.

Oil boilers. Good news for energy-poor households who change their oil-fired boiler for a model using renewable energies. They will be able, under conditions of resources, to profit from a premium revalued this month of April: between 2 000 and 3 000 euros against 800 to 1300 euros previously.

Canet health

A new health book comes into force at the beginning of April to take into account scientific advances and especially the eleven new compulsory vaccines for children under 2 years old. Parents will have 3 months to update it.

Winter break

The winter break usually ends on March 31st. The evictions of the tenants not paying their rent can resume from April.

Unless Emmanuel Macron keeps his campaign promises ...

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

COMMERCIAL WAR OF THE UNITED STATES

AGAINST CHINA

T rump has been launching all-out trade war since coming to power. He simply puts his campaign promises into action. "Our Constitution historically did not talk about income taxes, but it mentioned tariffs, which were supposed to tax foreign production rather than US production , " he said.

But if the Trump administration has gone from words to action in 2018, it continues to be messy, without any precise allies or war goals, if not the reduction of trade deficits.

Sometimes it may seem like throwing provocative test balls for testing. This is the case with the trade war for aluminum and the steel launched with fanfare on March 1, whose imports were to be taxed "for a long time," according to Trump.

Supposed to be worth $ 9 billion, it was one of those " easy-to-win trade wars," said the president ... The decision of the United States, the world's largest importer of steel, has raised fears of a trade war. But Donald Trump first signed an armistice with Canada and Mexico, and eventually exempted until May 1 friendly countries like those of the European Union (EU), Brazil, South Korea.

Only two enemies remain, Russia and China!

Thursday scenario between China and America: hostilities are launched. Donald Trump has just signed a "memorandum targeting the economic aggression of China" . The US president has spoken of punitive measures against Chinese imports of up to $ 60 billion. But the Chinese reply was not long in coming "China is in no way afraid of a trade war," warned the Chinese Ministry of Commerce. "If a trade war were to be launched by the United States, China would fight to the end to defend its own legitimate interests by all necessary means , " also threatened Thursday evening the Chinese Embassy in Washington. Beijing unveiled tonight a list of 128 products, or tariff lines, on which it says it is ready to apply tariffs of 15% or 25%.

Today, China is responding by targeting fresh fruit, wine, ethanol, ginseng, seamless steel tubes (taxed at 15%) but also pork and recycled aluminum (minted at 25%). Admittedly, at about $ 3 billion, the amount involved is small and the list does not include soybeans, produced in the states that supported Donald Trump during the presidential campaign, and that Americans exported to China in the amount of $ 14 billion. dollars last year. But the US Trade Representative, Robert Lighthizer, insisted that the announced sanctions were only "the prelude to a series of negotiations".

So this finding leads, if not to temper, at least to contextualize the martial announcements of the White House against "the economic aggression of Beijing."


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

A THIRD OF BIRDS DISAPPEARED

CAMPAIGNS FOR 15 YEARS

Recent studies point to an alarming fact: bird populations living in agriculture have lost a third of their numbers in 17 years. The population of rural birds is declining "at breakneck speed" and in the last two years the rate of disappearances has accelerated.

All species are concerned. Most affected are the skylark, the grisette, and the ortolan sparrow, which have lost an average of one in three in fifteen years.

This is all the more reliable since it comes from two separate surveillance networks established according to different protocols. The STOC program (Time tracking of common birds), carried by the National Museum of Natural History, brings together the observations of professional and amateur ornithologists while that of the CNRS has worked on a "workshop area" studied since 1994.

Both studies point to the effects of intensive agriculture and the massive use of pesticides on biodiversity

The intensification of agricultural practices has given rise to "the end of the use of fallow periods (...), the resumption of the superamendarement with nitrate allowing to have wheat overprotein and the generalization of the neonicotinoids", according to the release . "The areas dedicated to monoculture have steadily increased in France, leading to the destruction of environments favorable to birds and insects. And in 2009, the Common Agricultural Policy has halted fallows, which is also harmful to biodiversity, says Benoît Fontaine.

Another harmful factor: pesticides despite the Ecophyto plan, which aims to halve their use in France by 2020. "

If, in the 1960s, DDT is the talk, today are the neonicotinoids, insecticides that contaminate the entire ecosystem, but also glyphosate (Roundup), the herbicide the more used in the world, which worry. Both contribute to the disappearance of plants and insects that are the food resources of birds, especially in the spring.

Still, the situation is not unique to France. In the autumn of 2017, German and British researchers led by Caspar Hallmann (Radboud University, the Netherlands), for the first time, put a figure on the decline massive invertebrates since the early 1990s: according to their work, published in October in the journal PloS One, the number of flying insects has declined from 75% to 80% in Germany. Europe as a whole is said to have lost 80% of flying insects and 421 million birds in 30 years.

In their communiqué, the CNRS and the MNHN therefore call for "working with all the players in the agricultural world to accelerate changes in practices and first with farmers who now have the keys to change the trend".

"The silent spring announced by Rachel Carson could become a reality if we do not react very quickly, concludes Vincent Bretagnolle. The situation is worrying, especially since today it is not only a question of banning a pesticide, but of changing the paradigm. "


Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

LIQUIDATION OF 735 STORES

AMERICANS TOYS 'R' US

Two days after the recovery of La Grande Récré, it is a new thunderbolt that resounded on Thursday in the toy market with the announced liquidation of 735 US stores Toys'R'Us. Famous for its toy supermarkets opened in the 1980s and 1990s on the outskirts of cities, Toys'R'Us, born after the war in Washington, declared bankruptcy in September 2017.

The French subsidiary of Toys'R'Us is negotiating with "several interested parties". "We are currently studying the measures to be put in place in order to preserve the continuity of the business (of the 53 French stores, ed) as well as the interests of all our (1,300) employees," he said. said the general manager Jean Charretteur.

"The company's international operations in Australia, France, Poland, Portugal and Spain are exploring their possibilities, including a potential sales process in their respective markets , " the company says. a communiqué received at midday.

"Toys'R'Us has also announced a process of reorganizing and selling its operations in Canada", as well as in Asia and Central Europe, including Germany, Austria and Switzerland, " the statement said.

Industrialists can only deplore the disappearance of their biggest distributors who allow customers to discover new products.

Mattel's share price dropped 2% on the stock market after the US Toys R Us closed.

The bankruptcy of the parent company in the United States is to be put on the back of a debt too large that has suffocated a company otherwise forced to adapt and invest to modernize in the face of e-commerce.

The decision to liquidate its 735 US stores threatens some thirty thousand jobs, half of the global workforce of the group. This is not a surprise for toy specialists, where fierce competition exists between specialty stores, superstores and e-commerce. In fact, the market share of e-commerce in toys increases a little more each year until reaching 26% at the end of September in France, comparable to that of the United States%. Specialty retailers are also competing with the second-hand market through sites like LeBonCoin or eBay.

This bad news affects not only the staff, but also the small toy industry and consumers. Few choices in department stores and on the contrary on the internet a number of referenced products such that the customer is forced to focus on major brands.

King Jouet's boss, Philippe Gueydon, said it was time for suppliers and retailers to "work hand-in-hand" to "rethink how the industry operates" with "different rules of the game". ". It's about their survival.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

GROWTH REVISED AT 2% IN 2017

ACCORDING TO THE BANQUE DE FRANCE


All indicators of activity seem to have to stay in the green. "Domestic demand will slow only slightly from 2018 to 2020". And this, thanks to the sustained growth in household consumption, linked both to "the increase in business income and measures to reduce tax deductions , " according to experts at the Banque de France.

Moreover, "French growth will no longer be hampered by foreign trade," the black spot of the French economy , "thanks to a strong expected rebound in exports in 2018" which would indeed increase by 6% this year, but then slow down by 2019-2020 "due to a less favorable external environment".

The government is officially counting on growth of 1.7% per year over the 2018-2020 period.

" Everything happens as if growth had stumbled on this border of 2% before decelerating" , commented on BFM Business the governor of the Bank of France, François Villeroy de Galhau, judging that this referred to the "need for reforms" .

"Our luck now, it goes through our patience and perseverance," he said, calling to maintain the effort "in the long run"

The government of the BdF, however, calls for caution

While a debate on the "fiscal jackpot" is currently underway, the governor recalled that France had one of the highest debt and public deficit in Europe. "If we start distributing money we did not win, it ends badly," he said.

Unemployment rate below 8%

On the employment front, "the unemployment rate would fall continuously to 7.9% in the last quarter of 2020, its lowest level since the end of 2008," according to the Banque de France (BDF) .

Job creation, after a sustained 2017, "would remain dynamic (...) while maintaining a pace of the order of +180,000 to +200,000 per year." The BDF does not exclude a correction of the sharp drop in the unemployment rate recorded in the last quarter of 2017, but sees a much sharper fall in the one of 2018-2020 than in its previous forecasts.

The return of inflation

Inflation would recover sharply in 2018, according to the Banque de France. As for inflation under HICP standards, the Banque de France sees it accelerating to 1.6% this year, 0.2 percentage points higher than previously forecast due to energy and tobacco prices.

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld

MACRON PART IN THE CONQUEST

OF THE INDIAN MARKET

Macron began a three-day state visit on Friday night in Delhi to try to strengthen France's position in India.

It must be acknowledged that until today trade relations between France and India have remained limited.

"We can do much more in terms of good investments, trade and the opening of our markets" , according to the President of the French Republic in an interview granted Thursday, March 8, to the weekly India Today.

The stated ambition of the President is to "make India the first strategic partner of France in the [Asian] region and make France the first strategic partner of India in Europe," he added Saturday in place of the United Kingdom, he says saying ... in English.

So far India is only the 18th customer of France and its 20th largest supplier on an international scale. France-India trade valued at € 10 billion in 2017 is mainly due to France's increased exports due to the sale of Airbus aircraft and especially to the signing of defense contracts. India, the world's largest importer of arms, has indeed bought from France six Scorpene submarines in 2005 (the first of which was delivered in December 2017) and 36 Rafale fighter planes in 2016. For the time being it is therefore mainly sales of military equipment that boost trade with India. A trend that should continue, in the perspective of securing the Indo-Pacific zone where the two giants of Asia look at dog faience.

France and India should also sign an agreement to allow Indian Navy ships access to French bases in the Indian Ocean to manage logistics issues.

But France is aiming for a "diversification" of its exports in a country of 1.3 billion inhabitants with a growth that is at the top of the G20. Hence the desire, alongside armaments, to expand the commercial component in civil as in solar, infrastructure, infrastructure, civil nuclear or aerospace.

And for his first visit to India, President Emmanuel Macron will not leave empty-handed, quite the opposite. Several billion euros of contracts will be concluded during this trip of three days, announced the Elysee which claims the signing of not less than 20 contracts with a total value of 13 billion euros. The most symbolic and important will be signed this Saturday by the French aviation group Safran. The latter should indeed conclude a contract of 12 billion euros Saturday afternoon with the Indian airline SpiceJet for the sale and maintenance of aircraft engines. In addition, France is hoping for a definitive agreement for the sale of six EPR reactors for western India by the end of the year. EDF and the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) have already signed this Saturday in New Delhi an agreement on the industrial scheme of the Jaitapur power plant project (Southwest). "We hope for a final agreement before the end of the year," said the Elysee. The transport sector is also in contention with the SNCF which, having lost the construction of the line between Ahmedabad and Bombay, hopes to obtain the one connecting Delhi to Chandigarh.

Suez is entrusted with the distribution of drinking water and the modernization of the network of a small town in southern India while Alstom has won contracts worth € 75 million for several railway projects. Several French companies, including Paprec and 3Wayste, will also sign waste recycling contracts. The French company Ciel & Terre is preparing to sign a contract for the supply and installation of a floating solar power plant in Tamil Nadu, in the south of the country. In addition, the French Development Agency is to announce Saturday the release of a credit line of 100 million euros to support the Indian smart cities program.

"From the ground to the sky, there are no areas in which we do not work together," Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said Saturday in a joint address in New Delhi with Emmanuel Macron.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE THE GOVERNMENT CHOOSES CONCILIATION WITHOUT

GOING TO THE END

The executive seems to have chosen the path of conciliation. Pushed in this by social partners who conditioned the signing of the agreement to its resumption in extenso by the Ministry of Labor.

"We are in tune with the text of the agreement," said Friday, Murielle Pénicaud, the Minister of Labor in an interview with the Parisian. However, she warns:

"We discuss, but to move forward. For more than ten years, the country has remained in a state of immobility while the world has changed a lot.

E Mr. Macron was elected because the French are waiting for change. (...) We are all at the service of the general interest. State, Parliament, employers and unions. And each actor must be in his role. "

In fact, the Ministry of Labor has thus decided to keep a good part of the provisions provided by the social partners, as regards the compensation of resigning, self-employed and finally the reduction of short contracts.

For the resigning ones first of all: these last ones will have to present a project to their adviser in professional evolution to be entitled to the unemployment insurance. After validation - the conditions, the criteria are still to be specified - they will receive their compensation for six months, after which there will be a check.

If it is judged that the efforts made for their project are sufficient, they will be able to continue to receive money under the same conditions of time and rates as the rest of the jobseekers.

"For the first time, we will create a right for those who want to lead a new professional project: start a business or change jobs. It is a good social choice to accompany those who have a project, " said the minister in her interview in Paris.

For the independents then. They will not have a cent to contribute and should be awarded 800 euros for only six months. The measure will concern artisans, micro-entrepreneurs, traders, but also farmers. "This measure is aimed particularly at farmers whose farm failures continued to increase in 2017, artisans, micro-entrepreneurs, independent traders , " says the minister. It is not unemployment insurance that will be used, but the CSG.

Finally, the limitation of short contracts will, as the employers and unions wish, be left to the responsibility of the branches, which will have to negotiate an agreement before the end of the year. If they fail, they will be imposed a bonus system

But we are far from a generalization of unemployment insurance to self-employed and resigned candidates that the candidate Macron had promised.

It was one of Macron's campaign promises. After the orders work reinforcing the flexibility, he planned a security component in order to rebalance the balance. For this, he committed to extending unemployment insurance "to employees who resign and the self-employed".

The reform that is emerging seems far below this objective.

But as it is conceived, the scheme should barely concern more than 29,000 independents and 35,000 resigners.

An extension of unemployment insurance to the three million independents would have been very expensive. The conditions for obtaining the allowance are therefore very restrictive.








Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

REFORM OF THE SNCF INDISPENSABLE FACING A DESASTREUX BALANCE SHEET AND THE OPENING OF THE COMPETITION

The Prime Minister unveiled this Monday, in twenty minutes, during his press conference the main lines of the reform of the SNCF after having noted in preamble " the alarming situation, not to say untenable" of the state of the SNCF. "The French, whether they take the train or not, are paying more and more for a public service that works less and less well. He said.

Here are the broad outlines for some of the Spinetta report.

Scheduled end of railway status

While a rail opening to competition is being prepared, the status of railway, which has existed since 1920 and provides certain advantages, will no longer be granted to new entrants who will be hired through a "classic" work contract. "To new generations, to apprentices, to all those who want to join the SNCF, we say that they will benefit from the working conditions of all French people, those of the Labor Code. In the future, on a date that will be submitted to the consultation, there will be no recruitment status, " he said. On the other hand, those already working at SNCF will retain their status. On this point, the beginning of the consultations is planned at the beginning of April.

No deletions of the small lines

The Spinetta report called for the closure of many less frequented lines, but allowing to serve sometimes landlocked territories. Contrary to the recommendations of this report and answering the concerns of certain communities and users Édouard Philippe affirmed that he refused to engage "a reform small lines " .

"We do not decide to close 9000 km of lines from Paris on administrative and accounting criteria. In many areas, rail is at the heart of the accounting regions strategy. In many territories, rail is at the heart of the regions' strategy for developing mobility, " said Matignon's tenant.

No "privatization of the SNCF"

On the status of the company, Edouard Philippe does not retain the idea of ​​Spinetta report to transform the SNCF into a public limited company. On the other hand, Matignon intends to transform the status of the company, "into a national company with public capital." "SNCF is a public group that carries public service missions. It is in the heritage of the French and it will stay, " assured the Prime Minister

State support for debt

SNCF Réseau's debt now stands at almost 50 billion euros. A chasm that could threaten, in the long term, the existence of the company. In return for the implementation of the new railway pact, the state will "take its share of responsibility" on the debt, said the Prime Minister, "before the end of the five-year period" without giving more details on the amount.

The return of prescriptions

To complete the rail reform, the government intends to use the ordinances, which allow to avoid long debates in Parliament as suggested by Christophe Castaner with the aim of making vote the "key principles" of the reform "before the summer. " The consultation or the parliamentary debate will take place, according to the tenant of Matignon who wishes to reserve the passage by "ordinances only technical aspects".

Some trade union organizations have already threatened to file a notice of strike renewable.Sept unions of civil servants called on strike on March 22, the day when the CGT-railway will also mobilize against the SNCF reform plans. They

The CGT, UNSA, Sud-Rail and CFDT federations warned that they would "react strongly and decisively if they intended to use the order in whole or in part as part of the new railway reform". Such a choice would be regarded as a passage in force, and therefore as a "declaration of war".

To the Prime Minister to conclude that "the time has come to dare the reform that the French know necessary".

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CORRUPTION SEVENTS IN ALL COUNTRIES

 

The NGO Transparency International publishes its annual report on corruption in the world for the twenty-fifth consecutive year, country by country.

Admittedly, the criteria of the NGO are extremely demanding since to assess countries, a perception index of corruption in public administration is calculated based on a scale ranging from 0 (very corrupt) to 100 (very virtuous).

But the finding is alarming: no country escapes corruption and overall the perception of corruption tends to worsen.

Figures: 124 countries score below 50, so two-thirds of the 180 countries do not have the average. The world average is only 43, while it is 66 for the European Union and Western Europe.

According to the NGO press release, Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal and the United Kingdom are the countries that have made the most progress in the fight against corruption in recent years.

The first of the class remains Denmark and New Zealand with 9 out of 10.

In Europe (the European Union and its neighborhood) four countries stand out again this year: Denmark, Finland, Switzerland and Norway are at the top of the European and international rankings of the countries fighting most effectively against corruption.

Among the EU countries, the United Kingdom takes the 4th position on a European scale, Germany 5th (12th internationally). France occupies only the 9th place in the countries of the European Union (23rd at the international level). In a statement published with the 2017 index, the NGO calls on the " French [French] government to continue the efforts undertaken and to put the expected measures, without waiting for a new scandal " noting that France is content to take action when a new scandal erupts. This method does not help to give " a satisfactory answer to the negative perceptions and the crisis of confidence that our democracy is going through" . Italy is relegated to 18th place (54th in the world ranking).

While most European Union countries are in the top 50 least corrupt countries in the world, the situation is still very worrying in Greece, Romania, Hungary and Bulgaria (the country is 23rd and the last in the world). EU table and 71st place in the international ranking!). The situation is much worse for several countries, immediate neighbors of the European Union: this is the case of Serbia (77th place), Albania and Bosnia (these two countries rank at the 91st rank in the world).

The United States, for its part, is ranked in 16th position.

Emerging countries suffer more from corruption. So are the five countries that form the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) where growth and prosperity create more inequalities. Brazil's score went from 4.3 to 4. Russia has been at 2.9 out of 10 for four years, a very poor score.

Another finding is that there is a strong correlation between perceived level of corruption and the degree of freedom of journalists. "The countries that least protect the press or non-governmental organizations also tend to have the worst rates of corruption," the Berlin-based organization also worries.

The NGO Transparency International points to the lack of efforts to fight this scourge that spares no country. The ranking is led by New Zealand with a score of 89 and in the last place is Somalia.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES PROPOSITIONS CHOCS

DU RAPPORT SPINETTA SUR LA SNCF

Dans le cadre de l'ouverture du transport ferroviaire à la concurrence le gouvernement a demandé un rapport. L'ouverture à la concurrence fait suite à des directives européennes que la France est tenue de transposer dans sa loi au plus tard à la fin de 2018. Les concurrents de la SNCF devraient ensuite faire rouler leurs trains dans l’Hexagone à partir de 2021.

Le rapporteur Jean-Cyril Spinetta, l'ancien patron d'Air France, estime que « la situation du transport ferroviaire est préoccupante » et que ses « performances ne sont pas satisfaisantes ». C'est pourquoi le rapport, qui comporte 43 propositions, présenté jeudi 15 février au Premier ministre, par Jean-Cyril Spinetta, préconise une réforme en profondeur du système .

Voici quelques propositions chocs :

1°Une transformation de l'entreprise publique en société anonyme . Actuellement composé de trois établissements publics à caractère industriel et commercial (Epic) : SNCF, SNCF Réseau et SNCF Mobilités, les deux Epic que sont SNCF Mobilités (qui exploite les trains) et SNCF Réseau (qui gère les rails),deviendraient des sociétés anonymes à capitaux publics ,statut qui n'assurerait plus une garantie illimitée de l'Etat. Un garde-fou contre la « tentation » de l’endettement permanent,selon le rapport, les prémices d'une privatisation selon les syndicats.

La fin du statut de cheminot pour les nouvelles embauches en prônant de le remplacer par un «régime conventionnel» sur le modèle de ce qui a déjà été fait pour La Poste et Orange. Il s'agit de remettre en question ce statut très particulier «afin de placer l'opérateur historique dans une situation concurrentielle équitable vis-à-vis des nouveaux entrants, et d'adapter la protection des salariés aux risques et aux opportunités du nouveau contexte concurrentiel». Le recours pendant deux ans à des départs volontaires permettrait également de supprimer les "excédents d'effectifs" estimés à 5000 personnes.

3°La réduction du réseau TGV : il s'agirait de ne plus construire de nouvelles lignes TGV puisque selon le rapport « le réseau à grande vitesse peut être considéré comme abouti ». Par contre serait souhaitable la régénération des lignes les plus anciennes comme Paris-Lyon, Paris-Tours et Paris-Lille.

4° Des fermetures de "petites lignes", peu rentables mobilisant actuellement 16% des moyens consacrés au ferroviaire pour moins de 10% des trains et transportant seulement 2% des voyageurs. Ainsi l'on peut interroger la pertinence d'une ligne Rennes-Nantes via Châteaubriand, doublon de la Rennes-Nantes via Redon, mais bien moins fréquentée. Ou encore celles partant de Guingamp avec pour terminus Carhaix et Paimpol, distantes de 50 et 30 km. « L'économie liée à la fermeture des petites lignes pour le système s'élèverait a minima à 1,2 milliard d'euros annuels (500 millions d'euros sur l'infrastructure et 700 millions sur l'exploitation des 500 millions d'euros sur l'infrastructure et 700 millions sur l'exploitation des trains. »

5° La nécessité en contrepartie de modernisation du réseau urbain et périurbain entrepris depuis 2013, qui « doit être et rester la priorité pour les vingt ans à venir ».

Syndicats et cheminots sont déjà sur le pied de guerre dénonçant « politique antiferroviaire » et ont lancé un appel à la grève pour le 22 mars.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

VERTIGINEUSE PERTE D'EMPLOIS DANS

L' INDUSTRIE FRANCAISE OU

"DESTRUCTION CREATRICE" SHUMPETERIENNE

C'est un véritable paysage de la désindustrialisation française que vient de dessiner l'Insee.

'' L'industrie a perdu un demi-million d'emplois en 10 ans" - Selon l'Insee, 27.300 entreprises industrielles ont disparu entre 2006 et 2015. Alors que 2017 marque un rebond, Emmanuel Macron défend la «destruction créatrice» selon la théorie de l'économiste Schumpeter. La « destruction créatrice » désigne le processus continuellement à l'œuvre dans les économies et qui voit se produire de façon simultanée la disparition de secteurs d'activité économique conjointement à la création de nouvelles activités économiques.

L'industrie française est en déclin comme le montrent les chiffres publiés par l'Insee mercredi 14 février. Entre 2006 et 2015, l'industrie manufacturière a perdu Ce ne sont pas moins de 27.300 établissements (- 18 %) et 530.000 salariés (- 16 %) qui ont été perdus. «La crise de 2008-2009 a durement touché ce secteur, déjà en repli auparavant ; cette tendance s'est poursuivie ensuite», relève l'Insee si bien que fin 2015, ne restait plus que 123.300 entreprises et 2,7 millions de salariés dans l'industrie manufacturière.

«Plusieurs causes structurelles sont généralement évoquées, notamment les gains de productivité, l'externalisation vers les services, une concurrence étrangère accrue, parfois accompagnée de délocalisations, ou encore la déformation de la demande au profit des services», indique l'Institut de la statistique.Entre 2008 et fin 2015, la production industrielle a reculé de 15 %.

Presque tous les secteurs d'activité ont été frappés, surtout le textile (- 37 %) avec la concurrence asiatique , le bois-papier-imprimerie(-26%), la sidérurgie ainsi que l'automobile , notamment dans ses établissements de plus de 250 salariés.

Seuls l'agroalimentaire ont résisté au repli général alors que certaines activités très spécifiques,connaissent un essor, notamment la construction aéronautique et spatiale (+28%).

Par zones géographiques, le recul a été général sur le territoire national mais l'étude montre que l'industrie est en repli « plus particulièrement dans le bassin parisien, le nord, l'est et le centre de la France».

La situation française est-elle préoccupante? Emmanuel Macron, devant la presse présidentielle mardi soir,s'est voulu rassurant «Le fait qu'il ait des destructions d'emplois ne doit pas conduire à une préoccupation politique. Dans la vie économique, il y a des emplois qui meurent et d'autres qui naissent. Si on se met à vouloir bloquer cette transformation, on enraye tout dans la vie économique.»

«Il peut y avoir du volontarisme politique - je crois dans la défense des intérêts stratégiques -, mais quand il y a des changements technologiques, il est normal que des emplois disparaissent.» a-t-il souligné.

Reprenant la théorie du célèbre économiste Schumpeter décédé en 1950, Emmanuel Macron défend la «destruction créatrice» à l'œuvre. La destruction de certains emplois » pourrait recréer de l'emploi industriel » adapté aux nouveaux défis de la « troisième révolution industrielle »..La « destruction créatrice » désigne selon Schumpeter le processus continuellement à l'œuvre dans les économies et qui voit se produire de façon simultanée la disparition de secteurs d'activité économique conjointement à la création de nouvelles activités économiques.

Sur l'année 2016, 136 sites auraient été ouverts et autant arrêtés... En 2017, la production manufacturière a connu une embellie de 4,9 % tandis que l'industrie commence à cesser la destruction d'emplois. Pour la première fois depuis 2009, les ouvertures de sites industriels ont donc été nettement plus nombreuses que les fermetures en France sur les huit premiers mois de 2017, même si le nombre d'emplois moyen des nouveaux établissements est en baisse, selon une étude publiée en septembre dernier.

Un vent d'optimisme ?

Il s'avère indispensable que l'investissement et l'innovation permettent non seulement le renouvellement de l'outil productif vieillissant des entreprises industrielles françaises, mais aussi assure la transition vers des produits dans lesquels le numérique va devenir omniprésent.

Ambition qui ne pourra exister qu'avec une stabilité de la fiscalité française.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

SCANDALE LACTALIS SUITE

PLAINTES CONTRE LE LAIT CONTAMINE

Les plaintes pour négligence voire pour escroquerie abondent. Au total, l'Institut Pasteur dénombre plus de 200 bébés contaminés à la Salmonella Agona depuis 2005, dont trente-sept nourrissons en France, ainsi que deux en Espagne et un autre probable en Grèce au cours de l'année 2017.

Une première épidémie en 2005 liée à l' usine Craon en Mayenne avait déjà touché 146 nourrissons ce qui avait occasionné une première plainte pour escroquerie...

La direction générale de l'alimentation a accusé mardi Lactalis de ne pas avoir signalé un cas de contamination à la salmonelle en 2011.

L'association Foodwatch dépose plainte ce mercredi pour douze infractions mettant en cause le fabricant de laits infantiles, la grande distribution, un laboratoire et les autorités.

Sept familles se sont associées à cette plainte déposée contre X qui s'ajoute à une douzaine de plaintes déjà enregistrées au pôle santé publique du parquet de Paris, chargées de les centraliser dans le cadre d'une enquête pour «blessures involontaires» et «mise en danger de la vie d'autrui» ouverte le 22 décembre.

D'autres familles s'apprêtent à porter plainte..Ces infractions  vont de la mise sur le marché d'un produit préjudiciable à la santé à l'inexécution d'une procédure de retrait ou de rappel d'un produit à la tromperie aggravée et la mise en danger d'autrui en passant par l'exportation vers un pays tiers à l'Union européenne d'une denrée alimentaire préjudiciable à la santé.

Pour Foodwatch , association de consommateurs spécialisée dans les questions d'alimentation, il tombe sous le sens que la transparence de l'entreprise de production laitière a été mise a mal. En effet, auditionné par les commissions des affaires économiques et sociales du Sénat, son directeur a déclaré que l'entreprise productrice de lait n'avait pas transmis les résultats d'autocontrôles positifs à la salmonelle de son usine de Craon lors des inspections des dernières années par les services sanitaires.. « Ce que l'on constate, c'est qu'il y a un décalage entre les éléments donnés au niveau de l'inspection et ce qu'on a pu récupérer comme autocontrôles à la suite de la crise », a déclaré Patrick Dehaumont, auditionné par les commissions des Affaires économiques et sociales du Sénat. Tombe également sous le sens que «  Producteurs, distributeurs, laboratoire et bien sûr autorités publiques ne pouvaient les ignorer. Et pourtant, ils ont fait preuve de négligence», dénonce Karine Jacquemart, a directrice de l'association.

L'ensemble de ces interlocuteurs désignés ne pouvaient donc ignorer le risque comme on l'a démontré dans un article précédent.

Pour Foodwatch il s'avère évident que «ces différents intervenants ont méconnu leurs obligations en matière de prévention des risques sanitaires» mais aussi «dans la gestion particulièrement défaillante» de la crise provoquée par la découverte de salmonelle dans des laits infantiles produits par Lactalis.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COMBIEN DE SDF SONT CONDAMNES

A PASSER LEUR VIE DEHORS

Alors qu'une femme de 52 ans est morte la nuit dernière, rue Lafayette dans le 9e arrondissement de Paris, la polémique sur les sans-abris bat son plein après les propos scandaleux de deux LREM l'un députéde Paris Sylvain Maillard, l'autre Julien Denormandie, secrétaire d'Etat auprès du ministre de la Cohésion des territoires

Il faut savoir que seule une enquête de l'Insee, datant de 2012, établit à 143.000 le nombre de personnes sans de domicile en France, dont 28.800 adultes francophones dans l'agglomération parisienne . Réactualisé en 2018, on compterait plus de 158000 SDF en France selon les autorités. Un chiffre très certainement minoré.

Selon les associations, le gouvernement cherche à minimiser le nombre des sans-abris pour mieux coller à la promesse d'Emmanuel Macron faite en juillet selon laquelle il n'y aurait plus "personne dans les rues, dans les bois, d'ici la fin de l'année".

Mais cette promesse, comme tant d'autres, n'a pas été tenue !

De plus une polémique a pointé du doigt la déconnexion des hommes politique de la réalité. Pourtant des LREM censés venir de la société civile et censés être plus proche du terrain.

Commentant sur France Inter le rapport de la fondation Abbé Pierre sur le mal-logement, Julien Denormandie, secrétaire d'Etat auprès du ministre de la Cohésion des territoires, avait défendu l'"effort sans précédent" du gouvernement en matière d'hébergement d'urgence, avec l'ouverture de plus de 13.000 places depuis le début de la trêve hivernale. Il avait cependant soulevé un tollé en affirmant que seuls "une cinquantaine d'hommes isolés en Île-de-France" avaient dormi dans la rue la nuit précédente !! A-t-il déambulé ne serait-ce que dans les grandes avenues menant aux hôpitaux Cochin, Port-Royal pour se dessiller les yeux. Un alignement de tentes dressées sur le long de ces boulevards ? Impressionnant mais déroutant dans ce beau quartier  de la Capitale !

La polémique a ensuite continué à enfler lorsque le député LREM de Paris Sylvain Maillard avait enfoncé le clou quelques jours tard assurant que ce chiffre était "exact", ajoutant que "même dans les cas de grand froid, certains SDF ne souhaitent pas être mis à l'abri".

Des mensonges éhontés face à l'impuissance de l'Etat à héberger les sans-abris.

"Aucun Parisien ne peut donner foi à de telles déclarations", a répliqué dimanche dans le JDD Louis Gallois, président de la Fédération des acteurs de la solidarité, évoquant des "propos insupportables".

"Si on commence à dire que le problème, c'est que les personnes ne veulent pas aller dans le centres d'hébergement, ça veut dire qu'on ne souhaite plus regarder l'insuffisance de la force publique", estime Christophe Robert.

Alors même que l'exécutif se défend de minorer le nombre de personnes à la rue dans Paris, plus de 2.000 bénévoles et associatifs vont quadriller les rues de la capitale jeudi lors d'une "Nuit de la solidarité" avec un objectif bien précis: savoir combien de personnes dorment dans la rue, une fois que toutes les places d'hébergement ont été attribuées par le 115 (numéro d'urgence du Samu social de Paris). Le 115 recevrait 6.000 appels par jour et ne peut en prendre que 1.500 !!! Pour le Samu social entre 2.500 et 3.000 personnes dormirait dans la rue ou dans des lieux non prévus pour l'habitation, chaque nuit, à Paris.

C'est une méthode qui a déjà fait ses preuves à New-York, à Bruxelles et à Athènes mais qui n'a jamais été expérimentée en France !! Peut-être ce moyen permettra-t-il peut-être de sortir de l’hypocrisie dans laquelle se drape le gouvernement pour avoir bonne conscience..

"On a des déclarations ministérielles complètement déconnectées des réalités de terrain", selon Florent Gueguen, qui déplore "une instrumentalisation politique de la situation des sans-abris".

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES ENJEUX ET LA REFORME DE L'APPRENTISSAGE

 

«L'ambition c'est (...) de transformer le dispositif actuel d'organisation et de fonctionnement de l'apprentissage pour en faire un élément clé, la meilleure des solutions peut-être pour lutter contre le chômage des plus jeunes», a résumé le premier ministre Edouard Philippe ce vendredi

 

Le gouvernement a levé vendredi 9 février le voile sur les principales mesures de la réforme de l'apprentissage qui a mauvaise presse en France alors qu'en Allemagne, en Suisse ou dans les pays nordiques l'apprentissage est valorisé. Comment donc redorer le blason de la filière et attirer la jeunesse ?

Alors que le chômage des jeunes reste très élevé, des métiers n'arrivent pas à recruter. Il s'avère donc nécessaire de recruter. Face à ce double défi le gouvernement s'est engagé sur trois voies.

Tout d’abord ce qui change pour les jeunes :

Jusqu’ici l’âge limite pour entrer en apprentissage était fixé à 26 ans, il se voit repoussé à 30 ans. Par ailleurs, «tout contrat en alternance sera financé», assure le ministère.Un jeune qui trouve une entreprise l' acceptant en apprentissage aura un droit garanti au financement de son contrat. En ce qui concerne le salaire, il augmentera de 30 euros net par mois pour les 16-20 ans et ceux de 18 ans se verront attribuer une aide de 500 euros pour passer le permis de conduire .Un système de certification des CFA sera également instauré afin de valider la qualité des formations dispensées.

Ceux qui ne «disposent pas des connaissances et des compétences requises», bénéficieront d’une prépa apprentissage pour acquérir les «prérequis nécessaires, s’agissant notamment des savoirs de base et du savoir-être». De plus en cas de rupture de contrat de travail en cours d'année, l’apprenti pourra prolonger de six mois sa en centre de formation des apprentis (CFA). Erasmus apprentissage offrira le double de places soit15 000 par an et pour des échanges pouvant durer plusieurs mois.

Les changements pour les entreprises:

Le différentes aides à l’embauche connaîtront une unification en une seule et cette aide aura pour cible les TPE-PME et les niveaux bac et pré-bac . Cette aide qui s'élèvera à un peu plus de 6 000 euros pour deux ans, permettra pour les boîtes de moins de 250 salariés, que «le reste à charge mensuel d’un jeune soit de 65 euros par mois la première année et de 424 euros la seconde».

En plus l'embauche des apprentis sera réalisable tous les mois de l 'année  et non plus calqué sur le calendrier scolaire. Enfin sur le plan du droit certains secteurs tel le BTP pourront employer les mineurs quarante heures, avec paiement d’heures supplémentaires entre trente-cinq et quarante heures.

Les changements pour le financement et la gestion du système:

Une seule cotisation «alternance» à la charge des entreprises est instaurée : le taux reste à être fixé par les partenaires sociaux

Le financement des CFA se fera en fonction du nombre de contrats ce qui les incitera à accroître leurs capacités d'accueil . Aux branches professionnelles dorénavant de récupérer l’essentiel du financement , de déterminer le coût de chaque contrat. Dans le but de renforcer les liens avec les entreprises, les partenaires sociaux des branches professionnelles seront coauteurs des diplômes professionnels avec l'État.

Ce projet de réforme a engendré les foudres des régions:

.Les régions ont immédiatement réagi aux annonces du gouvernement. «Cette réforme n'est pas celle que proposaient les régions et ne répond pas aux véritables enjeux du développement de l'apprentissage», écrit l'association Régions de France, qui réunit les présidents de région, dans un communiqué.

«Une compétence décentralisée et pilotée avec efficacité par les régions sera très largement centralisée» ajoute-t-elle. Pour une fois que le transfert de compétence se fait dans le sens régions Etats ...

Mais de reconnaitre «que l'apprentissage est un levier majeur pour l'accès à l'emploi de notre jeunesse et continueront, comme elles l'ont toujours fait, à promouvoir cette filière d'excellence dans laquelle elles croient».

Andrew Preston  pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

LA DIFFERENCE DE REVENU ENTRE

LES GENERATIONS SE CREUSE EN EUROPE

En Europe, les revenus des jeunes de 18 à 24 ans stagnent depuis 2007,tandis que ceux des plus de 65 ans ont augmenté de 10%, selon le Fonds monétaire international (FMI).

Christine Lagarde, directrice générale du FMI , souligne qu'aujourd'hui, «près d'un jeune sur cinq recherche toujours du travail en Europe». Pour elle « réduire les inégalités à travers les générations va de pair avec une croissance durable et une confiance retrouvée au sein de la société ».

Les jeunes n'obtiennent pas suffisamment de mesures incitatives ou de crédits d’impôts pour les revenus les plus faibles.

Pourtant les solutions existent.

Pour diminuer l'écart de revenus entre les générations, Christine Lagarde se tourne vers des exemples de réussite européens. : l'Allemagne notamment avec ses programmes d'apprentissage mais également le Portugal qui exempte le premier emploi de taxes sociales pendant trois ans. «Même si le chômage reste élevé, cette mesure va dans le bon sens», plaide l'ex-ministre de l'économie de Nicolas Sarkozy.

Pour elle il y aurgence à s'emparer du problème à bras-le-corps. «Si l'on n'agit pas, une génération pourrait ne jamais s'en remettre» ,alerte Christine Lagarde

Un appel  déjà lancé par le F.M.I au début de la décennie actuelle.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ENDIGUER L'ABSENTEISME SELON

LA SECURITE SOCIALE !!

La sécurité sociale affiche sa volonté d'endiguer l'absentéisme des salariés dont les chiffres ont bondi : +7,5% en six ans, entreprises publiques et privées confondues.

Pas plus facile pour elle : il lui suffit de donner les motifs des arrêts maladie de ses salariés. Seules seront concernées les entreprises de plus de 200 salariés.

Ce serait une façon d'alerter ces dernières sur les conditions de travail partant du principe qu'il y a une corrélation entre ces dernières et les arrêts maladie selon la Secu. L'Assurance maladie veut inciter les entreprises à prévenir les risques professionnels.

De plus seraient concernées les entreprises au très fort taux d’absentéisme  par rapport aux  entreprises d’un même secteur.

.Et le respect du secret médical et de la protection des données personnelles des salariés?

Les médecins ont exprimé leur inquiétude.

« Le plus grave est qu’il y ait un décret qui permette à l’Assurance-maladie de se passer de l’autorisation de la CNIL [Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés] », déclare le président de la Fédération des médecins de France, Jean-Paul Hamon.

Seuls les Troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS), les lombalgies ou les risques psychosociaux (RPS)-entendons dépressions crises d'angoisse, burn-out- seraient concernés. Et pour rassurer le salariés, la Sécu se servirait d' un algorithme plongeant dans ses fichiers pour l'identification des pathologies, fichiers constitués à partir des consultations et des médicaments remboursés .

Elle assure également que l'identité des malades ne peut être retrouvée dans la mesure où les sociétés visitées comptent au moins 200 salariés afin que le lien entre les causes d'absence et les salariés soit impossible. A moins d'être un bon DRH...

De plus les partenaires sociaux auraient donné leur feu vert...

On ne peut que s'attendre à ce que l'expérimentation devienne généralisée, éventuellement dans des entreprises de plus petite taille ... Un traçage de plus du citoyen ?

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE SOMMET "CHOOSE FRANCE" DE MACRON

ET SON ATTRACTIVITE

Deux jours à peine avant le forum économique mondial de Davos en Suisse, quelque 140 dirigeants de multinationales se sont réunis lundi pour un mini-sommet à l'invitation d'Emmanuel Macron au château de Versailles et une dizaine de leurs homologues français, le tout en présence d'Emmanuel Macron et de l'essentiel du gouvernement. Le sommet Choose France un Avant-Davos ?

Pour casser cette image, l'Élysée a voulu que ces rencontres débouchent des annonces concrètes, porteuses d'emplois. «Certains projets n'auraient pas vu le jour sans les réformes que nous avons menées», a même insisté Benjamin Griveaux, le porte-parole du gouvernement.

Au programme : convaincre chefs d'entreprises et investisseurs de miser sur la France sur dans un contexte post-Brexit.

Emmanuel Macron est venu visiter l’usine Toyota dans les Hauts-de-France lundi, la direction de l’entreprise japonaise annonçant la création de 700 CDI. La France est attractive pour ce géant de l'automobile japonais pourquoi ne le serait-elle par pour d'autres ?

En effet installé dans le Nord de la France, en 1999, le groupe nippon n’a cessé d’investir, chiffrant à 1,4 milliard d’euros son investissement sur l’usine. Dimanche, le président Luciano Biondo, a annoncé plus de 300 millions d’euros en faveur de la modernisation de cette usine, l’un des principaux sites de production de Toyota en Europe, avec pour ambition de produire d’ici 2020 plus de 300 000 véhicules par an, contre 230 000 actuellement. « Ce qui est important, c’est d’avoir un site compétitif en accélérant la modernisation de notre outil », a-t-il insisté.

Macron a montré l’illustration du savoir-faire français tout en se mettant au diapason avec la« Culture Toyota »

« Dans notre usine Toyota, il y a de la rigueur, du respect et une vision industrielle, confirme Thomas Mercier, délégué CFDT, syndicat majoritaire (40 %). La culture japonaise fait la différence. On a la chance d’avoir une direction franche et directe.

La France qui a convaincu  Toyota en a convaincu bien d'autres.

Ce sommet de l'attractivité économique baptisé "Choose France" ("Choisissez la France") réunit les dirigeants de Goldman Sachs Lloyd Blankfein, de JP Morgan Jamie Dimon et de Facebook Sheryl Sandberg. Les groupes Rolls Royce, SAP, UPS, Bosch, GlaxoSmithKline, Novo Nordisk, Novartis, Cisco, Google, Alibaba ou JD.com sont également présents. Emmanuel Macron en aurait convaincu quatre ou cinq de choisir ce jour-là pour annoncer des investissements significatifs en France ...

Toyota constructeur japonais annonce un investissement de 300 millions d'euros sur son site d'Onnaing, près de Valenciennes (Nord), qui compte actuellement 3.800 personnes permettant un recrutement de 700 CDI et 100 intérimaires d'ici à 2020et l'augmentation de la capacité du site. Cet investissement doit également permettre de produire la quatrième génération de la Yaris en 2020 et un nouveau modèle en 2021.

La plus importante annonce concerne l'éditeur allemand de logiciels de gestion SAP, qui va investir 2 milliards d'euros en France sur cinq ans, dont 750 millions en R&D. Il accompagnera également des start-up en amorçage, créera un incubateur dans l'Hexagone et achètera une pépite française du deep learningL'allemand SAP va dégager une enveloppe de 2 milliards en cinq ans, dont 750 millions en R&D.

Le groupe pharmaceutique Novartis ambitionne de se développer dans le domaine des biotechnologies en France, via la finalisation de l'acquisition d'un peu plus de trois milliards d'euros d'Advanced Accelerator Applications (AAA), une biotech française dans la médecine nucléaire. Novartis a également donné son feu vert pour le plan d'investissement sur trois ans de 900 millions d'euros, en essais et recherche clinique, dans le nouveau siège social à Rueil-Malmaison et dans l'extension de l'usine de Huningue (Haut-Rhin).

Le groupe de Mark Zuckerberg va investir 10 millions d'euros supplémentaires en France via son centre de recherche dans le domaine de l'intelligence artificielle. Le site parisien de FAIR, le laboratoire de recherche du groupe en intelligence artificielle du groupe, accueillera à l'horizon 2022 60 chercheurs et ingénieurs et 40 doctorants.

Le groupe s’intéresse également à la formation de 65.000 personnes aux compétences digitales en France d'ici fin 2019. Il concernera 50.000 personnes éloignées de l'emploi d'ici fin 2019 en partenariat avec Pôle Emploi et 15.000 femmes.

"On est dans le registre de l'emblématique, ça envoie le signal de la compétitivité de la France sur l'intelligence artificielle et c'est fondamental dans le monde, vis-à-vis des Etats-Unis et de l'Asie", insiste-t-on à l'Elysée.

En ouverture, Édouard Philippe a aussi annoncé des mesures générales. Au 1er mars seront créées des chambres commerciales internationales au sein du tribunal de commerce et de la cour d'appel de Paris, permettant notamment de juger des contrats conclus en droit anglais. Le gouvernement a annoncé également de nouvelles mesures pour renforcer l'attractivité de la France pour les entreprises internationales comme l 'exonération temporaire des cadres impatriés d'affiliation aux régimes de retraite.

Des mesures qui complètent celles prises début juillet, centrées sur les banques, dont la suppression de la tranche à 20% de la taxe sur les salaires, l'exclusion des primes et bonus des "preneurs de risques" du calcul des indemnités de licenciement et l'annulation de l'extension de la taxe sur les transactions financières aux opérations intraday.

Paris Europlace a salué dans un communiqué ces annonces parmi lesquelles l'exonération temporaire d'affiliation aux régimes de retraite pour les cadres impatriés, la mise en place de nouvelles Chambres internationales spécialisées auprès du Tribunal de Commerce de Paris et de la Cour d'appel de Paris pour juger des affaires de droit international, ainsi que le développement de l'offre scolaire internationale en France.

Des mesures qui renforceront l'attractivité de la France et de Paris "dans le contexte notamment du Brexit", souligne l'organisation qui représente les intérêts de la Place financière de Paris.

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

TOYOTA ET L'ATTRACTIVITE

DES HAUT-DE -FRANCE

Le président Emmanuel Macron devrait se rendre, lundi 22 janvier, à Toyota-Onnaing pour annoncer que le géant japonais investira 400 millions d’euros

Après dix-sept ans de fonctionnement, l'usine d'Onnaing, près de Valenciennes avait besoin d'être remise à niveau.Un montant de l’investissement massif prévu par l’entreprise japonaise :

400 millions d’euros et pas moins de 700 nouveaux salariés vont être accueillis sur le site sur 3900 CDI et intérimaires.

Toyota souhaite en effet ,en plus de celle de la Yaris. lancer, dès 2020, la fabrication de 300 000 citadines compactes (dites « du segment B », comme la Renault Clio)contre 230 000 actuellement.

Avec cette décision, Toyota consolide sa position d’industriel majeur de l’automobile en France.

La Yaris était déjà en 2017 la voiture la plus produite sur le territoire national avec 233 650 véhicules assemblés sur les lignes de l’usine d’Onnaing, talonnée par la Peugeot 3008 (218 000 voitures produites en 2017).

La Yaris est aussi l’une des voitures « françaises » les plus exportées, puisque ses ventes dans l’Hexagone ont culminé l’an dernier à 31 400 véhicules, soit 13 % de la production, les 87 % restants étant écoulés dans le reste de l’Europe.

Présent sur tous les gros dossiers industriels de la région, M. Bertrand souhaite que les Hauts-de-France demeurent l’une des premières régions d’Europe en production automobile

. D’où l’investissement important de la région, mais aussi de la communauté d’agglomération Valenciennes Métropole, qui va annoncer une enveloppe de 5 millions d’euros. « C’est un pari sur l’avenir, ajoute l’élu. Et je le ferai aussi pour PSA et MCA (Renault) à Maubeuge » .Le président des Hauts-de-France annonce donc que la région mettra 11 millions dans ce projet. « Le véritable enjeu, c’est la question de la compétitivité économique, confie M. Bertrand. Il fallait que l’on montre que, malgré des inconvénients fiscaux par rapport à d’autres lieux où Toyota aurait pu investir, nous nous engageons. » La participation de l'État, initialement prévue à 2 millions d'euros, pourrait finalement atteindre 4 millions.

Par contre le sidérurgiste Ascometal dans le Valenciennois attend un repreneur.

Parmi les offres de reprise du sidérurgiste Ascometal, déposées vendredi 19 janvier, seul l’anglo-indien Liberty House, soutenu financièrement – à hauteur de 80 millions d’euros – par les régions Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Grand-Est et Hauts-de-France et par Vallourec, a proposé de reprendre l’ensemble des sites et des employés.Bertrand a entamé un nouveau bras de fer avec le gouvernement pour qu’il s’engage sur ce dossier. « Sinon, c’en est fini pour les salariés »craint-, il.

L’implication depuis vingt ans du géant japonais dans le Nord (trois millions de véhicules ont été produits à Toyota Onnaing depuis 1999) est un parfait symbole pour M. Macron, qui recevra à Versailles, lundi 22 janvier, 140 PDG étrangers pour un sommet sur l’attractivité de la France.

Le premier effet du Brexit ?

L'usine d'Onnaing a été inaugurée en 1999. Elle a produit 230.000 voitures en 2017. Toyota a coutume de dire que la Yaris est la voiture made in France la plus vendue dans le monde. Sur le plan industriel, Toyota mène une stratégie de localisation de sa production. Ainsi, 61% des voitures vendues en Europe par le premier groupe automobile mondial (quasi-ex aequo avec Volkswagen) sont produites sur le continent.

Cette décision pourrait également interroger sur la pérennité des investissements dans les deux usines britanniques, en sursis tant que les négociations sur le Brexit n'ont pas abouti...

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
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PSA INAUGURE LA RUPTURE CONVENTIONNELLE D'ACCORD

SIGNEE PAR CINQ SYNDICATS

L'accord de rupture conventionnelle collective a été signée ce vendredi par les organisations FO, CFE-CGC, CFDT, CFTC et GSEA, totalisant près de 78% des voix, a annoncé la direction dans un communiqué. L'accord prévoit notamment 1300 départs volontaires et 1400 embauches en CD

Les syndicats du groupe automobile français PSA - qui exploite les marques automobiles Peugeot, Citroën, DS, ainsi que Vauxhall et Opel - ont tranché .Créée par les ordonnances réformant le Code du travail et entrée en vigueur le 1er janvier, cette mesure permet aux entreprises d'organiser des plans de départs volontaires même si elles ne rencontrent pas de difficultés économiques.

Un peu plus tôt, le 9 janvier dernier, la direction de PSA avait convoqué les partenaires sociaux afin de négocier ce projet de rupture conventionnelle collective et les syndicats avaient ensuite eu jusqu'au 17 janvier pour donner leur avis.

Christian Lafaye - délégué syndical pour FO chez PSA détaille les dispositions contenues dans cette rupture collective. «Il y a la possibilité du congé senior, c'est-à-dire, à 3 ans de la retraite, la possibilité de rester inscrit aux effectifs mais de rester chez soi», explique celui qui travaille chez PSA depuis 41 ans. Cette mesure permet à ceux qui en bénéficient de toucher 70% de leur salaire et, dans le même temps, l'employeur paie 100% des cotisations retraite. 900 départs en préretraite (congés seniors) sont proposés dans l'accord. En 2017, ces congés seniors ont concerné 1170 postes.

Le volet consacré aux RCC s'adresse en grande majorité aux effectifs dits de «structure», c'est-à-dire les postes rattachés à la communication, aux ressources humaines, au département juridique, la direction financière, etc. Ce périmètre rassemble près de 27.000 personnes, d'après les chiffres communiqués par PSA. Les départs volontaires seront ouverts aux métiers «sensibles» (ceux amenés à disparaître) ou à l'équilibre. Mais en contrepartie la direction devra «atteindre 1400 embauches en CDI dans la division automobile» et plus de 2000 emplois jeunes devraient également être accueillis

C'est dans un contexte de réduction des effectifs depuis plusieurs années que s'inscrit ce projet de rupture conventionnelle collective chez PSA. 20.000 personnes de PSA sont parties en départs volontaires depuis 2012 (pour créer leur entreprise, en congé de reclassement ou vers d'autres «parcours externes sécurisés», selon la formule du constructeur) et les retours étaient positifs. «En 2013, on a frôlé le dépôt de bilan. On perdait 7 millions par jour», rappelle Christian Lafaye. Entre 2014 et 2016, les effectifs (en CDI et CDD) de la branche automobile en France sont passés de 70.000 à 62.000 personnes.

Dans le même temps, le nombre des intérimaires a progressé de 2900 à 5200 ce qui a permis à l'entreprise de dégager 1,73 milliard de profits en 2016. Ses ventes unitaires avaient progressé de 15,4% au niveau mondial en 2017. Un «millésime exceptionnel avec des résultats records», se félicitait Jean-Philippe Imparato, le directeur de Peugeot, dans un communiqué quand bien même le groupe Renault les devance.

Si la RCC reste un nouveau dispositif controversé introduit par la réforme du Code du travail d'Emmanuel Macron, il peut permettre à une entreprise d'engager gager un plan de départs volontaires de manière simplifiée et sans à avoir à justifier de difficultés économiques. Chez PSA, le projet discuté le 9 janvier s'inscrit "dans la continuité des mesures déjà existantes", où "le volontariat reste la règle", s'est justifiée la CFDT dans un communiqué. Elle a estimé avoir "sécurisé cet accord afin qu'il ne soit pas un danger pour les salariés" mais "une opportunité pour ceux qui le désirent". Les mesures d'incitation au départ sont les mêmes que celles négociées lors d'un premier accord signé en 2013. Elles prévoient notamment une prime allant de 4 à 8 mois de salaire.

Le groupe PSA est ainsi parti pour être la première grande entreprise à adopter la RCC alors que l'enseigne de prêt-à-porter Pimkie, première à s'être penchée sur la question, dès le 8 janvier, a essuyé un refus de la part de la majorité de ses syndicats